819 results match your criteria Providencia Infections


[Chilean clinical guideline for the management of hidradenitis suppurativa - executive summary].

Rev Med Chil 2021 Nov;149(11):1620-1635

Servicio de Dermatología, Hospital de Linares, Linares, Chile.

Hidradenitis suppurativa is a chronic inflammatory disease of the hair follicle characterized by recurrent painful and inflamed lesions, predominantly affecting intertriginous regions. Due to its physical sequelae and impact on quality of life, we should be familiarized with this disease to make an appropriate diagnosis and implement an early treatment. This executive summary of the clinical guideline, elaborated by the hidradenitis suppurativa workgroup of the Chilean Society of Dermatology and Venereology (SOCHIDERM), reviews its definition, epidemiology, pathophysiology, risk factors, comorbidities, psycho-emotional impact, clinical presentation, diagnosis, classifications, ultrasonographic evaluation, and its medical and surgical treatments. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2021

In vitro susceptibilities of isolates of potentially naturally inducible chromosomal AmpC-producing metallo-β-lactamase-negative carbapenem-resistant Enterobacterales species to ceftazidime-avibactam: Data from the Antimicrobial Testing Leadership and Surveillance Programme, 2012-2019.

Int J Antimicrob Agents 2022 Jun 16:106617. Epub 2022 Jun 16.

Departments of Laboratory Medicine and Internal Medicine, China Medical University Hospital, School of Medicine, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan; School of Medicine, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan; Ph.D Program for Aging, School of Medicine, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan; Departments of Laboratory Medicine and Internal Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital, National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan. Electronic address:

In total, 74,570 potentially naturally inducible chromosomal AmpC-producing (PNIC-AmpC) Enterobacterales isolates included in the Antimicrobial Testing Leadership and Surveillance Programme were obtained worldwide from 2012 to 2019 (22,503 from 2012 to 2014 and 52,067 from 2015 to 2019). One hundred seventeen and 711 isolates obtained in 2012-2014 and 2015-2019, respectively, were carbapenem-resistant Enterobacterales (PNIC-AmpC-CRE). The minimum inhibitory concentrations of ceftazidime-avibactam for these isolates against were determined using the broth microdilution method. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Causing Urinary Tract Infections: Are We Reaching a Dead End?

Indian J Crit Care Med 2022 ;26(4):446-451

Department of Critical Care, Mahatma Gandhi Medical College and Hospital, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India.

Background: The genus , earlier considered a rare pathogen, is now increasingly recognized as a notorious opportunistic pathogen capable of causing serious nosocomial infections, mainly urinary tract infections (UTIs). Treating these infections is an onerous task given the resistance seen in clinical strains to many currently available antimicrobials. The objective of the present study is to provide an overall view into the prevalence of spp. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

Providencial Progression: Time to be Intolerant.

Authors:
Palepu Gopal

Indian J Crit Care Med 2022 ;26(4):409-410

Citizen Hospitals, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.

Gopal P. Providencial Progression: Time to be Intolerant. Indian J Crit Care Med 2022;26(4):409-410. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

An analysis of how health systems integrated priority-setting in the pandemic planning in a sample of Latin America and the Caribbean countries.

Health Res Policy Syst 2022 May 31;20(1):58. Epub 2022 May 31.

Health Services Management Centre, University of Birmingham, 40 Edgbaston Park Rd, Birmingham, B15 2RT, United Kingdom.

Background: Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) are among those regions most affected by the COVID-19 pandemic worldwide. The COVID-19 pandemic has strained health systems in the region. In this context of severe healthcare resource constraints, there is a need for systematic priority-setting to support decision-making which ensures the best use of resources while considering the needs of the most vulnerable groups. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Socialization of Enables Resistance to Environmental Insults.

Microorganisms 2022 Apr 25;10(5). Epub 2022 Apr 25.

Institut de Biologie Structurale (IBS), Université Grenoble Alpes, CEA, CNRS, F-38000 Grenoble, France.

is a highly social pathogen responsible for nosocomial chronic urinary tract infections. The bacterium indeed forms floating communities of cells (FCC) besides and prior-to canonical surface-attached biofilms (SAB). Within FCC, cells are riveted one to another owing to by self-interactions between its porins, viz. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Multidrug-Resistant Gram-Negative Bacteria and Extended-Spectrum β-Lactamase-Producing Klebsiella pneumoniae from the Poultry Farm Environment.

Microbiol Spectr 2022 Apr 25:e0269421. Epub 2022 Apr 25.

Institute for Medical Research, National Institutes of Health, Ministry of Health, Setia Alam, Selangor, Malaysia.

The indiscriminate use and overuse of various antibiotics have caused the rapid emergence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria (ARB) in poultry products and the surrounding environment, giving rise to global public health issues. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of multidrug-resistant (MDR) Gram-negative bacteria (GNB) found in the environment of poultry farms and to evaluate the risk of contamination in these farms based on multiple antibiotic resistance (MAR) index values. Soil and effluent samples were collected from 13 poultry farms. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Identification and Characterization of vB_PreP_EPr2, a Lytic Bacteriophage of Pan-Drug Resistant .

Viruses 2022 03 29;14(4). Epub 2022 Mar 29.

Wound Infections Department, Bacterial Diseases Branch, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA.

is an emerging opportunistic Gram-negative pathogen with reports of increasing antibiotic resistance. Pan-drug resistant (PDR) infections are a growing concern, demonstrating a need for the development of alternative treatment options which is fueling a renewed interest in bacteriophage (phage) therapy. Here, we identify and characterize phage vB_PreP_EPr2 (EPr2) with lytic activity against PDR MRSN 845308, a clinical isolate that carries multiple antibiotic resistance genes. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Carriage of CdtB Encoding Campylobacter spp., Salmonella enterica, and Yersinia entercolitica in Patients with Gastroenteritis and Irritable Bowel Syndrome.

Dig Dis Sci 2022 Mar 31. Epub 2022 Mar 31.

Foodborne and Waterborne Diseases Research Center, Research Institute for Gastroenterology and Liver Diseases, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Introduction: Cytolethal distending toxin (Cdt) is one of the bacterial toxins that present in a variety of gram-negative human pathogens, such as E. coli, Salmonella spp., and Campylobacter spp. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Does COVID-19 infection increase the risk of pressure injury in critically ill patients?: A narrative review.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2022 Mar;101(11)

Graduate Program in Medicine and Health Sciences of the Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul (PUC/RS), Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil,School of Medicine of the Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul (PUC/RS), Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil,Universidad Popular Autónoma del Estado de Puebla, Puebla, Puebla, México,Universidade Estadual Vale do Acaraú, Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil,Federal University of Health Sciences of Porto Alegre, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil,Instituto Celulare, Itaipava, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil,Rigshospital, Copenhagen East, København, Denmark,Centro Universitário do Rio Grande do Norte, Natal, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil,Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Napoli, Campania, Italia,Universidad Finis Terrae, Providencia, Santiago, Chile,Unigranrio, Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Abstract: Patients with severe COVID-19 may have endothelial dysfunction and a hypercoagulable state that can cause skin damage. In the presence of external pressure on the tissues, the local inflammatory process regulated by inflammatory cytokines can increase and prolong itself, contributing to the formation of pressure injury (PI). PI is defined as localized damage to the skin or underlying tissues. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Designing a Recombinant Vaccine against Using Immunoinformatics Approach.

Vaccines (Basel) 2022 Jan 25;10(2). Epub 2022 Jan 25.

Department of Medical Laboratories, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Qassim University, Buraydah 51452, Saudi Arabia.

Antibiotic resistance (AR) is the resistance mechanism pattern in bacteria that evolves over some time, thus protecting the bacteria against antibiotics. AR is due to bacterial evolution to make itself fit to changing environmental conditions in a quest for survival of the fittest. AR has emerged due to the misuse and overuse of antimicrobial drugs, and few antibiotics are now left to deal with these superbug infections. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

Association of and Infections with Diabetes.

Medicina (Kaunas) 2022 Feb 11;58(2). Epub 2022 Feb 11.

Multidisciplinary Research Center of Antimicrobial Resistance, "Victor Babes" University of Medicine and Pharmacy, No. 16 Victor Babes, 300226 Timisoara, Romania.

: and are related genera of opportunistic pathogens belonging to the family, often a cause of infections in the immunocompromised hosts, such as diabetic patients. Their clinical significance has increased due to their intrinsic resistance to polymyxins, which is often associated with acquired resistance mechanisms. In this study we evaluated the infections caused by and in two groups of patients, with diabetes (group 1) and without diabetes (group 2) admitted to the intensive care unit and surgical wards. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
February 2022

Temporal Reduction in COVID-19-Associated Fatality Among Kidney Transplant Recipients: The Brazilian COVID-19 Registry Cohort Study.

Transpl Int 2022 1;35:10205. Epub 2022 Feb 1.

Hospital do Rim, Fundção Oswaldo Ramos, São Paulo, Brazil.

Data from the general population suggest that fatality rates declined during the course of the pandemic. This analysis, using data extracted from the Brazilian Kidney Transplant COVID-19 Registry, seeks to determine fatality rates over time since the index case on March 3rd, 2020. Data from hospitalized patients with RT-PCR positive SARS-CoV-2 infection from March to August 2020 (35 sites, 878 patients) were compared using trend tests according to quartiles (Q1: <72 days; Q2: 72-104 days; Q3: 105-140 days; Q4: >140 days after the index case). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
February 2022

Evaluation of the Immune Response Induced by CoronaVac 28-Day Schedule Vaccination in a Healthy Population Group.

Front Immunol 2021 31;12:766278. Epub 2022 Jan 31.

Centro de Biotecnología Acuícola, Facultad de Química y Biología, Universidad de Santiago de Chile, Santiago, Chile.

CoronaVac vaccine from Sinovac Life Science is currently being used in several countries. In Chile, the effectiveness of preventing hospitalization is higher than 80% with a vaccination schedule. However, to date, there are no data about immune response induction or specific memory. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
February 2022

Retrospective evaluation of the use of quick Sepsis-related Organ Failure Assessment (qSOFA) as predictor of mortality and length of hospitalization in dogs with pyometra (2013-2019): 52 cases.

J Vet Emerg Crit Care (San Antonio) 2022 Mar 15;32(2):223-228. Epub 2022 Feb 15.

Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Objective: To evaluate the prognostic utility of quick Sepsis-related Organ Failure Assessment (qSOFA) for prediction of in-hospital mortality and length of hospitalization in dogs with pyometra.

Design: Retrospective cohort study from February 2013 to April 2019 SETTING: Tertiary referral hospital ANIMALS: Fifty-two dogs referred with confirmed diagnosis of pyometra INTERVENTIONS: None MEASUREMENTS AND PRINCIPAL OUTCOMES: Sixty-five percent of dogs survived to discharge. A cut-off score of ≥2 for qSOFA was associated with in-hospital mortality (odds ratio 6. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Trypanosoma cruzi infection in the wild Chagas disease vector, Mepraia spinolai: Parasitic load, discrete typing units, and blood meal sources.

Acta Trop 2022 May 10;229:106365. Epub 2022 Feb 10.

Departamento de Ciencias Biológicas Animales, Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias y Pecuarias, Universidad de Chile, Santa Rosa 11725, La Pintana, Santiago, Chile. Electronic address:

Background: Mepraia spinolai, a wild vector of Trypanosoma cruzi in Chile, is an abundant triatomine species that is frequently infected by the parasite that causes Chagas disease. The aim of this study was to determine if the parasitic load of T. cruzi in M. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Seroprevalence, spatial distribution, and social determinants of SARS-CoV-2 in three urban centers of Chile.

BMC Infect Dis 2022 Jan 28;22(1):99. Epub 2022 Jan 28.

Centro de Epidemiología y Políticas de Salud, Facultad de Medicina Clínica Alemana Universidad del Desarrollo, Av. Plaza #680, San Carlos de Apoquindo, 7610658, Las Condes, Santiago, Chile.

Background: Seroprevalence studies provide an accurate measure of SARS-CoV-2 spread and the presence of asymptomatic cases. They also provide information on the uneven impact of the pandemic, pointing out vulnerable groups to prioritize which is particularly relevant in unequal societies. However, due to their high cost, they provide limited evidence of spatial spread of the pandemic specially in unequal societies. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

Occurrence of NDM-1, VIM-1, and OXA-10 Co-Producing Clinical Isolate in China.

Front Cell Infect Microbiol 2021 3;11:789646. Epub 2022 Jan 3.

Institute of Antibiotics, Huashan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, China.

is a nosocomial pathogen associated with urinary tract infections related to hospital-acquired Infections. In recent years, clinical strains producing New Delhi Metallo-β-lactamase (NDM) and other β-lactamase which reduce the efficiency of antimicrobial therapy have been reported. However, there are few reports of co-producing two metallo-β-lactamases in one isolate. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

Alkaline Urine in the Emergency Department Predicts Nitrofurantoin Resistance.

J Emerg Med 2022 03 6;62(3):368-377. Epub 2022 Jan 6.

Department of Urology, Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, Florida.

Background: The Proteeae group (i.e., Proteus species, Morganella morganii, and Providencia species) frequently causes urinary tract infections (UTIs) and is generally resistant to nitrofurantoin. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Total synthesis of the O-antigen repeating unit of O49 serotype through linear and one-pot assemblies.

Beilstein J Org Chem 2021 13;17:2915-2921. Epub 2021 Dec 13.

Department of Chemistry, Indian Institute of Technology (ISM), Dhanbad, 826004, Jharkhand, India.

Capsular polysaccharides of pathogenic bacteria have been reported to be effective vaccines against diseases caused by them. is a class of enterobacteria of the family Providencia that is responsible for several antibiotic resistant infections, particularly urinary tract infections of patients with prolonged catheterization in hospital settings. Towards the goal of development of vaccine candidates against this pathogen, we herein report the total synthesis of a trisaccharide repeating unit of the O-antigen polysaccharide of the O49 serotype containing the →6)-β-ᴅ-Gal-(1→3)-β-ᴅ-GalNAc(1→4)-α-ᴅ-Gal(1→ linkage. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2021

Evaluation of Spanish Health System during the COVID-19 Pandemic: Accountability and Wellbeing Results.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 12 7;18(24). Epub 2021 Dec 7.

ESIC Business & Marketing School, 28224 Pozuelo de Alarcón, Spain.

The COVID-19 pandemic poses a challenge for health systems. For this reason, it is essential to evaluate the management of health systems in the face of the pandemic, identifying the factors that may contribute to its failure or success. This management is more difficult in decentralized countries, since in them, health competencies are distributed among different levels of government. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2021

Bias as a source of inconsistency in ivermectin trials for COVID-19: A systematic review. Ivermectin's suggested benefits are mainly based on potentially biased results.

J Clin Epidemiol 2022 04 18;144:43-55. Epub 2021 Dec 18.

Incident Management System for the Covid-19 Response. Pan American Health Organization, 525 23rd St, Northwest Washington, DC 20037-2895.

Objective: The objective of this systematic review is to summarize the effects of ivermectin for the prevention and treatment of patients with COVID-19 and to assess inconsistencies in results from individual studies with focus on risk of bias due to methodological limitations.

Methods: We searched the L.OVE platform through July 6, 2021 and included randomized trials (RCTs) comparing ivermectin to standard or other active treatments. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Resistance pattern of infected chronic wound isolates and factors associated with bacterial resistance to third generation cephalosporins at Mbarara Regional Referral Hospital, Uganda.

PLoS One 2021 16;16(12):e0261264. Epub 2021 Dec 16.

Department of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, Mbarara University of Science and Technology, Mbarara City, Uganda.

Background: The objectives of this study were; (I) to determine the proportion of pathogens isolated from patients with infected chronic wounds in the surgical ward of MRRH that are resistant to the third-generation cephalosporins and (II) to determine the factors associated with resistance to third-generation cephalosporins in the surgical ward of MRRH.

Method(s): This study was a descriptive analytical survey of bacterial isolates from infected chronic wounds among patients admitted in the surgical ward of MRRH, Uganda. Seventy five (75) study participants were recruited in the study using convenient sampling technique. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

Coping Strategies as a Mental Health Protection Factor of Spanish Nurses during COVID-19.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 12 3;18(23). Epub 2021 Dec 3.

Hospital Universitario de Burgos, 09006 Burgos, Spain.

Background: Due to the healthcare crisis caused by COVID-19, nurses have been exposed to stressful, uncertain situations. In such situations, emotional coping strategies are especially important due to their repercussion on health. The purpose of this study is analyze the relationships between nurses' coping strategies and health, with attention to factors related to perceived threat and/or someone close to them is COVID-19 positive. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2021

Recommendations by the Scientific Department of Neuroimmunology of the Brazilian Academy of Neurology (DCNI/ABN) and the Brazilian Committee for Treatment and Research in Multiple Sclerosis and Neuroimmunological Diseases (BCTRIMS) on vaccination in general and specifically against SARS-CoV-2 for patients with demyelinating diseases of the central nervous system.

Arq Neuropsiquiatr 2021 11;79(11):1049-1061

Private Service, Goiânia GO, Brazil.

The Scientific Department of Neuroimmunology of the Brazilian Academy of Neurology (DCNI/ABN) and Brazilian Committee for Treatment and Research in Multiple Sclerosis and Neuroimmunological Diseases (BCTRIMS) provide recommendations in this document for vaccination of the population with demyelinating diseases of the central nervous system (CNS) against infections in general and against the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), which causes COVID-19. We emphasize the seriousness of the current situation in view of the spread of COVID-19 in our country. Therefore, reference guides on vaccination for clinicians, patients, and public health authorities are particularly important to prevent some infectious diseases. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2021

High antibacterial performance of hydrophobic chitosan-based nanoparticles loaded with Carvacrol.

Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces 2022 Jan 29;209(Pt 1):112191. Epub 2021 Oct 29.

Posgrado en Nanotecnología, Departamento de Física, Universidad de Sonora, Unidad Centro, C.P. 83000 Hermosillo, Sonora, Mexico. Electronic address:

Bacterial infections have become one of the top ten public health concerns worldwide. These problems are aggravated with the emergence of multi-drug resistant bacterial strains. Thus, it is necessary to adopt novel technological strategies, such as development of bionanomaterials to prevent the infection, and treat this kind of bacteria. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

[Bilateral adrenal hemorrhage after severe COVID-19 infection. Report of one case].

Rev Med Chil 2021 Jul;149(7):1081-1084

Servicio de Radiología, Clínica Red Salud Providencia, Santiago, Chile.

We report a 47-year-old male with a severe disease caused by COVID-19, who required mechanical ventilation for 18 ays. During the hospital stay he received dexamethasone and anticoagulation with heparin. After discharge a new chest CT scan showed homogeneous hypo vascular enlargement of both adrenal glands, not present in the initial imaging studies. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis infected with the Providencia stuartii: a case report and literature review.

BMC Nephrol 2021 10 29;22(1):356. Epub 2021 Oct 29.

Binzhou Medical University, Yantai, Shandong, China.

Background: Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis (XGP) is a rare and severe chronic inflammatory disease of the renal parenchyma, which is most commonly associated with super-infections by bacteria such as E. coli, Proteus mirabilis, and occasionally Pseudomonas species.

Case Presentation: Herein, we present a rare case of a patient with XGP infected with Providencia stuartii. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
October 2021

Interplay between Phenotypic Resistance to Relevant Antibiotics in Gram-Negative Urinary Pathogens: A Data-Driven Analysis of 10 Years' Worth of Antibiogram Data.

Life (Basel) 2021 Oct 8;11(10). Epub 2021 Oct 8.

Department of Medical Microbiology, Albert Szent-Györgyi Health Center, Faculty of Medicine, University of Szeged, Semmelweis utca 6., 6725 Szeged, Hungary.

The global emergence of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) has become a critical issue for clinicians, as it puts the decades of developments in the medical field in jeopardy, by severely limiting the useful therapeutic arsenal of drugs, both in nosocomial and community-acquired infections. In the present study, a secondary analysis of taxonomic and resistance data was performed, corresponding to urinary tract infections (UTIs) caused by Gram-negative bacteria, detected between 1 January 2008 to 31 December 2017 at the Albert Szent-Györgyi Health Center, University of Szeged. The following were identifiable from the data collected: year of isolation; outpatient (OP)/inpatient (IP) origin of the isolate; taxonomy; and susceptibility/resistance to selected indicator antibiotics. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
October 2021