1,016 results match your criteria Psychiatric Illness Associated With Criminality


Trauma and violent offending among adolescents: a birth cohort study.

J Epidemiol Community Health 2020 Jul 1. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Population Research Unit, Faculty of Social Science, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.

Background: Earlier studies, based on data collected among juvenile court clients or prisoners, suggest that there is an association between trauma and adolescent-onset offending. However, there is a lack of large-scale data on juvenile violence and clinical mental health observations with unselected participants, and a risk-factor-oriented research combining multiple variables affecting violent behaviour.

Methods: We analyse the effect of trauma on violent offending using longitudinal register-linkage population data. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/jech-2020-214188DOI Listing

Disparities in health related quality of life among Illinoisans diagnosed with depressive disorder: findings from the 2017 BRFSS.

BMC Public Health 2020 Jun 15;20(1):936. Epub 2020 Jun 15.

Department of Statistics and Actuarial Science, College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, IL, 60115, USA.

Background: The United States experienced severe mental health budget cuts in many states across the nation during the years of the largest recession since the Great Depression. Illinois had one of the hardest hit mental health budgets in the country. The massive mental health funding cuts in Illinois, combined with the state's budget impasse, left fewer facilities available to provide treatment and support to those in need. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-09041-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7296938PMC

Health Behaviors and Outcomes Associated With Personal and Family History of Criminal Justice System Involvement, New York City, 2017.

Am J Public Health 2020 03 16;110(3):378-384. Epub 2020 Jan 16.

At the time of this study, María Baquero, Kimberly Zweig, and Sharon B. Meropol were with the Health Access Equity Unit, New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene (NYC DOHMH), New York, NY. All authors were with the Division of Prevention and Primary Care, NYC DOHMH.

To quantify the association between personal and family history of criminal justice system (CJS) involvement (PHJI and FHJI, respectively), health outcomes, and health-related behaviors. We examined 2017 New York City Community Health Survey data (n = 10 005) with multivariable logistic regression. We defined PHJI as ever incarcerated or under probation or parole. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2019.305415DOI Listing

Few Differences in the Externalizing and Criminal History of Young Violent Offenders With and Without Autism Spectrum Disorders.

Front Psychiatry 2019 17;10:911. Epub 2019 Dec 17.

Gillberg Neuropsychiatry Centre, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.

Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are known to be associated with an increased risk of aggression and challenging behavior. In this study, we have mapped the externalizing history of a nationally representative cohort of young violent offenders with ASD, compared with offenders without ASD. Two hundred and sixty-nine violent offenders were assessed for prevalence of ASD, and participated in a thorough assessment of previous externalizing problems and criminal history. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2019.00911DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6927936PMC
December 2019

Associations between psychoactive substance use and sensation seeking behavior among drivers in Norway.

BMC Public Health 2020 Jan 8;20(1):23. Epub 2020 Jan 8.

Department of Forensic Sciences, Oslo University Hospital, P.O. Box 4950, Nydalen, N-0424, Oslo, Norway.

Background/aim: Drug use and risky driving is associated with sensation seeking. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between use of psychoactive substances and levels of the sensation seeking personality trait as measured with the Brief Sensation Seeking Scale 4 among drivers in Norway.

Method: A cross-sectional design was applied to estimate the association between psychoactive substance use and sensation seeking behavior. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-8087-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6950984PMC
January 2020

Longitudinal Associations of 12th-Grade Binge Drinking With Risky Driving and High-Risk Drinking.

Pediatrics 2020 02 6;145(2). Epub 2020 Jan 6.

Division of Intramural Population Health Research, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Bethesda, Maryland; and.

Objective: To study the longitudinal associations of 12th-grade binge drinking with driving while impaired (DWI), riding with an impaired driver (RWI), blackouts, extreme binge drinking, and risky driving (self-reported Checkpoints Risky Driving Scale) among emerging adults up to 4 years after leaving high school.

Methods: The data were all 7 waves (W 1 to W 7 of the NEXT Generation Health Study; a US nationally representative study ( = 2785) with a probability cohort of 10th-graders (mean age = 16.2 years; SE = 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1542/peds.2018-4095DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6993274PMC
February 2020

Associations between conduct problems in childhood and adverse outcomes in emerging adulthood: a longitudinal Swedish nationwide twin cohort.

J Child Psychol Psychiatry 2019 Dec 18. Epub 2019 Dec 18.

Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Background: We examined whether childhood conduct problems predicted a wide range of adverse outcomes in emerging adulthood and whether the association with internalizing problems remained after adjusting for general comorbidity and externalizing problems.

Methods: Participants were 18,649 twins from the Child and Adolescent Twin Study in Sweden. At age 9/12, parents rated their children on eight conduct problems. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jcpp.13169DOI Listing
December 2019

Differences in receipt of opioid agonist treatment and time to enter treatment for opioid use disorder among specialty addiction programs in the United States, 2014-17.

PLoS One 2019 12;14(12):e0226349. Epub 2019 Dec 12.

Department of Public Health & Primary Care, Institute of Public Health, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, England, United Kingdom.

Background: Access to adequate treatment for opioid use disorder (OUD) has been a high priority among American policymakers. Elucidation of the sociodemographic and institutional differences associated with the use, or lack thereof, of opioid agonist therapy (OAT) provides greater clarity on who receives OAT. Timely access to care is a further consideration and bears scrutiny as well. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0226349PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6907755PMC

Employment-Related Factors of Forensic Psychiatric Outpatients with Psychotic Disorders.

Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat 2019 2;15:3341-3350. Epub 2019 Dec 2.

Section of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo 113-8510, Japan.

Purpose: Employment is important for forensic psychiatric patients with psychotic disorders, in terms of reduction in symptoms, improving the quality of life, and preventing re-offenses. However, few detailed studies on employment status in such patients exist. We aimed to determine the employment rate among forensic psychiatric outpatients with psychotic disorders and identify the factors associated with employment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/NDT.S228916DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6897063PMC
December 2019

Psychopathy in Italian female murderers.

Behav Sci Law 2019 Sep 24;37(5):602-613. Epub 2019 Nov 24.

Section of Criminology and Forensic Psychiatry, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Bari Aldo Moro, Policlinico Universitario, Bari, Italy.

Over the years, the number of homicides in Italy has progressively decreased, ultimately becoming one of the lowest rates in Europe (357 = 0.7 per 100,000 inhabitants in 2017, according to ISTAT). The number of homicides committed by women was about 9% of the total number of homicides during our study period. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bsl.2430DOI Listing
September 2019

The factors associated with forensic psychiatrists' decisions in criminal responsibility and social dangerousness evaluations.

Int J Law Psychiatry 2019 Sep - Oct;66:101503. Epub 2019 Oct 18.

Department of Human Neurosciences, "Sapienza" University of Rome, Rome, Italy. Electronic address:

Despite the central role in criminal trials, there is little research on the decision-making processes of experts in forensic psychiatry. We aimed to investigate the role of sociodemographic, psychopathological, and criminological characteristics in forensic psychiatric decisions on criminal responsibility and social dangerousness in criminal trials. We analyzed 302 forensic psychiatric reports provided by 16 forensic psychiatrists from the North, Central and Southern Italy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijlp.2019.101503DOI Listing

A legal analysis of Australian criminal cases involving defendants with autism spectrum disorder charged with online sexual offending.

Int J Law Psychiatry 2019 Sep - Oct;66:101456. Epub 2019 Jul 10.

School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Alfred Deakin Institute for Citizenship and Globalisation, Deakin University, 75 Pigdons Rd, Waurn Ponds 3216, Australia. Electronic address:

This paper examines how the symptomology of the small number of individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) charged with online sexual offenses in Australia is established during legal arguments and conceived by the judiciary to impact legal liability and offending behavior. This study aims to provide empirical support for the proposition that judicial discourses regarding the connection between ASD and online sexual offending, including conduct related to child exploitation material (CEM), have little bearing on overall questions of criminal liability or the use of alternative penal dispositions. It does so by exploring a sample of nine recent Australian criminal cases, involving ten rulings, that examine how evidence of ASD is raised in legal arguments in ways that suggest a diagnosed condition may have contributed significantly to the alleged wrongdoing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijlp.2019.101456DOI Listing

Perceptions of waived juvenile defendants across mental health diagnoses and demographic characteristics.

Int J Law Psychiatry 2019 Sep - Oct;66:101474. Epub 2019 Jul 25.

1664 N. Virginia Mail Stop 214, Criminal Justice Department, University of Nevada, Reno, NV 89557, United States of America. Electronic address:

Justice involved youth who present with diagnosable mental health issues are commonly prosecuted in criminal courts. Limited research has examined how jurors perceive and respond to transferred juveniles with mental health issues. For the current study, 252 mock jurors were randomly assigned to read one of six profiles (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijlp.2019.101474DOI Listing

Impaired processing of threat in psychopathy: A systematic review and meta-analysis of factorial data in male offender populations.

PLoS One 2019 29;14(10):e0224455. Epub 2019 Oct 29.

Department of Forensic and Neurodevelopmental Sciences, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King's College London, London, United Kingdom.

Background: Psychopathy is a personality disorder characterised by two underlying factors. Factor 1 (affective and interpersonal deficits) captures affective deficits, whilst Factor 2 (antisocial and impulsive/disorganised behaviours) captures life course persistent antisocial behaviours. Impaired processing of threat has been proposed as an aetiologically salient factor in the development of psychopathy, but the relationship of this impairment to the factorial structure of the disorder in adult male offenders is unclear. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0224455PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6818800PMC

Personality disorders, addictions and psychopathy as predictors of criminal behaviour in a prison sample.

Rev Esp Sanid Penit 2019 ;21(2):62-79

Biomedical Research Centre of the Mental Health Network (CIBERSAM). Oviedo. Spain.

Aims: Disturbances in personality and addictions are associated with an increased risk of committing crimes and therefore of being imprisoned. In this study, the relationship between these factors is analyzed through a sample of inmates in the Prison of Pereiro de Aguiar, Ourense.

Material And Method: 204 inmates participated in this transversal simple blind design study. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6813663PMC
May 2020
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Different Characteristics and Heritabilities of Alcohol Use Disorder Classes: A Population-Based Swedish Study.

Alcohol Alcohol 2019 Dec;54(6):647-655

Virginia Institute for Psychiatric and Behavioral Genetics, Virginia Commonwealth University, 800 E. Leigh St., Biotech One, Suite 100, Richmond, VA 23219, USA.

Aims: The aims of the present study are to identify alcohol use disorder (AUD) classes among a population-based Swedish sample, determine if these classes differ by variables known to be associated with AUD and determine whether some AUD classes have stronger genetic influences than others.

Methods: A latent class analysis (LCA), based on types of registrations, was conducted on Swedish individuals with an AUD registration born between 1960 and 1990 (N = 184,770). These classes were then validated using demographics; patterns of comorbidity with drug abuse, psychiatric disorders and criminal behavior; and neighborhood-level factors, i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/alcalc/agz069DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6895459PMC
December 2019

The prevalence of gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB) in motor vehicle drivers and its co-administration with amphetamine type substances (ATS) in Queensland, Australia (2011-2018).

Forensic Sci Int 2019 Oct 12;303:109958. Epub 2019 Sep 12.

Forensic Toxicology Laboratory, Forensic and Scientific Services, Health Support Queensland, 39 Kessels Road, Coopers Plains, Queensland, 4108, Australia.

The routine analysis of driver specimens for gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB) is rarely performed by toxicology laboratories as the physical and chemical properties of GHB make it unamenable to the screening methods usually employed. The prevalence of the drug in driver populations has therefore only rarely been reported. This study outlines the results of the routine analysis for GHB in the blood of motor vehicle drivers in Queensland, Australia, over an eight-year period (2011-2018). Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S03790738193037
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.forsciint.2019.109958DOI Listing
October 2019
1 Read

Working Memory Development and Motor Vehicle Crashes in Young Drivers.

JAMA Netw Open 2019 09 4;2(9):e1911421. Epub 2019 Sep 4.

The Annenberg Public Policy Center at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia.

Importance: Adolescent drivers have the highest rate of motor vehicle crashes, and among equally novice drivers, crash risk is inversely age graded. Working memory (WM), crucial to driving hazard awareness, is also age graded, with ongoing development into late adolescence. Variability in WM capacity and growth trajectory positions WM as a candidate crash risk factor for study, clinical screening, and possible preventative intervention. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.11421DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6745049PMC
September 2019

Psychopathy-associated personality traits influence crime-scene behavior in male homicide offenders.

Nord J Psychiatry 2019 Nov 11;73(8):471-474. Epub 2019 Sep 11.

Karolinska Institutet , Huddinge , Sweden.

We investigated whether psychopathy-associated personality traits and behavioral styles affect the manner in which homicides are committed or the motives underlying them. Using three nationwide registries and an in-house homicide database based on court verdicts, we identified all cases of homicide in Sweden during the years 2007, 2008 and 2009. In 72 male offenders who had undergone assessment using the Psychopathy Checklist - Revised (PCL-R), the manner of homicide was categorized as instrumental or expressive, and the motive as belonging to one of five categories: (1) intimate-partner or family-related homicide; (2) homicide occurring during altercations, (3) robberies or burglaries, or (4) criminal conflicts; or (5) sexual homicide. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08039488.2019.1626907DOI Listing
November 2019

Anabolic-androgenic steroids and the risk of imprisonment.

Drug Alcohol Depend 2019 10 1;203:92-97. Epub 2019 Aug 1.

Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Bispebjerg and Frederiksberg Hospital, Bispebjerg Bakke 23, 2400 Copenhagen NV, Denmark; Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Copenhagen, Blegdamsvej 9, 2100 Copenhagen Ø, Denmark. Electronic address:

Background: The use of Anabolic-Androgenic Steroids (AAS) has been associated with increased aggressiveness and violent behavior. We therefore investigated the proposed correlation between the use of AAS and criminality while controlling for important socio-economics covariates and for psychiatric comorbidity.

Methods: The primary endpoints were prison sentences, and time to first prison sentence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2019.04.041DOI Listing
October 2019
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Mosaic trisomy 20 and mitigation in capital crimes sentencing: A review and case report.

Behav Sci Law 2019 Sep 7;37(5):512-521. Epub 2019 Aug 7.

Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, RI, USA.

Trisomy 20 is a genetic abnormality in which individuals have an extra copy of chromosome 20. Complete trisomy 20 is rare and believed to be incompatible with life. A mosaic form of trisomy 20, in which only some cells or tissues contain the extra chromosome, is a relatively commonly encountered chromosomal abnormality found during prenatal testing, and c. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bsl.2422DOI Listing
September 2019
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Moral competence and conduct disorder among Filipino children in conflict with the law.

Neuropsychopharmacol Rep 2019 09 16;39(3):194-202. Epub 2019 Jul 16.

Department of Psychiatry, University of the East Ramon Magsaysay Memorial Medical Center, Inc., Quezon City, Philippines.

Aims: The numbers of children in conflict with the law continue to rise in Asia, yet few studies have been conducted regarding factors associated with it. It has been theorized that children with conduct disorder represent majority of children in conflict with the law, and that poor moral competence mediates the association between conduct disorder and antisocial behavior. This study aimed to present a profile of Filipino children in conflict with the law, determine the prevalence of conduct disorder in the sample, and investigate variables associated with conduct disorder. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/npr2.12071DOI Listing
September 2019

Retention in clinical trials after prison release: results from a clinical trial with incarcerated men with HIV and opioid dependence in Malaysia.

HIV Res Clin Pract 2019 02 1;20(1):12-23. Epub 2019 May 1.

f Health Systems Science , Chicago College of Nursing, University of Illinois , Chicago , IL , USA.

Study retention is a major challenge in HIV clinical trials conducted with persons recruited from correctional facilities. : To examine study retention in a trial of within-prison methadone initiation and a behavioral intervention among incarcerated men with HIV and opioid dependence in Malaysia. In this 2x2 factorial trial, 296 incarcerated men with HIV and opioid dependence were allocated to (1) an HIV risk reduction intervention, the Holistic Health Recovery Program for Malaysia (HHRP-M), (2) pre-release methadone initiation, (3) both interventions, or (4) standard care (NCT02396979). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15284336.2019.1603433DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6698147PMC
February 2019
2 Reads

Eating disorders and disordered eating behaviors among women: Associations with sexual risk.

Int J Eat Disord 2019 11 3;52(11):1310-1315. Epub 2019 Jul 3.

Department of Pediatrics, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California.

Objective: To evaluate the association between eating disorders or disordered eating behaviors and sexual risk in young women.

Method: We used prospective cohort data of young women ages 18-26 years from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (N = 5,899). Exposures of interest (at 18-26 years) included a self-reported eating disorder diagnosis or disordered eating behaviors including fasting/skipping meals, vomiting, diet pills, or laxative/diuretic use to lose weight and binge eating. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/eat.23132DOI Listing
November 2019

Treatment of amphetamine abuse/use disorder: a systematic review of a recent health concern.

Daru 2019 Dec 21;27(2):743-753. Epub 2019 Jun 21.

Women's and New Born Health Department, Westmead Hospital, Sydney, Australia.

Objectives: The study systematically reviewed the effectiveness of pharmacological treatments alone or combined with brief cognitive-behavioural therapy (BCBT) for treating Iranian amphetamine abusers. The secondary aim was to review the efficacy of BCBT alone or combined with pharmacological treatments for treating amphetamine abusers in the world.

Evidence Acquisition: Published trials were considered for inclusion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40199-019-00282-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6895313PMC
December 2019
18 Reads

Effect of Computer-Based Substance Use Screening and Brief Behavioral Counseling vs Usual Care for Youths in Pediatric Primary Care: A Pilot Randomized Clinical Trial.

JAMA Netw Open 2019 06 5;2(6):e196258. Epub 2019 Jun 5.

Department of Medicine, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts.

Importance: Annual preventive health visits provide an opportunity to screen youths for unhealthy substance use and intervene before serious harm results.

Objectives: To assess the feasibility and acceptability and estimate the efficacy of a primary care computer-facilitated screening and practitioner-delivered brief intervention (CSBI) system compared with usual care (UC) for youth substance use and associated risk of riding with an impaired driver.

Design, Setting, And Participants: An intent-to-treat pilot randomized clinical trial compared CSBI with UC among 965 youths aged 12 to 18 years at 5 pediatric primary care offices and 54 practitioners. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.6258DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6593643PMC
June 2019
10 Reads

Associations Among Child Maltreatment, Mental Health, and Police Contact in Adulthood: Findings From a National Canadian Sample.

J Interpers Violence 2019 Jun 4:886260519851789. Epub 2019 Jun 4.

1 McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.

The purpose of this study was to examine associations between three subtypes of childhood maltreatment (physical abuse, sexual abuse, and exposure to intimate partner violence) and two forms of adult police contact (criminality, victimization) using nationally representative Canadian data. Presence of a mental health disorder was also explored as a potential mediating variable in these associations. The weighted sample included 23,846 adult participants from the 2012 Canadian Community Health Survey-Mental Health. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0886260519851789DOI Listing
June 2019
5 Reads

Corrections and connection to the community: A diagnostic and service program for incarcerated adult men with FASD.

Int J Law Psychiatry 2019 May - Jun;64:8-17. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

James Cook University, PO Box 158, Douglas, QLD 4811, Australia.

Previous research has demonstrated that impaired social and adaptive behavior due to prenatal alcohol exposure can be associated with severe conduct disorders in adolescence, mental health concerns, school failure, employment difficulties, substance abuse, difficulty with the law, and incarceration. The Corrections and Connections to the Community research and service program was established to examine adult male offenders with frequent contact with the provincial corrections system. Individuals who participated in the program received neuropsychological testing, a functional assessment and a psychiatric interview. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01602527183009
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijlp.2018.12.005DOI Listing
February 2020
15 Reads

Legal cynicism: Independent construct or downstream manifestation of antisocial constructs? New evidence.

Int J Law Psychiatry 2019 May - Jun;64:211-218. Epub 2019 May 10.

Saint Louis University, United States.

Researchers have found that legal cynicism is a significant predictor of crime. Although legal cynicism developed as a form of anomie, it is also plausible that legal cynicism is itself a deviant rationalization to justify one's criminal behavior. As such, legal cynicism might be a derivative manifestation of other individual-level constructs that bear on criminal propensity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijlp.2019.04.008DOI Listing
February 2020
1 Read

The epidemiology of benzodiazepine misuse: A systematic review.

Drug Alcohol Depend 2019 07 7;200:95-114. Epub 2019 May 7.

Division of Alcohol and Drug Abuse, McLean Hospital, 115 Mill Street, Belmont, MA, USA; Department of Psychiatry, Harvard Medical School, 401 Park Drive, Boston, MA, USA.

Background: Benzodiazepine misuse is a growing public health problem, with increases in benzodiazepine-related overdose deaths and emergency room visits in recent years. However, relatively little attention has been paid to this emergent problem. We systematically reviewed epidemiological studies on benzodiazepine misuse to identify key findings, limitations, and future directions for research. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2019.02.033DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6639084PMC
July 2019
2 Reads

Driving Under the Influence of Cannabis: A Framework for Future Policy.

Anesth Analg 2019 06;128(6):1300-1308

Department of Anesthesiology, Neurology and Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland.

Marijuana is the most widely consumed illicit substance in the United States, and an increasing number of states have legalized it for both medicinal and recreational purposes. As it becomes more readily available, there will be a concurrent rise in the number of users and, consequently, the number of motor vehicle operators driving under the influence. This article examines the cognitive and psychomotor effects of cannabis, as well as current policy concerning driving under the influence of drugs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1213/ANE.0000000000003575DOI Listing

The etiology of antisocial personality disorder: The differential roles of adverse childhood experiences and childhood psychopathology.

Compr Psychiatry 2019 07 30;92:1-6. Epub 2019 Apr 30.

U.S. Probation and Pretrial Services, United States of America.

Antisocial Personality Disorder (ASPD) is a severe personality disorder with robust associations with crime and violence, but its precise etiology is unknown. Drawing on near-population of federal correctional clients in the Midwestern United States, the current study examined antecedent background factors spanning adverse childhood experiences and childhood psychopathology. Greater adverse childhood experiences were associated with ASPD diagnosis with physical abuse showing associations with ASPD symptoms and sexual abuse with lifetime diagnosis for ASPD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.comppsych.2019.04.001DOI Listing
July 2019
1 Read

Antisocial behavior with callous-unemotional traits is associated with widespread disruptions to white matter structural connectivity among low-income, urban males.

Neuroimage Clin 2019 25;23:101836. Epub 2019 Apr 25.

Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA; Center for Human Growth and Development, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA; Survey Research Center of the Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA. Electronic address:

Antisocial behavior (AB), including violence, criminality, and substance abuse, is often linked to deficits in emotion processing, reward-related learning, and inhibitory control, as well as their associated neural networks. To better understand these deficits, the structural connections between brain regions implicated in AB can be examined using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), which assesses white matter microstructure. Prior studies have identified differences in white matter microstructure of the uncinate fasciculus (UF), primarily within offender samples. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nicl.2019.101836DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6514428PMC
March 2020
1 Read

Trends and correlates of driving under the influence of alcohol among different types of adult substance users in the United States: a national survey study.

BMC Public Health 2019 May 4;19(1):509. Epub 2019 May 4.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, BOX 3903, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, NC, USA.

Background: Despite a decrease in driving under the influence of alcohol (DUIA) prevalence over the past decades, DUIA prevalence still remains high in the United States. To date, there is limited research examining whether different types of substance users have different trends in DUIA. This study sought to assess trends and variables associated with DUIA by substance use type. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6889-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6500580PMC
May 2019
3 Reads
2.264 Impact Factor

Navigating social norms of injection initiation assistance during an overdose crisis: A qualitative study of the perspectives of people who inject drugs (PWID) in Vancouver, Canada.

Int J Drug Policy 2019 07 28;69:24-33. Epub 2019 Apr 28.

British Columbia Centre on Substance Use, Vancouver, Canada; Department of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada. Electronic address:

Despite the proliferation of fentanyl and fentanyl-adulterated opioids in North America, the impacts of this drug market change on injection initiation processes have not been examined. With the aim of informing structural interventions to address injection initiation and related harms, we explore how people who inject drugs (PWID) in Vancouver, Canada understand and navigate social norms of initiating others into injecting within the context of an overdose crisis. In-depth qualitative interviews were conducted with 19 PWID who reported helping someone inject for the first time. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S09553959193009
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.drugpo.2019.04.004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7059802PMC
July 2019
5 Reads

Proximal predictors of gun violence among adolescent males involved in crime.

Law Hum Behav 2019 06 18;43(3):250-262. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

School of Criminology & Criminal Justice, Arizona State University.

The growing public health and legal concerns regarding gun violence has led to a call for research that investigates risk factors for gun violence across a variety of domains. Individual and sociocontextual risk factors have been associated with violence more broadly, and in some instances gun-carrying, however no prior research has investigated the role of these factors in explaining gun violence using longitudinal data. The current study utilized a subsample (N = 161) from the Pathways to Desistance Study, which is a longitudinal sample of serious adolescent offenders to evaluate interindividual and intraindividual differences in relevant risk factors of gun violence. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/lhb0000327
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/lhb0000327DOI Listing
June 2019
35 Reads

Social Ties Cut Both Ways: Self-Harm and Adolescent Peer Networks.

J Youth Adolesc 2019 Aug 15;48(8):1506-1518. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Department of Sociology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM, 87131, USA.

Peers play an important role in adolescence, a time when self-harm arises as a major health risk, but little is known about the social networks of adolescents who cut. Peer network positions can affect mental distress related to cutting or provide direct social motivations for self-harm. This study uses PROSPER survey data from U. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10964-019-01011-4
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10964-019-01011-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6640100PMC
August 2019
9 Reads

Text Messaging to Enhance Behavioral Health Treatment Engagement Among Justice-Involved Youth: Qualitative and User Testing Study.

JMIR Mhealth Uhealth 2019 04 5;7(4):e10904. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, Jane and Terry Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, United States.

Background: Mental health and substance use disorders are highly prevalent in justice-involved youth, yet only 8% of court-involved, nonincarcerated (CINI) youth in need of treatment receive it. Dual diagnosis (co-occurring psychiatric and substance use disorders) in justice-involved youth is highly predictive of recidivism. Identifying novel approaches, such as the use of mobile health (mHealth) technologies, to close this gap between need and receipt of behavioral health treatment for the CINI population could potentially offset rates of reoffending into adulthood. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/10904DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6473210PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Association of Neuropathologically Confirmed Frontotemporal Dementia and Alzheimer Disease With Criminal and Socially Inappropriate Behavior in a Swedish Cohort.

JAMA Netw Open 2019 03 1;2(3):e190261. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

Division of Oncology and Pathology, Department of Clinical Sciences, Lund University, Region Skåne, Sweden.

Importance: Criminal and socially inappropriate behavior is encountered among patients with dementia, and it is sometimes the first sign of a dementing disorder. This behavior constitutes a significant burden to society, patients' relatives, and patients themselves.

Objectives: To investigate and compare the prevalence and type of criminal and socially inappropriate behavior, as well as recurrence of criminal behavior, associated with Alzheimer disease (AD) and frontotemporal dementia (FTD) neuropathologically verified post mortem, and to assess whether there is a specific type of protein pathology more closely associated with criminal behavior in patients with FTD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.0261DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6450313PMC
March 2019
14 Reads

Primary and secondary prevention of child sexual abuse.

Int Rev Psychiatry 2019 03 28;31(2):181-194. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

c Integrated Forensics Program , Sexual Behaviours Clinic , The Royal, Ottawa , ON , Canada.

The high prevalence rates and numerous consequences associated with child sexual abuse makes preventing these offences a societal priority. Prevention strategies have traditionally involved only tertiary interventions, implemented by the criminal justice system after an offence has occurred. More recently, some have argued for a public health approach to preventing child sexual abuse, which includes interventions at the primary and secondary levels. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540261.2018.1541872DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Broken (windows) theory: A meta-analysis of the evidence for the pathways from neighborhood disorder to resident health outcomes and behaviors.

Soc Sci Med 2019 05 23;228:272-292. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

School of Criminology & Criminal Justice, Northeastern University, USA.

The criminological "broken windows" theory (BWT) has inspired public health researchers to test the impact of neighborhood disorder on an array of resident health behaviors and outcomes. This paper identifies and meta-analyzes the evidence for three mechanisms (pathways) by which neighborhood disorder is argued to impact health, accounting for methodological inconsistencies across studies. A search identified 198 studies (152 with sufficient data for meta-analysis) testing any of the three pathways or downstream, general health outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2018.11.015DOI Listing
May 2019
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Sexual Risk and Criminal Justice Involvement Among Women Who Use Drugs.

AIDS Behav 2019 Dec;23(12):3366-3374

Community Health and Implementation Research Program, RTI International, San Francisco, CA, USA.

Criminal justice system involvement among US women is associated with increased risk for HIV/sexually transmitted infections, yet effects of different forms of criminal justice involvement on intimate relationships are not well understood. This study examined associations between arrest, probation, and jail incarceration on the number of sexual partners, sexual concurrency, and consistent condom use for drug-using women (n = 631) in Oakland, California. We used logistic and negative binomial regression and adjusted for demographics, sex exchange and drug use. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10461-019-02447-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6739179PMC
December 2019
2 Reads

Association of Criminal Statutes for Opioid Use Disorder With Prevalence and Treatment Among Pregnant Women With Commercial Insurance in the United States.

JAMA Netw Open 2019 03 1;2(3):e190338. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

Pharmaceutical Health Services Research, University of Maryland School of Pharmacy, Baltimore.

Importance: Inadequate treatment of opioid use disorder (OUD) in pregnant women increases the risk of life-threatening consequences on maternal and fetal outcomes. Untreated OUD during pregnancy is associated with higher rates of adverse outcomes among newborns.

Objective: To examine the variation in the prevalence of OUD and the use of medication-assisted treatment among commercially insured pregnant women according to region and state legislature. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.0338DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6484651PMC
March 2019
4 Reads

Infection during childhood and the risk of violent criminal behavior in adulthood.

Brain Behav Immun 2020 May 23;86:63-71. Epub 2019 Feb 23.

Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; Centre for Psychiatry Research, Stockholm, Sweden.

Infections during brain development appear to contribute to cognitive impairment and aggressive behavior, as well as to a number of developmental mental disorders closely associated with violent criminal behavior. Yet, no study has thus far ever investigated whether infections during brain development increases the risk of violent criminality later in life. In this population-based cohort study, about 2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbi.2019.02.026DOI Listing
May 2020
19 Reads

High Risk of Alcohol-Impaired Driving in Adults With Comorbid Alcohol and Substance Use Disorders in the U.S. Population.

J Stud Alcohol Drugs 2019 01;80(1):114-119

Department of Psychiatry, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut.

Objective: Alcohol-impaired driving is a significant source of injury and morbidity in the United States. People with alcohol use disorder (AUD) are more likely to drive while impaired by alcohol than their nonclinical counterparts. Less is known about rates of impaired driving in people with AUD and a comorbid substance use disorder (SUD). Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6396510PMC
January 2019
7 Reads

Editorial: Does a Diagnosis of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in Childhood Determine an Increased Risk for Future Criminality?

J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2019 04 13;58(4):401-402. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

University of California, San Francisco, and Adult Mental Health Services, The Permanente Medical Group, Daly City, CA. Electronic address:

Problems with occupational performance, emotional adjustment, legal involvement, and educational attainment are common in adults who had been diagnosed during childhood with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. The National Institute of Health (NIMH) Multimodal Treatment Study of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) (MTA study) reported that of their cohort of 579 youth diagnosed with ADHD, combined type, age 7 to 9 years, half endorsed 4 persistent symptoms of ADHD when evaluated 16 years later at a mean age of 24.7 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaac.2019.01.008DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads