2,348 results match your criteria Radiography [Journal]


Motivation of student radiographers in learning situations based on role-play simulation: A multicentric approach involving trainers and students.

Radiography (Lond) 2019 Feb 5;25(1):e18-e25. Epub 2018 Oct 5.

Centre hospitalo-Universitaire de Amiens, Amiens, France; SimUSanté, Amiens, France. Electronic address:

Introduction: Role-play simulation is implemented in different radiography institutions. This tool develops Knowledge, Skills and Competences (KSC) in students. The aim of this study was to identify the strategies implemented by trainers in order to encourage student motivational dynamics and to find those that resonate with students. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.radi.2018.09.002DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Impact of body part thickness on AP pelvis radiographic image quality and effective dose.

Radiography (Lond) 2019 Feb 3;25(1):e11-e17. Epub 2018 Oct 3.

School of Health Sciences, University of Salford, Salford M6 6PU, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

Introduction: Within medical imaging variations in patient size can generate challenges, especially when selecting appropriate acquisition parameters. This experiment sought to evaluate the impact of increasing body part thickness on image quality (IQ) and effective dose (E) and identify optimum exposure parameters.

Methods: An anthropomorphic pelvis phantom was imaged with additional layers (1-15 cm) of animal fat as a proxy for increasing body thickness. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.radi.2018.09.001DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Characterization of breast imaging education and insights from students, radiographers and teaching staff about its strengths, difficulties and needs.

Radiography (Lond) 2019 Feb 31;25(1):e1-e10. Epub 2018 Jul 31.

Helsinki Metropolia University of Applied Sciences (METROPOLIA), Helsinki, Finland.

Introduction: The study aimed to characterize breast imaging education and identify its strengths, difficulties and needs across five European countries according to student, radiographer and teaching staff perspectives.

Methods: An observation grid was used to collect data regarding breast imaging education and three questionnaires targeted to key-participants were developed/applied to collect data on strengths, difficulties and needs. Descriptive statistics and thematic analysis were performed according to the nature of the questions. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10788174183012
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.radi.2018.07.001DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

REF: Lockwood, P. Dolbear, G. Image interpretation by radiographers in brain, spine and knee MRI examinations: Findings from an accredited postgraduate module. Radiography 2018;24:370-375.

Radiography (Lond) 2019 Feb 2;25(1):94-95. Epub 2018 Dec 2.

Walsall Healthcare NHS Trust, Moat Road, Walsall, West Midlands, WS2 9PS, United Kingdom.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.radi.2018.11.004DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

To all therapeutic radiographers and radiation therapists - Let the world know that we exist!

Authors:
E R Andersen

Radiography (Lond) 2019 Feb 14;25(1):94. Epub 2018 Sep 14.

Department of Radiotherapy, Stavanger University Hospital, Stavanger, Norway. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.radi.2018.08.004DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Blurring the lines for better visualisation.

Radiography (Lond) 2019 Feb 1;25(1):91-93. Epub 2018 Sep 1.

Department of Radiotherapy, Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK.

On-treatment imaging in radiotherapy has evolved over the last 60 years, bringing with it changes in the roles of radiographers, radiologists and oncologists. The ability to acquire and interpret high quality images (2D kilovoltage and megavoltage imaging and 3D CT and cone-beam CT) for radiotherapy planning and delivery requires therapy radiographers to have skills and knowledge that overlap with those of diagnostic radiographers. With the implementation of MRI-guided radiotherapy, treatment radiographers and clinical oncologists are exploring new territory, requiring truly collaborative working practices with their radiology partners. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.radi.2018.08.001DOI Listing
February 2019
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Describing ionising radiation risk in the clinical setting: A systematic review.

Radiography (Lond) 2019 Feb 29;25(1):83-90. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

The University of Newcastle, University Drive, Callaghan, NSW 2308, Australia. Electronic address:

Introduction: Meaningfully explaining the risk of an ionising radiation examination is a challenging undertaking. Patients must contextualise the risk against the expected benefit of the imaging examination, often in a situation of heightened emotion. This systematic review seeks to explore the literature to identify what techniques are advocated for disclosing the risk to patients of ionising radiation from clinical medical imaging examinations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.radi.2018.11.002DOI Listing
February 2019
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Professional protectionism; a barrier to employing a sonographer graduate?

Radiography (Lond) 2019 Feb 27;25(1):77-82. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Diagnostic Imaging, Sheffield Hallam University, UK.

Introduction: The national sonographer workforce deficit is not a new challenge and has been driven by the increasing demand for ultrasound services. The current educational models only facilitate small trainee numbers and are unable to keep abreast of the demand for trained sonographers. This is partially due to the intensive (and often one to one) sonographer training which has instigated much debate relating to alternative models of education. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10788174183011
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.radi.2018.11.001DOI Listing
February 2019
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Simultaneous measurement of patient dose and distribution of indoor scattered radiation during digital breast tomosynthesis.

Radiography (Lond) 2019 Feb 15;25(1):72-76. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Showa University Graduate School of Health Sciences, Japan. Electronic address:

Introduction: Breast cancer incidence increases from the age of 30 years. As this age range coincides with that in which women usually pursue pregnancy, undergoing medical examinations for conditions such as breast cancer is a concern, especially when pregnancy is uncertain during the first eight weeks. Moreover, in this age range, breast often exhibits a high density, thus compromising diagnosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.radi.2018.10.006DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

A qualitative study to determine Kuwaiti Women's knowledge of breast cancer and barriers deterring attendance at mammography screening.

Radiography (Lond) 2019 Feb 5;25(1):65-71. Epub 2018 Nov 5.

Cardiff University, Heath Park Campus, CF14 4ER, UK.

Introduction: Although a Mammography Screening Service (MSS) has been established in Kuwait since 2014, the attendance rate for eligible women is only 4.2% in comparison to 72.1% attendance in the United Kingdom (UK) mammography screening service. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.radi.2018.10.003DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

The use of 80 kV versus 100 kV in pulmonary CT angiography: An evaluation of the impact on radiation dose and image quality on two CT scanners.

Radiography (Lond) 2019 Feb 8;25(1):58-64. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Faculty of Health and Social Sciences, University of South-Eastern Norway, Norway. Electronic address:

Introduction: Use of CT in the investigation of pulmonary embolism in radiosensitive patients such as pregnant and young female patients entails the need for protocol optimization. The aim of this study was to analyze the dose reduction and image quality achieved by using 80 kV instead of 100 kV in CT pulmonary angiography protocols.

Methods: 80 examinations of non-obese patients were analyzed (40 consecutive patients for each protocol, equally distributed on two CT scanners). Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10788174183022
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.radi.2018.10.004DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Behavioural beliefs of Ghanaian radiographers and reporting of child physical abuse.

Radiography (Lond) 2019 Feb 9;25(1):51-57. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

School of Nursing, University of Ghana, Ghana.

Introduction: Radiographers are well placed to flag non accidental injury in children due to their unique position within the imaging chain. Being able to identify (or suspect) physical abuse in children and reporting the incident are, however, two different issues. This study was conducted to explore the external influences in the decision making of the Ghanaian radiographer to report suspected child physical abuse (CPA). Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10788174183021
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.radi.2018.10.002DOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads

Personnel flux and workplace anxiety: Personal and interpersonal consequences of understaffing in UK ultrasound departments.

Radiography (Lond) 2019 Feb 20;25(1):46-50. Epub 2018 Aug 20.

Department of Medical and Sport Sciences, University of Cumbria, Bowerham Road, Lancaster LA1 3JD, UK.

Introduction: By 2013, the UK government's Migration Advisory Committee had determined sonography to be a formal shortage speciality, and understaffing remains a key concern for research in the domain. This paper, emergent of a qualitative study funded by Health Education North West, explores unit managers' perspectives on the present state of UK ultrasound. The focus herein falls upon the personal and interpersonal consequences of this circumstance for individuals working in specific understaffed departments. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.radi.2018.07.005DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Does the intervention of mindfulness reduce levels of burnout and compassion fatigue and increase resilience in pre-registration students? A pilot study.

Radiography (Lond) 2019 Feb 17;25(1):4-9. Epub 2018 Sep 17.

Sheffield Hallam University, Faculty of Health and Wellbeing, Robert Winston Building, Collegiate Crescent, Sheffield, S10 2BP, UK.

Introduction: In the current clinical working environment it is important that therapeutic radiography students are fully prepared not just clinically but emotionally for a working professional life. Mindfulness has shown promise, as a self-care strategy, in the improvement of burnout, resilience and compassion fatigue in other professions; however, it has not been used with therapeutic radiography students.

Methods: Eight pre-registration therapeutic radiography students were recruited to undergo a five week mindfulness course; six students from the year below were recruited to act as a control arm (no mindfulness). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.radi.2018.08.003DOI Listing
February 2019
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Radiographer mammographers' attitudes towards implementing new techniques for imaging the augmented breast, after viewing a training DVD or receiving cascade training: A survey.

Authors:
N C Moneme J Curtis

Radiography (Lond) 2019 Feb 16;25(1):39-45. Epub 2018 Aug 16.

Kingston University & St George's University of London, United Kingdom.

Introduction: Mammographers in the NHSBSP are required to implement the Eklund ('Pushback') technique after viewing a training DVD or receiving cascade training. This study aims to evaluate Radiographers' attitudes towards imaging the augmented breast following viewing the training DVD or receiving cascade training.

Methodology: Questionnaires containing both open and closed questions collected quantitative and qualitative data across three breast screening units. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.radi.2018.07.006DOI Listing
February 2019
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Posterior tibial slope measurement on lateral knee radiographs as a risk factor of anterior cruciate ligament injury: A cross-sectional study.

Radiography (Lond) 2019 Feb 16;25(1):33-38. Epub 2018 Aug 16.

Kafkas University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Kars, Turkey. Electronic address:

Introduction: The posterior tibial slope (PTS) is believed to be a risk factor for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury. The aim of this study was to reveal the differences in terms of PTS measurements on lateral knee radiographs between ruptured and non-injured cases as well as between males and females in regard to ACL alignment.

Methods: The study cohort included 92 patients (61 males and 31 females) with ACL rupture and 101 individuals (59 males and 42 females) who visited the Orthopedics Department but had no ACL injury. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.radi.2018.07.007DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

The evaluation of compliance with iRefer guidelines for abdominal imaging and the impact of the normal abdominal radiograph on the clinical confidence and decision making of emergency clinicians.

Radiography (Lond) 2019 Feb 7;25(1):28-32. Epub 2018 Aug 7.

Faculty of Health Studies, University of Bradford, BD7 1DP, UK.

Introduction: Attendance of adult patients to the Emergency Department (ED) with acute abdominal pain is a frequent event. Abdominal X-ray imaging (AXR) is commonly the first line of investigation but previous studies have suggested that the AXR has no place in assessing acute abdominal pain because of its low diagnostic yield and limited contribution to direct clinical decision making. However, no evaluation of the impact of a negative AXR on the clinical confidence and decision making of emergency clinicians has been undertaken. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10788174183013
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.radi.2018.07.004DOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads

The patient's experience of defaecating proctography: Comparing magnetic resonance with conventional fluoroscopy techniques.

Radiography (Lond) 2019 Feb 17;25(1):24-27. Epub 2018 Aug 17.

Department of Radiology, Royal Liverpool and Broadgreen University Hospitals NHS Trust, Prescot Street, Liverpool, L7 8XP, UK. Electronic address:

Introduction: Fluoroscopy and MRI are currently used to investigate defaecation and pelvic floor dysfunction, with advantages and disadvantages to both modalities. Anecdotally it is suspected that MRI, allowing more privacy, may be better tolerated by patients but that symptoms may be more easily replicated with fluoroscopic technique due to the physiological position. The aim of this study was to evaluate the patient experience of both techniques to potentially help guide the choice of defaecating proctography modality in the future. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.radi.2018.07.002DOI Listing
February 2019
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Stakeholders' viewpoints on work-integrated learning practices in radiography training in South Africa: Towards improvement of practice.

Authors:
J du Plessis

Radiography (Lond) 2019 Feb 21;25(1):16-23. Epub 2018 Jul 21.

Department of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Environmental and Health Sciences, Central University of Technology Free State, 1 President Brand Street, Bloemfontein, 9300, South Africa. Electronic address:

Purpose: The aim of this investigation was to suggest practices to improve the delivery of work-integrated learning (WIL) in radiography training in South Africa (SA).

Methods: An extensive survey was conducted among all universities in SA involved in the training of radiography students, to investigate the current delivery of WIL. Data were collected by means of quantitative questionnaires with open-ended qualitative components. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.radi.2018.06.011DOI Listing
February 2019
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Managing discomfort and developing participation in non-emergency MRI: Children's coping strategies during their first procedure.

Radiography (Lond) 2019 Feb 6;25(1):10-15. Epub 2018 Jul 6.

Department of Medical and Sport Sciences, University of Cumbria, Bowerham Road, Lancaster, LA1 3JD, UK. Electronic address:

Introduction: Building on existing work, this paper aims to develop a detailed analysis of the practical coping strategies developed by children who had not previously experienced an MRI, regarding a non-emergency examination of the brain.

Methods: Semi-structured interviews with 22 children, aged between eight and sixteen years, were conducted immediately post-procedure. Emergent data were thematically analysed in line with the core precepts of Grounded Theory, and triangulated against interview data with their parents where pertinent. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.radi.2018.06.009DOI Listing
February 2019
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Challenges in recruitment and retention: Securing the therapeutic radiography workforce of the future.

Radiography (Lond) 2019 Feb;25(1):1-3

Dept of Allied Health Professions, Sheffield Hallam University, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.radi.2018.12.006DOI Listing
February 2019
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A study to explore opinions and attitudes of Saudi Arabian MR professionals on the current status of routine MR scanner quality assurance testing in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Radiography (Lond) 2018 Nov 6;24(4):e98-e104. Epub 2018 Jun 6.

Radiography and Diagnostic Imaging, School of Medicine, University College Dublin, Ireland.

Introduction: Internationally it is recommended that quality assurance (QA) testing of MR systems is the responsibility of MR professionals to ensure efficient scanner performance. This study aims to explore the opinions and attitudes of MR professionals in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) regarding the current status of routine QA testing within MRI departments.

Methods: A qualitative approach was adopted, with MR professionals working in public, semi-public and private hospitals in the KSA invited to participate in this interview-based study. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10788174183007
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.radi.2018.05.008DOI Listing
November 2018
3 Reads

A comparative study about motivations, expectations and future plans for professional development in four European radiography programs.

Radiography (Lond) 2018 Nov 9;24(4):e91-e97. Epub 2018 Jun 9.

Oslo Metropolitan University (OMU), Oslo, Norway.

Introduction: This study aims to compare motivations, expectations and work plans of students and teaching-staff from four different European radiography programs, it aims also to explore areas that could be included to advance post graduate studies.

Methods: Two different questionnaires (open- and closed-end questions) were applied to key-informants, students who had just completed their bachelor thesis and teaching-staff, to collect data regarding motivations, expectations, challenges and potentials for radiography education and, plans for further work. Descriptive statistics and thematic analysis were performed according to the nature of the questions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.radi.2018.05.007DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Assessment of left ventricular ejection fraction with late-systolic and mid-diastolic cardiac phases using multi-slice computed tomography.

Radiography (Lond) 2018 Nov 5;24(4):e85-e90. Epub 2018 May 5.

Section of Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology, Department of Bioimaging and Image-Guided Therapy, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.

Introduction: Multi-slice computed tomography (MSCT) is an accurate tool for the assessment of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). However, in order to reduce radiation dose, prospective acquisition protocols are currently used, in which the end-systole and end-diastole are not scanned. Our aim was to study the accuracy of the assessment of LVEF using fixed late-systolic and mid-diastolic cardiac phases compared with echocardiography. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10788174183005
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.radi.2018.04.007DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Muscle thickness and echo-intensity changes of the quadriceps femoris muscle during a strength training program.

Radiography (Lond) 2018 Nov 12;24(4):e75-e84. Epub 2018 Apr 12.

Universidade de Lisboa, Faculdade de Motricidade Humana, Estrada da Costa 1499-002, Portugal; Universidade de Lisboa, Faculdade de Motricidade Humana, Centro para o Estudo da Performance Humana, Estrada da Costa 1499-002, Portugal.

Introduction: Ultrasound (US) has an important role in musculoskeletal (MSK) evaluation, allowing the study of muscle morphology and function. Muscle thickness (MT) and muscle echo-intensity (EI) are two important parameters that may quantify muscle structural adaptations to a variety of stimuli. The aim was to explore the potential of quantitative US imaging for assessing the adaptations and responses of the muscle tissue to increased contractile activity using B-mode US. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10788174183004
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.radi.2018.03.010DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Atraumatic musculocutaneous neuropathy: A rare case caused by a proximal humeral bone spur.

Radiography (Lond) 2018 Nov 9;24(4):e115-e117. Epub 2018 Apr 9.

Department of Radiology, General Hospital Sant'Andrea, La Spezia, Italy.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.radi.2018.03.009DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Diagnostic accuracy of Magnetic Resonance Imaging using liver tissue specific contrast agents and contrast enhanced Multi Detector Computed Tomography: A systematic review of diagnostic test in Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC).

Radiography (Lond) 2018 Nov 25;24(4):e109-e114. Epub 2018 May 25.

School of Health and Social Work, University of Hertfordshire, College Lane, Hatfield, Herts, AL10 9AB, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

Objectives: The aim of this systematic review is to investigate diagnostic accuracy of Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) scans using liver specific tissue contrast media over contrast enhanced Multi Detector CT (MDCT) in diagnoses of Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC) in patients with chronic liver disease.

Key Findings: A total of 8 diagnostic studies were identified and generally considered of high quality. The studies reported sufficient evidence on sensitivity and specificity, which was synthesised and summarised providing an overview of the evidence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.radi.2018.05.002DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Insights into the methodology of radiography science.

Radiography (Lond) 2018 Nov 10;24(4):e105-e108. Epub 2018 Jun 10.

Karolinska Institutet, Department of Clinical Science, Intervention and Technology (CLINTEC), H9, Alfred Nobels Allé 10, 5 Tr, 14183 Huddinge, Sweden. Electronic address:

Introduction: The aim of this article is to give an insight into radiography as a science and a discipline from the viewpoints of knowledge interest and methodological approach and design.

Methods: Original articles published in Radiography (n = 184) and the Journal of Clinical Radiography and Radiotherapy (n = 10) at the timeline 2015 to 3/2017 were reviewed for research focus and the methodology used. To abstract the results, thematisation analysis was used. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.radi.2018.05.010DOI Listing
November 2018
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Perspectives on the development of professionalism as experienced by radiography students.

Radiography (Lond) 2018 Nov 17;24(4):404. Epub 2018 Aug 17.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.radi.2018.07.003DOI Listing
November 2018
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The experiences of women receiving brachytherapy for cervical cancer: A systematic literature review.

Radiography (Lond) 2018 Nov 18;24(4):396-403. Epub 2018 Jul 18.

Faculty of Health and Applied Sciences, Glenside Campus, University of the West of England, Blackberry Hill, Bristol, BS16 1DD, UK. Electronic address:

Objectives: To determine women's experiences of brachytherapy for cervical cancer.

Key Findings: Nineteen studies were included for data extraction/synthesis. Twelve studies focussed on psychological issues, seven on pharmacological aspects of women's experiences. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10788174183008
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.radi.2018.06.002DOI Listing
November 2018
3 Reads

An evaluation of Fracture Liaison Services in the detection and management of osteoporotic fragility fractures: A narrative review.

Radiography (Lond) 2018 Nov 25;24(4):392-395. Epub 2018 May 25.

University of Central Lancashire, UK.

Objectives: To evaluate the current evidence for whether Fracture Liaison Services are being utilised effectively in the UK to aid in the prevention of fragility fractures.

Key Findings: Radiological under-reporting and non-standardised assessment of fragility fractures still persist, with low numbers of patients undergoing a risk assessment and treatment for secondary prevention of fracture. In order to improve care for these patients, the reporting of vertebral fractures must be improved and standardised in order to identify patients at increased risk of secondary fragility fractures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.radi.2018.05.003DOI Listing
November 2018
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Variation in the length and structure of reports written by reporting radiographers: A retrospective study.

Radiography (Lond) 2018 Nov 13;24(4):383-391. Epub 2018 Jul 13.

Salford Royal NHS Foundation Trust, Stott Lane, Salford, M6 8HD, UK. Electronic address:

Introduction: The literature suggests that there is variation in various features of the written radiology report for a range of body areas and imaging modalities. The retrospective study presented here aims to determine if similar variation is demonstrated in a group of 5 reporting radiographers in a UK NHS Trust.

Methods: Full reports for 1530 knee radiographic examinations performed from accident and emergency referrals were extracted for a 12-month period from a Radiology Information System (RIS) into Excel. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10788174183008
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.radi.2018.06.005DOI Listing
November 2018
10 Reads

Development and evaluation of a deep knowledge and skills based assignment: Using MRI safety as an example.

Radiography (Lond) 2018 Nov 12;24(4):376-382. Epub 2018 Jun 12.

Faculty of Informatics, Heilbronn University of Applied Science, Heilbronn, Germany.

Introduction: Using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) safety as an example, this paper discusses the development of an innovative multiple-step assignment task designed to increase student engagement and learning of important concepts. The paper also summarises student feedback about the assessment as well as thematic analysis of categories thought important to students.

Method: A multi-step assignment was designed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.radi.2018.05.011DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Image interpretation by radiographers in brain, spine and knee MRI examinations: Findings from an accredited postgraduate module.

Radiography (Lond) 2018 Nov 7;24(4):370-375. Epub 2018 Jun 7.

Clinical and Medical Sciences Research Hub, School of Allied Health Professions, Canterbury Christ Church University, Kent, UK.

Introduction: The aim of the study was to evaluate the performance of radiographers in image interpretation of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) brain, spine and knee examinations following a nine-month work based postgraduate MRI module.

Methods: Twenty-seven participants each submitted 60 image commentaries taken from prospective clinical workloads. The image interpretations (n = 1620) comprised brain, spine, and knee MRI examinations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.radi.2018.05.009DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Radiographer reporting of neurological magnetic resonance imaging examinations of the head and cervical spine: Findings of an accredited postgraduate programme.

Radiography (Lond) 2018 Nov 18;24(4):366-369. Epub 2018 Jun 18.

School of Allied Health Professions, Canterbury Christ Church University, Canterbury, Kent, UK; Radiology Department, Homerton University Hospital, UK.

Introduction: To analyse the objective structured examination (OSE) results of the first cohorts of radiographers (n = 13) who successfully completed an accredited postgraduate programme in clinical reporting of neurological magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examinations of the head and cervical spine.

Methods: Forty MRI examinations were used in the OSE which included a range of abnormal cases (prevalence of abnormal examinations approximated 50%) and included: haemorrhage, infarction, demyelination disease, abscess, mass lesions (metastatic deposits, meningioma, glioma, astrocytoma); and disc disease, cord compression, stenosis, ligament rupture, syringomyelia appearances on patients referred from a range of referral sources. Normal variants and incidental findings were also included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.radi.2018.05.006DOI Listing
November 2018
4 Reads

Barriers and incentives for choosing to specialise in mammography- A survey of Australian undergraduate diagnostic radiography students.

Radiography (Lond) 2018 Nov 19;24(4):360-365. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Health and Medicine, University of Newcastle, Australia. Electronic address:

Introduction: There is a projected shortage of radiographers working in breast screening in Australia. This study aimed to examine the perceived barriers and potential incentives among current undergraduate diagnostic radiography students to train, specialise and work in mammography.

Methods: A survey was undertaken to assess students' experience of six modalities during both University study and clinical practice. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10788174183006
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.radi.2018.05.004DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Undergraduate use of medical radiation science mobile applications.

Radiography (Lond) 2018 Nov 22;24(4):352-359. Epub 2018 May 22.

Charles Sturt University, Faculty of Science, School of Dentistry and Health Sciences, Locked Bag 588, Wagga Wagga, NSW 2678, Australia. Electronic address:

Introduction: Despite the technologically intense nature of the medical radiation science (MRS) profession, literature specifically supporting the adoption of mobile learning in MRS education is scarce. To this aim, we explored student utilization of and influences for choosing MRS applications (apps, a specific type of mobile learning) within the Bachelor of Medical Radiation Science course at Charles Sturt University (CSU), Australia. Secondary objectives briefly investigated content reliability within selected chosen apps and overall student willingness to embrace this methodology prior to mainstream integration. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.radi.2018.04.012DOI Listing
November 2018
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A phantom study of the performance of model-based iterative reconstruction in low-dose chest and abdominal CT: When are benefits maximized?

Radiography (Lond) 2018 Nov;24(4):345-351

Department of Radiology, Cork University Hospital, Cork, Ireland; College of Medicine & Health, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland; APC Microbiome Ireland, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland.

Introduction: The aim of this study was to assess and compare the effects of CT image reconstruction techniques on low-dose CT image quality using phantoms.

Methods: Anthropomorphic torso and spatial/contrast-resolution phantoms were scanned at decreasing tube currents between 400 and 10 mA. CT thorax and abdomen/pelvis series were reconstructed with filtered back projection (FBP) alone, combined 40% adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction & FBP (ASIR40), and model-based iterative reconstruction (MBIR) [(resolution-preference 05 (RP05) and RP20 in the thorax and RP05 and noise-reduction 05 (NR05) in the abdomen)]. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.radi.2018.04.010DOI Listing
November 2018
3 Reads

The detection of wooden foreign bodies: An experimental study comparing direct digital radiography (DDR) and ultrasonography.

Radiography (Lond) 2018 Nov 4;24(4):340-344. Epub 2018 May 4.

Diagnostic Radiography, University of Suffolk, Ipswich, UK. Electronic address:

Introduction: This experimental study compares the appropriateness of direct digital radiography (DDR) and ultrasonography at detecting soft-tissue wooden foreign bodies (FBs) in extremities.

Methods: Varying wooden FB splinters (2 mm, 5 mm and 10 mm) were inserted into eight porcine feet to simulate a patient presenting with a soft-tissue FB injury. Each of the FBs was placed in muscle distant, behind and near bone in the porcine feet. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10788174183004
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.radi.2018.04.004DOI Listing
November 2018
10 Reads

Assessment of isocenter alignment during CT colonography: Implications for clinical practice.

Radiography (Lond) 2018 Nov 26;24(4):334-339. Epub 2018 Apr 26.

Department of Anatomy and Neuroscience, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland; Department of Radiology, Cork University Hospital, Cork, Ireland; APC Microbiome Ireland, UCC, Cork, Ireland.

Introduction: Optimization of image quality and patient radiation dose is achieved in part by positioning the patient at the isocenter of the CT gantry. The aim of this study was to establish whether there was increased isocenter misalignment (IM) in CT colonography (CTC) scans by comparing patient position during the prone part of a CTC to patient position during renal stone protocol CT (CT-KUB) and patient position during the supine part of a CTC to patient position during abdominopelvic CT (CT-AP).

Methods: Two hundred and twenty two consecutive outpatient adult CTC studies performed between January and December 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.radi.2018.04.003DOI Listing
November 2018
12 Reads

A questionnaire study of radiography educator opinions about patient lead shielding during digital projection radiography.

Radiography (Lond) 2018 Nov 30;24(4):328-333. Epub 2018 Apr 30.

Radiography and Diagnostic Imaging, School of Medicine, University College Dublin, Ireland.

Background: In projection radiography, lead rubber shielding has long been used to protect the gonads both within and outside the collimated field. However, the relative radio-sensitivity of the gonads is considered lower than previously, and doses from digital projection radiography are reported as being lower than in previous eras. These factors, along with technical difficulties encountered in placing lead shielding effectively, lead to varied opinions on the efficacy of such shielding in peer reviewed literature. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.radi.2018.04.001DOI Listing
November 2018
10 Reads

An evaluation of online information available for women with breast implants aged 47-73 who have been invited to attend the NHS Breast Screening Programme.

Authors:
O Parr K Dunmall

Radiography (Lond) 2018 Nov 18;24(4):315-327. Epub 2018 Apr 18.

Room 2K02 Glenside Campus, Faculty of Health and Applied Sciences, University of the West of England, Bristol, BS16 1DD, UK.

Introduction: The Internet has become an innovative instrument older adults utilise to obtain health-related information. Poor quality health information may cause harm to individuals. If not accessible, or at a level comprehended by target audiences, this does not support the development of their knowledge and subsequently hinders patient's ability to make informed-decisions. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10788174183003
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.radi.2018.03.008DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Breast compression techniques in screening mammography - A Maltese evaluation project.

Radiography (Lond) 2018 Nov 5;24(4):309-314. Epub 2018 Apr 5.

Diagnostic Imaging, Sheffield Hallam University, Collegiate Campus, Sheffield, S10 2BP, United Kingdom.

Introduction: In screening mammography, the radiographer should be responsible for providing mammograms of high diagnostic value, possibly without subjecting clients to a painful experience. This skill is demonstrated via the technique of breast compression and is explored in this study by analysing insights about methods and underlying principles in regards to this procedure.

Methods: One-to-one semi-structured interviews were conducted with radiographers who perform screening mammography in Malta. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.radi.2018.03.007DOI Listing
November 2018
11 Reads

Running water sound technique in contrast-based voiding cystourethrogram: A case-control study.

Authors:
B O Botwe

Radiography (Lond) 2018 Nov 3;24(4):304-308. Epub 2018 Apr 3.

Department of Radiography, School of Biomedical & Allied Health Sciences, University of Ghana, Ghana. Electronic address:

Background: An intervention that can reduce the patient void time during a voiding cystourethrogram (VCUG) procedure can reduce the total radiation dose to the patient. This is because a delay in voiding leads to a high number of intermittent screenings to monitor if voiding occurs. This study assessed the impact of running-water sound (RWS) upon patients' voiding parameters and fluoroscopy screening times during VCUG examinations among children and adults. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.radi.2018.03.006DOI Listing
November 2018
9 Reads

TRUFU: Therapeutic radiographer undertaking follow up for prostate cancer patients.

Radiography (Lond) 2018 Nov 3;24(4):298-303. Epub 2018 Jul 3.

Radiotherapy Department, Cancer Centre, Belfast City Hospital, Lisburn Road, Belfast BT9 7AB, UK.

Introduction: A study was proposed to examine the impact to patients and the Oncology review team, of extending the role of the Therapeutic Radiographer to undertake follow up review of prostate cancer patients who have completed a radical course of external beam radiotherapy treatment.

Method: A total of 30 patients attending for routine radiotherapy follow up were included in an observational study. Patients were assigned for review with a Doctor or a Therapeutic Radiographer using 1:1 randomisation and a number of time points were recorded and analysed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.radi.2018.06.001DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Embedding consultant radiographer roles within radiology departments: A framework for success.

Radiography (Lond) 2018 Nov 12;24(4):289-297. Epub 2018 Jul 12.

University of Bradford / Mid Yorkshire NHS Trust, UK. Electronic address:

Introduction: Many organisations struggle to clearly differentiate the radiographer consultant role from advanced or specialist practice, with newly appointed consultant practitioners often ill-prepared for working at this level. This article discusses the design, implementation and validation of an outcomes framework for benchmarking competencies for trainee or new-in-post consultant radiographers.

Methods: Five experienced radiographers from different clinical specialisms were seconded to a twelve month consultant trainee post, guided by a locally-devised outcomes framework. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.radi.2018.06.007DOI Listing
November 2018
10 Reads

Magnetic Resonance Imaging of synovitis in knees of patients with osteoarthritis without injected contrast agents using T quantification.

Radiography (Lond) 2018 Nov 24;24(4):283-288. Epub 2018 May 24.

Leeds Musculoskeletal Biomedical Research Centre, Chapel Allerton Hospital, Chapeltown Road, Leeds LS7 4SA, United Kingdom; Department of Medical Physics, Leeds Teaching Hospitals, Bexley Wing, Leeds LS9 7TF, United Kingdom.

Introduction: To measure the range of T values of synovitis using three Tesla (3 T) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in patients with osteoarthritis to assess the potential of T mapping for identifying synovitis from other features in the knee on unenhanced magnetic resonance scans.

Methods: After receiving institutional ethical approval, 83 patients who met the American College of Rheumatology criteria for diagnosis of osteoarthritis of the knee were scanned using a 3 T Magnetic Resonance Imaging scanner. T maps were calculated from spoiled gradient echo images acquired with five different flip angles of 5°-25°. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.radi.2018.04.009DOI Listing
November 2018
8 Reads

National survey of fiducial marker insertion for prostate image guided radiotherapy.

Radiography (Lond) 2018 Nov 7;24(4):275-282. Epub 2018 Jul 7.

The Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust, UK; The Institute of Cancer Research, UK. Electronic address:

Introduction: In the United Kingdom fiducial marker IGRT is the second most common verification method employed in radical prostate radiotherapy yet little evidence exists to support centres introducing or developing this practice. We developed a survey to elicit current fiducial marker practices adopted in the UK, to recommend standardisation of practice.

Methods: A 16 question survey was distributed across UK Radiotherapy centres via promotion at the British Uro-Oncology Group Conference, 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.radi.2018.06.003DOI Listing
November 2018
12 Reads

Fragile: Please handle with care.

Radiography (Lond) 2018 Oct 4;24 Suppl 1:S9-S10. Epub 2018 May 4.

Medical Imaging, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.radi.2018.04.002DOI Listing
October 2018
5 Reads

Diversity, identity and healthcare.

Authors:
A Bolderston

Radiography (Lond) 2018 Oct 4;24 Suppl 1:S7-S8. Epub 2018 May 4.

BC Cancer, Abbotsford Centre, 32900 Marshall Rd, Abbotsford, BC V2S 0C2, Canada. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.radi.2018.04.006DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read