9,449 results match your criteria Radiation Therapy in Gynecology

Repeated intravenous indocyanine green application to prove uterine perfusion during uterus transposition.

Int J Gynecol Cancer 2022 Jun 28. Epub 2022 Jun 28.

Department of Special Operative and Oncologic Gynecology, Asklepios Kliniken Hamburg GmbH - Asklepios Altona, Hamburg, Germany

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Health-Related Quality of Life of Patients with Cervical Cancer According to the Duration of Treatment and Cancer Progression.

Asian Pac J Cancer Prev 2022 Jun 1;23(6):1945-1950. Epub 2022 Jun 1.

National Evidence-based Healthcare Collaborating Agency, City, Seoul, South Korea.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to assess health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in Korean patients with cervical cancer according to the duration of treatment and cancer progression of cervical cancer.

Methods: This study included 452 outpatients with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) or invasive cervical cancer from six tertiary hospitals in South Korea. The questionnaire included the EQ-5D-3L instrument, patients' age, cancer progression (CIN or invasive cervical cancer), treatment duration (<1 year, ≥1 year but <2 years, and ≥2 years), treatment method (surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy), and presence of recurrence. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The European Society of Gynaecological Oncology (ESGO), the International Society for the Study of Vulvovaginal Disease (ISSVD), the European College for the Study of Vulval Disease (ECSVD) and the European Federation for Colposcopy (EFC) Consensus Statements on Pre-invasive Vulvar Lesions.

J Low Genit Tract Dis 2022 Jul 21;26(3):229-244. Epub 2022 Jun 21.

Division of Gynaecological Oncology, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

Abstract: The European Society of Gynaecological Oncology (ESGO), the International Society for the Study of Vulvovaginal Disease (ISSVD), the European College for the Study of Vulval Disease (ECSVD), and the European Federation for Colposcopy (EFC) developed consensus statements on pre-invasive vulvar lesions in order to improve the quality of care for patients with vulvar squamous intraepithelial neoplasia, vulvar Paget disease in situ, and melanoma in situ. For differentiated vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia (dVIN), an excisional procedure must always be adopted. For vulvar high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (VHSIL), both excisional procedures and ablative ones can be used. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Strategies to preserve the reproductive future of women after cancer.

JBRA Assist Reprod 2014 Mar 27;18(1):16-23. Epub 2014 Mar 27.

Service of Human Reproduction, Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Faculty of Medicine of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil.

Malignant and cardiovascular diseases are the main causes of death in Brazil. Estimates for 2013 predict the occurrence of 189,150 new cases of cancer in Brazilian women. With advanced detection tools, patients are diagnosed and treated for cancer at a younger age and are more likely to survive. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Incidence of fistula occurrence in patients with cervical cancer treated with bevacizumab: data from real-world clinical practice.

Int J Clin Oncol 2022 Jun 27. Epub 2022 Jun 27.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Keio University School of Medicine, 35 Shinanomachi, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo, 160-8582, Japan.

Background: This study aimed to determine the incidence of pelvic fistulas in cervical cancer patients treated with bevacizumab in Japanese clinical practice.

Methods: A post-marketing surveillance (PMS) study was conducted between June 2016 and February 2018 to survey physicians who treated advanced or recurrent cervical cancer patients with bevacizumab (according to the product label). The clinical/treatment status of patients with pelvic fistulas was assessed in an additional retrospective case series study. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Outcomes with definitive radiotherapy among patients with locally advanced cervical cancer with relative or absolute contraindications to cisplatin: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Gynecol Oncol 2022 Jun 24. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Santo Tomas Hospital, Benavides Cancer Institute, Manila, Philippines; Gynecologic Oncology Unit, University of Santo Tomas Hospital, Benavides Cancer Institute, Manila, Philippines.

Background: The standard treatment for locally advanced cervical cancer (LACC) is chemoradiation (CRT) with cisplatin, followed by brachytherapy, but is less defined for cisplatin-intolerant patients. We synthesized evidence on treatment outcomes with definitive radiotherapy (RT) with or without chemotherapy (ChT) in these patients.

Methods: We performed a systematic search and included 20 relevant studies. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Efficacy of Modified Qingre Jiedu Decoction Combined with Three-Dimensional Conformal Radiotherapy in Treating Moderate to Advanced Ovarian Carcinoma and Its Effect on Levels of Serum Carcinoembryonic Antigen and Carbohydrate Antigen 125.

Shufen Ai Jin Xie

Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2022 15;2022:1821719. Epub 2022 Jun 15.

Medical Imaging Center, Central Hospital Affiliated to Shandong First Medical University, No. 105, Jiefang Road, Jinan City, Shandong 250013, China.

Objective: To explore the efficacy of modified Qingre Jiedu decoction combined with three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3D-CRT) in treating moderate to advanced ovarian carcinoma (OC) and its effect on patients' serum carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and carbohydrate antigen 125 (CA125).

Methods: The clinical data of 84 patients with moderate to advanced OC treated in the gynecology department of from February 2017 to February 2018 were selected for retrospective analysis, and the patients were divided into the single chemotherapy group (taxol + carboplatin,  = 42) and the combined group (modified Qingre Jiedu decoction+3D-CRT,  = 42) according to the parity of their admission numbers. By measuring their levels of serum CEA and CA125 after treatment, the cellular immune levels of the two groups were compared. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The abnormal increase in the resistance index of the uterine artery in women with endometriosis after cervical pushing.

Asian J Surg 2022 Jun 24. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou, 215004, China.

View Article and Full-Text PDF

p53 immunohistochemistry in endometrial cancer: clinical and molecular correlates in the PORTEC-3 trial.

Mod Pathol 2022 Jun 25. Epub 2022 Jun 25.

Departments of Pathology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands.

Standard molecular classification of endometrial cancers (EC) is now endorsed by the WHO and identifies p53-abnormal (p53abn) EC as the subgroup with the poorest prognosis and the most likely to benefit from adjuvant chemo(radio)therapy. P53abn EC are POLE wildtype, mismatch repair proficient and show abnormal immunohistochemical (IHC) staining for p53. Correct interpretation of routinely performed p53 IHC has therefore become of paramount importance. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Mir-326 potentiates radiosensitivity of cervical squamous cell carcinoma through downregulating SMO expression in the Hedgehog signaling pathway.

Genes Genomics 2022 Jun 25. Epub 2022 Jun 25.

Department of Gynecology, Hebei General Hospital, Shijiazhuang, China.

Background: Radiotherapy resistance affects the therapeutic effect of cervical squamous cell carcinoma (CSCC). Smoothened (Smo) is an anticancer target of the Hedgehog (Hh) pathway and its mutation is related to drug resistance.

Objective: To explore the roles of miR-326 and Smoothened (SMO) on radiation resistance in patients with cervical carcinoma. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Randomized multicenter phase II trial of prophylactic irradiation of para-aortic lymph nodes in advanced cervical cancer according to tumor hypoxia: Korean Radiation Oncology Group (KROG 07-01) study.

Int J Cancer 2022 Jun 25. Epub 2022 Jun 25.

Research Institute and Hospital, National Cancer Center, Goyang, South Korea.

We conducted a prospective phase II study on whether extended-field irradiation (EFI) confers survival benefits depending on hypoxic markers in locally advanced uterine cervical cancer (LAUCC). RNA-seq was performed to identify immune and hypoxic gene signatures. A total of 288 patients were randomized to either EFI or pelvic radiotherapy (PRT). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Monitoring Breast Cancer Care Quality at National and Local Level Using the French National Cancer Cohort.

Clin Breast Cancer 2022 May 21. Epub 2022 May 21.

Survey Data Science and Assessment Division, National Cancer Institute, Boulogne Billancourt, France; Aix Marseille University, INSERM, IRD, Economics and Social Sciences Applied to Health & Analysis of Medical Information (SESSTIM), Marseille, France.

Purpose: The French National Cancer Institute has developed, in partnership with the French National Authority for Health, breast cancer-specific Care Quality, and Safety Indicators (BC QIs). With regard to the most common form of cancer, our aim is to support local and national quality initiatives, to improve BC pathways and outcomes, reduce heterogeneity of practice and regional inequities. In this study, we measure the BC QIs available in the French National medico-administrative cancer database, the French Cancer Cohort, for 2018. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Emerging Role of MicroRNAs in the Therapeutic Response in Cervical Cancer: A Systematic Review.

Front Oncol 2022 7;12:847974. Epub 2022 Jun 7.

Division of Oncologic Gynecology, IRCCS Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria di Bologna, Bologna, Italy.

Cervical cancer is a common female cancer, with nearly 600,000 cases and more than 300,000 deaths worldwide every year. From a clinical point of view, surgery plays a key role in early cancer management, whereas advanced stages are treated with chemotherapy and/or radiation as adjuvant therapies. Nevertheless, predicting the degree of cancer response to chemotherapy or radiation therapy at diagnosis in order to personalize the clinical approach represents the biggest challenge in locally advanced cancers. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The Impact of SARS-CoV-2 Pandemic on Patients Undergoing Radiation Therapy for Advanced Cervical Cancer at a Romanian Academic Center: A Four-Year Retrospective Analysis.

Diagnostics (Basel) 2022 Jun 17;12(6). Epub 2022 Jun 17.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, "Victor Babes" University of Medicine and Pharmacy Timisoara, 300041 Timisoara, Romania.

: Throughout the COVID-19 pandemic, health systems worldwide adapted to support COVID-19 patients while continuing to provide assistance to patients with other potentially fatal illnesses. While patients with cancer may be at an elevated risk of severe COVID-19-related complications, their oncologic therapies generally cannot be postponed indefinitely without a negative effect on outcomes. Taking this into account, a thorough examination of the therapy management of various cancers is necessary, such as cervical cancer. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Nano-Based Approved Pharmaceuticals for Cancer Treatment: Present and Future Challenges.

Biomolecules 2022 Jun 4;12(6). Epub 2022 Jun 4.

Grup d'Oncologia Ginecològica i Peritoneal, Institut d'Investigacions Biomédiques Sant Pau, Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau, 08041 Barcelona, Spain.

Cancer is one of the main causes of death worldwide. To date, and despite the advances in conventional treatment options, therapy in cancer is still far from optimal due to the non-specific systemic biodistribution of antitumor agents. The inadequate drug concentrations at the tumor site led to an increased incidence of multiple drug resistance and the appearance of many severe undesirable side effects. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Methods of Esthetic Assessment after Adjuvant Whole-Breast Radiotherapy in Breast Cancer Patients: Evaluation of the BCCT.core Software and Patients' and Physicians' Assessment from the Randomized IMRT-MC2 Trial.

Cancers (Basel) 2022 Jun 18;14(12). Epub 2022 Jun 18.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Heidelberg University Hospital, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany.

The present analysis compares the esthetics assessment by the BCCT.core software in relation to patients' and physicians' ratings, based on the IMRT-MC2 trial. Within this trial, breast cancer patients received breast-conserving surgery (BCS) and adjuvant radiotherapy. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Diabetes Mellitus and Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma-Prevalence, Clinicopathological Variables, and Clinical Outcomes.

Cancers (Basel) 2022 Jun 8;14(12). Epub 2022 Jun 8.

Department of Cancer Prevention, Medical University of Warsaw, 01-445 Warsaw, Poland.

Background: pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is the seventh leading cause of cancer-related deaths with increasing incidence and link to the onset of diabetes mellitus (DM). The aim of this study is to describe the prevalence of DM among patients with the diagnosis of PDAC, analyse the association between the occurrence of DM and clinicopathological factors, and detect variables influencing overall survival.

Methods: a retrospective analysis of medical records was performed. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Recent Advances in (Licorice)-Containing Herbs Alleviating Radiotherapy- and Chemotherapy-Induced Adverse Reactions in Cancer Treatment.

Metabolites 2022 Jun 9;12(6). Epub 2022 Jun 9.

School of Nutrition and Health Sciences, College of Nutrition, Taipei Medical University, Taipei 11031, Taiwan.

Cancers represent a significant cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. They also impose a large economic burden on patients, their families, and health insurance systems. Notably, cancers and the adverse reactions to their therapeutic options, chemotherapy and radiotherapy, dramatically affect the quality of life of afflicted patients. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

A population-based study of outcomes in adjuvant radiotherapy for stage II endometrial carcinoma.

Int J Gynecol Cancer 2022 Jun 22. Epub 2022 Jun 22.

CancerCare Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.

Objective: Our study aimed to analyze recurrence and survival outcomes in stage II endometrial cancer patients treated with adjuvant radiotherapy at CancerCare Manitoba, a Canadian provincial cancer program.

Methods: This retrospective population-based cohort study identified all International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) 2009 stage II endometrioid type endometrial carcinoma diagnosed between January 1995 and December 2019. All patients underwent surgery followed by vaginal vault brachytherapy alone or external beam pelvic radiotherapy plus vaginal vault brachytherapy. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

A novel algorithm to implement the molecular classification according to the new ESGO/ESTRO/ESP 2020 guidelines for endometrial cancer.

Int J Gynecol Cancer 2022 Jun 22. Epub 2022 Jun 22.

Department of Gynecology, European Institute of Oncology (IEO), IRCCS, Milan, Italy.

Objective: To compare the risk class attribution with to those with according to the European Society of Gynaecological Oncology/European Society for Radiotherapy and Oncology/European Society of Pathology (ESGO/ESTRO/ESP) 2020 guidelines on endometrial cancer, with a focus on risk group migration. Additionally, to evaluate the capability of a novel molecular analysis algorithm to reduce the number of required tests.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective study including all consecutive patients with endometrial cancer undergoing surgery and comprehensive molecular analyses between April 2019 and December 2021. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Incidental irradiation of the regional lymph nodes during deep inspiration breath-hold radiation therapy in left-sided breast cancer patients: a dosimetric analysis.

BMC Cancer 2022 Jun 21;22(1):682. Epub 2022 Jun 21.

Department of Radiation Oncology, University Hospital of Freiburg, Robert-Koch-Strasse 3, 79106, Freiburg, Germany.

Background: Radiotherapy using the deep inspiration breath-hold (DIBH) technique compared with free breathing (FB) can achieve substantial reduction of heart and lung doses in left-sided breast cancer cases. The anatomical organ movement in deep inspiration also cause unintended exposure of locoregional lymph nodes to the irradiation field.

Methods: From 2017-2020, 148 patients with left-sided breast cancer underwent breast conserving surgery (BCS) or mastectomy (ME) with axillary lymph node staging, followed by adjuvant irradiation in DIBH technique. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Predictive Value of the Hemoglobin-Albumin-Lymphocyte-Platelet (HALP) Index on the Oncological Outcomes of Locally Advanced Cervical Cancer Patients.

Cancer Manag Res 2022 14;14:1961-1972. Epub 2022 Jun 14.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Prince of Songkla University, Songkhla, 90110, Thailand.

Purpose: The oncological outcomes of locally advanced cervical cancer (LACC) patients after treatment are poor and heterogeneous. This study aimed to determine the role of the hemoglobin-albumin-lymphocyte-platelet (HALP) inflammatory index in predicting oncological outcomes in LACC patients.

Patients And Methods: A total of 1588 LACC patients who received radiation therapy or concurrent chemoradiation were divided into training and test sets. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Severity of hearing loss after platinum chemotherapy in childhood cancer survivors.

Pediatr Blood Cancer 2022 Jun 19:e29755. Epub 2022 Jun 19.

Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland.

Background: Hearing loss is a potential side effect from childhood cancer treatment. We described the severity of hearing loss assessed by audiometry in a representative national cohort of childhood cancer survivors (CCS) and identified clinical risk factors.

Procedure: We included all CCS from the Swiss Childhood Cancer Registry who were diagnosed ≤18 age and treated with platinum-based chemotherapy between 1990 and 2014. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Comparing dosimetric and cancer control outcomes after intensity-modulated radiation therapy and tomotherapy for advanced cervical cancer.

Oncol Lett 2022 Jul 31;24(1):239. Epub 2022 May 31.

Department of Gynecological Oncology, Shandong University Cancer Center, Jinan, Shandong 250117, P.R. China.

Concurrent chemoradiation therapy (CCRT) is the standard treatment for locally advanced cervical cancer. The present study aimed to compare the therapeutic responses, toxicities and dosimetric parameters between intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) and tomotherapy (TOMO) in patients with advanced cervical cancer. This retrospective study included 310 patients with stage IIB-IIIB cervical cancer who underwent CCRT, with 155 patients in each group. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Body Weight Is a Valid Predictor of the Long-Term Prognosis of Cervical Cancer.

Comput Math Methods Med 2022 8;2022:5613350. Epub 2022 Jun 8.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 2nd Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, China.

Objective: To identify and validate effective clinical predictors for the long-term prognosis of patients with cervical cancer.

Methods: Cervical cancer patients were retrieved from the TCGA database, and patients' clinical data were collected and analyzed for the predictive value of long-term prognosis. In the other branch of the study, patients with cervical cancer and admitted to our hospital between January 1, 2016, and December 31, 2016, were retrieved and followed up for prognosis analysis. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

miR-149-3p Is a Potential Prognosis Biomarker and Correlated with Immune Infiltrates in Uterine Corpus Endometrial Carcinoma.

Int J Endocrinol 2022 8;2022:5006123. Epub 2022 Jun 8.

Department of Gynecology, The Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University, Xuzhou 221000, Jiangsu, China.

Background: Endocrine disruption is an important factor in the development of endometrial cancer. Expression of miR-149-3p is observed in some cancer types, while its role in uterine corpus endometrial carcinoma (UCEC) is unclear.

Methods: The clinical and genomic data and prognostic information on UCEC were obtained for patients from the TCGA database. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Letter to the editor of radiotherapy and oncology regarding of the article "Dosimetric parameters related to occurrence of distant metastases and regional nodal relapse after SBRT for early-stage non-small cell lung cancer" by Lalonde et al.

Radiother Oncol 2022 Jun 15. Epub 2022 Jun 15.

Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Key Laboratory of Birth Defects and Related Diseases of Women and Children, Ministry of Education, West China Second University Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China. Electronic address:

View Article and Full-Text PDF

A nested case-control study on radiation dose-response for cardiac events in breast cancer patients in Germany.

Breast 2022 Jun 9;65:1-7. Epub 2022 Jun 9.

University Medical Center of the Johannes Gutenberg-University Mainz, Institute of Medical Biostatistics, Epidemiology and Informatics, 55101, Mainz, Germany.

Background: Previous studies with the majority of breast cancer (BC) patients treated up to 2000 provided evidence that radiation dose to the heart from radiotherapy (RT) was linearly associated with increasing risk for long-term cardiac disease. RT techniques changed substantially over time. This study aimed to investigate the dose-dependent cardiac risk in German BC patients treated with more contemporary RT. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Use of ginger to control nausea and vomiting caused by chemotherapy in patients with cervical cancer undergoing treatment: An experiment.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2022 Jun 17;101(24):e29403. Epub 2022 Jun 17.

Nursing Graduate Program, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Natal, Brazil.

Introduction: Uterine cervix tumors have an invasive nature, with the capacity to proliferate to surrounding organs such as the vagina, bladder, and rectum, as well as the capacity for dissemination and involvement of structures distant from its place of origin. According to the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics, patients with stages IB I, IB I microscopic (small dimension <4 cm) are indicated for radiotherapy or adjuvant chemoradiotherapy with cisplatin (40 mg/m2). However, cisplatin has side effects such as hematological implications (anemia, neutropenia, and thrombocytopenia), gastrointestinal disorders (nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, constipation), and fatigue. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The Prognosis and Predictive Value of Estrogen Negative/Progesterone Positive (ER-/PR+) Phenotype: Experience of 1159 Primary Breast Cancer from a Single Institute.

Breast J 2022 17;2022:9238804. Epub 2022 May 17.

Laboratory of Biomedical and Translational Research, Hassan II University Hospital, University Sidi Mohammed Ben Abdillah, Fez, Morocco.

Breast cancer is a serious worldwide public health problem and is currently the most common cancer overall. Its endocrine therapy is related to the expression of the steroid hormones, estrogen receptor (ER), and progesterone receptor (PR). Breast cancers can be presented under multiple profiles of steroid hormones: ER(-)/PR(+), ER(+)/PR(-), double-positive/negative ER, and PR. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF