549 results match your criteria Rehabilitation Psychology [Journal]


Consequences of perceived personal and group discrimination against people with physical disabilities.

Rehabil Psychol 2019 May;64(2):212-220

Department of Social and Organizational Psychology.

Objective: To analyze the consequences for self-esteem of perceived discrimination against people with physical disabilities, as individuals and as a group.

Method: A structural model based on the psychosocial literature was tested in a sample of 288 Spanish participants with different degrees of physical disability. This model predicted that personal perceived discrimination would be associated with the internalization of stigma that, in turn, would be negatively associated with the self-esteem of people with physical disabilities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000277DOI Listing

Diversity and social justice in disability: The heart and soul of rehabilitation psychology.

Authors:
Paul B Perrin

Rehabil Psychol 2019 May;64(2):105-110

Virginia Commonwealth University.

Rehabilitation psychology uniquely incorporates a holistic, psychosocial perspective encompassing all aspects of disability, with a particular focus on the connection between disabled people and the social environment. This article introduces a special issue of Rehabilitation Psychology on diversity and social justice in disability research. The 13 articles in this special issue coalesce around the 3 themes of (a) critical disability identity theory, (b) discrimination and prejudice, and (c) health disparities in the context of disability. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/rep0000278
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000278DOI Listing
May 2019
1 Read

Factors associated with high functioning despite distress in post-9/11 veterans.

Rehabil Psychol 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Steven and Alexandra Cohen Veterans Center for the Study of Posttraumatic Stress and Traumatic Brain Injury.

Objective: This study aimed to identify modifiable factors associated with perceived functioning among veterans with high symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

Method: Two hundred fifty-one post-9/11 veterans completed a survey of psychosocial symptoms and functioning; a subset participated in a follow-up survey (n = 109). Latent profile analysis (LPA) at baseline identified groups that differed by level of functioning (high/low). Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/rep0000271
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000271DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Outcome prediction from post-injury resilience in patients with TBI.

Rehabil Psychol 2019 Apr 11. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation.

Purpose/objective: The objective of the study was to evaluate the extent to which 1- and 2-year outcomes after traumatic brain injury (TBI) are predicted by resilience. Research Method/Design: This was an observational, longitudinal study of persons ( = 158) with moderate or severe TBI who completed both 1- and 2-year outcome assessments. Outcomes included anxiety (Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7), depression (Patient Health Questionnaire-9), life satisfaction (Satisfaction with Life Scale), substance misuse, and return-to-work measures. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/rep0000263
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000263DOI Listing
April 2019
4 Reads

Patient perspectives of Internet-delivered cognitive behavior therapy for psychosocial issues post spinal cord injury.

Rehabil Psychol 2019 Apr 8. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

eCentreClinic, Department of Psychology, Macquarie University.

Purpose: Many individuals with a spinal cord injury (SCI) report significant symptoms of depression and/or anxiety post-SCI; however, access to mental health services can be limited. The purpose of this study was to evaluate patient perspectives on the acceptability of an 8-week guided Internet-delivered cognitive behavior therapy (ICBT) course (Chronic Conditions Course) for people with SCI. In particular, we sought to understand patient perceptions of facilitators and barriers of engaging in ICBT and strengths and weaknesses of ICBT program content. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000276DOI Listing

An evaluation of the behavioral inhibition and behavioral activation system (BIS-BAS) model of pain.

Rehabil Psychol 2019 Mar 28. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Washington.

Objective: This study evaluated the behavioral inhibition and activation system (BIS-BAS) model of pain. Frontal alpha asymmetry (FAA) as a possible neurophysiological correlate of the BIS-BAS was also explored, as was the role of personality factors.

Research Method: A cross-sectional study was completed at the University of (The University of Queensland). Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/rep0000274
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000274DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Microaggressions experienced by people with multiple sclerosis in the workplace: An exploratory study using Sue's taxonomy.

Rehabil Psychol 2019 May 25;64(2):179-193. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

Department of Psychology.

Purpose: Microaggressions are subtle forms of discrimination and include verbal, nonverbal, or environmental slights that convey disparaging messages to people based upon their group membership, such as disability. The purpose of this study was to investigate the experience of microaggressions in the workplace among individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS).

Method: This study used a community-based participatory research approach and qualitative design. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000269DOI Listing
May 2019
4 Reads

Factor analysis of the Caregiver Appraisal Scale in military TBI.

Rehabil Psychol 2019 Mar 21. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

Defense and Veterans Brain Injury Center.

Purpose/objective: To (a) examine the factor structure of the original 47-item Caregiver Appraisal Scale (CAS) in caregivers of service members/veterans (SMVs) following traumatic brain injury (TBI) and (b) assess whether the CAS yields a similar factor structure in this population compared to caregivers of civilian adults following TBI. Research Method/Design: Participants were 287 caregivers (female = 96.2%; spouse = 87. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000270DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Factors related to perceived burden among caregivers of service members/veterans following TBI.

Rehabil Psychol 2019 Mar 21. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

Defense and Veterans Brain Injury Center, Walter Reed National Military Medical Center.

Purpose/objective: To examine factors related to perceived caregiving burden in a sample of caregivers assisting service members and veterans (SMVs) across four areas: SMV injury and health status; caregiver life circumstances; caregiver duty and responsibilities; and caregiver needs. Research Method/Design: Participants were 214 caregivers (95.8% female; 86. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000272DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

"I battle pain every single day": Pain-related illness intrusiveness among persons with multiple sclerosis.

Rehabil Psychol 2019 Mar 21. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

Psychology Service.

Objectives: Pain has been identified as a highly prevalent and common correlate of physical and emotional dysfunction among persons with multiple sclerosis (PwMS). Yet, it remains unknown how PwMS experience the intrusiveness of pain relative to other challenges associated with living with MS. This study aimed to determine the extent to which PwMS experience pain as a particularly intrusive problem among the totality of their experience of MS-related challenges and to examine how cognitive and affective factors, including resiliency, are associated with PwMS's pain-related illness intrusiveness. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000273DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

The impact of motivational interviewing training on rehabilitation counselors: Assessing working alliance and client engagement. A randomized controlled trial.

Rehabil Psychol 2019 Mar 14. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

Department of Rehabilitation Psychology and Special Education, University of Wisconsin.

Objective: To determine the impact of a motivational interviewing (MI) training designed to improve rehabilitation counselors' counseling skills to promote clients' engagement in return-to-work behaviors and to establish strong working alliance.

Participants: The target population for this study was counselors who work for the state vocational rehabilitation (VR) program and their clients. Data were collected from a total of 347 participants (67 counselors and 280 clients) in the experimental and comparison groups, during the pre-and-posttests. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/rep0000267
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000267DOI Listing
March 2019
6 Reads

Discrimination at every turn: An intersectional ecological lens for rehabilitation.

Rehabil Psychol 2019 May 7;64(2):146-153. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

Department of Counseling, Educational Psychology, and Special Education.

Purpose: Intersectionality has been increasingly prevalent in the rehabilitation literature. It has been warned, however, that there can be a flattening of intersectionality should social scientists exclude the various systemic paradigms which contribute to, and sustain, marginalization. In seeking a remedy to this issue, the article establishes an intersectional ecological framework for use in rehabilitation psychology. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000266DOI Listing

Clinician perspectives delivering telehealth interventions to children/families impacted by pediatric traumatic brain injury.

Rehabil Psychol 2019 Feb 28. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

Division of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation.

Purpose: Technological advances have made the delivery of psychological interventions via web-based platforms increasingly feasible. In recent years, there has been growth in the delivery of psychological interventions through web-based modalities, that is, telepsychology. Although there is evidence supporting the usability and feasibility of telepsychology for a range of populations, there is limited literature on clinician perceptions delivering telepsychology, particularly to pediatric rehabilitation populations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000268DOI Listing
February 2019

Family members of people with disabilities' explicit and implicit disability attitudes.

Authors:
Carli Friedman

Rehabil Psychol 2019 May 28;64(2):203-211. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

Council on Quality and Leadership (CQL).

Purpose: Family members of people with disabilities may hold a unique position in that they may both internalize and reinforce ableism, and work to fight it through empowerment and resistance, making them a useful group for study to elicit understandings of disability and disability attitudes. The aim of this study was to explore the explicit (conscious) and implicit (unconscious) attitudes toward people with disabilities by family members of persons with disabilities.

Research Method: To do so, we analyzed secondary data from 180,701 family members, comparing their explicit and implicit disability attitudes and examining correlates with attitudes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000265DOI Listing

Involvement in compensation litigation and outcome from an online pain management program.

Rehabil Psychol 2019 Feb 28. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

Mind-Spot Clinic.

Objective: To report on the effect of involvement in civil litigation on outcome for patients enrolled in a validated Internet-delivered pain management program, the Pain Course.

Research Method: Data from a randomized controlled trial (RCT) on the effect of varying levels of clinician support was used to examine the effect of involvement in civil litigation on outcome in a free online pain management course. Outcome measures were changes in scores on self-report questionnaires for depression, anxiety, and disability (PHQ-9, GAD-7, and RMDQ) from baseline to 3-month follow-up for those still involved in litigation and those who had completed litigation, compared with outcomes for those who did not report involvement in litigation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000262DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Psychology consultation patterns in a medical intensive care unit: A brief report.

Rehabil Psychol 2019 Feb 25. Epub 2019 Feb 25.

Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Critical Care Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation Program, Outcomes After Critical Illness and Surgery (OACIS) Group, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine.

Purpose/objective: Intensive care unit (ICU) survivors frequently experience long-lasting mental health, cognitive, and physiologic challenges. Psychologists have a role in providing interventions to reduce patient distress during critical illness and improve outcomes. There is limited data regarding psychology consultations in the ICU. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000264DOI Listing
February 2019

#SaytheWord: A disability culture commentary on the erasure of "disability".

Rehabil Psychol 2019 May 14;64(2):111-118. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Department of Psychology, John Jay College of Criminal Justice, The City University of New York.

Purpose: To inform the field of rehabilitation psychology about the sociocultural implications of the term "disability," and explain the rationale behind the #SaytheWord movement, a social media call to embrace disability identity.

Method: Review of the literature on disability terminology, the history of language use, and the relationship between attitudes toward disability and language. We reflect on the role of disability within the field of psychology and within the American Psychological Association (APA), including the underrepresentation of disabled psychologists and trainees with disabilities and the lack of mentorship opportunities available in the field. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000258DOI Listing

Impact of racial-ethnic minority status and systemic vulnerabilities on time to acute TBI rehabilitation admission in an urban public hospital setting.

Rehabil Psychol 2019 May 28;64(2):229-236. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Department of Psychology, Rusk Rehabilitation at New York University Langone Health.

Purpose/objective: Racial/ethnic minorities and other vulnerable social groups experience health care disparities. There is a lack of research exploring how time to acute rehabilitation admission is impacted by race/ethnicity and other marginalizing systemic vulnerabilities. The purpose of this study is to investigate whether race/ethnicity and other sociodemographic vulnerabilities impact expediency of acute rehabilitation admission following traumatic brain injury (TBI). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000260DOI Listing

Personal resource profiles of individuals with chronic pain: Sociodemographic and pain interference differences.

Rehabil Psychol 2019 Jan 28. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Washington.

Purpose/objective: Previous studies have demonstrated important associations between personal resources and pain interference. Using latent profile analysis, the present study (a) identified subgroups of individuals with chronic pain who have different personal resource profiles; (b) explored sociodemographic differences among subgroups; and (c) examined how these subgroups differ in pain interference. Research Method/Design: Study 1 is based on daily diary and survey data from 220 individuals with fibromyalgia (FM). Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/rep0000261
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000261DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Socioeconomic resources predict trajectories of depression and resilience following disability.

Rehabil Psychol 2019 Feb 20;64(1):98-103. Epub 2018 Dec 20.

Department of Counseling and Clinical Psychology.

Objective: Adjustment to chronic disability is a topic of considerable focus in the rehabilitation sciences and constitutes an important public health problem given the adverse outcomes associated with maladjustment. While existing literature has established an association between disability onset and elevated rates of depression, resilience and alternative patterns of adjustment have received substantially less empirical inquiry. The current study sought to model heterogeneity in mental health responding to disability onset in later life while exploring the impact of socioeconomic resources on these latent patterns of adaptation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000254DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Impacts of early powered mobility provision on disability identity: A case study.

Authors:
Heather Feldner

Rehabil Psychol 2019 May 20;64(2):130-145. Epub 2018 Dec 20.

University of Washington.

Background/purpose: Providing powered mobility technology to people with disabilities is a common rehabilitation practice. However, the relationship between powered mobility introduction and identity development, when considered in the context of lived experiences of children with disabilities and their families, is not well understood. Investigating this relationship is timely given the emergence of alternative, community-based early mobility opportunities using adapted mobility toys whose impact may contrast experiences using powered wheelchairs typically provided in rehabilitation settings. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000259DOI Listing
May 2019
1 Read

Reconceptualizing rehabilitation of individuals with chronic symptoms following mild traumatic brain injury.

Rehabil Psychol 2019 Feb 20;64(1):1-12. Epub 2018 Dec 20.

Defense and Veteran's Brain Injury Center (DVBIC).

Purpose/objective: Effective treatment for postconcussive symptoms (PCS) immediately following mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) includes reassurance, support, education about mTBI, and symptom management. However, effective treatments for chronic postconcussive-like symptoms, particularly with mental health comorbidities, remain unclear. Research Method/Design: We conduct a critical review of the treatment literature for chronic PCS, present exemplar studies of two alternative treatment approaches (i. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/rep0000255
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000255DOI Listing
February 2019
42 Reads

Evaluation of a 12-month lifestyle intervention by individuals with traumatic brain injury.

Rehabil Psychol 2019 Feb 20;64(1):25-36. Epub 2018 Dec 20.

Rehabilitation Research Center.

Weight gain and inactivity are common problems for individuals living with a traumatic brain injury (TBI). Yet, interventions to support a healthy lifestyle specific to individuals with TBI are lacking. The purpose of this study was to complete a program evaluation of a 12-month evidence-based healthy lifestyle intervention adapted for people with a TBI. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/rep0000253
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000253DOI Listing
February 2019
11 Reads

Barriers to healthcare services and supports for signing deaf older adults.

Rehabil Psychol 2019 May 29;64(2):237-244. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

School of Social Work.

Objective: Although developmental stages and identity have been studied as part of aging, one category of both identity and biological difference that has received little attention in the medical and public health literature is that of older adults who were born deaf and/or who identify as part of the signing Deaf community.

Research Method: Researchers conducted a systematic search of the literature for barriers to care access related to both aging and deafness.

Results: Lack of cultural competence among providers, coupled with inconsistent access to interpreters in medical settings, puts deaf individuals at risk for treatment without adequate consent, or insufficient care due to communication barriers or misperceptions of expression or culture. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000252DOI Listing
May 2019
20 Reads

Disability identity and allyship in rehabilitation psychology: Sit, stand, sign, and show up.

Rehabil Psychol 2019 May 29;64(2):119-129. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Central Texas Veterans Health Care System.

Purpose/objective: The purpose of this conceptual paper was to put forth a call for rehabilitation practitioners to consider their role in developing disability identity in their clients, and to understand this action as a form of allyship toward the disability community.

Method: This conceptual paper is organized to engage existing disability and disability-identity literature and its clinical implications. Practical tools and skills are offered for rehabilitation practitioners to develop disability identity and engage in disability allyship. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000256DOI Listing
May 2019
1 Read

Microaggressions and social support among sexual minorities with physical disabilities.

Rehabil Psychol 2019 May 29;64(2):167-178. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Department of Counseling, Clinical, and School Psychology.

Purpose: Prejudice and discrimination have been associated with mental and physical health disparities among people with disabilities (Emerson, 2010) and sexual minorities (American Psychological Association [APA], 2012b). Subtle everyday communications of prejudice, known as microaggressions, are one form of oppressive experience that contribute to minority stress among these groups. As sexual minority people with disabilities (SMPWDs) embody at least two marginalized statuses, they may face unique levels of risk. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/rep0000250
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000250DOI Listing
May 2019
13 Reads

Effects of virtual walking on spinal cord injury-related neuropathic pain: A randomized, controlled trial.

Rehabil Psychol 2019 Feb 8;64(1):13-24. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Alabama at Birmingham.

Purpose: This study is an examination of the efficacy of a virtual walking protocol to treat spinal cord injury (SCI)-related pain.

Method: A total of 59 individuals with SCI and neuropathic pain (NP) were randomly assigned to receive 20 min of virtual walking, the treatment condition, or virtual wheeling, the control condition. Although having NP was a requirement to participate in the study, participants also underwent pain classification of up to 3 worst pain sites to also examine the effects of virtual walking on nonneuropathic pain. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/rep0000246
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000246DOI Listing
February 2019
44 Reads

Predicting trajectories of posttraumatic growth following acquired physical disability.

Rehabil Psychol 2019 Feb 1;64(1):37-49. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Department of Psychology.

Purpose/objective: This study examined predictors of trajectories of posttraumatic growth (PTG) among individuals with acquired physical disability across the first year after discharge from acute rehabilitation. Research Method/Design: Data were collected from participants (64 veterans with spinal cord injury and dysfunction, and 19 with brain injury) on various demographic and injury characteristics, appraisals of injury, and coping styles at baseline, as well as PTG at baseline and 1-, 3-, 6-, and 12-month follow-ups.

Results: Comparison of initial curvature models suggested that a cubic, or S-shaped, trend best fit the trajectory of PTG over time. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/rep0000247
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000247DOI Listing
February 2019
17 Reads

Gender differences in employment and economic quality of life following traumatic brain injury.

Rehabil Psychol 2019 Feb 22;64(1):65-71. Epub 2018 Oct 22.

Brain Injury Research Center, TIRR Memorial Hermann.

Objective: Due to limited systematic research on gender differences in health and quality of life outcomes following traumatic brain injury (TBI), the present study sought to contribute to the growing literature on gender differences in postinjury employment while also adding an examination of postinjury economic quality of life, an emerging area in disability research.

Method: Independent variables included demographic and injury characteristics. Outcome variables included postinjury employment and economic quality of life, measured by the Participation Assessment With Recombined Tools-Objective and the Economic QOL, respectively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000234DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Sex/gender disparities in health outcomes of individuals with long-term disabling conditions.

Rehabil Psychol 2019 May 8;64(2):221-228. Epub 2018 Oct 8.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine.

Background: Women with disabling conditions experience health disparities relative to nondisabled women, but few studies have compared women and men with disabling conditions.

Objectives: To investigate gender differences in physical functioning and emotional health among individuals with long-term disabling conditions, that is, neuromuscular disease, multiple sclerosis, postpolio syndrome, or spinal cord injury.

Method: From a mailed survey of 1,862 adults with long-term disabling conditions, we used the 12-item Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) physical functioning to assess physical limitations in activities and Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) for emotional health and severity of secondary conditions (rated 0-10). Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/rep0000248
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000248DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6453755PMC
May 2019
12 Reads

Psychological difficulties and parental well-being in children with musculoskeletal problems in the 2011/2012 National Survey of Children's Health.

Rehabil Psychol 2019 Feb 8;64(1):87-97. Epub 2018 Oct 8.

Institute for Rehabilitation Science and Engineering, Madonna Rehabilitation Hospitals.

Objective: This study compared children with and without current musculoskeletal (MSK) problems on key indices of child psychological adjustment and parental well-being.

Research Method: Prevalence estimates of psychological problems were compared for children ages 2-17 years with and without current MSK problems in the 2011/2012 National Survey of Children's Health. Multivariate logistic regression analyses examined the effects of MSK problem severity on the risk of psychological concerns. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000251DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Anxiety, depression, and function in individuals with chronic physical conditions: A longitudinal analysis.

Rehabil Psychol 2018 Nov 8;63(4):532-541. Epub 2018 Oct 8.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine.

Objective: This longitudinal study examined the unique relationship between anxiety, symptoms (pain intensity, sleep disturbance, fatigue severity), and function domains (self-reported cognitive function, physical function, satisfaction with social roles) in individuals with chronic physical conditions, independent of depressive symptoms.

Method: Three surveys were mailed on an approximately yearly basis to community-dwelling adults with one of four chronic physical conditions (spinal cord injury, multiple sclerosis, muscular dystrophy, postpoliomyelitis syndrome). The first survey was completed by 1594 individuals (T1). Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/rep0000231
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000231DOI Listing
November 2018
6 Reads

Patterns of workplace discrimination across broad categories of disability.

Rehabil Psychol 2019 May 8;64(2):194-202. Epub 2018 Oct 8.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation.

Objective: The aim of this study was twofold: (a) to explore patterns of discrimination in relation to broad-basis categories of disability and (b) to investigate patterns of discrimination between allegations derived from charging parties with sensory impairments versus those with nonsensory impairments. Basis categories included physical, behavioral, neurological, and sensory impairments.

Research Method: Database mining, descriptive analysis, and Pearson's chi-square analyses were utilized to compare broad-basis categories. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/rep0000227
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000227DOI Listing
May 2019
3 Reads

Positive factors, pain, and function in adults with multiple sclerosis.

Rehabil Psychol 2018 Nov 8;63(4):612-620. Epub 2018 Oct 8.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine.

Objective: Much is known about the associations between negative factors and adjustment to chronic pain. However, less is known about how positive factors (e.g. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/rep0000242
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000242DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6218295PMC
November 2018
19 Reads

Virtual reality analgesia for burn joint flexibility: A randomized controlled trial.

Rehabil Psychol 2018 Nov 4;63(4):487-494. Epub 2018 Oct 4.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine.

Objective: We conducted a randomized controlled study to determine the effects of virtual reality (VR) distraction on pain and range of motion (ROM) in patients hospitalized for burn care during active physical therapy exercises.

Method: Thirty-nine participants aged 15 to 66 (M = 36) years with significant burn injuries (mean burn size = 14% TBSA) participated. Under therapist supervision, using a within-subjects design, participants performed unassisted active ROM exercises both with and without VR distraction in a randomized order. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/rep0000239
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000239DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6235624PMC
November 2018
5 Reads

A feminist, biopsychosocial subjective well-being framework for women with fibromyalgia.

Rehabil Psychol 2019 May 27;64(2):154-166. Epub 2018 Sep 27.

Department of Rehabilitation Psychology and Special Education.

Objective: To explore the biopsychosocial predictors of subjective well-being (SWB) in women with fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) through a framework informed by feminist disability theory.

Method: Two hundred twenty-nine women with FMS completed an online survey measuring FMS severity, physician-patient working alliance, meaningful role-functioning, illness centrality, and SWB. Structural equation modeling was used to determine the relationships among the constructs and their statistical contributions to SWB. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000226DOI Listing
May 2019
29 Reads

Emotional and cognitive difficulties, help-seeking, and barriers to treatment in neurological disorders.

Rehabil Psychol 2018 Nov 24;63(4):563-574. Epub 2018 Sep 24.

eCentreClinic, Department of Psychology, Macquarie University.

Purpose/objective: To (a) explore the mental health and wellbeing of Australian adults with neurological disorders, (b) examine their history of help-seeking behavior and perceived barriers to treatment for emotional and cognitive difficulties, and (c) assess their interest in online self-management programs.

Method/design: A sample of 2,254 (mean age = 46.3 year; SD = 14. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/rep0000241
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000241DOI Listing
November 2018
17 Reads

Service needs and health outcomes among caregivers of service members and veterans following TBI.

Rehabil Psychol 2019 Feb 24;64(1):72-86. Epub 2018 Sep 24.

Defense and Veterans Brain Injury Center and National Intrepid Center of Excellence, Walter Reed National Military Medical Center.

Purpose/objective: The purpose of this study was to examine the (a) prevalence of unmet caregiver needs across eight health care and social service needs and the (b) impact of unmet needs on caregiver health and appraisal outcomes. Research Method/Design: Participants were 264 caregivers (95.8% female; 85. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/rep0000249
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000249DOI Listing
February 2019
39 Reads

Predictors of physical activity among rural adults following cardiac rehabilitation.

Rehabil Psychol 2018 Nov 24;63(4):495-501. Epub 2018 Sep 24.

School of Health Sciences, University of South Australia.

Purpose/objective: Cardiac rehabilitation aims to reduce the likelihood of recurrent cardiac events through physical activity (PA) and education. There is limited understanding about the predictors of physical activity behavior in rural adults beyond rehabilitation. This study explored predictors of regular physical activity in rural adults, 6-12 months post cardiac rehabilitation. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/rep0000232
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000232DOI Listing
November 2018
9 Reads

Functional independence after acquired brain injury: Prospective effects of health self-efficacy and cognitive impairment.

Rehabil Psychol 2018 Nov 24;63(4):595-603. Epub 2018 Sep 24.

Department of Psychology, Wayne State University.

Objective: To examine how health self-efficacy and cognitive impairment severity relate to functional independence after acquired brain injury (ABI).

Design: Observational.

Setting: Outpatient rehabilitation hospital. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/rep0000243
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000243DOI Listing
November 2018
25 Reads

Early recovery following traumatic brain injury and alcohol withdrawal management.

Rehabil Psychol 2018 Nov 13;63(4):588-594. Epub 2018 Sep 13.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation.

Purpose: To compare recovery experienced during inpatient rehabilitation among individuals with traumatic brain injury (TBI) based on whether their acute care included the Clinical Institute Withdrawal Assessment for Alcohol (CIWA) protocol.

Design: Participants included 234 individuals with TBI who completed inpatient rehabilitation at a TBI Model Systems site. Of these, 67 patients were treated using the CIWA protocol (TBI + CIWA); 167 patients were treated for TBI alone (TBI only). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000240DOI Listing
November 2018
5 Reads

Pain beliefs mediate relations between general resilience and dysfunction from chronic back pain.

Rehabil Psychol 2018 Nov 13;63(4):604-611. Epub 2018 Sep 13.

Key Laboratory of Cognition and Personality.

Purpose/objective: A substantial percentage of people affected by chronic back pain maintain a high quality of life despite ongoing discomfort. Presumably, more resilient persons view pain and their capacities to manage it in a manner that mitigates pain-related dysfunction. Research Method/Design: To test this premise, 307 mainland Chinese adults with chronic back pain (189 women, 118 men) completed self-report measures of psychological resilience, pain beliefs (challenge appraisals of pain, pain self-efficacy, pain catastrophizing) and pain-related dysfunction (i. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/rep0000244
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000244DOI Listing
November 2018
23 Reads

Towards an integration of the health promotion models of self-determination theory and theory of planned behavior among people with chronic pain.

Rehabil Psychol 2018 Nov 13;63(4):553-562. Epub 2018 Sep 13.

Department of Rehabilitation Psychology and Special Education.

Purpose: People with chronic pain and related disability often report motivational difficulties with engaging in health-promoting behaviors. Although health promotion models of self-determination theory (SDT) and theory of planned behavior (TPB) have been shown to explain the motivational processes behind health behaviors in the general population, there is limited theoretical research among persons with chronic pain. This study examined the integration of such theories relevant to physical activity and exercise behavior among pain populations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000245DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Exploring service dogs for rehabilitation of veterans with PTSD: A microbiome perspective.

Rehabil Psychol 2018 Nov 13;63(4):575-587. Epub 2018 Sep 13.

Rocky Mountain Mental Illness Research Education and Clinical Center.

Purpose/objective: Recently, there has been an increase in the use of therapy animals, often dogs, to assist individuals with challenges associated with managing stressful social situations (i.e., psychological rehabilitation). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000237DOI Listing
November 2018
13 Reads

Exploring the peer mentorship experiences of adults with spinal cord injury.

Rehabil Psychol 2018 Nov 13;63(4):542-552. Epub 2018 Sep 13.

Department of Kinesiology and Physical Education.

Purpose/objective: The purpose of this study was to understand the peer mentorship experiences of adults with spinal cord injury (SCI) through a self-determination theory (SDT) lens. Research Method/Design: Semi-structured qualitative interviews were conducted with 13 adults with SCI who received mentorship (i.e. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/rep0000228
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000228DOI Listing
November 2018
8 Reads

Personal disability identity in retinitis pigmentosa.

Rehabil Psychol 2018 Nov 13;63(4):512-520. Epub 2018 Sep 13.

Graduate School of Education.

Purpose/objective: Personal disability identity (PDI) refers to a positive self-concept as a person with a disability. This study examined the reliability and structural validity of scores on the Personal Disability Identity Scale (PDIS; Hahn & Belt, 2004) and correlates of PDI in adults with retinitis pigmentosa (RP). Research Method/Design: Two hundred six adult participants with RP completed a cross-sectional online survey measuring PDI, general self-efficacy, mobility tool use, age at diagnosis, education level, and demographic variables. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/rep0000238
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000238DOI Listing
November 2018
17 Reads

Cognitive Log performance among individuals without brain injury in an inpatient rehabilitation setting.

Rehabil Psychol 2018 Aug;63(3):479-485

Department of Rehabilitation Psychology and Neuropsychology, Rehabilitation Institute of Michigan.

Purpose/objective: Despite the widespread use of the Cognitive Log, information regarding normative performance is only available in individuals with known brain injury and in healthy college students. The purpose of the current research is to provide information about Cognitive Log performance in a regional group of rehabilitation patients without history of brain injury. Secondarily, non-neurological factors that may predict performance are considered. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000236DOI Listing
August 2018
1 Read

Subjective well-being differs with age in multiple sclerosis: A brief report.

Rehabil Psychol 2018 Aug;63(3):474-478

Department of Occupational Therapy, Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development, New York University.

Objective: Increased age is associated with improved subjective well-being in the general population. However, there are conflicting findings regarding this association in individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS). In the present study, we examined differences in depression and quality of life (QOL) among 3 age groups of individuals with MS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000220DOI Listing
August 2018
3 Reads

Rehabilitants' conscientiousness as a moderator of the intention-planning-behavior chain.

Rehabil Psychol 2018 Aug;63(3):460-467

Department of Education and Psychology, Freie Universität Berlin.

Purpose/objective: After rehabilitation, it is important to maintain adopted target behaviors such as physical activity and physical exercise. By generating detailed behavioral plans, rehabilitants may translate their intentions into actual behavior. The aim of this study was to investigate whether Conscientiousness would further facilitate this mechanism in a way that rehabilitants who are more conscientious would be more likely to act upon their plans. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000210DOI Listing
August 2018
23 Reads

Regaining equilibrium: Understanding the process of sibling adjustment to pediatric acquired brain injury.

Rehabil Psychol 2018 Aug;63(3):447-459

Rehabilitation Counseling Program, San Diego State University.

Objective: This study developed a comprehensive framework for understanding the process of sibling adjustment to pediatric acquired brain injury (ABI).

Participants: Grounded theory methodology was employed to inductively explore the issues siblings perceived to be their main concerns and how they managed these concerns. Fifty-three interviews (N = 28) were conducted recursively with 20 child and adolescent siblings of individuals with an ABI, 4 adult siblings of individuals with an ABI, and 4 child and adolescent siblings of individuals with congenital disability. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/rep0000225
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000225DOI Listing
August 2018
9 Reads