5,026 results match your criteria Public Health Nutrition [Journal]


Market food diversity mitigates the effect of environment on women's dietary diversity in the Agriculture to Nutrition (ATONU) study, Ethiopia.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Apr 17:1-10. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

1Department of Global Health and Population,Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health,Boston,MA,USA.

Objective: In Ethiopia, women's dietary diversity is low, primarily due to poor food availability and access, both at home and market level. The present study aimed to describe market access using a new definition called market food diversity (MFD) and estimate the impact of MFD, crop and livestock diversity on dietary diversity among women enrolled in the Agriculture to Nutrition (ATONU) trial.

Design: Baseline cross-sectional data collected from November 2016 to January 2017 were used for the analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S136898001900051XDOI Listing

Which is the cart and which is the horse? Getting more out of cross-sectional epidemiological studies.

Authors:
Taylor McLinden

Public Health Nutr 2019 Apr 16:1-3. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV/AIDS608-1081 Burrard StreetVancouver,BC,Canada,V6Z

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980019000624DOI Listing

Measuring lunchtime consumption in school cafeterias: a validation study of the use of digital photography.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Apr 4:1-10. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

The Centre for Activity and Eating Research,Bangor University,School of Psychology,Brigantia,Penrallt Road,Bangor,Gwynedd,LL57 2AS,UK.

Objective: The present study tested the validity of a digital image-capture measure of food consumption suitable for use in busy school cafeterias.

Design: Lunches were photographed pre- and post-consumption, and food items were weighed pre- and post-consumption for comparison.

Setting: A small research team recorded children's lunchtime consumption in one primary and one secondary school over seven working days. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S136898001900048XDOI Listing

Analysing child linear growth trajectories among under-5 children in two Nairobi informal settlements.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Apr 3:1-11. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

1African Population and Health Research Center,Manga Close,Off Kirawa Road,Kitisuru,PO Box 10787-00100,Nairobi,Kenya.

Objective: We sought to identify factors associated with linear growth among under-5 children in two urban informal settlements in Nairobi.

Design: We used longitudinal data for the period 2007-2012 from under-5 children recruited in the two sites between birth and 23 months and followed up until they reached 5 years of age. We fitted a generalized linear model on height-for-age Z-scores using the generalized estimating equations method to model linear growth trajectories among under-5 children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980019000491DOI Listing

Validation of a semi-quantitative FFQ for 18-month-old toddlers: the Growing Up in Singapore Towards Healthy Outcomes (GUSTO) study.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Apr 3:1-11. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

1Singapore Institute for Clinical Sciences,Agency for Science,Technology and Research,Singapore.

Objective: Dietary intake of toddlers has been of growing interest due to its long-term consequences on health. However, previous works have focused largely on Caucasian populations and less is known about Asian toddlers. We aimed to validate a semi-quantitative FFQ designed to assess dietary intakes of 18-month-old toddlers in a multi-ethnic Asian cohort. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980019000557DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Neck circumference as an indicator of elevated central adiposity in children.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Apr 2:1-7. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

2División de Ciencias de la Salud,Centro Universitario de Tonalá,Av. Nuevo Periférico No. 555,Ejido San José Tatepozco,CP 45425,Tonalá,Jalisco,México.

Objective: We aimed to study the correlation between neck circumference (NC) and anthropometric adiposity indicators, and to determine cut-off points of NC for both sexes to identify elevated central adiposity in schoolchildren in western Mexico.

Design: Cross-sectional study.

Setting: Rural settings in western México. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980019000454DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

Exploring the relationship between Big Food corporations and professional sports clubs: a scoping review.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Apr 2:1-10. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

1School of Social and Political Sciences,College of Social Sciences,University of Glasgow,27 Bute Gardens,GlasgowG12 8RS,UK.

Objective: Professional sport occupies a prominent cultural position in societies across the globe and commercial organisations make use of this to promote their products. The present scoping review explores existing academic literature on the relationship between professional sports clubs and food and drink marketing and considers how this relationship may impact upon the public's health.

Design: The scoping review searched six databases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980019000545DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Cut-off points of anthropometric markers associated with hypertension in the Brazilian population: National Health Survey, 2013.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Apr 2:1-8. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

1Faculdade de Nutrição,Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso,Avenida Fernando Corrêa da Costa 2367,Bloco CCBS I,Cuiabá,MT78060-900,Brazil.

Objective: To identify cut-off points for waist circumference (WC), waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) and BMI associated with hypertension in the Brazilian adult and elderly population.

Design: Cross-sectional study. The receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to determine the cut-off points of WC, WHtR and BMI in the prediction of hypertension. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980019000533DOI Listing

Diet quality of adolescents in rural Sri Lanka based on the Diet Quality Index-International: findings from the 'Integrating Nutrition Promotion and Rural Development' project.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Apr 1:1-10. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

1Centre on Population Based Approaches for Non-Communicable Disease Prevention,Nuffield Department of Population Health,University of Oxford,Old Road Campus,Oxford OX3 7NX,UK.

Objective: The current paper describes methods of evaluating dietary habits of Sri Lankan adolescents based on the Diet Quality Index-International (DQI-I), which has been used in multiple international studies to describe dietary variety, moderation, adequacy and balance. The paper describes the method for calculating DQI-I scores and examines associations between DQI-I scores and dietary intake, and between DQI-I scores and sociodemographic factors.

Design: The study followed a three-stage cluster randomised sampling method. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980019000430DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Greenhouse gas emissions, total food spending and diet quality by share of household food spending on red meat: results from a nationally representative sample of US households.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Mar 28:1-13. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

3Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy,Tufts University,Boston,MA,USA.

Objective: To determine if US household food purchases with lower levels of red meat spending generate lower life-cycle greenhouse gas emissions (GHGE), greater nutritional quality and improved alignment with the Dietary Guidelines for Americans. Affordability of purchasing patterns by red meat spending levels was also assessed.

Design: Household food purchase and acquisition data were linked to an environmentally extended input-output life-cycle assessment model to calculate food GHGE. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S136898001800407XDOI Listing

Purchasing patterns in low-income neighbourhoods: implications for studying sugar-sweetened beverage taxes.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Mar 27:1-8. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

1University of California,Berkeley,Community Health Sciences,School of Public Health,50 University Hall,Berkeley,CA94720,USA.

Objective: The present study aimed to determine the store types from which people in low-income neighbourhoods purchase most sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) and to identify associations between purchasing location and demographic characteristics.

Design: Street-intercept surveys of passers-by near high foot-traffic intersections in 2016. Participants completed a beverage frequency questionnaire and identified the type of store (e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980019000375DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Food insecurity patterns before and after initial receipt of Supplemental Security Income.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Mar 27:1-5. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

3Lurie Institute for Disability Policy,Heller School for Social Policy and Management,Brandeis University,Waltham,MA,USA.

Objective: To assess patterns of food insecurity before and after initial receipt of Supplemental Security Income (SSI) benefits.

Design: We analysed data from a nationally representative sample. We estimated two difference-in-difference models comparing food insecurity patterns among eventual SSI recipients with patterns among eligible non-recipients during two time frames. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980019000570DOI Listing

A comparison of the Health Star Rating and nutrient profiles of branded and generic food products in Sydney supermarkets, Australia.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Mar 26:1-8. Epub 2019 Mar 26.

The University of Sydney,Nutrition and Dietetics,School of Life and Environmental Sciences,Charles Perkins Centre,Building D17 Johns Hopkins Drive (off Missenden Road),NSW 2006,Australia.

Objective: To compare the Health Star Rating (HSR) and the nutritional profile of branded and generic packaged foods in Australia.

Design: In-store audits of packaged food products capturing data on HSR and nutritional content to analyse differences between branded and generic foods across ten food categories.

Setting: The audit was conducted in four major supermarket chains across various locations within metropolitan Sydney regions, Australia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980019000508DOI Listing

How full is your glass? Portion sizes of wine, fortified wine and straight spirits at home in the Netherlands.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Mar 26:1-8. Epub 2019 Mar 26.

1Division of Human Nutrition and Health,Wageningen University and Research,PO Box 17,6700 AA Wageningen,The Netherlands.

Objective: Alcohol consumption may be wrongly estimated because of inaccurate information on actual portion sizes. We compared portion sizes of wine, fortified wine and straight spirits poured at home with the Dutch standard drink sizes.

Design: Participants measured portion sizes of wine, fortified wine and straight spirits at home up to a maximum of three times and reported these via an online survey. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980019000442DOI Listing

Identifying gaps in the food security safety net: the characteristics and availability of summer nutrition programmes in California, USA - CORRIGENDUM.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Mar 25. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

3Economic Research Service,United States Department of Agriculture,Washington,DC,USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980019001150DOI Listing

Dietary changes during the Great Recession in Portugal: comparing the 2005/2006 and the 2014 health surveys.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Mar 22:1-8. Epub 2019 Mar 22.

Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública,Centro de Investigação em Saúde Pública,Universidade NOVA de Lisboa,Av. Padre Cruz,Lisboa 1600-560,Portugal.

Objective: We aimed at analysing changes in consumption of selected food groups in the Portuguese population before and after the Great Recession, which hit the country between 2008 and 2013.

Design: We used pooled cross-sectional data from the Portuguese National Health Interview Surveys of 2005/2006 and 2014. We modelled the probability of consumption of soup, fish, meat, potatoes/rice/pasta, bread, legumes, fruit, vegetables and sweets/desserts, as a function of the year, controlling for age, sex and education, using logistic regressions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S136898001800410XDOI Listing

Association of abnormal serum electrolyte levels with hypertension in a population with high salt intake.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Mar 21:1-11. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

2Department of Cardiology,The First Hospital of China Medical University,155 Nanjing Bei Street, Shenyang110001,Liaoning,People's Republic of China.

Objective: The present epidemiological study aimed to evaluate the association of serum electrolyte levels with hypertension in a population with a high-salt diet.

Design: Secondary analysis of epidemiology data from the Northeast China Rural Cardiovascular Health Study conducted in 2012-2013. Blood pressure and hypertension status were analysed for association with serum sodium, potassium, chloride, total calcium, phosphate and magnesium levels using regression models. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980019000260DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read
2.679 Impact Factor

Ethiopia's high childhood undernutrition explained: analysis of the prevalence and key correlates based on recent nationally representative data.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Mar 21:1-11. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

2College of Pharmacy and Nutrition,University of Saskatchewan,Saskatoon,SK,Canada.

Objective: To examine the contribution of child, maternal and household factors in stunting, wasting and underweight among children under 5 years in Ethiopia.

Design: Quantitative cross-sectional design based on nationally representative data.

Setting: Urban and rural areas of Ethiopia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980019000569DOI Listing

Ingredient bundles and recipe tastings in food pantries: a pilot study to increase the selection of healthy foods.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Mar 19:1-6. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

1Yale School of Public Health,60 College Street,New Haven, CT06510,USA.

Objective: The present study examined the effect of ingredient bundles (i.e. measured ingredients with recipes) and recipe tastings as a strategy to increase the selection of healthy, target foods (kale, brown rice and whole-wheat pasta). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980019000259DOI Listing

Nutrition transition profiles and obesity burden in Argentina.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Mar 12:1-11. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

4Instituto de Investigaciones en Ciencias de la Salud (INICSA),Universidad Nacional de Córdoba,CONICET,Facultad de Ciencias Médicas,Av. Enrique Barros y Enfermera Gordillo,CP 5016,Córdoba,Argentina.

Objective: The present study aimed to identify nutrition transition (NT) profiles in Argentina (2005-2013) and assess their association with obesity in the adult population.

Design: A large cross-sectional study was performed considering data sets of nationally representative surveys. A multiple correspondence analysis coupled with hierarchical clustering was conducted to detect geographical clusters of association among sociodemographic and NT indicators. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980019000429DOI Listing

Public health and the ultra-processed food and drink products industry: corporate political activity of major transnationals in Latin America and the Caribbean.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Mar 12:1-11. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

2Pan-American Health Organization/World Health Organization,Washington,DC,USA.

Objective: To identify examples of the 'corporate political activity' (CPA) of the industry producing and selling ultra-processed food and drink products (UPP) in Latin America and the Caribbean.

Design: Searches were conducted on the national websites and social media accounts of large industry actors. Coding was deductive and based on a framework for classifying the CPA of the food industry. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980019000417DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Association between gestational weight gain and exclusive breast-feeding for the first 6 months postpartum in Chinese women.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Mar 12:1-7. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

1Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics,School of Public Health,Peking University,Beijing 100191,People's Republic of China.

Objective: The association between gestational weight gain (GWG) and exclusive breast-feeding (EBF) practices remains unclear. The present study evaluated the association between GWG and EBF in the first 6 months postpartum among primiparas in rural China.

Design: The study population was drawn from a previous randomized controlled trial, and the relevant data were obtained from an electronic, population-based perinatal system and a monitoring system for child health care. Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S136898001
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980019000387DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Socio-economic and demographic characteristics associated with risk behaviour patterns for chronic non-communicable diseases in Brazil: data from the National Health Survey, 2013.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Mar 12:1-9. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

5Institut of Public Health,Department of Public Health,Federal University of Mato Grosso,Av. Fernando Corrêa da Costa 2367,Bairro Boa Esperança,Bloco:CCBS III,Cuiabá,MT 78060-900,Brazil.

Objective: To identify risk behaviour patterns for chronic non-communicable diseases (NCD) in the Brazilian population and to investigate associated socio-economic and demographic factors.

Design: Factor analysis was used to identify patterns considering the following risk behaviours: consumption of soft drinks/artificial juice, sweet foods, red meat with apparent fat, chicken skin; inadequate consumption of fruits and vegetables; alcohol abuse; smoking; absence of physical activity during leisure time; and time spent watching television. The χ 2 test was used to compare ratios. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S136898001900034XDOI Listing

Do Europeans consider sustainability when making food choices? A survey of Polish city-dwellers.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Mar 12:1-10. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

Department of Organisation and Consumption Economics, Faculty of Human Nutrition and Consumer Sciences,Warsaw University of Life Sciences (WULS-SGGW),Nowoursynowska 159 C Street,02-776Warsaw,Poland.

Objective: To obtain a better insight into the conceptualization of sustainable consumption among consumers with special focus on food choice determinants. Previous studies show that people present positive attitude towards sustainable diet while their everyday food choices do not follow sustainable diet rules.

Design: A structured questionnaire was designed and data were collected via computer-assisted telephone interview among a random group (n 600) of city-dwellers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980019000326DOI Listing

A behavioural economics approach to improving healthy food selection among food pantry clients.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Mar 12:1-11. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

2HealthPartners Institute,Bloomington,MN,USA.

Objective: To test the effect of a behavioural economics intervention in two food pantries on the nutritional quality of foods available at the pantries and the foods selected by adults visiting food pantries.

Design: An intervention (SuperShelf) was implemented in two food pantries (Sites A and B), with two other pantries (Sites C and D) serving as a control for pantry outcomes. The intervention aimed to increase the amount and variety of healthy foods (supply), as well as the appeal of healthy foods (demand) using behavioural economics strategies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980019000405DOI Listing
March 2019
16 Reads

Food consumption and related messages in animated comic series addressed to children and adolescents.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Mar 12:1-9. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

Department of Nutrition and Dietetics,Laboratory of Nutrition and Clinical Dietetics,Harokopio University of Athens,Eleftheriou Venizelou 70,17676 Kallithea,Athens,Greece.

Objective: To analyse the food content in animated comic series addressed to young audiences both in terms of the kinds of foods presented and the cues accompanying them.

Design: One hundred episodes of ten animated cartoon series with high television audience viewing (based on Average Minute Rating %) were reviewed and food items were classified into ten categories. In each episode, food cues (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980019000338DOI Listing

Association of age and colostrum discarding with breast-feeding practice in Ethiopia: systematic review and meta-analyses.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Mar 8:1-20. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

3Department of Epidemiology,University of Groningen,Groningen,The Netherlands.

Objective: To investigate whether maternal/caregiver's age, infant age (0-6 months) and discarding colostrum affects timely initiation of breast-feeding (TIBF) and exclusive breast-feeding (EBF) in Ethiopia.

Design: A systematic search of PubMed, SCOPUS, EMBASE, CINHAL, Web of Science and WHO Global Health Library electronic databases was done for all articles published in English from 2000 to January 2018. Two reviewers independently screened, extracted and graded the quality of studies using Newcastle-Ottawa Scale. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980019000314DOI Listing
March 2019
2.679 Impact Factor

Using multiple correspondence analysis to identify behaviour patterns associated with overweight and obesity in Vanuatu adults.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Mar 8:1-12. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

5Department of Anthropology,SUNY Binghamton,Binghamton, NY,USA.

Objective: The present study evaluates the use of multiple correspondence analysis (MCA), a type of exploratory factor analysis designed to reduce the dimensionality of large categorical data sets, in identifying behaviours associated with measures of overweight/obesity in Vanuatu, a rapidly modernizing Pacific Island country.

Design: Starting with seventy-three true/false questions regarding a variety of behaviours, MCA identified twelve most significantly associated with modernization status and transformed the aggregate binary responses of participants to these twelve questions into a linear scale. Using this scale, individuals were separated into three modernization groups (tertiles) among which measures of body fat were compared and OR for overweight/obesity were computed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980019000302DOI Listing

Perceptions of water and sugar-sweetened beverage consumption habits among teens, parents and teachers in the rural south-western USA.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Mar 8:1-12. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

1University of New Mexico Prevention Research Center,Department of Pediatrics,MSC 11 6145,1 University of New Mexico,Albuquerque,NM 87131,USA.

Objective: The present research aimed to describe perceptions and behaviours around the consumption of water and sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) by youths.

Design: A formative, qualitative study which conducted four focus groups. Transcripts were analysed and themes related to reasons youths drink SSB and water, and conversely do not drink SSB and water, were analysed to reveal thematic clusters around sensory factors, environment and policy, access, marketing and role model influences, and health risks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980019000272DOI Listing

Variation of iodine status during pregnancy and its associations with thyroid function in women from Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Mar 8:1-9. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

Department of Endocrinology,Hospital Universitário Clementino Fraga Filho,Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro,Rua Prof. Rodolpho Paulo Rocco 255,9º andar,sala 9E23,Rio de Janeiro,RJ 21941-913,Brazil.

Objective: To assess iodine status and its effects on maternal thyroid function throughout pregnancy.

Design: In the present prospective cohort study, three urinary samples were requested for urinary iodine concentration (UIC) determinations in both the first and third gestational trimesters. Serum thyrotropin (TSH) and free thyroxine (FT4) were analysed in both trimesters and thyroid antibodies were assessed once. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980019000399DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

A practical model for identification of children at risk of excess energy intake in the developing world.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Mar 8:1-11. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

1Faculty of Medical Sciences,University of the West Indies,Errol Waldron Building,Jemmotts Lane,Cave Hill,St Michael,Barbados.

Objective: We describe diet quality by demographic factors and weight status among Barbadian children and examine associations with excess energy intake (EI). A screening tool for the identification of children at risk of excess EI was developed.

Design: In a cross-sectional survey, the Diet Quality Index-International (DQI-I) was used to assess dietary intakes from repeat 24h recalls among 362 children aged 9-10 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980019000296DOI Listing

The short- and long-term impact of an incentive intervention on healthier eating: a quasi-experiment in primary- and secondary-school cafeterias in Brazil.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Mar 8:1-11. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

1Brazilian School of Public and Business Administration,Fundação Getulio Vargas,Rua Jornalista Orlando Dantas 30,Rio de Janeiro,RJ 22231-010,Brazil.

Objective: To assess the short- and long-term effectiveness of a lottery incentive intervention to promote the purchase of healthy products in school cafeterias.

Design: A quasi-experiment in which students' purchases in intervention schools were analysed in a pre-post analysis and also compared with a control school in a difference-in-differences model. A hierarchical linear model assessed the mean number of promoted healthy products purchased daily per participant before (twenty-six weekdays), during (nine weekdays) and after (twenty-eight weekdays) the intervention period. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980019000223DOI Listing

Variation in the food environment of small and non-traditional stores across racial segregation and corporate status.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Mar 8:1-11. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

1Division of Epidemiology and Community Health,School of Public Health,University of Minnesota,1300 South 2nd Street,Minneapolis,MN 55454,USA.

Objective: We examined differences in consumer-level characteristics and structural resources and capabilities of small and non-traditional food retailers (i.e. corner stores, gas-marts, pharmacies, dollar stores) by racial segregation of store neighbourhood and corporate status (corporate/franchise- v. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980019000132DOI Listing

Dietary calcium intake and the risk of metabolic syndrome: evidence from observational studies.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Mar 8:1-8. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics,School of Public Health,Qingdao University,No. 38 Dengzhou Road,Qingdao,Shandong266021,People's Republic of China.

Objective: Epidemiological investigations evaluating the association of dietary Ca intake with metabolic syndrome (MetS) risk have yielded controversial results. Therefore, a meta-analysis was conducted to quantitatively summarize the association between dietary Ca intake and the risk of MetS.

Design: PubMed, Embase and Web of Science were searched for relevant articles published up to October 2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980019000247DOI Listing

Prevalence and relationship of hypertriglyceridaemic-waist phenotype and type 2 diabetes mellitus among a rural adult Chinese population.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Mar 8:1-6. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

1Department of Preventive Medicine,Shenzhen University Health Sciences Center,3688 Nanhai Avenue,Nanshan District,Shenzhen,Guangdong 518060,People's Republic of China.

Objective: Limited information is available on the prevalence and effect of hypertriglyceridaemic-waist (HTGW) phenotype on the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in rural populations.

Design: In the present cross-sectional study, we investigated the prevalence of the HTGW phenotype and T2DM and the strength of their association among rural adults in China.

Setting: HTGW was defined as TAG >1·7 mmol/l and waist circumference (WC) ≥90 cm for males and ≥80 cm for females. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980019000181DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads
2.679 Impact Factor

Seven-year itch: the UK Government's difficult relationship with the food and drink industry since Healthy Lives, Healthy People: A Call to Action on Obesity in England (2011).

Public Health Nutr 2019 Mar 6:1-4. Epub 2019 Mar 6.

2Department of Sport and Exercise Sciences,Durham University,Durham,UK.

Objective: Unhealthy food and drink consumption is associated with a range of physical and mental health concerns. In response, public health policies have been developed targeting a reduction in obesity in particular. In the present commentary we argue that government-industry partnerships have reduced the effectiveness of resultant policies and explore why. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980019000053DOI Listing

Dietary patterns and abnormal glucose tolerance among Japanese: findings from the National Health and Nutrition Survey, 2012.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Mar 6:1-9. Epub 2019 Mar 6.

1Department of Nutritional Epidemiology and Shokuiku,National Institute of Health and Nutrition,1-23-1 Toyama,Shinjuku-ku,Tokyo 162-8636,Japan.

Objective: Previous studies have associated dietary patterns with diabetes risk in Western countries, but such studies among the Japanese population are scarce. The present study aimed to investigate dietary patterns associated with abnormal glucose tolerance determined by elevated glycated Hb (HbA1c) levels.

Design: The 2012 National Health and Nutrition Survey (NHNS) database was used for the cross-sectional study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980019000120DOI Listing
March 2019
4 Reads

A systematic review of food pantry-based interventions in the USA.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Mar 5:1-13. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

7University of Illinois Extension,University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign,Champaign,IL,USA.

Objective: Food pantries play a critical role in combating food insecurity. The objective of the present work was to systematically review and synthesize scientific evidence regarding the effectiveness of food pantry-based interventions in the USA.

Design: Keyword/reference search was conducted in PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, Cochrane Library and CINAHL for peer-reviewed articles published until May 2018 that met the following criteria. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980019000144DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Association of eggs with dietary nutrient adequacy and cardiovascular risk factors in US adults.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Mar 5:1-10. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

1Department of Nutritional Sciences,University of Connecticut,209 Roy E. Jones Building,3624 Horsebarn Hill Road,Storrs,CT 06269,USA.

Objective: Whole eggs are rich sources of several micronutrients. However, it is not well known how egg consumption contributes to overall nutrient adequacy and how it may relate to CVD risk factors. Therefore, the present study aimed to determine how whole egg consumption contributes to nutrient intakes and to assess its association with CVD risk factors in US adults. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980019000211DOI Listing
March 2019
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How effective is food industry self-substantiation of food-health relationships underpinning health claims on food labels in Australia?

Public Health Nutr 2019 Mar 4:1-10. Epub 2019 Mar 4.

2Cancer Programs Division,Cancer Council NSW,Woolloomooloo,New South Wales,Australia.

Objective: The Food Standards Code regulates health claims on Australian food labels. General-level health claims highlight food-health relationships, e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980018004081DOI Listing

Subnational variation of stunting, wasting and malnutrition in Chinese primary-school children between 2010 and 2014: urban-rural disparity.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Mar 4:1-12. Epub 2019 Mar 4.

1Institute of Child and Adolescent Health,School of Public Health,Peking University,38 Xue Yuan Road,Haidian District,Beijing 100191,People's Republic of China.

Objective: To examine urban-rural disparity in childhood stunting, wasting and malnutrition at national and subnational levels in Chinese primary-school children in 2010 and 2014.

Design: Data were obtained from two nationwide cross-sectional surveys conducted in 2010 and 2014. Malnutrition was classified using the Chinese national 'Screening Standard for Malnutrition of Children'. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980019000235DOI Listing
March 2019
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Elevated highly sensitive C-reactive protein and d-dimer levels are associated with food insecurity among people living with HIV in Pune, India.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Mar 4:1-8. Epub 2019 Mar 4.

1Byramjee Jeejeebhoy Government Medical College - Johns Hopkins University Clinical Research Site,1st Floor,Pathology Museum,J P Narayan Road,Pune 411 001,India.

Objective: To assess the prevalence and determinants of food insecurity among people living with HIV (PLWH) in Pune, India and its association with biomarkers known to confer increased risks of morbidity and mortality in this population.

Design: Cross-sectional analysis assessing food insecurity using the standardized Household Food Insecurity Access Scale. Participants were dichotomized into two groups: food insecure and food secure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S136898001900020XDOI Listing

Serum folate and vitamin B12 status in young Brazilian children.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Mar 1:1-9. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

1Department of Nutrition,School of Public Health,University of São Paulo,Avenida Dr Arnaldo 715,São Paulo,SP01246-904,Brazil.

Objective: To assess the nutritional status of folate and vitamin B12 with anaemia in young children.

Design: A cross-sectional study was conducted at the primary health-care centres of four Brazilian cities. Folate and vitamin B12 were assessed by fluoroimmunoassay. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980019000193DOI Listing
March 2019
8 Reads

Positioning food standards programmes to protect public health: current performance, future opportunities and necessary reforms.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Apr 28;22(5):912-926. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

3School of Population and Global Health,University of Western Australia,Perth,Western Australia,Australia.

Objective: To assess current performance and identify opportunities and reforms necessary for positioning a food standards programme to help protect public health against dietary risk factors.

Design: A case study design in which a food standards programme's public health protection performance was analysed against an adapted Donabedian model for assessing health-care quality. The criteria were the food standards programme's structure (governance arrangements and membership of its decision-making committees), process (decision-making tools, public engagement and transparency) and food standards outcomes, which provided the information base on which performance quality was inferred. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980018003786DOI Listing

Frequency of eating alone is associated with adolescent dietary intake, perceived food-related parenting practices and weight status: cross-sectional Family Life, Activity, Sun, Health, and Eating (FLASHE) Study results.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Feb 28:1-12. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

10Extension Family and Community Health Program,Oregon State University,Corvallis, OR,USA.

Objective: To examine relationships between frequency of adolescents eating alone (dependent variable) and diet, weight status and perceived food-related parenting practices (independent variables).

Design: Analyses of publicly available, cross-sectional, web-based survey data from adolescents.

Setting: Online consumer opinion panel. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980019000107DOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads

Sociodemographic predictors of exclusive breast-feeding among low-income women attending a Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) programme.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Feb 26:1-8. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

1Obesity and Chronic Disease Prevention,Loudoun County Health Department,Leesburg, VA,USA.

Objective: To describe infant feeding practices and predictors of exclusive breast-feeding among women attending a local Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) programme.

Design: Cross-sectional survey. Outcomes included reported infant feeding practices at 3 and 6 months, timing and reasons for introduction of formula. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980019000119DOI Listing
February 2019

Handling missing data in an FFQ: multiple imputation and nutrient intake estimates.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Feb 26:1-10. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

1Department of Public Health,Nagoya City University Graduate School of Medical Sciences,1 Kawasumi, Mizuho-cho, Mizuho-ku,Nagoya 467-8601,Japan.

Objective: We aimed to examine missing data in FFQ and to assess the effects on estimating dietary intake by comparing between multiple imputation and zero imputation.

Design: We used data from the Okazaki Japan Multi-Institutional Collaborative Cohort (J-MICC) study. A self-administered questionnaire including an FFQ was implemented at baseline (FFQ1) and 5-year follow-up (FFQ2). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980019000168DOI Listing
February 2019

Comparisons of school and home-packed lunches for fruit and vegetable dietary behaviours among school-aged youths.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Feb 26:1-8. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

2Department of Nutrition,University of California,Davis,Davis, CA,USA.

Objective: School-based interventions and policies encourage youths to include and consume fruits and vegetables at lunchtime via school lunches, but limited research has examined how these behaviours compare when youths have home-packed lunches. The objective of the present study was to compare fruit and vegetable contents and consumption among students having school or home-packed lunches over the school week.

Design: Participants were observed over five consecutive days at school lunchtime. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S136898001900017XDOI Listing
February 2019

Social and economic influences on infant and child feeding practices in a Marshallese community.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Feb 22:1-10. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

1Office of Community Health and Research,University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences,Northwest Campus,1125 N. College Avenue,Fayetteville,AR 72701,USA.

Objective: The present study aimed to examine the key influences on infant and child feeding practices among a Marshallese community at each social ecological level. It is the first study to examine the key influences on infant and child feeding practices with Marshallese immigrant women in the USA and helps fill a gap in the previous literature that has included other immigrant women.

Design: Community-based participatory research design with twenty-seven participants taking part in four qualitative focus groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980018004007DOI Listing
February 2019