2,416 results match your criteria Primary Care: Clinics in Office Practice [Journal]


Breast Cancer Screening: Why Can't Everyone Agree?

Prim Care 2019 Mar 22;46(1):97-115. Epub 2018 Dec 22.

Research Family Medicine Residency, 6675 Holmes Road, Suite 450, Kansas City, MO 64131, USA.

Screening mammography and evolving treatments have improved mortality over the last 25 years. However, breast cancer remains the second leading cause of cancer-related mortality for women in the United States. There are several contradictory recommendations regarding breast cancer screening. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pop.2018.10.010DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read
0.833 Impact Factor

Geriatrics Screening and Assessment.

Prim Care 2019 Mar 22;46(1):85-96. Epub 2018 Dec 22.

Department of Integrated Medical Science, Florida Atlantic University, Charles E. Schmidt College of Medicine, 777 Glades Road, BC 71, Boca Raton, FL 33431, USA.

Geriatric screening and assessment allows clinicians to care for older patients in an efficient, patient-centered manner. This framework includes standard screening questions that may trigger the use of standard geriatric assessment tools and/or other interventions. Additionally, it serves to complement the history and physical examination, and is critical for maximizing the health, function, safety, and quality of life of older patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pop.2018.10.009DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Pediatric Screening: Development, Anemia, and Lead.

Prim Care 2019 Mar 22;46(1):69-84. Epub 2018 Dec 22.

Division of Pediatrics, Department of Integrated Medical Sciences, Charles E. Schmidt College of Medicine, Florida Atlantic University, 777 Glades Road, Building 71, Boca Raton, FL 33431, USA.

Screening and prevention are important components of general pediatric health care. Infants and young children should be screened for iron deficiency anemia, lead poisoning, and developmental disorders as essential parts of the well-child visit. Developmental and behavioral screening early in childhood is necessary to identify developmental delays and facilitate timely treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pop.2018.10.008DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Immunizations.

Prim Care 2019 Mar 22;46(1):53-68. Epub 2018 Dec 22.

Department of Primary Care, Rocky Vista University College of Osteopathic Medicine-Southern Utah, 255 East Center Street, Ivins, UT 84738, USA.

Vaccination is one of the most effective preventative health measures in modern times. It has positively affected the incidence and prevalence of a myriad of diseases, as well as improved both their morbidity and mortality. It is essential that health care providers understand the value of this intervention, promote comprehensive immunization coverage within their community, and recognize the underlying principles that guide decisions regarding vaccination. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pop.2018.10.007DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

The Screening and Prevention of Diabetes Mellitus.

Prim Care 2019 Mar 22;46(1):41-52. Epub 2018 Dec 22.

Department of Integrated Medical Sciences, Charles E. Schmidt College of Medicine, Florida Atlantic University, 777 Glades Road, 71-140, Boca Raton, FL 33498, USA.

Type 2 diabetes mellitus is among the most common diseases seen in primary care practices and can lead to significant complications. Furthermore, more than 7 million Americans are unaware that they even have the disease. This article reviews the screening guidelines and prevention strategies for type 2 diabetes mellitus and discusses the risks and benefits of screening. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pop.2018.10.006DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Prevention of Hypertension Related to Cardiovascular Disease.

Prim Care 2019 Mar 22;46(1):27-39. Epub 2018 Dec 22.

Charles E. Schmidt College of Medicine, Florida Atlantic University, 777 Glades Road, ME-104, Room 213, Boca Raton, FL 33431, USA. Electronic address:

Hypertension, among the common conditions encountered in primary care, is known to have a causal link with cardiovascular disease. With new thresholds for diagnosing hypertension, its prevalence is expected to increase. Currently, a high percentage of patients have suboptimal or inadequately controlled blood pressure, thus placing them at risk for cardiovascular disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pop.2018.10.005DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Update on Osteoporosis.

Prim Care 2019 Mar 24;46(1):175-190. Epub 2018 Dec 24.

Department of Family Medicine, Family Medicine Residency Program, Beaumont Health Troy, 44250 Dequindre Road, Sterling Heights, MI 48314, USA.

Osteoporosis is often a silent disease that reveals itself at the time of a fracture. Assessing risk factors and applying appropriate screening guidelines in the population at risk can potentially decrease the looming high disease burden in the United States. FRAX is a validated tool that can be used to determine 10-year fracture risk to assist in medical decision making. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pop.2018.10.014DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Screening for Sexually Transmitted Diseases.

Prim Care 2019 Mar 24;46(1):157-173. Epub 2018 Dec 24.

Residency in General Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Florida Department of Health, Palm Beach County, 800 Clematis, West Palm Beach, FL 33401, USA.

This article discusses sexually transmitted infections (STI) screening and focuses on reportable STIs. This includes gonorrhea, chlamydia, syphilis, and human immunodeficiency virus. Hepatitis B and C, trichomonas, and herpes are covered as well. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pop.2018.10.013DOI Listing
March 2019
4 Reads

Prostate Cancer Screening: Shared Decision-Making for Screening and Treatment.

Prim Care 2019 Mar 24;46(1):149-155. Epub 2018 Dec 24.

Department of Family Medicine, MUSC, 5 Charleston Center, Suite 263, MSC #192, Charleston, SC 29425-0192, USA.

Prostate cancer screening has generated immense interest and controversy in recent years. This article evaluates issues in current prostate cancer pathologic patterns, epidemiology, and screening. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00954543183010
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pop.2018.10.012DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Colorectal Cancer Screening.

Prim Care 2019 Mar;46(1):135-148

Residency in Family Medicine, Lakeside Medical Center, 39200 Hooker Highway, Belle Glade, FL 33430, USA.

This article focuses on programmatic and opportunistic colorectal cancer screening. The pathogenesis and risk factors for colon cancer are discussed. Specific screening tests, screening in high-risk groups, and surveillance recommendations are reviewed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pop.2018.11.001DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Prescription of Aspirin and Statins in Primary Prevention.

Prim Care 2019 Mar;46(1):13-25

Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, The Harvard Medical School, Brigham and Women's Hospital, 45 Francis Street, Boston, MA 02115, USA.

The increasing burden of cardiovascular disease worldwide, including the United States, underscores the need for the more widespread use of adjunctive drug therapies of proven net benefit in the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease. These include aspirin to reduce mortality from cardiovascular disease, statins to lower LDL-cholesterol levels, appropriate use of multiple antihypertensive drug therapies to lower blood pressure, and aggressive multifactorial management of diabetes. This article reviews randomized evidence to provide guidance to primary care providers regarding the use of adjunctive drug therapies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pop.2018.10.004DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Cervical Cancer and Its Precursors: A Preventative Approach to Screening, Diagnosis, and Management.

Prim Care 2019 Mar 22;46(1):117-134. Epub 2018 Dec 22.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of California, Davis, Davis, CA, USA.

Cervical cancer affects the cells lining the cervix, most commonly occurring in the cells of the transformation zone. Screening for cervical cancer looks to detect preinvasive disease, allowing for intervention before invasive disease develops. an assessment of individual risk factors, Selection of screening method depends on patient age, her screening history and results, and resources available. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00954543183009
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pop.2018.10.011DOI Listing
March 2019
10 Reads

Lifestyle Changes for Disease Prevention.

Prim Care 2019 Mar 22;46(1):1-12. Epub 2018 Dec 22.

Department of Family Medicine, Rowan University School of Osteopathic Medicine, 42 East Laurel Road, Suite 2100A, Stratford, NJ 08084, USA.

In primary care, physicians have the opportunity to address preventative causes of morbidity and mortality. Primary care physicians have a distinct opportunity to provide counseling regarding lifestyle changes and disease prevention in a variety of settings, both during the treatment of acute illnesses and with wellness examinations. Questions from patients regarding specific recommendations and interventions are common. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pop.2018.10.003DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Optimizing Women's Health in Primary Care.

Prim Care 2018 12;45(4):xiii-xiv

Family Medicine, Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Washington, 4311 11th Avenue Northeast, Suite 210, Box 354982, Seattle, WA 98105, USA. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pop.2018.10.001DOI Listing
December 2018
13 Reads

Emerging Challenges and Opportunities in Women's Health.

Prim Care 2018 12;45(4):xi-xii

Departments of Family Medicine and Urology, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI 48103, USA; Ypsilanti Health Center, 200 Arnet, Suite 200, Ypsilanti, MI 48198, USA. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pop.2018.10.002DOI Listing
December 2018
17 Reads

Medication-Assisted Treatment Considerations for Women with Opiate Addiction Disorders.

Prim Care 2018 Dec 5;45(4):731-742. Epub 2018 Oct 5.

Department of Family Medicine, the Larner College of Medicine at the University of Vermont, 235 Rowell, 106 Carrigan Drive, Burlington, VT 05405, USA.

Opioid addiction rates are at a national high, with significant morbidity and mortality. In women, rates have been steadily increasing to be at par with addiction rates in men. Women tend to have quicker addiction and shorter duration to adverse outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pop.2018.08.002DOI Listing
December 2018
11 Reads

Integrative Health for Women.

Prim Care 2018 Dec 4;45(4):719-729. Epub 2018 Oct 4.

Department of Internal Medicine, University of New Mexico School of Medicine, UNM Health Sciences Center, 1 University of New Mexico, MSC10 5550, Albuquerque, NM 87131-0001, USA.

Integrative Medicine is a model of health care that combines both conventional and unconventional therapies that serve the whole person and focus on prevention and whole health. Women are the highest utilizers of health care and Integrative Medicine for a variety of reasons. Integrative Medicine represents a more "female energy" in the field of medicine, which is needed even more today as health care moves toward value-based care and out of high-cost and high-harm care. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pop.2018.07.009DOI Listing
December 2018
13 Reads

Plastic Surgery for Women.

Prim Care 2018 Dec;45(4):705-717

Department of Family Medicine, University of Kansas School of Medicine, 3901 Rainbow Boulevard, Kansas City, KS 66160, USA. Electronic address:

Plastic surgery is a broad field, including maxillofacial surgery, reconstruction after injuries, hand surgery, and skin flaps and grafts, but the most common procedures for women are liposuction and body contouring, breast surgery, and facial cosmetic procedures. Techniques of face and brow lifts, blepharoplasty, and rhinoplasty are discussed as well as botulinum toxin and filler injections, and laser and pulsed light techniques that may delay or eliminate the need for surgery. Comparison of the surgeries for breast reconstruction, reduction, augmentation, and mastopexy is discussed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pop.2018.07.008DOI Listing
December 2018
21 Reads

Best Practices in Transgender Health: A Clinician's Guide.

Prim Care 2018 Dec 5;45(4):687-703. Epub 2018 Oct 5.

Department of Community and Family Medicine, Duke University School of Medicine, 2100 Erwin Road, Durham, NC 27710, USA.

Providing culturally competent and medically knowledgeable care to the transgender community is increasingly falling within the realms of practice for primary care providers. The purpose of this article is to provide an overview of best practices as they relate to transgender care. This article is by no means a comprehensive guide, but rather a starting point for clinicians as they provide high-quality care to their transgender patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pop.2018.07.007DOI Listing
December 2018
12 Reads

Women's Health and the Military.

Prim Care 2018 Dec 4;45(4):677-686. Epub 2018 Oct 4.

Department of Family Medicine, F. Edward Hebert School of Medicine, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, 4301 Jones Bridge Road, Bethesda, MD 20814, USA. Electronic address:

Approximately 1.8 million American women are veterans of the Armed Services, and an additional 200,000 women are currently serving on active duty. With the increasing number of women in the military, there has been an increase in the number of women who have faced prolonged deployment in combat environments. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pop.2018.07.006DOI Listing
December 2018
43 Reads

Cancer Survivor Health Needs for Women.

Prim Care 2018 Dec;45(4):659-676

Department of Family Medicine, WVU Eastern Campus, 2500 Foundation Way, Martinsburg, WV 25401, USA.

As a result of better diagnostics and treatment of cancer, the number of survivors is on the rise. Health care needs for female cancer survivors encompass several domains that include surveillance, prevention, management of short/long-term side effects of cancer, and cancer therapy. Primary care health providers (PCHPs) can play an important role in their health care. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00954543183006
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pop.2018.07.005DOI Listing
December 2018
11 Reads

Bone Health in Women.

Prim Care 2018 Dec 4;45(4):643-657. Epub 2018 Oct 4.

Primary Care Sports Medicine Fellowship, North Shore University HealthSystem, University of Chicago Pritzker School of Medicine, 920 North Milwaukee Avenue, Lincolnshire, IL 60069, USA.

Bone health is critical to overall health and quality of life. Although genetic factors play a key role in bone formation, there are several external factors that can be modified to preserve bone health. Diet, exercise, menstrual irregularities, medications, disease states, weight, and environmental factors can all affect fracture risk. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pop.2018.07.011DOI Listing
December 2018
10 Reads

Menopause.

Prim Care 2018 Dec 5;45(4):625-641. Epub 2018 Oct 5.

Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, 1100 Delaplaine, Madison, WI 53715, USA.

The menopausal transition is a time when many physical and psychological changes are occurring for women. Women may experience irregular menses, vasomotor symptoms, sleep disruption, mood disorders as well as genitourinary symptoms. Despite irregular menstrual cycles, some women can still conceive. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pop.2018.08.001DOI Listing
December 2018
10 Reads

Female Athlete Triad.

Prim Care 2018 Dec 4;45(4):615-624. Epub 2018 Oct 4.

KentuckyOne Health, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY, USA; Department of Family and Geriatric Medicine, Centers for Primary Care, University of Louisville, 215 Central Avenue, Suite 205, Louisville, KY 40208, USA.

The female athlete triad is a condition seen in physically active female athletes, consisting of low energy availability, menstrual dysfunction, and low bone mineral density. The condition should be viewed as a metabolic injury. It can have an impact on female athletes at any age or level. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pop.2018.07.004DOI Listing
December 2018
16 Reads

Providing Abortion Services in the Primary Care Setting.

Prim Care 2018 Dec;45(4):599-613

Family Medicine, University of Washington, 4311 11th Avenue Northeast, Suite 210, Box 354982, Seattle, WA 98105, USA; Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Washington, 4311 11th Avenue Northeast, Suite 210, Box 354982, Seattle, WA 98105, USA.

Patients commonly present with unintended pregnancy in the primary care setting, and 1 in 4 women has an abortion in her lifetime. Early abortion services can be safely provided in the primary care setting. Abortion options provided in primary care settings include both medication abortion and early uterine aspiration abortion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pop.2018.07.010DOI Listing
December 2018
10 Reads

Being Reproductive.

Prim Care 2018 Dec 5;45(4):587-598. Epub 2018 Oct 5.

Department of Family Medicine, The Ohio State University, 2231 North High Street, Columbus, OH 43201, USA.

Women's reproductive health maintenance begins in the early years of growth and development. Routine care is the basis for early detection of menstrual dysfunction and delays or acceleration of physical development. Patients and their families may not address menstruation concerns because of the sensitive nature of the topic, the patient's self-conscious attitudes, and the parent's apprehension. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pop.2018.07.003DOI Listing
December 2018
11 Reads

Infectious Disease Topics for Primary Care.

Authors:
Michael A Malone

Prim Care 2018 09;45(3):xv-xvi

Tidelands Health/ MUSC Family Medicine Residency Program, Murrells Inlet, SC 29576, USA; 4320 Holmestown Road, Myrtle Beach, SC 29588, USA. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pop.2018.07.001DOI Listing
September 2018
17 Reads

"Tick, Tick, Tick…".

Prim Care 2018 09;45(3):xiii-xiv

Departments of Family Medicine and Urology, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI 48103, USA; Ypsilanti Health Center, 200 Arnet, Suite 200, Ypsilanti, MI 48198, USA. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pop.2018.07.002DOI Listing
September 2018
2 Reads

Infections During Pregnancy.

Prim Care 2018 Sep 9;45(3):567-586. Epub 2018 Jul 9.

Department of Family and Community Medicine, Penn State College of Medicine, 500 University Drive, Hershey, PA 17033, USA.

Several infections have unique consequences or considerations in pregnancy. Some common infections such as urinary tract infections, influenza, sexually transmitted diseases, and vaginitis affect pregnant women differently than the general population, can cause pregnancy complications, and require treatments that are safe in pregnancy. Infections such as hepatitis B and C and human immunodeficiency virus can be transmitted vertically and therefore management focuses on decreasing perinatal transmission. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pop.2018.05.013DOI Listing
September 2018
9 Reads

Approach to Aquatic Skin Infections.

Prim Care 2018 Sep 9;45(3):555-566. Epub 2018 Jul 9.

Department of Internal Medicine, Mayo School of Medicine, 4500 San Pablo Road, Jacksonville, FL 32224, USA.

Aquatic-based infections can present a treatment challenge for primary care physicians because of the likely polymicrobial nature of the infection and the possibility of uncommon pathogenic organisms. Although Staphylococcus and Streptococcus species that colonize the skin are the most common etiologic agents associated with saltwater and freshwater skin and soft tissue infections, other significant pathogens can include Vibrio, Aeromonas, Edwardsiella, Erysipelothrix, and Mycobacterium. Early detection and appropriate management of aquatic infections can significantly decrease morbidity and mortality. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pop.2018.05.010DOI Listing
September 2018
4 Reads

Health Guidelines for Travel Abroad.

Prim Care 2018 Sep;45(3):541-554

Family Medicine Residency Program, Loma Linda University, 1200 California Street, Suite 240 Redlands, CA 92374, USA.

Most travel medical care is provided by patients' primary care physicians; only 10% of international travelers visit a travel clinic. The main purposes for travel include vacationing, visiting friends and family, business, and for educational purposes. The purposes of the pretravel consultation are to estimate risk and provide recommendations to mitigate risk. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00954543183004
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pop.2018.05.012DOI Listing
September 2018
14 Reads

Role of Complementary and Alternative Therapies in Infectious Disease.

Prim Care 2018 Sep 9;45(3):533-539. Epub 2018 Jul 9.

Department of Family and Community Medicine, Penn State University College of Medicine, Penn State Hershey Medical Group, 476 Rolling Ridge Drive, #101, State College, PA 16801, USA.

Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is increasingly being used in Western countries despite the lack of conclusive research studies. Several CAM modalities have only shown variable therapeutic efficacy in infectious disease management. Clinicians should be familiar with these therapies in order to advise patients about alternative therapeutic options when treating infections. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pop.2018.05.009DOI Listing
September 2018
14 Reads

Common Gastrointestinal Infections.

Prim Care 2018 Sep 9;45(3):519-532. Epub 2018 Jul 9.

Delaware Valley Infectious Disease Associates, 100 East Lancaster Avenue, MOB East Suite 556, Wynnewood, PA 19096, USA.

Gastrointestinal infections account for a large burden of acute and chronic disease, with diarrhea being the most common manifestation. Most cases are due to viruses, with norovirus being the most common, whereas bacteria and parasites are also important contributors to acute and chronic gastrointestinal infections and their sequelae. Nontyphoidal Salmonella species cause the most hospitalizations and deaths in the United States. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pop.2018.05.008DOI Listing
September 2018
2 Reads

Central Nervous System Infections.

Prim Care 2018 Sep 9;45(3):505-518. Epub 2018 Jul 9.

Department of Family, Internal and Rural Medicine, The University of Alabama, 850 Peter Bryce Boulevard, Box 870377, Tuscaloosa, AL 35401, USA. Electronic address:

Infections of the nervous system are potential life-threatening and are caused by pathogens such as bacteria, viruses, and fungi. Prompt recognition and treatment of a central nervous system (CNS) infection is crucial for patient survival, as these infections have a high morbidity and mortality. CNS infections include meningitis, encephalitis, and brain abscesses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pop.2018.05.007DOI Listing
September 2018
7 Reads

Guidelines for the Evaluation and Treatment of Pneumonia.

Prim Care 2018 Sep;45(3):485-503

Department of Family Medicine, University of Illinois at Chicago, 1919 West Taylor Street, Chicago, IL 60612, USA.

Pneumonia is a common cause of respiratory infection, accounting for more than 800,000 hospitalizations in the United States annually. Presenting symptoms of pneumonia are typically cough, pleuritic chest pain, fever, fatigue, and loss of appetite. Children and the elderly have different presenting features of pneumonia, which include headache, nausea, abdominal pain, and absence of one or more of the prototypical symptoms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pop.2018.04.001DOI Listing
September 2018
4 Reads

Emergence of Global Antibiotic Resistance.

Prim Care 2018 Sep;45(3):467-484

Department of Family, Internal, and Rural Medicine, College of Community Health Sciences, The University of Alabama Family Medicine Residency, 850 Peter Bryce Boulevard, Tuscaloosa, AL 35401, USA. Electronic address:

Antibiotic resistance is a worldwide phenomenon and a global public health crisis. The inappropriate use of antibiotics in the human, animal, food, and agricultural arenas have contributed to the current dilemma. Both gram-positive and gram-negative resistant bacteria have been deemed serious and urgent threats by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pop.2018.05.006DOI Listing
September 2018
12 Reads

Urinary Tract Infection Antibiotic Resistance in the United States.

Prim Care 2018 Sep 9;45(3):455-466. Epub 2018 Jul 9.

Department of Family Medicine, Mayo Clinic Florida, 4500 San Pablo Road, Jacksonville, FL 32224, USA.

Urinary tract infection (UTI) is one of the most common entities in medicine and affected patients present daily in a typical family medicine practice. The patients often present with the "classic symptoms" of dysuria and increased frequency, but sometimes they are asymptomatic or have a mixed picture. In most cases, an antibiotic is prescribed, and this practice is likely contributing to increasing worldwide antibiotic resistance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pop.2018.05.005DOI Listing
September 2018
3 Reads

Skin Infections.

Prim Care 2018 Sep;45(3):433-454

Department of Family Medicine, Tidelands Health MUSC Family Medicine Residency Program, 4320 Holmestown Road, Myrtle Beach, SC 29588, USA.

The primary care provider will commonly see skin and soft tissue infections in the outpatient setting. Skin and soft tissue infections range from the uncomplicated impetigo to the potentially lethal necrotizing fasciitis. This article reviews these infections based on their underlying etiology: bacterial, fungal, and viral causes. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00954543183004
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pop.2018.05.004DOI Listing
September 2018
29 Reads

Pertussis: The Whooping Cough.

Prim Care 2018 Sep;45(3):423-431

Department of Family Medicine, Loma Linda University, 1200 California Street, Suite 240, Redlands, CA 92374, USA.

Bordetella pertussis can cause serious and potentially fatal complications, especially in very young infants. Early diagnosis and treatment of pertussis with a macrolide antibiotic, such as azithromycin, before the paroxysmal stage of disease can help mitigate complications and reduce the spread of this highly contagious disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pop.2018.05.003DOI Listing
September 2018
24 Reads

Mite and Bed Bug Infections.

Prim Care 2018 Sep;45(3):409-421

Family Medicine, Penn Highlands Healthcare, 100 Hospital Avenue, Dubois, PA 15801, USA.

Patients with suspected bites or skin rashes regularly present to their primary care physician. Common mite infections encountered in the primary care office include scabies, chiggers, grain itch, and allergic responses from dust mites. In fact, scabies is one of the 50 most prevalent diseases worldwide. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00954543183003
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pop.2018.05.002DOI Listing
September 2018
18 Reads

Mosquito-Borne Diseases.

Prim Care 2018 Sep;45(3):393-407

Department of Family Medicine, Loma Linda University School of Medicine, 1200 California Street, Suite 240, Redlands, CA 92374, USA.

Mosquito-borne diseases have become more common as previously geographically isolated diseases have spread globally. Chikungunya, dengue, Japanese encephalitis, malaria, West Nile, yellow fever, and Zika are a few of the common and emerging viral diseases spread by mosquitoes. A thorough patient history, physical, and knowledge of diagnostic testing based on symptom duration is important to make a quick and accurate diagnosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pop.2018.05.001DOI Listing
September 2018
7 Reads

Tick-Borne Illnesses in the United States.

Prim Care 2018 Sep 9;45(3):379-391. Epub 2018 Jul 9.

Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic, 4500 San Pablo Road S, Jacksonville, FL 32224, USA.

Close interaction with nature can lead to tick-borne illnesses, which are seen most frequently in primary care clinics when patients present symptoms. Considerable morbidity can result from untreated infections. Fortunately, these illnesses are often easily managed when diagnosed early. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00954543183004
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pop.2018.05.011DOI Listing
September 2018
29 Reads

Rheumatic Diseases: Beyond the Musculoskeletal System.

Prim Care 2018 06;45(2):xiii-xiv

Rheumatology Fellowship, San Antonio Military Medical Center, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, 3551 Roger Brooke Drive, MCHE-ZDM-R, San Antonio, TX 78234-4504, USA. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pop.2018.03.001DOI Listing
June 2018
4 Reads

Approach to Osteoarthritis Management for the Primary Care Provider.

Authors:
Thomas W Schmidt

Prim Care 2018 Jun;45(2):361-378

Department of Rheumatology, David Grant Medical Center, 101 Bodin Circle, Travis AFB, CA 94535, USA. Electronic address:

Osteoarthritis is the most common joint disease in the world today. Patients will present for evaluation and treatment to primary care providers on a regular basis. A general understanding of its pathogenesis, risk factors, diagnosis, and treatment is imperative. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pop.2018.02.009DOI Listing
June 2018
5 Reads

Autoimmunity Mimics: Infection and Malignancy.

Prim Care 2018 Jun;45(2):343-360

Rheumatology Service, U.S. Air Force, Medical Corps, Walter Reed National Military Medical Center, Uniformed Services University, 4301 Jones Bridge Road, Bethesda, MD 20814-4799, USA.

Musculoskeletal rheumatic syndromes are commonly encountered in the primary care setting. A plethora of commonly encountered and rare infectious agents can produce osteoarticular and soft tissue manifestations. Likewise, malignancies may manifest rheumatic symptoms via direct tumor invasion or paraneoplastic effects. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00954543183001
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pop.2018.02.012DOI Listing
June 2018
10 Reads

Fibromyalgia in Primary Care.

Authors:
Jay B Higgs

Prim Care 2018 Jun;45(2):325-341

Brooke Army Medical Center, MCHE-ZDM-MDR, Brooke Army Medical Center, 3551 Roger Brooke Drive, JBSA Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234-4504, USA. Electronic address:

Fibromyalgia is a common disorder and has substantial impact on quality of life. The cause remains unknown, but current evidence points to multifactorial involvement of pain processing. Clinical diagnosis is aided by evidence-based diagnostic criteria with subscores for widespread pain and symptom severity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pop.2018.02.008DOI Listing
June 2018
5 Reads

Primary Care Vasculitis: Polymyalgia Rheumatica and Giant Cell Arteritis.

Authors:
Mathilde H Pioro

Prim Care 2018 Jun;45(2):305-323

Department of Rheumatology, Orthopedic and Rheumatologic Institute, Cleveland Clinic, 9500 Euclid Avenue A50, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA; Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine of Case Western Reserve University, 9500 Euclid Avenue A50, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA. Electronic address:

Polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) and giant cell arteritis (GCA) are related inflammatory diseases of adults aged 50 years or older. The diagnosis of PMR is based on morning stiffness, proximal shoulder and pelvic girdle pain, and functional impairment. GCA is characterized by headache, jaw claudication, and visual disturbances. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pop.2018.02.007DOI Listing
June 2018
7 Reads

Common Soft Tissue Musculoskeletal Pain Disorders.

Prim Care 2018 Jun;45(2):289-303

Rheumatology Fellowship, San Antonio Uniformed Services Health Education Consortium (SAUSHEC), Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, San Antonio Military Medical Center, 3551 Roger Brooke Drive, San Antonio, TX 78234, USA.

Soft tissue musculoskeletal pain disorders are common in the primary care setting. Early recognition and diagnosis of these syndromes minimizes patient pain and disability. This article gives a brief overview of the most common soft tissue musculoskeletal pain syndromes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pop.2018.02.006DOI Listing
June 2018
18 Reads

The Seronegative Spondyloarthropathies.

Prim Care 2018 Jun;45(2):271-287

Department of Rheumatology, Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center, 1 Medical Center Drive, Lebanon, NH 03756, USA. Electronic address:

The seronegative spondyloarthropathies are a group of five diseases characterized by inflammatory oligoarticular arthritis, enthesitis, and axial involvement. They have an increased incidence of the HLA-B27 gene. They are commonly associated with extra-articular features including involvement of the skin, eyes, and gastrointestinal tract. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pop.2018.02.005DOI Listing
June 2018
9 Reads

Systemic Lupus Erythematosus for Primary Care.

Authors:
Ruba Kado

Prim Care 2018 Jun;45(2):257-270

Division of Rheumatology, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan, Suite 7C27 North Ingalls Building, 300 North Ingalls SPC 5422, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-5422, USA. Electronic address:

Systemic lupus erythematosus is a chronic autoimmune condition with variable organ system involvement; manifestations can range from mild to potentially life threatening. Early diagnosis is important, as progression of disease can be halted. Diagnosis is made by review of signs and symptoms, imaging, and serology. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pop.2018.02.011DOI Listing
June 2018
5 Reads