1,000,024 results match your criteria Public Health Reports[Journal]


Mortality Trends of Liver Diseases from 1981 to 2016 and the Projection to 2035 in Taiwan: An Age-Period-Cohort Analysis.

Liver Int 2018 Dec 16. Epub 2018 Dec 16.

Institute of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, College of Public Health, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan.

Background: Projections on liver diseases mortality can provide a basis for evaluating the World Health Organization's "25 by 25" goal and can help health care systems design appropriate control strategies. This study evaluated whether the 25 by 25 goal can be achieved in Taiwan and discussed possible future control strategies.

Methods: Age-period-cohort models are used to estimate the mortality trends of liver diseases from 1981 to 2016 and project these trends to 2035. Read More

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December 2018

Maternal anaemia and maternal, foetal and neonatal outcomes in a prospective cohort study in India and Pakistan.

BJOG 2018 Dec 16. Epub 2018 Dec 16.

Thomas Jefferson University, 130 S 9th St, Philadelphia, PA, 19107, USA.

Objective: To describe the association of maternal anaemia with maternal, foetal and neonatal outcomes.

Design: Prospective cohort study.

Setting: Rural India and Pakistan. Read More

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December 2018

Characteristics of dietary intake among adult patients in hospitals in a lower middle-income country in Southeast Asia.

Nutr Diet 2018 Dec 16. Epub 2018 Dec 16.

School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Faculty of Health, Queensland University of Technology Australia, Kelvin Grove, Queensland, Australia.

Aim: Low-dietary intake is a common problem and cause of malnutrition during hospitalisation. This study aims to determine the current dietary intake and food sources of hospitalised adults in Ho Chi Minh City.

Methods: Participants were adult patients from six general public hospitals in a multi-site survey undertaken in 2016. Read More

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December 2018

Deficiencies in postoperative surveillance for veterans with gastrointestinal cancer.

J Surg Oncol 2018 Dec 16. Epub 2018 Dec 16.

Department of Surgery, William S. Middleton Memorial Veterans Hospital, Madison, Wisconsin.

Background And Objectives: National guidelines for gastrointestinal (GI) cancers offer surveillance algorithms to facilitate detection of recurrent disease, yet adherence rates are unknown. We sought to characterize postoperative surveillance patterns for veterans with GI cancer at a tertiary care Veterans Affairs Hospital.

Methods: A single-center retrospective cohort study identified patients who underwent surgical resection for colorectal, gastroesophageal or hepatopancreaticobiliary malignancy from 2010-2016. Read More

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December 2018

From Endogenous Compounds as Biomarkers to Plasma-Derived Nanovesicles as Liquid Biopsy; Has the Golden Age of Translational PK-ADME-DDI Science Finally Arrived?

Clin Pharmacol Ther 2018 Dec 16. Epub 2018 Dec 16.

College of Medicine and Public Health, Flinders University, Adelaide, Australia.

It is now established that a drug's pharmacokinetics-absorption-distribution-metabolism-excretion-drug-drug interaction (PK-ADME-DDI) profile can be modulated by age, disease, and genotype. In order to facilitate subject phenotyping and clinical DDI assessment, therefore, various endogenous compounds (in plasma and urine) have been pursued as drug-metabolizing enzyme and transporter biomarkers. Compared to biomarkers, however, the topic of circulating extracellular vesicles as "liquid biopsy" has received little attention within the ADME community; most organs secrete nanovesicles (e. Read More

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December 2018

Overcoming bioethical, legal, and hereditary barriers to mitochondrial replacement therapy in the USA.

J Assist Reprod Genet 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Exergen Corporation, Watertown, MA, USA.

The purpose of the paper is to explore novel means to overcome the controversial ban in the USA against mitochondrial replacement therapy, a form of IVF, with the added step of replacing a woman's diseased mutated mitochondria with a donor's healthy mitochondria to prevent debilitating and often fatal mitochondrial diseases. Long proven effective in non-human species, MRT recently performed in Mexico resulted in the birth of a healthy baby boy. We explore the ethics of the ban, the concerns over hereditability of mitochondrial disease and its mathematical basis, the overlooked role of Mitochondrial Eve, the financial burden of mitochondrial diseases for taxpayers, and a woman's reproductive rights. Read More

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December 2018

Gut microbiome approaches to treat obesity in humans.

Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 2018 Dec 16. Epub 2018 Dec 16.

Department of Food and Nutrition, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, State University of São Paulo (UNESP), Araraquara, SP, Brazil.

The rising worldwide prevalence of obesity has become a major concern having many implications for the public health and the economy. It is well known that many factors such as lifestyle, increased intake of foods high in fat and sugar and a host's genetic profile can lead to obesity. Besides these factors, recent studies have pointed to the gut microbiota composition as being responsible for the development of obesity. Read More

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December 2018

Trials with proxy-reported outcomes registered on the Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry (ANZCTR).

Qual Life Res 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Department of Health Services, Policy & Practice, Brown University School of Public Health, Providence, USA.

Aims: A proxy is someone other than a patient who reports a patient's outcomes as if they are the patient. Due to known discordance with patient reports, proxies are often not recommended in clinical trials; however, proxies may be needed in certain research contexts. We aimed to identify and describe trials registered on the Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry (ANZCTR) with proxy-reported endpoints. Read More

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December 2018

Comparative effectiveness of Sumaq and Neem extract cream, Eniloconazole and glycerine iodine on dermatophytosis in Arabian horses: a randomized clinical trial.

Trop Anim Health Prod 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Mansoura University, Mansoura, 35516, Egypt.

Dermatophytosis is a contagious fungal disease among animal communities. The major concerns of dermatophytosis are cost of treatment, difficulty of control, and the public health consequences. The objective of the present study was to compare the clinical efficacy of Sumaq and Neem extract cream with that of traditional treatments, eniloconazole and glycerine iodine, on dermatophytosis in Arabian horses. Read More

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December 2018

Young adult e-cigarette users: perceptions of stress, body image, and weight control.

Eat Weight Disord 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Westat Cancer Prevention and Control Program, Georgetown University Medical Center, 1600 Research Boulevard, Rockville, MD, 20850-3129, USA.

Objective: With the rise in electronic cigarette (ENDS) use among US young adults, more research is needed on expectations for use and perceptions related to body image, weight control, and stress relief.

Methods: College students (N = 230; modal age 21 years; 68% female) completed an online survey assessing cigarette smoking and ENDS, dieting and body image, perceptions about flavors, stress, weight gain prevention, and appetite regulation.

Sample Characteristics: Dual use (cigarette and ENDS) was reported by n = 69 (30. Read More

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December 2018

Unhealthy lifestyle and oxidative damage in childhood obesity.

Eat Weight Disord 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Dietetics and Clinical Nutrition Laboratory, Department of Public Health, Experimental and Forensic Medicine, University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy.

Purpose: Oxidized LDL cholesterol (oxLDL) has been considered as a sensor of oxidative stress (OS) in childhood obesity. We integrated and related our oxLDL existing results previously assessed in overweight/obese children to lifestyle variables to investigate OS-related lifestyle variables.

Methods: 178 Caucasian children/adolescents have been evaluated and according to BMI percentiles have been classified as normal weight (BMI < 75th); overweight (BMI 75-97th) and obese (BMI > 97th). Read More

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December 2018

Residential Mobility and Flourishing Among United States School-Age Children, 2011/2012 National Survey of Children's Health.

Matern Child Health J 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Hassenfeld Child Health Innovation Institute, Brown University School of Public Health, Providence, USA.

Objectives To investigate the association of residential mobility with flourishing among school-age children. Methods Data from the 2011/2012 National Survey of Children's Health were used to examine parent/caregiver-reported information on flourishing and residential mobility for children age 6-17 (N = 63,333). Residential mobility was the number of times the child moved categorized as: none, 1-2, and 3+. Read More

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December 2018

Parental awareness of newborn bloodspot screening in Ireland.

Ir J Med Sci 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Graduate Entry Medical School and Centre for Interventions in Infection, Inflammation & Immunity (4i), University of Limerick, Limerick, Ireland.

Background: There is little known regarding how familiar parents are with the newborn bloodspot screening (NBS) test or how well parents of a child with a screen-detected condition understand that condition initially.

Aim: The study aim was to examine parental NBS awareness and conditions screened.

Methods: Two studies were conducted: [1] Parents of children with cystic fibrosis (CF) detected via NBS and subsequently, diagnosed (n = 124) completed a telephone questionnaire regarding information they received at the time of NBS. Read More

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December 2018

Religiosity and Beliefs About the Transmission of Cancer, Chemotherapy, and Radiation Through Physical Contact in Saudi Arabia.

J Relig Health 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Department of Psychiatry, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

We examined relationships between religiosity and Saudi cancer patients' beliefs about the spread of cancer, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy through close physical contact. Surveyed were 64 patients seen in university oncology clinics. Assessed were beliefs about the spread of cancer and its treatments, along with religious, demographic, social, psychological, and cancer-related characteristics. Read More

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December 2018

Are We Serving the Most At-Risk Communities? Examining the Reach of a South Carolina Home Visiting Program.

J Community Health 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Children's Trust of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, USA.

In addition to individual-level characteristics, characteristics of the social and physical environments in which individuals reside may adversely impact health outcomes. Careful attention to the role of "place" can result in programs that successfully deliver services to those most at risk. This retrospective, cross-sectional study used geocoded residential addresses from 3090 households enrolled in a South Carolina (SC) home visiting program, 2013-2016, and corresponding years of data for maternal and child health outcomes obtained from vital records data. Read More

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December 2018

Perceptions of dietary factors promoting and preventing nephrolithiasis: a cross-sectional survey.

World J Urol 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Department of Urology, NYU Langone Hospital-Brooklyn, Brooklyn, NY, USA.

Objective: To assess knowledge of both promoting and preventive dietary factors on nephrolithiasis in a diverse patient population. Precipitating factors of kidney stone disease include diet, lifestyle, socioeconomic status, and race/ethnicity. However, patient awareness of these influences is poorly described. Read More

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December 2018

Effects of posterior scleral reinforcement in pathological myopia: a 3-year follow-up study.

Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Department of Ophthalmology, the Fourth Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University, Eye Hospital of China Medical University, Key Laboratory of Lens Research of Liaoning Province, Shenyang, China.

Purpose: To assess the effects of posterior sclera reinforcement (PSR) in refractive outcomes, choroidal thickness (CT), and retinal thickness (RT) during a 3-year follow-up in eyes with pathological myopia.

Methods: Thirty-eight eyes of 26 adults with pathological myopia who underwent PSR (the PSR group) and 30 eyes of 18 adults with matched age and myopia who did not receive PSR treatment (the control group) were followed up with measurements of axial length (AL), spherical equivalent (SE), best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), CT, and RT at baseline, 1 and 3 months, and 1, 2, and 3 years postoperatively. Data were analyzed by repeated measures analysis of variance and independent-samples t test. Read More

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December 2018

Histological dating of subdural hematoma in infants.

Int J Legal Med 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Forensic Department, APHM, La Timone, 264 rue St Pierre, 13385, Marseille, Cedex 05, France.

Background: After infant deaths due to non-accidental head injury (NAHI) with subdural hematoma (SDH), the magistrates ask experts to date the traumatic event. To do so, the expert only has tools based on adult series of NAHI. We aimed to develop an SDH dating system applicable to infants aged under 3 years. Read More

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December 2018

Administrative healthcare data applied to fracture risk assessment.

Osteoporos Int 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.

Fracture risk scores generated from population-based administrative healthcare data showed comparable or better discrimination than the Fracture Risk Assessment Tool (FRAX) scores computed without bone mineral density for predicting incident major osteoporotic fracture. Administrative data may be useful to identify individuals at high fracture risk at the population level.

Purpose: To evaluate the discrimination of fracture risk scores defined using inputs available from administrative data for predicting incident major osteoporotic fracture (MOF) and hip fracture (HF) alone. Read More

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December 2018

The perception of psychosocial risks through the HSE questionnaire of a population of neurophysiology technicians: a cross-sectional study.

Clin Ter 2018 Nov-Dec;169(6):e281-e286

Department of Public Health and Infectious Diseases, University of Rome "Sapienza", Rome, Italy.

Objectives: The Neurophysiopathology Technicians (NTs) are exposed to psychosocial risks, exposure to psychosocial risks that cause related work stress has been related to numerous physical and mental illnesses. The aim of this study is to evaluate the perception of psychosocial risks in a population of this population.

Materials And Methods: 54 technicians of Neurophysiopathology were enrolled, consisting of 23 males (42,6 %) and 31 females (57,4 %). Read More

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December 2018

"Getting to zero" HIV/AIDS requires effective addressing of HIV issues in LGBT community.

Clin Ter 2018 Nov-Dec;169(6):e269-e271

Department of Microbiology, Panjab University, Chandigarh, India.

This communication is regarding the necessity to address the HIV-related needs of LGBTQIA+ community (Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender/transsexual, Queer/Questioning, Intersex, Asexuality, and others) for attaining the 'GETTING TO ZERO' theme for zero new HIV infections, zero AIDS-related deaths and zero discrimination. Most of the times, prevention of HIV/AIDS is talked about in terms of faithfulness to one's partner, use of protective devices such as condoms, pre and post exposure prophylaxis, using anti-retroviral therapies and use of microbicides, behavior change etc. HIV-related issues are however, one of the pertinent issues that needs to be effectively addressed in the LGBTQIA+ community. Read More

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December 2018
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Official controls regarding artisanal ice cream shops: public health policies and consumer protection in the Italian and European legislative frameworks.

Ann Ig 2019 Jan-Feb;31(1):76-85

Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences and Translational Medicine, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy.

Ice cream is a widely enjoyed food that is especially popular during summer. To ensure it is safe and ready-to-eat for consumers, legislation imposes a series of obligations for food business operators, and for competent authorities that have to carry out official controls, including official sampling. This article reviews the general and specific requirements applicable to the premises where ice cream is produced, concerning aspects related to health notification obligations and to implementing and maintaining procedures based on the principles of the Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point system. Read More

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December 2018

Effectiveness of an educational intervention on seasonal influenza vaccination campaign adherence among healthcare workers of the Palermo University Hospital, Italy.

Ann Ig 2019 Jan-Feb;31(1):35-44

Department of Science for Health Promotion and Mother to Child Care "G. D'Alessandro", University of Palermo, Italy.

Introduction: Healthcare workers are continuously exposed to the risk of being infected by influenza viruses during their work, thus representing a threat especially for fragile patients. Although the Italian Ministry of Health strongly recommends influenza vaccination for all HCWs, coverage levels in Italy are still far from the expected. Several studies report that one of the preferred strategies to improve vaccination coverage among Healthcare Workers is improving vaccination knowledge through specific multidisciplinary courses. Read More

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December 2018

Microbiological surveillance of flexible bronchoscopes after a high-level disinfection with peracetic acid: preliminary results from an Italian teaching hospital.

Ann Ig 2019 Jan-Feb;31(1):13-20

Hygiene and Health Organization, Hospital "Careggi", Florence, Italy.

Background: Flexible bronchoscopes are heat labile, complex and difficult to clean, and some nosocomial outbreaks related to bronchoscopy have been reported in literature. The aim of our study was to determine, through a systematic monitoring, whether bronchoscopes' cleaning and disinfection procedures have been correctly adopted by health operators.

Methods: We conducted a 19 months-long prospective study in the Unit of Pulmonology at Careggi Teaching Hospital (Florence, Italy), analyzing endoscopes that were reprocessed through a high-level disinfection procedure. Read More

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December 2018

Strategies to control antibiotic resistance: results from a survey in Italian children's hospitals.

Ann Ig 2019 Jan-Feb;31(1):3-12

Medical Direction, Bambino Gesù Children's Hospital, Rome, Italy.

Background: Antimicrobial stewardship programs and comprehensive infection control programs represent the main strategies to limit the emergence and transmission of multi-drug resistant bacteria in hospital settings. The purpose of this study was to describe strategies implemented in Italian children's hospitals for controlling antibiotic resistance.

Study Design: Cross sectional multicenter study. Read More

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December 2018

Prolactin and Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH) Levels and Sexual Dysfunction in Patients with Schizophrenia Treated with Conventional Antipsychotic Medication: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Med Sci Monit 2018 Dec 16;24:9136-9143. Epub 2018 Dec 16.

Sixth Affiliated Hospital, Kunming Medical University, Yuxi, Yunnan, China (mainland).

BACKGROUND This study aimed to investigate the relationship between serum profiles of prolactin and thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) and sexual dysfunction in patients with schizophrenia treated with conventional antipsychotic medication. MATERIAL AND METHODS A hospital-based cross-sectional study included 118 patients, age range 18-57 years (55 men, 63 women), with a confirmed diagnosis of schizophrenia. All patients were stable after antipsychotic treatment. Read More

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December 2018

Effects of Early Initiation of Solid Versus Liquid Diet after Endoscopic Submucosal Dissection on Quality of Life and Postoperative Outcomes: A Prospective Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial.

Digestion 2018 Dec 14:1-10. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Gastroenterology, Asahi General Hospital, Chiba, Japan.

Background/aims: Feeding recommendations after endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for gastric neoplasms are not established and based on clinical experience.

Methods: This was a prospective pilot randomized controlled trial. Patients undergoing ESD for gastric neoplasms were randomly assigned to solid (n = 50) or liquid diet (n = 50) groups. Read More

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December 2018

The Relationship between Weight Status and Depressive Symptoms in a Population Sample with Obesity: The Mediating Role of Appearance Evaluation.

Obes Facts 2018 Dec 14;11(6):514-523. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Integrated Research and Treatment Center (IFB) AdiposityDiseases, University Hospital Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany.

Objectives: Identifying the underlying pathways between obesity and depression and which individuals with obesity are at risk for developing depressive symptoms is important for improving prevention and treatment efforts. The current study investigated appearance evaluation as a potential mediator of the relationship between obesity and depression.

Methods: A total of 1,000 participants with a self-reported BMI greater than 30 kg/m2 were interviewed about their experiences with an elevated body weight and completed measures on appearance evaluation and depression. Read More

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December 2018

Insufficient sleep and fitness to drive in shift workers: a systematic literature review protocol.

Inj Prev 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Faculty of Health Sciences, Western University, London, Ontario, Canada.

Background: The majority of shift workers experience insufficient sleep as a result of their employment. Insufficient sleep is associated with impaired neurocognitive functioning, affecting key skills required for driving, resulting in shift workers experiencing a disproportionate burden of RTC injuries and fatalities. Yet, to our knowledge, no systematic literature review (SLR) exists to critically appraise and synthesise evidence on the determinants of fitness to drive (assessed on-road) and driving performance (assessed in a driving simulator) in shift workers with insufficient sleep. Read More

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December 2018

Work absence due to compensable RTCs in Victoria, Australia.

Inj Prev 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Introduction: RTC burden is commonly measured using fatality or hospitalisation statistics. However, non-fatal and less severe injuries contribute substantial economic and human costs, including work absence. In Victoria, Australia, two major compensation systems provide income support to employed people injured in RTCs; workers' compensation (if RTC occurred during work) and an RTC-specific compensation system. Read More

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December 2018

Cohort effects of tobacco control policy: evidence to support a tobacco-free norm through smoke-free policy.

Tob Control 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Department of Public Health Science, Graduate School of Public Health, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea.

Background: The prevalence of cigarette smoking among South Korean adolescents has decreased markedly over the past decade, which may indicate a norm shift between generations of adolescents. The present study aims to identify the effect of banning smoking in public places and increasing cigarette prices on current adolescent smoking, and to determine whether these policies additionally resulted in cohort effects.

Methods: Repeated cross-sectional survey data, nationally representative of South Korean adolescents, were used. Read More

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December 2018

Illicit cigarette trade in Metropolitan Santiago de Chile.

Tob Control 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Economic and Health Policy Research, American Cancer Society, Atlanta, Georgia, USA.

Objective: To estimate with a rigorous statistical methodology and independent from the tobacco industry the prevalence and consumption of illicit cigarettes in Metropolitan Santiago de Chile, in addition to identifying the variables statistically associated with choosing to smoke illicit cigarettes.

Methods: Surveys of 851 smokers who reside in the Metropolitan Santiago were collected using a sampling design that combined a randomisation of high-traffic points and a quota sampling to approximate the smoking population. Photographs of packs along with questions on where they were bought were used to define whether cigarettes were licit or illicit. Read More

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December 2018

Impact of India's National Tobacco Control Programme on bidi and cigarette consumption: a difference-in-differences analysis.

Tob Control 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Health Promotion Division, Public Health Foundation of India, Gurugram, India.

Background: Despite the importance of decreasing tobacco use to achieve mortality reduction targets of the Sustainable Development Goals in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs), evaluations of tobacco control programmes in these settings are scarce. We assessed the impacts of India's National Tobacco Control Programme (NTCP), as implemented in 42 districts during 2007-2009, on household-reported consumption of bidis and cigarettes.

Methods: Secondary analysis of cross-sectional data from nationally representative Household Consumer Expenditure Surveys (1999-2000; 2004-2005 and 2011-2012). Read More

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December 2018

PsAID12 Provisionally Endorsed at OMERACT 2018 as Core Outcome Measure to Assess Psoriatic Arthritis-specific Health-related Quality of Life in Clinical Trials.

J Rheumatol 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

From the Division of Rheumatology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore; Department of Medicine, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, North Carolina; Kezar Life Sciences, South San Francisco; Division of Immunology, Stanford University, Palo Alto, California; Rheumatology Research, Swedish Medical Center and University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, Washington; Global Patient Outcomes and Real World Evidence, Eli Lilly and Co., Indianapolis, Indiana; University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Department of Dermatology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA; Royal Prince Alfred Hospital Medical Centre, Sydney, Australia; Department of Rheumatology and Immunology, Singapore General Hospital, Singapore; Royal National Hospital for Rheumatic Diseases, Bath; Nuffield Department of Orthopaedics, Rheumatology and Musculoskeletal Sciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK; Musculoskeletal Statistics Unit: The Parker Institute, Bispebjerg and Frederiksberg Hospital, Copenhagen; Department of Rheumatology, Odense University Hospital, Odense, Denmark; Sorbonne Université; Rheumatology Department, Pitié Salpêtrière Hospital, AP-HP, Paris, France; VU Medical Centre, Amsterdam, the Netherlands; Global Medical Affairs, Pfizer Inc., Montreal, Quebec; Clinical Epidemiology Program, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute; Division of Rheumatology, Department of Medicine, and School of Epidemiology and Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ottawa; Musculoskeletal Health and Outcomes Research, St. Michael's Hospital and Institute for Work and Health; Department of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy, Rehabilitation Sciences Institute, Institute for Health Policy Management and Evaluation, University of Toronto; University of Toronto; Krembil Research Institute; Psoriatic Arthritis Program, University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Department of Rheumatology, St. Vincent's University Hospital and Conway Institute for Biomolecular Research, University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland. AMO is a Jerome L. Greene Foundation Scholar and is supported in part by a research grant from the US National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases of the US National Institutes of Health under award number P30-AR070254 (Core B), a Rheumatology Research Foundation Scientist Development award, and a Staurulakis Family Discovery award. A.M. Orbai, MD, MHS, Division of Rheumatology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine; R. Holland, MB, ChB, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital Medical Centre; Y.Y. Leung, MD, PhD, Department of Rheumatology and Immunology, Singapore General Hospital; W. Tillett, BSc, MBChB, PhD, MRCP, Royal National Hospital for Rheumatic Diseases; N. Goel, MD, Patient Research Partner, Department of Medicine, Duke University School of Medicine, and Kezar Life Sciences; R. Christensen, BSc, MSc, PhD, Professor of Biostatistics and Clinical Epidemiology, and Musculoskeletal Statistics Unit: The Parker Institute, Bispebjerg and Frederiksberg Hospital, and Department of Rheumatology, Odense University Hospital; N. McHugh, MBChB, MD, FRCP, FRCPath, Royal National Hospital for Rheumatic Diseases; L. Gossec, MD, PhD, Sorbonne Université, and Rheumatology Department, Pitié Salpêtrière Hospital, AP-HP; M. de Wit, PhD, Patient Research Partner, VU Medical Centre; P. Højgaard, MD, The Parker Institute, Bispebjerg and Frederiksberg Hospital; L.C. Coates, MBChB, PhD, Nuffield Department of Orthopaedics, Rheumatology and Musculoskeletal Sciences, University of Oxford; P.J. Mease, MD, Rheumatology Research, Swedish Medical Center and University of Washington School of Medicine; J. Birt, PharmD, Global Patient Outcomes and Real World Evidence, and Eli Lilly and Co.; L. Fallon, PhD, Global Medical Affairs, Pfizer Inc.; O. FitzGerald, MD, FRCPI, FRCP(UK), Newman Clinical Research Professor, Department of Rheumatology, St. Vincent's University Hospital, and Conway Institute for Biomolecular Research, University College Dublin; A. Ogdie, MD, MSCE, University of Pennsylvania; B. Shea, PhD, Clinical Epidemiology Program, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, and School of Epidemiology and Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ottawa; V. Strand, MD, Division of Immunology, Stanford University; K. Callis Duffin, MD, Department of Dermatology, University of Utah; P. Tugwell, Division of Rheumatology, Department of Medicine, and School of Epidemiology and Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ottawa, and Clinical Epidemiology Program, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute; D. Beaton, BScOT, PhD, Musculoskeletal Health and Outcomes Research, St. Michael's Hospital and Institute for Work and Health, and Department of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy, Rehabilitation Sciences Institute, and the Institute for Health Policy Management and Evaluation, University of Toronto; D.D. Gladman, MD, FRCPC, Professor of Medicine, University of Toronto, and Senior Scientist, Krembil Research Institute, and Director, Psoriatic Arthritis Program, University Health Network. Address correspondence to Dr. A.M. Orbai, MD, MHS, Assistant Professor of Medicine, Rheumatology, Director Psoriatic Arthritis Program, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Division of Rheumatology, 5200 Eastern Ave., MFL Center Tower Suite 4100, Baltimore, Maryland 21224, USA. E-mail: Accepted for publication November 6, 2018.

Objective: The Group for Research and Assessment of Psoriasis and Psoriatic Arthritis (GRAPPA) and Outcome Measures in Rheumatology (OMERACT) psoriatic arthritis (PsA) working group is developing a Core Outcome Measurement Set for PsA clinical trials [randomized controlled trials (RCT) and longitudinal observational studies (LOS)] using the OMERACT Filter 2.1 instrument selection algorithm. Our objective was to assess the Psoriatic Arthritis Impact of Disease questionnaire (PsAID12) for the measurement of the core domain PsA-specific health-related quality of life (HRQOL). Read More

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December 2018
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Physical activity less than the recommended amount may prevent the onset of major biological risk factors for cardiovascular disease: a cohort study of 198 919 adults.

Br J Sports Med 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

IMDEA Food Institute, CEI UAM+CSIC, Madrid, Spain.

Objectives: We examined the dose-response relationship between physical activity (PA) and incidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors in adults in Taiwan.

Methods: This study included 1 98 919 participants, aged 18-97 years, free of CVD, cancer and diabetes at baseline (1997-2013), who were followed until 2016. At baseline, participants were classified into five PA levels: inactive' (0 metabolic equivalent of task (MET)-h/week), 'lower insufficiently active' (0. Read More

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December 2018

A taxonomy of duties to report child sexual abuse: Legal developments offer new ways to facilitate disclosure.

Authors:
Ben Mathews

Child Abuse Negl 2018 Dec 13;88:337-347. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

School of Law, Queensland University of Technology (QUT), Brisbane, Australia; Faculty of Law, QUT, Australia; Childhood Adversity Research Program, Faculty of Health, QUT, Australia; Johns Hopkins University, Bloomberg School of Public Health, United States. Electronic address:

Background: Child sexual abuse is undisclosed for many reasons that are resistant to change. Citizens can play an important role in disclosing cases of child sexual abuse to authorities. Professionals who deal with children also play a crucial role. Read More

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December 2018

Public stigma of obsessive compulsive disorder and schizophrenic disorder: Is there really any difference?

Psychiatry Res 2018 Dec 10;271:559-564. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Department of Psychology, Faculty of Arts, Dokuz Eylül University, Buca, İzmir, Turkey.

A substantial delay for help-seeking is a serious problem for people with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), a heterogeneous and debilitating mental health condition. Stigma is a major barrier to treatment seeking and further cause social and occupational impairment. Lack of comprehensive research led us to examine the public's stigmatizing attitudes towards checking, contamination, sexuality, aggression, and religion-related OCD symptoms, compared to schizophrenia. Read More

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December 2018

"It's about bloody time": Perceptions of people who use drugs regarding drug law reform.

Int J Drug Policy 2018 Dec 13;64:40-46. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Drug Policy Modelling Program, University of New South Wales, 22-32 King Street, Randwick NSW 2031, Australia.

Background: In Australia and elsewhere, the impacts of drug prohibition have sparked a critical dialogue about the state of current drug laws. While a range of 'experts' have offered their opinion and participation in these deliberations, the voices of the affected community have largely been excluded. This study aimed to gather the opinions and preferences of people who use drugs about the current or alternative models of drug laws, in addition to how they think drug laws could be changed Author Conflict of Interest Declaration. Read More

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December 2018

Adaptation of Rabensburg virus (RBGV) to vertebrate hosts by experimental evolution.

Virology 2018 Dec 13;528:30-36. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

The Arbovirus Laboratory, Wadsworth Center, New York State Department of Health, Slingerlands, NY, USA; Department of Biomedical Sciences, State University of New York at Albany School of Public Health, Albany, NY, USA.

Rabensburg virus (RBGV; Flaviviridae, Flavivirus) has been classified as both a novel flavivirus and a unique lineage of West Nile virus (WNV). RBGV and WNV share approximately 76% sequence homology, yet RBGV does not replicate to high viral titers within vertebrate cell lines at physiological temperatures and has not been naturally isolated from a vertebrate host. These unique genetic and biological characteristics make RBGV a viable tool to identify the genetic determinants of flavivirus infectivity and fitness in vertebrate hosts. Read More

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December 2018

Gender-specific prevalence of poor sleep quality and related factors in a Chinese rural population: the Henan Rural Cohort Study.

Sleep Med 2018 Nov 22;54:134-141. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, College of Public Health, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, Henan, PR China. Electronic address:

Objective: To estimate the prevalence of poor sleep quality and identify related factors by gender in the Chinese rural population.

Methods: Overall, 27424 subjects (10881 males and 16543 females) aged 18-79 years were enrolled from the Henan Rural Cohort Study. Sleep quality was evaluated by the standard Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and global score>5 was classified as poor sleep quality. Read More

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November 2018

Association between short-term exposure to particulate matter air pollution and cause-specific mortality in Changzhou, China.

Environ Res 2018 Nov 28;170:7-15. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health, School of Public Health, Nanjing Medical University, 101 Longmian Avenue, Nanjing, Jiangsu 211166, PR China; Department of Hygiene Analysis and Detection, School of Public Health, Nanjing Medical University, 101 Longmian Avenue, Nanjing, Jiangsu 211166, PR China. Electronic address:

Background: Extensive studies have linked ambient particulate matter (PM) to an increased mortality burden from a wide range of causes. However, the effects of PM on mortality rates from specific causes were unclear. This study aimed to estimate the detrimental effects of PM on cause specific deaths in Changzhou, China. Read More

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November 2018
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Evaluation of emotional skills in nursing using regression and QCA models: A transversal study.

Nurse Educ Today 2018 Dec 7;74:31-37. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Social Psychology, University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain. Electronic address:

Background: Emotional skills are fundamental for quality service by nursing professionals, providing more personalized attention and a close relationship between the professional and patient.

Objectives: To compare linear relationship models (linear regressions) and models based on comparative qualitative analysis (QCA) in the analysis of the possible influence of socio-demographic variables (age and sex), working conditions (type of contract and seniority) and academic training (type of degree and specific training) on emotional abilities (emotional intelligence and empathy) in nursing.

Design: It is a transversal design in a single temporary moment. Read More

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December 2018

Chemical and odor characterization of gas emissions released during composting of solid wastes and digestates.

J Environ Manage 2018 Dec 13;233:39-53. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Irstea, UR OPAALE, 17 Avenue de Cucillé, CS 64427, F-35044, Rennes, France. Electronic address:

Hazardous and odorous gas emissions from composting and methanization plants are an issue of public concern. Odor and chemical monitoring are thus critical steps in providing suitable strategies for air pollution control at waste treatment units. In this study, 141 gas samples were extensively analyzed to characterize the odor and chemical emissions released upon the aerobic treatment of 10 raw substrates and five digestates. Read More

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December 2018

Five financial incentives to revive the Gulf of Mexico dead zone and Mississippi basin soils.

J Environ Manage 2018 Dec 13;233:30-38. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

The Nature Conservancy, Arlington, VA, USA.

A central challenge in the Mississippi River Basin is how to continue to support profitable agricultural production, provide water supply, flood control, transportation, and other benefits, while reducing the current burden of environmental degradation. Several practices have been shown to reduce nutrient runoff and water pollution, and improve soil fertility, while often yielding profits for farmers. Yet many of these beneficial practices remain underutilized. Read More

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December 2018

DNA variants in Helicobacter pylori infected patients with chronic gastritis, dysplasia and gastric cancer.

Adv Med Sci 2018 Dec 13;64(1):79-84. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, Poznan University of Life Sciences, Poznan, Poland; Institute of Human Genetics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Poznan, Poland. Electronic address:

Purpose: The main scope of this study was to evaluate the importance of selected DNA variants for developing inflammation of gastric mucosa and carcinogenesis in gastrointestinal diseases in patients infected with Helicobacter pylori.

Patients And Methods: Patients subjected to analysis constituted a group of 131 consecutive cases, with control groups consisting of 100 healthy volunteers and 13 dyspeptic patients. Molecular analysis included the following genes: TP53 (c. Read More

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December 2018

Functional outcomes and health-related quality of life following curative treatment for rectal cancer: A population-level study in England.

Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Leeds Institute of Cancer & Pathology, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9LN.

Background: There is a growing population of cancer survivors at risk of treatment-related morbidity. This study investigates how potentially curative rectal cancer treatment influences subsequent function and health-related quality of life (HRQL) using data from a large-scale survey of patient-reported outcomes.

Methods: All individuals 12-36 months post-diagnosis of colorectal cancer in England were sent a survey in January 2013. Read More

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December 2018

A novel computational solution to the health risk assessment of air pollution via joint toxicity prediction: A case study on selected PAH binary mixtures in particulate matters.

Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 2018 Dec 13;170:427-435. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

State Key Laboratory of Environmental Chemistry and Ecotoxicology, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100085, PR China; College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, PR China; Institute of Environment and Health, Jianghan University, Wuhan 430056, PR China. Electronic address:

Regional haze episode has already caused overwhelming public concern. Unraveling the health effects of the representative composition mixtures of atmospheric fine particulate matters (PM) becomes a top priority. In this study, a novel computational solution integrating chemical-induced genomic residual effect prediction with in vitro-based risk assessment is proposed to obtain the cumulative health risk of typical chemical mixtures of particulate matters (PM). Read More

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December 2018

Shifting characteristics of nonmedical prescription tranquilizer users in the United States, 2005-2014.

Drug Alcohol Depend 2018 Dec 8;195:1-5. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Columbia University, Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, New York, NY, USA.

Background: Benzodiazepine overdose rates have increased in the US, largely from concomitant use of other drugs such as opioids. Studies are needed to examine trends in prescription tranquilizer (e.g. Read More

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December 2018

Emerging Trends in Financing of Adult Heart Transplantation in the United States.

JACC Heart Fail 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Brigham and Women's Hospital Heart and Vascular Center, and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts. Electronic address:

Objectives: This study examined longitudinal trends in types of payers for adult heart transplantations in the United States.

Background: In the last decade, volume of heart transplantations in the United States has substantially increased, a trend that has coincided with Medicaid expansion and greater insurance coverage in the general U.S. Read More

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December 2018

ng inputs that may arise from the field Decision tool for climate disasters and infectious disease at sub-national level in India: Ensuring a paradigm shift in health planning from prevalence to vulnerability.

Acta Trop 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Indian Institute of Public Administration, Delhi, India.

Climate change is considered as a distal determinant of public health which is increasing in importance. India, as an example, has a national action plan for climate change and human health. Sub-national (State) plans for climate change also exist, taking into account the health sector. Read More

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December 2018
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