4,604 results match your criteria Rathke Cleft Cyst


When the brain looks imperfect: An example of neuroplasticity as seen in a patient with arachnoid cysts - a case study.

Clin Neuropsychol 2019 Mar 20:1-11. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

a Faculty of Psychology , University of Warsaw , Warsaw , Poland.

Objective: This study presents a case of a teenager (J.J.) prenatally diagnosed with large arachnoid cysts which did not allow parts of his brain to develop correctly. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13854046.2019.1578898DOI Listing

Psychopathological Influence of Middle Fossa Arachnoid Cysts in Young Men: Analysis of Korean Conscription Data.

World Neurosurg 2019 Feb 25;122:e530-e539. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

Department of Neurosurgery, College of Medicine, Chung-Ang University, Seoul, Korea.

Background: A few reported studies have documented psychotic syndromes secondary to a middle fossa arachnoid cyst (AC). However, the association between middle fossa ACs and psychopathological symptoms remains to be determined. The present study investigated the psychopathological effects of middle fossa ACs in young men. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.10.095DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Entirely Suprasellar Rathke Cleft Cysts: Clinical Features and Surgical Efficacy of Endoscopic Endonasal Transtuberculum Sellae Approach.

World Neurosurg 2019 Mar 12. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

Department of Neurosurgery, Graduate School of Medical Science, Kanazawa University, Kanazawa, Japan.

Background: Rathke cleft cysts (RCCs) arise from the remnant of Rathke pouch and are usually found in the intermediate lobe. In most cases, RCCs remain intrasellar and extend into the suprasellar region. Rarely, they emerge entirely into the suprasellar cistern-entirely suprasellar Rathke cleft cyst (ESSRCC). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2019.03.011DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Case report: a novel mutation in ZIC2 in an infant with microcephaly, holoprosencephaly, and arachnoid cyst.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Mar;98(10):e14780

Experimental Medicine Section, National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD.

Rationale: Holoprosencephaly (HPE) is a severe congenital brain malformation resulting from failed or incomplete forebrain division in early pregnancy.

Patient Concerns: In this study, we reported a 9-month old infant girl with mild microcephaly, semilobor HPE, and arachnoid cyst.

Diagnoses: Potential genetic defects were screened directly using trio-case whole exome sequencing (WES) rather than traditional karyotype, microarray, and Sanger sequencing of select genes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000014780DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6417543PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

Clinical utility of routine postoperative morning cortisol monitoring in detecting new hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis insufficiency following endoscopic transsphenoidal surgery for sellar lesions.

J Neurosurg 2019 Mar 1:1-5. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

1Department of Neurological Surgery and.

OBJECTIVEHypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis dysfunction is a well-documented complication of transsphenoidal craniotomy (TSC) for sellar lesions. The authors aimed to assess their multidisciplinary approach to the diagnosis and treatment of postoperative hypocortisolemia utilizing conservative screening methods.METHODSThe authors performed a retrospective review of 257 patients who underwent TSC for pituitary adenoma (PA) or Rathke cleft cyst (RCC) at the University of Southern California between 2012 and 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3171/2018.11.JNS182521DOI Listing
March 2019
4 Reads

Intracranial endodermal cyst presenting with nonobstructive hydrocephalus: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Feb;98(6):e14322

Department of Neurosurgery, Dokkyo Medical University Saitama Medical Center, 2-1-50 Minami-Koshigaya, Koshigaya-shi, Saitama 343-8555, Japan.

Rationale: Endodermal cysts are rare benign lesions in the central nervous system. Their common symptoms include headache and neck pain caused by mass effect or inflammatory reaction. We report the case of an elderly woman with intracranial endodermal cyst who presented with nonobstructive hydrocephalus. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000014322DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6380779PMC
February 2019
4 Reads

Neurocysticerosis: An Individualized Approach.

Infect Dis Clin North Am 2019 Mar;33(1):153-168

Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Disease, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, 1300 Morris Park Avenue, Bronx, NY 10461, USA. Electronic address:

Neurocysticercosis is an infection of the central nervous system by the larval stage of the pork tapeworm Taenia solium. The combination of modern diagnostic tests, use of antiparasitic drugs, improved anti-inflammatory treatments, and minimally invasive neurosurgery has improved outcomes in patients with neurocysticercosis. This parasitic infection is complex in both the clinical presentation and the treatment approach, which depends on the number of cysts, location in the brain, stage of degeneration, and host inflammatory response. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.idc.2018.10.007DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Bobblehead-Doll Syndrome.

N Engl J Med 2019 Jan;380(5):e5

All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1056/NEJMicm1808747DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

WNT1-associated osteogenesis imperfecta with atrophic frontal lobes and arachnoid cysts.

J Hum Genet 2019 Apr 28;64(4):291-296. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand.

A rare form of osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) caused by Wingless-type MMTV integration site family 1 (WNT1) mutations combines central nervous system (CNS) anomalies with the characteristic increased susceptibility to fractures. We report an additional case where arachnoid cysts extend the phenotype, and that also confirms the association of intellectual disabilities with asymmetric cerebellar hypoplasia here. Interestingly, if the cerebellum is normal in this disorder, intelligence is as well, analogous to an association with similar delays in a subset of patients with sporadic unilateral cerebellar hypoplasia. Read More

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http://www.nature.com/articles/s10038-019-0565-9
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s10038-019-0565-9DOI Listing
April 2019
15 Reads

coenurosis in Tanzania: a major and under-recognised livestock disease problem in pastoral communities.

Vet Rec 2019 Feb 25;184(6):191. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Institute of Biodiversity, Animal Health and Comparative Medicine, College of Medical, Veterinary and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK.

A neurological syndrome of small ruminants, known locally as '', has been reported among pastoralist livestock keepers in Tanzania. This study was carried out in four affected pastoral communities to determine the prevalence and associated risk factors, characterise the clinical signs and investigate the aetiology of the syndrome. Questionnaires were administered at all households (n=480) within four study villages. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/vr.105186DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Familial arachnoid cysts: a review of 35 families.

Childs Nerv Syst 2019 Apr 23;35(4):607-612. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Department of Neurosurgery, First Hospital of Jilin University, 71, Xinmin Street, Changchun, 130021, Jilin, People's Republic of China.

Introduction: Arachnoid cysts are commonly considered congenital lesions, but this has not been proven. With the development of neuroimaging and DNA testing technology, more cases of familial arachnoid cysts have been reported. Herein, we review such cases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00381-019-04060-zDOI Listing
April 2019
12 Reads

Utilizing real-time contrast medium to detect the fistula of giant spinal arachnoid cyst and treat with minimal invasive surgery.

BMC Surg 2019 Jan 21;19(1):11. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

Department of Neurosurgery, Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Surgery, Changhua Christian Hospital, 135 Nanhsiao Street, Changhua, 500, Taiwan, Republic of China.

Background: Spinal arachnoid cysts are rare and have varied clinical manifestations depending on the affected spinal region and nerve roots. A complete cyst excision with fistula closure is the first choice of treatment. However, it might be difficult to localize the specific position of the fistula because previous images have no enhancements or the fistula is too tiny to be detected. Read More

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https://bmcsurg.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12893-01
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12893-019-0475-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6341693PMC
January 2019
5 Reads

A suprasellar colloid cyst over an 11-year follow-up: case report and literature review.

World Neurosurg 2019 Jan 18. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

Department of Neurosurgery, Graduate School of Medical Science, Kanazawa University, Kanazawa, Japan.

Background: Colloid cysts (CCs) are rare cystic lesions derived from the endoderm of the central nervous system. Although they appear most commonly in the anterior roof of the third ventricle, there are only a few reports of CCs located in the suprasellar region. Although CCs are considered to be slow-growing benign tumors, their developmental process remains unclear. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.11.258DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Pain-related behavior and brain activation in cynomolgus macaques with naturally occurring endometriosis.

Hum Reprod 2019 Mar;34(3):469-478

Pharmacology, Hamamatsu Pharma Research, Inc., Hamamatsu, Shizuoka, Japan.

Study Question: Can pain be objectively assessed in macaques with naturally occurring endometriosis?

Summary Answer: Behavioral, pharmacological and in vivo brain imaging findings indicate that pain can be quantified in macaques with endometriosis.

What Is Known Already: Endometriosis is characterized by abdominopelvic hypersensitity. The mechanism by which endometriosis evokes pain is largely unknown, as currently available analgesics offer limited pain relief. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/humrep/dey383DOI Listing
March 2019
5 Reads

Postexercise Death Due to Hemorrhagic Colloid Cyst of Third Ventricle: Case Report and Literature Review.

World Neurosurg 2019 Mar 24;123:351-356. Epub 2018 Dec 24.

Carilion Clinic, Section of Neurosurgery, Roanoke, Virginia, USA; Virginia Tech Carilion School of Medicine, Roanoke, Virginia, USA; Virginia Tech School of Neuroscience, Blacksburg, Virginia, USA; Edward Via College of Osteopathic Medicine, Blacksburg, Virginia, USA.

Background: Colloid cysts of the third ventricle are rare, slow-growing lesions of neuroepithelial origin. Although histopathologically benign, third ventricular colloid cysts are a well-known cause of sudden, unexpected coma and death. Several theories have been proposed to describe the rare, sudden onset of severe symptomatology and rapid clinical decline due to colloid cysts. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18788750183288
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.12.057DOI Listing
March 2019
33 Reads

Solitary Primary Central Nervous System Lymphoma Mimicking Third Ventricular Colloid Cyst-Case Report and Review of Literature.

World Neurosurg 2019 Mar 19;123:286-294. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

Hamad Medical Corporate, Neurosurgery, Doha, Qatar.

Background: Primary central nervous system lymphoma is a rare malignant tumor of the central nervous system. It is associated with poor prognosis and accounts for 0.7%-0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.12.026DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Stereotactic Internal Shunt Placement in Congenital Intracranial Cysts.

World Neurosurg 2019 Mar 18;123:e670-e677. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

Department of Neurosurgery, Klinikum der Universität München, Campus Großhadern, Munich, Germany.

Introduction: Treatment of symptomatic intracranial cysts remains a controversial issue. We present a risk/benefit profile of a minimally invasive, not yet described, stereotactic internal shunt implantation technique. The provided data might serve as a reference against which other treatment modalities could be compared. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.11.250DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Rare occurrence of a huge traumatic extradural haematoma in a patient with an ipsilateral sylvian arachnoid cyst.

BMJ Case Rep 2018 Dec 3;11(1). Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Neurosurgery, Neurosurgical Teaching Hospital, Baghdad, Iraq.

A man, a teenage victim of an assault to the head, presented to the emergency department, in Baghdad, with a Glasgow Coma Score of 4/15 (E1 M2 V1) and total right-sided paralysis. CT of the brain revealed a large-left sided frontotemporoparietal extradural haematoma with the presence of an ipsilateral sylvian arachnoid cyst deep to the haematoma. Urgent surgical evacuation of the haematoma was performed, leaving the arachnoid cyst intact. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-227525DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Microglia express gamma-interferon-inducible lysosomal thiol reductase in the brains of Alzheimer's disease and Nasu-Hakola disease.

Intractable Rare Dis Res 2018 Nov;7(4):251-257

Department of Laboratory Medicine, National Center Hospital, NCNP, Tokyo, Japan.

Gamma-interferon-inducible lysosomal thiol reductase (GILT), expressed in antigen-presenting cells (APCs), facilitates the reduction of disulfide bonds of endocytosed proteins in the endocytic pathway and they are further processed for presentation of immunogenic peptides loaded on major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II. Although the constitutive and IFNγ-inducible expression of GILT was observed in various APCs, such as dendritic cells, monocytes/macrophages, and B cells, GILT-expressing cell types remain unknown in the human central nervous system (CNS). Nasu-Hakola disease (NHD) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by sclerosing leukoencephalopathy and multifocal bone cysts, caused by a loss-of-function mutation of either () or , both of which are expressed on microglia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5582/irdr.2018.01119DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6290847PMC
November 2018
1 Read

Familial intracranial arachnoid cysts with a missense mutation (c.2576C > T) in RERE: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Dec;97(50):e13665

Department of Neurosurgery, First Hospital of Jilin University.

Rationale: Arachnoid cysts are relatively common intracranial space-occupying lesions; nevertheless, familial intracranial arachnoid cysts are extremely rare, with only a few cases having been reported.

Patient Concerns: The proband was a 7-year-old girl who had experienced generalized tonic-clonic seizures 5 times in the 8 days prior to admission. Nine months later, her 6-year-old younger female cousin presented to us with a 3-day history of headache. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000013665DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6320157PMC
December 2018
9 Reads

Systematic review and meta-analysis on the role of prenatal magnetic resonance imaging in the era of fetal neurosonography: mild and moderate ventriculomegaly.

Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Women´s Health and Perinatology Research Group, Department of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, UiT-The Arctic University of Norway, Tromsø, Norway.

Objectives: To report the rate of additional anomalies detected exclusively on prenatal MRI in fetuses affected by isolated mild or moderate ventriculomegaly (VM) according to the type of ultrasound protocol adopted (dedicated neurosonography vs standard assessment of fetal brain) and to explore whether the diagnostic performance of fetal MRI in detecting such anomalies is affected by gestational age at scan and laterality of ventricular dilatation.

Methods: The primary aim was to report the rate of additional anomalies detected exclusively on prenatal MRI in fetuses affected by isolated mild and moderate VM (ventricular dilatation between 10-15 mm) undergoing compared to those not undergoing dedicated neurosonography, defined as a detail assessment of fetal brain according to the International Society of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology guidelines. Medline, Embase, Cinahl and Clinicaltrials. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/uog.20197DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Neuroendoscopic fenestration of glioependymal cysts to the ventricle: report of 3 cases.

J Neurosurg 2018 Nov 1:1-5. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Glioependymal cysts are rare congenital lesions of the central nervous system. Reported surgical treatments of these lesions have varied and yielded mixed results, and the optimal surgical strategy is still controversial. The authors here report the clinical and surgical outcomes for three adult patients successfully treated with neuroendoscopic fenestration into the ventricular system. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3171/2018.7.JNS172501DOI Listing
November 2018

Endoscopic endonasal resection of symptomatic Rathke cleft cysts: clinical outcomes and prognosis.

Neurosurg Rev 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Department of Neurosurgery, The Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, 410011, China.

The aim of this study is to investigate the clinical presentation and outcomes associated with endoscopic endonasal resection of Rathke cleft cysts (RCCs). The authors retrospectively studied a series of 13 patients who were diagnosed with RCCs after endoscopic endonasal resection at the Second Xiangya Hospital between June 2016 and December 2017. All 13 patients (8 women) underwent a purely endoscopic endonasal approach (EEA) for fenestration and aspiration of RCCs with excision of the cystic wall. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10143-018-01058-0
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10143-018-01058-0DOI Listing
December 2018
12 Reads

Detection of DNA in the Urine of Neurocysticercosis Patients.

Am J Trop Med Hyg 2019 Feb;100(2):327-329

W. Harry Feinstone Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland.

Neurocysticercosis (NCC), caused by larvae that reside in the central nervous system, results in serious public health and medical issues in many regions of the world. Current diagnosis of NCC is complex requiring both serology and costly neuroimaging of parasitic cysts in the brain. This diagnostic pipeline can be problematic in resource-constrained settings. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.18-0706DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6367601PMC
February 2019
8 Reads

Spinal Arachnoiditis Ossificans: Report of Quadruple-Triggered Case.

World Neurosurg 2019 Mar 3;123:1-6. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Neurological Surgery, Policlinico "G. Rodolico" University Hospital, Catania, Italy.

Background: Arachnoiditis ossificans (AO) is a rare condition often associated with previous spine surgery. Here we describe a unique case of a patient affected by ankylosing spondylitis (AS), presenting with progressive neurologic deterioration due to AO. We also review the literature on evaluation and management of patients suffering from AO. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18788750183276
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.11.203DOI Listing
March 2019
22 Reads

The rhinologist's role in the management of rathke's cleft cysts.

Curr Opin Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2019 Feb;27(1):67-71

Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of Pennsylvania, Philadephia, Pennsylvania, USA.

Purpose Of Review: To review the recent literature regarding the growing role of rhinologists and otolaryngologists with neurosurgeons in the joint multidisciplinary team approach for managing patients with Rathke's cleft cysts (RCC).

Recent Findings: The transnasal endoscopic approach to the skull base has become relatively mainstream for surgical treatment of RCCs. Suprasellar lesions, especially those that are purely suprasellar, are associated with higher recurrence rates, though an extended approach may improve dissection and access and therefore aid in lesion removal. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MOO.0000000000000512DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Granulomatous amebic encephalitis caused by Acanthamoeba in an immuncompetent child.

Turk J Pediatr 2018 ;60(3):340-343

Division of Infectious Diseases, İstanbul University İstanbul Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey.

Sütçü M, Aktürk H, Gülümser-Şişko S, Acar M, Erol OB, Somer A, Bilgiç B, Salman N. Granulomatous amebic encephalitis caused by Acanthamoeba in an immuncompetent child. Turk J Pediatr 2018; 60: 340-343. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.24953/turkjped.2018.03.019DOI Listing
February 2019
6 Reads

Secondary pituitary abscess following transsphenoidal surgery with recurrent meningitis: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Nov;97(48):e13458

Department of Neurosurgery, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, China.

Rationale: The transsphenoidal surgical (TS) approach to sellar masses is the preferred surgical route in most cases. Secondary pituitary abscess (PA) following TS is an extremely rare but serious postoperative complication with potentially high disability and mortality.

Patient Concerns: We describe an uncommon case of secondary PA in a 42-year-old woman, who underwent uncomplicated transsphenoidal procedures without cerebrospinal fluid leak, to treat primary Rathke cleft cyst. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000013458DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6283055PMC
November 2018
3 Reads

A Survey on Pituitary Surgery in Italy.

World Neurosurg 2019 Mar 27;123:e440-e449. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Division of Neurosurgery, Università degli Studi di Napoli "Federico II", Naples, Italy.

Background: Pituitary tumors are a heterogeneous group of lesions that are usually benign. Therefore, a proper understanding of the anatomy, physiology, and pathology is mandatory to achieve favorable outcomes. Accordingly, diagnostic tests and treatment guidelines should be determined and implemented. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.11.186DOI Listing
March 2019
12 Reads

A Review on the Effectiveness of Surgical Intervention for Symptomatic Intracranial Arachnoid Cysts in Adults.

World Neurosurg 2019 Mar 26;123:e259-e272. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Surgery; University of Tennessee, Graduate School of Medicine, Knoxville, Tennessee, USA.

Background: Intracranial arachnoid cysts are generally benign and can be asymptomatic or symptomatic. When symptoms are indicated, the effects of arachnoid cysts can be disabling to the patient. Quantitative assessment on the effectiveness of surgical intervention to relieve symptoms is inconsistently reported throughout the literature and is often contradictory. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18788750183270
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.11.149DOI Listing
March 2019
16 Reads

Clipping of a superior hypophyseal artery aneurysm during endoscopic transnasal removal of a Rathke cleft cyst: a case report.

Acta Neurochir (Wien) 2019 Jan 26;161(1):197-201. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Department of Neurosurgery, Clinical Neuroscience Center, University Hospital of Zürich, University of Zürich, Frauenklinikstrasse 10, 8006, Zürich, Switzerland.

The concomitant presence of an aneurysm in contact with a sellar lesion usually contraindicates a transsphenoidal approach (TSS). Clipping of an intracranial aneurysm is however possible in highly selected cases also through an endoscopic TSS approach, as long as the basic principles of cerebrovascular surgery are respected. We report thus on a case of a patient harboring a Rathke cleft cyst (RCC) and an aneurysm of the carotid artery (ICA) in close contact with the RCC. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00701-018-3728-0DOI Listing
January 2019

Ventral Craniovertebral Junction Arachnoid Cyst in an Elderly Patient-A Case Report of a Unique Occurrence at Extremes of Age.

World Neurosurg 2019 Feb 22;122:577-582. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Department of Neurosurgery, Lokmanya Municipal General Hospital and Lokmanya Tilak Municipal Medical College, Mumbai, India.

Background: Craniovertebral junction arachnoid cysts are uncommon. Among those reported, ventrally located arachnoid cysts at the extremes of age have been even rarer. We report a successfully managed case of a ventrally placed arachnoid cyst in an 88-year-old man using an unconventional surgical approach. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.11.107DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Pineal Cyst-Related Aqueductal Stenosis as Cause of Intractable Headaches in Nonhydrocephalic Patients.

World Neurosurg 2019 Mar 22;123:e147-e155. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Department of Neurooncology, Burdenko National Medical Research Center of Neurosurgery, Moscow, Russia.

Background: Pineal cysts (PCs) are histologically benign lesions of the pineal gland. Although the majority of PCs are asymptomatic, some cases are ambiguous and accompanied by nonspecific symptoms of variable severity. We suggested that disabling headache in nonhydrocephalic patients with PCs is associated with cerebral aqueduct (CAq) stenosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.11.096DOI Listing
March 2019
13 Reads

Simultaneous occurrence of two new myxosporean species infecting the central nervous system of Hypopygus lepturus from Brazil.

Dis Aquat Organ 2018 Nov;131(2):143-156

Laboratory of Cell Biology, Institute of Biomedical Sciences (ICBAS / UP), University of Porto, 4050-313 Porto, Portugal.

This paper describes 2 new myxosporean species, Henneguya lepturus sp. nov. and Thelohanellus lepturus sp. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3354/dao03283DOI Listing
November 2018
3 Reads

Xanthomatous hypophysitis causing hypogonadotropic hypogonadism resulting in delayed presentation of slipped capital femoral epiphysis.

Br J Neurosurg 2018 Nov 19:1-4. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

a Department of Neurosurgery , NHS Tayside , Dundee , United Kingdom.

An 18-year-old man who underwent bilateral pinning of his hip joints after a left unstable Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis (right pinned prophylactically) was noted to have delayed secondary sexual characteristics and post-operative diabetes insipidus. The patient also described a history of fatigue, headache and polydipsia for the past 4 years. Endocrine investigations revealed reduced androgen levels, hypocortisolism, a borderline normal Serum ACE and secondary hypothyroidism. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/02688697.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2018.1525482DOI Listing
November 2018
15 Reads

Surgical treatment of pineal cysts in non-hydrocephalic and neurologically intact patients: selection of surgical candidates and clinical outcome.

Br J Neurosurg 2019 Feb 19;33(1):37-42. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

a Department of Neurosurgery , Military Institute of Medicine , Warsaw , Poland.

Purpose: Management of patients presenting for various nonspecific complaints without clear neurological abnormalities and with normal ventricular size remains highly controversial. We intended to share our rationale for surgical treatment of patients who show symptoms of transient increase of intracranial pressure owing to the presence of the cyst.

Materials And Methods: We have retrospectively analyzed 28 cases of patients who presented without Parinaud syndrome nor ventricular enlargement and underwent pineal cyst removal in our centre between 2007 and 2015. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2018.1530731DOI Listing
February 2019
15 Reads

Quality of Life Changes Before and After Transsphenoidal Surgery for Sellar and Parasellar Lesions.

World Neurosurg 2019 Feb 14;122:e1202-e1210. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Department of Neurosurgery, Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya University, Nagoya, Aichi, Japan.

Objective: Although reports regarding the relationship between surgical complications and quality of life (QOL) exist, a general consensus regarding this issue is lacking. The aim of this study was to evaluate QOL after endoscopic transsphenoidal approach.

Methods: We assessed patients with sellar or parasellar lesions that were removed with endoscopic transsphenoidal approach or extended endoscopic transsphenoidal approach between January 2010 and December 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.11.017DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Surgical Management of Spinal Arachnoid Cysts in Adults.

World Neurosurg 2019 Feb 14;122:e1146-e1152. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Department of Neurosurgery, Goodman Campbell Brain and Spine, Indiana University, Indianapolis, Indiana, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Spinal arachnoid cysts (SACs) are uncommon lesions in the spinal canal. They are usually asymptomatic, but can occasionally cause mass effect leading to neurologic symptoms. They can be congenital or secondary to a variety of causes. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18788750183255
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.11.005DOI Listing
February 2019
27 Reads

Benefit of Intracystic Bleomycin for Symptomatic Recurrent Rathke Cleft Cyst.

Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown) 2018 Nov 16. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

School of Medicine, University of Colorado, Aurora, Colorado.

Background: Management of recurrent Rathke cleft cysts (RCC) is problematic. The mainstay of treatment has been reoperation with cyst drainage. Radical cyst resection, although effective, results in a high incidence of diabetes insipidus. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ons/opy361DOI Listing
November 2018
3 Reads

CHANGE OF CENTRAL AND PERIPHERAL VISION IN PATIENT WITH SYMPTOMATIC CYST OF RATHKE'S CLEFT FOLLOWING TRANSSPHENOIDAL RESECTION.

Cesk Slov Oftalmol Summer 2018;74(2):73-78

A seventysix-year-old female was acutely admitted to the Eye Clinic of the University Hospital in Martin with a 1 month history of impaired central and peripheral vision on the right eye. At the admission patient`s right eye VA was fingers at 20 cm, the left eye had a central vision preserved. Magnetic resonance of the brain and orbits demonstrated cystic tumor expansion in the sellar region with compression of optic chiasm and optic nerves (more on the right side), in diff. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31348/2018/1/5-2-2018DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Ruptured Central Nervous System Dermoid Cyst of Suprasellar Region Manifesting as Unusual Epileptic Seizure.

World Neurosurg 2019 Feb 2;122:150-154. Epub 2018 Nov 2.

Department of Neurosurgery, UHC Habib Bourguiba, Sfax, Tunisia.

Background: Central nervous system dermoid cysts are rare lesions derived from ectopic epithelial cells. They are slow-growing benign tumors but may cause significant morbidity through compression of neurologic and vascular structures and, rarely, rupture into the subarachnoid space.

Case Description: We present a rare case of a spontaneously ruptured intracranial dermoid cyst in a 32-year-old man presenting as new-onset epileptic seizures due to chemical meningitis caused by dissemination of fat or lipid droplets. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18788750183245
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.10.153DOI Listing
February 2019
21 Reads

Intracerebral hematoma after endoscopic fenestration of an arachnoid cyst: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Nov;97(44):e13106

Department of Neurosurgery, Second Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China.

Rationale: An intracranial arachnoid cyst is a relatively common congenital benign lesion. A small number of patients present with neurological symptoms. Endoscopic fenestration has become a common treatment for arachnoid cysts in recent years, but intracerebral hematoma after surgery is rarely reported. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000013106DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6221673PMC
November 2018
17 Reads

Giant Sellar Xanthogranuloma after Surgical Treatment of Symptomatic Rathke's Cleft Cyst.

Brain Tumor Res Treat 2018 Oct;6(2):82-85

Department of Pathology, Kosin University Gospel Hospital, Busan, Korea.

Extremely massive sellar xanthogranuloma (XG) are rare, and the surgical outcome and prognosis are not well known. XG remain unknown whether they are derived from Rathke's cleft cysts (RCCs) or craniopharyngiomas (CPs) following extensive inflammation and metaplasia, to the point that no epithelium is readily identifiable. These lesions usually tend to occur in younger patients (mean 28. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14791/btrt.2018.6.e10DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6212686PMC
October 2018
10 Reads

Functional Assessment of 2,177 U.S. and International Drugs Identifies the Quinoline Nitroxoline as a Potent Amoebicidal Agent against the Pathogen .

MBio 2018 10 30;9(5). Epub 2018 Oct 30.

Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, USA

is a pathogenic free-living amoeba that causes a rare but almost always fatal infection of the central nervous system called granulomatous amoebic encephalitis (GAE). Two distinct forms of -a proliferative trophozoite form and a nonproliferative cyst form, which is highly resistant to harsh physical and chemical conditions-have been isolated from environmental samples worldwide and are both observed in infected tissue. Patients suffering from GAE are typically treated with aggressive and prolonged multidrug regimens that often include the antimicrobial agents miltefosine and pentamidine isethionate. Read More

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http://mbio.asm.org/lookup/doi/10.1128/mBio.02051-18
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/mBio.02051-18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6212833PMC
October 2018
6 Reads

Recurrent Meningitis in an 11-year-old Girl with a Petrous Apex Cystic Lesion.

Acta Med Okayama 2018 Oct;72(5):519-523

Department of Pediatrics, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Okayama 700-8558, Japan.

Cases of recurrent meningitis in elderly patients with a spontaneous cerebrospinal fistula have been reported, and in some of these patients, cystic lesions were thought to be the underlying cause. We report a case of recurrent meningitis in an 11-year-old Japanese girl with an arachnoid cyst in the petrous apex. Pulsation of the cystic lesion was thought to cause bone erosion, leading to the formation of a fistula. Read More

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http://ousar.lib.okayama-u.ac.jp/56251
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http://dx.doi.org/10.18926/AMO/56251DOI Listing
October 2018
20 Reads

Van der Knaap Disease.

J Coll Physicians Surg Pak 2018 Nov;28(11):888-890

Department of Nephrology, Jinnah Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan.

Van der Knaap disease or megalencephalic leukoencephalopathy with subcortical cysts (MLC) is a rare, inherited, autosomal recessive disorder. It is characterised by macrocephaly and slowly progressive ataxia, spasticity, and cognitive decline. The usual age of onset is described from birth to infancy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.29271/jcpsp.2018.11.888DOI Listing
November 2018
3 Reads

Follicular Development and Secretion of Ovarian Hormones during the Juvenile and Adult Reproductive Lives of the Myelin Mutant Rat: An Animal Model of Demyelinating Diseases.

Int J Endocrinol 2018 16;2018:5718782. Epub 2018 Sep 16.

Facultad de Ciencias Biológicas, Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla, 72570 Puebla, Mexico.

Infertility and reproductive problems have been reported in women with several neurological disorders, for example, demyelination. However, the physiology of such problems has remained unknown so far. The rats are an animal neurological model that initially shows a hypomyelination followed by a progressive demyelination of the central nervous system. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/ije/2018/5718782/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/5718782DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6180977PMC
September 2018
4 Reads

Clinically Approved Drugs against CNS Diseases as Potential Therapeutic Agents To Target Brain-Eating Amoebae.

ACS Chem Neurosci 2019 Jan 29;10(1):658-666. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

Department of Biological Sciences, School of Science and Technology , Sunway University , Selangor 47500 , Malaysia.

Central nervous system (CNS) infections caused by free-living amoebae such as Acanthamoeba species and Naegleria fowleri are rare but fatal. A major challenge in the treatment against the infections caused by these amoebae is the discovery of novel compounds that can effectively cross the blood-brain barrier to penetrate the CNS. It is logical to test clinically approved drugs against CNS diseases for their potential antiamoebic effects since they are known for effective blood-brain barrier penetration and affect eukaryotic cell targets. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acschemneuro.8b00484DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads