J Clin Med 2022 Jun 7;11(12). Epub 2022 Jun 7.
Fondazione Toscana G. Monasterio, 56124 Pisa, Italy.
The non-invasive estimation of right atrial pressure () would be a key advancement in several clinical scenarios, in which the knowledge of central venous filling pressure is vital for patients' management. The echocardiographic estimation of RAP proposed by Guidelines, based on inferior vena cava (IVC) size and respirophasic collapsibility, is exposed to operator and patient dependent variability. We propose novel methods, based on semi-automated edge-tracking of IVC size and cardiac collapsibility (cardiac caval index-CCI), tested in a monocentric retrospective cohort of patients undergoing echocardiography and right heart catheterization (RHC) within 24 h in condition of clinical and therapeutic stability (170 patients, age 64 ± 14, male 45%, with pulmonary arterial hypertension, heart failure, valvular heart disease, dyspnea, or other pathologies). Read More