917 results match your criteria Psychiatric Illness Associated With Criminality


Infection during childhood and the risk of violent criminal behavior in adulthood.

Brain Behav Immun 2019 Feb 23. Epub 2019 Feb 23.

Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; Centre for Psychiatry Research, Stockholm, Sweden.

Infections during brain development appear to contribute to cognitive impairment and aggressive behavior, as well as to a number of developmental mental disorders closely associated with violent criminal behavior. Yet, no study has thus far ever investigated whether infections during brain development increases the risk of violent criminality later in life. In this population-based cohort study, about 2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbi.2019.02.026DOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads

Psychiatric Disorders and Crime in the US Population: Results From the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions Wave III.

J Clin Psychiatry 2019 Feb 12;80(2). Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Department of Psychiatry, Division of Law and Psychiatry, Division of Substance Abuse, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, USA.

Objective: Current knowledge regarding the intersection of psychiatric disorders and crime in the United States is limited to psychiatric, forensic, and youth samples. This study presents nationally representative data on the relationship of DSM-5 psychiatric disorders, comorbid substance and mental health disorders, and multimorbidity (number of disorders) with criminal behavior and justice involvement among non-institutionalized US adults.

Methods: Data were drawn from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions Wave III (NESARC-III; 2012-2013; N = 36,309). Read More

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https://www.psychiatrist.com/JCP/article/Pages/2019/v80/18m1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4088/JCP.18m12317DOI Listing
February 2019
10 Reads

Criminal offending and associated factors in dual diagnosis patients.

Psychiatry Res 2019 Jan 15;273:355-362. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

Amsterdam UMC, University of Amsterdam, Department of Psychiatry, Amsterdam Institute for Addiction Research, Amsterdam, the Netherlands; Department of Research, Arkin Mental Health Care, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

Dual diagnosis patients perpetrate crime more often than healthy individuals. Crime perpetration has major mental health consequences for the victim. Knowledge of factors related to perpetration is needed for the development of prevention programs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2019.01.057DOI Listing
January 2019
10 Reads

Mental and physical health in prison: how co-occurring conditions influence inmate misconduct.

Health Justice 2019 Jan 5;7(1). Epub 2019 Jan 5.

College of Liberal Arts and Social Sciences, University of South Florida Sarasota-Manatee, Sarasota, FL, USA.

Background: Research has shown that inmate misconduct is related to a range of demographic factors and experiences with the criminal justice system. Poor mental and physical health has also been associated with inmate misconduct, although no research has examined the relationship between co-occurring conditions and misconduct in prison populations.

Methods: We rely on data from the 2004 Survey of Inmates in State Correctional Facilities (N = 14,499) and use negative binomial regression models to examine the relationship between types of co-occurring mental and physical conditions and misconduct. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40352-018-0082-5DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Predictive factors associated with driving under the influence among Brazilian drug-using drivers.

Accid Anal Prev 2019 Feb 13;123:256-262. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Center for Drug and Alcohol Research, Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Rua Professor Álvaro Alvim, 400, 90420-020, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.

The incidence of driving under the influence of psychoactive substances (DUI) and its recidivism can be curtailed by the proper identification of specific and predictive characteristics among drug users. In this sense, interpersonal violence (IV), psychiatric comorbidity and impulsivity seem to play an important role in DUI engagement according to previous studies. There are, however, limited data originated from low and middle income countries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2018.12.003DOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads

Advancing pharmacological treatments for opioid use disorder (ADaPT-OUD): protocol for testing a novel strategy to improve implementation of medication-assisted treatment for veterans with opioid use disorders in low-performing facilities.

Addict Sci Clin Pract 2018 Dec 13;13(1):25. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Center for Innovation to Implementation, Palo Alto Health Care System, 795 Willow Rd, MC152, Palo Alto, CA, 94304, USA.

Background: In the US, emergency room visits and overdoses related to prescription opioids have soared and the rates of illicit opioid use, including heroin and fentanyl, are increasing. Opioid use disorder (OUD) is associated with higher morbidity and mortality, higher HIV and HCV infection rates, and criminal behavior. Opioid agonist therapy (OAT; methadone and buprenorphine) is proven to be effective in treating OUD and decreasing its negative consequences. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13722-018-0127-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6293521PMC
December 2018

Relapse of drunk driving and association with traffic accidents, alcohol-related problems and biomarkers of impulsivity.

Acta Neuropsychiatr 2019 Apr 26;31(2):84-92. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

1Division of Neuropsychopharmacology, Department of Psychology,University of Tartu,Estonia.

Objective: Individual biological predispositions should play a role in risky driving behaviour. Platelet monoamine oxidase (MAO) activity, dopamine transporter gene (DAT1) and neuropeptide S receptor 1 (NPSR1) gene polymorphisms have been identified as markers of impulsivity, alcohol use and excessive risk-taking. We aimed to find out how this knowledge on neurobiology of impulsivity applies to drunk driving and traffic behaviour in general. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/neu.2018.30DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

Offending behaviour, health and wellbeing of military veterans in the criminal justice system.

PLoS One 2018 9;13(11):e0207282. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

Forensic and Neurodevelopmental Sciences, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King's College London, London, United Kingdom.

Background: A small but significant proportion of military veterans become involved in the criminal justice system (CJS) after leaving service. Liaison and Diversion (L&D) services aim to identify vulnerable offenders in order to provide them with the health/welfare support they need, and (where possible) divert them away from custody. An administrative database of L&D service-users was utilised to compare the needs of veterans with those of non-veteran L&D service-users. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0207282PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6226174PMC
April 2019
12 Reads

Civil commitment experiences among opioid users.

Drug Alcohol Depend 2018 12 18;193:137-141. Epub 2018 Oct 18.

Department of Health Law, Policy & Management, School of Public Health, Boston University, United States.

Introduction: Civil commitment is an increasingly used policy intervention to combat the opioid epidemic. Yet little is known about persons who get committed and outcomes following commitment for opioid use. In the current cross-sectional study, we compared the characteristics of persons with and without a history of civil commitment, and the correlates of post-commitment abstinence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2018.10.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6239959PMC
December 2018
1 Read

The Consequences of Adolescent Delinquent Behavior for Adult Employment Outcomes.

Authors:
Angela Carter

J Youth Adolesc 2019 Jan 8;48(1):17-29. Epub 2018 Oct 8.

UC Berkeley School of Law, 355, University of California, Boalt Hall, Berkeley, CA, 94720, USA.

Delinquent behavior is common during adolescence and may disrupt trajectories of labor market attainment. Estimates of the relationship between delinquency and employment are threatened by selection bias, as youth who engage in delinquency often differ substantially from youth who do not. The current study examined the association between adolescents' engagement in serious delinquency and four measures of occupational attainment in young adulthood: unemployment, personal earnings, employer-provided benefits, and occupational earnings. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10964-018-0934-2
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10964-018-0934-2DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Correlates and moderators of stigma resistance among people with severe mental illness.

Psychiatry Res 2018 12 19;270:198-204. Epub 2018 Sep 19.

Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Brown University/Alpert Medical School, Providence, RI, USA.

Research on factors associated with stigma resistance among people with severe mental illness remains relatively scant. This study aimed to (1) replicate previous findings linking stigma resistance with variables associated with recovery; (2) explore associations between stigma resistance and coping strategies and psychiatric symptoms; (3) compare these associations among individuals with different levels of self-stigma; and (4) examine whether race, age and education moderate these relationships. Analyses of a sample (n = 353) and sub-sample (n = 177) of persons with severe mental illness examined associations between stigma resistance and self-stigma, functional and clinical outcomes, and the moderating impact of age, race, and education on these relationships. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2018.09.040DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6292775PMC
December 2018
3 Reads

Gender differences in the relationships between perceived individual-level occupational stress and hazardous alcohol consumption among Japanese teachers: A cross-sectional study.

PLoS One 2018 20;13(9):e0204248. Epub 2018 Sep 20.

Department of Neuropsychiatry, Osaka City University, Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka, Japan.

Most teachers have a high risk of work-related stress and mental disorders. Drunken driving and hazardous alcohol consumption (HAC) among teachers are social problems. Gender differences among teachers in burnout, occupational stress, self-efficacy and job satisfaction were reported. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0204248PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6147498PMC
March 2019
31 Reads

Effect of γ-hydroxybutyrate (GHB) on driving as measured by a driving simulator.

Psychopharmacology (Berl) 2018 Nov 19;235(11):3223-3232. Epub 2018 Sep 19.

Departments of Medicine and Bioengineering & Therapeutic Sciences, The University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA.

Rationale: Gamma-hydroxybutyrate acid (GHB), a GABA receptor agonist approved for treatment of narcolepsy, impairs driving ability, but little is known about doses and plasma concentrations associated with impairment and time course of recovery.

Objective: To assess effects of oral GHB (Xyrem®) upon driving as measured by a driving simulator, and to determine plasma concentrations associated with impairment and the time course of recovery.

Methods: Randomized, double-blind, two-arm crossover study, during which 16 participants received GHB 50 mg/kg orally or placebo. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00213-018-5025-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6457903PMC
November 2018
5 Reads

Neuropsychological and Criminological Features of Female Homicide Offenders.

J Forensic Sci 2019 Mar 19;64(2):460-467. Epub 2018 Sep 19.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, 710 North Lakeshore Drive, Chicago, IL, 60611.

Few studies have examined life history and cognitive characteristics unique to female homicide offenders. Understanding these characteristics could aid in risk assessment for extreme violence in this group of offenders. The current study utilized t-tests or chi-square tests to compare 27 female and 81 male homicide offenders on psychiatric, neurologic, criminal, and cognitive characteristics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.13911DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

One false move: A singular account of multiple outcomes arising from drink-driving.

Health Promot J Austr 2018 08 3;29(2):133-139. Epub 2018 Jan 3.

Deakin University Australia, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Faculty of Health, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.

Issue Addressed: To deconstruct a personal account involving the initial decision making and ultimate consequences of driving under the influence of alcohol to educate drinkers about the realities of short- and long-term impacts associated with drink-driving.

Methods: This qualitative study uses collaborative methods and draws on an autoethnographic (n = 1) account to identify multiple challenges and outcomes arising from a singular drink-driving incident.

Results: Findings document how the split-second decision to drink and drive can give rise to unforeseen, ongoing and complex problems associated with injuries and pain management, the legal system, personal and professional costs, social isolation and shame. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hpja.20DOI Listing
August 2018
3 Reads

Preventing at-risk children from developing antisocial and criminal behaviour: a longitudinal study examining the role of parenting, community and societal factors in middle childhood.

BMC Psychol 2018 Aug 10;6(1):40. Epub 2018 Aug 10.

Personal Social Services Research Unit, London School of Economics and Political Science, Houghton Street, London, WC2A 2AE, UK.

Background: Many childhood risk factors are known to be associated with children's future antisocial and criminal behaviour, including children's conduct disorders and family difficulties such as parental substance abuse. Some families are involved with many different services but little is known about what middle childhood factors moderate the risk of poor outcomes. This paper reports the quantitative component of a mixed methods study investigating what factors can be addressed to help families improve children's outcomes in the longer term. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-018-0254-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6086042PMC
August 2018
11 Reads

Psychopathic Personality Traits and the Successful Criminal.

Int J Offender Ther Comp Criminol 2018 Nov 1;62(15):4834-4853. Epub 2018 Aug 1.

2 Florida State University, Tallahassee, USA.

A significant body of literature links psychopathy and psychopathic personality traits with criminal behavior and involvement with the criminal justice system. However, very little research has examined whether psychopathic personality traits are related to being a successful criminal (e.g. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0306624X18787304
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0306624X18787304DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Substance abuse at early age as a potential risk factor for driving under the influence of substance in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia: A cross-sectional study.

Traffic Inj Prev 2018 6;19(7):687-692. Epub 2018 Nov 6.

f Department of Family and Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine , King Abdulaziz University , Jeddah , Saudi Arabia.

Objective: Worldwide, trauma is a major health problem, and road traffic accidents (RTAs) are the primary cause of death among young men in Saudi Arabia. The aim of our study was to estimate the extent of driving under the influence of an abused substance in Saudi Arabia and to explore the associated factors.

Methods: This is a cross-sectional survey conducted between May and September 2016 at Al-Amal Hospital in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, a referral center for addiction. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/15389588.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15389588.2018.1494828DOI Listing
April 2019
11 Reads

Violent criminal behavior in the context of bipolar disorder: Systematic review and meta-analysis.

J Affect Disord 2018 10 5;239:161-170. Epub 2018 Jul 5.

Bipolar Disorder Unit, Institute of Neuroscience, Hospital Clinic, University of Barcelona, IDIBAPS, CIBERSAM, 170 Villarroel st, 12-0, 08036, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain; CIBERSAM, Centro Investigación Biomédica en Red Salud Mental, Barcelona, Spain.

Background: Despite the potential importance of understanding violent criminal behavior (VCB) in individuals suffering from bipolar disorder (BD), previous findings are conflicting. The aims of the present study are to clarify the association of VCB and BD in comparison to general population and other psychiatric conditions.

Methods: A systematic review of literature from January 1st, 1980 through January 16th, 2017 from 3 electronic databases (MEDLINE/PubMed, EMBASE and PsycInfo), following the PRISMA and the MOOSE statements. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2018.06.050DOI Listing
October 2018
13 Reads
3.383 Impact Factor

Effects of Washington State's alcohol ignition interlock laws on DUI recidivism: An update.

Traffic Inj Prev 2018 23;19(7):665-674. Epub 2018 Oct 23.

b Insurance Institute for Highway Safety , Ruckersville , Virginia.

Objective: The objective of this study was to examine the effects of changes to Washington State's alcohol ignition interlock laws: moving issuance of interlock orders from the courts to the driver licensing department (July 2003); extending the interlock order requirement to all persons convicted of driving under the influence (DUI; June 2004); allowing an interlock in lieu of an administrative driver's license suspension (January 2009); and requiring proof of interlock installation to reinstate the driver's license (January 2011).

Method: Trends in conviction types, interlock installation rates, and 2-year cumulative recidivism rates were examined for first-time and repeat offenders with convictions stemming from DUI arrests during 1999-2012. Autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) models examined the association between law changes and installation rates, law changes and recidivism rates, and installation rates and recidivism rates. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15389588.2018.1496426DOI Listing
April 2019
7 Reads

HIV Prevention in Rural Appalachian Jails: Implications for Re-entry Risk Reduction Among Women Who Use Drugs.

AIDS Behav 2018 Dec;22(12):4009-4018

Department of Behavioral Science, College of Medicine, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, UK.

Rural women are at risk for health consequences (such as HIV) associated with substance misuse, but targeted interventions are limited for this population. Jails provide an underutilized opportunity for outreach to high-risk women in rural Appalachian communities. Rural women were randomized to either the NIDA Standard education intervention (n = 201) or the NIDA Standard plus motivational interviewing (MI-HIV; n = 199) while in jail. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10461-018-2209-zDOI Listing
December 2018
4 Reads

Abnormal cortical gyrification in criminal psychopathy.

Neuroimage Clin 2018 6;19:876-882. Epub 2018 Jun 6.

The nonprofit Mind Research Network (MRN) & Lovelace Biomedical and Environmental Research Institute (LBERI), Albuquerque, NM, United States; Department of Psychology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM, United States. Electronic address:

Background: Psychopathy is a personality disorder characterized by interpersonal and emotional abnormalities (e.g., lack of empathy and guilt) and antisocial behavior. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nicl.2018.06.007DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6008502PMC
January 2019
3 Reads

Exploring substance use and impaired driving among adults aged 21 years and older in the United States, 2015.

Traffic Inj Prev 2018 9;19(7):693-700. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

a Division of Unintentional Injury Prevention , National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention , Atlanta , Georgia.

Introduction: Alcohol- or drug-impaired driving can cause motor vehicle crashes, injuries, and death. Estimates of drug-impaired driving are difficult to obtain. This study explores self-reported prevalence of and factors associated with alcohol, marijuana, and prescription opioid use and impaired driving among adults aged 21 years and older in the United States. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15389588.2018.1479525DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6341461PMC
April 2019
1 Read

What influences social outcomes among offenders with personality disorder: A systematic review.

Crim Behav Ment Health 2018 Oct 19;28(5):390-396. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

Division of Mental Health and Wellbeing, Warwick Medical School, University of Warwick Coventry, Coventry, UK.

Background: Personality disorder is highly prevalent in offender populations and is associated with poor health, criminal justice, and social outcomes. Research has been conducted into factors that influence offending and health, but, in order to improve (re)habilitation, service providers must also be able to identify the variables associated with social outcomes and the mechanisms by which they operate.

Aim: To establish what is known about what influences social outcomes among offenders with personality disorder. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cbm.2082DOI Listing
October 2018
3 Reads

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and arrest history: Differential association of clinical characteristics by sex.

Int J Law Psychiatry 2018 May - Jun;58:150-156. Epub 2018 Apr 27.

Department of Family Medicine, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada.

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is often cited as a risk factor for criminality. However, many studies do not take other criminogenic variables into account when reporting on this relationship. It is even less clear whether models that include ADHD as a potential risk factor for criminality consider the importance of sex differences. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijlp.2018.04.006DOI Listing
April 2018
9 Reads

Violent aggression predicted by multiple pre-adult environmental hits.

Mol Psychiatry 2018 May 24. Epub 2018 May 24.

Clinical Neuroscience, Max Planck Institute of Experimental Medicine, Göttingen, Germany.

Early exposure to negative environmental impact shapes individual behavior and potentially contributes to any mental disease. We reported previously that accumulated environmental risk markedly decreases age at schizophrenia onset. Follow-up of matched extreme group individuals (≤1 vs. Read More

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http://www.nature.com/articles/s41380-018-0043-3
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41380-018-0043-3DOI Listing
May 2018
14 Reads

Maternal medical risks during pregnancy and childhood externalizing behavior.

Soc Sci Med 2018 06 25;207:19-24. Epub 2018 Apr 25.

College for Public Health & Social Justice, Saint Louis University, 1N. Grand Blvd, St. Louis, MO, 63103, USA. Electronic address:

Rationale: Research has indicated that maternal health during the prenatal period and at delivery carries far reaching significance for the development of offspring. Even so, the role of the accumulation of maternal medical risks during pregnancy in the development of externalizing behavior during childhood has generally been overlooked.

Objective: The present study investigates whether the accumulation of maternal medical risks during the prenatal period is positively associated with childhood externalizing behavior, and whether this association is stronger among male offspring. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S02779536183019
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2018.04.032DOI Listing
June 2018
5 Reads

From theoretical to empirical: Considering reflections of psychopathy across the thin blue line.

Personal Disord 2018 09 3;9(5):420-428. Epub 2018 May 3.

Department of Psychology, Emory University.

The majority of psychopathy research has focused on negative outcomes in criminal populations. However, psychopathy encompasses a variety of traits, and recent research suggests that certain features of psychopathy, such as a fearless temperament, may be related to psychological resiliency, "successful" functioning, and even heroic behavior (Hall & Benning, 2006; Lykken, 1995). Despite anecdotal discussion, little is known about the possible "successful" or adaptive reflections of psychopathic personality traits in ostensible heroes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/per0000270DOI Listing
September 2018
3 Reads

Fifty years of preventing and treating childhood behaviour disorders: a systematic review to inform policy and practice.

Evid Based Ment Health 2018 05;21(2):45-52

Faculty of Health Sciences, Children's Health Policy Centre, Simon Fraser University, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

Question: Oppositional defiant and conduct disorders (ODD and CD) start early and persist, incurring high individual and collective costs. To inform policy and practice, we therefore asked: What is the best available research evidence on preventing and treating these disorders?

Study Selection And Analysis: We sought randomised controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating interventions addressing the prevention or treatment of behaviour problems in individuals aged 18 years or younger. Our criteria were tailored to identify higher-quality RCTs that were also relevant to policy and practice. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/eb-2017-102862DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5950520PMC
May 2018
5 Reads

Schizophrenia and Criminal Responsibility: A Systematic Review.

J Nerv Ment Dis 2018 May;206(5):370-377

The significant progress of psychiatry in the 20th century provided a sophisticated theoretical framework to analyze the complex relationships between crime and mental illness. Schizophrenia has been traditionally associated with severe cognitive and affective deficits that heavily influence empathy, judgment capacities, but also control of impulsiveness. Although there is an association between psychotic disorders and absence or decrease of legal responsibility, their relationship is also determined by sociodemographic, developmental, and clinical factors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/NMD.0000000000000805DOI Listing
May 2018
6 Reads

Reduced regional volumes associated with total psychopathy scores in an adult population with childhood lead exposure.

Neurotoxicology 2018 07 7;67:1-26. Epub 2018 Apr 7.

Imaging Research Center, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH, United States; Department of Environmental Health, Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH, United States; Department of Radiology, Department of Pediatrics, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH, United States.

Childhood lead exposure has been correlated to acts of delinquency and criminal behavior; however, little research has been conducted to examine its potential long term influence on behavioral factors such as personality, specifically psychopathic personality. Neuroimaging studies have demonstrated that the effects of childhood lead exposure persist into adulthood, with structural abnormalities found in gray and white matter regions involved in behavioral decision making. The current study examined whether measurements of adult psychopathy were associated with neuroanatomical differences in structural brain volumes for a longitudinal cohort with measured childhood lead exposure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuro.2018.04.004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6054826PMC
July 2018
4 Reads

Usefulness of hair analysis and psychological tests for identification of alcohol and drugs of abuse consumption in driving license regranting.

Forensic Sci Int 2018 May 20;286:239-244. Epub 2018 Mar 20.

Sección de Toxicología, Instituto de Ciencias Forenses, Universidad de Santiago de Compostela, Spain.

The implementation of the points-based driving license helps to change the drivers' behavior and is related to a reduction of traffic accidents and fatalities. In Spain, when a driver loses all points, the driving license is revoked, so the driver must enroll on a Driver Awareness and Re-education (DARE) course. However, at the moment offenders are not submitted to any test to confirm absence of alcohol or drugs of abuse consumption, even when 9% of Spanish drivers lose their driving license for driving under the influence (DUI). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.forsciint.2018.03.023DOI Listing
May 2018
44 Reads

Evaluation of a combination of community initiatives to reduce driving while intoxicated and other alcohol-related harms.

Traffic Inj Prev 2018 02;19(sup1):S176-S179

a National Opinion Research Center (NORC) at the University of Chicago , Bethesda , Maryland.

Objectives: In 2013, the community of Redlands, California, created an initiative using evidence-based strategies to deter driving under the influence (DUI), underage drinking and driving, public intoxication, and alcohol-related calls for service. The initiative, called "Responsible Redlands," included adopting a social host and a deemed approved local ordinance, using minor-decoy and shoulder-tap operations, increasing sobriety checkpoints and saturation patrols, conducting responsible beverage service (RBS) training, using identification (ID) scanners to spot false IDs, and a publicity campaign to urge neighbors to report loud drinking parties. The objectives of this study were to determine whether the initiatives were carried out as planned and to assess any impacts that may have occurred due to the combination of initiatives. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15389588.2018.1426904DOI Listing
February 2018
2 Reads

Multiple "Lower BAC" offenders: Characteristics and response to remedial interventions.

Accid Anal Prev 2018 Jun 15;115:110-117. Epub 2018 Mar 15.

Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Background: In recent years, there has been increasing attention to "lower BAC" drinking drivers, typically those whose blood alcohol content (BAC) is under the legal limits defined in criminal law. In 2009, legislation was enacted in Ontario, Canada that enabled police to issue roadside license suspensions to individuals caught driving with BAC between 0.05% and 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2018.02.019DOI Listing
June 2018
7 Reads

The effects of temperament, psychopathy, and childhood trauma among delinquent youth: A test of DeLisi and Vaughn's temperament-based theory of crime.

Int J Law Psychiatry 2018 Mar - Apr;57:53-60. Epub 2018 Feb 3.

Saint Louis University, United States.

Recent interest among criminologists on the construct of temperament has been fueled by DeLisi and Vaughn's (2014) temperament-based theory of antisocial behavior. Their theory suggests that core self-regulation capacity and negative emotionality are the most salient temperament features for understanding the emergence and maintenance of antisocial and violent behavior, even among offending populations. The present study tests the relative effects of these temperamental features along with psychopathic traits and trauma in their association with violent and non-violent delinquency in a sample of 252 juvenile offenders. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijlp.2018.01.006DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Linking testosterone and antisocial behavior in at-risk transitional aged youth: Contextual effects of parentification.

Psychoneuroendocrinology 2018 05 23;91:1-10. Epub 2018 Feb 23.

Department of Population, Family, and Reproductive Health, The Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA; Institute for Interdisciplinary Salivary Bioscience Research, University of California Irvine, Irvine, CA 92697, USA; Department of Acute and Chronic Care, School of Nursing, Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA; Salivary Bioscience Laboratory and Department of Psychology, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, Lincoln, NE 68588, USA.

Parentification refers to parents bestowing adult-like roles on children within families, and studies have linked parentification to individual differences in risk and resilience. The depth of our understanding of the pathways that translate parentification into risk for negative developmental outcomes remains shallow. This study examined whether parentification has a contextual effect moderating the expression of links between testosterone and antisocial behavior. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psyneuen.2018.02.023DOI Listing
May 2018
2 Reads

Gambling and Impulsivity Traits: A Recipe for Criminal Behavior?

Front Psychiatry 2018 29;9. Epub 2018 Jan 29.

Pathological Gambling Unit, Department of Psychiatry, Institut d'Investigació Biomédica de Bellvitge (IDIBELL), Bellvitge University Hospital, Barcelona, Spain.

Gambling disorder (GD) is a psychiatric condition that was recently recategorized as a non-substance-related addiction in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Health Disorders. Criminal activity is commonly associated with gambling; however, few empirical studies to date have examined sociodemographic and psychological variables in this population. In this study, we explored criminal behavior history in a sample of consecutively recruited treatment-seeking gamblers ( = 382) and compared subjects with a history of illegal acts ( = 103, 26. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2018.00006DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5796889PMC
January 2018
8 Reads

Differential Effects of Formal and Informal Gambling on Symptoms of Problem Gambling During Voluntary Self-Exclusion.

J Gambl Stud 2018 Sep;34(3):1013-1031

Centre for Public Safety and Criminal Justice Research, University of the Fraser Valley, 33844 King Road, Abbotsford, BC, V2S 7M8, Canada.

Voluntary self-exclusion (VSE) programs enable problem gamblers to engage in a break from casino-based gambling. The current study analyzed the effects of a VSE program in British Columbia, Canada on problem gambling symptoms and the comparative reductions in problem gambling symptoms when participants abstained from gambling, continued to participate in non-casino based gambling, or attempted to violate their exclusion contract. 269 participants completed two telephone interviews over a 6-month period. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10899-018-9743-5DOI Listing
September 2018
2 Reads

Facial responsiveness of psychopaths to the emotional expressions of others.

PLoS One 2018 11;13(1):e0190714. Epub 2018 Jan 11.

Department of Psychology, Ulm University, Ulm, Germany.

Psychopathic individuals show selfish, manipulative, and antisocial behavior in addition to emotional detachment and reduced empathy. Their empathic deficits are thought to be associated with a reduced responsiveness to emotional stimuli. Immediate facial muscle responses to the emotional expressions of others reflect the expressive part of emotional responsiveness and are positively related to trait empathy. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0190714PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5764293PMC
February 2018
7 Reads

[The Disease History, Sociodemographics, and Criminal Features of the Homicidal Forensic Psychiatric Patients].

Turk Psikiyatri Derg 2018 ;29(4):258-268

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the disease history, treatment adherence, and the criminal history of individuals who committed a homicide offence, with no criminal responsibility due to their psychiatric illness METHODS: Of 197 who had been released from our forensic psychiatric clinic after one-year-mandatory inpatient treatment, we evaluated 160 patients whom we were able to contact. To determine the severity of the crimes, criminal violence rating scale was used. The sociodemographic characterictics and certain variables associated with the disease and the criminal acts of the individuals were documented. Read More

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April 2019
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Predicting delinquency by self-reported impulsivity in adolescents in Ghana.

Crim Behav Ment Health 2018 Jun 28;28(3):270-281. Epub 2017 Dec 28.

Research and Grant Institute of Ghana, Accra, Ghana.

Background: Impulsivity is one of several variables associated with delinquent and criminal acts, but its utility depends on the psychometric properties of the measure used.

Aim: To investigate the latent structure of the abbreviated Barratt Impulsivity Scale (ABIS) and its convergent validity with measures of aggression and psychopathy in a Ghanaian sample.

Methods: In a cross-sectional survey, high school students were recruited from two randomly selected schools in Ghana and asked to respond to the ABIS and measures of delinquency, aggression and psychopathy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cbm.2064DOI Listing
June 2018
11 Reads

Prescribing Opioid Replacement Therapy in U.S. Correctional Settings.

J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 2017 12;45(4):472-477

Drs. Farahmand and Modesto-Lowe are Principal Psychiatrists, Connecticut Valley Hospital, Middletown, CT. Drs. Farahmand and Chaplin are Staff Psychiatrists, Community Mental Health Affiliates, New Britain, CT.

Opioid addiction is a chronic, relapsing disorder associated with criminality, unemployment, infectious diseases, and legal problems. Such addictions are typically over-represented in correctional populations. Inmates with untreated opioid addiction often relapse shortly after release into the community, thereby increasing the risk of overdose, serious illnesses (HIV, hepatitis C) and psychosocial problems (e. Read More

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December 2017
16 Reads

Behavioral Addictions and Criminal Responsibility.

J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 2017 12;45(4):464-471

Mr. Blum is a medical student at the Pritzker School of Medicine, Chicago, IL. Dr. Grant is a Professor, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Neuroscience, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL.

Certain behavioral addictions pose difficult and unresolved problems for the criminal justice system. These disorders are characterized by strong desire states and may be associated with illegal behaviors that are committed to support the addiction. In this article, we begin with a general account of criminal responsibility and provide the legally relevant phenomenology and cognitive features of behavioral addictions. Read More

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December 2017
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Functional connectivity during affective mentalizing in criminal offenders with psychotic disorders: Associations with clinical symptoms.

Psychiatry Res Neuroimaging 2018 01 6;271:91-99. Epub 2017 Nov 6.

The Mind Research Network and Lovelace Biomedical and Environmental Research Institute, Albuquerque, NM, USA; Department of Psychology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM, USA.

Psychotic disorders are associated with neurobehavioral impairments in mental state attribution (mentalizing). These impairments are most severe in psychotic patients with elevated symptom levels, particularly negative and cognitive symptoms. There have been few studies of functional connectivity related to mentalizing in psychotic disorders and associations with symptoms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pscychresns.2017.11.003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5741458PMC
January 2018
14 Reads

Evidence for Two Levels of Intimate Partner Violence and Aggression Among Incarcerated Young Male Violent Offenders.

Int J Offender Ther Comp Criminol 2018 08 9;62(10):3097-3116. Epub 2017 Nov 9.

1 University of Gothenburg, Sweden.

Furthering knowledge of the subset of incarcerated partner violent offenders distinguished by aggression, anger, and hostility is relevant, as these offenders are guilty of the more severe kinds of intimate partner violence (IPV). Our aim was to identify groups with different patterns of IPV among convicted young Swedish male offenders, using data from the Development of Aggressive Antisocial Behavior Study, including 171 young men (18-25 years) convicted of a violent crime. Cluster analysis was used to identify different clusters based on amount and severity of IPV in combination with measures of anger, hostility, aggression, and psychopathic personality traits. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0306624X17739180
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0306624X17739180DOI Listing
August 2018
6 Reads

Evaluation of Methadone Treatment in Malaysia: Findings from the Malaysian Methadone Treatment Outcome Study (MyTOS).

Subst Use Misuse 2018 01 8;53(2):239-248. Epub 2017 Nov 8.

i Academic Development Centre (Adec) , University of Malaya , Kuala Lumpur , Selangor , Malaysia.

Background: Opioid misuse and dependence is a global issue with a huge negative impact. In Malaysia, heroin is still the main illicit drug used, and methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) has been used since 2005.

Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of MMT. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10826084.2017.1385630DOI Listing
January 2018
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Early childhood adversities and risk of eating disorders in women: A Danish register-based cohort study.

Int J Eat Disord 2017 12 6;50(12):1404-1412. Epub 2017 Nov 6.

National Centre for Register-based Research, Aarhus BSS, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark.

Objective: Previous studies evaluating the association between early childhood adversities and eating disorders have yielded conflicting results. The aim of this study is to examine the association between a range of adversities and risk of anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia nervosa (BN), and eating disorder not otherwise specified (EDNOS) in 495,244 women.

Method: In this nationwide, register-based cohort study, nine types of early childhood adversity (family disruption, residential instability, placement in out-of-home care, familial death, parental somatic illness, parental psychiatric illness, parental disability, severe parental criminality, and parental substance use disorder) were defined and exposure during the first 6 years of life was determined. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/eat.22798DOI Listing
December 2017
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Hepatitis C antibody prevalence among Mexico City prisoners injecting legal and illegal substances.

Drug Alcohol Depend 2017 12 14;181:140-145. Epub 2017 Oct 14.

Center for Health System Research, National Institute of Public Health, Mexico, Universidad No. 655 Colonia Santa María Ahuacatitlán, Cerrada Los Pinos y Caminera C.P. 62100, Cuernavaca, Morelos, México. Electronic address:

Background: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is highly prevalent among prisoners and this prevalence estimates reach 64% among prisoners who inject illicit drugs. Prisons are important sites for HCV transmission in the absence of access to sterile injecting equipment; hence, it can be transmitted between prisoners who share contaminated needles and syringes. We aimed to estimate the prevalence of risk factors for anti-HCV prevalence, with particular interest on injecting behavior, and to assess correlates of anti-HCV positivity among Mexico City prisoners. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2017.09.026DOI Listing
December 2017
10 Reads