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    1679 results match your criteria Prolactin Deficiency

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    Addressing the post-irradiation hypothalamic-pituitary endocrine abnormalities of brain tumors in pediatric patients.
    J BUON 2017 Sep-Oct;22(5):1240-1245
    University of Thessaly, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Larissa, Greece.
    Purpose: Hypothalamic-pituitary axis is susceptible to radiotherapy, causing endocrine disorders to childhood cancer survivors. We conducted a systematic review in order to assess the radiation-induced toxicity that leads to hormone secretion abnormalities and their severity in children with brain tumors.

    Methods: The data were collected by relevant studies on PubMed and EMBASE. Read More

    Zinc transporter 2 interacts with vacuolar ATPase and is required for polarization, vesicle acidification and secretion in mammary epithelial cells.
    J Biol Chem 2017 Nov 7. Epub 2017 Nov 7.
    Penn State Hershey College of Medicine, United States
    An important feature of the mammary gland is its ability to undergo profound morphological, physiological, and intracellular changes to establish and maintain secretory function. During this process, key polarity proteins and receptors are recruited to the surface of mammary epithelial cells (MECs), and the vesicle transport system develops and matures. However, the intracellular mechanisms responsible for the development of secretory function in these cells are unclear. Read More

    The Hypothalamic-Pituitary Axis and Autoantibody Related Disorders.
    Int J Mol Sci 2017 Nov 3;18(11). Epub 2017 Nov 3.
    Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Cagliari, 09042 Monserrato, Cagliari, Italy.
    This review summarized different studies reporting the presence of autoantibodies reacting against cells of the pituitary (APAs) and/or hypothalamus (AHAs). Both APAs and AHAs have been revealed through immunofluorescence using different kinds of substrates. Autoantibodies against gonadotropic cells were mainly found in patients affected by cryptorchidism and hypogonadotropic hypogonadism while those against prolactin cells were found in different kinds of patients, the majority without pituitary abnormalities. Read More

    The prostate response to prolactin modulation in adult castrated rats subjected to testosterone replacement.
    J Mol Histol 2017 Dec 7;48(5-6):403-415. Epub 2017 Oct 7.
    Department of Morphology, Institute of Biosciences, São Paulo State University (UNESP), Botucatu, São Paulo, Brazil.
    Despite the androgenic dependence, other hormones, growth factors, and cytokines are necessary to support prostatic growth and maintain the glandular structure; among them, prolactin is a non-steroidal hormone secreted mainly by the pituitary gland. However, extra-pituitary expression of prolactin, such as in the prostate, has also been demonstrated, highlighting the paracrine and autocrine actions of prolactin within the prostate. Here, we investigated whether prolactin modulation alters ventral prostate (VP) morphophysiology in adult castrated rats. Read More

    NCB5OR Deficiency in the Cerebellum and Midbrain Leads to Dehydration and Alterations in Thirst Response, Fasted Feeding Behavior, and Voluntary Exercise in Mice.
    Cerebellum 2017 Sep 8. Epub 2017 Sep 8.
    Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, KS, 66160, USA.
    Cytosolic NADH-cytochrome-b5-oxidoreductase (NCB5OR) is ubiquitously expressed in animal tissues. We have previously reported that global ablation of NCB5OR in mice results in early-onset lean diabetes with decreased serum leptin levels and increased metabolic and feeding activities. The conditional deletion of NCB5OR in the mouse cerebellum and midbrain (conditional knock out, CKO mice) results in local iron dyshomeostasis and altered locomotor activity. Read More

    Vitamin D, Cathelicidin, Prolactin, Autoantibodies, and Cytokines in Different Forms of Pulmonary Tuberculosis versus Sarcoidosis.
    Isr Med Assoc J 2017 Aug;19(8):499-505
    Department of Pathology, Saint Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg, Russia.
    Background: Vitamin D insufficiency is associated with autoimmune and chronic inflammatory diseases such as tuberculosis and sarcoidosis.

    Objectives: To evaluate the vitamin D-dependent mechanisms of immunity and autoimmunity in different forms of pulmonary tuberculosis and sarcoidosis.

    Methods: We measured the serum levels of 25(OH)D and 1,25(OH)2D, individual autoimmune profiles, plasma concentrations of cathelicidin, several hormones, and production of nine cytokines in patients with short- and long-duration tuberculosis and sarcoidosis. Read More

    Iodine excess exposure during pregnancy and lactation impairs maternal thyroid function in rats.
    Endocr Connect 2017 Oct 16;6(7):510-521. Epub 2017 Aug 16.
    Department of Physiology and BiophysicsInstitute of Biomedical Sciences, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
    Adequate maternal iodine consumption during pregnancy and lactation guarantees normal thyroid hormones (TH) production, which is crucial to the development of the fetus. Indeed, iodine deficiency is clearly related to maternal hypothyroidism and deleterious effects in the fetal development. Conversely, the effects of iodine excess (IE) consumption on maternal thyroid function are still controversial. Read More

    An Indian Family with Tyrosine Hydroxylase Deficiency.
    Indian Pediatr 2017 Jun;54(6):499-501
    Pediatric Neurology and Neurodevelopment Unit, Department of Pediatrics, Advanced Pediatrics Centre, PGIMER, Chandigarh, India. Correspondence to: Prof. Pratibha Singhi, APC, PGIMER, Chandigarh 160 012, India.
    Background: Tyrosine Hydroxylase deficiency is a rare neurotransmitter disorder.

    Case Characteristics: An Indian family with the disorder.

    Observations: Phenotypic variation, elevated serum prolactin, genetic confirmation, and partial treatment-responsiveness. Read More

    25-hydroxyvitamin D Correlation with Prolactin Levels and Adenoma Size in Female Patients with Newly Diagnosed Prolactin Secreting Adenoma.
    Endocr Metab Immune Disord Drug Targets 2017 ;17(3):219-225
    Department of Microbiology at Specialized Medical Hospital, Mansoura University, Mansoura. Egypt.
    Objective: The present research explored the relationship of vitamin D status with prolactin levels and adenoma size in female patients with newly diagnosed prolactinoma and determination of hypovitaminosis D prevalence among female patients with prolactinoma.

    Patients And Methods: We enrolled 67 female patients with newly diagnosed prolactinoma (41 with micro adenoma and 26 with macro adenoma) in this case-control study at the time of presentation. We selected 45 female subjects as a control group who were matched according to age, weight, height, body mass index and waist circumference. Read More

    Assessment of Hypogonadism in Men With Type 2 Diabetes: A Cross-Sectional Study From Saudi Arabia.
    Clin Med Insights Endocrinol Diabetes 2017 19;10:1179551417710209. Epub 2017 May 19.
    Department of Endocrinology and Diabetes, Diabetes Treatment Center, Prince Sultan Military Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
    Background/objectives: A high incidence of hypogonadism in men with type 2 diabetes (T2D) has been globally reported. This study aimed to determining the frequency of hypogonadism and related risk factors among men with T2D in a single-site hospital in Saudi Arabia.

    Design And Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed on 157 men with T2D (between 30 and 70 years of age). Read More

    Occurrence of hyperprolactinemia in children with subclinical hypothyroidism.
    J Clin Res Pediatr Endocrinol 2017 May 22. Epub 2017 May 22.
    Background: Prevalence of hyperprolactinemia in children with subclinical hypothyroidism (ScH) is not known. This study aimed to determine the occurrence and predictors of hyperprolactinemia in children with euthyroidism, ScH and overt primary hypothyroidism (OPH).

    Methods: Consecutive children <18 years age, diagnosed to have normal thyroid function, ScH or OPH underwent serum prolactin estimation. Read More

    [Cornelia de Lange Syndrome and multiple hormonal deficiency, an unusual association. Clinical case].
    Arch Argent Pediatr 2017 06;115(3):e170-e174
    Escuela de Medicina, Universidad Industrial de Santander.
    Cornelia de Lange syndrome is a genetic disease characterized by distinctive facial features, failure to thrive, microcephaly and several malformations associated. Its main endocrinological features are anomalies of the genitalia. We present a 13-year-old boy, who suffered from complicated aspiration pneumonia and showed Cornelia de Lange syndrome phenotype, with global developmental delay, suction-swallowing abnormalities, short stature and abnormal genitalia associated. Read More

    Deletion of RhoA in Progesterone Receptor-Expressing Cells Leads to Luteal Insufficiency and Infertility in Female Mice.
    Endocrinology 2017 Jul;158(7):2168-2178
    Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia 30602.
    Ras homolog gene family, member A (RhoA) is widely expressed throughout the female reproductive system. To assess its role in progesterone receptor-expressing cells, we generated RhoA conditional knockout mice RhoAd/d (RhoAf/f-Pgr-Cre+/-). RhoAd/d female mice had comparable mating activity, serum luteinizing hormone, prolactin, and estradiol levels and ovulation with control but were infertile with progesterone insufficiency, indicating impaired steroidogenesis in RhoAd/d corpus luteum (CL). Read More

    Microdissection testicular sperm extraction in men with nonobstructive azoospermia: Experience of King Saud University Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
    Urol Ann 2017 Apr-Jun;9(2):136-140
    Department of Urology, Prince Mohammed Bin Abdulaziz Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
    Objectives: Microdissection testicular sperm extraction (micro-TESE) is an optimal technique of sperm extraction for intracytoplasmic sperm injection. This study is to present our experience in micro-TESE and evaluate the relation of its sperm retrieval rate (SRR) with patients' characteristics, testicular functions, and histological parameters as well as previous sperm retrieval interventions.

    Materials And Methods: We retrospectively reviewed records of 255 patients with nonobstructive azoospermia who underwent micro-TESE between 2011 and 2014. Read More

    Altered structure and function of adipose tissue in long-lived mice with growth hormone-related mutations.
    Adipocyte 2017 Apr 21;6(2):69-75. Epub 2017 Mar 21.
    a Department of Internal Medicine , Southern Illinois University School of Medicine , Springfield , Illinois , USA.
    A major focus of biogerontology is elucidating the role(s) of the endocrine system in aging and the accumulation of age-related diseases. Endocrine control of mammalian longevity was first reported in Ames dwarf (Prop1(df)) mice, which are long-lived due to a recessive Prop1 loss-of-function mutation resulting in deficiency of growth hormone (GH), thyroid-stimulating hormone, and prolactin. Following this report, several other GH-related mutants with altered longevity have been described including long-lived Snell dwarf and growth hormone receptor knockout mice, and short-lived GH overexpressing transgenic mice. Read More

    Dynamics of hormonal disorders following unilateral orchiectomy for a testicular tumor.
    Med Oncol 2017 May 7;34(5):84. Epub 2017 Apr 7.
    Department of Uro-Oncology, Maria Sklodowska-Curie Memorial Cancer Center and Institute of Oncology, Roentgena 5 st., 02-781, Warsaw, Poland.
    Testicular tumors and their treatment interfere with homeostasis, hormonal status included. The aim of the study was to evaluate hormonal disorders of the pituitary-gonadal axis in men treated for testicular tumors. One hundred twenty-eight men treated for a unilateral testicular tumor at our institution were included. Read More

    Cooperative Synthesis of Dopamine in Rat Mediobasal Hypothalamus as a Compensatory Mechanism in Hyperprolactinemia.
    Biochemistry (Mosc) 2017 Mar;82(3):366-372
    Koltzov Institute of Developmental Biology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, 119334, Russia.
    Dopamine (DA), synthesized in the mediobasal hypothalamus by dopaminergic neurons containing two enzymes of DA synthesis - tyrosine hydroxylase and decarboxylase of aromatic L-amino acids, or by monoenzymatic non-dopaminergic neurons containing one DA synthesis enzyme in cooperation, is known to have an inhibitory effect on prolactin secretion. Deterioration of this inhibitory control leads to an increase in prolactin concentration in the blood and to the development of hyperprolactinemia syndrome. In a rat model of hyperprolactinemia induced by administration of a neurotoxin causing degeneration of dopaminergic and noradrenergic neurons, the level of DA first decreases, leading to an increase in prolactin level (decompensation stage), while later both levels are restored to normal (compensation stage). Read More

    Pituitary dysfunction in traumatic brain injury: Is evaluation in the acute phase worthwhile?
    Indian J Endocrinol Metab 2017 Jan-Feb;21(1):80-84
    Department of Endocrinology, Topiwala National Medical College, Bai Yamunabai Laxman Nair Charitable Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.
    Introduction: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is an under-recognized cause of hypopituitarism. According to recent data, it could be more frequent than previously known. However, there is a scarcity of data in Indian population. Read More

    Effect of Corticosteroids and Cyclophosphamide on Sex Hormone Profiles in Male Patients With Systemic Lupus Erythematosus or Systemic Sclerosis.
    Arthritis Rheumatol 2017 Jun 4;69(6):1272-1279. Epub 2017 May 4.
    Karolinska University Hospital, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Objective: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and systemic sclerosis (SSc) are autoimmune diseases that predominantly affect female patients, and therefore fewer investigations have been conducted in men. The aim of this study was to analyze sex hormone levels in male patients with SLE and those with SSc, compared to matched controls, in relation to the use of corticosteroids and cyclophosphamide (CYC).

    Methods: Sex hormone levels were measured in fasting blood samples from male patients with SLE (n = 71) and those with SSc (n = 29) and compared to population-based, age-matched male controls. Read More

    Testosterone replacement therapy: role of pituitary and thyroid in diagnosis and treatment.
    Transl Androl Urol 2016 Dec;5(6):850-858
    Department of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH, USA.
    Crosstalk among hormones characterizes endocrine function, and assessment of the hypogonadal man should take that into consideration. In men for whom testosterone deficiency is a concern, initial evaluation should include a thorough history and physical exam in which other endocrinopathies are being considered. Hypogonadism can be associated with both pituitary and thyroid dysfunction, for which appropriate biochemical evaluation should be undertaken in certain clinical scenarios. Read More

    Endocrinology Update: Hirsutism.
    FP Essent 2016 Dec;451:17-24
    University of Michigan Medical School Ypsilanti Health Center, 200 Arnet Suite 200, Ypsilanti, MI 48198.
    Hirsutism is defined as excessive terminal hair growth, such as coarse sexual or secondary hair, that typically appears in a male growth pattern in androgen-dependent areas of the female body. It can occur in men and women. Common etiologies include polycystic ovary syndrome, idiopathic hyperandrogenemia, idiopathic hirsutism, adrenal hyperplasia due to 21-hydroxylase deficiency, androgen-secreting tumors, iatrogenic hirsutism, acromegaly, Cushing syndrome, hyperprolactinemia, and hypo- or hyperthyroidism. Read More

    Effects of High-Fat Diet on Stress Response in Male and Female Wildtype and Prolactin Knockout Mice.
    PLoS One 2016 28;11(11):e0166416. Epub 2016 Nov 28.
    Department of Biology, Physiology and Neuroscience, Miami University, Oxford, Ohio, United States of America.
    Prolactin (PRL) is well characterized for its roles in initiation and maintenance of lactation, and it also suppresses stress-induced responses. Feeding a high-fat diet (HFD) disrupts activity of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. Whether PRL regulates HPA axis activation under HFD feeding is not clear. Read More

    Oestrogens, prolactin, hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis, and schizophrenic psychoses.
    Lancet Psychiatry 2017 Jan 15;4(1):63-72. Epub 2016 Nov 15.
    Center for Gender Research and Early Detection, University of Basel Psychiatric Clinics, Basel, Switzerland. Electronic address:
    Interest is growing in the potential effect of gonadal hormones, prolactin, and the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis in schizophrenic psychoses. Many studies from clinical, epidemiological, and fundamental research have confirmed that oestradiol, the main component of oestrogens, can have protective effects in schizophrenic psychoses. Furthermore, many patients with schizophrenic psychoses-even in the untreated prodromal stages-have hyperprolactinaemia and gonadal dysfunction, with oestrogen deficiency in women and testosterone deficiency in men. Read More

    Childhood acromegaly due to X-linked acrogigantism: long term follow-up.
    Pituitary 2016 Dec;19(6):560-564
    Department of Medicine, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, 630 West 168th Street, New York, NY, 10032, USA.
    Purpose: Acromegaly in infancy is extremely rare. We describe a 32 year old woman who presented at 6 months of age with isolated macrocephaly, followed by accelerated linear growth. At 21 months of age, her head circumference was 55 cm (+5. Read More

    Genomic analyses identify agents regulating somatotroph and lactotroph functions.
    Funct Integr Genomics 2016 Nov 5;16(6):693-704. Epub 2016 Oct 5.
    Basic Medical College, Xinxiang Medical University, Xinxiang, Henan, 453003, China.
    Isolated hormone deficiency might be caused by loss of a specific type of endocrine cells, and regenerating these missing cells may provide a new option for future treatment. It is known that POU1F1 lineage cells can differentiate into thyrotroph, somatotroph, and lactotroph. However, there is no effective way of controlling pituitary stem/progenitor cells to differentiate into a specific type of endocrine cell. Read More

    Acute hormonal findings after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage - report from a single center.
    Endocr Res 2017 May 18;42(2):125-131. Epub 2016 Oct 18.
    e Department of Clinical Medicine, Biostatistics , University of Turku, and Turku University Hospital , Turku , Finland.
    Purpose: The aim was to assess anterior pituitary hormone levels during the acute phase of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) and analyze the possible association with the clinical condition and outcome.

    Material And Methods: Forty patients with aSAH whose aneurysm was secured by endovascular coiling were enrolled. Basal secretions of cortisol, testosterone, luteinizing hormone (LH), prolactin (PRL), and sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) levels were measured up to 14 days after the incident. Read More

    Brown Adipose Tissue Function Is Enhanced in Long-Lived, Male Ames Dwarf Mice.
    Endocrinology 2016 Dec 14;157(12):4744-4753. Epub 2016 Oct 14.
    Department of Internal Medicine (J.D., S.M., Y.F., J.A.H., C.Z., A.B.), Geriatric Research, and Department of Medical Microbiology, Immunology, and Cell Biology (J.D., A.B.), Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, Springfield, Illinois 62702; Institute of Cardiovascular Disease (C.Z.), Key Laboratory for Arteriosclerology of Hunan Province, University of South China, Hengyang 421001, People's Republic of China; and Department of Biology (L.Y.S.), University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama 35294.
    Ames dwarf mice (Prop1(df/df)) are long-lived due to a loss of function mutation, resulting in deficiency of GH, TSH, and prolactin. Along with a marked extension of longevity, Ames dwarf mice have improved energy metabolism as measured by an increase in their oxygen consumption and heat production, as well as a decrease in their respiratory quotient. Along with alterations in energy metabolism, Ames dwarf mice have a lower core body temperature. Read More

    Evaluation of pituitary function in cases with the diagnosis of pediatric mild traumatic brain injury: Cross-sectional study.
    J Neurosci Rural Pract 2016 Oct-Dec;7(4):537-543
    Department of Biostatistics and Medical Informatics, School of Medicine, Trakya University, Edirne, Turkey.
    Background: This study was to determine whether pituitary dysfunction occurs after head trauma in children or not and which axis is affected more; to define the association of pituitary dysfunction with the severity of head trauma and duration time after the diagnosis of head trauma.

    Materials And Methods: In this study, 24 children who were diagnosed with head trauma were evaluated regarding pituitary dysfunction. In all cases, after 12 h fasting, serum cortisol, fT3, fT4, thyroid-stimulating hormone, prolactin, insulin-like growth factor-1, serum sodium, urine density, follicle-stimulating hormone, luteinizing hormone, in female cases E2, in male cases, TT levels were determined. Read More

    Truncating Prolactin Receptor Mutations Promote Tumor Growth in Murine Estrogen Receptor-Alpha Mammary Carcinomas.
    Cell Rep 2016 Sep;17(1):249-260
    McDonnell Genome Institute, Washington University School of Medicine, 4444 Forest Park Ave., St. Louis, MO 63108, USA; Department of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, 660 S Euclid Ave., St. Louis, MO 63110, USA; Siteman Cancer Center, Washington University School of Medicine, 4921 Parkview Pl., St. Louis, MO 63110, USA; Department of Genetics, Washington University School of Medicine, 660 S Euclid Ave., St. Louis, MO 63110, USA. Electronic address:
    Estrogen receptor alpha-positive (ERα+) luminal tumors are the most frequent subtype of breast cancer. Stat1(-/-) mice develop mammary tumors that closely recapitulate the biological characteristics of this cancer subtype. To identify transforming events that contribute to tumorigenesis, we performed whole genome sequencing of Stat1(-/-) primary mammary tumors and matched normal tissues. Read More

    Congress of Neurological Surgeons Systematic Review and Evidence-Based Guideline for Pretreatment Endocrine Evaluation of Patients With Nonfunctioning Pituitary Adenomas.
    Neurosurgery 2016 Oct;79(4):E527-9
    ‡Departments of Medicine and Neurological Surgery, OHSU Northwest Pituitary Center, Oregon Health Science University, Portland, Oregon; §Guidelines Department, Congress of Neurological Surgeons, Schaumburg, Illinois; ¶Barrow Neurological Institute, Phoenix, Arizona; ‖Pituitary Center, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, California; #Department of Neurosurgery, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia; **Department of Neurosurgery, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, California; ‡‡Department of Neurosurgery, George Washington University, Washington, DC; §§Department of Neurosurgery, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California; ¶¶Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California.
    Background: Nonfunctioning pituitary adenomas (NFPAs) are among the most common pituitary lesions and may present with hypopituitarism and/or hyperprolactinemia.

    Objective: To review the existing literature as it pertains to preoperative endocrine assessment in the workup for NFPAs.

    Methods: A systematic review methodology was utilized to identify and screen articles assessing the role and results of preoperative laboratory assessment in patients with NFPAs. Read More

    Hops for Menopausal Vasomotor Symptoms: Mechanisms of Action.
    J Menopausal Med 2016 Aug 30;22(2):62-4. Epub 2016 Aug 30.
    Mother and Child Welfare Research Center, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.
    Menopause is a critical stage of women's life associated with various complaints and distresses. Vasomotor symptoms (VMS), such as hot flushes, night sweats, sleep disturbances, and fatigue, are the most common menopause symptoms affecting about 50% to 80% of middle-aged women. Obviously, these symptoms, resulting from estrogen deficiency during menopause, can exert negative effects on women's health and quality of life and thus require to be managed through approaches such as hormone replacement therapy (HRT). Read More

    Nitric Oxide Plays a Key Role in Ovariectomy-Induced Apoptosis in Anterior Pituitary: Interplay between Nitric Oxide Pathway and Estrogen.
    PLoS One 2016 9;11(9):e0162455. Epub 2016 Sep 9.
    Departamento de Química Biológica, IQUIFIB, Facultad de Farmacia y Bioquímica, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
    Changes in the estrogenic status produce deep changes in pituitary physiology, mainly because estrogens (E2) are one of the main regulators of pituitary cell population. Also, E2 negatively regulate pituitary neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) activity and expression and may thereby modulate the production of nitric oxide (NO), an important regulator of cell death and survival. Little is known about how ovary ablation affects anterior pituitary cell remodelling and molecular mechanisms that regulate this process have not yet been elucidated. Read More

    Extra-Pituitary Birth Defects May Predict Diagnosis of Congenital Hypopituitarism in a Short Child.
    J Assoc Physicians India 2015 Aug;63(8):28-36
    Department of Neurosurgery, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh.
    Background: Extra-pituitary birth defect (EPBD) in children with congenital hypopituitarism is largely unknown.

    Objective: The study aims to evaluate the incidence and pattern of EPBD in children with congenital hypopituitarism and to evaluate whether it can serve as a clue to diagnose this condition.

    Patients And Methods: Retrospective analysis of hospital record of patients of short stature due to various etiology from which patients with congenital hypopituitarism with age ≥18 years were recruited for the analysis. Read More

    Hormonal Modulation of Dendritic Cells Differentiation, Maturation and Function: Implications for the Initiation and Progress of Systemic Autoimmunity.
    Arch Immunol Ther Exp (Warsz) 2017 Apr 1;65(2):123-136. Epub 2016 Sep 1.
    Departamento de Genética Molecular y Microbiología, Facultad de Ciencias Biológicas, Millennium Institute of Immunology and Immunotherapy, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago, Chile.
    Hormonal homeostasis is crucial for keeping a competent and healthy immune function. Several hormones can modulate the function of various immune cells such as dendritic cells (DCs) by influencing the initiation of the immune response and the maintenance of peripheral tolerance to self-antigens. Hormones, such as estrogens, prolactin, progesterone and glucocorticoids may profoundly affect DCs differentiation, maturation and function leading to either a pro-inflammatory or an anti-inflammatory (or tolerogenic) phenotype. Read More

    Vitamin D3 deficiency is associated with female sexual dysfunction in premenopausal women.
    Int Urol Nephrol 2016 Nov 13;48(11):1789-1795. Epub 2016 Aug 13.
    Endocrinology Department, Şişli Etfal Training and Research Hospital, 34371, Şişli/Istanbul, Turkey.
    Purpose: To assess female sexual functions in women who were affected by vitamin D3 deficiency.

    Methods: A total of 50 women with FSD and 58 healthy women controls were included in the study, according to the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) questionnaire using a 26.55 cutoff value. Read More

    Inhibition of SKP2 Sensitizes Bromocriptine-Induced Apoptosis in Human Prolactinoma Cells.
    Cancer Res Treat 2017 Apr 28;49(2):358-373. Epub 2016 Jul 28.
    Department of Neurosurgery, Shanghai Institute of Neurosurgery, Changzheng Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, China.
    Purpose: Prolactinoma (prolactin-secreting pituitary adenoma) is one of the most common estrogen-related functional pituitary tumors. As an agonist of the dopamine D2 receptor, bromocriptine is used widely to inhibit prolactinoma progression. On the other hand, it is not always effective in clinical application. Read More

    Long-Term Effect of Cranial Radiotherapy on Pituitary-Hypothalamus Area in Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Survivors.
    Curr Treat Options Oncol 2016 Sep;17(9):50
    Department of Endocrinology, Skåne University hospital and IKVL, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Opinion Statement: Survival rates of childhood cancer have improved markedly, and today more than 80 % of those diagnosed with a pediatric malignancy will become 5-year survivors. Nevertheless, survivors exposed to cranial radiotherapy (CRT) are at particularly high risk for long-term morbidity, such as endocrine insufficiencies, metabolic complications, and cardiovascular morbidity. Deficiencies of one or more anterior pituitary hormones have been described following therapeutic CRT for primary brain tumors, nasopharyngeal tumors, and following prophylactic CRT for childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Read More

    The Study of Cyclooxygenase 2 in Human Decidua of Preeclampsia.
    Biol Reprod 2016 Sep 27;95(3):56. Epub 2016 Jul 27.
    Center for Reproductive Medicine, Ren Ji Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China Shanghai Key Laboratory for Assisted Reproduction and Reproductive Genetics, Shanghai, China Key Laboratory of Animal Resistance Research, College of Life Science, Shandong Normal University, Ji'nan, Shandong, China
    Preeclampsia (PE), a pregnancy-specific disorder characterized by hypertension and proteinuria beginning after 20 wk of pregnancy, is a major cause of maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. Delivery of the placenta reverses the immediate clinical manifestations and remains the only reliable treatment for PE. Up to now, the causes of PE are not entirely clear. Read More

    Unexpected severe consequences of Pikfyve deletion by aP2- or Aq-promoter-driven Cre expression for glucose homeostasis and mammary gland development.
    Physiol Rep 2016 Jun;4(11)
    Department of Physiology, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, Michigan
    Systemic deficiency of PIKfyve, the evolutionarily conserved phosphoinositide kinase synthesizing cellular PtdIns5P and PtdIns(3,5)P2 and implicated in insulin signaling, causes early embryonic death in mice. In contrast, mice with muscle-specific Pikfyve disruption have normal lifespan but exhibit early-age whole-body glucose intolerance and muscle insulin resistance, thus establishing the key role of muscle PIKfyve in glucose homeostasis. Fat and muscle tissues control postprandial glucose clearance through different mechanisms, raising questions as to whether adipose Pikfyve disruption will also trigger whole-body metabolic abnormalities, and if so, what the mechanism might be. Read More

    Original Research: Metabolic alterations from early life thyroxine replacement therapy in male Ames dwarf mice are transient.
    Exp Biol Med (Maywood) 2016 Oct 13;241(16):1764-71. Epub 2016 May 13.
    Department of Internal Medicine, Geriatrics Research, Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, Springfield, IL 62794, USA.
    Ames dwarf mice are exceptionally long-lived due to a Prop1 loss of function mutation resulting in deficiency of growth hormone, thyroid-stimulating hormone and prolactin. Deficiency in thyroid-stimulating hormone and growth hormone leads to greatly reduced levels of circulating thyroid hormones and insulin-like growth factor 1, as well as a reduction in insulin secretion. Early life growth hormone replacement therapy in Ames dwarf mice significantly shortens their longevity, while early life thyroxine (T4) replacement therapy does not. Read More

    IGF-I levels reflect hypopituitarism severity in adults with pituitary dysfunction.
    Pituitary 2016 Aug;19(4):399-406
    Endocrine Institute, Rabin Medical Center-Beilinson Hospital, Petach Tikva, Israel.
    Purpose: To evaluate the utility of Insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) standard deviation score (SDS) as a surrogate marker of severity of hypopituitarism in adults with pituitary pathology.

    Methods: We performed a retrospective data analysis, including 269 consecutive patients with pituitary disease attending a tertiary endocrine clinic in 1990-2015. The medical files were reviewed for the complete pituitary hormone profile, including IGF-I, and clinical data. Read More

    The Effects of Vitamin D-K-Calcium Co-Supplementation on Endocrine, Inflammation, and Oxidative Stress Biomarkers in Vitamin D-Deficient Women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial.
    Horm Metab Res 2016 Jul 6;48(7):446-51. Epub 2016 Apr 6.
    Research Center for Biochemistry and Nutrition in Metabolic Diseases, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran.
    The current study was conducted to assess the effects of vitamin D-K-calcium co-supplementation on endocrine, inflammation, and oxidative stress biomarkers in vitamin D-deficient women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). This randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was performed on 60 vitamin D-deficient women diagnosed with PCOS aged 18-40 years old. Participants were randomly allocated into 2 groups to intake either 200 IU vitamin D, 90 μg vitamin K plus, 500 mg calcium supplements (n=30), or placebo (n=30) twice a day for 8 weeks. Read More

    Hypopituitarism.
    Lancet 2016 Nov 31;388(10058):2403-2415. Epub 2016 Mar 31.
    Department of Endocrinology, Christie Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Manchester, UK; Centre for Endocrinology and Diabetes, Institute of Human Development, Faculty of Medical and Human Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester Academic Health Science Centre, Manchester, UK. Electronic address:
    Hypopituitarism refers to deficiency of one or more hormones produced by the anterior pituitary or released from the posterior pituitary. Hypopituitarism is associated with excess mortality, a key risk factor being cortisol deficiency due to adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) deficiency. Onset can be acute or insidious, and the most common cause in adulthood is a pituitary adenoma, or treatment with pituitary surgery or radiotherapy. Read More

    Hypopituitarism patterns among adult males with prolactinomas.
    Clin Neurol Neurosurg 2016 May 4;144:112-8. Epub 2016 Feb 4.
    Department of Neurosurgery, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou 510515, Guangdong, China.
    Objectives: The objective of this study was to characterize hypopituitarism in adult males with prolactinomas.

    Patients And Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the records of 102 consecutive patients, classified under three categories based on adenoma size at diagnosis: 1.0-2. Read More

    The Ames dwarf mutation attenuates Alzheimer's disease phenotype of APP/PS1 mice.
    Neurobiol Aging 2016 Apr 6;40:22-40. Epub 2016 Jan 6.
    Department of Basic Sciences, University of North Dakota School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Grand Forks, ND, USA. Electronic address:
    APP/PS1 double transgenic mice expressing human mutant amyloid precursor protein (APP) and presenilin-1 (PS1) demonstrate robust brain amyloid beta (Aβ) peptide containing plaque deposition, increased markers of oxidative stress, behavioral dysfunction, and proinflammatory gliosis. On the other hand, lack of growth hormone, prolactin, and thyroid-stimulating hormone due to a recessive mutation in the Prop 1 gene (Prop1df) in Ames dwarf mice results in a phenotype characterized by potentiated antioxidant mechanisms, improved learning and memory, and significantly increased longevity in homozygous mice. Based on this, we hypothesized that a similar hormone deficiency might attenuate disease changes in the brains of APP/PS1 mice. Read More

    [Misleading diagnosis of hyperprolactinemia in women].
    Gynecol Obstet Fertil 2016 Mar 7;44(3):181-6. Epub 2016 Mar 7.
    Service d'endocrinologie, hôpital Saint-Antoine, AP-HP, 184, rue du Faubourg-Saint-Antoine, 75012 Paris, France; Sorbonne universités, université Pierre-et-Marie-Curie-Paris 6, 75012 Paris, France; Inserm U933, 75012 Paris, France. Electronic address:
    Prolactin is a major hormone, involved in gonadotroph axis regulation. Hyperprolactinemia induces gonadotropin deficiency and therefore hypogonadotropic hypogonadism. It should be suspected in front of menstrual cycle abnormalities, infertility and/or galactorrhea. Read More

    Endocrinologic Control of Men's Sexual Desire and Arousal/Erection.
    J Sex Med 2016 Mar;13(3):317-37
    Sexual Medicine and Andrology Unit, Department of Biomedical, Clinical and Experimental Sciences, University of Florence, Florence, Italy.
    Introduction: Several hormones and neurotransmitters orchestrate men's sexual response, including the appetitive (sexual desire) and consummative (arousal and penile erection) phases.

    Aim: To provide an overview and recommendations regarding endocrinologic control of sexual desire and arousal and erection and their disturbances.

    Methods: Medical literature was reviewed by the subcommittee of the International Consultation of Sexual Medicine, followed by extensive internal discussion, and then public presentation and discussion with other experts. Read More

    Palmitoylated PrRP analog decreases body weight in DIO rats but not in ZDF rats.
    J Endocrinol 2016 May 23;229(2):85-96. Epub 2016 Feb 23.
    Institute of Organic Chemistry and BiochemistryAcademy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Prague, Czech Republic
    Anorexigenic neuropeptides produced and acting in the brain have the potential to decrease food intake and ameliorate obesity, but are ineffective after peripheral application, owing to a limited ability to cross the blood-brain barrier. We have designed lipidized analogs of prolactin-releasing peptide (PrRP), which is involved in energy balance regulation as demonstrated by obesity phenotypes of both Prrp-knockout and Prrp receptor-knockout mice. The aim of this study was to characterize the subchronic effect of a palmitoylated PrRP analog in two rat models of obesity and diabetes: diet-induced obese Sprague-Dawley rats and leptin receptor-deficient Zucker diabetic (ZDF) rats. Read More

    Serum Ferritin, Weight Gain, Disruptive Behavior, and Extrapyramidal Symptoms in Risperidone-Treated Youth.
    J Child Adolesc Psychopharmacol 2016 Jun 19;26(5):471-7. Epub 2016 Feb 19.
    5 Department of Psychiatry, Ohio State University , Columbus, Ohio.
    Background: Iron deficiency disrupts dopaminergic signaling in rodents, resulting in cognitive deficits that may be reversed with psychostimulants. In humans, iron deficiency with or without anemia has similarly been found to cause neuropsychological and behavioral impairments. However, the clinical effects of low body iron stores in antipsychotic-treated children have not been examined. Read More

    Dysfunction of WNT4/WNT5A in deciduas: possible relevance to the pathogenesis of preeclampsia.
    J Hypertens 2016 Apr;34(4):719-27
    aKey Laboratory of Animal Resistance Research, College of Life Science, Shandong Normal University bDepartment of Anaesthesiology, Qilu Hospital, Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong, P.R. China *Guiping Wang, Zhaohang Zhang, Cheng Chen, and Yachao Zhang contributed equally to this work.
    Objectives: Preeclampsia affects 5-7% of all human pregnancies worldwide. It is characterized primarily by hypertension and proteinuria. Although the pathogenesis of preeclampsia is still not fully understood, the deficiency in decidualization is considered to have a role in this disease. Read More

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