19,714 results match your criteria Radical Neck Dissection


Dissection of Cervical Lymph Node Metastasis With Internal Jugular-Subclavian Venous Junction Invasion Via an Approach Involving Resection of the Margin of the Medial Clavicle.

Cureus 2021 Jun 30;13(6):e16055. Epub 2021 Jun 30.

Head and Neck Surgery, Miyagi Cancer Center, Natori, JPN.

We report here a patient with a massive lymphatic metastasis involving the internal jugular-subclavian venous (IJ-SCV) junction that was safely resected with a new surgical procedure without significant complications. The patient, a 57-year-old man, had advanced hypopharyngeal cancer that had metastasized to the left IJ-SCV junction with a considerable invasion of the vessels, seemingly precluding a conventional surgical intervention. We, therefore, devised a new minimally invasive surgical approach involving resection of the margin of the medial clavicle, which provided an open view of the operation field. Read More

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Evaluation of benign tumors of large salivary glands according to the new classification of the European Salivary Glands Society.

Otolaryngol Pol 2021 Apr;75(4):7-13

Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Oncology, Medical University of Lodz, University Clinical Hospital Norbert Barlicki in Lodz, Poland.

<b>Introduction:</b> Tumors of large salivary glands constitute about 2-3% of all head and neck tumors. Their incidence is statistically greater in males than in females, with the first symptoms usually appearing between the 4th and 7th decade of life. <br/><b>Aim:</b> The aim of the study was to assess the usefulness of the new classification proposed by European Salivary Gland Society (ESGS) in comparison with the divisions of procedures previously valid in the literature, making a retrospective analysis of patients operated on due to benign tumors of large salivary glands in the Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Oncology of the Medical University of Lodz in 2012-2020. Read More

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Comparison of criteria for elective tracheostomy in head and neck cancer surgery.

Otolaryngol Pol 2021 May;75(4):20-26

Head and Neck Cancer Department, Maria Sklodowska-Curie National Research Institute of Oncology in Warsaw, Poland.

Objectives: Elective tracheostomy before resection of a malignancy in head and neck region assures unobstructed ventilation during postoperative period but is associated with an increased risk of complications. We aimed to evaluate retrospectively, how application of elective tracheostomy scales would influence frequency of tracheostomy in comparison with preoperative clinical judgement.

Methods: In 205 patients operated from 2013 till 2017 resection of a malignancy involved suprahyoid or pharyngeal muscles, neck dissection and flap reconstruction. Read More

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[Endoscopic lateral neck dissection via the breast and transoral approaches for papillary thyroid carcinoma: a report of 10 cases].

Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2021 Jul;56(7):751-754

Department of General Surgery, Zhongshan Hospital, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361004, China.

To investigate the feasibility of endoscopic lateral neck dissection via the breast and transoral approaches (ELNDBTOA) for papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). From February 2015 to April 2019, 10 patients with PTC (cN1b) including 1 male and 9 females aged from 22 to 53 years old received ELNDBTOA in the General Surgery Department of Zhongshan Hospital, Xiamen University. Total thyroidectomy, the central lymph node dissection and the selective neck dissection (levels Ⅱ, Ⅲ and Ⅳ) were performed endoscopically via the breast approach, and then the residual lymph nodes were dissected via transoral approach. Read More

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Risk stratification of parotid neoplasms based on intraoperative frozen section and preoperative fine needle aspiration cytology.

Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2021 Aug 3. Epub 2021 Aug 3.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Singapore, Singapore.

Purpose: This study aims to determine the relationship of frozen section (FS) to final histology and determine how incorporating FS may change preoperative malignancy risk estimates based on preoperative fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC). The secondary aim is to determine if FS is useful in influencing intraoperative decision-making.

Methods: Retrospective review of 426 intraoperative FS for parotidectomies performed for primary parotid lesions. Read More

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A Parsimonious Prognostic Model and Heat Map for Predicting Survival Following Adjuvant Radiotherapy in Parotid Gland Carcinoma With Lymph Node Metastasis.

Technol Cancer Res Treat 2021 Jan-Dec;20:15330338211035257

Department of Head and Neck surgery, Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center, State Key Laboratory of Oncology in South China, Collaborative Innovation Center for Cancer Medicine, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, People's Republic of China.

Objectives: To construct a simplified prognostic risk model to predict overall survival after adjuvant radiotherapy for parotid gland carcinoma patients with stage T1-4aN1-3M0.

Materials And Methods: We evaluated 879 patients who were pathological diagnosed as stage T1-4aN1-3M0 parotid gland cancer. Those eligible patients treated with parotidectomy and neck lymph node dissection between 2004 and 2015 in the Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results database. Read More

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Direct anterior approach for total hip arthroplasty using the "bikini incision".

Oper Orthop Traumatol 2021 Aug 2. Epub 2021 Aug 2.

Department of Orthopedics and Trauma Surgery, Musculoskeletal University Center Munich (MUM), University Hospital, LMU Munich, Marchioninistr. 15, 81377, Munich, Germany.

Objective: The classic skin incision for direct anterior approach (DAA) total hip arthroplasty (THA) is usually placed over the belly of the tensor fasciae latae (TFL) muscle parallel to the axis of the lower extremity. In the "bikini incision" technique however, a more horizontal skin incision is used and placed parallel to the skin creases, which largely corresponds to the skin's tension lines to prevent hypertrophic scarring and optimize cosmetic outcomes.

Indications: Primary or secondary osteoarthritis, femoral neck fracture, aseptic acetabular component loosening with sufficient bone stock and without the need for proximal extension of the approach, head and/or liner exchange. Read More

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A Rare Anatomical Variation of the Lesser Occipital Nerve.

Cureus 2021 Jun 24;13(6):e15901. Epub 2021 Jun 24.

Anatomical Sciences, St. George's University, St. George's, GRD.

The lesser occipital nerve (LON) is a cutaneous branch of the cervical plexus that arises from the second and sometimes the third spinal nerve and innervates the scalp. During routine dissection of the neck, the LON was observed to arise directly from the spinal accessory nerve. The aberrant nerve measured 1. Read More

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Intraoperative trans-laryngeal ultrasound (LUSG) of the vocal cord is a novel method of confirming the recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) integrity during thyroid and neck surgery.

Surgery 2021 Jul 29. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Department of Surgery, the University of Hong Kong, Queen Mary Hospital, Hong Kong. Electronic address:

Background: Eliciting a normal electromyography signal has been the usual method to confirm the functional integrity of the recurrent laryngeal nerve during intraoperative nerve monitoring. Given that oscillations of the vocal cord can be detected with trans-laryngeal ultrasound when the ipsilateral recurrent laryngeal nerve is stimulated with the endotracheal tube in situ, we aimed to compare the accuracy and cost of this novel method with the conventional electromyography method.

Methods: Consecutive patients who underwent elective thyroid, parathyroid or neck dissection procedures were included. Read More

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A complete magnetic sentinel lymph node biopsy procedure in oral cancer patients: A pilot study.

Oral Oncol 2021 Jul 27;121:105464. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Department of Head and Neck Surgical Oncology, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, the Netherlands.

Objectives: To assess the feasibility and merits of a complete magnetic approach for a sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) procedure in oral cancer patients.

Materials And Methods: This study included ten oral cancer patients (stage cT1-T2N0M0) scheduled for elective neck dissection (END). Superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIO) were administered peritumorally prior to surgery. Read More

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Robotic surgery may improve overall survival for T1 and T2 tumors of the hypopharynx: An NCDB cohort study.

Oral Oncol 2021 Jul 27;121:105440. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Division of Otolaryngology, Department of Surgery, University of California San Diego, San Diego, CA, USA; Moores Cancer Center, La Jolla, CA, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Hypopharyngeal cancer is associated with poor survival. Robotic surgery is emerging as a treatment for hypopharyngeal tumors, but no rigorous data are available to assess its effect on survival.

Methods: The National Cancer Database (NCDB) was used to identify patients with T1 and T2 hypopharyngeal tumors undergoing robotic surgery, laser surgery, and primary radiation with or without chemotherapy from 2010 to 2016. Read More

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A specialized myodural bridge named occipital-dural muscle in the narrow-ridged finless porpoise (Neophocaena asiaeorientalis).

Sci Rep 2021 Jul 29;11(1):15485. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Department of Anatomy, College of Basic Medicine, Dalian Medical University, Dalian, China.

A dense bridge-like tissue named the myodural bridge (MDB) connecting the suboccipital muscles to the spinal dura mater was originally discovered in humans. However, recent animal studies have revealed that the MDB appears to be an evolutionarily conserved anatomic structure which may have significant physiological functions. Our previous investigations have confirmed the existence of the MDB in finless porpoises. Read More

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Surviving COVID-19 and multiple complications post total laryngectomy.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Jul 28;14(7). Epub 2021 Jul 28.

ENT, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Rishikesh, Uttarakhand, India.

The clinical manifestation of novel COVID-19 is variable. Pre-existing carcinoma and other comorbidities have been associated with increased COVID-19-related morbidity and mortality. Surgical intervention for advanced laryngeal carcinoma in old age during the COVID-19 pandemic may pose multiple challenges to the patient and the treatment team. Read More

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Parathyroid Carcinoma in a Patient With Secondary Hyperparathyroidism and Thyroid Hemiagenesis: A Case Report and Review of the Literature.

Ear Nose Throat J 2021 Jul 28:1455613211036240. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

Division of Endocrinology, Metabolism, and Hypertension Research, Clinical Research Institute, National Hospital Organization Kyoto Medical Center, Kyoto, Japan.

Parathyroid carcinoma is a rare endocrine tumor. Parathyroid carcinoma in patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism due to chronic kidney disease is also rare. In addition, thyroid hemiagenesis is a rare congenital anomaly. Read More

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Rerouting of Cerebral Circulation: Extensive Transcatheter Aortic Arch Revision.

JACC Case Rep 2020 Jun 17;2(6):855-859. Epub 2020 Jun 17.

Children's Healthcare of Atlanta, Department of Pediatrics, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia.

We describe an adolescent with long-standing atresia of the head/neck arteries and severe aortic coarctation. Because of progressive symptoms, a series of interventions was undertaken to provide direct aorta-to-carotid artery flow and coarctation treatment. This case highlights the unusual physiological features associated with atresia of all head and neck arteries. Read More

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Aggravation of Reflux Finding Score (RFS) after thyroidectomy.

PLoS One 2021 26;16(7):e0254235. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, College of Medicine, Hanyang University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) has been suggested as a possible cause of post-thyroidectomy syndrome. However, the pathophysiology and relationship between thyroidectomy and LPR have not been well investigated. We aimed to evaluate the correlation between thyroidectomy and LPR by assessing changes in LPR-related symptoms and laryngoscopic findings before and after thyroidectomy. Read More

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The influence of dissection on clinical anatomical knowledge for surgical needs.

Surg Radiol Anat 2021 Jul 26. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Department of Macroscopic and Clinical Anatomy, Medical University of Graz, Graz, Austria.

Purpose: Due to the ongoing discussion of the usefulness of dissection on human bodies in medical curricula, we investigated the influence of anatomical knowledge collected in the dissection course and requested for modules of visceral surgery.

Methods: Students attending the dissection course of topographic anatomy had to answer a questionnaire of 22 questions with focus on anatomical knowledge required for visceral surgical modules. Failure was defined as 13 or fewer correct answers, success categorized as high, good or moderate. Read More

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Use of monopolar microelectrodes and radiofrequency in the treatment of arytenoid edema after partial horizontal laryngectomy and radiotherapy.

Head Neck 2021 Jul 26. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Valencia Medical School, University General Hospital of Valencia, Valencia, Spain.

We evaluated the tissue reduction effects using monopolar microelectrodes (MME) coupled to a radiofrequency (RF) generator in arytenoid edema caused by postoperative radiotherapy in larynx. This is a retrospective transversal study, which included 15 patients with supraglottic laryngeal carcinoma. All the patients had undergone a partial horizontal laryngectomy and bilateral neck dissection followed by postoperative radiotherapy. Read More

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Retrograde Extraperitoneal Laparoscopic Prostatectomy (RELP). A Prospective Study about 1,000 Consecutive Patients, with Oncological and Functional Results.

Urol J 2021 Jul 26. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Univ. Lille, CHU Lille, ULR 2694, CERIM, Public health dept, F-59000 Lille, France.

Purpose: Usual laparoscopic surgery of localized prostate cancer uses antegrade dissection. We describe and evaluate the original RELP (Retrograde Extraperitoneal Laparoscopic Prostatectomy).

Materials And Methods: A prospective cohort of 1005 patients with clinical localized cancer prostate were operated from December 1999 to September 2013, in Lyon (France), and followed up to 172 months (median: 60 months). Read More

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Correlation between US-FNAC with BRAF V600E Mutation Analysis and Central Neck Lymph Node Metastasis in cN0 Papillary Thyroid Cancer.

Biomed Res Int 2021 1;2021:9937742. Epub 2021 Jul 1.

Department of Ultrasound Medicine, Gansu Provincial Hospital, Lanzhou 730000, China.

The aim of this study was to explore the correlation between ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration cytology(US-FNAC) combined with BRAF V600E mutation analysis and central neck lymph node metastasis in cN0 papillary thyroid cancer, so as to provide reliable molecular evidence to use it for preoperative evaluation, operation procedure design, and postoperative follow-up planning in clinic. Specimens were obtained from 250 patients with cN0 thyroid cancer (TI-RADS≥4a, highly suspected of PTC by US-FNAC) after bilateral thyroidectomy and central neck lymph node dissection with accessible postoperative pathologic results of PTC and central neck lymph nodes and used for cytological diagnosis by H&E stain and BRAF V600E mutation detection. Single-factor analysis showed that differences between the central neck lymph node metastasis and nonmetastasis groups were statistically significant in gender, BRAF V600E mutation, and extracapsular extension. Read More

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Foundations of Advanced Neuroanatomy: Technical Guidelines for Specimen Preparation, Dissection, and 3D-Photodocumentation in a Surgical Anatomy Laboratory.

J Neurol Surg B Skull Base 2021 Jul 28;82(Suppl 3):e248-e258. Epub 2019 Nov 28.

Department of Neurosurgery, Albany Medical Center, Albany, New York, United States.

 This study was aimed to provide a key update to the seminal works of Prof. Albert L. Rhoton Jr. Read More

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A Prediction Model for Contralateral Central Neck Lymph Node Metastases in Unilateral Papillary Thyroid Cancer.

Int J Endocrinol 2021 30;2021:6621067. Epub 2021 Jun 30.

Department of General Surgery, Xiangya Hospital Central South University, Changsha 410008, Hunan, China.

The health problems caused by the frequent relapse of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) remain a worldwide concern since the morbidity rate of PTC ranks the highest among thyroid cancers. Residues from contralateral central lymph node metastases (con-CLNM) are the key reason for persistence or recurrence of unilateral papillary thyroid carcinoma (uni-PTC); however, the ability to assess the status of con-CLNM in uni-PTC patients is limited. To clarify the risk factors of con-CLNM, a total of 250 patients with uni-PTC who underwent total thyroidectomy and bilateral central lymph node dissection were recruited in this study. Read More

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[A case of oncocytic carcinoma at the base of the tongue with cervical lymph node metastasis and literature review].

Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2021 Aug;35(8):748-751

Oncocytic carcinoma of tongue is extremely rare. This paper reports a case of malignant transformation from oncocytic adenoma to oncocytic carcinoma. A 29-year-old man complained of pharyngeal bleeding and swallowing obstruction. Read More

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[Clinical characteristics of neuroendocrine carcinoma of nose and skull base and analysis of curative effect of endoscopic surgery].

Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2021 Aug;35(8):740-745

Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery,Xiangya Hospital of Central South University,Hunan Province Key Laboratory of Otolaryngology Critical Diseases,Changsha,410008,China.

To investigate the clinical features of neuroendocrine carcinoma of nose and skull base and the efficacy and prognosis of endoscopic resection. The clinical data of 7 patients with neuroendocrine carcinoma of nose and skull base treated by endoscopic surgery were retrospectively analyzed. According to the international TNM staging, there were 1 case of stage Ⅰ, 1 case of stage Ⅱ, 1 case of stage Ⅲ, 1 case of stage ⅣA and 3 cases of stage ⅣB. Read More

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[Clinical analysis of oral and oropharyngeal cancer resection through oral approach].

Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2021 Aug;35(8):712-717

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery,the First Affiliated Hospital of Bengbu Medical College,Bengbu,233004,China.

To investigate the treatment effect of oral and oropharyngeal cancer resection through oral approach. Forty-eight patients who with oral and oropharyngeal cancer were admitted to the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery of the First Affiliated Hospital of Bengbu Medical College from January 2015 to January 2018, and all received preoperative chemotherapy, surgical treatment and postoperative radiotherapy. Among them, twenty-four patients who were treated with tumor resection through oral approach in the experimental group, the other twenty-four patients were treated with tumor resection by external approach in the control group. Read More

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Surgical Skills and Technological Advancements to Avoid Complications in Lateral Neck Dissection for Differentiated Thyroid Cancer.

Cancers (Basel) 2021 Jul 6;13(14). Epub 2021 Jul 6.

Department of Medicine, Dentistry and Biotechnology, University "G. D'Annunzio", Via dei Vestini 31, 66100 Chieti, Italy.

Neck dissection is a surgical procedure reserved for thyroid cancer cases with clinically evident lymphatic invasion. Although neck dissection is a reliable and safe procedure, it can determine a significant morbidity involving a variety of structures of nervous, vascular and endocrine typology. A careful pre-operative study is therefore essential to better plan surgery. Read More

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Primary thyroid teratoma in adults: A case report and systematic review of the literature.

Mol Clin Oncol 2021 Aug 23;15(2):169. Epub 2021 Jun 23.

Third Department of Surgery, Attikon University Hospital, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, 12462 Athens, Greece.

Extragonadal germ cell tumors are uncommon in adults and only 2-5% of teratomas develop in extragonadal sites. Primary thyroid teratomas represent <0.1% of all primary thyroid gland neoplasms. Read More

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[Establishment of model to predict lateral neck recurrence of central lymph node metastasis in papillary thyroid carcinoma].

Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi 2021 Jul;43(7):775-780

Department of Head and Neck Surgery, National Cancer Center/National Clinical Research Center for Cancer/Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100021, China.

To explore the risk factors for lateral neck recurrence of central lymph node metastasis (CLMN) in papillary thyroid cancer (PTC), and to construct a model to predict the recurrence. The records of 245 consecutive PTC patients with CLMN underwent surgical treatment from 1996 to 2009 in our department were retrospectively reviewed. The threshold value of CLNM number is determined by ROC curve. Read More

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Surgical interventions for management of benign parotid tumors: A systematic review and network meta-analysis.

Head Neck 2021 Jul 20. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Key Laboratory of Oral Medicine, Guangzhou Institute of Oral Disease, Stomatology Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, China.

The impact of the extent of parotid surgery on postoperative complications has long been considered a topic of controversy. The aim of the current network meta-analysis (NMA) is to answer the following questions: (1) Does the extent of surgical resection of benign parotid tumors increase the risk of postoperative complications? (2) What is the best surgical intervention for treatment of benign parotid tumors that can provide an acceptable balance between tumor recurrence rate and other postoperative complications? A comprehensive search on PubMed, Embase, Scopus, and Cochrane library was conducted to identify the eligible studies. The outcome was the incidence of tumor recurrence, facial nerve weakness (temporary [TFW] or permanent [PFP]), Frey's syndrome (FS), sialocele, and salivary fistula. Read More

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Feasibility of lateral sentinel lymph node biopsy in medullary thyroid cancer: A surrogate tool for determining prophylactic lateral neck dissection-A pilot study.

Head Neck 2021 Jul 20. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Department of Surgery, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea.

Backgrounds: This study aimed to evaluate usefulness of lateral sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) in determining lateral neck dissection (LND) of patients with medullary thyroid cancer (MTC).

Methods: Sixteen patients with MTC were enrolled in the study from January 2013 to June 2019. Intratumoral injection of technetium (Tc)-99m phytate followed by lymphoscintigraphy was performed preoperatively. Read More

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