Radiographics 2014 May-Jun;34(3):565-86
From the Department of Radiology, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, Tex (V.S.K.); and Department of Radiology, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Presby South Tower, Suite 4895, 200 Lothrop St, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 (A.K.D., N.D., K.H.).
Bile duct strictures in adults are secondary to a wide spectrum of benign and malignant pathologic conditions. Benign causes of bile duct strictures include iatrogenic causes, acute or chronic pancreatitis, choledocholithiasis, primary sclerosing cholangitis, IgG4-related sclerosing cholangitis, liver transplantation, recurrent pyogenic cholangitis, Mirizzi syndrome, acquired immunodeficiency syndrome cholangiopathy, and sphincter of Oddi dysfunction. Malignant causes include cholangiocarcinoma, pancreatic adenocarcinoma, and periampullary carcinomas. Read More