651 results match your criteria Primary Care Diabetes [Journal]


The accuracy evaluation of four blood glucose monitoring systems according to ISO 15197:2003 and ISO 15197:2013 criteria.

Prim Care Diabetes 2019 Feb 12. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Department of Endocrinology, Affiliated Hospital of Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chengdu, Sichuan, China. Electronic address:

Self-monitoring of blood glucose is recommended to monitor glycaemic levels for the prevention and treatment of diabetes mellitus.The accuracy of blood glucose monitoring systems (BGMS) directly affects the health of the patients. In this study, we evaluated the accuracy of four different blood glucose monitoring systems, including Gold-Accu Meter, Nova StatStrip Xpress Glucose Hospital Meter, Freestyle Optium Neo H and Accu-Chek Performa according to ISO15197:2003 and ISO15197:2013 criteria. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S17519918183026
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2018.12.010DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Total hemoglobin count has significant impact on A1C - Data from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999-2014.

Prim Care Diabetes 2019 Feb 1. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

North Florida Regional Medical Center, Department of Medicine and Graduate Medical Education, Gainesville, FL, United States; University of Central Florida, College of Medicine, Orlando, FL, United States.

Background: Previous study showed A1C was affected by hemoglobin and gender in non-anemic Koreans. However, there was no other data to support those important findings.

Methods: Participants from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) - 1999 to 2014 with age over 12 years were examined. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2019.01.002DOI Listing
February 2019
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Network meta-analysis of nine large cardiovascular outcome trials of new antidiabetic drugs.

Prim Care Diabetes 2019 Jan 31. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Department of Pharmacy Practice and Science, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, USA.

The aim of this network meta-analysis (NMA) was to indirectly compare the cardiovascular (CV) safety of new antidiabetic medications in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). DATA SYNTHESIS: A search of the Embase and MEDLINE databases was conducted systematically to identify cardiovascular outcome trials (CVOTs) of new antidiabetic medications (DPP-4 inhibitors, GLP-1 agonists and SGLT-2 inhibitors) in patients with T2DM. The primary outcomes were the composite endpoint of CV death, nonfatal MI, and nonfatal stroke (MACE), death from CV causes, nonfatal MI, nonfatal stroke and death from any cause. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2019.01.003DOI Listing
January 2019
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Managing hypertension in people of African origin with diabetes: Evaluation of adherence to NICE Guidelines.

Prim Care Diabetes 2019 Jan 28. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Queen Elizabeth Hospital Birmingham, University Hospitals Birmingham NHS Foundation Trust, Birmingham, UK; Institute of Clinical Sciences, University of Birmingham, UK. Electronic address:

Background: The pathophysiology of hypertension in people of African origin differs from other ethnicities. This effect may be exacerbated in people with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), hence control of hypertension is particularly important in this population.

Aims: The primary aim was to evaluate the adherence to National Institute of Clinical Excellence (NICE) guidance (National Guidelines NG28) for hypertension management in African origin patients with T2DM. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2018.12.007DOI Listing
January 2019

Characteristics associated with a diagnosis of prediabetes among the U.S. adult population: Findings from a national survey.

Prim Care Diabetes 2019 Jan 25. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

New York College of Podiatric Medicine, New York, NY, USA. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2018.12.004DOI Listing
January 2019

Sertraline treatment in depressive patients with type 2 diabetes.

Authors:
Tomoyuki Kawada

Prim Care Diabetes 2019 Jan 23. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Department of Hygiene and Public Health, Nippon Medical School, 1-1-5 Sendagi, Bunkyo-Ku, Tokyo 113-8602, Japan. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2018.12.009DOI Listing
January 2019
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Which patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus are perceived as 'difficult' by general practitioners?

Prim Care Diabetes 2019 Jan 23. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Institute of General Practice (ifam), Medical Faculty, Heinrich-Heine University Düsseldorf, Werdener Str. 4, 40227 Düsseldorf, Germany. Electronic address:

Aims: To find factors that are associated with a general practitioner's (GP's) subjective impression of a patient being 'difficult' within a sample of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).

Methods: Secondary cross-sectional analysis of a cohort of GP patients with T2DM. GP questionnaire on clinical data and GPs' subjective ratings of patient attributes (including 'patient difficulty'). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2019.01.001DOI Listing
January 2019
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Differences in HbA at the time of diabetes diagnosis in the adult population of Ontario, Canada.

Prim Care Diabetes 2019 Jan 21. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Division of Endocrinology, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address:

Aims: To determine the proportion of adults with HbA≥8.0% (64mmol/mol) at diabetes diagnosis, as an indicator of delayed diagnosis or less intensive screening.

Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional population-level study using clinical, administrative and immigration data from Ontario, Canada. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2018.12.008DOI Listing
January 2019
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Prevalence of diabetes and frequency of glycated haemoglobin monitoring in Extremadura (Spain) during 2012, 2013 and 2014: An observational study.

Prim Care Diabetes 2019 Jan 7. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Centro de Salud Universitario "La Paz", Unidad Docente de Medicina Familiar y Comunitaria, Servicio Extremeño de Salud, Badajoz, Spain. Electronic address:

Aims: To analyze the prevalence of diabetes and the frequency of haemoglobin A (HbA) monitoring in the population with diabetes in Extremadura (Spain).

Methods: Observational, longitudinal retrospective study in the population attended in the Extremadura Health System in 2012-2014. A total of 403,644 glycated haemoglobin determinations in 189,466 subjects (52. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2018.12.006DOI Listing
January 2019
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Patients' clinical charecteristics and predictors for diabetic foot amputation.

Prim Care Diabetes 2018 Dec 29. Epub 2018 Dec 29.

Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Gaziantep University School of Medicine, Gaziantep, Turkey.

Introduction: Medical and surgical treatment options are available for patients with diabetic foot ulcers. In more severe cases, amputation decisions are determined by patient comorbidities, performance, imaging studies, and clinical examination results. However, an objective indicator that predicts how this amputation process will end has not yet been clarified. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2018.12.002DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Efficacy of lifestyle interventions in the reversion to normoglycemia in Korean prediabetics: One-year results from a randomised controlled trial.

Prim Care Diabetes 2018 Dec 21. Epub 2018 Dec 21.

Health Promotion Research Institute, Korea Association of Health Promotion, Seoul, Korea.

Aim: This study aimed to determine the efficacy of personalized lifestyle interventions on the reversion of a prediabetic state to normoglycemia compared with regular blood glucose testing alone in prediabetes.

Methods: A randomized, multicenter trial was conducted in prediabetes aged 30-70 with fasting blood glucose level of 5.6-6. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S17519918183033
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2018.11.017DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Health status and quality of life in patients with diabetes in Switzerland.

Prim Care Diabetes 2018 Dec 21. Epub 2018 Dec 21.

Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine (IUMSP), Lausanne University Hospital (CHUV) & Lausanne University (UNIL), Route de la Corniche 10, 1010 Lausanne, Switzerland. Electronic address:

Aims: We aimed to assess the health status and quality of life (QoL) of patients with diabetes and explore the associated factors in a French-speaking region of Switzerland.

Methods: This cross-sectional study analyzed self-reported data from 585 patients with diabetes. We ran univariate and multivariate regressions analyses on health status (Physical and Mental Component Summary scores (PCS, MCS) of the SF-12) and diabetes-specific QoL (ADDQoL score). Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S17519918183008
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2018.11.016DOI Listing
December 2018
5 Reads

Postpartum monitoring of women with a history of gestational diabetes - A cross-sectional study of an inner-city population.

Prim Care Diabetes 2018 Dec 21. Epub 2018 Dec 21.

Leicester Diabetes Centre, Gwendolen Road, Leicester LE5 4PW, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

This was a cross-sectional analysis (1980-2017) in Leicester to examine the proportion of women with a history of gestational diabetes (GDM) who (a) attended the 13-week postpartum screening and (b) attended annual type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) screening and assessed the association between screening rates and sociodemographic factors. We found that women with a history of GDM were not adequately screened for type 2 diabetes in primary care. 62% did not have postpartum screening and 84% did not have the recommended annual screening. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2018.11.010DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Assessing screening instruments and thresholds to detect risk of depression in diabetes patients, a brief report.

Prim Care Diabetes 2018 Dec 20. Epub 2018 Dec 20.

Department of Public Health, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

Over the last decades several self-report instruments have been developed to identify diabetes at risk for depression. In a sample of diabetes outpatients, we assessed the accuracy of three widely-used instruments, and recommend the instruments with the best sensitivity and specificity for identifying diabetes in need of early treatment for depression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2018.11.006DOI Listing
December 2018
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Validation of a diabetes knowledge test for Indian children, adolescents and young adults with type 1 diabetes mellitus.

Prim Care Diabetes 2018 Dec 20. Epub 2018 Dec 20.

Department of Endocrinology, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow-226014, Uttar Pradesh, India. Electronic address:

Introduction: Diabetes knowledge has a large impact on glycemic control. There is a pressing need for creation of validated tests of knowledge for different ethnic groups.

Objective: To create and validate a diabetes knowledge test (DKT) for young Indians with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S17519918183042
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2018.12.001DOI Listing
December 2018
5 Reads

Characteristics among adult patients with diabetes who received a foot exam by a health care provider in the past year: An analysis of NHANES 2011-2016.

Prim Care Diabetes 2018 Dec 18. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

New York College of Podiatric Medicine, New York, NY, USA. Electronic address:

Introduction: According to the American Diabetes Association (ADA), patients with diabetes should receive annual foot exams from a HCP to identify and reduce risk factors for ulcers and other complications. Little is known regarding factors that may increase or decrease the likelihood of having an annual foot examination by a health care provider (HCP).

Methods: Cross-sectional analysis of 1830 patients age 20 years and older with a previous diagnosis of diabetes. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S17519918183027
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2018.11.004DOI Listing
December 2018
9 Reads

Management of Low Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol at a primary care diabetes clinic in Kuwait.

Prim Care Diabetes 2018 Dec 18. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

University of Dundee Ninewells Hospital, Dundee, Scotland, UK.

Aims: To evaluate the impact of clinical audit and focused interventions on reducing cardiovascular diseases risk by treating Low Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol (LDL-C) in patients with type 2 diabetes attending a primary care clinic in Kuwait.

Methods: Using LDL as a surrogate for cardiovascular risk, the audit team performed a clinical audit with focus on the care process indicator of statin prescription. The basic audit reviewed 100 patients' medical records retrospectively to assess patients' lipid profiles and statin prescription. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2018.11.003DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Health-related quality of life in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus starting with new glucose lowering drugs: An inception cohort study.

Prim Care Diabetes 2018 Dec 17. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Research Institute for Medicines (iMed.ULisboa), Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Lisbon, Lisboa, Portugal; Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Lisbon, Lisboa, Portugal.

Aims: To assess baseline and change after 26-weeks in health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) initiating one of the new glucose lowering drugs (GLD) in daily practice.

Methods: Inception cohort of patients who initiated one of dipeptidyl peptidase 4 inhibitors (DPP-4), glucagon-like peptide-1 analogues (GLP-1) or sodium-glucose cotransporter inhibitors (SGLT2) drugs. A baseline questionnaire collected socio-demographic and self-reported clinical data. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2018.11.009DOI Listing
December 2018
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Diabetes mellitus and risk of pancreatic cancer in China: A meta-analysis based on 26 case-control studies.

Prim Care Diabetes 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of General Surgery, Sixth Hospital of Shanxi Medical University, Taiyuan, Shanxi, 030008, China.

Aims: The relationship between diabetes mellitus and pancreatic cancer risk from is uncertain based on the results of existing publications. The current report updated and re-evaluated the possible association between diabetes mellitus and pancreatic cancer risk in China.

Methods: Six databases (PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, the Cochrane Library, the Chinese Biomedical Database, and the Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure) were used for the literature search up to October 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2018.11.015DOI Listing
December 2018
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Prevention and screening recommendations in type 2 diabetes: Review and critical appraisal of clinical practice guidelines.

Prim Care Diabetes 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

College of Pharmacy, Qatar University, P.O. Box 2713, Doha, Qatar. Electronic address:

The aim of this review was to identify and appraise guidelines reporting recommendations for the screening and prevention of type 2 diabetes. Five guidelines were included for analysis and all were endorsed by national or international organizations. All guidelines were recommended for practice with or without modifications for both prevention and screening. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2018.11.014DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

HbA screening in the community: Lessons for safety and quality management of a point of care programme.

Prim Care Diabetes 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Population Health, University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland 1142, New Zealand. Electronic address:

Aim: To describe quality management processes and appropriate interpretation with respect to HbA point-of-care (POC) testing in a national diabetes and cardiovascular risk screening programme.

Methods: We compared HbA results from capillary blood, measured by the cobas b 101 (Roche Diagnostics) POC testing system, with results from venous blood measured by accredited laboratory analysers to inform national screening practice and a (separately-reported) randomised controlled trial. Difference plots and regressions were used to aid interpretation around 40 and 50mmol/mol, the cut-offs used to identify "pre-diabetes" and diabetes in New Zealand. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2018.11.008DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Arterial Doppler waveform analysis detects more PAD patients in diabetes type 2 but is arterial Doppler waveform analysis standardized?

Prim Care Diabetes 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Univ Rennes, CHU Rennes, INSERM CIC1414, Unité de Médecine Vasculaire, F-35000 Rennes, France. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2018.11.002DOI Listing
December 2018
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Associations between quality of work features in primary health care and glycaemic control in people with Type 2 diabetes mellitus: A nationwide survey.

Prim Care Diabetes 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Centre for Clinical Research Västmanland, Uppsala University, Västerås, Sweden.

Aims: To describe and analyse the associations between primary health care centres' (PHCCs') quality of work (QOW) and individual HbA1c levels in people with Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).

Methods: This cross-sectional study invited all 1152 Swedish PHCCs to answer a questionnaire addressing QOW conditions. Clinical, socio-economic and comorbidity data for 230,958 people with T2DM were linked to data on QOW conditions for 846 (73. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2018.11.005DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Prediabetes Risk Evaluation Scoring System [PRESS]: A simplified scoring system for detecting undiagnosed Prediabetes.

Prim Care Diabetes 2019 02 10;13(1):11-15. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Department of Community Medicine, Pt. B. D. Sharma Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Rohtak, Haryana, India.

Objective: To develop a simplified scoring system for detecting undiagnosed prediabetes among healthy adult population of Haryana, India.

Material & Methods: This cross-sectional study was a household survey which involved 892 healthy adults >18year of age who were subjected to an oral glucose tolerance test. Sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive value and area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve and the optimal cut off points for identifying undiagnosed prediabetes were calculated. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S17519918183039
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2018.11.011DOI Listing
February 2019
8 Reads

Effectiveness of peer led intervention in improvement of clinical outcomes among diabetes mellitus and hypertension patients-A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Prim Care Diabetes 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), Puducherry 605008, India.

Peer-led intervention allows the patients to develop knowledge, skills and confidence in managing their own conditions. Hence this review was done to assess the effectiveness of peer-led intervention in improving the clinical outcomes of DM and HTN patients. We conducted systematic search in Medline, CENTRAL, Sciencedirect and Google-Scholar from inception till May 2018 and retrieved 3654 citations. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S17519918183027
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2018.11.007DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Design and implementation of an Omaha System-based integrated nursing management model for patients with newly-diagnosed diabetes.

Prim Care Diabetes 2018 Nov 26. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

The Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University, Medical College of Qingdao University, Qingdao University, 16# Jiangsu Road, Qingdao, Shandong, 266003, China. Electronic address:

Aims: The aim of the present paper was to establish and implement an integrated nursing management model for patients with newly-diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) based on the Omaha System and to explore its impact on blood glucose levels, quality of life, and diabetes knowledge in these patients.

Methods: A non-randomized concurrent controlled trial was designed and the study was conducted in a hospital on the east coast of China between September 2013 and November 2015. We screened for patients with newly-diagnosed T2DM in 12 clinics of 3 comprehensive hospitals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2018.11.001DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Predicting risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus in Korean adults aged 40-69 by integrating clinical and genetic factors.

Prim Care Diabetes 2019 02 23;13(1):3-10. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Bio-Age Medical Research Institute, Bio-Age Inc., 644, Bongeunsa-ro, Gangnam-gu, Seoul, 06170, Republic of Korea; College of Korean Medicine, Kyung Hee University, 26, Kyungheedae-ro, Dongdaemun-gu, Seoul, 02447, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Aims: The purpose of our investigation was to identify the genetic and clinical risk factors of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and to predict the incidence of T2DM in Korean adults aged 40-69 at follow-up intervals of 5, 7, and 10years.

Methods: Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study (KoGES) cohort data (n=10,030) were used to develop T2DM prediction models. Both clinical-only and integrated (clinical factors+genetic factors) models were derived using the Cox proportional hazards model. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2018.07.004DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Associated factors that influenced persistence with basal analog insulin therapy among people with type 2 diabetes: An exploratory analysis from a UK real-world sample.

Prim Care Diabetes 2018 Nov 23. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Eli Lilly and Company, Basingstoke, UK.

Aim: Real-world effectiveness of insulin therapy is affected by poor treatment persistence, often occurring soon after initiation. An international cross-sectional survey of people with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) has been conducted to describe reasons for non-persistence with insulin therapy.

Methods: Responders to an online survey in 7 countries were classified as continuers (no gap of ≥7days), interrupters (interrupted therapy for ≥7days within first 6 months, then restarted), and discontinuers (terminated therapy for ≥7days within first 6 months, no restart before survey). Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S17519918183010
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2018.09.002DOI Listing
November 2018
6 Reads

The general public's knowledge of diabetes mellitus: A cross-sectional study in Cameroon.

Prim Care Diabetes 2018 Nov 21. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Department of Medicine, University of Cape Town and Groote Schuur Hospital, Cape Town, South Africa. Electronic address:

Objective: To assess the general public's level of knowledge on diabetes mellitus (DM) and identify related sources of information in Cameroon.

Study Design: This was a cross-sectional study conducted in 2015 in two health facilities in Yaoundé and Edéa.

Methods: We included consenting adults, except health professionals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2018.10.003DOI Listing
November 2018
14 Reads

GooD4Mum: A general practice-based quality improvement collaborative for diabetes prevention in women with previous gestational diabetes.

Prim Care Diabetes 2018 Nov 15. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

General Internal Medicine Unit, Western Health, Sunshine Hospital, 176 Furlong Rd, St Albans, VIC 3021, Australia; Department of Medicine, Melbourne Medical School - Western Precinct, University of Melbourne, 176 Furlong Rd, St Albans, VIC 3021, Australia. Electronic address:

Aims: Gestational diabetes (GDM) and Type 2 diabetes pose tremendous health and economic burdens as worldwide incidence increases. Primary care-based systematic diabetes screening and prevention programs could be effective in women with previous GDM. GooD4Mum aimed to determine whether a Quality Improvement Collaborative (QIC) would improve postpartum diabetes screening and prevention planning in women with previous GDM in general practice. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S17519918183035
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2018.10.006DOI Listing
November 2018
7 Reads

Improving quality in cardiometabolic medicine real-world evidence.

Prim Care Diabetes 2018 Nov 13. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Leicester Real World Evidence Unit, UK Diabetes Research Centre, University of Leicester, United Kingdom.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2018.10.002DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Efficacy of a self-management education programme on patients with type 2 diabetes in primary care: A randomised controlled trial.

Prim Care Diabetes 2018 Nov 5. Epub 2018 Nov 5.

Osakidetza, Donostialdea Integrated Health Organization, Alza Health Centre, Paseo de Larratxo 95, 20017 San Sebastián, Spain; Kronikgune-Research Centre on Chronicity, Torre del BEC, Ronda de Azkue, 1, 48902 Barakaldo (Bizkaia), Spain; Biodonostia Health Research Institute, Paseo Doctor Begiristain, 20014 San Sebastián, Spain. Electronic address:

Aim: The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy of the Spanish Diabetes Self-Management Program (SDSMP) versus usual care in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) residing in a Spanish region.

Methods: A two-year follow-up randomised controlled trial. The intervention consisted of 6 weekly structured peer-to-peer workshops. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S17519918183018
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2018.10.001DOI Listing
November 2018
10 Reads

PAIT-survey-Prevalence of albuminuria in patients with diabetes and hypertension in Turkey.

Prim Care Diabetes 2018 12 14;12(6):558-564. Epub 2018 Oct 14.

Catedra de Riesgo Cardiovascular, Universidad de Salamanca, Salamanca, Spain. Electronic address:

Background: Albuminuria is an early marker of kidney disease in patients with diabetes and/or hypertension undetected or untreated albuminuria is a leading cause of chronic kidney disease and cardiovascular events, The purpose of the present survey was to assess the prevalence of albuminuria in patients with diabetes and hypertension, treated with a combinations of renin angiotensin aldosterone system inhibitors and dihydropyridine calcium channel blockers.

Methods: The survey was performed in 105 Primary Care Units in Turkey and involved outpatients, routinely visited by either a specialist or a non-specialist physician. Albuminuria was evaluated in a spot morning urine sample, as albumin-creatinine ratio, using the Multistic-Clinitek-device analyzer (Siemens), that has a strong correlation with 24-h urinary albumin excretion. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S17519918183031
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2018.08.008DOI Listing
December 2018
7 Reads

Impact of sertraline on weight, waist circumference and glycemic control: A prospective clinical trial on depressive diabetic type 2 patients.

Prim Care Diabetes 2019 02 2;13(1):57-62. Epub 2018 Oct 2.

Ibn Oumrane Psychiatry Department, Razi Hospital, Manouba, Tunisia; Faculty of Medecine, Tunis El Manar University, Tunisia.

Aim: Depression is prevalent in patients with type 2 diabetes. It may have a negative impact on the management of diabetes mellitus and could affect weight. The main aim of the investigation was to evaluate the effect of antidepressant treatment (sertraline) on anthropometric variables and glycemic control in depressed type 2 diabetic patients. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S17519918183019
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2018.09.003DOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads

Evaluation of flash glucose monitoring after long-term use: A pediatric survey.

Prim Care Diabetes 2019 02 26;13(1):63-70. Epub 2018 Sep 26.

Assistance-Publique des Hôpitaux de Marseille (APHM), Multidisciplinary Pediatric Service - La Timone Children's Hospital, 264 rue Saint Pierre, 13385 Marseille, France; Aix Marseille Univ, INSERM, MMG (Marseille Medical Genetics) Marseille, France.

Aims: To understand the opinions of children with type 1 diabetes about their everyday use of flash glucose monitoring. (FGM).

Methods: Children with type 1 diabetes using the FreeStyle Libre® FGM system and/or their parents were surveyed in several French medical centers between December 2016 and June 2017, regardless of their treatment regimen and metabolic control. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S17519918183011
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2018.08.004DOI Listing
February 2019
28 Reads

Health related outcomes among people with type 2 diabetes by country of birth: Result from the 45 and Up Study.

Prim Care Diabetes 2019 02 25;13(1):71-81. Epub 2018 Sep 25.

School of Public Health and Social Work, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia. Electronic address:

Background: Ethnic variation in the occurrence of type 2 diabetes, complications, mortality, and health behaviours has been reported. The current research examined patterns of health-related outcomes by country of birth in people with diabetes aged 45years and over in New South Wales, Australia.

Methods: This study was based on the baseline data of 266,848 participants aged 45years and over from "The Sax Institute's 45 and Up Study" (2006-2009), NSW; Australia's most populous state. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2018.08.003DOI Listing
February 2019
22 Reads

Prescribing for people with type 2 diabetes and renal impairment in Australian general practice: A national cross sectional study.

Prim Care Diabetes 2018 Sep 24. Epub 2018 Sep 24.

Centre for Medicine Use and Safety, Faculty of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Monash University, Parkville, Australia.

Aim: To determine whether the prescribing of non-insulin anti-hyperglycaemic medications in Australian general practice is consistent with current guidelines for treatment of type 2 diabetes (T2D) in people with renal impairment.

Methods: Cross-sectional study of 9624 people with T2D in the NPS MedicineInsight dataset aged≥18years with average estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) <60ml/min/1.73m and prescribed at least one non-insulin anti-hyperglycaemic medication from October 2014 to September 2015. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S17519918183030
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2018.09.001DOI Listing
September 2018
8 Reads

Electronic clinical reminder and quality of primary diabetes care.

Prim Care Diabetes 2018 Sep 12. Epub 2018 Sep 12.

School of Public Health, University of Alabama Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, United States.

Aims: To study the association of EMR's clinical reminder use on a comprehensive set of diabetes quality metrics in U.S. office-based physicians and within solo- versus multi-physician practices. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2018.08.007DOI Listing
September 2018
2 Reads

Restless legs syndrome in type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Prim Care Diabetes 2019 02 10;13(1):87-91. Epub 2018 Sep 10.

University of Health Sciences, Dr. Lütfi Kırdar Kartal Training and Research Hospital, Diabetes Center, Department of Internal Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey.

Aims: This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of restless leg syndrome (RLS) in type-2 diabetes mellitus (DM) patients and to determine the risk factors.

Methods: Patients were recruited from the Dr. Lütfi Kırdar Kartal Training and Research Hospital Diabetes Center. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2018.08.006DOI Listing
February 2019
14 Reads

Agreement of clinical tests for the diagnosis of peripheral arterial disease.

Prim Care Diabetes 2019 02 7;13(1):82-86. Epub 2018 Sep 7.

Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Malta, Malta; School of Life Sciences and Education, Staffordshire University, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

Aim: The aim of this study was to compare different screening modalities in the detection of PAD in a primary care setting.

Methods: Fifty participants living with Type 2 diabetes were recruited. Pulse palpation, waveform analysis, ankle brachial pressure index, absolute toe pressure, toe brachial pressure index and transcutaneous oxygen pressure were compared in the detection of peripheral arterial disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2018.08.005DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Using mHealth strategies in a Diabetes Management Program to improve the quality of care in Argentina: Study design and baseline data.

Prim Care Diabetes 2018 12 27;12(6):510-516. Epub 2018 Aug 27.

Institute for Clinical Effectiveness and Health Policy (IECS), Emilio Ravignani 2024 (C1414CPV), Buenos Aires, Argentina. Electronic address:

Aim: To evaluate the one-year post effect of the implementation of a diabetes program that includes mHealth interventions on the quality of diabetic care in public primary care centers.

Method: It is a quasi-experimental study with outcome measurements at baseline, 6 and 12months. The program includes primary care team training, a diabetes registry with a decision support tool in an app. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2018.07.014DOI Listing
December 2018
4 Reads

Childhood onset type 1 diabetes at a tertiary hospital in south-western Iran during 2000-2015: Rapid increase in admissions and high prevalence of DKA at diagnosis.

Prim Care Diabetes 2019 02 23;13(1):43-48. Epub 2018 Aug 23.

Pediatric Department, Faculty of Medicine, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.

Aims: Incidence of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is increasing worldwide. We aimed to study trends in presentation and incidence of childhood diabetes in the last 15years in south-western Iran.

Methods: During a detailed review of compiled records of the main tertiary children's hospital of southwest of Iran, from January 2000 to December 2009, the following clinical information relevant to diabetes were analysed: admissions, demographic data, clinical and laboratory findings, hospital course, and mortality. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S17519918183024
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2018.07.013DOI Listing
February 2019
15 Reads

Trends in the primary health care nursing workforce providing diabetes care in Auckland, New Zealand: A cross-sectional survey.

Prim Care Diabetes 2018 12 23;12(6):491-500. Epub 2018 Aug 23.

School of Population Health, University of Auckland , New Zealand.

Aims: To describe trends from 2006-8 to 2016 in demographic, education and work settings of the primary health care nursing workforce who provide diabetes care in the Auckland region.

Methods: A total of 1416 practice, Accident and Medical, district and diabetes specialist nurses were identified who provide community-based care. Of those, 459 were randomly selected and 336 were interviewed in 2016, and were compared with 287 nurses interviewed in 2006-8. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2018.07.012DOI Listing
December 2018
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A cross-sectional survey of general practice health workers' perceptions of their provision of culturally competent services to ethnic minority people with diabetes.

Prim Care Diabetes 2018 12 23;12(6):501-509. Epub 2018 Aug 23.

Florence Nightingale Faculty of Nursing, Midwifery & Palliative Care, King's College, London, SE1 8WA, UK. Electronic address:

Aims: To explore General Practice teams cultural-competence, in particular, ethnicity, linguistic skillset and cultural awareness. The practice teams' access to diabetes-training, and overall perception of cultural-competence were also assessed.

Methods: A cross-sectional single-city-survey with one in three people with diabetes from an ethnic minority group, using 35 semi-structured questions was completed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2018.07.016DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Diagnostic accuracy of the Finnish Diabetes Risk Score (FINDRISC) for undiagnosed T2DM in Peruvian population.

Prim Care Diabetes 2018 12 18;12(6):517-525. Epub 2018 Aug 18.

Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London WC1E 7HT, UK. Electronic address:

Aims: To assess the diagnostic accuracy of the Finnish Diabetes Risk Score (FINDRISC) for undiagnosed T2DM and to compare its performance with the Latin-American FINDRISC (LA-FINDRISC) and the Peruvian Risk Score.

Materials And Methods: A population-based study was conducted. T2DM and undiagnosed T2DM were defined using oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2018.07.015DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6249987PMC
December 2018
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Online patient education interventions in type 2 diabetes or cardiovascular disease: A systematic review of systematic reviews.

Prim Care Diabetes 2019 02 18;13(1):16-27. Epub 2018 Aug 18.

Leicester Diabetes Research Centre, University of Leicester, United Kingdom.

Aims: Online patient education is a growing form of support to patients with chronic conditions, including type 2 diabetes (Type 2 DM) and cardiovascular disease (CVD). Multiple systematic reviews have been undertaken on this topic with conflicting results. We aim to explore the applications of online patient education in Type 2 DM and CVD and synthesise current evidence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2018.07.011DOI Listing
February 2019
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Glycaemic control in native Kuwaiti Arab patients with type 2 diabetes.

Prim Care Diabetes 2018 12 13;12(6):526-532. Epub 2018 Aug 13.

Research Division, Dasman Diabetes Institute, P.O. Box 1180, Dasman 15462, Kuwait. Electronic address:

Aims: To evaluate the influence of age at diabetes diagnosis, diabetes duration, BMI, comorbidity with hypertension and medication regimen on glycaemic control in native Kuwaiti Arab patients with T2D.

Methods: This cross-sectional study considered 7657 patients from Kuwait Diabetes Registry and analysed data from their laboratory and hospital records.

Results: HbA1c and prevalence of hypertension increased significantly with diabetes duration. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S17519918183011
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2018.07.009DOI Listing
December 2018
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Roles of insulin resistance and beta cell dysfunction in macrosomia among Chinese women with gestational diabetes mellitus.

Prim Care Diabetes 2018 12 13;12(6):565-573. Epub 2018 Aug 13.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin, China. Electronic address:

Aims: The aim was to examine associations of insulin resistance and beta cell dysfunction with macrosomia in Chinese women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM).

Methods: We performed a secondary analysis of 923 women with GDM enrolled in a randomized controlled trial in 2010-2012 in Tianjin, China. Insulin resistance and beta-cell function were estimated using Homeostasis model assessment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2018.07.010DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

The association between dietary inflammatory index and metabolic syndrome components in Iranian adults.

Prim Care Diabetes 2018 10 1;12(5):467-472. Epub 2018 Aug 1.

Cancer Prevention and Control Program, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208, USA; Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208, USA; Connecting Health Innovations LLC, Columbia, SC 29201, USA.

Aims: Investigating the association between the dietary inflammatory index (DII) and metabolic syndrome (MetS) components and liver enzymes in Iranian population.

Methods: The present cross-sectional study consist of 606 participants from East-Azarbaijan-Iran. The MetS status was determined using ATPIII NCEP criteria. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2018.07.008DOI Listing
October 2018
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Effects of lifestyle changes on adults with prediabetes: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Prim Care Diabetes 2018 10 1;12(5):393-408. Epub 2018 Aug 1.

Danube University Krems, Department for Evidence-based Medicine and Clinical Epidemiology, Austria; Research Triangle Institute (RTI) International, USA.

Aims: To assess the efficacy, safety, and cost-effectiveness of lifestyle intervention, compared with treatment as usual in people with prediabetes as defined by the American Diabetes Association. For older studies, we used the 1985 World Health Organization definition.

Methods: We systematically searched multiple electronic databases and referenced lists of pertinent review articles from January 1980 through November 2015. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2018.07.003DOI Listing
October 2018
21 Reads