2,210 results match your criteria Quarterly journal of experimental psychology 2006[Journal]


Author accepted manuscript: Examining the size-weight illusion with visuo-haptic conflict in immersive virtual reality.

Authors:
Gavin Buckingham

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2019 Feb 21:1747021819835808. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

University of Exeter School of Sport and Health Sciences.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021819835808DOI Listing
February 2019

EPS mid-career prize lecture 2017: Writing systems, reading, and language.

Authors:
Kathleen Rastle

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2019 Feb 15:1747021819829696. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Royal Holloway, University of London, UK.

Skilled reading reflects an accumulation of experience with written language. Written language is typically viewed as an expression of spoken language, and this perspective has motivated approaches to understanding reading and reading acquisition. However, in this article, I develop the proposal that written language has diverged from spoken language in important ways that maximise the transmission of meaningful information, and that this divergence has been central to the development of rapid, skilled reading. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021819829696DOI Listing
February 2019

Valence, arousal, and dominance ratings for facial stimuli.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2019 Feb 13:1747021819829012. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Psychology, Rochester Institute of Technology, Rochester, NY, USA.

A total of 1,363 images from seven sets of facial stimuli were normed using the self-assessment manikin procedure. Each participant provided valence, arousal, and dominance ratings for 120-130 faces displaying various emotional expressions (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021819829012DOI Listing
February 2019

Author accepted manuscript: Affective and concreteness norms for 3,022 Croatian words.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2019 Feb 11:1747021819834226. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Universidad Complutense de Madrid.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021819834226DOI Listing
February 2019

Author accepted manuscript: Goal-dependent flexibility in preferences formation from rapid payoff sequences.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2019 Feb 11:1747021819833904. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Tel-Aviv University, Israel.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021819833904DOI Listing
February 2019

Author accepted manuscript: Ears, head and eyes: When singers synchronize.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2019 Feb 11:1747021819833968. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

McGill University.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021819833968DOI Listing
February 2019

Author accepted manuscript: The metaphoric nature of the ordinal position effect.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2019 Feb 6:1747021819832860. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

South China Normal University.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021819832860DOI Listing
February 2019

Author accepted manuscript: Self-Prioritization of Fully Unfamiliar Stimuli.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2019 Feb 6:1747021819832981. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Central European University.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021819832981DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Corrigendum to: Intentional Preparation of Auditory Attention-Shifts: Explicit Cueing and Sequential Shift-Predictability.

Authors:

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2019 Feb 4:1747021819828653. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021819828653DOI Listing
February 2019

Can prediction-based distributional semantic models predict typicality?

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2019 Feb 21:1747021819830949. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Department of Experimental Psychology, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.

Recent advances in the field of computational linguistics have led to the development of various prediction-based models of semantics. These models seek to infer word representations from large text collections by predicting target words from neighbouring words (or vice versa). The resulting representations are vectors in a continuous space, collectively called word embeddings. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021819830949DOI Listing
February 2019

Perception of another person's maximum reach-with-jump height from walking kinematics.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2019 Jan 25:1747021818821935. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

1 Center for Cognition, Action, & Perception, Department of Psychology, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH, USA.

Humans can perceive affordances (possibilities for action) for themselves and others, including the maximum overhead height reachable by jumping (reach-with-jump height, RWJ). While observers can accurately perceive maximum RWJ for another person without previously seeing the person jump, estimates improve after viewing the person walk, suggesting there is structure in walking kinematics that is informative about the ability to produce vertical force for jumping. We used principal component analysis (PCA) to identify patterns in human walking kinematics that specify another person's maximum RWJ ability, and to determine whether athletes are more sensitive than non-athletes to these patterns. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021818821935DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

The binding of an auditory target location to a judgement: A two-component switching approach.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2019 Feb 15:1747021819829422. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

1 Cognitive and Experimental Psychology, Institute of Psychology, RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany.

In a two-component switching paradigm, in which participants switched between two auditory attention selection criteria (attention component: left vs. right ear) and two judgements (judgement component: number vs. letter judgement), we found high judgement switch costs in attention criterion repetitions, but low costs in attention criterion switches. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021819829422DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Responding to joint attention bids in schizophrenia: An interactive eye-tracking study.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2019 Feb 21:1747021819829718. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

1 ARC Centre of Excellence in Cognition and Its Disorders, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW, Australia.

This study investigated social cognition in schizophrenia using a virtual reality paradigm to capture the dynamic processes of evaluating and responding to eye gaze as an intentional communicative cue. A total of 21 patients with schizophrenia and 21 age-, gender-, and IQ-matched healthy controls completed an interactive computer game with an on-screen avatar that participants believed was controlled by an off-screen partner. On social trials, participants were required to achieve joint attention by correctly interpreting and responding to gaze cues. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021819829718DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

The contributions of language control to executive functions: From the perspective of bilingual comprehension.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2019 Jan 18:1747021818821601. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

1 Beijing Key Laboratory of Applied Experimental Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, China.

Previous studies have suggested that bilingual production experience has beneficial effects on executive functions. In the current study, four experiments were conducted to investigate whether bilingual comprehension experience influences executive functions. In Experiments 1 and 2, Chinese-English bilinguals completed a flanker task interleaved with a language comprehension task (reading comprehension in Experiment 1 and listening comprehension in Experiment 2). Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1747021818821601
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021818821601DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

The fate of redundant cues in human predictive learning: The outcome ratio effect.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2019 Jan 17:1747021818820042. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

2 Cardiff University, Cardiff, UK.

In four experiments, participants were shown a sequence of pairs of pictures of food and asked to predict whether each pair signalled an allergic reaction in a hypothetical patient. The pairs of pictures were used to present two simple discriminations that differed in their outcome ratio. A rich discrimination, 3AX+ BX-, involved three trials in which the compound of two foods, AX, was followed by a reaction, for every trial in which the compound BX was not followed by the outcome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021818820042DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Colour associations in children and adults.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2018 Dec 20:1747021818822948. Epub 2018 Dec 20.

University of Lincoln.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021818822948DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Synesthetes perseverate in implicit learning: Evidence from a non-stationary statistical learning task.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2018 Dec 11:1747021818816285. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

3 Haskins Laboratories, New Haven, CT, USA.

Synesthetes automatically and consistently experience additional sensory or cognitive perceptions in response to particular environmental stimuli. Recent evidence suggests that the propensity to develop synesthesia is genetic while the particular associations experienced by a given synesthete are influenced by learning. Despite the potential role of implicit learning in the formation of synesthetic associations, there has been minimal investigation of synesthetes' implicit learning abilities. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1747021818816285
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021818816285DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Author accepted manuscript: What is the Role of Episodic Foresight in Planning for Future needs? Theory and two experiments.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2018 Dec 5:1747021818820808. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Univ of Cambridge.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021818820808DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Distraction by deviant sounds during reading: An eye-movement study.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2018 Dec 5:1747021818820816. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Bournemouth University.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021818820816DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Increasing reward prospect promotes cognitive flexibility: Direct evidence from voluntary task switching with double registration.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2019 Jan 12:1747021818819449. Epub 2019 Jan 12.

1 Department of Psychology, University of Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany.

Recent research has suggested that sequential changes in the prospect of performance-contingent rewards may influence the balance between cognitive flexibility and stability: whereas constant high reward prospect seems to promote cognitive stability, increasing reward prospect has been shown to promote flexible behaviour in voluntary task-switching paradigms. Previous studies, however, confounded cognitive flexibility regarding voluntary task choices with control processes during task execution. We present five experiments to dissociate these two processes by means of a double registration procedure, in which task choice is registered prior to task execution. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021818819449DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Author accepted manuscript: Kanizsa-figure object completion gates selection in the attentional blink.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2018 Dec 3:1747021818820009. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021818820009DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Author accepted manuscript: Stable preview difficulty effects in reading with an improved variant of the boundary paradigm.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2018 Dec 3:1747021818819990. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Universitat Potsdam.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021818819990DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Effortful memory processes under stereotype threat and self-concept in aging.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2019 Jan 23:1747021818819787. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

2 Laboratoire Mémoire et Cognition, Institut de Psychologie, Université Paris Descartes-Sorbonne Paris Cité, Boulogne-Billancourt, France.

The present study aimed at exploring the effect of stereotype threat on the controlled part of memory in older adults using a deep level of processing, namely, self-reference encoding. To meet this objective, 25 younger adults and 25 older adults performed a Remember/Know recognition task following self-reference versus other-reference encoding of adjective traits, under stereotype threat or not. The results indicated that under stereotype threat, older adults' production of Remember responses was specifically impaired following self-reference encoding. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021818819787DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

The credibility of acted screams: Implications for emotional communication research.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2018 Dec 4:1747021818816307. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Psychology, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA.

Researchers have long relied on acted material to study emotional expression and perception in humans. It has been suggested, however, that certain aspects of natural expressions are difficult or impossible to produce voluntarily outside of their associated emotional contexts, and that acted expressions tend to be overly intense caricatures. From an evolutionary perspective, listeners' abilities to distinguish acted from natural expressions likely depend on the type of expression in question, the costs entailed in its production, and elements of receiver psychology. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1747021818816307
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021818816307DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Author accepted manuscript: The Effects of Color Complexity and Similarity on Multiple Object Tracking Performance.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2018 Nov 19:1747021818817388. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Beijing Normal University.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021818817388DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Alexithymia explains increased empathic personal distress in individuals with and without eating disorders.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2018 Dec 4:1747021818816051. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

5 Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.

It is often assumed that empathy impairments are common in individuals with eating disorders (EDs), but empirical work has been limited and produced mixed results, making the clinical features and treatment needs of this population difficult to determine. Alexithymia, characterised by difficulties identifying and describing one's own emotions, frequently co-occurs with EDs and is associated with atypical recognition of, and empathy for, others' emotions. This study used an existing empathy for pain paradigm to determine whether atypical empathy in EDs stems from co-occurring alexithymia, rather than EDs per se. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021818816051DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Development and assessment of the Korean Author Recognition Test.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2018 Nov 29:1747021818814461. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

3 Department of Psychology, University of Richmond, Richmond, VA, USA.

This research reports the development and evaluation of a Korean Author Recognition Test (KART), designed as a measure of print exposure among young adults. Based on the original, English-language version of the Author Recognition Test (ART), the KART demonstrates significant relationships with offline measures of language ability, as well as online measures of word recognition. In particular, KART scores were related to participants' responses on the Comparative Reading Habits (CRH) checklist, suggesting that KART is a valid measure of print exposure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021818814461DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Expectations for tonal cadences: Sensory and cognitive priming effects.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2018 Nov 30:1747021818814472. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

2 McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada.

Studies examining the formation of melodic and harmonic expectations during music listening have repeatedly demonstrated that a tonal context primes listeners to expect certain (tonally related) continuations over others. However, few such studies have (1) selected stimuli using ready examples of expectancy violation derived from real-world instances of tonal music, (2) provided a consistent account for the influence of sensory and cognitive mechanisms on tonal expectancies by comparing different computational simulations, or (3) combined melodic and harmonic representations in modelling cognitive processes of expectation. To resolve these issues, this study measures expectations for the most recurrent cadence patterns associated with tonal music and then simulates the reported findings using three sensory-cognitive models of auditory expectation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021818814472DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

I recognise your name but I can't remember your face: An advantage for names in recognition memory.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2018 Nov 14:1747021818813081. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

1 Department of Psychology, University of York, York, UK.

Forgetting someone's name is a common failure of memory, and often occurs despite being able to recognise that person's face. This gives rise to the widespread view that memory for names is generally worse than memory for faces. However, this everyday error confounds stimulus class (faces vs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021818813081DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Examining word processing via a megastudy of conditional reading aloud.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2018 Nov 1;71(11):2295-2313. Epub 2018 Jan 1.

1 Department of Psychology, University of Nebraska Omaha, Omaha, NE, USA.

Results from a megastudy on conditional reading aloud for 2,145 monosyllabic words are reported. In stepwise regression analyses, the predictor variables accounted for over 66% of the reaction time (RT) variance. Linear mixed effect modelling on log RT indicated that every variable that related to RT in either reading aloud or lexical decision also related to RT in conditional reading aloud. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021817741269DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Anticipatory access to group-level information in working memory.

Authors:
Simon Farrell

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2018 Nov 1;71(11):2450-2463. Epub 2018 Jan 1.

School of Psychological Science, The University of Western Australia, Crawley, WA, Australia.

One assumption common to many serial recall models is that lists can be stored in a structured manner, as groups nested inside larger sequences. However, many of these theories fail to explain the dynamics by which those groups are accessed, and those models that do provide such an account have not been comprehensively tested. This article presents three experiments using a probed recall paradigm in which potential target positions were precued. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021817744428DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Visual-auditory differences in duration discrimination depend on modality-specific, sensory-automatic temporal processing: Converging evidence for the validity of the Sensory-Automatic Timing Hypothesis.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2018 Nov 1;71(11):2364-2377. Epub 2018 Jan 1.

Institute of Psychology, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland.

The Sensory-Automatic Timing Hypothesis assumes visual-auditory differences in duration discrimination to originate from sensory-automatic temporal processing. Although temporal discrimination of extremely brief intervals in the range of tens-of-milliseconds is predicted to depend mainly on modality-specific, sensory-automatic temporal processing, duration discrimination of longer intervals is predicted to require more and more amodal, higher order cognitive resources and decreasing input from the sensory-automatic timing system with increasing interval duration. In two duration discrimination experiments with sensory modality as a within- and a between-subjects variable, respectively, we tested two decisive predictions derived from the Sensory-Automatic Timing Hypothesis: (1) visual-auditory differences in duration discrimination were expected to be larger for brief intervals in the tens-of-milliseconds range than for longer ones, and (2) visual-auditory differences in duration discrimination of longer intervals should disappear when statistically controlled for modality-specific input from the sensory-automatic timing system. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021817741611DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

High emotional contagion and empathy are associated with enhanced detection of emotional authenticity in laughter.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2018 Nov 1;71(11):2355-2363. Epub 2018 Jan 1.

1 Faculty of Psychology and Education Sciences, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal.

Nonverbal vocalisations such as laughter pervade social interactions, and the ability to accurately interpret them is an important skill. Previous research has probed the general mechanisms supporting vocal emotional processing, but the factors that determine individual differences in this ability remain poorly understood. Here, we ask whether the propensity to resonate with others' emotions-as measured by trait levels of emotional contagion and empathy-relates to the ability to perceive different types of laughter. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021817741800DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6261327PMC
November 2018
12 Reads

Script differences and masked translation priming: Evidence from Hindi-English bilinguals.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2018 Nov 1;71(11):2421-2438. Epub 2018 Jan 1.

Department of Linguistics & TESOL, University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, TX, USA.

This study reports on two experiments investigating the effects of script differences on masked translation priming in highly proficient early Hindi-English bilinguals. In Experiment 1 (the cross-script experiment), L1 Hindi was presented in the standard Devanagari script, while L2 English was presented in the Roman alphabet. In Experiment 2 (the same-script experiment), both L1 Hindi and L2 English were presented in the Roman alphabet. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021817743241DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Tracing the path of forgetting in rule abstraction and exemplar retrieval.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2018 Nov 1;71(11):2261-2281. Epub 2018 Jan 1.

2 Department of Psychology, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland.

People often forget acquired knowledge over time such as names of former classmates. Which knowledge people can access, however, may modify the judgement process and affect judgement accuracy. Specifically, we hypothesised that judgements based on retrieving past exemplars from long-term memory may be more vulnerable to forgetting than remembering rules that relate the cues to the criterion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021817739861DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Photographs of real human figures: Item types and persistent sex differences in mental rotation.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2018 Nov 1;71(11):2411-2420. Epub 2018 Jan 1.

2 University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, NB, Canada.

The goal of the current study was to provide a better understanding of the role of image familiarity, embodied cognition, and cognitive strategies on sex differences in performance when rotating blocks and photographs of real human bodies. Two new Mental Rotation Tests (MRTs) were created: one using photographs of real human models positioned as closely as possible to computer drawn figures from the human figures MRT used in Doyle and Voyer's 2013 study, and one using analogous block figures. It was hypothesised that, when compared to the analogous block figures, the real human figures would lead to improved accuracy among both men and women, a reduced magnitude of sex differences in accuracy, and a reduced effect of occlusion on women's performance when compared to analogous block figures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021817742079DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

The effect of scrambling upright and inverted faces on the N170.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2018 Nov 1;71(11):2464-2476. Epub 2018 Jan 1.

1 Washington Singer Laboratories, School of Psychology, College of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK.

The face inversion effect refers to a decrement in performance when we try to recognise familiar faces turned upside down (inverted), compared with familiar faces presented in their usual (upright) orientation. Recently, we have demonstrated that the inversion effect can also be found with checkerboards drawn from prototype-defined categories when the participants have been trained with these categories, suggesting that factors such as expertise and the relationships between stimulus features may be important determinants of this effect. We also demonstrated that the typical inversion effect on the N170 seen with faces is found with checkerboards, suggesting that modulation of the N170 is a marker for disruption in the use of configural information. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021817744455DOI Listing
November 2018
8 Reads

Egocentric bias across mental and non-mental representations in the Sandbox Task.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2018 Nov 1;71(11):2395-2410. Epub 2018 Jan 1.

1 Department of Psychology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.

In the Sandbox Task, participants indicate where a protagonist who has a false belief about the location of an object will look for that object in a trough filled with a substrate that conceals the hidden object's location. Previous findings that participants tend to indicate a location closer to where they themselves know the object to be located have been interpreted as evidence of egocentric bias when attributing mental states to others. We tested the assumption that such biases occur as a result of reasoning about mental states specifically. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021817742367DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Spatial biases in deaf, blind, and deafblind individuals as revealed by a haptic line bisection task.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2018 Nov 1;71(11):2325-2333. Epub 2018 Jan 1.

1 Department of Psychology, University of Milano-Bicocca, Milano, Italy.

In this study, we investigated whether auditory deprivation leads to a more balanced bilateral control of spatial attention in the haptic space. We tested four groups of participants: early deaf, early blind, deafblind, and control (normally hearing and sighted) participants. Using a haptic line bisection task, we found that while normally hearing individuals (even when blind) showed a significant tendency to bisect to the left of the veridical midpoint (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021817741288DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Following instructions in a dual-task paradigm: Evidence for a temporary motor store in working memory.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2018 Nov 1;71(11):2439-2449. Epub 2018 Jan 1.

2 MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.

Evidence from dual-task studies suggests that working memory supports the retention and implementation of verbal instructions. One key finding that is not readily accommodated by existing models of working memory is that participants are consistently more accurate at physically performing rather than verbally repeating a sequence of commands. This action advantage has no obvious source within the multi-component model of working memory and has been proposed to be driven by an as yet undetected limited-capacity store dedicated to the temporary maintenance of spatial, motoric, and temporal features of intended movements. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021817743492DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6204648PMC
November 2018
1 Read

How much does orthography influence the processing of reduced word forms? Evidence from novel-word learning about French schwa deletion.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2018 Nov 1;71(11):2378-2394. Epub 2018 Jan 1.

3 Laboratoire de Psycholinguistique Expérimentale, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland.

This study examines the influence of orthography on the processing of reduced word forms. For this purpose, we compared the impact of phonological variation with the impact of spelling-sound consistency on the processing of words that may be produced with or without the vowel schwa. Participants learnt novel French words in which the vowel schwa was present or absent in the first syllable. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021817741859DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Cutting through the MADness: Expectations about what a target is doing impact how likely it is to be found in dynamic visual displays.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2018 Nov 1;71(11):2342-2354. Epub 2018 Jan 1.

Department of Psychology, New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, NM, USA.

When searching for things in the world, we seldom encounter the static environment so often afforded by laboratory search tasks. Dynamic events tend to capture attention; however, Kunar and Watson previously found that dynamic search displays (search for vowel targets among moving and blinking letter stimuli) resulted in strikingly high miss rates. A possible explanation for the high miss rates is that the presence of dynamic features resulted in participants becoming sensitive to the likelihood of appearance for each target category and dynamic feature combination (e. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1747021817741408
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021817741408DOI Listing
November 2018
7 Reads

The magic hand: Plasticity of mental hand representation.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2018 Nov 1;71(11):2314-2324. Epub 2018 Jan 1.

Department of Psychology, Goldsmiths, University of London, London, UK.

Internal spatial body configurations are crucial to successfully interact with the environment and to experience our body as a three-dimensional volumetric entity. These representations are highly malleable and are modulated by a multitude of afferent and motor information. Despite some studies reporting the impact of sensory and motor modulation on body representations, the long-term relationship between sensory information and mental representation of own body parts is still unclear. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1747021817741606
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021817741606DOI Listing
November 2018
14 Reads

Processing real-world violations embedded within a fantasy-world narrative.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2018 Nov 1;71(11):2282-2294. Epub 2018 Jan 1.

1 Department of Psychology, University of New Hampshire, Durham, NH, USA.

Fantasy-text is a genre in which events routinely violate rules we know to be true in the real world. In four experiments, we explored the inherent contradiction between unrealistic fictional events and general world knowledge (GWK) to examine these competing information sources within the context of an extended fantasy-narrative. Experiments 1a and 1b demonstrated that fantasy-unrelated inconsistencies caused disruption to comprehension despite an abundance of contextual support for real-world impossible events that violate GWK. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021817740836DOI Listing
November 2018
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Time of day effects on the use of distraction to minimise forgetting.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2018 Nov 1;71(11):2334-2341. Epub 2018 Jan 1.

1 Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Recent research found that implicit rehearsal of distraction can reduce forgetting for older adults, in part due to their inefficient regulation of irrelevant information. Here, we investigated whether young adults' memory can also benefit from critical information presented as distraction. Participants recalled a list of words initially and then again after a 15-min delay, with some of the critical studied words exposed as distraction during the delay. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021817740808DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read