2,242 results match your criteria Quarterly journal of experimental psychology 2006[Journal]


Author accepted manuscript: Individual differences in encoding strategies and free recall dynamics.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2019 Apr 12:1747021819847441. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

University of Oregon.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021819847441DOI Listing

Author accepted manuscript: Divided Attention and the Encoding Effects of Retrieval.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2019 Apr 12:1747021819847141. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

University of North Carolina.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021819847141DOI Listing

Author accepted manuscript: Why the whole is more than the sum of its parts: Salience-driven overestimation in aggregated tactile sensations.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2019 Apr 10:1747021819847131. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

University College London Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021819847131DOI Listing

Author accepted manuscript: Which properties of the visual stimuli predict the type of representation used in mental rotation?

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2019 Apr 9:1747021819846832. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

University of Edinburgh.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021819846832DOI Listing

Author accepted manuscript: Retrieval in Prospective Memory: Multiple Processes or Just Delay?

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2019 Apr 7:1747021819845622. Epub 2019 Apr 7.

Washington University in Saint Louis.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021819845622DOI Listing

Spatial-numerical associations: Shared symbolic and non-symbolic numerical representations.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2019 Apr 17:1747021819844503. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

2 Gösta Ekman Laboratory, Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.

During the last decades, there have been a large number of studies into the number-related abilities of humans. As a result, we know that humans and non-human animals have a system known as the approximate number system that allows them to distinguish between collections based on their number of items, separately from any counting procedures. Dehaene and others have argued for a model on which this system uses representations for numbers that are spatial in nature and are shared by our symbolic and non-symbolic processing of numbers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021819844503DOI Listing

Predictably confirmatory: The influence of stereotypes during decisional processing.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2019 Apr 16:1747021819844219. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

1 The School of Psychology, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UK.

Stereotypes facilitate the processing of expectancy-consistent (vs expectancy-inconsistent) information, yet the underlying origin of this congruency effect remains unknown. As such, here we sought to identify the cognitive operations through which stereotypes influence decisional processing. In six experiments, participants responded to stimuli that were consistent or inconsistent with respect to prevailing gender stereotypes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021819844219DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Affective judgement of social touch on a hand associated with hand embodiment.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2019 Apr 12:1747021819842785. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

1 Social Sciences Department, Lasell College, Newton, MA, USA.

Social touch constitutes a critical component of human interactions. A gentle tap on the hand, for instance, can sometimes create emotional bonding and reduce interpersonal distance in social interactions. Evidence of tactile empathy suggests that touch can be experienced through both physical sensation and observation, yet vicarious perception of observed touch on an object as a function of the object's conceptual representation (e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021819842785DOI Listing

Flexibility in adopting relative frames of reference in dorsal and lateral settings.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2019 Apr 12:1747021819841310. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

2 Department of Psychosocial Science, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.

The relative frame of reference (FoR) is used to describe spatial relations between two objects from an observer's perspective. Standard, frontal referencing situations with objects located in the observer's visual field afford three well-established variants: translation, reflection, and rotation. Here, we focus on references in non-standard situations with objects located at the back or at the side of an observer ( dorsal and lateral, respectively). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021819841310DOI Listing

Reward and emotion influence attentional bias in rapid serial visual presentation.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2019 Apr 8:1747021819840615. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

2 School of Psychology, UNSW Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia.

Facial emotion constitutes an important source of information, and rapid processing of this information may bring adaptive advantages. Previous evidence suggests that emotional faces are sometimes prioritised for cognitive processing. Three experiments used an emotion-induced blindness task to examine whether this prioritisation occurs in a purely stimulus-driven fashion or whether it emerges only when the faces are task-relevant. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021819840615DOI Listing

Retaining event files in working memory requires extra object-based attention than the constituent elements.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2019 Apr 4:1747021819839993. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

Department of Psychology and Behavioral Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China.

Retaining events containing action-related information in working memory (WM) is vital to daily activities such as action planning and social interaction. During processing of such events, action-related information is bound with other visual elements (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021819839993DOI Listing

Commission errors with forced response lag.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2019 Apr 11:1747021819840583. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Institute for Human-Computer-Media, Julius-Maximilians-Universität Würzburg, Würzburg, Germany.

It is often necessary to retrieve intentions once a certain cue occurs in the environment. However, such prospective memory (PM) tasks can also be erroneously recalled even though they are no longer relevant and may result in commission errors. According to the dual mechanism account, commission errors occur because the intention is spontaneously retrieved, and there is a subsequent failure to suppress the associated action, resulting in erroneous instant execution. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021819840583DOI Listing

Getting ready for Mars: How the brain perceives new simulated gravitational environments.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2019 Apr 5:1747021819839962. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

2 Department of Psychology, Royal Holloway, University of London, Egham, UK.

On Earth, we are continually exposed to gravity: sensory signals are constantly integrated to form an internal model of gravity. However, it is unclear whether this internal model is fixed to Earth's gravity or whether it can be applied to a new gravitational environment. Under terrestrial gravity, observers show a "gravitational bias" while judging the speed of falling versus rising objects, as they comply with the physical laws of gravity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021819839962DOI Listing

Self-related shapes can hold the eyes.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2019 Apr 4:1747021819839668. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

Department of Developmental and Social Psychology, University of Padova, Padova, Italy.

Increasing evidence suggests that individuals are highly sensitive to self-related stimuli. Here, we report two experiments conducted to assess whether two schematic stimuli, arbitrarily associated with either the self or a stranger, can shape attention holding in an oculomotor task. In both experiments, participants first completed a manual matching task in which they were asked to associate the self and a stranger with two shapes (triangle vs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021819839668DOI Listing

Spatial-musical association of response codes without sound.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2019 Mar 28:1747021819838831. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Graduate School of Integrated Arts and Sciences, Hiroshima University, Higashihiroshima, Japan.

Humans tasked with pressing a key on a computer keyboard in response to a pitch can respond more quickly to a high-pitched sound by pressing a key higher on the keyboard and to a low-pitched sound by pressing a lower key, compared with the opposite configuration. This so-called spatial-musical association of response codes (SMARC) has been considered to reflect the spatial coding of sound pitch rather than to be an artefact of the verbal labels denoting spatial positions for localising sounds. In this study, we completely excluded the latter possibility, that is, the directional effects of automatic sound localisation on the SMARC effect. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021819838831DOI Listing
March 2019
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Response-irrelevant number, duration, and extent information triggers the SQARC effect: Evidence from an implicit paradigm.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2019 Apr 3:1747021819839413. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

1 School of Natural Sciences and Psychology, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK.

Spatial-Numerical Association of Response Codes (SNARC) and Spatial-Quantity Association of Response Codes (SQARC) effects are evident when people produce faster left-sided responses to smaller numbers, sizes, and durations and faster right-sided responses to larger numbers, sizes, and durations. SQARC effects have typically been demonstrated in paradigms where the explicit processing of quantity information is required for successful task completion. The current study tested whether the implicit presentation of task-irrelevant magnitude information could trigger a SQARC effect as has been demonstrated previously when task-irrelevant information triggers a SNARC effect. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021819839413DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Author accepted manuscript: Analyzing Memory - A synthesis of the analyses.

Authors:
Philip Beaman

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2019 Mar 5:1747021819838793. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

University of Reading.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021819838793DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Consistency influences altered auditory feedback processing.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2019 Mar 28:1747021819838939. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

1 Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Radboud University, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.

Previous research on the effect of perturbed auditory feedback in speech production has focused on two types of responses. In the short term, speakers generate compensatory motor commands in response to unexpected perturbations. In the longer term, speakers adapt feedforward motor programmes in response to feedback perturbations, to avoid future errors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021819838939DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

On the composition of part-set cues.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2019 Mar 25:1747021819838829. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

Department of Psychology, Lake Forest College, Lake Forest, IL, USA.

Two experiments examined whether the specific composition of the set of cues might influence performance on a part-set cueing task. Although researchers traditionally have chosen their part-set cues either at random or systematically across the original set of materials, in the current study, the part-set cues comprised sets of either the most or least memorable items in the stimulus set (based on past research with the materials). With both word list (Experiment 1) and paragraph (Experiment 2) stimuli, the results showed differential effects of cue composition on part-set cueing performance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021819838829DOI Listing
March 2019
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Judging social interaction in the Heider and Simmel movie.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2019 Mar 28:1747021819838764. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Department of Psychology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA.

Simple displays of moving shapes can give rise to percepts of animacy. These films elicit impoverished narratives in some individuals, such as those with an autism spectrum disorder. However, the verbal demand of producing a narrative limits the utility of this task. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021819838764DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Co-operation of long-term and working memory representations in simultaneous chaining by rhesus monkeys ( Macaca mulatta).

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2019 Apr 4:1747021819838432. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

3 Department of Psychology and Yerkes National Primate Research Center, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA.

We studied the memory representations that control execution of action sequences by training rhesus monkeys ( Macaca mulatta) to touch sets of five images in a predetermined arbitrary order (simultaneous chaining). In Experiment 1, we found that this training resulted in mental representations of ordinal position rather than learning associative chains, replicating the work of others. We conducted novel analyses of performance on probe tests consisting of two images "derived" from the full five-image lists (i. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1747021819838432
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021819838432DOI Listing
April 2019
7 Reads

Retrieval dynamics of recognition and rejection.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2019 Mar 28:1747021819836753. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Department of Psychology, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA, USA.

Recognition memory is often viewed as the end-product of discrete cognitive events, involving the combination of latent operations such as the assessment of memory strength, the decision time, and the memory judgement. Recently, researchers have begun using the physical dynamics of memory retrieval to provide insight into the dynamic, possibly non-discrete, processes that underlie memory decisions. In this study, the underlying distributional properties of targets and lures were manipulated by populating lists with items drawn from either homogeneous or heterogeneous word frequency and context variability ranges. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021819836753DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Breaking voice identity perception: Expressive voices are more confusable for listeners.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2019 Mar 21:1747021819836890. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

1 Department of Speech, Hearing and Phonetic Sciences, University College London, London, UK.

The human voice is a highly flexible instrument for self-expression, yet voice identity perception is largely studied using controlled speech recordings. Using two voice-sorting tasks with naturally varying stimuli, we compared the performance of listeners who were familiar and unfamiliar with the TV show Breaking Bad. Listeners organised audio clips of speech with (1) low-expressiveness and (2) high-expressiveness into perceived identities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021819836890DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

The influence of contextual faces on bilingual language control.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2019 Apr 1:1747021819836713. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

1 Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Mental Health and Cognitive Science and Center for Studies of Psychological Application, School of Psychology, South China Normal University, Guangzhou, P.R. China.

How do faces with social-cultural identity affect bilingual language control? We approach this question by looking at the switch cost patterns and reversed language dominance effect, which are suggested to reflect bilingual language control mechanisms, in the absence (i.e., baseline context) or presence of faces with socio-cultural identity (Asian or Caucasian). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021819836713DOI Listing
April 2019
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Language context and decision-making: Challenges and advances.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2019 Jan;72(1):1-2

4 Department of Psychology, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021818789799DOI Listing
January 2019
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Revisiting peak shift on an artificial dimension: Effects of stimulus variability on generalisation.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2019 Feb 1;72(2):132-150. Epub 2018 Jan 1.

2 University of Exeter, Exeter, UK.

One of Mackintosh's many contributions to the comparative psychology of associative learning was in developing the distinction between the mental processes responsible for learning about features and learning about relations. His research on discrimination learning and generalisation served to highlight differences and commonalities in learning mechanisms across species and paradigms. In one such example, Wills and Mackintosh trained both pigeons and humans to discriminate between two categories of complex patterns comprising overlapping sets of abstract visual features. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021817739832DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

The role of intentions and outcomes in the foreign language effect on moral judgements.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2019 Jan 1;72(1):8-17. Epub 2018 Jan 1.

3 Department of Psychology, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA.

We explore the origin of the foreign language effect on moral judgements by assessing whether language context alters the weight given to intentions and outcomes during moral judgement. Specifically, we investigated whether foreign language contexts, compared with native ones, may lead people to focus more on the outcomes of an action and less on the intentions behind it. We report two studies in which participants read scenarios in which the actor's intentions and the resulting consequences were manipulated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021817738409DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

The psychology of associative learning: Editorial.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2019 Feb;72(2):93-97

2 The University of Exeter, Exeter, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021818814401DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

On the reliability of the foreign language effect on risk-taking.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2019 Jan 1;72(1):29-40. Epub 2018 Jan 1.

1 Department of Psychology, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA.

People consider choices that involve risk on a daily basis. In principle, willingness to take risks should be independent of the language used while considering the available options. However, research has shown that using a foreign language can increase willingness to take risks, presumably because a foreign language is less emotional. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021817742242DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Dollars do not determine detection: Monetary value associated with unexpected objects does not affect the likelihood of inattentional blindness.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2019 Mar 18:1747021819835148. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

1 Institute of Training Science and Sport Informatics, German Sport University Cologne, Cologne, Germany.

Conscious perception often fails when an object appears unexpectedly and our attention is focused elsewhere (inattentional blindness). Although various factors have been identified that modulate the likelihood of this failure of awareness, it is not clear whether the monetary reward value associated with an object can affect whether or not this object is detected under conditions of inattention. We hypothesised that unexpectedly appearing objects that contain a feature linked to high value, as established via reward learning in a previous task, would subsequently be detected more frequently than objects containing a feature linked to low value. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021819835148DOI Listing
March 2019
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Examining the size-weight illusion with visuo-haptic conflict in immersive virtual reality.

Authors:
Gavin Buckingham

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2019 Apr 1:1747021819835808. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Sport and Health Sciences, College of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK.

When we experience our environment, we do so by combining sensory inputs with expectations derived from our prior knowledge, which can lead to surprising perceptual effects such as small objects feeling heavier than equally weighted large objects (the size-weight illusion (SWI)). Interestingly, there is evidence that the way in which the volume of an object is experienced can affect the strength of the illusion, with a SWI induced by exclusively haptic volume cues feeling stronger than a SWI induced with only visual volume cues. Furthermore, visual cues appear to add nothing over and above haptic size cues in terms of the strength of the induced weight illusion-findings which are difficult to reconcile with work using cue-conflict paradigms where visual cues usually dominate haptic cues. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021819835808DOI Listing
April 2019
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EPS mid-career prize lecture 2017: Writing systems, reading, and language.

Authors:
Kathleen Rastle

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2019 Apr 15;72(4):677-692. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Royal Holloway, University of London, UK.

Skilled reading reflects an accumulation of experience with written language. Written language is typically viewed as an expression of spoken language, and this perspective has motivated approaches to understanding reading and reading acquisition. However, in this article, I develop the proposal that written language has diverged from spoken language in important ways that maximise the transmission of meaningful information, and that this divergence has been central to the development of rapid, skilled reading. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021819829696DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Valence, arousal, and dominance ratings for facial stimuli.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2019 Feb 13:1747021819829012. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Psychology, Rochester Institute of Technology, Rochester, NY, USA.

A total of 1,363 images from seven sets of facial stimuli were normed using the self-assessment manikin procedure. Each participant provided valence, arousal, and dominance ratings for 120-130 faces displaying various emotional expressions (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021819829012DOI Listing
February 2019
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Lexically-mediated syntactic priming effects in comprehension: Sources of facilitation.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2019 Mar 13:1747021819834247. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

3 University of California, Davis, Davis, CA, USA.

The nature of the facilitation occurring when sentences share a verb and syntactic structure (i.e., lexically-mediated syntactic priming) has not been adequately addressed in comprehension. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021819834247DOI Listing
March 2019
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Affective and concreteness norms for 3,022 Croatian words.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2019 Mar 11:1747021819834226. Epub 2019 Mar 11.

3 Facultad de Psicología, Instituto Pluridisciplinar, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid, Spain.

This study presents subjective ratings for 3,022 Croatian words, which were evaluated on two affective dimensions (valence and arousal) and one lexico-semantic variable (concreteness). A sample of 933 Croatian native speakers rated the words online. Ratings showed high reliabilities for all three variables, as well as significant correlations with ratings from databases available in Spanish and English. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021819834226DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Goal-dependent flexibility in preferences formation from rapid payoff sequences.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2019 Mar 8:1747021819833904. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

School of Psychological Sciences and Sagol School of Neuroscience, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.

The formation of attitudes or preferences for alternatives that consist of rapid numerical sequences has been suggested to reflect either a summation or an averaging principle. Previous studies indicate the presence of two mechanisms, accumulators (that mediate summation) and population-coding (that mediate averaging), which operate in preference formation tasks of rapid numerical sequences, and are subject to task-demands and individual differences. Here, we test whether participants can flexibly control the preference mechanism they deploy as a function of the reward contingency. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021819833904DOI Listing
March 2019
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Ears, heads, and eyes: When singers synchronise.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2019 Apr 1:1747021819833968. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

2 Schulich School of Music, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

We examined the relationship between endogenous rhythms, auditory and visual cues, and body movement in the temporal coordination of duet singers. Sixteen pairs of experienced vocalists sang a familiar melody in Solo and two Duet conditions. Vocalists sang together in Unison (simultaneously producing identical pitches) and Round Duet conditions (one vocalist, the Follower, producing pitches at an eight-tone delay from their partner, the Leader) while facing Inward (full visual cues) and Outward (reduced visual cues). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021819833968DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

The metaphoric nature of the ordinal position effect.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2019 Mar 5:1747021819832860. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

1 School of Psychology, South China Normal University, Guangzhou, China.

Serial orders are thought to be spatially represented in working memory: The beginning items in the memorised sequence are associated with the left side of space and the ending items are associated with the right side of space. However, the origin of this ordinal position effect has remained unclear. It was suggested that the direction of serial order-space interaction is related to the reading/writing experience. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021819832860DOI Listing
March 2019
4 Reads
1.730 Impact Factor

Self-prioritization of fully unfamiliar stimuli.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2019 Mar 5:1747021819832981. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

2 Social Mind Center, Department of Cognitive Science, Central European University, Budapest, Hungary.

Recently, Sui and colleagues introduced an experimental task to investigate prioritization of arbitrary stimuli associated with the self. They demonstrated that after being told to associate three identities (self, friend, stranger) with three arbitrary stimuli (geometrical shapes), participants were faster in a perceptual matching task to recognise matching pairs of self-associated shape with self-label, than respective friend or stranger-related pairings. They interpreted this as evidence that a brief self-association is sufficient to facilitate processing of previously neutral stimuli. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021819832981DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Corrigendum to: Intentional Preparation of Auditory Attention-Shifts: Explicit Cueing and Sequential Shift-Predictability.

Authors:

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2019 Mar 4;72(3):675-676. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021819828653DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Can prediction-based distributional semantic models predict typicality?

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2019 Feb 21:1747021819830949. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Department of Experimental Psychology, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.

Recent advances in the field of computational linguistics have led to the development of various prediction-based models of semantics. These models seek to infer word representations from large text collections by predicting target words from neighbouring words (or vice versa). The resulting representations are vectors in a continuous space, collectively called word embeddings. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021819830949DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Perception of another person's maximum reach-with-jump height from walking kinematics.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2019 Jan 25:1747021818821935. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

1 Center for Cognition, Action, & Perception, Department of Psychology, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH, USA.

Humans can perceive affordances (possibilities for action) for themselves and others, including the maximum overhead height reachable by jumping (reach-with-jump height, RWJ). While observers can accurately perceive maximum RWJ for another person without previously seeing the person jump, estimates improve after viewing the person walk, suggesting there is structure in walking kinematics that is informative about the ability to produce vertical force for jumping. We used principal component analysis (PCA) to identify patterns in human walking kinematics that specify another person's maximum RWJ ability, and to determine whether athletes are more sensitive than non-athletes to these patterns. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021818821935DOI Listing
January 2019
15 Reads

The binding of an auditory target location to a judgement: A two-component switching approach.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2019 Feb 15:1747021819829422. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

1 Cognitive and Experimental Psychology, Institute of Psychology, RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany.

In a two-component switching paradigm, in which participants switched between two auditory attention selection criteria (attention component: left vs. right ear) and two judgements (judgement component: number vs. letter judgement), we found high judgement switch costs in attention criterion repetitions, but low costs in attention criterion switches. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021819829422DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Responding to joint attention bids in schizophrenia: An interactive eye-tracking study.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2019 Feb 21:1747021819829718. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

1 ARC Centre of Excellence in Cognition and Its Disorders, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW, Australia.

This study investigated social cognition in schizophrenia using a virtual reality paradigm to capture the dynamic processes of evaluating and responding to eye gaze as an intentional communicative cue. A total of 21 patients with schizophrenia and 21 age-, gender-, and IQ-matched healthy controls completed an interactive computer game with an on-screen avatar that participants believed was controlled by an off-screen partner. On social trials, participants were required to achieve joint attention by correctly interpreting and responding to gaze cues. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021819829718DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

The contributions of language control to executive functions: From the perspective of bilingual comprehension.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2019 Jan 18:1747021818821601. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

1 Beijing Key Laboratory of Applied Experimental Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, China.

Previous studies have suggested that bilingual production experience has beneficial effects on executive functions. In the current study, four experiments were conducted to investigate whether bilingual comprehension experience influences executive functions. In Experiments 1 and 2, Chinese-English bilinguals completed a flanker task interleaved with a language comprehension task (reading comprehension in Experiment 1 and listening comprehension in Experiment 2). Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1747021818821601
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021818821601DOI Listing
January 2019
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The fate of redundant cues in human predictive learning: The outcome ratio effect.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2019 Jan 17:1747021818820042. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

2 Cardiff University, Cardiff, UK.

In four experiments, participants were shown a sequence of pairs of pictures of food and asked to predict whether each pair signalled an allergic reaction in a hypothetical patient. The pairs of pictures were used to present two simple discriminations that differed in their outcome ratio. A rich discrimination, 3AX+ BX-, involved three trials in which the compound of two foods, AX, was followed by a reaction, for every trial in which the compound BX was not followed by the outcome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021818820042DOI Listing
January 2019
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Colour associations in children and adults.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2018 Dec 20:1747021818822948. Epub 2018 Dec 20.

University of Lincoln.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021818822948DOI Listing
December 2018
5 Reads