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    The Role of Proteasome Inhibitor MG132 in 2,4-Dinitrofluorobenzene-Induced Atopic Dermatitis in NC/Nga Mice.
    Int Arch Allergy Immunol 2018 Apr 18. Epub 2018 Apr 18.
    Background: Although immunosuppressants for therapy of atopic dermatitis (AD) are still being sought, proteasome inhibitors are also potential candidates for the treatment of AD. Proteasome inhibitors exert various effects by blocking proteasomal degradation and help regulate processes such as apoptosis induction via caspase-9, cell cycle progression via cyclins, NF-κB inactivation via IκB, and downregulation of antigen cross-presentation. The cells targeted by proteasome inhibitors are therefore activated cells undergoing proliferation or differentiation, and antigen-presenting cells carrying out protein degradation. Read More

    Anti-inflammatory properties of cannabidiol, a non-psychotropic cannabinoid, in experimental allergic contact dermatitis.
    J Pharmacol Exp Ther 2018 Apr 9. Epub 2018 Apr 9.
    CNR;
    Phytocannabinoids modulate inflammatory responses by regulating the production of cytokines in several experimental models of inflammation. Cannabinoid type-2 (CB2) receptor activation was shown to reduce the production of the monocyte chemotactic protein-2 (MCP-2) chemokine in polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid [poly-(I:C)]-stimulated human keratinocyte (HaCaT) cells, an in vitro model of allergic contact dermatitis (ACD). We investigated if non-psychotropic cannabinoids like cannabidiol (CBD) produced similar effects in this experimental model of ACD. Read More

    G protein-coupled receptor kinase (GRK)2 is a key negative regulator of itch: L-glutamine attenuates itch via a rapid induction of GRK2 in an ERK-dependent way.
    J Invest Dermatol 2018 Mar 9. Epub 2018 Mar 9.
    Department of Microbiology and Institute for Medical Science, Chonbuk National University Medical School, 561-712, Jeonju, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:
    Many itch mediators activate G-protein coupled receptor (GPCR), and trigger itch via activation of GPCR-mediated signaling pathways. GPCRs are desensitized by G protein-coupled receptor kinases (GRKs). The aim of this study is to explore the role of GRKs in itch response and the linkage between GRKs and glutamine (Gln), an amino acid previously demonstrated as an itching reliever. Read More

    Contact dermatitis and patch testing for the allergist.
    Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 2018 Mar 6. Epub 2018 Mar 6.
    Allergy and Immunology Fellow, NYU Winthrop Hospital, Mineola, New York.
    Objective: Contact dermatitis (CD) is a common disease seen by allergists. Although underutilized, patch testing (PT) remains the gold standard in the diagnosis of allergic CD. It is not difficult to perform, however, the interpretation of the PT, proper classification of the results and determination of their relevance, need an appropriate level of expertise. Read More

    Cytokine expression and cytokine-based T-cell profiling in occupational medicamentosa-like dermatitis due to trichloroethylene.
    Toxicol Lett 2018 May 22;288:129-135. Epub 2018 Feb 22.
    Shenzhen Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Shenzhen 518055, China. Electronic address:
    Early diagnosis and treatment of occupational medicamentosa-like dermatitis due to trichloroethylene (OMLDT) are absence of specific and reliable diagnostic/therapeutic biomarkers. This study was conducted on 30 cases of OMLDT, 58 workers exposed to trichloroethylene (TCE) and 40 unexposed controls in order to identify any cytokine signatures that give an index to CD4T cell differential and serve as biomarkers of OMLDT. Expression profiles of Th, Th, Th and Treg cell type-specifying transcription factors and cytokines were analyzed using real time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) assay. Read More

    The expression and function of galectins in skin physiology and pathology.
    Exp Dermatol 2018 Mar;27(3):217-226
    Institute of Biomedical Sciences, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan.
    The galectin family comprises β-galactoside-binding proteins widely expressed in many organisms. There are at least 16 family members, which can be classified into three groups based on their carbohydrate-recognition domains. Pleiotropic functions of different galectins in physiological and pathological processes through extracellular or intracellular actions have been revealed. Read More

    Potential of EPR spin-trapping to investigate in situ free radicals generation from skin allergens in reconstructed human epidermis: cumene hydroperoxide as proof of concept.
    Free Radic Res 2018 Feb 15;52(2):171-179. Epub 2018 Jan 15.
    a Dermatochemistry Laboratory , University of Strasbourg, CNRS UMR 7177, Institut le Bel , Strasbourg , France.
    The first step in the development of skin sensitisation to a chemical, and in the elicitation of further allergic contact dermatitis (ACD), is the binding of the allergen to skin proteins after penetrating into the epidermis. The so-formed antigenic adduct is then recognised by the immune system as foreign to the body. Sensitising organic hydroperoxides derived from autoxidation of natural terpenes are believed to form antigens through radical-mediated mechanisms, although this has not yet been established. Read More

    Rasal3-mediated T cell survival is essential for inflammatory responses.
    Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2018 01 29;496(1):25-30. Epub 2017 Dec 29.
    Department of Immunology and Pathology, Research Institute, National Center for Global Health and Medicine, Chiba 272-8516, Japan. Electronic address:
    Fine regulation of the Ras/mitogen-activating protein kinase (MAPK) pathway is crucial in controlling the survival, proliferation, and development of various types of cells. Ras-activating protein-like 3 (Rasal3) is a T cell-specific Ras GTPase-activating protein that negatively regulates T cell receptor (TCR)-induced activation of Ras/MAPK pathway. Rasal3-deficient mice showed a decreased number of naive T cells because Rasal3 is required for the survival of naive T cells. Read More

    The 17,18-epoxyeicosatetraenoic acid-G protein-coupled receptor 40 axis ameliorates contact hypersensitivity by inhibiting neutrophil mobility in mice and cynomolgus macaques.
    J Allergy Clin Immunol 2017 Dec 27. Epub 2017 Dec 27.
    Laboratory of Vaccine Materials, Center for Vaccine and Adjuvant Research, and Laboratory of Gut Environmental System, National Institutes of Biomedical Innovation, Health and Nutrition (NIBIOHN), Ibaraki, Japan; Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Kobe, Japan; Division of Mucosal Immunology, Department of Microbiology and Immunology and International Research and Development Center for Mucosal Vaccines, Institute of Medical Science, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan; Graduate School of Medicine, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Graduate School of Dentistry, Osaka University, Suita, Japan. Electronic address:
    Background: Metabolites of eicosapentaenoic acid exert various physiologic actions. 17,18-Epoxyeicosatetraenoic acid (17,18-EpETE) is a recently identified new class of antiallergic and anti-inflammatory lipid metabolite of eicosapentaenoic acid, but its effects on skin inflammation and the underlying mechanisms remain to be investigated.

    Objective: We evaluated the effectiveness of 17,18-EpETE for control of contact hypersensitivity in mice and cynomolgus macaques. Read More

    MicroRNA-21-Mediated Inhibition of Mast Cell Degranulation Involved in the Protective Effect of Berberine on 2,4-Dinitrofluorobenzene-Induced Allergic Contact Dermatitis in Rats via p38 Pathway.
    Inflammation 2018 Mar;41(2):689-699
    Department of Pathogen Biology, College of Basic Medicine, Hubei University of Chinese Medicine, No. 1 Huangjiahu West Road, Hongshan District, Wuhan, 430065, China.
    The study aimed to investigate the effect of berberine on allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) in rats and explore its underlying mechanisms. Firstly, ACD model was established by sensitizing and challenging with 2,4-dinitrofluorobenzene (DNFB) topically, and the rats were treated with berberine. Ear swelling was assessed, and cytokine, IgE, and histamine productions were measured. Read More

    Determination of Protein Haptenation by Chemical Sensitizers Within the Complexity of the Human Skin Proteome.
    Toxicol Sci 2018 Apr;162(2):429-438
    Centre for Biological Sciences.
    Skin sensitization associated with the development of allergic contact dermatitis occurs via a number of specific key events at the cellular level. The molecular initiating event (MIE), the first in the sequence of these events, occurs after exposure of the skin to an electrophilic chemical, causing the irreversible haptenation of proteins within skin. Characterization of this MIE is a key step in elucidating the skin sensitization adverse outcome pathway and is essential to providing parameters for mathematical models to predict the capacity of a chemical to cause sensitization. Read More

    Randomized clinical study of safety, pharmacokinetics, and pharmacodynamics of RIPK1 inhibitor GSK2982772 in healthy volunteers.
    Pharmacol Res Perspect 2017 Dec;5(6)
    GlaxoSmithKline, Collegeville, PA, USA.
    GSK2982772 is a highly selective inhibitor of receptor-interacting protein kinase 1 (RIPK1) being developed to treat chronic inflammatory diseases. This first-in-human study evaluated safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics (PK), and exploratory pharmacodynamics (PD) of GSK2982772 administered orally to healthy male volunteers. This was a Phase I, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind study. Read More

    Adjuvant effect of short chain triacylglycerol tributyrin on a mouse contact hypersensitivity model.
    Toxicol Lett 2018 Mar 2;284:56-62. Epub 2017 Dec 2.
    Laboratory of Microbiology and Immunology, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Shizuoka, 52-1 Yada, Suruga-ku, Shizuoka City, Shizuoka 422-8526, Japan. Electronic address:
    Little attention has been paid to chemicals that can enhance hypersensitivity caused by other chemicals. We have demonstrated that phthalate esters with short chain alcohols enhance fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)-induced contact hypersensitivity (CHS) in a mouse model. Furthermore, phthalate esters with such an enhancing effect were found to activate transient receptor potential ankyrin 1 (TRPA1) cation channels, which are expressed on a part of sensory neurons, using a TRPA1-expressing cell line. Read More

    Phosphodiesterase 4B plays a role in benzophenone-3-induced phototoxicity in normal human keratinocytes.
    Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 2018 01 26;338:174-181. Epub 2017 Nov 26.
    College of Pharmacy, Seoul National University, Seoul 08826, Republic of Korea; Natural Products Research Institute, Seoul National University, Seoul 08826, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:
    Benzophenone-3 (BP-3), which is extensively used in organic sunscreen, has phototoxic potential in human skin. Phosphodiesterase 4B (PDE4B) has a well-established role in inflammatory responses in immune cells. Currently, it is unknown if PDE4B is associated with BP-3-induced phototoxicity in normal human keratinocytes (NHKs). Read More

    MCP-1 produced by keratinocytes is associated with leucocyte recruitment during elicitation of nickel-induced occupational allergic contact dermatitis.
    Toxicol Ind Health 2018 Jan 13;34(1):36-43. Epub 2017 Nov 13.
    4 Department of Medical Quality Control, The Fifth Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University, Zhuhai, Guangdong, China.
    To investigate the expression profile of monocyte chemoattractant peptide-1 (MCP-1) by keratinocytes after nickel exposure and to identify its role for leucocyte migration during nickel-induced occupational allergic contact dermatitis (OACD), 26 workers diagnosed with nickel-induced OACD were enrolled. Skin biopsies from the positive nickel-challenged sites at different time points were assessed by immunohistochemistry (IHC) for MCP-1, CD68, CD45RO, and in situ hybridization (ISH) for MCP-1, using chronic periumbilical dermititis as controls. The expressions of MCP-1 in HaCaT cell culture after nickel treatment were quantified by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Read More

    Pathomechanisms of Contact Sensitization.
    Curr Allergy Asthma Rep 2017 Nov 11;17(12):83. Epub 2017 Nov 11.
    Allergy Research Group, Department of Dermatology, Medical Center-University of Freiburg, Faculty of Medicine, University of Freiburg, Hauptstrasse 7, 79104, Freiburg im Breisgau, Germany.
    Contact sensitization is the initial process involved in the development of an allergic reaction to xenobiotic environmental substances. Here, we briefly describe the differences between irritant and allergic contact dermatitis. Then, we highlight the essential steps involved in the development of an ACD reaction, i. Read More

    Sequencing and De Novo Assembly of the Toxicodendron radicans (Poison Ivy) Transcriptome.
    Genes (Basel) 2017 Nov 10;8(11). Epub 2017 Nov 10.
    Department of Plant Pathology, Physiology, and Weed Science, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA 24061, USA.
    Contact with poison ivy plants is widely dreaded because they produce a natural product called urushiol that is responsible for allergenic contact delayed-dermatitis symptoms lasting for weeks. For this reason, the catchphrase most associated with poison ivy is "leaves of three, let it be", which serves the purpose of both identification and an appeal for avoidance. Ironically, despite this notoriety, there is a dearth of specific knowledge about nearly all other aspects of poison ivy physiology and ecology. Read More

    Mast cells acquire MHCII from dendritic cells during skin inflammation.
    J Exp Med 2017 Dec 30;214(12):3791-3811. Epub 2017 Oct 30.
    Institute for Molecular and Clinical Immunology, Medical Faculty, Otto-von-Guericke University Magdeburg, Magdeburg, Germany
    Mast cells (MCs) and dendritic cells (DCs) are essential innate sentinels populating host-environment interfaces. Using longitudinal intravital multiphoton microscopy of DC/MC reporter mice, we herein provide in vivo evidence that migratory DCs execute targeted cell-to-cell interactions with stationary MCs before leaving the inflamed skin to draining lymph nodes. During initial stages of skin inflammation, DCs dynamically scan MCs, whereas at a later stage, long-lasting interactions predominate. Read More

    Sensory TRP channels contribute differentially to skin inflammation and persistent itch.
    Nat Commun 2017 10 30;8(1):980. Epub 2017 Oct 30.
    Department of Anesthesiology, The Center for the Study of Itch, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO, 63110, USA.
    Although both persistent itch and inflammation are commonly associated with allergic contact dermatitis (ACD), it is not known if they are mediated by shared or distinct signaling pathways. Here we show that both TRPA1 and TRPV1 channels are required for generating spontaneous scratching in a mouse model of ACD induced by squaric acid dibutylester (SADBE), a small molecule hapten, through directly promoting the excitability of pruriceptors. TRPV1 but not TRPA1 channels protect the skin inflammation, as genetic ablation of TRPV1 function or pharmacological ablation of TRPV1-positive sensory nerves promotes cutaneous inflammation in the SADBE-induced ACD. Read More

    Editor's Highlight: Fragrance Allergens Linalool and Limonene Allylic Hydroperoxides in Skin Allergy: Mechanisms of Action Focusing on Transcription Factor Nrf2.
    Toxicol Sci 2018 Jan;161(1):139-148
    UMR996 - Inflammation, Chemokines and Immunopathology, INSERM, Univ Paris-Sud, Université Paris-Saclay, 92296 Châtenay-Malabry, France.
    Allergic contact dermatitis is regarded as the most frequent expression of immunotoxicity in humans. Many odorant terpenes commonly used in fragrance compositions are considered as weak skin sensitizers, whereas some of their autoxidation products, allylic hydroperoxides, are classified as strong sensitizers according to the local lymph node assay. However, the mechanism of their effects on the immune system remains unclear. Read More

    Proteome Analysis of Urticating Setae From Thaumetopoea pityocampa (Lepidoptera: Notodontidae).
    J Med Entomol 2017 Nov;54(6):1560-1566
    Department of Agronomy Food Natural Resources Animals and Environment (DAFNAE), University of Padova, Viale dell'Universita 16, 35020 Legnaro, Padova, Italy.
    Thaumetopoea pityocampa (Denis & Schiffermüller) (Lepidoptera: Notodontidae) is harmful to conifer trees because of defoliation and to public health because of the release of urticating setae from the caterpillars. Contact with setae by humans and domestic animals induces dermatitis, usually localized to the exposed areas. Recent studies demonstrated the presence of a complex urticating mechanism where proteins present in the setae may play a role as activators of immune responses. Read More

    The Cooperative Role of CD326 and CD11b Dendritic Cell Subsets for a Hapten-Induced Th2 Differentiation.
    J Immunol 2017 11 2;199(9):3137-3146. Epub 2017 Oct 2.
    Department of Biological Sciences, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Daejeon 34141, Republic of Korea
    Dendritic cells (DCs) play a critical role in directing immune responses. Previous studies have identified a variety of DC subsets and elucidated their context-dependent functions that parallel those of effector Th cell subsets. However, little is known about the DC subsets responsible for differentiation of Th2 cells governing allergic contact dermatitis. Read More

    Lymphangiogenesis Facilitates Initial Lymph Formation and Enhances the Dendritic Cell Mobilizing Chemokine CCL21 Without Affecting Migration.
    Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 2017 Nov 21;37(11):2128-2135. Epub 2017 Sep 21.
    From the Department of Biomedicine, University of Bergen, Norway (T.V.K., T.R., A.T., E.N., T.S., M.W., O.T., H.W.); and Departments of Medicine (E.N.) and Pathology (M.W.), Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen, Norway.
    Objective: Lymphatic vessels play an important role in body fluid, as well as immune system homeostasis. Although the role of malfunctioning or missing lymphatics has been studied extensively, less is known on the functional consequences of a chronically expanded lymphatic network or lymphangiogenesis.

    Approach And Results: To this end, we used K14-VEGF-C (keratin-14 vascular endothelial growth factor-C) transgenic mice overexpressing the vascular endothelial growth factor C in skin and investigated the responses to inflammatory and fluid volume challenges. Read More

    Effects of Acupuncture on 1-chloro-2,4-dinitrochlorobenzene-induced Allergic Contact Dermatitis in Mice.
    J Acupunct Meridian Stud 2017 Aug 11;10(4):252-260. Epub 2017 Jul 11.
    Shandong Medicine Technician College, Tai'an, Shandong, China. Electronic address:
    Allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) is a chronic inflammatory skin disease. Topical corticosteroids are the first-line therapy for ACD despite their significant adverse effects. Acupuncture has been widely used in the treatment of various skin diseases, but its underlying mechanism remains unrevealed. Read More

    Caspase inhibitors: a review of recently patented compounds (2013-2015).
    Expert Opin Ther Pat 2018 Jan 18;28(1):47-59. Epub 2017 Sep 18.
    a Cancer Molecular Targeted Herbal Research Center, College of Korean Medicine , Kyung Hee University , Seoul , South Korea.
    Introduction: Although many caspase inhibitors have been patented, caspase inhibitors have not entered the market due to their toxicity and poor pharmacokinetic profile. Areas covered: In this article, we review patents (2013-2015) for peptide and non-peptide caspase inhibitors and their compositions. Expert opinion: Noteworthy patents include a peptidic caspase-2 inhibitor for nasal administration and a peptidomimetic caspase-6 inhibitor that can be administered via several routes for the treatment of neurodegenerative diseases. Read More

    Prediction of skin sensitization potency sub-categories using peptide reactivity data.
    Toxicol In Vitro 2017 Dec 4;45(Pt 1):134-145. Epub 2017 Sep 4.
    BASF SE, Experimental Toxicology and Ecology, Ludwigshafen, Germany. Electronic address:
    While the skin sensitization hazard of substances can already be identified using non-animal methods, the classification of potency sub-categories GHS-1A and 1B is still challenging. Potency can be measured by the dose at which an effect is observed; since the protein-adduct formation is determining the dose of the allergen in the skin, peptide reactivity was used to assess the potency. The Direct Peptide Reactivity Assay (DPRA; one concentration and reaction-time) did not sufficiently discriminate between sub-categories 1A and 1B (56% accuracy compared to LLNA data, n=124). Read More

    Eczema in Psoriatico: An Important Differential Diagnosis Between Chronic Allergic Contact Dermatitis and Psoriasis in Palmoplantar Localization.
    Acta Derm Venereol 2018 Jan;98(1):50-58
    Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Otto-von-Guericke-University Magdeburg, Leipziger Str. 44, DE-39120 Magdeburg, Germany.
    Differential diagnosis of palmoplantar non-pustular psoriasis and chronic allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) and the combination of these conditions, termed "eczema in psoriatico" (EIP), is difficult, especially in cases of isolated involvement. A blind re-evaluation of 63 archived formalin-fixed palmoplantar samples, previously diagnosed clinically as either psoriasis or chronic ACD, was performed. Samples were allocated to histopathological diagnoses of psoriasis, contact dermatitis or EIP. Read More

    Polymorphic light eruption and IL-1 family members: any difference with allergic contact dermatitis?
    Photochem Photobiol Sci 2017 Sep;16(9):1471-1479
    Department of Medicine, Surgery and Dentistry, "Scuola Medica Salernitana" University of Salerno, Italy.
    Polymorphic light eruption (PLE) is described as a delayed-type hypersensitivity reaction (DTHR) toward a de novo light-induced antigen, yet to be identified. In effect, the inflammatory pathways of PLE and allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) share common patterns in terms of the mediators involved from the innate and adaptive immune system participating in the DTHR. As we have previously highlighted the role of interleukin (IL)-1 family members in ACD, we hypothesised that the same mediators could have similar functions in PLE. Read More

    Occupational contact urticaria and protein contact dermatitis: causes and concomitant airway diseases.
    Contact Dermatitis 2017 Dec 10;77(6):390-396. Epub 2017 Aug 10.
    Occupational Medicine, Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, 00251, Helsinki, Finland.
    Background: Contact urticaria (CU) and protein contact dermatitis (PCD) are mainly induced by an immediate, IgE-mediated immunological mechanism. Immediate sensitization is also linked to asthma and/or allergic rhinitis.

    Objectives: To report causes of work-induced CU and PCD, and to evaluate the occurrence of concomitant airway diseases. Read More

    Arc/Arg3.1 governs inflammatory dendritic cell migration from the skin and thereby controls T cell activation.
    Sci Immunol 2016 Sep;1(3):eaaf8665
    Institut für Neuroimmunologie und Multiple Sklerose, Zentrum für Molekulare Neurobiologie Hamburg, Universitätsklinikum Hamburg-Eppendorf, 20251 Hamburg, Germany.
    Skin-migratory dendritic cells (migDCs) are pivotal antigen-presenting cells that continuously transport antigens to draining lymph nodes and regulate immune responses. However, identification of migDCs is complicated by the lack of distinguishing markers, and it remains unclear which molecules determine their migratory capacity during inflammation. We show that, in the skin, the neuronal plasticity molecule activity-regulated cytoskeleton-associated protein/activity-regulated gene 3. Read More

    Topical ROR Inverse Agonists Suppress Inflammation in Mouse Models of Atopic Dermatitis and Acute Irritant Dermatitis.
    J Invest Dermatol 2017 Dec 31;137(12):2523-2531. Epub 2017 Jul 31.
    Cutaneous Biology Research Center, Massachusetts General Hospital, Charlestown, Massachusetts, USA. Electronic address:
    The retinoic acid receptor-related orphan receptors RORα and RORγ are critical for the functions of specific subsets of T cells and innate lymphoid cells, which are key drivers of inflammatory disease in barrier tissues. Here, we investigate the anti-inflammatory potential of SR1001, a synthetic RORα/γ inverse agonist, in mouse models of atopic dermatitis and acute irritant dermatitis. Topical treatment with SR1001 reduces epidermal and dermal features of MC903-induced atopic dermatitis-like disease and suppresses the production of type 2 cytokines and other inflammatory mediators in lesional skin. Read More

    ELR chemokine-mediated neutrophil recruitment is involved in 2,4,6-trinitrochlorobenzene-induced contact hypersensitivity.
    Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol 2018 Jan 18;45(1):27-33. Epub 2017 Sep 18.
    Department of Physiology and Molecular Sciences, School of Pharmacy, Hoshi University, Shinagawa-ku, Tokyo, Japan.
    Contact dermatitis is a form of delayed-type hypersensitivity characterized by localized thickening, papules, redness and vesicles of the skin. A model of contact dermatitis involving repeated challenge of a hapten is adapted to assess dermatitis as characterized by skin thickening. Recently, it was reported that neutrophils have crucial roles in contact hypersensitivity. Read More

    Arginase1 Deficiency in Monocytes/Macrophages Upregulates Inducible Nitric Oxide Synthase To Promote Cutaneous Contact Hypersensitivity.
    J Immunol 2017 09 26;199(5):1827-1834. Epub 2017 Jul 26.
    Department of Dermatology, Duke University, Durham, NC 27710;
    The innate immune components that modulate allergic contact hypersensitivity (CHS) responses are poorly defined. Using human skin from contact dermatitis patients and a mouse model of CHS, we find that hapten allergens disrupt the Arginase1 (Arg1) and inducible NO synthase (iNOS) dynamic in monocytes/macrophages (mono/MΦ), which renders those cells ineffectual in suppressing skin inflammation. Mice lacking Arg1 in MΦ develop increased CHS characterized by elevated ear thickening, mono/MΦ-dominated dermal inflammation, and increased iNOS and IL-6 expression compared with control mice. Read More

    Contact dermatitis considerations in atopic dermatitis.
    Clin Dermatol 2017 Jul - Aug;35(4):367-374. Epub 2017 Apr 22.
    Department of Dermatology, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA. Electronic address:
    Complex immunologic pathways, influenced by both genetic and environment triggers, contribute to the development of atopic dermatitis and allergic contact dermatitis. Suppressing mechanisms between the T1-driven allergic contact dermatitis and the T2-driven atopic dermatitis conditions were thought to reduce the simultaneous expression of both; however, recent evidence indicates that pediatric patients with atopic dermatitis are likely to develop clinically relevant positive patch tests and more likely to react to specific allergens, such as lanolin. We review the potential role of skin barrier defects, such as filaggrin mutations and impaired barrier function, including aberrancies in epidermal pH buffering capabilities, which may promote bacterial biofilms and create an environment favoring sensitization. Read More

    A Case of Ischemia-Induced Perianal Ulceration Mimicking Pyoderma Gangrenosum.
    Skinmed 2017 1;15(3):235-237. Epub 2017 Jun 1.
    Department of Dermatology, Antrim Area Hospital, Antrim, Northern Ireland.
    A 68-year-old woman, with a 75-pack-year smoking history and a history of chronic excess alcohol intake, presented with a 5-week history of worsening perianal pain and ulceration. She recently had an inpatient admission with back pain and urinary tract infection during which she developed diarrhea and fecal incontinence. Initially, the perianal ulceration was diagnosed as severe irritant contact dermatitis and treated with barrier creams and topical clobetasone 17-butyrate 0. Read More

    Identification of unique proteomic signatures in allergic and non-allergic skin disease.
    Clin Exp Allergy 2017 Nov 11;47(11):1456-1467. Epub 2017 Aug 11.
    MedImmune, LLC, Gaithersburg, MD, USA.
    Background: Atopic dermatitis (AD), psoriasis (PS), and contact dermatitis (CD) are common skin diseases, characterized by barrier disruption and systemic inflammation, with unique epidermal signatures and common inflammatory pathways identified by transcriptomic profiling. This study profiled proteomic signatures in serum from subjects with AD, PS, and CD compared with healthy controls (HC).

    Objective: Identify unique proteomic signatures to distinguish between inflammatory diseases with similar epidermal disruption and overlapping epithelial inflammation. Read More

    [Basis for the treatment of eczematous diseases in otorhinolaryngology].
    HNO 2017 Oct;65(10):826-833
    Zentrum für Rhinologie und Allergologie Wiesbaden, An den Quellen 10, 65183, Wiesbaden, Deutschland.
    According to Coombs and Gell, cell-mediated immune responses belong to type IV reactions and are borne mainly by T lymphocytes. The eliciting allergens are usually so-called haptens. Haptens are substances which develop to whole antigens only by binding to protein carriers. Read More

    In vivo induction of regulatory T cells promotes allergen tolerance and suppresses allergic contact dermatitis.
    J Control Release 2017 09 8;261:223-233. Epub 2017 Jul 8.
    Department of Bioengineering, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, United States; McGowan Institute for Regenerative Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15219, United States; Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, United States; Department of Immunology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, United States; Department of Ophthalmology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, United States; Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, United States. Electronic address:
    Allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) is a common T-cell mediated inflammatory skin condition, characterized by an intensely pruritic rash at the site of contact with allergens like poison ivy or nickel. Current clinical treatments use topical corticosteroids, which broadly and transiently suppress inflammation and symptoms of ACD, but fail to address the underlying immune dysfunction. Here, we present an alternative therapeutic approach that teaches the immune system to tolerate contact allergens by expanding populations of naturally suppressive allergen-specific regulatory T cells (Tregs). Read More

    Of self-lipids, CD1-restricted T cells, and contact sensitization.
    Eur J Immunol 2017 07;47(7):1119-1122
    Experimental Immunology Unit, Division of Immunology, Transplantation and Infectious Diseases, San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milano, Italy.
    Contact hypersensitivity (CHS) in rodents and contact dermatitis in humans are long-known pathological conditions caused by MHC-restricted T-cell responses. These responses are triggered upon T-cell recognition of neo-antigenic determinants, which are generated by a variety of environmental contact sensitizer (CS) chemicals associating with self-proteins to comprise these neo-antigens. In this issue of the European Journal of Immunology, Betts et al. Read More

    Site-specific regulation of oral mucosa-recruiting CD8 T cells in a mouse contact allergy model.
    Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2017 09 4;490(4):1294-1300. Epub 2017 Jul 4.
    Department of Molecular Immunology, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, 1-5-45 Yushima, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, Japan. Electronic address:
    Contact allergy is a T cell-mediated, delayed-type hypersensitivity generated by contact exposure of an allergen to the skin and mucosal surface. The clinical manifestations of allergic responses between the skin and oral mucosa vary and the differences in immunopathology have not been clarified. We generated hapten-induced contact hypersensitivity (CH) of the buccal mucosa (BM) in parallel studies with ear skin (ES) CH, and observed several characteristic findings of BM CH. Read More

    Fexofenadine Suppresses Delayed-Type Hypersensitivity in the Murine Model of Palladium Allergy.
    Int J Mol Sci 2017 Jun 25;18(7). Epub 2017 Jun 25.
    Department of Rheumatology and Clinical Immunology, Clinical Research Center for Rheumatology and Allergy, Sagamihara National Hospital, National Hospital Organization, 18-1 Sakuradai, Minami-ku, Sagamihara 252-0392, Japan.
    Palladium is frequently used in dental materials, and sometimes causes metal allergy. It has been suggested that the immune response by palladium-specific T cells may be responsible for the pathogenesis of delayed-type hypersensitivity in study of palladium allergic model mice. In the clinical setting, glucocorticoids and antihistamine drugs are commonly used for treatment of contact dermatitis. Read More

    Allergy and Sexual Behaviours: an Update.
    Clin Rev Allergy Immunol 2017 Jun 26. Epub 2017 Jun 26.
    Department of Internal Medicine, Section of Immunoallergology and Respiratory Diseases, University of Florence, Florence, Italy.
    The exact prevalence of hypersensitivity reactions related to sexual behaviours is not known; however, they heavily impact on the quality of life and of sex life of affected patients. In fact, not only common respiratory and skin allergies, such as asthma, rhinitis, urticaria and atopic dermatitis, but also food and drug allergy have been found to negatively affect the quality of sex life. Allergic diseases impact on the sexual function in both physical and psychological ways, representing one of the main complaints of a considerable proportion of patients. Read More

    Nickel Sulfate Promotes IL-17A Producing CD4+ T Cells by an IL-23-Dependent Mechanism Regulated by TLR4 and Jak-STAT Pathways.
    J Invest Dermatol 2017 Oct 17;137(10):2140-2148. Epub 2017 Jun 17.
    Inflammation Chimiokines et Immunopathologie, INSERM, Fac. de pharmacie-Univ. Paris-Sud, Université Paris-Saclay, Châtenay-Malabry, France. Electronic address:
    Allergic contact dermatitis, caused by nickel, is a delayed-type hypersensitivity reaction, and 14.5% of the general population may be affected in Europe. Among a wide range of cytokines, the IL-12 family has unique structural and immunological characteristics. Read More

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