410 results match your criteria Preventive Cardiology [Journal]


Will increasing referral to cardiac rehabilitation improve participation?

Prev Cardiol 2010 ;13(4):192-201

Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

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June 2011
2 Reads

The thiazolidinedione controversy in cardiovascular risk.

Authors:
Philip R Liebson

Prev Cardiol 2010 ;13(4):209-12

Rush University Medical Center, Chicago IL, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-7141.2010.00082.xDOI Listing
June 2011
1 Read

Move more, sit less: a first-line, public health preventive strategy?

Prev Cardiol 2010 ;13(4):203-8

Cardiac Rehabilitation Program and Exercise Laboratories, Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, William Beaumont Hospital, Royal Oak, MI, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-7141.2010.00075.xDOI Listing
June 2011
2 Reads

Subclinical atherosclerosis: evolving role of carotid intima-media thickness.

Prev Cardiol 2010 ;13(4):186-97

Department of Cardiovascular Diseases, Mayo Clinic Scottsdale, Scottsdale, AZ, USA.

Cardiovascular risk factors have utility in risk prediction but have limitations in predicting individual risk. Identifying an individual's risk remains a challenge. Emerging technologies such as carotid artery ultrasonography and measures of carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) may be useful in identifying the susceptible patient who may benefit from more aggressive preventive therapy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-7141.2010.00072.xDOI Listing
June 2011
2 Reads

Patient-related diet and exercise counseling: do providers' own lifestyle habits matter?

Prev Cardiol 2010 16;13(4):180-5. Epub 2010 Aug 16.

Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

The goal of this research was to evaluate the personal health behaviors of physicians in training and attending physicians in association with patient-related lifestyle counseling. Physicians at a major teaching hospital were surveyed regarding their personal lifestyle behavior, perceived confidence, and frequency of counseling patients regarding lifestyle behaviors. One hundred eighty-three total responses were received. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-7141.2010.00079.xDOI Listing
June 2011
5 Reads

Is acute high-dose secondhand smoke exposure always harmful to microvascular function in healthy adults?

Prev Cardiol 2010 ;13(4):175-9

Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

Prev Cardiol. Long-term exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS) is associated with impaired vascular function. The authors investigated the vascular and blood pressure (BP) reactions to acute SHS exposure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-7141.2010.00074.xDOI Listing
June 2011
6 Reads

Association of warfarin use with CHADS(2) score in 441 patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation and no contraindications to warfarin.

Prev Cardiol 2010 ;13(4):172-4

Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, New York Medical College, Valhalla, NY, USA.

The authors investigated the use of warfarin at hospital discharge in 557 consecutive patients, mean age 76 years, with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (AF) at a university hospital. Of 557 patients with AF, 116 (21%) had contraindications to warfarin. Of patients eligible for warfarin, warfarin was used in 8 of 30 patients (27%) with a CHADS(2) score of 0, in 82 of 132 patients (62%) with a CHADS(2) score of 1, in 121 of 175 patients (70%) with a CHADS(2) score of 2, in 72 of 77 patients (94%) with a CHADS(2) score of 3, and in 27 of 27 patients (100%) with a CHADS(2) score of 4 to 6. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-7141.2010.00073.xDOI Listing
June 2011
6 Reads

Risk factors for subclinical carotid atherosclerosis among current smokers.

Prev Cardiol 2010 ;13(4):166-71

University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, WI, USA.

This study characterized the determinants of carotid atherosclerosis in a large contemporary sample of current smokers. Associations between risk factors, carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT), and carotid plaque presence were determined by multivariable regression. Participants included 1504 current smokers (58% female) who were a median (interquartile range) of 44. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-7141.2010.00068.xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3276243PMC
June 2011
2 Reads

Biomarkers for coronary heart disease clinical risk prediction: a critical appraisal. Counterpoint.

Prev Cardiol 2010 ;13(4):160-5

Departments of Medicine, Northwestern University, Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL, USA.

The following Point/Counterpoint articles were derived from a debate presentation sponsored by the American Society for Preventive Cardiology at the March 2010 meeting of the American Heart Association Council on Epidemiology and Prevention, titled "Should We Focus on Novel Risk Marker and Screening Tests to Better Predict and Prevent Cardiovascular Disease?" Dr. James de Lemos presented the pro side, titled "Novel Risk Markers and Screening Tests Will Improve the Prediction and PRevention of Cardiovascular Disease," and Dr. Donald Lloyd-Jones advocated the con side, titled "Better Implementation of Existing Knowledge Will Save More Lives Than All of the Novel Biomarkers in the World. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-7141.2010.00081.xDOI Listing
June 2011
5 Reads

Should we focus on novel risk markers and screening tests to better predict and prevent cardiovascular disease? Point.

Prev Cardiol 2010 ;13(4):152-9

University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas, USA.

The following Point/Counterpoint articles were derived from a debate presentation sponsored by the American Society for Preventive Cardiology at the March 2010 meeting of the American Heart Association Council on Epidemiology and Prevention, titled "Should We Focus on Novel Risk Marker and Screening Tests to Better Predict and Prevent Cardiovascular Disease?" Dr. James de Lemos presented the pro side, titled "Novel Risk Markers and Screening Tests Will Improve the Prediction and Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease," and Dr. Donald Lloyd-Jones advocated the con side, titled "Better Implementation of Existing Knowledge Will Save More Lives Than All of the Novel Biomarkers in the World. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-7141.2010.00080.xDOI Listing
June 2011
2 Reads

Improving the landscape for prevention.

Authors:
Peter W F Wilson

Prev Cardiol 2010 ;13(3):145

American Society of Preventive Cardiology, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-7141.2010.00066.xDOI Listing
June 2011
2 Reads

ARBITER-6 HALTS and lipid concentrations and heart failure incidence: Framingham Heart Study.

Authors:
Philip R Liebson

Prev Cardiol 2010 ;13(3):141-4

Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL 60612, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-7141.2010.00069.xDOI Listing
June 2011
2 Reads

Traditional cardiovascular risk factors and severity of angiographic coronary artery disease in the elderly.

Prev Cardiol 2010 ;13(3):135-40

Division of Cardiology, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, MI 48201, USA.

Over 80% of annual coronary heart disease mortality occurs in the elderly, a rapidly expanding subset of the population. The authors retrospectively examined the relationship between traditional cardiovascular risk factors and atherosclerotic coronary artery disease burden in a cohort of 631 elderly patients undergoing angiography. Age and male sex but not hypertension or dyslipidemia were predictors of presence of obstructive coronary artery disease (Duke score >or=2). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-7141.2009.00062.xDOI Listing
June 2011
4 Reads

Lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 mass is significantly reduced in dyslipidemic patients treated with lifestyle modification and combination lipid-modifying drug therapy.

Prev Cardiol 2010 ;13(3):130-4

Reddy Cardiac Wellness, Sugar Land, TX 77479, USA.

Lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA(2)) mass is a novel inflammatory biomarker. In human blood, Lp-PLA(2) is predominately associated with low-density lipoprotein (LDL). This study examines the ability of lifestyle modification (diet and exercise) and combination lipid therapy to reduce Lp-PLA(2) levels while also determining the relationship between changes in LDL cholesterol and Lp-PLA(2). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-7141.2009.00060.xDOI Listing
June 2011
1 Read

Association of SF-36 with coronary artery disease risk factors and mortality: a PreCIS study.

Prev Cardiol 2010 ;13(3):122-9

Department of Psychiatry and Psychology, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, OH, USA.

This study examined the relationships among health-related quality of life and risk factors of coronary artery disease (CAD) and all-cause mortality in high-risk cardiac patients seen in a cardiology prevention clinic. At baseline, 1785 patients (age, 53.4+/-13. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-7141.2009.00061.xDOI Listing
June 2011
4 Reads

A comparison of assessment of coronary calcium vs carotid intima media thickness for determination of vascular age and adjustment of the Framingham Risk Score.

Prev Cardiol 2010 ;13(3):117-21

Cardiovascular Research Institute, Division of Cardiology, Lehigh Valley Health Network, Allentown, PA 18106, USA.

The Framingham Risk Score (FRS) has become the standard tool to determine coronary heart disease (CHD) risk. Recent studies have demonstrated that FRS underestimates CHD risk in a number of patient populations. One strategy that has been proposed to improve the diagnostic accuracy of FRS is to use imaging of subclinical atherosclerosis to define a "vascular age" and use this age to calculate FRS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-7141.2010.00071.xDOI Listing
June 2011
9 Reads

Resting heart rate and metabolic syndrome in patients with diabetes and coronary artery disease in bypass angioplasty revascularization investigation 2 diabetes (BARI 2D) trial.

Prev Cardiol 2010 ;13(3):112-6

Cedars-Sinai Heart Institute, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, David Geffen School of Medicine at University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90048, USA.

The relation between the metabolic syndrome (MetS) and resting heart rate (rHR) in patients with diabetes and coronary artery disease is unknown. The authors examined the cross-sectional association at baseline between components of the MetS and rHR and between rHR and left ventricular ejection fraction in the population from the Bypass Angioplasty Revascularization Investigation 2 Diabetes (BARI 2D) randomized clinical trial. The mean rHR in the MetS group was significantly higher than in those without (68. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-7141.2010.00067.xDOI Listing
June 2011
7 Reads

A randomized clinical trial to assess the effect of statins on skeletal muscle function and performance: rationale and study design.

Prev Cardiol 2010 ;13(3):104-11

Division of Cardiology, Henry Low Heart Center, Hartford Hospital, Hartford, CT 06102, USA.

Hydroxymethylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase inhibitors or statins are the most effective medications for reducing elevated concentrations of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C). Statins reduce cardiac events in patients with coronary artery disease and previously healthy persons. Current recommendations for LDL-C treatment goals indicate that more patients will be treated with higher doses of these medications. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-7141.2009.00063.xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4107659PMC
June 2011
6 Reads

Reduced executive functioning is associated with poorer outcome in cardiac rehabilitation.

Prev Cardiol 2010 ;13(3):100-3

Department of Psychology, Kent State University, Kent, OH 44242, USA.

Patients with cardiovascular disease and cognitive impairment show reduced adherence to treatment. No study has examined whether cognitive impairment may also predict reduced benefit from cardiac rehabilitation (CR). It appears that cognitively impaired patients may exhibit poorer adherence to CR and limited gains in cardiovascular fitness and/or quality of life (QOL). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-7141.2009.00065.xDOI Listing
June 2011
2 Reads

Cognitive impairment: a new predictor of exercise trainability and outcomes in cardiac rehabilitation?

Authors:
Barry A Franklin

Prev Cardiol 2010 ;13(3):97-9

Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, William Beaumont Hospital, Royal Oak, MI 48073, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-7141.2010.00077.xDOI Listing
June 2011
3 Reads

Diet, lifestyle, and hypertension and mediterranean diet and risk of dementia.

Authors:
Philip R Liebson

Prev Cardiol 2010 ;13(2):94-6

Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-7141.2009.00064.xDOI Listing
July 2010
1 Read

A soccer scholarship.

Prev Cardiol 2010 ;13(2):91-3

Division of Cardiovascular Diseases, Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, FL, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-7141.2009.00056.xDOI Listing
July 2010
3 Reads

Statins for primary prevention of cardiovascular mortality in women: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Prev Cardiol 2010 ;13(2):84-90

Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, University of California, Davis Medical Center, Sacramento, CA, USA.

The benefits of statins on prevention of coronary heart disease in women without heart disease have not been clarified. The authors systematically reviewed all the published literature on primary prevention trials and found 6 primary prevention trials to date with sex-specific data on mortality and coronary heart disease events in women. The summary risk ratio for primary prevention of all-cause mortality was 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-7141.2009.00059.xDOI Listing
July 2010
2 Reads

Managing mixed dyslipidemia in special populations.

Authors:
Michael Miller

Prev Cardiol 2010 ;13(2):78-83

Department of Medicine, University of Maryland Hospital, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Controlling low-density lipoprotein cholesterol is one of the major focuses of cardiovascular care. However, the twin global pandemics of obesity and diabetes are promoting an increased prevalence of associated cardiometabolic risk factors. These factors include mixed dyslipidemia, which is prevalent among several important subgroups of the overall population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-7141.2009.00057.xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2923824PMC
July 2010
1 Read

Effect of right ventricular function and pulmonary pressures on heart failure prognosis.

Prev Cardiol 2010 ;13(2):72-7

Department of Cardiology, St. John's Medical College Hospital, Bangalore, India.

The relationship of right ventricular function and pulmonary systolic pressure in patients with congestive heart failure was evaluated to risk-stratify them. The study included 147 consecutive patients with symptomatic heart failure who underwent clinical and laboratory examination and echocardiography including Doppler tissue echocardiography. They were followed for a mean of 11. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-7141.2009.00053.xDOI Listing
July 2010
1 Read

LDL = 5: Virtues and dangers of multidrug therapy of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol.

Prev Cardiol 2010 ;13(2):69-71

Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, University of California Davis, Davis, CA, USA.

Multiple-drug therapy of dyslipidemia is frequently used to achieve treatment goals in high-risk patients with coronary artery disease. The authors report a case of a patient treated with a statin, fibrate, ezetimibe, and niacin in whom a calculated low-density lipoprotein cholesterol level of 5 mg/dL was achieved. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-7141.2009.00052.xDOI Listing
July 2010
2 Reads

Quantification of the clinical modifiers impacting high-density lipoprotein cholesterol in the community: Personalized Medicine Research Project.

Prev Cardiol 2010 ;13(2):63-8

Department of Medicine, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, USA.

High-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol levels are inversely correlated with the development of cardiovascular disease. To date, genetic association studies have explained only a small proportion of the overall variance in HDL cholesterol. Further studies are needed, within practice-based cohorts, to place genetic findings into context alongside important clinical variables (eg, age, sex, body mass index, medication use, and clinical comorbidity). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-7141.2009.00055.xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5206993PMC
July 2010
2 Reads

Effect of obesity on platelet reactivity and response to low-dose aspirin.

Prev Cardiol 2010 ;13(2):56-62

Department of Population Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.

Insufficient platelet function suppression by aspirin is a predictor of cardiovascular events in high-risk patients. The authors assessed the impact of obesity on platelet responsiveness before and after 2 weeks of aspirin 81 mg/d in 2014 people. Obese individuals had greater baseline platelet reactivity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-7141.2009.00058.xDOI Listing
July 2010
5 Reads

Gamma-glutamyl transferase: a novel cardiovascular risk biomarker.

Prev Cardiol 2010 ;13(1):36-41

Berkeley HeartLab, Inc, Burlingame, CA, USA.

Gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT) is a second-generation enzymatic liver function test available for several decades, initially used as a sensitive indicator of alcohol ingestion, hepatic inflammation, fatty liver disease, and hepatitis. Longitudinal and cross-sectional investigational studies since 1990 have associated GGT with an increase in all-cause mortality, as well as chronic heart disease events such as congestive heart failure and components of the metabolic syndrome (abnormal body mass index and levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, glucose, triglycerides, and systolic and diastolic blood pressure). In the upper reference range, GGT was found to be an independent biomarker of the metabolic syndrome, with a 20% per GGT quartile trend rise. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-7141.2009.00054.xDOI Listing
March 2010
3 Reads

Postprandial metabolic responses to dietary glycemic index in hypercholesterolemic postmenopausal women.

Prev Cardiol 2010 ;13(1):29-35

Department of Internal Medicine, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA.

Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in postmenopausal women. While diet and lifestyle remain the cornerstones of prevention, a low-fat/high-carbohydrate diet is associated with hyperglycemia and hyperlipemia-atherosclerotic risk factors affected by postprandial conditions. The objective of this study was to examine the acute response of lipids and insulin to a low-fat/high-carbohydrate meal with either a high-glycemic or a low-glycemic index in healthy postmenopausal women. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/j.1751-7141.2009.00043.x
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-7141.2009.00043.xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3613123PMC
March 2010
4 Reads

Cardiovascular health promotion for children: a model for a Parish (County)-wide program (implementation and preliminary results).

Prev Cardiol 2010 ;13(1):23-8

Tulane Center for Cardiovascular Health, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA.

Cardiovascular (CV) risk factors in childhood result in a lifetime burden on the CV system. The Bogalusa Heart Study, a prevention program for children, addresses behaviors and lifestyles associated with CV risk. This prevention program utilizes the substructure of a Parish (County) that can be a model for other areas. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-7141.2009.00049.xDOI Listing
March 2010
6 Reads

Impact of chronic aspirin and statin therapy on presentation of patients with acute myocardial infarction and impaired renal function.

Prev Cardiol 2010 ;13(1):18-22

UOC Cardiologia, Policlinico Casilino-ASL RMB, Roma, Italy.

Chronic use of aspirin and statins has been associated with reduced risk of subsequent myocardial infarction (MI). However, in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), the cardioprotective role of aspirin and statins seems to be reduced. To evaluate the impact of chronic aspirin and statin use on clinical presentation of acute MI according to renal function, the authors retrospectively analyzed 595 consecutive patients admitted to our hospital for acute MI. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/j.1751-7141.2009.00050.x
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-7141.2009.00050.xDOI Listing
March 2010
14 Reads

Incidence of myocardial infarction or stroke or death at 47-month follow-up in patients with diabetes and a predicted exercise capacity 85% during an exercise treadmill sestamibi stress test.

Prev Cardiol 2010 ;13(1):14-7

Department of Medicine, Cardiology Division, New York Medical College, Valhalla, NY 10595, USA.

A treadmill exercise sestamibi stress test (TESST) was performed in 609 consecutive diabetic persons with a mean age of 70 years and no history of coronary artery disease (CAD) who were referred for a TESST because of chest pain or dyspnea. Of 609 patients, 301 (49%) had a predicted exercise capacity 85% (group B). Group A patients had a higher prevalence of myocardial ischemia (43% vs 30%, P=. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-7141.2009.00051.xDOI Listing
March 2010
2 Reads

Coronary stents and noncardiac surgery: current clinical challenges and conundrums.

Prev Cardiol 2010 ;13(1):8-13

Department of Anesthesiology and Perioperative Medicine, The University of Texas M D Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, USA.

This article discusses how perioperative physicians are currently faced with unique challenges when providing care for surgical patients who have undergone recent percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty with drug-eluting stent (DES) placement. Despite adhering to the currently recommended antiplatelet regimens, these patients may still be at risk for sustaining a myocardial infarction secondary to stent thrombosis during the perioperative period. Given the high morbidity and mortality rates associated with perioperative myocardial infarction, it is important that the perioperative care of surgical patients with previous DES placement should be discussed, evaluated, and clarified by all practitioners who may be involved in their care. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-7141.2009.00044.xDOI Listing
March 2010
9 Reads

ACTIVE A and AURORA.

Authors:
Philip R Liebson

Prev Cardiol 2009 ;12(4):205-8

Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL 60612, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-7141.2009.00039.xDOI Listing
March 2010
1 Read

Left ventricular geometric patterns in normotensive type 2 diabetic patients in Nigeria: an echocardiographic study.

Prev Cardiol 2009 ;12(4):184-8

Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Medicine, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria.

Left ventricular hypertrophy has been linked with diabetes mellitus and abnormal glucose tolerance in several studies. Most previous studies have been carried out in the western world with dearth of data in native Africans. A total of 122 type 2 diabetic patients with a mean age of 55. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-7141.2009.00033.xDOI Listing
March 2010
16 Reads

An investigation of pre-activity cardiovascular screening procedures in health/fitness facilities--part II: rationale for low adherence with national standards.

Prev Cardiol 2009 ;12(4):176-83

University of Wisconsin-Parkside, Kenosha, WI, USA.

The purpose of this study was to explore the rationale provided by program directors and general managers of health/fitness facilities for low adherence to nationally accepted standards related to pre-activity cardiovascular screening procedures (PACSPs) for members and clients of personal trainers. Qualitative interviews were conducted with the directors/managers in a Midwest region representing 76 facilities who indicated they did not conduct PACSPs for members and clients of personal trainers. Analysis of the rationale provided revealed 6 major clusters: (1) Purpose or need for screening; (2) time and staffing; (3) barrier to participation; (4) personal responsibility for health and actions; (5) legal issues; and (6) company or franchise policy that categorized the reasons for low adherence to PACSPs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-7141.2009.00029.xDOI Listing
March 2010
2 Reads

Diagnosis, treatment, and referral of hypertension in an emergency department.

Prev Cardiol 2009 ;12(4):173-5

Department of Medicine, General Medicine and Cardiology Divisions, New York Medical College, Valhalla, NY 10595, USA.

The authors prospectively audited 500 randomly selected charts of patients seen during a 6-month period ending in October 2008, in the emergency department of a university medical center for the prevalence of hypertension and how it was managed. Of the 187 patients with hypertension, 14 (8%) were treated for hypertension in the emergency department and 99 (53%) were hospitalized or referred to a physician or clinic for follow-up of their hypertension. Much improvement is needed, especially since many of the patients seen in the emergency department do not have a primary care physician. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-7141.2009.00034.xDOI Listing
March 2010
2 Reads

Point: a prescription to decrease left ventricular function.

Prev Cardiol 2009 ;12(4):169-70

The Courage Trial, published in 2007, has significantly reduced the incidence of treating stable angina with angioplasty. The investigators randomized 2297 patients with documented cardiac ischemia to conservative or invasive therapy and concluded that there was no difference in major events during a follow-up of 2.5 to 7 years and that the urge to open the narrowed artery was unjustified. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-7141.2009.00045.xDOI Listing
March 2010
2 Reads

The effect of ethnicity on the relationship between premature coronary artery disease and traditional cardiac risk factors among uninsured young adults.

Prev Cardiol 2009 ;12(3):128-35

Division of Cardiology, The John H. Stroger Jr. Hospital of Cook County (old Cook County Hospital), 1901 West Harrison Street, Suite 3620, Chicago, IL 60612, USA.

Prior studies of premature coronary artery disease (CAD) in young adults did not address the association of race/ethnicity and risk factors. Therefore, the authors conducted a study of 400 patients 40 years and older undergoing coronary angiography at a large, urban public hospital that serves predominantly minority, uninsured populations. The prevalence of risk factors and their association with premature CAD varied markedly by ethnic group. Read More

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December 2009
4 Reads

Correlation of Normal Diastolic Cardiac Function With VO in the Metabolic Syndrome.

Prev Cardiol 2009 ;12(3):163-8

Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65212, USA.

Morbid obesity and diabetes cause diastolic dysfunction that can be detected by Doppler echocardiography. Patients with the metabolic syndrome could demonstrate early diastolic dysfunction that may influence effort tolerance. A total of 32 patients (17 men) who fulfilled >/=2 of the 5 metabolic syndrome criteria were studied. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-7141.2009.00027.xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2945232PMC
December 2009
3 Reads

An investigation of pre-activity cardiovascular screening procedures in health/fitness facilities--part I: is adherence with national standards decreasing?

Prev Cardiol 2009 ;12(3):155-62

Milwaukee Area Technical College, 700 West State Street, Milwaukee, WI 53233, USA.

This investigation determined the number of health/fitness facilities within a Midwestern region conducting pre-activity cardiovascular screening procedures (PACSPs) consistent with American Heart Association/American College of Sports Medicine (AHA/ACSM) standards. Interviews were conducted with 123 commercial, community, corporate, and academic settings (84% response rate), with 40 (33%) facilities requiring members to complete a pre-activity screening device. Of those, 20 (50%) required physician clearance for "at-risk" members prior to physical activity participation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-7141.2009.00026.xDOI Listing
December 2009
3 Reads