24,829 results match your criteria Public Health [Journal]


The Incomplete Medicalization of Obesity: Physician Office Visits, Diagnoses, and Treatments, 1996-2014.

Public Health Rep 2019 Feb 22:33354918813102. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

2 Department of Sociology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USA.

Objectives:: Despite increased awareness of obesity-related health risks and myriad treatment options, obesity still affects more than one-third of persons in the United States and is a substantial public health problem. Studies show that physicians play a key role in obesity prevention and treatment. The objective of this study was to examine the extent to which obesity is diagnosed and treated at the level of patient-physician interaction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354918813102DOI Listing
February 2019

Consolidating Local Health Departments in the United States: Challenges, Evidence, and Thoughts for the Future.

Public Health Rep 2019 Feb 22:33354919829054. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

4 Center for Sharing Public Health Services, Topeka, KS, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354919829054DOI Listing
February 2019

Prioritizing Workforce Development Training in State Health Departments Using TRAIN: Challenges and Opportunities.

Public Health Rep 2019 Feb 22:33354919826564. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

5 Department of Preventive Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL, USA.

Objective:: The objectives of this study were (1) to obtain data on the current status of public health workforce training and the use of the Training Finder Real-Time Affiliate Network (TRAIN), a public health learning management platform, in state health departments, and (2) to use the data to identify organizational features that might be affecting training and to determine barriers to and opportunities for improving training.

Methods:: We conducted structured interviews in 2014 with TRAIN administrators and performance improvement managers (n = 14) from 7 state health departments that were using TRAIN to determine training practices and barriers to training. We determined key organizational features of the 7 agencies, including training structure, required training, TRAIN administrators' employment status (full time or part time), barriers to the use and tracking of core competencies in TRAIN, training needs assessment methods, leadership support of training and staff development, and agency interest in applying for Public Health Accreditation Board accreditation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354919826564DOI Listing
February 2019

Corrigendum.

Authors:

Public Health Rep 2019 Feb 22:33354919832006. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354919832006DOI Listing
February 2019

Epidemiological characteristics of pulmonary tuberculosis in mainland China from 2004 to 2015: a model-based analysis.

BMC Public Health 2019 Feb 21;19(1):219. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Department of Disease Control, Center for Disease Control and Prevention in Northern Theater Command of the People's Liberation Army, Shenyang, China.

Background: We used data released by the government to analyze the epidemiological distribution of pulmonary tuberculosis in mainland China from 2004 to 2015, in order to provide a deeper understanding of trends in the epidemiology of pulmonary tuberculosis in China and a theoretical basis to assess the effectiveness of government interventions and develop more targeted prevention and control strategies.

Methods: A discrete dynamic model was designed based on the epidemiological characteristics of pulmonary tuberculosis and fitted to data published by the government to estimate changes in indicators such as adequate contact rate, prevalence of non-treated pulmonary tuberculosis (abbreviated as prevalence), and infection rate. Finally, we performed sensitivity analyses of the effects of parameters on the population infection rate. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6544-4DOI Listing
February 2019

Association between breakfast frequency and physical activity and sedentary time: a cross-sectional study in children from 12 countries.

BMC Public Health 2019 Feb 21;19(1):222. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Department for Health, University of Bath, Bath, UK.

Background: Existing research has documented inconsistent findings for the associations among breakfast frequency, physical activity (PA), and sedentary time in children. The primary aim of this study was to examine the associations among breakfast frequency and objectively-measured PA and sedentary time in a sample of children from 12 countries representing a wide range of human development, economic development and inequality. The secondary aim was to examine interactions of these associations between study sites. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6542-6DOI Listing
February 2019

Parental digital health information seeking behavior in Switzerland: a cross-sectional study.

BMC Public Health 2019 Feb 21;19(1):225. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Departement Gesundheit, ZHAW Zürcher Hochschule für Angewandte Wissenschaften, Institut für Gesundheitswissenschaften, Technikumstrasse 71 Postfach, CH-8401, Winterthur, Switzerland.

Background: Digital media are increasingly abundant and used to seek health information, however, to date very little is known on parents' seeking behavior in the context of child's health and development outside English-speaking and Scandinavian countries. By investigating the prevalence of, and reasons for use, we studied parents' perception of the Internet as a resource for improving their health-related knowledge.

Methods: The survey was conducted in a random sample of 2573 Swiss-German parents with at least one child aged less-than 2 years old. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6524-8DOI Listing
February 2019

Malnutrition and its associated factors: a cross-sectional study with children under 2 years in a suburban area in Angola.

BMC Public Health 2019 Feb 21;19(1):220. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Post-Graduation Program in Epidemiology, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Rua Ramiro Barcellos, 2400/2° andar, CEP, Porto Alegre, RS, 90035-003, Brazil.

Background: The prevalence of child malnutrition in Angola is still very high, and little is known about its associated factors. The aim of this study was to identify these factors in children under 2 years in a suburban area of the country's capital city.

Methods: We used data from a cross-sectional population-based study conducted in 2010. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6543-5DOI Listing
February 2019

Understanding condom use among unmarried female migrants: a psychological and personality factors modified information-motivation-behavioral skills model.

BMC Public Health 2019 Feb 21;19(1):223. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Sanlin Community Health Service Center, No.375, Sanlin Road, Shanghai, 200126, People's Republic of China.

Background: In China, unmarried female migrants are vulnerable to sexual and reproductive health risks. One effective protection strategy is promoting consistent condom use (CCU).

Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study to apply the information-motivation-behavioral skills (IMB) model and modified it by addition of psychological and personal factors to examine the related factors of CCU and provide suggestions for intervention among unmarried female migrants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6541-7DOI Listing
February 2019

Randomised controlled trial comparing uptake of NHS Health Check in response to standard letters, risk-personalised letters and telephone invitations.

BMC Public Health 2019 Feb 21;19(1):224. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Centre for Psychological Research, Staffordshire University, The Science Centre, Leek Road, Stoke-on-Trent, ST4 2DF, England.

Background: NHS Health Check is a primary prevention programme offering cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk assessment to adults in England aged 40-74. Uptake remains a challenge and invitation method is a strong predictor of uptake. There is evidence of low uptake when using invitation letters. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6540-8DOI Listing
February 2019

Examining income-related inequality in health literacy and health-information seeking among urban population in China.

BMC Public Health 2019 Feb 21;19(1):221. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

School of Public Administration, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China.

Background: Health literacy and health-information seeking behaviour (HISB) play vital roles in health outcome improvements. This study examines the extent of income-related inequality in health literacy and health-information seeking as well as the contributions of the main socioeconomic determinants in China.

Methods: We analysed representative data of participants aged over 18 years as well as older adults from the Guangzhou Community Health Survey. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6538-2DOI Listing
February 2019

Patients' experiences of physical activity on prescription with access to counsellors in routine care: a qualitative study in Sweden.

BMC Public Health 2019 Feb 20;19(1):210. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Community Medicine, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.

Background: Physical activity on prescription (PAP) has been implemented in several countries, including Sweden, to support patients who might benefit from increased physical activity. This study explores the experiences of recipients of PAP in routine health care in Sweden that offers the recipients support from physical activity counsellors. The aim was to explore influences on engagement in physical activity by PAP recipients' from a long-term perspective. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6535-5DOI Listing
February 2019

Promoting physical activity in children through family-based intervention: protocol of the "Active 1 + FUN" randomized controlled trial.

BMC Public Health 2019 Feb 20;19(1):218. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Department of Educational Psychology, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong.

Background: Physical activity (PA) is beneficial to people's physical and psychological health. Physically active children are likely to become active adults; thus, active lifestyles should be promoted from childhood. Parents are crucial for shaping their children's behaviors, but many lack the knowledge and skills to provide optimal support for PA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6537-3DOI Listing
February 2019

Subnational estimation of modern contraceptive prevalence in five sub-Saharan African countries: a Bayesian hierarchical approach.

BMC Public Health 2019 Feb 20;19(1):216. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Department of Population, Family and Reproductive Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Background: Global monitoring efforts have relied on national estimates of modern contraceptive prevalence rate (mCPR) for many low-income countries. However, most contraceptive delivery programs are implemented by health departments at lower administrative levels, reflecting a persisting gap between the availability of and need for subnational mCPR estimates.

Methods: Using woman-level data from multiple semi-annual national survey rounds conducted between 2013 and 2016 in five sub-Saharan African countries (Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, and Uganda) by the Performance, Monitoring and Accountability 2020 project, we propose a Bayesian Hierarchical Model with a standard set of covariates and temporally correlated random effects to estimate the level and trend of mCPR for first level administrative divisions in each country. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6545-3DOI Listing
February 2019

Administrative cases: an effective alternative to lawsuits in assuring access to medicines?

BMC Public Health 2019 Feb 20;19(1):212. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Federal University of Goiás, 388 Residential Breeze from the Woods 37 St. apt 201 Jataí, Goiás, 75800-000, Brazil.

Background: Although public policy in Brazil supports access to essential medicines, the health system cannot meet all demand. Increasingly, the population has used legal demands to seek access to medicines, an approach that can undermine equitable access by creating policy inconsistencies (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6529-3DOI Listing
February 2019

Prevalence and risk factors of anemia in children aged from 6 to 59 months in Togo: analysis from Togo demographic and health survey data, 2013-2014.

BMC Public Health 2019 Feb 20;19(1):215. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Centre Africain de Recherche en Epidémiologie et en Santé Publique (CARESP), Lomé, Togo.

Background: Anemia in children continues to be a major public health challenge in developing countries and particularly in Sub-Saharan Africa. Anemia has serious consequences on the growth and development of the children in the early stages of life. This study aimed to determine the prevalence and associated factors of anemia among children from 6 to 59 months in Togo. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6547-1DOI Listing
February 2019

Developing a culturally appropriate illustrated tool for the self-collection of anorectal specimens for the testing of sexually transmitted infections: lessons from Papua New Guinea.

BMC Public Health 2019 Feb 20;19(1):214. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

The Kirby Institute, UNSW Sydney, Sydney, Australia.

Background: Papua New Guinea (PNG) has a high prevalence of sexually transmitted infections (STIs). There is increasing evidence that anorectal STIs are important in terms of the dual epidemics of HIV and STIs in this setting. At the time of this study, anorectal STI testing was not possible, and there was no mechanism for self-collection of anorectal specimen among at risk 'key populations'. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6506-xDOI Listing
February 2019

Patterns and trends of alcohol consumption in rural and urban areas of China: findings from the China Kadoorie Biobank.

BMC Public Health 2019 Feb 20;19(1):217. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Clinical Trial Service Unit and Epidemiological Studies Unit (CTSU), Nuffield Department of Population Health, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.

Background: In China, alcohol consumption has increased significantly in recent decades. Little evidence exists, however, about temporal trends in levels and patterns of alcohol consumption and associated factors in adult populations.

Methods: In 2004-08, the China Kadoorie Biobank recruited ~ 512,000 adults (41% men, mean age 52 years [SD 10. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6502-1DOI Listing
February 2019

Vitamin D status and its correlates in Saudi male population.

BMC Public Health 2019 Feb 20;19(1):211. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Family and Community Medicine Department College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Background: Vitamin-D deficiency is a universal health problem caused primarily by inadequate exposure to sunlight. This study aimed to assess the vitamin D status and investigate the factors affecting vitamin D distribution among Saudi males.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted at the King Saud University Medical City from December 2015 to August 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6527-5DOI Listing
February 2019

Prevalence of body dissatisfaction and its effects on health-related quality of life among primary school students in Guangzhou, China.

BMC Public Health 2019 Feb 20;19(1):213. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Faculty of School Health, Guangzhou Centre for Disease Control and Prevention, No. 1, Qide road, Jiahe, Baiyun District, Guangzhou, 510440, China.

Background: The relationship between body dissatisfaction (BD) and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) has been well documented in adolescents and adults but is less clear in children, particularly in China. The aims of this study were to describe body image perception and dissatisfaction and to examine their effects on HRQoL among primary school students in Guangzhou, China.

Methods: A total of 5734 children aged 8-12 years from 29 schools completed self-report questionnaires, which included the Paediatric Quality of Life Inventory 4. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6519-5DOI Listing
February 2019

Changes in cold-related mortalities between 1995 and 2016 in South East England.

Public Health 2019 Feb 18;169:36-40. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Centre for Environmental and Respiratory Health Research, University of Oulu, Finland.

Objective: The aim of the study was to examine trends in cold-related mortalities between 1995 and 2016.

Study Design: This is a longitudinal mortality study.

Methods: For men and women aged 65-74 years or those older than 85 years in South East England, the relationship between daily mortality (deaths per million population) and outdoor temperatures below 18 °C, with allowance for influenza epidemics, was assessed by linear regression on an annual basis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2019.01.008DOI Listing
February 2019

Pattern of intentional drowning mortality: a total population retrospective cohort study in Australia, 2006-2014.

BMC Public Health 2019 Feb 19;19(1):207. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

College of Public Health, Medical and Veterinary Sciences, James Cook University, Townsville, QLD, 4811, Australia.

Background: While a downward trend in unintentional drowning deaths in Australia has been observed, little is known about intentional drowning mortality. Limited information on intentional drowning death impedes the planning, implementation, and evaluation of prevention strategies. This study aims to describe rates of intentional fatal drowning in Australia and compare these to other categories of drowning. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6476-zDOI Listing
February 2019

Job satisfaction among Community-Based Rehabilitation (CBR) workers in caring for disabled persons in the east coast region of Peninsular Malaysia.

BMC Public Health 2019 Feb 19;19(1):208. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

International Centre for Casemix and Clinical Coding, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (National University of Malaysia), 56000 Cheras, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Background: Job satisfaction influences staff retention, motivation, and performance in providing services. A considerable amount of published studies has reported on the job satisfaction level of healthcare workers, but to date, very few studies focused on Community-Based Rehabilitation (CBR) workers. This study aimed to explore the job satisfaction level among Community-Based Rehabilitation (CBR) workers and associated factors related to their overall job satisfaction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6520-zDOI Listing
February 2019

Socioeconomic status and improvement in functional ability among older adults in Japan: a longitudinal study.

BMC Public Health 2019 Feb 19;19(1):209. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Department of Social Preventive Medical Sciences, Center for Preventive Medical Sciences, Chiba University, Chiba, Japan.

Background: Recovery from functionally disabled status is an important target of public health measures for older adults. This study aimed to examine socioeconomic inequalities in the improvement of functional ability among older adults stratified by the level of disability at baseline.

Methods: In the Japan Gerontological Evaluation Study, we conducted a mail survey of community-dwelling older adults (1937 men and 2212 women) who developed functional impairment during 2010-2014. Read More

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https://bmcpublichealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6531-9DOI Listing
February 2019
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Influence of age on the effect of reduced renal function on outcomes in patients with coronary artery disease.

BMC Public Health 2019 Feb 18;19(1):205. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Department of Cardiology, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, 37 Guoxue Street, Chengdu, 610041, People's Republic of China.

Background: Ageing is a risk factor for both coronary artery disease (CAD) and reduced renal function (RRF), and it is also associated with poor prognosis in patients with CAD or RRF. However, little is known about whether the impact of RRF on clinical outcomes are different in CAD patients at different age groups. This study aimed to investigate whether ageing influences the effect of RRF on long-term risk of death in patients with CAD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6498-6DOI Listing
February 2019

Health system organisation and patient pathways: breast care patients' trajectories and medical doctors' practice in Mali.

BMC Public Health 2019 Feb 18;19(1):204. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Institute for Medical Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Informatics, Martin-Luther-University Halle-Wittenberg, Magdeburgerstraße 8, 06112, Halle (Saale), Germany.

Background: Information on pathways of women seeking diagnostic services due to breast- related symptoms can help highlight challenges related to the healthcare system in improving early diagnosis of breast cancer.

Methods: We retrospectively analysed the entire patient pathway, from first symptom recognition via initial healthcare visit up to final diagnosis at the pathology service in Mali. Data from questionnaire-based structured patient interviews (n = 124) were used to calculate time to first healthcare visit (median 91 days) and consecutive time to diagnosis (median 21 days) and to extract information on type of initially visited healthcare facility (community healthcare centre, referral hospital, tertiary hospital, private clinic). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6532-8DOI Listing
February 2019

Beliefs, attitudes and perceptions to sun-tanning behaviour in the Norwegian population: a cross-sectional study using the health belief model.

BMC Public Health 2019 Feb 18;19(1):206. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Department of Nursing and Health Promotion, OsloMet - Oslo Metropolitan University, Postboks 4, St. Olavs plass, 0130, Oslo, Norway.

Background: Norway has one of the highest incidences of melanoma in the world. It has been suggested that the majority of all skin cancers could be prevented by changes related to sun-tanning behaviour. This study explores the sun-tanning behaviour of the Norwegian population using a modified Health Belief Model (HBM). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6503-0DOI Listing
February 2019

Health care waste management among health workers and associated factors in primary health care facilities in Kampala City, Uganda: a cross-sectional study.

BMC Public Health 2019 Feb 18;19(1):203. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Department of Disease Control and Environmental Health, School of Public Health, Makerere University, P.o Box 7072, Kampala, Uganda.

Background: Healthcare wastes (HCWs) are one of the most hazardous wastes globally; second to only radiation waste. HCW management needs to be prioritized because of the devastating effects on human health and environment if not well managed. Health workers play a crucial role in management of HCWs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6528-4DOI Listing
February 2019

Obesity Kuznets curve: international evidence.

Public Health 2019 Feb 15;169:26-35. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Graduate School for International Development and Cooperation, Hiroshima University. 1-5-1 Kagamiyama, Higashi-Hiroshima, Hiroshima 739-8529, Japan. Electronic address:

Objectives: The obesity epidemic has prevailed worldwide and is currently recognized as a global pandemic disease. Given the argument that various socio-economic features contribute to substantial differences in obesity rates across countries, economic development can also be considered a crucial factor of such variation. This study examines the relationship between economic development and each of three weight-related health statuses (rates of overweight, obesity, and morbid obesity). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2019.01.004DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Planning of births and maternal, child health, and nutritional outcomes: recent evidence from India.

Public Health 2019 Feb 14;169:14-25. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

International Center for Research on Women (ICRW), New Delhi, India. Electronic address:

Objectives: In an effort to provide recommendation for maximizing synergy between maternal, infant, and young children's nutrition and family planning in India, this study makes a comprehensive assessment of the effects of the planning of births in terms of timing, spacing and limiting childbearing on maternal and child health outcomes.

Study Design: This study used the latest National Family Health Survey data of India that is globally known as the Demographic and Health Survey. A robust two-stage systematic random sampling was used for selecting representative samples for measuring demographic and health indicators. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2018.11.019DOI Listing
February 2019

Travel - not without consequence.

Authors:
A Lee F Sim P Mackie

Public Health 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2019.01.015DOI Listing
February 2019

Zika and travel in the news: a content analysis of US news stories during the outbreak in 2016-2017.

Public Health 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

RTI International, P.O. Box 12194, Research Triangle Park, NC, USA. Electronic address:

Objectives: This study aimed to understand what information the US media communicated about Zika virus (ZIKV) and travel in 2016 and 2017.

Study Design: We conducted a content analysis of news coverage about ZIKV and travel from April 5, 2016 to March 31, 2017.

Methods: We obtained a stratified, random sample of English language, US print newspaper and television news coverage about ZIKV and travel. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2018.12.009DOI Listing
February 2019

Economic sanctions threaten population health: the case of Iran.

Public Health 2019 Feb 13;169:10-13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Finance, NEOMA Business School, France.

Objective: The aim of the study is to review evidence of the negative consequences of international economic sanctions on population health in Iran and pathways via which the sanctions affect health.

Study Design: This is a narrative review.

Methods: Data from the World Bank and the Central Bank of Iran were gathered to clarify economic consequences of sanctions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2019.01.006DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Exploring socio-economic inequalities in the use of medicines: is the relation mediated by health status?

Public Health 2019 Feb 13;169:1-9. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

LMU Munich, University Hospital, Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Nußbaumstr. 7, 80336 Munich, Germany. Electronic address:

Objectives: This study evaluated mediating effects of the health status on the association between socio-economic status (SES) and medicine use. It was hypothesized that more privileged people show a reduced use of medicines, as compared with the underprivileged, because of their superior health status. It was further hypothesized that people may apply medication based on their type of health complaint (ill physical versus mental status). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2018.12.018DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Tuberculosis screening for prospective migrants to high-income countries: systematic review of policies.

Public Health 2019 Feb 13;168:142-147. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

King's College London, School of Population Health and Environmental Sciences, London, UK.

Objective: To compare predeparture tuberculosis (TB) screening policies, including screening criteria and screening tests, and visa requirements for prospective migrants to high-income countries that have low to intermediate TB incidence and high immigration.

Study Design: Systematic review of policy documents.

Methods: We systematically identified high-income, high net-migration countries with an estimated TB incidence of <30 per 100,000. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00333506183040
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2018.12.016DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Do cardiovascular disease prevention programs in northern Sweden impact on population health? An interrupted time series analysis.

BMC Public Health 2019 Feb 15;19(1):202. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Epidemiology and Global Health, Umeå University, SE-901 87, Umeå, Sweden.

Background: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the main cause of morbidity and mortality in Sweden. This study aims to assess the impact of a CVD intervention implemented in 1993 in northern Sweden on the reduction of premature ischemic heart disease (IHD) morbidity and mortality in women and men during the period 1987-2013.

Methods: An ecological controlled interrupted time series design, with pre-intervention period defined as 1987-1993 and post-intervention period 1994-2013 was carried out. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6514-xDOI Listing
February 2019

Epidemiological characteristics and trends of a Nationwide measles outbreak in Mongolia, 2015-2016.

BMC Public Health 2019 Feb 15;19(1):201. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Healthcare Administration, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, 65 Tsurumai-cho, Showa-ku, Nagoya, 466-8550, Japan.

Background: Mongolia was one of the four countries that received a measles-elimination certificate from the World Health Organization Regional Office for the Western Pacific in 2014. Following the outbreaks in many countries including China, a large measles outbreak occurred in Mongolia in 2015. This study reports 2015-2016 measles outbreak incidence, mortality, and complications, according to time, geographical distribution, and host characteristics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6511-0DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Social determinants and cardiovascular disease mortality in Panama, 2012-2016.

BMC Public Health 2019 Feb 15;19(1):199. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Gorgas Memorial Institute for Health Studies, Panama City, Panama.

Background: The aims of this study were to determine the geographic and time variation of social determinants of health (SDH) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality in Panama from 2012 to 2016, and to identify which of the SDH has the strongest correlation with a socioeconomic index (SEI).

Methods: We conducted an ecological study obtaining mortality from the National Mortality Register and socioeconomic variables derived from the National Household Survey (NHS). The International Classification of Diseases 10th revision codes I20-I25 and I60-I69 were used for ischemic heart disease (IHD) and stroke, respectively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6508-8DOI Listing
February 2019

The Health and economic effects of light rail lines: design, methods, and protocol for a natural experiment.

BMC Public Health 2019 Feb 15;19(1):200. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Center for Health Research, Kaiser Permanente Northwest, Oregon, Portland, USA.

Background: The health impacts of community design have been studied extensively over the past two decades. In particular, public transportation use is associated with more walking between transit stops and shops, work, home and other destinations. Change in transit access has been linked with physical activity and obesity but seldom to health outcomes and associated costs, especially within a causal framework. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6518-6DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Racially-motivated housing discrimination experienced by Indigenous postsecondary students in Canada: impacts on post-traumatic stress disorder symptomology and perceptions of university stress.

Authors:
T A Motz C L Currie

Public Health 2019 Feb 12. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Lethbridge, M3083 4401 University Drive, Lethbridge, T1K 3M4, Alberta, Canada. Electronic address:

Objectives: To examine the impacts of housing discrimination experienced by Indigenous postsecondary students on post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptomology and perceptions of university stress.

Study Design: Cross-sectional study.

Methods: Data were gathered via in-person surveys completed by 142 Indigenous students between 2015 and 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2018.12.011DOI Listing
February 2019

Rapid assessment of enhanced safety surveillance for influenza vaccine.

Public Health 2019 Feb 12;168:137-141. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Dirección General de Salud Pública, Conselleria de Sanidad Universal y Salud Pública, Valencia, Spain.

Objectives: The enhanced safety surveillance for seasonal influenza vaccines established by the European Medicines Agency is required each season. Therefore, a registry capable of rapidly detecting and evaluating potential new safety concerns is needed. The aim of the study is to demonstrate the effectiveness of the vaccine information system of the Valencia region to make a rapid assessment of the influenza vaccine safety and describe the safety of the two vaccine types used in the 2017/2018 season. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2018.12.013DOI Listing
February 2019

The prevalence of modern contraceptive use and its associated socio-economic factors in Ghana: evidence from a demographic and health survey of Ghanaian men.

Authors:
S A Butame

Public Health 2019 Feb 12;168:128-136. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Florida State University, College of Medicine, Center for Translational and Behavioral Sciences, 115 W Call Street, Tallahassee, FL 32306, USA. Electronic address:

Objective: This study estimated the prevalence of modern contraceptive use (MCU) and the sociodemographic factors associated with MCU among sexually active men in Ghana. The study is informed by the Health Belief Model, which is used as a conceptual framework for understanding MCU.

Study Design: This was a cross-sectional study of 2014 Ghana Demographic and Health Survey data. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2018.12.020DOI Listing
February 2019
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Physical activity, screen viewing time, and overweight/obesity among Chinese children and adolescents: an update from the 2017 physical activity and fitness in China-the youth study.

BMC Public Health 2019 Feb 15;19(1):197. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Shanghai Research Center for Physical Fitness and Health of Children and Adolescents, Shanghai University of Sport, 399 Chang Hai Road, Shanghai, 200438, China.

Background: With increases in inactive lifestyles and mounting pressure for academic excellence in Chinese younger populations, lack of physical activity and increased prevalence of obesity have become a major public health concern in China. The purpose of this study is to provide updated estimates on the prevalence of meeting moderate-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and screen viewing time guidelines, and overweight and obesity among Chinese school-aged children and adolescents, with a secondary aim examining variations in prevalence by sex, grade groupings, and residential location.

Methods: The study sample came from the 2017 Physical Activity and Fitness in China-The Youth Study, a cross-sectional and national survey of 131,859 students (aged 7 to 19 years) from 986 public schools in China. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6515-9DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads
2.264 Impact Factor

Barriers and facilitators to adoption, implementation and sustainment of obesity prevention interventions in schoolchildren- a DEDIPAC case study.

BMC Public Health 2019 Feb 15;19(1):198. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

School of Public Health, Western Gateway Building, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland.

Background: The aim of the study was to explore the implementation of school based diet and physical activity interventions with respect to the barriers and facilitators to adoption, implementation and sustainability; supportive actions required for implementation and recommendations to overcome identified barriers. Two interventions rolled out nationally in Ireland were chosen; Food Dudes, a programme to encourage primary school children to consume more fruit and vegetables and Green Schools Travel (GST), an active travel to school programme in primary and secondary schools. Trained school coordinators (teachers) cascade the programmes to other teaching staff. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-018-6368-7DOI Listing
February 2019

An interview project with native American people: a community-based study to identify actionable steps to reduce health disparities.

Public Health 2019 Feb 12. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Montana State University, Department of Health and Human Development, 318 Herrick Hall, Bozeman, MT, 59717, USA.

Objectives: The primary objective of this study was to work with tribal communities to define and develop their own healthcare services and strategies for positive change regarding injection drug use, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. The secondary objective of this study was to incorporate community capacity building strategies to develop and sustain programming and resources to optimize tribal communities' responsiveness to reduce health disparities.

Study Design: Semi-structured qualitative interviews. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2018.12.002DOI Listing
February 2019

Geographic and socio-economic variation in markers of indoor air pollution in Nepal: evidence from nationally-representative data.

BMC Public Health 2019 Feb 14;19(1):195. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Mahidol Oxford Tropical Medicine Research Unit, Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand.

Background: In low-income countries such as Nepal, indoor air pollution (IAP), generated by the indoor burning of biomass fuels, is the top-fourth risk factor driving overall morbidity and mortality. We present the first assessment of geographic and socio-economic determinants of the markers of IAP (specifically fuel types, cooking practices, and indoor smoking) in a nationally-representative sample of Nepalese households.

Methods: Household level data on 11,040 households, obtained from the 2016 Nepal Demographic and Health Survey, were analyzed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6512-zDOI Listing
February 2019
2.264 Impact Factor

The association of metabolic syndrome components and diabetes mellitus: evidence from China National Stroke Screening and Prevention Project.

BMC Public Health 2019 Feb 14;19(1):192. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Department of Social Medicine and Health Management, School of Public Health, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, No. 13 Hangkong Road, Wuhan, 430030, China.

Background: The metabolic syndrome (MetS) is related with cardiovascular disease. However, its relationship with diabetes mellitus (DM) has not been examined in Chinese population with a larger sample. We aimed to assess the relationship between metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its components, and DM, and to determine the best one from the available definitions of Mets when assessing the risk of DM. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6415-zDOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Social cohesion, social trust, social participation and sexual behaviors of adolescents in rural Tanzania.

BMC Public Health 2019 Feb 14;19(1):193. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Faculty of Health, Medicine and Life Sciences, Department of Health, Ethics and Society, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands.

Background: Social cohesion, defined as a glue holding society together, has been found to influence several aspects of human behavior. Social cohesion, being composed of social trust and social participation, is a social factor that may influence sexual behaviors. Unfortunately, studies investigating the influence of social cohesion on sexual behaviors among young people are scarce. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6428-7DOI Listing
February 2019

Carbon monoxide poisoning surveillance in the Veterans Health Administration, 2010-2017.

BMC Public Health 2019 Feb 14;19(1):190. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Public Health Surveillance and Research, Department of Veterans Affairs, 3801 Miranda Avenue (132), Palo Alto, CA, 94304, USA.

Background: Exposure to carbon monoxide (CO), the odorless, colorless gas resulting from incomplete combustion of hydrocarbons, is preventable. Despite the significant risk of morbidity and mortality associated with CO poisoning, there currently exists no active national CO surveillance system in the United States (U.S. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6505-yDOI Listing
February 2019

Sibship, physical activity, and sedentary behavior: a longitudinal, observational study among Mexican-heritage sibling dyads.

BMC Public Health 2019 Feb 14;19(1):191. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Robbins College of Health and Human Sciences, Baylor University, One Bear Place #97343, Waco, TX, 76798-7343, USA.

Background: Shared genetic and environmental factors suggest that family relationships are important predictors of obesity-related behaviors, yet little is known about how siblings influence physical activity and sedentary behaviors. This study examined physical activity and sedentary behavior between sibling dyads across summer and fall time points and determined if birth order and gender modify the relationship between sibling behaviors.

Methods: Mexican-heritage families residing in colonias along the United States-Mexico border were recruited using promotoras de salud to participate in summer and school year surveys. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6521-yDOI Listing
February 2019