519 results match your criteria Pseudomembranous Colitis Imaging


The Influence of the Type of Surgery on the Immediate Postoperative Results in Patients with Colorectal Cancer Operated in Emergency.

Chirurgia (Bucur) 2020 Mar-Apr;115(2):227-235

The emergency surgery for colorectal cancer is associated with high rates of morbidity and mortality due to factors related to the characteristics of the patients but also the therapeutic attitude. This study aims to identify the surgical interventions associated with the postoperative complications, with the main causes of morbidity, with the reinterventions and with the postoperative deaths. We included in this retrospective study 431 patients hospitalized and operated in an emergency for complicated colorectal malignant tumors in the Surgery II Clinic of the Clinical Emergency County Hospital "Sf. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.21614/chirurgia.115.2.227DOI Listing

Hepatic Portal Venous Gas: An Ill Omen or a Misleading Sign.

Surg J (N Y) 2020 Jan 3;6(1):e37-e41. Epub 2020 Mar 3.

Department of Internal Medicine and Medical Gastroenterology, Lilavati Hospital and Research Centre, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

Hepatic portal venous gas (HPVG), a rare radiological finding, is historically considered an ominous sign with 100% mortality rates. The dictum that HPVG warrants surgical intervention is challenged in the recent literature. This is because of the identification of various causes of HVPG other than bowel gangrene. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0040-1702919DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7054055PMC
January 2020

Multi-focal Clostridioides (Clostridium) difficile osteomyelitis in a patient with sickle cell anemia: case presentation and literature review.

Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis 2020 Jan 24;96(1):114915. Epub 2019 Oct 24.

Specialty Internal Medicine and Quality Department, Johns Hopkins Aramco Healthcare, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia; Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA; General Internal Medicine Unit, Johns Hopkins Aramco Healthcare, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia.

Clostridioides (Clostridium) difficile infection manifests as intestinal infections, namely pseudomembranous colitis. The occurrence of extra-intestinal disease is thought to be rare with a rate of 1.08% of 2034 isolates of C. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.diagmicrobio.2019.114915DOI Listing
January 2020

It's Okay to Blink and Miss It.

Hosp Pediatr 2019 09 7;9(9):736-738. Epub 2019 Aug 7.

Wolfson Children's Hospital, Jacksonville, Florida; and.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1542/hpeds.2019-0022DOI Listing
September 2019

Clostridium difficile colitis: CT findings and differential diagnosis.

Radiol Med 2019 Dec 13;124(12):1185-1198. Epub 2019 Jul 13.

Department of Radiology, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria Careggi, Largo G.A. Brambilla 3, 50134, Florence, Italy.

Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is a severe and potentially deadly infectious colitis whose incidence is dramatically increasing in the last decades, with more virulent strains. CDI should be suspected in case of unexplained diarrhea and abdominal pain in patients with a recent history of antibiotic use and healthcare exposures; diagnosis is based on a combination of clinical and laboratory findings with demonstration of C. difficile toxins by stool test. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11547-019-01066-0DOI Listing
December 2019
2 Reads

Optimizing Perioperative Outcomes with Selective Bowel Resection Following an Algorithm Based on Preoperative Imaging for Bowel Endometriosis.

J Minim Invasive Gynecol 2020 May - Jun;27(4):883-891. Epub 2019 Jun 22.

Benign Gynecology Surgery Section, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio (Dr. Kho).

Study Objective: To validate the algorithm for selective bowel surgery based on preoperative imaging by comparing the perioperative outcomes of patients who undergo each type of bowel surgery for deep bowel disease, and secondarily to evaluate the incidence, factors, and subsequent outcomes when the actual procedure performed deviated from the preoperative surgical plan.

Design: Retrospective study comparing 3 surgical interventions in an intention-to-treat analysis.

Setting: Tertiary care hospital. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmig.2019.06.010DOI Listing
June 2019
10 Reads

Liver infarction in a patient with Clostridium Difficile colitis. A possible connection?

J Gastrointestin Liver Dis 2019 06 1;28:245-246. Epub 2019 Jun 1.

Medical Imaging Department, Emergency County Clinical Hospital Sibiu, Romania.

. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.15403/jgld-187DOI Listing
June 2019
3 Reads

Immunotherapy-Associated Pseudomembranous Colitis.

Am J Gastroenterol 2019 11;114(11):1708

Division of Gastroenterology, City of Hope National Medical Center, Duarte, California, USA.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.14309/ajg.0000000000000282DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6832783PMC
November 2019
7 Reads

New-onset ulcerative colitis in pregnancy associated to toxic megacolon and sudden fetal decompensation: Case report and literature review.

J Obstet Gynaecol Res 2019 Jul 7;45(7):1215-1221. Epub 2019 May 7.

Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Internal Medicine and Medical Specialties, "Sapienza" University of Rome, Umberto I Hospital, Rome, Italy.

Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a chronic inflammatory disease rarely arising during gestation. Because the available information is based on case reports or small retrospective studies, diagnosis may be difficult and treatment is still controversial. A case of toxic megacolon developing in late pregnancy associated to a sudden fetal decompensation is described. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jog.13996DOI Listing
July 2019
10 Reads

Diarrhea in a Patient Receiving Chemotherapy.

Gastroenterology 2019 12 4;157(6):1492-1493. Epub 2019 May 4.

Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Medicine, Cook County Health and Hospital System, County, Chicago, Illinois.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00165085193676
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1053/j.gastro.2019.04.044DOI Listing
December 2019
22 Reads

Community-acquired fulminant colitis caused by binary toxin-producing Clostridium difficile in Japan.

Clin J Gastroenterol 2019 Aug 14;12(4):325-329. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Third Department of Internal Medicine, Kyorin University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

We report a case of community-acquired fulminant colitis caused by Clostridium difficile in Japan. A 46-year-old woman was diagnosed with severe infectious enterocolitis and was admitted at another hospital. The stool culture was positive for toxigenic C. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12328-019-00949-zDOI Listing
August 2019
8 Reads

In trauma, expect the unexpected: a rare case of post-traumatic pancreatitis associated with salmonellosis and enterocolitis.

BMJ Case Rep 2018 Nov 8;2018. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Department of Pediatric Surgery, Children's Health Children's Medical Center Dallas, Dallas, Texas, USA.

A 16-year-old Hispanic man was transferred to our level I paediatric trauma centre with pancreatitis. Ten days prior, he had sustained a gunshot wound to the abdomen requiring an exploratory laparotomy for repair of a traumatic left diaphragmatic injury. Additional injuries included gastric, renal, liver and pancreatic lacerations as well as a T12 burst fracture that resulted in paraplegia. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://casereports.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/bcr-2018-22628
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-226286DOI Listing
November 2018
49 Reads

Point-of-care Abdominal Ultrasound.

Authors:
Jiro Hata

Masui 2017 May;66(5):503-507

Point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) in the diagnoses of postoperative complications is discussed. POCUS is useful in many situations such as abdominal distension, elevated liver enzymes, abdominal pain, and fever, which are the common complications encountered after surgical operations. In the patients with abdominal distention, bowel distention or ascites can be easily detected by POCUS. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
May 2017
8 Reads

[Radiological imaging of acute infectious and non-infectious enterocolitis].

Authors:
J Wessling

Radiologe 2018 Apr;58(4):302-311

Klinik für diagnostische und interventionelle Radiologie und Neuroradiologie, Clemenshospital Münster, Düesbergweg 124, 48153, Münster, Deutschland.

Background: Computed tomography (CT) is often used as the initial diagnostic test in patients with inflammatory and infectious types of enterocolitis. The differential diagnosis is broad, including infectious, non-infectious and vascular causes, which have substantially different management strategies. Although a definitive diagnosis often relies on endoscopic biopsy results, stool culture results or other clinical features, radiologists often help to guide the diagnosis. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00117-018-0379-3
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00117-018-0379-3DOI Listing
April 2018
5 Reads

Fecal microbiota transplantation for severe complicated C. difficile colitis in a patient with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.

Rev Gastroenterol Mex 2019 Jan - Mar;84(1):110-112. Epub 2018 Feb 12.

Instituto de Investigación en Inmunodeficiencias y VIH, Departamento de Clínicas Médicas, CUCS - Universidad de Guadalajara, Guadalajara, Jalisco, México.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rgmx.2017.12.002DOI Listing
November 2019
1 Read

A Rare Cause of Recurrent Abdominal Pain and Diarrhea.

Gastroenterology 2018 08 2;155(2):e11-e12. Epub 2018 Feb 2.

Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Alabama.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1053/j.gastro.2017.12.035DOI Listing
August 2018
23 Reads

enteritis: diffuse small bowel radiological changes in a patient with abdominal sepsis.

BMJ Case Rep 2018 Jan 26;2018. Epub 2018 Jan 26.

Imaging Department, Barts Health NHS Trust, London, UK.

While imaging appearances of pseudomembranous colitis are commonly recognised, radiological manifestations of -associated enteritis are poorly understood which, combined with the rarity of this infection involving small bowel, makes establishing the correct diagnosis challenging. Therefore, in order to encourage awareness of readers, we present a case of enteritis that manifested as abdominal sepsis complicating the postoperative period in a middle-aged woman with fistulating Crohn's disease and defunctioning ileostomy. Radiological appearances are described based on three consecutive CT studies performed 5 days prior to onset of symptoms, during the peak of enteritis, corresponding with the patient's clinical deterioration, and also 35 days later following treatment and resolution. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2017-222209DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5786970PMC
January 2018
24 Reads

Causes of hematochezia and hemorrhagic antibiotic-associated colitis in children and adolescents.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2017 Aug;96(33):e7793

aDivision of General Pediatrics, Department of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Medical University Graz, Graz bDivision of General Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Hospital Wels-Grieskirchen, Wels cMicrobiologic Laboratory, Institute of Pathology, General Hospital Hochsteiermark, Leoben dInstitute of Pathology, Medical University Graz, Graz eDivision of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine fInstitute of Microbiology, Medical University Innsbruck, Innsbruck gDivision of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, General Hospital Hochsteiermark, Leoben hInstitute of Pathology, Hospital Oberwart, Oberwart iDepartment of Internal Medicine, Medical University Graz jInstitute of Hygiene, Microbiology and Environmental Medicine kDivision of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Medical University Graz lInstitute of Molecular Biosciences, Karl-Franzens University Graz, Graz mDivision of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Hospital Oberwart, Oberwart nDivision of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Internal Medicine, Medical University Graz, Graz, Austria.

Diseases causing hematochezia range from benign to potentially life-threatening. Systematic pediatric data on the causes of hematochezia are scarce. We studied the underlying causes and long-term outcome of hematochezia in children. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000007793DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5571703PMC
August 2017
74 Reads

Fecal transplantation as a treatment for Clostridium difficile infection in patients with ulcerative colitis.

Rev Esp Enferm Dig 2017 Sep;109(9):670

Aparato Digestivo, Hospital Universitario de Cabueñes.

Clostridium difficile (CD) infection is currently the most frequent etiology of nosocomial diarrhea. Besides, its incidence is progressively increasing in ambulatory patients. Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a risk factor of CD infection itself, but also due to the regular immunosuppressive treatment used in these patients. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17235/reed.2017.4941/2017DOI Listing
September 2017
13 Reads

An unusual case of O157:H7 infection with pseudomembranous colitis-like lesions associated with haemolytic-uraemic syndrome and neurological sequelae.

BMJ Case Rep 2017 Jun 18;2017. Epub 2017 Jun 18.

Department of Anaesthetics, Cheltenham General Hospital, Cheltenham, UK.

A 75-year-old man was admitted with abdominal pain and fresh rectal bleeding. Significantly, he had no risk factors for infection. An abdominal CT demonstrated colonic thickening, and flexible sigmoidoscopy identified pseudomembranous colitis-like lesions. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2016-218586DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5534687PMC
June 2017
7 Reads

Cephalosporins Associated Pseudomembraneous Colitis in an Elderly Male Patient - A Case Report.

Curr Drug Saf 2017 ;12(3):205-207

CM 31/13, Shantinagar 2, Near Bhagwati Circle, Kalvibid, Bhavnagar-364002, Gujarat. India.

Introduction: Incidence of antibiotic- associated diarrhoea is a common (10-30%) but pseudomembranous colitis (PMC) is less frequent (1-5%). Fluoroquinolones, clindamycin, penicillins, cephalosporins (mostly third generation) are commonly associated with PMC. The association between cephalosporins and PMC is now well established. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1574886312666170616091217DOI Listing
June 2018
19 Reads

Protein-losing pseudomembranous colitis with cap polyposis-like features.

World J Gastroenterol 2017 Apr;23(16):3003-3010

Wolfgang Kreisel, Bertram Bengsch, Anna-Maria Globig, Department of Medicine II, Gastroenterology, Hepatology, Endocrinology and Infectious Diseases, Medical Center, University of Freiburg, Faculty of Medicine, University of Freiburg, 79106 Freiburg, Germany.

Protein-losing enteropathy (PLE) is characterized by loss of serum proteins into the gastrointestinal tract. It may lead to hypoproteinemia and clinically present as protein deficiency edema, ascites, pleural or pericardial effusion and/or malnutrition. In most cases the site of protein loss is the small intestine. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3748/wjg.v23.i16.3003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5413796PMC
April 2017
93 Reads

Clinical and endoscopic features in patients with hospital-acquired diarrhea associated with Clostridium difficile infection.

Rev Gastroenterol Mex 2017 Oct - Dec;82(4):301-308. Epub 2017 Mar 29.

Servicio de Infectología, Hospital Civil de Guadalajara Fray Antonio Alcalde, Guadalajara, Jalisco, México; Instituto de Patología Infecciosa y Experimental, Centro Universitario de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad de Guadalajara, Guadalajara, Jalisco, México.

Introduction And Aims: Clostridium difficile infection is the main cause of hospital-acquired diarrhea, and the clinical and endoscopic findings in those patients have been studied very little in Mexico. The aim of the present study was to describe those findings.

Materials And Methods: A prospective cohort study was conducted that included patients with hospital-acquired diarrhea associated with Clostridium difficile diagnosed through polymerase chain reaction. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rgmx.2017.01.005DOI Listing
October 2018
5 Reads

Clostridium difficile infections in patients with inflammatory bowel disease.

Authors:
Michael Chieng

N Z Med J 2017 Mar 24;130(1452):68-70. Epub 2017 Mar 24.

Department of General Medicine, North Shore Hospital, Waitemata DHB, Auckland.

Case report of a 23-year-old male presenting with a severe flare of Crohn's disease, exacerbated by community-acquired infection with Clostridium difficile. This case outlines the association between C. difficile infection and inflammatory bowel disease, as both a mimic and a precipitant of flares. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
March 2017
3 Reads

[Clostridium difficile infections in geriatric patients].

Z Gerontol Geriatr 2016 Dec 26;49(8):743-761. Epub 2016 Oct 26.

Medizinische Klinik 2, Schwerpunkt Geriatrie, Paracelsus Medizinische Privatuniversität, Klinikum Nürnberg, 90419, Nürnberg, Deutschland.

Clostridium difficile is the main cause of nosocomial antibiotic-associated diarrhea in adults in Europe and North America. Infections with C. difficile typically occur in elderly patients with comorbidities and prior antibiotic therapy. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00391-016-1143-9DOI Listing
December 2016
2 Reads

Nodular colitis: endoscopic image an unusual finding.

Rev Esp Enferm Dig 2016 Oct;108(10):659-600

Aparato Digestivo, Hospital Univ. Río Hortega. Valladolid.

An 82-year-old male with a history of high blood pressure, COPD, chronic myeloid leukemia, and stage-4 chronic renal failure. Admitted to hospital for lower-limb cellulitis and severe COPD exacerbation, he received antibiotic therapy and bronchodilators. During his hospital stay he developed severe anemia and had an hematochezia event with no diarrhea. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
October 2016
9 Reads

Pseudomembranous colitis presenting as a mechanical large bowel obstruction.

ANZ J Surg 2018 09 25;88(9):E685-E686. Epub 2016 Jul 25.

Department of General Surgery, Wollongong Hospital, Wollongong, New South Wales, Australia.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ans.13679DOI Listing
September 2018
5 Reads

Getting to a Man's Heart through His Colon.

Tex Heart Inst J 2016 Apr 1;43(2):168-70. Epub 2016 Apr 1.

A 69-year-old man presented with a progressively enlarging pulsatile mass in the left side of his chest. Because of a history of an ischemic cardiomyopathy, he had been randomized in 2003 to undergo coronary artery bypass grafting with a Dor procedure, as part of the Surgical Treatment for Ischemic Heart Failure (STICH) trial. Our patient's imaging studies, including a thoracic computed tomogram and transthoracic echocardiogram, were now of concern for left ventricular pseudoaneurysm. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.14503/THIJ-14-4946DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4845564PMC
April 2016
38 Reads

Clostridium difficile ileitis in a patient, after total colectomy.

BMJ Case Rep 2016 Feb 22;2016. Epub 2016 Feb 22.

Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA.

This is a case of a 63-year-old, post total colectomy patient, who presented to the hospital with watery diarrhoea, abdominal cramping and fevers. On admission, the patient was haemodynamically stable and febrile. Clostridium difficile PCR was sent and tested positive. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2015-214319DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4769476PMC
February 2016
4 Reads

[Point-of-Care Abdominal Ultrasound].

Authors:
Jiro Hata

Rinsho Byori 2015 Jun;63(6):717-24

In this paper, abdominal ultrasound examination as a point-of-care examination (POCUS) is discussed. POCUS is very useful in various clinical situations, especially for the diagnosis of critically ill patients with non-specific symptoms. In patients with an unknown fever origin, POCUS can detect unexpected infection foci such as liver abscesses. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
June 2015
14 Reads

Self-Limited Sepsis Syndrome Following Fecal Microbiota Therapy for Refractory C. difficile Infection.

Dig Dis Sci 2016 09;61(9):2488-91

Division of Gastroenterology, University of California-San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10620-015-3955-7DOI Listing
September 2016
3 Reads

Rapid acquisition axial and coronal T2 HASTE MR in the evaluation of acute abdominal pain.

Eur J Radiol 2016 Jan 9;85(1):286-290. Epub 2015 Oct 9.

Diagnostic Imaging, Royal Preston Hospital, Sharoe Green Lane, Preston, Lancashire PR2 9HT, UK. Electronic address:

Purpose: To assess T2 HASTE MR in acute abdominal imaging and ascertain if it is a reliable alternative to CT in patients under 60.

Method And Materials: In a prospective diagnostic performance study from January 2009 to December 2013, patients under 60 presenting with acute abdominal pain, that required imaging following surgical review, were imaged with T2 HASTE MR. Rapid acquisition HASTE (Half Fourier Acquisition Single Shot Turbo Spin Echo) coronal and axial sequences were obtained, without intravenous contrast. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0720048X153012
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejrad.2015.10.002DOI Listing
January 2016
23 Reads

Acute Infectious and Inflammatory Enterocolitides.

Authors:
Mark E Baker

Radiol Clin North Am 2015 Nov 12;53(6):1255-71. Epub 2015 Aug 12.

Section of Abdominal Imaging, Imaging Institute, Digestive Disease Institute and Cancer Institute, Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine of Case Western Reserve University, L10, 9500 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA. Electronic address:

Infectious and inflammatory enterocolitides can present with an acute abdomen. The most common entities are ulcerative colitis, Crohn disease, and Clostridium difficile colitis. This article reviews the clinical and imaging findings of patients who present acutely with infectious and inflammatory enterocolitides. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rcl.2015.06.010DOI Listing
November 2015
16 Reads

Unusual placement of a central venous catheter: left pericardiophrenic vein.

West J Emerg Med 2015 May 2;16(3):422-3. Epub 2015 Apr 2.

University of Louisville, Department of Pulmonary, Critical Care, and Sleep Disorders Medicine, Louisville, Kentucky.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5811/westjem.2015.2.25656DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4427216PMC
May 2015
8 Reads

Proton-Pump Inhibitor Exposure Aggravates Clostridium difficile-Associated Colitis: Evidence From a Mouse Model.

J Infect Dis 2015 Aug 24;212(4):654-63. Epub 2015 Mar 24.

Department of Medical Laboratory Science and Biotechnology Center of Infectious Disease and Signaling Research, National Cheng Kung University.

Background: Clostridium difficile is currently the leading cause of infectious diarrhea in hospitalized patients. In addition to the infection due to toxigenic C. difficile in the gastrointestinal tract of susceptible hosts, other predisposing factors for C. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://academic.oup.com/jid/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/infd
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/infdis/jiv184DOI Listing
August 2015
56 Reads

Metronidazole toxicity presenting with acute onset of aphasia and right sided weakness.

J Clin Neurosci 2015 Jul 18;22(7):1199-200. Epub 2015 Mar 18.

Department of Neurology, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Kaufmann Medical Building Suite 811, 3471 Fifth Avenue, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA. Electronic address:

We report a 37-year-old man with a history of cirrhosis and methicillin-sensitive staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) bacteremia who presented from a nursing home with 1 week of progressive confusion followed by acute onset of aphasia, forced left eye deviation and right sided weakness. While clinical presentation was concerning for a left middle cerebral artery stroke, MRI was consistent with leukoencephalopathy. The man had been on metronidazole for 2 months for treatment of Clostridium difficile infection. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jocn.2014.12.018DOI Listing
July 2015
22 Reads

Antibiotics "just-in-case" in a patient with aspiration pneumonitis.

JAMA Intern Med 2015 Apr;175(4):489-90

Centre for Quality Improvement and Patient Safety, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada4Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://archinte.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?doi=10.1001/jam
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.8030DOI Listing
April 2015
8 Reads

Chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan 4 functions as the cellular receptor for Clostridium difficile toxin B.

Cell Res 2015 Feb 30;25(2):157-68. Epub 2014 Dec 30.

Biodynamic Optical Imaging Center (BIOPIC), State Key Laboratory of Protein and Plant Gene Research, School of Life Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China.

As a gram-positive, spore-forming anaerobic bacillus, Clostridium difficile (C. difficile) is responsible for severe and fatal pseudomembranous colitis, and poses the most urgent antibiotic resistance threat worldwide. Epidemic C. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.nature.com/articles/cr2014169
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/cr.2014.169DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4650570PMC
February 2015
35 Reads

Emphysematous cystitis due to recurrent Clostridium difficile infection.

BMJ Case Rep 2014 Dec 17;2014. Epub 2014 Dec 17.

Department of Internal Medicine, Ikazia Hospital, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

A 78-year-old woman with long-standing obstipation presented herself to the hospital with diarrhoea and progressive abdominal cramping since 2 days. Acute abdomen developed and an emergency exploratory laparotomy was indicated, which showed no signs of bowel ischaemia. After admission to the internal ward, stool Clostridium difficile PCR was tested positive. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://casereports.bmj.com/content/2014/bcr-2014-207265.full
Web Search
http://casereports.bmj.com/cgi/doi/10.1136/bcr-2014-207265
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2014-207265DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4275727PMC
December 2014
25 Reads

Clostridium difficile toxin B inhibits the secretory response of human mast cell line-1 (HMC-1) cells stimulated with high free-Ca²⁺ and GTPγS.

Toxicology 2015 Feb 11;328:48-56. Epub 2014 Dec 11.

Department of Neurology, Hannover Medical School, Carl Neuberg Str. 1, 30625 Hannover, Germany. Electronic address:

Clostridium difficile toxins A and B (TcdA and TcdB) belong to the class of large clostridial cytotoxins and inactivate by glucosylation some low molecular mass GTPases of the Rho-family (predominantly Rho, Rac and Cdc42), known as regulators of the actin cytoskeleton. TcdA and B also represent the main virulence factors of the anaerobic gram-positive bacterium that is the causal agent of pseudomembranous colitis. In our study, TcdB was chosen instead of TcdA for the well-known higher cytotoxic potency. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tox.2014.12.006DOI Listing
February 2015
11 Reads

Diverticulitis after fecal microbiota transplant for C. difficile infection.

Am J Gastroenterol 2014 Dec;109(12):1956-7

Division of Digestive Diseases, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ajg.2014.350DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4795814PMC
December 2014
5 Reads

Pseudomembranous Colitis: Not Always Caused by Clostridium difficile.

Case Rep Med 2014 18;2014:812704. Epub 2014 Aug 18.

Division of Gastroenterology & Hepatology, Department of Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA.

Although classically pseudomembranous colitis is caused by Clostridium difficile, it can result from several etiologies. Certain medications, chemical injury, collagenous colitis, inflammatory bowel disease, ischemia, and other infectious pathogens can reportedly cause mucosal injury and subsequent pseudomembrane formation. We present the case of a middle-aged woman with vascular disease who was incorrectly diagnosed with refractory C. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/crim/2014/812704/
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/812704DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4151585PMC
September 2014
40 Reads

Pseudomembranous collagenous colitis: an unusual cause of chronic diarrhoea.

BMJ Case Rep 2014 Feb 13;2014. Epub 2014 Feb 13.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University Hospital Coventry & Warwickshire, Coventry, UK.

An 81-year-old woman presented with a history of severe chronic diarrhoea resulting in an admission with syncope and electrolyte abnormalities. Imaging studies of the bowel were normal. However, biopsies taken during colonoscopy enabled a diagnosis to be made and effective treatment to be initiated. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2013-203148DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3926385PMC
February 2014
8 Reads

Benign signet ring cells in pseudomembranous colitis: a diagnostic trap.

Indian J Pathol Microbiol 2013 Oct-Dec;56(4):413-5

Departments of Pathology & Medical Gastroenterology, Bahrain Specialist Hospital, Juffair, Manama, Bahrain.

A 71-year-old female patient was admitted with intractable diarrhea and abdominal distention following several courses of broad spectrum antibiotic therapy. Colonic biopsy revealed pseudomembranous colitis with foci of signet ring cell (SRC) change. The SRCs possessed bland nuclei and were confined to the basement membranes of the crypts with no infiltration into the lamina propria. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0377-4929.125356DOI Listing
June 2014
4 Reads

Persistent fever in the ICU.

Chest 2014 Jan;145(1):158-165

Section of Pulmonary & Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, LSU Health Sciences Center, New Orleans, LA. Electronic address:

Disorders of elevated body temperature may be classified as either fever or hyperthermia. Fever is caused by a pyrogen-mediated upward adjustment of the hypothalamic thermostat; hyperthermia results from a loss of physiologic control of temperature regulation. Fever in the ICU can be due to infectious or noninfectious causes. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1378/chest.12-2843DOI Listing
January 2014
32 Reads

Coping with the problems of diagnosis of acute colitis.

Diagn Interv Imaging 2013 Jul-Aug;94(7-8):793-804. Epub 2013 Jun 7.

Urinogenital and Digestive Imaging Department, hôpital Jean-Minjoz, CHRU de Besançon, 3, boulevard Fleming, 25030 Besançon, France.

Acute colitis is an acute condition of the colon. For the radiologist, it is mainly diagnosed during differential diagnosis of acute abdominal conditions. There are many causes of colitis and the degree of its severity varies. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.diii.2013.03.012DOI Listing
April 2014
2 Reads

Multidetector computed tomography features of positive endoscopic or toxin assay Clostridium difficile colitis.

J Med Assoc Thai 2013 Apr;96(4):477-84

Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand.

Background: Pancolonic colonic wall thickening is a common CTfeature in patients diagnosed with Clostridium difficile colitis (CDC).

Objective: To illustrate CT appearances of CDC in hospitalized patients with toxin assay indicant or endoscopic proven CDC.

Material And Method: Two reviewers independently evaluated the colonic abnormalities in the retrospectively identified patients with toxin assay indicant or endoscopic proven CDC that underwent abdominal CT between January 2006 and June 2009. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
April 2013
18 Reads

Concomitant typhlitis and Clostridium difficile colitis developed after first R-CHOP chemotherapy in a non-Hodgkin lymphoma patient.

BMJ Case Rep 2013 Apr 17;2013. Epub 2013 Apr 17.

Department of Medicine, Albert Einstein Medical Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.

Typhlitis or neutropenic enterocolitis (NEC) is a life-threatening condition that occurs in neutropenic patients. Early recognition is crucial owing to high death rate. We present a case of a 54-year-old man, diagnosed with non-Hodgkin lymphoma who received a first cycle of rituximab, cyclophosphamide, hydroxydaunorubicin (doxorubicin), oncovin (vincristine), prednisolone (R-CHOP) chemotherapy 10 days prior presenting. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://casereports.bmj.com/cgi/doi/10.1136/bcr-2013-008894
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2013-008894DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3645077PMC
April 2013
44 Reads

Diverticular disease of the colon does not increase risk of repeat C. difficile infection.

J Clin Gastroenterol 2013 May-Jun;47(5):426-31

Gastroenterology Center of Connecticut, Hamden, CT 06518, USA.

Background: Studies have suggested that colonic diverticulosis might increase the likelihood of repeat Clostridium difficile infection (CDI). Our study was designed to compare rates of repeat infection in patients with and without colon diverticula.

Methods: Patients who had a positive C. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MCG.0b013e318276beeaDOI Listing
October 2013
35 Reads