2,192 results match your criteria Quarterly journal of experimental psychology 2006[Journal]


Synesthetes perseverate in implicit learning: Evidence from a non-stationary statistical learning task.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2018 Dec 11:1747021818816285. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

3 Haskins Laboratories, New Haven, CT, USA.

Synesthetes automatically and consistently experience additional sensory or cognitive perceptions in response to particular environmental stimuli. Recent evidence suggests that the propensity to develop synesthesia is genetic while the particular associations experienced by a given synesthete are influenced by learning. Despite the potential role of implicit learning in the formation of synesthetic associations, there has been minimal investigation of synesthetes' implicit learning abilities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021818816285DOI Listing
December 2018

Author accepted manuscript: What is the Role of Episodic Foresight in Planning for Future needs? Theory and two experiments.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2018 Dec 5:1747021818820808. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Univ of Cambridge.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021818820808DOI Listing
December 2018

Distraction by deviant sounds during reading: An eye-movement study.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2018 Dec 5:1747021818820816. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Bournemouth University.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021818820816DOI Listing
December 2018

Author accepted manuscript: Kanizsa-figure object completion gates selection in the attentional blink.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2018 Dec 3:1747021818820009. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021818820009DOI Listing
December 2018

Author accepted manuscript: Stable preview difficulty effects in reading with an improved variant of the boundary paradigm.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2018 Dec 3:1747021818819990. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Universitat Potsdam.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021818819990DOI Listing
December 2018

Author accepted manuscript: Effortful memory processes under stereotype threat and self-concept in aging.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2018 Dec 3:1747021818819787. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Laboratoire de Psychologie et de Neuropsychologie Cognitives - Université Paris Descartes - CNRS FRE 3292.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021818819787DOI Listing
December 2018

The credibility of acted screams: Implications for emotional communication research.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2018 Dec 4:1747021818816307. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Psychology, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA.

Researchers have long relied on acted material to study emotional expression and perception in humans. It has been suggested, however, that certain aspects of natural expressions are difficult or impossible to produce voluntarily outside of their associated emotional contexts, and that acted expressions tend to be overly intense caricatures. From an evolutionary perspective, listeners' abilities to distinguish acted from natural expressions likely depend on the type of expression in question, the costs entailed in its production, and elements of receiver psychology. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021818816307DOI Listing
December 2018

Author accepted manuscript: The Effects of Color Complexity and Similarity on Multiple Object Tracking Performance.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2018 Nov 19:1747021818817388. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Beijing Normal University.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021818817388DOI Listing
November 2018

Alexithymia explains increased empathic personal distress in individuals with and without eating disorders.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2018 Dec 4:1747021818816051. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

5 Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.

It is often assumed that empathy impairments are common in individuals with eating disorders (EDs), but empirical work has been limited and produced mixed results, making the clinical features and treatment needs of this population difficult to determine. Alexithymia, characterised by difficulties identifying and describing one's own emotions, frequently co-occurs with EDs and is associated with atypical recognition of, and empathy for, others' emotions. This study used an existing empathy for pain paradigm to determine whether atypical empathy in EDs stems from co-occurring alexithymia, rather than EDs per se. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021818816051DOI Listing
December 2018

Development and assessment of the Korean Author Recognition Test.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2018 Nov 29:1747021818814461. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

3 Department of Psychology, University of Richmond, Richmond, VA, USA.

This research reports the development and evaluation of a Korean Author Recognition Test (KART), designed as a measure of print exposure among young adults. Based on the original, English-language version of the Author Recognition Test (ART), the KART demonstrates significant relationships with offline measures of language ability, as well as online measures of word recognition. In particular, KART scores were related to participants' responses on the Comparative Reading Habits (CRH) checklist, suggesting that KART is a valid measure of print exposure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021818814461DOI Listing
November 2018

Expectations for tonal cadences: Sensory and cognitive priming effects.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2018 Nov 30:1747021818814472. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

2 McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada.

Studies examining the formation of melodic and harmonic expectations during music listening have repeatedly demonstrated that a tonal context primes listeners to expect certain (tonally related) continuations over others. However, few such studies have (1) selected stimuli using ready examples of expectancy violation derived from real-world instances of tonal music, (2) provided a consistent account for the influence of sensory and cognitive mechanisms on tonal expectancies by comparing different computational simulations, or (3) combined melodic and harmonic representations in modelling cognitive processes of expectation. To resolve these issues, this study measures expectations for the most recurrent cadence patterns associated with tonal music and then simulates the reported findings using three sensory-cognitive models of auditory expectation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021818814472DOI Listing
November 2018

I recognise your name but I can't remember your face: An advantage for names in recognition memory.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2018 Nov 14:1747021818813081. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

1 Department of Psychology, University of York, York, UK.

Forgetting someone's name is a common failure of memory, and often occurs despite being able to recognise that person's face. This gives rise to the widespread view that memory for names is generally worse than memory for faces. However, this everyday error confounds stimulus class (faces vs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021818813081DOI Listing
November 2018

Examining word processing via a megastudy of conditional reading aloud.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2018 Nov 1;71(11):2295-2313. Epub 2018 Jan 1.

1 Department of Psychology, University of Nebraska Omaha, Omaha, NE, USA.

Results from a megastudy on conditional reading aloud for 2,145 monosyllabic words are reported. In stepwise regression analyses, the predictor variables accounted for over 66% of the reaction time (RT) variance. Linear mixed effect modelling on log RT indicated that every variable that related to RT in either reading aloud or lexical decision also related to RT in conditional reading aloud. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021817741269DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Anticipatory access to group-level information in working memory.

Authors:
Simon Farrell

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2018 Nov 1;71(11):2450-2463. Epub 2018 Jan 1.

School of Psychological Science, The University of Western Australia, Crawley, WA, Australia.

One assumption common to many serial recall models is that lists can be stored in a structured manner, as groups nested inside larger sequences. However, many of these theories fail to explain the dynamics by which those groups are accessed, and those models that do provide such an account have not been comprehensively tested. This article presents three experiments using a probed recall paradigm in which potential target positions were precued. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021817744428DOI Listing
November 2018

Visual-auditory differences in duration discrimination depend on modality-specific, sensory-automatic temporal processing: Converging evidence for the validity of the Sensory-Automatic Timing Hypothesis.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2018 Nov 1;71(11):2364-2377. Epub 2018 Jan 1.

Institute of Psychology, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland.

The Sensory-Automatic Timing Hypothesis assumes visual-auditory differences in duration discrimination to originate from sensory-automatic temporal processing. Although temporal discrimination of extremely brief intervals in the range of tens-of-milliseconds is predicted to depend mainly on modality-specific, sensory-automatic temporal processing, duration discrimination of longer intervals is predicted to require more and more amodal, higher order cognitive resources and decreasing input from the sensory-automatic timing system with increasing interval duration. In two duration discrimination experiments with sensory modality as a within- and a between-subjects variable, respectively, we tested two decisive predictions derived from the Sensory-Automatic Timing Hypothesis: (1) visual-auditory differences in duration discrimination were expected to be larger for brief intervals in the tens-of-milliseconds range than for longer ones, and (2) visual-auditory differences in duration discrimination of longer intervals should disappear when statistically controlled for modality-specific input from the sensory-automatic timing system. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021817741611DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

High emotional contagion and empathy are associated with enhanced detection of emotional authenticity in laughter.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2018 Nov 1;71(11):2355-2363. Epub 2018 Jan 1.

1 Faculty of Psychology and Education Sciences, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal.

Nonverbal vocalisations such as laughter pervade social interactions, and the ability to accurately interpret them is an important skill. Previous research has probed the general mechanisms supporting vocal emotional processing, but the factors that determine individual differences in this ability remain poorly understood. Here, we ask whether the propensity to resonate with others' emotions-as measured by trait levels of emotional contagion and empathy-relates to the ability to perceive different types of laughter. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021817741800DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6261327PMC
November 2018
6 Reads

Script differences and masked translation priming: Evidence from Hindi-English bilinguals.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2018 Nov 1;71(11):2421-2438. Epub 2018 Jan 1.

Department of Linguistics & TESOL, University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, TX, USA.

This study reports on two experiments investigating the effects of script differences on masked translation priming in highly proficient early Hindi-English bilinguals. In Experiment 1 (the cross-script experiment), L1 Hindi was presented in the standard Devanagari script, while L2 English was presented in the Roman alphabet. In Experiment 2 (the same-script experiment), both L1 Hindi and L2 English were presented in the Roman alphabet. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021817743241DOI Listing
November 2018

Tracing the path of forgetting in rule abstraction and exemplar retrieval.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2018 Nov 1;71(11):2261-2281. Epub 2018 Jan 1.

2 Department of Psychology, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland.

People often forget acquired knowledge over time such as names of former classmates. Which knowledge people can access, however, may modify the judgement process and affect judgement accuracy. Specifically, we hypothesised that judgements based on retrieving past exemplars from long-term memory may be more vulnerable to forgetting than remembering rules that relate the cues to the criterion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021817739861DOI Listing
November 2018

Photographs of real human figures: Item types and persistent sex differences in mental rotation.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2018 Nov 1;71(11):2411-2420. Epub 2018 Jan 1.

2 University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, NB, Canada.

The goal of the current study was to provide a better understanding of the role of image familiarity, embodied cognition, and cognitive strategies on sex differences in performance when rotating blocks and photographs of real human bodies. Two new Mental Rotation Tests (MRTs) were created: one using photographs of real human models positioned as closely as possible to computer drawn figures from the human figures MRT used in Doyle and Voyer's 2013 study, and one using analogous block figures. It was hypothesised that, when compared to the analogous block figures, the real human figures would lead to improved accuracy among both men and women, a reduced magnitude of sex differences in accuracy, and a reduced effect of occlusion on women's performance when compared to analogous block figures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021817742079DOI Listing
November 2018

The effect of scrambling upright and inverted faces on the N170.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2018 Nov 1;71(11):2464-2476. Epub 2018 Jan 1.

1 Washington Singer Laboratories, School of Psychology, College of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK.

The face inversion effect refers to a decrement in performance when we try to recognise familiar faces turned upside down (inverted), compared with familiar faces presented in their usual (upright) orientation. Recently, we have demonstrated that the inversion effect can also be found with checkerboards drawn from prototype-defined categories when the participants have been trained with these categories, suggesting that factors such as expertise and the relationships between stimulus features may be important determinants of this effect. We also demonstrated that the typical inversion effect on the N170 seen with faces is found with checkerboards, suggesting that modulation of the N170 is a marker for disruption in the use of configural information. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021817744455DOI Listing
November 2018
5 Reads

Egocentric bias across mental and non-mental representations in the Sandbox Task.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2018 Nov 1;71(11):2395-2410. Epub 2018 Jan 1.

1 Department of Psychology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.

In the Sandbox Task, participants indicate where a protagonist who has a false belief about the location of an object will look for that object in a trough filled with a substrate that conceals the hidden object's location. Previous findings that participants tend to indicate a location closer to where they themselves know the object to be located have been interpreted as evidence of egocentric bias when attributing mental states to others. We tested the assumption that such biases occur as a result of reasoning about mental states specifically. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021817742367DOI Listing
November 2018

Spatial biases in deaf, blind, and deafblind individuals as revealed by a haptic line bisection task.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2018 Nov 1;71(11):2325-2333. Epub 2018 Jan 1.

1 Department of Psychology, University of Milano-Bicocca, Milano, Italy.

In this study, we investigated whether auditory deprivation leads to a more balanced bilateral control of spatial attention in the haptic space. We tested four groups of participants: early deaf, early blind, deafblind, and control (normally hearing and sighted) participants. Using a haptic line bisection task, we found that while normally hearing individuals (even when blind) showed a significant tendency to bisect to the left of the veridical midpoint (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021817741288DOI Listing
November 2018

Following instructions in a dual-task paradigm: Evidence for a temporary motor store in working memory.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2018 Nov 1;71(11):2439-2449. Epub 2018 Jan 1.

2 MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.

Evidence from dual-task studies suggests that working memory supports the retention and implementation of verbal instructions. One key finding that is not readily accommodated by existing models of working memory is that participants are consistently more accurate at physically performing rather than verbally repeating a sequence of commands. This action advantage has no obvious source within the multi-component model of working memory and has been proposed to be driven by an as yet undetected limited-capacity store dedicated to the temporary maintenance of spatial, motoric, and temporal features of intended movements. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021817743492DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6204648PMC
November 2018

How much does orthography influence the processing of reduced word forms? Evidence from novel-word learning about French schwa deletion.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2018 Nov 1;71(11):2378-2394. Epub 2018 Jan 1.

3 Laboratoire de Psycholinguistique Expérimentale, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland.

This study examines the influence of orthography on the processing of reduced word forms. For this purpose, we compared the impact of phonological variation with the impact of spelling-sound consistency on the processing of words that may be produced with or without the vowel schwa. Participants learnt novel French words in which the vowel schwa was present or absent in the first syllable. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021817741859DOI Listing
November 2018

Cutting through the MADness: Expectations about what a target is doing impact how likely it is to be found in dynamic visual displays.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2018 Nov 1;71(11):2342-2354. Epub 2018 Jan 1.

Department of Psychology, New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, NM, USA.

When searching for things in the world, we seldom encounter the static environment so often afforded by laboratory search tasks. Dynamic events tend to capture attention; however, Kunar and Watson previously found that dynamic search displays (search for vowel targets among moving and blinking letter stimuli) resulted in strikingly high miss rates. A possible explanation for the high miss rates is that the presence of dynamic features resulted in participants becoming sensitive to the likelihood of appearance for each target category and dynamic feature combination (e. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1747021817741408
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021817741408DOI Listing
November 2018
4 Reads

The magic hand: Plasticity of mental hand representation.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2018 Nov 1;71(11):2314-2324. Epub 2018 Jan 1.

Department of Psychology, Goldsmiths, University of London, London, UK.

Internal spatial body configurations are crucial to successfully interact with the environment and to experience our body as a three-dimensional volumetric entity. These representations are highly malleable and are modulated by a multitude of afferent and motor information. Despite some studies reporting the impact of sensory and motor modulation on body representations, the long-term relationship between sensory information and mental representation of own body parts is still unclear. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1747021817741606
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021817741606DOI Listing
November 2018
8 Reads

Processing real-world violations embedded within a fantasy-world narrative.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2018 Nov 1;71(11):2282-2294. Epub 2018 Jan 1.

1 Department of Psychology, University of New Hampshire, Durham, NH, USA.

Fantasy-text is a genre in which events routinely violate rules we know to be true in the real world. In four experiments, we explored the inherent contradiction between unrealistic fictional events and general world knowledge (GWK) to examine these competing information sources within the context of an extended fantasy-narrative. Experiments 1a and 1b demonstrated that fantasy-unrelated inconsistencies caused disruption to comprehension despite an abundance of contextual support for real-world impossible events that violate GWK. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021817740836DOI Listing
November 2018

Time of day effects on the use of distraction to minimise forgetting.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2018 Nov 1;71(11):2334-2341. Epub 2018 Jan 1.

1 Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Recent research found that implicit rehearsal of distraction can reduce forgetting for older adults, in part due to their inefficient regulation of irrelevant information. Here, we investigated whether young adults' memory can also benefit from critical information presented as distraction. Participants recalled a list of words initially and then again after a 15-min delay, with some of the critical studied words exposed as distraction during the delay. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021817740808DOI Listing
November 2018

What's special about orthographic processing? Further evidence from transposition effects in same-different matching.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2018 Nov 14:1747021818811448. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

3 Laboratoire de Psychologie Cognitive, Aix-Marseille University and Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Marseille, France.

We sought evidence for letter-specific processing in the same-different matching task by comparing performance to random consonant strings and either strings of symbols (Experiment 1) or strings of digits (Experiment 2). The strings could be aligned horizontally or vertically, and on "different" response trials the to-be-matched strings could differ by the transposition of two adjacent characters or by the substitution of two adjacent characters. Making a "different" response was harder when the difference involved a transposition compared with a substitution-the transposition effect. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021818811448DOI Listing
November 2018

Author accepted manuscript: Semantic associations do not modulate the visual awareness of objects.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2018 Oct 23:1747021818811411. Epub 2018 Oct 23.

University of Notre Dame.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021818811411DOI Listing
October 2018

Action dual tasks reveal differential effects of visual imagery perspectives on motor performance.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2018 Nov 14:1747021818811464. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

1 Institute for the Psychology of Elite Performance, School of Sport, Health and Exercise Sciences, Bangor University, Bangor, UK.

Imagery research has identified two main visual perspectives, external visual imagery (EVI, third person) and internal visual imagery (IVI, first person). Based upon findings from brain imaging literature showing that different neural substrates are recruited for IVI and EVI perspectives, and that IVI activates motor system brain areas, we hypothesised that a concurrent action dual task would cause greater interference in performance for IVI than EVI. In a first experiment, participants were allocated to either an IVI or an EVI group, and were tasked with moving an onscreen marker towards a target in three blocked conditions: imagery, imagery with a concurrent motor dual-task of sequencing, and a math control. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021818811464DOI Listing
November 2018

Modulation of parafoveal word processing by cognitive load during modified visual search tasks.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2018 Nov 14:1747021818811123. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

1 Centre de Recherches sur la Cognition et l'Apprentissage, CNRS, Université de Poitiers, Université de Tours, Poitiers, France.

During visual search for simple items, the amount of information that can be processed in parafoveal vision depends on the cognitive resources that are available. However, whether this applies to the semantic processing of words remains controversial. This work was designed to manipulate simultaneously two sources of cognitive load to study their impact on the depth of parafoveal word processing during a modified visual search task. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021818811123DOI Listing
November 2018

Reading sentences of words with rotated letters: An eye movement study.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2018 Nov 12:1747021818810381. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

4 University of Central Lancashire, Lancashire, UK.

Participants' eye movements were measured as they read sentences in which individual letters within words were rotated. Both the consistency of direction and the magnitude of rotation were manipulated (letters rotated all in the same direction, or alternately clockwise and anti-clockwise, by 30° or 60°). Each sentence included a target word that was manipulated for frequency of occurrence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021818810381DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Sharing a mental number line across individuals? The role of body position and empathy in joint numerical cognition.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2018 Nov 7:1747021818809254. Epub 2018 Nov 7.

1 Department of Psychology, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland.

A growing body of research shows that the human brain acts differently when performing a task together with another person than when performing the same task alone. In this study, we investigated the influence of a co-actor on numerical cognition using a joint random number generation (RNG) task. We found that participants generated relatively smaller numbers when they were located to the left (vs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021818809254DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Reduced Stroop interference under stress: Decreased cue utilisation, not increased executive control.

Authors:
Robert W Booth

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2018 Nov 7:1747021818809368. Epub 2018 Nov 7.

Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, Sabancı University, İstanbul, Turkey.

Since the 1960s, researchers have been reporting that stress reduces Stroop interference. This is puzzling, as stress and anxiety typically have deleterious effects on cognitive control and performance. The traditional explanation is that stress reduces "cue utilisation": It withdraws attentional resources from less relevant stimuli (including the distracter word), meaning that the target colour is left with a stronger influence over response selection. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1747021818809368
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021818809368DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

The way others move can influence what we choose.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2018 Nov 7:1747021818808461. Epub 2018 Nov 7.

1 Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College London, London, UK.

Whether pointing at a menu item or rifling through a clothes rack, when we choose we often move. We investigated whether people's tendency to copy the movements of others could influence their choices. Participants saw pairs of pictures in private and indicated which one they preferred. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021818808461DOI Listing
November 2018
3 Reads

How visual memory changes with intervening recall.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2018 Nov 2:1747021818808524. Epub 2018 Nov 2.

Department of Psychology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA.

Being asked to recount a visual memory is common in educational settings, spatial navigation, and crime investigation. Previous studies show that recounting one's memory can benefit subsequent memory, but most of this work either used verbal materials or conflated category memory with memory for visual details. To test whether recounting may introduce visually-specific interference effects, we tested people's memory for photographs of objects, but introduced an intervening phase in which people described their memory. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021818808524DOI Listing
November 2018
3 Reads

Top-down attentional factors modulate action priming in reach-to-grasp action.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2018 Nov 2:1747021818807697. Epub 2018 Nov 2.

School of Psychology, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, QLD, Australia.

Previous studies report that viewing exaggerated, high-lifting reaches (versus direct reaches) primes higher vertical deviation in wrist trajectory in the observer's subsequent reaches (trajectory priming), but it is unclear to what extent this effect depends upon task instructions relevant to top-down attention. In two experiments, participants were instructed to gaze at a dot presented on a large monitor for a colour-change go signal that cued them to execute a direct reach to a target. In the background, the monitor also displayed life-sized films of a human model. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021818807697DOI Listing
November 2018
4 Reads

Exercise, diet, and the reinforcing value of food in an animal model of anorexia nervosa.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2018 Nov 2:1747021818807865. Epub 2018 Nov 2.

1 Laboratorios de Conducta Animal, Departamento de Psicología Básica I, Facultad de Psicología, Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia (UNED), Madrid, Spain.

Activity-based anorexia (ABA) develops when laboratory rats are subjected to a single meal per day and have access to an activity wheel for the remaining time. Here, we studied the contribution of exercise and diet to the reinforcing value of food during ABA development. Three groups of eight adult male Wistar rats were used: an ABA group with 21. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021818807865DOI Listing
November 2018
5 Reads

The ability to recognise emotions predicts the time-course of sarcasm processing: Evidence from eye movements.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2018 Oct 31:1747021818807864. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

1 Department of Psychology, University of Turku, Turku, Finland.

A core feature of sarcasm is that there is a discrepancy between the literal meaning of the utterance and the context in which it is presented. This means that a sarcastic statement embedded in a story introduces a break in local coherence. Previous studies have shown that sarcastic statements in written stories often elicit longer processing times than their literal counterparts, possibly reflecting the difficulty of integrating the statement into the story's context. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021818807864DOI Listing
October 2018
4 Reads

Decay of internal reference information in duration discrimination: Intertrial interval modulates the Type B effect.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2018 Nov 16:1747021818808187. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

Department of Psychology, University of Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany.

Psychophysical evidence suggests that human perception of a stimulus is assimilated towards previous stimuli. The internal reference model (IRM) explains such assimilation through an internal reference (IR), which integrates past and present stimulus representations and thus might be conceived as a form of perceptual memory. In this study, we investigated whether the IR decays with time, as previously shown for perceptual memory representations in general. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021818808187DOI Listing
November 2018
7 Reads

Feature binding in short-term memory and long-term learning.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2018 Oct 31:1747021818807718. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

3 Department of Psychology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK.

In everyday experience, we encounter visual feature combinations. Some combinations are learned to support object recognition, and some are arbitrary and rapidly changing, so are retained briefly to complete ongoing tasks before being updated or forgotten. However, the boundary conditions between temporary retention of fleeting feature combinations and learning of feature bindings are unclear. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021818807718DOI Listing
October 2018
4 Reads

Monitoring speech production and comprehension: Where is the second-language delay?

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2018 Oct 30:1747021818807447. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

Department of Experimental Psychology, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium.

Research on error monitoring suggests that bilingual Dutch-English speakers are slower to correct some speech errors in their second language (L2) as opposed to their first language (L1). But which component of self-monitoring is slowed down in L2, error detection or interruption and repair of the error? This study charted the time course of monitoring in monolingual English speakers and bilingual Dutch-English speakers in language production and language comprehension, with the aim of pinpointing the component(s) of monitoring that cause an L2 disadvantage. First, we asked whether phonological errors are interrupted more slowly in L2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021818807447DOI Listing
October 2018
4 Reads

Does the visual attention span play a role in the morphological processing of orthographic stimuli?

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2018 Oct 22:1747021818806470. Epub 2018 Oct 22.

1 Basque Center on Cognition, Brain and Language, San Sebastián, Spain.

We investigated whether the link between visual attention (VA) span and reading is modulated by the presence of morphemes. Second and fourth grade children, with Basque as their first language, named morphologically complex and simple words and pseudowords, and performed a task measuring VA span. The influence of VA span skills on reading was modulated by the presence of morphemes in naming speed measures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021818806470DOI Listing
October 2018
5 Reads

Age-related effects in compound production: Evidence from a double-object picture naming task.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2018 Nov 9:1747021818806491. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

1 Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Berlin, Germany.

This study investigated effects of healthy ageing and of non-verbal attentional control on speech production. Young and older speakers participated in a picture-word interference (PWI) task with compound targets. To increase the processing load, the two pictures of the compounds' constituents were presented side-by-side for spoken naming (e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021818806491DOI Listing
November 2018
4 Reads

Assessing susceptibility to distraction along the vocal processing hierarchy.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2018 Oct 31:1747021818807183. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

School of Psychology, Bangor University, Bangor, UK.

Recent models of voice perception propose a hierarchy of steps leading from a more general, "low-level" acoustic analysis of the voice signal to a voice-specific, "higher-level" analysis. We aimed to engage two of these stages: first, a more general detection task in which voices had to be identified amid environmental sounds, and, second, a more voice-specific task requiring a same/different decision about unfamiliar speaker pairs (Bangor Voice Matching Test [BVMT]). We explored how vulnerable voice recognition is to interfering distractor voices, and whether performance on the aforementioned tasks could predict resistance against such interference. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021818807183DOI Listing
October 2018
3 Reads