4,970 results match your criteria Public Health Nutrition [Journal]


Protein intake and the risk of premenstrual syndrome.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Feb 18:1-8. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

1Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology,University of Massachusetts,715 North Pleasant Street,Arnold House 412,Amherst,MA01003,USA.

Objective: To examine the relationship between protein intake and the risk of incident premenstrual syndrome (PMS).

Design: Nested case-control study. FFQ were completed every 4 years during follow-up. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980018004019DOI Listing
February 2019

Identifying gaps in the food security safety net: the characteristics and availability of summer nutrition programmes in California, USA.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Feb 18:1-15. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

3Economic Research Service,United States Department of Agriculture,Washington, DC,USA.

Objective: The US Department of Agriculture's Summer Food Service Program and Seamless Summer Option (summer nutrition programmes (SNP)) aim to relieve food insecurity for children and teens during summer months. More needs to be known about when and where SNP are available, and how availability varies by community characteristics, particularly in rural areas where food insecurity and reduced food access are more prevalent.

Design: The present study examined the geographic availability of SNP and summer meal uptake rates in 2016, using state-wide administrative claims data. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980018004135DOI Listing
February 2019

Assessment of the validity of multiple obesity indices compared with obesity-related co-morbidities.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Feb 18:1-9. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

1College of Pharmacy,Yonsei University,162-1 Songdo-Dong,Yeonsu-Gu,Incheon 21983,Republic of Korea.

Objective: The aim of the present study was to compare selected obesity indicators with comprehensive health status.

Design: The study employed a pooled cross-sectional design.

Setting: BMI, waist circumference, waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) and body fat percentage were considered as indirect obesity indicators. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980019000090DOI Listing
February 2019

Findings from What We Eat in America, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2011-2014 support salad consumption as an effective strategy for improving adherence to dietary recommendations.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Feb 15:1-12. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

US Department of Agriculture,Agricultural Research Service,Beltsville Human Nutrition Research Center,Food Surveys Research Group,BARC-West - Building 005 - Room 102,Beltsville,MD20705-2350,USA.

Objective: To verify the previously untested assumption that eating more salad enhances vegetable intake and determine if salad consumption is in fact associated with higher vegetable intake and greater adherence to the Dietary Guidelines for Americans (DGA) recommendations.

Design: Individuals were classified as salad reporters or non-reporters based upon whether they consumed a salad composed primarily of raw vegetables on the intake day. Regression analyses were applied to calculate adjusted estimates of food group intakes and assess the likelihood of meeting Healthy US-Style Food Pattern recommendations by salad reporting status. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980018003695DOI Listing
February 2019

Vitamin D status in a multi-ethnic population of northern Norway: the SAMINOR 2 Clinical Survey.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Feb 15:1-15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

1Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences,UiT The Arctic University of Norway,Postboks 6050 Langnes 9037,Tromsø,Norway.

Objective: To investigate serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (S-25(OH)D) concentration in a multi-ethnic population of northern Norway and determine predictors of S-25(OH)D, including Sami ethnicity.

Design: Cross-sectional data from the second survey of the Population-based Study on Health and Living Conditions in Regions with Sami and Norwegian Populations (the SAMINOR 2 Clinical Survey, 2012-2014). S-25(OH)D was measured by the IDS-iSYS 25-Hydroxy Vitamin Dˢ assay. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980018003816DOI Listing
February 2019

A practical solution to improve the nutritional balance of Korean dine-out menus using linear programming.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Feb 15:1-10. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

3Department of Medical Nutrition,Graduate School of East-West Medical Science,Kyung Hee University,1732 Deogyeong-daero,Giheung-gu,Yongin-si,Gyeonggi-do 17104,Republic of Korea.

Objective: We analysed optimal nutrient levels using linear programming (LP) to reveal nutritional shortcomings of Korean dine-out meals and to stress the importance of fruits and dairy products for maintaining a healthy diet.

Design: LP models that minimize deviation from recommended nutrient values were formulated to analyse deficiency or excess of nutrients under the best situation.

Setting: Korean dine-out menus and nutritional information were taken from the nutrient composition tables for dine-out menus developed by the Ministry of Food and Drug Safety and the nutrient database from Computerized Analysis Program. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980018004032DOI Listing
February 2019

An anthropometry-based equation of fat mass percentage as a valid discriminator of obesity.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Feb 15:1-9. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

1Faculty of Medicine,National Autonomous University of Mexico,Av. Universidad 3000,Cd. Universitaria,CP 04510,Coyoacán,Mexico City,Mexico.

Objective: To develop a new predictive equation for fat mass percentage (%FM) based on anthropometric measurements and to assess its ability to discriminate between obese and non-obese individuals.

Design: Cross-sectional study.

Setting: Mexican adults. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980018004044DOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads

Obesogenic food consumption among young children: the role of maltreatment.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Feb 15:1-10. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

2College for Public Health & Social Justice,Saint Louis University,St. Louis,MO,USA.

Objective: To determine whether children exposed to a greater variety of acts of parent-to-child physical and psychological maltreatment will be at greater risk of consuming obesogenic foods at a higher frequency.

Design: Survey research using a longitudinal panel design.

Setting: In-home interviews with primary caregivers in twenty large US cities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980019000065DOI Listing
February 2019

Trends in total fat and fatty acid intakes and chronic health conditions in Korean adults over 2007-2015.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Feb 15:1-10. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

3Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition,Michigan State University,East Lansing,MI,USA.

Objective: To investigate trends in total fat and fatty acid intakes and chronic health conditions among Korean adults over nine years between 2007 and 2015.

Design: Cross-sectional, observational study using a stratified, multistage probability sampling design at a national level. Intakes of total fat and fatty acids were estimated from 24 h dietary recalls by sex and age groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980018003701DOI Listing
February 2019

Acceptability, internal consistency and test-retest reliability of scales to assess parental and nursery staff's self-efficacy, motivation and knowledge in relation to pre-school children's nutrition, oral health and physical activity.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Feb 14:1-9. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

4Centre for Exercise,Nutrition and Health Sciences,School for Policy Studies,University of Bristol,Bristol,UK.

Objective: To determine the acceptability, internal consistency and test-retest reliability of self-efficacy, motivation and knowledge scales relating to pre-school children's nutrition, oral health and physical activity.

Design: An online questionnaire was completed twice with an interval of 7-11d.

Setting: Online questionnaires were sent to participants via email from nursery managers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980018004111DOI Listing
February 2019

Sociodemographic patterns of urine sodium excretion and its association with hypertension in Chile: a cross-sectional analysis.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Feb 14:1-10. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

1BHF Glasgow Cardiovascular Research Centre,Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Science,University of Glasgow,Glasgow G12 8TA,UK.

Objective: The aim of the study was to determine the main factors (sociodemographic, anthropometric, lifestyle and health status) associated with high Na excretion in a representative population of Chile.

Design: Na excretion (g/d), a valid marker of Na intake, was determined by urine analysis and Tanaka's formulas. Blood pressure was measured by trained staff and derived from the mean of three readings recorded after 15 min rest. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980018003889DOI Listing
February 2019

Coverage and factors associated with vitamin A supplementation among children aged 6-59 months in twenty-three sub-Saharan African countries.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Feb 13:1-7. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Africa Unit for Transdisciplinary Health Research,North-West University (Potchefstroom Campus),Private Bag X6001,Box 500,Potchefstroom,South Africa.

Objective: The present study aimed to give an overall view of the pattern of high-dose vitamin A supplementation (VAS) coverage in twenty-three sub-Saharan African countries and factors associated with receipt of VAS among children aged 6-59 months.

Design: Cross-sectional data from the twenty-three Demographic and Health Surveys conducted from 2011 to 2015 in twenty-three sub-Saharan African countries were pooled. A multilevel logistic regression model was used to explore factors associated with VAS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980018004056DOI Listing
February 2019

Reliability and validity of body weight and body image perception in children and adolescents from the South American Youth/Child Cardiovascular and Environmental (SAYCARE) Study.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Feb 13:1-9. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

1School of Nutrition and Dietetics,University of Antioquia,Carrera 75 Nº 65-87,Bloque 44 of 112,Medellín,Colombia.

Objective: To assess the reliability and validity of body weight (BW) and body image (BI) perception reported by parents (in children) and by adolescents in a South American population.

Design: Cross-sectional study. BW perception was evaluated by the question, 'Do you think you/your child are/is: severely wasted, wasted, normal weight, overweight, obese?' BI perception was evaluated using the Gardner scale. Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S136898001
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980018004020DOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads

A qualitative exploration of parents', youths' and food establishment managers' perceptions of beverage industry self-regulation for obesity prevention.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Feb 13:1-9. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

RAND Corporation,1776 Main Street,PO Box 2138,Santa Monica,CA,90407-2138,USA.

Objective: We aimed to explore the range of stakeholders' perceptions of the Balance Calories Initiative (BCI), under which the American Beverage Association pledged to decrease per capita US consumption of beverage energy by 20 % by 2025.

Design: Semi-structured cross-sectional interviews were conducted in 2017.

Setting: Participants were recruited from communities targeted by the BCI (Montgomery, AL; North Mississippi Delta, MS; Eastern Los Angeles, CA). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980018003865DOI Listing
February 2019

Factors associated with the availability of iodized salt at household level: a case study in Bangladesh.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Feb 13:1-9. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

5Department of Medicine,The University of Melbourne,Melbourne,Victoria,Australia.

Objective: The availability of iodized salt in households remains low in Bangladesh, which calls for improving the salt iodization quality and its coverage. The present study assessed the socio-economic disparity in Bangladesh to characterize the availability of iodized salt at household level.

Design: Associations between different socio-economic factors and availability of iodized salt at household level were explored using Bayesian mixed-effects logistic models after adjusting the district- and cluster-level random effects. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980018003907DOI Listing
February 2019
2.679 Impact Factor

Food-based dietary guidelines of Arabic-speaking countries: a culturally congruent profile.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Feb 12:1-9. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

5London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine,Department of Global Health & Development,15-17 Tavistock Place,London WC1H 9SH,UK.

Objective: Dietary guidelines for food groups, types and portion sizes are common practice at the national level. As the relationship between nutrition and disease and the influence of cultural identity on individual behaviour become clearer, dietary guidelines necessarily evolve. Today, the Arabic-speaking region is experiencing a dual burden of undernutrition and increasing rates of overweight and obesity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980018004093DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Micronutrient deficiencies and health-related quality of life: the case of children with vitamin D deficiency.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Feb 12:1-8. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

1Health Economics Unit,Institute of Applied Health Research,University of Birmingham,Birmingham,UK.

Objective: To explore the extent to which micronutrient deficiencies (MND) affect children's health-related quality of life (HRQoL), using vitamin D deficiency (VDD) as a case study.

Design: Proxy valuation study to estimate the impact of VDD on the HRQoL of younger (0-4 years) and older (>4 years) children. We used the Child Health Utility 9 Dimension (CHU9D) questionnaire to estimate HRQoL for children within six VDD-related health states: 'hypocalcaemic cardiomyopathy', 'hypocalcaemic seizures', 'active rickets', 'bone deformities', 'pain and muscle weakness' and 'subclinical VDD'. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980018003841DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

A comparative analysis of the restaurant consumer food environment in Rochester (NY, USA) and London (ON, Canada): assessing children's menus by neighbourhood socio-economic characteristics.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Feb 12:1-13. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

1Department of Geography,University of Western Ontario,1151 Richmond Street,London,Ontario,Canada,N6A 3K7.

Objective: To assess restaurant children's menus for content and nutritional quality; and to investigate the relationship between the restaurant consumer food environment for children and neighbourhood-level socio-economic characteristics within and between one Canadian city and one US city.

Design: Cross-sectional observational study.

Setting: London, ON, Canada and Rochester, NY, USA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980018003804DOI Listing
February 2019

Mediterranean diet score and incidence of IHD: a global comparative study.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Feb 12:1-7. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

2Graduate School of Nutritional Science,Nagoya University of Arts and Sciences,Aichi,Japan.

Objective: The aim of the present study was to clarify the global relationship between Mediterranean diet score (MDS) and the incidence of IHD by country using international statistics.

Design: The incidence of IHD by country was derived from the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) database. Average supplies of food (g/d per capita) and energy (kcal/d per capita) by country, excluding loss between production and household, were obtained from the FAOSTAT database. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980018003877DOI Listing
February 2019

Development and testing of a scale to evaluate diet according to the recommendations of the Dietary Guidelines for the Brazilian Population.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Feb 12:1-12. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

2Núcleo de Pesquisas Epidemiológicas em Nutrição e Saúde, Faculdade de Saúde Pública,Universidade de São Paulo,São Paulo,SP,Brazil.

Objective: To develop and test a scale for healthy eating practices measurement according to the Dietary Guidelines for the Brazilian Population recommendations.

Design: Methodological study. The current Brazilian food-based dietary guideline highlights the importance of choosing foods, combining foods to create meals and modes of eating. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980018004123DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Ultra-processed foods: what they are and how to identify them.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Feb 12:1-6. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

1Department of Nutrition,School of Public Health,University of São Paulo,São Paulo,Brazil.

The present commentary contains a clear and simple guide designed to identify ultra-processed foods. It responds to the growing interest in ultra-processed foods among policy makers, academic researchers, health professionals, journalists and consumers concerned to devise policies, investigate dietary patterns, advise people, prepare media coverage, and when buying food and checking labels in shops or at home. Ultra-processed foods are defined within the NOVA classification system, which groups foods according to the extent and purpose of industrial processing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980018003762DOI Listing
February 2019

Neighbour home gardening predicts dietary diversity among rural Tanzanian women.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Feb 12:1-8. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

1Department of Global Health and Population,Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health,665 Huntington Avenue,Boston,MA02115,USA.

Objective: The present study's aim was to assess the impact of a nutrition-sensitive intervention on dietary diversity and home gardening among non-participants residing within intervention communities.

Design: The study was a cross-sectional risk factor analysis using linear and logistic multivariate models.

Setting: In Tanzania, women and children often consume monotonous diets of poor nutritional value primarily because of physical or financial inaccessibility or low awareness of healthy foods. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980018003798DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

High burden of co-morbidity and mortality among severely malnourished children admitted to outpatient therapeutic programme facilities in the conflict setting of Borno, Nigeria: a retrospective review.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Feb 11:1-8. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

5UNICEF,New York,NY,USA.

Objective: To present evidence on the burden and outcomes of co-morbidities among severely malnourished (SAM) children admitted to outpatient therapeutic programme (OTP) facilities in the conflict setting of Borno, Nigeria.

Design: Retrospective medical chart review.

Setting: Facility-based study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980018003968DOI Listing
February 2019

Autonomous motivation, sugar-sweetened beverage consumption and healthy beverage intake in US families: differences between mother-adolescent and father-adolescent dyads.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Feb 11:1-9. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

1Department of Nutrition,Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health,655 Huntington Avenue,Boston,MA 02115,USA.

Objective: To assess interdependent effects of autonomous motivation to limit sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption in relation to SSB and healthy beverage (HB) intake in mother-adolescent and father-adolescent dyads.

Design: Adopting a dyadic cross-sectional design, the actor-partner interdependence modelling (APIM) approach was used to construct and analyse two APIM for mother-adolescent and father-adolescent dyads. The first model assessed actor effects (individual's autonomous motivation associated with his/her own beverage intake) and partner effects (individual's autonomous motivation associated with another family member's beverage consumption) of autonomous motivation on SSB consumption. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S136898001800383XDOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Longitudinal changes in maternal anthropometry in relation to neonatal anthropometry.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Feb 11:1-8. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

1Epidemiology BranchDivision of Intramural Population Health Research,Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development,6710B Rockledge Drive,MSC 7004,Bethesda,MD20817,USA.

Objective: To characterize the association of longitudinal changes in maternal anthropometric measures with neonatal anthropometry and to assess to what extent late-gestational changes in maternal anthropometry are associated with neonatal body composition.

Design: In a prospective cohort of pregnant women, maternal anthropometry was measured at six study visits across pregnancy and after birth, neonates were measured and fat and lean mass calculated. We estimated maternal anthropometric trajectories and separately assessed rate of change in the second (15-28 weeks) and third trimester (28-39 weeks) in relation to neonatal anthropometry. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980018003749DOI Listing
February 2019

Food security of food recipients of a food pantry and soup kitchen.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Feb 8:1-10. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Department of Nutritional Sciences103 West 24th Street,Painter 444,Nutritional Sciences A2703,The University of Texas at Austin,Austin,TX78712,USA.

Objective: To discern the impact of food donations provided by a food pantry and soup kitchen on food security.

Design: In this cross-sectional study, participants completed a demographic questionnaire, core food security module, FFQ and list of food donations. The FFQ was utilized to assess diet quality as estimated via the 2010 Healthy Eating Index. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980018003658DOI Listing
February 2019

Smoking during pregnancy reduces vitamin D levels in a Finnish birth register cohort.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Feb 8:1-5. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

6Fertility Clinic,Rigshospitalet,University Hospital Copenhagen,Copenhagen,Denmark.

Objective: Maternal vitamin D level in pregnancy may have implications for both the mother and fetus. Deficiency of vitamin D has been linked to several pregnancy complications and fetal skeletal health. Smoking has been associated with reduced serum level of the vitamin D metabolite, 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980018003932DOI Listing
February 2019

Hungry for more: key stakeholders' support for more stringent school food policies.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Feb 8:1-9. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

2Western Australian School Canteen Association,East Perth,Western Australia,Australia.

Objective: School food policies are an important component of comprehensive strategies to address child obesity and improve children's health. Evaluations have demonstrated that these policies can be initially well accepted and appropriately implemented, however little is known about how acceptance levels may change over time. The present study aimed to re-evaluate a school food policy 10 years after its introduction to assess key stakeholders' support for various policy extensions that would strengthen the scope of the policy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980018003919DOI Listing
February 2019

Adults with familial hypercholesterolaemia have healthier dietary and lifestyle habits compared with their non-affected relatives: the SAFEHEART study.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Feb 8:1-11. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

1Fundación Hipercolesterolemia Familiar,C/General Álvarez de Castro 14,28010Madrid,Spain.

Objective: Healthy lifestyle habits are the cornerstone in the management of familial hypercholesterolaemia (FH). Nevertheless, dietary studies on FH-affected populations are scarce. The present study analyses dietary habits, adherence to a Mediterranean diet pattern and physical activity in an adult population with FH and compares them with their non-affected relatives. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980018003853DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

The intergenerational transmission of family meal practices: a mixed-methods study of parents of young children.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Feb 8:1-12. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

1Department of Family Medicine and Community Health,University of Minnesota,717 Delaware Street SE #420,Minneapolis,MN 55414,USA.

Objective: The current mixed-methods study explored qualitative accounts of prior childhood experiences and current contextual factors around family meals across three quantitatively informed categories of family meal frequency patterns from adolescence to parenthood: (i) 'maintainers' of family meals across generations; (ii) 'starters' of family meals in the next generation; and (iii) 'inconsistent' family meal patterns across generations.

Design: Quantitative survey data collected as part of the first (1998-1999) and fourth (2015-2016) waves of the longitudinal Project EAT (Eating and Activity in Adolescents and Young Adults) study and qualitative interviews conducted with a subset (n 40) of Project EAT parent participants in 2016-2017.

Setting: Surveys were completed in school (Wave 1) and online (Wave 4); qualitative interviews were completed in-person or over the telephone. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980018003920DOI Listing
February 2019

Food insecurity, psychosocial health and academic performance among college and university students in Georgia, USA.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Mar;22(3):476-485

Department of Behavioral Sciences & Health Education,Rollins School of Public Health,Emory University,1518 Clifton Road NE,GCR 523,Atlanta,GA 30322,USA.

Objective: To examine whether psychosocial health mediates the association between food insecurity and grade point average (GPA) among college and university students.

Design: Data for the present study are from a longitudinal cohort study. Structural equation modelling (SEM) was used to test the proposed mediation hypothesis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980018003439DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6366643PMC

Understanding engagement in a family-focused, multicomponent, childhood weight management programme delivered in the community setting.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Feb 6:1-12. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

1School of Public Health,4th Floor,Western Gateway Building,University College Cork,Cork,Republic of Ireland.

Objective: To describe public health nurses' (PHN) experiences of referring to, and families' experiences of being referred to, a multicomponent, community-based, childhood weight management programme and to provide insight into families' motivation to participate in and complete treatment.

Design: Qualitative study using semi-structured interviews and the draw-and-write technique.

Setting: Two geographical regions in the south and west of Ireland. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980018003828DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

The effectiveness of dietary workplace interventions: a systematic review of systematic reviews.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Feb 1:1-14. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Centre for Public Health,Queen's University Belfast,Institute of Clinical Sciences, Block B,Royal Victoria Hospital,Belfast BT12 6BA,UK.

Objective: To summarise findings of systematic reviews that distinctively report dietary intervention components and their effects on diet-, health- and economic-related outcomes in the workplace setting.

Design: MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, Web of Science, Cochrane Library and Google Scholar were searched in December 2014 and the search was updated in August 2017.

Results: The search identified 1137 titles, of which nineteen systematic reviews from the initial search and two systematic reviews from the updated search met the inclusion criteria (twenty-one systematic reviews, published in twenty-two papers). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980018003750DOI Listing
February 2019

Environmental interventions to promote healthier eating and physical activity behaviours in institutions: a systematic review.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Jan 31:1-14. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

2Human Development and Health Academic Unit, Faculty of Medicine,University of Southampton,Southampton,Hampshire,UK.

Objective: The present review evaluated the effectiveness of environmental-based interventions aimed at improving the dietary and physical activity behaviours and body composition indices of adults in institutions.

Design: A systematic review was conducted. Electronic databases (MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, CINAHL, The Cochrane Library, Web of Science, ProQuest Dissertation and Theses, Scopus and Athena) were searched for relevant articles published between database inception and October 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980018003683DOI Listing
January 2019

Exclusive breast-feeding and sociodemographic characteristics are associated with dietary patterns in children aged 4-7 years.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Jan 30:1-8. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

1Department of Nutrition,Federal University of Viçosa,Avenue Ph Rolfs, University Campus, Viçosa - MG, 36570-900,Brazil.

Objective: To identify the dietary patterns of children aged 4-7 years and verify their association with sociodemographic characteristics, lifestyle habits and exclusive breast-feeding (EBF).

Design: A cross-sectional study nested within a cohort, performed with Brazilian children aged 4-7 years. The children were re-evaluated at age 4 to 7 years and food patterns were identified a posteriori through principal component analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980018003257DOI Listing
January 2019

Discretionary intake among Australian adults: prevalence of intake, top food groups, time of consumption and its association with sociodemographic, lifestyle and adiposity measures.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Jan 25:1-14. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

3Nestlé Australia,Rhodes,NSW,Australia.

Objective: To profile discretionary food and beverage (DF) consumption among Australian adults.

Design: Cross-sectional analysis. Dietary and sociodemographic data were used to profile DF intake. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980018003361DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Moderation of associations between maternal parenting styles and Australian pre-school children's dietary intake by family structure and mother's employment status.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Jan 22:1-13. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

Institute for Physical Activity and Nutrition,School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences,Deakin University, Locked Bag 20000,Geelong, VIC 3220,Australia.

Objective: To examine associations between maternal parenting style and pre-school children's dietary intake and to test whether perceived maternal time pressures, parenting arrangements and employment status influence these relationships.

Design: This cross-sectional study examined mothers' reports of their child's frequency of consumption of eight food and drink groups, including sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB), unhealthy snacks, takeaway foods, fruit and vegetables. Parenting styles were classified as authoritative, authoritarian, permissive or disengaged using two parenting dimensions (warmth and control). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980018003671DOI Listing
January 2019
6 Reads

Association of antepartum vitamin D deficiency with postpartum depression: a clinical perspective.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Jan 18:1-6. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

Department of Psychiatry,University of California,San Diego,200 Arbor Drive #0851,San Diego,CA92103,USA.

Objective: Postpartum depression affects up to 20 % of new mothers within the first 12 months of parturition. 25-Hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) has known importance in bone health, but it may also play an important role in other functions, including reproduction and fertility, immune function and mental health. This clinical commentary reviews literature evaluating 25(OH)D deficiency during pregnancy and the incidence of postpartum depressive symptomatology. Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S136898001
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S136898001800366XDOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

Front-of-pack nutrition labelling in the European region: identifying what works for governments and consumers.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Jan 15:1-4. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

2World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe,Copenhagen,Denmark.

Objective: The present commentary introduces a Health Evidence Network (HEN) report that synthesises evidence of front-of-pack food labelling (FOPL) policy development and implementation across the European Region.

Design: Countries were identified as having policies on interpretive FOPL from the WHO databases of Member State policies and online repositories of global food policies. For each identified country, evidence published from 1 January 1980 to 31 March 2018 was retrieved from peer-reviewed and grey literature. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980018003737DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Moderately elevated preconception fasting plasma total homocysteine is a risk factor for psychological problems in childhood.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Jan 14:1-9. Epub 2019 Jan 14.

1Department of Psychology,Universitat Rovira I Virgili,Carretera de Valls s/n,43007Tarragona,Spain.

Objective: We investigated the effect of maternal preconception fasting plasma total homocysteine (tHcy) on psychological problems in children aged 6 years from normal pregnancies.

Design: A longitudinal study was carried out from preconception, throughout each trimester of pregnancy, until 6 years of age in the offspring. Fasting blood samples at 2-10 weeks preconception and non-fasting samples at birth were collected. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980018003610DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Dietary and circulating vitamin C, vitamin E, β-carotene and risk of total cardiovascular mortality: a systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis of prospective observational studies.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Jan 11:1-16. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

5Department of Community Nutrition,School of Nutritional Science and Dietetics,Tehran University of Medical Sciences,PO Box 14155/6117,Tehran,Islamic Republic of Iran.

Objective: The present review aimed to quantify the association of dietary intake and circulating concentration of major dietary antioxidants with risk of total CVD mortality.

Design: Systematic review and meta-analysis.

Setting: Systematic search in PubMed and Scopus, up to October 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980018003725DOI Listing
January 2019
6 Reads

Vitamin D status of children in Kerala, southern India.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Jan 10:1-5. Epub 2019 Jan 10.

3Department of Community Medicine,Government Medical College,Kozhikode, Kerala,India.

Objective: To study plasma 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) status of children in Kerala, southern India, and its relationship with sociodemographic variables.

Design: Cross-sectional observational study.

Setting: Tertiary government hospital. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980018003622DOI Listing
January 2019
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Relationships between stress, demographics and dietary intake behaviours among low-income pregnant women with overweight or obesity.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Jan 9:1-9. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

2College of Medicine,The Ohio State University,Columbus,OH,USA.

Objective: To identify demographic risk factors associated with high stress and examine the relationships between levels of stress, demographics and dietary fat, fruit and vegetable intakes in low-income pregnant women with overweight or obesity.

Design: A cross-sectional study.

Setting: Participants were recruited from the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children in Michigan, USA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980018003385DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Effects of a comprehensive nutrition education programme to change grade 4 primary-school students' eating behaviours in China.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Jan 8:1-9. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

2Department of Educational Psychology,University of Nebraska-Lincoln,PO Box 880345,Lincoln,NE 68588-0345,USA.

Objective: As part of a national initiative to reduce child obesity, a comprehensive school-based nutrition education intervention to change eating behaviours among grade 4 primary-school students was developed, implemented and evaluated.

Design: The intervention was developed by school staff, with technical assistance from outside health education specialists. The programme included school facility upgrades, school teacher/staff training, curriculum changes and activities for parents. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980018003713DOI Listing
January 2019
11 Reads

Prevalence and sociodemographic determinants of household-level double burden of malnutrition in Bangladesh.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Jan 7:1-8. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

1Nutrition and Clinical Services Division,International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research,Bangladesh (icddr,b),68 Shaheed Tajudddin Ahmed Sarani,Mohakhali,Dhaka 1212,Bangladesh.

Objective: To investigate the prevalence and sociodemographic determinants of household-level mother-child double burden (MCDB) of malnutrition in Bangladesh.

Design: The analysis was done using Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey 2014 data. Multivariable logistic regression identified the sociodemographic factors associated with double-burden households. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980018003580DOI Listing
January 2019
8 Reads

Contribution of fat, sugar and salt to diets in the Pacific Islands: a systematic review.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Jan 7:1-14. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

1The George Institute for Global Health,University of New South Wales,PO Box M201,Missenden Road,Sydney,NSW2052,Australia.

Objective: Pacific Island countries are experiencing a high burden of diet-related non-communicable diseases; and consumption of fat, sugar and salt are important modifiable risk factors contributing to this. The present study systematically reviewed and summarized available literature on dietary intakes of fat, sugar and salt in the Pacific Islands.

Design: Electronic databases (PubMed, Scopus, ScienceDirect and GlobalHealth) were searched from 2005 to January 2018. Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S136898001
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980018003609DOI Listing
January 2019
8 Reads

Low knowledge of osteoporosis and its risk factors in urban Indian adults from Pune city, India.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Jan 7:1-8. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

2Jehangir Hospital,Pune,India.

Objective: To assess knowledge of osteoporosis and its risk factors and to explore associations between knowledge and various sociodemographic factors in Indian adults.

Design: Cross-sectional study. The Revised Osteoporosis Knowledge Test (OKT) was used to assess knowledge of osteoporosis. Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S136898001
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980018003634DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Participation in structured programming may prevent unhealthy weight gain during the summer in school-aged children from low-income neighbourhoods: feasibility, fidelity and preliminary efficacy findings from the Camp NERF study.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Jan 3:1-13. Epub 2019 Jan 3.

1Department of Human Sciences,The Ohio State University,313 Campbell Hall,1787 Neil Avenue,Columbus,OH 43210,USA.

Objective: Evaluate the feasibility, fidelity and preliminary efficacy of Camp NERF to prevent unhealthy weight gain and promote healthy behaviours in children during the summer.

Design: Camp NERF was an 8-week, multicomponent, theory-based programme coupled with the US Department of Agriculture's Summer Food Service Program. Twelve eligible elementary-school sites were randomized to one of three treatment groups: (i) Active Control (non-nutrition, -physical activity (PA), -mental health); (ii) Standard Care (nutrition and PA); or (iii) Enhanced Care (nutrition and PA, plus cognitive behavioural techniques) programming. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980018003403DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

A systematic review of iodine deficiency among women in the UK.

Public Health Nutr 2018 Dec 31:1-10. Epub 2018 Dec 31.

Department of Oncology & Metabolism, Human Nutrition Unit, The Medical School,University of Sheffield,Sheffield S10 2RX,UK.

Objective: The present study reviewed the literature on iodine status among women of childbearing age and pregnant women in the UK. Particular attention was given to study quality and methods used to assess iodine status.

Design: A systematic review was conducted to examine the literature and critically evaluate study design. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980018003506DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read