898 results match your criteria Psychiatric Illness Associated With Criminality


Psychiatric Disorders and Crime in the US Population: Results From the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions Wave III.

J Clin Psychiatry 2019 Feb 12;80(2). Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Department of Psychiatry, Division of Law and Psychiatry, Division of Substance Abuse, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, USA.

Objective: Current knowledge regarding the intersection of psychiatric disorders and crime in the United States is limited to psychiatric, forensic, and youth samples. This study presents nationally representative data on the relationship of DSM-5 psychiatric disorders, comorbid substance and mental health disorders, and multimorbidity (number of disorders) with criminal behavior and justice involvement among non-institutionalized US adults.

Methods: Data were drawn from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions Wave III (NESARC-III; 2012-2013; N = 36,309). Read More

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https://www.psychiatrist.com/JCP/article/Pages/2019/v80/18m1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4088/JCP.18m12317DOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads

Criminal offending and associated factors in dual diagnosis patients.

Psychiatry Res 2019 Jan 15;273:355-362. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

Amsterdam UMC, University of Amsterdam, Department of Psychiatry, Amsterdam Institute for Addiction Research, Amsterdam, the Netherlands; Department of Research, Arkin Mental Health Care, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

Dual diagnosis patients perpetrate crime more often than healthy individuals. Crime perpetration has major mental health consequences for the victim. Knowledge of factors related to perpetration is needed for the development of prevention programs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2019.01.057DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Mental and physical health in prison: how co-occurring conditions influence inmate misconduct.

Health Justice 2019 Jan 5;7(1). Epub 2019 Jan 5.

College of Liberal Arts and Social Sciences, University of South Florida Sarasota-Manatee, Sarasota, FL, USA.

Background: Research has shown that inmate misconduct is related to a range of demographic factors and experiences with the criminal justice system. Poor mental and physical health has also been associated with inmate misconduct, although no research has examined the relationship between co-occurring conditions and misconduct in prison populations.

Methods: We rely on data from the 2004 Survey of Inmates in State Correctional Facilities (N = 14,499) and use negative binomial regression models to examine the relationship between types of co-occurring mental and physical conditions and misconduct. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40352-018-0082-5DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Advancing pharmacological treatments for opioid use disorder (ADaPT-OUD): protocol for testing a novel strategy to improve implementation of medication-assisted treatment for veterans with opioid use disorders in low-performing facilities.

Addict Sci Clin Pract 2018 Dec 13;13(1):25. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Center for Innovation to Implementation, Palo Alto Health Care System, 795 Willow Rd, MC152, Palo Alto, CA, 94304, USA.

Background: In the US, emergency room visits and overdoses related to prescription opioids have soared and the rates of illicit opioid use, including heroin and fentanyl, are increasing. Opioid use disorder (OUD) is associated with higher morbidity and mortality, higher HIV and HCV infection rates, and criminal behavior. Opioid agonist therapy (OAT; methadone and buprenorphine) is proven to be effective in treating OUD and decreasing its negative consequences. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13722-018-0127-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6293521PMC
December 2018

Correlates and moderators of stigma resistance among people with severe mental illness.

Psychiatry Res 2018 12 19;270:198-204. Epub 2018 Sep 19.

Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Brown University/Alpert Medical School, Providence, RI, USA.

Research on factors associated with stigma resistance among people with severe mental illness remains relatively scant. This study aimed to (1) replicate previous findings linking stigma resistance with variables associated with recovery; (2) explore associations between stigma resistance and coping strategies and psychiatric symptoms; (3) compare these associations among individuals with different levels of self-stigma; and (4) examine whether race, age and education moderate these relationships. Analyses of a sample (n = 353) and sub-sample (n = 177) of persons with severe mental illness examined associations between stigma resistance and self-stigma, functional and clinical outcomes, and the moderating impact of age, race, and education on these relationships. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2018.09.040DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6292775PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

Effect of γ-hydroxybutyrate (GHB) on driving as measured by a driving simulator.

Psychopharmacology (Berl) 2018 Nov 19;235(11):3223-3232. Epub 2018 Sep 19.

Departments of Medicine and Bioengineering & Therapeutic Sciences, The University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA.

Rationale: Gamma-hydroxybutyrate acid (GHB), a GABA receptor agonist approved for treatment of narcolepsy, impairs driving ability, but little is known about doses and plasma concentrations associated with impairment and time course of recovery.

Objective: To assess effects of oral GHB (Xyrem®) upon driving as measured by a driving simulator, and to determine plasma concentrations associated with impairment and the time course of recovery.

Methods: Randomized, double-blind, two-arm crossover study, during which 16 participants received GHB 50 mg/kg orally or placebo. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00213-018-5025-2DOI Listing
November 2018
4 Reads

One false move: A singular account of multiple outcomes arising from drink-driving.

Health Promot J Austr 2018 08 3;29(2):133-139. Epub 2018 Jan 3.

Deakin University Australia, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Faculty of Health, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.

Issue Addressed: To deconstruct a personal account involving the initial decision making and ultimate consequences of driving under the influence of alcohol to educate drinkers about the realities of short- and long-term impacts associated with drink-driving.

Methods: This qualitative study uses collaborative methods and draws on an autoethnographic (n = 1) account to identify multiple challenges and outcomes arising from a singular drink-driving incident.

Results: Findings document how the split-second decision to drink and drive can give rise to unforeseen, ongoing and complex problems associated with injuries and pain management, the legal system, personal and professional costs, social isolation and shame. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hpja.20DOI Listing
August 2018
2 Reads

Preventing at-risk children from developing antisocial and criminal behaviour: a longitudinal study examining the role of parenting, community and societal factors in middle childhood.

BMC Psychol 2018 Aug 10;6(1):40. Epub 2018 Aug 10.

Personal Social Services Research Unit, London School of Economics and Political Science, Houghton Street, London, WC2A 2AE, UK.

Background: Many childhood risk factors are known to be associated with children's future antisocial and criminal behaviour, including children's conduct disorders and family difficulties such as parental substance abuse. Some families are involved with many different services but little is known about what middle childhood factors moderate the risk of poor outcomes. This paper reports the quantitative component of a mixed methods study investigating what factors can be addressed to help families improve children's outcomes in the longer term. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-018-0254-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6086042PMC
August 2018
8 Reads

Violent criminal behavior in the context of bipolar disorder: Systematic review and meta-analysis.

J Affect Disord 2018 10 5;239:161-170. Epub 2018 Jul 5.

Bipolar Disorder Unit, Institute of Neuroscience, Hospital Clinic, University of Barcelona, IDIBAPS, CIBERSAM, 170 Villarroel st, 12-0, 08036, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain; CIBERSAM, Centro Investigación Biomédica en Red Salud Mental, Barcelona, Spain.

Background: Despite the potential importance of understanding violent criminal behavior (VCB) in individuals suffering from bipolar disorder (BD), previous findings are conflicting. The aims of the present study are to clarify the association of VCB and BD in comparison to general population and other psychiatric conditions.

Methods: A systematic review of literature from January 1st, 1980 through January 16th, 2017 from 3 electronic databases (MEDLINE/PubMed, EMBASE and PsycInfo), following the PRISMA and the MOOSE statements. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2018.06.050DOI Listing
October 2018
11 Reads
3.383 Impact Factor

HIV Prevention in Rural Appalachian Jails: Implications for Re-entry Risk Reduction Among Women Who Use Drugs.

AIDS Behav 2018 Dec;22(12):4009-4018

Department of Behavioral Science, College of Medicine, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, UK.

Rural women are at risk for health consequences (such as HIV) associated with substance misuse, but targeted interventions are limited for this population. Jails provide an underutilized opportunity for outreach to high-risk women in rural Appalachian communities. Rural women were randomized to either the NIDA Standard education intervention (n = 201) or the NIDA Standard plus motivational interviewing (MI-HIV; n = 199) while in jail. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10461-018-2209-zDOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Abnormal cortical gyrification in criminal psychopathy.

Neuroimage Clin 2018 6;19:876-882. Epub 2018 Jun 6.

The nonprofit Mind Research Network (MRN) & Lovelace Biomedical and Environmental Research Institute (LBERI), Albuquerque, NM, United States; Department of Psychology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM, United States. Electronic address:

Background: Psychopathy is a personality disorder characterized by interpersonal and emotional abnormalities (e.g., lack of empathy and guilt) and antisocial behavior. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nicl.2018.06.007DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6008502PMC
January 2019
1 Read

What influences social outcomes among offenders with personality disorder: A systematic review.

Crim Behav Ment Health 2018 Oct 19;28(5):390-396. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

Division of Mental Health and Wellbeing, Warwick Medical School, University of Warwick Coventry, Coventry, UK.

Background: Personality disorder is highly prevalent in offender populations and is associated with poor health, criminal justice, and social outcomes. Research has been conducted into factors that influence offending and health, but, in order to improve (re)habilitation, service providers must also be able to identify the variables associated with social outcomes and the mechanisms by which they operate.

Aim: To establish what is known about what influences social outcomes among offenders with personality disorder. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cbm.2082DOI Listing
October 2018
2 Reads

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and arrest history: Differential association of clinical characteristics by sex.

Int J Law Psychiatry 2018 May - Jun;58:150-156. Epub 2018 Apr 27.

Department of Family Medicine, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada.

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is often cited as a risk factor for criminality. However, many studies do not take other criminogenic variables into account when reporting on this relationship. It is even less clear whether models that include ADHD as a potential risk factor for criminality consider the importance of sex differences. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijlp.2018.04.006DOI Listing
April 2018
8 Reads

Violent aggression predicted by multiple pre-adult environmental hits.

Mol Psychiatry 2018 May 24. Epub 2018 May 24.

Clinical Neuroscience, Max Planck Institute of Experimental Medicine, Göttingen, Germany.

Early exposure to negative environmental impact shapes individual behavior and potentially contributes to any mental disease. We reported previously that accumulated environmental risk markedly decreases age at schizophrenia onset. Follow-up of matched extreme group individuals (≤1 vs. Read More

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http://www.nature.com/articles/s41380-018-0043-3
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41380-018-0043-3DOI Listing
May 2018
13 Reads

Maternal medical risks during pregnancy and childhood externalizing behavior.

Soc Sci Med 2018 06 25;207:19-24. Epub 2018 Apr 25.

College for Public Health & Social Justice, Saint Louis University, 1N. Grand Blvd, St. Louis, MO, 63103, USA. Electronic address:

Rationale: Research has indicated that maternal health during the prenatal period and at delivery carries far reaching significance for the development of offspring. Even so, the role of the accumulation of maternal medical risks during pregnancy in the development of externalizing behavior during childhood has generally been overlooked.

Objective: The present study investigates whether the accumulation of maternal medical risks during the prenatal period is positively associated with childhood externalizing behavior, and whether this association is stronger among male offspring. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S02779536183019
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2018.04.032DOI Listing
June 2018
4 Reads

From theoretical to empirical: Considering reflections of psychopathy across the thin blue line.

Personal Disord 2018 09 3;9(5):420-428. Epub 2018 May 3.

Department of Psychology, Emory University.

The majority of psychopathy research has focused on negative outcomes in criminal populations. However, psychopathy encompasses a variety of traits, and recent research suggests that certain features of psychopathy, such as a fearless temperament, may be related to psychological resiliency, "successful" functioning, and even heroic behavior (Hall & Benning, 2006; Lykken, 1995). Despite anecdotal discussion, little is known about the possible "successful" or adaptive reflections of psychopathic personality traits in ostensible heroes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/per0000270DOI Listing
September 2018
2 Reads

Fifty years of preventing and treating childhood behaviour disorders: a systematic review to inform policy and practice.

Evid Based Ment Health 2018 05;21(2):45-52

Faculty of Health Sciences, Children's Health Policy Centre, Simon Fraser University, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

Question: Oppositional defiant and conduct disorders (ODD and CD) start early and persist, incurring high individual and collective costs. To inform policy and practice, we therefore asked: What is the best available research evidence on preventing and treating these disorders?

Study Selection And Analysis: We sought randomised controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating interventions addressing the prevention or treatment of behaviour problems in individuals aged 18 years or younger. Our criteria were tailored to identify higher-quality RCTs that were also relevant to policy and practice. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/eb-2017-102862DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5950520PMC
May 2018
3 Reads

Schizophrenia and Criminal Responsibility: A Systematic Review.

J Nerv Ment Dis 2018 May;206(5):370-377

The significant progress of psychiatry in the 20th century provided a sophisticated theoretical framework to analyze the complex relationships between crime and mental illness. Schizophrenia has been traditionally associated with severe cognitive and affective deficits that heavily influence empathy, judgment capacities, but also control of impulsiveness. Although there is an association between psychotic disorders and absence or decrease of legal responsibility, their relationship is also determined by sociodemographic, developmental, and clinical factors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/NMD.0000000000000805DOI Listing
May 2018
5 Reads

Usefulness of hair analysis and psychological tests for identification of alcohol and drugs of abuse consumption in driving license regranting.

Forensic Sci Int 2018 May 20;286:239-244. Epub 2018 Mar 20.

Sección de Toxicología, Instituto de Ciencias Forenses, Universidad de Santiago de Compostela, Spain.

The implementation of the points-based driving license helps to change the drivers' behavior and is related to a reduction of traffic accidents and fatalities. In Spain, when a driver loses all points, the driving license is revoked, so the driver must enroll on a Driver Awareness and Re-education (DARE) course. However, at the moment offenders are not submitted to any test to confirm absence of alcohol or drugs of abuse consumption, even when 9% of Spanish drivers lose their driving license for driving under the influence (DUI). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.forsciint.2018.03.023DOI Listing
May 2018
32 Reads

Evaluation of a combination of community initiatives to reduce driving while intoxicated and other alcohol-related harms.

Traffic Inj Prev 2018 02;19(sup1):S176-S179

a National Opinion Research Center (NORC) at the University of Chicago , Bethesda , Maryland.

Objectives: In 2013, the community of Redlands, California, created an initiative using evidence-based strategies to deter driving under the influence (DUI), underage drinking and driving, public intoxication, and alcohol-related calls for service. The initiative, called "Responsible Redlands," included adopting a social host and a deemed approved local ordinance, using minor-decoy and shoulder-tap operations, increasing sobriety checkpoints and saturation patrols, conducting responsible beverage service (RBS) training, using identification (ID) scanners to spot false IDs, and a publicity campaign to urge neighbors to report loud drinking parties. The objectives of this study were to determine whether the initiatives were carried out as planned and to assess any impacts that may have occurred due to the combination of initiatives. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15389588.2018.1426904DOI Listing
February 2018
1 Read

Multiple "Lower BAC" offenders: Characteristics and response to remedial interventions.

Accid Anal Prev 2018 Jun 15;115:110-117. Epub 2018 Mar 15.

Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Background: In recent years, there has been increasing attention to "lower BAC" drinking drivers, typically those whose blood alcohol content (BAC) is under the legal limits defined in criminal law. In 2009, legislation was enacted in Ontario, Canada that enabled police to issue roadside license suspensions to individuals caught driving with BAC between 0.05% and 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2018.02.019DOI Listing
June 2018
4 Reads

Linking testosterone and antisocial behavior in at-risk transitional aged youth: Contextual effects of parentification.

Psychoneuroendocrinology 2018 05 23;91:1-10. Epub 2018 Feb 23.

Department of Population, Family, and Reproductive Health, The Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA; Institute for Interdisciplinary Salivary Bioscience Research, University of California Irvine, Irvine, CA 92697, USA; Department of Acute and Chronic Care, School of Nursing, Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA; Salivary Bioscience Laboratory and Department of Psychology, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, Lincoln, NE 68588, USA.

Parentification refers to parents bestowing adult-like roles on children within families, and studies have linked parentification to individual differences in risk and resilience. The depth of our understanding of the pathways that translate parentification into risk for negative developmental outcomes remains shallow. This study examined whether parentification has a contextual effect moderating the expression of links between testosterone and antisocial behavior. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psyneuen.2018.02.023DOI Listing
May 2018
1 Read

Gambling and Impulsivity Traits: A Recipe for Criminal Behavior?

Front Psychiatry 2018 29;9. Epub 2018 Jan 29.

Pathological Gambling Unit, Department of Psychiatry, Institut d'Investigació Biomédica de Bellvitge (IDIBELL), Bellvitge University Hospital, Barcelona, Spain.

Gambling disorder (GD) is a psychiatric condition that was recently recategorized as a non-substance-related addiction in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Health Disorders. Criminal activity is commonly associated with gambling; however, few empirical studies to date have examined sociodemographic and psychological variables in this population. In this study, we explored criminal behavior history in a sample of consecutively recruited treatment-seeking gamblers ( = 382) and compared subjects with a history of illegal acts ( = 103, 26. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2018.00006DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5796889PMC
January 2018
7 Reads

Differential Effects of Formal and Informal Gambling on Symptoms of Problem Gambling During Voluntary Self-Exclusion.

J Gambl Stud 2018 Sep;34(3):1013-1031

Centre for Public Safety and Criminal Justice Research, University of the Fraser Valley, 33844 King Road, Abbotsford, BC, V2S 7M8, Canada.

Voluntary self-exclusion (VSE) programs enable problem gamblers to engage in a break from casino-based gambling. The current study analyzed the effects of a VSE program in British Columbia, Canada on problem gambling symptoms and the comparative reductions in problem gambling symptoms when participants abstained from gambling, continued to participate in non-casino based gambling, or attempted to violate their exclusion contract. 269 participants completed two telephone interviews over a 6-month period. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10899-018-9743-5DOI Listing
September 2018
2 Reads

Facial responsiveness of psychopaths to the emotional expressions of others.

PLoS One 2018 11;13(1):e0190714. Epub 2018 Jan 11.

Department of Psychology, Ulm University, Ulm, Germany.

Psychopathic individuals show selfish, manipulative, and antisocial behavior in addition to emotional detachment and reduced empathy. Their empathic deficits are thought to be associated with a reduced responsiveness to emotional stimuli. Immediate facial muscle responses to the emotional expressions of others reflect the expressive part of emotional responsiveness and are positively related to trait empathy. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0190714PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5764293PMC
February 2018
7 Reads

Predicting delinquency by self-reported impulsivity in adolescents in Ghana.

Crim Behav Ment Health 2018 Jun 28;28(3):270-281. Epub 2017 Dec 28.

Research and Grant Institute of Ghana, Accra, Ghana.

Background: Impulsivity is one of several variables associated with delinquent and criminal acts, but its utility depends on the psychometric properties of the measure used.

Aim: To investigate the latent structure of the abbreviated Barratt Impulsivity Scale (ABIS) and its convergent validity with measures of aggression and psychopathy in a Ghanaian sample.

Methods: In a cross-sectional survey, high school students were recruited from two randomly selected schools in Ghana and asked to respond to the ABIS and measures of delinquency, aggression and psychopathy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cbm.2064DOI Listing
June 2018
8 Reads

Functional connectivity during affective mentalizing in criminal offenders with psychotic disorders: Associations with clinical symptoms.

Psychiatry Res Neuroimaging 2018 01 6;271:91-99. Epub 2017 Nov 6.

The Mind Research Network and Lovelace Biomedical and Environmental Research Institute, Albuquerque, NM, USA; Department of Psychology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM, USA.

Psychotic disorders are associated with neurobehavioral impairments in mental state attribution (mentalizing). These impairments are most severe in psychotic patients with elevated symptom levels, particularly negative and cognitive symptoms. There have been few studies of functional connectivity related to mentalizing in psychotic disorders and associations with symptoms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pscychresns.2017.11.003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5741458PMC
January 2018
12 Reads

Evidence for Two Levels of Intimate Partner Violence and Aggression Among Incarcerated Young Male Violent Offenders.

Int J Offender Ther Comp Criminol 2018 08 9;62(10):3097-3116. Epub 2017 Nov 9.

1 University of Gothenburg, Sweden.

Furthering knowledge of the subset of incarcerated partner violent offenders distinguished by aggression, anger, and hostility is relevant, as these offenders are guilty of the more severe kinds of intimate partner violence (IPV). Our aim was to identify groups with different patterns of IPV among convicted young Swedish male offenders, using data from the Development of Aggressive Antisocial Behavior Study, including 171 young men (18-25 years) convicted of a violent crime. Cluster analysis was used to identify different clusters based on amount and severity of IPV in combination with measures of anger, hostility, aggression, and psychopathic personality traits. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0306624X17739180
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0306624X17739180DOI Listing
August 2018
5 Reads

Evaluation of Methadone Treatment in Malaysia: Findings from the Malaysian Methadone Treatment Outcome Study (MyTOS).

Subst Use Misuse 2018 01 8;53(2):239-248. Epub 2017 Nov 8.

i Academic Development Centre (Adec) , University of Malaya , Kuala Lumpur , Selangor , Malaysia.

Background: Opioid misuse and dependence is a global issue with a huge negative impact. In Malaysia, heroin is still the main illicit drug used, and methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) has been used since 2005.

Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of MMT. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10826084.2017.1385630DOI Listing
January 2018
4 Reads

Early childhood adversities and risk of eating disorders in women: A Danish register-based cohort study.

Int J Eat Disord 2017 12 6;50(12):1404-1412. Epub 2017 Nov 6.

National Centre for Register-based Research, Aarhus BSS, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark.

Objective: Previous studies evaluating the association between early childhood adversities and eating disorders have yielded conflicting results. The aim of this study is to examine the association between a range of adversities and risk of anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia nervosa (BN), and eating disorder not otherwise specified (EDNOS) in 495,244 women.

Method: In this nationwide, register-based cohort study, nine types of early childhood adversity (family disruption, residential instability, placement in out-of-home care, familial death, parental somatic illness, parental psychiatric illness, parental disability, severe parental criminality, and parental substance use disorder) were defined and exposure during the first 6 years of life was determined. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/eat.22798DOI Listing
December 2017
6 Reads

Hepatitis C antibody prevalence among Mexico City prisoners injecting legal and illegal substances.

Drug Alcohol Depend 2017 12 14;181:140-145. Epub 2017 Oct 14.

Center for Health System Research, National Institute of Public Health, Mexico, Universidad No. 655 Colonia Santa María Ahuacatitlán, Cerrada Los Pinos y Caminera C.P. 62100, Cuernavaca, Morelos, México. Electronic address:

Background: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is highly prevalent among prisoners and this prevalence estimates reach 64% among prisoners who inject illicit drugs. Prisons are important sites for HCV transmission in the absence of access to sterile injecting equipment; hence, it can be transmitted between prisoners who share contaminated needles and syringes. We aimed to estimate the prevalence of risk factors for anti-HCV prevalence, with particular interest on injecting behavior, and to assess correlates of anti-HCV positivity among Mexico City prisoners. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2017.09.026DOI Listing
December 2017
8 Reads

ADHD in children and young people: prevalence, care pathways, and service provision.

Lancet Psychiatry 2018 Feb 9;5(2):175-186. Epub 2017 Oct 9.

Division of Neuroscience, School of Medicine, University of Dundee, Dundee, UK; Department of Paediatrics and Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry and Health Sciences, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.

Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common childhood behavioural disorder. Systematic reviews indicate that the community prevalence globally is between 2% and 7%, with an average of around 5%. At least a further 5% of children have substantial difficulties with overactivity, inattention, and impulsivity that are just under the threshold to meet full diagnostic criteria for ADHD. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S22150366173016
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2215-0366(17)30167-0DOI Listing
February 2018
5 Reads

Contingency management treatment in cocaine using methadone maintained patients with and without legal problems.

Drug Alcohol Depend 2017 11 8;180:208-214. Epub 2017 Sep 8.

Calhoun Cardiology Center-Behavioral Health, University of Connecticut School of Medicine, UConn Health, 263 Farmington Avenue, Farmington, CT 06030, United States, United States. Electronic address:

Background: Legal difficulties and cocaine use are prevalent in methadone maintenance patients, and they are related to one another, as well as to poor response to methadone treatment. Contingency management (CM) is efficacious for decreasing cocaine use, but the relation of CM treatment to criminal activities has rarely been studied.

Methods: This study evaluated whether baseline legal problems are related to subsequent substance use and illegal activities for cocaine using methadone maintained patients and whether CM differentially improves outcomes depending on baseline legal problems. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2017.08.014DOI Listing
November 2017
32 Reads

The association of measures of the serotonin system, personality, alcohol use, and smoking with risk-taking traffic behavior in adolescents in a longitudinal study.

Nord J Psychiatry 2018 Jan 26;72(1):9-16. Epub 2017 Aug 26.

d Division of Neuropsychopharmacology, Department of Psychology , University of Tartu , Tartu , Estonia.

Studies on the neurobiological basis of risk-taking behavior have most often focused on the serotonin system. The promoter region of the gene encoding the serotonin transporter contains a polymorphic site (5-HTTLPR) that is important for the transcriptional activity, and studies have demonstrated its association with brain activity and behavior. Another molecular mechanism that reflects the capacity of the central serotonin system is the activity of the enzyme monoamine oxidase (MAO) as measured in platelets. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08039488.2017.1368702DOI Listing
January 2018
4 Reads

Insights into the link between drug use and criminality: Lifetime offending of criminally-active opiate users.

Drug Alcohol Depend 2017 10 16;179:309-316. Epub 2017 Aug 16.

Centre for Mental Health and Safety, University of Manchester, 4th Floor, Ellen Wilkinson Building, Oxford Road, M13 9PL, UK. Electronic address:

Background: We test whether the offending trajectory of those who test positive for opiates is greater than test-negative controls and whether the relationship is constant both prior to, and post, opiate initiation. We consider whether these relationships differ according to gender and offence type.

Methods: The study provides an analysis of historical offending records in adults linked to test results for opiate and cocaine metabolites. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2017.07.024DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5608072PMC
October 2017
24 Reads

Deliberate self-harm behavior among young violent offenders.

PLoS One 2017 17;12(8):e0182258. Epub 2017 Aug 17.

Lund University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences Lund, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Lund, Sweden.

Deliberate self-harm behavior (DSH) can have profound effects on a person's quality of life, and challenges the health care system. Even though DSH has been associated with aggressive interpersonal behaviors, the knowledge on DSH in persons exhibiting such behaviors is scarce. This study aims to (1) specify the prevalence and character of DSH, (2) identify clinical, neurocognitive, psychosocial, and criminological characteristics associated with DSH, and (3) determine predictors of DSH among young violent offenders. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0182258PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5560725PMC
October 2017
16 Reads

Prevalence of psychoactive substances, alcohol and illicit drugs, in Spanish drivers: A roadside study in 2015.

Forensic Sci Int 2017 Sep 20;278:253-259. Epub 2017 Jul 20.

Integrative Pharmacology and Systems Neurosciences Research Group, Institut Hospital del Mar de Investigacions Mèdiques - IMIM, Barcelona, Spain. Electronic address:

A survey was conducted during 2015 to monitor psychoactive substance use in a sample of drivers in Spanish roads and cities. Traffic police officers recruited drivers at sites carefully chosen to achieve representativeness of the driver population. A brief questionnaire included the date, time, and personal and driving patterns data. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.forsciint.2017.07.005DOI Listing
September 2017
9 Reads

Marijuana Use and Driving Under the Influence among Young Adults: A Socioecological Perspective on Risk Factors.

Subst Use Misuse 2018 02 4;53(3):370-380. Epub 2017 Aug 4.

a Department of Behavioral Sciences and Health Education , Emory University School of Public Health , Atlanta , Georgia , USA.

Background: Given increases in marijuana use and driving under the influence (DUI), it is critical to identify those at risk in order to inform intervention efforts.

Objectives: We used a socioecological framework to examine correlates of level of marijuana use and DUI in the past month among young adult marijuana users.

Methods: We recruited 1567 participants aged 18-34 years via Facebook ads targeting tobacco and marijuana users in August 2014 to complete an online survey assessing marijuana use and DUI, as well as related multilevel factors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10826084.2017.1327979DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6088242PMC
February 2018
20 Reads
1 Citation
1.230 Impact Factor

A latent class analysis of poly-marijuana use among young adults.

Addict Behav 2017 12 14;75:159-165. Epub 2017 Jul 14.

Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO, United States.

Introduction: With more states legalizing marijuana use, the marijuana industry has grown, introducing a variety of marijuana products. Our study explores the use of multiple marijuana products (poly-marijuana use) and the characteristics associated with this behavior.

Methods: Past-month marijuana users aged 18-34years were surveyed online via an existing online panel (n=2444). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2017.07.021DOI Listing
December 2017
8 Reads

Cumulative exposure to childhood adversity, and treated attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder: a cohort study of 543 650 adolescents and young adults in Sweden.

Psychol Med 2018 02 25;48(3):498-507. Epub 2017 Jul 25.

Division Public Health Epidemiology,Department of Public Health Sciences,Karolinska Institutet,Stockholm,Sweden.

Background: Though childhood adversity (CA) has been associated with the risk of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), little is known about the effect of cumulative CAs and whether there are clusters of CAs that are more closely related with ADHD.

Methods: We used a Swedish cohort of 543 650 individuals born 1987-1991. Register-based CAs included familial death, substantial parental substance abuse and psychiatric disorder, substantial parental criminality, parental separation, household public assistance recipiency, and residential instability. Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S003329171
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0033291717001933DOI Listing
February 2018
3 Reads

Undocumented Immigration, Drug Problems, and Driving Under the Influence in the United States, 1990-2014.

Am J Public Health 2017 09 20;107(9):1448-1454. Epub 2017 Jul 20.

At the time of the study, all of the authors were with the Department of Sociology, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN.

Objectives: To examine the influence of undocumented immigration in the United States on 4 different metrics of drug and alcohol problems: drug arrests, drug overdose fatalities, driving under the influence (DUI) arrests, and DUI deaths.

Methods: We combined newly developed state-level estimates of the undocumented population between 1990 and 2014 from the Center for Migration Studies with arrest data from the Federal Bureau of Investigation Uniform Crime Reports and fatality information from the Fatality Analysis Reporting System and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Underlying Cause of Death database. We used fixed-effects regression models to examine the longitudinal association between increased undocumented immigration and drug problems and drunk driving. Read More

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http://ajph.aphapublications.org/doi/10.2105/AJPH.2017.30388
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2017.303884DOI Listing
September 2017
5 Reads

Disrupted Prefrontal Regulation of Striatal Subjective Value Signals in Psychopathy.

Neuron 2017 Jul;95(1):221-231.e4

Department of Psychology, Harvard University, 52 Oxford St., Cambridge, MA 02138, USA; Center for Brain Science, Harvard University, 52 Oxford St., Cambridge, MA 02138, USA; Department of Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital, 55 Fruit Street, Boston, MA 02144, USA. Electronic address:

Psychopathy is a personality disorder with strong links to criminal behavior. While research on psychopathy has focused largely on socio-affective dysfunction, recent data suggest that aberrant decision making may also play an important role. Yet, the circuit-level mechanisms underlying maladaptive decision making in psychopathy remain unclear. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuron.2017.06.030DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5796650PMC
July 2017
22 Reads

Examining the effect of social bonds on the relationship between ADHD and past arrest in a representative sample of adults.

Crim Behav Ment Health 2018 Apr 5;28(2):120-131. Epub 2017 Jul 5.

Departments of Family Medicine and Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Schulich School of Medicine and Dentistry, Western University, London, Ontario, Canada.

Background: Several studies have found a connection between attentional deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and criminal behaviour in clinical and prison samples of adults, but there is a lack of representative general population data on this.

Aim: To test relationships between histories of ADHD and arrest. Our main research question was whether any such relationship is direct or best explained by co-occurring variables, especially indicators of social bonds. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cbm.2045DOI Listing
April 2018
3 Reads

Associations between psychopathic traits and brain activity during instructed false responding.

Psychiatry Res Neuroimaging 2017 Aug 19;266:123-137. Epub 2017 Jun 19.

Department of Criminology, Criminal Justice, and Forensic Psychology, California State University, Long Beach, CA, USA.

Lying is one of the characteristic features of psychopathy, and has been recognized in clinical and diagnostic descriptions of the disorder, yet individuals with psychopathic traits have been found to have reduced neural activity in many of the brain regions that are important for lying. In this study, we examine brain activity in sixteen individuals with varying degrees of psychopathic traits during a task in which they are instructed to falsify information or tell the truth about autobiographical and non-autobiographical facts, some of which was related to criminal behavior. We found that psychopathic traits were primarily associated with increased activity in the anterior cingulate, various regions of the prefrontal cortex, insula, angular gyrus, and the inferior parietal lobe when participants falsified information of any type. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pscychresns.2017.06.008DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5583004PMC
August 2017
6 Reads

Bullying Victimization, Social Network Usage, and Delinquent Coping in a Sample of Urban Youth: Examining the Predictions of General Strain Theory.

Violence Vict 2016 Dec;31(6):1021-1043

Department of Criminal Justice, University of Central Florida, USA.

Guided by the propositions of general strain theory, this study examines the impact of experienced and anticipated strains on the delinquent coping of adolescents while accounting for the usage of social networking sites. Specifically, this study uses self-report survey data collected from 3,195 middle and high school students in a single Midwest city in the United States to explore the effect of experiencing the strains of traditional bullying victimization and cyberbullying victimization on adolescents self-reported soft drug use, hard drug use, and weapon carrying behavior. These relationships are explored among both frequent and infrequent users of social networking sites. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1891/0886-6708.VV-D-14-00154DOI Listing
December 2016
8 Reads

Maternal Alcohol Use Disorder and Risk of Child Contact with the Justice System in Western Australia: A Population Cohort Record Linkage Study.

Alcohol Clin Exp Res 2017 Aug 22;41(8):1452-1460. Epub 2017 Jun 22.

Telethon Kids Institute, The University of Western Australia, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.

Background: Early contact with the justice system is associated with a multitude of negative outcomes across the life course. This includes an increased risk of ongoing justice contact, social disadvantage and marginalization, and mental health and substance use issues. Children whose mothers have an alcohol use disorder may be at risk of early justice system contact, and we sought to quantify this relationship in a Western Australian cohort. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/acer.13426DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5575459PMC
August 2017
8 Reads

Associations of criminal justice and substance use treatment involvement with HIV/HCV testing and the HIV treatment cascade among people who use drugs in Oakland, California.

Addict Sci Clin Pract 2017 06 14;12(1):13. Epub 2017 Jun 14.

RTI International, 351 California St, Suite 500, San Francisco, CA, 94104, USA.

Background: People who smoke crack cocaine and people who inject drugs are at-risk for criminal justice involvement as well as HIV and HCV infection. Compared to criminal justice involvement, substance use treatment (SUT) can be cost-effective in reducing drug use and its associated health and social costs. We conducted a cross-sectional study of people who smoke crack cocaine and people who inject drugs to examine the association between incarceration, community supervision and substance use treatment with HIV/HCV testing, components of the HIV treatment cascade, social and physical vulnerability and risk behavior. Read More

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http://ascpjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13722
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13722-017-0078-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5470222PMC
June 2017
15 Reads

Aggressive Behavior Among Persons With Schizophrenia and Those Who Are Developing Schizophrenia: Attempting to Understand the Limited Evidence on Causality.

Authors:
Sheilagh Hodgins

Schizophr Bull 2017 09;43(5):1021-1026

Département de Psychiatrie, Institut Universitaire en Santé Mentale de Montréal, Université de Montréal, Montréal, Canada.

People with, and those who are developing, schizophrenia are at increased risk to engage in aggressive behavior (AGB). Some incidents lead to criminal prosecution. Most people with schizophrenia who commit crimes engage in delinquency and/or AGB prior to first episode. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/schbul/sbx079DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5581895PMC
September 2017
12 Reads