2,910 results match your criteria Psychological Bulletin [Journal]


Immediate and long-term efficacy of executive functions cognitive training in older adults: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Psychol Bull 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

School of Applied Psychology, Griffith University.

There has been growing interest in enhancing cognition in older adulthood via computerized cognitive training (CCT), though, there is controversy surrounding the efficacy of CCT in promoting improvements to functional everyday activities. As core executive-functions (EFs)-cognitive-flexibility, inhibition, working memory-are applicable to most aspects of daily living, CCT targeting these processes would likely promote gains on trained tasks, and potentially on similar untrained tasks (near-transfer), and general cognitive performance (far-transfer). We report two meta-analyses investigating the immediate (pretest to posttest) and long-term efficacy (pretest to follow-up) of core-EF CCT in improving cognition among older adults. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/bul0000196
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/bul0000196DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

A meta-analysis of the facial feedback literature: Effects of facial feedback on emotional experience are small and variable.

Psychol Bull 2019 Apr 11. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences.

The facial feedback hypothesis suggests that an individual's experience of emotion is influenced by feedback from their facial movements. To evaluate the cumulative evidence for this hypothesis, we conducted a meta-analysis on 286 effect sizes derived from 138 studies that manipulated facial feedback and collected emotion self-reports. Using random effects meta-regression with robust variance estimates, we found that the overall effect of facial feedback was significant but small. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/bul0000194DOI Listing

The development of gender differences in spatial reasoning: A meta-analytic review.

Psychol Bull 2019 Apr 11. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Department of Psychology.

Gender differences in spatial aptitude are well established by adulthood, particularly when measured by tasks that require the mental rotation of objects (Linn & Petersen, 1985; Voyer, Voyer, & Bryden, 1995). Although the male advantage in mental rotation performance represents one of the most robust gender differences in adult cognition, the developmental trajectory of this male advantage remains a topic of considerable debate. To address this debate, we meta-analyzed 303 effect sizes pertaining to gender differences in mental rotation performance among 30,613 children and adolescents. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/bul0000191
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April 2019
7 Reads

Parental ethnic-racial socialization practices and the construction of children of color's ethnic-racial identity: A research synthesis and meta-analysis.

Psychol Bull 2019 May 21;145(5):437-458. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

Institute for Positive Psychology and Education.

Parental ethnic-racial socialization practices help shape the development of a strong ethnic-racial identity in children of color, which in turn contributes positively to mental health, social, and academic outcomes. Although there is a wide body of literature on the relationship between these meta-constructs, this research has not been systematically examined to either (a) determine the degree to which associations between parental ethnic-racial socialization approaches and ethnic-racial identity dimensions hold actual practical significance for parents of color or (b) estimate how these associations vary as a function of theorized mitigating factors. In response, this meta-analytic study investigated the strength of the association between parental ethnic-racial socialization practices and the construction of ethnic-racial identity, as well as factors that moderated the strength and direction of this association. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/bul0000187DOI Listing
May 2019
1 Read

Reaction time in differential and developmental research: A review and commentary on the problems and alternatives.

Psychol Bull 2019 May 21;145(5):508-535. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

School of Psychology, Georgia Institute of Technology.

Reaction time is believed to be a good indicator of the speed and efficiency of mental processes and is a ubiquitous variable in the behavioral sciences. Despite this popularity, there are numerous issues associated with using reaction time (RT), specifically in differential and developmental research. Here, we identify and focus on two main problems-unreliability and sensitivity to speed-accuracy interactions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/bul0000192DOI Listing
May 2019
1 Read

A case for multiple pathways to increasing perfectionism: Reply to Soenens and Vansteenkiste (2019).

Psychol Bull 2019 Apr;145(4):433-435

Centre for Motivation and Health Behaviour Change, Department for Health, University of Bath.

We respond to Soenens and Vansteenkiste's (2019) commentary on our meta-analysis (Curran & Hill, 2019) that evidenced increases in college students' perfectionism from 1989 to 2016. In speculating on possible reasons for the increase, we argued that increases in anxious and controlling parenting could partly account for this trend. Soenens and Vansteenkiste argue that in doing so we did not differentiate between parental control as structure and parental control as pressure, with only the latter being important for the development of perfectionism. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/bul0000189
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April 2019
4 Reads

Are parents responsible for the rise of perfectionism? Comment on Curran and Hill (2019).

Psychol Bull 2019 Apr;145(4):430-432

Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences.

In a cross-temporal meta-analysis, Curran and Hill (2019) demonstrated significant increases in college students' perfectionism over the last 27 years. One possible explanation for this historical trend offered by the authors is that parents became increasingly controlling during the same period. We are critical about this explanation for 2 reasons. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/bul0000167
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April 2019
2 Reads

Interventions for students with autism in inclusive settings: A best-evidence synthesis and meta-analysis.

Psychol Bull 2019 May 14;145(5):490-507. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

Department of Special Education & Multiple Abilities.

Students with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are increasingly educated alongside typically developing peers in regular education environments. These students have impairments that may hinder their success in inclusive school settings and require individualized supports to improve outcomes. The purpose of this meta-analysis and best-evidence synthesis is to examine the characteristics of interventions for students with ASD in inclusive settings, offer quantitative analysis of intervention effects, examine potential moderating variables that influence outcomes, analyze the social validity of these interventions, and provide recommendations for practice and future research. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/bul0000190DOI Listing
May 2019
1 Read

Risk factors for child sexual abuse victimization: A meta-analytic review.

Psychol Bull 2019 May 18;145(5):459-489. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Research Institute of Child Development and Education, University of Amsterdam.

Experiencing child sexual abuse (CSA) is a major public health problem with serious consequences for CSA victims. For effective assessment and (preventive) intervention, knowledge on risk factors and their effects is crucial. Here, the aim was to synthesize research on associations between (putative) risk factors and CSA victimization. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/bul0000188DOI Listing
May 2019
16 Reads

Coupled cognitive changes in adulthood: A meta-analysis.

Psychol Bull 2019 Mar 24;145(3):273-301. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

Center for Lifespan Psychology, Max Planck Institute for Human Development.

With advancing age, healthy adults typically exhibit decreases in performance across many different cognitive abilities such as memory, processing speed, spatial ability, and abstract reasoning. However, there are marked individual differences in rates of cognitive decline, with some adults declining steeply and others maintaining high levels of functioning. To move toward a comprehensive understanding of cognitive aging, it is critical to know whether individual differences in longitudinal changes interrelate across different cognitive abilities. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/bul0000179
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/bul0000179DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6375773PMC
March 2019
14 Reads

A meta-analysis on the relation between fluid intelligence and reading/mathematics: Effects of tasks, age, and social economics status.

Psychol Bull 2019 Feb;145(2):189-236

Department of Special Education, College of Education, The University of Texas at Austin.

This study aimed to determine the relations between fluid intelligence (Gf) and reading/mathematics and possible moderators. A meta-analysis of 680 studies involving 793 independent samples and more than 370,000 participants found that Gf was moderately related to reading, r = .38, 95% CI [. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/bul0000182
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February 2019
8 Reads

A meta-analysis of the experimental evidence on the near- and far-transfer effects among children's executive function skills.

Psychol Bull 2019 Feb;145(2):165-188

Institute of Education, ELTE Eötvös Loránd University.

In the present meta-analysis we examined the near- and far-transfer effects of training components of children's executive functions skills: working memory, inhibitory control, and cognitive flexibility. We found a significant near-transfer effect (g = 0.44, k = 43, p < . Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/bul0000180DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Functional and structural neuroimaging studies of delayed reward discounting in addiction: A systematic review.

Psychol Bull 2019 Feb;145(2):141-164

Peter Boris Centre for Addiction Research, St. Joseph's Healthcare Hamilton, McMaster University.

Given the robust behavioral association between delayed reward discounting (DRD) and addictive behavior, there is an expanding literature investigating the neural correlates of this relationship. The objective of this systematic review was to characterize and critically appraise the existing literature examining the neural correlates of DRD in individuals exhibiting addictive behavior using functional and structural MRI (fMRI/MRI) and to do so through the lens of the neural networks implicated in addiction. Using a systematic search strategy, 20 studies were identified, with 12 focusing on task fMRI, 4 focusing on functional connectivity fMRI, and 4 focusing on structural MRI. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/bul0000181DOI Listing
February 2019
31 Reads

Self-discrepancy theory as a transdiagnostic framework: A meta-analysis of self-discrepancy and psychopathology.

Psychol Bull 2019 Apr 14;145(4):372-389. Epub 2019 Jan 14.

Sanford Center for Biobehavioral Research.

Self-discrepancy theory (SDT) is a model of the relations between the self and affect which has been applied to the study of different types of psychopathology including depression, anxiety, and eating disorders. Although the theory itself is compatible with a transdiagnostic perspective on psychopathology, to date no systematic review of the literature has examined that possibility. We conducted a meta-analysis that synthesized the literature on self-discrepancy and psychopathology across a heterogeneous range of 70 studies. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/bul0000186
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April 2019
14 Reads

Aging and recognition memory: A meta-analysis.

Psychol Bull 2019 Apr 14;145(4):339-371. Epub 2019 Jan 14.

Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

Recognizing a stimulus as previously encountered is a crucial everyday life skill and a critical task motivating theoretical development in models of human memory. Although there are clear age-related memory deficits in tasks requiring recall or memory for context, the existence and nature of age differences in recognition memory remain unclear. The nature of any such deficits is critical to understanding the effects of age on memory because recognition tasks allow fewer strategic backdoors to supporting memory than do tasks of recall. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/bul0000185DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Sex and gender in psychopathology: DSM-5 and beyond.

Psychol Bull 2019 Apr 14;145(4):390-409. Epub 2019 Jan 14.

Department of Psychology, University of Northern Iowa.

Sex and gender differences in psychopathology have been understudied, yet identifying and understanding variability by sex and gender is important for the development of comprehensive etiological models as well as effective assessment and treatment of psychopathology in all persons. In the current article, we discuss the importance of sex and gender in psychopathology research, review terminology used when examining these constructs, and present multiple explanations for differential prevalence rates. Next, we review articles from psychopathology journals and conclude that researchers more often include both males and females than they did two decades ago, but still do not consistently analyze by sex or gender. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/bul0000183DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Spearman's g found in 31 non-Western nations: Strong evidence that g is a universal phenomenon.

Psychol Bull 2019 Mar 14;145(3):237-272. Epub 2019 Jan 14.

Department of Behavioral Science, Utah Valley University.

Spearman's g is the name for the shared variance across a set of intercorrelating cognitive tasks. For some-but not all-theorists, g is defined as general intelligence. While g is robustly observed in Western populations, it is questionable whether g is manifested in cognitive data from other cultural groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/bul0000184DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Individual differences in long-term memory.

Authors:
Nash Unsworth

Psychol Bull 2019 Jan;145(1):79-139

University of Oregon.

The literature on individual differences in long-term memory (LTM) is organized and reviewed. This includes an extensive review of the factor structure of LTM abilities as well as specific individual differences in criterial tasks such as free recall, paired associates recall, and recognition. It is demonstrated that individual differences in LTM abilities are represented by various lower order factors based on criterial tasks as well as by a more general higher-order LTM factor. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/bul0000176
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January 2019
4 Reads

Associations between microaggression and adjustment outcomes: A meta-analytic and narrative review.

Psychol Bull 2019 Jan;145(1):45-78

Department of Psychology, Southern Methodist University.

Microaggression has been considered a form of stressor that negatively affects people with marginalized statuses. Research shows variability in how microaggression is measured, and the extent to which it is associated with adjustment outcomes. A new cube model was proposed to conceptualize microaggression across social groups, interpersonal and group-level interactions, and categories of incidents. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/bul0000172DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

The truth about lies: A meta-analysis on dishonest behavior.

Psychol Bull 2019 Jan;145(1):1-44

Center for Adaptive Rationality, Max Planck Institute for Human Development.

Over the past decade, a large and growing body of experimental research has analyzed dishonest behavior. Yet the findings as to when people engage in (dis)honest behavior are to some extent unclear and even contradictory. A systematic analysis of the factors associated with dishonest behavior thus seems desirable. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/bul0000174DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

Does growth require suffering? A systematic review and meta-analysis on genuine posttraumatic and postecstatic growth.

Psychol Bull 2019 Mar 27;145(3):302-338. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

Department of Psychology.

Previous literature on growth after major life events has primarily focused on negative experiences and operationalized growth with measures which rely on the post hoc self-perception of change. Because this method is prone to many biases, two questions have become increasingly controversial: Is there genuine growth after major life events and does growth require suffering? The present meta-analysis is the first synthesis of longitudinal research on the effects of life events on at least one subdomain of psychological well-being, posttraumatic, or postecstatic growth. Studies needed to have a longitudinal design, assess changes through independent measures over time, and provide sufficient data to estimate change scores. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/bul0000173DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Parental alienating behaviors: An unacknowledged form of family violence.

Psychol Bull 2018 Dec;144(12):1275-1299

Department of Psychology, Clark University.

Despite affecting millions of families around the world, parental alienation has been largely unacknowledged or denied by legal and health professionals as a form of family violence. This complex form of aggression entails a parental figure engaging in the long-term use of a variety of aggressive behaviors to harm the relationship between their child and another parental figure, and/or to hurt the other parental figure directly because of their relationship with their child. Like other forms of family violence, parental alienation has serious and negative consequences for family members, yet victims are often blamed for their experience. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/bul0000175
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December 2018
24 Reads

What have we learned from offender profiling? A systematic review and meta-analysis of 40 years of research.

Psychol Bull 2018 Dec;144(12):1247-1274

Institute of Criminology, University of Cambridge.

In the 4 decades since offender profiling (OP) was established, hundreds of journal articles, books, book chapters, reports, and magazine articles have been published on the topic, and the technique has been used by countless law enforcement agencies around the globe. However, despite the popularity and extensive literature published on OP, very little is known about its evolution, current state, or findings of the field to date. Therefore, this study presents a systematic review and meta-analysis of 426 publications on OP from 1976 through 2016. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/bul0000170
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December 2018
17 Reads

"The case against specialized visual-spatial short-term memory": Correction to Morey (2018).

Authors:

Psychol Bull 2018 Dec;144(12):1246

Reports an error in "The case against specialized visual-spatial short-term memory" by Candice C. Morey (, 2018[Aug], Vol 144[8], 849-883). In the article, the text describing the case reports of patient E. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/bul0000177
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December 2018
24 Reads

Quasi-experimental evidence on short- and long-term consequences of bullying victimization: A meta-analysis.

Psychol Bull 2018 Dec;144(12):1229-1246

Division of Psychology and Language Sciences, University College London.

Exposure to bullying victimization is associated with a wide-range of short and long-term adverse outcomes. However, the extent to which these associations reflect a causal influence of bullying victimization remains disputed. Here, we aimed to provide the most stringent evidence regarding the consequences of bullying victimization by meta-analyzing all relevant quasi-experimental (QE) studies. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/bul0000171
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December 2018
29 Reads

What meta-analyses reveal about the replicability of psychological research.

Psychol Bull 2018 Dec 15;144(12):1325-1346. Epub 2018 Oct 15.

Department of Economics, DeLMAR, and Alfred Deakin Institute for Citizenship and Globalisation, Deakin University.

Can recent failures to replicate psychological research be explained by typical magnitudes of statistical power, bias or heterogeneity? A large survey of 12,065 estimated effect sizes from 200 meta-analyses and nearly 8,000 papers is used to assess these key dimensions of replicability. First, our survey finds that psychological research is, on average, afflicted with low statistical power. The median of median power across these 200 areas of research is about 36%, and only about 8% of studies have adequate power (using Cohen's 80% convention). Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/bul0000169
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December 2018
30 Reads

Low and variable correlation between reaction time costs and accuracy costs explained by accumulation models: Meta-analysis and simulations.

Psychol Bull 2018 Nov 27;144(11):1200-1227. Epub 2018 Sep 27.

School of Psychology.

The underpinning assumption of much research on cognitive individual differences (or group differences) is that task performance indexes cognitive ability in that domain. In many tasks performance is measured by differences (costs) between conditions, which are widely assumed to index a psychological process of interest rather than extraneous factors such as speed-accuracy trade-offs (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/bul0000164DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6195302PMC
November 2018
5 Reads

Retrieval potentiates new learning: A theoretical and meta-analytic review.

Psychol Bull 2018 Nov 27;144(11):1111-1146. Epub 2018 Sep 27.

Department of Psychology.

A growing body of research has shown that retrieval can enhance future learning of new materials. In the present report, we provide a comprehensive review of the literature on this finding, which we term test-potentiated new learning. Our primary objectives were to (a) produce an integrative review of the existing theoretical explanations, (b) summarize the extant empirical data with a meta-analysis, (c) evaluate the existing accounts with the meta-analytic results, and (d) highlight areas that deserve further investigations. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/bul0000166
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November 2018
5 Reads

"Meta-analysis of action video game impact on perceptual, attentional, and cognitive skills": Correction to Bediou et al. (2018).

Authors:

Psychol Bull 2018 09;144(9):978-979

Reports an error in "Meta-analysis of action video game impact on perceptual, attentional, and cognitive skills" by Benoit Bediou, Deanne M. Adams, Richard E. Mayer, Elizabeth Tipton, C. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/bul0000168
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September 2018
14 Reads

Benchmarks provide common ground for model development: Reply to Logie (2018) and Vandierendonck (2018).

Psychol Bull 2018 09;144(9):972-977

Department of Psychology, University of Essex.

We respond to the comments of Logie and Vandierendonck to our article proposing benchmark findings for evaluating theories and models of short-term and working memory. The response focuses on the two main points of criticism: (a) Logie and Vandierendonck argue that the scope of the set of benchmarks is too narrow. We explain why findings on how working memory is used in complex cognition, findings on executive functions, and findings from neuropsychological case studies are currently not included in the benchmarks, and why findings with visual and spatial materials are less prevalent among them. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/bul0000165
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September 2018
10 Reads

Working memory benchmarks-A missed opportunity: Comment on Oberauer et al. (2018).

Psychol Bull 2018 09;144(9):963-971

Ghent University.

This commentary addresses a number of problems with the benchmarks proposed for evaluating theories of short-term and working memory (Oberauer et al., 2018). First, it is shown that the proposed benchmarks intentionally exclude findings regarding the core of the working memory construct and also miss some important findings from other subdomains. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/bul0000159DOI Listing
September 2018
1 Read

Scientific advance and theory integration in working memory: Comment on Oberauer et al. (2018).

Authors:
Robert H Logie

Psychol Bull 2018 09;144(9):959-962

University of Edinburgh.

Oberauer et al. (2018) report the results of an ambitious project to identify key or "benchmark" empirical findings that have been associated with the concept of working memory. This commentary questions the utility of setting different levels of priority for previous findings for the purposes of advancing theoretical understanding. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/bul0000162DOI Listing
September 2018
3 Reads

Benchmarks for models of short-term and working memory.

Psychol Bull 2018 09;144(9):885-958

Department of Psychology, University of Essex.

Any mature field of research in psychology-such as short-term/working memory-is characterized by a wealth of empirical findings. It is currently unrealistic to expect a theory to explain them all; theorists must satisfice with explaining a subset of findings. The aim of the present article is to make the choice of that subset less arbitrary and idiosyncratic than is current practice. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/bul0000153DOI Listing
September 2018
26 Reads

Binocular summation revisited: Beyond √2.

Psychol Bull 2018 Nov 13;144(11):1186-1199. Epub 2018 Aug 13.

School of Life and Health Sciences.

Our ability to detect faint images is better with two eyes than with one, but how great is this improvement? A meta-analysis of 65 studies published across more than 5 decades shows definitively that psychophysical binocular summation (the ratio of binocular to monocular contrast sensitivity) is significantly greater than the canonical value of √2. Several methodological factors were also found to affect summation estimates. Binocular summation was significantly affected by both the spatial and temporal frequency of the stimulus, and stimulus speed (the ratio of temporal to spatial frequency) systematically predicts summation levels, with slow speeds (high spatial and low temporal frequencies) producing the strongest summation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/bul0000163DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6195301PMC
November 2018
3 Reads

The unity and diversity of executive functions: A systematic review and re-analysis of latent variable studies.

Psychol Bull 2018 Nov 6;144(11):1147-1185. Epub 2018 Aug 6.

Department of Psychology.

Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) has been frequently applied to executive function measurement since first used to identify a three-factor model of inhibition, updating, and shifting; however, subsequent CFAs have supported inconsistent models across the life span, ranging from unidimensional to nested-factor models (i.e., bifactor without inhibition). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/bul0000160DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6197939PMC
November 2018
1 Read

Development of self-esteem from age 4 to 94 years: A meta-analysis of longitudinal studies.

Psychol Bull 2018 Oct 16;144(10):1045-1080. Epub 2018 Jul 16.

Department of Psychology.

To investigate the normative trajectory of self-esteem across the life span, this meta-analysis synthesizes the available longitudinal data on mean-level change in self-esteem. The analyses were based on 331 independent samples, including data from 164,868 participants. As effect size measure, we used the standardized mean change per year. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/bul0000161DOI Listing
October 2018
18 Reads

The social identity approach to disability: Bridging disability studies and psychological science.

Psychol Bull 2018 Dec 12;144(12):1300-1324. Epub 2018 Jul 12.

Department of Psychology.

Although mainstream psychology has received numerous critiques for its traditional approaches to disability-related research, proposals for alternative theory that can encompass the social, cultural, political, and historical features of disability are lacking. The social identity approach (SIA) offers a rich framework from which to ask research questions about the experience of disability in accordance with the critical insights found in disability studies (DS), the source for many of the most compelling critiques of disability psychology research. We review existing research considering the complementary social identity (Tajfel & Turner, 1979) and self-categorization (Turner, Hogg, Reicher, & Wetherell, 1987) theories to support our contention that the disability social category is a significant driving force in the psychological experience of disability and to demonstrate the theoretical utility of the SIA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/bul0000156DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Predicting while comprehending language: A theory and review.

Psychol Bull 2018 Oct 28;144(10):1002-1044. Epub 2018 Jun 28.

Department of Psychology, University of Edinburgh.

Researchers agree that comprehenders regularly predict upcoming language, but they do not always agree on what prediction is (and how to differentiate it from integration) or what constitutes evidence for it. After defining prediction, we show that it occurs at all linguistic levels from semantics to form, and then propose a theory of which mechanisms comprehenders use to predict. We argue that they most effectively predict using their production system (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/bul0000158DOI Listing
October 2018
14 Reads

Visuomotor control, eye movements, and steering: A unified approach for incorporating feedback, feedforward, and internal models.

Psychol Bull 2018 Oct 11;144(10):981-1001. Epub 2018 Jun 11.

School of Psychology.

The authors present an approach to the coordination of eye movements and locomotion in naturalistic steering tasks. It is based on recent empirical research, in particular, on driver eye movements, that poses challenges for existing accounts of how we visually steer a course. They first analyze how the ideas of feedback and feedforward processes and internal models are treated in control theoretical steering models within vision science and engineering, which share an underlying architecture but have historically developed in very separate ways. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/bul0000150DOI Listing
October 2018
2 Reads

Linking big five personality traits to sexuality and sexual health: A meta-analytic review.

Psychol Bull 2018 Oct 7;144(10):1081-1110. Epub 2018 Jun 7.

School of Psychology, University of Wollongong.

This meta-analytic review addresses whether the major dimensions of trait personality relate to components of human sexuality. A comprehensive literature search identified 137 studies that met inclusion criteria (761 effect sizes; total n = 420,595). Pooled mean effects were computed using inverse-variance weighted random effects meta-analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/bul0000157DOI Listing
October 2018
11 Reads

The case against specialized visual-spatial short-term memory.

Authors:
Candice C Morey

Psychol Bull 2018 08 24;144(8):849-883. Epub 2018 May 24.

Cardiff University.

The dominant paradigm for understanding working memory, or the combination of the perceptual, attentional, and mnemonic processes needed for thinking, subdivides short-term memory (STM) according to whether memoranda are encoded in aural-verbal or visual formats. This traditional dissociation has been supported by examples of neuropsychological patients who seem to selectively lack STM for either aural-verbal, visual, or spatial memoranda, and by experimental research using dual-task methods. Though this evidence is the foundation of assumptions of modular STM systems, the case it makes for a specialized visual STM system is surprisingly weak. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/bul0000155DOI Listing
August 2018
4 Reads

Human memory reconsolidation: A guiding framework and critical review of the evidence.

Psychol Bull 2018 08 24;144(8):797-848. Epub 2018 May 24.

Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Amsterdam.

Research in nonhuman animals suggests that reactivation can induce a transient, unstable state in a previously consolidated memory, during which the memory can be disrupted or modified, necessitating a process of restabilization in order to persist. Such findings have sparked a wave of interest into whether this phenomenon, known as reconsolidation, occurs in humans. Translating research from animal models to human experiments and even to clinical interventions is an exciting prospect, but amid this excitement, relatively little work has critically evaluated and synthesized existing research regarding human memory reconsolidation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/bul0000152DOI Listing
August 2018
4 Reads

On selecting evidence to test hypotheses: A theory of selection tasks.

Psychol Bull 2018 08 21;144(8):779-796. Epub 2018 May 21.

Department of Psychology, Princeton University.

How individuals choose evidence to test hypotheses is a long-standing puzzle. According to an algorithmic theory that we present, it is based on dual processes: individuals' intuitions depending on mental models of the hypothesis yield selections of evidence matching instances of the hypothesis, but their deliberations yield selections of potential counterexamples to the hypothesis. The results of 228 experiments using Wason's selection task corroborated the theory's predictions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/bul0000146DOI Listing
August 2018
2 Reads

Perceived crisis and reforms: Issues, explanations, and remedies.

Psychol Bull 2018 07 17;144(7):757-777. Epub 2018 May 17.

Graduate School of Education, University of California, Los Angeles.

An overview and discussion is made of the perceived replication crisis in terms of end problems, explanations, and remedies. Following a discussion of a published large-scale replication study and a review of the meta-analysis literature, we come to the conclusion that many effects are small and that on average the variance of the effects is roughly 10% to 25% of the population variance, most likely because of context dependencies. The proposed explanations such as questionable and suboptimal research practices (low power, poor measurement quality, and the use of NHST) are discussed, as well as more distal explanatory factors such as journals, funding agencies, and institutions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/bul0000154DOI Listing
July 2018
2 Reads

A meta-analytic investigation of the relation between interpersonal attraction and enacted behavior.

Psychol Bull 2018 07 7;144(7):673-709. Epub 2018 May 7.

Applied Social and Health Psychology, Colorado State University.

We present a meta-analysis that investigated the relation between self-reported interpersonal attraction and enacted behavior. Our synthesis focused on (a) identifying the behaviors related to attraction; (b) evaluating the efficacy of models of the relation between attraction and behavior; (c) testing the impact of several moderators, including evaluative threat salience, cognitive appraisal salience, and the sex composition of the social interaction; and (d) investigating the degree of agreement between the meta-analytic findings and an ethnographic analysis. Using a multilevel modeling approach, an analysis of 309 effect sizes (N = 5,422) revealed a significant association (z = . Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/bul0000148DOI Listing
July 2018
4 Reads

Transfer of test-enhanced learning: Meta-analytic review and synthesis.

Psychol Bull 2018 07 7;144(7):710-756. Epub 2018 May 7.

Department of Psychology, University of California, San Diego.

Attempting recall of information from memory, as occurs when taking a practice test, is one of the most potent training techniques known to learning science. However, does testing yield learning that transfers to different contexts? In the present article, we report the findings of the first comprehensive meta-analytic review into that question. Our review encompassed 192 transfer effect sizes extracted from 122 experiments and 67 published and unpublished articles (N = 10,382) that together comprise more than 40 years of research. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/bul0000151DOI Listing
July 2018
4 Reads

"Narrowing the transmission gap: A synthesis of three decades of research on intergenerational transmission of attachment": Correction.

Authors:

Psychol Bull 2018 04;144(4):393

Reports an error in "Narrowing the transmission gap: A synthesis of three decades of research on intergenerational transmission of attachment" by Marije L. Verhage, Carlo Schuengel, Sheri Madigan, R. M. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/bul0000149DOI Listing
April 2018
7 Reads

Editorial.

Psychol Bull 2018 03;144(3):223-226

Georgia Institute of Technology.

This editorial marks the first 4 years of the current editorial period. It offers an opportunity to take stock, review trends, and describe editorial policies for the next 2 years. Psychology continues to shine and accumulate knowledge that scholars integrate, use in the development of theory, and examine to generate applications to real-world problems. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/bul0000147DOI Listing
March 2018
4 Reads

Can't get it out of my mind: A systematic review of predictors of intrusive memories of distressing events.

Psychol Bull 2018 06 19;144(6):584-640. Epub 2018 Mar 19.

Department of Psychology, University of Washington.

Intrusive memories, when persistent and distressing, are theorized to underlie a range of transdiagnostic psychological symptoms and associated impairment. However, little is known about factors predicting the development and persistence of intrusive memories. The aim of this systematic review is to evaluate the literature on pre-event, event-based, and post-event predictors of intrusive memories. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/bul0000132DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5938103PMC
June 2018
9 Reads

Metaphor comprehension: A critical review of theories and evidence.

Psychol Bull 2018 06 8;144(6):641-671. Epub 2018 Mar 8.

Faculty of Philosophy, University of Niš.

We review psychological research bearing on major theories of metaphor comprehension. A broad survey of behavioral studies is coupled with findings from recent meta-analyses of neuroimaging studies of metaphor processing. We identify three broad theoretical positions that have been the foci of research efforts: analogy, categorization, and conceptual mapping. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/bul0000145DOI Listing
June 2018
5 Reads