25,094 results match your criteria Public Health [Journal]


Religiosity and sexual abstinence among Nigerian youths: does parent religion matter?

BMC Public Health 2019 Apr 18;19(1):416. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Demography and Population Studies Programme, Schools of Public Health and Social Sciences, Faculties of Health Sciences and Humanities, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.

Background: Religion plays an important role in youth behaviours, making it a significant factor in the discourse on youth sexuality in sub-Saharan Africa. Several studies have found that religion and religiosity play an important role in the sexual behaviours of young people. However, little research in Nigeria has examined the mechanisms through which religiosity influences youth sexual behaviour and if parents' religion moderates this relationship. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6732-2DOI Listing

Do trajectories of economic, work- and health-related disadvantages explain child welfare clients' increased mortality risk? A prospective cohort study.

BMC Public Health 2019 Apr 18;19(1):418. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Social Work, Stockholm University, SE-106 91, Stockholm, Sweden.

Background: Past research has shown that individuals who have had experiences of out-of-home care (OHC) in childhood have increased risks of premature mortality. Prior studies also suggest that these individuals are more likely to follow long-term trajectories that are characterised by economic, work-, and health-related disadvantages, compared to majority population peers. Yet, we do not know the extent to which such trajectories may explain their elevated mortality risks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6752-yDOI Listing

Improving nutrition and physical activity environments of family child care homes: the rationale, design and study protocol of the 'Healthy Start/Comienzos Sanos' cluster randomized trial.

BMC Public Health 2019 Apr 18;19(1):419. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Center for Health Equity Research, Brown University School of Public Health, Providence, RI, 02912, USA.

Background: Early childhood is a crucial time to foster healthy eating and physical activity (PA) habits, which are critical for optimal child health, growth and development. Child care facilities are important settings to promote healthy eating and PA and prevent childhood obesity; however, almost all prior intervention studies have focused on child care centers and not family child care homes (FCCH), which care for over 1.6 million U. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6704-6DOI Listing
April 2019
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Rationale and methods of the MOVI-da10! Study -a cluster-randomized controlled trial of the impact of classroom-based physical activity programs on children's adiposity, cognition and motor competence.

BMC Public Health 2019 Apr 18;19(1):417. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha, Social and Health Care Research Center, C/ Santa Teresa Jornet s/n, 16071, Cuenca, Spain.

Background: Although physical activity (PA) integrated in schools' classrooms have shown a positive effect on children's behaviors, its effectiveness on cognitive functions, PA levels and other health variables remains unclear. This article outlines the rationale and methods of two classroom-based PA interventions (MOVI-da10!) on improving adiposity, executive function and motor competence in preschool children.

Methods: A three-arm cluster-randomized controlled trial (RCT) was carried out including eight schools (rural and urban areas) from Cuenca province, Spain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6742-0DOI Listing

Kids Out; evaluation of a brief multimodal cluster randomized intervention integrated in health education lessons to increase physical activity and reduce sedentary behavior among eighth graders.

BMC Public Health 2019 Apr 17;19(1):415. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

UKK Institute for Health Promotion Research, PO Box 30, 33501, Tampere, Finland.

Background: Most Finnish adolescents are not sufficiently physically active. Health education (HE) provides beneficial starting point for physical activity (PA) promotion in schools. This study evaluates an intervention integrated into three HE lessons to increase PA and reduce sedentary behavior (SB) among eighth graders. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6737-xDOI Listing
April 2019
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The impact of personalised risk information compared to a positive/negative result on informed choice and intention to undergo colonoscopy following colorectal Cancer screening in Scotland (PERICCS) - a randomised controlled trial: study protocol.

BMC Public Health 2019 Apr 16;19(1):411. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Psychology, University of Stirling, Stirling, FK9 4LA, UK.

Background: In Scotland a new, easier to complete bowel screening test, the Faecal Immunochemical Test (FIT), has been introduced. This test gives more accurate information about an individual's risk of having colorectal cancer (CRC), based on their age and gender, and could lead to fewer missed cancers compared to the current screening test. However, there is no evidence of the effect on colonoscopy uptake of providing individuals with personalised risk information following a positive FIT test. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6734-0DOI Listing

Trends in Belgian cause-specific mortality by migrant origin between the 1990s and the 2000s.

BMC Public Health 2019 Apr 16;19(1):410. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Interface Demography, Department of Social Research, Faculty of Economic and Social Sciences & Solvay Business School, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Pleinlaan 2, 1050, Brussels, Belgium.

Background: Belgium has a large migrant community that is increasingly ageing. As migrants may have faced environmental and social exposures before, during and after migration, they may have experienced an accelerated epidemiological transition. Studying mortality differentials between the migrant and native population may therefore allow for a better understanding of the aetiology of diseases. Read More

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https://bmcpublichealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6724-2DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Validity and responsiveness to change of the Active Australia Survey according to gender, age, BMI, education, and physical activity level and awareness.

BMC Public Health 2019 Apr 15;19(1):407. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

School of Science and Health, Western Sydney University, Sydney, NSW, Australia.

Background: This study aimed to investigate the validity of the Active Australia Survey across different subgroups and its responsiveness to change, as few previous studies have examined this.

Methods: The Active Australia Survey was validated against the ActiGraph as an objective measure of physical activity. Participants (n = 465) wore the ActiGraph for 7 days and subsequently completed the Active Australia Survey. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6717-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6466730PMC

Designing a comprehensive Non-Communicable Diseases (NCD) programme for hypertension and diabetes at primary health care level: evidence and experience from urban Karnataka, South India.

BMC Public Health 2019 Apr 16;19(1):409. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Karnataka Health Promotion Trust, Bangalore, India.

Background: India accounts for more than two-third of mortality due to non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in south-east Asia. The burden is high in Karnataka, one of the largest states in southern India. There is a need for integration of disease prevention, health promotion, treatment and care within the national program at primary level. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6735-zDOI Listing
April 2019
2.264 Impact Factor

Correlates of physical activity and sedentary behaviour in the Thai population: a systematic review.

BMC Public Health 2019 Apr 16;19(1):414. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Institute for Health and Sport, Victoria University, PO Box 14428, Melbourne, VIC, 8001, Australia.

Background: Given the importance of knowing the potential impediments and enablers for physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviour (SB) in a specific population, the aim of this study was to systematically review and summarise evidence on individual, social, environmental, and policy correlates of PA and SB in the Thai population.

Methods: A systematic review of articles written in Thai and English was conducted. Studies that reported at least one correlate for PA and/or SB in a healthy Thai population were selected independently by two authors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6708-2DOI Listing

Feasibility of a behavioral automaticity intervention among African Americans at risk for metabolic syndrome.

BMC Public Health 2019 Apr 16;19(1):413. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Department of Emergency Medicine and Assistant Vice President for Translational Science and Clinical Research Innovation, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan, 48201, USA.

Background: Targeting habit-development (behavioral automaticity) as part of healthy lifestyle behavior change interventions may improve the adoption and maintenance of healthful behaviors. Few studies, however, have evaluated the feasibility of using a habit-development approach to foster the adoption of recommended physical activity and dietary behaviors. We report quantitative and qualitative data from a feasibility study evaluating a habit-formation intervention to foster healthy dietary and physical activity habits among middle aged African Americans with metabolic syndrome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6675-7DOI Listing
April 2019
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Antenatal care and skilled birth attendance in Bangladesh are influenced by female education and family affordability: BDHS 2014.

Public Health 2019 Apr 13;170:113-121. Epub 2019 Apr 13.

Department of Statistics Data Science and Epidemiology, Swinburne University of Technology, Australia. Electronic address:

Objectives: Antenatal care (ANC) during pregnancy and skilled birth attendance (SBA) during delivery are important policy concerns to reduce maternal deaths. Bangladesh is one of the developing countries which has made remarkable progress in both services during the last couple of decades by improving the SBA service rate from 16% in 2004 to 42.1% in 2014. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2019.02.027DOI Listing

Prevalence of childhood ocular morbidity in a peri-urban setting in Bangladesh: a community-based study.

Public Health 2019 Apr 12;170:103-112. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

National Institute of Ophthalmology and Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh. Electronic address:

Objectives: To test a model of integrated pediatric eye care delivery and examine the prevalence and factors associated with childhood ocular morbidity in a peri-urban setting in Bangladesh.

Study Design: Cross-sectional, population-based study.

Methods: The study was conducted in three phases among children aged ≤15 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2019.02.026DOI Listing

Feelings about the timing of first sexual intercourse and health-related quality of life among adolescents.

BMC Public Health 2019 Apr 15;19(1):408. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Service d'Information Promotion Education Santé (SIPES), School of Public Health, Université libre de Bruxelles (ULB), CP598, Route de Lennik 808, B-1070, Brussels, Belgium.

Background: Early sexual intercourse (SI) may have long-lasting negative impacts on health-related quality of life (HRQoL). So far, these impacts have been studied using age for defining early SI instead of feelings about its timing. The present study examined the association between feelings about the timing of first SI and current HRQoL. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6728-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6466645PMC

The quality of air outside and inside the home: associations with emotional and behavioural problem scores in early childhood.

BMC Public Health 2019 Apr 15;19(1):406. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Department of Psychology and Human Development, UCL Institute of Education, University College London, 25 Woburn Square, London, WC1H 0AA, UK.

Background: This study explored the role of outdoor air pollution [nitrogen dioxide (NO) and sulphur dioxide (SO)] and indoor air quality (measured with damp or condensation and secondhand smoke exposures) at age 9 months in emotional, conduct and hyperactivity problems at age 3 years.

Method: Data from 11,625 Millennium Cohort Study children living in England and Wales were modelled using multilevel regression.

Results: After adjusting for a host of confounders, having a damp or condensation problem at home was related to both emotional and conduct problems. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6733-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6466661PMC

A 'Cut-Down-To-Stop' intervention for smokers who find it hard to quit: a qualitative evaluation.

BMC Public Health 2019 Apr 15;19(1):403. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Sophia Papadakis, Division of Prevention and Rehabilitation, University of Ottawa Heart Institute, 40 Ruskin Street, Ottawa, Ontario, K1Y4W7, Canada.

Background: English Stop Smoking Services primarily deliver behavioural interventions to support abrupt quit attempts. Recent evidence suggests an alternative approach could be offered to clients involving a more gradual reduction of cigarettes smoked leading to complete abstinence, known as 'Cut Down To Stop' (CDTS). The purpose of this study was to explore the experiences of stop smoking practitioners and service users who participated in a pilot study of a CDTS service. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6738-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6466646PMC

The relationship between non-permanent migration and non-communicable chronic disease outcomes for cancer, heart disease and diabetes - a systematic review.

BMC Public Health 2019 Apr 15;19(1):405. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Section of General Internal Medicine, Yale School of Medicine, PO Box 208093, New Haven, CT, 06520, USA.

Background: The relationship between migration and health has primarily focused on permanent migrants, although non-permanent migrants comprise a large proportion of global migrants. Non-permanent migrants may have distinct needs that affect their health outcomes. This systematic review 1) examined the evidence concerning whether non-permanent migrants have different health outcomes than other population groups for non-communicable chronic diseases (NCDs) and 2) sought to describe how non-permanent migration is defined and measured. Read More

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https://bmcpublichealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6646-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6466700PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Adherence to hepatitis A and hepatitis B multi-dose vaccination schedules among adults in the United Kingdom: a retrospective cohort study.

BMC Public Health 2019 Apr 15;19(1):404. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Center for Observational and Real World Evidence (CORE), Merck & Co., Inc., Kenilworth, NJ, USA.

Background: Timely and complete vaccination with multi-dose schedules is of public health importance, because an incomplete vaccination series may yield suboptimal disease protection. However, data on adherence of adults to multi-dose vaccines are limited. We sought to estimate adherence to multi-dose hepatitis vaccination schedules among adults in the United Kingdom (UK). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6693-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6466685PMC
April 2019
1 Read

The maternal health behaviours of non-Irish nationals during pregnancy and the effect of time living in Ireland.

Public Health 2019 Apr 10;170:95-102. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

School of Biological Sciences, Technological University for Dublin, Dublin 2, Ireland.

Objectives: Maternal health behaviours (MHBs) can influence pregnancy outcomes. Despite efforts internationally to encourage positive MHBs, women often fail to comply with pregnancy guidelines. International studies show differences in MHBs between nationalities and an effect of time spent in the host country. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2019.02.023DOI Listing

Corrigendum to "Effect of forest bathing on physiological and psychological responses in young Japanese male subjects" [Public Health 125 (2) (February 2011), 93-100].

Public Health 2019 Apr;169:201

Centre for Environment, Health and Field Sciences, Chiba University, 6-2-1 Kashiwanoha, Kashiwa City, Chiba Prefecture 277-0882, Japan.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2019.03.002DOI Listing

The economics of prevention.

Public Health 2019 Apr;169:149-150

Public Health England, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2019.03.009DOI Listing

Self-rated health and health-related quality of life are related with adolescents' healthy lifestyle.

Public Health 2019 Apr 9;170:89-94. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Instituto de Saúde Ambiental, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal; Faculdade de Motricidade Humana, Universidade de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal.

Objectives: Self-rated health (SRH) and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) are related with health outcomes. It is expected that these constructs are also associated with healthy behaviours. Thus, the present study sought to analyse the associations between a healthy lifestyle composite score and SRH and HRQoL among adolescents. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2019.02.022DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Trend of fatal poisoning at national and provincial levels in Iran from 1990 to 2015.

Public Health 2019 Apr 9;170:78-88. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Sina Trauma and Surgery Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address:

Objectives: Comprehensive and up-to-date data on fatal injury trends are critical to identify challenges and plan priority setting. This study provides a comprehensive assessment of poisoning mortality trends across Iran.

Study Design: The data were gathered from various resources, including death registration systems, cemetery databases of Tehran and Esfahan, the Demographic and Health Survey of 2000, and three rounds of national population and housing censuses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2019.02.025DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Iron status and risk factors of iron deficiency among pregnant women in Singapore: a cross-sectional study.

BMC Public Health 2019 Apr 11;19(1):397. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, National University Hospital, 5 Lower Kent Ridge Road, Singapore, 119074, Singapore.

Background: Iron deficiency is the most prevalent nutrient deficiency and the most common cause of anaemia worldwide. Because of the increased iron requirements during pregnancy, iron deficiency can lead to maternal anaemia and reduced newborn iron stores. We examined the proportion and risk factors of iron deficiency among pregnant women in a developed Asian country. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6736-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6460529PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Epidemiological investigation on hand hygiene knowledge and behaviour: a cross-sectional study on gender disparity.

BMC Public Health 2019 Apr 11;19(1):401. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Squina International Centre for Infection Control, School of Nursing, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Hong Kong, SAR, China.

Background: The hand hygiene (HH) behaviour of the general public and its effect on illnesses are issues of growing importance. Gender is associated with HH behaviour. HH efficiency is a combination of washing efficiency and hand drying, but information about the knowledge level and HH behaviour of the general public is relatively limited. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6705-5DOI Listing

Protocol for LINKS (linking individual needs to community and clinical services): a prospective matched observational study of a community health worker community clinical linkage intervention on the U.S.-Mexico border.

BMC Public Health 2019 Apr 11;19(1):399. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Arizona Prevention Research Center, Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, 1295 N Martin Ave, Tucson, AZ, 85724, USA.

Background: Latinos are currently the largest and fastest growing racial/ethnic group in the United States and have the lowest rates nationally of regular sources of primary care. The changing demographics of Latino populations have significant implications for the future health of the nation, particularly with respect to chronic disease. Community-based agencies and clinics alike have a long history of engaging community health workers (CHWs) to provide a broad range of tangible and emotional support strategies for Latinos with chronic diseases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6725-1DOI Listing

Adolescent criminality: multiple adverse health outcomes and mortality pattern in Swedish men.

BMC Public Health 2019 Apr 11;19(1):400. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Department of Clinical Neuroscience/Psychiatry, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Background: To investigate the impact of adolescent violent and non-violent criminality and subsequent risk of morbidity and mortality in adulthood in a large Swedish cohort of young men conscripted for military service in 1969/70.

Methods: The cohort consisted of 49,398 18-year-old Swedish conscripts followed up for morbidity and mortality up to the age of 55 years in Swedish national registers. Information about convictions for crime before conscription was obtained from national crime registers. Read More

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https://bmcpublichealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6662-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6460509PMC
April 2019
2 Reads

Child nutrition to new stage in China: evidence from a series of national surveys, 1985-2015.

BMC Public Health 2019 Apr 11;19(1):402. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Department of Growth and Development, Capital Institute of Pediatrics, Beijing, 100020, China.

Background: Both child under- and over-nutrition are major global public health challenges. We aimed to examine thirty-year trends in physical growth, under- and over-nutrition in Chinese urban and suburban children between 1985 and 2015, and discuss implications for child health programmes.

Methods: A total of 610,785 urban and suburban children from birth to 7 years of age were collected from a series of large-scale national surveys in China. Read More

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https://bmcpublichealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6699-zDOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Promotion of physical activity-related health competence in physical education: study protocol for the GEKOS cluster randomized controlled trial.

BMC Public Health 2019 Apr 11;19(1):396. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Institute of Sports Science, University of Tübingen, Wilhelmstr. 124, D-72074, Tübingen, Germany.

Background: One central goal of physical education in many countries is to empower students to be physically active throughout their lifespan. Physical activity-related health competence (PAHCO) encompasses physical, cognitive, and motivational elements associated with the individuals' ability to be physically active in a health-enhancing way. To date, there is a lack of empirical evidence concerning effective programs and methods to promote PAHCO in physical education. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6686-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6458821PMC

Visibility and transmission: complexities around promoting hand hygiene in young children - a qualitative study.

BMC Public Health 2019 Apr 11;19(1):398. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

National Ageing Research Institute LTD, 34-54 Poplar Road, Parkville, VIC, 3052, Australia.

Background: Effective hand hygiene practice can reduce transmission of diseases such as respiratory tract infections (RTIs) and gastrointestinal infections, especially in young children. While hand hygiene has been widely promoted within Australia, primary care providers' (PCPs) and parents' understanding of hand hygiene importance, and their views on hand hygiene in reducing transmission of diseases in the community are unclear. Therefore, the aim of this study was to explore the views of PCPs and parents of young children on their knowledge and practice of hand hygiene in disease transmission. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6729-xDOI Listing
April 2019
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Measuring positive health: for now, a bridge too far.

Public Health 2019 Apr 8;170:70-77. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Amsterdam UMC, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Amsterdam Public Health Research Institute, Boelelaan 1117, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Objectives: Huber et al. introduced a new concept 'positive health', defined as 'the ability to adapt and self-manage in the face of social, physical and emotional challenges' and suggested a conceptual model comprising six domains covering 32 aspects. Our aim was to generate items and pilot test an outcome measurement instrument for measuring 'positive health' in Dutch adult citizens. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2019.02.024DOI Listing

The association between anthropometric measures and glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) is different in Russian, Somali and Kurdish origin migrants compared with the general population in Finland: a cross-sectional population-based study.

BMC Public Health 2019 Apr 11;19(1):391. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Department of Public Health Solutions, National Institute for Health and Welfare, Mannerheimintie 166, PL 30, 00271, Helsinki, Finland.

Background: Persons of African and Middle-Eastern origin living in European countries have a high prevalence of type 2 diabetes, accompanied by high prevalence of obesity among women but not always among men. The aim of this study was to examine whether there are differences in the association between anthropometric measures and glucose levels measured with glycated haemoglobin and fasting blood glucose among persons of migrant origin in Finland.

Methods: Cross-sectional population-based data of the 30-64 year-old participants in the health examination of the Migrant Health and Wellbeing Study was used, selecting persons without diabetes (Russian origin n = 293, Somali origin n = 184, Kurdish origin n = 275). Read More

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https://bmcpublichealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6698-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6458679PMC
April 2019
3 Reads

The association of county-level socioeconomic factors with individual tobacco and alcohol use: a longitudinal study of U.S. adults.

BMC Public Health 2019 Apr 11;19(1):390. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Department of Medicine, Stanford University, Palo Alto, California, USA.

Background: Place-based factors have been implicated as root causes of socioeconomic disparities in risky health behaviors such as tobacco and alcohol use. Yet few studies examine the effects of county-level socioeconomic characteristics, despite the fact that social and public health policies are often implemented at the county level. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that county-level socioeconomic disadvantage was associated with individual tobacco and alcohol use. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6700-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6458796PMC

A triaged real-time alert intervention to improve antiretroviral therapy adherence among young African American men who have sex with men living with HIV: focus group findings.

BMC Public Health 2019 Apr 11;19(1):394. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

University of Illinois at Chicago School of Public Health, Community Outreach Intervention Projects, 1603 W. Taylor Street, Chicago, IL, 60612, USA.

Background: Among persons living with HIV, poorer antiretroviral therapy adherence has been reported in African Americans and disproportionate mortality reported in young African American men who have sex with men (AAMSM) compared to whites. We report the results of focus groups with young AAMSM living with HIV that explore their opinions about the acceptability and feasibility of a triaged real-time missed dose alert intervention to improve treatment adherence. The purpose of this study is to develop a theory-driven triaged real-time adherence monitoring intervention to promote HIV medication adherence in young AAMSM. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6689-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6458676PMC

Holistic physical exercise training improves physical literacy among physically inactive adults: a pilot intervention study.

BMC Public Health 2019 Apr 11;19(1):393. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Cardiovascular Diabetology Research Group Division of Endocrinology and Diabetology Department of Internal Medicine Medical University of Graz, Graz, Austria.

Background: Physical literacy (PL), given as a multidimensional construct, is considered a person's capacity and commitment to a physically active lifestyle. We investigated the effect of a holistic physical exercise training on PL among physically inactive adults.

Methods: A non-randomised controlled study was conducted. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6719-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6458734PMC

Gridlock from diagnosis to treatment of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in Tanzania: low accessibility of molecular diagnostic services and lack of healthcare worker empowerment in 28 districts of 5 high burden TB regions with mixed methods evaluation.

BMC Public Health 2019 Apr 11;19(1):395. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Division of Infectious Diseases and International Health, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, USA.

Background: Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) outcomes are adversely impacted by delay in diagnosis and treatment.

Methods: Mixed qualitative and quantitative approaches were utilized to identify healthcare system related barriers to implementation of molecular diagnostics for MDR-TB. Randomly sampled districts from the 5 highest TB burden regions were enrolled during the 4th quarter of 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6720-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6458695PMC
April 2019
54 Reads
2.264 Impact Factor

Schistosoma haematobium infection status and its associated risk factors among pregnant women in Munyenge, South West Region, Cameroon following scale-up of communal piped water sources from 2014 to 2017: a cross-sectional study.

BMC Public Health 2019 Apr 11;19(1):392. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Department of Medical Laboratory Science, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Bamenda, P.O. Box 39, Bambili, Cameroon.

Background: In 2014, a study in Munyenge revealed a high prevalence of urogenital schistosomiasis (UGS) among pregnant women. This study investigated he prevalence and risk factors of UGS in pregnancy following scale-up of piped water sources from 2014 to 2017. Secondly, we compared stream usage, stream contact behaviour, infection rate and intensity with the findings of 2014. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6659-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6458650PMC

Improving an Administrative Case Definition for Longitudinal Surveillance of Sickle Cell Disease.

Public Health Rep 2019 Apr 10:33354919839072. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

3 Emory University School of Medicine & Sickle Cell Disease Program, Children's Healthcare of Atlanta, Atlanta, GA, USA.

Objective: Several states are building infrastructure and data collection methods for longitudinal, population-based surveillance systems for selected hemoglobinopathies. The objective of our study was to improve an administrative case definition for sickle cell disease (SCD) to aid in longitudinal surveillance.

Methods: We collected data from 3 administrative data sets (2004-2008) on 1998 patients aged 0-21 in Georgia who had ≥1 encounter in which an SCD International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) code was recorded, and we compared these data with data from a laboratory and medical record review. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354919839072DOI Listing
April 2019
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Why an FDA Ban on Menthol Is Likely to Survive a Tobacco Industry Lawsuit.

Public Health Rep 2019 Apr 10:33354919841011. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

1 Center for Tobacco Studies, Rutgers School of Public Health, New Brunswick, NJ, USA.

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0033354919841011
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354919841011DOI Listing
April 2019
5 Reads

Lights4Violence: a quasi-experimental educational intervention in six European countries to promote positive relationships among adolescents.

BMC Public Health 2019 Apr 8;19(1):389. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Libera Universita Maria SS Assunta Di Roma, Rome, Italy.

Background: Preventing intimate partner violence or dating violence (DV) among adolescents is a public health priority due to its magnitude and damaging short and long-term consequences for adolescent and adult health. In our study protocol, we complement prior experiences in DV prevention by promoting protective factors (or assets) against gender violence such as communication skills, empathy and problem-solving capability through "Cinema Voice", a participatory educational intervention based on adolescents' strengths to tackle DV.

Methods/design: A longitudinal quasi-experimental educational intervention addressed to boys and girls ages 13-17 years, enrolled in secondary education schools in Alicante (Spain), Rome (Italy), Cardiff (UK), Iasi (Romania), Poznan (Poland) and Matosinhos (Portugal). Read More

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https://bmcpublichealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6726-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6454627PMC
April 2019
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WhatsApp embedded in routine service delivery for smoking cessation: effects on abstinence rates in a randomized controlled study.

BMC Public Health 2019 Apr 8;19(1):387. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Adnan Menderes University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health, Aydin, Turkey.

Background: The demand for smoking cessation services has risen in Turkey, as smokers planning to quit reached 35% in 2012. Communication technologies are used globally to support quitters, yet their integration to health services is rare. This study aims to evaluate the effect of support messages through WhatsApp application added to the usual care of a university hospital cessation unit, as compared to usual care alone, on abstinence rates at first month. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6727-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6454636PMC

Factors associated with early introduction of complementary feeding and consumption of non-recommended foods among Dutch infants: the BeeBOFT study.

BMC Public Health 2019 Apr 8;19(1):388. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Department of Public Health, Erasmus University Medical Center, PO Box 2040, 3000, CA, Rotterdam, the Netherlands.

Background: Timing and types of complementary feeding in infancy affect nutritional status and health later in life. The present study aimed to investigate the factors associated with early introduction of complementary feeding (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6722-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6454678PMC

Does the National Rural Health Mission improve the health of tribal women? Perspectives of husbands in Maharashtra, India.

Authors:
S Jungari B Paswan

Public Health 2019 Apr 4. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

International Institute for Population Sciences, Mumbai, India. Electronic address:

Objectives: This study examined the health status of tribal women and, in particular, their maternal health. This study also explored the utilization of the Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY) scheme, the tribal motherhood scheme and the human development scheme among pregnant women. The performance of accredited social health activist (ASHA) workers was also investigated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2019.02.019DOI Listing

Trends in heterosexual inexperience among young adults in Japan: analysis of national surveys, 1987-2015.

BMC Public Health 2019 Apr 8;19(1):355. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Department of Global Health Policy, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, 113-0033, Japan.

Background: It has been suggested that an increasing number of Japanese adults remain sexually inexperienced; however, no study has assessed this issue using nationally representative data.

Methods: We used data from seven rounds of the National Fertility Survey of Japan, 1987-2015, and included adults aged 18-39 years (18-34 years in the 1987 survey) in the analyses (sample size 11,553-17,850 [1987-2010]; response rate 70.0-92. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6677-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6452514PMC

Heterogeneous health profiles and healthcare utilization of the middle-aged and elderly with multiple health insurance schemes in China.

Public Health 2019 Apr 4;170:61-69. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

Graduate Institute of Business Administration, College of Management, Fu Jen Catholic University, New Taipei City, 24205 Taiwan. Electronic address:

Objectives: China is facing an escalating demand of healthcare services from the middle-aged and elderly. Compared with the traditional view of health on symptoms and diseases, this study aimed to assess the heterogeneous health profiles of middle-aged and elderly Chinese by a person-centered approach. Furthermore, this study examined the effects of health profiles and associated factors on healthcare utilization within the context of China's multiple health insurance schemes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2019.01.011DOI Listing

Associations between age discrimination and health and wellbeing: cross-sectional and prospective analysis of the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing.

Lancet Public Health 2019 Apr;4(4):e200-e208

Department of Behavioural Science and Health, University College London, London, UK.

Background: Age discrimination (or ageism) is pervasive in society. Other forms of discrimination (such as racism) have been linked with adverse health outcomes, but age discrimination has not been well studied in public health. We aimed to examine associations between perceived age discrimination and health and wellbeing in England. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2468-2667(19)30035-0DOI Listing
April 2019
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5-year versus risk-category-specific screening intervals for cardiovascular disease prevention: a cohort study.

Lancet Public Health 2019 Apr;4(4):e189-e199

Clinicum, Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland; Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, UK.

Background: Clinical guidelines suggest preventive interventions such as statin therapy for individuals with a high estimated 10-year risk of major cardiovascular events. For those with a low or intermediate estimated risk, risk-factor screenings are recommended at 5-year intervals; this interval is based on expert opinion rather than on direct research evidence. Using longitudinal data on the progression of cardiovascular disease risk over time, we compared different screening intervals in terms of timely detection of high-risk individuals, cardiovascular events prevented, and health-care costs. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S24682667193002
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2468-2667(19)30023-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6472327PMC
April 2019
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Patterns in the relationship between life expectancy and gross domestic product in Russia in 2005-15: a cross-sectional analysis.

Lancet Public Health 2019 Apr;4(4):e181-e188

Department of Non-communicable Disease Epidemiology, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, UK; Department of Community Medicine, The Arctic University of Norway, Tromsø, Norway.

Background: Since 2005, Russia has made substantial progress, experiencing an almost doubling of per-capita gross domestic product by purchasing power parity (GDP [PPP]) to US$24 800 and witnessing a 6-year increase in life expectancy, reaching 71·4 years by 2015. Even greater gains in GDP (PPP) were seen for Moscow, the Russian capital, reaching $43 000 in 2015 and with a life expectancy of 75·5 years. We aimed to investigate whether mortality levels now seen in Russia are consistent with what would be expected given this new level of per-capita wealth. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2468-2667(19)30036-2DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read