7,677 results match your criteria Prostatitis

Li-ESWT treatment reduces inflammation, oxidative stress, and pain via the PI3K/AKT/FOXO1 pathway in autoimmune prostatitis rat models.

Andrology 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Institute of Urology, Lanzhou University Second Hospital, Key Laboratory of Urological Diseases, Gansu Province (Lanzhou University), Gansu Nephro-Urological Clinical Center, Lanzhou, China.

Background: Due to limited data on the pathogenesis of chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS) and the suboptimal therapeutic effect, the development of new and effective treatment modalities was needed urgently. Low-intensity extracorporeal shock wave therapy (Li-ESWT) has been reported for the treatment of CP/CPPS. However, the underlying mechanism remains to be elucidated. Read More

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[Current approach to diagnosis of chronic prostatitis].

Urologiia 2021 May(2):32-39

TB Research Institute of Ministry of Health of Russia, Novosibirsk, Russia.

Introduction: The problem of chronic prostatitis is still to be resolved.

Aim: to compare the frequency of the main symptoms (pain, dysuria, sexual dysfunction) in patients with chronic bacterial and abacterial prostatitis, as well as prostate tuberculosis (PTB); to determine the prevalence of latent infectious prostatitis in patients with chronic abacterial prostatitis (CAP).

Materials And Methods: A total 73 men who were followed with a diagnosis of chronic prostatitis for at least two years and had a history of at least three exacerbations per year were included in the study. Read More

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A Case of Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis Caused by the Use of Trimethoprim Alone.

Cureus 2021 Apr 30;13(4):e14783. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Diabetes and Endocrinology, Peterborough City Hospital, Peterborough, GBR.

Toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) is a rare, acute, severe mucocutaneous reaction commonly presenting following medication use. Thorough history taking and clinical examination are key to early diagnosis and management; skin biopsy provides diagnostic confirmation. We present a 54-year-old man who developed a widespread erythematous rash soon after the use of trimethoprim for an episode of acute prostatitis. Read More

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An investigation about chronic prostatitis in ankylosing spondylitis.

Adv Rheumatol 2021 May 4;61(1):23. Epub 2021 May 4.

Graduate Program in Medical Sciences (PPGCM), Health Sciences Center (CCS), Federal University of Santa Catarina (UFSC), Florianópolis, Brazil.

Background: Chronic prostatitis has been a common disease reported with high frequency in ankylosing spondylitis (AS) even from decades ago. Infectious (Chlamydia trachomatis) or non-infectious (uric acid) prostatitis can hypothetically trigger vertebral inflammation in AS. This study aimed to assess the features of chronic prostatitis in patients with AS compared to healthy controls. Read More

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Magnetic resonance imaging characteristics of chronic prostatitis in patients under the age of 50: is it more than the eye can see?

Acta Radiol 2021 May 3:2841851211010397. Epub 2021 May 3.

Radiology, Surgical Specialties Department, "Iuliu Hatieganu" University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Cluj-Napoca, Romania.

Background: The magnetic resonance (MRI) diagnosis of chronic prostatitis (CP) is insufficiently evaluated.

Purpose: To evaluate the MRI appearance of CP in young patients by comparing it to individuals with non-prostatic related pathology.

Material And Methods: The study included 47 patients with prostatitis-like symptoms evaluated by urologists and referred to pelvic MRI examination (mean age=40. Read More

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Case Report: Ninjin'yoeito May Improve Quality of Life After Hospitalization for Acute Illness in Patients With Frailty.

Masayuki Kashima

Front Nutr 2021 14;8:547512. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Department of General Internal Medicine, Japanese Red Cross Kumamoto Hospital, Kumamoto, Japan.

Frail patients are susceptible to a large number of diseases, and frailty particularly is known to develop after acute illness. No conventional drugs are known to prevent such exacerbation after acute illness. However, traditional Japanese medicine, Kampo, is thought to confer efficacious energy and nutritional supplements and serve to improve malaise after acute illness. Read More

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Comparing two different low-intensity shockwave therapy frequency protocols for nonbacterial chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome: A two-arm, parallel-group randomized controlled trial.

Prostate 2021 Jun 30;81(9):499-507. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Department of Urology, Faculty of Medicine, School of Health Sciences, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece.

Background: Despite encouraging results, the optimal low-intensity shockwave therapy (LiST) protocol in patients with chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CPPS) remains unknown. We conducted a two-arm, parallel-group, randomized controlled trial aiming to compare the efficacy and safety of six LiST sessions applied once or twice weekly.

Methods: Fifty patients with CP/CPPS type IIIb were randomly assigned to six LiST sessions once (Group A, n = 25) or twice weekly (Group B, n = 25). Read More

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Morphological and Molecular Characterization of Proliferative Inflammatory Atrophy in Canine Prostatic Samples.

Cancers (Basel) 2021 Apr 14;13(8). Epub 2021 Apr 14.

School of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science, São Paulo State University-UNESP, Botucatu 18618-681, Brazil.

Proliferative inflammatory atrophy (PIA) is an atrophic lesion of the prostate gland that occurs in men and dogs and is associated with a chronic inflammatory infiltrate. In this study, we retrospectively reviewed canine prostatic samples from intact dogs, identifying 50 normal prostates, 140 cases of prostatic hyperplasia, 171 cases of PIA, 84 with prostate cancer (PC), 14 with prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PIN) and 10 with bacterial prostatitis. PIA samples were then selected and classified according to the human classification. Read More

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Herbal nutraceutical treatment of chronic prostatitis-chronic pelvic pain syndrome: a literature review.

Int Urol Nephrol 2021 Apr 27. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Department of Clinical Pharmacy, School of Basic Medicine and Clinical Pharmacy, China Pharmaceutical University, Nanjing, 211198, Jiangsu Province, China.

Chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS) is the most frequent form of prostatitis, and has a serious impact on patients' quality of life, and causes severe symptoms. The pain in the pelvic, perineal and penile areas, lower abdominal pain, and pain during urination or ejaculation are the main complaints of CP/CPPS. The underlying complex and unknown pathophysiology of this syndrome have made the management of CP/CPPS and the availability of monotherapy challenging. Read More

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Pattern Recognition Receptor-initiated Innate Immune Responses in mouse Prostatic Epithelial Cells.

Biol Reprod 2021 Apr 23. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, School of Basic Medicine, Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China.

Three major pathogenic states of the prostate, including benign prostatic hyperplasia, prostate cancer, and prostatitis, are related to the local inflammation. However, the mechanisms underlying the initiation of prostate inflammation remain largely unknown. Given that the innate immune responses of the tissue-specific cells to microbial infection or auto-antigens contribute to local inflammation, this study focused on pattern recognition receptor (PRR)-initiated innate immune responses in mouse prostatic epithelial cells (PECs). Read More

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Levofloxacin Versus Ciprofloxacin in the Treatment of Urinary Tract Infections: Evidence-Based Analysis.

Front Pharmacol 2021 8;12:658095. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Department of Urology, Institute of Urology, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China.

Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are one of the most common bacterial infections acquired both in community and hospital. Fluoroquinolones, represented by levofloxacin and ciprofloxacin, are widely used for treatment of UTIs. However, it remains controversial for the comparison between the 2 drugs, which propelled us to conduct the first evidence-based research on this topic. Read More

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Detection of N,N-diacetyllactosamine (LacdiNAc) containing free prostate-specific antigen for early stage prostate cancer diagnostics and for identification of castration-resistant prostate cancer patients.

Bioorg Med Chem 2021 Apr 20;39:116156. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Institute of Chemistry, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Dubravska cesta 9, Bratislava 845 38, Slovakia; Glycanostics, Ltd., Dubravska cesta 9, Bratislava 845 38, Slovakia. Electronic address:

Prostate cancer (PCa) is one of the most common cancer types among men and also acommon cause of death globally. With an increasing incidence, there is aneed for low-cost, reliable biomarkers present in samples, which could be provided non-invasively (without a need to perform prostate biopsy). Glycosylation changes of free-PSA (fPSA) are considered cancer-specific, while the level of different PSA forms can increase under other than cancerous conditions. Read More

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Obesity, metabolic health, and urological disorders in adults: a nationwide population-based study.

Sci Rep 2021 Apr 22;11(1):8687. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Department of Urology, Hallym University Dongtan Sacred Heart Hospital, 7, Keunjaebong-gil, Hwaseong-si, Gyeonggi-do, 18450, Republic of Korea.

We evaluate the risks of various urological disorders that require treatments according to obesity and metabolic health status using a nationwide dataset of the Korean population. 3,969,788 patients who had undergone health examinations were enrolled. Participants were classified as "obese" (O) or "non-obese" (NO) using a BMI cut-off of 25 kg/m2. Read More

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Rare case of endogenous Klebsiella endophthalmitis associated with emphysematous prostatitis in a patient with diabetes, cirrhosis and COVID-19.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Apr 21;14(4). Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Internal Medicine, Rutgers New Jersey Medical School, Newark, New Jersey, USA.

A 35-year-old Hispanic man presented with fever, chills, dysuria, diarrhoea, scleral icterus, tachycardia and tachypnea. He was found to be COVID-19 positive, CT of the pelvis revealed prostatic abscess, and urine culture grew Additionally, he was found to have diabetes and cirrhosis. During treatment, the patient developed vision loss, and was diagnosed with endogenous Klebsiella endophthalmitis. Read More

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Transurethral resection of prostatic abscess.

Can J Urol 2021 Apr;28(2):10638-10642

Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

Prostate abscess (PA) is an uncommon prostatic infection, with risk factors including indwelling catheters, acute or chronic prostatitis, bladder outlet obstruction, voiding dysfunction, recent urologic instrumentation (especially transrectal prostate biopsy), chronic kidney disease (CKD), diabetes mellitus (DM), human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), intravenous drug use (IVDU), and hepatitis C. Treatment of PA consists of antibiotics and abscess drainage via transurethral resection (TUR) or image-guided transrectal or transperineal drainage. Numerous studies have demonstrated that TUR of PA has a higher success rate and shorter hospital length of stay when compared to image-guided drainage. Read More

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Can Short Anogenital Distance Cause Chronic Prostatitis?

Urol J 2021 Apr 18. Epub 2021 Apr 18.

Univ. of Health Sciences, Istanbul Hospital, Dept. of Obstet. and Gyn. Istanbul, Turkey.

Chronic prostatitis/Chronic pelvic pain syndromes (CP/CPPS) are a widespread pathology with unknown etiology without a proved treatment algorithm. Neurologic, endocrine and immune systems, and oxidative stress, infections are ranked in the physiopathology. Anogenital distance (AGD) as a marker for the degree of antenatal exposure of androgens that link to some disorders of androgen-sensitive tissues especially of urogenital system. Read More

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Low-intensity extracorporeal shock wave therapy for male chronic pelvic pain syndrome: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Transl Androl Urol 2021 Mar;10(3):1202-1211

Department of Urology, Beijing Jishuitan Hospital, Beijing, China.

Background: A systematic review of the evidence was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of low-intensity extracorporeal shock wave therapy (LI-ESWT) for patients with chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CPPS).

Methods: A comprehensive search was undertaken of the Cochrane Register, PubMed, and Embase databases for controlled trials that evaluated patients with CPPS who were treated with LI-ESWT and that were published before August 2019. The National Institutes of Health Chronic Prostatitis Symptom Index (NIH-CPSI) was the most frequently used tool to evaluate the treatment efficacy of LI-ESWT. Read More

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The Effect of Metformin on Male Reproductive Function and Prostate: An Updated Review.

Chin Hsiao Tseng

World J Mens Health 2021 Mar 9. Epub 2021 Mar 9.

Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan.

Metformin is the first-line oral antidiabetic drug that shows multiple pleiotropic effects of anti-inflamation, anti-cancer, anti-aging, anti-microbia, anti-atherosclerosis, and immune modulation. Metformin's effects on men's related health are reviewed here, focusing on reproductive health under subtitles of erectile dysfunction (ED), steroidogenesis and spermatogenesis; and on prostate-related health under subtitles of prostate specific antigen (PSA), prostatitis, benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH), and prostate cancer (PCa). Updated literature suggests a potential role of metformin on arteriogenic ED but controversial and contradictory effects (either protective or harmful) on testicular functions of testosterone synthesis and spermatogenesis. Read More

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The diagnostic value of urine heat shock protein 70 and prostatic exosomal protein in chronic prostatitis.

J Clin Lab Anal 2021 Apr 6:e23778. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Department of Clinical Laboratory, Nanning Second People's Hospital, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, China.

Objective: To explore the diagnostic value of the levels of prostatic exosomal protein (PSEP) and heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) in the urine of patients with chronic prostatitis (CP).

Method: Urine samples from 210 CP patients (70 cases of the USA National Institutes of Health Category II [NIH-II], 70 NIH-IIIa, and 70 NIH-IIIb patients) and 70 control subjects were collected between May 2018 and February 2020. The levels of PSEP and HSP70 in urine were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Read More

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[Overactive bladder in a complicated patient: which drug to choose?]

Urologiia 2021 Mar(1):120-125

TB Research Institute of Ministry of Health of Russia, Novosibirsk, Russia.

A literature review, including 60 national and foreign publications, was carried out. The review focuses on aspects of the pathogenesis and pathophysiology of overactive bladder (OAB). The effect of OAB on a woman's sexual function is described, as well as the features of OAB treatment in comorbid patients and complications of using anticholinergics drugs. Read More

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[Entomological drug adenosine for the treatment of patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia and chronic prostatitis].

Urologiia 2021 Mar(1):39-44

Department of Urology of FGBOU VO Voronezh State Medical University named after N.N. Burdenko, Voronezh, Russia.

Introduction: Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and chronic prostatitis (CP) are common disorders that are typical for age-related health changes in men. The combination of BPH with CP raises many questions when treatment tactics is chosen. Currently, new drugs have been developed and widely used, namely entomological drugs, which are biologically active substances with anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. Read More

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Ultrasound aspects of symptomatic versus asymptomatic forms of male accessory gland inflammation.

Andrology 2021 Apr 5. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Catania, Catania, Italy.

Background: The ultrasound (US) evaluation of the male sex accessory gland inflammation (MAGI) helps the clinicians to understand the severity of this condition, allowing them to distinguish the uncomplicated form (prostatitis) from the complicated ones (prostate-vesiculitis and prostate-vesiculitis-epididymitis), as well as the unilateral from the bilateral forms, the fibrosclerotic and the hypertrophic-congestive form.

Objective: This retrospective study aimed to evaluate the US features of MAGI patients with active symptoms compared to patients without sexual, voiding, and ejaculatory dysfunction.

Materials/methods: To achieve this aim, an analysis of the prevalence of MAGI US criteria was carried out on a very large series of over 500 patients diagnosed with MAGI classified according to the different symptom profile evaluated through a dedicated questionnaire (previously conceived and published by our group) arbitrarily named "structured interview about MAGI" (SI-MAGI) for sexual, voiding, and ejaculatory disorders reported by these patients. Read More

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[Tract infections by the genus Raoultella. Literature review and contribution of 1 case of Raoultella ornithinolytica.]

Arch Esp Urol 2021 Apr;74(3):276-286

Facultativo Especialista de Urología. Doctor en Medicina y Cirugía. Dénia. Alicante. España.

Objectives:  Emerging urinary infections by rare germs are a public health problem. The objectives of this article are to review urinary tract infections caused by an emerging genus of bacteria called Raoultella and to report a case of asymptomatic urinary tract infection by Raoultella ornithinolytica.

Materials And Methods:  A review of publications on urinary tract infections caused by the genus Raoultella between 2009 and 2018 is carried out and a case of asymptomatic urinary tract infection by Raoultella ornithinolytica is reported. Read More

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Experimental Chronic Prostatitis/Chronic Pelvic Pain Syndrome Increases Anxiety-Like Behavior: The Role of Brain Oxidative Stress, Serum Corticosterone, and Hippocampal Parvalbumin-Positive Interneurons.

Oxid Med Cell Longev 2021 2;2021:6687493. Epub 2021 Mar 2.

Institute of Medical Physiology "Richard Burian", Belgrade University Faculty of Medicine, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia.

Mechanisms of the brain-related comorbidities in chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS) are still largely unknown, although CP/CPPS is one of the major urological problems in middle-aged men, while these neuropsychological incapacities considerably diminish life quality. The objectives of this study were to assess behavioral patterns in rats with CP/CPPS and to determine whether these patterns depend on alterations in the brain oxidative stress, corticosterone, and hippocampal parvalbumin-positive (PV+) interneurons. Adult male rats from CP/CPPS (intraprostatic injection of 3% -carrageenan, day 0) and sham (0. Read More

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Impact of Chronic Prostatitis on the PI-RADS Score 3: Proposal for the Addition of a Novel Binary Suffix.

Diagnostics (Basel) 2021 Mar 30;11(4). Epub 2021 Mar 30.

Department of Urology, Kantonsspital Baden, 5404 Baden, Switzerland.

We examined the impact of chronic prostatitis on the diagnostic performance of multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI). In this retrospective study, 63 men underwent 3T mpMRI followed by MRI/ultrasound fusion biopsy to exclude/confirm clinically significant prostate cancer (csPCa). A total of 93 lesions were included for evaluation. Read More

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Diagnosis of chronic prostatitis by noninvasive methods in elderly patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia in China.

Andrologia 2021 Apr 2:e14055. Epub 2021 Apr 2.

Department of Urology, School of Medicine, Xinhua Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China.

Chronic prostatitis is hard to be identified in BPH patients in clinical works. This study aimed to diagnose chronic prostatitis in BPH patients by noninvasive methods. BPH patients who received transurethral resection of prostate from January 2014 to July 2015 were enrolled in current study. Read More

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Dietary glycine improves urine storage symptoms in urology outpatients.

J Complement Integr Med 2021 Mar 31. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Southern Knights' Laboratory, Chatan, Okinawa, Japan.

Objectives: Spinal glycinergic mechanisms inhibit the micturition reflex, and administration of glycine inhibits bladder activity in rats. Therefore, we examined whether dietary glycine would improve storage symptoms in urological outpatients.

Methods: We enrolled 20 participants (16 men and four women) with an overactive bladder symptom score (OABSS) ≥ 3. Read More

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[Therapeutic effect of acupuncture combined with medication on chronic prostatitis of damp and heat stasis].

Zhongguo Zhen Jiu 2021 Feb;41(2):149-52

Zhongshan Hospital Affiliated to Guangzhou University of CM.

Objective: To observe the clinical therapeutic effect of electroacupuncture (EA) combined with tamsulosin hydrochloride sustained release capsule on chronic prostatitis (CP) of damp and heat stasis.

Methods: A total of 70 patients with CP of damp and heat stasis were randomized into an acupuncture plus medication group (35 cases, 4 cases dropped off) and a medication group (35 cases, 5 cases dropped off). In the medication group, tamsulosin hydrochloride sustained release capsule was given orally, 0. Read More

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February 2021

Chronic Pelvic Pain Syndrome in a Rural Area: Are We Paying Attention?

Omar S Akhtar

Cureus 2021 Feb 23;13(2):e13525. Epub 2021 Feb 23.

Urology, Hakim Sanaullah Specialist Hospital, Sopore, IND.

Introduction Chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS) is a chronic, debilitating illness that mostly affects males under the age of 50 years. It is associated with myriad presentations. The National Institutes of Health-Chronic Prostatitis Symptom Index (NIH-CPSI) score was developed to measure the impact of the disease and assess the treatment outcomes. Read More

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February 2021

Treatment and management of Salmonella prostatitis in a heartworm-positive intact male dog: a case report.

BMC Vet Res 2021 Mar 30;17(1):135. Epub 2021 Mar 30.

Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, Texas A&M University, 77843-4474, College Station, TX, USA.

Background: Salmonella spp. represent a significant zoonotic concern to pregnant owners as infection can cause septic abortions and post-partum illness. Enteric salmonellosis is well documented in canines however urinary salmonellosis is rarely described and Salmonella prostatitis has never been described in dogs. Read More

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