12,556 results match your criteria Public Health Reports[Journal]


Improving an Administrative Case Definition for Longitudinal Surveillance of Sickle Cell Disease.

Public Health Rep 2019 Apr 10:33354919839072. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

3 Emory University School of Medicine & Sickle Cell Disease Program, Children's Healthcare of Atlanta, Atlanta, GA, USA.

Objective: Several states are building infrastructure and data collection methods for longitudinal, population-based surveillance systems for selected hemoglobinopathies. The objective of our study was to improve an administrative case definition for sickle cell disease (SCD) to aid in longitudinal surveillance.

Methods: We collected data from 3 administrative data sets (2004-2008) on 1998 patients aged 0-21 in Georgia who had ≥1 encounter in which an SCD International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) code was recorded, and we compared these data with data from a laboratory and medical record review. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354919839072DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

Why an FDA Ban on Menthol Is Likely to Survive a Tobacco Industry Lawsuit.

Public Health Rep 2019 Apr 10:33354919841011. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

1 Center for Tobacco Studies, Rutgers School of Public Health, New Brunswick, NJ, USA.

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0033354919841011
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354919841011DOI Listing
April 2019
5 Reads

Accelerometer and Survey Data on Patterns of Physical Inactivity in New York City and the United States.

Public Health Rep 2019 Apr 5:33354919841855. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

2 Division of Preventive Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.

Objective:: Inactive lifestyles contribute to health problems and premature death and are influenced by the physical environment. The primary objective of this study was to quantify patterns of physical inactivity in New York City and the United States by combining data from surveys and accelerometers.

Methods:: We used Poisson regression models and self-reported survey data on physical activity and other demographic characteristics to predict accelerometer-measured inactivity in New York City and the United States among adults aged ≥18. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354919841855DOI Listing

Social Determinants of Human Papillomavirus Vaccine Uptake: An Assessment of Publicly Available Data.

Public Health Rep 2019 Apr 5:33354919838219. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

2 Department of Health Behavior and Health Systems, University of North Texas Health Science Center, Fort Worth, TX, USA.

Objectives:: Despite cancer prevention benefits associated with the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine, uptake in the United States is relatively low among males and females. Our objective was to use the Healthy People 2020 social determinants of health framework to determine the availability and characteristics of data on economic, educational, social, health care, and community factors affecting HPV vaccine uptake in the United States.

Methods:: We included the most recent data sets from 6 publicly available, US-based, federally funded surveys that contained at least 1 measure of HPV vaccination among adolescents and young adults. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354919838219DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Estimating Annual Births to Hepatitis B Surface Antigen-Positive Women in the United States by Using Data on Maternal Country of Birth.

Public Health Rep 2019 Apr 3:33354919836958. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

1 Division of Viral Hepatitis, National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA.

Objective:: A national estimate of births to hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg)-positive women can help public health programs plan surveillance, educational, and outreach activities to improve identification and management of at-risk women and infants. Stratifying mothers by country of birth allows for the application of region-specific HBsAg prevalence estimates, which can more precisely estimate the number of at-risk infants. The objective of our study was to estimate the number of births to HBsAg-positive women in the United States with more granularity than previous models. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354919836958DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Co-Authorship Network Analysis of Prevention Research Centers: An Exploratory Study.

Public Health Rep 2019 Mar 26:33354919834589. Epub 2019 Mar 26.

4 Department of Economics and Finance, Robert C. Vackar College of Business and Entrepreneurship, University of Texas Rio Grande Valley, Brownsville, TX, USA.

Objective:: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Prevention Research Centers (PRCs) collaborate on public health activities with community agencies and organizations. We evaluated these collaborations by studying the relationships between co-authors from the PRCs and community agencies that published at least 1 article together in the first year of the program.

Methods:: We identified all the authors of articles published by PRCs and collaborating members in peer-reviewed journals between September 2014 and September 2015 and constructed a network showing the links between and among all the authors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354919834589DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Engaging Communities to Reach Immigrant and Minority Populations: The Minnesota Immunization Networking Initiative (MINI), 2006-2017.

Public Health Rep 2019 Mar 26:33354919834579. Epub 2019 Mar 26.

2 Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA.

In Minneapolis-St Paul, Minnesota, factors such as cultural and linguistic diversity make it difficult for public health agencies to reach immigrant and racial/ethnic minority populations with health initiatives. Founded in 2006, the Minnesota Immunization Networking Initiative (MINI) is a community project that has provided more than 80 000 free influenza vaccinations to vulnerable populations, including immigrants and racial/ethnic minority groups. MINI administered 5910 vaccinations through 99 community-based vaccination clinics during the 2017-2018 influenza season and surveyed the clients in their own language about influenza vaccination knowledge and practices. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354919834579DOI Listing

Moving the Needle on Action Around Evidence-Based Screening for Hereditary Conditions: Preparing State Chronic Disease Directors to Advance Precision Public Health.

Public Health Rep 2019 Mar 21:33354919834588. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

4 Department of Sociology & Anthropology and Department of Health Sciences, Northeastern University, Boston, MA, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354919834588DOI Listing

Two Cheers for Air Pollution Control: Triumphs and Limits of the Mid-Century Fight for Air Quality.

Public Health Rep 2019 Mar 21:33354919834598. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

1 Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA.

This article analyzes the early years of 20th-century air pollution control in Los Angeles. In both scholarship and public memory, mid-century efforts at the regional level were overshadowed by major federal developments, namely the Clean Air Act and creation of the US Environmental Protection Agency in 1970. Yet the mid-century local experience was highly consequential and presaged many subsequent challenges that persist today. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354919834598DOI Listing

Attitudes Toward Smoke-Free Casino Policies Among US Adults, 2017.

Public Health Rep 2019 Mar 21:33354919834581. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

1 Office on Smoking and Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Atlanta, GA, USA.

Research shows that there is no risk-free level of exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS) and that eliminating smoking indoors fully protects nonsmokers from indoor SHS exposure. Casinos often allow smoking indoors and can be a source of involuntary SHS exposure for employees and visitors. We examined attitudes toward smoke-free casino policies among US adults. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354919834581DOI Listing

Use of Flavored E-Cigarettes Among Adolescents, Young Adults, and Older Adults: Findings From the Population Assessment for Tobacco and Health Study.

Public Health Rep 2019 Mar 12:33354919830967. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

3 Vermont Center on Behavior and Health, Department of Psychiatry, University of Vermont Larner College of Medicine, Burlington, VT, USA.

Objectives:: The use of flavored electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) is common among e-cigarette users, but little is known about the potential harms of flavorings, the extent to which the concurrent use of multiple flavor types occurs, and the correlates of flavor type use. The objective of this study was to assess the types of e-cigarette flavors used by adolescent (aged 12-17), young adult (aged 18-24), and older adult (aged ≥25) e-cigarette users.

Methods:: We assessed the prevalence of flavored e-cigarette use within the past month by flavor types and concurrent use of multiple flavor types among past-month e-cigarette users sampled during Wave 2 (2014-2015) of the Population Assessment for Tobacco and Health Study among 414 adolescents, 961 young adults, and 1711 older adults. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354919830967DOI Listing

Mental Health Services in Childhood: The Role of Family Adversity.

Public Health Rep 2019 Mar/Apr;134(2):180-188

1 Program in Public Health, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, USA.

Objective:: Much of the research on the effects of childhood adversity on mental health has focused on adults. The objective of our study was to examine the individual and cumulative effect of childhood adversity on mental health service use among children.

Methods:: We used data from the 2011-2012 National Survey of Children's Health (n = 79 834) to determine the use of mental health services in the past 12 months among children aged 2-17. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354919826555DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6410473PMC

Diabetes Self-Management Education for Special Populations: The Social Determinants of Health Matter.

Public Health Rep 2019 Mar 6:33354919830968. Epub 2019 Mar 6.

3 Department of Psychiatry and Psychology, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, MN, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354919830968DOI Listing

The Incomplete Medicalization of Obesity: Physician Office Visits, Diagnoses, and Treatments, 1996-2014.

Public Health Rep 2019 Mar/Apr;134(2):141-149. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

2 Department of Sociology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USA.

Objectives:: Despite increased awareness of obesity-related health risks and myriad treatment options, obesity still affects more than one-third of persons in the United States and is a substantial public health problem. Studies show that physicians play a key role in obesity prevention and treatment. The objective of this study was to examine the extent to which obesity is diagnosed and treated at the level of patient-physician interaction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354918813102DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6410477PMC
February 2019
2 Reads

Consolidating Local Health Departments in the United States: Challenges, Evidence, and Thoughts for the Future.

Public Health Rep 2019 Mar/Apr;134(2):103-108. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

4 Center for Sharing Public Health Services, Topeka, KS, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354919829054DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6410482PMC
February 2019

Prioritizing Workforce Development Training in State Health Departments Using TRAIN: Challenges and Opportunities.

Public Health Rep 2019 Mar/Apr;134(2):172-179. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

5 Department of Preventive Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL, USA.

Objective:: The objectives of this study were (1) to obtain data on the current status of public health workforce training and the use of the Training Finder Real-Time Affiliate Network (TRAIN), a public health learning management platform, in state health departments, and (2) to use the data to identify organizational features that might be affecting training and to determine barriers to and opportunities for improving training.

Methods:: We conducted structured interviews in 2014 with TRAIN administrators and performance improvement managers (n = 14) from 7 state health departments that were using TRAIN to determine training practices and barriers to training. We determined key organizational features of the 7 agencies, including training structure, required training, TRAIN administrators' employment status (full time or part time), barriers to the use and tracking of core competencies in TRAIN, training needs assessment methods, leadership support of training and staff development, and agency interest in applying for Public Health Accreditation Board accreditation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354919826564DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6410468PMC
February 2019

Corrigendum.

Authors:

Public Health Rep 2019 Mar/Apr;134(2):215. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354919832006DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6410472PMC
February 2019

Building State and Local Public Health Capacity in Syndromic Surveillance Through an Online Community of Practice.

Public Health Rep 2019 Feb 14:33354919828713. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

3 Arizona Department of Health Services, Phoenix, AZ, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354919828713DOI Listing
February 2019

The Influence of Tobacco Retailer Density and Poverty on Tobacco Use in a Densely Populated Urban Environment.

Public Health Rep 2019 Mar/Apr;134(2):164-171. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

4 Department of Population Health, New York University, New York, NY, USA.

Objectives:: Researchers have identified associations between neighborhood-level factors (eg, income level, tobacco retailer density) and smoking behavior, but few studies have assessed these factors in urban environments. We explored the effect of tobacco retailer density, neighborhood poverty, and housing type (multiunit and public) on smoking in a large urban environment (New York City).

Methods:: We used data on smoking prevalence and individual sociodemographic characteristics from the 2011-2013 New York City Community Health Survey, data on tobacco retailers from the 2012 New York City Department of Consumer Affairs, data on neighborhood sociodemographic characteristics and population density from the 2009-2013 American Community Survey, and data on multiunit and public housing from the 2012 New York City Primary Land Use Tax Lot Output data set. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354918824330DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6410483PMC
February 2019
6 Reads

Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances: A National Priority for Safe Drinking Water.

Public Health Rep 2019 Mar/Apr;134(2):112-117. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

1 Department of Environmental Health, Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354919826567DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6410471PMC
February 2019

Measles and the Modern History of Vaccination.

Authors:
Elena Conis

Public Health Rep 2019 Mar/Apr;134(2):118-125. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

1 Graduate School of Journalism and Center for Science, Technology, Medicine, and Society, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA, USA.

The modern era of vaccination was heralded with the licensure of the first 2 measles vaccines in 1963. This new era was distinct from the preceding era of vaccination for 4 main reasons. First, federal leadership in support of immunization at the local level grew. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354919826558DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6410476PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Syndromic Surveillance of Emergency Department Visits for Acute Adverse Effects of Marijuana, Tri-County Health Department, Colorado, 2016-2017.

Public Health Rep 2019 Mar/Apr;134(2):132-140. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

1 Emergency Preparedness, Response, and Communicable Disease Surveillance, Tri-County Health Department, Greenwood Village, CO, USA.

Objectives:: In Colorado, legalization of recreational marijuana in 2014 increased public access to marijuana and might also have led to an increase in emergency department (ED) visits. We examined the validity of using syndromic surveillance data to detect marijuana-associated ED visits by comparing the performance of surveillance queries with physician-reviewed medical records.

Methods:: We developed queries of combinations of marijuana-specific International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD-10) diagnostic codes or keywords. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354919826562DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6410484PMC
February 2019

NHCS Dataline.

Authors:
Sandra S Smith

Public Health Rep 2018 Sep-Oct;133(5):629-630. Epub 2018 Aug 1.

National Center for Health Statistics.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354918788055DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6134559PMC

A Novel Measure to Assess Variation in Hepatitis C Prevalence Among Homeless and Unstably Housed Veterans, 2011-2016.

Public Health Rep 2019 Mar/Apr;134(2):126-131. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

1 Center for Healthcare Organization and Implementation Research, Edith Nourse Rogers Memorial Veterans Hospital, Bedford, MA, USA.

We constructed a novel measure of homelessness to examine differences in hepatitis C virus (HCV) prevalence across 3 categories of unstably housed and homeless veterans and across US Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center facilities. We used Veterans Affairs administrative data to classify a cohort of 434 240 veterans as at risk of homelessness, currently homeless, or formerly homeless, and we examined variation in HCV prevalence by using descriptive measures and mixed-effect logistic regression models. HCV prevalence was highest among veterans who were formerly homeless (16. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354918821071DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6410475PMC
January 2019

Application of an Implementation Science Framework to Policies on Immediate Postpartum Long-Acting Reversible Contraception.

Public Health Rep 2019 Mar/Apr;134(2):189-196. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

1 Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA.

Objectives:: Implementation science provides useful tools for guiding and evaluating the integration of evidence-based interventions with standard practice. The objective of our study was to demonstrate the usefulness of applying an implementation science framework-the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR)-to increase understanding of implementation of complex statewide public health initiatives, using the example of Medicaid immediate postpartum long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) policies.

Methods:: We conducted semistructured telephone interviews with the 13 state teams participating in the Immediate Postpartum LARC Learning Community. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354918824329DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6410478PMC
January 2019
3 Reads

Three Changes Public Health Scientists Can Make to Help Build a Culture of Reproducible Research.

Public Health Rep 2019 Mar/Apr;134(2):109-111. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

2 Center for Public Health Systems Science, Brown School, Washington University in St Louis, St Louis, MO, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354918821076DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6410469PMC
January 2019
7 Reads

Local Decision Making for Implementing Social Distancing in Response to Outbreaks.

Public Health Rep 2019 Mar/Apr;134(2):150-154. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

3 Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, George Washington University, Washington, DC, USA.

Objectives:: Social distancing is the practice of restricting contact among persons to prevent the spread of infection. This study sought to (1) identify key features of preparedness and the primary concerns of local public health officials in deciding to implement social distancing measures and (2) determine whether any particular factor could explain the widespread variation among health departments in responses to past outbreaks.

Methods:: We conducted an online survey of health departments in the United States in 2015 to understand factors influencing health departments' decision making when choosing whether to implement social distancing measures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354918819755DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6410485PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Who Me? Ideas for Faculty Who Never Expected to Be Teaching Public Health Students to Write.

Authors:
Thomas A Lang

Public Health Rep 2019 Mar/Apr;134(2):206-214. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

1 Tom Lang Communications and Training International, Kirkland, WA, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354918821880DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6410479PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Medical-Legal Partnership: A Powerful Tool for Public Health and Health Justice.

Public Health Rep 2019 Mar/Apr;134(2):201-205. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

3 Milken Institute School of Public Health, The George Washington University, Washington, DC, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354918824328DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6410480PMC
January 2019
11 Reads

Comparing Usual Dietary Intakes Among Subgroups of Mothers in the Year Before Pregnancy.

Public Health Rep 2019 Mar/Apr;134(2):155-163. Epub 2018 Dec 28.

1 Division of Neonatology and Developmental Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA.

Objective:: The quantity and quality of dietary intake among women of reproductive age has important public health implications for nutritional status during pregnancy. We described dietary intake during the year before pregnancy among a large, diverse group of US mothers.

Methods:: We examined data from 11 109 mothers who gave birth from 1997 through 2011 and participated in a population-based case-control study, the National Birth Defects Prevention Study, as controls (mothers who had babies without major birth defects). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354918821078DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6410470PMC
December 2018
13 Reads

Stewart v Azar and the Purpose of Medicaid: Work as a Condition of Enrollment.

Authors:
Nicole Huberfeld

Public Health Rep 2019 Mar/Apr;134(2):197-200. Epub 2018 Dec 28.

1 Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354918818432DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6410474PMC
December 2018
3 Reads

Blood Donation, Sexual Practices, and Self-Perceived Risk for HIV in the United States Among Young Adult Men Who Have Sex With Men.

Public Health Rep 2019 Jan/Feb;134(1):36-46. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

7 Fenway Health, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.

Objectives: In the United States, all men who have sex with men (MSM) were banned from donating blood from 1985 through 2015. In 2016, the guideline was amended such that men who had sexual contact with other men within the previous 12 months could not donate blood. We aimed to identify blood donation practices and their relationship with HIV risk and testing among young adult MSM (YMSM) at risk for having HIV. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354918815182DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6304728PMC
December 2018
1 Read
1.644 Impact Factor

Geospatial Analysis of Birth Records to Target Programming for Mothers With Gestational Diabetes Mellitus in Michigan, 2013.

Public Health Rep 2019 Jan/Feb;134(1):27-35. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

2 Health Data Research, Analysis and Mapping Center at Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, MI, USA.

Objectives: The incidence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in the United States has increased during the past several decades. The objective of this study was to use birth records and a combination of statistical and geographic information system (GIS) analyses to evaluate GDM rates among subgroups of pregnant women in Michigan.

Materials And Methods: We obtained data on maternal demographic and health-related characteristics and regions of residence from 2013 Michigan birth records. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0033354918815183
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354918815183DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6304727PMC
December 2018
13 Reads

Writing in Public Health: A New Program From the Association of Schools and Programs of Public Health.

Public Health Rep 2019 Jan/Feb;134(1):94-97. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

3 Association of American Colleges & Universities, Washington, DC, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354918813106DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6304720PMC
December 2018
4 Reads

Mental Health and Substance Use-Related Hospitalizations Among Women of Reproductive Age in Illinois and Wisconsin.

Public Health Rep 2019 Jan/Feb;134(1):17-26. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

4 Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA.

Introduction: Mental health and substance use are growing public health concerns, but established surveillance methods do not measure the burden of these conditions among women of reproductive age. We developed a standardized indicator from administrative data to identify inpatient hospitalizations related to mental health or substance use (MHSU) among women of reproductive age, as well as co-occurrence of mental health and substance use conditions among those hospitalizations.

Materials And Methods: We used inpatient hospital discharge data from 2012-2014 for women aged 15-44 residing in Illinois and Wisconsin. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354918812807DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6304718PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Short-Term Incidence of Sequelae of HCV Infection Among Medicaid Beneficiaries in Oregon.

Public Health Rep 2019 Jan/Feb;134(1):81-88. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

1 Oregon Public Health Division, Acute and Communicable Disease Prevention, Oregon Health Authority, Portland, OR, USA.

Objectives: Given the known high morbidity and mortality of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in Oregon, we sought to develop a practical method of estimating the severe sequelae of HCV infection among Medicaid beneficiaries in Oregon.

Methods: We assembled a retrospective cohort that identified all Oregon Medicaid beneficiaries with HCV infection enrolled for at least 1 year during 2009-2013. We linked this cohort to 3 data sets to identify HCV-related deaths, cases of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and first hospitalizations for advanced liver disease (ALD). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354918813552DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6304724PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

Clarifying Indeterminate Results on the Rabies Direct Fluorescent Antibody Test Using Real-Time Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction.

Public Health Rep 2019 Jan/Feb;134(1):57-62. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

1 Rabies Laboratory, Wadsworth Center, New York State Department of Health, Slingerlands, NY, USA.

Objectives: Each year, rabies virus infection results in the death of more than 50 000 persons worldwide. In the United States, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported 23 human rabies cases from May 1, 2008, through October 1, 2017. Although rabies testing in the United States is highly reliable, some specimens submitted to rabies laboratories do not have adequate tissues or may be substantially decomposed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354918810776DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6304719PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

A Demographic Analysis of Racial/Ethnic Minority Enrollment Into HVTN Preventive Early Phase HIV Vaccine Clinical Trials Conducted in the United States, 2002-2016.

Public Health Rep 2019 Jan/Feb;134(1):72-80. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

3 Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, HIV Vaccine Trials Network, Seattle, WA, USA.

Objectives: Racial/ethnic minority communities in the United States are overrepresented among new HIV diagnoses, yet their inclusion in preventive HIV vaccine clinical trials is inadequate. An analysis of enrollment demographic characteristics from US preventive HIV vaccine clinical trials from 1988 through 2002 showed that enrollment of racial/ethnic minority groups increased. We analyzed enrollment in preventive HIV vaccine clinical trials from 2002 through 2016 and compared our data with data from the previous study, described demographic characteristics of trial participants, and assessed how well this distribution reflected the racial/ethnic distribution of new HIV diagnoses in the United States. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354918814260DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6304725PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

Graduation and Academic Placement of Underrepresented Racial/Ethnic Minority Doctoral Recipients in Public Health Disciplines, United States, 2003-2015.

Public Health Rep 2019 Jan/Feb;134(1):63-71. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

1 Richard M. Fairbanks School of Public Health, Indiana University, Indianapolis, IN, USA.

Objectives: Given public health's emphasis on health disparities in underrepresented racial/ethnic minority communities, having a racially and ethnically diverse faculty is important to ensure adequate public health training. We examined trends in the number of underrepresented racial/ethnic minority (ie, non-Hispanic black, Hispanic, American Indian/Alaska Native, Native Hawaiian, and Pacific Islander) doctoral graduates from public health fields and determined the proportion of persons from underrepresented racial/ethnic minority groups who entered academia.

Methods: We analyzed repeated cross-sectional data from restricted files collected by the National Science Foundation on doctoral graduates from US institutions during 2003-2015. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354918814259DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6304717PMC
November 2018
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The Changing Role of Disease Intervention Specialists in Modern Public Health Programs.

Public Health Rep 2019 Jan/Feb;134(1):11-16. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

1 Division of STD Prevention, National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354918813549DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6304721PMC
November 2018
3 Reads

Routine HIV Screening as a Standard of Care: Implementing HIV Screening in General Medical Settings, 2013-2015.

Public Health Rep 2018 Nov/Dec;133(2_suppl):52S-59S

2 Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention, Prevention Research Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA.

Objective: We implemented routine HIV screening as part of the 4-year Care and Prevention in the United States Demonstration Project, whose aim was to reduce HIV/AIDS-related morbidity and mortality among racial/ethnic minority groups in the United States. We describe the capacity-building efforts to implement routine HIV screening and provide lessons learned and implications for practice.

Methods: From January 2013 through September 2015, the Public Health Institute of Metropolitan Chicago (PHIMC) implemented routine HIV screening in 7 health care systems in Illinois by providing capacity-building assistance focused on systems and operational infrastructure, staff member skills and organizational structure, and clinic culture. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354918801833DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6262516PMC
November 2019
3 Reads

Implementing a Data to Care Strategy to Improve Health Outcomes for People With HIV: A Report From the Care and Prevention in the United States Demonstration Project.

Public Health Rep 2018 Nov/Dec;133(2_suppl):60S-74S

4 STD/HIV Program, Louisiana Department of Health, New Orleans, LA, USA.

Objectives: The Care and Prevention in the United States Demonstration Project included implementation of a Data to Care strategy using surveillance and other data to (1) identify people with HIV infection in need of HIV medical care or other services and (2) facilitate linkages to those services to improve health outcomes. We present the experiences of 4 state health departments: Illinois, Louisiana, Tennessee, and Virginia.

Methods: The 4 state health departments used multiple databases to generate listings of people with diagnosed HIV infection (PWH) who were presumed not to be in HIV medical care or who had difficulty maintaining viral suppression from October 1, 2013, through September 29, 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354918805987DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6262518PMC
November 2019
12 Reads

The Evolution of the Secretary's Minority AIDS Initiative Fund: The US Department of Health and Human Services Responds to the National HIV/AIDS Strategy.

Public Health Rep 2018 Nov/Dec;133(2_suppl):3S-5S

2 Office of HIV/AIDS and Infectious Disease Policy, US Department of Health and Human Services, Washington, DC, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354918801028DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6262522PMC
November 2019
6 Reads

Cross-site Monitoring and Evaluation of the Care and Prevention in the United States Demonstration Project, 2012-2016: Selected Process and Short-term Outcomes.

Public Health Rep 2018 Nov/Dec;133(2_suppl):87S-100S

2 Northrop Grumman Corporation, Atlanta, GA, USA.

Objective: The Care and Prevention in the United States (CAPUS) Demonstration Project was a 4-year (2012-2016) cross-agency demonstration project that aimed to reduce HIV/AIDS-related morbidity and mortality among racial/ethnic minority groups in 8 states (Georgia, Illinois, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, North Carolina, Tennessee, and Virginia). Its goals were to increase the identification of undiagnosed HIV infections and optimize the linkage to, reengagement with, and retention in care and prevention services for people with HIV (PWH). We present descriptive findings to answer selected cross-site process and short-term outcome monitoring and evaluation questions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354918803368DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6262513PMC
November 2019
4 Reads

The "No Wrong Door" Approach to HIV Testing: Results From a Statewide Retail Pharmacy-Based HIV Testing Program in Virginia, 2014-2016.

Public Health Rep 2018 Nov/Dec;133(2_suppl):34S-42S

1 Division of Disease Prevention, Virginia Department of Health, Richmond, VA, USA.

Objective: As part of the Care and Prevention in the United States Demonstration Project (2012-2016), which aimed to reduce HIV-related morbidity and mortality among racial/ethnic minority groups in 8 states, the Virginia Department of Health (VDH) funded Walgreens to provide HIV testing in retail pharmacies in areas with large racial/ethnic minority communities and high rates of poverty. We describe this program and summarize its outcomes. We hypothesized that (1) offering walk-in HIV testing outside of traditional business hours and alongside other point-of-care tests in retail pharmacies would increase rates of first-time testers and (2) using data on social determinants of health associated with higher rates of HIV infection to locate test sites would increase the identification of people who were previously undiagnosed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354918801026DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6262519PMC
November 2019
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Enhancing HIV Prevention and Care Through CAPUS and Other Demonstration Projects Aimed at Achieving National HIV/AIDS Strategy Goals, 2010-2018.

Public Health Rep 2018 Nov/Dec;133(2_suppl):6S-9S

2 National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354918800024DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6262521PMC
November 2019
19 Reads

Learning by Doing: Lessons From the Care and Prevention in the United States Demonstration Project.

Public Health Rep 2018 Nov/Dec;133(2_suppl):18S-27S

1 Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Prevention Research Branch, Atlanta, GA, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354918803611DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6262517PMC
November 2019
13 Reads

The Care and Prevention in the United States Demonstration Project: A Call for More Focus on the Social Determinants of HIV/AIDS.

Public Health Rep 2018 Nov/Dec;133(2_suppl):28S-33S

2 Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354918801353DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6262515PMC
November 2019
11 Reads

Use of Social Network Strategy Among Young Black Men Who Have Sex With Men for HIV Testing, Linkage to Care, and Reengagement in Care, Tennessee, 2013-2016.

Public Health Rep 2018 Nov/Dec;133(2_suppl):43S-51S

2 Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN, USA.

Objectives: Tennessee was 1 of 8 states that received funding from the Care and Prevention in the United States Demonstration Project, which aimed to reduce HIV-related morbidity and mortality among racial/ethnic and sexual minority populations. The objective of this study was to describe implementation of a social network strategy (SNS) program, which leverages personal connections in social networks, to reach people with undiagnosed HIV infection for HIV testing. We targeted young black men who have sex with men (MSM) at 3 agencies in Memphis and Nashville, Tennessee, during 2013-2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354918801893DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6262520PMC
November 2019
15 Reads

Integrating Federal Collaboration in HIV Programming: The CAPUS Demonstration Project, 2012-2016.

Public Health Rep 2018 Nov/Dec;133(2_suppl):10S-17S

2 Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354918801583DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6262514PMC
November 2019
16 Reads