17,220 results match your criteria Rectus Sheath Hematoma


Bilateral Lateral Rectus Recession for the Treatment of Recurrent Exotropia after Bilateral Medial Rectus Resection.

Ophthalmic Res 2018 Dec 6:1-5. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Ophthalmology, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu,

Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy of bilateral lateral rectus muscle recession (BLR) to treat recurrent exotropia after bilateral medial rectus muscle resection (BMR).

Methods: Twenty-four patients who underwent BLR for recurrent exotropia and were followed up for more than 6 months were included in this retrospective study. All of them had prior BMR. Read More

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December 2018

Neuromuscular activation of the knee and hip extensor muscles during high-intensity interval and moderate-intensity constant cycling.

J Electromyogr Kinesiol 2018 Nov 28;44:64-69. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Research Center of Health, Physical Fitness & Sports, Nagoya University, Nagoya, Japan; Graduate School of Education and Human Development, Nagoya University, Nagoya, Japan.

We aimed to test the hypothesis that the magnitude of differences in muscle activation of the knee and hip extensor muscles between high-intensity interval exercise (HIE) and moderate-intensity constant exercise (CE) would be greater for the gluteus maximus than for the quadriceps femoris muscle. Participants were 11 male middle- or long-distance runners. The HIE (4 sets, 4-min induration, performed at 80-85%VO and followed by a 3-min period of cycling at < 30%VO) and CE (28-min, performed at or near 60%VO) were completed on different days, with the total exercise duration and work being identical for both protocols. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Changes in electromyographic signals and skin temperature during standardised effort in volleyball players.

Acta Bioeng Biomech 2018 ;20(4):115-122

Józef Piłsudski University of Physical Education, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, Department of Biomechanics and Computer Science, Biała Podlaska, Poland.

Purpose: The state of athletes' muscles is not constant, but it differs depending on the stage of sports training, which is associated with different degrees of muscle fatigue. There is thus a need to find a non-invasive and simple method to assess muscle fatigue. The aim of the study was to determine the relationship between muscle fatigue due to physical effort and changes in skin temperature, measured using a thermographic camera. Read More

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January 2018
2 Reads

Muscle Activation in the Main Muscle Groups of the Lower Limbs in High-Level Dancesport Athletes.

Med Probl Perform Art 2018 Dec;33(4):231-237

Faculty of Physical Activity and Sport Sciences, Universidad Católica de Valencia, Ramiro de Maeztu 14, 46900 Torrent, Spain. Tel +34963637412.

Dancers are subjected to high-intensity workouts when they practice dancesport, and according to the literature, they are prone to injury, primarily of the lower limbs. The purpose of this study was to determine whether differences exist in relative activation amplitudes for dancers involved in dancesport due to muscle, gender, and type of dance. Measurements were carried out using surface electromyography equipment during the choreography of a performance in the following leg muscles: rectus femoris, biceps femoris, tibialis anterior, and gastrocnemius medialis. Read More

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December 2018

The Benefits of Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation in the Muscular and Functional Capacity of Patients With Liver Cirrhosis: Protocol for a Randomized Clinical Trial.

Clin Med Insights Gastroenterol 2018 26;11:1179552218811834. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina (UDESC), Florianópolis, Brazil.

Cirrhosis causes systemic and metabolic changes that culminate in various complications, such as compromised pulmonary function, ascites, hepatic encephalopathy, weight loss, and muscle weakness with significant physical function limitations. Our aim is to evaluate the effects of training with neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) on the muscular and functional capacity of patients with cirrhosis classified as Child-Pugh B and C. A total of 72 patients diagnosed with cirrhosis will be recruited and randomized to perform an NMES protocol for 50 minutes, 3 times a week, for 4 weeks. Read More

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November 2018

Aesthetic subunits of the trunk: Anatomy and behavior of skin and adipose tissue in each unit for better outcomes in liposuction.

Indian J Plast Surg 2018 May-Aug;51(2):115-122

Department of Plastic and Aesthetic Surgery, Venkat Center for Skin and Plastic Surgery, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.

Background: Liposuction and abdominal contouring is one of the most common procedures performed by plastic surgeons worldwide. Surprisingly, there has been few attempts at dividing the abdomen into subunits to delineate and aid in this endeavour. We have evolved a system of abdominal aesthetic subunits which has enabled us to achieve high quality results. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Trapdoor orbital floor fracture and inferior rectus entrapment with minimal infraduction deficit and hypertropia.

Can J Ophthalmol 2018 Dec 2;53(6):e252-e254. Epub 2018 Apr 2.

University of Chicago, Chicago, Ill. Electronic address:

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December 2018

Retrobulbar anaesthesia for adjustable strabismus surgery in adults: a prospective observational study.

Can J Ophthalmol 2018 Dec 5;53(6):621-626. Epub 2018 Apr 5.

Department of Ophthalmology, McGill University, Montréal, Qué.

Objective: To characterize the ocular response to retrobulbar anaesthesia and to evaluate the efficacy of retrobulbar anaesthesia for adjustable strabismus surgery in adults.

Design: Prospective observational study.

Participants: Adult patients undergoing adjustable strabismus surgery under retrobulbar anaesthesia. Read More

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December 2018

Ultrasonography features of abdominal perimuscular connective tissue in elite and amateur basketball players: an observational study.

Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) 2018 Oct;64(10):936-941

Nursing and Physical Therapy Department, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universidad de León, Ponferrada, Spain.

The purpose of this study was to assess and compare with rehabilitative ultrasound imaging (RUSI) the perimuscular connective tissue (PMCT) and interrecti distance (IRD) between elite and amateur basketball players. A sample of 22 healthy basketball players was included and divided into two groups: elite basketball players from Spanish 1st division (n = 11) and amateur basketball players from an entertainment Spanish division (n = 11). Ultrasound images of the external oblique (EO), internal oblique (IO), transversus abdominis (TrAb), rectus anterior (RA) and IRD PMCT were measured and analysed by the ImageJ software. Read More

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October 2018

Duane Retraction Syndrome: Clinical Features and a Case Group-Specific Surgical Approach.

Semin Ophthalmol 2018 Dec 5:1-7. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

a Department of Ophthalmology , Inonu University School of Medicine , Malatya , Turkey.

Purpose: To describe the clinical features of patients with Duane retraction syndrome (DRS) and evaluate the outcomes of surgical approaches based on the characteristics of each patient.

Methods: The records of 38 Caucasian subjects with DRS were retrospectively reviewed. The patients were classified as type I, II, or III based on the Huber Classification. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Assessment of Muscle Wasting in Long-Stay ICU Patients Using a New Ultrasound Protocol.

Nutrients 2018 Dec 1;10(12). Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Department of Intensive Care, Hospital Universitario de Gran Canaria Dr. Negrín, Universidad of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Barranco de la Ballena s/n, 35010 Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain.

There is currently no standardized procedure to assess sarcopenia in long-stay catabolic patients. Our aim is to analyze a novel ultrasound muscle assessment protocol in these patients versus healthy controls, by carrying out a prospective observational study. We designed a new ultrasound protocol that assesses quadriceps rectus femoris (QRF) muscle quality in real-time B-mode, color-Doppler, and M-mode ultrasound, and evaluates QRF intramuscular central tendon thickness, cross-sectional area, and muscle thickness in ultrasound B-mode. Read More

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December 2018

A standardized recession of the inferior oblique extraocular muscle - a safe and self-grading surgical procedure for trochlear nerve palsy: a 10-year material.

Acta Ophthalmol 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Ophthalmology, Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen, Norway.

Purpose: To evaluate the results of surgical treatment in a large group of patients with trochlear nerve palsy, with emphasis on the self-grading effect of a standardized recession of the ipsilateral inferior oblique muscle.

Methods: All patients who underwent first-time surgery for trochlear nerve palsy in the period 2005-2014 in our department (n = 114) were retrospectively evaluated regarding pre- and postoperative data, surgical procedure, and the need for reoperations. Mean follow-up time was 8. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

The Eye Opener: Finding and Targeting the Midbrain Lesion.

Neuroophthalmology 2018 Oct 9;42(5):316-317. Epub 2018 Jan 9.

Department of Neurology, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.

Lesions of the central nucleus of the third cranial nerve in midbrain leads to bilateral ptosis. We present a case of a 14 year old boy, who was found to have B/L non-correctable ptosis and medial rectus palsy. There was a ring enhancing lesion in the midbrain in contrast MRI which resolved with treatment. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

Physiological, kinematic, and electromyographic responses to kinesiology-type patella tape in elite cyclists.

J Electromyogr Kinesiol 2018 Nov 19;44:36-45. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

School of Health Sciences, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, Lancashire, United Kingdom.

Kinesiology-type tape (KTT) has become popular in sports for injury prevention, rehabilitation, and performance enhancement. Many cyclists use patella KTT; however, its benefits remain unclear, especially in uninjured elite cyclists. We used an integrated approach to investigate acute physiological, kinematic, and electromyographic responses to patella KTT in twelve national-level male cyclists. Read More

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November 2018

Multiple idiopathic fibrotic myopathies, including the tensor facia lata muscle, in a cat.

J Small Anim Pract 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Santa Cruz Veterinary Hospital, Santa Cruz, California 95065, USA.

To describe the clinical features and treatment of a cat that was initially presented with fibrotic myopathy affecting the left tensor fascia lata. Approximately 5 months later, the cat was presented again with multiple idiopathic fibrotic myopathies, affecting the ipsilateral rectus femoris and the contralateral semitendinosus muscles. These were each separate lesions and occurred without known history of trauma. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

High- and Extra-High-Profile Round Implants in Breast Augmentation: Guidelines to Prevent Rippling and Implant Edge Visibility.

Aesthetic Plast Surg 2018 Nov 27. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Post-Graduate Course of Plastic Surgery, ACA - Institute of Assistance in Plastic Surgery of São Paulo, Brazilian Society of Plastic Surgery and Brazilian Medical Association, Rua Afonso de Freitas 641, São Paulo, SP, 04006-052, Brazil.

Background: Rippling and implant edge visibility after breast augmentation depends on several factors. Among the most relevant are breast soft tissue thickness, particularly the retroareolar mammary parenchyma, and implant profile. They were correlates to prevent these occurrences. Read More

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November 2018

Spigelian hernia in the right upper abdominal wall: a case report.

BMC Surg 2018 Nov 27;18(1):109. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, 37 Guo Xue Xiang, Chengdu, 610041, Sichuan Province, China.

Background: Spigelian hernia (SH) is rare and constitutes less than 2% of all hernias. It is reported that more than 90% of SHs lie in the "Spigelian belt", but SH in the upper abdominal wall is extremely uncommon. Here, we report a case of SH in the right upper quadrant of abdomen. Read More

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November 2018
4 Reads

Reliability and differences in quadriceps femoris muscle morphology using ultrasonography: The effects of body position and rest time.

Ultrasound 2018 Nov 31;26(4):214-221. Epub 2018 May 31.

Applied Neuromuscular Physiology Laboratory, Oklahoma State University, USA.

Introduction: The purpose of this investigation was to: (1) to determine the reliability of rectus femoris muscle cross-sectional area and echo intensity obtained using panoramic ultrasound imaging during seated and supine lying positions before and after a 5-minute rest period and (2) to determine the influence of body position and rest period on the magnitude of rectus femoris muscle cross-sectional area and echo intensity measurements.

Methods: A total of 23 males and females (age = 21.5 ± 1. Read More

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November 2018

Effect of Post-Exercise Massage on Passive Muscle Stiffness Measured Using Myotonometry - A Double-Blind Study.

J Sports Sci Med 2018 Dec 20;17(4):599-606. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Physical Education and Sports Science Academic Group, National Institute of Education, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore.

It is commonly believed that massage can reduce muscle stiffness and is desirable for recovery from exercise. However, the effect massage on muscle stiffness following eccentric exercises is currently unknown. This study aimed to examine the effect of post-exercise massage on passive muscle stiffness over a five-day period. Read More

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December 2018
3 Reads

Does epimuscular myofascial force transmission occur between the human quadriceps muscles in vivo during passive stretching?

J Biomech 2018 Nov 17. Epub 2018 Nov 17.

Universidade Europeia, Lisbon, Portugal; Department of Biomechanics and Center for Research in Human Movement Variability, University of Nebraska Omaha, Omaha, NE, United States. Electronic address:

This study sought to examine the shear modulus (i.e., an force index) of three quadriceps muscles [i. Read More

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November 2018

Non-failure blood flow restricted exercise induces similar muscle adaptations and less discomfort than failure protocols.

Scand J Med Sci Sports 2018 Nov 26. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Section for Sports Science, Department of Public Health, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark.

Low-load blood flow restricted resistance exercise (BFRE) performed to volitional failure is suggested to constitute an effective method for producing increases in muscle size and function. However, failure BFRE may entail high levels of perceived exertion, discomfort and/or delayed onset of muscle soreness (DOMS). The aim of the study was to compare BFRE performed to volitional failure (F-BFRE) vs non-failure BFRE (NF-BFRE) on changes in muscle size, function and perceptual responses. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Effects of 10-week walking and walking with home-based resistance training on muscle quality, muscle size, and physical functional tests in healthy older individuals.

Eur Rev Aging Phys Act 2018 19;15:13. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

2Graduate School of Education and Human Development, Nagoya University, Nagoya, Japan.

Background: Older individuals have been shown to present muscle atrophy in conjunction with increased fat fraction in some muscles. The proportion of fat and connective tissue within the skeletal muscle can be estimated from axial B-mode ultrasound images using echo intensity (EI). EI was used to calculate the index of muscle quality. Read More

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November 2018

Splitting of the semispinalis capitis muscle as a less invasive approach for atlantoaxial fusion - A technical note.

J Clin Neurosci 2018 Nov 21. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Department of Anatomy, Histology and Embryology, Medical University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria.

Purpose: Atlantoxial fusion with screw rod constructs traditionally requires subperiostal dissection of the C1/C2 muscle attachments, which may lead to postoperative axial neck pain and intraoperative blood loss. We evaluate a potentially less invasive, muscle splitting approach for atlantoaxial fusion in a cadaver model.

Methods: A technical feasibility study was performed in a human cadaveric specimen with standard surgical instruments and an operating microscope. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Does Rest Time before Ultrasonography Imaging Affect Quadriceps Femoris Muscle Thickness, Cross-Sectional Area and Echo Intensity Measurements?

Ultrasound Med Biol 2018 Nov 22. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Exercise Research Laboratory, Physical Education, Physiotherapy and Dance School, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil.

In the work described here, our aim was to determine, in an elderly population, changes in muscle thickness (MT), cross-sectional area (CSA) and echo intensity (EI) of the quadriceps muscles at four time points (0, 5, 10 and 15 min; i.e., T0, T5, T10 and T15, respectively) after changing from a standing to supine position. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Effect of a Repeated Sprint Ability test on the muscle contractile properties in elite futsal players.

Sci Rep 2018 Nov 23;8(1):17284. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

IGOID Research Group, University of Castilla-La Mancha, Toledo, Spain.

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a repeated sprint ability (RSA) test on the contractile properties of the muscles in elite futsal players. A total of 20 elite players completed the RSA test (7 × 30 m), and the contractile response from the rectus femoris (RF) and biceps femoris (BF) of both legs were analysed pre and post through tensiomyography. There was a significant increment in 30-m times from the third sprint onwards (p < 0. Read More

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November 2018
4 Reads

Intraoperative relaxed muscle positioning technique results in a tertiary Center for Thyroid Orbitopathy Related Strabismus.

BMC Ophthalmol 2018 Nov 23;18(1):305. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Department of Ophthalmology, Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty, Istanbul University, Cerrahpasa School of Medicine, 34098, Fatih, Istanbul, Turkey.

Background: Previous techniques resulted with low rates of successful fusion after the surgeries and high necessity of additional surgeries in the treatment of thyroid orbitopathy related strabismus. In this study, reviewing the results of our patients who had surgical correction with relaxed muscle positioning technique due to thyroid orbitopathy related strabismus to evaluate the effectiveness of the surgery was aimed.

Methods: The medical records of 8 patients who had surgical correction with intraoperative relaxed muscle positioning (IRMP) technique were studied retrospectively. Read More

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November 2018

Contribution of muscle activity at different gait phases for improving walking performance in chronic stroke patients with hemiparesis.

J Phys Ther Sci 2018 Nov 6;30(11):1381-1385. Epub 2018 Nov 6.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Fukui General Hospital, Japan.

[Purpose] The aim of this study was to clarify the optimal timing for increasing muscle activity in the paralyzed lower limb of stroke survivors by evaluating the relationship between gait muscle activity patterns and gait parameters. [Participants and Methods] Electromyography of the tibialis anterior, soleus, rectus femoris, and biceps femoris on the paralyzed side and spatiotemporal gait parameters were evaluated in 40 chronic post-stroke patients as they walked at a comfortable speed. The normalized average amplitude and asymmetry indexes of each gait phase were calculated. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Effects of isometric contraction of the affected-side upper limb in the supine position on the opposite side muscle activity of the body trunk muscles of normal adults.

J Phys Ther Sci 2018 Nov 6;30(11):1346-1348. Epub 2018 Nov 6.

Department of Physical Therapy, U1 University: 12 Youngdong-eup, Youngdong-gun, Chungbuk 370-701, Republic of Korea.

[Purpose] This study examines the effect of isometric contraction of the upper limb on the affected side in the supine position on the activity of body trunk muscles on the opposite side of normal adults. [Participants and Methods] The research participants included 10 normal adults. A handheld dynamometer device was used to measure the isometric contraction of the upper limb. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Outcomes of bilateral lateral rectus recession in treatment of recurrent exotropia after bilateral medial rectus resection.

Eur J Ophthalmol 2018 Nov 21:1120672118795066. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

2 Department of Ophthalmology, Milton S. Hershey Medical Center, Pennsylvania State University, Hershey, PA, USA.

Purpose:: To report the results of bilateral lateral rectus muscle recession for recurrent exotropia in cases where the primary surgery was a bilateral medial rectus resection.

Methods:: Retrospective chart review of 15 subjects who completed 6 months of follow-up. Data collected included patients' demographics and pre- and post-operative measurements of ocular alignment and motility. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Overground walking with a robotic exoskeleton elicits trunk muscle activity in people with high-thoracic motor-complete spinal cord injury.

J Neuroeng Rehabil 2018 Nov 20;15(1):109. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

School of Kinesiology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.

Background: The trunk muscles are critical for postural control. Recent neurophysiological studies have revealed sparing of trunk muscle function in individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) classified with thoracic or cervical motor-complete injuries. These findings raise the possibility for recruiting and retraining this spared trunk function through rehabilitation. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Benign Schwannoma of the Rectus Sheath: A Rare Abdominal Mass Treated in a Multidisciplinary Fashion.

Am Surg 2018 Mar;84(3):e100-e101

Department of Surgery, Owensboro Health Surgical Specialists, Owensboro, Kentucky, USA.

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Efficacy of multi-stage sous-vide cooking on tenderness of low value beef muscles.

Meat Sci 2018 Nov 10;149:40-46. Epub 2018 Nov 10.

National Meat Training Centre, Olds College, 4500-50th St, Olds, AB T4H 1R6, Canada.

The efficacy of thermal activation of residual proteolytic enzymes on shear force and deformation of 72 beef supraspinatus (SS) and rectus femoris (RF) muscles was tested using multi-stage sous-vide cooking (M-SV; 1 h at 39 °C, 1 h at 49 °C, 4 h at 59 °C), single-stage sous-vide cooking (S-SV; 4 h at 59 °C), and waterbath cooking (22 min at 70 °C, to 59 °C). Two storage conditions (1 week at 2 °C; 2 weeks at -1.5 °C) followed, then meat was reheated to and tested at 55 °C. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Acute effects of whole body vibration combined with blood restriction on electromyography amplitude and hormonal responses.

Biol Sport 2018 Sep 31;35(3):301-307. Epub 2018 Aug 31.

Department of Leisure and Sports Management, Cheng Shiu University, Kaohsiung City, Taiwan.

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of whole body vibration (WBV) exercise with and without blood flow restriction (BFR) on electromyography (EMG) amplitude and hormonal responses. Eight healthy male adults who lacked physical activity participated in this study and completed 10 sets of WBV and WBV + BFR sessions in a repeated measures crossover design. In the WBV + BFR session, the participants wore a BFR device inflated to 140 mmHg around the proximal region of the thigh muscles. Read More

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September 2018

Primary Reconstruction After Maxillectomy Defects Using Ultra Flex Mesh Plate and Rectus Abdominis Myocutaneous Free Flap Including Aponeurosis of External Abdominal Oblique Muscle.

J Craniofac Surg 2018 Nov 15. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Toho University Omori Medical Center, Tokyo, Japan.

Background: In primary reconstruction after maxillectomy for cancer, simple and less invasive surgical techniques considering functionality and aesthetics are necessary. The authors performed reconstruction for tissue defects after maxillectomy using an Ultra flex mesh plate and a free rectus abdominis myocutaneous flap including the aponeurosis of the external abdominal oblique muscle.

Method: A 72-year-old male with a maxillary squamous cell carcinoma underwent subtotal maxillectomy. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Fibromyxoma of the Orbit.

J Craniofac Surg 2018 Nov 15. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Department of Ophthalmology, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Fibromyxomas are rare tumors that are not commonly seen in the orbit. The authors present a case of orbital fibromyxoma. A 42-year-old male presented with proptosis of the right eye that began 1 month prior. Read More

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November 2018

Is primary optic nerve sheath schwannoma a misnomer? Report of two cases and literature review.

Orbit 2018 Nov 16:1-5. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

a Eye Research Center, Rassoul Akram Hospital , Iran University of Medical Sciences , Tehran , Iran.

Aims: To report clinicopathological characteristics of two patients with optic nerve sheath schwannoma (ONSS) and review the literature.

Method: The first patient (22-year-old man) presented with left eye proptosis and decreased vision in 2012 whose orbital imaging showed a large cystic lesion around the optic nerve. The second patient (52-year-old man) presented with decreased vision in the left eye (without proptosis) in the 2006. Read More

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November 2018
5 Reads

Effect of the body mass index and sexual difference on the muscle activity during trunk exercise: a preliminary study.

J Exerc Rehabil 2018 Oct 31;14(5):778-782. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Department of Physical Therapy, College of Health Science, Kaya University, Gimhae, Korea.

There was lack of study which evaluated the effects of characteristics of subjects such as the body mass index (BMI) or waist circumference (WC), as well as sexual differences on trunk muscle activities. The purpose of the present study was to compare the abdominal muscle activities among the groups dividing criterion as the BMI, WC, and the gender. As a criterion of BMI and WC, subjects were arranged to three groups. Read More

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October 2018
3 Reads

Effect of Pelvic Movement on Healthy Subjects During Gait Training Using a Gait Rehabilitation System.

Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc 2018 Jul;2018:2475-2478

Rapidly aging society faces with increases in neurological disorders including stroke. Hemiplegia, which is one of the common sequelae due to stroke, causes difficulties in activities of daily living. As the number of stroke patients grows, demands for gait training increases, where robotic gait training systems are necessary. Read More

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Towards Enhancement of Patients' Engagement: Online Modification of Rehabilitation Training Modes Using Facial Expression and Muscle Fatigue.

Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc 2018 Jul;2018:2304-2307

Rehabilitation training combined with human psychological and physiological information can enhance patients' neural engagement. For this purpose, a racial expression and muscle fatigue based rehabilitation training method is proposed in this paper. Signals from major zygomaticus and corrugator supercilii muscles are used for racial expression recognition, and signals from rectus femoris and biceps femoris muscles are used for fatigue level analysis. Read More

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Altered Fractional Amplitude of Low Frequency Fluctuations in Unmedicated Female Patients with Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder.

Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc 2018 Jul;2018:1144-1147

A number of resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) studies indicate dysfunction of large-scale brain networks underlying the pathophysiology of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Recent epidemiology studies show that the prevalence of female OCD patients is higher than that of males. However, the underlying neurobiology mechanism for female OCD patients remains not fully understood. Read More

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July 2018
3 Reads

Cycling-enhanced Knee Exoskeleton Using Planar Spiral Spring.

Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc 2018 Jul;2018:1-6

Reported in our previous study on passive cycling support, the energy cost of knee extension can be reduced using the energy stored from knee flexion by torsion spring. In the current study, the planar spiral spring is applied to attain the compact design of the cycling augmented knee exoskeleton (CAKE-2). The surface electromyography (EMG) results over the rectus femoris muscles of three healthy male participants performing constant power cycling on a trainer at 200 W and 225 W are analyzed in time-frequency via the continuous wavelet transform. Read More

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Dural Reconstruction With Autologous Rectus Fascia: A New Technique for Addressing Large-Sized Defects During Cranioplasty.

J Craniofac Surg 2018 Nov 13. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Department of Neurosurgery, Multidisciplinary Adult Cranioplasty Center.

Introduction: Patients requiring cranioplasty reconstruction with customized cranial implants may unexpectedly present with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leaks and durotomies following previous neurosurgical procedures. As such, multiple factors influence the type of dural reconstruction chosen at this time, which are essential for achieving long-term success. Overall, the most common material used for duraplasty is currently an "off-the-shelf" xenograft construct. Read More

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November 2018

Comparative Study of Kinematics and Muscle Activity Between Elite and Amateur Table Tennis Players During Topspin Loop Against Backspin Movements.

J Hum Kinet 2018 Sep 15;64:25-33. Epub 2018 Oct 15.

Department of Engineering Science, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.

This study investigated differences of lower limb kinematics and muscle activity during table tennis topspin loop against backspin movements between elite players (EPs) and amateur players (APs). Ten EPs and ten APs performed crosscourt backhand loop movements against the backspin ball with maximal power. Vicon motion analysis and a MEGA ME6000 system was used to capture kinematics and surface EMG data. Read More

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September 2018
3 Reads
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Surgically-assisted abdominal wall blocks for analgesia after abdominoplasty: A prospective randomized trial.

Saudi J Anaesth 2018 Oct-Dec;12(4):593-598

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt.

Background: Abdominoplasty is a common aesthetic procedure. The transversus abdominis plane block (TAPB) and rectus sheath block (RSB) have proven efficacy as analgesic modality for abdominal surgeries. This study demonstrates post-abdominoplasty analgesic duration consequent to the three surgically infiltrated local anesthetic techniques: bilateral TAPB, bilateral RSB, and subcutaneous infiltration (SCI) of 0. Read More

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November 2018
5 Reads

Single Leg Squat Delicacies - The Position of the Non-Stance Limb is an Important Consideration.

J Sport Rehabil 2018 Nov 14:1-26. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

3 Institute of Motion Analysis and Research, Department of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery, The University of Dundee.

Context:: The single leg squat task is often used as a rehabilitative exercise or as a screening tool for the functional movement of the lower limb.

Objective:: To establish the effect of three different positions of the non-stance leg on three-dimensional kinematics, muscle activity and centre of mass (CoM) displacement during a single leg squat.

Design:: Within-subjects, repeated-measures design. Read More

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November 2018
5 Reads

The Effect of Functional Home-Based Strength Training Programs on the Mechano-Morphological Properties of the Plantar Flexor Muscle-Tendon Unit in Children With Spastic Cerebral Palsy.

Pediatr Exerc Sci 2018 Nov 14:1-10. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

1 University of Graz.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of functional progressive resistance training (PRT) and high-intensity circuit training (HICT) on the mechano-morphological properties of the plantar flexor muscle-tendon unit in children with spastic cerebral palsy.

Methods: Twenty-two children (12.8 [2. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Distribution of Internal Thoracic Artery Perforators: A Clinical Anatomical Study.

Clin Anat 2018 Nov 13. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Bundang CHA Medical Center, CHA University of School of Medicine, Seongnam, South Korea.

Introduction: There are various modifications of the transverse rectus abdominis musculocutaneous (TRAM) flap and deep inferior epigastric perforator (DIEP) flap to reduce the morbidity of the donor site or to augment the vascularity of the flap. For microanastomosis of multiple pedicles, multiple recipient vessels or an intervening vein graft should be provided. In addition, alternative perforator-based flaps used in breast reconstruction have small caliber pedicles. Read More

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November 2018
5 Reads

Post-traumatic ossifications of the rectus femoris: Arthroscopic treatment and clinical outcome after 2 years.

Injury 2018 Nov;49 Suppl 3:S100-S104

San Carlo di Nancy Hospital, GVM Care and Research, Rome, Italy. Electronic address:

Injuries of the rectus femoris tendon origin could result in a chronic tendinopathy, leading to groin pain and loss of function. Conservative treatment with analgesics and physical therapy is the gold standard, but in some cases excessive bone formation after avulsion injuries, can lead to a post-traumatic heterotopic ossification (PHO) and may benefit from surgical removal.

Methods: Outcome was evaluated in 16 top soccer players (age 24-43 years) affected by calcification of the proximal rectus who underwent arthroscopic excision (6-12 and 24 months). Read More

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November 2018
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Intraoperative neuromonitoring of anterior root muscle response during hip surgery under spinal anesthesia.

J Clin Monit Comput 2018 Nov 10. Epub 2018 Nov 10.

Orthopedic and Traumatology Department, School of Medicine, Acıbadem Mehmet Ali Aydınlar University, Ic Erenkoy Mah. Kerem Aydınlar Kampusu. Kayısdag Cad. Atasehir, 34752, Istanbul, Turkey.

The aim of this study was to evaluate the anterior root muscle (ARM) response monitorability during total hip arthroplasty (THA) under spinal anesthesia. A total of 20 adults (64.6 ± 13. Read More

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November 2018
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