10,662 results match your criteria Protein-Energy Malnutrition

COVID-19 and Nutrition: Summary of Official Recommendations.

Top Clin Nutr 2022 Jul-Sep;37(3):187-202. Epub 2022 Jun 22.

Department of Clinical Nutrition, General Hospital Korgialenio-Benakio (Red Cross Hospital), Athens, Greece (Dr Detopoulou, Ms Tsouma, and Mr Papamikos); and Department of Dietetics and Nutrition, University of Peloponnese, Kalamata, Greece (Dr Detopoulou).

Medical nutrition therapy may have a key role in the COVID-19 pandemic. Given the spread of misinformation, the present review organizes and summarizes nutrition recommendations regarding COVID-19, serving as a reference guide for health professionals. Nineteen official recommendations were included of international, US, Asian, European, Canadian, and Australian origin on (i) lactation, (ii) nutrition during quarantine, (iii) nutrition in high-risk groups, (iv) nutrition for recovery at home, and (v) nutrition in hospital. Read More

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Development of the Vietnamese Healthy Eating Index.

J Nutr Sci 2022 9;11:e45. Epub 2022 Jun 9.

Division of Human Nutrition and Health, Wageningen University and Research, Wageningen, The Netherlands.

Poor dietary quality is a major contributor to malnutrition and disease burden in Vietnam, necessitating the development of a tool for improving dietary quality. Food-based dietary guidelines (FBDGs) have been proposed to do this by providing specific, culturally appropriate and actionable recommendations. We developed the Vietnamese Healthy Eating Index (VHEI) to assess the adherence to the 2016-2020 Vietnamese FBDGs and the dietary quality of the general Vietnamese population. Read More

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Risk of Chronic Disease after an Episode of Marasmus, Kwashiorkor or Mixed-Type Severe Acute Malnutrition in the Democratic Republic of Congo: The Lwiro Follow-Up Study.

Nutrients 2022 Jun 14;14(12). Epub 2022 Jun 14.

Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports, Faculty of Science, University of Copenhagen, DK-2200 Copenhagen, Denmark.

Background: Long-term impact of different forms of severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in childhood on the emergence of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) is poorly known.

Aim: To explore the association between subtypes of SAM during childhood, NCDs, and cardiovascular risk factors (CVRFs) in young adults 11 to 30 years after post-SAM nutritional rehabilitation.

Methods: In this follow-up study, we investigated 524 adults (mean age 22 years) treated for SAM during childhood in eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) between 1988 and 2007. Read More

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3D Food Printing Applications Related to Dysphagia: A Narrative Review.

Foods 2022 Jun 17;11(12). Epub 2022 Jun 17.

School of Human Nutrition, McGill University, Montreal, QC H9X 3V9, Canada.

Dysphagia is a condition in which the swallowing mechanism is impaired. It is most often a result of a stroke. Dysphagia has serious consequences, including choking and aspiration pneumonia, which can both be fatal. Read More

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Applications of Medium-Chain Triglycerides in Foods.

Front Nutr 2022 2;9:802805. Epub 2022 Jun 2.

Central Research Laboratory, The Nisshin OilliO Group, Ltd., Tokyo, Japan.

In the 1950s, the production of processed fats and oils from coconut oil was popular in the United States. It became necessary to find uses for the medium-chain fatty acids (MCFAs) that were byproducts of the process, and a production method for medium-chain triglycerides (MCTs) was established. At the time of this development, its use as a non-fattening fat was being studied. Read More

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Screening, Diagnosis and Management of Sarcopenia and Frailty in Hospitalized Older Adults: Recommendations from the Australian and New Zealand Society for Sarcopenia and Frailty Research (ANZSSFR) Expert Working Group.

J Nutr Health Aging 2022 ;26(6):637-651

Professor Robin M. Daly, Institute for Physical Activity and Nutrition, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, 221 Burwood Highway, Burwood, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia 3125, Phone: +61 3 9244 6040, Email: ORCID ID: 0000-0002-9897-1598.

Sarcopenia and frailty are highly prevalent conditions in older hospitalized patients, which are associated with a myriad of adverse clinical outcomes. This paper, prepared by a multidisciplinary expert working group from the Australian and New Zealand Society for Sarcopenia and Frailty Research (ANZSSFR), provides an up-to-date overview of current evidence and recommendations based on a narrative review of the literature for the screening, diagnosis, and management of sarcopenia and frailty in older patients within the hospital setting. It also includes suggestions on potential pathways to implement change to encourage widespread adoption of these evidence-informed recommendations within hospital settings. Read More

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Noma - a neglected disease of malnutrition and poor oral hygiene: A mini-review.

SAGE Open Med 2022 13;10:20503121221098110. Epub 2022 May 13.

Department of Nursing, College of Health Science, Mettu University, Mettu, Ethiopia.

Objectives: The aim of this review was to describe malnutrition and poor oral hygiene, the most common risk factors for noma.

Methods: A vigorous literature searches were conducted on databases such as Scopus, Elsevier, Web of Science, PubMed, Virtual Health Library, and Google Scholar by inserting keywords such as 'noma' OR 'cancrum oris' OR 'cancrum oris cases'. A total of 65 articles gathered. Read More

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Effect of incorporation of snail meat powder on sensory attributes and consumer acceptability of sorghum-wheat buns.

Food Sci Nutr 2022 Jun 1;10(6):1820-1829. Epub 2022 Mar 1.

Department of Human Nutrition Sciences School of Food and Nutritional Sciences Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology Nairobi Kenya.

Formulation of foods from -low-lysine cereals fortified with animal protein is a potentially sustainable approach to enhance protein quality in diet due to nutritional compensation while buns are valuable vehicles to deliver nutrients to human body because of their relatively noble eating quality and extended shelf life. The aim of this study was to evaluate the sensory attributes and consumer acceptability of sorghum-wheat buns containing snail meat powder (SMP). Buns were prepared by replacing 5, 10, 15, 20, and 25% of sorghum-wheat composite flour with SMP. Read More

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Correlations among lean tissue index, physical activity, clinical parameters, diet quality, and nutritional status in patients receiving haemodialyses.

J Ren Care 2022 Jun 11. Epub 2022 Jun 11.

Department of Cardiology and Nursing, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chang Gung University of Science and Technology, Taoyuan City, Taiwan.

Introduction: Poor diet quality and malnutrition accelerate protein and energy depletion. This can result in a diminished lean tissue index (LTI) and an inability to perform daily activities, both of which increase the risk of falls and affect the quality of life.

Objective: This study investigated the correlations among LTI, physical activity (PA), clinical parameters, diet quality, and nutritional status. Read More

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Evaluating the impact of using a wound-specific oral nutritional supplement to support wound healing in a rehabilitation setting.

Int Wound J 2022 Jun 9. Epub 2022 Jun 9.

Department of Pharmacy, TIRR Memorial Hermann Hospital, Houston, Texas, USA.

Chronic wounds adversely affect patient quality of life, increase the risk of mortality, and impose high costs on healthcare systems. Since protein-energy malnutrition or specific nutrient deficiencies can delay wound healing, nutritionally focused care is a key strategy to help prevent or treat the occurrence of non-healing wounds. The objective of our study of inpatients in a rehabilitation hospital was to quantify the effect of daily wound-specific oral nutritional supplementation (WS-ONS) on healing chronic wounds. Read More

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Revisional Surgery of One Anastomosis Gastric Bypass for Severe Protein-Energy Malnutrition.

Nutrients 2022 Jun 6;14(11). Epub 2022 Jun 6.

Division of General Surgery, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, 6 Weizman Street, Tel Aviv 6423906, Israel.

Background: One anastomosis gastric bypass (OAGB) is safe and effective. Its strong malabsorptive component might cause severe protein-energy malnutrition (PEM), necessitating revisional surgery. We aimed to evaluate the safety and outcomes of OAGB revision for severe PEM. Read More

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Effect of Early Nutritional Support on Clinical Outcomes of Critically Ill Patients with Sepsis and Septic Shock: A Single-Center Retrospective Study.

Nutrients 2022 May 31;14(11). Epub 2022 May 31.

Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam-si 13620, Korea.

The initial nutritional delivery policy for patients with sepsis admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) has not been fully elucidated. We aimed to determine whether an initial adequate nutrition supply and route of nutrition delivery during the first week of sepsis onset improve clinical outcomes of critically ill patients with sepsis. We reviewed adult patients with sepsis and septic shock in the ICU in a single tertiary teaching hospital between 31 November 2013 and 20 May 2017. Read More

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High Prevalence of Hormonal Changes and Hepatic Osteodystrophy in Frail Patients with Cirrhosis-An Observational Study.

J Clin Exp Hepatol 2022 May-Jun;12(3):800-807. Epub 2021 Nov 26.

Department of Hepatology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education & Research, Chandigarh, India.

Background/aim: Hormonal changes and hepatic osteodystrophy are less often studied complications of cirrhosis. This study describes the variance in hormones and osteodystrophy between Frail and Not frail patients with cirrhosis.

Methods: 116 outpatients with cirrhosis were prospectively enrolled in this study. Read More

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November 2021

Malnutrition treatment and follow-up in clinical nutrition outpatient clinics associated with increased muscle mass.

Nutrition 2022 Apr 11;101:111680. Epub 2022 Apr 11.

Istanbul University, Istanbul Faculty of Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Fatih, Istanbul, Turkey; Istanbul University, Istanbul Faculty of Medicine, Clinical Nutrition Team, Istanbul Faculty of Medicine, Fatih, Istanbul, Turkey.

Objective: Clinical nutrition outpatient clinics (CNOCs) are the mainstay of the nutrition bundle in hospitals. They are important for the diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up of outpatients with malnutrition (MN) and sarcopenia. The aim of this study was to evaluate changes in muscle mass during the treatment of MN in patients admitted to CNOCs. Read More

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Complex treatment of venous leg ulcers including the use of oral nutritional supplementation: results of 12-week prospective study.

Postepy Dermatol Alergol 2022 Apr 18;39(2):336-346. Epub 2021 Apr 18.

Department of Perioperative Nursing, Ludwik Rydygier Collegium Medicum in Bydgoszcz, Nicolaus Copernicus University in Torun, Poland.

Introduction: Malnutrition is known to impair the wound healing process, contributing to wound chronicity. Venous leg ulcers (VLU) represent the most common chronic leg wounds and become epidemiologically relevant in an ageing society.

Aim: This study investigated the effects of a complex treatment, including a specialized oral nutritional supplementation, on the dynamics of the VLU healing. Read More

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The Effect of Nutrition and Exercise on Body Composition, Exercise Capacity, and Physical Functioning in Advanced CKD Patients.

Nutrients 2022 May 20;14(10). Epub 2022 May 20.

Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Lundquist Institute, Harbor-UCLA Medical Center, Torrance, CA 90502, USA.

Patients with stages 4 and 5 chronic kidney disease (CKD), and particularly chronic dialysis patients, commonly are found to have substantially reduced daily physical activity in comparison to age- and sex-matched normal adults. This reduction in physical activity is associated with a major decrease in physical exercise capacity and physical performance. The CKD patients are often physically deconditioned, and protein energy wasting (PEW) and frailty are commonly present. Read More

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The Impact of Chronic Kidney Disease on Nutritional Status and Its Possible Relation with Oral Diseases.

Nutrients 2022 May 10;14(10). Epub 2022 May 10.

UOC of Internal Medicine-Center of Hypertension and Nephrology Unit, Department of Systems Medicine, University of Rome Tor Vergata, 00133 Rome, Italy.

Several studies have demonstrated a strong relation between periodontal diseases and chronic kidney disease (CKD). The main mechanisms at the base of this link are malnutrition, vitamin dysregulation, especially of B-group vitamins and of C and D vitamins, oxidative stress, metabolic acidosis and low-grade inflammation. In particular, in hemodialysis (HD) adult patients, an impairment of nutritional status has been observed, induced not only by the HD procedures themselves, but also due to numerous CKD-related comorbidities. Read More

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Kitchen Diet vs. Industrial Diets-Impact on Intestinal Barrier Parameters among Stroke Patients.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2022 05 19;19(10). Epub 2022 May 19.

Department of Human Nutrition and Metabolomics, Pomeranian Medical University, 71-460 Szczecin, Poland.

Background And Aims: Strokes are the second highest cause of death in the world and the most common cause of permanent disability in adults. Intestinal barrier permeability thus contributes to diminished homeostasis within the body, which further affects the healing process and convalescence. Each stroke patient should be administered with ingredients that support the intestinal barrier (e. Read More

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Epidemiological data on nutritional disorders and outcomes in hospitalized Thai children: national health database 2015-2019.

Epidemiol Health 2022 May 16:e2022047. Epub 2022 May 16.

Division of Nutrition, Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand.

Objectives: Malnutrition in hospitalized patients is a frequently overlooked health issue. We aimed to assess the prevalence and pattern of nutritional disorders in hospitalized Thai children from a National Health database.

Methods: Hospitalized children aged 1 month-18 years diagnosed with nutritional disorders between 2015 and 2019 were retrospectively reviewed using the National Health Security Office data. Read More

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Nutrition Intake and Nutrition Status of Pancreatic Cancer Patients: Cross-Sectional and Longitudinal Analysis of a Randomized Controlled Exercise Intervention Study.

Nutr Cancer 2022 May 24:1-9. Epub 2022 May 24.

Division of Medical Oncology, National Center for Tumor Diseases, Heidelberg University Hospital, Heidelberg, Germany.

Pancreatic cancer patients often present with an inadequate nutritional intake. At the same time, there are no standardized recommendations for nutrition intake during and after cancer treatment. In a prospective analysis of a randomized controlled trial analyzing the effects of a 6-month resistance training in pancreatic cancer patients, we assessed the nutritional intake and the impact of a 6-month supervised resistance training or home-based resistance training vs. Read More

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Compliance of NKF KDOQI 2020 nutrition guideline recommendations with other guideline recommendations and protein energy wasting criteria in hemodialysis patients.

Nephrol Ther 2022 May 19. Epub 2022 May 19.

Department of nephrology, Faculty of Medicine, Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey.

Introduction: Nutrition in hemodialysis patients is important in decreasing complications, improving quality of life, and preventing of malnutrition. Recommendations of the guidelines are taken into consideration while prescribing a nutrition therapy plan for patients. However, the recommendations may differ between the guidelines. Read More

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[Should we prescribe low-protein diet for geriatric patient with chronic kidney disease?]

Vopr Pitan 2022 14;91(2):21-30. Epub 2022 Mar 14.

Kazan State Medical University, 420012, Kazan, Russian Federation.

There are no clear dietary recommendations for patients over 70 years of age, while stages 3-5 of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and protein-energy wasting (PEW) is common among this category of patients. Nutritional status is known to be one of the significant factors influencing the prognosis of patients receiving renal replacement therapy. of the research was the analysis of the mechanisms of PEW, methods for assessing the nutritional status and effectiveness of diets with different protein content in patients with CKD based on literature data. Read More

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Total Usual Nutrient Intakes and Nutritional Status of United Arab Emirates Children (<4 Years): Findings from the Feeding Infants and Toddlers Study (FITS) 2021.

Curr Dev Nutr 2022 May 11;6(5):nzac080. Epub 2022 Apr 11.

Department of Nutrition and Health, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, United Arab Emirates University, Al Ain, United Arab Emirates.

Background: The transition from a predominantly milk-based diet to a diverse family diet is a window of opportunity for optimal child growth and development.

Objectives: The study aims to examine the nutritional status and food-consumption patterns of children under 4 y of age in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and their adherence to nutrient and dietary recommendations.

Methods: A population-based cross-sectional survey of 525 children aged 0-47. Read More

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Mechanisms of Kwashiorkor-Associated Immune Suppression: Insights From Human, Mouse, and Pig Studies.

Front Immunol 2022 2;13:826268. Epub 2022 May 2.

Center for Food Animal Health, Department of Animal Sciences, Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center, The Ohio State University, Wooster, OH, United States.

Malnutrition refers to inadequate energy and/or nutrient intake. Malnutrition exhibits a bidirectional relationship with infections whereby malnutrition increases risk of infections that further aggravates malnutrition. Severe malnutrition (SM) is the main cause of secondary immune deficiency and mortality among children in developing countries. Read More

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Nutritional counseling was insufficient to maintain dietary intake and nutritional status in head and neck cancer patients undergoing radiotherapy: A historical control study for future intervention in China.

Asia Pac J Oncol Nurs 2022 Apr 12;9(4):190-196. Epub 2022 Feb 12.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Key Laboratory of Carcinogenesis and Translational Research (Ministry of Education/Beijing), Peking University Cancer Hospital & Institute, Beijing, China.

Objective: To determine whether nutritional counseling (NC) affects the dietary intake and nutritional status of head and neck cancer (HNC) patients undergoing radiotherapy (RT) in China.

Methods: This historical control study enrolled 139 HNC patients in the NC group and 146 patients in the control group. Before RT, the latter received usual education about side effects. Read More

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Associations of percentage energy intake from total, animal and plant protein with overweight/obesity and underweight among adults in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Public Health Nutr 2022 May 16:1-14. Epub 2022 May 16.

Department of Nutrition, Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA.

Objective: This study investigated associations between types and food sources of protein with overweight/obesity and underweight in Ethiopia.

Design: We conducted a cross-sectional dietary survey using a non-quantitative FFQ. Linear regression models were used to assess associations between percentage energy intake from total, animal and plant protein and BMI. Read More

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Economic Evaluation of Individualized Nutritional Support for Hospitalized Patients with Chronic Heart Failure.

Nutrients 2022 Apr 20;14(9). Epub 2022 Apr 20.

Abbott Nutrition, Chicago, IL 60045, USA.

Background Malnutrition is a highly prevalent risk factor in hospitalized patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). A recent randomized trial found lower mortality and improved health outcomes when CHF patients with nutritional risk received individualized nutritional treatment. Objective To estimate the cost-effectiveness of individualized nutritional support in hospitalized patients with CHF. Read More

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Characterization of the Skeletal Muscle Proteome in Undernourished Old Rats.

Int J Mol Sci 2022 Apr 26;23(9). Epub 2022 Apr 26.

Human Nutrition Unit, INRAE, Auvergne Human Nutrition Research Center, Clermont Auvergne University, 63000 Clermont-Ferrand, France.

Aging is associated with a progressive loss of skeletal muscle mass and function termed sarcopenia. Various metabolic alterations that occur with aging also increase the risk of undernutrition, which can worsen age-related sarcopenia. However, the impact of undernutrition on aged skeletal muscle remains largely under-researched. Read More

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Nutritional status and feeding regimen of critically ill patients in General Hospital of Agriculture in Hanoi, Vietnam.

Nutr Health 2022 May 11:2601060221100673. Epub 2022 May 11.

253827Thang Long University, Hanoi, Vietnam.

Fully nutrition support for patients in developing countries like Vietnam is challenging. To estimate the prevalence of patients with nutritional risk at admission and describe feeding regimen of critically ill patients in a suburban hospital in Hanoi, Vietnam. An observational study was conducted among 154 patients at department of Intensive Care Unit (ICU). Read More

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