J Med Case Rep 2021 May 18;15(1):269. Epub 2021 May 18.
Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine (CVK, CCM) Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Corporate Member of Freie Universität Berlin, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, and Berlin Institute of Health, Augustenburger Platz 1, 13357, Berlin, Germany.
Background: In cases of hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM), the systolic anterior motion of the mitral valve apparatus results in an obstruction of the left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT), which is known as the SAM [systolic anterior motion] phenomenon. Hypothetically, a pathological obstruction of the LVOT of a different etiology would result in a comparable hemodynamic instability, which would be refractory to inotrope therapy, and may be detectable through echocardiography.
Case Presentation: We observed a severely impaired left ventricular function due to a combination of a thrombotic LVOT obstruction and distinctive mitral regurgitation in a 56-year-old Caucasian, female patient after massive transfusion with aggressive procoagulant therapy. Read More