1,102,772 results match your criteria Quality & Safety in Health Care[Journal]


Optimization of Whole-Body CT Examinations of Polytrauma Patients in Comparison with the Current Diagnostic Reference Levels.

Rofo 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, University-Hospital Giessen, Justus-Liebig-University Giessen, Germany.

Purpose:  Evaluation of the dose values of a polytrauma whole-body CT examination used in clinical practice with regard to the 2016 updated diagnostic reference levels and reduction of the mean exposure levels using simple optimization steps.

Materials And Methods:  In each case, 100 exposure values before and after dose optimization were compared with the old and new diagnostic reference levels. The grayscale values and the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) were determined for the lung, the aortic arch and the liver. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-0881-3113DOI Listing

[Basics for the Preparation of an Ophthalmological Expert Assessment].

Klin Monbl Augenheilkd 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

The position of the ophthalmologist as an unbiased and impartial expert in the field of tension between the client and the patient is a responsible task that should not be underestimated. Since the ophthalmological expert assessment often has far-reaching legal and financial consequences, it is very important that it is both formally correct and of high quality. Unfortunately, it is becoming increasingly common to find that the examinations required for the preparation of an expert opinion are not carried out optimally, that findings are not substantiated or that formalities are not adhered to correctly. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-0889-9523DOI Listing

Choroidal Neovascularisation Complicating Chronic Central Serous Chorioretinopathy: The Discovery Rate on Multimodal Imaging.

Klin Monbl Augenheilkd 2019 Apr 18;236(4):536-541. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Ophthalmology, University of Lausanne, Jules Gonin Eye Hospital, Fondation Asile des Aveugles, Lausanne, Switzerland.

Purpose: To identify the image modality allowing identification of choroidal neovascularisation (CNV) complicating chronic central serous chorioretinopathy (CSCR), including fluorescein angiography (FA), indocyanine green angiography (ICGA), and optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A).

Methods: Patients diagnosed with chronic CSCR and secondary CNV were included in the study. The image modalities FA, ICGA, and OCT-A were reviewed for specific CNV signs permitting diagnosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-0834-6118DOI Listing

Validation and Reliability of the Italian Version of the Speech Handicap Index.

Folia Phoniatr Logop 2019 Apr 18:1-9. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Otorhinolaryngology Division, Department of Surgical Sciences, University of Turin, Turin, Italy.

Background: Speech problems negatively affect the quality of life of patients with oral and oropharyngeal cancer. An appropriate self-rating questionnaire named Speech Handicap Index (SHI) was developed for these individuals. The aim of this study was the cross-cultural adaptation and the validation of the Italian version of the SHI. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000496179DOI Listing

Assessment of Intermittent Self-Catheterization Procedures in Patients with Neurogenic Lower Urinary Tract Dysfunction: Dutch Translation and Validation of the Intermittent Catheterization Satisfaction Questionnaire, Intermittent Catheterization Acceptance Test, Intermittent Self Catheterization Questionnaire and Intermittent Catheterization Difficulty Questionnaire.

Urol Int 2019 Apr 18:1-6. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Urology, Ghent University Hospital, Ghent, Belgium.

Background: Intermittent self-catheterization (ISC) is by far the most appealing therapy to achieve a complete bladder emptying in patients with neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction (NLUTD). Four questionnaires have been developed in French in order to assess patient's satisfaction, difficulties and acceptance of this technique.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to translate, culturally adapt and validate Dutch versions of the Intermittent Catheterization Satisfaction Questionnaire (InCaSaQ), the Intermittent Catheterization Acceptance Test (ICAT), the Intermittent Self Catheterization Questionnaire (ISCQ) and the Intermittent Catheterization Difficulty Questionnaire (ICDQ). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000499884DOI Listing

Psychological Impact of Learning CDKN2A Variant Status as a Genetic Research Result.

Public Health Genomics 2019 Apr 18;21(3-4):154-163. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Health Sciences Research, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA,

Objectives: Little is known about genetic research participants' responses to receiving individual research results (IRR) from cancer genetic research. We examined the immediate and delayed psychological impact of returning a CDKN2A variant result that is associated with increased risk of pancreatic cancer and melanoma.

Methods: One hundred and thirty-three pancreas research registry enrollees whose samples were tested in a research laboratory for the CDKN2A variant were invited by mail to learn the result by telephone and participate in a study about the disclosure process. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000496556DOI Listing

ADMM-based deep reconstruction for limited-angle CT.

Phys Med Biol 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

College of Mathematics and Statistics, Chongqing University, Chongqing, CHINA.

In the real applications of computed tomography (CT) imaging, the projection data of the scanned objects are usually acquired within a limited-angle range because of the limitation of the scanning condition. Under these circumstances, conventional analytical algorithms, such as filtered back-projection (FBP), do not work because the projection data are incomplete. The regularization method has proven to be effective for tomographic reconstruction from under-sampled measurements. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1361-6560/ab1abaDOI Listing

Obesity Induces Ovarian Inflammation and Reduces Oocyte Quality.

Reproduction 2019 Apr 1. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

J Wood, Animal Science, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, 68583-0908, United States.

In the US, 36.5 percent of women between the ages of 20-39 are obese. This obesity results in not only metabolic disorders including type II diabetes and cardiovascular disease, but also impaired female fertility. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1530/REP-18-0583DOI Listing

Inorganic soil amendments alter seedling performance of native plant species in post-mining arid zone rehabilitation.

J Environ Manage 2019 Apr 15;241:179-186. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

The University of Western Australia, School of Biological Sciences, Crawley, 6009, WA, Australia; (b)Kings Park Science, Department of Biodiversity, Conservation and Attractions, Kings Park, 6005, WA, Australia; The University of New South Wales, Centre for Ecosystem Science, School of Biological, Earth and Environmental Sciences, Randwick, 2052, NSW, Australia.

Rehabilitation of degraded drylands is challenged by environmental and anthropogenic constraints, such as limited availability of locally-sourced topsoil and poor quality alternative soil substrates. Current rehabilitation practices, at times, utilise inorganic soil amendments to improve the physicochemical and biological characteristics of reconstructed soil profiles. These approaches may be appropriate for dryland rehabilitation, but there is limited research available regarding the benefits of using these amendments. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2019.04.022DOI Listing

Long-term safety and efficacy following conversion to eslicarbazepine acetate monotherapy in adults with focal seizures.

Epilepsy Res 2019 Mar 29;153:59-65. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Sunovion Pharmaceuticals Inc., 84 Waterford Drive, Marlborough, MA, 01752, USA.

Objective: To assess the long-term safety and efficacy of eslicarbazepine acetate (ESL) monotherapy in adults with focal seizures (FS).

Methods: Study 050 was a long-term, multicenter, open-label (OL) safety extension of two conversion-to-ESL monotherapy studies in adults with refractory FS. After participating in Study 045 or 046, patients started on ESL 1600 mg once daily (QD) (or 1200 mg if they previously had a dose reduction), and could adjust the dose 400 mg/week to a dose between 800-2400 mg QD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eplepsyres.2019.03.018DOI Listing

Salinization of reservoirs in regions with exposed evaporites. The unique case of Upper Gotvand Dam, Iran.

Water Res 2019 Apr 11;157:587-599. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Department of Earth Sciences, University of Zaragoza, C/.Pedro Cerbuna 12, 50009, Zaragoza, Spain.

Construction of the great Upper Gotvand Dam in the Karun River, Iran, with an impoundment capacity of 4.5 billion cubic meters, has resulted in an environmental disaster: accumulation of 66.5 million metric tonnes of dissolved salt in the reservoir and a dramatic increase in the salinity of the reservoir water up to 200 g/L. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2019.04.015DOI Listing

Perinatal breastfeeding interventions including fathers/partners: A systematic review of the literature.

Midwifery 2019 Apr 3;75:41-51. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

St. Michael's Hospital, University of Toronto, Canada.

Objective: Support from fathers is consistently associated with improved breastfeeding duration and exclusivity rates. Additionally, there is growing evidence that fathers want to be included in breastfeeding interventions provided by health care professionals. The objective of this review was to determine the effect of partner-inclusive educational and psychosocial interventions on breastfeeding initiation, duration, and exclusivity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.midw.2019.04.001DOI Listing

Cost-Effectiveness of Negative Pressure Incision Management System in Cardiac Surgery.

J Surg Res 2019 Apr 15;240:227-235. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Division of Thoracic & Cardiovascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia.

Background: Sternal wound infections (SWIs) can be a devastating long-term complication with significant morbidity and health care cost. The purpose of this analysis was to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of negative pressure incision management systems (NPIMS) in cardiac surgery.

Materials And Methods: All cardiac surgery cases at an academic hospital with risk scores available (2009-2017) were extracted from an institutional database (n = 4455). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jss.2019.02.046DOI Listing

Gateway to the Golgi: molecular mechanisms of nucleotide sugar transporters.

Curr Opin Struct Biol 2019 Apr 15;57:127-134. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Department of Biochemistry, University of Oxford, Oxford, OX1 3QU, UK. Electronic address:

The Golgi apparatus plays a central role in the secretory pathway as a hub for posttranslational modification, protein sorting and quality control. To date, there is little structural or biochemical information concerning the function of transporters that reside within this organelle. The SLC35 family of nucleotide sugar transporters link the synthesis of activated sugar molecules and sulfate in the cytoplasm, with the luminal transferases that catalyse their attachment to proteins and lipids during glycosylation and sulfation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sbi.2019.03.019DOI Listing

Identification and expression of microRNAs in european eels Anguilla anguilla from two natural sites with different pollution levels.

Environ Pollut 2019 Apr 11;250:274-283. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Univ. Bordeaux, UMR EPOC CNRS 5805, 33615, Pessac, France.

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of small non-coding RNA that control multiple biological processes through negative post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression. Recently a role of miRNAs in the response of aquatic organisms to environmental toxicants emerged. Toxicant-induced changes in miRNA expression might then represent novel biomarkers to evaluate the health status of these organisms. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S02697491183507
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2019.04.029DOI Listing
April 2019
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The three 'B' of fish mercury in China: Bioaccumulation, biodynamics and biotransformation.

Environ Pollut 2019 Apr 10;250:216-232. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Department of Ocean Science, The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST), Clear Water Bay, Kowloon, Hong Kong, HKUST Shenzhen Research Institute, Shenzhen, 518057, China. Electronic address:

Mercury (Hg) is a global toxic pollutant and has raised the world's attention for decades. In this study, we reviewed the fish mercury levels in China (both marine and freshwater, as well as wild and farmed) documented over the past decade and their controlling environmental and biological factors. China is the largest contributor of global Hg cycling and the largest nation for the consumption and export of fish and fish product, thus Hg level in fish becomes a critical issue for food safety and public health. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2019.04.034DOI Listing
April 2019
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A review on biochar modulated soil condition improvements and nutrient dynamics concerning crop yields: Pathways to climate change mitigation and global food security.

Chemosphere 2019 Mar 29;227:345-365. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Kowloon, Hong Kong, China.

The beneficial role of biochar on improvement of soil quality, C sequestration, and enhancing crop yield is widely reported. As such there is not much consolidated information available linking biochar modulated soil condition improvement and soil nutrient availability on crop yields. The present review paper addresses the above issues by compilation of world literature on biochar and a new dimension is introduced in this review by performing a meta-analysis of published data by using multivariate statistical analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2019.03.170DOI Listing

Interdisciplinary collaboration needed in obtaining high-quality medical information in child abuse investigations.

Child Abuse Negl 2019 Apr 15;92:167-178. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Medical College of Wisconsin, 8701 W. Watertown Plank Rd., Wauwatosa, WI, 53226, USA.

Background: Despite reporting legislation, healthcare providers (HCPs) do not always report and collaborate in cases of suspected child abuse. Recognizing this leaves children at risk, the Wisconsin Child Abuse Network (WI CAN) sought to understand barriers to mandated reporting and collaboration with child abuse investigators.

Objective: The purpose of the study was to investigate barriers for professionals in providing and obtaining high-quality medical information in child abuse investigations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2019.02.012DOI Listing

Environmental impacts of dietary quality improvement in China.

J Environ Manage 2019 Apr 15;240:518-526. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Institute for Interdisciplinary Information Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, China.

Dietary-related risks rank top among all the health risks in many countries. The 2nd United Nations Sustainable Development Goal aims to end hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture. Yet whether improving nutritional quality also benefits the environment is still under-explored, particularly for developing countries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2019.03.106DOI Listing

Mineralization of cefoperazone in acid medium by the microwave discharge electrodeless lamp irradiated photoelectro-Fenton using a RuO/Ti or boron-doped diamond anode.

J Hazard Mater 2019 Apr 1;374:186-194. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Department of Municipal and Environmental Engineering, Beijing Key Laboratory of Aqueous Typical Pollutants Control and Water Quality Safeguard, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing 100044, China.

The mineralization of 125 mL of 50-300 mg L cefoperazone (CFPZ) has been comparatively studied by electrochemical advanced oxidation processes (EAOPs) like anodic oxidation (AO), electro-Fenton (EF) and photoelectro-Fenton (PEF) with a RuO/Ti or boron-doped diamond (BDD) anode and an activated carbon fiber (ACF) cathode. A microwave discharge electrodeless lamp (MDEL) was used as the UV source in PEF process. CFPZ decays always followed pseudo-first-order kinetics and their constant rates increased in the order: AO < EF < MDEL-PEF, regardless of anode types. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2019.03.124DOI Listing

The contribution of mental health services to a new strategic direction for sexual assault and abuse services.

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Apr 11;64:45-48. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

University of Leeds, United Kingdom.

A new strategy for sexual assault and abuse services was published by NHS England earlier this year. It called for better coordination of services along the Sexual Assault Referral Centre (SARC) pathway following a sexual assault including mental health services for children, young people and adults. Previous research has highlighted the fact that up to two-thirds of those attending SARCs either have a history of mental health problems or are being currently treated for one. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2019.04.001DOI Listing

Detecting pathological complete response in esophageal cancer after neoadjuvant therapy based on imaging techniques: a diagnostic systematic review and meta-analysis.

J Thorac Oncol 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Department of surgery.

Background: Up to 32% of patients with esophageal cancer show a pathological complete response (ypCR) after neoadjuvant therapy. In order to prevent overtreatment, the indication to perform esophagectomy in these patients should be reconsidered. Implementing an organ preserving strategy for patients with ypCR requires an accurate assessment of residual disease after neoadjuvant treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtho.2019.04.004DOI Listing

An integrated statistical and deterministic hydrologic model for analyzing trace organic contaminants in commercial and high-density residential stormwater runoff.

Sci Total Environ 2019 Apr 6;673:656-667. Epub 2019 Apr 6.

United States Geological Survey, Upper Midwest Water Science Center, 8505 Research Way, Middleton, WI 53562, USA.

Urbanization can dramatically alter stormwater, both the quantity and quality, by engendering larger peak flows and through the introduction of contaminants into runoff. The current study builds on previous research that developed relationships between a suite of nonpoint source contaminants, known as trace organic contaminants (TOrCs), and hydrologic measurements for a series of storms (one site had 15 storms and the other had 19 storms) in Madison, WI, by creating statistical and deterministic models. Correlations and regressions were calculated between TOrC loads and hydrologic measurements for a series of storms for both a commercial site and a high-density residential site. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00489697193132
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.03.327DOI Listing
April 2019
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Climbing the water ladder in poor urban areas: Preferences for 'limited' and 'basic' water services in Accra, Ghana.

Sci Total Environ 2019 Apr 8;673:605-612. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Department of Economics, Fairfield University, 1073 North Benson Rd, Fairfield, CT 06824, United States of America; Global Studies Institute and Department of Geosciences, Georgia State University, 25 Park Place, 18th Floor (Rm 1819), Atlanta, GA 30303, United States of America. Electronic address:

While providing drinking water on premises to all citizens in urban areas may be desirable, economic and institutional challenges coupled with poverty, insecure tenure, and other barriers prevent many water utilities from providing private taps to all households. To meet growing water demand and fill gaps in service delivery, alternative forms of public water service provision are critical. We implemented a choice experiment in Nima-Maamobi, a poor, underserved urban settlement in Accra, Ghana, to investigate household preferences for public standpipes based on the basic and limited water service categories under the WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme's new water ladder. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.04.073DOI Listing
April 2019
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Managing small, highly prolific invasive aquatic species: Exploring an ecosystem approach for the eastern mosquitofish (Gambusia holbrooki).

Sci Total Environ 2019 Apr 6;673:594-604. Epub 2019 Apr 6.

Department of Evolutionary Biology, Ecology and Environmental Sciences, Institute of Research in Biodiversity (IRBio-UB), Universitat de Barcelona, Spain; Department of Integrative Ecology, Estación Biológica de Doñana (EBD-CSIC), Sevilla, Spain.

Invasive exotic species threaten native biodiversity worldwide and their management is on the agenda of an increasing number of countries. We explored the potential of an ecosystem approach for the natural control of Gambusia holbrooki, which is among the most pernicious and widely distributed fish invaders. Individual-based linear mixed models were used to identify the ecosystem factors (conspecific density, environment and piscivorous birds) that most influenced life-history variation in male and female G. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.02.460DOI Listing

What DNA methylation modifications and/or genetic variations interact with childhood maltreatment in the development of depression: A systematic review.

J Affect Disord 2019 Apr 9;252:325-333. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, McGill University, 6875 Boulevard LaSalle, Montreal, QC H4H 1R3, Canada; Douglas Mental Health University Institute, Montreal, QC Canada. Electronic address:

Background: Child maltreatment predicts a significant risk factor for depression. The relationship between child maltreatment and depression has been shown to vary as a function of genetic factors. There have been very few systematic reviews conducted to date to synthesize what DNA methylations and/ or genetic variations interact with childhood maltreatment in the course of depression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2019.04.049DOI Listing

DISPATCHER-ASSISTED CARDIOPULMONARY RESUSCITATION FOR PAEDIATRIC OUT-OF-HOSPITAL CARDIAC ARREST: A STRUCTURED EVALUATION OF COMMUNICATION ISSUES USING THE SACCIA SAFE COMMUNICATION TYPOLOGY.

Resuscitation 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Department of Emergency Medicine, KK Women's & Children's Hospital, 100 Bukit Timah Road, 229899 Singapore. Electronic address:

Aim: To evaluate communication issues during dispatcher-assisted cardiopulmonary resuscitation (DACPR) for paediatric out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in a structured manner to facilitate recommendations for training improvement.

Methods: A retrospective observational study evaluated DACPR communication issues using the SACCIA Safe Communication typology (Sufficiency, Accuracy, Clarity, Contextualization, Interpersonal Adaptation). Telephone recordings of 31 cases were transcribed verbatim and analysed with respect to encoding, decoding and transactional communication issues. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.resuscitation.2019.04.009DOI Listing

The Reference Genome Sequence of Scutellaria baicalensis Provides Insights into the Evolution of Wogonin Biosynthesis.

Mol Plant 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Shanghai Key Laboratory of Plant Functional Genomics and Resources, Shanghai Chenshan Botanical Garden, Shanghai Chenshan Plant Science Research Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, China; John Innes Centre, Norwich, NR4 7UH UK. Electronic address:

Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi is important in Chinese Traditional Medicine where preparations of dried roots, 'Huang Qin', are used for liver and lung complaints including complementary cancer treatments. We report a high-quality reference genome sequence for S. baicalensis where 93% of the 408. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S16742052193013
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.molp.2019.04.002DOI Listing
April 2019
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De-escalation of complexity in oncoplastic breast surgery: Case series from a specialized breast center.

Breast 2019 Apr 9;46:12-18. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Multidisciplinary Breast Unit, Azienda Ospedaliera Cannizzaro, Catania, Italy.

Introduction: Oncoplastic breast surgery has evolved the surgical treatment of breast cancer over the past two decades. This practice still lacks validation and poses several dilemmas in terms of safety, local and systemic control, timing of adjuvant treatments and cost-effectiveness. Our case series investigates the effects of a reduced surgical complexity on cosmetic results and quality of life. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.breast.2019.04.002DOI Listing

Periodontal condition of patients with Thalassemia Major: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Arch Oral Biol 2019 Apr 9;102:113-121. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Department of Periodontology, School of Dentistry, Faculty of Health, Witten/Herdecke University, Witten, Germany.

Objectives: The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the existing evidence on the association between Thalassemia major (TM) and periodontal condition.

Materials & Methods: MEDLINE via OVID, EMBASE, and The Cochrane Database (including the Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTER)), were searched up to September 2018 to identify observational studies eligible for systematic review and meta-analyses. Newcastle-Ottawa Scale (NOS) was used for quality assessment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archoralbio.2019.04.004DOI Listing

Evaluating the quality of simulation teaching in Fundamental Nursing Curriculum: AHP-Fuzzy comprehensive evaluation.

Nurse Educ Today 2019 Mar 30;77:77-82. Epub 2019 Mar 30.

Peking University School of Nursing, #38 Xueyuan Road, Haidian District, Beijing, China.

Background: Simulation has been widely adopted in nursing education, while it is difficult to evaluate the quality of simulation. AHP-Fuzzy comprehensive evaluation could be an effective method based on one a comprehensive and scientific evaluation Index system.

Objectives: To evaluate the quality of simulation teaching in ⟨Fundamental Nursing Curriculum⟩ with fuzzy comprehensive method, and to provide a scientific evaluation method for the improvement of simulation teaching. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S02606917193006
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nedt.2019.03.012DOI Listing
March 2019
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Finally an evidence-based indication for injectable phloroglucinol!

J Gynecol Obstet Hum Reprod 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

CHU Toulouse, Pôle de Gynécologie Obstétrique, Hôpital Paule de Viguier, Toulouse, F-31059, France; Université de Toulouse III, UMR1027, Toulouse, F-31073, France. Electronic address:

Background: While phloroglucinol is widely prescribed in European countries for its antispasmodic properties, recent high quality data failed to demonstrate its superiority to placebo in alleviating abdominal pain. Rumors suggest that injectable presentation of phloroglucinol may erase povidone-iodine stains. We thus aimed to evaluate its efficacy in this new indication. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jogoh.2019.04.008DOI Listing

Diagnostic accuracy of hematological parameters in Acute mesenteric ischemic-A systematic Review.

Int J Surg 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Sir Syed College of Medical Sciences for Girls, Karachi, Pakistan.

Background: We conducted a systematic review on the diagnostic accuracy of classical and newly reported hematological parameters which are easily available in a resource limited setting in making a diagnosis of Acute Mesenteric Ischemia (AMI).

Methods: We searched the PubMed, Scopus, and Cochrane library from January 1940 to April 2018. The search was limited to studies published in English and those involving human subjects only. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijsu.2019.04.005DOI Listing

Transcriptome signatures of the Pacific white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei hepatopancreas in response to stress in biofloc culture systems.

Fish Shellfish Immunol 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

The Key Laboratory of Mariculture, Ministry of Education, Ocean University of China, Qingdao, 266003, People's Republic of China; Function Laboratory for Marine Fisheries Science and Food Production Processes, Qingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology, Qingdao, Shandong Province, 266235, China.

Comparative transcriptome analysis via high throughput sequencing was applied to gain knowledge on the immune response in Litopenaeus vannamei reared in biofloc technology systems (BFT). Two types of carbon sources, namely, traditional carbon sources (molasses) and biodegradable polymers [hydroxybutyric acid-co-3-hydroxyvaleric acid (PHBV)] were used in BFT systems. Clear water systems without the addition of carbon sources were treated as the control. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fsi.2019.04.043DOI Listing

Age, but not severity of injury, mediates decline in executive function: Validation of the rodent touchscreen paradigm for preclinical models of traumatic brain injury.

Behav Brain Res 2019 Apr 15:111912. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Cognition, Ageing and Neurodegenerative Disease Lab, Adelaide Medical School, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA 5005 Australia. Electronic address:

Increasingly, it is being recognised that traumatic brain injury (TBI) is not just an acute event but instead results in ongoing neuronal injury that may lead to chronic impairments in multiple cognitive domains. Of these, deficits in executive function are one of the more common changes reported following TBI, and are a major predictor of well-being, social function and quality of life in individuals with a history of TBI. In order to fully understand the relationship between TBI and executive dysfunction, including brain mechanisms that may account for this, experimental models are clearly needed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbr.2019.111912DOI Listing

Narrow-band Imaging for Detection of Neoplasia at Colonoscopy: a Meta-analysis of Data From Individual Patients in Randomized Controlled Trials.

Gastroenterology 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Translational Gastroenterology Unit, John Radcliffe Hospital, University of Oxford, and Oxford NIHR Biomedical Research Centre, Oxford OX3 9DU, UK. Electronic address:

Background & Aims: Adenoma detection rate (ADR) is an important quality assurance measure for colonoscopy. Some studies suggest that narrow band imaging (NBI) may be more effective at detection of adenomas than white-light endoscopy (WLE) when bowel preparation is optimal. We conducted a meta-analysis of data from individual patients in randomized controlled trials that compared the efficacy of NBI to WLE in detection of adenomas. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00165085193570
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1053/j.gastro.2019.04.014DOI Listing
April 2019
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On the critical evaluation and confirmation of germline sequence variants identified using massively parallel sequencing.

J Biotechnol 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Institute for Clinical and Translational Research, Biomedical Research Center, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Bratislava, Slovakia; Geneton Ltd., Bratislava, Slovakia. Electronic address:

Although massively parallel sequencing (MPS) is becoming common practice in both research and routine clinical care, confirmation requirements of identified DNA variants using alternative methods are still topics of debate. When evaluating variants directly from MPS data, different read depth statistics, together with specialized genotype quality scores are, therefore, of high relevance. Here we report results of our validation study performed in two different ways: 1) confirmation of MPS identified variants using Sanger sequencing; and 2) simultaneous Sanger and MPS analysis of exons of selected genes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jbiotec.2019.04.013DOI Listing

Chronic Kidney Disease in Agricultural Communities.

Am J Med 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Department of Biomedical Informatics, The Ohio State University. Electronic address:

Patients residing in agricultural communities have a high risk of developing chronic kidney disease. In the Great Plains, geo-environmental risk factors (variable climate, temperature, air quality, water quality and drought) combine with agro-environmental risk factors (exposure to fertilizers, soil conditioners, herbicides, fungicides and pesticides) to increase risk for toxic nephropathy. However, research defining the specific influence of agricultural chemicals on the progression of kidney disease in rural communities has been somewhat limited. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amjmed.2019.03.036DOI Listing

Quality Improvement Opportunities Identified Through Case Review of Pregnancy-Related Deaths From Cardiovascular Disease.

J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Objective: To analyze quality improvement opportunities (QIOs) identified through review of cases of maternal death from cardiovascular disease (CVD) by the California Pregnancy-Associated Mortality Review committee.

Design: Qualitative descriptive design using thematic analysis.

Sample: A total of 269 QIOs identified from 87 pregnancy-related deaths from CVD in California from 2002 to 2007. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jogn.2019.03.001DOI Listing

Filters: When, Why, and How (Not) to Use Them.

Neuron 2019 Apr;102(2):280-293

Edmond and Lily Safra Center for Brain Sciences and the Silberman Institute of Life Sciences, Hebrew University, Jerusalem, Israel. Electronic address:

Filters are commonly used to reduce noise and improve data quality. Filter theory is part of a scientist's training, yet the impact of filters on interpreting data is not always fully appreciated. This paper reviews the issue and explains what a filter is, what problems are to be expected when using them, how to choose the right filter, and how to avoid filtering by using alternative tools. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuron.2019.02.039DOI Listing

Development and preliminary testing of an online software system to facilitate assessment of accuracy and consistency in applying the Australasian Triage Scale.

Australas Emerg Care 2018 Nov 16;21(4):150-158. Epub 2018 Oct 16.

Prince of Wales Hospital Emergency Department, Barker Street, Sydney, Australia.

Purpose: The aim of this project was to design and evaluate an online software system to facilitate the assessment of triage decision accuracy and consistency in applying the Australasian Triage Scale.

Background: Triage is a critical component of emergency nursing practice, which affects patient access to emergency care. Accurate and consistent triage decisions are vital to ensuring patient safety, timely access to care and ED operation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.auec.2018.10.001DOI Listing
November 2018

Nurse-performed focused ultrasound in the emergency department: A systematic review.

Australas Emerg Care 2018 Nov 15;21(4):121-130. Epub 2018 Oct 15.

Prince of Wales Hospital Emergency Department, Barker Street, Sydney, Australia.

Aim: The objective of this systematic review was to examine the characteristics and diagnostic accuracy of focused ultrasonography performed by emergency nurses.

Background: Focused ultrasonography is a limited, real-time, goal-directed examination performed to answer specific clinical questions. Its use within the ED setting has increased rapidly over the past two decades. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.auec.2018.09.003DOI Listing
November 2018

Implementation of guidelines for sepsis management in emergency departments: A systematic review.

Australas Emerg Care 2018 Nov 8;21(4):111-120. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Deakin University Geelong, School of Nursing and Midwifery and Centre for Quality and Patient Safety Research, Australia; Northern Health, Nursing, Epping, Melbourne, Vic., Australia; Centre for Quality and Patient Safety Research - Eastern Health Partnership Box Hill, Australia.

Introduction: Timely, evidence-based emergency care for sepsis saves lives. The primary aim of this systematic review was to examine the effect of implementation of guidelines for the ED management of sepsis on time to antibiotic administration. Secondary aims were to examine changes in evidence-based sepsis care and patient outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.auec.2018.10.003DOI Listing
November 2018

Do consumers who identify as Muslim experience culturally safe care (CSC) in the Emergency Department (ED)? A scoping review.

Australas Emerg Care 2018 Aug 1;21(3):93-98. Epub 2018 Sep 1.

School of Nursing, Midwifery and Paramedicine, Faculty of Health, University of Sunshine Coast, Maroochydore DC 4558, Queensland, Australia.

Lack of awareness about cultural and religious values and beliefs of patients presenting to Emergency Departments (ED) can compromise patient care and safety. Muslim Australians represent the fastest growing religious demographic group, with over a 77% growth in the last decade. The changing face of the Australian population requires that Australian health care carefully consider the dominant Western cultural paradigm currently influencing health care delivery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.auec.2018.08.001DOI Listing

Senior emergency nurses' responses to escalations of care for clinical deterioration.

Australas Emerg Care 2018 May 13;21(2):69-74. Epub 2018 Jun 13.

Centre for Quality and Patient Safety (QPS), Deakin University, Geelong, Victoria, Australia; School of Nursing and Midwifery, Deakin University, Geelong, Victoria, Australia; Centre for Quality and Patient Safety, Eastern Health Partnership, Box Hill, Australia.

Background: Recognising and responding to clinical deterioration is a safety priority. The aim of this study was to determine the frequency, nature, and response of emergency department Nursing Shift Leaders to episodes of escalation of care for patient clinical deterioration.

Methods: A prospective exploratory descriptive design was used. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.auec.2018.05.003DOI Listing

Paediatric emergency nurses' perceptions of parents' understanding of discharge information: A qualitative study.

Australas Emerg Care 2018 May 1;21(2):56-63. Epub 2018 Jun 1.

Faculty of Health Sciences, Australian Catholic University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.

Purpose: To identify paediatric emergency department nurses' perceptions of factors influencing parents' understanding of discharge information.

Procedures: Content analysis was used to analyse data from three semi-structured focus groups with nurses from a paediatric ED.

Findings: Findings were interpreted within the three domains of structure, process, and outcomes from the Donabedian model. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.auec.2018.05.001DOI Listing

Consensus-based clinical research priorities for emergency nursing in Australia.

Australas Emerg Care 2018 May 12;21(2):43-50. Epub 2018 Apr 12.

Nursing and Midwifery Directorate Northern Sydney Local Health District, St Leonards, NSW, Australia; Faculty of Health, University of Technology Sydney, Sydney, Australia. Electronic address:

Introduction: Research is vital to responding to contemporary challenges of providing safe, high quality emergency nursing care, yet the research priorities for emergency nursing practice in Australia are unknown. This study aimed to establish research priorities for emergency nursing in Australia.

Methods: A two-stage descriptive, exploratory study was conducted. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.auec.2018.03.001DOI Listing

Incidence, characteristics and outcomes of patients that return to Emergency Departments. An integrative review.

Australas Emerg Care 2019 Mar 6;22(1):47-68. Epub 2019 Jan 6.

Susan Wakil School of Nursing, Midwifery, University of Sydney, Australia; Illawarra Shoalhaven Local Health District, NSW, Australia.

Background: Unplanned return visits account for up to 5% of Emergency Department presentations in Australia and have been associated with adverse events and increased costs. A large number of studies examine the incidence, characteristics and outcomes of unplanned return visits but few studies examine the reasons for return from a patient perspective. The objective of this integrative review was to determine the incidence, characteristics, outcomes and reasons for unplanned return visits to Emergency Departments. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.auec.2018.12.003DOI Listing

What we know about management and organisation of primary dental care in Brazil.

PLoS One 2019 18;14(4):e0215429. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Community and Preventive Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil.

This cross-sectional study evaluated the management and organisation of primary dental care in Brazil. For this purpose, data from the National Program for Improving Access and Quality of Primary Care (PMAQ-AB) were used. Dentists from 18,114 Oral Health Teams (OHTs) answered a structured questionnaire in 2014. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0215429PLOS

Pepper mild mottle virus: Agricultural menace turned effective tool for microbial water quality monitoring and assessing (waste)water treatment technologies.

PLoS Pathog 2019 Apr 18;15(4):e1007639. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

College of Marine Science, University of South Florida, Saint Petersburg, Florida, United States of America.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1007639DOI Listing
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