12,539 results match your criteria Public Health Reports[Journal]


Building State and Local Public Health Capacity in Syndromic Surveillance Through an Online Community of Practice.

Public Health Rep 2019 Feb 14:33354919828713. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

3 Arizona Department of Health Services, Phoenix, AZ, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354919828713DOI Listing
February 2019

The Influence of Tobacco Retailer Density and Poverty on Tobacco Use in a Densely Populated Urban Environment.

Public Health Rep 2019 Feb 14:33354918824330. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

4 Department of Population Health, New York University, New York, NY, USA.

Objectives:: Researchers have identified associations between neighborhood-level factors (eg, income level, tobacco retailer density) and smoking behavior, but few studies have assessed these factors in urban environments. We explored the effect of tobacco retailer density, neighborhood poverty, and housing type (multiunit and public) on smoking in a large urban environment (New York City).

Methods:: We used data on smoking prevalence and individual sociodemographic characteristics from the 2011-2013 New York City Community Health Survey, data on tobacco retailers from the 2012 New York City Department of Consumer Affairs, data on neighborhood sociodemographic characteristics and population density from the 2009-2013 American Community Survey, and data on multiunit and public housing from the 2012 New York City Primary Land Use Tax Lot Output data set. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354918824330DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances: A National Priority for Safe Drinking Water.

Public Health Rep 2019 Feb 14:33354919826567. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

1 Department of Environmental Health, Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354919826567DOI Listing
February 2019

Measles and the Modern History of Vaccination.

Authors:
Elena Conis

Public Health Rep 2019 Feb 14:33354919826558. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

1 Graduate School of Journalism and Center for Science, Technology, Medicine, and Society, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA, USA.

The modern era of vaccination was heralded with the licensure of the first 2 measles vaccines in 1963. This new era was distinct from the preceding era of vaccination for 4 main reasons. First, federal leadership in support of immunization at the local level grew. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354919826558DOI Listing
February 2019

Syndromic Surveillance of Emergency Department Visits for Acute Adverse Effects of Marijuana, Tri-County Health Department, Colorado, 2016-2017.

Public Health Rep 2019 Feb 5:33354919826562. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

1 Emergency Preparedness, Response, and Communicable Disease Surveillance, Tri-County Health Department, Greenwood Village, CO, USA.

Objectives:: In Colorado, legalization of recreational marijuana in 2014 increased public access to marijuana and might also have led to an increase in emergency department (ED) visits. We examined the validity of using syndromic surveillance data to detect marijuana-associated ED visits by comparing the performance of surveillance queries with physician-reviewed medical records.

Methods:: We developed queries of combinations of marijuana-specific International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD-10) diagnostic codes or keywords. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354919826562DOI Listing
February 2019

NHCS Dataline.

Authors:
Sandra S Smith

Public Health Rep 2018 Sep-Oct;133(5):629-630. Epub 2018 Aug 1.

National Center for Health Statistics.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354918788055DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6134559PMC

A Novel Measure to Assess Variation in Hepatitis C Prevalence Among Homeless and Unstably Housed Veterans, 2011-2016.

Public Health Rep 2019 Jan 30:33354918821071. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

1 Center for Healthcare Organization and Implementation Research, Edith Nourse Rogers Memorial Veterans Hospital, Bedford, MA, USA.

We constructed a novel measure of homelessness to examine differences in hepatitis C virus (HCV) prevalence across 3 categories of unstably housed and homeless veterans and across US Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center facilities. We used Veterans Affairs administrative data to classify a cohort of 434 240 veterans as at risk of homelessness, currently homeless, or formerly homeless, and we examined variation in HCV prevalence by using descriptive measures and mixed-effect logistic regression models. HCV prevalence was highest among veterans who were formerly homeless (16. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354918821071DOI Listing
January 2019

Application of an Implementation Science Framework to Policies on Immediate Postpartum Long-Acting Reversible Contraception.

Public Health Rep 2019 Jan 30:33354918824329. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

1 Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA.

Objectives:: Implementation science provides useful tools for guiding and evaluating the integration of evidence-based interventions with standard practice. The objective of our study was to demonstrate the usefulness of applying an implementation science framework-the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR)-to increase understanding of implementation of complex statewide public health initiatives, using the example of Medicaid immediate postpartum long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) policies.

Methods:: We conducted semistructured telephone interviews with the 13 state teams participating in the Immediate Postpartum LARC Learning Community. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354918824329DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Three Changes Public Health Scientists Can Make to Help Build a Culture of Reproducible Research.

Public Health Rep 2019 Jan 18:33354918821076. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

2 Center for Public Health Systems Science, Brown School, Washington University in St Louis, St Louis, MO, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354918821076DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Local Decision Making for Implementing Social Distancing in Response to Outbreaks.

Public Health Rep 2019 Jan 18:33354918819755. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

3 Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, George Washington University, Washington, DC, USA.

Objectives:: Social distancing is the practice of restricting contact among persons to prevent the spread of infection. This study sought to (1) identify key features of preparedness and the primary concerns of local public health officials in deciding to implement social distancing measures and (2) determine whether any particular factor could explain the widespread variation among health departments in responses to past outbreaks.

Methods:: We conducted an online survey of health departments in the United States in 2015 to understand factors influencing health departments' decision making when choosing whether to implement social distancing measures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354918819755DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Who Me? Ideas for Faculty Who Never Expected to Be Teaching Public Health Students to Write.

Authors:
Thomas A Lang

Public Health Rep 2019 Jan 15:33354918821880. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

1 Tom Lang Communications and Training International, Kirkland, WA, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354918821880DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Medical-Legal Partnership: A Powerful Tool for Public Health and Health Justice.

Public Health Rep 2019 Jan 15:33354918824328. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

3 Milken Institute School of Public Health, The George Washington University, Washington, DC, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354918824328DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Comparing Usual Dietary Intakes Among Subgroups of Mothers in the Year Before Pregnancy.

Public Health Rep 2018 Dec 28:33354918821078. Epub 2018 Dec 28.

1 Division of Neonatology and Developmental Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA.

Objective:: The quantity and quality of dietary intake among women of reproductive age has important public health implications for nutritional status during pregnancy. We described dietary intake during the year before pregnancy among a large, diverse group of US mothers.

Methods:: We examined data from 11 109 mothers who gave birth from 1997 through 2011 and participated in a population-based case-control study, the National Birth Defects Prevention Study, as controls (mothers who had babies without major birth defects). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354918821078DOI Listing
December 2018
10 Reads

Stewart v Azar and the Purpose of Medicaid: Work as a Condition of Enrollment.

Authors:
Nicole Huberfeld

Public Health Rep 2018 Dec 28:33354918818432. Epub 2018 Dec 28.

1 Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354918818432DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Blood Donation, Sexual Practices, and Self-Perceived Risk for HIV in the United States Among Young Adult Men Who Have Sex With Men.

Public Health Rep 2018 Dec 7:33354918815182. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

7 Fenway Health, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.

Objectives:: In the United States, all men who have sex with men (MSM) were banned from donating blood from 1985 through 2015. In 2016, the guideline was amended such that men who had sexual contact with other men within the previous 12 months could not donate blood. We aimed to identify blood donation practices and their relationship with HIV risk and testing among young adult MSM (YMSM) at risk for having HIV. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354918815182DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6304728PMC
December 2018
1 Read
1.644 Impact Factor

Geospatial Analysis of Birth Records to Target Programming for Mothers With Gestational Diabetes Mellitus in Michigan, 2013.

Public Health Rep 2018 Dec 6:33354918815183. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

2 Health Data Research, Analysis and Mapping Center at Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, MI, USA.

Objectives:: The incidence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in the United States has increased during the past several decades. The objective of this study was to use birth records and a combination of statistical and geographic information system (GIS) analyses to evaluate GDM rates among subgroups of pregnant women in Michigan.

Materials And Methods:: We obtained data on maternal demographic and health-related characteristics and regions of residence from 2013 Michigan birth records. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0033354918815183
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354918815183DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6304727PMC
December 2018
11 Reads

Writing in Public Health: A New Program From the Association of Schools and Programs of Public Health.

Public Health Rep 2018 Dec 6:33354918813106. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

3 Association of American Colleges & Universities, Washington, DC, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354918813106DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6304720PMC
December 2018
4 Reads

Mental Health and Substance Use-Related Hospitalizations Among Women of Reproductive Age in Illinois and Wisconsin.

Public Health Rep 2018 Dec 3:33354918812807. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

4 Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA.

Introduction:: Mental health and substance use are growing public health concerns, but established surveillance methods do not measure the burden of these conditions among women of reproductive age. We developed a standardized indicator from administrative data to identify inpatient hospitalizations related to mental health or substance use (MHSU) among women of reproductive age, as well as co-occurrence of mental health and substance use conditions among those hospitalizations.

Materials And Methods:: We used inpatient hospital discharge data from 2012-2014 for women aged 15-44 residing in Illinois and Wisconsin. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354918812807DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6304718PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Short-Term Incidence of Sequelae of HCV Infection Among Medicaid Beneficiaries in Oregon.

Public Health Rep 2018 Dec 3:33354918813552. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

1 Oregon Public Health Division, Acute and Communicable Disease Prevention, Oregon Health Authority, Portland, OR, USA.

Objectives:: Given the known high morbidity and mortality of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in Oregon, we sought to develop a practical method of estimating the severe sequelae of HCV infection among Medicaid beneficiaries in Oregon.

Methods:: We assembled a retrospective cohort that identified all Oregon Medicaid beneficiaries with HCV infection enrolled for at least 1 year during 2009-2013. We linked this cohort to 3 data sets to identify HCV-related deaths, cases of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and first hospitalizations for advanced liver disease (ALD). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354918813552DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6304724PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

Clarifying Indeterminate Results on the Rabies Direct Fluorescent Antibody Test Using Real-Time Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction.

Public Health Rep 2019 Jan/Feb;134(1):57-62. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

1 Rabies Laboratory, Wadsworth Center, New York State Department of Health, Slingerlands, NY, USA.

Objectives:: Each year, rabies virus infection results in the death of more than 50 000 persons worldwide. In the United States, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported 23 human rabies cases from May 1, 2008, through October 1, 2017. Although rabies testing in the United States is highly reliable, some specimens submitted to rabies laboratories do not have adequate tissues or may be substantially decomposed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354918810776DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6304719PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

A Demographic Analysis of Racial/Ethnic Minority Enrollment Into HVTN Preventive Early Phase HIV Vaccine Clinical Trials Conducted in the United States, 2002-2016.

Public Health Rep 2018 Dec 5:33354918814260. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

3 Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, HIV Vaccine Trials Network, Seattle, WA, USA.

Objectives:: Racial/ethnic minority communities in the United States are overrepresented among new HIV diagnoses, yet their inclusion in preventive HIV vaccine clinical trials is inadequate. An analysis of enrollment demographic characteristics from US preventive HIV vaccine clinical trials from 1988 through 2002 showed that enrollment of racial/ethnic minority groups increased. We analyzed enrollment in preventive HIV vaccine clinical trials from 2002 through 2016 and compared our data with data from the previous study, described demographic characteristics of trial participants, and assessed how well this distribution reflected the racial/ethnic distribution of new HIV diagnoses in the United States. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354918814260DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6304725PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

Graduation and Academic Placement of Underrepresented Racial/Ethnic Minority Doctoral Recipients in Public Health Disciplines, United States, 2003-2015.

Public Health Rep 2018 Nov 30:33354918814259. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

1 Richard M. Fairbanks School of Public Health, Indiana University, Indianapolis, IN, USA.

Objectives:: Given public health's emphasis on health disparities in underrepresented racial/ethnic minority communities, having a racially and ethnically diverse faculty is important to ensure adequate public health training. We examined trends in the number of underrepresented racial/ethnic minority (ie, non-Hispanic black, Hispanic, American Indian/Alaska Native, Native Hawaiian, and Pacific Islander) doctoral graduates from public health fields and determined the proportion of persons from underrepresented racial/ethnic minority groups who entered academia.

Methods:: We analyzed repeated cross-sectional data from restricted files collected by the National Science Foundation on doctoral graduates from US institutions during 2003-2015. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354918814259DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6304717PMC
November 2018
1 Read

The Changing Role of Disease Intervention Specialists in Modern Public Health Programs.

Public Health Rep 2018 Nov 30:33354918813549. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

1 Division of STD Prevention, National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354918813549DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6304721PMC
November 2018
2 Reads

Routine HIV Screening as a Standard of Care: Implementing HIV Screening in General Medical Settings, 2013-2015.

Public Health Rep 2018 Nov/Dec;133(2_suppl):52S-59S

2 Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention, Prevention Research Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA.

Objective:: We implemented routine HIV screening as part of the 4-year Care and Prevention in the United States Demonstration Project, whose aim was to reduce HIV/AIDS-related morbidity and mortality among racial/ethnic minority groups in the United States. We describe the capacity-building efforts to implement routine HIV screening and provide lessons learned and implications for practice.

Methods:: From January 2013 through September 2015, the Public Health Institute of Metropolitan Chicago (PHIMC) implemented routine HIV screening in 7 health care systems in Illinois by providing capacity-building assistance focused on systems and operational infrastructure, staff member skills and organizational structure, and clinic culture. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354918801833DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6262516PMC
November 2019
2 Reads

Implementing a Data to Care Strategy to Improve Health Outcomes for People With HIV: A Report From the Care and Prevention in the United States Demonstration Project.

Public Health Rep 2018 Nov/Dec;133(2_suppl):60S-74S

4 STD/HIV Program, Louisiana Department of Health, New Orleans, LA, USA.

Objectives:: The Care and Prevention in the United States Demonstration Project included implementation of a Data to Care strategy using surveillance and other data to (1) identify people with HIV infection in need of HIV medical care or other services and (2) facilitate linkages to those services to improve health outcomes. We present the experiences of 4 state health departments: Illinois, Louisiana, Tennessee, and Virginia.

Methods:: The 4 state health departments used multiple databases to generate listings of people with diagnosed HIV infection (PWH) who were presumed not to be in HIV medical care or who had difficulty maintaining viral suppression from October 1, 2013, through September 29, 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354918805987DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6262518PMC
November 2019
10 Reads

The Evolution of the Secretary's Minority AIDS Initiative Fund: The US Department of Health and Human Services Responds to the National HIV/AIDS Strategy.

Public Health Rep 2018 Nov/Dec;133(2_suppl):3S-5S

2 Office of HIV/AIDS and Infectious Disease Policy, US Department of Health and Human Services, Washington, DC, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354918801028DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6262522PMC
November 2019
6 Reads

Cross-site Monitoring and Evaluation of the Care and Prevention in the United States Demonstration Project, 2012-2016: Selected Process and Short-term Outcomes.

Public Health Rep 2018 Nov/Dec;133(2_suppl):87S-100S

2 Northrop Grumman Corporation, Atlanta, GA, USA.

Objective:: The Care and Prevention in the United States (CAPUS) Demonstration Project was a 4-year (2012-2016) cross-agency demonstration project that aimed to reduce HIV/AIDS-related morbidity and mortality among racial/ethnic minority groups in 8 states (Georgia, Illinois, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, North Carolina, Tennessee, and Virginia). Its goals were to increase the identification of undiagnosed HIV infections and optimize the linkage to, reengagement with, and retention in care and prevention services for people with HIV (PWH). We present descriptive findings to answer selected cross-site process and short-term outcome monitoring and evaluation questions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354918803368DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6262513PMC
November 2019
3 Reads

The "No Wrong Door" Approach to HIV Testing: Results From a Statewide Retail Pharmacy-Based HIV Testing Program in Virginia, 2014-2016.

Public Health Rep 2018 Nov/Dec;133(2_suppl):34S-42S

1 Division of Disease Prevention, Virginia Department of Health, Richmond, VA, USA.

Objective:: As part of the Care and Prevention in the United States Demonstration Project (2012-2016), which aimed to reduce HIV-related morbidity and mortality among racial/ethnic minority groups in 8 states, the Virginia Department of Health (VDH) funded Walgreens to provide HIV testing in retail pharmacies in areas with large racial/ethnic minority communities and high rates of poverty. We describe this program and summarize its outcomes. We hypothesized that (1) offering walk-in HIV testing outside of traditional business hours and alongside other point-of-care tests in retail pharmacies would increase rates of first-time testers and (2) using data on social determinants of health associated with higher rates of HIV infection to locate test sites would increase the identification of people who were previously undiagnosed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354918801026DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6262519PMC
November 2019
1 Read

Enhancing HIV Prevention and Care Through CAPUS and Other Demonstration Projects Aimed at Achieving National HIV/AIDS Strategy Goals, 2010-2018.

Public Health Rep 2018 Nov/Dec;133(2_suppl):6S-9S

2 National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354918800024DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6262521PMC
November 2019
12 Reads

Learning by Doing: Lessons From the Care and Prevention in the United States Demonstration Project.

Public Health Rep 2018 Nov/Dec;133(2_suppl):18S-27S

1 Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Prevention Research Branch, Atlanta, GA, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354918803611DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6262517PMC
November 2019
9 Reads

The Care and Prevention in the United States Demonstration Project: A Call for More Focus on the Social Determinants of HIV/AIDS.

Public Health Rep 2018 Nov/Dec;133(2_suppl):28S-33S

2 Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354918801353DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6262515PMC
November 2019
10 Reads

Use of Social Network Strategy Among Young Black Men Who Have Sex With Men for HIV Testing, Linkage to Care, and Reengagement in Care, Tennessee, 2013-2016.

Public Health Rep 2018 Nov/Dec;133(2_suppl):43S-51S

2 Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN, USA.

Objectives:: Tennessee was 1 of 8 states that received funding from the Care and Prevention in the United States Demonstration Project, which aimed to reduce HIV-related morbidity and mortality among racial/ethnic and sexual minority populations. The objective of this study was to describe implementation of a social network strategy (SNS) program, which leverages personal connections in social networks, to reach people with undiagnosed HIV infection for HIV testing. We targeted young black men who have sex with men (MSM) at 3 agencies in Memphis and Nashville, Tennessee, during 2013-2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354918801893DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6262520PMC
November 2019
10 Reads

Integrating Federal Collaboration in HIV Programming: The CAPUS Demonstration Project, 2012-2016.

Public Health Rep 2018 Nov/Dec;133(2_suppl):10S-17S

2 Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354918801583DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6262514PMC
November 2019
8 Reads

Using Financial Incentives to Improve Rates of Viral Suppression and Engagement in Care of Patients Receiving HIV Care at 3 Health Clinics in Louisiana: The Health Models Program, 2013-2016.

Public Health Rep 2018 Nov/Dec;133(2_suppl):75S-86S

1 Louisiana Department of Health, STD/HIV Program, Office of Public Health, New Orleans, LA, USA.

Objectives:: The Care and Prevention in the United States Demonstration Project aimed to reduce HIV/AIDS-related morbidity and mortality among racial/ethnic minority groups in 8 states. We evaluated Health Models, a pay-for-performance program piloted by the Louisiana Department of Health that used financial incentives to improve rates of engagement in HIV medical care and viral suppression among people with HIV.

Methods:: We enrolled 2076 patients of 3 urban HIV specialty clinics in Louisiana in the Health Models pay-for-performance program on a rolling basis from September 2013 through September 2016 and gave patients cash incentives to attend HIV medical appointments, achieve or maintain viral suppression, and link to supportive services. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354918793096DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6262523PMC
November 2019
10 Reads

The Bloomberg American Health Initiative.

Public Health Rep 2018 Nov/Dec;133(1_suppl):5S-8S

1 Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA.

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0033354918798375
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354918798375DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6243445PMC
November 2019
10 Reads

The Importance of Policy Change for Addressing Public Health Problems.

Public Health Rep 2018 Nov/Dec;133(1_suppl):9S-14S

1 Department of Health Policy and Management, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354918788880DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6243447PMC
November 2019
7 Reads

Building Healthy Community Environments: A Public Health Approach.

Public Health Rep 2018 Nov/Dec;133(1_suppl):35S-43S

4 Department of Health Policy and Management, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Environmental quality has a profound effect on health and the burden of disease. In the United States, the environment-related burden of disease is increasingly dominated by chronic diseases. At the local level, public health practitioners realize that many policy decisions affecting environmental quality and health transcend the authorities of traditional health department programs. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0033354918798809
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354918798809DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6243448PMC
November 2019
9 Reads

Progress on Major Public Health Challenges: The Importance of Equity.

Public Health Rep 2018 Nov/Dec;133(1_suppl):15S-19S

1 Department of Health, Behavior, and Society, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354918795164DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6243442PMC
November 2019
8 Reads

Opportunity Youth: Insights and Opportunities for a Public Health Approach to Reengage Disconnected Teenagers and Young Adults.

Public Health Rep 2018 Nov/Dec;133(1_suppl):54S-64S

4 Adolescent and Young Adult Health National Research Center, University of California, San Francisco, School of Medicine, San Francisco, CA, USA.

Approximately 1 in 9 teenagers and young adults aged 16-24 in the United States is currently disconnected from school and employment. These disconnected young people (ie, opportunity youth) are not only at high risk for long-term emotional, behavioral, and health problems, but they also represent a loss of human capital, with high social and economic costs. In this article, we offer a public health perspective on opportunity youth by describing their distribution in the population and consequences of their disconnection; proposing a conceptual model of the issue based on epidemiological principles, life course development concepts, and ecological theory; and recommending multisector strategies for preventing disconnection of young people and reengaging opportunity youth. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354918799344DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6243446PMC
November 2019
13 Reads

Grappling With Complex Food Systems to Reduce Obesity: A US Public Health Challenge.

Public Health Rep 2018 Nov/Dec;133(1_suppl):44S-53S

10 Division of General Internal Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Despite 2 decades of effort by the public health community to combat obesity, obesity rates in the United States continue to rise. This lack of progress raises fundamental questions about the adequacy of our current approaches. Although the causes of population-wide obesity are multifactorial, attention to food systems as potential drivers of obesity has been prominent. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354918802793DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6243440PMC
November 2019
13 Reads

A Public Health Strategy for the Opioid Crisis.

Public Health Rep 2018 Nov/Dec;133(1_suppl):24S-34S

7 Department of Health, Behavior, and Society, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Drug overdose is now the leading cause of injury death in the United States. Most overdose fatalities involve opioids, which include prescription medication, heroin, and illicit fentanyl. Current data reveal that the overdose crisis affects all demographic groups and that overdose rates are now rising most rapidly among African Americans. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354918793627DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6243441PMC
November 2019
17 Reads

Bringing Evidence to Bear on Public Health in the United States.

Public Health Rep 2018 Nov/Dec;133(1_suppl):20S-23S

2 Departments of Mental Health, Biostatistics, and Health Policy and Management, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA.

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0033354918788879
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354918788879DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6243444PMC
November 2019
11 Reads

Elevated Blood Lead Levels in Infants and Children in Haiti, 2015.

Public Health Rep 2018 Nov 14:33354918807975. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

1 Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA, USA.

Objective:: Few studies have reported blood lead levels (BLLs) in Haitian children, despite the known presence of lead from environmental factors such as soil, water, leaded paint and gasoline, improperly discarded batteries, and earthquakes. We sought to determine the prevalence of elevated blood lead levels (EBLLs) among healthy Haitian children.

Methods:: We enrolled children aged 9 months to 6 years from 3 geographic areas in Haiti (coastal, urban, and mountain) from March 1 through June 30, 2015. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354918807975DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6304722PMC
November 2018
12 Reads

Global Health Security: Protecting the United States in an Interconnected World.

Public Health Rep 2018 Nov 14:33354918808313. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

1 Division of Global Health Protection, Center for Global Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354918808313DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6304723PMC
November 2018
1 Read

The New Harvard Doctor of Public Health: Lessons From the Design and Implementation of an Innovative Program in Advanced Professional Leadership.

Public Health Rep 2018 11 11;133(6):759-766. Epub 2018 Oct 11.

2 University of Miami, Miami, FL, USA.

We documented lessons learned in the initial design and development of the new Harvard doctor of public health (DrPH) degree, an innovative professional public health doctorate designed to provide advanced education in the field of public health. Using data from program documents, personal participation in the development and administration of the degree, and initial students' results, we present key learnings from this experience and describe the program's goals and processes. Now entering its fifth year, the new Harvard DrPH program has enrolled about 70 students and graduated its first 2 classes in a program that combines advanced public health study with leadership development and field engagement. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354918804523DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6225880PMC
November 2018
1 Read

Disease Intervention Specialist Education for the Future: An Analysis of Public Health Curricula.

Public Health Rep 2018 11 10;133(6):738-748. Epub 2018 Oct 10.

2 Public Health Accreditation Board, Alexandria, VA, USA.

Objectives: The objectives of this study were to (1) determine the degree of alignment between an existing public health curricula and disease intervention specialist (DIS) workforce training needs, (2) assess the appropriateness of public health education for DISs, and (3) identify existing curriculum gaps to inform future DIS training efforts.

Methods: Using the iterative comparison analysis process of crosswalking, we compared DIS job tasks and knowledge competencies across a standard Council on Education for Public Health (CEPH)-accredited bachelor of science in public health (BSPH) and master of public health (MPH) program core curricula offered by the Georgia Southern University Jiann-Ping Hsu College of Public Health. Four researchers independently coded each DIS task and competency as addressed or not in the curriculum and then discussed all matches and non-matches between coders. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0033354918792014
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354918792014DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6225886PMC
November 2018
2 Reads
1.644 Impact Factor

An Academic-Practice Partnership at the University of Washington School of Public Health: The Student Epidemic Action Leaders (SEAL) Team.

Public Health Rep 2018 11 9;133(6):749-758. Epub 2018 Oct 9.

1 Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington School of Public Health, Seattle, WA, USA.

In 2015, the University of Washington School of Public Health, Department of Epidemiology established the Student Epidemic Action Leaders (SEAL) team to provide public health students with experience in field epidemiology in state and local public health communicable disease divisions. The University of Washington Department of Epidemiology developed the SEAL team in collaboration with the Washington State Department of Health to offer public health graduate students opportunities to contribute to the real-time needs of public health agencies during a communicable disease event and/or preparedness event. The SEAL team combines classroom and field-based training in public health practice and applied epidemiology. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354918798805DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6225872PMC
November 2018
3 Reads

Can There Be Acceptable Prison Health Care? Looking Back on the 1970s.

Authors:
Susan M Reverby

Public Health Rep 2018 Oct 9:33354918805985. Epub 2018 Oct 9.

1 Wellesley College, Wellesley, MA, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354918805985DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6304726PMC
October 2018
2 Reads