5,141 results match your criteria Psychosomatic medicine[Journal]


Effects of a brief cognitive behavioral intervention and transcranial direct current stimulation on odor sensitivity: An exploratory investigation.

Psychosom Med 2019 Feb 12. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Department of Psychiatry & Behavioral Sciences, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC, USA.

Objective: Enhanced odor sensitivity is a phenomenon that potentially underlies conditions such as multiple chemical sensitivity (MCS). Currently, there are no treatments that have been shown to effectively decrease odor sensitivity. Given similarities of odor hypersensitivity/MCS to pain sensitization disorders such as fibromyalgia, there may be a potential for interventions that improve pain tolerance to modulate odor sensitivity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PSY.0000000000000679DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Coronary Artery Spasm, Coronary Reactivity and Their Psychological Context.

Psychosom Med 2019 Feb 8. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Department of Epidemiology, Emory University Rollins School of Public Health, Atlanta, GA.

Symptomatic individuals suspected of having myocardial ischemia often have no obstructive atherosclerotic narrowing of epicardial coronary arteries. Abnormal coronary vascular reactivity, and in particular, coronary artery vasospasm (CAS), may be an explanation in a subset of these patients. Psychological factors play an important role in ischemic heart disease, but their role in CAS is not clear; autonomic dysfunction and increased inflammation are two prevailing pathophysiological mechanisms implicated in abnormal coronary reactivity resulting from mental health conditions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PSY.0000000000000682DOI Listing
February 2019
6 Reads

Self-Rated Health and Inflammation: A Test of Depression and Sleep Quality as Mediators.

Psychosom Med 2019 Feb 8. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Department of Psychology Western University.

Objective: Despite its simplicity, single-item measures of self-rated health have been associated with mortality independent of objective health conditions. However, little is known about the mechanisms potentially responsible for such associations. This study tested the association between self-rated heath and inflammatory markers as biological pathways, and whether sleep quality and/or depression statistically mediated such links. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PSY.0000000000000683DOI Listing
February 2019

How to deal with temporal relationships between biopsychosocial variables - a practical guide to time series analysis.

Psychosom Med 2019 Feb 5. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Department of General Internal Medicine and Psychosomatics, Medical University Hospital Heidelberg, Germany.

Objectives: Longitudinal data allow for conclusions about the temporal order of events and interactional dynamics between several processes. The aim of this article is to provide a concise and pragmatic description of time series analyses (TSA) of patient samples with numerous (or daily) repeated biological, behavioral, or psychological measurements. In addition, the article demonstrates how to implement the described analyses with the software R. Read More

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http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00006842-900000000-9865
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PSY.0000000000000680DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Major depressive disorder in medical illness: A review of assessment, prevalence, and treatment options.

Psychosom Med 2019 Feb 1. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Department of Psychiatry, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston MA.

Major Depression, as well as other depressive disorders, are commonly comorbid with other medical illnesses, particularly chronic and systemic medical illnesses. The cooccurrence of the disorders is so common that it challenges our notions of the meaning of comorbidity and our desire to neatly separate psychiatric and medical illnesses. The overlap between symptoms of physical illness and the neurovegetative symptoms of major depression and the initial normative emotional response to physical illness add to the challenge of accurate diagnosis and timely treatment of depression in the medically ill. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PSY.0000000000000678DOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads

The effects of dietary improvement on symptoms of depression and anxiety: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

Psychosom Med 2019 Feb 5. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

NICM Health Research Institute, Western Sydney University, Australia.

Objective: Poor diet can be detrimental to mental health. However, the overall evidence for the effects of dietary interventions on mood and mental well-being has yet to be assessed. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis examining effects of dietary interventions on symptoms of depression and anxiety. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PSY.0000000000000673DOI Listing
February 2019
3.473 Impact Factor

Psychosomatic Medicine Reviewers in 2018.

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Psychosom Med 2019 Feb/Mar;81(2):220-221

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PSY.0000000000000671DOI Listing
February 2019

Facial Emotion Recognition Abilities in Women Experiencing Eating Disorders.

Psychosom Med 2019 Feb/Mar;81(2):155-164

From the Departments of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy (Wyssen, Humbel, Munsch) and Visual and Social Neuroscience (Lao, Rodger, Caldara), University of Fribourg, Fribourg, Switzerland; Faculty of Psychology, Mental Health Research and Treatment Center (Lennertz, Schuck, Teismann, Margraf, Schneider), Ruhr University Bochum, Bochum, Germany; Kompetenzzentrum für Essverhalten (Isenschmid), Adipositas und Psyche Spital Zofingen; Departement of Consulation-Liaison Psychiatry and Psychosomatic Medicine (Milos), University Clinic Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland; Privatklinik Aadorf (Trier), Aadorf; Klinik Schützen (Whinyates), Rheinfelden, Switzerland; Department of Psychiatry, Psychotherapy and Psychosomatic Medicine (Assion, Ueberberg), LWL-Klinik Dortmund; Department of Psychiatry, Psychotherapy, Psychosomatic and Preventive Medicine (Juckel, Kossmann), LWL-Klinik Bochum, Ruhr University Bochum, Bochum, Germany; and Christoph-Dornier-Clinic for Psychotherapy (Müller, Klauke), Münster, Germany.

Objective: Impairments in facial emotion recognition are an underlying factor of deficits in emotion regulation and interpersonal difficulties in mental disorders and are evident in eating disorders (EDs).

Methods: We used a computerized psychophysical paradigm to manipulate parametrically the quantity of signal in facial expressions of emotion (QUEST threshold seeking algorithm). This was used to measure emotion recognition in 308 adult women (anorexia nervosa [n = 61], bulimia nervosa [n = 58], healthy controls [n = 130], and mixed mental disorders [mixed, n = 59]). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PSY.0000000000000664DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Introducing a New Special Series: Clinical Applications in Psychosomatic Medicine.

Psychosom Med 2019 Feb/Mar;81(2):112-113

From the Department of Psychiatry (Boland), Brigham and Women's Hospital/Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts; Department of Psychiatry (Weihs), Cancer Prevention and Control Program, University of Arizona Cancer Center, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona; and Klinik und Poliklinik fuer Psychosomatische Medizin und Psychotherapie (Gündel), Universitaetsklinikum Ulm, Ulm, Germany.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PSY.0000000000000657DOI Listing
February 2019

Psychological traits, heart rate variability, and risk of coronary heart disease in healthy aging women - the Women's Health Initiative.

Psychosom Med 2019 Jan 24. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

Albert Einstein College of Medicine.

Objective: Psychological traits such as optimism and hostility affect coronary heart disease (CHD) risk, but mechanisms for this association are unclear. We hypothesized that optimism and hostility may affect CHD risk via changes in heart rate variability (HRV).

Methods: We conducted a longitudinal analysis using data from the Women's Health Initiative Myocardial Ischemia and Migraine Study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PSY.0000000000000672DOI Listing
January 2019

The Relation of Psychosocial Distress with Myocardial Perfusion and Stress-Induced Myocardial Ischemia.

Psychosom Med 2019 Jan 23. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA.

Objectives: Mental stress-induced myocardial ischemia (MSIMI) is a frequent phenomenon in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). The link between an integrated measure of chronic psychosocial distress and MSIMI, and whether it differs by sex, has not been examined before.

Methods: We used latent class analysis (LCA) to derive a composite measure of psychosocial distress integrating scales of depression, posttraumatic stress, anxiety, anger, hostility, and perceived-stress in 665 individuals with stable CAD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PSY.0000000000000674DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

Early-Life Home Environment and Obesity in a Mexican American Birth Cohort: The CHAMACOS Study.

Psychosom Med 2019 Feb/Mar;81(2):209-219

From the Center for Environmental Research and Children's Health (CERCH), School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, California.

Objective: Little is known about the impact of the home environment on biomarkers of obesity, such as adipokines, in children. In this study, we examined the relationship of maternal depressive symptoms and potentially protective social factors, including maternal support and the home learning environment, with body mass index and adipokines.

Methods: Data were obtained from 326 Mexican American participants from the Center for the Health Assessment of Mothers and Children of Salinas cohort. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PSY.0000000000000663DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6355358PMC
January 2019

Coronary Artery Spasm as Related to Anxiety and Depression: a Nationwide Population-Based Study.

Psychosom Med 2019 Jan 15. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

From the Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine (M.-Y.H.), Shuang Ho Hospital, Taipei Medical University, New Taipei City, Taiwan; Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine (M.-Y.H.), College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei City, Taiwan; Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine (C.-T.M., M.-J.H., T.-H.C.), Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Keelung, Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Taoyuan, Taiwan; Department of Psychiatry (J.-K.W., H.-C.L.), Shuang Ho Hospital, Taipei Medical University, New Taipei City, Taiwan; Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine (J.-K.W., H.-C.L.), College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei City, Taiwan; Department of Medical Research and Education (C.-T.Y.), Shuang Ho Hospital, Taipei Medical University, New Taipei City, Taiwan; University of California (Hu), Riverside, Riverside, CA, USA; Department of Cardiology (Hu), Riverside Medical Clinic, Riverside, California, USA; Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine (N.-C.C.), Taipei Medical University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.

Objective: Anxiety and depression are risk factors for obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD), but their effects on coronary artery spasm (CAS) remain unestablished.

Methods: Patient records in this population-based study were retrospectively collected from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database. Using propensity score matching (PSM), we used 1:1:1 ratio stratification into a control group of 10,325 individuals without CAS or CAD, a CAS group comprising 10,473 patients, and a CAD group comprising 10,473 patients during the period 2000-2012. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PSY.0000000000000666DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

Bidirectional Links Between Social Rejection and Sleep.

Psychosom Med 2019 Jan 10. Epub 2019 Jan 10.

Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Francisco.

Objective: This set of studies examines the bi-directional links between social rejection and sleep, a ubiquitous and increasingly problematic health behavior.

Methods: In Study 1, a multi-day field experiment, 43 participants completed a neutral task just prior to sleep on night 1 and a social rejection task on night 2. Objective and subjective sleep, post-rejection affect, and physiological responses were measured. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PSY.0000000000000669DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Socioeconomic Adversity, Social Resources, and Allostatic Load among Hispanic/Latino Youth: The Study of Latino Youth.

Psychosom Med 2019 Jan 10. Epub 2019 Jan 10.

Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY.

Objective: We examined associations among socioeconomic adversity, social resources, and allostatic load in Hispanic/Latino youth, who are at high risk for obesity and related cardiometabolic risks.

Methods: Participants were N=1343 Hispanic/Latino youth (51% male; ages 8-16 years) offspring of Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL) participants. Between 2012-2014, youth underwent a fasting blood draw and anthropometric assessment, and youth and their enrolled caregivers provided social and demographic information. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PSY.0000000000000668DOI Listing
January 2019
7 Reads

Coping, Mood, Quality of Life, and Outcomes in Recipients of Left Ventricular Assist Devices: A Cluster Analysis.

Psychosom Med 2019 Feb/Mar;81(2):192-199

From the IRCCS Fondazione Don Carlo Gnocchi (Modica, Minotti, Scaglione, Bordoni, Racca, Ferratini), Santa Maria Nascente Cardiac Rehabilitation, Milan, Italy; and CNR Clinical Physiology Institute (De Maria), Heart Failure Heart Transplant Program Cardiology (Cipriani) and Cardiac Surgery (Russo), Cardiothoracic and Vascular Department, ASST - Great Metropolitan Hospital Niguarda, Milan, Italy.

Objective: Left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) are increasingly used for temporary circulatory support until transplant or as destination therapy for patients with end-stage heart failure. Understanding patients' attitudes and resources is crucial to support them.

Methods: Sixty-one LVAD recipients (55 [10] years, 10% women, 15% destination therapy) participating in cardiac rehabilitation (CR) postimplant underwent assessment of coping styles (Coping Orientation for Problem Experiences), quality of life (Medical Outcomes Study Short-Form 36, Minnesota Living with Heart Failure Questionnaire), and mood (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PSY.0000000000000658DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads
3.473 Impact Factor

Evaluating longitudinal associations between depressive symptoms, smoking, and biomarkers of cardiovascular disease in the CARDIA study.

Psychosom Med 2019 Jan 8. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

Department of Preventive Medicine, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine.

Objective: To evaluate associations between 15-year trajectories of co-occurring depressive symptoms and smoking with biomarkers of cardiovascular disease at Year 15.

Methods: In the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study, we modeled trajectories of depressive symptoms (Center for Epidemiologic Studies - Depression scale: CES-D) and smoking (cigarettes per day: CPD) among 3,614 adults followed from Year 0 (ages 18-30) through Year 15 (ages 33-45). Biomarkers of inflammation (hsCRP), oxidative stress (SOD, F2-isoprostanes), and endothelial dysfunction (sICAM1, sP-selectin) were assessed at Year 15. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PSY.0000000000000667DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Altered Brain Structure and Functional Connectivity and Its Relation to Pain Perception in Girls With Irritable Bowel Syndrome.

Psychosom Med 2019 Feb/Mar;81(2):146-154

From the Pediatric Pain and Palliative Care Program (Bhatt, Zeltzer, Tsao), Department of Pediatrics at UCLA, Los Angeles, California; David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA (Bhatt, Gupta, Labus, Zeltzer, Tsao, Tillisch), Los Angeles, California; G. Oppenheimer Family Center for Neurobiology of Stress and Resilience at UCLA (Gupta, Labus, Tillisch), Los Angeles, California; Vatche and Tamar Manoukian Division of Digestive Diseases at UCLA (Gupta, Labus, Tillisch); VA Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System (Tillisch), Los Angeles, California; and Department of Pediatrics (Shulman), Children's Nutrition Research Center, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas.

Objective: Imaging studies in adults with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) have shown both morphological and resting state (RS) functional connectivity (FC) alterations related to cortical modulation of sensory processing. Because analogous differences have not been adequately investigated in children, this study compared gray matter volume (GMV) and RS-FC between girls with IBS and healthy controls (HC) and tested the correlation between brain metrics and laboratory-based pain thresholds (Pth).

Methods: Girls with Rome III criteria IBS (n = 32) and matched HCs (n = 26) were recruited. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PSY.0000000000000655DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6355369PMC
February 2020
10 Reads

Facial Emotion Recognition Abilities in Women Suffering from Eating Disorders.

Psychosom Med 2019 Jan 4. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, University of Fribourg, Rue de Faucigny 2, 1700 Fribourg, Switzerland.

Objective: Impairments in facial emotion recognition are an underlying factor of deficits in emotion regulation and interpersonal difficulties in mental disorders, and are evident in eating disorders (EDs).

Methods: We used a computerized psychophysical paradigm to manipulate parametrically the quantity of signal in facial expressions of emotion (QUEST threshold seeking algorithm). This was used to measure emotion recognition in 311 adult women (anorexia nervosa (AN,n=61), bulimia nervosa (BN,n=58), healthy controls (HC,n=130) and mixed mental disorders (mixed,n=59)). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PSY.0000000000000664DOI Listing
January 2019
6 Reads

Associations between cannabis use and cardiometabolic risk factors: A longitudinal study of men.

Psychosom Med 2018 Dec 27. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America.

Objective: This study tested longitudinal associations between cannabis use and cardiometabolic risk factors that underlie the development of cardiovascular diseases.

Methods: Participants were men from the youngest cohort of the Pittsburgh Youth Study who were followed prospectively from approximately age 7 to 32 (n=253). Frequency of cannabis use was assessed yearly from ~ages 12-20 and again at ~ages 26, 29, and 32. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PSY.0000000000000665DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Sex-Specific Association Between Coronary Artery Disease Severity and Myocardial Ischemia Induced by Mental Stress.

Psychosom Med 2019 Jan;81(1):57-66

From the Department of Epidemiology (Almuwaqqat, Sullivan, Lima, Shah, Fang, Li, O'Neal, Vaccarino), Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia; Division of Hospital Medicine (Almuwaqqat), Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, (Almuwaqqat, Hammadah, Lima, Shah, Abdelhadi, Wilmot, Al Mheid, O'Neal, Quyyumi, Vaccarino), and Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences (Bremner), Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia; Atlanta VA Medical Center (Shah, Bremner), Decatur, Georgia; Department of Radiology and Imaging Sciences (Garcia, Nye), Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia; Department of Biostatistics and Bioinformatics (Elon), Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia; and Mazankowski Alberta Heart Institute (Raggi), University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada.

Objective: It is unclear whether mental stress-induced myocardial ischemia (MSIMI) is related to obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD). We examined this question and contrasted results with ischemia induced by conventional stress testing (CSIMI). Because women are more susceptible to ischemia without coronary obstruction than men, we examined sex differences. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PSY.0000000000000636DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Mismatch in Spouses' Anger-Coping Response Styles and Risk of Early Mortality: A 32-Year Follow-Up Study.

Psychosom Med 2019 Jan;81(1):26-33

From the Department of Psychology (Bourassa, Sbarra, Ruiz), University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona; and School of Public Health (Kaciroti, Harburg), University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan.

Objective: Research in psychosomatic medicine includes a long history of studying how responses to anger-provoking situations are associated with health. In the context of a marriage, spouses may differ in their anger-coping response style. Where one person may express anger in response to unfair, aggressive interpersonal interactions, his/her partner may instead suppress anger. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PSY.0000000000000653DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Relationships Matter: Progress and Challenges in Research on the Health Effects of Intimate Relationships.

Authors:
Timothy W Smith

Psychosom Med 2019 Jan;81(1):2-6

From the Department of Psychology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah.

Social connections play an important role in health and disease and provide opportunities for clinical and public health interventions. Marriage and similar intimate relationships play a central role in the potential health benefits of positive social connections. This editorial provides an integrative perspective on three papers in this issue of Psychosomatic Medicine that examine intimate relationships and health and illustrates the application of current areas in relationship science. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PSY.0000000000000660DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Diurnal Cortisol in a Sample of Socioeconomically Disadvantaged Chinese Children: Evidence for the Shift-and-Persist Hypothesis.

Psychosom Med 2019 Feb/Mar;81(2):200-208

From the Institute of Developmental Psychology (Chen, Lin), Beijing Normal University, Beijing, China; Department of Health Promotion, Education, and Behavior (Li), University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina; Department of Psychology (Imami, Zilioli), Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan; Institute of Psychology and Behavior (Zhao), Henan University, Kaifeng, Henan, China; Department of Psychology (Zhao), Henan Normal University, Xinxiang, Henan, China; and Department of Family Medicine and Public Health Sciences (Zilioli), Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan.

Objective: Low socioeconomic status (SES) is one of the most well-established social determinants of health. However, little is known about what can protect the health of individuals (especially children) living in low-SES circumstances. This study explored whether the psychological strategy of "shift-and-persist" protects low-SES children from stress-related physiological risks, as measured through blunted (unhealthy) diurnal cortisol profiles. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PSY.0000000000000659DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6355348PMC
February 2020
2 Reads

An Embodied Neurocomputational Framework for Organically Integrating Biopsychosocial Processes: An Application to the Role of Social Support in Health and Disease.

Psychosom Med 2019 Feb/Mar;81(2):125-145

From the Department of Psychiatry (Smith, Weihs, Alkozei, Killgore, Lane), University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona; and the Laureate Institute for Brain Research (Smith), Tulsa, Oklahoma.

Objective: Two distinct perspectives-typically referred to as the biopsychosocial and biomedical models-currently guide clinical practice. Although the role of psychosocial factors in contributing to physical and mental health outcomes is widely recognized, the biomedical model remains dominant. This is due in part to (a) the largely nonmechanistic focus of biopsychosocial research and (b) the lack of specificity it currently offers in guiding clinicians to focus on social, psychological, and/or biological factors in individual cases. Read More

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http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00006842-900000000-9866
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PSY.0000000000000661DOI Listing
December 2018
8 Reads

A Pilot Randomized Trial Assessing the Effect of a Psychoeducational Intervention on Psychoneuroimmunological Parameters Among Patients With Nonmetastatic Breast Cancer.

Psychosom Med 2019 Feb/Mar;81(2):165-175

From the Division of Oncology (Stanzer, Andritsch, Zloklikovits, Ladinek, Farkas, Samonigg, Bauernhofer), Department of Internal Medicine, Medical University of Graz, Graz, Austria; Institute of Medical Technologies and Health Management (Augustin), Joanneum Research Graz, Graz, Austria; and Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism (Obermayer-Pietsch), Department of Internal Medicine, Medical University of Graz, Graz, Austria.

Objective: The aim of this study was to determine a potential benefit of the specific psychoeducational intervention "Learning to Live with Cancer" (LTLWC) for patients with operated nonmetastatic breast cancer, with respect to psychological variables and endocrine and immune parameters.

Methods: Fifty-two postmenopausal women with operated stage I to III breast cancer were randomized to either a breast cancer intervention group (BCIG, n = 30) who immediately began participating in the LTLWC intervention program or to a breast cancer control group (BCCG, n = 22). Matched healthy women were asked to participate as a noncancer comparison group (n = 26). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PSY.0000000000000656DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Psychological Therapy for Centralized Pain: An Integrative Assessment and Treatment Model.

Psychosom Med 2019 Feb/Mar;81(2):114-124

From the Department of Psychology (Lumley), Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan; and Department of Internal Medicine (Schubiner), Providence-Providence Park Hospital, Ascension Health, and Michigan State University College of Human Medicine, Southfield, Michigan.

Objective: Chronic pain is a significant health problem that is increasing in prevalence, and advances in treatment are needed.

Methods: We briefly review the leading evidence-based psychological therapies for chronic pain-cognitive-behavioral and acceptance/mindfulness-based therapies-and examine several limitations and missing perspectives of these approaches. We review six lesser-known interventions that address these limitations, and we describe our integrative model for psychological assessment and treatment of centralized pain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PSY.0000000000000654DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6355353PMC
February 2020
10 Reads

Depressive Symptoms During Childhood and Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Black and White Men.

Psychosom Med 2019 Feb/Mar;81(2):176-183

From the Department of Psychiatry (Matthews, Jennings, Lee), University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; and Department of Criminology and Criminal Justice (Pardini), Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona.

Objective: Depressive symptoms and major depression predict cardiovascular disease (CVD) and CVD risk factors in adulthood. Evidence regarding the role of depression in the development of CVD risk in youth is minimal. The study evaluated the prospective relationship of depressive symptoms in childhood and adolescence with adult CVD risk factors in black and white men. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PSY.0000000000000652DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6355371PMC
February 2020
8 Reads

Author and Subject Index.

Authors:

Psychosom Med 2018 Nov/Dec;80(9):E13-E22

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/01.psy.0000549494.87519.0dDOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

The Neuroscience of Pain: Biobehavioral, Developmental, and Psychosocial Mechanisms Relevant to Intervention Targets.

Psychosom Med 2018 Nov/Dec;80(9):788-790

From the National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (Atlas), National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland and National Institute on Drug Abuse (Atlas), National Institutes of Health, Baltimore, Maryland; and Department of Family Medicine and Biobehavioral Health (al'Absi), University of Minnesota Medical School, Duluth, Minnesota.

Chronic pain is a major problem in clinical medicine and public health, affecting approximately one in five adults, and is associated with significant societal and familial burden. Early-life adversities, psychological, and biobehavioral factors are associated with an elevated risk of the subsequent development of chronic pain. In this special issue of Psychosomatic Medicine, articles address the neuroscientific, psychological, and biobehavioral processes involved in acute and chronic pain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PSY.0000000000000642DOI Listing
November 2018
5 Reads

Article Summaries for November-December 2018 Psychosomatic Medicine, Volume 80, Issue 9.

Authors:

Psychosom Med 2018 Nov/Dec;80(9):787

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PSY.0000000000000650DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Association Between Endothelial Function and Cognitive Performance in Patients With Coronary Artery Disease During Cardiac Rehabilitation.

Psychosom Med 2019 Feb/Mar;81(2):184-191

From the Neuropsychopharmacology Research Group (Saleem, Herrmann, Dinoff, Mazereeuw, Lanctôt), Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre; Departments of Pharmacology and Toxicology (Saleem, Dinoff, Mazereeuw, Goldstein, Lanctôt) and Psychiatry (Herrmann, Goldstein, Lanctôt), University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada; Division of Clinical Pharmacology (Oh), Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre; Toronto Rehabilitation Institute (Oh, Lanctôt), Toronto, Canada; Evaluative Clinical Sciences (Kiss), Hurvitz Brain Sciences Program, Sunnybrook Research Institute; Department of Health Policy (Kiss), University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada; and Neuropsychology (Shammi), Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Canada.

Objective: Subtle cognitive deficits indicating early neural risk are common in the clinical presentation of coronary artery disease (CAD). Although deterioration may be mitigated by exercise, cognitive response to exercise is heterogeneous. Vasculopathy including endothelial dysfunction is a hallmark of CAD and may play an important role in impairing neural adaptation to exercise. Read More

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http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00006842-900000000-9867
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PSY.0000000000000651DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6365250PMC
November 2018
3 Reads

Longitudinal Associations Between Inflammation and Depressive Symptoms in Chronic Dialysis Patients.

Psychosom Med 2019 Jan;81(1):74-80

From the Departments of Nephrology (Haverkamp, Loosman, Schouten, Siegert) and Psychiatry (Haverkamp, Loosman, Schouten, Honig), OLVG West, Amsterdam, Netherlands; Departments of Nephrology (Franssen) and Laboratory Medicine (Kema), University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands; Department of Clinical Epidemiology (van Diepen, Dekker), Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, Netherlands; Department of Nephrology (Chandie Shaw), Medical Center Haaglanden, The Hague, Netherlands; Department of Nephrology (Smets), OLVG East, Amsterdam, Netherlands; Department of Nephrology (Vleming), Haga Hospital, The Hague, Netherlands; Department of Nephrology (van Jaarsveld), VU Medical Center; and Department of Psychiatry (Honig), VU Medical Center, Amsterdam, Netherlands.

Objective: Patients undergoing chronic dialysis often display sustained elevations of inflammation markers and also have a high prevalence of depressive symptoms. Although multiple studies demonstrated cross-sectional associations between inflammation markers and depressive symptoms in this patient group, longitudinal associations have not been examined. We therefore investigated whether longitudinal associations exist between inflammation markers and depressive symptoms in chronic dialysis patients. Read More

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January 2019
9 Reads

Altered Hypothalamus-Pituitary-Adrenal Axis Function: A Potential Underlying Biological Pathway for Multiple Concurrent Symptoms in Patients With Advanced Lung Cancer.

Psychosom Med 2019 Jan;81(1):41-50

From the Department of Internal Medicine (Oh, Kim K-S, Kim Y-C), Lung and Esophageal Cancer Clinic, Chonnam National University Hwasun Hospital, Gwangju, Republic of Korea; Center for Clinical Medical Research (Park, Yoo), The Armed Forces Capital Hospital, Seoul, Republic of Korea; and Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine (Do), and Healthcare Innovation Park (Ahn), Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, School of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Objective: Patients with advanced cancer commonly experience multiple symptoms that present as groups or clusters. The present study aimed to examine whether hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis dysfunction underlies the concurrent multiple symptoms in patients with advanced cancer.

Methods: Patients' cortisol levels were determined in saliva samples collected after awakening (0, 30, and 60 minutes after awakening) and at nighttime (21:00-22:00 PM) from 46 patients with lung cancer (15. Read More

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January 2019
10 Reads
3.473 Impact Factor

Marriage and Gut (Microbiome) Feelings: Tracing Novel Dyadic Pathways to Accelerated Aging.

Psychosom Med 2018 Oct 10. Epub 2018 Oct 10.

Institute for Behavioral Medicine Research, The Ohio State University College of Medicine.

Couples influence each other's mental and physical health. This review focuses on how couples' relationships, the partners' individual and joint vulnerabilities, and their health behaviors influence health through changes in the gut microbiota, metabolism, and immune function. Couples' shared stressors and emotions and their intertwined lifestyles and routines serve to promote common disease risks in part through parallel changes in their gut microbiotas. Read More

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October 2018
5 Reads

Bereavement, Self-Reported Sleep Disturbances, and Inflammation: Results From Project HEART.

Psychosom Med 2019 Jan;81(1):67-73

From the Department of Neurology (Chirinos, Ong), Center for Circadian and Sleep Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois; Department of Psychology (Chirinos, Garcini, Alvarado, Fagundes), Rice University, Houston, Texas; Department of Symptom Research (Fagundes), The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas; and Department of Psychiatry (Fagundes), Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas.

Objective: Spousal bereavement is linked to increased mortality and morbidity from inflammatory conditions. It also has a significant impact on sleep disturbances. Evidence from experimental studies indicates that chronic stress may prime individuals to have an exaggerated inflammatory response to acute stress. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PSY.0000000000000645DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6309264PMC
January 2019
3 Reads

Computerized Exposure Therapy for Spider Phobia: Effects of Cardiac Timing and Interoceptive Ability on Subjective and Behavioral Outcomes.

Psychosom Med 2019 Jan;81(1):90-99

From the Department of Neuroscience (Watson, Garfinkel, van Praag, Willmott, Wong, Meeten, Critchley), Trafford Centre for Medical Research, Brighton and Sussex Medical School, Brighton, United Kingdom; Sackler Centre for Consciousness Science (Garfinkel, van Praag, Critchley), University of Sussex, Brighton, United Kingdom; Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience (Meeten), King's College London, London, United Kingdom; and Sussex Partnership NHS Foundation Trust (Critchley), Sussex Education Centre Millview, Hove, United Kingdom.

Objective: Spider phobia is a common form of anxiety disorder for which exposure therapy is an effective first-line treatment. Motivated by the observed modulation of threat processing by afferent cardiac signals, we tested the hypothesis that interoceptive information concerning cardiovascular arousal can influence the outcomes of computerized exposure therapy for spider phobia.

Method: Fifty-three normal healthy participants with high spider phobia scores underwent one of the following three modified computerized exposure protocols, defined by the timing of exposure to brief spider stimuli within the cardiac cycle: systole (during afferent baroreceptor firing); diastole (during baroreceptor-quiescent interbeat interval); random (noncontingent on cardiac cycle). Read More

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January 2019
4 Reads
3.470 Impact Factor

The Relationship Between Daytime Salivary Melatonin and Gastrointestinal Symptoms in Young Adults Seeking Psychiatric Care.

Psychosom Med 2019 Jan;81(1):51-56

From the Department of Neuroscience, Psychiatry (Söderquist, Sundberg, Ramklint, Widerström, Cunningham) and Department of Medical Sciences, Gastroenterology/Hepatology (Hellström), Uppsala University, Sweden.

Objective: The pathophysiology of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is not completely understood, although we do know that patients with IBS have a high prevalence of psychiatric comorbidity (mainly depression and anxiety disorders). Melatonin, produced in the gastrointestinal tract, influences gut motility. Psychiatric conditions are associated with circadian disturbances in peripheral melatonin levels. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PSY.0000000000000644DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6319589PMC
January 2019
3 Reads

Daily Stress Processes as Contributors to and Targets for Promoting Cognitive Health in Later Life.

Psychosom Med 2019 Jan;81(1):81-89

From the School of Social and Behavioral Health Sciences (Stawski, Cerino, Witzel), Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon; and Department of Psychology (MacDonald), University of Victoria, British Columbia, Canada.

Objective: The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that daily stress processes, including exposure and emotional reactivity to daily stressors, are associated with response time inconsistency (RTI), an indicator of processing efficiency and cognitive health. Furthermore, we considered daily stress-cognitive health associations at the level of individual differences and within-persons over time.

Methods: Participants were 111 older adults (mean = 80 years, range = 66-95 years) enrolled in a measurement burst study where assessments of response time-based cognitive performance, stressful experiences, and affect were administered on each of 6 days for a 2-week period. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PSY.0000000000000643DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6346743PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Chronic Family Stress and Adolescent Health: The Moderating Role of Emotion Regulation.

Psychosom Med 2018 Oct;80(8):764-773

From the Department of Biobehavioral Health (Jones, Schreier), The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, State College, Pennsylvania; and Department of Psychology (Lam, Hoffer, Chen), and Institute for Policy Research (Chen), Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois.

Objective: The aim of the study was to assess whether the association between chronic family stress and physiological measures is moderated by emotion regulation strategies in an adolescent sample.

Methods: Chronic family stress was assessed via a semistructured interview and emotion regulation strategies (cognitive reappraisal and suppression) via questionnaire among 261 adolescents (14.57 (1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PSY.0000000000000624DOI Listing
October 2018
2 Reads

Effectiveness of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Depression and Anxiety in Patients With Cardiovascular Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Psychosom Med 2018 Oct;80(8):742-753

From the College of Medical and Dental Sciences (Reavell, Hopkinson), University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom; University of Birmingham Institute of Cardiovascular Sciences (Clarkesmith, Lane), City Hospital, Sandwell and West Birmingham Hospitals NHS Trust, Birmingham, United Kingdom; and Aalborg Thrombosis Research Unit (Lane), Department of Clinical Medicine, Aalborg University, Aalborg, Denmark.

Objective: Depression and anxiety are highly prevalent in patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD) and influence their mental well-being and CVD prognosis. The primary objective was to assess the effectiveness of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for depression and anxiety in patients with CVD. Secondary objectives were to assess the impact of CBT on cardiovascular mortality, cardiovascular events, patient satisfaction, and quality of life. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PSY.0000000000000626DOI Listing
October 2018
2 Reads

Article Summaries for October 2018 Psychosomatic Medicine, Volume 80, Issue 8.

Authors:

Psychosom Med 2018 Oct;80(8):689

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October 2018
1 Read

Biased Competition Favoring Physical Over Emotional Pain: A Possible Explanation for the Link Between Early Adversity and Chronic Pain.

Psychosom Med 2018 Nov/Dec;80(9):880-890

From the Department of Psychiatry (Lane, Smith), University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona; and Manhattan Institute for Psychoanalysis (Anderson), New York, New York.

Background: Early adversity predisposes to chronic pain, but a mechanistic explanation is lacking. Survivors of early adversity with chronic pain often seem impaired in their ability to be aware of, understand, and express distressing emotions such as anger and fear in social contexts. In this context, it has been proposed that pain may at times serve as a "psychic regulator" by preventing awareness of more intolerable emotions. Read More

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September 2018
2 Reads

The Effect of Traditional Chinese Medicine Zhike-Houpu Herbal Pair on Depressive Behaviors and Hippocampal Serotonin 1A Receptors in Rats After Chronic Unpredictable Mild Stress.

Psychosom Med 2019 Jan;81(1):100-109

From the Department of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine (Xia, Zhang, Huang, Xing, Nie, Wang, Xiong, Yang), XiangYa Hospital, and Institute of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine China (Xia, Zhang, Huang, Xing, Nie, Wang, Xiong, Yang), Central South University, Changsha, China; Department of Acupuncture (Du), First Teaching Hospital of Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Tianjin, China; College of Acupuncture and Moxibustion (Du), Shanxi University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Xianyang, China; and Department of Psychiatric (Cao), The Second People's Hospital of Hunan Province, The Hospital of Hunan University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Changsha, China.

Objective: Zhike-Houpu herbal pair (ZKHPHP) is a well-known Chinese medicine to treat gastrointestinal motility dysfunction. Recently, many researchers have found that some of the compounds of ZKHPHP such as meranzin hydrate and magnolol have antidepressant effects. However, little is known about the antidepressant mechanism of ZKHPHP. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PSY.0000000000000639DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Childhood Adversity and Pain Facilitation.

Psychosom Med 2018 Nov/Dec;80(9):869-879

From the Department of Psychology (You, Meagher), Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas.

Objective: This study investigated whether childhood adversity would be associated with hypersensitivity on two measures of central pain facilitation: area of secondary allodynia and temporal summation of second pain (TSSP), and whether pain facilitation would be explained by adult posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms.

Method: Participants endorsing high (n = 31) and low (n = 31) childhood adversity underwent capsaicin-induced secondary allodynia and TSSP testing. The tests were conducted a week apart with test order counterbalanced. Read More

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September 2018
1 Read

The Effects of Tryptophan Enhancement and Depletion on Plasma Catecholamine Levels in Healthy Individuals.

Psychosom Med 2019 Jan;81(1):34-40

From the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences (Boyle, Brummett, Barefoot, Siegler, Williams, Georgiades), Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, North Carolina; and Department of Pharmacology and Cancer Biology (Kuhn), Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina.

Objective: Central nervous system (CNS) serotonin (5-HT) exerts both excitatory and inhibitory effects on the sympathetic nervous system (SNS) in animals. In this study, we examine the effects of tryptophan enhancement and depletion on plasma catecholamine levels in humans.

Methods: The total sample consisted of 164 healthy men and women who were tested for 2 days. Read More

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January 2019
3 Reads

Article Summaries for September 2018 Psychosomatic Medicine, Volume 80, Issue 7.

Authors:

Psychosom Med 2018 Sep;80(7):591

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PSY.0000000000000631DOI Listing
September 2018
1 Read

Neural Correlates of Giving Social Support: Differences Between Giving Targeted Versus Untargeted Support.

Psychosom Med 2018 Oct;80(8):724-732

From the Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

Objective: Giving support contributes to the link between social ties and health; however, the neural mechanisms are not known. Giving support in humans may rely on neural regions implicated in parental care in animals. The current studies, therefore, assess the contribution of parental care-related neural regions to giving support in humans and, as a further theoretical test, examine whether the benefits of giving targeted support to single, identifiable individuals in need extend to giving untargeted support to larger societal causes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PSY.0000000000000623DOI Listing
October 2018
21 Reads