64,741 results match your criteria Religions and the Autopsy
Pharmacol Ther 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences; Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience.
The purpose of this paper is to provide an integrative review and offer novel insights regarding human research with classic psychedelics (classic hallucinogens), which are 5HT2AR agonists such as lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD), mescaline, and psilocybin. Classic psychedelics have been administered as sacraments since ancient times. They were of prominent interest within psychiatry and neuroscience in the 1950s to 1960s, and during this time contributed to the emergence of the field of molecular neuroscience. Read More
Patient Prefer Adherence 2018 12;12:2405-2411. Epub 2018 Nov 12.
Department of Periodontology, Faculty of Dentistry, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia,
Background: Since the introduction of enamel matrix derivatives (EMD) (Emdogain), it has not been allowed to be used in Saudi Arabia due to the religious restriction on porcine products. This study was conducted to determine the impact of the fatwas permitting the use of EMD and to assess the general perception of using bone-grafting materials in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
Materials And Methods: This cross-sectional survey study included 213 patients seeking dental treatment at the Faculty of Dentistry Clinics of King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Read More
J Health Care Chaplain 2018 Dec 5:1-10. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
a Duke University Hospital, Duke University Medical Center , Durham , North Carolina.
There is evidence that addressing the religious and spiritual needs of patients has positive effects on patient satisfaction and health care utilization. However, in the intensive care unit (ICU), chaplains are often consulted only at the very end of life, thereby leaving patients' spiritual needs unmet. This study looked at the views of 219 ICU clinicians on the role of chaplains. Read More
Community Ment Health J 2018 Dec 1. Epub 2018 Dec 1.
Suzanne Dworak-Peck School of Social Work, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA.
This study explored hope among Latinos with schizophrenia and their family caregivers to gain a greater understanding of how it is experienced in the family context. Data were collected from 34 participants (14 individuals with schizophrenia; 20 family caregivers). Semistructured in-depth interviews were analyzed using thematic analysis, comparing codes across and within consumer and family caregiver transcripts. Read More
Salud Colect 2018 Jul-Sep;14(3):405-423
Doctora en Ciencias Sociales. Becaria posdoctoral, Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas, con sede en Centro de Estudios e Investigaciones Laborales; Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, Argentina.
This article explores the configurations of secularism present in the parliamentary debate on the voluntary termination of pregnancy bill in 2018, and in some specific areas of feminist activism in which secularism is discussed and promoted, collected in the period between 2015 and 2018. Based on the official transcriptions of the speeches of deputies and senators during the debates as well as participant observation in national and regional women's and feminist gatherings, we analyze the ideas that emerge in relation to the State, churches, religions, spiritualities and democracy when sexual and reproductive rights are discussed. The results confirm our hypothesis regarding the expansion of the discourse on secularism in both Chambers during 2018, with different definitions and intensities, as well as the amplification of support for existing feminist campaigns for a secular State and, in parallel, new problematizations regarding the confluence of a feminist identity with religious and/or spiritual identity. Read More
J Clin Nurs 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
Princess Aisha Bint Al Hussein College of Nursing and Health Sciences Nursing Department, Al Hussein Bin Talal University.
Aims: Explore the concept of compassion as represented in Islamic virtues and how it influences the practice of nurses.
Background: Islam is one of the world's major religions. Yet, an Islamic perspective of compassion is not well understood in the Western nursing literature. Read More
Psychiatry J 2018 1;2018:4578721. Epub 2018 Nov 1.
Department of Nursing, Asmara College of Health Sciences, Asmara, Eritrea.
Secondary School students (SSs) are important members of the community; hence their attitude towards mental illness can be highly influential. Mentally ill individuals are not only suffering from the illness but also suffering from the stigmatizing attitude generated by the community. The objectives of this study were to determine attitude of SSs towards mental illness and its associated factors. Read More
Behav Sci (Basel) 2018 Nov 30;8(12). Epub 2018 Nov 30.
Palliative Care, College of Nursing and Health Sciences, Flinders University, Adelaide SA 5000, Australia.
Few previous studies have formally examined people's wishes regarding what they want to do before they die. This study aimed to describe responses to an activity within a Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) where people considered what was important when faced with their own mortality. We asked participants to complete the following: "Before I Die, I want to…". Read More
Epilepsy Behav 2018 Dec 1;90:57-60. Epub 2018 Dec 1.
Department of Neurology, Chonbuk National University Medical School, Jeonju, Republic of Korea.
Purpose: Religion can be important in the everyday lives of persons with epilepsy (PWE). However, there is little research on religion, as it relates to individuals with epilepsy. We determined a relationship between religious coping strategies and psychological distress in Korean adults with epilepsy who had a religious affiliation. Read More
J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2018 Dec 4:1-21. Epub 2018 Dec 4.
a Department of Human Nutrition and Hospitality Management , The University of Alabama , Tuscaloosa , AL , USA.
Registered Dietitians (RDs) should participate in interdisciplinary feeding discussions for patients with advanced dementia, but research on how RDs make such feeding recommendations is scarce. This study developed and validated a theory-based questionnaire to assess the knowledge, beliefs, and attitudes of RDs regarding feeding tube use among older adults with advanced dementia. The instrument was drafted based on the Social Ecological Model, and face and content validity were established through an expert panel review. Read More
Psychiatry J 2018 28;2018:8354861. Epub 2018 Oct 28.
Department of Biochemistry, B.P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan, Nepal.
Objective: To estimate the prevalence of depression in the working population; to examine if any gender disparity prevails; and to determine the sociodemographic mediators of depression.
Methods: Data from previous research was retrieved for this study. Only paid workers were selected (n=160). Read More
Explore (NY) 2018 Oct 24. Epub 2018 Oct 24.
Distinguished Consulting Faculty, Saybrook University, United States; Fellow William James Center for Consciousness Studies, Sofia University, United States.
Soc Sci Med 2018 Nov 22;220:331-339. Epub 2018 Nov 22.
Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA, USA. Electronic address:
This study documents the perceptions and experiences of immigrant women and men in the US related to female genital cutting (FGC). This paper examines the effects of migration on these perceptions, with the goal of optimizing health services and informing public policy to support women who have undergone FGC. This qualitative study consisted of individual interviews conducted from 2014 to 2015 with 42 women and men living in Boston, Massachusetts, who immigrated from a variety of communities where FGC has been practiced. Read More
Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 2018 Nov 1;232:87-96. Epub 2018 Nov 1.
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Sidra Medical and Research Center, PO Box 26999, Doha, Qatar. Electronic address:
Background: Consanguinity is the close union, sexual relationship or marriage between persons who have common biological ancestors usually up to about 2nd cousins. Contrary to general opinion consanguinity is quite common and is practiced worldwide. It is an important topic as while rates of consanguineous unions in certain society have decreased over time, rates have remained stable or increased in other societies with rates as high as 80. Read More
J Immigr Minor Health 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.
School of Pharmacy, The University of Queensland, 20 Cornwall Street, Woolloongabba, Brisbane, QLD, 4102, Australia.
Migration, as a global phenomenon, gives rise to many challenges for healthcare professionals providing care to migrant populations. Migrants originating from diverse cultural backgrounds have unique beliefs and healthcare needs, and their utilisation of healthcare services and medicines is influenced by a number of factors. This review aims to assess the factors influencing the utilisation of healthcare services and medicines among Pakistani migrants residing in high income countries. Read More
Int J Clin Health Psychol 2017 Jan-Apr;17(1):46-55. Epub 2016 Nov 21.
Universidad de Oviedo, España.
: Emotional intelligence is a variable which has been the subject of significantly increased research in recent years. Relationships have been shown with both physical and psychological problems. The aim of this study is to analyse the direct and indirect effect that emotional intelligence exerts over the manifestation of physical and psychological clinical symptomatology and to severe disorders such as burnout syndrome in a professional group in which social function is fundamental. Read More
Nord J Psychiatry 2018 Nov 29:1-3. Epub 2018 Nov 29.
b Department of Psychosis Studies , King's College , London , UK.
Background: Religion and psychiatry may be both considered to be two different ways of explaining the unknown, of responding to questions about the meaning of life, and of bringing healing.
Aims: To discuss the border between religion and psychiatry.
Method: This lecture explores the interface between religion and psychiatry and discusses the border between soul and mind. Read More
Hu Li Za Zhi 2018 Dec;65(6):32-43
PhD, RN, Director, Department of Nursing, West China Hospital, and Professor, West China School of Nursing, Sichuan University, Taiwan, ROC.
Background: China is the country with the largest population of elderly, accounting for more than 17.3% of the total population. The arrival of the so-called "silver wave" has generally reduced the abilities of daily life of the elderly and has continued to increase endowment pressures. Read More
BMC Cancer 2018 Nov 27;18(1):1175. Epub 2018 Nov 27.
Department of Epidemiology, University of Michigan School of Public Health, 1415 Washington Heights, Ann Arbor, MI, 48103, USA.
Background: The incidence and mortality from prostate cancer is expected to increase in the next decade in Thailand. Despite the perceived lower risk in this population vs. developed, western countries, it is becoming an important public health issue. Read More
Crit Care Resusc 2018 Dec;20(4):268-276
NSW Organ and Tissue Donation Service, South Eastern Sydney Local Health District, Sydney, NSW, Australia.
Objective: To implement a best-practice intervention offering deceased organ donation, testing whether it increased family consent rates.
Design: A multicentre before-and-after study of a prospective cohort compared with pre-intervention controls.
Setting: Nine Australian intensive care units. Read More
Psychol Belg 2017 Apr 26;57(1):59-76. Epub 2017 Apr 26.
Université catholique de Louvain, BE.
Is opposition to child euthanasia motivated only by ideology, or also by other personality characteristics and individual differences? In Belgium, the first country to legalize child euthanasia (in 2014), we investigated religious, moral, emotional, and cognitive factors underlying the (dis)approval of this legalization ( = 213). Disapproval was associated with religiousness, collectivistic morality (loyalty and purity), and prosocial dispositions, in terms of emotional empathy and behavioral generosity, but not values (care and fairness). It was also associated with low flexibility in existential issues and a high endorsement of slippery slope arguments, but not necessarily low openness to experience. Read More
Psychol Belg 2017 Feb 20;57(1):1-16. Epub 2017 Feb 20.
Université libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Center for Social and Cultural Psychology (CSCP), BE.
The influence of (dis)belief in free will on prosocial behaviors and sense of control has attracted considerable interest over the last few years. The provision of relevant research tools to assess beliefs in free will and determinism for the community thus becomes a central endeavour. However, no relevant validated questionnaires are currently available to the French language community. Read More
Psychol Belg 2016 Mar 1;56(1):65-79. Epub 2016 Mar 1.
Universiti Sains Malaysia, MY.
The purpose of this research was to examine the validity of an adult attachment style questionnaire, to understand the relationships between the type of attachment style in relation to self-perceived stress and social support, and to investigate the influence of gender, ethnicity and religion on the above constructs. The participants were 308 university students from Malaysia. A demographic questionnaire and three self-report inventories were administrated in this study. Read More
PLoS One 2018 27;13(11):e0207125. Epub 2018 Nov 27.
Department of Clinical and Social Sciences in Psychology, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY, United States of America.
Past research suggests that religion and science may conflict on which is a better tool for explaining the world. This conflict implies that religiosity might negatively impact both attitudes toward science and science knowledge. However, past research has focused mostly on religious affiliation and has not consistently identified such a relation using a general religiosity measure that assesses religious beliefs and religious practice. Read More
Ann Sci 2018 Nov 27:1-9. Epub 2018 Nov 27.
a Division of Humanities and Social Sciences , California Institute of Technology , Pasadena , CA , USA.
J Womens Health (Larchmt) 2018 Nov 27. Epub 2018 Nov 27.
13 Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Virginia , Charlottesville, Virginia.
Background: Certain cultural, folk, and religious beliefs that are more common among African Americans (AAs) have been associated with later-stage breast cancer. It is unknown if these beliefs are similarly associated with delays in diagnosis of ovarian cancer.
Methods: Data from a multicenter case-control study of ovarian cancer in AA women were used to examine associations between cultural/folk beliefs and religious practices and stage at diagnosis and symptom duration before diagnosis. Read More
Innov Aging 2017 Nov 21;1(3):igx034. Epub 2018 Feb 21.
Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan.
Background And Objectives: This article highlights the dearth of and need for research on Arab American cognitive aging. We propose that studying cognitive health issues among older Arab Americans provides an innovative opportunity to advance knowledge about causes and consequences of Alzheimer's disease (AD) disparities and refine understanding of factors linked to immigrant health in the United States.
Research Design And Methods: Demographic information is provided on Arab Americans, who are on the cusp of being recognized by the U. Read More
J Relig Health 2018 Nov 21. Epub 2018 Nov 21.
Section of General Medicine, Department of Medicine, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA.
This paper reports on the multi-phase development of an English-language modesty measure for use among Muslim populations. The process yielded a 10-item measure that has high levels of internal consistency reliability (Cronbach's α of 0.83), and has acceptable discriminant and predictive validity. Read More
Rev Paul Pediatr 2018 Nov 14. Epub 2018 Nov 14.
Universidade Federal do Maranhão, São Luís, MA, Brasil.
Objective: To analyze the communication of a child's death and the grief support provided to the women during puerperium.
Methods: This is a qualitative study performed at a capital of the Northeast region of Brazil. Semi-structured interviews were carried out with 15 women, whose children died from July 2012 to July 2014. Read More
Rev Med Suisse 2018 Nov;14(628):2132-2134
Responsable de la Plateforme médecine, spiritualité, soins et société (MS3), Plateforme médecine, spiritualité et société, Mt Paisible 18, 1011 Lausanne.
J Physician Assist Educ 2018 Dec;29(4):247-250
Avery Glover, BA, is a Wellstar M.A. fellow in Religion and Public Life at Georgia State University in Atlanta, Georgia. Joseph Bertino, PhD, is a clinical ethicist for the WellStar Health System in Atlanta, Georgia.
J Pharm Policy Pract 2018 15;11:27. Epub 2018 Nov 15.
Department of Clinical Pharmacy, School of Pharmacy, College of Health and Medical Sciences, Haramaya University, P.O. Box 235, Harar, Ethiopia.
Background: Pharmaceuticals are produced and consumed in increasing volume every year. Unfortunately, not all medications that go in to the hand of the consumers get consumed; large quantities remain unused or expire. The accumulation of medication at household and unsafe disposal of unwanted medicines could lead to inappropriate medicine sharing, accidental childhood poisonings and diversion of medicines to illicit use. Read More
Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 2018 Oct 30;232:5-9. Epub 2018 Oct 30.
Sidra Medical & Research Centre, Qatar.
Advances in the field of Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ART) are constantly evolving, starting from Artificial Insemination (AI) and in-vitro fertilization (IVF), to the current state of the art technologies that enable embryo biopsy for Pre-implantation Genetic Testing (PGT). The future includes gene mapping and DNA replacement technologies with the potential for the so-called "designer babies." In other words, shortly, a modern couple may be in a position to decide how to procreate and with whom; which pregnancy to keep and which one to terminate depending on their prior knowledge about the pregnancy and the available choices. Read More
J Palliat Med 2018 Nov 20. Epub 2018 Nov 20.
2 Daniel F. Evans Center for Spiritual and Religious Values in Healthcare , Indianapolis, Indiana.
Background: Critically ill adult patients who face medical decisions often delegate others to make important decisions. Those who are authorized to make such decisions are typically family members, friends, or legally authorized representatives, often referred to as surrogates. Making medical decisions on behalf of others produces emotional distress. Read More
Clin Liver Dis 2019 Feb;23(1):1-10
Division of Abdominal Transplantation, Baylor College of Medicine, 6620 Main Street, Suite 1450, Houston, TX 77030, USA. Electronic address:
This article discusses alcohol use throughout history. The discovery and cultivation of wine and beer and distillation of spirits are explored. The article spans prehistory, Egypt, Ancient Greece, Ancient Rome, Europe, and the Americas; and the religions Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Read More
Int J Environ Res Public Health 2018 Nov 18;15(11). Epub 2018 Nov 18.
School of Exercise and Nutritional Sciences, San Diego State University, 5500 Campanile Drive, San Diego, CA 92182-7251, USA.
Previous research has found churches to be effective at delivering physical activity (PA) programs to their congregants. Mosques, however, have not been extensively studied. Therefore, we quantified U. Read More
Diseases 2018 Nov 16;6(4). Epub 2018 Nov 16.
Haute Côte d'Or hospital center, F-21400 Châtillon-sur-Seine, France.
Hippocrates, the father of medicine, had said: "Wine is a thing wonderfully appropriate to man if, in health as in disease, it is administered with appropriate and just measure according to the individual constitution." Wine has always accompanied humanity, for religion or for health. Christians and Jews need wine for the liturgy. Read More
J Med Philos 2018 Nov;43(6):650-666
University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky, USA.
Despite its many strengths, Engelhardt's After God displays two surprising features: an affinity for voluntaristic ethics and a tendency to oppose Eastern Orthodoxy (as a purely revealed religion) to philosophy. Neither of these is in keeping with the mainstream of Eastern Orthodox tradition. Here, I offer a modest corrective. Read More
Gerontologist 2018 Nov 17. Epub 2018 Nov 17.
Centre for Dementia Studies, Neuroscience, Brighton & Sussex Medical School, University of Sussex, Falmer, Brighton, UK.
Background And Objectives: The prevalence of dementia will increase in low- and middle-income countries like Pakistan. Specialist dementia services are rare in Pakistan. Public awareness of dementia is low, and norms about family care can lead to stigma. Read More
Clin Dermatol 2018 Nov - Dec;36(6):737-742. Epub 2018 Aug 16.
Department of Dermatology, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, Karnataka, India. Electronic address:
Psychodermatology, a relatively neglected branch of dermatology in India, refers to a holistic approach to skin diseases involving not only the mind and skin, but also the cutaneous effects of psychologic stress. Among many Indian people, culture, religion, the belief in karma, and the tendency to prefer indigenous medical systems can all have a major impact on lifestyle, as well as the approach to managing various diseases, including dermatologic conditions. The origin of psychodermatology in India can be traced to Buddha's period. Read More
Theor Med Bioeth 2018 Dec;39(6):407-417
McDonald Centre for Theology, Ethics, and Public Life, Christ Church, St Aldates, Oxford, OX1 1DP, UK.
J Relig Health 2018 Nov 15. Epub 2018 Nov 15.
Catholic Diocese of Isernia-Venafro, Contrada Colle Croce, 86, 86170, Isernia, IS, Italy.
The rainbow body research project, engaging claims of spiritual attainment and personal transformation, enables us to examine key features of anthropological research. Engagement with communities of discourse exposed aspects of the artificial emic-etic divide, allowing the anthropological study of religion to advance methods in religious studies. The study of paranormal phenomena cannot be isolated from societal contextualization. Read More
Int J Behav Med 2018 Nov 15. Epub 2018 Nov 15.
Bob Shapell School of Social Work, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.
Background: Infertility is a source of stress, particularly in pronatalist societies in which a lifestyle without children is viewed as an unacceptable option. The present study examined the relationship between the use of culturally adapted religious coping strategies and emotional adjustment among women coping with fertility problems.
Methods: This is a cross-sectional correlational study. Read More
Soc Compass 2017 Dec 5;64(4):512-529. Epub 2017 Oct 5.
Ghent University, Belgium.
In this article, we aim to contribute to feminist academic debates about multiculturalism and secularism/religion by drawing upon an analysis of an ethnic minority women's organisation in Belgium that has been active since 1999: ella. The analysis focuses upon the way in which ella constructs notions of empowerment and emancipation by discussing structural inequalities, cultural-ethnic values and religious authority and identity. First, we look at how ella formulates its ideas about the emancipation trajectories of minoritised women and the potential role of religious belonging. Read More
Br J Psychiatry 2018 Nov 16:1-2. Epub 2018 Nov 16.
Senior Lecturer in Social Psychiatry, Centre for Mental Health and Society,Bangor University,UK.
SummaryThe consensus within psychiatry is that patients' religion/spirituality are legitimate topics in assessment and treatment. Religion/spirituality can help people cope with mental illness, but their use as therapeutic tools is controversial. Despite the publication of position statements by national and international psychiatric organisations, there is no clarity over therapeutic boundaries. Read More
Acad Med 2018 Nov 13. Epub 2018 Nov 13.
P.A. Braveman is director, Center on Social Disparities in Health, and professor of family and community medicine, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California.
The term "health equity" has moved from obscurity to the mainstream, creating new possibilities for those who aspire to a world in which everyone has a fair and just opportunity to be healthy. One can now talk explicitly about health equity. The newfound acceptance, however, carries a risk: loss of meaning. Read More