21,773 results match your criteria Pulmonary Rehabilitation


The beneficial roles of exercise training via autophagy in neurological diseases and possible mechanisms.

Life Sci 2019 Feb 12. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, The Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang 050051, PR China; Hebei Provincial Orthopedic Biomechanics key laboratory,The Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang 050051, PR China. Electronic address:

Autophagy is a conservative catabolism process, participating in delivering the cytosol and cytosolic components to the lysosome. Abnormal autophagy is related to human pathologies, for instance diabetes, neurodegeneration, cardiovascular, macular degeneration, pulmonary, and cancer. Enormous evidences indicate that autophagy may mediate the cellular pathological condition in the process of neurological diseases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.lfs.2019.02.026DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Could the clinical effectiveness be improved under the integration of orthotic intervention and scoliosis specific exercise in managing adolescent idiopathic scoliosis? -A randomized controlled trial study.

Am J Phys Med Rehabil 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Biomedical Engineering, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong, China.

Objective: To compare the effectiveness of the integration of orthotic intervention (OI) and scoliosis specific exercise (SSE) with orthotic intervention only via assessing the spinal deformity, back muscle endurance and pulmonary function of the patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS).

Design: It is a prospective randomized controlled study. Patients who fulfilled the SRS criteria for OI were randomly assigned to the OE group (combined orthotic and exercise intervention) or the OI group (orthotic intervention only). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PHM.0000000000001160DOI Listing
February 2019
2.012 Impact Factor

Exercise capacity and muscle fatiguability alterations following a progressive maximal exercise of lower extremities in children with cystic fibrosis.

Afr Health Sci 2018 Dec;18(4):1236-1242

Department of Physical Therapy and Health Rehabilitation, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Prince Sattam Bin Abdulaziz University, Alkharj, Saudi Arabia.

Background: Impairment of peripheral skeletal muscle function is a common phenomenon in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) in addition to great clinical connotations, such as lack of exercise tolerance and decrease of health-related quality of life. There is very limited data on the effects of maximal exercise on muscle fatiguability and exercise capacity in children with cystic fibrosis.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of progressive maximal exercise training of the lower extremities on exercise capacity and muscle fatiguability in children with cystic fibrosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ahs.v18i4.45DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6354874PMC
December 2018

Long-Term Oxygen Therapy.

Dtsch Arztebl Int 2018 Dec;115(51-52):871-877

Institute for Pulmonary Rehabilitation Research, Schoen Klinik Berchtesgadener Land, Schoenau am Koenigssee; Philipps University Marburg (Schoenau site), German Center for Lung Research (DZL), Marburg; Department for Prevention, Rehabilitation, and Sports Medicine, Technical University Munich (TUM), Munich, Germany.

Background: Long-term oxygen therapy (LTOT) is an established treatment for patients with chronic hypoxemia. Its scientific basis is derived mainly from two trials from the early 1980s that showed a survival advantage for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) treated with LTOT. Robust data are not available for other diseases associated with hypoxemia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3238/arztebl.2018.0871DOI Listing
December 2018

Pulmonary rehabilitation in patients with mustard gas lung disease: a study protocol for a randomized controlled trial.

Trials 2019 Feb 14;20(1):132. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

National Heart and Lung Institute, Imperial College London Faculty of Medicine, Royal Brompton Campus, London, SW3 6NP, UK.

Background: More than 60,000 people have health problems due to chemical weapons exposure during the Iran-Iraq war. Respiratory consequences of mustard gas exposure are common and disabling; medical interventions have limited effect. Patients complain of cough, sputum, breathlessness and exercise limitation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13063-019-3180-3DOI Listing
February 2019

Predicting outcomes following holistic breathlessness services: A pooled analysis of individual patient data.

Palliat Med 2019 Feb 15:269216319830299. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

1 Cicely Saunders Institute of Palliative Care, Policy & Rehabilitation, King's College London, London, UK.

Background:: Holistic breathlessness services have been developed for people with advanced disease and chronic breathlessness, leading to improved psychological aspects of breathlessness and health. The extent to which patient characteristics influence outcomes is unclear.

Aim:: To identify patient characteristics predicting outcomes of mastery and distress due to breathlessness following holistic breathlessness services. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0269216319830299DOI Listing
February 2019

Accommodating to a troubled life - chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients' experiences and perceptions of self-image during the course of rehabilitation.

Disabil Rehabil 2019 Feb 14:1-9. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

a Institute of Regional Health University of Southern Denmark , Odense , Denmark.

Background: To tailor future rehabilitation programmes for patients with chronic pulmonary obstructive disease, there is a need for more in-depth knowledge about what is essential to these patients and how they perceive their self-image while participating in rehabilitation. Therefore, this study aims to explore patients' experiences and perception of self-image during pulmonary rehabilitation.

Methods: Twenty-one patients were followed by participant observations during standard rehabilitation complicity supplemented with final individual interviews. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09638288.2018.1563641DOI Listing
February 2019

The Th17/Treg Cytokine Imbalance in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Exacerbation in an Animal Model of Cigarette Smoke Exposure and Lipopolysaccharide Challenge Association.

Sci Rep 2019 Feb 13;9(1):1921. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Medicine, Laboratory of Experimental Therapeutics (LIM-20), School of Medicine, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil.

We proposed an experimental model to verify the Th17/Treg cytokine imbalance in COPD exacerbation. Forty C57BL/6 mice were exposed to room air or cigarette smoke (CS) (12 ± 1 cigarettes, twice a day, 30 min/exposure and 5 days/week) and received saline (50 µl) or lipopolysaccharide (LPS) (1 mg/kg in 50 µl of saline) intratracheal instillations. We analyzed the mean linear intercept, epithelial thickness and inflammatory profiles of the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid and lungs. Read More

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http://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-019-38600-z
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-38600-zDOI Listing
February 2019
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Impact of Discharge Location After Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement on 1-Year Outcomes in Women: Results From the WIN-TAVI Registry.

Can J Cardiol 2019 Feb 12;35(2):199-207. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, New York, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Several clinical and procedural factors determine outcomes after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR), but data are scarce on the impact of post-TAVR discharge disposition on long-term outcomes. We sought to analyse whether discharge location after TAVR is associated with 1-year outcomes in women undergoing contemporary TAVR.

Methods: The Women's INternational Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation (WIN-TAVI) registry is the first all-female TAVR registry to study the safety and performance of contemporary TAVR in women (n = 1019). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cjca.2018.11.035DOI Listing
February 2019

Kinematic and kinetic differences between military patients with patellar tendinopathy and asymptomatic controls during single leg squats.

Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon) 2019 Feb 4;62:127-135. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

National Centre for Sport and Exercise Medicine, School of Sport Exercise and Health Sciences, Loughborough University, UK.

Background: Knee valgus alignment has been associated with lower-limb musculoskeletal injury. This case-control study aims to: assess biomechanical differences between patients with patellar tendinopathy and healthy controls.

Methods: 43 military participants (21 cases, 22 controls) were recorded using 3D-motion capture performing progressively demanding, small knee bend, single leg and single leg decline squats. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2019.02.001DOI Listing
February 2019

Cardiac Manifestations in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus: Clinical Correlates of Subclinical Echocardiographic Features.

Biomed Res Int 2019 10;2019:2437105. Epub 2019 Jan 10.

Rheumatology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt.

Objectives: This study aims to correlate subclinical echocardiographic features with the clinical, laboratory, and therapeutic profiles of the patients to characterize risks for systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) cardiac diseases.

Methods: The study included 59 SLE patients. Demographic data, disease characteristics, and current therapies were recorded, and the anthropometric measurements and routine laboratory tests were performed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/2437105DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6348873PMC
January 2019

Pulmonary Rehabilitation in Patients with Chronic Lung Impairment from Pulmonary Tuberculosis.

Cureus 2018 Nov 30;10(11):e3664. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Internal Medicine, Montefiore New Rochelle Hospital, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, New Rochelle, USA.

Setting Our study was conducted at a tertiary care center for respiratory illnesses (Viswanathan Chest Hospital, Vallabhbhai Patel Chest Institute (VPCI), University of Delhi, Delhi, India). Patients were enrolled in the study from the outpatient clinic. Objective To assess the effects of pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) in patients with chronic lung impairment from previously treated tuberculosis (CLIPTB), on exercise capacity (six-minute walk distance), pulmonary function tests, quality of life and markers of systemic inflammation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.3664DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6364956PMC
November 2018

Assessing the Risk Factors for Refractory Eosinophilic Esophagitis in Children and Adults.

Gastroenterol Res Pract 2019 13;2019:1654543. Epub 2019 Jan 13.

Cardiac/Pulmonary Rehabilitation, ASST Pini/CTO, Milan, Italy.

Background: Up to one-third of the patients suffering from eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) present a refractory form, as defined by nonresponsiveness in clinical, endoscopic, or histological assessment after first-line therapy. Several studies recently investigated which factors can influence the development of this disease, but very few analyzed the factors underlying refractory EoE.

Methods: Medical charts of patients affected by EoE were retrospectively evaluated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/1654543DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6348890PMC
January 2019

Benefits of pulmonary rehabilitation in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and interstitial lung disease with the same dyspnea severity.

Pulmonology 2019 Feb 9. Epub 2019 Feb 9.

Pulmonology Department, Centro Hospitalar Universitário Lisboa Norte, Lisboa, Portugal; Pulmonary Rehabilitation Unit, Hospital Pulido Valente, Centro Hospitalar Universitário Lisboa Norte, Lisboa, Portugal; Universidade de Lisboa, Faculdade de Medicina, Instituto de Saúde Ambiental (ISAMB), Portugal.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pulmoe.2019.01.002DOI Listing
February 2019

Mild Depression Predicts Long-Term Mortality After Acute Myocardial Infarction: A 25-Year Follow-Up.

Heart Lung Circ 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Medicine, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Vic, Australia; Department of Cardiology, Austin Hospital, Melbourne, Vic, Australia.

Background: Past studies have found that depression is an independent predictor of death in patients after acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Our aim was to investigate whether the adverse effect upon mortality of depression, including mild levels, persisted up to 25 years.

Methods: We used an historical design to study patients who had been consecutively admitted to hospital after transmural AMI during the 1980s and enrolled in an exercise training trial. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.hlc.2018.11.013DOI Listing
December 2018

Defining Exposures in Professional Football: Professional American-Style Football Players as an Occupational Cohort.

Orthop J Sports Med 2019 Feb 1;7(2):2325967119829212. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Department of Environmental Health, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

Studies of professional American football players have shown that football-related activities lead to acute injuries and may have long-term adverse health outcomes including osteoarthritis, neurocognitive impairment, and cardiovascular disease. However, the full complement of what constitutes professional football exposure has yet to be effectively articulated. Most likely, professional football exposure encompasses a multifaceted array of experiences including head impacts and joint stresses, long-term pain medication use, dietary restrictions, and strenuous training regimens. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2325967119829212DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6360475PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Postoperative pulmonary function changes according to the resected lobe: a 1-year follow-up study of lobectomized patients.

J Thorac Dis 2018 Dec;10(12):6891-6902

School of Allied Health Sciences, Kitasato University, Kanagawa, Japan.

Background: Pulmonary function and patient complaints appear to improve up to 12 months after lobectomy but long-term prospective studies based on clinical data are scarce. Improvement in pulmonary function may depend on the area and extent of the resection and the time from the operation. This prospective study aimed to determine pulmonary function changes according to the resected lobe. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/jtd.2018.11.108DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6344756PMC
December 2018

The effect of continuous positive airway pressure on pulmonary function may depend on the basal level of forced expiratory volume in 1 second.

J Thorac Dis 2018 Dec;10(12):6819-6827

Pulmonary Rehabilitation Unit, Istituti Clinici Scientifici Maugeri, Pavia, Italy.

Background: The coexistence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), also referred to as overlap syndrome (OS), is associated with a high rate of morbidity, COPD exacerbations and mortality. Treatment with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) has proven to significantly decrease the rate of these complications. However, data concerning the effect of CPAP on pulmonary function are scarce and conflicting. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/jtd.2018.10.103DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6344686PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

Effectiveness of a 4-week rehabilitation program on endothelial function, blood vessel elasticity in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

J Thorac Dis 2018 Dec;10(12):6482-6490

Department of Pulmonary Rehabilitation, National Koranyi Institute for Pulmonology, Budapest, Hungary.

Background: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) may have considerable cardiovascular risk. Physical activity has a paramount role in COPD treatment. Our aim was to evaluate the applicability of arteriograph in COPD and measure the effectiveness of pulmonary rehabilitation on endothelial function. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/jtd.2018.10.104DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6344670PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Splenic Artery Aneurysms, A Rare Complication of Type 1 Gaucher Disease: Report of Five Cases.

J Clin Med 2019 Feb 8;8(2). Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Reference Centre of Lysosomal Diseases, University Hospital Beaujon, 100 Boulevard du Général Leclerc, 92110 Clichy, France.

Type 1 Gaucher disease is a rare genetic lysosomal disorder due to acid betaglucosidase deficiency. The main features are thrombocytopenia, anemia, hepatosplenomegaly and complex skeletal disease. Complications include pulmonary hypertension, cirrhosis and splenic infarction; comorbidities, such as autoimmune phenomena, B-cell malignancies and Parkinson disease also occur. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/jcm8020219DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Impact of neurological level and spinal curvature on pulmonary function in adults with spina bifida.

J Pediatr Rehabil Med 2018 ;11(4):243-254

Human Engineering Research Laboratories, Veterans Affairs Pittsburgh Healthcare System, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.

Purpose: To describe pulmonary function and determine the impact of neurological level, scoliosis, and obesity on pulmonary function in people with spina bifida (SB).

Methods: Participants with SB (N= 29) (15 females; age, 30 ± 12 years) completed spirometry and body plethysmographic lung volume testing. Univariate and multivariate regression analyses were used to describe the factors associated with pulmonary function in people with SB. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/PRM-179451DOI Listing
January 2018
1 Read

Assessment of Pulmonary Function After Osteopathic Manipulative Treatment vs Standard Pulmonary Rehabilitation in a Healthy Population.

J Am Osteopath Assoc 2019 Feb 11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Context: Standard pulmonary rehabilitation (SPR) does not use osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT), but OMT has potential to improve lung function and patient perception of breathing.

Objective: To analyze the immediate effects of OMT and SPR techniques on pulmonary function using spirometry and subjective ratings in young, healthy persons.

Methods: Participants were healthy students recruited from the Lake Erie College of Osteopathic Medicine-Bradenton and were randomly assigned to either the OMT or SPR group. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7556/jaoa.2019.026DOI Listing
February 2019

Use of targeted memory reactivation enhances skill performance during a nap and enhances declarative memory during wake in healthy young adults.

J Sleep Res 2019 Feb 11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Department of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Science, University of Maryland, Baltimore, Maryland.

Sleep is an important component of motor memory consolidation and learning, providing a critical tool to enhance training and rehabilitation. Following initial skill acquisition, memory consolidation is largely a result of non-rapid eye movement sleep over either a full night or a nap. Targeted memory reactivation is one method used to enhance this critical process, which involves the pairing of an external cue with task performance at the time of initial motor skill acquisition, followed by replay of the same cue during sleep. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jsr.12832DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Investigation of the effect of kinesiotaping on the respiratory function and depression in male patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a prospective, randomized, controlled, and single-blind study.

Aging Male 2019 Feb 10:1-7. Epub 2019 Feb 10.

e Department of Pulmonary Diseases , Sureyyapasa Chest Disease and Thoracic Surgery Training and Research Hospital , Istanbul , Turkey.

Objectives: We aimed to investigate the effect of kinesiotaping (KT) on the respiratory parameters as measured by spirometry and depression in the chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients.

Methods: In this prospective, randomized, controlled, single-blind study 42 male patients with COPD diagnosis were randomized into two groups. In Group1 (n = 21) routine COPD medical treatment plus kinesiotaping and in Group2 (n = 21) only routine COPD medical treatment was given. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13685538.2019.1567703DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Lifestyle and impact on cardiovascular risk factor control in coronary patients across 27 countries: Results from the European Society of Cardiology ESC-EORP EUROASPIRE V registry.

Eur J Prev Cardiol 2019 Feb 10:2047487318825350. Epub 2019 Feb 10.

1 European Society of Cardiology, Sophia Antipolis, France.

Aims: The aim of this study was to determine whether the Joint European Societies guidelines on secondary cardiovascular prevention are followed in everyday practice.

Design: A cross-sectional ESC-EORP survey (EUROASPIRE V) at 131 centres in 81 regions in 27 countries.

Methods: Patients (<80 years old) with verified coronary artery events or interventions were interviewed and examined ≥6 months later. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/2047487318825350
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2047487318825350DOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads
2.675 Impact Factor

The Effect of Breathing Retraining Using Metronome-Based Acoustic Feedback on Exercise Endurance in COPD: A Randomized Trial.

Lung 2019 Feb 9. Epub 2019 Feb 9.

Stritch School of Medicine, Loyola University, Maywood, IL, USA.

Background: During exercise-training patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) can entrain their breathing pattern to visual-feedback cues as to achieve a slower respiratory rate and prolong exhalation. The result is an improvement in exercise tolerance and a reduction in dynamic hyperinflation. Acoustic stimuli, including metronome-generated acoustic stimuli, can entrain human movements. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00408-019-00198-4DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Effectiveness of manual therapy in COPD: A systematic review of randomised controlled trials.

Pulmonology 2019 Feb 6. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Istituti Clinici Scientifici Maugeri IRCCS, Respiratory Rehabilitation of the Institute of Lumezzane (BS), Italy.

Purpose: Manual therapy (MT) has been proposed in pulmonary rehabilitation programmes for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), but an updated systematic review of the evidence is lacking. We aimed to systematically review the effectiveness of MT interventions, alone or added to exercise, on lung function, exercise capacity and quality of life in COPD patients, compared to other therapies (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pulmoe.2018.12.008DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Coexistence an aberrant right subclavian artery with other congenital anomalies: case report and review of the literature.

Surg Radiol Anat 2019 Feb 8. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Medical Rehabilitation and Physiotherapy Department, Belarusian State Medical University, Minsk, Belarus.

Aberrant right subclavian artery is the most common aortic arch anomaly that frequently occurs in coexistence with other congenital cardiovascular anomalies. A 32-year-old male patient was hospitalized with ventricular septal defect, chronic heart failure NYHA class III, pulmonary arterial hypertension. Contrast-enhanced multislice computed tomography revealed membranous ventricular septal defect, persistent left superior vena cava, bicuspid aortic valve and aberrant right subclavian artery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00276-019-02206-xDOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Elite athletes have longer telomeres than sedentary subjects: A meta-analysis.

Exp Gerontol 2019 Feb 6. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Universidade Federal do Pará - UFPA, Pós-Graduação em Genética e Biologia Molecular, Rua Augusto Corrêa 1, Belém 66075-110, PA, Brazil.

The aim of this meta-analysis was to investigate the effects of high levels of physical activity (in elite athletes) and sedentary lifestyle on telomere length. Our meta-analysis was carried out using the following electronic databases: PubMed, Cochrane Library, LILACS, Science Direct and EBSCO. After study selection, nine articles were included in our meta-analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.exger.2019.01.023DOI Listing
February 2019

Alerting the illusion of smoking improves quality of life in Chinese male cancer survivors.

Cancer Med 2019 Feb 8. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Institute of Clinical Epidemiology, Key Laboratory of Public Health Safety, Ministry of Education, Key Lab of Health Technology Assessment of Ministry of Health, School of Public Health, Fudan University, Shanghai, China.

Objective: To examine the association between smoking status and quality of life (QOL) among cancer survivors in China.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed in 2725 male cancer survivors who were members of Cancer Rehabilitation Club and completed the questionnaires in 2013. Using linear regression models adjusted for confounders, we measured the association between QOL and former smokers as well as current (occasional, <10 cigarettes/day, and ≥ 10 cigarettes/day) smokers compared with never smokers. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/cam4.1999
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cam4.1999DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Computed tomography scan contribution to the diagnosis of community-acquired pneumonia.

Curr Opin Pulm Med 2019 Feb 5. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Department of Internal Medicine, Rehabilitation and Geriatrics, Internal Medicine and Rehabilitation Unit, Geneva University Hospitals and University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland.

Purpose Of Review: Pneumonia is a frequent disease mainly affecting older and multimorbid patients. Symptoms and signs lack sensitivity and specificity, and chest X-ray has poor accuracy. Hence, an initial diagnosis of pneumonia has limited predictive value for the presence of pneumonia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MCP.0000000000000567DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Low rates of participation and completion of pulmonary rehabilitation in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in primary health care.

Rev Med Chil 2018 Nov;146(11):1304-1308

Instituto de Investigación e Innovación en Salud, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad Central, Santiago, Chile.

Background: Only 6% of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) participate in pulmonary rehabilitation programs (PR) and only 50% of those who participate, complete these programs.

Aim: To determine rates of PR program participation and completion among patients with COPD in Chile.

Material And Methods: Analysis of a database available at the Ministry of Health, which included data of 277491 patients with COPD (55% females) and their participation in PR programs, between 2014 and 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0034-98872018001101304DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

[The personalized approach to the rehabilitation of a severely ill patient presenting with a cardio-surgical problem].

Vopr Kurortol Fizioter Lech Fiz Kult 2019 ;96(1):50-54

Research Institute of Complex Problems of Cardio-Vascular Diseases, Kemerovo, Russia.

The ever increasing number of the patients presenting with the cardio-surgical problems referred for surgery emphasizes the importance of the treatment of the cases of post-operative complications based on the personalized approach. The present article was designed to report a clinical case of the successful surgical treatment and rehabilitation of a patient presenting with the dysfunction of the bioprosthetic mitral valve and complications of the post-operative course in the form of polyorgan insufficiency with the predominance of respiratory failure. Special attention is given to the post-operative complications among which the respiratory insufficiency prevailed that made necessary the long period of artificial pulmonary ventilation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/kurort20199601150DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Development of a Web-Based Peer Support Program for Family Caregivers of Ventilator-Assisted Individuals Living in the Community: Protocol for a Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial.

JMIR Res Protoc 2019 Feb 6;8(2):e11827. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Lawrence S Bloomberg Faculty of Nursing, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada.

Background: Across Europe, Canada, Australia, and the United States, the prevalence of home mechanical ventilation (HMV) prevalence is 6.6-12.9 per 100,000. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/11827DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Cardiac output measurement during exercise in COPD: A comparison of dye dilution and impedance cardiography.

Clin Respir J 2019 Feb 5. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

1st Department of Critical Care Medicine and Pulmonary Services, GP Livanos and M Simou Laboratories, Medical School of Athens University, Evangelismos Hospital, Athens, Greece.

Introduction: Impedance cardiography (IC) derived from morphological analysis of the thoracic impedance signal is now commonly used for non-invasive assessment of cardiac output (CO) at rest and during exercise. However, in COPD, conflicting findings put its accuracy into question.

Objectives: We therefore compared concurrent CO measurements captured by IC (PhysioFlow : CO ) and by the indocyanine green dye dilution method (CO ) in patients with COPD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/crj.13002DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Working backward: Retrograde balloon angioplasty of atretic arteries in chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension.

Catheter Cardiovasc Interv 2019 Feb 5. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Department of Pediatrics, Children's Healthcare of Atlanta, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia.

We describe a patient with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension who presented to the pediatric cardiac catheterization laboratory for peripheral pulmonary artery recanalization and angioplasty. This case report outlines serial pulmonary arterial rehabilitation via a retrograde approach through intrapulmonary collateral arterial connections. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ccd.28115DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

National and State Estimates of COPD Morbidity and Mortality - United States, 2014-2015.

Chronic Obstr Pulm Dis 2018 Oct 12;5(4):324-333. Epub 2018 Oct 12.

COPD Foundation, Washington, DC.

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) remains a leading cause of disability and death in the United States. The "COPD in the United States" project gathered data about the impact of COPD to highlight variability across states and provide a single point of access to data for state decision makers, the public health community and advocates. This report provides a summary of COPD-related morbidity and mortality in the United States and individual states during 2014-2015 (some metrics contain data from other years). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15326/jcopdf.5.4.2018.0157DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6361472PMC
October 2018
1 Read

European Respiratory Society International Congress 2018: Allied Respiratory Professionals' report of highlighted sessions.

ERJ Open Res 2019 Feb 1;5(1). Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Dept of Physiotherapy, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia.

This article provides an overview of outstanding sessions that were supported by Assembly 9 during the recent European Respiratory Society International Congress in Paris, France. Session content was mainly targeted at allied health professionals such as respiratory physiologists, respiratory physiotherapists and respiratory nurses. Recent developments and novel findings related to pulmonary function testing, respiratory muscle function assessments and treatment, and multidimensional and multidisciplinary approaches to the assessment and management of dyspnoea were the focus of these sessions and are summarised here. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1183/23120541.00182-2018DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6355977PMC
February 2019
3 Reads

The effects of five days of intensive preoperative inspiratory muscle training on postoperative complications and outcome in patients having cardiac surgery: a randomized controlled trial.

Clin Rehabil 2019 Feb 6:269215519828212. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

1 Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, TEDA International Cardiovascular Hospital, Cardiovascular Clinical College of Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin, China.

Objective:: To determine the prophylactic efficacy of short-term intensive preoperative inspiratory muscle training on the incidence of postoperative pulmonary complications in patients scheduled for cardiac surgery.

Design:: Single-blind, randomized controlled pilot study.

Setting:: TEDA International Cardiovascular Hospital, China. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0269215519828212DOI Listing
February 2019
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Emerging role of long non-coding RNA MALAT1 in predicting clinical outcomes of patients with digestive system malignancies: A meta-analysis.

Oncol Lett 2019 Feb 28;17(2):2159-2170. Epub 2018 Dec 28.

Key Lab of Modern Toxicology of Ministry of Education, School of Public Health, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 211166, P.R. China.

Digestive system malignancies are the most common cancer types worldwide and exhibit an extremely low overall 5-year survival rate. Therefore, clinically applicable biomarkers for predicting clinical outcome are urgently required. Metastasis-associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript 1 (MALAT1) is abnormally expressed in several cancer types. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3892/ol.2018.9875DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6350192PMC
February 2019
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Baduanjin exercise intervention for community adults at risk of ischamic stroke: A randomized controlled trial.

Sci Rep 2019 Feb 4;9(1):1240. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Collaborative Innovation Center for Rehabilitation Technology, Fujian University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Fuzhou, 350122, China.

The aim of current study was to assess the effects of Baduanjin exercise on cerebrovascular function, cardiac structure and cardiac function, static pulmonary function, traditional risk factors of CVD and the related psychological outcomes in older community adults at risk for ischaemic stroke. A randomized controlled trial was conducted in three community between November 2013 and October 2015. Older community-dwelling adults (N = 170) were randomly allocated into either a Baduanjin training (5 × 60 min/weekly) or control group who kept their unaltered lifestyle during a 12-week intervention period. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-37544-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6362011PMC
February 2019
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Utilising a Data Capture Tool to Populate a Cardiac Rehabilitation Registry: A Feasibility Study.

Heart Lung Circ 2019 Jan 28. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Melbourne School of Population and Global Health, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Vic, Australia.

Background: Clinical registries are effective for monitoring clinical practice, yet manual data collection can limit their implementation and sustainability. The objective of this study was to assess the feasibility of using a data capture tool to collect cardiac rehabilitation (CR) minimum variables from electronic hospital administration databases to populate a new CR registry in Australia.

Methods: Two CR facilities located in Melbourne, Australia participated, providing data on 42 variables including: patient socio-demographics, risk factors and co-morbidities, CR program information (e. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S14439506193003
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.hlc.2018.12.012DOI Listing
January 2019
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Oxygen desaturation during the 6-min walk test as a risk for osteoporosis in non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis.

BMC Pulm Med 2019 Feb 4;19(1):28. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Department of Thoracic Medicine, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, 199 Tun-Hwa North Road, Taipei, 105, Taiwan.

Background: Osteoporosis is a common comorbidity in non-cystic fibrosis (non-CF) bronchiectasis patients. We determined whether desaturation during 6-min walk test (6MWT) can be a predictor for osteoporosis risk.

Methods: This was a retrospective cross-sectional study. Read More

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https://bmcpulmmed.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12890
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12890-019-0794-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6360688PMC
February 2019
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[Clinical application evaluation and revision suggestions of clinical practice guideline on traditional Chinese medicine therapy alone or combined with antibiotics for community acquired pneumonia].

Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 2018 Dec;43(24):4759-4764

Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Tianjin 300193, China.

To clarify the clinical application of the group standard (T/CACM 1035-2017) of the Chinese Society of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), the clinical practice guideline on traditional chinese medicine therapy alone or combined with community acquired pneumonia, and to understand the clinical applicability of the Guideline. The clinical workers trained in terms of the Guideline in hospitals at all levels in China were selected as the research objects. A total of 494 questionnaires on application evaluation and 511 questionnaires on applicability evaluation were collected to construct the database of the post-effect evaluation of the Guideline. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.19540/j.cnki.cjcmm.20181009.006DOI Listing
December 2018
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The Role of Manual Therapy in Patients with COPD.

Healthcare (Basel) 2019 Feb 1;7(1). Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Department of Physiotherapy, School of Primary and Allied Health Care, Monash University, Victoria, 3199, Australia.

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a respiratory condition associated with altered chest wall mechanics and musculoskeletal changes. In this narrative review, we describe the underlying musculoskeletal abnormalities in COPD, the reasons for applying manual therapy techniques, their method of application and clinical effects. A variety of manual therapy techniques have been applied in individuals with COPD, including soft tissue therapy, spinal and joint manipulation and mobilisation, and diaphragmatic release techniques. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/healthcare7010021DOI Listing
February 2019
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Pediatric Dental Surgery Under General Anesthesia: Uncooperative Children.

Anesth Prog 2018 ;65(4):225-230

Dentist Anesthesiologist, Virginia Dental and Anesthesia Associates, Richmond, Virginia.

Dental treatment of young pediatric patients can be confounded by lack of cooperation for dental rehabilitation procedures and even examination and/or radiographs. With the recent US Food and Drug Administration warning applied to many anesthetic/sedative agents for children less than 3 years old, a retrospective review of general anesthesia (GA) cases from 1 private pediatric dental practice was studied for age, gender, body mass index, anesthetic duration, airway management used, extent of dental surgical treatment, recovery time, and cardiac/pulmonary complications. For the 2016 calendar year, 351 consecutive GA cases were identified with patients aged 2-13 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2344/anpr-65-03-04DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6318733PMC
January 2018
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Mobile Phone App-Based Pulmonary Rehabilitation for Chemotherapy-Treated Patients With Advanced Lung Cancer: Pilot Study.

JMIR Mhealth Uhealth 2019 Feb 4;7(2):e11094. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Department of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Background: Advanced lung cancer patients often have chronic lung disease with reduced exercise capacities and various symptoms leading to altered quality of life (QoL). No studies have assessed pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) employing a mobile app and an Internet of Things device in advanced lung cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy.

Objective: This study aimed to determine the feasibility and efficacy of smartphone app-based PR on exercise capacity, symptom management, and QoL in patients with advanced lung cancer undergoing chemotherapy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/11094DOI Listing
February 2019
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Comprehensive Exercise Capacity and Quality of Life Assessments Predict Mortality in Patients with Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension.

Acta Cardiol Sin 2019 Jan;35(1):55-64

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Kaohsiung Veterans General Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.

Background: The 6-minute walk test (6MWT) and cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET) are exercise tests associated with physical function, quality of life and hemodynamic data in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). This study was conducted to assess correlations between exercise capacity, quality of life and disease functional classification, and to analyze the value of comprehensive assessments in predicting mortality in patients with PAH.

Methods: Fifty-four patients with PAH were enrolled. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6515/ACS.201901_35(1).20180608ADOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6342835PMC
January 2019
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The role of physical activity in the context of pulmonary rehabilitation.

COPD 2019 Feb 4:1-8. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

a Department of Rehabilitation Sciences , KU Leuven - University of Leuven , Leuven , Belgium.

Pulmonary rehabilitation is an important treatment for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Although this intervention leads to large and clinically meaningful improvements in exercise capacity and quality of life, the effect of pulmonary rehabilitation on physical activity is controversial. Physical activity is lower in patients with COPD as compared to healthy age-matched controls and it is related to important health outcomes (e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15412555.2018.1563060DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read