667 results match your criteria Primary Care Diabetes [Journal]


Effect of tele-rehabilitation on glucose control, exercise capacity, physical fitness, muscle strength and psychosocial status in patients with type 2 diabetes: A double blind randomized controlled trial.

Prim Care Diabetes 2019 Apr 20. Epub 2019 Apr 20.

Baskent University, Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation, Ankara, Turkey.

Aim: To determine the effect of a tele-rehabilitation (TR) program on glucose control, exercise capacity, physical fitness, muscle strength and psychosocial status in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM).

Method: Fifty type 2 DM participants were enrolled in the study and divided randomly into two groups; TR (n = 25, mean age: 52.82 ± 11. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2019.03.007DOI Listing

Levels of cytokines and GADA in type I and II diabetic patients.

Prim Care Diabetes 2019 Apr 20. Epub 2019 Apr 20.

College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Sulaimani, Sulaimani, Iraq.

Background: Diabetes Mellitus is described as a group of metabolic diseases in which the patient has higher blood glucose levels due to many causes. These include a defect in insulin secretion and failure of the body's cells to respond to the hormone. Cytokines and autoantibodies have a critical role in the pathogenesis of diabetes, especially type I. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2019.03.008DOI Listing

Is there an association between family history of diabetes mellitus and long-term cardiovascular hospitalizations of offspring?

Prim Care Diabetes 2019 Apr 3. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Soroka University Medical Center, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva, Israel.

Objective: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) was previously found to be an independent risk factor for long-term cardiovascular morbidity of parturients and their offspring. The objective of this study was to investigate the association between family history of diabetes mellitus (DM) in non-diabetic mothers and long-term pediatric cardiovascular hospitalizations of their offspring.

Study Design: In a hospital-based cohort study, the incidence of cardiovascular disorders was compared between offspring of non-diabetic mothers with and without a family history of DM. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2019.03.001DOI Listing
April 2019
4 Reads

Relationship between number of contacts between previous dropouts with type 2 diabetes and health care professionals on glycaemic control: A cohort study in public primary health care.

Prim Care Diabetes 2019 Mar 27. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

Department of General Practice and Primary Health Care, University of Helsinki and Helsinki University Hospital, Helsinki, Finland; Vantaa Health Centre, City of Vantaa, Finland.

Aim: Previous study findings have shown that more frequent contacts with the diabetes care team predict better diabetes control. It is unknown whether this is true also for previous dropouts with type 2 diabetes (T2D). The aim of this study was to evaluate if those previous dropouts with T2D who succeeded to improve their glycaemic control had more frequent contacts with health care professionals in the public primary diabetes health care system than those dropouts who did not show improvement. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2019.03.003DOI Listing

Cost-effectiveness of introducing licensed GP practices to manage diabetes patients in Hungary.

Prim Care Diabetes 2019 Mar 27. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

Syreon Research Institute, Mexikoi str. 65/A, 1142 Budapest, Hungary; Eötvös Loránd University, Department of Health Policy and Health Economics, Pázmány Péter sétány 1/A, 1117 Budapest, Hungary.

Aim: To investigate the cost-effectiveness of the endowment of the same authority and responsibility in diabetes management to licensed GPs as licensed outpatient specialists in Hungary.

Methods: The Syreon Diabetes Control Model (SDM) was used to evaluate life expectancy, quality-adjusted life expectancy (QALY) and direct medical costs over patient lifetimes. Cohort characteristics were derived from national database, clinical history data of 476,211 persons with diabetes were used, treatment effects and costs were derived from literature, national databases and expert opinions. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S17519918183021
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2019.03.004DOI Listing
March 2019
4 Reads

The role of illness schemata in self-care behaviors and glycemic control among patients with type 2 diabetes in Iran.

Prim Care Diabetes 2019 Mar 26. Epub 2019 Mar 26.

Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Japan.

Aims: The diabetes illness perception domains outlined by Leventhal's common-sense model may be weakly associated with hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) and adherence to diabetes self-care behaviors. However, type 2 diabetes patients' illness schemata identified by clustering the illness perception domains remain to be explained. This study aimed to describe type 2 diabetes patients' illness schemata and to examine their association with self-care behaviors and glycemic control in Iran. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2019.03.002DOI Listing

A scoping review of best practice guidelines for the dietary management of diabetes in older adults in residential aged care.

Prim Care Diabetes 2019 Mar 11. Epub 2019 Mar 11.

Nutrition and Dietetics, Flinders University, GPO Box 2100 Adelaide, South Australia 5001, Australia. Electronic address:

Over the last two decades guidelines have been published on the subject of the care and liberalised nutrition management of older adults with diabetes in residential aged care, recognising that they may have different needs to those older adults in their own home. This study aimed to scope and appraise these guidelines using the AGREE II tool. Overall physician developed guidelines were more robust, but there was discordance in their recommendations compared to guidelines developed by dietitians; particularly regarding the use of therapeutic diets. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2019.02.005DOI Listing

Impaired glucose tolerance predicts all-cause mortality among older men at high risk for cardiovascular disease in China.

Prim Care Diabetes 2019 Mar 9. Epub 2019 Mar 9.

Department of Geriatric Endocrinology, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing, China. Electronic address:

Aims: To investigate the potential association between impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and all-cause mortality among older men at high risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD) in China.

Methods: In this prospective observational study, 460 older men aged ≥60 years were determined to have either IGT or normal glucose tolerance (NGT) based on an oral glucose tolerance test conducted between May 2005 and May 2007. IGT and NGT were diagnosed according to the 1999 WHO diagnostic criteria. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2019.01.004DOI Listing

The relationship between pulse pressure, insulin resistance, and beta cell function in non-diabetic Korean adults.

Prim Care Diabetes 2019 Mar 9. Epub 2019 Mar 9.

Department of Biomedical Laboratory Science, Wonkwang Health Science University, 514, Iksan-daero, Iksan-si, Jeollabuk-do, 54538, South Korea. Electronic address:

Aims: The present study was conducted to assess the association of pulse pressure (PP) with insulin resistance and beta cell function in Korean non-diabetic populations.

Methods: This study used the data from the 2015 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey including 4380 adults, aged 20 or older.

Results: A multivariate analysis revealed that systolic blood pressure (SBP) (β=0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2019.01.006DOI Listing

Sleep duration is a significant predictor of cardiac autonomic neuropathy in type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Prim Care Diabetes 2019 Mar 5. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

Diabetes Research Group, Centre for Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation Sciences, Jamia Millia Islamia (A Central University), New Delhi-110025, India. Electronic address:

Aim: To investigate the association between sleep quality outcomes and measures of cardiac autonomic function and to assess the predictive ability of sleep quality outcomes for cardiac autonomic neuropathy (CAN) in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).

Methods: Fifty patients with T2DM (age, 51.3±7. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2019.02.002DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Association of age at menopause and type 2 diabetes: A systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis of cohort studies.

Prim Care Diabetes 2019 Feb 27. Epub 2019 Feb 27.

Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics, College of Public Health, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, Henan, People's Republic of China. Electronic address:

Aims: Early age at menopause has been associated with increased incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), but the quantitative association between age at menopause and T2DM was unclear. We performed a meta-analysis to assess the dose-response association between age at menopause and T2DM.

Methods: PubMed, Embase and Web of Science were searched up to January 5, 2019 for cohort studies that evaluated the association of age at menopause and risk of T2DM. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2019.02.001DOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads

Diabetes and depression were not associated in Venezuelan adults: The EVESCAM study, a national cross-sectional sample.

Prim Care Diabetes 2019 Feb 25. Epub 2019 Feb 25.

Foundation for Clinical, Public Health, and Epidemiological Research of Venezuela (FISPEVEN), Caracas, Venezuela; Department of Global Health and Population, Harvard TH Chan School of Public Health, Harvard University, Boston, Massachusetts, USA; South Florida Veterans Affairs Foundation for Research & Education and Geriatric Research, Education and Clinical Center (GRECC), Miami VA Healthcare System, Miami, FL, USA; Department of Physiology, School of Medicine, University Centro-Occidental "Lisandro Alvarado" and Cardio-metabolic Unit 7, Barquisimeto, Venezuela.

Background: Evidence suggests that depression is more common in patients with diabetes than in the general population. However, contradictory results expose controversy in this association.

Objective: To evaluate the relationship between diabetes and depression in a national sample of Venezuelan adults. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2019.01.005DOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads

Real-world impact of ongoing regular exercise in overweight and obese US adults with diabetes on health care utilization and expenses.

Prim Care Diabetes 2019 Feb 23. Epub 2019 Feb 23.

University of South Carolina College of Pharmacy, 715 Sumter Street, Columbia, SC 29208, United States. Electronic address:

Aims: To assess the effect of regular exercise on health care utilization patterns and expenses in a real-world national sample of overweight and obese US adults with diabetes.

Methods: Medical Expenditure Panel Survey data (2010-2015) identified adults with diabetes and a body mass index (kg/m) ≥25. Two groups were created: exercise (moderate or vigorous physical activity >30min at least five times weekly) and non-exercise groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2019.02.003DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Health profile and medication adherence of diabetic patients in the Portuguese population.

Prim Care Diabetes 2019 Feb 21. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Faculty of Medicine - University of Coimbra, Portugal; USF Coimbra Centro, ACES Baixo Mondego, Portugal.

Aims: To understand the psychological and behavioural impact of type 2 diabetes in the Portuguese Primary Care setting.

Methods: Observational, cross-sectional study of a convenience sample of portuguese people diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus. The Diabetes Health Profile (DHP-18) and the Four Item Morisky Medication Adherence Scale (MMAS-4) were applied, as well as socio-demographic and disease-related questions. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S17519918193005
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2019.02.004DOI Listing
February 2019
9 Reads

Leisure time physical activity is associated with better metabolic control in adults with type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus: A cross-sectional study from two public hospitals in Chile.

Prim Care Diabetes 2019 Feb 19. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Department of Physical Education, Sport and Human Movement, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Madrid 28049, Spain; IMDEA Food Institute, CEI UAM + CSIC, Madrid 28049, Spain.

Aim: To examine the association between leisure time physical activity (LTPA) and metabolic control, in adults with diabetes mellitus (DM).

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in two hospitals (Santiago, Chile) with 101 type 1 (mean 34.4±12. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2019.01.009DOI Listing
February 2019

Factors influencing safe glucose-lowering in older adults with type 2 diabetes: A PeRsOn-centred ApproaCh To IndiVidualisEd (PROACTIVE) Glycemic Goals for older people: A position statement of Primary Care Diabetes Europe.

Prim Care Diabetes 2019 Feb 18. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Diabetes Research Centre, University of Leicester, Leicester General Hospital, Gwendolen Road, Leicester, LE5 4PW, United Kingdom.

Diabetes in later life is associated with a range of factors increasing the complexity of glycaemic management. This position statement, developed from an extensive literature review of the subject area, represents a consensus opinion of primary care clinicians and diabetes specialists. It highlights many challenges facing older people living with type 2 diabetes and aims to support primary care clinicians in advocating a comprehensive, holistic approach. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2018.12.005DOI Listing
February 2019

The accuracy evaluation of four blood glucose monitoring systems according to ISO 15197:2003 and ISO 15197:2013 criteria.

Prim Care Diabetes 2019 Feb 12. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Department of Endocrinology, Affiliated Hospital of Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chengdu, Sichuan, China. Electronic address:

Self-monitoring of blood glucose is recommended to monitor glycaemic levels for the prevention and treatment of diabetes mellitus.The accuracy of blood glucose monitoring systems (BGMS) directly affects the health of the patients. In this study, we evaluated the accuracy of four different blood glucose monitoring systems, including Gold-Accu Meter, Nova StatStrip Xpress Glucose Hospital Meter, Freestyle Optium Neo H and Accu-Chek Performa according to ISO15197:2003 and ISO15197:2013 criteria. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S17519918183026
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2018.12.010DOI Listing
February 2019
8 Reads

Total hemoglobin count has significant impact on A1C - Data from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999-2014.

Prim Care Diabetes 2019 Feb 1. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

North Florida Regional Medical Center, Department of Medicine and Graduate Medical Education, Gainesville, FL, United States; University of Central Florida, College of Medicine, Orlando, FL, United States.

Background: Previous study showed A1C was affected by hemoglobin and gender in non-anemic Koreans. However, there was no other data to support those important findings.

Methods: Participants from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) - 1999 to 2014 with age over 12 years were examined. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2019.01.002DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Network meta-analysis of nine large cardiovascular outcome trials of new antidiabetic drugs.

Prim Care Diabetes 2019 Jan 31. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Department of Pharmacy Practice and Science, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, USA.

The aim of this network meta-analysis (NMA) was to indirectly compare the cardiovascular (CV) safety of new antidiabetic medications in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). DATA SYNTHESIS: A search of the Embase and MEDLINE databases was conducted systematically to identify cardiovascular outcome trials (CVOTs) of new antidiabetic medications (DPP-4 inhibitors, GLP-1 agonists and SGLT-2 inhibitors) in patients with T2DM. The primary outcomes were the composite endpoint of CV death, nonfatal MI, and nonfatal stroke (MACE), death from CV causes, nonfatal MI, nonfatal stroke and death from any cause. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2019.01.003DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

Managing hypertension in people of African origin with diabetes: Evaluation of adherence to NICE Guidelines.

Prim Care Diabetes 2019 Jan 28. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Queen Elizabeth Hospital Birmingham, University Hospitals Birmingham NHS Foundation Trust, Birmingham, UK; Institute of Clinical Sciences, University of Birmingham, UK. Electronic address:

Background: The pathophysiology of hypertension in people of African origin differs from other ethnicities. This effect may be exacerbated in people with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), hence control of hypertension is particularly important in this population.

Aims: The primary aim was to evaluate the adherence to National Institute of Clinical Excellence (NICE) guidance (National Guidelines NG28) for hypertension management in African origin patients with T2DM. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2018.12.007DOI Listing
January 2019

Characteristics associated with a diagnosis of prediabetes among the U.S. adult population: Findings from a national survey.

Prim Care Diabetes 2019 Jan 25. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

New York College of Podiatric Medicine, New York, NY, USA. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2018.12.004DOI Listing
January 2019

Sertraline treatment in depressive patients with type 2 diabetes.

Authors:
Tomoyuki Kawada

Prim Care Diabetes 2019 Jan 23. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Department of Hygiene and Public Health, Nippon Medical School, 1-1-5 Sendagi, Bunkyo-Ku, Tokyo 113-8602, Japan. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2018.12.009DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Which patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus are perceived as 'difficult' by general practitioners?

Prim Care Diabetes 2019 Jan 23. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Institute of General Practice (ifam), Medical Faculty, Heinrich-Heine University Düsseldorf, Werdener Str. 4, 40227 Düsseldorf, Germany. Electronic address:

Aims: To find factors that are associated with a general practitioner's (GP's) subjective impression of a patient being 'difficult' within a sample of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).

Methods: Secondary cross-sectional analysis of a cohort of GP patients with T2DM. GP questionnaire on clinical data and GPs' subjective ratings of patient attributes (including 'patient difficulty'). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2019.01.001DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Differences in HbA at the time of diabetes diagnosis in the adult population of Ontario, Canada.

Prim Care Diabetes 2019 Jan 21. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Division of Endocrinology, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address:

Aims: To determine the proportion of adults with HbA≥8.0% (64mmol/mol) at diabetes diagnosis, as an indicator of delayed diagnosis or less intensive screening.

Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional population-level study using clinical, administrative and immigration data from Ontario, Canada. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2018.12.008DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Prevalence of diabetes and frequency of glycated haemoglobin monitoring in Extremadura (Spain) during 2012, 2013 and 2014: An observational study.

Prim Care Diabetes 2019 Jan 7. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Centro de Salud Universitario "La Paz", Unidad Docente de Medicina Familiar y Comunitaria, Servicio Extremeño de Salud, Badajoz, Spain. Electronic address:

Aims: To analyze the prevalence of diabetes and the frequency of haemoglobin A (HbA) monitoring in the population with diabetes in Extremadura (Spain).

Methods: Observational, longitudinal retrospective study in the population attended in the Extremadura Health System in 2012-2014. A total of 403,644 glycated haemoglobin determinations in 189,466 subjects (52. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2018.12.006DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Patients' clinical charecteristics and predictors for diabetic foot amputation.

Prim Care Diabetes 2018 Dec 29. Epub 2018 Dec 29.

Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Gaziantep University School of Medicine, Gaziantep, Turkey.

Introduction: Medical and surgical treatment options are available for patients with diabetic foot ulcers. In more severe cases, amputation decisions are determined by patient comorbidities, performance, imaging studies, and clinical examination results. However, an objective indicator that predicts how this amputation process will end has not yet been clarified. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2018.12.002DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Efficacy of lifestyle interventions in the reversion to normoglycemia in Korean prediabetics: One-year results from a randomised controlled trial.

Prim Care Diabetes 2018 Dec 21. Epub 2018 Dec 21.

Health Promotion Research Institute, Korea Association of Health Promotion, Seoul, Korea.

Aim: This study aimed to determine the efficacy of personalized lifestyle interventions on the reversion of a prediabetic state to normoglycemia compared with regular blood glucose testing alone in prediabetes.

Methods: A randomized, multicenter trial was conducted in prediabetes aged 30-70 with fasting blood glucose level of 5.6-6. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S17519918183033
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2018.11.017DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Health status and quality of life in patients with diabetes in Switzerland.

Prim Care Diabetes 2018 Dec 21. Epub 2018 Dec 21.

Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine (IUMSP), Lausanne University Hospital (CHUV) & Lausanne University (UNIL), Route de la Corniche 10, 1010 Lausanne, Switzerland. Electronic address:

Aims: We aimed to assess the health status and quality of life (QoL) of patients with diabetes and explore the associated factors in a French-speaking region of Switzerland.

Methods: This cross-sectional study analyzed self-reported data from 585 patients with diabetes. We ran univariate and multivariate regressions analyses on health status (Physical and Mental Component Summary scores (PCS, MCS) of the SF-12) and diabetes-specific QoL (ADDQoL score). Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S17519918183008
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2018.11.016DOI Listing
December 2018
8 Reads

Postpartum monitoring of women with a history of gestational diabetes - A cross-sectional study of an inner-city population.

Prim Care Diabetes 2018 Dec 21. Epub 2018 Dec 21.

Leicester Diabetes Centre, Gwendolen Road, Leicester LE5 4PW, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

This was a cross-sectional analysis (1980-2017) in Leicester to examine the proportion of women with a history of gestational diabetes (GDM) who (a) attended the 13-week postpartum screening and (b) attended annual type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) screening and assessed the association between screening rates and sociodemographic factors. We found that women with a history of GDM were not adequately screened for type 2 diabetes in primary care. 62% did not have postpartum screening and 84% did not have the recommended annual screening. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2018.11.010DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Assessing screening instruments and thresholds to detect risk of depression in diabetes patients, a brief report.

Prim Care Diabetes 2018 Dec 20. Epub 2018 Dec 20.

Department of Public Health, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

Over the last decades several self-report instruments have been developed to identify diabetes at risk for depression. In a sample of diabetes outpatients, we assessed the accuracy of three widely-used instruments, and recommend the instruments with the best sensitivity and specificity for identifying diabetes in need of early treatment for depression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2018.11.006DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

Validation of a diabetes knowledge test for Indian children, adolescents and young adults with type 1 diabetes mellitus.

Prim Care Diabetes 2018 Dec 20. Epub 2018 Dec 20.

Department of Endocrinology, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow-226014, Uttar Pradesh, India. Electronic address:

Introduction: Diabetes knowledge has a large impact on glycemic control. There is a pressing need for creation of validated tests of knowledge for different ethnic groups.

Objective: To create and validate a diabetes knowledge test (DKT) for young Indians with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S17519918183042
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2018.12.001DOI Listing
December 2018
20 Reads

Characteristics among adult patients with diabetes who received a foot exam by a health care provider in the past year: An analysis of NHANES 2011-2016.

Prim Care Diabetes 2018 Dec 18. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

New York College of Podiatric Medicine, New York, NY, USA. Electronic address:

Introduction: According to the American Diabetes Association (ADA), patients with diabetes should receive annual foot exams from a HCP to identify and reduce risk factors for ulcers and other complications. Little is known regarding factors that may increase or decrease the likelihood of having an annual foot examination by a health care provider (HCP).

Methods: Cross-sectional analysis of 1830 patients age 20 years and older with a previous diagnosis of diabetes. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S17519918183027
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2018.11.004DOI Listing
December 2018
17 Reads

Management of Low Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol at a primary care diabetes clinic in Kuwait.

Prim Care Diabetes 2018 Dec 18. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

University of Dundee Ninewells Hospital, Dundee, Scotland, UK.

Aims: To evaluate the impact of clinical audit and focused interventions on reducing cardiovascular diseases risk by treating Low Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol (LDL-C) in patients with type 2 diabetes attending a primary care clinic in Kuwait.

Methods: Using LDL as a surrogate for cardiovascular risk, the audit team performed a clinical audit with focus on the care process indicator of statin prescription. The basic audit reviewed 100 patients' medical records retrospectively to assess patients' lipid profiles and statin prescription. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2018.11.003DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Health-related quality of life in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus starting with new glucose lowering drugs: An inception cohort study.

Prim Care Diabetes 2018 Dec 17. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Research Institute for Medicines (iMed.ULisboa), Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Lisbon, Lisboa, Portugal; Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Lisbon, Lisboa, Portugal.

Aims: To assess baseline and change after 26-weeks in health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) initiating one of the new glucose lowering drugs (GLD) in daily practice.

Methods: Inception cohort of patients who initiated one of dipeptidyl peptidase 4 inhibitors (DPP-4), glucagon-like peptide-1 analogues (GLP-1) or sodium-glucose cotransporter inhibitors (SGLT2) drugs. A baseline questionnaire collected socio-demographic and self-reported clinical data. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2018.11.009DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Diabetes mellitus and risk of pancreatic cancer in China: A meta-analysis based on 26 case-control studies.

Prim Care Diabetes 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of General Surgery, Sixth Hospital of Shanxi Medical University, Taiyuan, Shanxi, 030008, China.

Aims: The relationship between diabetes mellitus and pancreatic cancer risk from is uncertain based on the results of existing publications. The current report updated and re-evaluated the possible association between diabetes mellitus and pancreatic cancer risk in China.

Methods: Six databases (PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, the Cochrane Library, the Chinese Biomedical Database, and the Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure) were used for the literature search up to October 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2018.11.015DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Prevention and screening recommendations in type 2 diabetes: Review and critical appraisal of clinical practice guidelines.

Prim Care Diabetes 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

College of Pharmacy, Qatar University, P.O. Box 2713, Doha, Qatar. Electronic address:

The aim of this review was to identify and appraise guidelines reporting recommendations for the screening and prevention of type 2 diabetes. Five guidelines were included for analysis and all were endorsed by national or international organizations. All guidelines were recommended for practice with or without modifications for both prevention and screening. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2018.11.014DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

HbA screening in the community: Lessons for safety and quality management of a point of care programme.

Prim Care Diabetes 2019 04 10;13(2):170-175. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Population Health, University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland 1142, New Zealand. Electronic address:

Aim: To describe quality management processes and appropriate interpretation with respect to HbA point-of-care (POC) testing in a national diabetes and cardiovascular risk screening programme.

Methods: We compared HbA results from capillary blood, measured by the cobas b 101 (Roche Diagnostics) POC testing system, with results from venous blood measured by accredited laboratory analysers to inform national screening practice and a (separately-reported) randomised controlled trial. Difference plots and regressions were used to aid interpretation around 40 and 50mmol/mol, the cut-offs used to identify "pre-diabetes" and diabetes in New Zealand. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2018.11.008DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Arterial Doppler waveform analysis detects more PAD patients in diabetes type 2 but is arterial Doppler waveform analysis standardized?

Prim Care Diabetes 2019 04 10;13(2):189-191. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Univ Rennes, CHU Rennes, INSERM CIC1414, Unité de Médecine Vasculaire, F-35000 Rennes, France. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2018.11.002DOI Listing
April 2019
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Associations between quality of work features in primary health care and glycaemic control in people with Type 2 diabetes mellitus: A nationwide survey.

Prim Care Diabetes 2019 04 10;13(2):176-186. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Centre for Clinical Research Västmanland, Uppsala University, Västerås, Sweden.

Aims: To describe and analyse the associations between primary health care centres' (PHCCs') quality of work (QOW) and individual HbA1c levels in people with Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).

Methods: This cross-sectional study invited all 1152 Swedish PHCCs to answer a questionnaire addressing QOW conditions. Clinical, socio-economic and comorbidity data for 230,958 people with T2DM were linked to data on QOW conditions for 846 (73. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2018.11.005DOI Listing
April 2019
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Prediabetes Risk Evaluation Scoring System [PRESS]: A simplified scoring system for detecting undiagnosed Prediabetes.

Prim Care Diabetes 2019 02 10;13(1):11-15. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Department of Community Medicine, Pt. B. D. Sharma Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Rohtak, Haryana, India.

Objective: To develop a simplified scoring system for detecting undiagnosed prediabetes among healthy adult population of Haryana, India.

Material & Methods: This cross-sectional study was a household survey which involved 892 healthy adults >18year of age who were subjected to an oral glucose tolerance test. Sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive value and area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve and the optimal cut off points for identifying undiagnosed prediabetes were calculated. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S17519918183039
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2018.11.011DOI Listing
February 2019
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Effectiveness of peer led intervention in improvement of clinical outcomes among diabetes mellitus and hypertension patients-A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Prim Care Diabetes 2019 04 8;13(2):158-169. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), Puducherry 605008, India.

Peer-led intervention allows the patients to develop knowledge, skills and confidence in managing their own conditions. Hence this review was done to assess the effectiveness of peer-led intervention in improving the clinical outcomes of DM and HTN patients. We conducted systematic search in Medline, CENTRAL, Sciencedirect and Google-Scholar from inception till May 2018 and retrieved 3654 citations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2018.11.007DOI Listing
April 2019
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Design and implementation of an Omaha System-based integrated nursing management model for patients with newly-diagnosed diabetes.

Prim Care Diabetes 2019 04 27;13(2):142-149. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

The Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University, Medical College of Qingdao University, Qingdao University, 16# Jiangsu Road, Qingdao, Shandong, 266003, China. Electronic address:

Aims: The aim of the present paper was to establish and implement an integrated nursing management model for patients with newly-diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) based on the Omaha System and to explore its impact on blood glucose levels, quality of life, and diabetes knowledge in these patients.

Methods: A non-randomized concurrent controlled trial was designed and the study was conducted in a hospital on the east coast of China between September 2013 and November 2015. We screened for patients with newly-diagnosed T2DM in 12 clinics of 3 comprehensive hospitals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2018.11.001DOI Listing
April 2019
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Predicting risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus in Korean adults aged 40-69 by integrating clinical and genetic factors.

Prim Care Diabetes 2019 02 23;13(1):3-10. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Bio-Age Medical Research Institute, Bio-Age Inc., 644, Bongeunsa-ro, Gangnam-gu, Seoul, 06170, Republic of Korea; College of Korean Medicine, Kyung Hee University, 26, Kyungheedae-ro, Dongdaemun-gu, Seoul, 02447, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Aims: The purpose of our investigation was to identify the genetic and clinical risk factors of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and to predict the incidence of T2DM in Korean adults aged 40-69 at follow-up intervals of 5, 7, and 10years.

Methods: Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study (KoGES) cohort data (n=10,030) were used to develop T2DM prediction models. Both clinical-only and integrated (clinical factors+genetic factors) models were derived using the Cox proportional hazards model. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2018.07.004DOI Listing
February 2019
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Associated factors that influenced persistence with basal analog insulin therapy among people with type 2 diabetes: An exploratory analysis from a UK real-world sample.

Prim Care Diabetes 2019 04 23;13(2):106-112. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Eli Lilly and Company, Basingstoke, UK.

Aim: Real-world effectiveness of insulin therapy is affected by poor treatment persistence, often occurring soon after initiation. An international cross-sectional survey of people with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) has been conducted to describe reasons for non-persistence with insulin therapy.

Methods: Responders to an online survey in 7 countries were classified as continuers (no gap of ≥7days), interrupters (interrupted therapy for ≥7days within first 6 months, then restarted), and discontinuers (terminated therapy for ≥7days within first 6 months, no restart before survey). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2018.09.002DOI Listing
April 2019
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The general public's knowledge of diabetes mellitus: A cross-sectional study in Cameroon.

Prim Care Diabetes 2019 04 22;13(2):97-105. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Department of Medicine, University of Cape Town and Groote Schuur Hospital, Cape Town, South Africa. Electronic address:

Objective: To assess the general public's level of knowledge on diabetes mellitus (DM) and identify related sources of information in Cameroon.

Study Design: This was a cross-sectional study conducted in 2015 in two health facilities in Yaoundé and Edéa.

Methods: We included consenting adults, except health professionals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2018.10.003DOI Listing
April 2019
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GooD4Mum: A general practice-based quality improvement collaborative for diabetes prevention in women with previous gestational diabetes.

Prim Care Diabetes 2019 04 15;13(2):134-141. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

General Internal Medicine Unit, Western Health, Sunshine Hospital, 176 Furlong Rd, St Albans, VIC 3021, Australia; Department of Medicine, Melbourne Medical School - Western Precinct, University of Melbourne, 176 Furlong Rd, St Albans, VIC 3021, Australia. Electronic address:

Aims: Gestational diabetes (GDM) and Type 2 diabetes pose tremendous health and economic burdens as worldwide incidence increases. Primary care-based systematic diabetes screening and prevention programs could be effective in women with previous GDM. GooD4Mum aimed to determine whether a Quality Improvement Collaborative (QIC) would improve postpartum diabetes screening and prevention planning in women with previous GDM in general practice. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S17519918183035
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2018.10.006DOI Listing
April 2019
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Improving quality in cardiometabolic medicine real-world evidence.

Prim Care Diabetes 2019 04 13;13(2):188. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Leicester Real World Evidence Unit, UK Diabetes Research Centre, University of Leicester, United Kingdom.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2018.10.002DOI Listing
April 2019
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Efficacy of a self-management education programme on patients with type 2 diabetes in primary care: A randomised controlled trial.

Prim Care Diabetes 2019 04 6;13(2):122-133. Epub 2018 Nov 6.

Osakidetza, Donostialdea Integrated Health Organization, Alza Health Centre, Paseo de Larratxo 95, 20017 San Sebastián, Spain; Kronikgune-Research Centre on Chronicity, Torre del BEC, Ronda de Azkue, 1, 48902 Barakaldo, Bizkaia, Spain; Biodonostia Health Research Institute, Paseo Doctor Begiristain, 20014 San Sebastián, Spain. Electronic address:

Aim: The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy of the Spanish Diabetes Self-Management Program (SDSMP) versus usual care in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) residing in a Spanish region.

Methods: A two-year follow-up randomised controlled trial. The intervention consisted of 6 weekly structured peer-to-peer workshops. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S17519918183018
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2018.10.001DOI Listing
April 2019
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PAIT-survey-Prevalence of albuminuria in patients with diabetes and hypertension in Turkey.

Prim Care Diabetes 2018 12 14;12(6):558-564. Epub 2018 Oct 14.

Catedra de Riesgo Cardiovascular, Universidad de Salamanca, Salamanca, Spain. Electronic address:

Background: Albuminuria is an early marker of kidney disease in patients with diabetes and/or hypertension undetected or untreated albuminuria is a leading cause of chronic kidney disease and cardiovascular events, The purpose of the present survey was to assess the prevalence of albuminuria in patients with diabetes and hypertension, treated with a combinations of renin angiotensin aldosterone system inhibitors and dihydropyridine calcium channel blockers.

Methods: The survey was performed in 105 Primary Care Units in Turkey and involved outpatients, routinely visited by either a specialist or a non-specialist physician. Albuminuria was evaluated in a spot morning urine sample, as albumin-creatinine ratio, using the Multistic-Clinitek-device analyzer (Siemens), that has a strong correlation with 24-h urinary albumin excretion. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S17519918183031
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2018.08.008DOI Listing
December 2018
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Impact of sertraline on weight, waist circumference and glycemic control: A prospective clinical trial on depressive diabetic type 2 patients.

Prim Care Diabetes 2019 02 2;13(1):57-62. Epub 2018 Oct 2.

Ibn Oumrane Psychiatry Department, Razi Hospital, Manouba, Tunisia; Faculty of Medecine, Tunis El Manar University, Tunisia.

Aim: Depression is prevalent in patients with type 2 diabetes. It may have a negative impact on the management of diabetes mellitus and could affect weight. The main aim of the investigation was to evaluate the effect of antidepressant treatment (sertraline) on anthropometric variables and glycemic control in depressed type 2 diabetic patients. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S17519918183019
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2018.09.003DOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads