533 results match your criteria Rehabilitation Psychology [Journal]


#SaytheWord: A disability culture commentary on the erasure of "disability".

Rehabil Psychol 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Department of Psychology, John Jay College of Criminal Justice, The City University of New York.

Purpose: To inform the field of rehabilitation psychology about the sociocultural implications of the term "disability," and explain the rationale behind the #SaytheWord movement, a social media call to embrace disability identity.

Method: Review of the literature on disability terminology, the history of language use, and the relationship between attitudes toward disability and language. We reflect on the role of disability within the field of psychology and within the American Psychological Association (APA), including the underrepresentation of disabled psychologists and trainees with disabilities and the lack of mentorship opportunities available in the field. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000258DOI Listing
February 2019

Impact of racial-ethnic minority status and systemic vulnerabilities on time to acute TBI rehabilitation admission in an urban public hospital setting.

Rehabil Psychol 2019 Jan 28. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Department of Psychology, Rusk Rehabilitation at New York University Langone Health.

Purpose/objective: Racial/ethnic minorities and other vulnerable social groups experience health care disparities. There is a lack of research exploring how time to acute rehabilitation admission is impacted by race/ethnicity and other marginalizing systemic vulnerabilities. The purpose of this study is to investigate whether race/ethnicity and other sociodemographic vulnerabilities impact expediency of acute rehabilitation admission following traumatic brain injury (TBI). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000260DOI Listing
January 2019

Personal resource profiles of individuals with chronic pain: Sociodemographic and pain interference differences.

Rehabil Psychol 2019 Jan 28. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Washington.

Purpose/objective: Previous studies have demonstrated important associations between personal resources and pain interference. Using latent profile analysis, the present study (a) identified subgroups of individuals with chronic pain who have different personal resource profiles; (b) explored sociodemographic differences among subgroups; and (c) examined how these subgroups differ in pain interference. Research Method/Design: Study 1 is based on daily diary and survey data from 220 individuals with fibromyalgia (FM). Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/rep0000261
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000261DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Socioeconomic resources predict trajectories of depression and resilience following disability.

Rehabil Psychol 2019 Feb 20;64(1):98-103. Epub 2018 Dec 20.

Department of Counseling and Clinical Psychology.

Objective: Adjustment to chronic disability is a topic of considerable focus in the rehabilitation sciences and constitutes an important public health problem given the adverse outcomes associated with maladjustment. While existing literature has established an association between disability onset and elevated rates of depression, resilience and alternative patterns of adjustment have received substantially less empirical inquiry. The current study sought to model heterogeneity in mental health responding to disability onset in later life while exploring the impact of socioeconomic resources on these latent patterns of adaptation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000254DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Impacts of early powered mobility provision on disability identity: A case study.

Authors:
Heather Feldner

Rehabil Psychol 2018 Dec 20. Epub 2018 Dec 20.

University of Washington.

Background/purpose: Providing powered mobility technology to people with disabilities is a common rehabilitation practice. However, the relationship between powered mobility introduction and identity development, when considered in the context of lived experiences of children with disabilities and their families, is not well understood. Investigating this relationship is timely given the emergence of alternative, community-based early mobility opportunities using adapted mobility toys whose impact may contrast experiences using powered wheelchairs typically provided in rehabilitation settings. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000259DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Reconceptualizing rehabilitation of individuals with chronic symptoms following mild traumatic brain injury.

Rehabil Psychol 2019 Feb 20;64(1):1-12. Epub 2018 Dec 20.

Defense and Veteran's Brain Injury Center (DVBIC).

Purpose/objective: Effective treatment for postconcussive symptoms (PCS) immediately following mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) includes reassurance, support, education about mTBI, and symptom management. However, effective treatments for chronic postconcussive-like symptoms, particularly with mental health comorbidities, remain unclear. Research Method/Design: We conduct a critical review of the treatment literature for chronic PCS, present exemplar studies of two alternative treatment approaches (i. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/rep0000255
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000255DOI Listing
February 2019
31 Reads

Evaluation of a 12-month lifestyle intervention by individuals with traumatic brain injury.

Rehabil Psychol 2019 Feb 20;64(1):25-36. Epub 2018 Dec 20.

Rehabilitation Research Center.

Weight gain and inactivity are common problems for individuals living with a traumatic brain injury (TBI). Yet, interventions to support a healthy lifestyle specific to individuals with TBI are lacking. The purpose of this study was to complete a program evaluation of a 12-month evidence-based healthy lifestyle intervention adapted for people with a TBI. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/rep0000253
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000253DOI Listing
February 2019
6 Reads

Barriers to healthcare services and supports for signing deaf older adults.

Rehabil Psychol 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

School of Social Work.

Objective: Although developmental stages and identity have been studied as part of aging, one category of both identity and biological difference that has received little attention in the medical and public health literature is that of older adults who were born deaf and/or who identify as part of the signing Deaf community.

Research Method: Researchers conducted a systematic search of the literature for barriers to care access related to both aging and deafness.

Results: Lack of cultural competence among providers, coupled with inconsistent access to interpreters in medical settings, puts deaf individuals at risk for treatment without adequate consent, or insufficient care due to communication barriers or misperceptions of expression or culture. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000252DOI Listing
November 2018
17 Reads

Disability identity and allyship in rehabilitation psychology: Sit, stand, sign, and show up.

Rehabil Psychol 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Central Texas Veterans Health Care System.

Purpose/objective: The purpose of this conceptual paper was to put forth a call for rehabilitation practitioners to consider their role in developing disability identity in their clients, and to understand this action as a form of allyship toward the disability community.

Method: This conceptual paper is organized to engage existing disability and disability-identity literature and its clinical implications. Practical tools and skills are offered for rehabilitation practitioners to develop disability identity and engage in disability allyship. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000256DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Microaggressions and social support among sexual minorities with physical disabilities.

Rehabil Psychol 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Department of Counseling, Clinical, and School Psychology.

Purpose: Prejudice and discrimination have been associated with mental and physical health disparities among people with disabilities (Emerson, 2010) and sexual minorities (American Psychological Association [APA], 2012b). Subtle everyday communications of prejudice, known as microaggressions, are one form of oppressive experience that contribute to minority stress among these groups. As sexual minority people with disabilities (SMPWDs) embody at least two marginalized statuses, they may face unique levels of risk. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/rep0000250
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000250DOI Listing
November 2018
10 Reads

Effects of virtual walking on spinal cord injury-related neuropathic pain: A randomized, controlled trial.

Rehabil Psychol 2019 Feb 8;64(1):13-24. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Alabama at Birmingham.

Purpose: This study is an examination of the efficacy of a virtual walking protocol to treat spinal cord injury (SCI)-related pain.

Method: A total of 59 individuals with SCI and neuropathic pain (NP) were randomly assigned to receive 20 min of virtual walking, the treatment condition, or virtual wheeling, the control condition. Although having NP was a requirement to participate in the study, participants also underwent pain classification of up to 3 worst pain sites to also examine the effects of virtual walking on nonneuropathic pain. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/rep0000246
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000246DOI Listing
February 2019
31 Reads

Predicting trajectories of posttraumatic growth following acquired physical disability.

Rehabil Psychol 2019 Feb 1;64(1):37-49. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Department of Psychology.

Purpose/objective: This study examined predictors of trajectories of posttraumatic growth (PTG) among individuals with acquired physical disability across the first year after discharge from acute rehabilitation. Research Method/Design: Data were collected from participants (64 veterans with spinal cord injury and dysfunction, and 19 with brain injury) on various demographic and injury characteristics, appraisals of injury, and coping styles at baseline, as well as PTG at baseline and 1-, 3-, 6-, and 12-month follow-ups.

Results: Comparison of initial curvature models suggested that a cubic, or S-shaped, trend best fit the trajectory of PTG over time. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/rep0000247
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000247DOI Listing
February 2019
12 Reads

Gender differences in employment and economic quality of life following traumatic brain injury.

Rehabil Psychol 2019 Feb 22;64(1):65-71. Epub 2018 Oct 22.

Brain Injury Research Center, TIRR Memorial Hermann.

Objective: Due to limited systematic research on gender differences in health and quality of life outcomes following traumatic brain injury (TBI), the present study sought to contribute to the growing literature on gender differences in postinjury employment while also adding an examination of postinjury economic quality of life, an emerging area in disability research.

Method: Independent variables included demographic and injury characteristics. Outcome variables included postinjury employment and economic quality of life, measured by the Participation Assessment With Recombined Tools-Objective and the Economic QOL, respectively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000234DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Sex/gender disparities in health outcomes of individuals with long-term disabling conditions.

Rehabil Psychol 2018 Oct 8. Epub 2018 Oct 8.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine.

Background: Women with disabling conditions experience health disparities relative to nondisabled women, but few studies have compared women and men with disabling conditions.

Objectives: To investigate gender differences in physical functioning and emotional health among individuals with long-term disabling conditions, that is, neuromuscular disease, multiple sclerosis, postpolio syndrome, or spinal cord injury.

Method: From a mailed survey of 1,862 adults with long-term disabling conditions, we used the 12-item Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) physical functioning to assess physical limitations in activities and Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) for emotional health and severity of secondary conditions (rated 0-10). Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/rep0000248
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000248DOI Listing
October 2018
11 Reads

Psychological difficulties and parental well-being in children with musculoskeletal problems in the 2011/2012 National Survey of Children's Health.

Rehabil Psychol 2019 Feb 8;64(1):87-97. Epub 2018 Oct 8.

Institute for Rehabilitation Science and Engineering, Madonna Rehabilitation Hospitals.

Objective: This study compared children with and without current musculoskeletal (MSK) problems on key indices of child psychological adjustment and parental well-being.

Research Method: Prevalence estimates of psychological problems were compared for children ages 2-17 years with and without current MSK problems in the 2011/2012 National Survey of Children's Health. Multivariate logistic regression analyses examined the effects of MSK problem severity on the risk of psychological concerns. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000251DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Anxiety, depression, and function in individuals with chronic physical conditions: A longitudinal analysis.

Rehabil Psychol 2018 Nov 8;63(4):532-541. Epub 2018 Oct 8.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine.

Objective: This longitudinal study examined the unique relationship between anxiety, symptoms (pain intensity, sleep disturbance, fatigue severity), and function domains (self-reported cognitive function, physical function, satisfaction with social roles) in individuals with chronic physical conditions, independent of depressive symptoms.

Method: Three surveys were mailed on an approximately yearly basis to community-dwelling adults with one of four chronic physical conditions (spinal cord injury, multiple sclerosis, muscular dystrophy, postpoliomyelitis syndrome). The first survey was completed by 1594 individuals (T1). Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/rep0000231
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000231DOI Listing
November 2018
5 Reads

Patterns of workplace discrimination across broad categories of disability.

Rehabil Psychol 2018 Oct 8. Epub 2018 Oct 8.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation.

Objective: The aim of this study was twofold: (a) to explore patterns of discrimination in relation to broad-basis categories of disability and (b) to investigate patterns of discrimination between allegations derived from charging parties with sensory impairments versus those with nonsensory impairments. Basis categories included physical, behavioral, neurological, and sensory impairments.

Research Method: Database mining, descriptive analysis, and Pearson's chi-square analyses were utilized to compare broad-basis categories. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/rep0000227
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000227DOI Listing
October 2018
3 Reads

Positive factors, pain, and function in adults with multiple sclerosis.

Rehabil Psychol 2018 Nov 8;63(4):612-620. Epub 2018 Oct 8.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine.

Objective: Much is known about the associations between negative factors and adjustment to chronic pain. However, less is known about how positive factors (e.g. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/rep0000242
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000242DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6218295PMC
November 2018
14 Reads

Virtual reality analgesia for burn joint flexibility: A randomized controlled trial.

Rehabil Psychol 2018 Nov 4;63(4):487-494. Epub 2018 Oct 4.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine.

Objective: We conducted a randomized controlled study to determine the effects of virtual reality (VR) distraction on pain and range of motion (ROM) in patients hospitalized for burn care during active physical therapy exercises.

Method: Thirty-nine participants aged 15 to 66 (M = 36) years with significant burn injuries (mean burn size = 14% TBSA) participated. Under therapist supervision, using a within-subjects design, participants performed unassisted active ROM exercises both with and without VR distraction in a randomized order. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/rep0000239
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000239DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6235624PMC
November 2018
5 Reads

A feminist, biopsychosocial subjective well-being framework for women with fibromyalgia.

Rehabil Psychol 2018 Sep 27. Epub 2018 Sep 27.

Department of Rehabilitation Psychology and Special Education.

Objective: To explore the biopsychosocial predictors of subjective well-being (SWB) in women with fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) through a framework informed by feminist disability theory.

Method: Two hundred twenty-nine women with FMS completed an online survey measuring FMS severity, physician-patient working alliance, meaningful role-functioning, illness centrality, and SWB. Structural equation modeling was used to determine the relationships among the constructs and their statistical contributions to SWB. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000226DOI Listing
September 2018
21 Reads

Emotional and cognitive difficulties, help-seeking, and barriers to treatment in neurological disorders.

Rehabil Psychol 2018 Nov 24;63(4):563-574. Epub 2018 Sep 24.

eCentreClinic, Department of Psychology, Macquarie University.

Purpose/objective: To (a) explore the mental health and wellbeing of Australian adults with neurological disorders, (b) examine their history of help-seeking behavior and perceived barriers to treatment for emotional and cognitive difficulties, and (c) assess their interest in online self-management programs.

Method/design: A sample of 2,254 (mean age = 46.3 year; SD = 14. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/rep0000241
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000241DOI Listing
November 2018
11 Reads

Service needs and health outcomes among caregivers of service members and veterans following TBI.

Rehabil Psychol 2019 Feb 24;64(1):72-86. Epub 2018 Sep 24.

Defense and Veterans Brain Injury Center and National Intrepid Center of Excellence, Walter Reed National Military Medical Center.

Purpose/objective: The purpose of this study was to examine the (a) prevalence of unmet caregiver needs across eight health care and social service needs and the (b) impact of unmet needs on caregiver health and appraisal outcomes. Research Method/Design: Participants were 264 caregivers (95.8% female; 85. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/rep0000249
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000249DOI Listing
February 2019
32 Reads

Predictors of physical activity among rural adults following cardiac rehabilitation.

Rehabil Psychol 2018 Nov 24;63(4):495-501. Epub 2018 Sep 24.

School of Health Sciences, University of South Australia.

Purpose/objective: Cardiac rehabilitation aims to reduce the likelihood of recurrent cardiac events through physical activity (PA) and education. There is limited understanding about the predictors of physical activity behavior in rural adults beyond rehabilitation. This study explored predictors of regular physical activity in rural adults, 6-12 months post cardiac rehabilitation. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/rep0000232
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000232DOI Listing
November 2018
9 Reads

Functional independence after acquired brain injury: Prospective effects of health self-efficacy and cognitive impairment.

Rehabil Psychol 2018 Nov 24;63(4):595-603. Epub 2018 Sep 24.

Department of Psychology, Wayne State University.

Objective: To examine how health self-efficacy and cognitive impairment severity relate to functional independence after acquired brain injury (ABI).

Design: Observational.

Setting: Outpatient rehabilitation hospital. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/rep0000243
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000243DOI Listing
November 2018
19 Reads

Early recovery following traumatic brain injury and alcohol withdrawal management.

Rehabil Psychol 2018 Nov 13;63(4):588-594. Epub 2018 Sep 13.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation.

Purpose: To compare recovery experienced during inpatient rehabilitation among individuals with traumatic brain injury (TBI) based on whether their acute care included the Clinical Institute Withdrawal Assessment for Alcohol (CIWA) protocol.

Design: Participants included 234 individuals with TBI who completed inpatient rehabilitation at a TBI Model Systems site. Of these, 67 patients were treated using the CIWA protocol (TBI + CIWA); 167 patients were treated for TBI alone (TBI only). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000240DOI Listing
November 2018
3 Reads

Pain beliefs mediate relations between general resilience and dysfunction from chronic back pain.

Rehabil Psychol 2018 Nov 13;63(4):604-611. Epub 2018 Sep 13.

Key Laboratory of Cognition and Personality.

Purpose/objective: A substantial percentage of people affected by chronic back pain maintain a high quality of life despite ongoing discomfort. Presumably, more resilient persons view pain and their capacities to manage it in a manner that mitigates pain-related dysfunction. Research Method/Design: To test this premise, 307 mainland Chinese adults with chronic back pain (189 women, 118 men) completed self-report measures of psychological resilience, pain beliefs (challenge appraisals of pain, pain self-efficacy, pain catastrophizing) and pain-related dysfunction (i. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/rep0000244
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000244DOI Listing
November 2018
20 Reads

Towards an integration of the health promotion models of self-determination theory and theory of planned behavior among people with chronic pain.

Rehabil Psychol 2018 Nov 13;63(4):553-562. Epub 2018 Sep 13.

Department of Rehabilitation Psychology and Special Education.

Purpose: People with chronic pain and related disability often report motivational difficulties with engaging in health-promoting behaviors. Although health promotion models of self-determination theory (SDT) and theory of planned behavior (TPB) have been shown to explain the motivational processes behind health behaviors in the general population, there is limited theoretical research among persons with chronic pain. This study examined the integration of such theories relevant to physical activity and exercise behavior among pain populations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000245DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Exploring service dogs for rehabilitation of veterans with PTSD: A microbiome perspective.

Rehabil Psychol 2018 Nov 13;63(4):575-587. Epub 2018 Sep 13.

Rocky Mountain Mental Illness Research Education and Clinical Center.

Purpose/objective: Recently, there has been an increase in the use of therapy animals, often dogs, to assist individuals with challenges associated with managing stressful social situations (i.e., psychological rehabilitation). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000237DOI Listing
November 2018
12 Reads

Exploring the peer mentorship experiences of adults with spinal cord injury.

Rehabil Psychol 2018 Nov 13;63(4):542-552. Epub 2018 Sep 13.

Department of Kinesiology and Physical Education.

Purpose/objective: The purpose of this study was to understand the peer mentorship experiences of adults with spinal cord injury (SCI) through a self-determination theory (SDT) lens. Research Method/Design: Semi-structured qualitative interviews were conducted with 13 adults with SCI who received mentorship (i.e. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/rep0000228
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000228DOI Listing
November 2018
8 Reads

Personal disability identity in retinitis pigmentosa.

Rehabil Psychol 2018 Nov 13;63(4):512-520. Epub 2018 Sep 13.

Graduate School of Education.

Purpose/objective: Personal disability identity (PDI) refers to a positive self-concept as a person with a disability. This study examined the reliability and structural validity of scores on the Personal Disability Identity Scale (PDIS; Hahn & Belt, 2004) and correlates of PDI in adults with retinitis pigmentosa (RP). Research Method/Design: Two hundred six adult participants with RP completed a cross-sectional online survey measuring PDI, general self-efficacy, mobility tool use, age at diagnosis, education level, and demographic variables. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/rep0000238
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000238DOI Listing
November 2018
12 Reads

Cognitive Log performance among individuals without brain injury in an inpatient rehabilitation setting.

Rehabil Psychol 2018 Aug;63(3):479-485

Department of Rehabilitation Psychology and Neuropsychology, Rehabilitation Institute of Michigan.

Purpose/objective: Despite the widespread use of the Cognitive Log, information regarding normative performance is only available in individuals with known brain injury and in healthy college students. The purpose of the current research is to provide information about Cognitive Log performance in a regional group of rehabilitation patients without history of brain injury. Secondarily, non-neurological factors that may predict performance are considered. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000236DOI Listing
August 2018
1 Read

Subjective well-being differs with age in multiple sclerosis: A brief report.

Rehabil Psychol 2018 Aug;63(3):474-478

Department of Occupational Therapy, Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development, New York University.

Objective: Increased age is associated with improved subjective well-being in the general population. However, there are conflicting findings regarding this association in individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS). In the present study, we examined differences in depression and quality of life (QOL) among 3 age groups of individuals with MS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000220DOI Listing
August 2018
2 Reads

Rehabilitants' conscientiousness as a moderator of the intention-planning-behavior chain.

Rehabil Psychol 2018 Aug;63(3):460-467

Department of Education and Psychology, Freie Universität Berlin.

Purpose/objective: After rehabilitation, it is important to maintain adopted target behaviors such as physical activity and physical exercise. By generating detailed behavioral plans, rehabilitants may translate their intentions into actual behavior. The aim of this study was to investigate whether Conscientiousness would further facilitate this mechanism in a way that rehabilitants who are more conscientious would be more likely to act upon their plans. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000210DOI Listing
August 2018
14 Reads

Regaining equilibrium: Understanding the process of sibling adjustment to pediatric acquired brain injury.

Rehabil Psychol 2018 Aug;63(3):447-459

Rehabilitation Counseling Program, San Diego State University.

Objective: This study developed a comprehensive framework for understanding the process of sibling adjustment to pediatric acquired brain injury (ABI).

Participants: Grounded theory methodology was employed to inductively explore the issues siblings perceived to be their main concerns and how they managed these concerns. Fifty-three interviews (N = 28) were conducted recursively with 20 child and adolescent siblings of individuals with an ABI, 4 adult siblings of individuals with an ABI, and 4 child and adolescent siblings of individuals with congenital disability. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/rep0000225
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000225DOI Listing
August 2018
9 Reads

Trajectories in postoperative recovery of elderly hip-fracture patients at risk for depression: A follow-up study.

Rehabil Psychol 2018 Aug;63(3):438-446

Healthy Aging Research Center, Chang Gung University.

Objectives: This secondary-analysis study aimed to identify distinct developmental depressive-symptom trajectories among elderly hip-fracture patients at risk for depression, examine the associations of trajectories with potential risk factors and care models, and explore the effect of trajectory membership on recovery outcomes.

Method: Longitudinal data were obtained for 179 patients in a randomized controlled trial. These patients were included if their Geriatric Depression Scale short form scores were ≥ 5 before discharge or 1, 3, 6, or 12 months following discharge. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000130DOI Listing
August 2018
2 Reads

Psychosocial adjustment to a lower limb amputation ten months after surgery.

Rehabil Psychol 2018 Aug;63(3):418-430

School of Psychology, University of Minho.

Objective: This longitudinal multisite study examined the influence of demographic characteristics, psychological reactions, functionality, coping strategies, and social support on psychosocial adjustment to lower limb amputation 10 months after surgery.

Method: Of an initial referral of 206 Portuguese patients, a sample of 86 patients who underwent a lower limb amputation due to Diabetes Mellitus Type II were evaluated during the hospitalization that preceded surgery (t0) and at inpatient follow-up consultations, 1 (t1), 6 (t2), and 10 months (t3) after surgery.

Results: Higher levels of anxiety symptoms and functionality at presurgery were associated with lower social adjustment to amputation and with higher adjustment to the limitations (t3) respectively. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/rep0000189
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000189DOI Listing
August 2018
3 Reads

Delivering problem-solving treatment in low-vision rehabilitation: A pilot feasibility study.

Rehabil Psychol 2018 Aug;63(3):349-356

Centre for Eye Research Australia, Royal Victorian Eye and Ear Hospital.

Purpose: To explore the feasibility and preliminary effectiveness of Problem-Solving Treatment for Primary Care (PST-PC) delivered by low-vision rehabilitation (LVR) practitioners to adult clients with depressive symptoms.

Design/method: A single-group pre/postintervention study. Eighteen adult LVR clients with depressive symptoms (Patient Health Questionnaire-9 [PHQ-9] score of ≥5) received 6-8 weekly telephone sessions of PST-PC delivered by expertly trained practitioners (n = 14). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000217DOI Listing
August 2018
2 Reads

Employers' implicit attitudes about the competence of people who are blind.

Rehabil Psychol 2018 Nov 13;63(4):502-511. Epub 2018 Aug 13.

National Research & Training Center on Blindness & Low Vision.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to develop and validate an implicit measure of attitudes about the competence of people who are blind, to be used with employers, and to report on these implicit attitudes with a national sample of employers.

Method: A sample of 343 employers (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000235DOI Listing
November 2018
4 Reads

A case-control study assessing parenting sense of competence in people with multiple sclerosis.

Rehabil Psychol 2018 Aug 2;63(3):431-437. Epub 2018 Aug 2.

Italian Multiple Sclerosis Society Research Foundation.

Objective: To assess the parenting sense of competence in mothers and fathers with MS compared to a matched group of healthy parents and to evaluate whether illness features, mood, coping and social support influence parenting sense of competence in mothers and fathers with MS.

Method/design: Participants in both groups were parents with at least 1 child under 18 years of age. They completed an anonymous online questionnaire of scales on parenting sense of competence, health-related quality of life, coping, depression and anxiety, and perceived social support. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000211DOI Listing
August 2018
9 Reads

Demographic, psychosocial, and health- and disability-related factors associated with psychological distress among people with physical disabilities.

Rehabil Psychol 2018 Aug 26;63(3):392-399. Epub 2018 Jul 26.

School of Social Work.

Objectives: Psychological distress among people with physical disabilities (PWPD) might affect their physical morbidity, reduce their quality and duration of life, and increase their need for health care services. Therefore, it is essential to explore the factors that might affect psychological distress among PWPD. The current study assesses the association between demographic factors (gender, education, and employment status), health- and disability-related factors (type of disability, visibility of the disability, disability duration, and self-rated health), and psychosocial factors (perceived discrimination and perceived social support), and psychological distress among PWPD in Israel. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000206DOI Listing
August 2018
1 Read

Appraisals of DisAbility Primary and Secondary Scale-Short Form (ADAPSS-sf): Psychometrics and association with mental health among U.S. military veterans with spinal cord injury.

Rehabil Psychol 2018 Aug 26;63(3):372-382. Epub 2018 Jul 26.

Department of Psychology, Virginia Commonwealth University.

Objective: Cognitive appraisals, that is, interpretations of what is observed and the personal relevance attributed to those observations, affect one's behavior and well-being. Despite the centrality of appraisals in the transactional model of stress and coping, the application of spinal cord injury (SCI)-specific appraisals to adjustment is a recent development. This study examined the psychometric properties of a measure of SCI-specific appraisals, the Appraisals of DisAbility Primary and Secondary Scale-Short Form (ADAPSS-sf). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000230DOI Listing
August 2018
10 Reads

Social Participation and Navigation (SPAN) program for adolescents with acquired brain injury: Pilot findings.

Rehabil Psychol 2018 Aug 19;63(3):327-337. Epub 2018 Jul 19.

Division of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation.

Purpose/objective: Our goal was to examine the feasibility and preliminary efficacy of an app-based coaching intervention (Social Participation and Navigation; SPAN) to help survivors of acquired brain injury attain social participation goals. Research Method/Design: This is a nonrandomized pilot trial of SPAN, including 15 adolescents (9 with traumatic brain injury, 6 with brain tumor) between the ages of 14-22. The SPAN intervention consisted of a mobile app to support the development and implementation of social participation goals, weekly video-conference coaching sessions to identify goals and step-by-step action plans, and online didactic materials. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000187DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6198824PMC
August 2018
10 Reads

People can change: Measuring individual variability in rehabilitation science.

Rehabil Psychol 2018 Aug 19;63(3):468-473. Epub 2018 Jul 19.

Department of Psychology.

Purpose/objective: The purpose of this report is to provide rehabilitation researchers with an explanation of multilevel item response theory (MLIRT), specifically applied to data collected using ecological momentary assessment (EMA) methods.

Design: This is a didactic brief report of a statistical method. The advantages of the method are illustrated using examples from the literature or clinical experience, and potential implications for rehabilitation science are highlighted. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/rep0000214
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000214DOI Listing
August 2018
7 Reads

Yellow flags as predictors of rehabilitation outcome in chronic low back pain.

Rehabil Psychol 2018 Aug 19;63(3):408-417. Epub 2018 Jul 19.

Rehabilitation Center Glotterbad.

Objective: While it is agreed that yellow flags (prognostic psychosocial factors for poor recovery in low back pain) predict pain-related outcomes, uncertainty remains regarding which constructs are the central ones, particularly as there is considerable conceptual overlap between constructs. Therefore, the aim of our study was to analyze the distinctiveness of different psychological factors in predicting rehabilitation outcomes in a sample of patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP) in a rehabilitation setting. Research Method/Design: We conducted a longitudinal study using multivariable modeling taking into account a broad set of psychological variables as potential predictors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000200DOI Listing
August 2018
17 Reads

Moving forward on the journey: Spirituality and family resilience after spinal cord injury.

Rehabil Psychol 2018 Nov 19;63(4):521-531. Epub 2018 Jul 19.

School of Human Services and Social Work.

Purpose/objective: The aim of this exploratory study was to consider how spirituality (encompassing meaning, hope and purpose), may facilitate family resilience after spinal cord injury (SCI) over time. Research Method/Design: A qualitative, longitudinal study design was adopted. Semistructured interviews were conducted with 10 family dyads (consisting of the individual with SCI and a nominated family member) on 2 occasions, 6 months apart. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000229DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Promoting resilience in individuals aging with multiple sclerosis: Results from a pilot randomized controlled trial.

Rehabil Psychol 2018 Aug 19;63(3):338-348. Epub 2018 Jul 19.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine.

Purpose/objective: Starting in middle adulthood, individuals living with multiple sclerosis (MS) are confronted with the simultaneous challenge of coping with advancing MS alongside age-related changes. Psychological resilience is thought to play an important role in promoting healthy aging and thus may be important in the context of aging with MS. This study aimed to evaluate whether Everyday Matters, a novel positive psychology program, had a positive effect on resilience and other related outcomes in adults with MS relative to a wait-list control group. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000223DOI Listing
August 2018
2 Reads

Impact of frontal neurobehavioral symptoms on employment in individuals with TBI.

Rehabil Psychol 2018 Aug 19;63(3):383-391. Epub 2018 Jul 19.

Traumatic Brain Injury Lab.

Objective: To explore the contribution of frontal systems behavioral dysfunction on employment outcomes in individuals with traumatic brain injury (TBI), in the context of relevant predictors of work status.

Method: Forty-two participants with history of moderate-to-severe TBI were classified as either "Employed" or "Unemployed." Groups did not differ on most demographic or injury variables, although the Unemployed sample reported greater symptoms of depression, pain, and fatigue (s < 0. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/rep0000208
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000208DOI Listing
August 2018
10 Reads

Qualitative study of barriers and facilitators to cigarette smoking after spinal cord injury.

Rehabil Psychol 2018 Aug 19;63(3):400-407. Epub 2018 Jul 19.

College of Health Professions.

Objective: Persons with spinal cord injury (SCI) have been shown to have rates of smoking as high as or higher than the general population. As those with SCI are at increased risk for negative health outcomes and early mortality, smoking can be especially dangerous. Our purpose was to assess barriers and facilitators of smoking cessation as defined by those with SCI. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000172DOI Listing
August 2018
9 Reads

Development of the Multiple Sclerosis Resiliency Scale (MSRS).

Rehabil Psychol 2018 Aug 19;63(3):357-364. Epub 2018 Jul 19.

Ferkauf Graduate School of Psychology.

Objectives: While resilience has been an area of increasing research, there are no measures that are specific to the psychological, social, and physical factors associated with resilience in persons with multiple sclerosis (PwMS). This study aimed to develop the MS Resiliency Scale (MSRS), a multidimensional measure. Items were created based on a review of the literature, with five hypothesized subscales, and then evaluated in a large sample of PwMS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000219DOI Listing
August 2018
3 Reads

A comparison of PHQ-9 and TBI-QOL depression measures among individuals with traumatic brain injury.

Rehabil Psychol 2018 Aug 19;63(3):365-371. Epub 2018 Jul 19.

Department of Physical Therapy.

Purpose/objective: To compare and contrast how individuals with traumatic brain injury (TBI) are classified (positive or negative screen) by different cut-offs on two self-report measures of depressive symptoms: the PHQ-9, which assesses somatic symptoms, and the TBI-QOL Depression item bank, which does not. Research Method/Design: Three hundred eighty-five individuals with TBI were recruited from six rehabilitation hospitals in the U.S. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000216DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6095809PMC
August 2018
6 Reads