290,308 results match your criteria Professional nurse London England[Journal]


Identifying Potentially Modifiable Factors Associated with Treatment Non-Adherence in Paediatric Growth Hormone Deficiency: A Systematic Review.

Horm Res Paediatr 2018 Dec 6;90(4):1-7. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Background: Despite the developments of recombinant growth hormone (rhGH) treatment and the benefits in long-term clinical health outcomes, evidence has shown that many children with growth hormone deficiency (GHD) still fail to achieve their target adult height. Suboptimal outcomes have been largely attributed to treatment non-adherence.

Methods: A search of 11 electronic databases was undertaken to identify relevant articles, published in English, between 1985 and 2018. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Urgency to build a connection: Midwives' experiences of being 'with woman' in a model where midwives are unknown.

Midwifery 2018 Nov 28;69:150-157. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

School of Nursing, Midwifery and Paramedicine, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia.

Objective: The objective of this study was to explore midwives' experiences of being 'with woman' in the intrapartum period within the context of an unknown midwife model.

Design: A descriptive phenomenological design was used with individual in-depth interviews. Transcribed interviews were analysed using thematic analysis that incorporated the data analysis framework offered by Amadeus Giorgi. Read More

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November 2018
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Reasonable expectations of privacy in non-disclosure of familial genetic risk: What is it reasonable to expect?

Authors:
Victoria Chico

Eur J Med Genet 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Society and Ethics Research Group, Connecting Science, Wellcome Genome Campus, Cambridge, UK. Electronic address:

Where there is conflict between a patient's interests in non-disclosure of their genetic information to relatives and the relative's interest in knowing the information because it indicates their genetic risk, clinicians have customarily been able to protect themselves against legal action by maintaining confidence even if, professionally, they did not consider this to be the right thing to do. In ABC v St Georges Healthcare NHS Trust ([2017] EWCA Civ 336) the healthcare team recorded their concern about the wisdom of the patient's decision to withhold genetic risk information from his relative, but chose to respect what they considered to be an unwise choice. Even though professional guidance considers that clinicians have the discretion to breach confidence where they believe this to be justified, (Royal College of Physicians, Royal College of Pathologists and the British Society of Human Genetics, 2006; GMC, 2017) clinicians find it difficult to exercise this discretion in line with their convictions against the backdrop of the legal prioritisation of the duty to maintain confidence. Read More

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December 2018

Genus Psoralea A review of the traditional and modern uses, phytochemistry and pharmacology.

J Ethnopharmacol 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

CSIR-National Botanical Research Institute, Plant Transgenic Laboratory, P.O. Box 436, Rana Pratap Marg,Lucknow-226 001, U.P., India. Electronic address:

Ethnopharmacological Relevance: The genus Psoralea (Fabaceae) harbours 105 accepted species that are extensively used by local peoples and medicinal practitioners of China, India, and other countries for treatment of tooth decay, psoriasis, leucoderma, leprosy, kidney problems, tuberculosis, indigestion, constipation and impotence. Presently, pharmacological research reports are available on only few species namely Bituminaria bituminosa (Syn: P. bituminosa), P. Read More

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December 2018
8 Reads

Identification of factors during bronchoscopy that affect patient reluctance to undergo repeat examination: Questionnaire analysis after initial bronchoscopy.

PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0208495. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Respirology, Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba University, Chiba, Japan.

Background: Re-biopsy by bronchoscopy is an important part of treatment for patients with relapsed lung cancer; however, some patients refuse to undergo a re-examination due to discomfort during their first bronchoscopy. The aim of the present study was to determine factors causing discomfort during bronchoscopy and to identify the factors that affect patients' reluctance to undergo repeat examinations via a questionnaire administered immediately after the initial bronchoscopy.

Methods And Findings: We evaluated 283 patients who underwent bronchoscopy at Chiba University Hospital between September 2015 and March 2017. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Non-professional caregiver burden is associated with the severity of patients' cognitive impairment.

PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0204110. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Center for Observational and Real-World Evidence, Merck & Co., Inc., Kenilworth, New Jersey, United States of America.

Background/objectives: To analyse the relationship between caregiver burden and severity of patients' cognitive impairment.

Design: Data were drawn from the cross-sectional 2015/2016 Adelphi Real World Dementia Disease-Specific Programme.

Setting: This research was multi-national and studied physicians and their consulting patients with cognitive impairment. Read More

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December 2018
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A pragmatic cluster randomised controlled trial of a tailored intervention to improve the initial management of suspected encephalitis.

PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0202257. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Clinical Infection, Microbiology and Immunology, Institute of Infection and Global Health, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom.

Objective: To determine whether a tailored multifaceted implementation strategy improves the initial management of patients with suspected encephalitis.

Design: Pragmatic two arm cluster randomised controlled trial.

Setting: Hospitals within the United Kingdom. Read More

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December 2018
10 Reads

Doping in sport - attitude and professional experience among physicians in Poland.

Folia Med Cracov 2018 ;58(3):35-47

Department of Food Chemistry and Nutrition, Faculty of Pharmacy Jagiellonian University Medical College, Kraków; Henryk Niewodniczański Institute of Nuclear Physics, Polish Academy of Science, Kraków, Poland.

Introduction: The history of using performance-enhancing substances (PES) is long and it goes back to ancient times. At present, PES are employed at all levels of sport competition, starting from Olympic level contestants to individuals recreationally involved in various sports disciplines.

Purpose: e objective of the study was examining the views on doping in sports in a group of physicians, together with evaluating the frequency of their contacts with this phenomenon, in their professional activities. Read More

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January 2018
1 Read

Licence to swill: James Bond's drinking over six decades.

Med J Aust 2018 Dec;209(11):495-500

Oxford University, Oxford, United Kingdom.

Objectives: To describe the patterns of alcohol use in James Bond movies over six decades.

Design: Film content analysis.

Setting: Wide range of international locations in 24 James Bond movies (Eon Productions series, 1962-2015). Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Understanding the use of simulation in medical teaching.

Authors:
Benjamin B Symon

Med J Aust 2018 Dec;209(11):489

Prince Charles Hospital, Brisbane, QLD

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December 2018

Morbus diei Lunae.

Authors:
Ron Elisha

Med J Aust 2018 Dec;209(11):484-485

Melbourne, VIC

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December 2018

Nordic homecare nursing from the perspective of homecare nurses-a meta-ethnography.

Br J Community Nurs 2018 Dec;23(12):597-604

Associate professor, Study director, Aarhus University, Department of Public Health, Denmark.

The pressure on homecare nursing in the Nordic countries has increased in recent years because of a reorganisation of healthcare systems that has put a focus on very early discharge from hospital as well as demographic changes. This article details an analysis of the findings of 13 published qualitative research reports about Nordic homecare nurses' experiences of their work. Using a process of meta-ethnography, the authors identify five themes within the primary research: home care as a professional practice on foreign ground; home care as a massive time constraint; home care as fair rationing; home care as relationships with relatives as fellow players or opponents; and home care as latent paternalism. Read More

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December 2018

Answer to Comment on article “Professionalism in physicians in a second-level hospital”

Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc 2018 11 30;56(4):341. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Hospital General Regional No. 46 “Lázaro Cárdenas”, Departamento de Medicina Interna. Guadalajara, Jalisco, México

In relation to the letter to the editor on the article "Professionalism in physicians in a second-level hospital" this reply is issued. Read More

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November 2018

Living Messages from Chemistry Icons: Legacies with Contemporary Relevance.

Chem Rec 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

International Organization for Chemical Sciences in Development, 61 rue de Bruxelles, B-5000, Namur, Belgium.

Beyond individual scientific virtuosity and creativity that leading figures in chemistry have displayed, they have sometimes conveyed wider messages of significance beyond their own professional specialization. They include insights into broader aspects of science, society or the ways of the world. On the other hand, the words, attitudes and actions of eminent chemists from former times have not always presented good models for others to follow, whether judged by their own contemporary or our present standards. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Role of Prices, Utilization, and Health in Explaining Texas Medicaid Newborn Care Spending Variation.

Med Care 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Health Services Administration, University of Maryland School of Public Health, College Park, MD.

Background: Newborn care is one of the most frequent types of hospitalization and Medicaid covers over 50% of all births nationwide. However, little is known about regional variation in Medicaid newborn care spending and its drivers.

Objectives: To measure the contribution of market-level prices, utilization, and health risk on regional variation in spending among newborn Medicaid population in Texas. Read More

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December 2018

The Perceptions of Patients, their Parents and Healthcare Providers on the Transition of Young Adults with Type 1 Diabetes to Adult Services in the West of Ireland.

Ir Med J 2018 08 13;111(7):787. Epub 2018 Aug 13.

Academic Department of Medicine, National University of Ireland Galway, University Road, Galway, Ireland.

Aim This study aims to describe the perceptions of young adults’, parents of young adults’ and health care professionals’ (HCPs) of the transition process for young adults with Type 1 Diabetes in the West of Ireland. Methods Thematic analysis of semi-structured interviews conducted with the three stakeholder groups was performed. Results Young adults hardly noticed the transition, with many of them seeing it as a physical move, whereas parents were more anxious and felt their involvement was still needed but not accommodated. Read More

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Knowledge and practice in the management of asymptomatic hyperuricemia among primary health care physicians in Jeddah, Western Region of Saudi Arabia.

Saudi Med J 2018 Dec;39(12):1218-1225

Joint Program of Family Medicine, King Fahad Armed Forces Hospital, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. E-mail.

Objectives: To assess knowledge and practice levels in asymptomatic hyperuricemia (AH) and investigate predictors of urate-lowering therapy (ULT) misprescribing among primary health care (PHC) physicians.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 201 PHC physicians from December 2017 to May 2018. A based clinical guidelines for hyperuricemia management from American Professional Organizations, a semi-structured questionnaire was administered to collect demographic and professional data; knowledge and practice levels in management of AH; and barriers to the management of hyperuricemia and gout, with focus of the misprescribing of ULT in AH. Read More

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December 2018

[Coronary artery disease: when to withhold a decision and call in the Heart Team? Almost every time].

Authors:
Lucia Torracca

G Ital Cardiol (Rome) 2018 Nov;19(11):14-17

U.O. Cardiochirurgia, Humanitas Research Hospital, Rozzano (MI).

The multidisciplinary discussion is a well-established method, highly widespread in different medical disciplines, with documented optimal results. This practice, despite mandate by international guidelines, is not universally applied to guide treatment in coronary artery disease (CAD) patients. The literature provides data both on overtreatment or undertreatment in different patient subsets, clearly suggesting its strong need. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

The influence of different intensity treadmill efforts on the sense of rhythm of non-professional runners - pilot study.

Acta Bioeng Biomech 2018 ;20(4):11-17

The Jerzy Kukuczka Academy of Physical Education in Katowice, Department of Human Motor Behavior, Katowice, Poland.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine how global effort affects the rhythm of multi-joint coordination in the global task. We wanted to examine how this specific kind of fatigue impacts sense of rhythm.

Methods: In this study, fourteen non-professsional runners performed two effort trials of different intensity, where speed was set individually according to the speed of running when par- ticipants reached lactate threshold. Read More

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January 2018
1 Read

Continuing Professional Development.

Authors:

J Med Imaging Radiat Oncol 2018 Dec;62(6):869-870

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December 2018

Effect of Tai Chi on Cardiac and Static Pulmonary Function in Older Community-Dwelling Adults at Risk of Ischemic Stroke: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Chin J Integr Med 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Collaborative Innovation Center for Rehabilitation Technology, Fujian University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Fuzhou, 350122, China.

Objective: To evaluate the effect of tai chi exercise on cardiac and static lung function for older community-dwelling adults at risk of ischemic stroke.

Methods: A total of 170 older community-dwelling adults (aged 55-75 years old) at risk of ischemic stroke were allocated to either tai chi training group (85 cases, five 60-min sessions of tai chi training per week for 12 weeks) or control group (85 cases, usual pbysical activity for 12 weeks) using a computer-generated randomization. The echocardiographic parameters of cardiac structure, cardiac function and static lung function were measured at baseline, after 12 weeks of intervention and additional 12-week follow-up period by a blinded professional staffmember using a color Doppler ultrasound imaging device or a cardiopulmonary function instrument. Read More

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December 2018

Learning climate positively influences residents' work-related well-being.

Adv Health Sci Educ Theory Pract 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Professional Performance Research Group, Department of Medical Psychology, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

An optimal learning climate is crucial for the quality of residency training and may also improve residents' well-being and empathy. We investigated the associations of learning climate with residents' work-related well-being. A multicenter questionnaire study was performed among 271 surgery and gynaecology residents in 21 training programs from September 2012 to February 2013. Read More

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December 2018

[Care of parents with dementia: comparison of caregiving sons and daughters].

Z Gerontol Geriatr 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Abteilung Klinisch-Psychologische Intervention, Institut der Psychologie, Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena, Semmelweißstraße 12, 07743, Jena, Deutschland.

Background: In view of the demographic changes and the associated increasing need for care, the role of caregiving sons will also become more important; however, little is known about the caregiving experiences of sons.

Objective: Potential differences between caregiving sons and daughters were investigated with respect to the style of caregiving, the feeling of stress and burden and the utilization of support offers.

Material And Methods: Baseline survey data from the interventional study Tele. Read More

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December 2018

The first comprehensive description of the expression profile of genes involved in differential body growth and the immune system of the Jeju Native Pig and miniature pig.

Amino Acids 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Animal Biotechnology, Faculty of Biotechnology, Jeju National University, Jeju, 690756, Jeju-Do, Republic of Korea.

Sus scrofa provides a major source of animal protein for humans as well as being an excellent biomedical model. This study was carried out to understand, in detail, the genetic and functional variants of Jeju Native Pigs and miniature pigs through differential expression profiling of the genes controlling their immune response, growth performance, and meat quality. The Illumina HiSeq 2000 platform was used for generating 1. Read More

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December 2018
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White coat syndrome and its variations: differences and clinical impact.

Integr Blood Press Control 2018 8;11:73-79. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Department of Pharmacology, School of Medical Sciences, University of Campinas (UNICAMP), Campinas, Sao Paulo, Brazil,

Hypertension is closely linked to increased cardiovascular risk and development of target organ damage (TOD). Therefore, proper clinical follow-up and treatment of hypertensive subjects are mandatory. A great number of individuals present a variation on blood pressure (BP) levels when they are assessed either in the office or in the out-of-office settings. Read More

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November 2018

Patient satisfaction, health care resource utilization, and acute headache medication use with galcanezumab: results from a 12-month open-label study in patients with migraine.

Patient Prefer Adherence 2018 13;12:2413-2424. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Department of Neurology - Headache and Facial Pain Clinic, Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB), Universitair Ziekenhuis Brussel (UZ Brussel), 1090 Brussels, Belgium.

Background: Effects of galcanezumab, a monoclonal antibody against calcitonin gene-related peptide, on patient satisfaction, health care resource utilization (HCRU), and acute medication use were evaluated in a long-term, open-label study in patients with migraine.

Methods: Patients with episodic (78.9%) or chronic migraine (21. Read More

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November 2018

Combating escalating harms associated with pharmaceutical opioid use in Australia: the POPPY II study protocol.

BMJ Open 2018 Dec 4;8(12):e025840. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, UNSW Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Introduction: Opioid prescribing has increased 15-fold in Australia in the past two decades, alongside increases in a range of opioid-related harms such as opioid dependence and overdose. However, despite concerns about increasing opioid use, extramedical use and harms, there is a lack of population-level evidence about the drivers of long-term prescribed opioid use, dependence, overdose and other harms.

Methods And Analysis: We will form a cohort of all adult residents in New South Wales (NSW), Australia, who initiated prescribed opioids from 2002 using Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme dispensing records. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Understanding and evaluating new models of Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services in South-East England: a study protocol for an observational mixed-methods study.

BMJ Open 2018 Dec 4;8(12):e024230. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Nuffield Department of Population Health, Health Economics Research Centre, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.

Introduction: Increased demand for Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services (CAMHS), alongside concerns that services should be better commissioned to meet the needs of the most vulnerable, has contributed to a requirement to transform services to improve accessibility, quality of care and health outcomes. Following the submission of government-mandated transformation plans for CAMHS, services in England are changing in how, where and by whom they are delivered. This protocol describes the research methods to be applied to understand CAMHS transformations and evaluate the impact on the use of mental health services, patient care, satisfaction, health outcomes and health resource utilisation costs. Read More

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December 2018

Establishment of trauma treatment teams within a regional severe trauma treatment system in China: study protocol for a national cluster-randomised trial.

BMJ Open 2018 Dec 4;8(12):e023347. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Orthopedic and Traumatology, Peking University People's Hospital, Beijing, China.

Introduction: The implementation of first aid processes for patients with trauma in China faces significant challenges. These challenges include long response times of prehospital first aid services, lack of information exchange between prehospital first aid services and in-hospital emergency services, lack of a professional rescue team in the majority of hospitals, and lack of standardised training for prehospital and in-hospital emergency personnel. The purpose of the trial is to guide the establishment of an urban trauma treatment system in China, highlight the construction of a trauma treatment system tailored to the Chinese context and improve levels of medical treatment by selecting approximately 100 counties across China as pilots to establish a regional trauma treatment system. Read More

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December 2018
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Patient safety after implementation of a coproduced family centered communication programme: multicenter before and after intervention study.

BMJ 2018 Dec 5;363:k4764. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.

Objective: To determine whether medical errors, family experience, and communication processes improved after implementation of an intervention to standardize the structure of healthcare provider-family communication on family centered rounds.

Design: Prospective, multicenter before and after intervention study.

Setting: Pediatric inpatient units in seven North American hospitals, 17 December 2014 to 3 January 2017. Read More

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December 2018

Clinical Use of a Home Sleep Apnea Test: An Updated American Academy of Sleep Medicine Position Statement.

J Clin Sleep Med 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Abstract: The diagnosis and effective treatment of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in adults is an urgent health priority. It is the position of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine (AASM) that only a medical provider can diagnose medical conditions such as OSA and primary snoring. Throughout this statement, the term "medical provider" refers to a licensed physician and any other health care professional who is licensed to practice medicine in accordance with state licensing laws and regulations. Read More

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November 2018
3.053 Impact Factor

Professional learning and development of postdoctoral scholars: a scoping review protocol.

Syst Rev 2018 Dec 5;7(1):224. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Sport Injury Prevention Research Centre, Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada.

Background: A growing number of postdoctoral scholars are following diverse career paths that require broad skill sets to ensure success. Yet, most postdoctoral professional learning and development initiatives are intended for academic careers and seldom include professional skills needed to succeed in non-academic settings. Given that fewer than 20% of postdoctoral scholars will obtain tenure-track academic positions, there is a great need for postdoctoral scholars to prepare for a range of future careers. Read More

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December 2018

Practice of emergency obstetric care signal functions and reasons for non-provision among health centers and hospitals in Lake and Western zones of Tanzania.

BMC Health Serv Res 2018 Dec 5;18(1):944. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

National Institute for Medical Research (NIMR)-Headquarters, PO Box 9356, Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania.

Background: The Lake and Western Zones of Tanzania that encompass eight regions namely; Kagera, Geita, Simiyu, Shinyanga, Mwanza, Mara Tabora and Kigoma have consistently been reported with the poorest Maternal Newborn and Child Health (MNCH) indicators in the country. This study sought to establish the provision of Emergency Obstetric Care (EmOC) signal functions and reasons for the failure to do so among health centers and hospitals in the two zones.

Methods: All the 261 public and private hospitals and health centers providing Obstetric Care services in Lake and Western Zones were surveyed in 2014. Read More

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December 2018
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Advance care planning after hospital discharge: qualitative analysis of facilitators and barriers from patient interviews.

BMC Palliat Care 2018 Dec 5;17(1):127. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Medicine, The Ottawa Hospital, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, Canada.

Background: Patients who engage in Advance Care Planning (ACP) are more likely to get care consistent with their values. We sought to determine the barriers and facilitators to ACP engagement after discharge from hospital.

Methods: Prior to discharge from hospital eligible patients received a standardized conversation about prognosis and ACP. Read More

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December 2018

Bereaved Parents More Satisfied With the Care Given to Their Child With Severe Spinal Muscular Atrophy Than Nonbereaved.

J Child Neurol 2018 Dec 5:883073818811544. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

1 Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences, Palliative Research Centre, Stockholm, Sweden.

Background And Aims:: Children with severe spinal muscular atrophy have complex care needs due to progressive muscle weakness, eventually leading to respiratory failure. To design a care system adapted to families' needs, more knowledge about parents' experience of care and its coordination between settings is required. This study explores (1) whether parents felt that health professionals took every opportunity to help the child feel as good as possible, (2) parents' satisfaction with various care settings, and (3) parents' satisfaction with coordination between settings. Read More

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December 2018

Competence and Compassion: Key Elements of Professional Care at the End of Life From Caregiver's Perspective.

Am J Hosp Palliat Care 2018 Dec 5:1049909118816662. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

5 University of Huelva Hospital Complex, Andalusian Health Service, Huelva, Spain.

In the act of caring for and helping people in the end-of-life process, the professional who provides care and assistance must know how to maintain a relationship of closeness, empathy, and compassion for the pain and suffering of the person who is going to die. The objective was to understand, elaborate on, and characterize the key elements of end-of-life care of patients from a caregiver's perspective through a qualitative phenomenological multicenter study. Participants were caregivers who had lost a family member at least 2 months but less than 2 years in the past. Read More

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December 2018

Clinical and instrumental evaluation of the efficacy of an emollient cream and a cleansing cream in the management of mild to moderate adulthood atopic dermatitis.

G Ital Dermatol Venereol 2018 12;153(6):855-859

Department of Clinical Pathology Cristo Re Hospital, Rome, Italy.

Background: Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic, recurrent, inflammatory skin disorder which may persist or directly start in adults. This is an open-label prospective study to clinically and instrumentally evaluate the effects of an emollient glycerin and paraffin-based cream and a gentle refatting cleanser in the management of mild to moderate adulthood AD.

Methods: Fifty adult patient with mild to moderate AD were recruited at the Professional Dermatology and Allergology Outpatient Clinic of the San Gallicano Dermatological Institute of Rome, between November 2016 and January 2018. Read More

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December 2018

Integrating Investigative Research into the Classroom: Foundational Experiences for Both Science Majors and Pre-Professional Healthcare Students.

J Allied Health 2018 ;47(4):300-307

Dep. of Health Sciences, Long Island University, Post, 720 Northern Boulevard, Brookville, NY 11548, USA. Tel 516-299-2691.

Few students at institutions that do not have scholarly research as central to their mission have the opportunity to explore experimental design and data analysis through investigative research. Laboratory courses are often the only opportunities to apply scientific knowledge, but traditionally rely on "cookbook" labs that often only demonstrate concepts. Much of the discussion regarding the need for research experiences in undergraduate education has focused on the impact on encouraging science students into research careers. Read More

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January 2018

Current Use of Technology in Athletic Training Education.

J Allied Health 2018 ;47(4):272-276

Idaho State University, 921 S. 8th Avenue, Stop 8105, Pocatello, ID 83209-8105, USA. Tel 208-282-4441, fax 208-282-4654.

Technology education in higher education and the health care professions is found throughout the literature. Athletic training education (ATE) should mirror that of other health care professions. The purpose of this study was exploratory in nature to determine a) how ATE faculty are integrating technology into their classrooms, b) which they find to be most effective and why, and c) which technologies they hope to use in the future. Read More

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January 2018

Reasons That Dutch Dentists and Dental Hygienists Oppose or Support an Extended Scope of Practice for Dental Hygienists.

J Allied Health 2018 ;47(4):255-264

Center for Dentistry and Oral Hygiene, University Medical Center Groningen, PO Box 275, 9700 VB Groningen, the Netherlands. Tel +31 (0)50-363 3483, fax +31 (0)50-363 2696.

Background: In the Netherlands, the scope of dental hygiene practice was expanded in 2006. The objective of this study was to explore reasons among dentists and dental hygienists for supporting or opposing an extended scope of practice and to find explanatory factors.

Methods: A questionnaire containing pre-defined reasons and an open-ended question was distributed among 1,674 randomly selected members of two Dutch professional associations (874 dentists, 800 dental hygienists). Read More

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January 2018

Doctor of Physical Therapy Student Special Interest Groups: Framework, Perceptions, and Interprofessional Opportunities.

J Allied Health 2018 ;47(4):243-249

Physical Therapist Dep., University of Michigan-Flint, 2157 William S. White Bldg., 303 E. Kearsley Street, Flint, MI 48502-1950, USA. Tel 810-762-3373, fax 810-766-6668.

Aims: Special interest groups provide opportunities for collaboration and networking, but a void exists in the literature regarding the impact of student special interest groups (SSIGs). The purposes of this study were to: 1) describe doctorate of physical therapy (DPT) student and faculty attendance and perceptions of SSIGs; 2) explore how student participation in SSIGs affected their perceptions of confidence with clinical decision-making, knowledge, and performance of clinical skill; and 3) explore perceptions of interprofessional opportunities within SSIGs.

Methods: An electronic questionnaire was sent to 195 members in one physical therapy department. Read More

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January 2018

Clinical Experiences: Navigating the Intricacies of Student Placement Requirements.

J Allied Health 2018 ;47(4):237-242

Dep. of Clinical Laboratory Sciences, The University of Tennessee Health Science Center, 930 Madison Ave, Suite 662, Memphis, TN 38163, USA. Tel 901-448-2136, fax 901-448-7545.

Clinical apprenticeships, also called clinical experiences, are integral to most allied health (AH) student professional education. Clinical experiences begin the process of enculturating students into a healthcare profession where higher cognitive mastery of learned skills is supported through social interaction and scaffolding with an AH professional. In AH programs, clinical experiences for students are a necessity for programmatic accreditation; however, clinical sites have developed a range of requirements for students, which lead to a myriad of issues. Read More

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January 2018

Balance in Theatrical Dance Performance: A Systematic Review.

Med Probl Perform Art 2018 Dec;33(4):275-285

Research Centre for Sport Exercise and Performance, WH214 Performance Hub, University of Wolverhampton, Gorway Road, Walsall WS1 3BD, UK. Tel +44 1902 323194.

Aim: Due to movement complexity and the use of interdisciplinary styles, all theatrical dance genres require dancers to have excellent balance skills to meet choreographic demands. The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the experimental evidence for the relationship between balance and dance performance, including balance testing, balance training, and balance performance. The key focus was on balance and theatrical styles of dance, involving adult participants who were either in full-time dance training or professional dancers. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Removing Boundaries to Enhance Communication Between People.

Authors:
Shaw Bronner

Med Probl Perform Art 2018 Dec;33(4):292-293

Alvin Ailey and ADAM Center, New York, NY.

Regardless of your view of national or global politics, we are living through an era of toxic partisan rhetoric. From belligerent tweets on Twitter to "fake news" on Facebook and Instagram, where is this taking us? It is so easy to misunderstand a text and even an email. I've been thinking about the artists we work with and what we do in our professional lives. Read More

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December 2018

Switched CD21 B cells with an antigen-presenting phenotype in the infant thymus.

J Allergy Clin Immunol 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Rheumatology and Inflammation Research, Institute of Medicine, The Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden. Electronic address:

Half of all B cells in the human thymus are mature CD21 AIRE-expressing cells with a professional antigen presenting cell phenotype, implying a role in T-cell selection and therefore critical in preventing autoimmunity. Read More

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November 2018

Air Pollution in the Asia-Pacific Region: A Joint APSR/ATS Perspective.

Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

The Prince Charles Hospital, Metro North Hospital and Health Service, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

Industrial and technological developments have led to major economic growth in the Asia Pacific, but an unintended consequence has been an increase in illness associated with air pollution. Given the complementary mandates of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology and the American Thoracic Society, the organizations partnered to focus on the need for clean air. A task force was assembled with individuals who have expertise in the effects of air pollution or the development of professional society policy statements. Read More

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December 2018

Relationship Between Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Compassion Satisfaction, Compassion Fatigue, and Burnout in Iranian Psychiatric Nurses.

J Psychosoc Nurs Ment Health Serv 2018 Dec 3:1-9. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Research is limited regarding post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and professional quality of life (ProQOL) in Iranian nurses, especially nurses working in psychiatric units. The current study was conducted to determine the relationship between PTSD and ProQOL among psychiatric nurses in Kerman, Iran. This cross-sectional correlational study comprised 160 nurses working in three clinical settings supervised by Kerman University of Medical Sciences. Read More

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December 2018

Francisella tularensis Exposure Among National Park Service Employees During an Epizootic: Devils Tower National Monument, Wyoming, 2015.

Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 2018 Dec 1. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

4 Division of Vector-Borne Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention , Fort Collins, Colorado.

Introduction: Tularemia is a zoonotic infection caused by the highly infectious bacterium Francisella tularensis. Persons having outdoor professions are more likely than others to be exposed to F. tularensis through increased contact with arthropods, infected animals, and contaminated aerosols. Read More

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December 2018