Can J Cardiol 2020 Jun 22. Epub 2020 Jun 22.
Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics, Sainte-Justine UHC, University of Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. Electronic address:
Survival of infants born with congenital heart disease (CHD) is improving tremendously and although most of them have mild lesions, others might be considered as only being palliated and undergo many medical or surgical interventions. Patients with CHD will be exposed to the same problematic of the modern lifestyle such as increased prevalence of obesity, decreased physical activities, and exposure to smoking, which leads to acquired cardiovascular disease. We specifically investigated specific cardiovascular risk factors such as: malnutrition, smoking exposure, hypertension, integrity of the coronary and systemic arteries, thromboembolism, ventricular dysfunction, inflammation, and arrhythmias. Read More