1,100 results match your criteria Prevention Science [Journal]


Those Who Disappear and Those Who Say Goodbye: Patterns of Attrition in Long-Term Home Visiting.

Prev Sci 2019 Feb 21. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Helen Bader School of Social Welfare at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, 2400 E. Hartford Ave, Milwaukee, WI, 53201, USA.

Most evidence-based home visiting models are designed to support families from pregnancy through a child's second birthday, though programs often struggle to retain families for this long. Previous research on client and program factors that predict attrition has produced mixed results, which may be partly because attrition is typically conceptualized as a homogeneous phenomenon. The current study sampled 991 women who received home visiting services from one of 26 agencies in a statewide network of evidence-based programs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11121-019-01003-7DOI Listing
February 2019

Mobile App-Based Small-Group Physical Activity Intervention for Young African American Women: a Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial.

Prev Sci 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Perelman School of Medicine and Annenberg School for Communication, University of Pennsylvania, 3901 Walnut Street, Suite 500, Philadelphia, PA, 19104, USA.

A lack of adequate physical activity among young African American women remains a serious public health challenge. Few evidence-based interventions are available to increase physical activity in this population, and none has leveraged mobile technologies, even though African Americans are among the most avid users of mobile applications (apps). We conducted a pilot randomized controlled trial to test the efficacy of a mobile app-based small-group intervention in increasing physical activity among African American women aged 18 to 35 years (N = 91) in Philadelphia, PA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11121-019-01006-4DOI Listing
February 2019

Addendum to "The Effect of Medical Marijuana Laws on Marijuana-Related Attitude and Perception among US Adolescents and Young Adults".

Prev Sci 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Health Policy & Management, Emory University Rollins School of Public Health, 1518 Clifton Road NE., Atlanta, GA, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11121-019-01001-9DOI Listing
February 2019

Evaluation of a Bystander-Focused Interpersonal Violence Prevention Program with High School Students.

Prev Sci 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Tufts Medical Center, Institute for Clinical Research and Health Policy Studies, Boston, MA, USA.

This study evaluated the effectiveness of a seven-session, bystander-focused, classroom-delivered curriculum (i.e., Bringing in the Bystander-High School Curriculum [BITB-HSC]) in reducing rates of interpersonal violence among high school students. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11121-019-01000-wDOI Listing
February 2019

Changing Social Norms: the Importance of "Organized Diffusion" for Scaling Up Community Health Promotion and Women Empowerment Interventions.

Prev Sci 2019 Feb 12. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA.

Some harmful practices are sustained by social norms-collective beliefs about what people expect from each other. Practitioners and researchers alike have been investigating the potential of social norms theory to inform the design of effective interventions addressing these practices in low- and middle-income countries. One approach commonly used to facilitate social norms change is community-based dialogs and trainings. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11121-019-00998-3DOI Listing
February 2019

Evaluating Community-Based Translational Interventions Using Historical Controls: Propensity Score vs. Disease Risk Score Approach.

Prev Sci 2019 Feb 12. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Centers for American Indian and Alaska Native Health, Colorado School of Public Health, University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora, CO, USA.

Many community-based translations of evidence-based interventions are designed as one-arm studies due to ethical and other considerations. Evaluating the impacts of such programs is challenging. Here, we examine the effectiveness of the lifestyle intervention implemented by the Special Diabetes Program for Indians Diabetes Prevention (SDPI-DP) demonstration project, a translational lifestyle intervention among American Indian and Alaska Native communities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11121-019-0980-3DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

The Funding, Administrative, and Policy Influences on the Evaluation of Primary Prevention Programs in Australia.

Prev Sci 2019 Feb 11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, 553 St Kilda Road, Melbourne, VIC, 3004, Australia.

Evaluation of primary prevention and health promotion programs contributes necessary information to the evidence base for prevention programs. There is increasing demand for high-quality evaluation of program impact and effectiveness for use in public health decision making. Despite the demand for evidence and known benefits, evaluation of prevention programs can be challenging and organizations face barriers to conducting rigorous evaluation. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11121-019-00997-4
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11121-019-00997-4DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Examining Intervention Component Dosage Effects on Substance Use Initiation in the Strengthening Families Program: for Parents and Youth Ages 10-14.

Prev Sci 2019 Feb 7. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Prevention Research Center, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA.

Family-based prevention programs increasingly are being disseminated and can be effective for an array of adolescent problem behaviors, including substance use initiation. Yet, we continue to have little understanding of how and why these programs work. Increased specificity in our understanding of what components drive program effects can facilitate refinement of programs, with potential for greater impact at a lower cost. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11121-019-00994-7DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Outcomes from a Randomized Controlled Trial of the Relief Nursery Program.

Prev Sci 2019 Feb 7. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Office of Population Research, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ, USA.

An independent, randomized controlled trial of the community-developed, multiple-component Relief Nursery prevention program was conducted with families with young children considered "at risk" for child abuse and neglect. This established program, currently operating at multiple sites in the state of Oregon, comprises an integrated package of prevention services to children and families, including early childhood education, home visiting, and parent education and support, as well as other interventions tailored to the needs of each particular family. Families who contacted the Relief Nursery for the first time were randomly assigned to one of two conditions, the Full Program condition, whose members had access to all services available from the Relief Nursery, or the Respite Care condition, whose members had access only to respite care and referrals to services provided by other community agencies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11121-019-00992-9DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Spatial Analysis of the Impact of a School-Level Youth Violence Prevention Program on Violent Crime Incidents in the Community.

Prev Sci 2019 Feb 5. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Clark Hill Institute for Positive Youth Development, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA, USA.

This study investigated the effect of a school-based violence prevention program on community rates of violence for youth aged 10 to 18 in three urban communities with high rates of crime and poverty. We evaluated the impact of the Olweus Bully Prevention Program (OBPP) combined with a family intervention using a multiple baseline design in which we randomized the order and timing of intervention activities across three schools. Outcomes were police reports of violent crime incidents involving offenders aged 10 to 18 years (N = 2859 incidents) across a 6-year period. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11121-019-0990-1DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Role of Social and Sexual Network Factors in PrEP Utilization Among YMSM and Transgender Women in Chicago.

Prev Sci 2019 Feb 2. Epub 2019 Feb 2.

Department of Medical Social Sciences, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL, USA.

Despite demonstrated efficacy, uptake of HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) remains low, particularly among high-risk demographics such as transgender women, Black men who have sex with men (BMSM), and young MSM (YMSM). Research thus far has largely focused on individual factors that may impede PrEP uptake in these demographics, leaving social network factors relatively unexplored. The present study used data collected from participants within RADAR, a longitudinal cohort study in Chicago focused on understanding the individual, dyadic, network, social, and biologic factors associated with HIV infection within YMSM. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11121-019-00995-6DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Expanding Our Horizons: Risk, Protection, and Intervention in Emerging Adulthood.

Prev Sci 2019 Feb 2. Epub 2019 Feb 2.

Department of Human Development, Washington State University, PO Box 4852, Pullman, WA, 99164-4852, USA.

Prevention science research has focused on early childhood and early school years, on the logic that addressing individual and contextual risk factors as early as possible would prevent the compounding of risk downstream. Methodological and technological advances have opened the door to an expanded exploration of risk, health promotion, and intervention in emerging adulthood and throughout the lifespan, but prevention science remains dominated by research on early childhood and adolescence. Articles in this special issue of Prevention Science showcase the use of new technologies to access young adult populations and to develop and deliver interventions as well as strategies to help account for developmental and cultural contexts in designing interventions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11121-019-00996-5DOI Listing
February 2019

Factors Associated with Poly Drug Use in Adolescents.

Prev Sci 2019 Feb 1. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Graduate School of Education, The University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Highway, Crawley, Perth, WA, 6009, Australia.

Poly drug use in adolescents represents a significant public health issue, heightening risk for abuse, dependency, and a variety of short- and long-term psychological, psychosocial, and health consequences. However, past studies have typically examined just one or two substances in isolation and there is a lack of research that has comprehensively examined possible predictors of poly drug use in adolescents. To inform the development of comprehensive prevention programs that can simultaneously target multiple substances, the present study sought to identify psychological, environmental, and demographic factors that are most strongly associated with alcohol, tobacco, and cannabis poly drug use. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11121-019-00993-8DOI Listing
February 2019

Marijuana Use among Adolescents and Emerging Adults in the Midst of Policy Change: Introduction to the Special Issue.

Prev Sci 2019 Jan 30. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

Center for the Study of Health and Risk Behaviors, Departmen. of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, School of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11121-019-0989-7DOI Listing
January 2019

Pathways from Positive, Negative, and Specific Alcohol Expectancies to Weekday and Weekend Drinking to Alcohol Problems.

Prev Sci 2019 Jan 26. Epub 2019 Jan 26.

Health Behavior Branch, Division of Intramural Population Health Research, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Development, Bethesda, MD, USA.

The current study tested and identified risk and protective pathways from alcohol expectancies to weekday and weekend consumption to problematic consequences. Adult alcohol users (N = 395) completed measures of alcohol expectancies, daily consumption habits during a typical week, and alcohol-related problems. Confirmatory factor analysis supported the five-factor structure of positive expectancy, negative expectancy, weekday drinking, weekend drinking, and alcohol problems. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11121-019-0986-xDOI Listing
January 2019
9 Reads

The Promotive Effects of Social Support for Parental Resilience in a Refugee Context: a Cross-Sectional Study with Syrian Mothers in Lebanon.

Prev Sci 2019 Jan 25. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Department of Social Policy & Intervention, University of Oxford, 32 Wellington Square, Oxford, OX1 2ER, UK.

Exposure to war trauma increases the risk of negative individual and family-level outcomes. However, not all trauma-exposed individuals exhibit mental health or family dysfunction, and some function better than expected given their level of trauma exposure. Research with at-risk populations, including refugees, suggests that social support may promote positive mental health and parenting behavior in the face of adversity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11121-019-0983-0DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

The Impact of a Preventive Intervention on Persistent, Cross-Situational Early Onset Externalizing Problems.

Prev Sci 2019 Jan 25. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

University of Colorado at Denver Health Sciences Center, Denver, CO, USA.

The Nurse-Family Partnership (NFP) home visiting intervention for low-income first-time mothers was evaluated for its preventive impact on persistent, cross-situational early-onset externalizing problems (EXT). Seven hundred thirty-five women in the Denver, CO, area were randomly assigned into one of two active conditions (nurse or paraprofessional home visiting from pregnancy through child age 2) or a control group in which children were screened and referred for behavioral and developmental problems. Externalizing behavior was assessed by parent report when the children were 2, 4, 6, and 9 years old; teachers provided reports at ages 6 and 9. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11121-018-0973-7DOI Listing
January 2019
6 Reads

Precision Strategies as a Timely and Unifying Framework for Ongoing Prevention Science Advances.

Authors:
Ty A Ridenour

Prev Sci 2019 Jan;20(1):110-114

RTI International, 4030 E. Cornwallis Rd., 326 Cox Bldg., PO Box 12194, Research Triangle Park, NC, 27709-2194, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11121-019-0988-8DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Opportunities and Challenges for Prevention and Intervention in Emerging Adulthood: Introduction to the Special Issue.

Prev Sci 2019 Jan 23. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Department of Applied Psychology and Human Development, Ontario Institute for Studies in Education, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11121-019-0976-zDOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Sensation Seeking and Impulsivity Can Increase Exposure to Risky Media and Moderate Its Effects on Adolescent Risk Behaviors.

Prev Sci 2019 Jan 18. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

Annenberg Public Policy Center, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Media exposure to risky behaviors (e.g., alcohol use, violence) has been associated with adolescent engagement in risk-taking behaviors, but not all adolescents are equally at risk. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11121-019-0984-z
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11121-019-0984-zDOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

Optimizing Assessment of Risk and Protection for Diverse Adolescent Outcomes: Do Risk and Protective Factors for Delinquency and Substance Use Also Predict Risky Sexual Behavior?

Prev Sci 2019 Jan 15. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

School of Social Work, The Institute for Innovation and Implementation, University of Maryland, College Park, MD, USA.

Assessments of youth risk and protective factors (RPFs) for substance use, delinquency, and violence have been used by communities to identify priorities and target them with prevention interventions. These same RPFs may also predict other youth problems. This study examined the strength and consistency of relationships of 41 ecological RPFs that predict antisocial behavior and substance use with sexual behavior outcomes in a sample of 2150 urban youth in 10th and 12th grade. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11121-019-0987-9DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Financial Incentives for Promoting Participation in a School-Based Parenting Program in Low-Income Communities.

Prev Sci 2019 Jan 15. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, USA.

Although financial incentives are a well-accepted strategy for raising parent participation rates in prevention studies, they are rarely employed in practice due to concerns about their ethics, sustainability, and public acceptability. We sought to address these common concerns in the context of a larger prevention study using financial incentives to boost parent participation in a group-based parenting program implemented in an urban school district. We examined the extent to which the financial incentives delivered via bank debit cards ($15 for attending weekly group sessions, $5 for completing weekly practice assignments) motivated parents to enroll in the program and were associated with higher attendance and practice completion but poorer participation quality in group sessions, and how parents used the extra cash. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11121-019-0977-yDOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Advances in Statistical Methods for Causal Inference in Prevention Science: Introduction to the Special Section.

Prev Sci 2019 Jan 15. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, USA.

The board of the Society for Prevention Research noted recently that extant methods for the analysis of causality mechanisms in prevention may still be too rudimentary for detailed and sophisticated analysis of causality hypotheses. This Special Section aims to fill some of the current voids, in particular in the domain of statistical methods of the analysis of causal inference. In the first article, Bray et al. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11121-019-0978-xDOI Listing
January 2019
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Recanting of Previous Reports of Alcohol Consumption within a Large-Scale Clustered Randomised Control Trial.

Prev Sci 2019 Jan 14. Epub 2019 Jan 14.

Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK.

The aim of this study was to examine the extent of recanting (inconsistencies in reporting of lifetime alcohol use) and its impact on the assessment of primary outcomes within a large-scale alcohol prevention trial. One hundred and five post-primary schools in were randomised to receive either the intervention or education as normal. Participants (N = 12,738) were secondary school students in year 8/S1 (mean age 12. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11121-019-0981-2DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Prevention Science in Emerging Adulthood: a Field Coming of Age.

Prev Sci 2019 Jan 14. Epub 2019 Jan 14.

Department of Public Health Sciences, Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, 1120 N.W. 14th Street, Room 1083, Miami, FL, 33136, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11121-019-0975-0DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Power of the Peer and Parent: Gender Differences, Norms, and Nonmedical Prescription Opioid Use Among Adolescents in South Central Kentucky.

Prev Sci 2019 Jan 14. Epub 2019 Jan 14.

Department of Epidemiology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA.

This study examined risk factors of nonmedical prescription opioid use (NMPOU) among adolescents and how risk factors differ by gender. In the fall of 2017, adolescents attending 6th through 12th grades across 44 schools in 10 south central Kentucky counties were invited to participate in an anonymous, school-based survey. A total of 11,761 adolescents completed the survey. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11121-019-0982-1DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Gay and Bisexual Men's Strategies to Maintain Daily Adherence to Their HIV Pre-exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) Medication: Results from a Qualitative Study.

Prev Sci 2019 Jan;20(1):168-177

Hunter College of CUNY, The Center for HIV/AIDS Educational Studies and Training (CHEST), The Graduate Center of CUNY, New York, NY, USA.

Since FDA approval in 2012, HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) has been adopted by key populations, including gay and bisexual men (GBM), to reduce their HIV transmission risk. Given that PrEP is optimally effective when taken as prescribed, it is critical to understand the adherence strategies GBM use. We conducted one-on-one, semi-structured interviews with GBM taking PrEP in 2015-2016 (n = 103). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11121-019-0985-yDOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

Impact of Experience Corps® Participation on Children's Academic Achievement and School Behavior.

Prev Sci 2019 Jan 10. Epub 2019 Jan 10.

Center on Aging and Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA.

This article reports on the impact of the Experience Corps® (EC) Baltimore program, an intergenerational, school-based program aimed at improving academic achievement and reducing disruptive school behavior in urban, elementary school students in Kindergarten through third grade (K-3). Teams of adult volunteers aged 60 and older were placed in public schools, serving 15 h or more per week, to perform meaningful and important roles to improve the educational outcomes of children and the health and well-being of volunteers. Findings indicate no significant impact of the EC program on standardized reading or mathematical achievement test scores among children in grades 1-3 exposed to the program. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11121-018-0972-8DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Ensuring Causal, Not Casual, Inference.

Prev Sci 2019 Jan 7. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Department of Mental Health, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, 624 North Broadway, Baltimore, MD, 21205, USA.

With innovation in causal inference methods and a rise in non-experimental data availability, a growing number of prevention researchers and advocates are thinking about causal inference. In this commentary, we discuss the current state of science as it relates to causal inference in prevention research, and reflect on key assumptions of these methods. We review challenges associated with the use of causal inference methodology, as well as considerations for hoping to integrate causal inference methods into their research. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11121-018-0971-9
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11121-018-0971-9DOI Listing
January 2019
7 Reads

Costs of Preparing to Implement a Family-Based Intervention to Prevent Pediatric Obesity in Primary Care: a Budget Impact Analysis.

Prev Sci 2019 Jan 7. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Department of Preventive Medicine, and Department of Pediatrics, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL, USA.

The costs associated with implementing evidence-based programs for pediatric obesity contribute to a lack of widespread adoption. This study examined the costs of preparing to implement the Family Check-Up 4 Health (FCU4Health), a family-centered behavioral program for the prevention of pediatric obesity and excess weight gain in primary care. Budget impact analysis was used to estimate the cost of preparing to implement FCU4Health (i. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11121-018-0970-x
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11121-018-0970-xDOI Listing
January 2019
6 Reads

Trajectories of College Alcohol Involvement and Their Associations with Later Alcohol Use Disorder Symptoms.

Prev Sci 2019 Jan 5. Epub 2019 Jan 5.

Department of Psychology, University at Buffalo, Park Hall, #168, Buffalo, NY, 14203, USA.

Little is known about what differentiates individuals whose drinking patterns escalate into problematic use following the transition out of college compared to those who learn to drink in a way that is consistent with independent adult roles. Patterns of alcohol use and problems during college may pre-sage progression toward problem drinking in adulthood. The present study sought to examine such patterns in an effort to delineate those at greatest risk. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11121-018-0974-6DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Comparative Effectiveness of Brief Alcohol Interventions for College Students: Results from a Network Meta-Analysis.

Prev Sci 2019 Jan 2. Epub 2019 Jan 2.

Department of Social & Behavioral Sciences, Indiana University Richard M. Fairbanks School of Public Health, 1050 Wishard Blvd, RG 6046, Indianapolis, IN, 46202, USA.

Late adolescence is a time of increased drinking, and alcohol plays a predominant role in college social experiences. Colleges seeking to prevent students' hazardous drinking may elect to implement brief alcohol interventions (BAIs). However, numerous manualized BAIs exist, so an important question remains regarding the comparative effectiveness of these different types of BAIs for college students. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11121-018-0960-zDOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

A Transdisciplinary Complex Adaptive Systems (T-CAS) Approach to Developing a National School-Based Culture of Prevention for Health Improvement: the School Health Research Network (SHRN) in Wales.

Prev Sci 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Centre for the Development and Evaluation of Complex Interventions for Public Health Improvement (DECIPHer), School of Social Sciences, Cardiff University, 1-3 Museum Place, Cardiff, CF10 3BD, UK.

The paper reflects on a transdisciplinary complex adaptive systems (T-CAS) approach to the development of a school health research network (SHRN) in Wales for a national culture of prevention for health improvement in schools. A T-CAS approach focuses on key stages and activities within a continuous network cycle to facilitate systems level change. The theory highlights the importance of establishing transdisciplinary strategic partnerships to identify and develop opportunities for system reorientation. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11121-018-0969-3
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11121-018-0969-3DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

The Role of Culture of Origin on the Effectiveness of a Parents-Involved Intervention to Prevent Substance Use Among Latino Middle School Youth: Results of a Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial.

Prev Sci 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Global Center for Applied Health Research (GCAHR), Arizona State University, Phoenix, AZ, USA.

The purpose of this study was to assess the combined effectiveness of a parenting intervention, Families Preparing the New Generation (FPNG), and a youth curriculum, keepin' it REAL (kiR), on substance use prevention for middle school students in a large urban metro area of the southwest USA. The study aimed to generate usable knowledge on what works in adolescent substance use prevention and how it works best-a combined parent and youth programming or parent-only programming. A total of 532 adolescents in the 7th grade from 19 participating middle schools were randomly assigned into three intervention conditions: parent-youth (PY), parent-only (PO), and comparison (C). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11121-018-0968-4DOI Listing
December 2018
4 Reads

A Randomized, Controlled Trial of the Impact of the Couple CARE for Parents of Newborns Program on the Prevention of Intimate Partner Violence and Relationship Problems.

Prev Sci 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA.

Effective, accessible prevention programs are needed for adults at heightened risk for intimate partner violence (IPV). This parallel group randomized controlled trial examines whether such couples receiving the American version of Couple CARE for Parents of Newborns (CCP; Halford et al. 2009) following the birth of a child, compared with controls, report fewer first occurrences of clinically significant IPV, less frequent physical and psychological IPV, and improved relationship functioning. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11121-018-0961-yDOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

General and Specific Predictors of Comorbid Substance Use and Internalizing Problems from Adolescence to Age 33.

Prev Sci 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Social Development Research Group, School of Social Work, University of Washington, 9725 3rd Ave. NE, Suite 401, Seattle, WA, 98115, USA.

The current study examines the continuity in comorbidity between substance use and internalizing mental health problems from adolescence to adulthood and investigates the general and specific predictors of comorbidity across development. Participants were drawn from the Seattle Social Development Project (N = 808), a gender-balanced, ethnically diverse longitudinal panel. Structural equation modeling was used to examine risk factors for comorbid substance use and internalizing problems in family and peer social environments; substance use- and mental health-specific social environments (family tobacco, alcohol, and marijuana use; family history of depression); and individual risk factors (behavioral disinhibition). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11121-018-0959-5DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Testing the keepin' it REAL Substance Use Prevention Curriculum Among Early Adolescents in Guatemala City.

Prev Sci 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Global Center for Applied Health Research, Arizona State University, 411 N. Central Avenue, Suite 720, Phoenix, AZ, 85004-0693, USA.

This article describes a test in Guatemala City of Mantente REAL, a linguistically adapted version of the keepin' it REAL universal substance use prevention curriculum for early adolescents that teaches culturally grounded drug resistance, risk assessment, and decision making skills. Academic researchers collaborated with a local non-profit to recruit and randomize 12 elementary schools in Guatemala City to intervention and comparison conditions. Regular classroom teachers were trained to deliver the ten-lesson Mantente REAL (MR) manualized curriculum to sixth-grade students. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11121-018-0956-8DOI Listing
December 2018
9 Reads

The Relationship Between Body Image Perceptions and Condom Use Outcomes in a Sample of South African Emerging Adults.

Prev Sci 2019 Jan;20(1):147-156

Department of Basic Medical Sciences, Durban University of Technology, Durban, South Africa.

HIV continues to be a health priority in South Africa. Consistent condom use helps prevent HIV, yet less than half of South African emerging adults use condoms consistently. Cultural beliefs about illnesses (e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11121-018-0957-7DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Efficient Exploration of Many Variables and Interactions Using Regularized Regression.

Prev Sci 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Psychology, Utah State University, 2810 Old Main Hill, Logan, UT, 84322, USA.

The prevention sciences often face several situations that can compromise the statistical power and validity of a study. Among these, research can (1) have data with many variables, sometimes with low sample sizes, (2) have highly correlated predictors, (3) have unclear theory or empirical evidence related to the research questions, and/or (4) have difficulty selecting the proper covariates in observational studies. Modeling in these situations is difficult-and at times impossible-with conventional methods. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11121-018-0963-9DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Effects of Home Visiting Program Implementation on Preventive Health Care Access and Utilization: Results from a Randomized Trial of Healthy Families Oregon.

Prev Sci 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

NPC Research, Portland, USA.

Home visiting programs are an increasingly popular mechanism for providing a broad set of early prevention supports to high-risk families. A key intended outcome for these programs is to support maternal and child health by helping families increase access to and use of preventive health care services. For many community-based home visiting programs, however, there is less evidence of positive outcomes in the health care domain. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11121-018-0964-8
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11121-018-0964-8DOI Listing
December 2018
11 Reads

Promoting a Culture of Prevention in Albania: the "Si Je?" Program.

Prev Sci 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Sector of Research on Non-Communicable Disease Policies, Department of Epidemiology and Health Systems, Institute of Public Health, Tirana, Albania.

Albania is a small country on the Balkan Peninsula that recently implemented an innovative primary healthcare program called "Si Je?" (How are you?) which allowed all Albanians aged 40-65 years to receive a free, yearly basic health examination at their local health center. Access to basic primary care is a critical component of a nationwide culture of prevention particularly for the non-communicable diseases that comprise 89% of total deaths in the country. Yet, as in many middle-income countries, a culture of prevention in Albania is often secondary to ensuring basic health infrastructure and healthcare access for those critically in need. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11121-018-0967-5DOI Listing
November 2018
14 Reads

An Ecological Momentary Assessment of Affect, Mental Health Symptoms, and Decisions to Drink Among First-Year College Women: A Pilot Study.

Prev Sci 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Department of Biobehavioral Health & Edna Bennett Pierce Prevention Research Center, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA.

College women experience more consequences (e.g., blacking out, unprotected/unwanted sex) on days when they engage in their heaviest drinking. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11121-018-0966-6DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Integrating Retention Rates into Economic Analyses of Prevention Interventions.

Prev Sci 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

School of Social Work, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO, USA.

Evidence-based prevention interventions hold great promise for enhancing the well-being of individuals, families, and society. As these interventions are implemented in new contexts and at wider scales, policymakers and private sector organizations are increasingly interested in understanding the economic returns that programs produce through reductions of burden on public service systems, such as criminal justice and human services. Thus, it is important to ensure that economic models account for factors, such as retention, which are important when interventions are implemented in real-world contexts with selective populations and voluntary participation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11121-018-0958-6DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

A Randomized Controlled Trial to Reduce HIV-Related Risk in African American Men Who Have Sex with Men and Women: the Bruthas Project.

Prev Sci 2019 Jan;20(1):115-125

School of Public Health, Brown University, Providence, RI, USA.

African American men who have sex with men and women (MSMW) are among the populations with the highest need for HIV prevention programs in the USA. We tested a theory-based, community participatory behavioral intervention aiming to reduce sexual risk for HIV transmission in this population. A randomized clinical trial involving 396 African American MSMW who were assigned to a 4-session intervention involving HIV testing and counseling (n = 199) or to a HIV testing and counseling only (n = 197) control. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11121-018-0965-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6358465PMC
January 2019
3 Reads

Promising Practices for Promoting Health Equity Through Rigorous Intervention Science with Indigenous Communities.

Prev Sci 2018 Nov 16. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

Department of Family Medicine and Biobehavioral Health & Memory Keepers Medical Discovery Team - American Indian and Rural Health Equity, University of Minnesota Medical School Duluth Campus, 624 E. 1st St., Suite 201, Duluth, MN, 55805, USA.

Research in indigenous communities is at the forefront of innovation currently influencing several new perspectives in engaged intervention science. This is innovation born of necessity, involving efforts to create health equity complicated by a history of distrust of research. Immense diversity across indigenous cultures, accompanied by variation in associated explanatory models, health beliefs, and health behaviors, along with divergent structural inequities add further complexity to this challenge. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11121-018-0954-xDOI Listing
November 2018
3 Reads

The Core Components of Evidence-Based Social Emotional Learning Programs.

Prev Sci 2018 Nov 16. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Implementing social emotional learning (SEL) programs in school settings is a promising approach to promote critical social and emotional competencies for all students. However, there are several challenges to implementing manualized SEL programs in schools, including program cost, competing demands, and content that is predetermined and cannot be tailored to individual classroom needs. Identifying core components of evidence-based SEL programs may make it possible to develop more feasible approaches to implementing SEL in schools. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11121-018-0953-y
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11121-018-0953-yDOI Listing
November 2018
12 Reads

Growing from Our Roots: Strategies for Developing Culturally Grounded Health Promotion Interventions in American Indian, Alaska Native, and Native Hawaiian Communities.

Prev Sci 2018 Nov 6. Epub 2018 Nov 6.

Nez Perce Tribe Environmental Restoration and Waste Management, Lapwai, ID, USA.

Given the paucity of empirically based health promotion interventions designed by and for American Indian, Alaska Native, and Native Hawaiian (i.e., Native) communities, researchers and partnering communities have had to rely on the adaptation of evidence-based interventions (EBIs) designed for non-Native populations, a decidedly sub-optimal approach. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11121-018-0952-z
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11121-018-0952-zDOI Listing
November 2018
8 Reads

Moving Toward a Precision-Based, Personalized Framework for Prevention Science: Introduction to the Special Issue.

Prev Sci 2019 Jan;20(1):1-9

University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA.

The goal of this Special Issue is to introduce prevention scientists to an emerging form of healthcare, called precision medicine. This approach integrates investigation of the mechanisms of disease and health-compromising behaviors with prevention, treatment, and cure resolved at the level of the individual. Precision Medicine and its derivative personalized prevention represents a promising paradigm for prevention science as it accounts for response heterogeneity and guides development of targeted interventions that may enhance program effect sizes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11121-018-0955-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6358458PMC
January 2019
16 Reads