471,877 results match your criteria Psychological Review [Journal]


The reality of hierarchical morphological structure in multimorphemic words.

Cognition 2018 Dec 3;183:269-276. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Linguistics, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong.

This cross-modal priming study is one of the first to empirically test the long-held assumption that individual morphemes of multimorphemic words are represented according to a hierarchical structure. The results here support the psychological reality behind this assumption: Recognition of trimorphemic words (e.g. Read More

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December 2018

Disruption of function: Neurophysiological markers of cognitive deficits in retired football players.

Clin Neurophysiol 2018 Nov 26;130(1):111-121. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Department of Linguistics and Languages, McMaster University, Togo Salmon Hall 513, 1280 Main Street, West Hamilton, ON L8S 4M2, Canada; ARiEAL Research Centre, McMaster University, L.R. Wilson Hall, 1280 Main Street, West Hamilton, ON L8S 4M2, Canada; School of Biomedical Engineering, McMaster University, ETB-406, 1280 Main St., West Hamilton, ON L8S 4K1, Canada; MaRS Centre, Vector Institute, Canada; McMaster University, Department of Psychology, Neuroscience and Behaviour, Canada. Electronic address:

Objective: Recent studies demonstrate that sports-related concussions can have negative consequences on long-term brain health. The goal of the present study was to determine whether retired Canadian Football League (CFL) athletes with a history of concussions exhibit alterations in neurocognitive functioning, along with changes in physical, social, and psychological health.

Methods: Our study compared nineteen retired CFL athletes' concussion histories to eighteen healthy age-matched controls with no history of concussion. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Classic Psychedelics: An integrative review of epidemiology, mystical experience, brain network function, and therapeutics.

Pharmacol Ther 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences; Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience.

The purpose of this paper is to provide an integrative review and offer novel insights regarding human research with classic psychedelics (classic hallucinogens), which are 5HT2AR agonists such as lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD), mescaline, and psilocybin. Classic psychedelics have been administered as sacraments since ancient times. They were of prominent interest within psychiatry and neuroscience in the 1950s to 1960s, and during this time contributed to the emergence of the field of molecular neuroscience. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Sex differences in intrusive memories following trauma.

PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0208575. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

School of Psychological Sciences, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, Australia.

Background: A key mechanism thought to underlie Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is enhanced emotional memory consolidation. Recent evidence in healthy controls revealed that women have greater negative memory consolidation following stress relative to men. This study examined emotional memory consolidation in women and men with PTSD, and in trauma-exposed and non-trauma controls to test the hypothesis that emotionally negative memory consolidation would be greater in women with PTSD. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Does perceived ostracism contribute to mental health concerns among veterans who have been deployed?

PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0208438. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Psychology, Illinois State University, Normal, Illinois, United States of America.

Posttraumatic stress-negative psychological experiences as a result of traumatic stressors-can hinder military veterans' reintegration into society and cause various mental health problems. Veterans need quality social relationships to facilitate reintegration and to cope with posttraumatic stress and related mental health problems; discrimination or other forms of interpersonal rejection can exacerbate these veterans' problems. Ostracism (i. Read More

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December 2018

Showup identification decisions for multiple perpetrator crimes: Testing for sequential dependencies.

PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0208403. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

University of Portsmouth, Department of Psychology, Portsmouth, United Kingdom.

Research in perception and recognition demonstrates that a current decision (i) can be influenced by previous ones (i-j), meaning that subsequent responses are not always independent. Experiments 1 and 2 tested whether initial showup identification decisions impact choosing behavior for subsequent showup identification responses. Participants watched a mock crime film involving three perpetrators and later made three showup identification decisions, one showup for each perpetrator. Read More

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December 2018
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'I should not feed such a weak woman'. Intimate partner violence among women living with podoconiosis: A qualitative study in northern Ethiopia.

PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0207571. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Wellcome Trust Brighton & Sussex Centre for Global Health Research, Brighton & Sussex Medical School, Falmer, Brighton, United Kingdom.

Background: Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) is a serious, preventable public health problem that affects millions of people worldwide. Research indicates that adults suffering from long term, disabling conditions are more likely to be victims of IPV due to the intersection of disease-associated stigma and discrimination. IPV in turn is known to worsen the overall health and wellbeing of those affected by it. Read More

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December 2018
5 Reads
3.230 Impact Factor

[The Role of Testosterone in The Improvement of Sexual Desire in Postmenopausal Women: An Evidence-Based Clinical Review].

Acta Med Port 2018 Nov 30;31(11):680-690. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Unidade de Saúde Familiar S. Julião. Agrupamento de Centros de Saúde de Lisboa Ocidental e Oeiras. Lisboa. Portugal.

Introduction: Female sexual dysfunction is a common problem, affecting more than 1/3 of women during their lives. The aim of this review is to review the evidence for the effectiveness of testosterone in sexual dysfunction in postmenopausal women, particularly in the improvement of sexual desire.

Material And Methods: The authors searched in international databases National Guidelines Clearinghouse, Guidelines Finder, Cochrane Library and MEDLINE/PubMed, for guidelines, systematic reviews, meta-analysis and randomized controlled trials, published between January 2005 and February 2017, using the MeSH terms 'testosterone', 'androgens', 'libido', 'sexual dysfunctions' and 'menopause'. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

[Problematic Eating Behaviors after Bariatric Surgery: A National Study with a Portuguese Sample].

Acta Med Port 2018 Nov 30;31(11):633-640. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Centro de Investigação em Psicologia. Escola de Psicologia. Universidade do Minho. Braga. Portugal.

Introduction: Bariatric surgery is the most effective method for the treatment of morbid obesity. However, the development of eating psychopathology and the emergence of problematic eating behaviours have been reported in the literature. The aim of this crosssectional study was to characterize the post-bariatric population in terms of the frequency of problematic eating behaviours over time and to understand the related psychological features. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Effects of weight loss on dynamic hyperinflation in women obese asthmatics.

J Appl Physiol (1985) 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Physical Therapy, School of Medicine, Brazil.

Obese adults with asthma are more likely to develop dynamic hyperinflation (DH) and expiratory flow limitation (EFL) than non-obese asthmatics, and weight-loss seems to improve the breathing mechanics during exercise. However, studies evaluating the effect of weight-loss on DH in obese adults with asthma have not been performed.

Objective: To evaluate the effect of a weight-loss program on DH in obese adults with asthma. Read More

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December 2018

EEG of patients in coma after traumatic brain injury reflects physical parameters of auditory stimulation but not its emotional content.

Brain Inj 2018 Dec 6:1-7. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

a Human Higher Nervous Activity Lab Moscow , Institute of Higher Nervous Activity and Neurophysiology of RAS , Moscow , Russia.

Primary Objective: We aimed to investigate the origin of EEG response of patients in coma and after moderate TBI to emotional stimulation, whether they distinguish emotional content or only react to the physical features of an audio signal.

Research Design: We registered EEG during continuous pleasant and unpleasant non-verbal stimulation and in rest. A total of 69 subjects participated in our study: healthy adults, conscious patients after moderate TBI and patients in coma after severe TBI. Read More

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December 2018

Application of resilience theories in the transition to parenthood: a scoping review.

J Reprod Infant Psychol 2018 Dec 6:1-22. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

a School of Psychology , The University of Adelaide , Adelaide , Australia.

Objective: Investigate the use of resilience theories in the transition to parenthood literature.

Background: The transition to parenthood is a key developmental experience for many adults. Resilience is a unifying theoretical concept which incorporates many of the skills and resources linked with the transition to parenthood, but the uptake of resilience theory in this literature is unknown. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Self-management intervention for head and neck cancer couples: Results of a randomized pilot trial.

Cancer 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas.

Background: Patients with head and neck cancer (HNC) experience significant physical and psychological morbidity during radiotherapy (RT) that contributes to treatment interruptions and a poor quality of life. Although spouses/partners can help by encouraging patient self-management (eg, self-care) during RT, they often experience high psychological distress rates, lack basic health care knowledge and skills, and report increased marital conflict regarding patient self-management. The current pilot study examined the feasibility and acceptability of a 6-session telephone-based intervention called Spouses coping with the Head And neck Radiation Experience (SHARE), which teaches self-management, communication, and coping skills to patients with HNC and their spouses. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Insomnia in breast cancer: a prospective observational study.

Sleep 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

CRUK Clinical Trials Unit, Institute of Cancer Sciences, University of Glasgow.

Study Objectives: Insomnia in cancer patients is prevalent, persistent and confers risk for physical and psychological disorder. We must better understand how insomnia develops in cancer patients and explore the main contributors to its chronicity so that insomnia management protocols can be integrated more effectively within cancer care. This study monitors the etiology of insomnia in breast cancer patients and identifies risk factors for its persistence. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Association Between Noninfectious Uveitis and Psychological Stress.

JAMA Ophthalmol 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Francis I. Proctor Foundation, University of California, San Francisco.

Importance: Uveitis involves dysregulation of the ocular immune system. Stress has been shown to affect immune function, but it is unclear whether there is an association between stress and uveitis.

Objective: To determine whether having uveitis is associated with psychological stress. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Association Between Noninfectious Uveitis and Psychological Stress and the Importance of Holistic Management: Treating the Patient With Uveitis as an Individual-Not a Disease.

JAMA Ophthalmol 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

National Healthcare Group Eye Institute, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Singapore.

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December 2018
2 Reads

An embodied neurocomputational framework for organically integrating biopsychosocial processes: An application to the role of social support in health and disease.

Psychosom Med 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

University of Arizona, Departments of Psychiatry, 1501 N. Campbell Ave, Tucson, AZ 85724-5002, United States.

Objective: Two distinct perspectives - typically referred to as the biopsychosocial and biomedical models - currently guide clinical practice. While the role of psychosocial factors in contributing to physical and mental health outcomes is widely recognized, the biomedical model remains dominant. This is due in part to 1) the largely non-mechanistic focus of biopsychosocial research, and 2) the lack of specificity it currently offers in guiding clinicians to focus on social, psychological, and/or biological factors in individual cases. Read More

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December 2018
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Treatment-resistant and multi-therapy-resistant criteria for bipolar depression: consensus definition.

Br J Psychiatry 2018 Dec 6:1-9. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Clinical Senior Lecturer in Mood Disorders and Consultant Psychiatrist,National Affective Disorders Service; Academic Psychiatry Training Programme Lead,Institute of Psychiatry,Psychology and Neuroscience,King's College London,South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust (SLaM); andCRN South London Lead for Mental Health,Centre for Affective Disorders, Institute of Psychiatry,Psychology and Neuroscience,King's College London,South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust (SLaM),UK.

Background: Most people with bipolar disorder spend a significant percentage of their lifetime experiencing either subsyndromal depressive symptoms or major depressive episodes, which contribute greatly to the high levels of disability and mortality associated with the disorder. Despite the importance of bipolar depression, there are only a small number of recognised treatment options available. Consecutive treatment failures can quickly exhaust these options leading to treatment-resistant bipolar depression (TRBD). Read More

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December 2018

Group Psychological Abuse and Psychopathological Symptoms: The Mediating Role of Psychological Stress.

J Interpers Violence 2018 Dec 6:886260518815710. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

1 University of Barcelona, Spain.

In the context of the long-term effects of psychological abuse, this study examined psychological stress and psychopathological symptoms in survivors of groups with cultic dynamics where abusive behaviors take place on an ongoing basis. We specifically tested the mediating role of psychological stress suffered after the departure from the group between the group psychological abuse experienced and current psychopathology. An online questionnaire was administered to 608 Spanish-speaking former members of different groups. Read More

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December 2018

Psychological benefits of attending the theatre associated with positive affect and well-being for subscribers over age 60.

Aging Ment Health 2018 Dec 6:1-8. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

a Dept. of Psychological & Brain Sciences , University of Louisville , Louisville , KY , USA.

Objectives: Although late adulthood may be a time of greater well-being, optimal aging still characterizes a minority of older adults. Understanding how individuals achieve well-being across adulthood is important for intervention and social policy. We focused on how attending live theatre might enhance the well-being of a sample of 53 season ticket holders aged 60 and older. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Mindfulness is positively related to socioeconomic job status and income and independently predicts mental distress in a long-term perspective: Danish validation studies of the Five-Factor Mindfulness Questionnaire.

Psychol Assess 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Neurobiology Research Unit, The Neuroscience Centre, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark, and Center for Integrated Molecular Brain Imaging.

The Five Factor Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ) measures 5 factor-analytically derived mindfulness aspects (Observe, Describe, Non-Judgment, Non-Reactivity, and Acting with Awareness) and is commonly used as an indicator of mindfulness in population surveys and studies of mindfulness-based interventions (MBI). Outside MBI, FFMQ scores are hypothesized to reflect relatively stable human dispositions of importance to psychological health. However, the long-term test-retest reliability of FFMQ scores is virtually untested and it remains unknown whether FFMQ scores predict psychological health after controlling for standardized socioeconomic status classifications. Read More

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December 2018

Difficulties regulating emotions mediates the associations of parental psychological control and emotion invalidation with borderline personality features.

Personal Disord 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Psychology.

Extant research has supported a connection between socialization in childhood and difficulties regulating emotions. The biosocial theory of borderline personality disorder (BPD; Crowell, Beauchaine, & Linehan, 2009; Linehan, 1993) suggests that emotion dysregulation is a core mechanism underlying the extreme behaviors, mood instability, identity disturbance, and relationship instability observed in BPD. The present study investigated the impact of socialization factors related to emotions, parental autonomy support, parental psychological control, and childhood trauma on BPD features in a nonclinical young adult sample (N = 357). Read More

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December 2018

Predictors of caregiver burden and care costs for older persons with dementia in Taiwan.

Int Psychogeriatr 2018 Dec 6:1-10. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Public Health,Kaohsiung Medical University,Kaohsiung,Taiwan.

ABSTRACTObjectives:As a degenerative disease, the progression of dementia needs continued care provision and poses both psychological and financial burden for family caregivers of persons with dementia (PWD). This study seeks to compare predictors of care costs and caregiver burden, and to identify modifiable factors that could alleviate the burden faced by dementia caregivers.

Methods: This study interviewed 231 PWD-caregiver dyads in a dementia clinic at a teaching hospital in southern Taiwan in 2013. Read More

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December 2018

Neural correlates of the effect of implementation intention on prospective memory.

Psych J 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Neuropsychology and Applied Cognitive Neuroscience Laboratory, CAS Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology, Beijing, China.

Prospective memory (PM) refers to the ability to remember to do something in the future. Implementation intention refers to a self-regulatory strategy in the form of "If …, then …" planning that can improve PM performance. However, the neural basis of the effect of implementation intention on PM remains unclear, as do the phases of PM that are affected by implementation intention. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Sick leave before and after a work-place targeted terror attack.

Int Arch Occup Environ Health 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Norwegian Centre for Violence and Traumatic Stress Studies, Nydalen, Post Box 181, 0409, Oslo, Norway.

Objectives: To estimate the rate of sick leave and sick leave diagnosis among employees before and after a work-place targeted terror attack, and to compare sick leave in subgroups of employees based on gender and trauma exposure.

Methods: Data on sick leave and diagnosis in ministerial employees from the period 3 years before to 3 years after the 2011 bombing in the governmental district of Oslo was retrieved from the Norwegian Social Insurance Administration Registries.

Results: Prior to the attack, sick leave was twice as high in women as in men. Read More

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December 2018

Exploration of Shared Genetic Architecture Between Subcortical Brain Volumes and Anorexia Nervosa.

Mol Neurobiol 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Division of Psychological and Social Medicine and Developmental Neurosciences, Faculty of Medicine, Technische Universität Dresden, Fetscherstr. 74, 01307, Dresden, Germany.

In MRI scans of patients with anorexia nervosa (AN), reductions in brain volume are often apparent. However, it is unknown whether such brain abnormalities are influenced by genetic determinants that partially overlap with those underlying AN. Here, we used a battery of methods (LD score regression, genetic risk scores, sign test, SNP effect concordance analysis, and Mendelian randomization) to investigate the genetic covariation between subcortical brain volumes and risk for AN based on summary measures retrieved from genome-wide association studies of regional brain volumes (ENIGMA consortium, n = 13,170) and genetic risk for AN (PGC-ED consortium, n = 14,477). Read More

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December 2018
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APOLO-Teens, a web-based intervention for treatment-seeking adolescents with overweight or obesity: study protocol and baseline characterization of a Portuguese sample.

Eat Weight Disord 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

School of Psychology, University of Minho, Campus Gualtar, 4710-057, Braga, Portugal.

Purpose: APOLO-Teens is an ongoing web-based program combining a manualized intervention delivered by Facebook, a self-monitoring web application and monthly chat sessions to optimize treatment as usual for adolescents with overweight and obesity. The aims of this paper are twofold: (1) to describe the study protocol of the APOLO-Teens randomized controlled effectiveness trial and (2) to present baseline descriptive information of the Portuguese sample.

Methods: APOLO-Teens includes adolescents aged between 13 and 18 years with BMI percentile ≥ 85 (N = 210; 60. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Sedentary Behavior and Quality of Life in People with Psychotic Disorders from a Low Income Country: A Study from Uganda.

Community Ment Health J 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Kyambogo University, Kampala, Uganda.

The current study examined the impact of sedentary behaviour (SB) on quality of life (QoL) in people with psychotic disorders. Thirty-six Ugandan women (mean age = 33.9 ± 8. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

WeChat use is significantly correlated with college students' quality of friendships but not with perceived well-being.

Authors:
Hua Pang

Heliyon 2018 Nov 24;4(11):e00967. Epub 2018 Nov 24.

Institute of New Media, Tianjin University, 300072, Tianjin, PR China.

Although WeChat is currently one of the fastest growing social media in mainland China, many scholars and researchers are yet to systematically investigate the potential social and psychological consequences of the newly emerging online social network. Based on theory and previous studies, the principal purpose of this present study is to probe and understand whether and how the use of WeChat is related to individuals' friendship quality and psychological well-being. Research participants were a total of 508 college students who completed anonymous questionnaires gauging their WeChat usage behaviors, self-disclosure, friendship quality, and well-being. Read More

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November 2018

Migration and cognitive function: a conceptual framework for Global Health Research.

Glob Health Res Policy 2018 22;3:34. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

3New York University Rory Meyers College of Nursing, New York, NY USA.

Background: Migration is a fundamental demographic process that has been observed globally. It is suggested that migration is an issue of global health importance that can have an immediate and lasting impact on an individual's health and well-being. There is now an increasing body of evidence linking migration with cognitive function in older adults. Read More

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November 2018

German National Case Collection for familial pancreatic Cancer (FaPaCa) - acceptance and psychological aspects of a pancreatic cancer screening program.

Hered Cancer Clin Pract 2018 29;16:17. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

1Department of Visceral-, Thoracic- and Vascular Surgery, National Case Collection for Familial Pancreatic Cancer (FaPaCa), Philipps-University Marburg, Baldingerstrasse, 35043 Marburg, Germany.

Background: Pancreatic cancer screening is recommended to individuals at risk (IAR) of familial pancreatic cancer (FPC) families, but little is known about the acceptance of such screening programs. Thus, the acceptance and psychological aspects of a controlled FPC screening program was evaluated.

Methods: IAR of FPC families underwent comprehensive counseling by a geneticist and pancreatologist prior to the proposed screening. Read More

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November 2018

Weight Bias Internalization Among Adolescents Seeking Weight Loss: Implications for Eating Behaviors and Parental Communication.

Front Psychol 2018 21;9:2271. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Mary Himmelstein, Rudd Center for Food Policy and Obesity, Hartford, CT, United States.

Emerging evidence has demonstrated a high prevalence of weight bias internalization (WBI) among adults, as well as consistent links between internalization and adverse psychological and physical health. However, research examining WBI in youth and its impact on their health is scarce, especially among youth seeking weight loss treatment who may be particularly vulnerable to weight stigma from peers and parents. To address this research gap, the present study assessed WBI in a weight loss treatment-seeking sample of adolescents, examining associations between internalization and adolescents' eating behaviors and parental weight-related communication. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Testing Claims of Crime-Related Amnesia.

Authors:
Marko Jelicic

Front Psychiatry 2018 21;9:617. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Forensic Psychology Section, Department of Clinical Psychological Science, Faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience, Maastricht University, Maastricht, Netherlands.

Many violent offenders report amnesia for their crime. Although this type of memory loss is possible, there are reasons to assume that many claims of crime-related amnesia are feigned. This article describes ways to evaluate the genuineness of crime-related amnesia. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Neural Processing of Repeated Search Targets Depends Upon the Stimuli: Real World Stimuli Engage Semantic Processing and Recognition Memory.

Front Hum Neurosci 2018 15;12:460. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Department of Psychology, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, United States.

Recent evidence has suggested that visual working memory (VWM) plays an important role in representing the target prior to initiating a visual search. The more familiar we are with the search target, the more refined the representation of the target (or "target template") becomes. This sharpening of the target template is thought to underlie the reduced response time (RT) and increased accuracy associated with repeatedly searching for the same target. Read More

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November 2018

Mild and severe childhood depression: differences and implications for prevention programs in the school setting.

Psychol Res Behav Manag 2018 12;11:581-588. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Department of Developmental and Educational Psychology, Faculty of Education, Philosophy and Anthropology, University of the Basque Country, San Sebastián, Spain.

Purpose: The study had two goals as follows: 1) to identify the prevalence of children with mild and severe depression (MD and SD), exploring sex differences; and 2) to determine possible significant differences in adaptive and clinical variables between children with different levels of depression (absence of depression, MD, and SD).

Materials And Methods: We used a sample of 420 participants aged 7-10 years (53.3% boys) enrolled in third and fourth grade of primary education, from schools in the Basque Country (Spain). Read More

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November 2018

Among substance-abusing traffic offenders, poor sleep and poor general health predict lower driving skills but not slower reaction times.

Psychol Res Behav Manag 2018 9;11:557-566. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

Substance Abuse Prevention Research Center, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran,

Background: Traffic accidents are a significant health issue in Iran. Explanations for such accidents have included single consideration of the role of poor sleep and negative psychological trait and state variables. In this study, we examined whether and to what extent sleep, general health, and aggression can concomitantly predict driving behavior. Read More

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November 2018

Just how much does it cost? A cost study of chronic pain following cardiac surgery.

J Pain Res 2018 8;11:2741-2759. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Centre de recherche du Centre hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal (CRCHUM), Montreal, QC, Canada,

Objective: The study objective was to determine use of pain-related health care resources and associated direct and indirect costs over a two-year period in cardiac surgery patients who developed chronic post-surgical pain (CPSP).

Methods: This multicentric observational prospective study recruited patients prior to cardiac surgery; these patients completed research assistant-administered questionnaires on pain and psychological characteristics at 6, 12 and 24 months post-operatively. Patients reporting CPSP also completed a one-month pain care record (PCR) (self-report diary) at each follow-up. Read More

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November 2018

Disruption in time projection and non-adherence to long-term therapies.

Patient Prefer Adherence 2018 9;12:2363-2375. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

Clinical Research Unit and Clinical Research Center, Avicenne Hospital, APHP, Bobigny, France.

Objective: Patients' non-adherence to medical prescriptions is a crucial issue in contemporary medicine because it can jeopardize care efficacy. Non-adherence is especially frequent in patients with chronic diseases. In this article, we propose that a particular condition, which we call disruption in time projection, is a cause of non-adherence to medication therapies in chronic diseases. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Therapists' techniques in the treatment of adolescent depression.

J Psychother Integr 2018 Dec;28(4):413-428

Research Department of Clinical, Educational and Health Psychology, University College London, London, UK.

When comparing the relative effectiveness of different psychological treatment approaches using clinical trials, it is essential to establish fidelity to each manualized therapy, and differentiation between the treatment arms. Yet few psychological therapy trials include details about the assessment of treatment integrity and little is known about the specific techniques used by therapists, or to what degree these techniques are shared or distinct across different therapeutic approaches. The aims of this study were: to establish the fidelity of two established psychological therapies - cognitive-behaviour therapy (CBT) and short-term psychoanalytic psychotherapy (STPP) - in the treatment of adolescent depression; and to examine whether they were delivered with adherence to their respective treatment modalities, and if they could be differentiated from each other and from a reference treatment (a brief psychosocial intervention; BPI). Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Author Correction: Reminder duration determines threat memory modification in humans.

Sci Rep 2018 Dec 6;8(1):17777. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Psychiatry, Department of Neuroscience, and Friedman Brain Institute, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY, USA.

A correction to this article has been published and is linked from the HTML and PDF versions of this paper. The error has not been fixed in the paper. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Depressive symptoms, perceived stress, and metabolic health: The REGARDS study.

Int J Obes (Lond) 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA.

Objective: To describe the relationship between metabolic health parameters and depressive symptoms and perceived stress, and whether the co-occurrence of these two psychological stressors has an additive influence on metabolic dysregulation in adults at different levels of body mass index (BMI) without diabetes.

Methods: Participants without diabetes (N = 20,312) from the population-based REasons for Geographic And Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) study (recruited between 2003-2007) who had a body mass index (BMI) ≥ 18.5 kg/m were included in this cross-sectional analysis. Read More

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December 2018

How Inclusive, User-Centered Design Research Can Improve Psychological Therapies for Psychosis: Development of SlowMo.

JMIR Ment Health 2018 Dec 5;5(4):e11222. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Psychology, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neuroscience, King's College London, London, United Kingdom.

Background: Real-world implementation of psychological interventions for psychosis is poor. Barriers include therapy being insufficiently usable and useful for a diverse range of people. User-centered, inclusive design approaches could improve the usability of therapy, which may increase uptake, adherence, and effectiveness. Read More

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December 2018

Economic evaluation of the NET intervention versus guideline dissemination for management of mild head injury in hospital emergency departments.

Implement Sci 2018 Dec 5;13(1):147. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia.

Background: Evidence-based guidelines for the management of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) in the emergency department (ED) are now widely available, and yet, clinical practice remains inconsistent with the guidelines. The Neurotrauma Evidence Translation (NET) intervention was developed to increase the uptake of guideline recommendations and improve the management of minor head injury in Australian emergency departments (EDs). However, the adoption of this type of intervention typically entails an upfront investment that may or may not be fully offset by improvements in clinical practice, health outcomes and/or reductions in health service utilisation. Read More

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December 2018

Associations of greenness, greyness and air pollution exposure with children's health: a cross-sectional study in Southern Italy.

Environ Health 2018 Dec 5;17(1):86. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

National Research Council, Institute of Biomedicine and Molecular Immunology, via Ugo La Malfa 153, 90146, Palermo, Italy.

Background: Due to the complex interplay among different urban-related exposures, a comprehensive approach is advisable to estimate the health effects. We simultaneously assessed the effect of "green", "grey" and air pollution exposure on respiratory/allergic conditions and general symptoms in schoolchildren.

Methods: This study involved 219 schoolchildren (8-10 years) of the Municipality of Palermo, Italy. Read More

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December 2018

Mechanisms associated with maternal adverse childhood experiences on offspring's mental health in Nairobi informal settlements: a mediational model testing approach.

BMC Psychiatry 2018 Dec 5;18(1):381. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Population Health, New York University School of Medicine, New York, USA.

Background: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) is a significant public health and social welfare problem in low-and middle income countries (LMICs). However, most ACEs research is based on developed countries, and little is known about mechanisms of early ACEs on adulthood health and offspring's wellbeing for populations in LMICs. This area is needed to guide social welfare policy and intervention service planning. Read More

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December 2018

Norm values and psychometric properties of the brief symptom inventory-18 regarding individuals between the ages of 60 and 95.

BMC Med Res Methodol 2018 Dec 5;18(1):164. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Medical Psychology and Medical Sociology, University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany.

Objective: The SCL-90 and the SCL-90-R are the most applied measures regarding psychological distress. To reduce and prevent an overload to of the individuals, the Brief Symptom Inventory with 18 items (BSI-18) was developed based on the SCL-90. Since psychological disorders more frequently occur at an older age, there is a growing need for efficient instruments to measure distress in the elderly. Read More

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December 2018

Self-silencing and women's health: A review.

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2018 Dec 5:20764018814271. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, Kanpur, India.

The connection between gender and health has intrigued health professionals in the last few decades. Silencing-the-self theory has brought a considerable clarity in this matter. After around three decades of the theory, the literature related to the theory has immensely flourished and has covered different branches of psychology. Read More

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December 2018
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Role of perceived stress in postoperative delirium: an investigation among elderly patients.

Aging Ment Health 2018 Dec 6:1-7. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

c Division of Surgical Critical Care and Trauma, Department of Surgery, Maharaj Nakorn Chiang Mai Hospital , Chiang Mai , Thailand.

Objectives: This study examined levels of perceived stress (PS), postoperative delirium (POD) and associated factors among Thai elderly patients undergoing elective noncardiac surgery.

Background And Aims: Preoperative PS and change after operation have not been widely studied. Moreover, psychological factors associated with PS and POD has been poorly investigated. Read More

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December 2018