59,135 results match your criteria Reflux Nephropathy Imaging


Predictor of Slower Gastric Emptying in Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease-Survey of An Asian-Pacific Cohort.

J Gastroenterol Hepatol 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Medicine, College of Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.

Background: Asian populations have relatively lower prevalence of gastroesophageal reflux disease and tend to exhibit symptoms of prolonged gastric retention. However, it remains unknown if slower gastric empting influences its features in Asian countries.

Aim: We prospectively assessed the potential implications of slower gastric emptying in an Asian-Pacific cohort of gastroesophageal reflux disease by a hospital-based survey. Read More

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December 2018

[The study about the role of laryngopharyngeal reflux for the hemorrhage after tonsillectomy].

Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Sep;32(18):1387-1390

Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Peking University, People's Hospital, Beijing,100023,China.

To assess the role of LPR in the development of complications, such as hemorrhage, following tonsillectomy in adult patients. We want to provide a guidence for future clinical practice.Totally 70 adult patients who had indication of tonsillectomy were recruited and divided into two groups, the laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) group and the control group, which were identified by the results of Reflux Symptom Index (RSI) and Reflux Finding Score (RFS). Read More

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September 2018

Successful Anti-reflux of Post-esophagectomy Using Endoscopic Suturing with Overstitch.

Dig Endosc 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Gastroenterology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, China, 210000.

The reflux of gastric contents into the esophagus is a common complication post-esophagectomy. Endoscopic suturing technique is becoming a useful treatment in gastrointestinal tract. This system takes advantage of robust tissue approximation by use of a suturing needle, equal to that of surgery. Read More

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December 2018

Gastroesophageal reflux disease increases the risk of chronic rhinosinusitis: a nested case-control study using a national sample cohort.

Int Forum Allergy Rhinol 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Hallym University College of Medicine, Anyang, Korea.

Background: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relations between gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and chronic rhinosinusitus (CRS) in a Korean population.

Methods: Subjects from the Korean National Health Insurance Service-National Sample Cohort, all ≥20 years old, were assessed from 2002 to 2013. In total, 23,489 CRS participants were matched with 93,956 controls at a ratio of 1:4 with respect to age, group, sex, income group, region of residence, hypertension, diabetes, and dyslipidemia. Read More

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December 2018
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Alkaline, protein, low-fat and low-acid diet in laryngopharyngeal reflux disease: Our experience on 65 patients.

Clin Otolaryngol 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Laboratory of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Faculty of Medicine, UMONS Research Institute for Health Sciences and Technology, University of Mons (UMons), Mons, Belgium.

The respect of diet and lifestyle modifications could be associated with better improvement of laryngopharyngeal symptoms, perceptual dysphonia, and acoustic measurements. The potential positive impact of alkaline, protein, low-fat, low-acid diet could be explained by many physiological effects on esophageal sphincter tonicity, acid and pepsin productions, and gastric emptying time. Future controlled prospective studies are needed to confirm the potential key role of alkaline, protein, low-fat, low-acid diet and lifestyle modifications in the clinical improvement of patients with suspected LPR disease. Read More

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December 2018

In utero myelomeningocele repair and urological outcome: the first 100 cases of a prospective analysis. Is there an improvement in bladder function?

BJU Int 2018 Dec 9. Epub 2018 Dec 9.

Department of Urology, CACAU-NUPEP, São Paulo, Brazil.

Objectives: To evaluate the first one hundred cases of in utero myelomeningocele repair and urological outcome in a prospective analysis aiming to define possible improvement in bladder function.

Patients And Methods: We used a protocol consisting of detailed medical history, urinary tract ultrasound (US), voiding cystourethrography (VCUG) and urodynamic evaluation (UE). Patients were categorized into 4 patterns, including: normal, high risk (overactive bladder with detrusor leak point pressure higher than 40 cm H2O and high filling pressures also above 40 cm H2O), incontinent and underactivity (underactive bladder with post-void residual urine) and patients were treated accordingly. Read More

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December 2018

Diagnosis using deep-learning artificial intelligence based on the endocytoscopic observation of the esophagus.

Esophagus 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

AI Medical Service Inc., Tokyo, Japan.

Background And Aims: The endocytoscopic system (ECS) helps in virtual realization of histology and can aid in confirming histological diagnosis in vivo. We propose replacing biopsy-based histology for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) by using the ECS. We applied deep-learning artificial intelligence (AI) to analyse ECS images of the esophagus to determine whether AI can support endoscopists for the replacement of biopsy-based histology. Read More

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December 2018

Generation of 1,2-oxathiolium ions from (arysulfonyl)- and (arylsulfinyl)allenes in Brønsted acids. NMR and DFT study of these cations and their reactions.

Beilstein J Org Chem 2018 22;14:2897-2906. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Department of Organic Chemistry, Institute of Chemistry, Saint Petersburg State University, Universitetskaya nab., 7/9, Saint Petersburg, 199034, Russia.

In strong Brønsted acids (CFSOH, FSOH, DSO), (arysulfonyl)allenes (ArSO-CR=C=CRR) and (arylsulfinyl)allenes (ArSO-CR=C=CRR) undergo cyclization into the corresponding stable 1,2-oxathiolium ions, which were studied by means of NMR and DFT calculations. Quenching of solutions of these cations with low nucleophilic media, aqueous HCl, leads to their deprotonation with a stereoselective formation of (arysulfonyl)butadienes (for instance, ArSO-CR=C-C(Me)=CH, for R = R = Me, yields of 87-98%). Reactions of (arysulfonyl)allenes in the system TfOH (0. Read More

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November 2018

Ionic Liquid⁻Ultrasound-Based Extraction of Biflavonoids from and Investigation of Their Antioxidant Activity.

Molecules 2018 Dec 11;23(12). Epub 2018 Dec 11.

School of Pharmacy, Zunyi Medical University, Zunyi 563003, China.

As a new and green solvent, ionic liquids (ILs) have received more attention during the green extraction and separation process for natural medicines. In this paper, IL-ultrasound-assisted extraction (IL-UAE) of total biflavonoids (TBFs) from was firstly developed, and different ILs were employed and compared. Based on single-factor experiment, solid⁻liquid ratio (1:10⁻1:14 g/mL), IL concentration (0. Read More

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December 2018

Quality of life of patients with a colonic interposition postoesophagectomy.

Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Gastro-Intestinal Surgery, Ghent University Hospital, Ghent, Belgium.

Objectives: After oesophagectomy, stomach grafts are most frequently used to restore intestinal continuity. Less frequently, a colonic graft is used. There is quite a large body of literature addressing the functional outcome after gastric pull-up, but little is known about the functional results of colonic interposition (CI). Read More

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December 2018

Intravenous Immunoglobulin (IVIG) in the vanguard therapy of Systemic Sclerosis.

Clin Immunol 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Israel; Zabludowicz Center for Autoimmune Disease, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer, Israel. Electronic address:

Systemic Sclerosis (SSc) is a rare autoimmune disease that is characterized by a progressive skin fibrosis, an obliteration of the microvasculature and an exaggerated extracellular matrix deposition, which lead to a multisystemic dysfunction. Various pathogenetic mechanisms were described. The lack of a successful therapy make SSc a disease with a poor prognosis. Read More

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December 2018

Diagnostic accuracy of contrast-enhanced voiding urosonogram using second-generation contrast with harmonic imaging (CEVUS-HI) study for assessment of vesicoureteral reflux in children: a meta-analysis.

World J Urol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Section of Pediatric Imaging, Institute of Radiology, St. Luke's Medical Center, Quezon City, NCR, Philippines.

Purpose: To assess the diagnostic accuracy and safety of contrast-enhanced voiding urosonogram using second-generation contrast with harmonic imaging (CEVUS-HI) in detecting vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) among children.

Methods: A systematic literature search was performed in March 2018. Relevant comparative studies from Medline, EMBASE, World of Science, Scopus, CENTRAL, WHO trial registry and Clinicaltrials. Read More

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December 2018

Mini/One Anastomosis Gastric Bypass Versus Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass as a Second Step Procedure After Sleeve Gastrectomy-a Retrospective Cohort Study.

Obes Surg 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Obesity and Metabolic Surgery, Sana Klinikum Offenbach, 63069, Offenbach am Main, Germany.

Background: Whether one anastomosis gastric bypass (OAGB) or Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is a better revisional bariatric surgery (RBS) after sleeve gastrectomy (SG) is still under debate. The aim is to compare short-term outcomes of RYGB and OAGB as a RBS after SG, pertaining to their effects on weight loss, resolution of comorbidities, and complications.

Methods: We performed a single-center analysis of 55 patients (n = 34 OAGB, n = 21 RYGB). Read More

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December 2018

Contrast-enhanced voiding urosonography with intravesical administration of ultrasound contrast agent for the diagnosis of pediatric vesicoureteral reflux.

Exp Ther Med 2018 Dec 25;16(6):4546-4552. Epub 2018 Sep 25.

Department of Ultrasound, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei 430030, P.R. China.

Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) is one of the most common urinary tract anomalies in children. It has been reported that VUR may be associated with reflux nephropathy. Ultrasound contrast-enhanced voiding urosonography (CeVUS) has become a routine diagnostic method for VUR in a number of European countries; however, it is not widely used in China. Read More

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December 2018
0.941 Impact Factor

What is the impact of the use of transanastomotic feeding tube on patients with esophageal atresia: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

BMC Pediatr 2018 Dec 12;18(1):385. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Pediatric Surgery, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, #37 Guo-Xue-Xiang, Chengdu, 610041, China.

Background: The transanastomotic feeding tube (TAFT) is widely used around the world in patients with esophageal atresia (EA). However, the safety of the use of TAFT is still unknown and remains to be clarified.

Methods: The following electronic databases were searched: PubMed, EMBASE and Cochrane. Read More

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December 2018

Changes in gastrointestinal symptoms and food tolerance 6 months following weight loss surgery: associations with dietary changes, weight loss and the surgical procedure.

BMC Obes 2018 3;5:29. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

2Department of Research, Innlandet Hospital Trust, Brumunddal, Norway.

Background: Gastrointestinal (GI) co-morbidity is common in obese patients, but the effect of weight loss surgery on GI symptoms is incompletely elucidated. The aims of the present study were to explore changes in GI symptoms and food tolerance following weight loss surgery and to study whether such changes were associated with dietary modifications and/or the type of surgical procedure [Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass (RYGB) versus Vertical Sleeve Gastrectomy (VSG)].

Methods: Participants: Patients with morbid obesity scheduled for weight loss surgery. Read More

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December 2018

Factors Associated with Recurrent Ulcers in Patients with Gastric Surgery after More Than 15 Years: A Cross-Sectional Single-Center Study.

Gastroenterol Res Pract 2018 4;2018:8319481. Epub 2018 Nov 4.

Department of Medical Informatics and Biostatistics, University of Medicine and Pharmacy "Iuliu Hațieganu", Louis Pasteur St., No. 6, 400349 Cluj-Napoca, Romania.

Aim: We aimed to establish the independent predictive factors (from infection, biliary reflux, histologic features of the gastric mucosa, drugs, comorbidities, and social habits) for gastric stump ulcer occurrence more than 15 years after surgery.

Methods: 76 patients with previous gastric surgery were included: 21 patients with gastric ulcer (marginal ulcer or ulcer of the rest of the gastric remnant-study group) and 55 controls (nonulcer group).

Results: infection tended to be higher in the control group than in the ulcer group (14. Read More

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November 2018

Comorbidities are associated with different features of severe asthma.

Clin Mol Allergy 2018 3;16:25. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

1Department of Surgery, Medicine, Molecular Biology and Critical Care, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.

Background: According to ATS/ERS document on severe asthma (SA), the management of these patients requires the identification and proper treatment of comorbidities, which can influence the control of asthma.

Methods: The aim of this study was to assess the independent effect of different comorbidities on clinical, functional and biologic features of SA. Seventy-two patients with SA according to GINA guidelines were examined. Read More

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December 2018

Osseous versus Nonosseous Spinal Epidural Arteriovenous Fistulas: Experiences of 13 Patients.

AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

From the Departments of Radiology and Research Institute of Radiology (Y.S., D.W.L., J.J.S., J.H.S., D.C.S.), University of Ulsan, College of Medicine, Asan Medical Center, Seoul, Republic of Korea

Background And Purpose: Spinal epidural arteriovenous fistulas are rare vascular malformations. We present 13 patients with spinal epidural arteriovenous fistulas, noting the various presenting symptom patterns, imaging findings related to bone involvement, and outcomes.

Materials And Methods: Among 111 patients with spinal vascular malformations in the institutional data base from 1993 to 2017, thirteen patients (11. Read More

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December 2018
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Effects of acidic and nonacidic reflux on the eustachian tube: An animal experiment.

Ear Nose Throat J 2018 Dec;97(12):E21-E27

MediENT Ear Nose and Throat Hospital, Halk Sokak no:50/1, Istanbul, Turkey.

We investigated the effects of pepsin/hydrochloric acid and bile acids on eustachian tube function and eustachian tube mucosa in 40 Sprague-Dawley rats. The animals were randomly assigned to groups of 10: one group received pepsin/hydrochloric acid (pepsin/HCl group), another received human bile (human bile group), a third received a mixture of pepsin/HCl and human bile (combination group), and the fourth received isotonic saline solution (control group). Test solutions were applied transnasally three times a day for 10 days. Read More

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December 2018
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Diagnosis and treatment of laryngopharyngeal reflux: Use of empirical lansoprazole.

Ear Nose Throat J 2018 Dec;97(12):E1-E6

Department of Otolaryngology, Cerrahpaşa Medical Faculty, Istanbul University, Cerrahpasa Yerleşkesi, Fatih 34098, Istanbul, Turkey.

The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of empirical medical treatment in patients with laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) disease by scoring the findings and symptoms. Hence, 122 patients were examined at the voice laboratory with a laryngovideostroboscopic device, and all results were recorded for further evaluation. Patients were treated with lansoprazole twice a day. Read More

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December 2018

Unforeseen consequence of alkaline water therapy for laryngopharyngeal reflux.

Ear Nose Throat J 2018 Dec;97(12):394-395

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

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December 2018
1 Read

Pediatric Eosinophilic Esophagitis: Results of the European Retrospective Pediatric Eosinophilic Esophagitis Registry (RetroPEER).

J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Institute of Gastroenterology, Nutrition, and Liver Disease, Schneider Children's Medical Center of Israel, Petah Tikva, Israel.

Objectives: Recommendations for diagnosing and treating eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) are evolving; however, information on real world clinical practice is lacking. To assess the practices of pediatric gastroenterologists diagnosing and treating EoE and to identify the triggering allergens in European children.

Methods: Retrospective anonymized data were collected from 26 European pediatric gastroenterology centers in 13 countries. Read More

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December 2018

Esophageal IgG4: Clinical, Endoscopic, and Histologic Correlations in Eosinophilic Esophagitis.

J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition.

Objective: Recent studies show increased serum and esophageal IgG4 in patients with eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE), suggesting a possible IgG4-involved process. The role of IgG4 in pediatric EoE has not been extensively investigated. Our aim was to analyze IgG4 in esophageal tissue in children in parallel to that in adults with EoE. Read More

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December 2018
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THE EFFICACY OF THE DIFFERENT ENDOSCOPIC TREATMENTS VERSUS SHAM, PHARMACOLOGIC OR SURGICAL METHODS FOR CHRONIC GASTROESOPHAGEAL REFLUX DISEASE: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW AND META-ANALYSIS.

Arq Gastroenterol 2018 Jul-Sep;55(3):296-305

Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Medicina, Hospital das Clínicas, Departamento de Endoscopia Avançada Gastrointestinal, São Paulo, SP, Brasil.

Background: Endoscopic antireflux treatments for gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) are still evolving, and most of the published studies address symptom relief in the short-term. Objective - We aimed to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis focused on evaluating the efficacy of the different endoscopic procedures.

Methods: Search was restricted to randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on MedLine, Cochrane, SciELO, and EMBASE for patients with chronic GERD (>6 months), over 18 years old and available follow up of at least 3 months. Read More

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Association Between Erosive Esophagitis and the Anthropometric Index in the General Korean Population

Authors:
Hyun Young Kim

Balkan Med J 2018 12 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam-si, Korea

Background: An association between obesity and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) has been reported. However, previous studies have focused on obesity or central obesity.

Aims: The aim of this study was to investigate the association of anthropometric index and endoscopic erosive esophagitis (EE) in health check-up of Koreans. Read More

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December 2018

Proton pump inhibitors and risk of hip fracture: a meta-analysis of observational studies.

Osteoporos Int 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Graduate Institute of Biomedical Informatics, College of Medical Science and Technology, Taipei Medical University, 250 Wu-Hsing St., Taipei, 110, Taiwan.

We performed a meta-analysis of relevant studies to quantify the magnitude of the association between proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) and risk of hip fracture. Patients with PPIs had a greater risk of hip fracture than those without PPI therapy (RR 1.20, 95% CI 1. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Complex venous malformation in an elderly female: A case report.

J Cardiol Cases 2012 Sep 23;6(3):e81-e83. Epub 2012 Jun 23.

Department of Medicine and Geriatrics, Kochi Medical School, Kohasu, Oko-cho, Nankoku-shi, Kochi 783-8505, Japan.

A 76-year-old female taking oral medications for chronic atrial fibrillation and hypertension was admitted to our hospital for examination of bilateral leg edema. Transthoracic echocardiography showed an enlarged coronary sinus of about 40 mm. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography revealed absence of the left innominate vein, a persistent left superior vena cava, and absence of the hepatic segment of the inferior vena cava. Read More

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September 2012
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Concomitant Hiatal Hernia Repair Is more Common in Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy than During Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass: an Analysis of 130,772 Cases.

Obes Surg 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Division of Foregut, Bariatric and Advanced GI Surgery, Department of Surgery, Stony Brook University Medical Center, Stony Brook, NY, 11794, USA.

Obesity is associated with the development of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and hiatal hernia (HH). This study aimed to assess practice patterns regarding concomitant HH repair (HHR) during laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (SG) and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). The incidence of concomitant HHR with LSG or LRYGB was analyzed using the 2015 Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery Accreditation and Quality Improvement Program database. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Overall and Estrogen Receptor-Positive Breast Cancer Incidences Are Decreased Following Bariatric Surgery.

Obes Surg 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Department of Surgery, University of Virginia Health System, P.O. Box 800709, Charlottesville, VA, 22903, USA.

Introduction: Bariatric surgery treats morbid obesity resulting in long-lasting weight loss. Elevated body mass index (BMI) increases breast cancer risk. We hypothesized that patients undergoing bariatric surgery would have decreased overall and estrogen receptor (ER)-positive breast cancer incidences compared to a propensity-matched non-surgical cohort. Read More

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December 2018

Establishment of a novel and effective reflux laryngitis model in rabbits: a preliminary study.

Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

The Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Eye, Ear, Nose, and Throat Hospital of Fudan University, 83 Fenyang Road, Shanghai, 200030, China.

Purpose: To establish a novel and effective reflux model with a modified nasogastric aspiration tube and to investigate the association between different types of nasogastric aspiration tubes and reflux laryngitis, we conducted this study.

Methods: Thirty-eight healthy New Zealand albino rabbits (2.5-3. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Metabolic Volumetric Parameters in C-Choline PET/MR Are Superior PET Imaging Biomarkers for Primary High-Risk Prostate Cancer.

Contrast Media Mol Imaging 2018 5;2018:8945130. Epub 2018 Nov 5.

Department of Medical Imaging and Radiological Science, College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan.

Purpose: Positron emission tomography/magnetic resonance imaging (PET/MRI) can facilitate the use of noninvasive imaging biomarkers in clinical prostate cancer staging. Although multiparametric MRI is a widely used technique, the clinical value of simultaneous PET imaging remains unclear. This study aimed at investigating this issue. Read More

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November 2018

[State of the venous outflow from the small pelvis after surgical correction of pelvioperineal reflux].

Angiol Sosud Khir 2018 ;24(4):90-94

Chair of Faculty Surgery #1, Therapeutic Department, Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University (RNRMU), Moscow, Russia.

Objective: The study was aimed at assessing the venous outflow from the small pelvis after surgical correction of pelvioperineal reflux with the use of reference methods of examination.

Patients And Methods: We examines a total of 43 female patients (aged 41.5±5. Read More

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January 2018

Intractable apnoeic seizures in a child with a deletion typically associated with Williams syndrome.

Epileptic Disord 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Division of Pediatric Neurology, Department of Pediatrics, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto.

Williams-Beuren syndrome is rarely associated with epilepsy. One previously reported case showed an association with apnoeic seizures while a few other cases showed an association with infantile epileptic spasms and generalized and focal seizures. We report the case of a 13-month-old boy with a deletion typically associated with Williams-Beuren syndrome, who presented with isolated apnoeic seizures which were refractory to multiple antiepileptic drugs but partially responsive to the ketogenic diet. Read More

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December 2018

Factors Associated with Dysfunctional Breathing in patients with Difficult to Treat Asthma.

J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Allergy, Asthma & Clinical Immunology, The Alfred Hospital, 55 Commercial Road, Melbourne; Public Health & Preventive Medicine, Monash University.

Background: Understanding of dysfunctional breathing in difficult asthma patients who remain symptomatic despite maximal inhaler therapy is limited.

Objective: We characterised the pattern of dysfunctional breathing in patients with difficult asthma and identified possible contributory factors.

Methods: Dysfunctional breathing was identified in patients with difficult asthma using the Nijmegen questionnaire (score >23). Read More

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December 2018

Suture fistula revisited for long gap esophageal atresia.

J Pediatr Surg 2018 Nov 11. Epub 2018 Nov 11.

Division of Pediatric Surgery, Department of Surgery, Boonshoft School of Medicine, Dayton Children's Hospital, Dayton, OH. Electronic address:

Background: Long gap esophageal atresia presents a challenge to pediatric surgeons due to the variability in surgical management when primary anastomosis is not feasible. Mechanical traction procedures enhance tissue growth that allows early anastomosis, before delayed primary closure (DPC) would be attempted to allow for rapid oral feeding, or when operative discoveries require flexibility of the surgical plan. The Suture Fistula procedure, first published by Alan Shafer and Tirone David in 1974, is a simple, effective, but underutilized single-stage procedure which results in spontaneous fistulization of approximated, non-anastomosed esophageal segments using tension sutures. Read More

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November 2018

Terminalia bellirica fruit extracts: in-vitro antibacterial activity against selected multidrug-resistant bacteria, radical scavenging activity and cytotoxicity study on BHK-21 cells.

BMC Complement Altern Med 2018 Dec 7;18(1):325. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Peradeniya, Peradeniya, Sri Lanka.

Background: Identification of novel sources for developing new antibiotics is imperative with the emergence of antibiotic resistant bacteria. The fruits of Terminalia bellirica (Gaertn) Roxb., widely used in traditional medicine, were evaluated for antibacterial activity against multidrug-resistant (MDR) bacteria, antioxidant activity and cytotoxicity. Read More

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December 2018

Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy and gastroesophageal reflux.

Rom J Intern Med 2018 Dec;56(4):227-232

"Carol Davila" University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Bucharest, Romania.

The prevalence of obesity is rising, becoming a medical problem worldwide. Also GERD incidence is higher in obese patients compared with normal weight, with an increased risk of 2.5 of developing symptoms and erosive esophagitis. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Changes in the Distal Esophageal Microbiota in Chinese Patients with Reflux Esophagitis.

J Dig Dis 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Digestive Department, Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.

Objective: Changes in microbiota structure in the distal esophagus may be associated with the pathogenesis of gastroesophageal reflux disease. The composition of the distal esophageal microbiota between Chinese patients and healthy volunteers was compared through metagenomic high-throughput DNA sequencing and bioinformatic analyses.

Methods: Healthy volunteers (HV) and patients with reflux esophagitis (RE) were enrolled. Read More

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December 2018
9 Reads

Endovascular Embolization of Post-tonsillectomy Pseudoaneurysm: A Single-Center Case Series.

Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Otolaryngology, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt.

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of endovascular embolization of post-tonsillectomy pseudoaneurysm with the usage of monomeric n-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate (NBCA) glue as a first intention.

Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the technical details and clinical outcome of ten consecutive children presented with delayed post-tonsillectomy bleeding, caused by lingual or facial artery pseudoaneurysm, which was treated by endovascular embolization.

Results: Seven patients had lingual artery pseudoaneurysm, and three patients had injury of a common linguo-facial trunk. Read More

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December 2018
4 Reads

Lifestyle Modifications in Adults and Older Adults With Chronic Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD).

Crit Care Nurs Q 2019 Jan/Mar;42(1):64-74

NYU Langone Health, Tisch Hospital, New York (Mr Commisso) and NYU Rory Meyers College of Nursing, New York (Mr Lim).

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a chronic disorder that causes the unwanted backflow of gastric contents into the esophagus, throat, and mouth. Gastroesophageal reflux disease affects roughly 20% of the US population. It is estimated that older adults experience GERD symptoms more commonly and with greater severity because of age-related physiologic changes. Read More

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December 2018
3 Reads

Novel liquid fermentation medium of Cordyceps militaris and optimization of hydrothermal reflux extraction of cordycepin.

J Asian Nat Prod Res 2018 Dec 3:1-12. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

c Department of Traditional Chinese Medicine , Sichuan Industrial Institute of Antibiotics , Chengdu 610000 , China.

In this study, we developed a novel liquid fermentation medium of Cordyceps militaris using pupa powder and wheat bran as nitrogen resources instead of the traditionally used peptone. This process not only reduced the cost by approximately 50%, but increased production by over 30%. Then, we explored a method to extract and purify cordycepin by combining hydrothermal reflux extraction with macroporous resin adsorption, which is inexpensive and suitable for the industrial production. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Antibiotics for urethral catheterization in children undergoing cystography: retrospective evaluation of a single-center cohort of pediatric non-toilet-trained patients.

Eur J Pediatr 2018 Dec 1. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Department of Woman, Child and of General and Specialized Surgery, Università degli Studi della Campania "Luigi Vanvitelli", Via Luigi De Crecchio 2, 80138, Naples, Italy.

Antibiotics are often used to prevent post-catheterization urinary tract infections (UTIs) in patients undergoing cystography. However, there is no universally accepted protocol and the literature data are conflicting. We aimed to determine prevalence and risk factors of post-cystography UTIs in non-toilet-trained children. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Underwater Sonography of Leg Veins.

EJVES Short Rep 2018 16;41:13-15. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

Istituto Flebologico Italiano, Ferrara, Italy.

Objectives: Hydrostatic compression (HC) occurring during body immersion is considered beneficial for venous return from the lower limbs. No study has evaluated the effects of HC on the veins of the lower limbs using duplex ultrasound (DU). The purpose of this study was to use DU to evaluate the morphology and flow of the leg veins during immersion. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Thailand Dyspepsia Guidelines: 2018.

J Neurogastroenterol Motil 2018 Nov 23. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University and KingChulalongkorn Memorial Hospital, Thai Red Cross, Bangkok, Thailand.

The management of dyspepsia in limited-resource areas has not been established. In 2017, key opinion leaders throughout Thailand gathered to review and evaluate the current clinical evidence regarding dyspepsia and to develop consensus statements, rationales, levels of evidence, and grades of recommendation for dyspepsia management in daily clinical practice based on the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) approach. This guideline is mainly focused on the following four topics: (1) evaluation of patients with dyspepsia, (2) management, (3) special issues (overlapping gastroesophageal reflux disease/irritable bowel syndrome and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug/aspirin use), and (4) long-term follow-up and management to provide guidance for physicians in Thailand and other limited-resource areas managing such patients. Read More

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November 2018
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Role of Acid Suppression in Acid-related Diseases: Proton Pump Inhibitor and Potassium-competitive Acid Blocker.

J Neurogastroenterol Motil 2018 Nov 20. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Fellowship Training Center and Medical Education Center, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

Proton pump inhibitors are commonly utilized for the treatment of gastric acid-related conditions, such as gastroesophageal reflux disease, peptic ulcer disease, and infection, and for the prevention of low-dose aspirin or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug associated peptic ulcers. Vonoprazan is a first-in-class potassium-competitive acid blocker, which has distinct advantages compared to other conventional proton pump inhibitors in terms of the rate and effectiveness at which gastric acid suppression occurs. Due to its strong gastric acid suppression capabilities, vonoprazan serves as an effective drug for the treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease and infection. Read More

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November 2018
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Esophageal Melanocytosis in a Patient with Gastro-Esophagheal Reflux Disease.

Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology; Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore.

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November 2018
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[Antibiotic prophylaxis in urodynamics: Clinical practice guidelines using a formal consensus method].

Prog Urol 2018 Dec 27;28(17):943-952. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Service d'urologie, université Paris-7, hôpital Bichat Claude-Bernard, AP-HP, 46, rue Henri-Huchard, 75018 Paris, France.

Objective: The aim of this work was to issue clinical practice guidelines on antibiotic prophylaxis in urodynamics (urodynamic studies, UDS).

Materials And Methods: Clinical practice guidelines were provided using a formal consensus method. Guidelines proposals were drew up by a multidisciplinary experts group (pilot group = steering group), then rated by a panel of 12 experts (rating group) using a formal consensus method, and then peer reviewed by a reviewing/reading group of experts (different from the rating group). Read More

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December 2018
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Treating Infantile Spasms with High-Dose Oral Corticosteroids: A Retrospective Review of 87 Children.

Pediatr Neurol 2018 Oct 3;87:30-35. Epub 2018 Aug 3.

Departments of Neurology and Pediatrics, The Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, Baltimore, Maryland. Electronic address:

Background: Hormonal therapy is the treatment of choice in most patients with infantile spasms, but the optimal way to provide this therapy is unclear. Intramuscular adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) has historically used first-line; however, there are significant logistical and financial issues. Our institution has used high-dose prednisolone as the first-line hormonal treatment of infantile spasms since 2006 and published our early experience with 15 infants in 2009. Read More

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October 2018
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