290,737 results match your criteria Professional Case Management [Journal]


Nurses' perceptions about a web-based learning intervention concerning supportive family conversations in home health care.

J Clin Nurs 2018 Dec 16. Epub 2018 Dec 16.

Department of Nursing, Umeå University, Sweden.

Aims And Objectives: The aim of this study was to describe the perceptions that municipal primary health care nurses and municipal registered nurses had about a web-based learning intervention concerning supportive family health conversations in municipal home health care.

Background: Even though family health conversations is well grounded in theory with several reported benefits for patients and families, most working nurses have little or no training in practicing family systems nursing including family health conversations. Continued learning is necessarily for nurses, where web-based learning may be one answer of updating the professional skills and knowledge of nurses regarding supporting families. Read More

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December 2018

Structural Validity of the World Assumption Scale.

J Trauma Stress 2018 Dec;31(6):816-825

Department of Philosophy, Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

The World Assumption Scale (WAS) is a frequently used measure in trauma research. The 32 items of the WAS are intended to represent eight assumptions about the benevolence of the world, the meaningfulness of events, and the worthiness of the self. Debate about the validity of the WAS is ongoing, particularly in terms of its empirical factor structure; some studies have confirmed a model of eight correlated factors whereas several other studies have not. Read More

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December 2018

Trials with proxy-reported outcomes registered on the Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry (ANZCTR).

Qual Life Res 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Department of Health Services, Policy & Practice, Brown University School of Public Health, Providence, USA.

Aims: A proxy is someone other than a patient who reports a patient's outcomes as if they are the patient. Due to known discordance with patient reports, proxies are often not recommended in clinical trials; however, proxies may be needed in certain research contexts. We aimed to identify and describe trials registered on the Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry (ANZCTR) with proxy-reported endpoints. Read More

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December 2018

Guidelines, good practices and best clinical health practices: valuable guidance for physicians and judges?

Clin Ter 2018 Nov-Dec;169(6):e292-e296

Dipartimento di Scienze anatomiche, istologiche, medico-legali e dell'apparato locomotore, Sezione di Medicina legale, Università "Sapienza" di Roma.

Enactment of law n. 24, 8th March 2017, (so-called "Gelli-Bianco" law), has given rise to substantial innovations in the realm of medical liability: on the one hand, an attempt has been made towards redefining the boundaries of professional liability, for the purpose of curbing the use of "defensive medicine"; on the other hand, there is the effort to delineate good medical conduct by means of "institutionalization" and a greater degree of consistency of guidelines and good clinical health care practices. There are, however, thought-provoking cues concerning the relationship between the two concepts, which can be sensibly developed, even in light of international scientific literature. Read More

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December 2018

Childbearing and maternity leave in residency: determinants and well-being outcomes.

Postgrad Med J 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Department of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, Washington, USA.

Purpose: To characterise determinants of resident maternity leave and their effect on maternal and infant well-being. Among non-parents, to identify factors that influence the decision to delay childbearing STUDY DESIGN: In 2016, a survey was sent to female residents at a large academic medical centre on their experiences with maternity leave, the impact of personal and programme factors on length of leave, reasons for delaying childbearing and measures of well-being.

Results: Forty-four percent (214/481) of residents responded. Read More

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December 2018

Dramatic response of nivolumab-associated psoriasiform dermatitis to etoposide.

Eur J Cancer 2018 Dec 13;107:97-99. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston McGovern Medical School, Dermatology Department, 6655 Travis Street, Suite 700, Houston, TX 77030, USA; MD Anderson Cancer Center, Department of Pathology, 1515 Holcombe Bvd, Houston, Texas, 77030, USA. Electronic address:

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December 2018

Undergraduate nursing students' knowledge about palliative care and attitudes towards end-of-life care: A three-cohort, cross-sectional survey.

Nurse Educ Today 2018 Dec 7;74:7-14. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece.

Background: Ensuring adequate knowledge about palliative care and positive attitudes towards death and dying are crucial educational aspects when preparing undergraduate nursing students to respond effectively to the complexities of care for people affected by a progressive, life-limiting illness. In undergraduate nursing education in Greece, the level of students' attained knowledge and developed attitudes towards palliative and end-of-life care remain unknown.

Purpose: To investigate undergraduate nursing students' knowledge about palliative care and attitudes towards death and end-of-life care, and explore demographic and academic factors as potential moderators of student knowledge and attitudes. Read More

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December 2018

Evaluation of emotional skills in nursing using regression and QCA models: A transversal study.

Nurse Educ Today 2018 Dec 7;74:31-37. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Social Psychology, University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain. Electronic address:

Background: Emotional skills are fundamental for quality service by nursing professionals, providing more personalized attention and a close relationship between the professional and patient.

Objectives: To compare linear relationship models (linear regressions) and models based on comparative qualitative analysis (QCA) in the analysis of the possible influence of socio-demographic variables (age and sex), working conditions (type of contract and seniority) and academic training (type of degree and specific training) on emotional abilities (emotional intelligence and empathy) in nursing.

Design: It is a transversal design in a single temporary moment. Read More

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December 2018

Increasing complexity and interactions of oxidative stress in chronic respiratory diseases: An emerging need for novel drug delivery systems.

Chem Biol Interact 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Priority Research Centre for Healthy Lungs, Hunter Medical Research Institute (HMRI) & School of Biomedical Sciences and Pharmacy, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW, 2308, Australia; Faculty of Science, University of Technology Sydney, Ultimo, NSW, 2007, Australia; Centre for Inflammation, Centenary Institute, Sydney, NSW, 2050, Australia.

Oxidative stress is intensely involved in enhancing the severity of various chronic respiratory diseases (CRDs) including asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), infections and lung cancer. Even though there are various existing anti-inflammatory therapies, which are not enough to control the inflammation caused due to various contributing factors such as anti-inflammatory genes and antioxidant enzymes. This leads to an urgent need of novel drug delivery systems to combat the oxidative stress. Read More

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December 2018

Carl August Krauspe (1895-1983)-Founder and honorary member of the "European Society of Pathology" and "politically reliable" National Socialist.

Pathol Res Pract 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Institute for History, Theory and Ethics of Medicine, Medical Faculty, RWTH Aachen University, Wendlingweg 2, 52074 Germany. Electronic address:

The name of the Hamburg pathologist Carl August Krauspe (1895-1983) is closely linked to the history of the "European Society of Pathology" (ESP) and the "German Pathological Society" (DGP): He was one of the founding fathers of the ESP, became its vice president, and was appointed an honorary member in 1983. From 1953-1962 he also served as secretary of the DGP and editor of the association's proceedings. In 1962/63 he finally held the chairmanship of the DGP. Read More

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December 2018

Development, adaptation and psychometric assessment of the extended brisbane practice environment measure for nursing homes (B-PEM-NH) for use in the Norwegian setting.

Geriatr Nurs 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Norwegian Institute of Public Health, PO Box 222 Skøyen, 0213 Oslo, Norway.

Care workers' work environment is known to be associated with patient and nurse outcomes. To our knowledge no questionnaire is available for assessing this environment for all care workers in the Norwegian nursing-home setting. This paper describes the development, adaptation and assessment of such a questionnaire: the extended Norwegian version of the Brisbane Practice Environment Measure for Nursing Homes (B-PEM-NH). Read More

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December 2018

Seeking to improve care for young patients: Development of tools to support the implementation of the CDC Pediatric mTBI Guideline.

J Safety Res 2018 Dec 1;67:203-209. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Division of Unintentional Injury Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road, Atlanta, GA 30329-4027, United States.

Introduction: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Pediatric Mild Traumatic Brain Injury (mTBI) Guideline was created to help standardize diagnosis, prognosis, and management and treatment of pediatric mTBI. This paper describes the process CDC used to develop educational tools, and a dissemination and implementation strategy, in support of the CDC Pediatric mTBI Guideline.

Methods: Two qualitative data collection projects with healthcare providers who care for pediatric patients were conducted. Read More

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December 2018

Scientific Autobiography of a Professional Student and a Lifelong Learner.

Authors:
Dilip V Jeste

Am J Geriatr Psychiatry 2018 Dec 8;26(12):1273-1279. Epub 2018 Sep 8.

Departments of Psychiatry and Neuroscience and the Sam and Rose Stein Institute for Research on Aging (DVJ), University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA.. Electronic address:

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December 2018

Perineal prevention and protection in obstetrics: CNGOF Clinical Practice Guidelines.

J Gynecol Obstet Hum Reprod 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Obs/Gyn, Epidemiologist. INSERM CIC1402, Université de Poitiers, CHU de Poitiers, France. Electronic address:

Introduction: The objective of these clinical practice guidelines was to analyse all of the interventions during pregnancy and childbirth that might prevent obstetric anal sphincter injuries (OASIS) and postnatal pelvic floor symptoms.

Material And Methods: These guidelines were developed in accordance with the methods prescribed by the French Health Authority (HAS).

Results: A prenatal clinical examination of the perineum is recommended for women with a history of Crohn's disease, OASIS, genital mutilation, or perianal lesions (professional consensus). Read More

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December 2018
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Effective communication in the era of precision medicine: A pilot intervention with low health literacy patients to improve genetic counseling communication.

Eur J Med Genet 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Social & Behavioral Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, United States.

Effective communication, where all parties share a common understanding, is necessary to realize the promise of Genomic Medicine. It is especially salient given the imperative to increase the participation of diverse populations in genomics research and to expand the reach of clinical genomics. We have previously shown that cancer genetic counseling is suboptimal for patients with limited health literacy. Read More

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December 2018
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Undocumented migrants' life situations: an exploratory analysis of quality of life and living conditions in a sample of undocumented migrants living in Norway.

J Clin Nurs 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Oslo Metropolitan University.

Aims And Objectives: To gather insight in conditions important to an understanding of undocumented migrants' life situations and more specifically to explore undocumented migrants' quality of life and how we can understand the various domains of quality of life related to demographics, living conditions, migration history and inflicted burden.

Background: Undocumented migrants suffer from economic hardship and acculturative stress, limited psychological and social support and at the same time restricted access to health care and social welfare.

Design: An exploratory mixed methods design using primarily quantitative data with a qualitative component was implemented. Read More

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December 2018

Polymorphisms in XPC gene and risk for prostate cancer.

Mol Biol Rep 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Laboratory of Protein Engineering and Bio-active Molecules, National Institute of Applied Science and Technology - University of Carthage, Tunis, Tunisia.

Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) in repair gene DNA such as XPC gene can reduce the DNA repair capacity (DRC). Reduced DRC induce genetic instability and may increase the susceptibility to prostate cancer (PC). We conducted a case-controls study to examine the relationship between XPC Lys939Gln and XPC-PAT polymorphisms and the risk for prostate cancer in Tunisian population. Read More

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December 2018
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Healthcare service utilization and work-related productivity in reflexology intervention for advanced breast cancer women.

Support Care Cancer 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

College of Nursing, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, 48824, USA.

Purpose: This project's purpose was to determine the effects of a home-based reflexology intervention on symptom-related use of health services and work-related productivity during the 11-week study.

Methods: A total of 256 patients were randomized to four weekly reflexology sessions (each lasting 30 min, delivered by lay caregivers who received two training sessions by a professional reflexologist) or attention control. The Conventional Health Service and Productivity Costs Form was used to collect information on health service utilization and out-of-pocket expenditure of symptom management. Read More

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December 2018

The influence of age on the psychological profile of patients with cardiac implantable electronic devices: results from the Italian population in a multicenter study conducted by the European Heart Rhythm Association.

Aging Clin Exp Res 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Electrophysiology, Heart Center of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany.

Background: Cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIEDs) are widely used to treat bradyarrhythmias or improve the prognosis of patients with heart failure (HF).

Aims: To evaluate age-related (≤ 75 vs. > 75 years) attitudes, worries, psychological effects and needs in an Italian CIEDs population. Read More

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December 2018

The patient-dentist relationship and the future of dentistry.

Authors:
M A Bishop

Br Dent J 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

The patient-dentist relationship is a delicate partnership that forms the core of dentistry. The attack on this partnership by the General Dental Council has led to gross miscarriages of justice and the emergence of defensive dentistry. This essay considers the role of a governing body, the misconduct of the GDC and the response of the profession to the injustices perpetrated. Read More

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December 2018

Psychiatrists' Attitudes Toward Disruptive New Technologies: Mixed-Methods Study.

JMIR Ment Health 2018 Dec 14;5(4):e10240. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Adult Psychiatry and Medical Psychology, Sorbonne Université, Saint-Antoine Hospital, Assistance Publique Hôpitaux de Paris, Paris, France.

Background: Recent discoveries in the fields of machine learning (ML), Ecological Momentary Assessment (EMA), computerized adaptive testing (CAT), digital phenotype, imaging, and biomarkers have brought about a new paradigm shift in medicine.

Objective: The aim of this study was to explore psychiatrists' perspectives on this paradigm through the prism of new clinical decision support systems (CDSSs). Our primary objective was to assess the acceptability of these new technologies. Read More

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December 2018

Supported Internet-Delivered Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Programs for Depression, Anxiety, and Stress in University Students: Open, Non-Randomised Trial of Acceptability, Effectiveness, and Satisfaction.

JMIR Ment Health 2018 Dec 14;5(4):e11467. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Psychology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, United States.

Background: Many university campuses have limited mental health services that cannot cope with the high demand. One alternative is to use internet-delivered cognitive behavioral therapy (iCBT) as a way of tackling barriers such as lack of availability and scheduling issues.

Objective: This study aimed to assess feasibility, acceptability, effectiveness, and satisfaction of a supported iCBT intervention offering 3 programs on depression, anxiety, and stress to university students. Read More

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December 2018

[Exploring illness perceptions of lupus patients for a motivational environment in therapeutic education].

Rev Med Interne 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Service de médecine interne, Centre de référence des maladies auto-immunes systémiques rares, hôpital Huriez, CHU de Lille, rue Michel-Polonovski, 59037 Lille cedex, France.

Purpose: Therapeutic education (TE) intends to help patients with systemic lupus erythematosus to better understand their disease and to improve their quality of life. The objective of this study was to assess illness perceptions of the person to provide a motivational environment for TE.

Methods: Systemic lupus erythematosus patients followed in the department of internal medicine in Lille university hospital responded to a questionnaire assessing five dimensions of the person as proposed by Giordan: the cognitive (knowledge), perceptual (fatigue and pain), affective (anxious and depressive symptoms), infra-cognitive (intimate reasoning) and metacognitive (worldview) dimensions. Read More

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December 2018

[Intimacy and disability, experiences in a medical-social care facility].

Soins 2018 Dec;63(831):52-55

Haute école spécialisée de Suisse occidentale (HES-SO), Haute école de travail social et de la santé (EESP), chemin des Abeilles 14, 1010 Lausanne, Suisse. Electronic address:

The issue of the respect of intimacy is raised particularly for people with a motor disability who are dependent on others to perform everyday tasks and are forced to live in a medical-social care facility. Their description of their experiences, difficulties and aspirations offers a better understanding of their needs with a view to providing them with a suitable response. Read More

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December 2018

[Caregivers faced with intimacy and sexuality].

Authors:
Alain Giami

Soins 2018 Dec;63(831):44-47

CESP, Inserm U1018, équipe 7, Université Paris-Saclay, Hôpital Paul-Brousse, Bâtiment 15/16, 16, avenue Paul Vaillant-Couturier, 94807 Villejuif cedex, France. Electronic address:

Caregivers are confronted with the eroticisation of the care relationship due to the direct physical and close contact with patients and access to their private area. Through lack of training, caregivers often draw on their own personal resources to respond in a suitable and professional manner in these situations. Read More

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December 2018

[Pace of care and wellbeing at work, exploratory study].

Soins 2018 Dec;63(831):27-29

Médecine psychologique pour enfants et adolescents, hospitalisation complète, HDJ, Hôpital Saint-Eloi, 80, avenue Augustin-Fliche, 34295 Montpellier cedex 5, France. Electronic address:

The economic models developed in health policies force hospitals to make decisions with regard to the reorganisation of work. These have impacts on nursing competences and ergonomics in particular. A study analysing a situation of ten minutes of nursing work highlighted the work pace as well as the mental, emotional and physical strains put upon the professional. Read More

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December 2018

[Organisation of work at patients' bedsides, a philosopher's perspective].

Soins 2018 Dec;63(831):12-14

Centre hospitalier universitaire Bichat-Claude Bernard, AP-HP, 46, rue Henri-Huchard, 75877 Paris cedex 18, France. Electronic address:

Establishing rules regarding the organisation of work with patients means taking into account ethical and moral questions. This joint approach requires the free and engaged cooperation of all those involved. The improvement of the quality of care, far from any standardisation or rationalisation, means keeping a place as a subject for the patient as well as the professional. Read More

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December 2018

Prevalence, awareness, control and determinants of hypertension among primary health care professional nurses in Eastern Cape, South Africa.

Afr J Prim Health Care Fam Med 2018 Nov 22;10(1):e1-e5. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Department of Nursing Science, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Fort Hare.

Background:  Nurses in primary health care settings are key stakeholders in the diagnosis and management of hypertensive patients. Unfortunately, the working conditions of nurses predispose them to stress, long hours of work, shift duties and unhealthy diets, which are drivers of hypertension. Yet nurses are often overlooked in health screening exercises, primarily because they are assumed to be informed and 'healthy'. Read More

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November 2018

The effects of absenteeism on nurses remaining on duty at a tertiary hospital of Limpopo province.

Curationis 2018 Nov 27;41(1):e1-e5. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Department of Nursing Science, University of Limpopo.

Background:  Absenteeism is a global problem in the working force and this is no exception in the nursing profession. Much attention has been drawn to factors that contribute to absenteeism; however, little attention has been placed on the effects of absenteeism on nurses remaining on duty by their colleagues. Nurses absent themselves leaving behind their colleagues to execute their part of work. Read More

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November 2018

High doses of sodium bicarbonate increase lactate levels and delay exhaustion in a cycling performance test.

Nutrition 2018 Oct 13;60:94-99. Epub 2018 Oct 13.

Research Group on Metabolism, Nutrition and Strength Training, Department of Physical Education, Federal University of Parana, Curitiba, Brazil; Appalachian State University, Department of Health and Exercise Science, Appalachian State University, Boone, North Caroline, USA.

Objectives: It is well established that ingestion of sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO) causes metabolic alkalosis. However, there is no consensus in terms of optimal NaHCO doses leading to enhanced performance. This study aimed to determine the effects of different NaHCO doses on performance and lactate clearance in non-professional cyclists. Read More

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October 2018
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Piloting a practice model in a Norwegian nursing home- A student-managed ward: A way to empower students for the nursing role.

Nurse Educ Pract 2018 Nov 29;34:161-166. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Department of Nursing and Health Promotion, OsloMet - Oslo Metropolitan University, Norway; Health Services Research Unit, Akershus University Hospital, Lørenskog, Norway.

This paper focuses on the experiences of nursing students on a student-managed ward, the purpose of which was to empower students for the nursing role. Five nursing students operated and managed a nursing home ward for eight weeks during their final year of nursing education. The students claimed that a group of five students was beneficial. Read More

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November 2018

National survey: Developing a common approach to grading of practice in pre-registration midwifery.

Nurse Educ Pract 2018 Nov 26;34:150-160. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

University College London, Gower St, Bloomsbury, London, WC1E 6BT, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

This paper presents the final phase of a national project exploring grading of practice in programmes leading to registration as a midwife in the United Kingdom. The aim was to develop a generic framework for grading practice, enhancing standardisation while enabling flexibility in application of current and new educational standards. A mixed method on-line survey considered existing practice assessment tools, factors contributing to robust and reliable assessment and perceptions of two assessment tools developed by the research team: a 'Lexicon Framework' and 'Rubric', which were tested through scenarios. Read More

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November 2018

International priorities for home care education, research, practice, and management: Qualitative content analysis.

Nurse Educ Today 2018 Dec 7;73:83-87. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Case Western Reserve University, United States of America. Electronic address:

Background: Despite growing demand for home care nursing, there is a growing home care workforce shortage, due in part to hospital-centric nursing curricula that lead students to undervalue of home care and community practice setting (Van Iersel et al., 2018a, 2018b).

Objectives: Articulate an international vision for the future of home care education, research, practice, and management shared by experienced home care nurses working in leadership roles. Read More

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December 2018

Society of Cardiovascular Anesthesiologists/European Association of Cardiothoracic Anaesthetists Practice Advisory for the Management of Perioperative Atrial Fibrillation in Patients Undergoing Cardiac Surgery.

Anesth Analg 2019 Jan;128(1):33-42

Department of Perioperative Medicine, Barts Heart Centre, St Bartholomew's Hospital, London, United Kingdom.

Postoperative atrial fibrillation (poAF) is the most common adverse event after cardiac surgery and is associated with increased morbidity, mortality, and hospital and intensive care unit length of stay. Despite progressive improvements in overall cardiac surgical operative mortality and postoperative morbidity, the incidence of poAF has remained unchanged at 30%-50%. A number of evidence-based recommendations regarding the perioperative management of atrial fibrillation (AF) have been released from leading cardiovascular societies in recent years; however, it is unknown how closely these guidelines are being followed by medical practitioners. Read More

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January 2019
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Self-Selected Motivational Music on the Performance and Perceived Exertion of Runners.

J Strength Cond Res 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

College of Education and Professional Studies, University of Central Oklahoma, Edmond, Oklahoma.

Clark, JC, Baghurst, T, and Redus, BS. Self-selected motivational music on the performance and perceived exertion of runners. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-Music is used by athletes and exercisers to improve performance outcomes, but it is less known whether its properties can enhance performance at maximal intensity. Read More

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December 2018

Analysis of nurse practitioner scope of practice in Taiwan using the Longest policy cycle model.

J Am Assoc Nurse Pract 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

School of Nursing, National Yang Ming University, Taipei City, Taiwan.

Background And Purpose: To date, there has been no policy analysis or review of the effectiveness of the current nurse practitioner (NP) scope of practice regulations in Taiwan. The purpose is of this article was to provide a policy analysis of the NP scope of practice regulations in Taiwan.

Methods: The Longest policy cycle model was used to analyze the NP scope of practice regulations. Read More

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December 2018

[Preliminary results of a cognitive survey among the members of the Italian Medical Radiation Protection Society(AIRM): from characterization of the professional activity to identification of training needs].

G Ital Med Lav Ergon 2018 Dec;40(4):224-247

Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche and Consiglio Direttivo AIRM.

Objectives: For several decades, the Italian Association of Medical Radioprotection (AIRM) is engaged in the promotion of scientific, technical, and methodological knowledge in the field of medical radioprotection.

Methods: Starting from the results of the previous study conducted in 2013, AIRM has carried out a new survey among its members. This survey was carried out through a self-administered questionnaire to be completed online on a platform set up on the association's website. Read More

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December 2018

[The role of agentic capacities in turnover intentions among nurses].

G Ital Med Lav Ergon 2018 Dec;40(4):208-216

Dipartimento di Pedagogia, Psicologia, Filosofia, Università di Cagliari, Italia.

Objectives: Voluntary turnover in the nursing profession is one of the main concerns in hospitals and it requests comprehensive research. This study contributes to explain the reasons related to turnover intention of nurses and provides causes for reflection to improve the working practice.

Methods: 161 nurses and 13 nursing coordinators, working in the wards of two Italian hospitals, participated in the study. Read More

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December 2018

Evaluation of Carriage with the Analysis of Serogroups, Genogroups and Clonal Complexes among Polish Soldiers.

Pol J Microbiol 2018 ;67(4):493-500

Military Institute of Medicine, Department of Epidemiology and Tropical Medicine , Warsaw , Poland.

Neisseria meningitidis is an etiological factor of invasive meningococcal disease (IMD). This Gram-negative diplococcus is transmitted from person to person via droplets or through a direct physical contact with secretions of infected patients or asymptomatic carriers. The latter account for 5-10% of the general population. Read More

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January 2018

[Assistant cooperation and therapeutic effect analysis in transoral robotic surgery with da Vinci surgical system].

Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Jul;32(14):1074-1077

Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, 100029, China.

The purpose of this study was to summarize the therapeutic effect and key points and skills of assistant cooperation in transoral robotic surgery (TORS) with da Vinci surgical system.Forty patients were reviewed who were treated with TORS in Beijing Anzhen Hospital from June 1, 2016 to May 30, 2018. Key points of assistant cooperation, docking time, incidence of transit to open approach, mechanical failure, complications, and negative surgical margin were analyzed. Read More

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July 2018
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[PHYSICAL, CHEMICAL AND MORPHOLOGICAL URINE EXAMINATION: RECOMMENDATIONS FOR THE POST ANALYTICAL PHASE FROM THE INTERDISCIPLINARY URINALYSIS GROUP (GIAU)].

G Ital Nefrol 2018 Dec;35(6)

Cattedra Nefrologia Università degli Studi di Bari-Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria Consorziale Policlinico di Bari.

With these recommendations the Interdisciplinary Urinalysis Group (GIAU) aims to stimulate the following aspects : improvement and standardization of the post analytical approach to physical, chemical and morphological urine examination (ECMU); emphasize the value added to ECMU by selection of clinically significant parameters, indication of analytical methods, of units of measurement, of reference values; improvement of interpretation of dip stick urinalysis with particular regard to the reconsideration of the diagnostic significance of the evaluated parameters together with an increasing awareness of the limits of sensitivity and specificity of this analytical method. Accompanied by the skills to propose and carry out in-depth investigations with analytical methods that are more sensitive and specific;increase the awareness of the importance of professional skills in the field of urinary morphology and their relationships with the clinicians. through the introduction, in the report, of descriptive and interpretative comments depending on the type of request, the complexity of the laboratory, the competence of the pathologist;implement a policy of evaluation of the analytical quality by using, in addition to traditional internal and external controls, a program for the evaluation of morphological competence. Read More

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December 2018

Understanding assessment on a hospital ward for older people: a qualitative study.

J Adv Nurs 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Warwick Research in Nursing, University of Warwick and Oxford Trauma, Kadoorie Centre, NDORMS, University of Oxford and Oxford University Hospitals NHS Trust.

Aim: To explore assessment on a hospital ward for older people from the perspectives of patients and healthcare professionals.

Design: A qualitative study drawing on grounded theory was undertaken between February 2015 - January 2016.

Methods: Interviews with 15 patients and 22 healthcare professionals, a focus group with six healthcare professionals, 45 hours of observation and review of 18 sets of patient notes. Read More

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December 2018

Patients' narratives of their patient participation in the myocardial infarction pathway.

J Adv Nurs 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Clinic of medicine and rehabilitation, Møre og Romsdal Hospital Trust, Ålesund, Norway.

Aim: To explore how patients in areas without local percutaneous coronary intervention facilities experience patient participation in different phases of the myocardial infarction pathway.

Background: Acute treatment of myocardial infarction often involves percutaneous coronary intervention. In Norway, this treatment is centralized at certain hospitals; thus, patients often require long-distance transportation and experience frequent hospital transfers. Read More

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December 2018

Clinical educators' skills and qualities in allied health: a systematic review.

Med Educ 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Nutrition, Dietetics and Food, School of Clinical Sciences, Faculty Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria, Australia.

Background: The skills and qualities of effective clinical educators are linked to improved student learning and ultimately patient care; however, within allied health these have not yet been systematically summarised in the literature.

Aims: To identify and synthesise the skills and qualities of clinical educators in allied health and their effect on student learning and patient care.

Method: A systematic search of the literature was conducted across five electronic databases in November 2017. Read More

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December 2018

Biology graduate teaching assistants as novice educators: Are there similarities in teaching ability and practice beliefs between teaching assistants and K-12 teachers?

Biochem Mol Biol Educ 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

University of Northern Colorado, College of Natural and Health Sciences, MAST Institute, Greeley, Colorado.

Biology graduate teaching assistants (GTAs) are a critical instructional group in the successful implementation of classroom reform efforts in higher education. Despite this, little is known about effective Teaching Professional Development (TPD) of this largely novice instructor group. This Idea to explore article proposes that a comparison of what we already know about novice K-12 science teachers beliefs about teaching and learning might inform future research into GTA TPD. Read More

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December 2018

Continuing Professional Development.

Authors:

Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2018 Dec;46(9):1103-1105

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December 2018

Health-related stigma of noncommunicable neurological disease in rural adult populations: A scoping review.

Health Soc Care Community 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Canadian Centre for Health and Safety in Agriculture, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada.

Stigma is a widely recognised public health issue. Many people with neurological disease and their families experience stigmatisation, adding to their burden of illness. Rural populations are typically small, lack anonymity, and often have a higher proportion of older adults with inadequate access to specialised services and resources. Read More

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December 2018

Discussions between health professionals and smokers about nicotine vaping products: Results from the 2016 ITC Four Country Smoking and Vaping Survey.

Addiction 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, 200 University Avenue West, Waterloo, Ontario, N2L 3G1, Canada.

Background And Aims: Debate exists about whether health professionals (HPs) should advise smokers to use nicotine vaping products (NVPs) to quit smoking. The objectives were to examine in four countries: (1) prevalence of HP discussions and recommendation to use an NVP; (2) who initiated NVP discussions; (3) the type of HP advice received about NVPs; and (4) smoker's characteristics related to receiving advice about NVPs.

Design: Cross-sectional study using multivariable logistic regression analyses on weighted data from the 2016 ITC Four Country Smoking and Vaping Survey (ITC 4CV1). Read More

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December 2018

Patient and public involvement in medical performance processes: A systematic review.

Health Expect 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Collaboration for the Advancement of Medical Education Research and Assessment, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Plymouth, Plymouth, UK.

Background: Patient and public involvement (PPI) continues to develop as a central policy agenda in health care. The patient voice is seen as relevant, informative and can drive service improvement. However, critical exploration of PPI's role within monitoring and informing medical performance processes remains limited. Read More

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December 2018