1,611,336 results match your criteria Prevention of Thromboembolism in Spinal Cord Injury
Public Health Genomics 2018 Dec 6:1-8. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Department of Health Sciences Research, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA.
Aim: To develop a process for returning medically actionable genomic variants to Latino patients receiving care in a Federally Qualified Health Center.
Methods: Prior to recruitment, researchers met with primary care providers to (1) orient clinicians to the project, (2) establish a process for returning actionable and nonactionable results to participants and providers through the electronic health record, and (3) develop a process for offering clinical decision support for follow-up education and care. A Community Advisory Board was engaged to provide input on recruitment strategies and materials for conveying results to participants. Read More
Cell Physiol Biochem 2018 Dec 6;51(5):2041-2051. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Department of Endocrinology, the Second Affiliated Hospital, Chongqing Medical University and Chongqing Clinical Research Center for Geriatrics, Chongqing,
Background/aims: Alarin has been reported to be related with increased food intake and body weight. The relationship of circulating Alarin with insulin resistance or metabolic syndrome (MetS), however, is unknown. This study aimed to investigate the physiological role of Alarin and its association with MetS in humans. Read More
Epilepsy Behav 2018 Dec 3;90:99-106. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Population, Policy and Practice Unit, UCL Great Ormond Street Institute of Child Health, London, United Kingdom.
Background: Sudden Unexpected Death in Epilepsy (SUDEP) is a significant cause of death in childhood epilepsy, and causes considerable concern to patients and their families. Despite this, the condition remains poorly understood. This systematic review investigates the risk factors, pathophysiology, and circumstances associated with childhood SUDEP. Read More
Environ Int 2018 Dec 3;123:124-131. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
MRC/PHE Centre for Environment and Health, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom; Italian Institute for Genomic Medicine (IIGM), Turin, Italy. Electronic address:
Exposure to traffic-related air pollution (TRAP) has been associated with adverse health outcomes but underlying biological mechanisms remain poorly understood. Two randomized crossover trials were used here, the Oxford Street II (London) and the TAPAS II (Barcelona) studies, where volunteers were allocated to high or low air pollution exposures. The two locations represent different exposure scenarios, with Oxford Street characterized by diesel vehicles and Barcelona by normal mixed urban traffic. Read More
Atherosclerosis 2018 Nov 23;280:147-154. Epub 2018 Nov 23.
Department of Anesthesiology, Shuan Ho Hospital, Taipei Medical University, New Taipei City, Taiwan; Department of Anesthesiology, School of Medicine, College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan; Department of Anesthesiology, Taipei Medical University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; Health Policy Research Center, Taipei Medical University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; School of Chinese Medicine, College of Chinese Medicine, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan. Electronic address:
Background And Aims: The risk of stroke in epileptic patients and the impact of epilepsy history on stroke patients' outcome have not been studied completely. Our purpose is to evaluate whether patients with epilepsy have increased risk of stroke or post-stroke mortality.
Methods: In Study I, we conducted a retrospective cohort study of 6746 patients with newly diagnosed epilepsy and 26,984 persons without epilepsy between 2000 and 2008, in the database of National Health Insurance in Taiwan. Read More
Breast 2018 Nov 29;43:91-96. Epub 2018 Nov 29.
Cancer Genetics Group, Institute of Genetics and Molecular Biology (UVa-CSIC), Sanz y Forés 3, 47003 Valladolid, Spain. Electronic address:
Explaining genetic predisposition in Hereditary Breast and Ovarian Cancer (HBOC) families without BRCA mutations is crucial. Germline PALB2 inactivating mutations were associated with an increased risk of HBOC due to its role in DNA repair through cooperation with BRCA proteins. The prevalence and penetrance of PALB2 mutations in Spanish HBOC patients remains unexplained. Read More
Biol Blood Marrow Transplant 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Department of Ophthalmology, Hospital Universitario Puerta de Hierro, Madrid, Spain.
Non-graft-versus-host disease (non-GVHD) ocular complications are generally uncommon after hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT), but can cause prolonged morbidity affecting activities of daily living and quality of life. Here we provide an expert review of non-GVHD ocular complications in a collaboration between transplant physicians and ophthalmologists through the Late Effects and Quality of Life Working Committee of the Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research and the Transplant Complications Working Party of the European Society of Blood and Marrow Transplantation. Complications discussed in this review include cataracts, glaucoma, ocular infections, ocular involvement with malignancy, ischemic microvascular retinopathy, central retinal vein occlusion, retinal hemorrhage, retinal detachment and ocular toxicities associated with medications. Read More
Int Immunopharmacol 2018 Dec 3;66:336-346. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Key Laboratory of Prevention and Management of Chronic Kidney Disease of Zhanjiang City, Affiliated Hospital of Guangdong Medical University, Zhanjiang, Guangdong, 524001, China. Electronic address:
Acute lung injury (ALI), which is mainly triggered by infection, pneumonia, vasculitis, and sepsis, has no specific and effective therapy except for primary supportive treatment or bedside care. Excessive inflammation caused by innate immune cells is the major characteristic of ALI. Forsythoside B, a phenylethanoside compound, possesses good antioxidant and anti-bacterial properties in vivo and in vitro. Read More
Heart Rhythm 2018 Nov 19. Epub 2018 Nov 19.
Section of Cardiac Pacing and Electrophysiology, Heart and Vascular Institute, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, OH. Electronic address:
Background: The Watchman™ device (Boston Scientific, MN), used for left atrial appendage closure (LAAC) was approved for stroke prevention in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and an appropriate rationale to avoid long-term oral anticoagulation. Patients with AF and prior intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) were excluded from clinical trials due to perceived risks of peri-operative anticoagulation.
Objective: We studied the efficacy and safety of LAAC using Watchman™ in patients with AF and prior ICH. Read More
Int J Biol Macromol 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
University of Sfax Tunisia, Faculty of Sciences, Department of Life Sciences, Laboratory of Biodiversity and Aquatic Ecosystems, Ecology and Planktonology, Unit UR 11 ES 72/Street of Soukra Km 3,5, B.P. 1171, CP 3000 Sfax, Tunisia.
Periploca angustifolia has numerous biological properties and also used against various diseases. In our study, this plant has been used for biotechnological production of polysaccharides. The prevention action of polysaccharides isolated from P. Read More
Fitoterapia 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Guangdong Key Laboratory for Genome Stability & Disease Prevention, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Medicine, Shenzhen University Health Science Center, Shenzhen 518060, People's Republic of China. Electronic address:
Nine multifarious new meroterpenoids, cochlearols E-M (1-9), along with seven known meroterpenoids 10-16, were isolated from the fruiting bodies of Ganoderma cochlear. Racemic 1, 6-8, 10 and 13 were separated by chiral HPLC. The structures were elucidated based on detailed spectroscopic analyses (HRESIMS, 1D/2D-NMR) and calculated electronic circular dichroism (ECD). Read More
Fitoterapia 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Guangdong Key Laboratory for Genome Stability & Disease Prevention, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Shenzhen University Health Science Center, Shenzhen 518060, PR China. Electronic address:
Two new nucleoside derivatives, named asponguanosines A and B (1 and 2), three new N-acetyldopamine analogues, aspongamides C-E (3-5), one new sesquiterpene, aspongnoid D (6), and three known compounds were isolated from the medicinal insect Aspongopus chinensis. Their structures including absolute configurations were assigned by using spectroscopic methods and ECD and C NMR calculations. Biological activities of compounds 3-7 towards human cancer cells, COX-2, ROCK1, and JAK3 were evaluated. Read More
Am J Med 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Department of Epidemiology, Center for Public Health, Medical University of Vienna, Kinderspitalgasse 15/1, 1090 Vienna, Austria; Department of Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention Research, Alberta Health Services, Holy Cross Centre, 2210-2nd Street SW, Box ACB, Calgary, AB, T2S 3C3, Canada; Preventive Oncology & Community Health Sciences, Cumming School of Medicine, University of Calgary, Hospital Drive NW, Calgary, Alberta, Canada. Electronic address:
Objective: Healthcare providers are encouraged to prescribe lifestyle modifications for preventing and managing obesity and associated chronic conditions. However, the pattern of lifestyle advice provision is unknown. We investigate the prevalence of advised lifestyle modification according to weight status and chronic conditions in a US nationally representative sample. Read More
Chem Biol Interact 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, School of Public Health, Shandong University, China. Electronic address:
Understanding of the mechanism of embryo loss is critical for successful pregnancy considering an increase in the incidence of infertility. In this study, we focus on the effect of alterations in the expression of the AKT/AMPK/mTOR signalling pathway in mouse uterine tissue after embryo loss induced by harmful environmental exposure to carbon disulfide (CS). CS is a material used in certain production processes, and women are sometimes exposed to it in occupational settings. Read More
Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2018 Nov 30;11:CD003177. Epub 2018 Nov 30.
Norwich Medical School, University of East Anglia, Norwich Research Park, Norwich, Norfolk, UK, NR4 7TJ.
Background: Researchers have suggested that omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids from oily fish (long-chain omega-3 (LCn3), including eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)), as well as from plants (alpha-linolenic acid (ALA)) benefit cardiovascular health. Guidelines recommend increasing omega-3-rich foods, and sometimes supplementation, but recent trials have not confirmed this.
Objectives: To assess effects of increased intake of fish- and plant-based omega-3 for all-cause mortality, cardiovascular (CVD) events, adiposity and lipids. Read More
PLoS Pathog 2018 Dec 6;14(12):e1007392. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
KU Leuven, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Rega Institute, Laboratory of Evolutionary and Computational Virology, Leuven, Belgium.
Despite ongoing efforts to control transmission, rabies prevention remains a challenge in many developing countries, especially in rural areas of China where re-emerging rabies is under-reported due to a lack of sustained animal surveillance. By taking advantage of detailed genomic and epidemiological data for the re-emerging rabies outbreak in Yunnan Province, China, collected between 1999 and 2015, we reconstruct the demographic and dispersal history of domestic dog rabies virus (RABV) as well as the dynamics of dog-to-dog and dog-to-human transmission. Phylogeographic analyses reveal a lower diffusion coefficient than previously estimated for dog RABV dissemination in northern Africa. Read More
PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0208824. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health, Australian National University, Canberra, Australia.
Objectives: To quantify changes in anticoagulant use in Australia since the introduction of Non-vitamin K antagonist anticoagulants (NOACs) and to estimate government expenditure.
Design: Interrupted-time-series analysis quantifying anticoagulant dispensing, before and after first Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme (PBS) NOAC listing in August 2009 for venous thromboembolism prevention; and expanded listing for stroke prevention in non-valvular atrial fibrillation (AF) in August 2013, up to June 2016. Estimated government expenditure on PBS-listed anticoagulants. Read More
PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0208460. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Department of Orthopedics, Balgrist University Hospital, Zurich, Switzerland.
The surgical standard of care for lumbar discectomy leaves the annulus fibrosus (AF) defect unrepaired, despite considerable risk for a recurrent herniation. Identification of a viable defect repair strategy has until now been elusive. The scope of this ex vivo biomechanical study was to evaluate crosslinking hydrogels as potentially promising AF defect sealants, and provide a baseline for their use in combination with collagen scaffolds that restore disc volume. Read More
PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0208532. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Escola Superior de Ciências da Saúde, Universidade do Estado do Amazonas, Manaus, Brazil.
Despite significant and successful efforts in Brazil regarding snakebites in the areas of research, antivenom manufacture and quality control, training of health professionals in the diagnosis and clinical management of bites, little is known about determinants of snakebites incidence in order to further plan interventions to reduce the impact of this medical condition. Understanding the complexity of ecological interactions in a geographical region is important for prediction, prevention and control measures of snakebites. This investigation aims to describe spatial distribution and identify environmental determinants of human envenoming by lancehead pit vipers (Bothrops genus), in the Brazilian Amazon. Read More
PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0208303. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Department of Epidemiology and Health Monitoring, Robert Koch Institute Berlin, Berlin, Germany.
Background: Health literacy (HL), defined as the ability to access, understand, appraise and apply health information, offers a promising approach to reduce the development of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and to improve the management of CVD in populations.
Design: We used data from nationwide cross-sectional German Health Update (GEDA2014/2015-EHIS) survey. 13,577 adults ≥ 40 years completed a comprehensive standardized paper or online questionnaire including the short form of the European Health Literacy Survey Questionnaire (HLS-EU-Q16). Read More
PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0208398. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Department of Neuroepidemiology, Beijing Neurosurgical Institute, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.
Stroke is a serious threat to human health that often leads to severe complications, and currently ranks first as leading cause of death in China. However, reliable data on stroke burden in China in the 21st century are lacking. We used the data from NESS-China (National Epidemiological Survey of Stroke in China) for assessing the adverse health effects of stroke in Chinese population. Read More
PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0208323. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Infectious Diseases, Prince of Wales Hospital, Sydney, NSW, Australia.
Background: Treatment as prevention approaches for HIV require optimal HIV testing strategies to reduce undiagnosed HIV infections. In most settings, HIV testing strategies still result in unacceptably high rates of missed and late diagnoses. This study aimed to identify clinical opportunities for targeted HIV testing in persons at risk to facilitate earlier HIV diagnosis in New South Wales, Australia; and to assess the duration between the diagnosis of specific conditions and HIV diagnosis. Read More
PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0208427. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Department of Nutritional Sciences, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas, United States of America.
Background: Type 2 diabetes is often linked with impaired proximal insulin signaling. Hence, a therapeutic agent that enhances cellular glucose uptake without requiring proximal insulin signaling would be desirable for improving glycemic control. The E4orf1 peptide (E4) derived from human adenovirus 36 (Ad36) promotes cellular glucose uptake in vitro and in vivo, independent of insulin. Read More
PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0207571. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Wellcome Trust Brighton & Sussex Centre for Global Health Research, Brighton & Sussex Medical School, Falmer, Brighton, United Kingdom.
Background: Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) is a serious, preventable public health problem that affects millions of people worldwide. Research indicates that adults suffering from long term, disabling conditions are more likely to be victims of IPV due to the intersection of disease-associated stigma and discrimination. IPV in turn is known to worsen the overall health and wellbeing of those affected by it. Read More
PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0202622. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Center for Infectious Disease and Cancer Research, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.
Men who have sex with men (MSM) is the major risk population of HIV-1 infection in Taiwan, and its surveillance has become critical in HIV-1 prevention. We recruited MSM subjects from 17 high-risk venues and 4 community centers in northern and southern Taiwan for anonymous HIV-1 screening during 2013-2015. Blood samples were obtained for genotyping and phylogenetic analysis, and a questionnaire survey covering demographic variables and social behavior was conducted. Read More
PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0204110. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Center for Observational and Real-World Evidence, Merck & Co., Inc., Kenilworth, New Jersey, United States of America.
Background/objectives: To analyse the relationship between caregiver burden and severity of patients' cognitive impairment.
Design: Data were drawn from the cross-sectional 2015/2016 Adelphi Real World Dementia Disease-Specific Programme.
Setting: This research was multi-national and studied physicians and their consulting patients with cognitive impairment. Read More
PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0206074. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
United States Agency for International Development, Washington, DC, United States of America.
The Tathmini GBV study was a cluster randomized trial to assess the impact of a comprehensive health facility- and community-based program delivered through the HIV/AIDS program platform on reduction in gender-based violence and improved care for survivors. Twelve health facilities and surrounding communities in the Mbeya Region of Tanzania were randomly assigned to intervention or control arms. Population-level effects were measured through two cross-sectional household surveys of women ages 15-49, at baseline (n = 1,299) and at 28 months following program scale-out (n = 1,250). Read More
PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2018 Dec 6;12(12):e0006845. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
MIVEGEC, IRD, CNRS, University of Montpellier, Montpellier, France.
Background: Diseases caused by Aedes-borne viruses, such as dengue, Zika, chikungunya, and yellow fever, are emerging and reemerging globally. The causes are multifactorial and include global trade, international travel, urbanisation, water storage practices, lack of resources for intervention, and an inadequate evidence base for the public health impact of Aedes control tools. National authorities need comprehensive evidence-based guidance on how and when to implement Aedes control measures tailored to local entomological and epidemiological conditions. Read More
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2018 Dec 7;67(48):1333-1338. Epub 2018 Dec 7.
Division of Cancer Prevention and Control, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, CDC.
Uterine cancer is one of the few cancers with increasing incidence and mortality in the United States, reflecting, in part, increases in the prevalence of overweight and obesity since the 1980s (1). It is the fourth most common cancer diagnosed and the seventh most common cause of cancer death among U.S. Read More
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2018 Dec 7;67(48):1347-1349. Epub 2018 Dec 7.
On June 22, 2017, the Los Angeles County Department of Public Health (LAC DPH) was notified of seven patients who were seen at an eye care clinic on June 8, 2017, and later developed symptoms of epidemic keratoconjunctivitis (EKC). EKC is a contagious, severe form of viral conjunctivitis that can cause pain and blurred vision for up to 4 weeks (1). LAC DPH conducted an investigation, which identified 17 patients with EKC, including 15 who had visited the optometry clinic and two who were household contacts of clinic patients. Read More
Med J Aust 2018 Dec;209(11):505-508
University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW.
Objective: To win a Christmas hamper. We also devised a study of our most festive seasonal poisoning, to demonstrate how hard we are working while everyone else is partying.
Design: Retrospective analysis of the New South Wales Poisons Information Centre database, which we searched for exposures to the substance code "Cyalume light sticks/glow toys" from 1 July 2013 to 30 June 2017. Read More
Med J Aust 2018 Dec;209(11):495-500
Oxford University, Oxford, United Kingdom.
Objectives: To describe the patterns of alcohol use in James Bond movies over six decades.
Design: Film content analysis.
Setting: Wide range of international locations in 24 James Bond movies (Eon Productions series, 1962-2015). Read More
Expert Rev Endocrinol Metab 2018 Nov 29:1-12. Epub 2018 Nov 29.
a Midwest Biomedical Research/Center for Metabolic and Cardiovascular Health , Glen Ellyn , IL , USA.
Introduction: Insulin resistance (IR) and pancreatic beta-cell dysfunction are core pathophysiologic features of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Select lifestyle and pharmacologic interventions, including weight loss, physical activity, a Mediterranean diet intervention, and hypoglycemic agents, have been shown to prevent or delay T2DM. However, dietary factors other than weight loss may also impact risk, mainly through effects to enhance insulin sensitivity, although some may also directly or indirectly impact pancreatic beta-cell function. Read More
Expert Opin Pharmacother 2018 Dec 6:1-8. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
d Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine and Therapeutics , The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital , Hong Kong , China.
Introduction: Direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) have gained momentum in recent years in patients requiring anticoagulation for the prevention and management of venous thromboembolism and thromboembolic events caused by atrial fibrillation. The use of these agents involves potential bleeding complications, particularly during invasive procedures. With increasing use of DOACs, adequate knowledge regarding the perioperative management of patients on DOACs has become indispensable. Read More
Expert Opin Pharmacother 2018 Dec 6:1-4. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
a Biomedical Department of Internal Medicine and Medical Specialties , University of Palermo , Palermo , Italy.
Br J Community Nurs 2018 Dec;23(Sup12):S6-S12
Professor and Director for the Institute of Skin Integrity and Infection prevention, Department of Nursing and Midwifery, University of Huddersfield, Queensgate, Huddersfield, West Yorkshire.
Chronic wounds are associated with a significant patient, healthcare and financial burden and can have extensive implications for healthcare. Age is a significant risk factor for developing chronic wounds, due to physical changes in skin integrity and several age-related complex comorbidities, including poor nutrition and mobility. Pressure ulcers (PU) are a common type of chronic wound that can have a substantial impact on health-related quality of life and patient outcomes. Read More
Int Braz J Urol 2018 Oct 30;44. Epub 2018 Oct 30.
Department of Urology, University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, U.S.A.
Purpose: To describe the clinical characteristics, treatment patterns, and outcomes in patients with small cell bladder cancer at our institution, including those who received prophylactic cranial irradiation (PCI) for the prevention of intracranial recurrence.
Materials And Methods: Patients with small cell bladder cancer treated at a single institution between January 1990 and August 2015 were identified and analyzed retrospectively for demographics, tumor stage, treatment, and overall survival.
Results: Of 44 patients diagnosed with small cell bladder cancer, 11 (25%) had metastatic disease at the time of presentation. Read More
Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc 2018 11 30;56(4):418-423. Epub 2018 Nov 30.
Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Facultad de Medicina, División de Estudios de Posgrado. Ciudad de México, México
Background: Pulmonary embolism is a potentially fatal heart condition that requires prompt restoration of blood flow in the pulmonary vascular bed and prevention of recurrent events. Mortality is associated to the degree of hemodynamic repercussion, complications and opportunity in the treatment.
Case Report: Male 33 years of age who began with sudden dyspnea, chest pain of moderate intensity, sweating and syncope. Read More
Clin Anat 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Department of Clinical Anatomy, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Science, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo, Japan.
Introduction: To improve the management outcomes and diagnostic accuracy of the ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) injury, the anatomy of the medial side of the elbow joint is necessary to be understood in terms of the periarticular surroundings rather than the specific ligaments. The aim of this study was to anatomically clarify the medial side of the elbow joint in terms of the tendinous structures and joint capsule.
Materials And Methods: We conducted a descriptive anatomical study of 23 embalmed cadaveric elbows. Read More
Mol Nutr Food Res 2018 Dec 6:e1800985. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
R. Pei, D. A. Martin, J. C. Valdez, J. Liu, B. W. Bolling, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Department of Food Science,, 1605 Linden Dr., Madison, WI, 53706, USA.
Scope: Increased fruit consumption is associated with reduced risk of colitis. We investigated whether the anti-colitic effects of the polyphenol-rich aronia berry (Aronia mitschurinii 'Viking') were mediated through Th17 and Treg.
Methods And Results: Colitis was induced in recombinase activating gene-1 deficient mice injected with syngeneic CD4 CD62L naïve T cells. Read More
Int J Cancer 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Department of Clinical Sciences and Community Health, Università degli Studi di Milano, 20133 Milan, Italy.
Diets rich in vegetables and fruit have been associated with reduced risk of gastric cancer, and there is suggestive evidence that citrus fruits have a protective role. This study aimed at evaluating and quantifying the association between citrus fruit consumption and gastric cancer risk. We conducted a one-stage pooled analysis including 6340 cases and 14,490 controls from 15 case-control studies from the Stomach cancer Pooling (StoP) Project consortium. Read More
Depress Anxiety 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
School of Biomedical Sciences, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong.
Background: Numerous studies have suggested associations between depression and cardiometabolic (CM) diseases. However, little is known about the mechanism underlying this comorbidity, and whether the relationship differs by depression subtypes.
Methods: Using polygenic risk scores (PRS) and linkage disequilibrium (LD) score regression, we investigated the genetic overlap of various depression-related phenotypes with a comprehensive panel of 20 CM traits. Read More
Clin Anat 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Division of Rheumatology, Allergy, and Immunology, Tufts Medical Center, Boston, MA, USA.
Introduction: We compared the spatial distribution of tibiofemoral cartilage change between individuals who will develop accelerated knee osteoarthritis (KOA) versus typical onset of KOA prior to the development of radiographic KOA.
Materials And Methods: We conducted a longitudinal case-control analysis of 129 individuals from the Osteoarthritis Initiative. We assessed the percent change in tibiofemoral cartilage on magnetic resonance images at 36 informative locations from two to one year prior to the development of accelerated (n=44) versus typical KOA (n=40). Read More
J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
Department of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Bone-metabolic Research Unit, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen Denmark.
Context And Objective: Being born small or large for gestational age and intrauterine exposure to gestational diabetes (GDM) increase the risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D) in the offspring, however, the potential combined deleterious effects of size at birth and GDM exposure remains unknown. We aimed to examine the independent effect of size at birth as well as the influence of GDM exposure in utero on cardio-metabolic traits, body composition, and puberty status in children.
Design, Participants And Methods: This study is a longitudinal birth cohort study. Read More
Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
Department of Cardiology, Vascular Center, Guangdong Cardiovascular Institute, Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Coronary Heart Disease Prevention, Guangdong General Hospital, Guangdong Academy of Medical Sciences, Guangzhou, China.
Objectives: The aim of this study was to identify patients who are at high risk of developing postimplantation syndrome (PIS) after thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) for type B aortic dissection.
Methods: This retrospective study included 646 patients who underwent TEVAR for type B aortic dissection between January 2010 and December 2015 at the Guangdong General Hospital. PIS was defined as fever (>38°C) and leucocytosis (>12 000 μl-1) without evidence of infection. Read More