33,746 results match your criteria Pulmonic Valve

Longitudinal Assessment of Right Ventricular Function in Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome.

Pediatr Cardiol 2021 May 13. Epub 2021 May 13.

Division of Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics, Stanford Medical School, 750 Welch Road, Stanford, CA, USA.

Overall survival of patients with hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) has shown continued improvement. Right ventricular (RV) dysfunction, in the long term, adversely affects prognosis in these patients. This study examines changes in echocardiographic markers of RV function in a longitudinal cohort. Read More

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Prevalence and Associated Factors of Portopulmonary Hypertension in Patients with Portal Hypertension: A Case-Control Study.

Biomed Res Int 2021 20;2021:5595614. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Hepatology, First Hospital of Jilin University, Xinmin Street, No. 71, Changchun, Jilin Province 130021, China.

Background And Aims: There are few studies on the prevalence and clinical characteristics of portopulmonary hypertension (POPH) in patients with portal hypertension. In addition, invasive right heart catheterization further limits the clinical diagnosis of POPH patients.

Methods: From January 2018 to December 2019, 1004 patients with portal hypertension were treated in the Department of Hepatology, the First Hospital of Jilin University. Read More

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Erratum: Expression Profile of Circulating MicroRNAs in Dogs With Cardiac Hypertrophy: A Pilot Study.


Front Vet Sci 2021 27;8:693891. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.3389/fvets.2021. Read More

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Convexal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage Caused by Infective Endocarditis in a Patient with Advanced Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV): The Culprits and Bystanders.

Am J Case Rep 2021 May 14;22:e931376. Epub 2021 May 14.

Department of Infectious Disease, Rockledge Regional Medical Center, Rockledge, FL, USA.

BACKGROUND Convexal subarachnoid hemorrhage (cSAH), a rare form of non-aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage, is confined to cerebral convexities without extension into basal cisterns or ventricles. Typical presentation includes thunderclap/progressive headache or transient focal neurological symptoms; rare manifestations include seizures, intractable vomiting, or altered mental status. Here, we report the first case of convexal subarachnoid hemorrhage and multifocal ischemic lesions caused by infective endocarditis (IE) in a treatment-naïve advanced HIV patient. Read More

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Initial Clinical Trial of A Novel Pulmonary Valved Conduit.

Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2021 May 10. Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Cardiac Surgery, University Hospital, University of Zürich, Switzerland.

Valved allografts and xenografts for reconstruction of the right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) lack durability and do not grow. We report the first clinical use of a completely bioabsorbable valved conduit (Xeltis pulmonary valve - XPV) in children. Twelve children (six male), median age five (two to twelve) years and median weight 17 (10 to 43) kg, underwent RVOT reconstruction with the XPV. Read More

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[Mitral Valve Repair via Right Thoracotomy Thirty-seven Years after Right Pneumonectomy:Report of a Case].

Kyobu Geka 2021 May;74(5):353-357

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Tokyo Rinkai Hospital, Tokyo, Japan.

A 57-year-old man was referred to our hospital due to dyspnea on exertion with severe mitral regurgitation. Because he had underdone right pneumonectomy 37 years earlier due to congenital defect of the right pulmonary artery, his mediastinum was severely shifted to the right, and his pulmonary function was poor. Mitral valve repair was successfully performed with right thoracotomy approach, which made excellent exposure of the mitral valve. Read More

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Effectiveness of oral sildenafil for neonates with persistent pulmonary hypertension of newborn (PPHN): a prospective study in a tertiary care hospital.

J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2021 May 12:1-7. Epub 2021 May 12.

Department of Neurosurgery and Neurology, Jinnah Medical and Dental College, Karachi, Pakistan.

Introduction: The prevalence of persistent pulmonary hypertension of newborn (PPHN) has been estimated 1.9/1000 live births. Although the efficacy of inhaled nitric oxide and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in PPHN is well established but it is difficult to administer and monitor in resource limited countries. Read More

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Outcomes after Transcatheter Mitral Valve Edge to Edge Repair; a Comparison of Two Pathologies.

Acta Cardiol Sin 2021 May;37(3):286-295

Department of Adult Cardiology.

Background: The clinical use of transcatheter mitral valve repairis growing. We aimed to compare the clinical and echocardiographic outcomes after transcatheter mitral valve repair using the edge-to-edge technique in patients with functional and degenerative mitral regurgitation (MR). Furthermore, we correlated the clinical and echocardiographic measurements. Read More

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[Hybrid Treatment for Left Internal Thoracic Artery-Pulmonary Artery Fistula with Aneurysm Complicated with Mitral Regurgitation:Report of a Case].

Kyobu Geka 2021 Feb;74(2):152-155

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Tokyo Women's Medical University, Tokyo, Japan.

A 78-year-old man with mitral regurgitation incidentally diagnosed with aneurysm of the left internal thoracic artery(LITA) and several internal thoracic artery-pulmonary artery( ITA-PA) fistulas originating from the aneurysm. To prevent rupture of the aneurysm, ITA ligation was performed during surgery for the mitral valve. Because of the complex anatomy surrounding the aneurysm, the main duct of the ITA was ligated at the peripheral and center of the aneurysm, then arterial fistulae were resected as many as possible. Read More

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February 2021

Unilateral Pulmonary Edema After Robotically Assisted Mitral Valve Repair Requiring Veno-Venous Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation.

J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2021 Apr 5. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

Department of Anesthesia and Critical Care, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL. Electronic address:

Unilateral pulmonary edema (UPE) is an uncommon yet potentially life-threatening complication of minimally invasive cardiac surgery (MICS). Most frequently described after robotically assisted mitral valve (MV) repair, it is characterized by right lung edema, hypoxemia, hypercapnia, pulmonary hypertension, and hemodynamic instability beginning minutes-to-hours after separation from cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). The authors describe a severe case with refractory hypoxemia requiring veno-venous (VV) extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) after robotically assisted MV repair. Read More

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The effects of interventional mitral valve repair using the MitraClip System on the results of pulmonary function testing, pulmonary pressure and diffusing capacity of the lung.

BMC Cardiovasc Disord 2021 May 11;21(1):235. Epub 2021 May 11.

Department of Internal Medicine and Cardiology, Pirna Hospital, Pirna, Germany.

Background: The study analyzes changes in lung function, pulmonary pressure and diffusing capacity of the lung in patients with mitral valve regurgitation (MR) treated by MitraClip implantation.

Methods: A total of 43 patients (19 women and 24 men with an average age of 78.0 ± 6. Read More

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Predictors of Mortality in Patients With Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation: A National Inpatient Sample Database Analysis.

Cureus 2021 Apr 7;13(4):e14344. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Medicine, Mercy Health St. Vincent Medical Center, Toledo, USA.

Introduction In recent decades, transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) has become a treatment of choice for aortic stenosis. The purpose of this study was to evaluate predictors of mortality in patients undergoing TAVI. Methods The National Inpatient Sample database from the year 2011 to 2018 was used to identify all patients undergoing TAVI during the study period. Read More

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Systemic thrombolysis in a patient with massive acute valvular thrombosis.

Am J Emerg Med 2021 Apr 26. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Coronary Intensive Care Unit, Instituto Nacional de Cardiología Ignacio Chávez, México City, Mexico.

Prosthetic valve thrombosis (PVT) is considered an exceptionally rare condition, often associated with pro-thrombotic factors or suboptimal anticoagulant therapy. Guidelines recommend emergent surgery for patients with left heart valve prosthetic thrombosis who present in cardiogenic shock, and systemic thrombolysis is reserved in scenarios where surgery is not immediately available. However, several factors may affect surgical prognosis and are overlooked by current recommendations. Read More

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Durability of Pulmonary Valve Replacement with Large Diameter Stented Porcine Bioprostheses.

Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Departments of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Stanford University School of Medicine; Pediatrics, Stanford University School of Medicine. Electronic address:

There is limited information about durability of large diameter porcine bioprostheses implanted for pulmonary valve replacement (PVR). We studied patients who underwent surgical PVR from 2002-2019 with a stented porcine bioprosthetic valve (BPV) with a labeled size ≥27 mm. The primary outcome was freedom from reintervention. Read More

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Aortic valve surgery: management and outcomes in the paediatric population.

Eur J Pediatr 2021 May 10. Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Paediatric Cardiac Surgery, Alder Hey Children's Hospital, Liverpool, UK.

Congenital anomalies of the aortic valve frequently necessitate intervention in childhood. The most common aortic valve pathologies present in childhood are aortic stenosis and insufficiency. Presentation of aortic valve disease depends on severity and presence of concomitant syndromes and valvular disorders. Read More

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Contemporary Ross procedure outcomes: medium- to long-term results in 214 patients.

Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 2021 May 9. Epub 2021 May 9.

Adult Congenital and Paediatric Heart Unit, Freeman Hospital, Newcastle Upon Tyne Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Newcastle Upon Tyne, UK.

Objective: Our goal was to present 2 decades of our experience with the Ross procedure and its sequential modifications, adopted since 2010, to improve the reoperation rate.

Methods: We performed a single-centre, retrospective review of database information and medical notes about the implantation technique: the freestanding root. We compared era 1 (1997-2009) and era 2 (2010-2019). Read More

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A case of pulmonary artery aneurysm with isolated unicuspid pulmonary valve.

Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging 2021 May 10. Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Nagasaki University Hospital, 1-7-1 Sakamoto, Nagasaki 852-8501, Japan.

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Narrative review of the contemporary surgical treatment of unicuspid aortic valve disease.

Cardiovasc Diagn Ther 2021 Apr;11(2):503-517

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, University Heart & Vascular Center, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany.

Unicuspid aortic valve disease (UAVD) is a frequent and long-lasting challenge for adult congenital heart disease centers. UAVD patients become usually symptomatic in their twenties or thirties and require a surgical treatment plan which should respect their complete lifespan combined with an adequate quality of life. Unfortunately, all current surgical strategies of congenital aortic valve disease bear some important limitations: (I) Aortic valve replacement using bioprosthetic valves is associated with early structural degeneration and leads frequently to re-operations. Read More

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Tetralogy of Fallot correction with transannular patch reconstruction in a patient with an anomalous right coronary artery and an unusual course of the right ventricular branch.

Indian J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2021 May 31;37(3):329-333. Epub 2020 Oct 31.

Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, National Heart Institute, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Anomalous coronary arteries occur in as many as 12% of patients with tetralogy of Fallot (TOF). In patients with this condition, pulmonary hypoplasia can be prohibitive in performing a valve-sparing repair, subsequently resulting in various techniques to preserve the anomalous coronary artery. The management strategy is often complex in such a situation. Read More

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Polymeric valves appearing on the transcatheter horizon.

Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 2021 May;59(5):1057-1058

Institute for Regenerative Medicine (IREM), University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.

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Exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation for adults after heart valve surgery.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2021 May 7;5:CD010876. Epub 2021 May 7.

REHPA, The Danish Knowledge Centre for Rehabilitation and Palliative Care, Odense University Hospital, Nyborg, Denmark.

Background: The impact of exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation (CR) following heart valve surgery is uncertain. We conducted an update of this systematic review and a meta-analysis to assess randomised controlled trial evidence for the use of exercise-based CR following heart valve surgery.

Objectives: To assess the benefits and harms of exercise-based CR compared with no exercise training in adults following heart valve surgery or repair, including both percutaneous and surgical procedures. Read More

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Aortic Valve Neocuspidization In a Pulmonary Autograft.

Ann Thorac Surg 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Management of aortic valve (AV) disease in the pediatric population is challenged by a lack of attractive valve replacement options. The Ross procedure has been prominent for these patients, however long-term reports have revealed concerns, namely neo-aortic root dilation and regurgitation. More recently, AV neocuspidization (AVNeo) has emerged as an alternative to the Ross operation or other valve replacement procedures in pediatric patients with congenital AV disease. Read More

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Percutaneous mechanical circulatory support from the collaborative multicenter Mechanical Unusual Support in TAVI (MUST) Registry.

Catheter Cardiovasc Interv 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Cardiology, Rabin Medical Center, Petach Tikva, affiliated with Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.

Objectives: To evaluate the use and outcomes of percutaneous mechanical circulatory support (pMCS) utilized during transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) from high-volume centers.

Methods And Results: Our international multicenter registry including 13 high-volume TAVI centers with 87 patients (76.5 ± 11. Read More

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QRS Duration During Follow-Up of Tetralogy of Fallot: How Valuable is it? Analysis of ECG Changes in Relation to Pulmonary Valve Implantation.

Pediatr Cardiol 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Cardiac Surgery, Ghent University Hospital, Corneel Heymanslaan 10, 9000, Gent, Belgium.

Long-term results after tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) repair are determined by the extent of right ventricular remodeling to chronic pulmonary regurgitation entailing progressive RV dysfunction and a risk of developing ventricular arrhythmia. Pulmonary valve replacement (PVR) can alleviate this burden. As a predictor of ventricular arrhythmia, QRS duration remains a strong parameter in this decision. Read More

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Reference Ranges for the Pulsed wave Doppler of the Fetal Cardiac Inflow and Outflow Tracts from 13 to 36 Weeks Gestation: Short title: Zidere, Fetal inflow and outflow tract, Pulsed wave Doppler, z scores.

J Am Soc Echocardiogr 2021 May 3. Epub 2021 May 3.

Medway Fetal and Maternal Medicine Centre, Medway Maritime Hospital, Gillingham, Kent, United Kingdom; Institute of Medical Sciences, Canterbury Christ Church University, Rowan William's Court, Chatham, Kent ME4 4UF.

Objective: Doppler assessment ventricular filling and outflow tract velocities are an integral part of the fetal echocardiogram, to assess diastolic function, systolic function and outflow tract obstruction. There is a paucity of prospective data from a large sample of normal fetuses in the published literature. We report reference ranges for pulsed wave Doppler flow of the mitral valve, tricuspid valve, aortic valve and pulmonary valve as well as heart rate, in a large number of fetuses prospectively examined at a single tertiary fetal cardiology centre. Read More

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Reply: Speaking Valve Placement: Use of Manometry and Downsizing.

Ann Am Thorac Soc 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Johns Hopkins University, 1466, Baltimore, Maryland, United States;

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Speaking Valve Placement: Use Manometry and Downsizing.

Ann Am Thorac Soc 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Baystate Medical Center, Pulmonary & Critical Care, Springfield, Massachusetts, United States;

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Aspergillus Endocarditis of Pulmonary Homograft in a Congenital Heart Disease Patient.

World J Pediatr Congenit Heart Surg 2021 May 6:2150135120988640. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Cardiac Surgery, Mitera Hospital, Athens, Greece.

Aspergillus endocarditis (AE) is a life-threatening condition with mortality rates approximating 80%. Herein, we describe the case of a 19-year-old patient with congenitally corrected transposition of great arteries, ventricular septal defect, and pulmonary atresia, who underwent seven cardiac surgical procedures in the past. The patient was operated for AE of a previously implanted pulmonary valve homograft associated with septic pulmonary embolism and right heart failure but succumbed to multi-organ failure three months later. Read More

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Gender Differences and Mortality Trends After Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation: A 10-Year Analysis From a Single Tertiary Center.

J Invasive Cardiol 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Division of Interventional Cardiology of MedStar, Cardiovascular Research Network at MedStar Washington Hospital Center, 110 Irving Street, Suite 4B-1, Washington, D.C., 20010.

Aim: To evaluate gender differences and mortality trends in a population undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) and to analyze the correlates to all-cause mortality at follow-up.

Methods: The study comprises a prospective cohort of 592 TAVI patients (53.4% female) treated between 2008 and 2018. Read More

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