1,345 results match your criteria Pulmonary Sequestration Imaging


Agreement between magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography in the postnatal evaluation of congenital lung malformations: a pilot study.

Eur Radiol 2019 Feb 22. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

Pediatric Radiology and Neuroradiology, ASST Fatebenefratelli-Sacco Milano, Children's Hospital V. Buzzi, Via Castelvetro 32, 20154, Milan, Italy.

Objectives: To compare postnatal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with the reference standard computed tomography (CT) in the identification of the key features for diagnosing different types of congenital lung malformation (CLM).

Methods: Respiratory-triggered T2-weighted single-shot turbo spin echo (ss-TSE), respiratory-triggered T1-weighted turbo field echo (TFE), balanced fast field echo (BFFE), and T2-weighted MultiVane sequences were performed at 1.5 T on 20 patients prospectively enrolled. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00330-019-06042-wDOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Neutrophils disturb pulmonary microcirculation in sepsis-induced acute lung injury.

Eur Respir J 2019 Mar 28;53(3). Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Graduate School of Medical Science and Engineering, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), Daejeon, Republic of Korea.

The lung is highly vulnerable during sepsis, yet its functional deterioration accompanied by disturbances in the pulmonary microcirculation is poorly understood. This study aimed to investigate how the pulmonary microcirculation is distorted in sepsis-induced acute lung injury (ALI) and reveal the underlying cellular pathophysiologic mechanism.Using a custom-made intravital lung microscopic imaging system in a murine model of sepsis-induced ALI, we achieved direct real-time visualisation of the pulmonary microcirculation and circulating cells We derived the functional capillary ratio (FCR) as a quantitative parameter for assessing the fraction of functional microvasculature in the pulmonary microcirculation and dead space. Read More

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http://erj.ersjournals.com/lookup/doi/10.1183/13993003.00786
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1183/13993003.00786-2018DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6437604PMC
March 2019
19 Reads

Bronchopulmonary Sequestration with Fetal Hydrops in a Monochorionic Twin Successfully Treated with Multiple Courses of Betamethasone.

AJP Rep 2018 Oct 3;8(4):e359-e361. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, Third Faculty of Medicine, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic.

 We present a case of severe bronchopulmonary sequestration (BPS) and fetal hydrops in one of the monochorionic twin successfully treated with multiple courses of betamethasone.  A 21-year-old gravida 2 para 1 was referred to our hospital for suspected twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) at 28 weeks of gestational age. However, prenatal ultrasound of the larger twin revealed a chest lesion that was associated with significant ascites, massive hydrothorax, scant hepatomegaly, subcutaneous edema, and severe polyhydramnios. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0038-1676339DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6277237PMC
October 2018
3 Reads

Segmentation and classification in MRI and US fetal imaging: Recent trends and future prospects.

Med Image Anal 2019 01 19;51:61-88. Epub 2018 Oct 19.

BCN MedTech, Department of Information and Communication Technologies, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona, Spain; ICREA, Barcelona, Spain.

Fetal imaging is a burgeoning topic. New advancements in both magnetic resonance imaging and (3D) ultrasound currently allow doctors to diagnose fetal structural abnormalities such as those involved in twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome, gestational diabetes mellitus, pulmonary sequestration and hypoplasia, congenital heart disease, diaphragmatic hernia, ventriculomegaly, etc. Considering the continued breakthroughs in utero image analysis and (3D) reconstruction models, it is now possible to gain more insight into the ongoing development of the fetus. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S13618415183084
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.media.2018.10.003DOI Listing
January 2019
15 Reads

Distribution, diagnosis, and treatment of pulmonary sequestration: Report of 208 cases.

J Pediatr Surg 2018 Sep 7. Epub 2018 Sep 7.

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Beijing Children's Hospital, Capital Medical University, National Center for Children's Health, China.

Objective: This study was performed to explore the clinical features, typing, distribution, and treatment of pulmonary sequestration (PS), with the aim of improving the awareness and treatment of this condition.

Methods: Clinical data regarding surgical procedures, outcomes, and prognosis of 208 pediatric patients with PS who were treated in our center from January 2005 to October 2017 were retrospectively analyzed.

Results: PS was confirmed by ultrasonography, enhanced computed tomography (CT), and/or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) before surgery, and the surgeries were smoothly performed in all 208 patients (138 males, 70 females; age, 1 month to 14 years; mean age, 19. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00223468183056
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2018.08.054DOI Listing
September 2018
21 Reads

The Use of Fetal Bronchoscopy in the Diagnosis and Management of a Suspected Obstructive Lung Mass.

AJP Rep 2018 Jul 25;8(3):e195-e200. Epub 2018 Sep 25.

Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California.

Etiologies of fetal lung anomalies include congenital pulmonary airway malformation (CPAM), intra- or extralobar pulmonary sequestration, congenital high airway obstruction syndrome (CHAOS), bronchogenic cyst, and bronchial atresia. Fetal tracheobronchoscopy has been reported both as a diagnostic and therapeutic procedure in the setting of severe congenital lung lesions. In this case report, prenatal imaging of a fetus with a large chest mass was suspicious for an obstructive bronchial lesion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0038-1673378DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6156116PMC
July 2018
2 Reads

[Treatment of adult intrapulmonary sequestration with video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy].

Magy Seb 2018 09;71(3):126-133

Mellkassebészet, Országos Korányi Pulmonológiai Intézet 1529 Budapest, Pihenő út 1.

Introduction: Surgical removal is the gold standard method for the treatment of pulmonary sequestration (PS); nowadays, video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy (VATS) is more frequently applied in the surgical treatment of malignant pulmonary tumours and appears to be suitable also in case of benign pulmonary diseases. We are the first in Hungary, who report three, radiologically identified intralobar PS treated with VATS.

Method: Surgeries were performed in general anaesthesia with double-lumen separated ventilation in lateral decubitus position through two ports (1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1556/1046.71.2018.3.3DOI Listing
September 2018
6 Reads

Hybrid Lesion: Extralobar Sequestration with Cystic Adenomatoid Malformation - Misdiagnosed as Pulmonary Tuberculosis.

J Coll Physicians Surg Pak 2018 Sep;28(9):S204-S206

Department of Pediatric Surgery, King Edward Medical University, Lahore.

We report a rare case of bronchopulmonary extralobar sequestration in a 9-year girl mimicking pulmonary tuberculosis. Patient had recurrent chest infections and two episodes of massive hemoptysis. Preoperative x-ray chest showed an opacity in left lower lobe and computed tomography-aortogram showed that the lesion had systemic arterial supply from celiac trunk. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.29271/jcpsp.2018.09.S204DOI Listing
September 2018
2 Reads

Hybrid Lesion of Congenital Cystic Adenomatoid Malformation and Bronchopulmonary Sequestration.

J Coll Physicians Surg Pak 2018 Sep;28(9):S201-S203

Department of Pediatrics Surgery, Military Hospital, Rawalpindi.

Hybrid congenital cystic lesions of lung comprising of both congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation (CCAM) and broncho-pulmonary sequestration (BPS) are very rare congenital malformations of the lung. We present a case of a newborn who presented to us with severe respiratory distress and later on found to have a hybrid lesion of the lung. It is a very rare occurrence and no such case has been reported from Pakistan so far. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.29271/jcpsp.2018.09.S201DOI Listing
September 2018
4 Reads

Video-Assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery for Pulmonary Sequestrations: Series of 35 Consecutive Patients in a Single Center.

Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2019 01 30;67(1):73-78. Epub 2018 Aug 30.

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Peking University People's Hospital, Beijing, China.

Objective: The aim of this report is to summarize the experience of completely video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) for pulmonary sequestration in a single center and to evaluate the long-term outcome in a larger series of patients.

Methods: The data of 35 pulmonary sequestrations who received completely VATS consecutively in Peking University People's Hospital between January 2008 and November 2017 were retrospectively reviewed. Twenty-three females and twelve males with an average of 38 years old were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0038-1668596DOI Listing
January 2019
16 Reads

Surgical management of aorta-pulmonary vein fistulas.

J Card Surg 2018 Oct 29;33(10):673-675. Epub 2018 Aug 29.

Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, the First Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China.

We report two patients with aorta-pulmonary vein fistulas and discuss the surgical management of these congenital lesions. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/jocs.13804
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jocs.13804DOI Listing
October 2018
18 Reads

Proximity to the Diaphragm Predicts the Presence of Rhabdomyomatous Dysplasia in Congenital Pulmonary Airway Malformations.

Eur J Pediatr Surg 2019 Feb 13;29(1):49-52. Epub 2018 Aug 13.

Division of Pediatric Surgery, Brown University Warren Alpert Medical School, Providence, Rhode Island, United States.

Introduction:  Rhabdomyomatous dysplasia (RD) is a pathologic finding in CPAMs that was incorrectly attributed to their malignant potential. The increasing recognition of extrathoracic (intradiaphragmatic and intraabdominal) congenital pulmonary airway malformations (CPAMs) offers a clue to the origin of RD. We hypothesize that the presence of RD is related to the CPAM's anatomic location. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0038-1668140DOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads

Pulmonary sequestration associated with increased serum tumor markers and elevated standard uptake value level in PET/CT: A case report and literature review.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Aug;97(31):e11714

Department of Respiratory Medicine, the Second Xiangya Hospital Research Unit of Respiratory Disease.

Rationale: Pulmonary sequestration (PS) is a congenital pulmonary malformation wherein a piece of tissue that ultimately develops into lung tissue is not attached to the pulmonary arterial blood supply, sometimes it is difficult to diagnosis with no specific laboratory tests, discover an abnormal blood supply from aorta by imaging tests is a key step in diagnose.

Patient Concerns: A 54-year-old male smoker presented with cough, expectoration and blood in the sputum.

Diagnoses: Computed tomography (CT) shows lesion in right lung, moderate standard uptake value (SUV) elevation of position-emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) in a part of the lesion, and an increased (1,3)-β-D-glucan assay (G test), Galactomannan enzyme immune-assay (GM test) and tumor marker level, biopsy of lung in different times produced inconclusive results, then finally diagnose of pulmonary sequestration is made by observing an abnormal blood supply from the thoracic aorta and volume change of mass. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000011714DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6081182PMC
August 2018
3 Reads

Congenital pulmonary vascular anomalies.

Cardiovasc Diagn Ther 2018 Jun;8(3):214-224

Children's Health System Texas, Dallas, TX, USA.

Congenital pulmonary vascular anomalies are typically found in infancy or early childhood however, some may remain silent and present in adult patients. Anomalies may be separated into anatomic categories based on involvement of the pulmonary arteries, pulmonary veins or both with or without involvement of the lung parenchyma. Association with congenital heart disease and other syndromes is very common. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/cdt.2018.01.02DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6039796PMC

Diagnostic accuracy of imaging studies in congenital lung malformations.

Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed 2018 Jul 26. Epub 2018 Jul 26.

Department of Surgery, Section of Pediatric Surgery, C.S. Mott Children's and Von Voigtlander Women's Hospital, Michigan Medicine, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA.

Background: Although fetal ultrasound, fetal MRI and postnatal CT are now widely used in the evaluation of congenital lung malformations (CLM), their diagnostic accuracy remains undefined.

Objective: To correlate prenatal and postnatal imaging studies with pathological data after CLM resection.

Design: Retrospective, descriptive case series study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2018-314979DOI Listing
July 2018
8 Reads

Pulmonary sequestration in adults: a retrospective review of resected and unresected cases.

BMC Pulm Med 2018 Jun 5;18(1):97. Epub 2018 Jun 5.

Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Gonda 18 South, Mayo Clinic, 200 First St. SW, Rochester, MN, 55905, USA.

Background: Pulmonary sequestration (PS) is a form of congenital pulmonary malformation that is generally diagnosed in childhood or adolescence and usually resected when diagnosed. We aim to identify the clinical presentation and course of patients diagnosed to have PS during adulthood.

Methods: Using a computer-assisted search of Mayo clinic medical records, we identified adult patients with PS diagnosed between 1997 and 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12890-018-0663-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5989460PMC
June 2018
2 Reads

Hybrid surgery in treatment of pulmonary sequestration with abdominal aorta feeding vessel: a case report.

J Cardiothorac Surg 2018 May 18;13(1):44. Epub 2018 May 18.

Department of Thoracic surgery, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, 610000, China.

Background: Pulmonary sequestration is a rare congenital pulmonary dysplasia, which requires surgical resection (either via open thoracotomy or video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery [VATS] or via endoluminal occlusion of the abnormal feeding vessel).

Case Presentation: We described a 51-year-old female patient with a history of recurrent cough and repeated pneumonia. She was referred to our hospital for further work-up of pulmonary sequestration. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13019-018-0733-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5960101PMC
May 2018
3 Reads

Surgery for Intralobar Pulmonary Sequestration Using Indocyanine Green Fluorescence Navigation: A Case Report.

Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2018 1;30(1):122-124. Epub 2017 Jun 1.

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Kurashiki Central Hospital, Okayama, Japan.

A 38-year-old man with bilateral Pryce III intralobar sequestration was admitted. At first, left lower lobectomy and division of the aberrant artery were performed because of continuous hemoptysis after admission. Two months later, we planned a video-assisted thoracoscopic wedge resection of the right sequestration and a division of the 2 aberrant arteries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1053/j.semtcvs.2017.05.015DOI Listing
October 2018

Intralobar pulmonary sequestration originating from the intercostal arteries treated with surgical resection.

Thorac Cancer 2018 07 9;9(7):877-880. Epub 2018 May 9.

Department of Lung Cancer Surgery, Tianjin Key Laboratory of Lung Cancer Metastasis and Tumor Microenvironment, Tianjin Lung Cancer Institute, Tianjin Medical University General Hospital, Tianjin, China.

Intralobar pulmonary sequestration originating from the intercostal arteries is rarely reported. Herein, we report an unusual case of a 56-year-old male patient with intralobar pulmonary sequestration supplied from the intercostal arteries on the left lower lobe who presented after a month of a repeated cough and massive hemoptysis. Although transcatheter arterial embolization was performed three times, the patient's symptoms were not relieved. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/1759-7714.12642
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1759-7714.12642DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6026609PMC
July 2018
7 Reads
1.130 Impact Factor

Congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation - diagnostic and therapeutic procedure: 8-year experience of one medical centre.

Kardiochir Torakochirurgia Pol 2018 Mar 28;15(1):10-17. Epub 2018 Mar 28.

Department of Surgery, Urology and Children Transplantology, Institute of Mother's Polish Health Centre, Lodz, Poland.

Introduction: Congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation (CCAM) is a rare anomaly. The mechanisms and the time at which the abnormality develops are still unclear. The malformation is characterized by the presence of single large or multiple but smaller cysts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5114/kitp.2018.74669DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5907611PMC
March 2018
9 Reads

Bronchopulmonary Sequestration.

J Am Osteopath Assoc 2018 Apr;118(4):281

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7556/jaoa.2018.056DOI Listing
April 2018
5 Reads

Diagnosing intralobar pulmonary sequestration.

Arch Dis Child 2019 Apr 23;104(4):384. Epub 2018 Mar 23.

Department of Radiology, Royal Free London NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2018-314960DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Anatomical associations and radiological characteristics of Scimitar syndrome on CT and MR.

J Cardiovasc Comput Tomogr 2018 Jul - Aug;12(4):286-289. Epub 2018 Feb 3.

Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology at Washington University, St Louis, MO, USA.

Purpose: To report the anatomical associations and radiological characteristics of Scimitar syndrome on CT and MR.

Materials And Methods: Retrospective review of the medical records between February 2001 and February 2016 was performed. To identify patients, radiological reports were queried for "Scimitar" or "partial anomalous pulmonary venous return. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcct.2018.02.001DOI Listing
November 2018
7 Reads

The role of multidetector CT angiography and 3D postprocessing imaging in the diagnosis and investigation of bronchopulmonary sequestration.

Clin Case Rep 2018 03 31;6(3):545-546. Epub 2018 Jan 31.

Department of Thoracic Surgery "Attikon" Hospital Athens Medical School Athens Greece.

Congenital bronchopulmonary malformations are usually asymptomatic. Precise multimodality imaging plays an essential role in the identification of rare cardiothoracic entities, offering excellent imaging quality and the decisive diagnosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ccr3.1394DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5838274PMC
March 2018
2 Reads

Bronchopulmonary Sequestration as a Cause of Mismatched Perfusion Defect on Single-photon Emission Computed Tomography Ventilation-perfusion Scan.

World J Nucl Med 2018 Jan-Mar;17(1):59-61

Department of Medical Imaging, The Prince Charles Hospital, Chermside QLD 4032, Australia.

We present a 46-year-old female with pleuritic chest pain on a background of pulmonary embolism diagnosed on a single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) ventilation-perfusion (V/Q) imaging 3 years earlier. A SPECT V/Q scan detected a mismatched perfusion defect in the posterior basal segment of the right lower lobe, essentially unchanged from a defect identified 3 years earlier. Given the atypical finding, the patient went on to have a computed tomographic pulmonary angiogram. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/wjnm.WJNM_3_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5778718PMC
February 2018
2 Reads

Adult form of congenital pulmonary venolobar syndrome.

J Cardiovasc Comput Tomogr 2018 Mar - Apr;12(2):170-171. Epub 2018 Feb 3.

Radiology Department, Salah Azaiez Institute, Tunis, Tunisia; Medicine Faculty, Tunis El Manar University, Tunisia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcct.2018.01.009DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Foregut duplication cyst: a novel computed tomography finding mimicking a small bowel hernia: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2017 Dec;96(50):e9184

Department of Radiology.

Rationale: A foregut duplication cyst (FDC) is an uncommon congenital disease. This report presents a case of mediastinal foregut duplication cyst that mimicked a diaphragmatic small bowel hernia.

Patient Concern: A 27-month-old girl was first referred for a mediastinal lesion found incidentally on a chest radiograph. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000009184DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5815740PMC
December 2017
10 Reads

Systemic Venous Drainage Is Associated with an Unfavorable Prenatal Behavior in Fetal Bronchopulmonary Sequestration.

Fetal Diagn Ther 2018 21;44(4):291-298. Epub 2017 Dec 21.

Department of Radiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China.

Objective: This study aimed to determine the significance of the venous drainage pattern of bronchopulmonary sequestration (BPS) in the prenatal course.

Methods: The venous drainage pattern of fetuses with BPS was determined with high-definition flow and confirmed by postnatal three-dimensional computed tomography angiography scan or autopsy. The volume of BPS lesions during gestation was recorded by the three-dimensional ultrasonographic Virtual Organ Computer-Aided Analysis software. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000485035DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Congenital Pulmonary Malformations Diagnosed Over a Period of 10 Years.

Arch Bronconeumol 2018 Mar 13;54(3):165-167. Epub 2017 Dec 13.

Unidad de Neumología y Alergia Pediátrica, Hospital Universitario Parc Tauli, Barcelona, España.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.arbres.2017.08.009DOI Listing
March 2018
9 Reads

Thoracic Changes after Full Laser Ablation of the Feeding Artery in Fetuses with Bronchopulmonary Sequestration.

Fetal Diagn Ther 2018 6;44(3):166-172. Epub 2017 Dec 6.

Fetal Surgery Department, Children's and Women's Specialty Hospital of Queretaro, Queretaro, Mexico.

Objective: To assess longitudinal intrathoracic changes after fetal laser surgery in fetuses with bronchopulmonary sequestration (BPS) with hydrops and/or hydrothorax.

Study Design: The presence of intrafetal fluid effusions, the lung mass volume ratio (congenital pulmonary airway malformation volume ratio [CVR]), and the observed/expected lung-to-head circumference ratio (O/E-LHR) of both lungs were evaluated in a cohort of BPS fetuses with hydrops and/or hydrothorax treated with full laser ablation of the feeding artery (FLAFA). The longitudinal changes in intrafetal fluid effusions, lung mass volume, and pulmonary growth were analyzed by survival and multilevel analysis against days after FLAFA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000481170DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Thoracoscopic Surgery for a Congenital Bronchoesophageal Fistula With Pulmonary Sequestration in an Adult Woman.

Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2017 Autumn;29(3):433-435. Epub 2017 Jul 24.

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Kobe City Medical Center General Hospital, Kobe, Japan.

A congenital bronchoesophageal fistula with pulmonary sequestration is rare in adults. Here, we report the case of an adult woman having congenital bronchoesophageal fistula with intralobar pulmonary sequestration who successfully underwent thoracoscopic resection and showed a good postoperative course. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1053/j.semtcvs.2017.07.001DOI Listing
December 2017
2 Reads

Intralobar pulmonary sequestration expanding toward the contralateral thorax: two case reports.

BMC Surg 2017 Nov 28;17(1):110. Epub 2017 Nov 28.

Department of Pediatric Surgery, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, 65 Tsurumai-cho, Showa-ku, Nagoya, Aichi, 466-8550, Japan.

Background: Intralobar pulmonary sequestration (ILS) is defined as a portion of parenchyma that is contained within the normal pleural investment of the lung but not connected to the tracheobronchial tree, and supplied by anomalous systemic arteries. As ILS is enveloped within the lobe of the normal lung, it is extremely rare for ILS to invade into the mediastinum. We report two atypical cases of infants with ILS expanded toward the posterior mediastinum and contralateral thorax through the pulmonary ligament. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12893-017-0313-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5704521PMC
November 2017
4 Reads

Thoracoscopic Lobectomy for Congenital Lung Lesions.

Clin Perinatol 2017 12 28;44(4):781-794. Epub 2017 Sep 28.

Division of Pediatric Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of CA - San Francisco, 550 16th Street, 5th Floor, UCSF Box 0570, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA.

Congenital lung lesions (CLLs) comprise a heterogeneous group of developmental and histologic entities often diagnosed on screening prenatal ultrasound. Most fetuses with CLL are asymptomatic at birth; however, the risk of malignancy and infection drives the decision to prophylactically resect these lesions. The authors describe their approach to minimally invasive lobectomy in children with CLLs, postoperative care, and management of procedure-specific complications. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clp.2017.08.003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5967626PMC
December 2017
6 Reads

Intralobar pulmonary sequestration with an aortic aneurysm.

Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 2018 03;53(3):691

Department of Thoracic and Vascular Surgery and Heart-Lung Transplantation, Marie Lannelongue Hospital, Université Paris Sud, Paris-Saclay University, DHU TORINO, Le Plessis Robinson, France.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ejcts/ezx356DOI Listing
March 2018
27 Reads

Incidental Finding of Bronchopulmonary Sequestration in a 64-Year-Old Female.

Ochsner J 2017 ;17(3):288-291

Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care, and Sleep Medicine, Department of Medicine, Western New York Veterans Administration Health Care System, Affiliated With State University of New York, Buffalo, NY.

Background: Bronchopulmonary sequestration is a congenital abnormality of the primitive foregut. In adults, the typical age at presentation is 20-25 years.

Case Report: A 64-year-old female was referred for evaluation of an 8 × 6-cm right lower lobe cystic lesion. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5625992PMC
January 2017
7 Reads

Case 5 / 2017 - Scimitar Syndrome and Pulmonary Sequestration in Natural Progression in a 68-Year-Old Woman.

Arq Bras Cardiol 2017 Sep;109(3):264-265

Instituto do Coração do Hospital das Clínicas da Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP - Brazil.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5935/abc.20170128DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5586235PMC
September 2017
3 Reads

Antenatal assessment and postnatal outcome of fetal echogenic lung lesions: a decade's experience at a tertiary referral hospital.

J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2017 Oct 16:1-7. Epub 2017 Oct 16.

b Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology , The University of Melbourne, The Royal Women's Hospital , Parkville , Australia.

Introduction: Fetal echogenic lung lesions (ELL) are the commonest pulmonary pathology diagnosed on antenatal sonography, and include congenital pulmonary airway malformations (CPAMs) and bronchopulmonary sequestrations. This study aimed to evaluate the predictive utility of the CPAM volume ratio (CVR) at presentation in a series of fetuses with ELLs at a tertiary Australian referral hospital.

Material And Methods: Retrospective cohort study of all pregnancies with a prenatal diagnosis of an isolated fetal echogenic lung lesion managed at the Royal Women's Hospital, Victoria, Australia, between 2005 and 2015. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14767058.2017.1388367DOI Listing
October 2017
15 Reads

Outcome of Bronchopulmonary Sequestration with Massive Pleural Effusion after Intrafetal Vascular Laser Ablation.

Fetal Diagn Ther 2018 13;44(2):149-155. Epub 2017 Sep 13.

Bereich für Pränatale Medizin und Gynäkologische Sonographie, Universitätsfrauenklinik Köln, Köln, Germany.

Objective: To assess the outcome of 12 fetuses with bronchopulmonary sequestration (BPS) and massive pleural effusion after intrafetal vascular laser ablation (VLA).

Methods: All fetuses with BPS and massive pleural effusion that were treated with intrafetal VLA during a 5-year period (2012-2016) were reviewed for safety, intrauterine course, and postnatal outcome.

Results: In the study period, 12 fetuses with BPS were treated with VLA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000479793DOI Listing
December 2018
52 Reads

Intralobar pulmonary sequestration displayed as localized emphysema on computed tomography image.

J Cardiothorac Surg 2017 Sep 8;12(1):83. Epub 2017 Sep 8.

Department of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery, The First Hospital of Jiaxing, Jiaxing, 314000, Zhejiang, People's Republic of China.

Background: Pulmonary sequestration is a relatively rare condition in which a systemic artery supplies blood to an abnormal lung tissue and the normal connection with the bronchial tree is absent. It can be displayed as various signs on the computed tomography image, but emphysema is extremely rare.

Case Presentation: We describe the case of a 35-year-old man with intralobar pulmonary sequestration that appeared as localized emphysema on the computed tomography image. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13019-017-0646-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5591567PMC
September 2017
5 Reads

[Clinical characteristics of bronchopulmonary foregut malformation].

Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi 2017 Aug;55(8):628-631

Department of Respiratory Medicine, Beijing Children's Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University, China National Clinical Specialty of Pediatric Respiratory Medicine, China National Clinical Research Center for Respiratory Diseases, Beijing 100045, China.

To analyze the clinical characteristics, diagnosis and treatment of bronchopulmonary foregut malformation(BPFM). The clinical manifestations, imaging findings and treatment of 8 patients with BPFM were analyzed retrospectively from January 2006 to May 2016 in Beijing Children's Hospital. The age of children varied from 2 months to 7 years and 3 children were male while 5 female. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0578-1310.2017.08.016DOI Listing
August 2017
3 Reads

Congenital Cystic Lung Lesions: Evolution From In-utero Detection to Pathology Diagnosis-A Multidisciplinary Approach.

Pediatr Dev Pathol 2017 Sep-Oct;20(5):403-410. Epub 2017 Mar 15.

1 Department of Pathology, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, USA.

Congenital cystic lung lesions are a group of rare pathologies that are usually diagnosed in the prenatal period. The majority of these lesions are diagnosed at pathology examination as congenital pulmonary airway malformations (CPAM) and bronchopulmonary sequestration (BPS). These lesions are typically managed by surgical intervention within the first year of life and have an excellent prognosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1093526617698604DOI Listing
March 2017
24 Reads

Prenatal diagnosis of congenital lobar fluid overload.

Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol 2017 Aug;56(4):425-431

Department of Radiology, MacKay Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; MacKay Medicine, Nursing and Management College, Taipei, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Prenatal congenital lobar fluid overload (CLFO), which was first described by Ramsay and Byron, is identical to postnatal congenital lobar overinflation. It is characterized by progressive lobar overexpansion that compresses the other adjacent lung lobes. The underlying cause can be an intrinsic cartilaginous abnormality or an extrinsic airway compression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tjog.2017.05.001DOI Listing
August 2017
8 Reads

Going With the Flow: An Aid in Detecting and Differentiating Bronchopulmonary Sequestrations and Hybrid Lesions.

J Ultrasound Med 2018 Feb 10;37(2):371-383. Epub 2017 Aug 10.

Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.

Objectives: To assess the ability of prenatal ultrasound (US) in identifying systemic feeding arteries in bronchopulmonary sequestrations and hybrid lesions and report the ability of US in classifying bronchopulmonary sequestrations as intralobar or extralobar.

Methods: Institutional Review Board-approved radiology and clinical database searches from 2008 to 2015 were performed for prenatal lung lesions with final diagnoses of bronchopulmonary sequestrations or hybrid lesions. All patients had detailed US examinations, and most patients had ultrafast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jum.14346DOI Listing
February 2018
14 Reads

[Extralobar Sequestration Difficult to Establish Preoperative Diagnosis;Report of a Case].

Kyobu Geka 2017 Jul;70(7):557-559

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Yamagata Prefectural Central Hospital, Yamagata, Japan.

Pulmonary sequestration is a rare congenital pulmonary anomaly. Here we report a case of extralobar sequestration with calcification. A 34-year-old man was admitted to our department because of a tumor shadow on the chest radiological examination. Read More

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July 2017
5 Reads

Complete resolution of hydrops by placement of double basket catheter in a case of macrocystic type multilocular pulmonary sequestration.

Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol 2017 Jun;56(3):402-405

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Changhua Christian Hospital, Changhua, Taiwan; Department of Genomic Medicine, Center for Medical Genetics, Changhua Christian Hospital, Changhua, Taiwan; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, College of Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; Department of Medical Genetics, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; Department of Life Science, Tunghai University, Taichung, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Objective: We presented a fetus affected by macrocystic lung lesions with progressive hydropic changes during the second trimester, but experienced remarkable resolution of hydrops in the third trimester after a series of in utero interventions.

Case Report: A 19-year-old women, G1P0, presented with fetal multilocular thoracic mass and hydropic change at 23 weeks of gestation. After non-directive genetic counseling, she opted for intrauterine cyst aspiration followed by intra-cystic OK-432 injection at 24 weeks of pregnancy, as well as sequential thoracoamniotic shunts at 26 weeks and 27 weeks of pregnancy when we observed hydrops developed progressively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tjog.2017.04.027DOI Listing
June 2017
10 Reads

The natural history of prenatally diagnosed congenital cystic lung lesions: long-term follow-up of 119 cases.

Arch Dis Child 2017 09 5;102(9):798-803. Epub 2017 Jun 5.

Department of Paediatric Respiratory Medicine, Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK.

Background: A paucity of evidence regarding the natural history of congenital pulmonary airway malformations (CPAMs) and pulmonary sequestration (PS) has resulted in a divergence in management strategy of asymptomatic cases.

Methods: We describe the long-term clinical course of 119 children diagnosed with these lesions treated at Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH). Cases were identified via the GOSH patient database. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2016-311233DOI Listing
September 2017
40 Reads

Incidental finding - the discovery of a bronchopulmonary foregut malformation through investigations for Crohn's disease.

J Radiol Case Rep 2017 Apr 30;11(4):10-19. Epub 2017 Apr 30.

Department of Gastrointestinal services, University College Hospital, 235 Euston Road, Fitzrovia, London, NW1 2BU, UK.

Pulmonary sequestration (PMS) is a rare bronchopulmonary malformation. It has an incidence of between 0.15% to 1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3941/jrcr.v11i4.3002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5439451PMC
April 2017
3 Reads

Bronchopulmonary sequestration: Improving practice by evaluating for a missed diagnosis.

Nurse Pract 2017 Jun;42(6):51-55

Mary Ellen Zator Estes is an NP in internal medicine at PMG Jay C. Tyroler MD, PC, Fairfax, Va.

Bronchopulmonary sequestration (BPS) is a lung mass that does not communicate with the tracheobronchial tree or the pulmonary arterial vasculature, and thus does not play a role in oxygenation. This article discusses the etiology of BPS, as well as its pathophysiology, signs and symptoms, imaging studies used to diagnose, and treatment options in both pediatric and adult patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/01.NPR.0000511775.59497.cbDOI Listing
June 2017
19 Reads

Clinical benefits, echocardiographic and MRI assessment after pulmonary sequestration treatment.

Int J Cardiol 2017 Aug 1;240:165-171. Epub 2017 May 1.

Department of Advanced Biomedical Sciences, Divisions of Cardiology and Cardiothoracic Surgery, Federico II University, Naples, Italy.

Background: This study aimed to explore systematically procedural results, clinical benefits with echocardiographic and chest-MRI assessment of pulmonary sequestration percutaneous treatment.

Methods: 13 consecutive infants and children with diagnosis of isolated pulmonary sequestration (PS) had percutaneous closure of the aberrant artery supplying pulmonary sequestration between 2010 and 2015. By protocol, echocardiographic and chest-MRI assessment was performed before and respectively at 6-12months and 1year with the aim to study the effects of embolization on heart volume overload and regression of pulmonary sequestration. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcard.2017.04.102DOI Listing
August 2017
2 Reads

Transarterial embolization of intralobar pulmonary sequestration in a young adult with hemoptysis.

J Thorac Dis 2017 Mar;9(3):E188-E193

Department of Medical Imaging, Western University, Victoria Hospital, London Health Sciences Centre, London, Ontario N6A 5W9, Canada.

Intralobar pulmonary sequestration is a rare congenital malformation characterized by the presence of dysplastic lung that does not communicate with the tracheobronchial tree, and has aberrant systemic arterial supply. While most are asymptomatic, they rarely can present with hemoptysis, which has been traditionally managed with surgical resection of the sequestration. We report a case of an 18-year-old male who presented with acute large-volume hemoptysis on a background of recurrent minor episodes of hemoptysis, due to intralobar sequestration. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/jtd.2017.02.82DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5394002PMC
March 2017
2 Reads