580,374 results match your criteria Psychiatry 2010[Journal]


The role of academic mentors for Latino/a adolescents exposed to community violence.

J Community Psychol 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

Aims: We examined the protective role of academic mentors for Latino/a youth exposed to community violence. We tested whether the mentor facilitation of positive growth and mentor school involvement moderated the relations between exposure to violence and Latino/a youth's educational values, school effort, and academic efficacy.

Methods: We used hierarchical linear regressions to examine these relations among 210 Latino/a high school students. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/jcop.22189
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jcop.22189DOI Listing
April 2019
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Resilience in the midst of chaos: Socioecological model applied to women with depressive symptoms and socioeconomic disadvantage.

J Community Psychol 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Rochester School of Medicine, Rochester, New York.

Socioeconomic disadvantage is extremely common among women with depressive symptoms presenting for women's health care. While social stressors related to socioeconomic disadvantage can contribute to depression, health care tends to focus on patients' symptoms in isolation of context. Health care providers may be more effective by addressing issues related to socioeconomic disadvantage. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/jcop.22188
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jcop.22188DOI Listing
April 2019
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Influence of Gamma-Hydroxybutyric Acid-Use and Gamma-Hydroxybutyric Acid-Induced Coma on Affect and the Affective Network.

Eur Addict Res 2019 Apr 18:1-9. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Psychiatry, Amsterdam Neuroscience, Amsterdam UMC, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Background: Gamma-hydroxybutyric acid (GHB) is a drug of abuse associated with increased emergency room attendances, due to GHB-induced comas. Withdrawal from GHB often increases social anxiety and is linked to alterations in emotion processing. However, little is known about the effects of GHB-use and GHB-induced comas on affect regulation in humans. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000497381DOI Listing

Machine learning and big data in psychiatry: toward clinical applications.

Curr Opin Neurobiol 2019 Apr 15;55:152-159. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Max Planck UCL Centre for Computational Psychiatry and Ageing Research, University College London, London, England, United Kingdom; Division of Psychiatry, University College London, London, England, United Kingdom; Camden and Islington NHS Foundation Trust, London, England, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

Psychiatry is a medical field concerned with the treatment of mental illness. Psychiatric disorders broadly relate to higher functions of the brain, and as such are richly intertwined with social, cultural, and experiential factors. This makes them exquisitely complex phenomena that depend on and interact with a large number of variables. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S09594388183008
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.conb.2019.02.006DOI Listing
April 2019
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Meningioma and psychiatric symptoms: An individual patient data analysis.

Asian J Psychiatr 2019 Mar 28;42:94-103. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Department of Psychiatry, Dr Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital PGIMER, New Delhi, India.

Meningioma is a slow-growing benign tumor arising from meninges and is usually asymptomatic. Though neuropsychiatric symptoms are common in patients with brain tumors, they often can be the only manifestation in cases of meningioma. Meningiomas might present with mood symptoms, psychosis, memory disturbances, personality changes, anxiety, or anorexia nervosa. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18762018183113
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajp.2019.03.029DOI Listing
March 2019
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Ghrelin signalling within the rat nucleus accumbens and skilled reach foraging.

Psychoneuroendocrinology 2019 Apr 8;106:183-194. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Department of Pharmacology, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, The Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden. Electronic address:

Motivation alters behaviour in a complex manner and nucleus accumbens (NAc) shell has been implied as a key structure regulating such behaviour. Recent studies show that acute ghrelin signalling enhances motivation when assessed in a simple motor task. The aim of the present study was to define the role of ghrelin signalling on motivation in a more complex motor behaviour. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S03064530193012
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psyneuen.2019.04.008DOI Listing
April 2019
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The effect of testosterone therapy on personality traits of trans men: a controlled prospective study in Germany and Switzerland.

Psychiatry Res 2019 Apr 1;276:31-38. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Department of Consultation-Liaison-Psychiatry and Psychosomatic Medicine, University Hospital Zurich, Rämistrasse 100, 8002 Zürich, Switzerland.

Gender dysphoria in transgender men is generally treated with exogenous testosterone administration aiming to suppress secondary female sex characteristics and achieve masculinization. However, the effect of testosterone on the personality of transgender men remains largely unknown. Therefore, we conducted a controlled study with 23 trans men (M = 27. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2019.03.053DOI Listing

Child sexual abuse, disclosure and PTSD: A systematic and critical review.

Child Abuse Negl 2019 Apr 15;92:196-208. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Department of Pediatrics, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.

Background: Child sexual abuse (CSA) is a prevalent exposure with potentially serious, negative health consequences, including post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and its symptomatology.

Objective: To conduct a systematic and critical review in order to investigate the relationship between CSA disclosure patterns and PTSD.

Participants And Setting: Studies included clinical, college and community-based samples of adults' and children's experiences of CSA. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01452134193013
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2019.04.006DOI Listing
April 2019
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Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Childhood Traumatic Separation.

Child Abuse Negl 2019 Apr 15;92:179-195. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Department of Psychiatry, Allegheny General Hospital, Allegheny Health Network, Drexel University College of Medicine, 4 Allegheny Center, 8th Floor, Pittsburgh, PA 15212, USA. Electronic address:

Objectives: In light of the current U.S. family separation crisis, there is growing attention to Childhood Traumatic Separation, defined here as a significant traumatic stress reaction to a familial separation that the child experiences as traumatic. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2019.03.006DOI Listing

Identification of major depressive disorder and prediction of treatment response using functional connectivity between the prefrontal cortices and subgenual anterior cingulate: A real-world study.

J Affect Disord 2019 Apr 8;252:365-372. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Medical School of Nanjing University, 22 Hankou Road, Nanjing 210093, China; Department of Psychiatry, the Affiliated Brain Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing 210029, China. Electronic address:

Background: Major depressive disorder (MDD) is associated with a heavy disease burden due to the difficulty in diagnosing the disorder and the uncertainty of treatment outcomes. Previous studies have demonstrated the value of functional connectivity (FC) between the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) and the subgenual anterior cingulate cortex (sgACC) in the identification of MDD and the prediction of antidepressant efficacy. In the present study, we aimed to investigate whether FC is helpful in discriminating patients from healthy controls and in predicting treatment outcome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2019.04.046DOI Listing

Post-traumatic stress following military deployment: Genetic associations and cross-disorder genetic correlations.

J Affect Disord 2019 Apr 9;252:350-357. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Research and Knowledge Center, The Danish Veteran Center, Garnisonen 1, 4100 Ringsted, Denmark.

Background: Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a complex psychiatric disorder that occurs with relatively high frequency after deployment to warzones (∼10%). While twin studies have estimated the heritability to be up to 40%, thus indicating a considerable genetic component in the etiology, the biological mechanisms underlying risk and development of PTSD remain unknown.

Methods: Here, we conduct a genome-wide association study (GWAS; N = 2,481) to identify genome regions that associate with PTSD in a highly homogenous, trauma-exposed sample of Danish soldiers deployed to war and conflict zones. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2019.04.070DOI Listing

The effect of adjunctive nutraceuticals in bipolar disorder: A systematic review of randomized placebo-controlled trials.

J Affect Disord 2019 Apr 8;252:334-349. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Psychiatry Unit, University of Catania, Italy; U.O.C. Clinica Psichiatrica, A.O.U. Policlinico-Vittorio Emanuele, Presidio "G. Rodolico", Catania, Italy.

Background: Nutraceuticals are a group of compounds of growing interest for mental health professionals. Given the implication of certain nutrients in the onset of bipolar disorder, it has been hypothesized that nutraceuticals might be effective in improving symptoms of the condition (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2019.04.039DOI Listing

What DNA methylation modifications and/or genetic variations interact with childhood maltreatment in the development of depression: A systematic review.

J Affect Disord 2019 Apr 9;252:325-333. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, McGill University, 6875 Boulevard LaSalle, Montreal, QC H4H 1R3, Canada; Douglas Mental Health University Institute, Montreal, QC Canada. Electronic address:

Background: Child maltreatment predicts a significant risk factor for depression. The relationship between child maltreatment and depression has been shown to vary as a function of genetic factors. There have been very few systematic reviews conducted to date to synthesize what DNA methylations and/ or genetic variations interact with childhood maltreatment in the course of depression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2019.04.049DOI Listing

A text message delivered smoking cessation intervention: Design and rationale of the Text My Quit Study.

Contemp Clin Trials 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Live Inspired LLC, Washington, DC, United States.

Introduction: Smoking cessation interventions delivered through mobile technologies offer promise as an effective intervention tool. However, most existing programs have not been empirically tested, were not developed with end-user participation, and/or do not address evidence-based cognitive and behavioral variables shown to enhance smoking cessation in clinical trials. In addition, many programs tested in research trials have required users to access the internet and/or a smartphone app to access all program features, limiting the potential reach of those programs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cct.2019.04.010DOI Listing

Repeated ketamine infusions for antidepressant-resistant PTSD: Methods of a multicenter, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial.

Contemp Clin Trials 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

National Center for PTSD, Clinical Neurosciences Division, US Department of Veterans Affairs, West Haven, CT, USA; Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA. Electronic address:

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a debilitating disorder with limited medication treatment options. Recent reports have described the dearth of research on new drug development as a crisis in the pharmacotherapy of PTSD. There are only two PTSD medications approved by the U. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cct.2019.04.009DOI Listing

The effect of blueberry interventions on cognitive performance and mood: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials.

Brain Behav Immun 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

IMPACT Strategic Research Centre, School of Medicine, Barwon Health, Deakin University, Geelong, Victoria, 3216, Australia. Electronic address:

Blueberries are rich in polyphenols that may be beneficial to cognitive performance and mood. The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate randomized controlled trials investigating the effects of blueberries and blueberry products on measures of cognition and mood. In total, eleven articles (that included 12 studies) were identified using freeze-dried blueberries (n=9 studies), whole blueberries (n=2) and blueberry concentrate (n=1). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbi.2019.04.001DOI Listing

Excitatory-inhibitory imbalance in Alzheimer's disease and therapeutic significance.

Neurobiol Dis 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Department of Psychiatry, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. Electronic address:

The interplay between excitatory and inhibitory circuits underlies the brain's processes and their dysregulation has been linked to cognitive decline, psychiatric disorders and epilepsy. In patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD), an elevated occurrence of seizures has been observed in both sporadic and familial forms of the condition. Although seizure activity in AD has been mainly viewed as a result of neuronal cell loss and considered to occur in later stages, it is now becoming increasingly clear that aberrant neuronal activity may be more common in patients at earlier stages than previously thought and may trigger and contribute significantly to cognitive defects. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nbd.2019.04.010DOI Listing
April 2019
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Blonanserin ameliorates social deficit through dopamine-D receptor antagonism in mice administered phencyclidine as an animal model of schizophrenia.

Neurochem Int 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Division of Clinical Sciences and Neuropsychopharmacology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Meijo University, Nagoya, 468-8503, Japan; Division of Clinical Sciences and Neuropsychopharmacology, Graduate School of Pharmacy, Meijo University, Nagoya, 468-8503, Japan; Department of Psychiatry, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya, 466-8560, Japan. Electronic address:

Blonanserin differs from other antipsychotic drugs, such as risperidone and olanzapine and exhibits a higher affinity for dopamine-D receptors than for serotonin 5-HT receptors. We investigated the involvement of dopamine-D receptors in the effect of blonanserin on the social deficit observed in an animal model of schizophrenia and sought to elucidate the molecular mechanism underlying its action. Mice received phencyclidine (PCP: 10 mg/kg/day, s. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuint.2019.04.008DOI Listing

Barriers to providing optimal management of psychiatric patients in the emergency department (psychiatric patient management).

Australas Emerg Care 2019 Mar 29;22(1):8-12. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Emergency Department, Austin Hospital, Studley Road, Heidelberg, Vic 3084, Australia; Department of Medicine, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Vic 3052, Australia. Electronic address:

Background: We aimed to determine the barriers to optimal management of psychiatric patients in the emergency department (ED).

Methods: We undertook an observational study in a tertiary referral ED with a 24h acute psychiatric nursing service (February to April, 2017). Following patient discharge, the attending psychiatric nurse completed a validated questionnaire to determine the barriers they encountered with their patient. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.auec.2019.01.001DOI Listing

The Effect of β-Alanine Supplementation on Carnosine and Histidine Content in the Hippocampus of 14-Month Old Rats.

Appl Physiol Nutr Metab 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, 26732, Anxiety and Stress Research Unit, Beer-Sheva Mental Health Center, Faculty of Health Sciences, Division of Psychiatry, Beer-Sheva, Israel ;

Carnosine and histidine content in the hippocampus of 14-month-old male rats was examined following 30-days of β-alanine supplementation. All animals were provided identical diets, however 100-mg of β-alanine was mixed with glucomannan (80:20 blend) in the water of β-alanine supplemented animals. Hippocampal carnosine content was significantly greater (p=0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/apnm-2019-0102DOI Listing

Seasonal changes in sleep duration and sleep problems: A prospective study in Japanese community residents.

PLoS One 2019 18;14(4):e0215345. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Psychiatry, Nihon University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

Background: A scientific understanding of the effects of seasonal changes on sleep duration and sleep problems such as insomnia and hypersomnia has yet to be elucidated; however, such an understanding could aid the establishment of an optimal sleep hygiene program to treat such problems.

Methods: We investigated the effects of seasonal changes on sleep duration and sleep problems in Japanese community residents. Data on 1,388 individuals aged 15-89 years who participated in the Survey of Seasonal Variations in Food Intakes conducted by the National Institute of Health and Nutrition of Japan (2004-2007) were analyzed. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0215345PLOS

Harmonization of resting-state functional MRI data across multiple imaging sites via the separation of site differences into sampling bias and measurement bias.

PLoS Biol 2019 Apr 18;17(4):e3000042. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Brain Information Communication Research Laboratory Group, Advanced Telecommunications Research Institutes International, Kyoto, Japan.

When collecting large amounts of neuroimaging data associated with psychiatric disorders, images must be acquired from multiple sites because of the limited capacity of a single site. However, site differences represent a barrier when acquiring multisite neuroimaging data. We utilized a traveling-subject dataset in conjunction with a multisite, multidisorder dataset to demonstrate that site differences are composed of biological sampling bias and engineering measurement bias. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.3000042DOI Listing

Erratum to: What Factors Are Associated With Disability After Upper Extremity Injuries? A Systematic Review.

Clin Orthop Relat Res 2019 May;477(5):1256

P. Jayakumar, S. Lamb, S. Gwilym, Nuffield Department of Orthopaedics, Rheumatology and Musculoskeletal Medicine, University of Oxford, Nuffield Orthopaedic Centre, Oxford, UK C. L. Overbeek, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands M. Williams, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Oxford Brookes University, Oxford, UK C. J. Funes, Department of Psychiatry (Behavioral Medicine Service), Boston, MA, USA D. Ring, The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Surgery and Perioperative Care, Dell Medical School, Austin, TX, USA A.-M. Vranceanu, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Behavioral Medicine Program, Department of Psychiatry, Boston, MA, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/CORR.0000000000000730DOI Listing

Psychological Symptoms and Stress Are Associated With Decrements in Attentional Function in Cancer Patients Undergoing Chemotherapy.

Cancer Nurs 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Author affiliations: Palo Alto University, California (Drs Atallah and Muñoz); Schools of Nursing (Drs Cooper, Paul, and Miaskowski) and Medicine (Drs Anguera, Levine, Chen, and Melisko), University of California, San Francisco; Department of Nursing, Mount Sinai Hospital (Dr Hammer); and School of Nursing, New York University (Dr Wright), New York; School of Nursing, University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (Dr Conley); and Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, School of Medicine, Stanford University, California (Dr Dunn).

Background: Decrements in attentional function-perceived effectiveness in everyday functioning related to cognitive dysfunction-are frequently reported by cancer patients during treatment. However, patients vary widely in their experiences of changes in attentional function.

Objective: The aim of this study was to understand differences in attentional function among cancer patients during chemotherapy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/NCC.0000000000000713DOI Listing

Concomitant use of alcohol and benzodiazepine hypnotics in psychiatric outpatients: a cross-sectional survey.

Int Clin Psychopharmacol 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Department of Neuropsychiatry, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

Concomitant use of benzodiazepines and alcohol appears prevalent in a clinical setting. The objectives of this study were as follows: (1) to investigate the prevalence of concomitant use of benzodiazepine hypnotics and alcohol in psychiatric outpatients, (2) to examine the clinical characteristics and factors associated with the concomitant use, and (3) to investigate the awareness of the psychiatrists-in-charge about the concomitant use. Outpatients with schizophrenia, depression, and insomnia who were receiving benzodiazepine hypnotics were asked to fill in a sleeping diary for seven consecutive days in which use of hypnotics and alcohol was also recorded. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/YIC.0000000000000264DOI Listing
April 2019
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The unmasking of hidden severe hyponatremia after long-term combination therapy in exacerbated bipolar patients: a case series.

Int Clin Psychopharmacol 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Campania 'Luigi Vanvitelli', Naples, Italy.

Hyponatremia is occasionally unmasked in psychiatric patients during hospitalization after routine blood and urinary tests, and correlates in most cases with an inappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone, mainly due to iatrogenic factors. Only a few studies have regarded the combination of psychotropic drugs as triggers of chronic, asymptomatic hyponatremia in bipolar patients, who require to be hospitalized because of the exacerbation of their mental illness. We presented three clinical cases of patients affected by a long-term psychiatric disorder and under polypharmacotherapy for several months. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/YIC.0000000000000265DOI Listing

Evaluation of a Medical Student Research and Career Development Program to Increase Diversity in Academic Medicine.

Acad Med 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

A. Fernandez is professor of medicine, Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California. V. Chen is research analyst, Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California. J. Quan is (retired) statistician, Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California. A. Martinez is professor of medicine, Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California. L. Flowers is professor of psychiatry, Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California. L. Aronson is professor of medicine, Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California.

Purpose: To describe and evaluate an innovative research program supported by the National Institutes of Health, "Promoting Research Opportunities Fully-Prospective Academics Transforming Health" (PROF-PATH), designed to support medical students from groups underrepresented-in-medicine (URM) interested in pursuing academic careers.

Method: Based on social cognitive career theory (SCCT), PROF-PATH supplemented a traditional research program (TRP) by providing additional mentorship and a curriculum focused on "assumed knowledge" of academic culture, guidance with research challenges, and emotional competence. The 4-year evaluation (2013-2016) consisted of pre- and postprogram surveys of PROF-PATH and TRP students, plus focus groups and individual structured interviews with PROF-PATH students. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ACM.0000000000002760DOI Listing

How Single Institutional Review Boards Manage Their Own Conflicts of Interest: Findings From a National Interview Study.

Acad Med 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

E. Pivovarova is assistant professor, Department of Psychiatry, University of Massachusetts Medical School and Massachusetts Center of Excellence for Specialty Courts, Worcester, Massachusetts. R.L. Klitzman is professor of psychiatry and director, Masters of Bioethics Program, Columbia University, New York, New York. A. Murray is research coordinator II, Department of Psychiatry, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts. D.F. Stiles is vice president, Research Operations and Policy, and chief operating officer, Office of the Executive Vice President for Research, Columbia University, New York, New York. P.S. Appelbaum is professor of Psychiatry, Medicine, and Law, director, Division of Law, Ethics, and Psychiatry, and Director, Center for Research on Ethical, Legal and Social Implications of Psychiatric, Neurological and Behavioral Genetics, Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York. C.W. Lidz is professor emeritus, Department of Psychiatry, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts.

Purpose: Conflicts of interest (COIs) are important ethical concerns as they may affect scientific decision-making, research integrity, and the safety and fairness of studies. No research to date has examined COIs of single IRBs (sIRBs), which are now mandated by the National Institutes of Health, and will be by the revised Common Rule in 2020, for all multi-site research. This study investigated how different types of sIRBs manage their own COIs by documenting existing processes for and comparison across commercial, government, and academic sIRBs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ACM.0000000000002762DOI Listing

The impact of depression on adherence to organized and opportunistic breast cancer screening.

Eur J Cancer Prev 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Psychiatric University Hospital (UPK), University of Basel, Basel.

One in five women will experience depression over her lifetime, and one out of eight will develop breast cancer. We evaluated the effect of depression on adherence to mammography in Switzerland, where opportunistic and organized screening programs coexist. We analyzed data from 3206 women aged 50-69 who participated in the Swiss Health Survey 2012. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/CEJ.0000000000000520DOI Listing

Dene and Western medicine meet in image-based storytelling.

Authors:
Allison Crawford

CMAJ 2018 Sep;190(36):E1085-E1086

Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ont.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1503/cmaj.180384DOI Listing
September 2018

Personality and the risk factors for developing behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia: a narrative review.

Neurodegener Dis Manag 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Psychiatry, Yale School of Medicine, 300 George St. #901, New Haven, CT 06511, USA.

Premorbid personality traits have been implicated as risk factors for the development of behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD), although there is a paucity of studies investigating this relationship. In this narrative review, a number of studies found that premorbid neuroticism has consistently been observed to have a significant association with the development of BPSD symptoms while premorbid conscientiousness, extraversion, openness and agreeableness may be protective factors against future BPSD symptoms. In conclusion, premorbid personality traits appear to affect the risk of BPSD symptoms among individuals with dementia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2217/nmt-2018-0044DOI Listing

The modifying effects of social support on psychological outcomes in patients with heart failure.

Health Psychol 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences.

Objective: We examined the modifying effects of social support on depressive symptoms and health-related quality of life (QoL) in patients receiving coping skills training (CST).

Method: We considered the modifying effects of social support in the Coping Effectively with Heart Failure clinical trial, which randomized 179 heart failure (HF) patients to either 4 months of CST or usual care enhanced by HF education (HFE). CST involved training in specific coping techniques, whereas HFE involved education about HF self-management. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/hea0000716DOI Listing

Multidimensional latent structure of risk-related phenotypes in healthy young adults.

Exp Clin Psychopharmacol 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Neuroscience.

Risk-taking behavior can result in a range of maladaptive behaviors such as illicit substance use, unsafe driving, and high-risk sexual behavior. Perception of risk and preference for engaging in risky behaviors have been measured using both self-report measures and a range of behavioral tasks designed for the purpose, and these may predict future risk-taking behavior. However, the interrelationships between these measures and the latent constructs underlying them are poorly understood. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pha0000282DOI Listing

Cognitive versus behavioral skills in CBT for depressed adolescents: Disaggregating within-patient versus between-patient effects on symptom change.

J Consult Clin Psychol 2019 May;87(5):484-490

Division of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Columbia University.

Objective: Despite a growing body of research supporting the efficacy of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for depressed adolescents, few studies have investigated the role of the acquisition and use of CBT skills in accounting for symptom improvement. The present study examined the role of cognitive versus behavioral skills in predicting symptom improvement in depressed youth. Analyses considered different raters of patient skills (patient vs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/ccp0000393DOI Listing

Social justice advocacy in mental health services: Consumer, community, training, and policy perspectives.

Psychol Serv 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Psychology.

This article addresses important aspects of and strategies for social justice advocacy in mental health care across consumer, community, educational, and policy domains. Social justice advocacy is intentional and sustained action intended to influence public policy outcomes, with and/or on behalf of a vulnerable individual, group, community, or the public at large. The paper presents a series of policy and advocacy levels of change, which may be used to promote social justice among individuals with mental health disorders with an emphasis on how psychologists can be valuable in these efforts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/ser0000349DOI Listing

Dr Nurnberger and Colleagues Reply.

J Clin Psychiatry 2019 Apr 9;80(3). Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Centre for Addiction and Mental Health and University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4088/JCP.19lr12741aDOI Listing

Genetics Guideline Is Excellent, but the Pharmacogenetics Section Is Weak.

Authors:
Jose de Leon

J Clin Psychiatry 2019 Apr 9(3). Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Mental Health Research Center at Eastern State Hospital, Lexington, Kentucky, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4088/JCP.19lr12741DOI Listing

Oral Ketamine for Depression, 2: Practical Considerations.

J Clin Psychiatry 2019 Apr 9;80(2). Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Department of Psychopharmacology, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bangalore, India.

The oral route of administration is probably the least expensive and most convenient way to administer ketamine in indicated contexts in depressed patients. Because only 20%-25% of orally administered ketamine reaches systemic circulation, oral doses of about 2.0-2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4088/JCP.19f12838DOI Listing

Lipid Disturbances in Adolescents Treated With Second-Generation Antipsychotics: Clinical Determinants of Plasma Lipid Worsening and New-Onset Hypercholesterolemia.

J Clin Psychiatry 2019 Apr 9;80(3). Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Hôpital de Cery, 1008 Prilly-Lausanne, Switzerland.

Objective: Lipid disturbances following treatment with second-generation antipsychotics (SGAs) represent a major health concern. A previous study determined that early changes of plasma lipid levels ≥ 5% during the first month of treatment with SGAs predicts further lipid worsening and development of dyslipidemia. This current study aimed to determine the proportion of adolescents with early lipid changes ≥ 5% and who develop dyslipidemia during SGA treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4088/JCP.18m12414DOI Listing

The return of the traumatized army veteran: a qualitative study of UK ex-servicemen in the aftermath of war, 1945 to 2000.

Int Rev Psychiatry 2019 Apr 18:1-11. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

a Department of Psychological Medicine, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neuroscience , King's College London , London , UK.

The challenge of transition from service to civilian life is explored through the experiences of a sample of 225 UK army veterans between 1945 and 2000. All subjects had a war pension for a psychological disorder, and most had served overseas in combat roles. Statements about issues of adjustment and health were analyzed by the constant comparison method. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540261.2019.1585767DOI Listing

The health and well-being of LGBTQ serving and ex-serving personnel: a narrative review.

Int Rev Psychiatry 2019 Apr 18:1-20. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

a King's Centre for Military Health Research , King's College London , London , UK.

The relaxation of discriminatory policies against lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) service personnel has led to increased diversity among military populations. Given this increase, it is important to assess sexual and gender minority groups' health and well-being in the context of military service. This narrative review assessed these outcomes in LGBTQ military personnel. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540261.2019.1575190DOI Listing

Event-Related Potential Analysis of ADHD and Control Adults During a Sustained Attention Task.

Clin EEG Neurosci 2019 Apr 18:1550059419842707. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

2 Department of Psychiatry, Government Medical College and Hospital, Chandigarh, India.

Background: Event-related potentials (ERPs) of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) population have been extensively studied using the time-domain representation of signals but time-frequency domain techniques are less explored. Although, adult ADHD is a proven disorder, most of the electrophysiological studies have focused only on children with ADHD.

Methods: ERP data of 35 university students with ADHD and 35 control adults were recorded during visual continuous performance task (CPT). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1550059419842707DOI Listing

Beyond checkboxes: A qualitative assessment of physicians' experiences providing care in a patient-centred medical home.

J Eval Clin Pract 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Family Medicine, Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island.

Rationale, Aims, And Objectives: The patient-centred medical home (PCMH) is an innovative approach to health care reform. Despite a well-established process for recognizing PCMH practices, fidelity to, and/or adaptation of, the PCMH model can limit health care and population health improvements. This study explored the connection between fidelity/adaptation to the PCMH model with implementation successes and challenges through the experiences of family and internal medicine PCMH physicians. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jep.13136DOI Listing

Difficulty differentiating a case of posterior cortical atrophy from a psychogenic disturbance of vision.

Authors:
Eiji Kirino

Psychogeriatrics 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Psychiatry, Juntendo University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

Differentiating posterior cortical atrophy (PCA) from other diseases can be difficult and time-consuming, and there is a particularly high possibility of misdiagnosis when psychiatrists diagnose complaints related to visual perception. Here, a case of PCA involving prominent visual perceptual disorders is reported; PCA was difficult to distinguish from psychogenic disturbance of vision in this case. For a year, a 59-year-old woman had had visual perceptual disorders, including a distorted view and prosopagnosia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/psyg.12455DOI Listing

Termination of pregnancy for foetal anomalies: parents' preferences for psychosocial care.

Prenat Diagn 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry/Psychology, Unit of Psychosocial Care, Erasmus Medical Center and Sophia Children's Hospital, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

Objective: To investigate, from the perspective of women and partners, at what stage of a termination of pregnancy (TOP) for foetal anomalies psychosocial care (PSC) is most meaningful, what topics should be discussed, and who should provide PSC.

Method: A cross-sectional retrospective cohort study was conducted with a consecutive series of 76 women and 36 partners, who completed a semi-structured online questionnaire.

Results: Overall, women expressed a greater need for PSC than their partners. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pd.5464DOI Listing

Annotated Bibliography for Supervising Psychiatry Residents in Psychodynamic Psychotherapy.

Acad Psychiatry 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Objective: This paper sought to compile an annotated bibliography for the outpatient year of adult psychiatry residents, providing resources for a foundation in psychodynamic theory which can be utilized in supervision to aid in ongoing psychotherapeutic work.

Methods: In selecting the readings, the ACGME Milestones sub-competencies considered were (i) empathy and process, (ii) boundaries, (iii) alliance and provision of psychotherapies, (iv) seeking and providing supervision, and (v) knowledge of psychotherapy (theories, practice, and evidence base). Once the readings were selected, two authors independently reviewed the articles to determine which key sub-competencies each article addressed. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s40596-019-01056-4
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40596-019-01056-4DOI Listing
April 2019
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Exploring hyperhidrosis and related thermoregulatory symptoms as a possible clinical identifier for the dysautonomic subtype of Parkinson's disease.

J Neurol 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

King's College London, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, Department of Basic and Clinical Neurosciences, De Crespigny Park, London, SE5 8AF, UK.

Objective: To identify associated (non-)motor profiles of Parkinson's disease (PD) patients with hyperhidrosis as a dominant problem.

Methods: This is a cross-sectional, exploratory, analysis of participants enrolled in the Non-motor Longitudinal International Study (NILS; UKCRN No: 10084) at the Parkinson's Centre at King's College Hospital (London, UK). Hyperhidrosis scores (yes/no) on question 28 of the Non-Motor Symptom Questionnaire were used to classify patients with normal sweat function (n = 172) and excessive sweating (n = 56) (Analysis 1; n = 228). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00415-019-09325-wDOI Listing

Migrate your mind: the role of palliative care in transcultural cancer treatment : A qualitative analysis.

Wien Klin Wochenschr 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Tulln, Karl Landsteiner University of Health Sciences, Tulln, Austria.

Background: In increasingly multi-ethnic societies fostering cultural awareness and integration of immigrants is not only a political duty but also an obligation for social and healthcare systems. Importantly, cultural beliefs and needs strongly impact on the quality of life of cancer patients and may become even more crucial at the end of life. However, to date, ethnic and cultural aspects of palliative care are insufficiently researched. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00508-019-1474-9DOI Listing
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