630,686 results match your criteria Psychology Health & Medicine [Journal]


Resilience in the midst of chaos: Socioecological model applied to women with depressive symptoms and socioeconomic disadvantage.

J Community Psychol 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Rochester School of Medicine, Rochester, New York.

Socioeconomic disadvantage is extremely common among women with depressive symptoms presenting for women's health care. While social stressors related to socioeconomic disadvantage can contribute to depression, health care tends to focus on patients' symptoms in isolation of context. Health care providers may be more effective by addressing issues related to socioeconomic disadvantage. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/jcop.22188
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jcop.22188DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Functional Connectivity and Metabolic Alterations in Medial Prefrontal Cortex in a Rat Model of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder: A Resting-State Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging and in vivo Proton Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy Study.

Dev Neurosci 2019 Apr 18:1-12. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Pediatrics, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA,

Prenatal ethanol exposure alters brain structure, functional connectivity, and behavior in humans and rats. Behavioral changes include deficits in executive function, which requires cooperative activity between the frontal cortices and other brain regions. In this study, we analyzed the functional connectivity and neurochemical levels of the prefrontal cortex (PFC) using resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rsfMRI) and proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS) in ethanol-exposed (Eth) and control (Ctr) rats. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000499183DOI Listing

Serotonin transporter gene methylation predicts long-term cortisol concentrations in hair.

Psychoneuroendocrinology 2019 Mar 29;106:179-182. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Chair of Biopsychology, Faculty of Psychology, Technische Universität Dresden, Germany.

Epigenetic signatures, such as DNA methylation (DNA), have been implicated in long-term dysregulation of the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis and related health risks. Based on a wealth of neuroendocrine studies on genetic polymorphisms in the serotonin transporter gene (SLC6A4), this locus constitutes a key candidate to explore associations of DNA patterns and HPA-axis functioning. The few studies addressing this link so far exclusively relied on spot measurements of HPA-axis activity, which may not adequately reflect cortisol output over prolonged periods of time. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S03064530193007
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psyneuen.2019.03.033DOI Listing
March 2019
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Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Childhood Traumatic Separation.

Child Abuse Negl 2019 Apr 15;92:179-195. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Department of Psychiatry, Allegheny General Hospital, Allegheny Health Network, Drexel University College of Medicine, 4 Allegheny Center, 8th Floor, Pittsburgh, PA 15212, USA. Electronic address:

Objectives: In light of the current U.S. family separation crisis, there is growing attention to Childhood Traumatic Separation, defined here as a significant traumatic stress reaction to a familial separation that the child experiences as traumatic. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2019.03.006DOI Listing

Getting the mouse out of the box: Tool innovation in preschoolers.

J Exp Child Psychol 2019 Apr 15;184:65-81. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Department of Developmental Psychology, Heidelberg University, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany.

Following the literature, children younger than 8 years rarely innovate a tool. Theories on innovation and comparative research on tool manufacturing suggest that children's performance may depend on the task context. The current study explored whether preschool children's poor performance in past research could be attributed to short time limits and the required manufacturing method. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jecp.2019.03.005DOI Listing
April 2019
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Refining memory assessment of elderly people with cognitive impairment: Insights from the short-term memory binding test.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2019 Apr 1;83:114-120. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Department of Basic Psychology II (Cognitive Processes), Faculty of Psychology, Complutense University of Madrid, Spain.

Alzheimer's disease (AD) affects temporary memory for bound features more remarkably than for individual features. Such selective impairments manifest from presymptomatic through dementia stages via titration procedures. A recent study suggested that without titration and with high memory load the binding selectivity may disappear in people at risk of AD such as those with Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI). Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01674943193008
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2019.03.025DOI Listing
April 2019
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Role of DNA hypomethylation in lateral habenular nucleus in the development of depressive-like behavior in rats.

J Affect Disord 2019 Mar 22;252:373-381. Epub 2019 Mar 22.

Department of Physiology, College of Basic Medical Sciences, Jilin University, Changchun, Jilin 130021, China. Electronic address:

Background: Lateral habenula nucleus (LHb) has recently been noted for its role in stress-induced depressive disorder. Yet little is known about the mechanisms by which external stimuli or depression induces pathological alteration in the LHb.

Methods: Chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) was employed to model depressive-like behaviors in adult rats. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01650327183242
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2019.03.062DOI Listing
March 2019
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Post-traumatic stress following military deployment: Genetic associations and cross-disorder genetic correlations.

J Affect Disord 2019 Apr 9;252:350-357. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Research and Knowledge Center, The Danish Veteran Center, Garnisonen 1, 4100 Ringsted, Denmark.

Background: Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a complex psychiatric disorder that occurs with relatively high frequency after deployment to warzones (∼10%). While twin studies have estimated the heritability to be up to 40%, thus indicating a considerable genetic component in the etiology, the biological mechanisms underlying risk and development of PTSD remain unknown.

Methods: Here, we conduct a genome-wide association study (GWAS; N = 2,481) to identify genome regions that associate with PTSD in a highly homogenous, trauma-exposed sample of Danish soldiers deployed to war and conflict zones. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2019.04.070DOI Listing

A text message delivered smoking cessation intervention: Design and rationale of the Text My Quit Study.

Contemp Clin Trials 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Live Inspired LLC, Washington, DC, United States.

Introduction: Smoking cessation interventions delivered through mobile technologies offer promise as an effective intervention tool. However, most existing programs have not been empirically tested, were not developed with end-user participation, and/or do not address evidence-based cognitive and behavioral variables shown to enhance smoking cessation in clinical trials. In addition, many programs tested in research trials have required users to access the internet and/or a smartphone app to access all program features, limiting the potential reach of those programs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cct.2019.04.010DOI Listing

Repeated ketamine infusions for antidepressant-resistant PTSD: Methods of a multicenter, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial.

Contemp Clin Trials 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

National Center for PTSD, Clinical Neurosciences Division, US Department of Veterans Affairs, West Haven, CT, USA; Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA. Electronic address:

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a debilitating disorder with limited medication treatment options. Recent reports have described the dearth of research on new drug development as a crisis in the pharmacotherapy of PTSD. There are only two PTSD medications approved by the U. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cct.2019.04.009DOI Listing

The effect of blueberry interventions on cognitive performance and mood: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials.

Brain Behav Immun 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

IMPACT Strategic Research Centre, School of Medicine, Barwon Health, Deakin University, Geelong, Victoria, 3216, Australia. Electronic address:

Blueberries are rich in polyphenols that may be beneficial to cognitive performance and mood. The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate randomized controlled trials investigating the effects of blueberries and blueberry products on measures of cognition and mood. In total, eleven articles (that included 12 studies) were identified using freeze-dried blueberries (n=9 studies), whole blueberries (n=2) and blueberry concentrate (n=1). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbi.2019.04.001DOI Listing

Sex-Specific Neurogenic Deficits and Neurocognitive Disorders in Middle-Aged HIV-1 Tg26 Transgenic Mice.

Brain Behav Immun 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Center for Metabolic Disease Research, Temple University Lewis Katz School of Medicine, 3500 N Broad Street, Philadelphia, PA 19140, United States; Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Temple University Lewis Katz School of Medicine, 3500 N Broad Street, Philadelphia, PA 19140, United States. Electronic address:

Varying degrees of cognitive deficits affect over half of all HIV-1 infected patients. Because of antiretroviral treatment (ART) regimens, the HIV-1 patient population is increasing in age. Very few epidemiological studies have focused on sex-specific differences in HIV-1-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND). Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S08891591183060
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbi.2019.04.029DOI Listing
April 2019
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Toward a Positive Psychology of Immigrants.

Perspect Psychol Sci 2019 Apr 18:1745691619825848. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

6 Department of Educational Methodology, Policy, and Leadership, University of Oregon.

The vast majority of immigration-focused research in psychology is rooted in deficit models that center on negative health outcomes (e.g., depression, acculturative stress, anxiety, substance use), resulting in a widely held assumption that immigrants are at greater risk for pathology and poor well-being compared with native-born individuals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1745691619825848DOI Listing

Night work during pregnancy and preterm birth-A large register-based cohort study.

PLoS One 2019 18;14(4):e0215748. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Bispebjerg and Frederiksberg Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Background: Melatonin stimulates the production of progesterone, which is essential for the maintenance of pregnancy. Since melatonin in blood is reduced due to work under illuminated conditions during night work, it has been hypothesized that night work may increase the risk of preterm birth. Previous meta-analyses have not revealed increased risk of preterm birth in women working night shifts during pregnancy. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0215748PLOS

Individual, clinical and system factors associated with the place of death: A linked national database study.

PLoS One 2019 18;14(4):e0215566. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Centre for Population Health Sciences, Lee Kong Chian School of Medicine, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, Singapore.

Background: Many middle- and high-income countries face the challenge of meeting preferences for home deaths. A better understanding of associated factors could support the design and implementation of policies and practices to enable dying at home. This study aims to identify factors associated with the place of death in Singapore, a country with a strong sense of filial piety. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0215566PLOS

Racial/ethnic differences in experimental pain sensitivity and associated factors - Cardiovascular responsiveness and psychological status.

PLoS One 2019 18;14(4):e0215534. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Pain and Translational Symptom Science, University of Maryland School of Nursing, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America.

This study evaluated the contributions of psychological status and cardiovascular responsiveness to racial/ethnic differences in experimental pain sensitivity. The baseline measures of 3,159 healthy individuals-non-Hispanic white (NHW): 1,637, African-American (AA): 1,012, Asian: 299, and Hispanic: 211-from the OPPERA prospective cohort study were used. Cardiovascular responsiveness measures and psychological status were included in structural equation modeling based mediation analyses. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0215534PLOS

Erratum to: What Factors Are Associated With Disability After Upper Extremity Injuries? A Systematic Review.

Clin Orthop Relat Res 2019 May;477(5):1256

P. Jayakumar, S. Lamb, S. Gwilym, Nuffield Department of Orthopaedics, Rheumatology and Musculoskeletal Medicine, University of Oxford, Nuffield Orthopaedic Centre, Oxford, UK C. L. Overbeek, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands M. Williams, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Oxford Brookes University, Oxford, UK C. J. Funes, Department of Psychiatry (Behavioral Medicine Service), Boston, MA, USA D. Ring, The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Surgery and Perioperative Care, Dell Medical School, Austin, TX, USA A.-M. Vranceanu, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Behavioral Medicine Program, Department of Psychiatry, Boston, MA, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/CORR.0000000000000730DOI Listing

Psychological Symptoms and Stress Are Associated With Decrements in Attentional Function in Cancer Patients Undergoing Chemotherapy.

Cancer Nurs 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Author affiliations: Palo Alto University, California (Drs Atallah and Muñoz); Schools of Nursing (Drs Cooper, Paul, and Miaskowski) and Medicine (Drs Anguera, Levine, Chen, and Melisko), University of California, San Francisco; Department of Nursing, Mount Sinai Hospital (Dr Hammer); and School of Nursing, New York University (Dr Wright), New York; School of Nursing, University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (Dr Conley); and Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, School of Medicine, Stanford University, California (Dr Dunn).

Background: Decrements in attentional function-perceived effectiveness in everyday functioning related to cognitive dysfunction-are frequently reported by cancer patients during treatment. However, patients vary widely in their experiences of changes in attentional function.

Objective: The aim of this study was to understand differences in attentional function among cancer patients during chemotherapy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/NCC.0000000000000713DOI Listing

How Single Institutional Review Boards Manage Their Own Conflicts of Interest: Findings From a National Interview Study.

Acad Med 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

E. Pivovarova is assistant professor, Department of Psychiatry, University of Massachusetts Medical School and Massachusetts Center of Excellence for Specialty Courts, Worcester, Massachusetts. R.L. Klitzman is professor of psychiatry and director, Masters of Bioethics Program, Columbia University, New York, New York. A. Murray is research coordinator II, Department of Psychiatry, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts. D.F. Stiles is vice president, Research Operations and Policy, and chief operating officer, Office of the Executive Vice President for Research, Columbia University, New York, New York. P.S. Appelbaum is professor of Psychiatry, Medicine, and Law, director, Division of Law, Ethics, and Psychiatry, and Director, Center for Research on Ethical, Legal and Social Implications of Psychiatric, Neurological and Behavioral Genetics, Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York. C.W. Lidz is professor emeritus, Department of Psychiatry, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts.

Purpose: Conflicts of interest (COIs) are important ethical concerns as they may affect scientific decision-making, research integrity, and the safety and fairness of studies. No research to date has examined COIs of single IRBs (sIRBs), which are now mandated by the National Institutes of Health, and will be by the revised Common Rule in 2020, for all multi-site research. This study investigated how different types of sIRBs manage their own COIs by documenting existing processes for and comparison across commercial, government, and academic sIRBs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ACM.0000000000002762DOI Listing

The Fear of Tinnitus Questionnaire: Toward a Reliable and Valid Means of Assessing Fear in Adults with Tinnitus.

Ear Hear 2019 Apr 10. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Department of Clinical Psychological Science, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands.

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to assess the factor structure, reliability, and validity of the Fear of Tinnitus Questionnaire (FTQ); a brief self-report measure of people's fears about potential cognitive, emotional, behavioral, and social consequences of living with tinnitus.

Design: Five hundred eighty-eight Dutch-speaking adults with tinnitus completed an online battery of questionnaires measuring tinnitus-related distress, fear, catastrophizing, and quality of life. The sample was randomly split into two to perform exploratory and Bayesian confirmatory factor analyses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/AUD.0000000000000728DOI Listing

The impact of depression on adherence to organized and opportunistic breast cancer screening.

Eur J Cancer Prev 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Psychiatric University Hospital (UPK), University of Basel, Basel.

One in five women will experience depression over her lifetime, and one out of eight will develop breast cancer. We evaluated the effect of depression on adherence to mammography in Switzerland, where opportunistic and organized screening programs coexist. We analyzed data from 3206 women aged 50-69 who participated in the Swiss Health Survey 2012. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/CEJ.0000000000000520DOI Listing

Bifidobacterium longum 1714™ Strain Modulates Brain Activity of Healthy Volunteers During Social Stress.

Am J Gastroenterol 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University of Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany.

Objectives: Accumulating evidence indicates that the gut microbiota communicates with the central nervous system, possibly through neural, endocrine, and immune pathways, and influences brain function. B. longum 1714™ has previously been shown to attenuate cortisol output and stress responses in healthy subjects exposed to an acute stressor. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14309/ajg.0000000000000203DOI Listing

Alcohol Availability Across Neighborhoods in Ontario Following Alcohol Sales Deregulation, 2013-2017.

Am J Public Health 2019 Apr 18:e1-e7. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Daniel T. Myran is with the School of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Ottawa, Faculty of Medicine, Ottawa, ON. Jarvis T. Chen and Vaughan W. Rees are with the Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA. Benjamin Bearnot is with the Division of General Internal Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston. Michael Ip is with the School of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Ottawa, Faculty of Medicine. Norman Giesbrecht is with the Institute for Mental Health Policy Research, Center for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, ON.

To examine the association between neighborhood socioeconomic status (SES) and alcohol availability before and after deregulation in 2015 of the alcohol market in Ontario, Canada. We quantified alcohol access by number of alcohol outlets and hours of retail for all 19 964 neighborhoods in Ontario. We used mixed effects regression models to examine the associations between alcohol access and a validated SES index between 2013 and 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2019.305014DOI Listing

Effects of Mock Facebook Workday Comments on Public Perception of Professional Credibility: A Field Study in Canada.

J Med Internet Res 2019 Apr 18;21(4):e12024. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Population Medicine, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, Canada.

Background: There is considerable discussion of risks to health professionals' reputations and employment from personal social media use, though its impacts on professional credibility and the health professional-client relationship are unknown.

Objective: The aim of this study was to test the extent to which workday comments posted to health professionals' personal Facebook profiles influence their credibility and affect the professional-client relationship.

Methods: In a controlled field study, participants (members of the public) reviewed randomly assigned mock Facebook profiles of health professionals. Read More

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http://www.jmir.org/2019/4/e12024/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/12024DOI Listing
April 2019
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Personality and the risk factors for developing behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia: a narrative review.

Neurodegener Dis Manag 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Psychiatry, Yale School of Medicine, 300 George St. #901, New Haven, CT 06511, USA.

Premorbid personality traits have been implicated as risk factors for the development of behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD), although there is a paucity of studies investigating this relationship. In this narrative review, a number of studies found that premorbid neuroticism has consistently been observed to have a significant association with the development of BPSD symptoms while premorbid conscientiousness, extraversion, openness and agreeableness may be protective factors against future BPSD symptoms. In conclusion, premorbid personality traits appear to affect the risk of BPSD symptoms among individuals with dementia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2217/nmt-2018-0044DOI Listing

Community intervention to prevent adolescent health behavior problems: Evaluation of communities that care in Australia.

Health Psychol 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Centre for Adolescent Health, Murdoch Children's Research Institute.

Objective: A major challenge for health psychologists is to ensure the implementation of evidence-based interventions to improve population health. To reduce high rates of adolescent alcohol use and related health problems, trials of the Communities That Care (CTC) prevention process were implemented in Australia beginning in 2001. The process assists communities to strategically plan and monitor implementation of evidence-based preventative interventions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/hea0000735DOI Listing

Perceived social support and chronic inflammation: The moderating role of self-esteem.

Health Psychol 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Psychology.

Objective: Social support is one of the strongest psychosocial predictors of physical health. However, is this the case for everyone? On the basis of recent research suggesting that self-esteem can moderate the psychological effects of social support, the present research investigated whether self-esteem would moderate the health benefits of social support.

Method: A national sample of middle-aged adults (N = 949) completed self-report questionnaires on perceived social support, self-esteem, sociodemographic information, and health related behaviors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/hea0000746DOI Listing

The modifying effects of social support on psychological outcomes in patients with heart failure.

Health Psychol 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences.

Objective: We examined the modifying effects of social support on depressive symptoms and health-related quality of life (QoL) in patients receiving coping skills training (CST).

Method: We considered the modifying effects of social support in the Coping Effectively with Heart Failure clinical trial, which randomized 179 heart failure (HF) patients to either 4 months of CST or usual care enhanced by HF education (HFE). CST involved training in specific coping techniques, whereas HFE involved education about HF self-management. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/hea0000716DOI Listing

Online expressive writing intervention for reintegration difficulties among veterans: Who is most likely to benefit?

Psychol Trauma 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Minneapolis VA Health Care System.

Objective: Some veterans may benefit from psychosocial interventions to facilitate reintegration and prevent chronic impairments following discharge from the service. In a randomized controlled trial, an online expressive writing intervention for Iraq and Afghanistan War veterans with reintegration difficulties reduced distress relative to control conditions, albeit with small between-group effect sizes (Sayer, Noorbaloochi et al., 2015). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/tra0000462DOI Listing

Prediction of treatment outcome in psychotherapy by patient initial symptom distress profiles.

J Couns Psychol 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Behavioral Science and Learning.

Understanding how different groups of patients change at different rates is important for treatment selection, planning and evaluation. This study aimed to assess whether an approach to classifying patients on the basis of initial symptom distress profiles (ISDPs) derived from a self-rated questionnaire measuring psychological distress may be useful in predicting treatment response. The Clinical Outcome in Routine Evaluation-Outcome Measure were collected from 1,095 first line mental health service patients ( [] age = 37. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cou0000345DOI Listing

A qualitative investigation of beliefs about work-related crises in the United States.

J Couns Psychol 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Guidance and Psychological Counseling.

Globalization, technological advancements, and macroeconomic forces have created significant challenges for working in the United States and other countries. Recent crises about working include long-term unemployment/underemployment and the rise of precarious work, which negatively impact individuals' mental health and well-being. To fully understand the nature and impact of these problems, it is essential to give voice to the people whose lives are affected by the work-related crises. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cou0000343DOI Listing

Personality and outcome in individuals with treatment-resistant depression-Exploring differential treatment effects in the Tavistock Adult Depression Study (TADS).

J Consult Clin Psychol 2019 May;87(5):433-445

Research Department of Clinical, Educational and Health Psychology, University College London.

Objective: Although research over the past decades has investigated the impact of the personality dimensions of dependency and self-criticism on treatment outcome, little is known of how these personality features influence responsiveness to treatment in patients with severe, chronic forms of depression.

Method: The present study uses data from the Tavistock Adult Depression Study, a randomized controlled trial investigating the effectiveness of long-term psychoanalytic psychotherapy (LTPP) compared with treatment as usual (TAU) for individuals diagnosed with treatment-resistant depression. Patients were rated with the Anaclitic-Introjective Depression Assessment Q-sort, which distinguishes between two more maladaptive (Submissive and Dismissive) and two less maladaptive (Needy and Self-Critical) subdimensions of dependent or anaclitic and self-critical or introjective depression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/ccp0000391DOI Listing

The System for Coding Interactions and Family Functioning (SCIFF) in low-income and urban adolescents.

Psychol Assess 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Psychology.

Reliable, brief, and cost-effective methods to assess parenting are critical for advancing etiological research and translational efforts within parenting science. In the current study, we adapted the System for Coding Interactions and Family Functioning (SCIFF) for use among a sample of mostly racial minority adolescents aged 15 years old, growing up in a low-income urban setting. A multiethnic team coded videotapes of a family interaction task designed to elicit conflict. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pas0000719DOI Listing

Using naturalistic recordings to study children's social perceptions and evaluations.

Dev Psychol 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Graduate School of Education.

Children often encounter events that bear on their moral and other evaluations, such as physical aggression and material disorder. Children's perceptions and evaluations are decisive for how they respond to and learn from these everyday events. Using a new method for investigating the development of social perceptions and evaluations, researchers interviewed 3- to 6-year-olds about naturalistic video recordings of , and events. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/dev0000735DOI Listing

Social justice advocacy in mental health services: Consumer, community, training, and policy perspectives.

Psychol Serv 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Psychology.

This article addresses important aspects of and strategies for social justice advocacy in mental health care across consumer, community, educational, and policy domains. Social justice advocacy is intentional and sustained action intended to influence public policy outcomes, with and/or on behalf of a vulnerable individual, group, community, or the public at large. The paper presents a series of policy and advocacy levels of change, which may be used to promote social justice among individuals with mental health disorders with an emphasis on how psychologists can be valuable in these efforts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/ser0000349DOI Listing

The "Chicago School of Psychology" and Hypnotic Magazine: Suggestive therapeutics, public psychologies, and new thought pluralism, 1895-1910.

Authors:
John M Andrick

Hist Psychol 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

In the years from 1895 to 1910, suggestive therapeutics, in its various guises and applications, was the prevailing popular psychotherapeutic treatment featured in print culture and to which large numbers of Americans turned, seeking relief for both physical and psychological disorders. The "Chicago School of Psychology"-a health institution founded by Herbert A. Parkyn offering free treatment and clinical instruction in suggestive therapeutics-along with Hypnotic Magazine, the unofficial organ of the school edited by Sydney B. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/hop0000124DOI Listing

Development of the ACTIVE framework to describe stakeholder involvement in systematic reviews.

J Health Serv Res Policy 2019 Apr 18:1355819619841647. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

11 Consumer Engagement Officer, Cochrane Consumer Network, UK.

Objectives: Involvement of patients, health professionals, and the wider public ('stakeholders') is seen to be beneficial to the quality, relevance and impact of research and may enhance the usefulness and uptake of systematic reviews. However, there is a lack of evidence and resources to guide researchers in how to actively involve stakeholders in systematic reviews. In this paper, we report the development of the ACTIVE framework to describe how stakeholders are involved in systematic reviews. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1355819619841647DOI Listing

Illness acceptance as mediator for cancer-related complaints and psychological distresses among malaysian cancer patients.

Future Oncol 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Radiology and Oncology, University Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre, Hospital Canselor Tunku Muhriz, Wilayah Persekutuan Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

The present study investigated the relationship between psychological problems, illness acceptance and cancer-related complaints among Malaysian cancer patients. One-hundred and six cancer patients were recruited and were requested to complete validated self-reported questionnaires that measured their psychological distresses, sleep quality, pain, fatigue and illness acceptance. There was a significant relationship between cancer-related symptoms, illness acceptance and psychological distresses commonly experienced by local cancer patients (p < 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2217/fon-2018-0686DOI Listing

The return of the traumatized army veteran: a qualitative study of UK ex-servicemen in the aftermath of war, 1945 to 2000.

Int Rev Psychiatry 2019 Apr 18:1-11. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

a Department of Psychological Medicine, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neuroscience , King's College London , London , UK.

The challenge of transition from service to civilian life is explored through the experiences of a sample of 225 UK army veterans between 1945 and 2000. All subjects had a war pension for a psychological disorder, and most had served overseas in combat roles. Statements about issues of adjustment and health were analyzed by the constant comparison method. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540261.2019.1585767DOI Listing

The relation between emotion regulation choice and posttraumatic growth.

Cogn Emot 2019 Apr 18:1-9. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

d The School of Psychological Sciences , Tel Aviv University , Tel Aviv , Israel.

Previous research has examined emotion regulation (ER) and trauma in the context of psychopathology, yet little research has examined ER in posttraumatic growth (PTG), the experience of positive psychological change following a traumatic event. ER typically involves decreasing negative affect by engaging (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02699931.2019.1592117DOI Listing

Demographic and Psychosocial Predictors of Housing Security in Older Lesbian and Gay Australians.

Int J Aging Hum Dev 2019 Apr 18:91415019843449. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

8 COTA Australia, Canberra, Australia.

This study examined housing security among 679 lesbian women and gay men aged 60 years and older living in Australia. We examined a range of potential demographic and psychosocial predictors of whether participants felt that their housing situation was secure. Overall, most participants (89%) felt that their housing situation was secure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0091415019843449DOI Listing

Disordered eating and the perinatal period: A systematic review and best evidence synthesis of mental health and psychosocial correlates.

Eur Eat Disord Rev 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Psychological Sciences, Swinburne University, Hawthorn, Melbourne, Australia.

Objective: This paper systematically reviews the literature to date on the relationship between disordered eating and mental health, psychological and social factors during pregnancy and the post-partum period, as well as the direction of associations.

Methods: Peer reviewed articles were sourced from seven databases: PsycINFO, CINAHL, Psychology and Behavioural Sciences Collection, Academic Search Complete, Scopus (MEDLINE), Web of Science, and Proquest. A quality review and best evidence synthesis was conducted. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/erv.2675DOI Listing

A controlled study of an integrated prevention program for improving disordered eating and body image among Mexican university students: A 3-month follow-up.

Eur Eat Disord Rev 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Biological and Health Psychology, School of Psychology, Autonomous University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain.

Obesity and eating disorders are currently two significant health problems in Mexico. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of an integrated prevention program on university students through an exploratory controlled study that targeted specific predisposing factors of disordered eating and obesity related to healthy eating, physical activity, body image satisfaction and perceived pressure to be thin. A total of 388 university students participated (264 females and 124 males) and were assigned either to an intervention condition or one of the two control conditions (study skills vs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/erv.2674DOI Listing

Exploring hyperhidrosis and related thermoregulatory symptoms as a possible clinical identifier for the dysautonomic subtype of Parkinson's disease.

J Neurol 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

King's College London, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, Department of Basic and Clinical Neurosciences, De Crespigny Park, London, SE5 8AF, UK.

Objective: To identify associated (non-)motor profiles of Parkinson's disease (PD) patients with hyperhidrosis as a dominant problem.

Methods: This is a cross-sectional, exploratory, analysis of participants enrolled in the Non-motor Longitudinal International Study (NILS; UKCRN No: 10084) at the Parkinson's Centre at King's College Hospital (London, UK). Hyperhidrosis scores (yes/no) on question 28 of the Non-Motor Symptom Questionnaire were used to classify patients with normal sweat function (n = 172) and excessive sweating (n = 56) (Analysis 1; n = 228). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00415-019-09325-wDOI Listing

Improved neuropsychological outcomes following proton therapy relative to x-ray therapy for pediatric brain tumor patients.

Neuro Oncol 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago IL.

Background: Survivors of pediatric brain tumors are at risk for impaired development in multiple neuropsychological domains. The purpose of this study was to compare neuropsychological outcomes of pediatric brain tumor patients who underwent x-ray radiotherapy (XRT) versus proton radiotherapy (PRT).

Methods: Pediatric patients who underwent either XRT or PRT and received post-treatment age-appropriate neuropsychological evaluation including measures of intelligence (IQ), attention, memory, visuographic skills, academic skills, and parent-reported adaptive functioning were identified. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/neuonc/noz070DOI Listing

Low-calorie sweeteners: more complicated than sweetness without calories.

Authors:
John E Blundell

Am J Clin Nutr 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Psychology, Faculty of Medicine and Health, University of Leeds, Leeds, United Kingdom.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/nqz015DOI Listing

Dementia Stigma Reduction (DESeRvE): Study protocol for a randomized controlled trial of an online intervention program to reduce dementia-related public stigma.

Contemp Clin Trials Commun 2019 Jun 29;14:100351. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Neuroscience Research Australia, Sydney, Australia.

Background: Dementia is considered to be a highly stigmatized condition leading to significant negative effects on the health and well-being of people with dementia and people supporting someone living with dementia. Even though there has been an increasing amount of research on dementia-related stigma over the past two decades, research on effective, evidence-based approaches to reduce dementia-related public stigma is still lacking.

Methods: A 2 × 2 factorial randomized controlled trial (RCT) is being conducted to evaluate the feasibility and short-term efficacy of an online intervention program. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.conctc.2019.100351DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6453665PMC

Effects of a 3-month vigorous physical activity intervention on eating behaviors and body composition in overweight and obese boys and girls.

J Sport Health Sci 2019 Mar 29;8(2):170-176. Epub 2017 Sep 29.

GENUD Toledo Research Group, Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha, Toledo 45071, Spain.

Purpose: This study aims to analyze the effects of a 3-month vigorous physical activity (VPA) intervention on eating behavior and body composition in overweight and obese children and adolescents.

Methods: Forty-seven participants (7-16 years) took part in the study: 28 were assigned to the intervention group (IG) (10 boys and 18 girls) and 19 in a control group (CG) (8 boys and 11 girls). Body composition (dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry), anthropometrics (body mass, height, and body mass index (BMI)), and eating behavior traits (Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire-R21C) were determined before and after the VPA intervention. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jshs.2017.09.012DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6450925PMC

Feasibility of breaking up sitting time in mainstream and special schools with a cognitively challenging motor task.

J Sport Health Sci 2019 Mar 11;8(2):137-148. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

School of Health and Social Development, Faculty of Health, Deakin University, Geelong, VIC 3220, Australia.

Background: Children spend ≤70% of the school day sitting in class. Classroom-based active breaks can benefit children's physical health, but if the breaks are cognitively demanding (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jshs.2019.01.002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6451043PMC
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