1,328 results match your criteria Psicothema [Journal]


Spanish version of the Phubbing Scale: Internet addiction, Facebook intrusion, and fear of missing out as correlates.

Psicothema 2018 Nov;30(4):449-454

University of Malaga.

Background: Phubbing is an increasingly common behavior that involves using a smartphone in a social setting of two or more people and interacting with the phone rather than with the other people. Research to date on phubbing has measured it using different scales or single questions, and therefore standard measures with appropriate psychometric properties are needed to improve its assessment. The aim of our study was to develop a Spanish version of the Phubbing Scale and to examine its psychometric properties: factor structure, reliability, and concurrent validity. Read More

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November 2018

Seven methods to determine the dimensionality of tests: application to the General Self-Efficacy Scale in twenty-six countries.

Psicothema 2018 11;30(4):442-448

Universidad de Salamanca

Background: One of the most important concepts within Cognitive Social Theory as framed by Bandura is the perceived self-efficacy; this concept became widespread in 1981 when Mathias Jerusalem and Ralf Schwarzer, using 10 items, established a one-dimensional and universal construct of this scale. The main purpose of this study is to show that the General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSE) is not a one-dimensional and universal construct, as is currently assumed.

Method: The data from 19,719 people from 26 countries were analyzed. Read More

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November 2018

Data analysis of incomplete repeated measures using a multivariate extension of the Brown-Forsythe procedure.

Psicothema 2018 11;30(4):434-441

Universidad de Oviedo.

Background: A multivariate extension of the Brown-Forsythe (MBF) procedure can be used for the analysis of partially repeated measure designs (PRMD) when the covariance matrices are arbitrary. However, the MBF procedure requires complete data over time for each subject, which is a significant limitation of this procedure. This article provides the rules for pooling the results obtained after applying the same MBF analysis to each of the imputed datasets of a PRMD. Read More

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November 2018

Forgiveness and friendship protect adolescent victims of bullying from emotional maladjustment.

Psicothema 2018 Nov;30(4):427-433

Sapienza University of Rome.

Background: Adolescent victims of bullying often present high levels of maladjustment, such as depression, anxiety, and the inability to manage anger. Both forgiveness and friendship have been found to be moderating agents for the debilitating psychological effects seen in the victims of bullying. Our aim was to explore the roles of forgiveness and friendship in the psychological adjustment of victimised youths. Read More

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November 2018

The mediating role of sport self-motivation between basic psychological needs satisfaction and athlete engagement.

Psicothema 2018 11;30(4):421-426

Universidad Católica de Murcia.

Background: Engagement could constitute a frame of reference for promoting positive experiences in sport, hence the importance of learning about what precedes it in order to promote its development. This study was conducted to examine the role of self-motivation as a mediator between basic psychological needs satisfaction and athlete engagement.

Method: A sample of 426 male and female athletes from different sports were asked to complete three questionnaires measuring each of the study variables: The Basic Needs Satisfaction in Sport Scale, the Behavioral Regulation in Sport Questionnaire and the Athlete Engagement Questionnaire. Read More

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November 2018

Building knowledge of healthy eating in hospitalized youth: a self-regulated campaign.

Psicothema 2018 Nov;30(4):415-420

University of Minho (Portugal).

Background: Data from the World Health Organization shows obesity has more than doubled worldwide since 1980. Childhood obesity is mainly associated with external and modifiable factors, as eating habits, existing room for promoting healthy lifestyles. Additionally, learning can take place in contexts other than schools, as the hospital, potentiating the time of hospitalization. Read More

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November 2018
8 Reads

Factors that determine the persistence and dropout of university students.

Psicothema 2018 11;30(4):408-414

University of Minho.

Background: The increase of students in higher education means a more heterogeneous student body, complicating the identification of the variables that influence students' decisions to stay in or drop out of university. The objective of this study is to analyze the influence of these variables on students' decisions by establishing specific groups of students based on performance.

Method: A study was carried out with 2,970 first-year university students from Portugal, using the decision tree technique. Read More

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November 2018

A multi-theoretical approach of the students' motivational profiles in physical education: achievement and social goals.

Psicothema 2018 11;30(4):401-407

Universidad de Oviedo.

Background: The objective was to analyze the joint profiles of social goals (responsibility, relation and friendship) and 2 x 2 achievement goals, and the pattern of their relationship with the motivation types of the self-determination continuum in Physical Education settings.

Method: The sample consisted of 516 Secondary Education students (267 men, 249 women) aged between 12 and 17 years old ( M = 14.48, SD = 1. Read More

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November 2018

Expressions of school violence in adolescence.

Psicothema 2018 Nov;30(4):395-400

Universidad de Vigo.

Background: Research on school violence, which disserves the quality of the process of teaching and learning in schools, has increased in recent decades. The aims of this study were to identify the most prevalent types of school violence in Compulsory Secondary Education (CSE) according to the opinion of students, and to analyse differences in gender, school year, and the academic performance of the student informants.

Method: The CUVE3-CSE questionnaire was applied to 4,943 CSE students (average age: 14. Read More

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November 2018

WebLEC: a test to assess adolescents' Internet reading literacy skills.

Psicothema 2018 11;30(4):388-394

Universitat de València.

Background: Reading on the Internet requires specific skills (e.g., navigation), apart from comprehension abilities, but there is no test in Spanish to assess these skills in adolescents. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Parental eating disorders symptoms in different clinical diagnoses.

Psicothema 2018 Nov;30(4):382-387

Complejo Universitario Hospitalario Albacete.

Background: The influence of parents can be an important variable in the development of eating disorders (EDs). However, few studies exist which simultaneously assess parents and their children, especially in different clinical groups.

Methods: Our study examines the differences in ED symptoms as measured on the Eating Disorder Inventory (EDI), in parents and their children as patients with anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia nervosa (BN), unspecified eating disorder (UED) and a control group (CG). Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Differences between individualist and collectivist cultures in emotional Facebook usage: relationship with empathy, self-esteem, and narcissism.

Psicothema 2018 Nov;30(4):376-381

Universidad de Oviedo.

Background: Adolescents are one of the groups who most use social networks in an emotional way, to express their own emotions and to empathize with the emotions of others. Although personality factors; namely, empathy, self-esteem, and narcissism appear to play an important role in this usage, the contribution of cultural variables has yet to be examined. The aim of this study is to examine cross-cultural variations in Facebook usage and the relationship of those variations with empathy, self-esteem and narcissistic personality factors. Read More

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November 2018

Predictors of personal growth in induced abortion.

Psicothema 2018 Nov;30(4):370-375

Universidad Fernando Pessoa Canarias.

Background: Knowledge about the psychological experience in induced abortion remains limited. Studies have been biased towards negative consequences.

Method: A descriptive and prospective study was conducted. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Applying the unified protocol to a single case of major depression with schizoid and depressive personality traits.

Psicothema 2018 Nov;30(4):364-369

Universidad de Zaragoza and Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria de Aragón.

Background: The study presents the use of the Unified Protocol (UP) in a case of a male diagnosed with major depressive disorder and schizoid and depressive personality traits. The therapeutic focus of UP is to identify maladaptive behaviors of emotion regulation and to train new regulation strategies such as cognitive re-appraisal or emotional exposure exercises.

Method: This is a single-case research study. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Multifactor implicit measures to assess enterprising personality dimensions.

Psicothema 2018 11;30(4):357-363

University of Oviedo.

Background: Several implicit measures have been proposed to overcome limitations of self-reports. The present study aimed to develop a new implicit association test (MFT-IAT) to assess enterprising-related traits, exploring its reliability and validity evidence.

Method: A total of 1,142 individuals (Mean age 42. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Validity evidence of the Organizational Justice Scale in Spain.

Psicothema 2018 Aug;30(3):344-350

Universidad de Oviedo.

Background: Interest in measuring the perception of organizational justice has been growing in recent years due to its proven ability to produce significant organizational outcomes such as well-being and emotional exhaustion. In Spain, the Organizational Justice Scale (OJS) can be highlighted as an instrument which has shown good psychometric properties in previous research in the hotel industry. This study provides further evidence of the characteristics of the OJS using a large multi-sectorial sample. Read More

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Validity and reliability of the Parental Homework Management Scale.

Psicothema 2018 Aug;30(3):337-343

Universidade do Minho.

Background: Prior research has shown that parents help their children manage homework (i.e. environment, time, motivation and emotion management), especially in elementary school. Read More

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August 2018
1 Read

Development and validation of the Monopoly on Truth Scale. A measure of political extremism.

Psicothema 2018 08;30(3):330-336

Universidad de Santiago de Compostela.

Background: Extreme political attitudes have been on the rise since the economic and political crisis of 2008. This surge of extremism constitutes a real threat, as attitudes like these are dangerous for the peaceful, democratic functioning of society. A new cognitive style, Monopoly on Truth has been proposed, based mainly on the concept of naïve realism. Read More

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August 2018
13 Reads

Discovering learning processes using Inductive Miner: A case study with Learning Management Systems (LMSs).

Psicothema 2018 08;30(3):322-329

Universidad de Córdoba.

Background: Process mining with educational data has made use of various algorithms for model discovery, principally Alpha Miner, Heuristic Miner, and Evolutionary Tree Miner. In this study we propose the implementation of a new algorithm for educational data called Inductive Miner.

Method: We used data from the interactions of 101 university students in a course given over one semester on the Moodle 2. Read More

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August 2018
1 Read

Anomalies in the cognitive-executive functions in patients with Chiari Malformation Type I.

Psicothema 2018 Aug;30(3):316-321

Universidad de Oviedo.

Background: Over the last decade there has been growing evidence that neuropsychological deficits, principally in the executive functions, may be involved in the pathogenesis of Chiari Type I disease. The aim of this study is to compare changes in cognitive function in patients with Chiari Type I and healthy subjects.

Method: The neuropsychological profile of these patients was compared with healthy controls. Read More

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August 2018
18 Reads

Trait emotional intelligence and subjective well-being in adolescents: The moderating role of feelings.

Psicothema 2018 Aug;30(3):310-315

Universitat de Valencia.

Background: Trait emotional intelligence (EI) is a key concept related to different well-being indicators. These relationships, mediated by affective variables, have mainly been found in adults. However, little is known about these associations with moderating effects of feelings in adolescents and certain indicators of well-being. Read More

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August 2018
1 Read

Taste priming and cross-modal taste-olfactory priming in normal aging and in older adults with mild cognitive impairment.

Psicothema 2018 Aug;30(3):304-309

Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia.

Background: Previous research has shown repetition priming for objects between vision and touch, environmental sounds and pictures in young and older adults.

Methods: This preliminary study investigated whether repetition priming exists for edible stimuli and if it is preserved in healthy older adults and older adults with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) (Experiment 1). Experiment 2 investigated whether cross-modal repetition priming between taste and olfaction is preserved with age and cognitive impairment. Read More

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August 2018
6 Reads

Testing carer skill training programs in Spanish carers of patients with eating disorders.

Psicothema 2018 08;30(3):295-303

1 Universidad Miguel Hernández and 2 Crea.

Background: The aim of this research was to conduct a pilot study to measure the effectiveness of the Collaborative Care Skills Training Workshops (CCSTW) on the outcomes of Spanish carers and to analyse the impact of this programme on the patient's wellbeing. We used psychoeducation as a comparison intervention in the study.

Method: The study compared two forms of carer workshops. Read More

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August 2018
1 Read

Moral reasoning in adolescent offenders: A meta-analytic review.

Psicothema 2018 Aug;30(3):289-294

Universidad de Santiago de Compostela.

Background: Moral reasoning and its association with various types of behavior have been the subject of many studies in Psychology. Specifically, moral reasoning has been widely related to juvenile delinquency in the research about the subject.

Objectives: this review integrates more than 70 years of scientific research into the differences in moral reasoning between adolescent offenders and non-offenders with a view to elucidating the relationship between moral reasoning and juvenile delinquency with provision for the potential moderating effect of demographic and methodological variables. Read More

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August 2018
1 Read

The contrastive value of lexical stress in visual word recognition: Evidence from Spanish.

Psicothema 2018 08;30(3):276-282

Universidad de La Laguna.

Background: Many pairs of words in Spanish, in particular many verbal forms, differ only in the syllable stressed, such as aNImo (I encourage) and aniMÓ (he encouraged). Consequently, word stress may acquire a lexical contrastive value that has been confirmed by Dupoux, Pallier, Sebastian, and Mehler (1997) for Spanish speakers though not for French speakers in auditory perception.

Method: This study contrasts the priming effect produced by pairs of written words that differ only in their stress pattern with the priming effect in repetition priming, stress only priming (with no orthographic relation), and morphological priming, in visual word recognition. Read More

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August 2018
1 Read

Brain disease or biopsychosocial model in addiction? Remembering the Vietnam Veteran Study.

Authors:
Elisardo Becoña

Psicothema 2018 Aug;30(3):270-275

Universidad de Santiago de Compostela.

Background: In recent years, we have repeatedly been told that addictions are a brain disease, leaving aside their classic biopsychosocial explanation.

Objective: To describe both models and discusses the weakness and reductionism of the brain disease model following the consumption of heroin by North American soldiers in the Vietnam war in the 1970s.

Method: A literature review of the Vietnam Veteran Study in relation to drug consumption. Read More

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August 2018
1 Read

Oppositional Defiant Disorder dimensions and aggression: The moderating role of hostile bias and sex.

Psicothema 2018 08;30(3):264-269

Departament de Psícologia Clínica i de la Salut.

Background: Hostile Attributional Bias (HAB) has been related to conduct problems. The common and unique associations between the different dimensions of Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) symptoms, specific components of HAB, sex and types of aggression (overt and relational) in a community sample of 491 7-year-old children are investigated.

Method: Teachers rated the children's ODD symptoms and aggression and the children self-reported about HAB. Read More

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August 2018
13 Reads

Incidence, prevalence and risk factors related to anxiety symptoms during pregnancy.

Psicothema 2018 Aug;30(3):257-263

Hospital Universitario Central de Asturias.

Symptoms of anxiety are one of the most prevalent emotional responses in women during their reproductive phase and especially during pregnancy.

Objective: Estimate the incidence and prevalence of anxiety throughout the three trimesters of pregnancy in addition to studying the possible risk factors associated with anxiety symptoms.

Method: A sample of 385 pregnant women participated in a longitudinal study in which the GAD-7 questionnaire was used. Read More

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Cognitive insight, neurocognition and life skills in patients with schizophrenia.

Psicothema 2018 08;30(3):251-256

SEPAD (Servicio Extremeño de Promoción de la Autonomía y Atención a la Dependencia).

Background: The concept of cognitive insight refers to the capacity for self-reflectiveness as a mechanism for evaluating one's symptoms and self-certainty, understood as the ability to correct inappropriate interpretations and conclusions. There are no conclusive results regardingabout the clinical and neuropsychological variables involved and there are hardly any studies of their impact on functional outcomes.

Method: The objectives were to analyze the neuropsychological and clinical cognitive insight in a sample of 22 stable patients diagnosed with schizophrenia, to assess its impact on life skills and to analyze whether it can be a mediating variable between cognitive deficits and daily functioning. Read More

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August 2018
7 Reads

Assessing self-determination in youth with and without disabilities: The Spanish version of the AIR self-determination scale.

Psicothema 2018 May;30(2):238-243

Universidad Ramon Llull.

Background: Acting in a self-determined manner, that is, using problem-solving or decision-making strategies, strongly depends on the opportunities the person is given to do so by the context. In fact, context can either facilitate or thwart the opportunities of adolescents and young adults for self-determined action, though there is, to date, a lack of instruments within the Spanish context to assess these opportunities.

Method: This study aims to address this need by adapting and validating the AIR self-determination scale to the Spanish context with a sample of young Spanish people with and without disabilities. Read More

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May 2018
3 Reads

Factorial invariance and norms of the 30-item shortened-version of the Revised Child Anxiety and Depression Scale (RCADS-30).

Psicothema 2018 May;30(2):232-237

Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia.

Background: Anxiety and depressive disorders are among the most common mental disorders during childhood and adolescence. As the 30-item shortened version of the Revised Child Anxiety and Depression Scale (RCADS-30) exhibits excellent psychometric properties, it is one of the most commonly used scales for the initial detection and assessment of these symptoms in children and adolescents. This is because of the advantage of its brevity when compared to the 47-item version. Read More

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May 2018
2 Reads

Development and validation of the Relaxation-Mindfulness Scale for Adolescents (EREMIND-A).

Psicothema 2018 May;30(2):224-231

University of Barcelona.

Background: The aim of this investigation was to validate the Relaxation-Mindfulness Scale for Adolescents (EREMIND-A), consisting of 18 items and three factors (Attention-Concentration in the present moment; Relaxation (abilities and attitudes); and Sensory awareness/Contemplation/Interiority).

Method: The validation was done with a sample of Secondary Education and Baccalaureate students from four different centres in Spain (n = 1.120). Read More

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May 2018
1 Read

Teaching quality: High school students' autonomy and competence.

Psicothema 2018 May;30(2):218-223

Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria.

Background: How teachers manage class learning and interact with students affects students’ motivation and engagement. However, it could be that the effect of students’ representation of teaching quality on the students’ motivation varies between classes.

Method: Students from 90 classes participated in the study. Read More

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May 2018
1 Read

Do cooperative learning and family involvement improve variables linked to academic performance?

Psicothema 2018 May;30(2):212-217

Universidad de Santiago de Compostela.

Background: One of the most serious problems in the Spanish education system is the high percentage of school failure in Compulsory Secondary Education. The aim of this study is to analyze the influence of a socio-educational program based on cooperative learning and family involvement on a series of variables related to academic performance, paying particular attention to the differences between retained and non-retained students.

Methodology: A two-group quasi-experimental design incorporating pre-testing and post-testing was used. Read More

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May 2018
1 Read

They do not suffer like us: The differential attribution of social pain as a dehumanization criterion in children.

Psicothema 2018 May;30(2):207-211

Universidad de La Laguna.

Background: Social pain is considered a feature of humanity. The goal of this study was to confirm whether children, like adults, dehumanise out-group members attributing them less capacity to experience social pain than to in-group members.

Methods: A total of 119 participants aged between 9 and 13 years responded to a questionnaire which collected information about situations that caused physical pain and situations that caused social pain. Read More

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May 2018
2 Reads

Adolescents' sensitivity to children's supernatural thinking: A preparation for parenthood?

Psicothema 2018 05;30(2):201-206

Universitat Jaume I.

Background: Young children often use magical explanations to account for ordinary phenomena (e.g., "The sun's not out today because it is mad"). Read More

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May 2018
1 Read

Problematic Internet use, maladaptive future time perspective and school context.

Psicothema 2018 05;30(2):195-200

Universidad Complutense de Madrid.

Background: Spain is among the European countries with the highest prevalence of adolescents at risk of Internet addiction, a problem that could be linked to youth unemployment and leaving education early. This research evaluated the role of three variables relative to school context on Problematic Internet Use (PIU) and on the relationship between PIU and Maladaptive Future Time Perspective (MFTP, defined as an excessive focus on the present and a fatalistic attitude towards the future, a variable that had not previously been studied in terms of its relationship to adolescents' PIU).

Method: The study was carried out with 1288 adolescents, aged 12 to 16 years old, enrolled at 31 secondary schools in Madrid, Spain. Read More

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May 2018
1 Read

Agreement on reporting acts of aggression in couples in a community sample.

Psicothema 2018 May;30(2):189-194

Universidad Complutense de Madrid.

Background: Agreement about acts of aggression in couples on the Conflict Tactics Scales (CTS-2) was evaluated.

Method: We conducted a quota sampling method to recruit a community sample of 590 heterosexual adult couples from the Region of Madrid (Spain).

Results: Prevalence rates based on the maximum dyadic report identified more aggressive behaviors than did individual reports of perpetration and victimization in men and women. Read More

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May 2018
1 Read

Victimisation through bullying and cyberbullying: Emotional intelligence, severity of victimisation and technology use in different types of victims.

Psicothema 2018 May;30(2):183-188

Universidad de Córdoba.

Background: Bullying and cyberbullying are global public health problems. However, very few studies described prevalence, similarities and differences among face-to-face victims, cybervictims and students who are victimised through both bullying and cyberbullying. This study was conducted to describe these different patterns of victimisation and severity of victimisation, emotional intelligence and technology use in different types of victims. Read More

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May 2018
3 Reads

Well-being in schizotypy: The effect of subclinical psychotic experiences.

Psicothema 2018 May;30(2):177-182

Universidad de La Laguna.

Background: Schizotypy is a multidimensional construct that includes positive, negative, and disorganized dimensions. The healthy schizotypal model suggests that positive schizotypal features could be associated with better psychological functioning. The aim of this study was to analyze whether schizotypal features are associated with subjective and psychological well-being, and consider whether psychotic-like experiences affect well-being. Read More

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May 2018
1 Read

Psychophysiological response to social stressors: Relevance of sex and age.

Psicothema 2018 05;30(2):171-176

Ghent University, University of Valencia.

Background: Understanding the factors involved in the psychophysiological response of people in acute stressful situations is crucial to the prevention and treatment of stress-related health problems. We aim to integrate the results of studies investigating the role of sex and age in the inter-individual variability in several biomarkers of the stress response.

Methods: We summarize the main findings of our research group and other laboratories regarding sex and age-related differences in the psychophysiological response to psychosocial stress. Read More

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May 2018
3 Reads

Mindfulness-based stress reduction in adolescents with mental disorders: A randomised clinical trial.

Psicothema 2018 May;30(2):165-170

Hospital Infanta Margarita de Cabra (Córdoba).

Background: Currently, there is a strong movement to implement mindfulness interventions with young people. The objective of this randomised clinical trial was to assess the potential effects of a mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) programme for adolescent outpatients in mental health facilities in Cordoba, Spain.

Method: A total of 101 adolescents aged 13-16 years old, receiving psychological or psychiatric treatment for various disorders, were eligible for the study. Read More

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May 2018
1 Read

Is intelligence equivalent to executive functions?

Authors:
Alfredo Ardila

Psicothema 2018 05;30(2):159-164

Florida International University.

Background: Since the mid 19th century, cognitive and behavioral neurosciences have attempted to find the neurological bases of intellectual abilities. During the early 20th century the psychometric concept of "intelligence" was coined; and toward the end of the 20th century the neuropsychological concept of "executive functions" was introduced. Controversies, however, remain about the unity or heterogeneity of so-called executive functions. Read More

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May 2018
1 Read

Using reversed items in Likert scales: A questionable practice.

Psicothema 2018 May;30(2):149-158

Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development.

Background: The use of positively worded items and reversed forms aims to reduce response bias and is a commonly used practice nowadays. The main goal of this research is to analyze the psychometric implications of the use of positive and reversed items in measurement instruments.

Method: A sample of 374 participants was tested aged between 18 and 73 (M=33. Read More

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May 2018
1 Read

The Spanish version of the Job Crafting Scale.

Psicothema 2018 Feb;30(1):136-142

Erasmus University Rotterdam.

Background: A literature review reveals that there is no measure of job crafting available in Spanish. This paper presents the translation, adaptation and validation of a scale to measure job crafting behaviors (i.e. Read More

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February 2018
1 Read

Validation of the Child PTSD Symptom Scale (CPSS) in Spanish adolescents.

Psicothema 2018 Feb;30(1):130-135

Universidad de Málaga.

Background: One of the most frequently used instruments to assess posttraumatic stress in children and adolescents is the Child PTSD Symptom Scale. However, there has been limited evaluation of its construct validity in the Spanish language despite Spanish being one of the most widely spoken languages in the world.

Objective: To provide data on the psychometric properties of the CPSS in a sample of Spanish adolescents, to establish the internal consistency of the measure, and to examine its criterion validity. Read More

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February 2018
1 Read

Adaptation of the Test of Performance Strategies Competition Subscale to Spanish.

Psicothema 2018 Feb;30(1):123-129

Universidad de Santiago de Compostela.

Background: In recent years, there has been a growing interest in the conceptualisation and assessment of athletes’ psychological skills and the study of their impact on sports performance. The aim of this study was to adapt the Test of Performance Strategies 3 competition subscale to the Spanish context.

Method: The items included in the original test in English were translated using a double-back method, and the test was completed by a sample of 1,003 Spanish athletes of both sexes. Read More

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February 2018
1 Read

Development and validation of a questionnaire for assessing the characteristics of diet and physical activity in patients with type 2 diabetes.

Psicothema 2018 Feb;30(1):116-122

Universidad de Oviedo.

Background: The aim ofthis study was to explore the psychometric properties of the Motiva.Diaf-DM2 questionnaire, which assesses adherence to a healthy diet and physical activity in patients with Type 2 Diabetes (T2D).

Method: Participants were 206 patients who attended primary care services, with a mean age of 69. Read More

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February 2018
2 Reads

Deciding on Null Hypotheses using P-values or Bayesian alternatives: A simulation study.

Psicothema 2018 Feb;30(1):110-115

UCAM Universidad Católica de Murcia.

Background: The p-value is currently one of the key elements for testing statistical hypothesis despite its critics. Bayesian statistics and Bayes Factors have been proposed as alternatives to improve the scientific decision making when testing a hypothesis. This study compares the performance of two Bayes Factor estimations (the BIC-based Bayes Factor and the Vovk-Sellke p-value calibration) with the p-value when the null hypothesis holds. Read More

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February 2018
6 Reads