1,126 results match your criteria Psychiatric Illness Associated With Criminality

Longitudinal Consequences of Adolescent Alcohol Use Under Different Policy Contexts in Australia and the United States.

J Stud Alcohol Drugs 2021 May;82(3):377-386

School of Psychology, Deakin University, Geelong Waterfront Campus, Geelong, Victoria, Australia.

Objective: To test the premise that youth alcohol harm minimization policies (compared with abstinence policies) reduce later drinking and harmful consequences of alcohol use in young adulthood, we compared associations among adolescent alcohol use, young adult alcohol consumption, and alcohol-related harms in Victoria, Australia and Washington State, United States.

Method: Data came from the International Youth Development Study, a longitudinal, cross-national study of the development of substance use. State-representative samples of seventh-grade (age 13) students in Victoria (n = 984, 53% female, 90% White) and Washington (n = 961, 54% female, 73% White) were surveyed in 2002, 2003, 2004, and 2014 (age 25). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Factors Associated with Prolonged Institutionalization in Mentally Ill People with and Without a History of Violence and Legal Involvement: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Int J Offender Ther Comp Criminol 2021 Jun 7:306624X211022671. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

This is a cross-sectional study carried out on 34 individuals hospitalized for a long period in the Federal District, in Brazil. To evaluate factors related to prolonged institutionalization in mental patients with history of violence and criminal records. Individuals found were assorted into two groups: with and without criminal records. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Forensic psychiatric evaluation of 187 homicidal assailants with and without a schizophrenia spectrum disorder: Clinical, criminological and behavioral characteristics.

Behav Sci Law 2021 Apr;39(2):190-204

Section of Criminology and Forensic Psychiatry, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Bari Aldo Moro, Policlinico Universitario, Bari, Italy.

Intentional homicide, a declining phenomenon in Italy, represents one of the most extreme forms of violence. A specific subgroup of homicidal assailants is represented by those affected by mental disorders, where the relationship between psychopathology and characteristics of the homicidal attack is not yet fully understood. We analyzed the case files of 187 homicides or attempted homicides, in which the defendant had undergone a forensic psychiatric evaluation within the previous 10 years from a single forensic psychiatric center. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Association between the discontinuation of substance use inpatient treatment and the risk of committing a crime leading to imprisonment: A Finnish registry-based 5-year follow-up.

Crim Behav Ment Health 2021 Jun 5;31(3):171-182. Epub 2021 May 5.

A-Clinic Foundation, Helsinki, Finland.

Background: Discontinuation of substance use inpatient treatment is common, generally due to dropout and rule breaking. In turn, this is associated with worse long-term substance use outcomes.

Aim: To investigate whether people who discontinued voluntary inpatient substance use treatment have a higher risk of imprisonment for a crime within 5 years of discontinuance than those who completed treatment. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

ILC-OPI: impulsive lifestyle counselling versus cognitive behavioral therapy to improve retention of patients with opioid use disorders and externalizing behavior: study protocol for a multicenter, randomized, controlled, superiority trial.

BMC Psychiatry 2021 04 7;21(1):183. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Centre for Alcohol and Drug Research, Bartholins Allé 10, 8000, Aarhus C, Denmark.

Background: Substance use disorders show a high comorbidity with externalizing behavior difficulties, creating treatment challenges, including difficulties with compliance, a high risk of conflict, and a high rate of offending post-treatment. Compared with people with other substance use disorders those with opioid use disorders have the highest risk of criminal activity, but studies on the evidence base for psychosocial treatment in opioid agonist treatment (OAT) are scarce. The Impulsive Lifestyle Counselling (ILC) program may be associated with better retention and outcomes among difficult-to-treat patients with this comorbidity. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Borderline Personality Disorder Diagnosis and Symptoms in Outpatient Youth as Risk Factors for Criminal Offenses and Interpersonal Violence.

J Pers Disord 2021 Jan 21:1-24. Epub 2021 Jan 21.

Orygen, Melbourne, Australia.

The aim of the current study was to examine the risk for offending among outpatient youth with borderline pathology. Demographic and diagnostic data from 492 outpatients who attended a public mental health service for 15- to 25-year-olds between January 1998 and March 2008 were linked with information regarding criminal offenses and intervention orders collected from a statewide police database between March 1993 and June 2017. BPD diagnosis and number of BPD criteria were both associated with an elevated risk for violent and nonviolent offenses and family violence intervention orders. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2021

The effect of low childhood income on self-harm in young adulthood: Mediation by adolescent mental health, behavioural factors and school performance.

SSM Popul Health 2021 Mar 18;13:100756. Epub 2021 Feb 18.

Population Research Unit, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 18, FIN-00014, Helsinki, Finland.

Low childhood income is an established risk factor of self-harm in adolescence and young adulthood, and childhood income is additionally associated with various correlates of self-harm. How these correlates, such as psychiatric disorders, substance abuse, violent behaviour and school problems, mediate the effect of childhood income on self-harm, is less understood. The purpose of the current paper is to examine this mediation. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Antisocial Personality Disorder in Bipolar Disorder: A Systematic Review.

Medicina (Kaunas) 2021 Feb 20;57(2). Epub 2021 Feb 20.

Department of Health Sciences, University Magna Graecia of Catanzaro, Viale Europa, 88100 Catanzaro, Italy.

: Bipolar Disorder (BD) is a severe psychiatric disorder that worsens quality of life and functional impairment. Personality disorders (PDs), in particular Cluster B personality, have a high incidence among BD patients and is considered a poor prognostic factor. The study of this co-morbidity represents an important clinical and diagnostic challenge in psychiatry. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
February 2021

Perceptions and Attitudes of Correctional Staff Toward ADHD-A Challenging Disorder in Everyday Prison Life.

Front Psychiatry 2020 28;11:600005. Epub 2021 Jan 28.

Department of Forensic Psychiatry, Institute of Forensic Medicine, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland.

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder that is associated with risk-taking behaviors, poor self-control, and interpersonal difficulties. Affected individuals have an increased probability of involvement with the criminal justice system, contributing to a higher rate of arrest, and imprisonment compared with the general population; they are also inadequately treated once sentenced. Because prison staff play a central role in the identification of inmates with mental disorders, they could well be key to improving provision of care. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2021

Population-based HIV prevalence, stigma and HIV risk among trans women in Nepal.

BMC Infect Dis 2021 Jan 29;21(1):128. Epub 2021 Jan 29.

Baldwin Wallace University, 275 Eastland Rd., Berea, OH, 44017, USA.

Background: Transgender women (trans women) in Nepal are underserved in the HIV response. Data are needed to determine the HIV prevalence disaggregated from other key populations and to identify the particular risks faced by this community. Trans women are marginalized around the world and research is also needed to determine the impact of stigma on HIV risk to inform trans-specific interventions. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2021

Indirect questioning methods for sensitive survey questions: Modelling criminal behaviours among a prison population.

PLoS One 2021 22;16(1):e0245550. Epub 2021 Jan 22.

Department of Statistics and Operational Research, University of Granada, Granada, Spain.

Information such as the prevalence and frequency of criminal behaviour is difficult to estimate using standard survey techniques because of the tendency of respondents to withhold or misrepresent information. Social desirability bias is a significant threat to the validity of self-reported data, especially when supplied by persons such as sexual offenders or those convicted of theft or substance abuse. The randomized response approach is an alternative to the standard interview method and offers great potential for researchers in the field of criminal justice. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Young People With Borderline Personality Disorder Have an Increased Lifetime Risk of Being the Victim of Interpersonal Violence.

J Interpers Violence 2021 Jan 18:886260520986270. Epub 2021 Jan 18.

Orygen, Melbourne, Australia.

This study aimed to examine the lifetime risk of being the victim of criminal or violent offenses among young people with borderline personality disorder (BPD) features (1-9 DSM-IV criteria). Demographic and diagnostic data from 492 outpatients who attended a specialist public mental health service for 15- to 25-year-olds between January 1998 and March 2008 were linked with offending data from a state-wide police database, collected between March 1993 and June 2017, in order to establish victimization history. This included information on criminal offenses perpetrated against these young people and intervention orders implemented to protect them from being victimized by another person's violent behavior. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2021

The Role of Low Self-Control as a Mediator between Trauma and Antisociality/Criminality in Youth.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 01 12;18(2). Epub 2021 Jan 12.

School of Psychology and Life Sciences, Lusófona University of Humanities and Technologies, Campo Grande, 1749-024 Lisbon, Portugal.

Trauma exposure and low self-control are robustly associated with youth antisocial/criminal problems, but the interrelation of these constructs is unclear when taking into account both traumatic events and reactions. The objective of the present study is to examine self-control mediation effects related to trauma and juvenile delinquency, conduct disorder, crime seriousness, and aggression outcomes. The sample consisted of = 388 male youth from Portugal (age, = 16. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2021

Factors associated with early and later dropout from methadone maintenance treatment in specialist addiction clinics: a six-year cohort study using proportional hazards frailty models for recurrent treatment episodes.

Drug Alcohol Depend 2021 02 20;219:108466. Epub 2020 Dec 20.

School of Pharmacy and Biomolecular Sciences, Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, St. Stephen's Green, Dublin 2, Ireland. Electronic address:

Background: Retention in methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) is associated with reduced illicit drug use, criminal activity, and mortality; however, many clients move in and out of MMT. This study aims to identify determinants of time to dropout of MMT across multiple treatment episodes in specialist addiction services in Ireland.

Methods: Cohort study of persons attending specialist addiction clinics between 2010 and 2015. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
February 2021

Association between childhood adversities and psychopathology onset throughout the lifespan: Findings from a large metropolitan population.

J Psychiatr Res 2021 03 19;135:8-14. Epub 2020 Dec 19.

Section of Psychiatric Epidemiology - LIM 23, Department and Institute of Psychiatry, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Background: Childhood adversities (ECA) are deleterious experiences that can occur during individuals' development, which has been associated with several negative health outcomes.

Aim: Analyze the effect of ECA on the onset of DSM-IV disorders throughout life.

Method: The Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI) was used in a stratified, multistage area probability sample of 5037 individuals aged 18 or more to assess the presence of childhood adversities, 20 psychiatric disorders and their ages of onset. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Health, social and legal outcomes of individuals with diagnosed or at risk for fetal alcohol spectrum disorder: Canadian example.

Drug Alcohol Depend 2021 02 23;219:108487. Epub 2020 Dec 23.

Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Institute for Mental Health Policy Research, 33 Ursula Franklin Street, Toronto, ON, M5S 2S1, Canada; Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, 155 College Street, Toronto, ON, M5T 3M7, Canada; Institute of Medical Science, University of Toronto, Faculty of Medicine, Medical Sciences Building, 1 King's College Circle, Toronto, ON, M5S 1A8, Canada; Institute of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy & Center of Clinical Epidemiology and Longitudinal Studies, Technische Universität Dresden, Chemnitzer Str. 46, 01187, Dresden, Germany; Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, 250 College Street, Toronto, ON, M5T 1R8, Canada. Electronic address:

Background: Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) is a leading cause of lifelong developmental and physical disabilities and behavioural problems. This study describes the characteristics of individuals diagnosed with or at risk for FASD in British Columbia, Canada.

Methods: A retrospective chart review and cross-sectional analysis were conducted on records of individuals diagnosed or at risk for FASD at the Asante Centre from January 2015 to July 2019. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
February 2021

How do childhood conduct problems, callousness and anxiety relate to later offending and adult mental disorder?

Crim Behav Ment Health 2021 Feb 22;31(1):60-76. Epub 2020 Dec 22.

GRIP, Université de Montréal, Montréal, Québec, Canada.

Background: Various combinations of childhood conduct problems, callous traits and anxiety may confer increased risk of offending, psychopathic traits and mental disorders. Knowledge of these outcomes in adulthood is limited.

Aims: To compare adult criminal convictions, psychopathy checklist scores and mental disorders between five groups of men, variously defined in childhood by: (1) callous traits, (2) conduct problems, (3) conduct problems and callous traits, (4) conduct problems and callous traits and anxiety or (5) developing typically. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
February 2021

Alcohol Problems among Prisoners: Subgroup Variations, Concurrent Drug Problems, and Treatment Needs.

Eur Addict Res 2021 15;27(3):179-188. Epub 2020 Dec 15.

Norwegian Centre for Addiction Research, The University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.

Background/aims: Alcohol problems in the prison population are understudied, underdetected, and undertreated. Our aims were to identify subgroups of inmates whose pre-prison drinking behavior indicated a high need for alcohol-related interventions, to assess the prevalence of concurrent alcohol and drug problems, and to compare dual-dependent inmates and those who were alcohol-dependent alone with respect to the severity of their drinking problems.

Methods: Data stemmed from the nationwide Norwegian Offender Mental Health and Addiction (NorMA) study. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2020

Violent behavior by involuntarily committed female offenders with mental disorders: A population-based case series.

J Forensic Sci 2021 Mar 30;66(2):656-663. Epub 2020 Nov 30.

Institute of Psychiatry, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (IPUB-UFRJ, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.

The goal of the current study was to investigate the socio-demographic, psychiatric, and criminological characteristics of female violent offenders with mental disorders involuntarily committed to a forensic psychiatric hospital. The present study was a population-based retrospective case series including all female offenders with mental disorders found not guilty by reason of insanity by the criminal courts in the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, and involuntarily committed to a forensic psychiatric facility (n = 27). Patients were assessed with Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis I Disorders and the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

A comprehensive multivariate model of biopsychosocial factors associated with opioid misuse and use disorder in a 2017-2018 United States national survey.

BMC Public Health 2020 Nov 18;20(1):1740. Epub 2020 Nov 18.

Division of Intramural Research, National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities, National Institutes of Health, 7201 Wisconsin Ave Ste. 533, Bethesda, MD, 20814, USA.

Background: Few studies have comprehensively and contextually examined the relationship of variables associated with opioid use. Our purpose was to fill a critical gap in comprehensive risk models of opioid misuse and use disorder in the United States by identifying the most salient predictors.

Methods: A multivariate logistic regression was used on the 2017 and 2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health, which included all 50 states and the District of Columbia of the United States. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2020

Randomized trial of methadone treatment of arrestees: 24-month post-release outcomes.

Drug Alcohol Depend 2021 01 2;218:108392. Epub 2020 Nov 2.

Friends Research Institute, 1040 Park Avenue, Suite 103, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA. Electronic address:

Background: We report on the 24-month post-release outcomes of arrestees with opioid use disorder (OUD) enrolled in a randomized trial comparing three treatment approaches initiated in jail.

Methods: Adults (N = 225) receiving medically supervised withdrawal from opioids in the Baltimore Detention Center within a few days of arrest were randomly assigned to: (1) interim methadone treatment plus patient navigation (IM + PN) started in the Detention Center; (2) IM; or (3) Enhanced Treatment-as-Usual (ETAU) consisting of detoxification with methadone and referral to treatment in the community. Participants in both methadone conditions could transfer to standard methadone treatment following release. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2021