1,373 results match your criteria Rectocele


Traitement chirurgical des troubles de l’évacuation du rectum. En cas d’échec du traitement conservateur et de trouble de la statique pelvienne.

Rev Prat 2016 Oct;66(8):909-912

Unité de chirurgie colorectale, hôpital Michallon, CHU de Grenoble, France Université Grenoble- Alpes, UMR 5525, CNRS, TIMC-IMAG, Grenoble, France.

Surgical treatment for defaecation disorders. Defaecation disorder that resists to conservative management can be treated surgically, if morphologic pelvic disorders are demonstrated. Most authors perform laparoscopic ventral rectopexy to the promontory to treat internal rectal prolapse, full-thickness rectal prolapse and/ or rectocele. Read More

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October 2016
3 Reads

Enterocele Reduction in the Prone Position: New Horizons for Safer Stapled Transanal Rectal Resections.

Surg Technol Int 2018 Nov 30;34. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Rectal Surgery Residency Program, Department of Colon and Rectal Surgery, St. Mark's Hospital, Salt Lake City, UT.

Aim: The presence of enterocele may interfere with the surgical approach for obstructed defecation syndrome (ODS) as it may represent a contraindication to stapled transanal rectal resection (STARR), and tactics to overcome this problem have been debated. A change in the patient's position during surgery may be a means to overcome an enterocele. We sought to determine whether an enterocele could be completely reduced when the patient is placed in the prone position during fluoroscopic defecography (FD). Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Surgery for Posterior Compartment Vaginal Prolapse: Graft Augmented Repair.

Urol Clin North Am 2019 Feb;46(1):87-95

Department of Surgery, Division of Urology, University of Arizona, 1501 North Campbell Avenue, Box 245077, Tucson, AZ 84724, USA. Electronic address:

Posterior compartment vaginal prolapse can be approached with multiple surgical techniques, including transvaginally, transperineally, and transanally, repaired with either native tissue or with the addition of an augment. Augment material for posterior compartment prolapse includes biologic graft (dermal, porcine submucosal), absorbable mesh (Vicryl polyglactin), or nonabsorbable synthetic mesh (polypropylene). Anatomic success rates for posterior compartment repair with augment has ranged from 54% to 92%. Read More

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February 2019
5 Reads

Posterior Vaginal Wall Prolapse: Suture-Based Repair.

Urol Clin North Am 2019 Feb;46(1):79-85

Glickman Urological and Kidney Institute, Lerner College of Medicine, Cleveland Clinic, 9500 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA.

Pelvic organ prolapse is common in parous women, although few report symptoms. The incidence of posterior compartment prolapse, or rectocele, is less well-reported. Posterior vaginal wall prolapse is associated with pain, constipation, and splinting. Read More

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February 2019
4 Reads

The Contributions of Internal Intussusception, Irritable Bowel Syndrome, and Pelvic Floor Dyssynergia to Obstructed Defecation Syndrome.

Dis Colon Rectum 2018 Nov 15. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Background: Recently, there has been a trend toward surgical management of internal intussusception despite an unclear correlation with constipation symptoms.

Objective: This study characterizes constipation in patients with obstructed defecation syndrome and identifies whether internal intussusception or other diagnoses such as irritable bowel syndrome may be contributing to symptoms.

Design: Patients evaluated for obstructed defecation at a pelvic floor disorder center were studied from a prospectively maintained database. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Transanal repair of rectocele with high frequency radio scalpel.

G Chir 2018 Sep-Oct;34(5):303-308

Aim: This is a prospective randomized study to analyze results obtained in two groups of patients, affected by stage 2 rectocele and treated with rectum anterior wall repair and strength, performed with standard or modified Khubchandani technique, using High Frequency (HF) Radio Scalpel.

Materials And Methods: A cohort of 24 patients with stage 2 rectocele (Mellgren's classification) have been included. Twelve (group A) underwent surgery with standard technique and twelve (group B) underwent surgery using the HF Radio Scalpel, which cuts and coagulates tissues without damage thanks to its low working temperature (45-70°C). Read More

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November 2018
4 Reads

A Protocol-Driven Assessment Promotes a More Accurate Diagnosis of Irritable Bowel Syndrome.

Gastroenterol Nurs 2018 Nov/Dec;41(6):508-515

Judith S. Moore, MSc, RN, PhD Student, is Functional Gut Nurse Consultant, Department of Gastroenterology, Central Clinical School, Monash University and The Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, Australia. Peter R. Gibson, MBBS (Hons), MD, FRACP, is Director of Gastroenterology, The Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, Australia; and Professor of Gastroenterology, Central Clinical School, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia. Richard E. Perry, MBChB, DipObs, FRACS, is Colorectal Surgeon, Intus Digestive and Colorectal Care, Christchurch, New Zealand. Rebecca E. Burgell, MBBS (Hons), FRACP, is Gastroenterologist, Department of Gastroenterology, Central Clinical School, Monash University and The Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, Australia.

A diverse range of conditions share symptoms commonly identified with irritable bowel syndrome. The objective of this study was to examine the diagnostic process in identifying additional diagnoses in women who are attending a clinic for evaluation of symptoms suggestive of irritable bowel syndrome. A retrospective audit was conducted of anonymous data gathered on consecutive female patients presenting to a specialist nurse-led service in Christchurch, New Zealand, with a provisional diagnosis of irritable bowel syndrome. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

SEAPI Incontinence Classification System: 1-Year Postoperative Results Following Midurethral Sling Placement.

Female Pelvic Med Reconstr Surg 2018 Nov 9. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

Department of Urology, Louisiana State University Health-Shreveport, Shreveport, LA.

Objective: There are limited long-term data that has examined postoperative quality-of-life measures following placement of midurethral sling (MUS) for stress urinary incontinence (SUI). The SEAPI incontinence questionnaire includes 5 data points that rate severity of specific urinary symptoms. Our aim was to describe changes in SEAPI questionnaire outcomes 1 year following sling placement. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

[Surgery for chronic constipation].

Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi 2018 ;115(11):967-976

Division of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Department of Surgery, Jichi Medical University.

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January 2018
1 Read

Conservative management of septic complication after internal Delorme procedure for occult rectal prolapse and rectocele in obstructed defecation syndrome.

Tech Coloproctol 2018 Oct 8;22(10):817-818. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Proctology Clinic, Private Hospitals in Forlì, Forlì, Italy.

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October 2018
1 Read

Correlation Between Delivery Mode and Pelvic Organ Prolapse Evaluated by Four-Dimensional Pelvic Floor Ultrasonography.

Med Sci Monit 2018 Nov 4;24:7891-7897. Epub 2018 Nov 4.

Department of Ultrasound, Pudong New Area People's Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai University of Medicine and Health Sciences, Shanghai, China (mainland).

BACKGROUND This study explored symptoms and signs of pelvic organ prolapse (POP) evaluated by 4-dimensional pelvic floor ultrasonography and analyzed the relationship between delivery mode and POP. MATERIAL AND METHODS A total of 578 women who underwent 4-dimensional transperineal ultrasound were enrolled in this study. Obstetric history together with other clinical information were gathered from clinical questionnaires and gynecologists. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Laparoscopic hysterosacropexy in case of total uterus prolapse - case report.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2018 Oct 29;53:120-126. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

Andrzej Frycz Modrzewski Krakow University, Department for Gynecology and Urogynecology, Bochenka 12, 30-693 Krakow, Poland. Electronic address:

Introduction: Due to the many advances in laparoscopic surgery in urogynecology, various uterus-preserving techniques are increasingly being used in treatment. The following is a report of the case of a 43-year-old female with uterine prolapse POP-Q 4. This patient successfully underwent a minimally invasive laparoscopic procedure while preserving the uterus. Read More

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October 2018
6 Reads

Modified posterior intravaginal slingplasty: does the additional bilateral tape attachment to the sacrospinous ligament improve the results?

Cent European J Urol 2018 25;71(3):326-333. Epub 2018 Jun 25.

Carpe Vitam, Center of Reconstructive Pelvic Floor Surgery, Hannover, Germany.

Introduction: High failure and recurrent prolapse remains an important issue for pelvic organ prolapse (POP) surgery. The posterior intravaginal slingplasty (PIVS) is a minimally invasive, transperineal technique providing level I support, by creating neo-sacrouterine ligaments using a mesh. In order to reduce the POP recurrence rate, achieve a safer apical support and thereby better functional outcomes, we attached PIVS tape to the sacrospinous ligament bilaterally and compared the anatomical and functional outcomes for our modified technique versus the original PIVS. Read More

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June 2018
1 Read

Transanal repair of rectocele with high frequency radio scalpel.

G Chir 2018 Sep-Oct;39(5):303-308

Aim: This is a prospective randomized study to analyze results obtained in two groups of patients, affected by stage 2 rectocele and treated with rectum anterior wall repair and strength, performed with standard or modified Khubchandani technique, using High Frequency (HF) Radio Scalpel.

Materials And Methods: A cohort of 24 patients with stage 2 rectocele (Mellgren's classification) have been included. Twelve (group A) underwent surgery with standard technique and twelve (group B) underwent surgery using the HF Radio Scalpel, which cuts and coagulates tissues without damage thanks to its low working temperature (45-70°C). Read More

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October 2018
2 Reads

American Urogynecologic Society Best-Practice Statement on Evaluation of Obstructed Defecation.

Female Pelvic Med Reconstr Surg 2018 Nov/Dec;24(6):383-391

From the American Urogynecologic Society, Silver Spring, MD.

The symptoms of constipation and obstructed defecation are common in women with pelvic floor disorders. Female pelvic medicine and reconstructive surgery specialists evaluate and treat women with these symptoms, with the initial consultation often occurring when a woman has the symptom or sign of posterior compartment pelvic organ prolapse (including rectocele or enterocele) or if a rectocele or enterocele is identified in pelvic imaging. This best-practice statement will review techniques used to evaluate constipation and obstructed defecation, with a special focus on the relationship between obstructed defecation, constipation, and pelvic organ prolapse. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

Laparoscopic anterior and posterior native tissue repair: a new pelvic floor approach.

Minim Invasive Ther Allied Technol 2018 Sep 27:1-6. Epub 2018 Sep 27.

a University of Witten Herdecke Medical Department , Witten , Germany.

Introduction: Traditionally, a cystocele caused by a midline defect of the pelvic fascia is treated by vaginal fascia duplication, also known as anterior colporraphy. The rectocele is managed by suturing the posterior fascia and, frequently, the levator ani muscles. We developed the approach of laparoscopic anterior and posterior fascia repair by native tissue. Read More

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September 2018
7 Reads

Pelvic organ prolapse in Caucasian and Asian women: a comparative study.

Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2018 Sep 23. Epub 2018 Sep 23.

Sydney Medical School Nepean, University of Sydney, Nepean Hospital, Penrith, NSW, Australia.

Objectives: Ethnic differences have been suggested as a significant factor for pelvic organ prolapse; yet, the pelvic organ descent in various ethnic groups was not well studied, especially in Asian population. We aimed to compare prolapse stages, pelvic organ descent and hiatal dimensions of East Asian and Caucasian women presenting with symptoms of pelvic organ prolapse.

Methods: A prospective observation study was conducted in women who presented to tertiary urogynecology clinics with symptoms of pelvic organ prolapse in Hong Kong and Sydney. Read More

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September 2018
6 Reads
3.850 Impact Factor

Improved Detection of Pelvic Organ Prolapse: Comparative Utility of Defecography Phase Sequence to Nondefecography Valsalva Maneuvers in Dynamic Pelvic Floor Magnetic Resonance Imaging.

Curr Probl Diagn Radiol 2018 Aug 23. Epub 2018 Aug 23.

College of Medicine, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ. Electronic address:

Purpose: To evaluate the utility of a defecography phase (DP) sequence in dynamic pelvic floor MRI (DPMRI), in comparison to DPMRI utilizing only non-defecography Valsalva maneuvers (VM).

Materials And Methods: Inclusion criteria identified 237 female patients with symptoms and/or physical exam findings of pelvic floor prolapse. All DPMRI exams were obtained following insertion of ultrasound gel into the rectum and vagina. Read More

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August 2018
1 Read

Does Home Birth Reduce the Risk of Pelvic Organ Prolapse?

Ginekol Pol 2018 ;89(8):432-36

Uşak Training and Research Hospital.

Objectives: To determine the relationship between vaginal birth and the development of POP among women who deliv-ered in non-hospital settings (home birth).

Material And Methods: Data were collected retrospectively from the files of patients who presented to a hospital outpatient clinic between April 1, 2011 and April 1, 2012 with complaints of urinary incontinence, uterine sagging, vaginal mass, or vaginal pain. The patients' age, height, weight, body mass index, menopause age, number of deliveries, and presence of hypertension and diabetes mellitus were noted. Read More

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January 2018
4 Reads

Stapled transanal rectal resection for rectocele after endoscopic mucosal resection - a video vignette.

Colorectal Dis 2018 Nov 29;20(11):1049-1050. Epub 2018 Sep 29.

Department of General Surgery, İzmir Katip Çelebi University Atatürk Training and Research Hospital, İzmir, Turkey.

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November 2018
7 Reads

Adverse obstetric history is not a risk factor for poor outcome after ventral rectopexy for obstructive defaecation syndrome.

Colorectal Dis 2018 Sep 1. Epub 2018 Sep 1.

Department of Colorectal Surgery, Western General Hospital, Edinburgh, UK.

Aim: Ventral rectopexy (VR) has gained popularity in the management of obstructive defaecation syndrome (ODS) due to a symptomatic rectocele ± intussusception. Data on the efficacy and safety of VR are variable and there are few predictors of successful outcome. This study aimed to examine whether or not an adverse obstetric history influenced the functional outcome following VR for ODS. Read More

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September 2018
2 Reads

Complex pelvic organ prolapse: decision-making algorithm.

Int J Colorectal Dis 2018 Aug 27. Epub 2018 Aug 27.

Department of Experimental and Clinical Medicine, Division of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University Hospital, Pisa, Italy.

Purpose: The pelvic floor is considered as a single anatomical and functional unit, consisting of several structures that suspend the pelvic organs maintaining their function. For this reason, a multi-compartmental prolapse is a common disease that needs a multidisciplinary pelvic floor team in order to be treated. The aim of the authors is to suggest a treatment algorithm to better approach complex pelvic organ prolapse. Read More

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August 2018
9 Reads

Women's experiences of managing digitation: do we ask enough in primary care?

JRSM Open 2018 Aug 6;9(8):2054270418783616. Epub 2018 Aug 6.

School of Nursing and Midwifery, Faculty of Health and Human Sciences, Plymouth University, Devon, UK.

The aim of this paper was to consider the available evidence for the current management of pelvic organ prolapse, which is a common presentation in primary care. However, not all women will present, only presenting when symptoms become bothersome. Particular attention was paid to understanding the problem of rectocele and its influence on obstructive defaecation symptoms. Read More

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August 2018
6 Reads

[Symptom distribution of female pelvic floor dysfunction patients with constipation as chief complaint].

Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Jul;21(7):798-802

Department of Colorectal Surgery of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Nanjing 210001, China.

Objective: To observe the multiple symptom distribution, severity and quality of life of female pelvic floor dysfunction(FPFD) patients with constipation as chief complaint.

Methods: One hundred FPFD patients with constipation as chief complaint from Speciaty Outpatient Clinic, Pelvic Floor Center of Nanjing Municipal Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine between September 2015 and February 2017 were retrospectively enrolled in this study. A comprehensive medical history questionnaire survey and systematical evaluation of severity and quality of life of these patients with constipation was conducted. Read More

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July 2018
8 Reads

Correlation between the posterior vaginal wall and apex in pelvic organ prolapse.

Obstet Gynecol Sci 2018 Jul 8;61(4):505-508. Epub 2018 Jun 8.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, CHA Bundang Medical Center, CHA University, Seongnam, Korea.

Objective: The aim of our study is to reveal the correlation between the posterior vaginal wall and apex in pelvic organ prolapse.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the records of all new patient visits to a urogynecology clinic between January 2013 and December 2015.

Results: Four hundred five cases were enrolled in our study. Read More

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Laparoscopic ventral rectopexy in patients with fecal incontinence associated with rectoanal intussusception: prospective evaluation of clinical, physiological and morphological changes.

Tech Coloproctol 2018 06 28;22(6):425-431. Epub 2018 Jun 28.

Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, Kameda Medical Center, Kamogawa, Japan.

Background: Physiological changes after laparoscopic ventral rectopexy (LVR) in patients with rectoanal intussusception (RAI) remain unclear. This study was undertaken to evaluate physiological and morphological changes after LVR for RAI, and to study clinical outcomes following LVR with special reference to fecal incontinence (FI).

Methods: The study was conducted on patients who had LVR for RAI between February 2012 and December 2016 at our institution Patients with RAI and FI were included in the study. Read More

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June 2018
10 Reads

Dynamic Pelvic Magnetic Resonance Imaging Evaluation of Pelvic Organ Prolapse Compared to Physical Examination Findings.

Urology 2018 Sep 23;119:49-54. Epub 2018 Jun 23.

University of Arizona, College of Medicine, Division of Urology, Tucson, AZ.

Objective: To compare dynamic magnetic resonance imaging (dMRI) defecography phase findings with physical examination (PE) grading in the evaluation of pelvic organ prolapse (POP).

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 274 consecutive patients who underwent dMRI with defecography. Baden-Walker grading of POP, absolute dMRI values, and grading by dMRI were collected for anterior, apical, and posterior compartments. Read More

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September 2018
4 Reads

Nonsurgical Treatment Options for Women With Pelvic Organ Prolapse.

Nurs Womens Health 2018 Jun;22(3):228-239

Pelvic organ prolapse is a medical condition that can cause pelvic discomfort as well as urinary and bowel complications. Approximately 25% of women in the United States and roughly 50% of women worldwide develop this condition. Although pelvic organ prolapse is usually a non-life-threatening condition, it can result in decreased self-confidence and negative body image. Read More

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June 2018
2 Reads

Does 4D transperineal ultrasound have additional value over 2D transperineal ultrasound for diagnosing posterior pelvic floor disorders in women with obstructed defecation syndrome?

Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2018 Dec;52(6):784-791

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Croydon University Hospital, Croydon, UK.

Objective: To establish the diagnostic test accuracy of two-dimensional (2D) and four-dimensional (4D) transperineal ultrasound (TPUS) for diagnosis of posterior pelvic floor disorders in women with obstructed defecation syndrome (ODS), in order to assess if 4D ultrasound imaging provides additional value.

Methods: This was a prospective cohort study of 121 consecutive women with ODS. Symptoms of ODS and pelvic organ prolapse on clinical examination were assessed using validated methods. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Changes in anorectal physiology following injection sclerotherapy using aluminum potassium sulfate and tannic acid versus transanal repair in patients with symptomatic rectocele; a retrospective cohort study.

BMC Surg 2018 May 31;18(1):34. Epub 2018 May 31.

Department of Surgery, Ajou University School of Medicine, 164 World cup-ro, Yeongtong-gu, Suwon, Gyeonggi-do, 16499, Republic of Korea.

Background: Following injection sclerotherapy using ALTA (aluminum potassium sulfate and tannic acid) (ALTAS) and transanal rectocele repair (TAR), changes in anorectal physiology were analyzed to compare the significance of the two treatments.

Methods: ALTAS was administered to 23 patients and 18 patients were treated using TAR. Efficacy measures included changes in defecography, anorectal manometry and constipation scoring system value. Read More

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May 2018
3 Reads

Transvaginal repair for anterior rectocele - a video vignette.

Colorectal Dis 2018 Jul 18;20(7):647-648. Epub 2018 May 18.

General and Colorectal Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt.

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July 2018
1 Read

Transperineal rectocele repair with biomesh: updating of a tertiary refer center prospective study.

Int J Colorectal Dis 2018 Nov 19;33(11):1583-1588. Epub 2018 Apr 19.

Department of General and Emergency Surgery, University of Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy.

Purpose: Symptomatic rectocele results in obstructed defecation and constipation. Surgical repair may provide symptomatic relief. A variety of surgical procedures have been used in the rectocele repair to enhance anatomical and functional results and to improve long-term outcomes. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Comparative analysis of early adverse events of pelvic organ prolapse repair with or without transvaginal mesh using Clavien-Dindo classification.

Int J Gynaecol Obstet 2018 Jul 24;142(1):108-113. Epub 2018 Apr 24.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Soroka University Medical Center, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, Israel.

Objective: To assess adverse events following surgical repair of pelvic organ prolapse (POP) with or without the use of transvaginal mesh.

Methods: The present retrospective study was conducted among women who underwent surgical POP repair at Soroka University Medical Center, Beer Sheva, Israel, between January 1, 2013, and December 31, 2015. Patients underwent anterior and posterior colporrhaphy either with transvaginal mesh (Elevate Prolapse Repair System; American Medical Systems, Minnetonka, MN, USA) or without transvaginal mesh (native tissue repair). Read More

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July 2018
2 Reads

A New Comorbidity in Female Patients With Ankylosing Spondylitis: Pelvic Organ Prolapse.

J Clin Rheumatol 2018 Mar 19. Epub 2018 Mar 19.

Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate whether increased intra-abdominal pressure caused by pelvic inflammation and frequent use of the Valsalva maneuver increases the incidence of pelvic organ prolapse (POP) among female patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS).

Methods: Thirty-nine patients diagnosed as having AS through the use of the modified New York criteria, 47 patients with chronic low-back pain (CLBP), and 38 healthy controls (HCs) were included in this study. All the patients and the HCs underwent thorough physical and gynecological examinations. Read More

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March 2018
5 Reads

Transvaginal Natural Orifice Transluminal Endoscopic Surgery Sacrocolpopexy: Tips and Tricks.

J Minim Invasive Gynecol 2018 Mar 30. Epub 2018 Mar 30.

Third Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas. Electronic address:

Study Objective: To demonstrate helpful tips and tricks for the successful use of transvaginal natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) for performing sacrocolpopexy and salpingo-oophorectomy surgery. Minimally invasive approaches for treating pelvic organ prolapse via sacrocolpopexy have traditionally included laparoscopy either with or without robotic assistance. Transvaginal NOTES is a novel minimally invasive approach that both avoids abdominal incisions and provides improved visualization; however, it can be technically challenging. Read More

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March 2018
12 Reads

[Current status in surgical treatment of constipation].

Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Mar;21(3):276-280

Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery; Ruijin Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine; Shanghai Minimally Invasive Surgery Clinical Center, Shanghai 200025, China.

Chronic constipation is a polysymptomatic heterogeneous disorder with the incidence rising in many countries, and becomes a common disease affecting the quality of life and financial burden. In China surgical guideline, the primary constipation is divided into 3 types: slow transit constipation, outlet obstructive constipation, mixed constipation. The Rome IIII( criteria is usually referred to diagnosis, considering with clinical features and patient complaints. Read More

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March 2018
4 Reads

Vaginal hysterectomy with apical fixation and anterior vaginal wall repair for prolapse: surgical technique and medium-term results.

Int Urogynecol J 2018 08 24;29(8):1187-1192. Epub 2018 Mar 24.

German Pelvic Floor Center, St. Hedwig Hospital, Große Hamburger Strasse 5-11, D-10115, Berlin, Germany.

Introduction And Hypothesis: Stabilization of the vaginal apex (level 1) is an important component of operations to correct pelvic organ prolapse (POP). We report functional and anatomical results and patient-reported outcomes of our technique of vaginal vault fixation at the time of vaginal hysterectomy.

Methods: One hundred and nine patients-mean 69 years, range 50. Read More

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August 2018
5 Reads

Successful use of pessary for uterine prolapse after pelvic trauma in a nulliparous young female: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Mar;97(12):e0139

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Peking Union Medical College, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, P.R. China.

Rationale: To date, sporadic studies have shown that a relationship exists between delayed pelvic organ prolapse (POP) and pelvic trauma, and these cases have all been managed with surgical procedures.

Patient Concerns: A 29-year-old, nulliparous (Gravida 0) woman without sexual experience was referred to our gynecology outpatient clinic, complaining of a protruding vaginal mass 5 years after a traffic accident (hit by a truck when she was walking) that caused serious multiple injuries.

Diagnoses: Stage 2 cystocele, stage 3 uterine prolapse, and stage 2 rectocele, pelvic trauma history. Read More

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March 2018
9 Reads

Rectocele plication: description of a novel surgical technique and review of clinical results.

Int Urogynecol J 2018 Nov 12;29(11):1655-1660. Epub 2018 Mar 12.

Midstream Medi-Clinic, Olifantsfontein, South Africa.

Introduction And Hypothesis: A rectocele is the bulging of the anterior rectal wall into the posterior vaginal compartment. The route of surgical repair can be transvaginal, transrectal or abdominal. The aim of this retrospective study is to describe a novel transvaginal surgical procedure and investigate the associated subjective and objective clinical outcomes. Read More

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November 2018
14 Reads

Analysis of prevalence of selected anamnestic factors among women with pelvic organ prolapse.

Adv Clin Exp Med 2018 Feb;27(2):179-184

2nd Clinic of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Wroclaw Medical University, Poland.

Background: Pelvic organ prolapse is the most frequent medical condition in women in the postmenopausal age. The pathophysiology is multifactorial.

Objectives: The purpose of this paper was to analyze the prevalence of selected anamnestic factors in the population of women treated due to pelvic organ prolapse in the 2nd Department and Clinic of Obstetrics and Gynecology Wroclaw Medical University (Poland). Read More

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February 2018
4 Reads

The clinical value of magnetic resonance defecography in males with obstructed defecation syndrome.

Tech Coloproctol 2018 03 6;22(3):179-190. Epub 2018 Mar 6.

Affidea - Diagnostic Imaging Centre, Monselice, Padova, Italy.

Background: The aim of the present study was to assess the relationship between symptoms of obstructed defecation and findings on magnetic resonance (MR) defecography in males with obstructed defecation syndrome (ODS).

Methods: Thirty-six males with ODS who underwent MR defecography at our institution between March 2013 and February 2016 were asked in a telephone interview about their symptoms and subsequent treatment, either medical or surgical. Patients were divided into 2 groups, one with anismus (Group 1) and one with prolapse without anismus (Group 2). Read More

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March 2018
2 Reads

COL1A1 Mutations Presenting as Descending Perineum Syndrome in a Young Patient With Hypermobility Syndrome.

Mayo Clin Proc 2018 Mar;93(3):386-391

Division of Colon and Rectal Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN.

A 22-year-old woman presented with 12 years of progressive constipation; she had increased joint flexibility, hyperextensible skin, and excessive perineal descent on examination. Radiological studies confirmed evidence of rectal evacuation disorder due to descending perineum syndrome, enterocele, and rectocele. In a wide genetic screen (∼611,000 single nucleotide polymorphisms), 4 variations were identified in COL1A1 gene ([rs72656352, Chr17: 50,185,535-50,185,539, deletion], [rs72654794, Chr17: 50,188,575, deletion], [rs72667023, Chr17: 50,198,170, deletion], [rs67828806, Chr17: 50,198,177 G→C]). Read More

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March 2018
1 Read

Modified laparoscopic pectopexy: short-term follow-up and its effects on sexual function and quality of life.

Int Urogynecol J 2018 08 2;29(8):1155-1160. Epub 2018 Mar 2.

Obstetrics and Gynecology Department, Zeynep Kamil Research and Training Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

Introduction And Hypothesis: This study examined the early outcomes of laparoscopic (LS) pectopexy and evaluated its effects on female sexual function and quality of life (QoL).

Methods: Twenty-two patients with apical prolapse who underwent LS pectopexy were included. Outcomes of the procedure were noted; the Female Sexual Function (FSFI) and Prolapse Quality of Life (P-QOL) questionnaires were completed preoperatively and 6 months postoperatively. Read More

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August 2018
4 Reads

Normal values for assessment of anal sphincter morphology, anorectal motion, and pelvic organ prolapse with MRI in healthy women.

Neurogastroenterol Motil 2018 Jul 2;30(7):e13314. Epub 2018 Mar 2.

Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, MN, USA.

Background: Endoanal MRI and MR defecography are used to identify anal sphincter injury and disordered defecation. However, few studies have evaluated findings in asymptomatic healthy people. The effects of BMI and parity on rectoanal motion and evacuation are unknown. Read More

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July 2018
1 Read

Association between vaginal parity and rectocele.

Int Urogynecol J 2018 Oct 20;29(10):1479-1483. Epub 2018 Feb 20.

Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology & Neonatology, Sydney Medical School Nepean, University of Sydney, Penrith, Australia.

Introduction And Hypothesis: Rectocele is common in parous women but also seen in nulliparae. This study was designed to investigate the association between vaginal parity and descent of the rectal ampulla/rectocele depth as determined by translabial ultrasound (TLUS).

Methods: This retrospective observational study involved 1296 women seen in a urogynaecological centre. Read More

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October 2018
10 Reads

Review of Uterine Sling after Five Years of Operation in a 40 Years Lady.

Mymensingh Med J 2018 Jan;27(1):193-195

Professor Rawshan Ara Khanam, Professor, Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Sir Salimullah Medical College, Mitford Road, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Uterine sling is a operation, done with own rectus sleeve to correct the uterine descend. If necessary correction of cystocele and/or rectocele and or perineal tear done on the same sitting. After 5 years of such operation abdomen of Mrs. Read More

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January 2018

Structural, functional, and symptomatic differences between women with rectocele versus cystocele and normal support.

Am J Obstet Gynecol 2018 05 2;218(5):510.e1-510.e8. Epub 2018 Feb 2.

Pelvic Floor Research Group, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI.

Background: Prolapse of the anterior and posterior vaginal walls has been generally associated with apical descent and levator ani muscle defects. However, the relative contributions of these factors to the pathophysiology of descent in the different vaginal compartments is not well understood. Furthermore, symptoms uniquely associated with prolapse in these compartments have not been well characterized. Read More

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May 2018
12 Reads

Videodefecography is still superior to magnetic resonance defecography in the study of obstructed defecation syndrome.

Tech Coloproctol 2018 04 24;22(4):321-322. Epub 2018 Jan 24.

Colorectal Unit, Department of Surgery, Grenoble Alpes University Hospital, 38000, Grenoble, France.

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April 2018
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Clinical outcomes of stapled transanal rectal resection for obstructed defaecation syndrome at 10-year follow-up.

Colorectal Dis 2018 Jul;20(7):614-622

Department of General Surgery, Colorectal and Pelvic Floor Diseases Center, 'S. Maria dei Battuti' Hospital, Conegliano, Italy.

Aim: The long-term efficacy of stapled transanal rectal resection (STARR) for surgical management of obstructed defaecation syndrome (ODS) has not been evaluated. Therefore, we investigated the long-term efficacy (> 10 years) of STARR for treatment of ODS related to rectocele or rectal intussusception and the factors that predict treatment outcome.

Method: This study was a retrospective cohort analysis conducted on prospectively collected data. Read More

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July 2018
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Ultrasound Indicators of Rectal Support Defect in Women With Obstructive Defecatory Symptoms.

Female Pelvic Med Reconstr Surg 2018 Jan 3. Epub 2018 Jan 3.

Objective: The anatomic and physiologic pathophysiology of obstructive defecatory symptoms is complex and poorly understood. As a consequence, there is no one surgical method that can achieve overall superiority. We aimed to investigate rectal architectural change in women with obstructive defecatory symptoms using three-dimensional pelvic floor ultrasound. Read More

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January 2018
8 Reads