9,822 results match your criteria Protein-Energy Malnutrition


Mutant Lines of Spring Wheat with Increased Iron, Zinc, and Micronutrients in Grains and Enhanced Bioavailability for Human Health.

Biomed Res Int 2019 14;2019:9692053. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

Department of Biotechnology, Kazakh National University, Named After Al-Farabi, Almaty, Kazakhstan.

Deficiency of metals, primarily Fe and Zn, affects over half of the world's population. Human diets dominated by cereal products cause micronutrient malnutrition, which is common in many developing countries where populations depend heavily on staple grain crops such as wheat, maize, and rice. Biofortification is one of the most effective approaches to alleviate malnutrition. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/9692053DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6437721PMC

The effect of high fat dietary modification and nutritional status on the outcome of critically ill ventilated children: Single-center study.

Korean J Pediatr 2019 Apr 2. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Egypt.

Purpose: We aimed to assess the effect of high fat dietary modification and nutritional status on ventilatory and final outcomes of pediatric intensive care.

Methods: Fifty-one ventilated children (1 month to 12 years) with pulmonary disease who could be enterally fed; in Cairo University Pediatric intensive care unit, were divided into two groups. Group A: included 25 patients who received isocaloric high fat low carbohydrates diet. Read More

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http://kjp.or.kr/journal/view.php?doi=10.3345/kjp.2018.06835
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3345/kjp.2018.06835DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Skeletal muscles of hibernating black bears show minimal atrophy and phenotype shifting despite prolonged physical inactivity and starvation.

PLoS One 2019 18;14(4):e0215489. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Laboratory of Wildlife Biology and Medicine, Graduate School of Veterinary Medicine, Hokkaido University, Hokkaido, Japan.

Hibernating mammals experience prolonged periods of torpor and starvation during winter for up to 5-7 months. Though physical inactivity and malnutrition generally lead to profound loss of muscle mass and metabolic dysfunction in humans, hibernating bears show limited muscle atrophy and can successfully maintain locomotive function. These physiological features in bears allow us to hypothesize that hibernating bears uniquely alter the regulation of protein and energy metabolism in skeletal muscle which then contributes to "muscle atrophy resistance" against continued physical inactivity. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0215489PLOS

Appetite and Protein Intake Strata of Older Adults in the European Union: Socio-Demographic and Health Characteristics, Diet-Related and Physical Activity Behaviours.

Nutrients 2019 Apr 4;11(4). Epub 2019 Apr 4.

Department of Agricultural Economics, Ghent University, Coupure links 653, 9000 Ghent, Belgium.

Considerable efforts have been directed towards stimulating healthy ageing regarding protein intake and malnutrition, yet large-scale consumer studies are scarce and fragmented. This study aims to profile older adults in the European Union (EU) according to appetite (poor/good) and protein intake (lower/higher) strata, and to identify dietary and physical activity behaviours. A survey with older (aged 65 years or above) adults ( = 1825) in five EU countries (Netherlands, United Kingdom, Finland, Spain and Poland) was conducted in June 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu11040777DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Kidney cachexia or protein-energy wasting in chronic kidney disease: facts and numbers.

J Cachexia Sarcopenia Muscle 2019 Apr 12. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Harold Simmons Center for Kidney Disease Research and Epidemiology, Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, University of California, Irvine, School of Medicine, Orange, Irvine, CA, USA.

Weight loss and homeostatic disturbances of both energy and protein balances are characteristics of several illnesses including cancer, heart failure, and chronic kidney disease (CKD). Different definitions have been used to describe this deleterious process. The term protein-energy wasting (PEW) has been proposed for CKD patients by the International Society of Renal Nutrition and Metabolism. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/jcsm.12421
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jcsm.12421DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

The combined effect of individually tailored xerostomia and nutritional interventions on dry mouth among nutritionally compromised old home care clients.

Gerodontology 2019 Apr 4. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

Institute of Dentistry, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland.

Objective: To examine the effectiveness of tailored xerostomia and nutritional 6-month interventions on xerostomia among home care clients aged 75 years or over who were malnourished or at risk of malnutrition.

Background: A subjective feeling of dry mouth (xerostomia) is common among older adults and affects their quality of life, nutrition and oral health. Medical conditions, polypharmacy, dehydration and malnutrition are often underlying causes of xerostomia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ger.12405DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Effect of Progression in Malnutrition and Inflammatory Conditions on Adverse Events and Mortality in Patients on Maintenance Hemodialysis.

Blood Purif 2019 Apr 3;47 Suppl 2:1-9. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Department of Nephrology, Gojinkai-Sumiyoshigawa Hospital, Kobe, Japan.

Background/aim: In maintenance hemodialysis (MHD), protein-energy malnutrition and chronic inflammation can be critical and are two of the main causes of mortality.

Method: We compared the change in nutrition and inflammatory conditions between younger and older MHD patients during a 2-year period. Furthermore, using Kaplan-Meier analysis, we evaluated the correlations between changes in each parameter and any adverse events. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000496629DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

[Serum iron concentration in malnourished children from an urban and rural area in Democratic Republic of the Congo].

Pan Afr Med J 2018 25;31:55. Epub 2018 Sep 25.

Université de Lubumbashi, Département de Pédiatrie, Lubumbashi, République Démocratique Congo.

Introduction: malnutrition (protein energy malnutrition, vitamin deficiency) contributes to anemia. At the same time, iron-deficiency anemia is one of the most common nutritional disorders in the world, especially in developing countries. This study aims to determine iron concentrations in malnourished children aged 6 -59 months and factors associated with variation in iron levels. Read More

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http://www.panafrican-med-journal.com/content/article/31/55/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.11604/pamj.2018.31.55.16089DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6431419PMC
April 2019
3 Reads

A new nutritional risk index for predicting mortality in hemodialysis patients: Nationwide cohort study.

PLoS One 2019 28;14(3):e0214524. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Department of Nephrology, Tokyo Medical University, Shinjuku, Tokyo, Japan.

Background: Protein energy wasting (PEW) is a risk factor for death. However, the cutoff vales for PEW are not optimized for early identification of hemodialysis patients with malnutrition. We evaluated the prognosis of Japanese maintenance hemodialysis patients using nutritional indices optimized for them. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0214524PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6438476PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

Impact of television on nutritional intake in communal dining room settings among those with acquired brain injury: A pilot study.

Nutr Diet 2019 Mar 25. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

Aim: Those with acquired brain injury (ABI) experience impairments in executive function, attention and concentration that may contribute to or exacerbate poor nutritional intakes. This is frequently observed in long-stay rehabilitation settings. This investigation aimed to identify the specific impact of the dining room television as a factor that exacerbates poor intake and nutritional status among those with ABI. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1747-0080.12526DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Secondary immunodeficiency as a consequence of chronic diseases.

Authors:
Zita Chovancová

Vnitr Lek 2019 ;65(2):117-124

Secondary immunodeficiencies (SID) represents heterogeneous group of acquired impairment of immune system function with diverse etiology. It is mostly a combined disorder of both humoral and cellular component of the innate and adaptive immune response. SID occurs mainly in adulthood. Read More

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January 2019
1 Read

Determinants of Undernutrition among Young Children Living in Soth Nikum District, Siem Reap, Cambodia.

Nutrients 2019 Mar 22;11(3). Epub 2019 Mar 22.

World Vision Cambodia, #20 Street 71 Tonle Bassac, Chamkar Morn, Phnom Penh 12203, Cambodia.

Background: Child undernutrition is of public concern in Cambodia. An understanding of factors influencing child nutritional status is essential to design programs that will reduce undernutrition. Using the UNICEF conceptual framework of causes of malnutrition, our research investigates the relationship between nutritional status of children aged 6⁻23 months and its immediate and underlying determinants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu11030685DOI Listing
March 2019
5 Reads

Insufficient intake of energy and protein is related to physical functional capacity among COPD patients referred to municipality based pulmonary rehabilitation.

Clin Nutr ESPEN 2019 Apr 7;30:35-41. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

Medical Department, Herlev and Gentofte University Hospital, Herlev and Department of Public Health, University of Copenhagen, Denmark.

Background: Malnutrition is frequent in COPD. Malnourished patients participating in pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) may benefit less and even worsen prognosis. The aim of this study was to investigate energy and protein intake in outpatients with COPD referred to municipality based PR and to investigate the relation to functional capacity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clnesp.2019.02.009DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Protein and energy intake improved by in-between meals: An intervention study in hospitalized patients.

Clin Nutr ESPEN 2019 Apr 6;30:113-118. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Center for Nutrition and Bowel Disease, Department of Gastroenterology, Aalborg University Hospital Denmark; Department of Clinical Medicine, Aalborg University, Denmark.

Background/aim: Disease related malnutrition is a major problem in hospitals. Malnutrition in hospitalized patients is caused by many factors. Among these factors are decreased appetite and early satiety, and reaching nutritional requirements in nutritional risk patients is a challenge when using ordinary energy and protein dense food. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clnesp.2019.01.007DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

Nutritional Treatment of a Young Infant with Cystic Fibrosis Presenting with Severe Kwashiorkor Dermatosis.

J Trop Pediatr 2019 Mar 20. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

São LeopldoMandic School of Medicine, Clinical Coordin of the Multi-professional Team of Nutritional Therapy at Clinics Hospital - University of Campinas São Paulo, Brazil.

Kwashiorkor in infancy is typically associated to an underlying disease. Edema, a striking feature of this type of malnutrition, can be difficult to assess in this age group. The typical dermatosis of Kwashiorkor is not fully explained the deficiency of one isolated vitamin or micronutrient. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmz008DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Nutritional status of exclusive breastfed infants in the state of Pernambuco.

Rev Bras Epidemiol 2019 Mar 14;22:e190007. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

Instituto de Medicina Integral Professor Fernando Figueira, Diretoria de Pesquisa, Grupo de Estudos Integrados de Nutrição e Saúde - Recife (PE), Brasil.

Introduction: Exclusive breastfeeding (BF), after the sixth month of life, as a single food source is not recommended. It is believed that it is not possible to supply the caloric needs of protein, iron and vitamin without adequate food supplementation.

Objective: To comparethe nutritional statusof children withexclusive breastfeeding(BF)for more than 6monthsversuschildren with otherbreastfeeding practices. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1980-549720190007DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Nutritional support strategies in pediatric cancer patients in Mexico

Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc 2019 Mar 15;56(6):525-532. Epub 2019 Mar 15.

Universidad de Guadalajara, Instituto de Nutrición Humana, Centro Universitario de Ciencias de la Salud. Guadalajara, Jalisco, México

Background: Meeting the nutritional needs of pediatric patients on oncology services in low budget public hospitals of Mexico is a continuous challenge, due to its financial resources.

Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of a nutritional strategy for children and adolescents with cancer in a public hospital of Mexico, based on a complacency diet.

Methods: Across-sectional study included 58 children and adolescents (1-18 years old). Read More

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March 2019
2 Reads

Neuroprotection Induced by Energy and Protein-Energy Undernutrition Is Phase-Dependent After Focal Cerebral Ischemia in Mice.

Transl Stroke Res 2019 Mar 18. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

Department of Neurology, University Hospital Essen, Hufelandstr. 55, 45122, Essen, Germany.

Malnutrition predisposes to poor stroke outcome. In animal models, undernutrition protected against ischemic injury in some, but not in other studies. In view of diverse stroke models and food restriction paradigms, the consequences of undernutrition are poorly understood. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12975-019-00700-3DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Assessment of nutritional status in the maintenance of haemodialysis patients: a cross-sectional study from Palestine.

BMC Nephrol 2019 Mar 15;20(1):92. Epub 2019 Mar 15.

Poison Control and Drug Information Center (PCDIC), College of Medicine and Health Sciences, An-Najah National University, Nablus, 44839, Palestine.

Background: Protein-energy wasting (PEW) is a relatively prevalent problem among adult haemodialysis patients (HDP). PEW is an important determinant of morbidity and mortality in HDP, therefore it is essential for dietitians to accurately assess malnutrition (MN) in these patients. HDP appear to be more susceptible to developing MN; however, this is not well documented. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12882-019-1288-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6420767PMC
March 2019
1 Read
1.520 Impact Factor

What Children Eat in Developing Countries: Diet in the Etiology of Undernutrition?

Nestle Nutr Inst Workshop Ser 2019 13;91:43-53. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

We live in a world of paradoxes: one half of the world is overweight or obese with abundant access to food and the other half undernourished due to poor food access. It has been estimated that nearly 36% of children in Asia are stunted. Worldwide, approximately 1 in 4 children under the age of 5 years shows stunted growth, making the number of stunted children to 155 million; 52 million children under 5 years are wasted, of which 17 million are severely wasted. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000493693DOI Listing
March 2019
5 Reads

Nutritional Assessment of Dialysis Patient with a Web-Based Tool Allows More Accurate Treatment of Malnutrition.

Pril (Makedon Akad Nauk Umet Odd Med Nauki) 2018 Dec;39(2-3):37-43

Dialysis Department, University Clinical Centre of Ljubljana, Slovenia.

Background/aims: Regular assessment of nutritional status of dialysis patients is vital for preventing malnutrition and protein energy wasting. The aim of this clinical study was to analyze dietary intake of dialysis patients and to determine if it meets their nutritional needs.

Methods: Clinical study was conducted on 30 randomly selected dialysis patients in the dialysis department of the University Medical Centre Ljubljana. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/prilozi-2018-0040DOI Listing
December 2018
6 Reads

Assessment of Malnutrition Inflammation Score in Different Stages of Chronic Kidney Disease.

Pril (Makedon Akad Nauk Umet Odd Med Nauki) 2018 Dec;39(2-3):51-61

Ex Resident,Department of Medicine Pt. B.D. Sharma University of Health Sciences, Rohtak(Haryana).

Background: Protein-energy wasting (PEW) is common in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), and is associated with high morbidity and mortality. Malnutrition-Inflammation Score (MIS) has significant correlations with prospective hospitalization and mortality, as well as measures of anemia, inflammation, and nutrition in dialysis patients.

Material And Methods: The study was conducted on 100 adult patients of CKD selected from K&D clinic PGIMS, Rohtak. Read More

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https://content.sciendo.com/view/journals/prilozi/39/2-3/art
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/prilozi-2018-0042DOI Listing
December 2018
5 Reads

Poor nutritional knowledge and food restrictions among families of children with cancer and their impact: A cross-sectional study of 700 families.

J Psychosoc Oncol 2018 Sep-Oct;36(5):658-666

a Department of Medical Oncology , Dr BRA Institute Rotary Cancer Hospital, All India Institute of Medical Sciences , New Delhi , India.

Purpose: To determine the prevalence of poor food knowledge and food restrictions among families of children with cancer and assess their impact on nutritional outcomes.

Methods: In this cross-sectional study of 700 families of children with cancer who attended a referral cancer clinic, parents were asked 9 questions about nutritional knowledge ("Knowledge score") and 12 questions about food restrictions ("Restriction score"). Secondary outcomes included the nutritional status of children and possible socio-demographic associations of poor food knowledge. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/07347332.2018.1
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/07347332.2018.1484840DOI Listing
March 2019
9 Reads

Hypoproteinemia as a factor in assessing malnutrition and predicting survival on hemodialysis.

J Artif Organs 2019 Mar 9. Epub 2019 Mar 9.

Department of Nephrology, Hypertension, Dialysis and Transplantation, University Hospital Centre Zagreb, Kispaticeva 12, 10 000, Zagreb, Croatia.

Series of studies have described malnutrition as one of the main non-traditional risk factors associated with poor prognosis and treatment outcome in patients on hemodialysis (HD). The aims of this study were to evaluate the link between HD treatment quality and the nutritional status and to additionally investigate the association of malnutrition and overall survival. A total of 134 adult out-patients (56. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10047-019-01098-3DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads
1.393 Impact Factor

Prediction of Mortality and Hospitalization Risk Using Nutritional Indicators and Their Changes Over Time in a Large Prevalent Hemodialysis Cohort.

J Ren Nutr 2019 Mar 6. Epub 2019 Mar 6.

Fresenius Medical Care North America, Waltham, Massachusetts.

Objective(s): Malnutrition and protein-energy wasting are associated with morbidity and mortality in hemodialysis patients. Existing nutritional scores rely primarily on cross-sectional data. Using readily available nutritional indicators, we developed models to predict the risk of mortality and hospitalization in prevalent hemodialysis patients. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10512276193003
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1053/j.jrn.2019.01.013DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads
2.548 Impact Factor

Feeding modality is a barrier to adequate protein provision in children receiving continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT).

Pediatr Nephrol 2019 Jun 6;34(6):1147-1150. Epub 2019 Mar 6.

Sections of Nephrology, Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, 1102 Bates Street, Suite 245, Houston, TX, 77033, USA.

Background: Critically ill children have a high prevalence of malnutrition. Children with acute kidney injury experience high rates of protein debt. Previous research has indicated that protein provision is positively associated with survival. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00467-019-04211-zDOI Listing
June 2019
2 Reads

Nutritional interventions to prevent and treat frailty.

Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care 2019 May;22(3):191-195

Department of Medicine & Therapeutics, Faculty of Medicine, The Chinese University of Hongkong, Hong Kong, China.

Purpose Of Review: Frailty is a multidimensional condition common in older adults, where reduced resiliency leads to adverse outcomes. It has strong links with malnutrition and sarcopenia, mostly through muscle health. This review explores the links between nutrition and frailty from different perspectives. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MCO.0000000000000556DOI Listing
May 2019
2 Reads

Immune boosting role of vitamin E against pulmonary tuberculosis.

Pak J Pharm Sci 2019 Jan;32(1(Supplementary)):269-276

Services Institute of Medical Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan.

Tuberculosis is one of the leading causes of mortality in Pakistan which is linked with malnutrition and weak immunity. Such people are more prone to chronic infections including TB. The current study aimed to assess the effect of supplementation of Vitamin E on the immune status of human subjects against pulmonary tuberculosis. Read More

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January 2019
8 Reads
0.950 Impact Factor

Nutrition-related parameters predict the health-related quality of life in home care patients.

Exp Gerontol 2019 Jun 26;120:15-20. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

Gazi University, Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Beşevler, 06500 Ankara, Turkey.

Introduction: There is evidence that nutritional status is one of the major factors affecting quality of life. Low quality of life is an important reason that reflects the risk of malnutrition as well as dependency and frailty.

Objective: The present study aimed to examine nutritional risk factors and sociodemographic features affecting health-related quality of life in home care patients. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S05315565183075
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.exger.2019.02.018DOI Listing
June 2019
11 Reads

A Prospective Study Identifying a Change in Energy and Protein Intake of Older Adults during Inpatient Rehabilitation.

Nutrients 2019 Feb 22;11(2). Epub 2019 Feb 22.

Department of Nutrition, Dietetics and Food, Monash University, Notting Hill, VIC 3168, Australia.

Understanding older patients' dietary intake patterns may improve the timing of strategies to address hospital malnutrition. The aims of this study were to explore longitudinally the change in daily energy (kJ/day) and protein (g/day) intake, and associated factors. Data were derived using a 5-point scale to visually estimate plate waste, and known nutrient composition data. Read More

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http://www.mdpi.com/2072-6643/11/2/453
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu11020453DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6412803PMC
February 2019
9 Reads

[A case of protein-energy malnutrition caused by superior mesenteric artery syndrome].

Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi 2019 Mar;58(3):213-214

Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, The Sixth Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510655, China.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0578-1426.2019.03.012DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Achieving TB elimination in India: The role of latent TB management.

Indian J Tuberc 2019 Jan 8;66(1):30-33. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

New Delhi Tuberculosis Center, New Delhi, India.

The elimination of Tuberculosis (TB) in settings with a high dual burden of active and latent TB is one of the most important public health challenges of the 21st century. India has the highest TB burden in the world and nearly 40% of the population being infected with TB. There also exist large often overlapping socially and medically vulnerable populations like the PLHIV, pediatric TB contacts, children with protein-energy malnutrition, homeless people, workers in silica industry and adults with low BMI. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijtb.2018.10.006DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

A Cross-Sectional Study on Malnutrition in Inflammatory Bowel Disease: Is There a Difference Based on Pediatric or Adult Age Grouping?

Inflamm Bowel Dis 2019 Feb 22. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

IBD Research Group, McGill University Health Center, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; Research Centre, Sainte-Justine UHC.

Background: Malnutrition, commonly observed in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), is associated with increased morbidity and mortality and is attributed to multiple causes. The added energy costs of growth in the child and adolescent with IBD are an additional risk factor.

Methods: The aim of the study was to perform a cross-sectional comparison of nutritional parameters in IBD between pediatric and adult cases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ibd/izy403DOI Listing
February 2019
8 Reads

Amino acid status in dogs with protein-losing nephropathy.

J Vet Intern Med 2019 Mar 19;33(2):680-685. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Center for Biostatistics, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio.

Background: Proteinuria in dogs with kidney disease can contribute to protein-energy wasting and malnutrition. Little is known about amino acid (AA) status in dogs with protein-losing nephropathy (PLN).

Objectives: The purpose of our study was to further elucidate AA status in PLN dogs, with the hypothesis that PLN dogs would have altered AA status as compared to healthy dogs. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/jvim.15436
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jvim.15436DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6430895PMC
March 2019
6 Reads

Multifactorial immunodeficiency in frail elderly patients: Contributing factors and management.

Med Mal Infect 2019 May 16;49(3):167-172. Epub 2019 Feb 16.

Service de gériatrie, hôpital J. -Minjoz, CHU de Besançon, 3, boulevard A. -Fleming, 25030 Besançon cedex, France; Axe éthique et progrès, Inserm CIC 1431, CHU de 25000 Besançon, Besançon, France; EA 481 neurosciences, université Bourgogne-Franche-Comté, 25000 Besançon, France.

Immunodeficiency in the elderly is multifactorial. The analysis of etiological factors demonstrates the major role of immunosenescence and protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) with high prevalence deficiencies in micronutrients such as vitamin D, zinc, or vitamin E in people aged above 75 years. PEM contributes to the numerous consequences of frailty syndrome, and mainly to susceptibility to infections including fungal infections, which are usually observed in immunodeficient patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.medmal.2019.01.012DOI Listing
May 2019
4 Reads

Thymic size is increased by infancy, but not pregnancy, nutritional supplementation in rural Gambian children: a randomized clinical trial.

BMC Med 2019 Feb 18;17(1):38. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

MRC Unit The Gambia at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Atlantic Boulevard, Fajara, PO Box 273, Banjul, The Gambia.

Background: Thymic size in early infancy predicts subsequent survival in low-income settings. The human thymus develops from early gestation, is most active in early life and is highly sensitive to malnutrition. Our objective was to test whether thymic size in infancy could be increased by maternal and/or infant nutritional supplementation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12916-019-1264-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6378709PMC
February 2019
6 Reads

[Assessment of the risk of malnutrition in the older age group of the Voronezh Region].

Vopr Pitan 2018 13;87(6):42-47. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Voronezh State Medical University named after N.N. Burdenko.

Modern scientific data indicate the widespread use in European countries of questioning in assessing the nutritional status of patients. The use of questionnaires in medical practice allows the doctor to reduce the time to collect anamnesis, to place emphasis on building a further algorithm of diagnosis and treatment. The article is devoted to the study of the nutritional status of elderly people in the city of Voronezh and the Region; determining the risk of malnutrition syndrome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.24411/0042-8833-2018-10065DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Enteral Nutrition in the Mechanically Ventilated Patient.

Nutr Clin Pract 2019 Feb 11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Department of Nutritional Sciences, The University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, USA.

Mechanically ventilated patients are unable to take food orally and therefore are dependent on enteral nutrition for provision of both energy and protein requirements. Enteral nutrition is supportive therapy and may impact patient outcomes in the intensive care unit. Early enteral nutrition has been shown to decrease complications and hospital length of stay and improve the prognosis at discharge. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ncp.10242DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads
2.058 Impact Factor

Pattern of noma (cancrum oris) and its risk factors in Northwestern Nigeria: A hospital-based retrospective study.

Ann Afr Med 2019 Jan-Mar;18(1):17-22

Department of Community Health, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria.

Background: Noma (cancrum oris) remains the scourge of children and the "face of poverty" in Sub-Saharan Africa. Recent data on the burden of noma and its risk factors are needed for evaluating and redesigning interventions for its prevention and control.

Objectives: This study aimed to determine the pattern of noma and its risk factors in Northwestern Nigeria. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_5_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6380110PMC
February 2019
2 Reads

Homocysteine, Thioretinaco Ozonide, and Oxidative Phosphorylation in Cancer and Aging: A Proposed Clinical Trial Protocol.

Authors:
Kilmer S McCully

Methods Mol Biol 2019 ;1866:285-310

Department of Pathology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.

The objective of the proposed clinical interventional trial is to demonstrate the efficacy of a novel therapeutic strategy in subjects with cancer and hyperhomocysteinemia. Following discovery of abnormal homocysteine thiolactone metabolism in cultured malignant cells, thioretinamide, the amide synthesized from retinoic acid and homocysteine thiolactone, and thioretinaco, the complex formed from cobalamin and thioretinamide, were demonstrated to have antineoplastic, anticarcinogenic, and anti-atherogenic properties in animal models. Retinol, ascorbate, and homocysteine thiolactone are necessary for biosynthesis of thioretinamide and thioretinaco by cystathionine synthase and for formation of thioretinaco ozonide from thioretinamide, cobalamin, and ozone. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4939-8796-2_23DOI Listing
January 2019
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Protein-Calorie Malnutrition Requiring Revisional Surgery after One-Anastomosis-Mini-Gastric Bypass (OAGB-MGB): Case Series from the Tehran Obesity Treatment Study (TOTS).

Obes Surg 2019 Feb 1. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Obesity Research Center, Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Introduction: One-anastomosis-mini-gastric bypass (OAGB-MGB) is the second most popular gastric bypass procedure with remarkable weight loss results and comorbidity resolution rates. However, some concerns remain regarding its postoperative complications, including protein-calorie malnutrition (PCM). We hereby report our experience with patients who returned with severe PCM after OAGB-MGB. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11695-019-03741-7DOI Listing
February 2019
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A human mode of intestinal type gastric carcinoma.

Authors:
Shaoqing Lai

Med Hypotheses 2019 Feb 14;123:27-29. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

National Cancer Center/National Clinical Research Center for Cancer/Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100021, China. Electronic address:

Gastric cancer is a malignant tumor originating from the gastric mucosa epithelium. Intestinal type gastric cancer is frequently taken on elderly men, and there are many high incidence areas around the world. Intestinal type gastric cancer often is accompanied by gastric mucosal atrophy, intestinal metaplasia. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S03069877183121
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.mehy.2018.12.009DOI Listing
February 2019
16 Reads

Dietary Intake and Associated Factors in Long-Term Care Homes in Southeast Spain.

Nutrients 2019 Jan 25;11(2). Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Granada, 18071 Granada, Spain.

Diet is a key modifiable factor in the management of malnutrition and age-related diseases such as sarcopenia, an important issue in long-term care homes. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the dietary intake of residents, define dietary patterns, and analyze their association with sex, diet texture, nutritional status, and the presence of sarcopenia. Intake was assessed by the precise weighing method, dietary patterns were defined a posteriori by cluster analysis, and nutritional status and sarcopenia were evaluated by applying the MNA-SF test and EWGSOP algorithm, respectively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu11020266DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6413070PMC
January 2019
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Temporal muscle thickness as a new indicator of nutritional status in older individuals.

Geriatr Gerontol Int 2019 Feb 28;19(2):135-140. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Department of Gerontological Nursing/Wound Care Management, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.

Aim: Temporal muscle wasting is subjectively evaluated during nutritional assessment of protein-energy malnutrition. However, a quantitative evaluation method has not been established. The aim was to verify the validity and reliability of temporal muscle thickness measurement in comparison with established indicators of nutritional status, such as body mass index. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/ggi.13570
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ggi.13570DOI Listing
February 2019
24 Reads

Nutritional status, dietary intake, and health-related quality of life in outpatients with COPD.

Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis 2019;14:215-226. Epub 2019 Jan 14.

School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Faculty of Health Queensland University of Technology, Kelvin Grove, QLD, Australia,

Background: Malnutrition is common in patients with COPD; however, little is known about its impacts on health-related quality of life (QoL) among patients with COPD. This study aimed to explore the nutritional status and dietary intake among outpatients with COPD in Vietnam and its possible associations with QoL.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out in COPD outpatients visiting the COPD management unit at the National Lung Hospital, Hanoi, Vietnam between May 2017 and July 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/COPD.S181322DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6336029PMC
January 2019
4 Reads

Energy and protein intake in 330 geriatric orthopaedic patients: Are the current nutrition guidelines applicable?

Clin Nutr ESPEN 2019 Feb 15;29:86-91. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Department of Gastroenterology, Stadtspital Waid, Tièchestrasse 99, CH-8037, Zürich, Switzerland.

Background And Aims: Elderly orthopaedic patients are potentially at a high nutritional risk. The reasons for this are numerous as i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clnesp.2018.11.016DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Malnutrition Risk in Hemodialysis Patients in Israel: Results of the Status of Nutrition In Hemodialysis Patients Survey Study.

Nephron 2019 17;141(3):166-176. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

Department of Nephrology, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Sackler Medical School, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel,

Background: Malnutrition is a frequently observed disorder in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) receiving hemodialysis (HD). While variously defined, malnutrition is a frequently observed condition among patients on HD. Prevalence estimates of malnutrition among Israeli HD patients have not been reported. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000495150DOI Listing
January 2019
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Design and implementation of modified-texture diet in older adults with oropharyngeal dysphagia: a randomized controlled trial.

Eur J Clin Nutr 2019 Jan 14. Epub 2019 Jan 14.

Clinical Nutrition Service, Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán, Mexico City, Mexico.

Background/objectives: Oropharyngeal dysphagia (OD) is a common problem in elderly population that negatively affects the oral intake and body composition resulting in clinical complications as malnutrition and dehydration. The aim of this study was to design, implement, and evaluate the effect of texture-modified foods and thickened drinks diet, with nectar or pudding viscosity and controlled bolus volume in older adults with OD on body composition and oral intake.

Subjects/methods: Randomized clinical trial, simple blind. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41430-019-0389-xDOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

Zinc Nutritional Status in Patients with Cystic Fibrosis.

Nutrients 2019 Jan 11;11(1). Epub 2019 Jan 11.

Department of Paediatrics of the Faculty of Medicine, Valladolid University; Section of Gastroenterology and Pediatric Nutrition, University Clinical Hospital of Valladolid, Avenida Ramón y Cajal, 7, 47005Valladolid, Spain.

Background: Zinc is an essential nutrient for all forms of life and its deficiency affects the normal growth and development of human beings.

Objective: The main aim was to investigate zinc nutritional status by serum zinc concentration (SZC) and dietary zinc intake and their association in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in CF patients. Read More

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http://www.mdpi.com/2072-6643/11/1/150
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu11010150DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6356838PMC
January 2019
9 Reads

An observational study of perioperative nutrition and postoperative outcomes in patients undergoing laparotomy at Queen Elizabeth Central Hospital in Blantyre, Malawi.

Malawi Med J 2018 06;30(2):79-85

College of Medicine, University of Malawi, Blantyre, Malawi.

Background: Nutritional status in patients undergoing surgery can influence their immune function, tissue repair and, hence, clinical outcomes. This study aimed to assess the perioperative nutrition and postoperative outcome of patients undergoing laparotomy at a tertiary hospital in Malawi.

Methods: A total of 25 patients were included in this prospective, observational study. Read More

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https://www.ajol.info/index.php/mmj/article/view/174378
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/mmj.v30i2.5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6307065PMC
June 2018
13 Reads