1,963 results match your criteria Prostatitis Bacterial

AAUS guideline for acute bacterial prostatitis 2021.

J Infect Chemother 2021 Jun 8. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Department of Urology, Hyogo College of Medicine, Hyogo, Japan. Electronic address:

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Prolonged course of Fosfomycin-Trometamol for chronic prostatitis: an unknown good option.

Eric Denes

Scand J Urol 2021 Jun 1:1-2. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Infectious Diseases Department, ELSAN Polyclinique de Limoges, Limoges, France.

Background: Bacterial prostatitis can be difficult to treat as more and more bacteria are resistant to fluoroquinolone and/or Sulfamethoxazole-Trimethoprim which are the antibiotics of choice. Fosfomycin-Trometamol which is registered for uncomplicated urinary tract infections can be an option when other treatments can't be used.

Objective: To describe a case of prostatitis cured using a prolonged course of Fosfomycin-Trometamol. Read More

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Qianliexin capsule exerts anti-inflammatory activity in chronic non-bacterial prostatitis and benign prostatic hyperplasia via NF-κB and inflammasome.

J Cell Mol Med 2021 Jun 13;25(12):5753-5768. Epub 2021 May 13.

Institute of Life science and Bio-pharmaceuticals, Traditional Chinese Medicine College, Shenyang Pharmaceutical University, Liaoning, China.

Qianliexin capsule (QLX) is a standardized traditional Chinese herbal preparation that has long been used to treat chronic non-bacterial prostatitis (CNP) and benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). This study investigated the anti-inflammatory activity of QLX in improving lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) associated with CNP and BPH. Rat models of CNP and BPH were induced by oestradiol or testosterone (hormonal imbalance) or chemical inflammation (carrageenan). Read More

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A population-based analysis of risk factors and outcomes of prostatic abscess.

Prostate Cancer Prostatic Dis 2021 May 10. Epub 2021 May 10.

Columbia University Irving Medical Center, Department of Urology, New York, NY, USA.

Background: Prostate abscess is a severe complication of acute bacterial prostatitis. To date, a population-based analysis of risk factors and outcomes of prostatic abscess has not been performed.

Methods: Using the National Inpatient Sample from 2010 to 2015, we identified rates of prostatic abscess among non-elective hospitalizations for acute prostatitis. Read More

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[Current approach to diagnosis of chronic prostatitis].

Urologiia 2021 May(2):32-39

TB Research Institute of Ministry of Health of Russia, Novosibirsk, Russia.

Introduction: The problem of chronic prostatitis is still to be resolved.

Aim: to compare the frequency of the main symptoms (pain, dysuria, sexual dysfunction) in patients with chronic bacterial and abacterial prostatitis, as well as prostate tuberculosis (PTB); to determine the prevalence of latent infectious prostatitis in patients with chronic abacterial prostatitis (CAP).

Materials And Methods: A total 73 men who were followed with a diagnosis of chronic prostatitis for at least two years and had a history of at least three exacerbations per year were included in the study. Read More

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Morphological and Molecular Characterization of Proliferative Inflammatory Atrophy in Canine Prostatic Samples.

Cancers (Basel) 2021 Apr 14;13(8). Epub 2021 Apr 14.

School of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science, São Paulo State University-UNESP, Botucatu 18618-681, Brazil.

Proliferative inflammatory atrophy (PIA) is an atrophic lesion of the prostate gland that occurs in men and dogs and is associated with a chronic inflammatory infiltrate. In this study, we retrospectively reviewed canine prostatic samples from intact dogs, identifying 50 normal prostates, 140 cases of prostatic hyperplasia, 171 cases of PIA, 84 with prostate cancer (PC), 14 with prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PIN) and 10 with bacterial prostatitis. PIA samples were then selected and classified according to the human classification. Read More

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Levofloxacin Versus Ciprofloxacin in the Treatment of Urinary Tract Infections: Evidence-Based Analysis.

Front Pharmacol 2021 8;12:658095. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Department of Urology, Institute of Urology, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China.

Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are one of the most common bacterial infections acquired both in community and hospital. Fluoroquinolones, represented by levofloxacin and ciprofloxacin, are widely used for treatment of UTIs. However, it remains controversial for the comparison between the 2 drugs, which propelled us to conduct the first evidence-based research on this topic. Read More

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Rare case of endogenous Klebsiella endophthalmitis associated with emphysematous prostatitis in a patient with diabetes, cirrhosis and COVID-19.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Apr 21;14(4). Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Internal Medicine, Rutgers New Jersey Medical School, Newark, New Jersey, USA.

A 35-year-old Hispanic man presented with fever, chills, dysuria, diarrhoea, scleral icterus, tachycardia and tachypnea. He was found to be COVID-19 positive, CT of the pelvis revealed prostatic abscess, and urine culture grew Additionally, he was found to have diabetes and cirrhosis. During treatment, the patient developed vision loss, and was diagnosed with endogenous Klebsiella endophthalmitis. Read More

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[Tract infections by the genus Raoultella. Literature review and contribution of 1 case of Raoultella ornithinolytica.]

Arch Esp Urol 2021 Apr;74(3):276-286

Facultativo Especialista de Urología. Doctor en Medicina y Cirugía. Dénia. Alicante. España.

Objectives:  Emerging urinary infections by rare germs are a public health problem. The objectives of this article are to review urinary tract infections caused by an emerging genus of bacteria called Raoultella and to report a case of asymptomatic urinary tract infection by Raoultella ornithinolytica.

Materials And Methods:  A review of publications on urinary tract infections caused by the genus Raoultella between 2009 and 2018 is carried out and a case of asymptomatic urinary tract infection by Raoultella ornithinolytica is reported. Read More

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[Acute prostatitis associated with noncancerous prostate at the Lubumbashi University Clinics: epidemioclinical and therapeutic features].

Pan Afr Med J 2020 1;37:290. Epub 2020 Dec 1.

Département de Chirurgie, Faculté de Médecine, Cliniques Universitaires de Lubumbashi, Université de Lubumbashi, Province du Haut Katanga, Ville de Lubumbashi, République Démocratique du Congo.

Introduction: acute prostatitis is a common urological condition. The purpose of this study was to analyze the epidemioclinical features and therapy of acute prostatitis associated with noncancerous prostate at the Lubumbashi University Clinics.

Methods: we conducted a descriptive cross-sectional and retrospective study of a series of 25 patients with documented acute prostatitis and treated at the Lubumbashi University Clinics over a period of four years, from 2015 to 2018. Read More

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Chronic bacterial prostatitis leading to intrascrotal abscess after transperineal prostate biopsy.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Mar 2;14(3). Epub 2021 Mar 2.

Urology, Royal Melbourne Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Transperineal biopsy is becoming more commonly used, driven by improved detection rates, better complication profile and increasing application of prostate MRI leading to guided biopsy. However, it can still lead to complications such as urinary retention, postoperative pain and erectile dysfunction. There is also a potential for adverse events such as severe infection, abscess and fistula. Read More

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Prostatitis: imaging appearances and diagnostic considerations.

Clin Radiol 2021 Jun 22;76(6):416-426. Epub 2021 Feb 22.

Department of Radiology, Division of Abdominal Imaging, Massachusetts General Hospital, 55 Fruit Street, Boston, MA, 02114, USA.

Acute and chronic inflammation of the prostate gland can be attributed to several underlying aetiologies, including but not limited to, bacterial prostatitis, granulomatous prostatitis, and Immunoglobulin G4-related prostatitis. In this review, we provide an overview of the general imaging appearances of the different types of prostatitis, their distinguishing features and characteristic appearances at cross-sectional imaging. Common imaging pitfalls are presented and illustrated with examples. Read More

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Descriptive analysis of prostatitis in the emergency department.

Am J Emerg Med 2021 06 7;44:143-147. Epub 2021 Feb 7.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, FL, USA. Electronic address:

Introduction: Prostatitis is one of the most common urologic diseases in ambulatory patients. However, prostatitis data are limited from the emergency department (ED) setting.

Methods: A data set was examined of patients age 18 years or older who received urinalysis and urine culture or were tested for gonorrhea, chlamydia, or trichomonas in the ED from a health care system in northeast Ohio. Read More

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Urinary Microbiome and its Correlation with Disorders of the Genitourinary System.

Urol J 2021 02 6. Epub 2021 Feb 6.

Society of Urological Research and Education (SURE), Heerlen, The Netherlands.

Purpose: Until recently, the urine of healthy individuals was assumed to be sterile. However, improvement of bacterial detection methods has debunked this assumption. Recent studies have shown that the bladder contains microbiomes, which are not detectable under standard conditions. Read More

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February 2021

Old Rats Are More Susceptible to Induction of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) at Comparative to Young Mature.

Curr Aging Sci 2021 Feb 2. Epub 2021 Feb 2.

Laboratory of Cancer Chemoprevention and Oncopharmacology, N.N. Petrov National Medical Research Center of Oncology, St. Petersburg. Russian Federation.

Aims: The aim of the experiments was to find out the factors on which age-related sensitivity to the occurrence of BPH depends.

Methods: 45 male Wistar rats aged 3 and 24 months were used. In each age group there were intact rats and animals with induced BPH (by surgical castration + testosterone injections, 25 mg/kg x 7). Read More

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February 2021

The use of Lactobacillus casei DG® prevents symptomatic episodes and reduces the antibiotic use in patients affected by chronic bacterial prostatitis: results from a phase IV study.

World J Urol 2021 Jan 13. Epub 2021 Jan 13.

Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.

Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy of Lactobacillus paracasei CNCM I-1572 (L. casei DG®) in both prevention of symptomatic recurrences and improvement of quality of life in patients with chronic bacterial prostatitis (CBP).

Methods: Patients with CBP attending a single Urological Institution were enrolled in this phase IV study. Read More

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January 2021

Sexuality, Sexual Orientation and Chronic Prostatitis.

J Sex Marital Ther 2021 7;47(3):281-284. Epub 2021 Jan 7.

Faculty of Medicine and Medical Sciences, Department of Human Structure and Repair, Ghent University, Ghent, Βelgium.

Chronic prostatitis (CP) is a common health condition in men. Albeight obvious, a relationship between microbial induced prostatic inflammation and sexual function has not been as thoroughly investigated. Aiming to investigate possible associations between sexuality/sexual orientation and chronic bacterial prostatitis, we retrospectively evaluated 1783 visits (2009-2019) owing to investigation of prostatitis-like symptoms and routine follow up. Read More

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January 2021

CT and MRI in Urinary Tract Infections: A Spectrum of Different Imaging Findings.

Medicina (Kaunas) 2021 Jan 1;57(1). Epub 2021 Jan 1.

Radiology department, Urology and Nephrology Center, Mansoura University, 35516 Mansoura, Egypt.

There are many acute and chronic infections affecting the urinary tract including bacterial, fungal and viral infections. Urinary tract infections (UTIs) can present in many different patterns with variable degrees of severity varying from asymptomatic and uncomplicated forms to life threatening complicated infections. Cross-sectional imaging techniques-including both computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-have become very important tools not only for evaluation of UTIs, but also for detection of associated complications. Read More

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January 2021

[Are bacteriological and pathomorphological signs of bacterial prostatitis related between? (An experimental study)].

Urologiia 2020 12(6):44-51

Department of Urology and Human Reproductive Health Rostov State Medical University, Rostov-on-Don, Russian.

Introduction: In some cases, there is a dissociation between the severity of complaints, physical examination data, and levels of contamination of the biomaterial in the differential diagnosis of various categories of prostatitis (NIH-NIDDK, 1995). Patients note the presence of pronounced symptoms when verifying the threshold indicators of microbial load (104-105 CFU / ml) of prostate secretion or post-massage urine in a few observations. However, clinical manifestations and deviations in objective indicators are not so significant in some patients with higher titers of contamination. Read More

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December 2020

Efficacy and safety of extracorporeal shockwave therapy for the treatment of chronic non-bacterial prostatitis: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

PLoS One 2020 28;15(12):e0244295. Epub 2020 Dec 28.

Department of Urology, Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia, Cipto Mangunkusumo General Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia.

Purpose: Chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CPPS) is one of the most common outpatient urological diagnoses, and its incidence is increasing. Extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT) has been suggested for relieving local perineal symptoms associated with chronic prostatitis/CPPS. Despite several treatment methods, no causal or standardized treatment is available for CPPS. Read More

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[Inhibitory effect of Ningmitai Capsules on the proliferation and biofilm formation of Staphylococcus sp. and Escherichia coli].

Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue 2020 Jun;26(6):553-558

Department of Urology, Wenzhou People's Hospital, Wenzhou, Zhejiang 325000, China.

Objective: To evaluate the inhibitory effect of Ningmitai Capsules (NMTC) on the proliferation and in vitro biofilm formation of Staphylococcus sp. and Escherichia coli (E. coli). Read More

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How urologists deal with chronic prostatitis? The preliminary results of a Mediterranean survey.

Arch Ital Urol Androl 2020 Dec 21;92(4). Epub 2020 Dec 21.

Manzoni Hospital, Lecco.

Objectives: We performed a questionnaire survey to investigate various issues in the diagnosis of chronic prostatitis (CP) performed by Greek urologists and to assess some aspects of prostatitis workup in Greece. Replies were compared with those of Italian clinical research partners in an attempt to clarify the CP diagnostic approaches in Southern European Mediterranean countries.

Methods: We translated the original Italian questionnaire presented by Magri and Montanari in the frame of a urological congress held in Milan on October 26th, 2018. Read More

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December 2020

Gender medicine: the impact of probiotics on male patients.

Clin Ter 2021 Jan-Feb;171(1):e8-e15

Department of Interdisciplinary Medicine, University of Bari "Aldo Moro", Bari.

Purpose: Numerous studies in the literature confirm the importance of the use of probiotics in inflammatory states of the prostate in humans. Our pilot study aimed to test probiotics strains ability to improve urinary bacterial load in male subjects.

Methods: Twenty healthy men aged 55-65 years, with recurrent urinatory infections were enrolled and randomized into 2 groups. Read More

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Extracorporeal shock wave therapy for the treatment of chronic pelvic pain syndrome.

Open Med (Wars) 2020 1;15(1):580-585. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Medical Academy, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Eiveniu 2, 50161, Kaunas, Lithuania.

Background: Prostatitis is the most commonly diagnosed disease in men younger than 50 years and accounts for about 8% of all urologists' consultations.

Objective: After evaluating clinical trials and demonstrating the efficacy of chronic non-bacterial prostatitis treatment, it remains of clinical importance to continue studies on the use of low-energy extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) in men.

Materials And Methods: From May 2017 to April 2018, 40 patients with chronic prostatitis (CP) type IIIB/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CPPS) were enrolled in the study. Read More

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Prostatic Pharmacokinetic/Pharmacodynamic Evaluation of Ampicillin-Sulbactam for Bacterial Prostatitis and Preoperative Prophylaxis.

J Clin Pharmacol 2021 Jun 12;61(6):820-831. Epub 2021 Jan 12.

Department of Clinical Pharmacotherapy, Hiroshima University, Minami-ku, Hiroshima, Japan.

This study aims to define the penetration of ampicillin and sulbactam into prostate tissue, develop a prostatic pharmacokinetic model of each drug, and assess the appropriateness of ampicillin-sulbactam regimens for the treatment of prostatitis and the prophylaxis of postoperative infection, based on a pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic simulation. Subjects were prostatic hyperplasia patients prophylactically receiving a 0.5-hour infusion of 1. Read More

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Lithogenic Potential of Ureaplasma in Chronic Prostatitis.

Urol Int 2021 2;105(3-4):328-333. Epub 2020 Dec 2.

Department of Urology, IRCCS Ca' Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico - University of Milan, Milan, Italy,

Introduction: The role of Ureaplasma spp. (UPs) in the pathogenesis of chronic prostatitis is debated. The lithogenic potential of UPs could be a risk factor for the development of chronic prostatitis. Read More

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December 2020

Prostate-Specific Deletion of Cdh1 Induces Murine Prostatic Inflammation and Bladder Overactivity.

Endocrinology 2021 01;162(1)

Department of Urology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is an age-related debilitating prostatic disease that is frequently associated with prostatic inflammation and bothersome lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). Animal models have shown that formalin- and bacterial-induced prostatic inflammation can induce bladder dysfunction; however, the underlying mechanisms contributing to prostatic inflammation in BPH and bladder dysfunction are not clear. We previously reported that E-cadherin expression in BPH is downregulated in hyperplastic nodules compared with expression in adjacent normal tissues. Read More

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January 2021

[Characterization of the microbiota and cytokine profile of sperm plasma in men with chronic bacterial prostatitis].

Urologiia 2020 11(5):67-72

Institute of Cellular and Intracellular Symbiosis, Ural Branch of the RAS, FGBUN Orenburg Federal Research Center, Ural Branch of the RAS, Orenburg, Russia.

Background: One of the leading causes of the occurrence of chronic bacterial prostatitis (CBP) in men is infection, microecological disorders of the urogenital tract and cytokine-mediated mechanisms of inflammation of the prostate gland, which actualizes a comprehensive study of the clinical and bacteriological features of CBP from the perspective of a symbiotic approach in the framework of a new scientific field - "infectious symbiology".

Objective: to study the characteristics of spermogram, microbiota, and the cytokine profile in men with chronic bacterial prostatitis (CBP) and CBP complicated by infertility.

Materials And Methods: A comprehensive study of patients with CBP and CBP complicated by infertility, in comparison with conditionally healthy individuals, was conducted. Read More

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November 2020

Phenolic Content and Antimicrobial and Anti-Inflammatory Effects of , , , , and Extracts.

Antibiotics (Basel) 2020 Nov 6;9(11). Epub 2020 Nov 6.

Department of Pharmacy, Università degli Studi "Gabriele d'Annunzio", via dei Vestini 31, 66100 Chieti, Italy.

Prostatitis is an inflammatory condition that is related to multiple infectious agents, including bacteria and fungi. Traditional herbal extracts proved efficacious in controlling clinical symptoms associated with prostatitis. In this context, the aim of the present study was to explore the efficacy of extracts from , , , and against bacterial () and fungi strains () involved in prostatitis. Read More

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November 2020

A uropathogenic UTI89 model of prostatic inflammation and collagen accumulation for use in studying aberrant collagen production in the prostate.

Am J Physiol Renal Physiol 2021 01 2;320(1):F31-F46. Epub 2020 Nov 2.

Department of Comparative Biosciences, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin.

Bacterial infection is one known etiology of prostatic inflammation. Prostatic inflammation is associated with prostatic collagen accumulation and both are linked to progressive lower urinary tract symptoms in men. We characterized a model of prostatic inflammation using transurethral instillations of UTI89 in C57BL/6J male mice with the goal of determining the optimal instillation conditions, understanding the impact of instillation conditions on urinary physiology, and identifying ideal prostatic lobes and collagen 1a1 prostatic cell types for further analysis. Read More

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January 2021