1,391 results match your criteria Pulmonary Sequestration Imaging


Two's Company: Multiple Thoracic Lesions on Prenatal US and MRI.

Fetal Diagn Ther 2020 Jun 29:1-11. Epub 2020 Jun 29.

Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.

Background: Congenital pulmonary airway malformations (CPAM), bronchopulmonary sequestrations (BPS), and CPAM-BPS hybrid lesions are most commonly solitary; however, >1 lung congenital lung lesion may occur.

Objectives: To assess the frequency of multiple congenital thoracic anomalies at a high-volume referral center; determine prenatal ultrasound (US) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features of these multifocal congenital lung lesions that may allow prenatal detection; and determine the most common distribution or site of origin.

Methods: Database searches were performed from August 2008 to May 2019 for prenatally evaluated cases that had a final postnatal surgical diagnosis of >1 congenital lung lesion or a lung lesion associated with foregut duplication cyst (FDC). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000507783DOI Listing

Neonatal pulmonary sequestration (PS) with rhabdomyomas-like hyperplasia: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2020 May;99(20):e20052

Children's Hospital of Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.

Introduction: Pulmonary sequestration (PS) is a rare pulmonary congenital malformation characterized by disconnection with the tracheobronchial tree or the pulmonary arterial blood supply thus impeding the connection to the arterial blood supply from systemic circulation, ultimately resulting in a non-functional lung.

Patient Concerns: A 73-day-old boy with rhabdomyomatoid hyperplasia was hospitalized for cough and fever 2 months after birth.

Diagnoses: Routine B-ultrasound revealed a cystic malformation in the right lung. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000020052DOI Listing

Structural and perfusion magnetic resonance imaging of congenital lung malformations.

Pediatr Radiol 2020 Jul 17;50(8):1083-1094. Epub 2020 Apr 17.

Department of Diagnostic Imaging, University Children's Hospital Zürich, Steinwiesstr. 75, CH 8032, Zürich, Switzerland.

Background: A radiation-free advanced imaging modality is desirable for investigating congenital thoracic malformations in young children.

Objective: To describe magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of congenital bronchopulmonary foregut malformations and investigate the ability of lung MRI for their classification.

Materials And Methods: This is a retrospective analysis of consecutive MRI examinations performed for suspected congenital lung anomalies in 39 children (median age: 3. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00247-020-04658-5DOI Listing

Novel Findings on SPECT-CT Tc-99 Sestamibi Imaging for Primary Hyperparathyroidism.

J Surg Res 2020 Aug 11;252:216-221. Epub 2020 Apr 11.

Division of Endocrine Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Electronic address:

Background: The addition of SPECT-CT to Tc-99 sestamibi has become a valuable tool for parathyroid localization in primary hyperparathyroidism (PHP). However, the enhanced sensitivity of this test can lead to unexpected and significant findings. We sought to identify the frequency and types of nonparathyroid detections by SPECT-CT. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jss.2020.03.014DOI Listing

A clinical guideline for structured assessment of CT-imaging in congenital lung abnormalities.

Paediatr Respir Rev 2020 Feb 20. Epub 2020 Feb 20.

Department of Paediatric Surgery, Erasmus University Medical Centre, Sophia Children's Hospital, Rotterdam, The Netherlands. Electronic address:

Objectives: To develop a clinical guideline for structured assessment and uniform reporting of congenital lung abnormalities (CLA) on Computed Tomography (CT)-scans.

Materials And Methods: A systematic literature search was conducted for articles describing CT-scan abnormalities of congenital pulmonary airway malformation (CPAM), bronchopulmonary sequestration (BPS), congenital lobar emphysema (CLE) and bronchogenic cyst (BC). A structured report using objective features of CLA was developed after consensus between a pediatric pulmonologist, radiologist and surgeon. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.prrv.2019.12.004DOI Listing
February 2020

Applications of Pediatric Body CT Angiography: What Radiologists Need to Know.

AJR Am J Roentgenol 2020 05 4;214(5):1019-1030. Epub 2020 Mar 4.

Department of Radiology, Seattle Children's Hospital, University of Washington School of Medicine, 4800 Sand Point Way NE, Seattle, WA 98105.

Pediatric CT angiography (CTA) can be useful for assessing numerous congenital and acquired disorders. This article discusses common pediatric applications of thoracoabdominal CTA, including for congenital pulmonary airway malformation, sequestration, vascular rings, aortic coarctation, pulmonary embolism, nontraumatic hemorrhage, abdominal transplant evaluation, and several vascular disorders, and highlights key clinical and imaging features. With appropriate use, CTA can play a fundamental role in diagnostic and preprocedural assessment in a variety of pediatric conditions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2214/AJR.19.22274DOI Listing

Intralobar pulmonary sequestration with cystic degeneration mimicking a bronchogenic cyst in an elderly patient: A case report and literature review.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2020 Feb;99(9):e19347

Department of Thoracic and Vascular Surgery, Soonchunhyang University Hospital Bucheon, Bucheon, South Korea.

Introduction: Pulmonary sequestration (PS) is a rare congenital malformation defined as nonfunctioning lung tissue supplied by systemic circulation. It is uncommonly diagnosed in adults. Herein, we describe a clinical case of PS with cystic degeneration mimicking a bronchogenic cyst in an elderly patient. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000019347DOI Listing
February 2020
5.723 Impact Factor

A congenital cystic pulmonary airway malformation occurring together with both an extralobar pulmonary sequestration and an esophageal duplication cyst.

Clin Case Rep 2020 Jan 30;8(1):18-23. Epub 2019 Sep 30.

Department of Surgery Laboratory for Fetal and Regenerative Biology University of Colorado Denver School of Medicine and Children's Hospital Colorado Aurora Colorado.

A foregut duplication cyst occurring together with both a congenital cystic pulmonary airway malformation and extralobar pulmonary sequestration is an unusual combination. Prenatal ultrasound, MRI, and postnatal CT are helpful for operative planning. Surgical resection is the definitive management for all three anomalies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ccr3.2455DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6982492PMC
January 2020

Imaging modalities and management of prenatally diagnosed suprarenal masses: an updated literature review and the experience at a high volume Fetal Treatment Center.

J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2020 Jan 26:1-8. Epub 2020 Jan 26.

Department of Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA.

The differential diagnosis for prenatal suprarenal masses (SRMs) is broad and includes neuroblastoma, adrenal hemorrhage, and subdiaphragmatic extralobar pulmonary sequestration (SEPS). We sought to elucidate the appropriate postnatal management for fetuses found to have an SRM. We conducted a retrospective review of patients prenatally diagnosed with SRM at our institution between 1998 and 2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14767058.2020.1716719DOI Listing
January 2020

[Clinical analysis of 96 cases of congenital cystic lung lesions in children].

Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi 2020 Jan;58(1):19-24

Department of Pathology, Tianjin Children's Hospital, Tianjin 300134, China.

To summarize the diagnosis, clinical manifestations, treatment and prognosis of congenital cystic lung lesions. A retrospective study described the clinical course of 96 patients (46 female and 50 male) diagnosed with congenital cystic lung lesions treated at the Tianjin Children's Hospital from January 2010 to March 2019. The clinical findings, imaging examinations, pathological findings, treatment and follow-up were analyzed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0578-1310.2020.01.006DOI Listing
January 2020

Pulmonary Sequestration: An Unusual Cause for Massive Hemoptysis in an Adult Woman.

Cureus 2019 Nov 13;11(11):e6145. Epub 2019 Nov 13.

Pulmonology, Apollo Hospitals, Navi Mumbai, IND.

Pulmonary sequestration is a congenital anomaly characterized by nonfunctional lung parenchymal tissue receiving blood supply from systemic arteries instead of pulmonary arteries. It is a rare entity, and diagnosis is often missed given the condition's presentation mimics other pulmonary diseases. Pulmonary sequestration leads to recurrent episodes of pneumonia, frequent hospital admissions, and, very rarely, fatal hemoptysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.6145DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6907725PMC
November 2019

Anesthesia Management for a Patient Undergoing Pulmonary Endarterctomy without Cardiopulmonary Bypass.

Braz J Cardiovasc Surg 2020 01 1;34(6):783-787. Epub 2020 Jan 1.

Marmara University Medical School Department of Thoracic Surgery Istanbul Turkey Department of Thoracic Surgery, Marmara University Medical School, Istanbul, Turkey.

Pulmonary endarterectomy is a curative procedure for chronic thromboembolic Pulmonary Hypertension. As usual, cardiopulmonary bypass circuit is required. However, there are several complications attributed to extracorporeal circulation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21470/1678-9741-2018-0245DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6894026PMC
January 2020

Intrathoracic hybrid lesion: an incidental finding in a patient with PHACE syndrome.

BMJ Case Rep 2019 Nov 27;12(11). Epub 2019 Nov 27.

Pediatrics, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa, USA.

Hybrid lesions (HLs) are unique, congenital lung malformations with both cystic and solid components and vascular supply consistent with bronchopulmonary sequestration. Increase of HLs reported in recent literature suggest a common pathological mechanism occurring during embryogenesis, leading to occurrence of both malformations within a single lesion. Due to the unusual nature of HLs, gold standard approach for diagnosis is not very well-defined in the literature. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2019-231409DOI Listing
November 2019

Outcomes of Cases of Prenatally-Diagnosed Congenital Pulmonary Airway Malformation.

Rev Bras Ginecol Obstet 2019 Nov 19;41(11):654-659. Epub 2019 Nov 19.

Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey.

Objective:  To evaluate the outcomes of cases of prenatally-diagnosed congenital pulmonary airway malformation (CPAM).

Methods:  We retrospectively evaluated cases of prenatally-diagnosed CPAM between 2004 and 2018. Ultrasonographic features such as visualization of a fetal lung mass and heterogeneous pulmonary parenchyma were used for CPAM diagnosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0039-1697983DOI Listing
November 2019

Obstetric and neonatal outcomes in pregnancies complicated by fetal lung masses: does final histology matter?

J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2019 Nov 13:1-7. Epub 2019 Nov 13.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA.

Fetal lung masses complicate approximately 1 in 2000 live births. Our aim was to determine whether obstetric and neonatal outcomes differ by final fetal lung mass histology. A review of all pregnancies complicated by a prenatally diagnosed fetal lung mass between 2009 and 2017 at a single academic center was conducted. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14767058.2019.1689559DOI Listing
November 2019

Non-operative management of extralobar pulmonary sequestration: a safe alternative to resection?

Pediatr Surg Int 2020 Mar 9;36(3):325-331. Epub 2019 Nov 9.

Department of Surgery, Boston Children's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, 300 Longwood Avenue, Fegan 3rd Floor, Boston, MA, 02115, USA.

Purpose: This retrospective cohort study compares the natural history of patients with extralobar sequestrations (ELS) who do not undergo intervention with those who undergo resection to assess the safety of non-operative management.

Methods: 126 patients with pulmonary sequestrations or congenital pulmonary airway malformations born between 1999 and 2016 were identified. 49 patients had ELS on postnatal imaging, but two were excluded for associated congenital diaphragmatic hernia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00383-019-04590-2DOI Listing

Intra-abdominal pulmonary sequestration: a rare diagnostic pitfall on EUS-FNA.

Pathology 2019 Dec 23;51(7):747-750. Epub 2019 Oct 23.

National University Health System, Singapore.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pathol.2019.08.008DOI Listing
December 2019

Prenatal sonographic markers of the outcome in fetuses with bronchopulmonary sequestration.

J Clin Ultrasound 2020 Feb 14;48(2):89-96. Epub 2019 Oct 14.

Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Asan Medical Center, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Purpose: To evaluate the prenatal sonographic predictive markers of the outcome in fetuses with bronchopulmonary sequestration (BPS).

Methods: BPS size and diameter of the feeding artery (FA) were measured prenatally and postnatally. Velocity of the FA and the left ventricular-modified myocardial performance index (LV mod-MPI) were also evaluated prenatally. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jcu.22780DOI Listing
February 2020

The Utility of the Congenital Pulmonary Airway Malformation-Volume Ratio in the Assessment of Fetal Echogenic Lung Lesions: A Systematic Review.

Fetal Diagn Ther 2020 8;47(3):171-181. Epub 2019 Oct 8.

Pregnancy Research Centre, Department of Maternal Fetal Medicine, The Royal Women's Hospital, Parkville, Victoria, Australia.

Although relatively uncommon, the incidence of fetal echogenic lung lesions - a heterogeneous group of anomalies that includes congenital pulmonary airway malformations (CPAM) and bronchopulmonary sequestrations (BPS) - has increased recently. Two decades ago, the CPAM-volume ratio (CVR) was first described as a tool to predict the development of hydrops, with this outcome found to be unlikely in fetuses with CVRs of ≤1.6 cm2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000502841DOI Listing
October 2019
1 Read

Endovascular exclusion and open resection of aberrant pulmonary artery aneurysm associated with intralobar pulmonary sequestration.

J Vasc Surg 2019 10;70(4):1328-1329

Division of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Boston Medical Center, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Mass. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvs.2019.06.182DOI Listing
October 2019
1 Read

Congenital lung malformations: a novel application for lung ultrasound?

J Ultrasound 2019 Sep 5. Epub 2019 Sep 5.

Dipartimento Scienze Salute della Donna, del Bambino e di Sanità Pubblica-UOC Pediatria, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario A. Gemelli IRCCS, Rome, Italy.

Congenital lung malformations (CLMs) include a group of different disorders. With widespread use of antenatal ultrasonography (aUS) and increased use of pre-natal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), CLMs are increasingly detected, nevertheless the best postnatal imaging approach is not yet well defined: newborns usually undergo several chest X-rays and eventually computed tomography to confirm the diagnosis. In this case series, we show lung ultrasound features of three different cases of congenital lung malformations, describing prenatal and postnatal images comparing different imaging techniques. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40477-019-00406-0DOI Listing
September 2019
1 Read

Congenital lung lesions.

Semin Pediatr Surg 2019 Aug 18;28(4):150821. Epub 2019 Jul 18.

Fetal Treatment Center, Department of Surgery, University of California, San Francisco. Electronic address:

Diagnosis and management of congenital lung malformations has evolved dramatically over the past several decades. Advancement in imaging technology has enabled earlier, more definitive diagnoses and, consequently, more timely intervention in utero or after birth, when indicated. These advancements have increased overall survival rates to around 95% from historical rates of 60%. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1053/j.sempedsurg.2019.07.004DOI Listing
August 2019
2 Reads

Pulmonale Erkrankungen des Früh- und Neugeborenen.

Rofo 2019 Sep 20;191(S 02):S124-S125. Epub 2019 Aug 20.

Abteilung Neonatologie und Neonatologische Intensivmedizin, Klinikum Südstadt Rostock.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-0943-1465DOI Listing
September 2019

Angeborene Lungenerkrankungen – welche Diagnostik ist wann sinnvoll?

Rofo 2019 Sep 20;191(S 02):S119-S121. Epub 2019 Aug 20.

Universitätsklinikum Jena, Sektion Pädiatrische Radiologie, Institut für Diagnostische und Interventionelle Radiologie.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-0943-1293DOI Listing
September 2019

Aussagekraft und Limitation des Röntgenbildes bei Früh- und Neugeborenen.

Authors:
Andreas Leenen

Rofo 2019 Sep 20;191(S 02):S116-S119. Epub 2019 Aug 20.

Katholisches Kinderkrankenhaus Wilhelmstift Hamburg, Abteilung für Bildgebende Diagnostik.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-0943-1248DOI Listing
September 2019

Pränatale sonografische Diagnostik von Lungenfehlbildungen.

Authors:
Michael Bolz

Rofo 2019 Sep 20;191(S 02):S106-S109. Epub 2019 Aug 20.

Universitätsfrauenklinik und Poliklinik Rostock.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-0943-1068DOI Listing
September 2019

Indocyanine green fluorescence-guided thoracoscopic pulmonary resection for intralobar pulmonary sequestration: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2019 Jul 27;13(1):228. Epub 2019 Jul 27.

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Kanazawa Medical University, 1-1 Daigaku, Uchinada, Ishikawa, 920-0293, Japan.

Background: The potential complications of pulmonary sequestration are serious and may include recurrent pulmonary infection, hemoptysis, and tumorigenesis. Therefore, the gold standard of treatment has been surgery. Although an adequate boundary between the nonfunctional lung and normal lung is required for the resection of pulmonary sequestration, the boundaries have been conventionally identified intraoperatively with inflation/deflation of the target segment by clamping and unclamping the relevant bronchus. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13256-019-2128-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6660656PMC
July 2019
2 Reads

Posterior mediastinal neurilemmoma accompanied by intrapulmonary sequestration in the left lower lobe: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Jul;98(30):e16582

Department of Thoracic Surgery, China-Japan Union Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, Jilin.

Rationale: The presence of a mediastinal neurilemmoma accompanied by intrapulmonary sequestration is a rare occurrence. The clinical symptoms of a neurilemmoma depend on the site of the tumor. Diagnosis of pulmonary sequestration mainly depends on the presence of aberrant feeding arteries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000016582DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6709071PMC
July 2019
4 Reads

Congenital Cystic Adenomatoid Malformation Volume Ratio in Prenatal Assessment of Prognosis of Fetal Pulmonary Sequestrations.

Curr Med Sci 2019 Aug 25;39(4):658-662. Epub 2019 Jul 25.

Department of Medical Imaging, Xiangyang No. 1 People's Hospital Affiliated to Hubei University of Medicine, Xiangyang, 441000, China.

This study aimed to evaluate the prognosis of pulmonary sequestration (PS) by measuring congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation volume ratio (CVR) value in fetal congenital PS. The fetal CVR in 49 cases of fetal PS diagnosed by prenatal ultrasound in Xiangyang No. 1 People's Hospital from March 2010 to June 2017 were measured, and the clinical outcomes were observed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11596-019-2088-1DOI Listing
August 2019
3 Reads

[Differential diagnosis and minimally invasive surgery of an antenatal adrenal mass].

Rev Chil Pediatr 2019 Jun;90(3):321-327

Escuela de Medicina, Facultad de Medicina, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Chile.

Introduction: Adrenal masses are uncommon in newborns. The differential diagnosis includes be nign masses (adrenal hemorrhage, extralobar pulmonary sequestration) and malignant ones (neuro blastoma) that may be a finding during an obstetric ultrasound. The use of complementary imaging methods allows a better diagnosis approach during the postnatal period, with implications for the management of these patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.32641/rchped.v90i3.823DOI Listing
June 2019
10 Reads

Developmental lung anomalies in adults: A pictorial review.

Respir Med 2019 08 11;155:86-96. Epub 2019 Jul 11.

Vice Chair of Education, Director, Cardio-Thoracic Radiology, USA; University of Texas Health Science Center -UT Health, San Antonio, TX, USA. Electronic address:

Developmental lung anomalies represent a heterogeneous group of diverse, yet related abnormalities that involve the lung parenchyma, pulmonary vasculature or a combination of both-which usually present prenatally and in early childhood. However, a substantial number of cases go unnoticed during childhood and present either incidentally or with recurrent respiratory infections progressing into adulthood. Defective development of the tracheobronchial tree and the pulmonary vasculature are proposed to cause these developmental anomalies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rmed.2019.07.011DOI Listing
August 2019
10 Reads

STARD-compliant article: Comparison of pulmonary sequestrations with thoracic and abdominal aortic arterial supply.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Jul;98(27):e16220

Department of Radiology, The third Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Hebei Province Biomechanical Key Laborary of Orthopedics, Shijiazhuang, Hebei, China.

Pulmonary sequestrations (PS) are typically supplied by a vessel originating from thoracic aorta, or abdominal aorta. Differences in imaging features between these PS subtypes have not been described.To analyze the imaging features of PS with arterial supply from the thoracic and abdominal aorta. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000016220DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6635279PMC
July 2019
7 Reads

Lung Ultrasound: A New Tool in the Management of Congenital Lung Malformation.

Am J Perinatol 2019 07 25;36(S 02):S99-S105. Epub 2019 Jun 25.

Department of Biomedical Science and Human Oncology, Neonatology and Neonatal Intensive Care Section, University of Bari "Aldo Moro"-Policlinico Hospital, Bari, Italy.

Objective: This study was aimed to evaluate effectiveness of lung ultrasound (LUS) in the management of congenital pulmonary airway malformation and pulmonary sequestration in NICUs.

Study Design: This is a nonconsecutive case series of neonates admitted to the academic NICU of Policlinico of Bari, Italy, from 2010 to 2018, for suspected lung malformations and examined by LUS.

Results: Seven neonates were admitted for suspected pulmonary malformations, four neonates were diagnosed with pulmonary sequestration and three with congenital pulmonary airway malformation either type I (two cases) or type II (one case) according to Adzick classification. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0039-1692131DOI Listing
July 2019
1 Read

Extralobar pulmonary sequestration with absence of pericardium and atrial septal defect in a woman.

J Cardiothorac Surg 2019 Jun 20;14(1):113. Epub 2019 Jun 20.

Department of Thoracic surgery, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Peking Union Medical College, Dongcheng District, Beijing, 100730, China.

Background: Extralobar sequestration is a rare congenital malformation of lung tissue, which can be combined with other foregut and cardiac abnormalities. Our case is the first to report extralobar sequestration, absence of pericardium and atrial septal defect in the same patient.

Case Presentation: A 22-year-old female with atrial septal defect came for her recent atypical symptom of intermittent palpitation and shortness of breath. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13019-019-0932-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6585077PMC
June 2019
12 Reads

Thoracic Stent Graft Accompanied by Coil Embolization for Pulmonary Sequestration.

Innovations (Phila) 2019 Apr;14(2):168-173

2 Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Cardiac Surgery Associates of Fresno, Fresno, CA, USA.

Thoracic stent graft plus coil embolization is a promising option for management of pulmonary sequestrations. Here we present the case of a 43-year-old male with chronic recurrent chest pain and hemoptysis that was incidentally identified as having a Pryce Type I pulmonary sequestration. The patient had a known history of gastritis, alcohol abuse, chronic leg and back pain, and was incidentally found to have an anomalous artery from the descending thoracic aorta to the left lower lobe. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1556984519827695DOI Listing
April 2019
5 Reads

Manifestation of congenital pulmonary airway malformation in a 26-year-old adult, requiring surgery.

Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg 2019 07;29(1):154-156

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Kyoto University Hospital, Kyoto, Japan.

This is a case of type 1 congenital pulmonary airway malformation in the left lower lobe of a 26-year-old male. At the age of 1 year, he developed a pulmonary cystic lesion, which was considered to be bronchopulmonary sequestration. He grew up healthy and showed no impairment during exercise; however, giant bullous lesion development along with compressed left upper lobe and mediastinum was recently noted; consequently, the patient was referred to our hospital for further examination. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/icvts/ivz032DOI Listing
July 2019
8 Reads

Agreement between magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography in the postnatal evaluation of congenital lung malformations: a pilot study.

Eur Radiol 2019 Sep 22;29(9):4544-4554. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

Pediatric Radiology and Neuroradiology, ASST Fatebenefratelli-Sacco Milano, Children's Hospital V. Buzzi, Via Castelvetro 32, 20154, Milan, Italy.

Objectives: To compare postnatal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with the reference standard computed tomography (CT) in the identification of the key features for diagnosing different types of congenital lung malformation (CLM).

Methods: Respiratory-triggered T2-weighted single-shot turbo spin echo (ss-TSE), respiratory-triggered T1-weighted turbo field echo (TFE), balanced fast field echo (BFFE), and T2-weighted MultiVane sequences were performed at 1.5 T on 20 patients prospectively enrolled. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00330-019-06042-wDOI Listing
September 2019
9 Reads

Neutrophils disturb pulmonary microcirculation in sepsis-induced acute lung injury.

Eur Respir J 2019 03 28;53(3). Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Graduate School of Medical Science and Engineering, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), Daejeon, Republic of Korea.

The lung is highly vulnerable during sepsis, yet its functional deterioration accompanied by disturbances in the pulmonary microcirculation is poorly understood. This study aimed to investigate how the pulmonary microcirculation is distorted in sepsis-induced acute lung injury (ALI) and reveal the underlying cellular pathophysiologic mechanism.Using a custom-made intravital lung microscopic imaging system in a murine model of sepsis-induced ALI, we achieved direct real-time visualisation of the pulmonary microcirculation and circulating cells We derived the functional capillary ratio (FCR) as a quantitative parameter for assessing the fraction of functional microvasculature in the pulmonary microcirculation and dead space. Read More

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http://erj.ersjournals.com/lookup/doi/10.1183/13993003.00786
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1183/13993003.00786-2018DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6437604PMC
March 2019
41 Reads

Bronchopulmonary Sequestration with Fetal Hydrops in a Monochorionic Twin Successfully Treated with Multiple Courses of Betamethasone.

AJP Rep 2018 Oct 3;8(4):e359-e361. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, Third Faculty of Medicine, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic.

 We present a case of severe bronchopulmonary sequestration (BPS) and fetal hydrops in one of the monochorionic twin successfully treated with multiple courses of betamethasone.  A 21-year-old gravida 2 para 1 was referred to our hospital for suspected twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) at 28 weeks of gestational age. However, prenatal ultrasound of the larger twin revealed a chest lesion that was associated with significant ascites, massive hydrothorax, scant hepatomegaly, subcutaneous edema, and severe polyhydramnios. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0038-1676339DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6277237PMC
October 2018
14 Reads

Coil embolization of intralobar pulmonary sequestration - an alternative to surgery: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2018 Dec 21;12(1):375. Epub 2018 Dec 21.

Tripler Army Medical Center, 1 Jarrett White Road, Honolulu, HI, 96859, USA.

Background: Pulmonary sequestration is a congenital lung disease characterized by nonfunctioning pulmonary tissue that lacks normal communication with the bronchial tree and is supplied by a nonpulmonary systemic artery. Symptomatic bronchopulmonary sequestration is uncommon, seen more frequently in the pediatric population than in adults. It has traditionally been treated with surgical resection; however, a limited but growing number of cases have been treated with angiographic embolization. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13256-018-1915-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6302303PMC
December 2018
3 Reads

Segmentation and classification in MRI and US fetal imaging: Recent trends and future prospects.

Med Image Anal 2019 01 19;51:61-88. Epub 2018 Oct 19.

BCN MedTech, Department of Information and Communication Technologies, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona, Spain; ICREA, Barcelona, Spain.

Fetal imaging is a burgeoning topic. New advancements in both magnetic resonance imaging and (3D) ultrasound currently allow doctors to diagnose fetal structural abnormalities such as those involved in twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome, gestational diabetes mellitus, pulmonary sequestration and hypoplasia, congenital heart disease, diaphragmatic hernia, ventriculomegaly, etc. Considering the continued breakthroughs in utero image analysis and (3D) reconstruction models, it is now possible to gain more insight into the ongoing development of the fetus. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S13618415183084
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.media.2018.10.003DOI Listing
January 2019
44 Reads

Distribution, diagnosis, and treatment of pulmonary sequestration: Report of 208 cases.

J Pediatr Surg 2019 Jul 7;54(7):1286-1292. Epub 2018 Sep 7.

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Beijing Children's Hospital, Capital Medical University, National Center for Children's Health, China.

Objective: This study was performed to explore the clinical features, typing, distribution, and treatment of pulmonary sequestration (PS), with the aim of improving the awareness and treatment of this condition.

Methods: Clinical data regarding surgical procedures, outcomes, and prognosis of 208 pediatric patients with PS who were treated in our center from January 2005 to October 2017 were retrospectively analyzed.

Results: PS was confirmed by ultrasonography, enhanced computed tomography (CT), and/or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) before surgery, and the surgeries were smoothly performed in all 208 patients (138 males, 70 females; age, 1 month to 14 years; mean age, 19. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00223468183056
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2018.08.054DOI Listing
July 2019
40 Reads

The Use of Fetal Bronchoscopy in the Diagnosis and Management of a Suspected Obstructive Lung Mass.

AJP Rep 2018 Jul 25;8(3):e195-e200. Epub 2018 Sep 25.

Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California.

Etiologies of fetal lung anomalies include congenital pulmonary airway malformation (CPAM), intra- or extralobar pulmonary sequestration, congenital high airway obstruction syndrome (CHAOS), bronchogenic cyst, and bronchial atresia. Fetal tracheobronchoscopy has been reported both as a diagnostic and therapeutic procedure in the setting of severe congenital lung lesions. In this case report, prenatal imaging of a fetus with a large chest mass was suspicious for an obstructive bronchial lesion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0038-1673378DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6156116PMC
July 2018
12 Reads

[Treatment of adult intrapulmonary sequestration with video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy].

Magy Seb 2018 09;71(3):126-133

Mellkassebészet, Országos Korányi Pulmonológiai Intézet 1529 Budapest, Pihenő út 1.

Introduction: Surgical removal is the gold standard method for the treatment of pulmonary sequestration (PS); nowadays, video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy (VATS) is more frequently applied in the surgical treatment of malignant pulmonary tumours and appears to be suitable also in case of benign pulmonary diseases. We are the first in Hungary, who report three, radiologically identified intralobar PS treated with VATS.

Method: Surgeries were performed in general anaesthesia with double-lumen separated ventilation in lateral decubitus position through two ports (1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1556/1046.71.2018.3.3DOI Listing
September 2018
18 Reads

Hybrid Lesion: Extralobar Sequestration with Cystic Adenomatoid Malformation - Misdiagnosed as Pulmonary Tuberculosis.

J Coll Physicians Surg Pak 2018 Sep;28(9):S204-S206

Department of Pediatric Surgery, King Edward Medical University, Lahore.

We report a rare case of bronchopulmonary extralobar sequestration in a 9-year girl mimicking pulmonary tuberculosis. Patient had recurrent chest infections and two episodes of massive hemoptysis. Preoperative x-ray chest showed an opacity in left lower lobe and computed tomography-aortogram showed that the lesion had systemic arterial supply from celiac trunk. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.29271/jcpsp.2018.09.S204DOI Listing
September 2018
5 Reads

Hybrid Lesion of Congenital Cystic Adenomatoid Malformation and Bronchopulmonary Sequestration.

J Coll Physicians Surg Pak 2018 Sep;28(9):S201-S203

Department of Pediatrics Surgery, Military Hospital, Rawalpindi.

Hybrid congenital cystic lesions of lung comprising of both congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation (CCAM) and broncho-pulmonary sequestration (BPS) are very rare congenital malformations of the lung. We present a case of a newborn who presented to us with severe respiratory distress and later on found to have a hybrid lesion of the lung. It is a very rare occurrence and no such case has been reported from Pakistan so far. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.29271/jcpsp.2018.09.S201DOI Listing
September 2018
10 Reads

Video-Assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery for Pulmonary Sequestrations: Series of 35 Consecutive Patients in a Single Center.

Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2019 01 30;67(1):73-78. Epub 2018 Aug 30.

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Peking University People's Hospital, Beijing, China.

Objective: The aim of this report is to summarize the experience of completely video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) for pulmonary sequestration in a single center and to evaluate the long-term outcome in a larger series of patients.

Methods: The data of 35 pulmonary sequestrations who received completely VATS consecutively in Peking University People's Hospital between January 2008 and November 2017 were retrospectively reviewed. Twenty-three females and twelve males with an average of 38 years old were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0038-1668596DOI Listing
January 2019
17 Reads

Surgical management of aorta-pulmonary vein fistulas.

J Card Surg 2018 Oct 29;33(10):673-675. Epub 2018 Aug 29.

Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, the First Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China.

We report two patients with aorta-pulmonary vein fistulas and discuss the surgical management of these congenital lesions. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/jocs.13804
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jocs.13804DOI Listing
October 2018
33 Reads

Fistula formation between the arterial blood supply of pulmonary sequestration and the oesophagus accompanied by an intermittent haematemesis.

Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg 2019 03;28(3):483-484

Department of Thoracic Surgery, The Second Affiliated Hospital of AFMU, Air Force Medical University, Xi'an, China.

This study aimed to report the case of a patient diagnosed with pulmonary sequestration accompanied by an intermittent haematemesis as the initial and life-threatening symptom. Emergent surgical intervention finally confirmed a rare direct fistula formation between the arterial blood supply of pulmonary sequestration and the oesophagus, which led to intermittent upper gastrointestinal haemorrhage. To our knowledge, this is the first case reported with this kind of fistula formation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/icvts/ivy247DOI Listing
March 2019
32 Reads

Proximity to the Diaphragm Predicts the Presence of Rhabdomyomatous Dysplasia in Congenital Pulmonary Airway Malformations.

Eur J Pediatr Surg 2019 Feb 13;29(1):49-52. Epub 2018 Aug 13.

Division of Pediatric Surgery, Brown University Warren Alpert Medical School, Providence, Rhode Island, United States.

Introduction:  Rhabdomyomatous dysplasia (RD) is a pathologic finding in CPAMs that was incorrectly attributed to their malignant potential. The increasing recognition of extrathoracic (intradiaphragmatic and intraabdominal) congenital pulmonary airway malformations (CPAMs) offers a clue to the origin of RD. We hypothesize that the presence of RD is related to the CPAM's anatomic location. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0038-1668140DOI Listing
February 2019
11 Reads