1,263 results match your criteria Psychiatric Illness Associated With Criminality

Impulsive Lifestyle Counselling versus treatment as usual to reduce offending in people with co-occurring antisocial personality disorder and substance use disorder: a post hoc analysis.

BMC Psychiatry 2022 06 10;22(1):392. Epub 2022 Jun 10.

Centre for Alcohol and Drug Research, Aarhus University, Bartholins Allé 10, 8000, Aarhus C, Denmark.

Objectives: To assess the impact of a short psychoeducation intervention for antisocial personality disorder on offending after randomization to treatment.

Design: Multicentre, superiority, non-blinded randomized controlled trial. Random assignment was conducted in blocks of varying sizes at a central randomization centre. Read More

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An updated examination of the predictors of running away from foster care in the United States and trends over ten years (2010-2019).

Child Abuse Negl 2022 Jul 6;129:105689. Epub 2022 Jun 6.

School of Criminology and Criminal Justice, University of Nebraska at Omaha, USA.

Background: Among the more than 400,000 children in foster care, there is a small group who will run away from care and face increased risks of negative outcomes. Previous studies on the predictors of running away from care use limited samples or outdated data.

Objective: The present study replicates and extends prior research by presenting an updated analysis of predictors of running away from foster care as well as 10-year trends in the prevalence and predictors of running from care. Read More

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Substance use and individual assets in urban adolescents: Subgroups and correlates in emerging adulthood.

J Adolesc 2022 Jun 25;94(4):684-697. Epub 2022 May 25.

Department of Population and Quantitative Health Sciences, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, USA.

Introduction: To investigate patterns of divergence in adolescent adjustment, this study examined the co-occurring patterns of adolescents' individual assets (e.g., school engagement, values) and substance use, and whether the co-occurring patterns were associated with later functioning in emerging adulthood. Read More

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The association between cortisol-AA coordination in response to stress, negative urgency, and antisocial behavior in an urban adult sample.

Frances R Chen

Psychoneuroendocrinology 2022 08 13;142:105799. Epub 2022 May 13.

Department of Criminal Justice and Criminology, Georgia State University, Georgia. Electronic address:

Prior study has found that the interplay of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis and the autonomic nervous system (ANS) influences behavior problems in youth. Yet, little is known regarding this relationship in adults and traits related to the coordination of the stress systems. This study aims to extend the findings of a youth sample that the coordination between HPA and ANS, measured as cortisol and alpha-amylase (AA) respectively, was associated with antisocial behavior in adults. Read More

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Drivers and Passengers in Vehicles Driven Under the Influence of Alcohol or Marijuana: Behavior Profiles and Risk Factors Among Young Adults in a Longitudinal Study.

J Stud Alcohol Drugs 2022 05;83(3):342-351

Department of Prevention and Community Health, Milken Institute School of Public Health; George Washington Cancer Center, George Washington University, Washington, DC.

Objective: Little research has examined psychosocial influences differentially associated with driving under the influence of alcohol and marijuana (DUIA/DUIM) or of being a passenger in a vehicle driven by someone under the influence of alcohol or marijuana (PVA/PVM).

Method: Using 2019 survey data among 2,375 young adults ( age = 24.66, 57. Read More

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Parental and community risk factors for childhood self-harm thoughts and behaviours.

J Affect Disord 2022 08 12;310:279-283. Epub 2022 May 12.

Discipline of Psychiatry and Mental Health, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia; Neuroscience Research Australia, Sydney, Australia. Electronic address:

Background: Childhood self-harm is rare but increasing in frequency. Little is known about risk factors specifically for self-harm in preteen children.

Methods: We examined self-harm thoughts and behaviours in children aged 3-14 years in association with parental and community-level risk factors, using a large general population-based record linkage sample (n = 74,479). Read More

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New Psychoactive Substances and receding COVID-19 pandemic: really going back to "normal"?

Acta Biomed 2022 05 11;93(2):e2022186. Epub 2022 May 11.

Department of Anatomical, Histological, Forensic and Orthopedic Sciences, "Sapienza", University of Rome, Rome, Italy.

To the Editor, The ongoing rise of New Psychoactive Substances (NPS), i.e. psychotropic molecules devised and synthesized to replicate the effects of traditional drugs of abuse in order to circumvent banned substances schedules, has been posing a challenge of enormous magnitude to substance detection systems and law enforcement worldwide. Read More

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Associations of interpersonal trust with juvenile offending/conduct disorder, callous-unemotional traits, and criminal recidivism.

Sci Rep 2022 05 9;12(1):7594. Epub 2022 May 9.

Unit of Psychiatry Research, University of Fribourg, Fribourg, Switzerland.

Interpersonal trust has been described as a core dimension of cooperative, mutually beneficial interpersonal relationships but it is unclear if it is related to antisocial behaviours in youth. The present study aimed at analysing a subsample of male juveniles who committed serious violent offenses and met criteria of conduct disorder (JO/CD), and a subsample of healthy controls (HC) using a series of trust games (TGs). Twenty-four male JO/CD and 24 age matched male HC performed a series of eight one-shot TGs against different unknown human respectively computer opponents. Read More

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The implications of frontotemporal dementia for brain dysfunction in psychopathy.

Mario F Mendez

Biol Psychol 2022 May 26;171:108342. Epub 2022 Apr 26.

Department of Neurology and Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California Los Angeles (UCLA), USA; Neurology Service, Neurobehavior Unit, V.A. Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System, USA. Electronic address:

Understanding how psychopathy compares with brain disease can help clarify its underlying mechanisms. This literature review is a broad overview of the neurobiology of psychopathic traits in comparison to behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD), a disorder uniquely associated with criminal behavior. In addition to violation of social norms, both psychopathy and bvFTD result in impaired socioemotional perception and empathy, impulsivity, and altered moral judgment. Read More

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Associations between Concurrent Substance Use and Anabolic-Androgenic Steroid Use among Adolescents.

Subst Use Misuse 2022 22;57(7):1160-1163. Epub 2022 Apr 22.

Department of Pediatrics, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA.

Background: Concurrent use of e-cigarettes, cigarettes, and cannabis is common among adolescents, while illicit anabolic-androgenic steroid (AAS) use has recently been on the rise. Today, no known research has investigated the patterns of concurrent substance use and AAS use among adolescents in the United States.

Objective: To determine the association between concurrent lifetime use of e-cigarettes, cigarettes, and cannabis and illicit AAS use among adolescents. Read More

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Area-level deprivation and adverse childhood experiences among high school students in Maryland.

BMC Public Health 2022 04 23;22(1):811. Epub 2022 Apr 23.

Department of Mental Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, USA.

Background: Nearly one-half of Americans have been exposed to at least one adverse childhood experience (ACE) before turning 18, contributing to a broad array of problems spanning physical health, mental and behavioral health, and psychosocial functioning.

Methods: This was a cross-sectional, survey research study, using 2018 data from a state adolescent health surveillance system, i.e. Read More

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A firearm double homicide committed by a paranoid neigh- bor: a psychopathological study.

Clin Ter 2022 Apr;173(2):99-103

S.C. Forensic Medicine U, A.O.U. City of Health and Science of Turin, Turin, Italy.

Abstract: Serious mental illness is associated with a higher risk of violent interpersonal behavior. Characteristic traits denoting a psychopatho-logical picture such as schizophrenia, depression, a borderline, or narcissistic, antisocial, or paranoid personality disorder, are frequently observed in the personality of those who have committed one or more murders. For example, mass murderers are affected by a delusional syndrome with a persecution fixation, that develops in a subject with a paranoid, anacastic personality disorder. Read More

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Gender Differences in Diagnostic Remission of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD): Proportions and Correlates of Remission in a Nationally Representative U.S. Sample.

Psychiatr Q 2022 06 30;93(2):663-676. Epub 2022 Mar 30.

VA New England Mental Illness, Research, Education and Clinical Center (MIRECC), VA Connecticut Healthcare System (116A-4) 950 Campbell Avenue, Bld 36, 06516, West Haven, CT, USA.

This study examines differences in a nationally representative sample, in proportions of men and women with lifetime diagnoses of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) who achieved diagnostic remission and gender-specific correlates. Data from the 2012-13 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions-III included 1,997 adults with a lifetime PTSD diagnosis (70.8% female and 29. Read More

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The relation between the working alliance on mental illness and criminal thinking among justice-involved people with co-occurring mental illness and substance use disorders.

J Consult Clin Psychol 2022 Mar;90(3):282-288

College of Health and Human Sciences.

Objective: The therapeutic working alliance is an important factor in producing treatment change and positive therapeutic outcomes for people with mental illness, yet little is known about the working alliance's role in treatment change in people with mental illness that is justice involved. In addition to treating the mental illness symptoms of justice-involved people with mental illness, addressing factors known to predict criminal behavior (including criminal thinking) could optimize posttreatment outcomes and reduce future justice involvement. This study examines the role of the working alliance in treatment change in a clinical treatment sample of 265 adult male and female justice-involved people with mental illness and substance use disorders completing probation sentences in a residential treatment facility. Read More

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Factors supporting substance use improvement for Black Americans: A population health observational study.

Drug Alcohol Depend 2022 05 16;234:109405. Epub 2022 Mar 16.

Department of Health Promotion and Human Behavior, Graduate School of Medicine / School of Public Health, Kyoto University, Yoshida-Konoe-cho, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8501, Japan. Electronic address:

Background: Black clients in substance use disorder (SUD) treatment are associated with the lowest successful completion and substance use reductions. More work is needed to identify specific factors that support successful recovery of Black clients.

Methods: Data from U. Read More

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Association of Tourette Syndrome and Chronic Tic Disorder With Violent Assault and Criminal Convictions.

JAMA Neurol 2022 05;79(5):459-467

Institute of Criminology and Legal Policy, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.

Importance: Tic disorders are associated with multiple social adversities, but little is known about the experience of violent assault (including sexual assault) and criminality in this group.

Objective: To establish if Tourette syndrome (TS) and chronic tic disorder (CTD) are associated with an increased risk of experiencing violent assault and criminal convictions.

Design, Setting, And Participants: In this cohort study, all individuals living in Sweden at any time between January 1, 1973, and December 31, 2013, were identified from Swedish nationwide health and administrative registers. Read More

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Larger striatal volume is associated with increased adult psychopathy.

J Psychiatr Res 2022 05 6;149:185-193. Epub 2022 Mar 6.

School of Criminology, Criminal Justice, and Emergency Management, California State University, Long Beach, USA. Electronic address:

Prior studies have inconsistently reported increased volumes of the striatum in adults with psychopathy. A meta-analysis presented here indicates an overall effect size of d = 0.44. Read More

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Understanding mechanisms underlying the relationship between antisocial personality disorder and substance-impaired driving among young adults involved with the justice system as minors.

J Safety Res 2022 02 30;80:78-86. Epub 2021 Nov 30.

Michigan State University, School of Criminal Justice, United States.

Introduction: Antisocial personality disorder is a risk factor associated with increased risk for substance-impaired driving. While past research has focused on identifying prevalence rates for the disorder among substance-impaired drivers, there is a dearth of research focused on identifying the mechanisms by which the disorder actually functions to increase risk for the behavior among young adults who were formerly adjudicated for a serious offense. There are cognitive, affective, and social mechanisms that may help to explain this relationship. Read More

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February 2022

Comorbid Substance Use and Mental Health Disorders: Prior Treatment/Admission as a Predictor of Criminal Arrest Among American Youths.

Cureus 2022 Jan 24;14(1):e21551. Epub 2022 Jan 24.

Population Health Sciences, School of Public Health, Georgia State University, Atlanta, USA.

Background: There is a dearth of literature with regards to substance use disorder (SUD) treatment outcomes and criminal arrest relationships.

Aim: We aimed to examine the association between criminal arrest within a month prior to SUD treatment admissions among 12- to 24-year-old Americans and the role of recurrent or prior SUD treatment.

Methods: The 2017 United States Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) Treatment Episode Data Set - Admissions (TEDS-A; N = 333,322) was used for this analysis. Read More

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January 2022

Individual and Health Policy Factors Associated With Positive Heroin and Opioid Treatment Response: United States, 2018.

Am J Public Health 2022 02;112(S1):S66-S76

George Pro and Nickolas Zaller are with Department of Health Behavior and Health Education and the Center for Public Health and Criminal Justice Research, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock. Corey Hayes is with the Center for Health Services Research, College of Medicine, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, and the Center for Mental Healthcare and Outcomes Research, Central Arkansas Veterans Healthcare System, Little Rock. Clare C. Brown is with the Department of Health Policy and Management, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences. Johnathan Goree is with the Department of Anesthesiology, College of Medicine, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences.

To identify client- and state-level factors associated with positive treatment response among heroin and opioid treatment episodes in the United States. We used national data from 46 states using the Treatment Episode Dataset‒Discharges (2018) to identify heroin and opioid treatment episodes (n = 162 846). We defined positive treatment response as a decrease in use between admission and discharge. Read More

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February 2022

Psilocybin use is associated with lowered odds of crime arrests in US adults: A replication and extension.

J Psychopharmacol 2022 01;36(1):66-73

Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA.

Background: The United States boasts the largest prison population in the world, conferring significant direct and indirect costs (e.g. lost wages for the incarcerated, increased morbidity/mortality, etc. Read More

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January 2022

Peer, substance use, and race-related factors associated with recidivism among first-time justice-involved youth.

Law Hum Behav 2022 04 24;46(2):140-153. Epub 2022 Jan 24.

Department of Psychiatry & Behavioral Sciences.

Objectives: Peer deviancy and substance-related consequences are dynamic criminogenic needs associated with increased risk of recidivism for justice-involved youth. Most prior research in this area, however, is based on samples of primarily male youth charged with delinquent offenses. Because identification of dynamic criminogenic needs is essential to delinquency risk reduction efforts, the purpose of this study was to examine the role of peer deviancy and substance-related consequences in a sample of youth at first contact with the juvenile justice system, with relatively equal representation of males and females and youth charged with delinquent and status offenses. Read More

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Prevalence Rates and Evolution of Psychiatric Disorders Among Incarcerated Youths in Comparison With Non-incarcerated Youths.

Front Psychiatry 2021 7;12:784954. Epub 2022 Jan 7.

Division of Prison Health, Geneva University Hospitals, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland.

Our main objective was to provide estimates of the prevalence rates of psychiatric disorders and comorbidities among youths in a juvenile detention center in Geneva, Switzerland. We also aimed to investigate potential positive effects of intensive psychotherapeutic and educational services this center provides. Finally, we examined psychiatric care prior to and after custody as well as the evolution of the youths' mental health during detention. Read More

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January 2022

Overlapping needs for sexual and reproductive health and HIV prevention in women with substance use disorders.

Womens Health (Lond) 2022 Jan-Dec;18:17455065211070543

AIDS Program, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA.

Objectives: Women with substance use disorders have high unmet needs for HIV prevention and drug treatment and face challenges accessing care for other unique health issues, including their sexual and reproductive health.

Methods: We did a cross-sectional evaluation of sexual and reproductive health behaviors and outcomes among women with substance use disorders, who were enrolled in one of two concurrent clinical trials of pre-exposure prophylaxis for HIV prevention. Descriptive analyses and bivariate logistic regression were used to assess factors driving contraceptive use, and other essential sexual and reproductive health services utilization and outcomes. Read More

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February 2022

Child Maltreatment and Substance Use: A Behavior Genetic Analysis.

Child Maltreat 2022 May 9;27(2):279-289. Epub 2022 Jan 9.

Department of Criminal Justice and Criminology, 4038Sam Houston State University, Huntsville, TX, USA.

Child maltreatment is a pervasive social problem often perpetuated by family members and is related to a wide array of negative life outcomes. Although substance use is an outcome commonly associated with experiences of child maltreatment, not all individuals who experience maltreatment struggle with such issues. Many individuals can positively adapt to experiences of maltreatment based on levels of resilience and susceptibility. Read More

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Grandiose and vulnerable narcissism, identity integration and self-control related to criminal behavior.

BMC Psychol 2021 Dec 3;9(1):191. Epub 2021 Dec 3.

Department of Developmental Psychology, Tilburg University, P.O. Box 90153, 5000 LE, Tilburg, the Netherlands.

Background: Although systematic research on narcissism has been conducted for over 100 years, researchers have only recently started to distinguish between grandiose and vulnerable narcissism in relation to criminal behavior. In addition, there is some evidence suggesting that identity integration and self-control may underlie this association. Therefore, the present study aimed to develop a theory-driven hypothetical model that investigates the complex associations between grandiose and vulnerable narcissism, identity integration, self-control, and criminal behavior using structural equation modeling (SEM). Read More

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December 2021