651,770 results match your criteria Renal Calculi


Tracking Arteriovenous Fistula Maturation: A Novel Approach.

Blood Purif 2018 Dec 6:1-6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Renal Research Institute, New York, New York, USA.

Background: The time between the creation of an arteriovenous fistula (AVF) and its successful use is significantly longer in hemodialysis (HD) patients in the United States compared to those in other countries, and there is an urgent need to reduce the residence time of central-venous catheters (CVC).

Methods: Successful AVF creation and maturation results in typical hemodynamic changes, such as an increase in cardiac output and upper body blood flow (UBBF). In patients with CVC as vascular access, we measured once per minute intradialytic central-venous oxygen saturation (ScvO2) and hemoglobin levels simultaneously using the Crit-Line Monitor. Read More

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December 2018
4 Reads

Impact of Hybrid Therapy Comprising Peritoneal Dialysis and Hemodialysis on Acute Cardiovascular Events.

Blood Purif 2018 Dec 6:1-7. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Background: The impact of hybrid therapy comprising peritoneal dialysis (PD) and hemodialysis on cardiovascular events in PD patients remains unclear.

Objective: We aimed to evaluate the effect of hybrid therapy on cardiovascular events.

Methods: A total of 93 PD patients undergoing hybrid therapy for ≥3 years were divided into 2 groups according to left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF): lower ejection fraction (LEF [n = 29], LVEF < 60%) and normal ejection fraction (NEF [n = 64], LVEF ≥60%). Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Potential Role of microRNA-183 as a Tumor Suppressor in Hepatocellular Carcinoma.

Cell Physiol Biochem 2018 Dec 6;51(5):2065-2072. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of General Surgery of East District, The Second Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang,

Background/aims: Disseminated tumors, known as metastases, are responsible for ninety-percent of mortality due to cancer. Epithelial to mesenchymal transition, a phenomenon required for morphological conversion of non-motile discoid shaped epithelial cells to highly motile spindle-shaped mesenchymal cells, is thought to be a pre-requisite for metastatic progression. Metastasis-associated 1 (MTA1) protein is a prime inducer of EMT and metastatic progression in all solid tumors including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Read More

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December 2018
8 Reads

Gliquidone Alleviates Diabetic Nephropathy by Inhibiting Notch/Snail Signaling Pathway.

Cell Physiol Biochem 2018 Dec 6;51(5):2085-2097. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Background/aims: Diabetic nephropathy is a common complication of diabetes. This study explored the renal protective effect and possible mechanism of gliquidone in mice with diabetic nephropathy.

Methods: Animal model of diabetic nephropathy was established in KKAy mice. Read More

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December 2018
3 Reads

Difficult Patient Behavior in Dialysis Facilities.

Blood Purif 2018 Dec 6:1-5. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Difficult behavior exhibited by dialysis patients is a spectrum that includes nonadherence, verbal or physical abuse, and threatening acts. Such behaviors may lead to harmful consequences to the patient, other patients, the facility, and staff and can culminate in involuntary discharge. It is important to recognize that these "difficult behaviors" may be due to underlying psychosocial or medical issues, which places an onus on care providers to explore further. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Association of Central Venous Oxygen Saturation Variability and Mortality in Hemodialysis Patients.

Blood Purif 2018 Dec 6:1-8. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Renal Research Institute, New York, New York,

Background: Central venous oxygen saturation (ScvO2) is correlated with cardiac output. In most patients, ScvO2 declines during hemodialysis (HD) due to factors such as reduced preload, myocardial stunning, and intermittent arrhythmias. Previous research has shown that low ScvO2 is associated with higher mortality in chronic HD patients. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Direct Effect of Septic Plasma in Human Cell Lines Viability.

Blood Purif 2018 Dec 6:1-7. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Nephrology, Dialysis and Transplant, San Bortolo Hospital, Vicenza, Italy.

Background: Sepsis is a life-threatening condition often associated with a high incidence of multiple organs injury. Several papers suggested the immune response by itself, with the production of humoral inflammatory mediators, is crucial in determining organ injury. However, little is known of how sepsis directly induces organ injury at the cellular levels. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Synergistic Activity of Paclitaxel, Sorafenib, and Radiation Therapy in advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma and Breast Cancer.

Transl Oncol 2018 Dec 3;12(2):381-388. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Brain Korea 21 Project for Medical Science, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul 120-752, South Korea; Department of Surgery, Yonsei University College of Medicine, 50-1, Yonsei-ro, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul, 120-752, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Advanced cancer has been shown to be associated with a higher percentage of epigenetic changes than with genetic mutations. Preclinical models have shown that the combination of paclitaxel, sorafenib, and radiation therapy (RT) plays a crucial role in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and breast cancer. This study aimed to investigate the involvement of mitochondrial cytochrome c-dependent apoptosis in the mechanism of action of a combination of paclitaxel, sorafenib, and RT in RCC and breast cancer. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

PD-1/ PD-L1 blockade as a novel treatment for colorectal cancer.

Biomed Pharmacother 2018 Dec 3;110:312-318. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Surgical Oncology Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran. Electronic address:

Colorectal cancer (CRC), as a prominent cause of cancer-related deaths, has historically been notable worldwide and many attempts have been made to raise the overall survival of CRC patients. Immune response has long been a question of great interest in a wide range of fields such as cancer therapies and anti-tumor immunity through checkpoint inhibitors, specifically anti PD-1/ PD-L1 interaction, is a new line of research for treatment of CRC patients. Following the successful development of anti-PD-1 for melanoma, renal cell carcinoma, and non-small cell lung cancer, several clinical trials have been conducted on monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) against PD-1 in CRC. Read More

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December 2018
9 Reads

Er Shen Wan extract alleviates polyuria and regulates AQP 2 and AVPR 2 in a rat model of spleen-kidney Yang deficiency-induced diarrhea.

Biomed Pharmacother 2018 Dec 3;110:302-311. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

College of Pharmacy, Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chengdu 610075, PR China; Sichuan Neo-Green Pharmaceutical Technology Development Co., Ltd, Chengdu 610081, PR China. Electronic address:

Ethnopharmacological Relevance: Er Shen Wan (ESW), has been empirically used for treating spleen-kidney Yang deficiency (SKYD) syndrome in Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) for centuries and shows a variety of activities. The medicinal formula is a mixture of two component herbs, Psoraleae Fructus (PF, Bu-Gu-Zhi in Chinese) and Myristicae Semen (MS, Rou-Dou-Kou in Chinese). The current study was designed to evaluate ESWP antidiuretic treatment of polyuria and to explore potential mechanisms of renal water metabolism in the rat model of SKYD-induced diarrhea. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Engineering of pectin-dopamine nano-conjugates for carrying ruthenium complex: A potential tool for biomedical applications.

J Inorg Biochem 2018 Nov 28;191:135-142. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Institute of Environmental Toxicology and Environmental Ecology, Yancheng Teachers University, Yancheng City, Jiangsu Province 224007, People's Republic of China. Electronic address:

In this work, we designed polysaccharide-metal complex of dopamine-modified pectin linking ruthenium compound, which exhibited a certain inhibition specificity to human renal cell adenocarcinoma cell line 786-O. The chemical structure and physical properties of the polysaccharide-metal complex were well characterized by multiple analysis methods. The multi-spectral results revealed that pectin-dopamine have been successfully coordinated by ruthenium complex to form nano-conjugates, which self-assembled into relatively regular nanospheres of approximately 200 nm. Read More

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November 2018
4 Reads

Mulberry leaf polysaccharides suppress renal fibrosis.

Authors:
Shengjun Wu

Int J Biol Macromol 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Marine Bioresources and Environment, Huaihai Institute of Technology, 59 Cangwu Road, Haizhou 222005, China; Co-Innovation Center of Jiangsu Marine Bio-industry Technology, 59 Cangwu Road, Haizhou 222005, China; Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Marine Biotechnology, 59 Cangwu Road, Haizhou 222005, China. Electronic address:

A mulberry leaf polysaccharide (MLP-1) was prepared and partially characterised, and its anti-renal-fibrosis effects were investigated in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic nephropathy (DN) rats. MLP-1, with a molecular weight of 2,792,624 Da, consisted of arabinose, glucose, xylose, rhamnose, and mannose in a molar ratio of 1:1.13:2. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Combined synergetic potential of metformin loaded pectin-chitosan biohybrids nanoparticle for NIDDM.

Int J Biol Macromol 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Pharmaceutics, GITAM University, Rushikonda, Visakapatnam 530045, Andhra Pradesh, India.

Rationale: Combined therapy is a promising approach over its preference to minimize the dose, adverse effects and enhanced therapeutic efficiency in a various diseases including diabetes.

Aim: The present research work is to explore combined synergistic anti-diabetic potential of chitosan and pectin with Metformin (CPM) nano-formulation, with special emphasis on effect of Metformin when integrated with bio polymers.

Methods: The biohybrid nanoparticles (CPMNP) were formulated by ionic gelation process. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Renoprotective meroterpenoids from the fungus Ganoderma cochlear.

Fitoterapia 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Guangdong Key Laboratory for Genome Stability & Disease Prevention, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Medicine, Shenzhen University Health Science Center, Shenzhen 518060, People's Republic of China. Electronic address:

Nine multifarious new meroterpenoids, cochlearols E-M (1-9), along with seven known meroterpenoids 10-16, were isolated from the fruiting bodies of Ganoderma cochlear. Racemic 1, 6-8, 10 and 13 were separated by chiral HPLC. The structures were elucidated based on detailed spectroscopic analyses (HRESIMS, 1D/2D-NMR) and calculated electronic circular dichroism (ECD). Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Atypical and severe manifestations of chikungunya virus infection in French Guiana: A hospital-based study.

PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0207406. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Tropical and Infectious Diseases Department, Centre Hospitalier Andrée Rosemon, Cayenne, French Guiana.

Background: French Guiana (FG) was the first country in South America to declare chikungunya virus infection (CHIKV). The outbreak affected about 16,000 persons between February 2014 and October 2015, with several atypical cases, but only two fatal cases. We aimed to describe the clinical presentation of patients hospitalized for CHIKV infection, to estimate and identify risk factors of unusual and severe forms in adult patients. Read More

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December 2018

Plasma donor-derived cell-free DNA kinetics after kidney transplantation using a single tube multiplex PCR assay.

PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0208207. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Laboratory of Experimental Medicine and Pediatrics, University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium.

Background: After transplantation, cell-free DNA derived from the donor organ (ddcfDNA) can be detected in the recipient's circulation. We aimed to quantify ddcfDNA levels in plasma of kidney transplant recipients thereby investigating the kinetics of this biomarker after transplantation and determining biological variables that influence ddcfDNA kinetics in stable and non-stable patients.

Materials And Methods: From 107 kidney transplant recipients, plasma samples were collected longitudinally after transplantation (day 1-3 months) within a multicenter set-up. Read More

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December 2018

Baroreflex function, haemodynamic responses to an orthostatic challenge, and falls in haemodialysis patients.

PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0208127. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Queen Margaret University, Centre of Health, Activity and Rehabilitation Research, Edinburgh, United Kingdom.

Background: Stage 5 chronic kidney disease patients on haemodialysis (HD) often present with dizziness and pre-syncopal events as a result of the combined effect of HD therapy and cardiovascular disease. The dysregulation of blood pressure (BP) during orthostasis may be implicated in the aetiology of falls in these patients. Therefore, we explored the relationship between baroreflex function, the haemodynamic responses to a passive orthostatic challenge, and falls in HD patients. Read More

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December 2018

Supportive Care Network: Evaluation of Its Impact on the Performance of a Urology Department.

Acta Med Port 2018 Nov 30;31(11):656-660. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Urology and Renal Transplantation Department. Coimbra University Hospital Center. Coimbra. Portugal.

Introduction: Hospitals are dealing with patients who may have clinical discharge but cannot return to their home due to non-medical issues.

Material And Methods: Cross-sectional analysis of all the cases referred to the Integrated Care Network during the year 2016. Evaluation of waiting times, typology, reason for referral and clinical parameters. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Insight into the perioperative management of direct oral anticoagulants: concerns and considerations.

Expert Opin Pharmacother 2018 Dec 6:1-8. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

d Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine and Therapeutics , The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital , Hong Kong , China.

Introduction: Direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) have gained momentum in recent years in patients requiring anticoagulation for the prevention and management of venous thromboembolism and thromboembolic events caused by atrial fibrillation. The use of these agents involves potential bleeding complications, particularly during invasive procedures. With increasing use of DOACs, adequate knowledge regarding the perioperative management of patients on DOACs has become indispensable. Read More

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December 2018

Blocking Tyr265 nitration of protein phosphatase 2A attenuates nitrosative stress-induced endothelial dysfunction in renal microvessels.

FASEB J 2018 Dec 6:fj201800885RR. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China.

Protein tyrosine (Tyr) nitration, the covalent addition of a nitro group (NO) to Tyr residues, is emerging as a candidate mechanism of endothelial dysfunction. Previous studies have shown that Tyr nitration is primarily induced by nitrosative stress, a process characterized by the production of reactive nitrogen species, especially peroxynitrite anion (ONOO), which is considered a secondary product of NO in the presence of superoxide radicals (O). However, the impact of nitrosative stress-induced Tyr nitration on endothelial dysfunction has not been thoroughly elucidated to date. Read More

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December 2018

Abdominal tuberculosis in renal transplant recipient. Presentation of a case and literature review

Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc 2018 11 30;56(4):414-417. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Hospital de Especialidades "Dr. Bernardo Sepúlveda Gutiérrez", Unidad de Investigación Médica en Enfermedades Nefrológicas. Ciudad de México, México

Background: Kidney transplantation presents a susceptible point, and is related to infections; tuberculosis is a common and endemic etiology in a country like Mexico, where the most frequent presentation is the respiratory condition, the extrapulmonary is extremely rare and it is derived from immunosuppression conditions.

Case Report: 33-year-old man with kidney disease of undetermined etiology, kidney transplant in 2003 (donor mother) with adequate evolution; presented with chronic graft nephropathy, with baseline creatinine of 1.8 mg / dL, immunosuppression with prednisone 10 mg every 24 hours, mycophenolate mofetil 500 mg every 8 hours and ciclosporin 100 mg every 12 hours; surgical intervention was performed due to acute abdomen, appendectomy and omentectomy with histopathological finding of tuberculosis, Dotbal, antiproliferative in suspension was started and decrease of calcineurin inhibitor. Read More

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November 2018

Immunohistochemical expressionof sodium-dependent glucose transporter - 2 (SGLT-2) in clear cell renal carcinoma: possible prognostic implications.

Int Braz J Urol 2018 Oct 30;44. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

Department of Urology, Dokkyo Medical University, Tochigi, Japan.

Purpose: Glucose is a major energy resource for tumor cell survival and growth, and its influx into cells is mainly carried out by facilitative glucose transporters (GLUTs). Sodium - dependent glucose transporters (SGLTs) have been highlighted as playing important roles in diabetic treatment. However, their potential roles in cancer remain unclear. Read More

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October 2018

Predictors of surgical complications of nephrectomy for urolithiasis.

Int Braz J Urol 2018 Oct 30;44. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

Divisão de Urologia do Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brasil.

Objectives: Nephrectomy due to stone disease may be a challenging procedure owing to the presence of significant inflammation and infection, involving high complication rate. The objective of our study was to identify predictors for complications of nephrectomy for urolithiasis.

Patients And Methods: A retrospective review of 149 consecutive patients > 18y submitted to simple nephrectomy for urolithiasis from January 2006 to July 2012 was performed. Read More

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October 2018

Micro-ureteroscopy for treatment of pelvic ureteral stone in pediatric patient.

Int Braz J Urol 2018 Oct 30;44. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

Departamento de Urologia de Centro Hospitalar do Porto, Instituto de Ciências Biomédicas de Abel Salazar, Porto, Portugal.

Introduction: During the last years there has been an effort in miniaturizing the endoscopic devices. The video presents an alternative for the management of distal ureteral stone, using a ureteral access of 4.85 Fr and 27 cm of length, previously described as micro-ureteroscopy. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

Re: Incidence and treatment of malignant tumors of the genitourinary tract in renal transplant recipients.

Int Braz J Urol 2018 Oct 30;44. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

Department of Reconstructive Urology, St Helens & Knowsley Hospital NHS Trust Whiston Hospital, Liverpool, United Kingdom.

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October 2018

IMAGING URANIUM DISTRIBUTION ON RAT KIDNEY SECTIONS THROUGH DETECTION OF ALPHA TRACKS USING CR-39 PLASTIC NUCLEAR TRACK DETECTOR.

Radiat Prot Dosimetry 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Basic Medical Sciences for Radiation Damages, National Institute of Radiological Sciences, National Institutes for Quantum and Radiological Science and Technology, Chiba, Japan.

Uranium is renowned as a global contaminant, and attracts major concern with regards to the health risks involved because its nephrotoxicity. This paper discusses the development of a simple method to identify accumulated regions or localized sites of uranium within kidneys using the CR-39 plastic nuclear track detector. To demonstrate the proposed method, renal cryo-sections (5 μm-t) from Wistar male rats, subcutaneously administered with uranyl acetate (2 mg/kg), were prepared on day one after administration. Read More

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December 2018

Emerging evidence of an effect of salt on innate and adaptive immunity.

Nephrol Dial Transplant 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Renal Medicine, University College London (UCL), London, UK.

Salt intake as part of a western diet currently exceeds recommended limits, and the small amount found in the natural diet enjoyed by our Paleolithic ancestors. Excess salt is associated with the development of hypertension and cardiovascular disease, but other adverse effects of excess salt intake are beginning to be recognized, including the development of autoimmune and inflammatory disease. Over the last decade there has been an increasing body of evidence demonstrating that salt affects multiple components of both the innate and adaptive immune systems. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Increased urinary miR-196a level predicts the progression of renal injury in patients with diabetic nephropathy.

Nephrol Dial Transplant 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

National Clinical Research Center of Kidney Diseases, Jinling Hospital, Nanjing University School of Medicine, Nanjing, China.

Background: Recent data suggest that miR-196a is predominantly expressed in the kidney and plays an inhibitory role in the progress of renal interstitial fibrosis (IF). However, the predictive value of miR-196a in diabetic nephropathy (DN) remains unknown. We validated the role of urinary miR-196a in the progression of renal injury in a cohort of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Read More

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December 2018

Glomerular filtration rate: when to measure and in which patients?

Nephrol Dial Transplant 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation, University of Liège (CHU ULg), Liège, Belgium.

Of the glomerular, tubular and endocrine functions of the kidney, nephrologists have mostly focused their attention on the glomerular functions-albuminuria and glomerular filtration rate (GFR)-to grade the severity of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Although both albuminuria and GFR are associated with renal and cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, the utility of measured GFR (mGFR) has been questioned. GFR when measured adequately is the most precise measure of glomerular function and can be useful to individualize therapy among patients with CKD. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Rheumatoid Arthritis and Mortality in End Stage Renal Disease.

J Clin Rheumatol 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Medicine, Division of Rheumatology and Adult Allergy, Medical College of Georgia at Augusta University, Augusta, GA.

Objective: To determine whether rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) events, all-cause mortality and cardiovascular mortality in End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD).

Methods: Cohort study of adult patients with ESRD in the United States Renal Data System (USRDS) with RA and a 5% random sample of those without RA. CVD events, all-cause mortality and cardiovascular mortality were determined in those with RA compared to those without RA using Cox Proportional Hazards modeling. Read More

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December 2018

Outcomes Analysis of Children Diagnosed With Hemophagocytic Lymphohistiocytosis in the PICU.

Pediatr Crit Care Med 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Critical Care, Children's National Health System, Washington, DC.

Objectives: Describe a single center experience of hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis in a PICU over a 10-year period, to identify clinical features that may be associated with worse outcomes, including mortality, hospital and ICU length of stay, and functional and cognitive impairments on discharge.

Design: Retrospective electronic medical record review, 2007-2017.

Setting: PICU located in a large urban academic quaternary care children's hospital. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Managing Acinetobacter baumannii infections.

Curr Opin Infect Dis 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Medical and infectious diseases ICU (MI2) APHP Bichat University Hospital.

Purpose Of Review: We reviewed recent data about epidemiology of Acinetobacter baumannii, resistance mechanisms, and therapeutic options for severe infections caused by multidrug-resistant strains.

Recent Findings: A. baumannii is a major cause of nosocomial infections affecting mainly to debilitating patients in the ICU, although the spread to regular wards and to long-term care facilities is increasing. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Cloning, function, and localization of human, canine and Drosophila Zip10 (Slc39a10), a Zn transporter.

Am J Physiol Renal Physiol 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Physiology & Biomedical Engineering, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, United States.

Zinc (Zn) is the second most abundant trace element, but is considered a micronutrient as it is a cofactor for many enzymes and transcription factors. While Zn deficiency can cause cognitive immune or metabolic dysfunction and infertility, excess Zn is nephrotoxic. As for other ions and solutes, Zn is moved into and out of cells by specific membrane transporters: ZnT, Zip, and NRAMP/DMT proteins. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Biallelic loss of function variants in PPP1R21 cause a neurodevelopmental syndrome with impaired endocytic function.

Hum Mutat 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Genome Research Division, Human Genetics department, Radboud University Medical Center Nijmegen and Radboud Institute for Molecular Life Sciences, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.

Next-generation sequencing has been instrumental in solving the genetic basis of rare inherited diseases, especially neurodevelopmental syndromes. However, functional workup is essential for precise phenotype definition and to understand the underlying disease mechanisms. Using whole exome and whole genome sequencing in 4 independent families with hypotonia, neurodevelopmental delay, facial dysmorphism, loss of white matter and thinning of the corpus callosum, we identified 4 previously unreported homozygous truncating PPP1R21 alleles: c. Read More

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December 2018

Dermatologic manifestations in end stage renal disease.

Hemodial Int 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Nephrology, Cleveland Clinic Akron General, Akron, Ohio, USA.

Skin manifestations are commonly seen in end stage renal disease (ESRD). Skin involvement in this population can be extensive and dramatically worsen quality of life. Close observation of the skin and nails of ESRD patients by clinicians allows for timely diagnosis and treatment, which ultimately improves quality of life and reduces mortality. Read More

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December 2018
3 Reads

Trends in the incidence and mortality of cancer in Saudi Arabia.

Saudi Med J 2018 Dec;39(12):1259-1262

Biochemistry Department, Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. E-mail.

Objectives: To analyze the overall trends in cancer incidence and mortality in Saudi Arabia between 1990 and 2016.   Methods: Data were retrieved through a Global Burden of Disease (GBD, 2016) database (Viz Hub) that is developed by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation at the University of Washington. Results: The incidence of cancer increased around 26-fold for thyroid cancer; approximately 10-fold in breast, colon, bladder and uterine cancers; 8-fold for prostate cancer; 5-fold for renal cancer; 4-fold for pancreatic and ovarian cancer; 3. Read More

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December 2018
3 Reads

Risk factors and molecular features of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase producing bacteria at southwest of Saudi Arabia.

Saudi Med J 2018 Dec;39(12):1186-1194

Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. E-mail.

Objectives: To explore the risk factors, the prevalence rate, and gene types of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing bacteria as the causative agents of infection at King Abdulaziz Specialist Hospital (KAASH), Taif, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Methods: This was a retrospective study conducted during the period between February 2017 and January 2018. All samples obtained from the KAASH were analyzed. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

The real-life data of hospitalized patients with heart failure: On behalf of the Journey HF-TR study investigators.

Anatol J Cardiol 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul University, Institute of Cardiology; İstanbul-Turkey.

Objective: Acute heart failure (AHF) is a life-threatening clinical syndrome characterized by rapid onset of heart failure (HF) symptoms and signs and requires urgent therapy. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the overall clinical characteristics, management, and in-hospital outcomes of hospitalized patients with AHF in a large sample of Turkish population.

Methods: The Journey HF-TR study is a cross-sectional, multicenter, non-invasive and observational trial. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

The impact of functioning hemodialysis arteriovenous accesses on renal graft perfusion: Results of a pilot study.

J Vasc Access 2018 Dec 6:1129729818817248. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

1 Kidney Transplant Unit, Nephrology Department, Hospital de Santa Cruz, Centro Hospitalar de Lisboa Ocidental, Lisbon, Portugal.

Introduction:: After a kidney transplant, it is unknown whether the maintenance of a functioning hemodialysis arteriovenous access could have deleterious effects on renal grafts. We hypothesize that maintaining an arteriovenous access can deviate a significant proportion of the cardiac output from the renal graft. The aim of this study was to investigate whether a temporary closure of the arteriovenous access could lead to an increase in graft perfusion. Read More

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December 2018

A potential contribution of trappin-2 to the development of vasculopathy in systemic sclerosis.

J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Dermatology, University of Tokyo Graduate School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

Background: Trappin-2/pre-elafin is an endogenous inhibitor of human neutrophil elastase involved in inflammation, innate immunity and vascular remodeling, which consist of the complex pathological process of systemic sclerosis (SSc).

Objectives: To clarify the potential role of trappin-2 in SSc.

Methods: Serum trappin-2 levels were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in 51 SSc and 18 healthy subjects. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Immune Associated LncRNAs Identify Novel Prognostic Subtypes of Renal Clear Cell Carcinoma.

Mol Carcinog 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Biosciences and Bioengineering, Indian Institute of Technology Dharwad, Dharwad, Karnataka, 580011.

Kidney Renal Clear Cell Carcinoma (KIRC) is a significant cause of cancer-related deaths. Here, we aim to identify the LncRNAs associated with the immune system and characterise their clinical utility in KIRC. A total of 504 patients' data was used from TCGA-GDC. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read
4.808 Impact Factor

High renal DC-SIGN cell density is associated with severe renal lesions and poor prognosis in patients with Immunoglobulin A Nephropathy.

Histopathology 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Division of Nephrology, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology Wuhan, Hubei, China.

Background And Objectives: In this observational cohort study, we assessed the prognostic value of DC-SIGN cells in pathogenesis and progression of IgA nephropathy (IgAN).

Design, Setting, Participants, & Measurements: A total of 139 adult IgAN patients were enrolled in this study from June 2009 to June 2010. We characterized DC-SIGN cells by immunohistochemistry or immunofluorescence in renal biopsy tissue. Read More

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December 2018

Quantitative proteomics using SILAC-MS identifies N-acetylcysteine-solution-triggered reversal response of renal cell carcinoma cell lines.

J Cell Biochem 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Orthopedics, Hanzhong Central Hospital, Hanzhong, Shanxi, China.

N-acetylcysteine (NAC), a precursor for glutathione (GSH), causes permeable antioxidation protecting normal cells and disrupting cancer cells. In the present study, we found that a NAC-based medium can trigger a reversal response of human clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC). To further investigate the action of a NAC-based solution in ccRCC cell lines, 786-O and SN12C were incubated in a serum-free acid medium (low pH) in the presence of 2 mM NAC for 24 hours or in a serum-free medium (normal pH) as the control, and then a phenotypic and proteomic analyses were performed. Read More

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December 2018

The effect of chronic kidney disease on lipid metabolism.

Int Urol Nephrol 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, Koc University School of Medicine, 34010, Istanbul, Turkey.

The major cause of death among chronic kidney disease patients is cardiovascular diseases. Cardiovascular and kidney disease are interrelated and increase the severity of each other. Dyslipidemia is one the major causes of cardiovascular disease among chronic kidney disease patients along with diabetes and hypertension. Read More

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December 2018

A modification with threading cannula needle-assisted 4-point suspension fixation for retroperitoneal laparoscopic pyeloplasty in children with ureteropelvic junction obstruction: a cohort study in single center.

Int Urol Nephrol 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Urology, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Tianhe Road 600, Guangzhou, 510630, Guangdong, China.

Purpose: To evaluate the effect and safety of modifying a threading cannula needle-assisted suspension fixation in retroperitoneal laparoscopic dismembered pyeloplasty (LDP) for children with congenital ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO).

Methods: Between December 2012 and December 2017, 45 children (< 14 years of age) with congenital UPJO were divided into two groups. In Group A, children underwent conventional "no-suspension fixation" LDP; and in Group B, "4-point suspension fixation" LDP was performed to lower difficulties and shorten operative time. Read More

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December 2018

The Finnish Interprofessional Medication Assessment (FIMA): baseline findings from home care setting.

Aging Clin Exp Res 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Institute of Public Health and Clinical Nutrition, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland.

Purpose: Medication-related problems and declined functional capacity are closely associated factors among older people. The purpose of this study is to describe the procedure of interprofessional medication assessment in home care context and the baseline characteristics of the study population.

Methods: The FIMA study was a randomized, controlled intervention study comparing general practitioner-led interprofessional medication assessment and usual care. Read More

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December 2018
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Schisandrin B Improves the Renal Function of IgA Nephropathy Rats Through Inhibition of the NF-κB Signalling Pathway.

Inflammation 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Nephrology, Affiliated Hospital of Southwest Medical University, No. 25, Tai Ping Street, Jiangyang District, 646000, Luzhou, China.

Schisandrin B (SchB) is an active compound extracted from the Chinese herb Schisandra chinensis and shows excellent anti-inflammatory activity. This study was performed to examine the effects of SchB in a rat model of IgA nephropathy (IgAN). IgAN was established in Sprague-Dawley rats by immunization with lipopolysaccharide (LPS), bovine serum albumin, and carbon tetrachloride. Read More

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December 2018

How radical is total parathyroidectomy in patients with renal hyperparathyroidism?

Langenbecks Arch Surg 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Section of Endocrine Surgery, Division of General Surgery, Department of Surgery, Medical University of Vienna, Waehringer Gürtel 18-20, A-1090, Vienna, Austria.

Purpose: Total parathyroidectomy (tPTX) in patients with renal hyperparathyroidism (RHPT) aims at the complete removal of all hyperfunctioning parathyroid tissue. Whenever parathyroidectomy is termed "total," undetectable postoperative parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels within the first postoperative week are expected. The aim of this study was to evaluate if tPTX is technically possible using a radical surgical procedure. Read More

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December 2018
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