258,338 results match your criteria Preoperative Evaluation and Management
Langenbecks Arch Surg 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.
Department of General Surgery, Division of HPB Surgery and Liver Transplant Unit, Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires, Juan D. Peron 4190, C1181ACH, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
Purpose: Pediatric living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) in low weight recipients remains one of the most complex surgical procedures, with portal vein (PV) complications occurring in up to 19% of cases. When decreased PV flow is diagnosed intra- or perioperatively, intraoperative stent placement is a good substitute for surgical adjustment. Still, at the present moment, little is known about the technical feasibility, safety, efficacy, and long-term outcome of intraoperative stenting in LDLT. Read More
Digestion 2018 Dec 14;99(1):21-26. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Division of Research and Development for Minimally Invasive Treatment, Cancer Center, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo,
Background: Superficial tumors of the duodenum, other than ampullary tumors, have been traditionally considered rare. However, reports of this kind of tumor have increased in recent times, and the demand for minimally invasive treatments have also increasing.
Summary: Adenomas and intramucosal carcinomas are target lesions for treatment. Read More
Eur Surg Res 2018 Dec 14;59(5-6):380-390. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Background: With aging populations increasing in developed countries, the prevalence of elderly patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is expected to rise. The aim of this study was to determine the short- and long-term outcomes of HCC surgery in elderly patients (≥75 years) using propensity score matching.
Methods: The study group included 421 patients who underwent hepatectomy as their initial treatment with curative intent. Read More
Gynecol Obstet Invest 2018 Dec 14:1-13. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Academic Unit of Obstetrics and Gynecology, IRCCS Ospedale Policlinico San Martino, Genoa, Italy.
Background/aims: Ulipristal acetate ([UPA], Esmya®) is an orally active selective progesterone-receptor modulator that has been approved as preoperative treatment for uterine myomas. This systematic review aims to summarize the available data on surgical outcomes of patients undergoing myomectomy by hysteroscopy or by laparoscopy after preoperative treatment with UPA.
Methods: this review was performed following PRISMA guidelines and was registered in PROSPERO (CRD42018092201). Read More
J Neurosurg 2018 Dec 14:1-7. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
OBJECTIVERevascularization surgery is a safe and effective surgical treatment for symptomatic moyamoya disease (MMD) and has been shown to reduce the frequency of future ischemic events and improve quality of life in affected patients. The authors sought to investigate the occurrence of acute perioperative occlusion of the contralateral internal carotid artery (ICA) with contralateral stroke following revascularization surgery, a rare complication that has not been previously reported.METHODSThis study is a retrospective review of a prospective database of a single surgeon's series of revascularization operations in patients with MMD. Read More
J Neurosurg 2018 Dec 14:1-5. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
OBJECTIVEThe present study aims to assess the clinical utility of a previously validated intraoperative meningioma consistency grading scale and its association with extent of resection (EOR) and various surgical outcomes.METHODSThe previously validated grading system was prospectively assessed in 127 consecutive patients undergoing open craniotomy for meningioma by multiple neurosurgeons at two high-volume academic hospitals from 2013 to 2016. Consistency grading scores ranging from 1 (soft) to 5 (firm/calcified) were retrospectively analyzed to test for association with surgical outcomes and EOR, categorized as gross-total resection (GTR) or subtotal resection, defined by postoperative MRI. Read More
J Neurosurg 2018 Dec 14:1-8. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
OBJECTIVEPostoperative surgical site infections (SSIs) in neurosurgical patients carry a significant risk of increased morbidity and mortality. With SSIs accounting for approximately 20% of nosocomial infections and costing approximately $1.6 billion USD annually, there is a need for additional prophylaxis to improve current standards of care. Read More
J Neurosurg 2018 Dec 14:1-7. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
OBJECTIVEThe neurocognitive course of patients who have undergone cerebral revascularization has been the subject of many studies, and the reported effects of carotid artery stenting (CAS) on cognitive function have varied from study to study. The authors hypothesized that cognitive amelioration after CAS is associated with alteration of the default mode network (DMN) connectivity, and they investigated the correlation between functional connectivity (FC) of the DMN and post-CAS changes in cognitive function in order to find a clinical marker that can be used to predict the effect of cerebral revascularization on patients' cognitive function in this preliminary exploratory study.METHODSThe authors examined post-CAS changes in cognitive function in relation to FC in patients treated for unilateral carotid artery stenosis. Read More
J Neurosurg 2018 Dec 14:1-8. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
OBJECTIVEPreoperative stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) is a feasible alternative to postoperative SRS and may lower the risk of radiation necrosis (RN) and leptomeningeal disease (LMD) recurrence. The study goal was to report the efficacy and toxicity of preoperative SRS in an expanded patient cohort with longer follow-up period relative to prior reports.METHODSThe records for patients with brain metastases treated with preoperative SRS and planned resection were reviewed. Read More
J Hepatol 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
Department of Pathology, BK21 PLUS Project for Medical Science, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
Background & Aims: Imaging characteristics for discriminating malignant potential of intraductal papillary neoplasm of the bile duct (IPNB) still remain unclear. This study aimed to define the magnetic resonance (MR) imaging findings that help to differentiate IPNB with an associated invasive carcinoma from IPNB with intraepithelial neoplasia and to investigate their significance with respect to long-term outcomes in patients with surgically resected IPNB.
Methods: This retrospective study included 120 patients with surgically resected IPNB who underwent preoperative MR imaging with MR cholangiography before surgery from January 2008 and December 2017 in two tertiary referral centers. Read More
J Shoulder Elbow Surg 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University Hospital Balgrist, University of Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland.
Background: Chronic anterior sternoclavicular (SC) instability is a rare but potentially disabling condition. It can arise in conjunction with trauma or hyperlaxity, or both. Numerous surgical techniques have been described, but no gold standard exists. Read More
Neuroimage Clin 2018 Dec 8:101631. Epub 2018 Dec 8.
Department of Neurology, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, China. Electronic address:
Objectives: To explore the dynamic changes of white matters following anterior temporal lobectomy (ATL) in mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE) patients who achieved seizure-free at two-year follow-up.
Methods: Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) was obtained in ten MTLE patients at five serial time points: before surgery, three months, six months, 12 months and 24 months after surgery, as well as in 11 age- and sex-matched healthy controls at one time point. Regions with significant postoperative fractional anisotropy (FA) changes and their dynamic changes were confirmed by comparing all preoperative and postoperative data using Tract-Based Spatial Statistics (TBSS). Read More
J Foot Ankle Surg 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Assistant Professor, Department of Surgery, Division of Orthopaedics, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL. Electronic address:
The purpose of our study was to examine the preoperative clinical factors and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings associated with peroneal pathology in chronic lateral ankle instability patients, as well as the clinical factors associated with peroneal lesions being detected on MRI. Peroneal pathology was determined from intraoperative findings. Patients with/without peroneal pathology were compared regarding their preoperative clinical findings. Read More
Ann Thorac Surg 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
Michael E. DeBakey Department of Surgery, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX. Electronic address:
Background: Readmissions adversely affect hospital reimbursement and quality measures. We aimed to evaluate the incidence, cost, and risk factors for readmission following Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG).
Methods: We queried the National Readmissions Database (NRD) and isolated patients who underwent CABG from 2013-2014. Read More
J Vasc Surg 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Division of Vascular Surgery and Endovascular Therapy, University of Florida, Gainesville, Fla.
Background: Thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) has become a mainstay of therapy for acute and chronic type B aortic dissection (TBAD). Dynamic aortic morphologic changes, untreated dissected aorta, and persistent false lumen perfusion have significant consequences for reintervention after TEVAR for TBAD. However, few reports contrast differences in secondary aortic intervention (SAI) after TEVAR for TBAD or describe their influence on mortality. Read More
J Vasc Surg 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Division of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Mass. Electronic address:
Objective: The Zenith Fenestrated Endovascular Graft (ZFEN; Cook Medical, Bloomington, Ind) has expanded the anatomic eligibility of endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) for complex abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs). Current data on ZFEN mainly consist of single-institution experiences and show conflicting results. Therefore, we compared perioperative outcomes after repair using ZFEN with open complex AAA repair and infrarenal EVAR in a nationwide multicenter registry. Read More
Eur J Surg Oncol 2018 Dec 9. Epub 2018 Dec 9.
Glickman Urological and Kidney Institute, Department of Urology, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH, USA. Electronic address:
Introduction: Aim of the study was to compare perioperative, functional and oncological outcomes after off-clamp vs on-clamp robotic partial nephrectomy (RPN).
Materials And Methods: Patients who underwent off-clamp or on-clamp (warm ischemia) RPN were extracted from 2 institutional prospectively-maintained databases. 123 patients who underwent off-clamp RPN at one institution were excluded, so that each institution contributed with unselected patients (institution 1:on-clamp RPN vs institution 2:off-clamp). Read More
Eur Urol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Department of Urology, "Regina Elena" National Cancer Institute, Rome, Italy.
Background: With the increasing adoption of novel technologies and anatomical techniques, surgical management of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) provides significant benefits in terms of obstruction relief, early urethral catheter removal, and faster return to daily activities. However, the main pitfall of BPH surgery in sexually active men remains ejaculatory dysfunction (EjD), which permanently affects quality of life.
Objective: To detail a novel technique for marking the intraprostatic urethra through a retrograde injection of indocyanine green to enhance selective dissection of prostatic lobes during urethra-sparing robot-assisted simple prostatectomy (US-RASP) with the use of near-infrared fluorescence imaging (NIFI). Read More
Am J Otolaryngol 2018 Nov 22. Epub 2018 Nov 22.
Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck, Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China.
Objective: To confirm the pre-treatment diagnosis of parapharyngeal space malignancy could aid the treatment plan.
Methods: For patients with suspected malignant parapharyngeal space tumors following preoperative imaging, oral biopsy was conducted for pathological diagnosis with the use of 22-G biopsy needles.
Results: A total of 11 patients were enrolled. Read More
Am J Otolaryngol 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
The Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, The First Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, 130000, Jilin Province, China. Electronic address:
Purpose: To explore the impact of H-uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (H-UPPP) in obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) and gain insights into the potential mechanism underlying improvement by H-UPPP.
Methods: In a cohort of 11 OSAS patients, computational fluid dynamics (CFD) models of the upper airway were obtained using commercial software from computed tomography (CT) datasets before and after H-UPPP. Morphological and numerical parameters were respectively computed and compared during the peak tidal inspiratory flow. Read More
J Pediatr Urol 2018 Nov 22. Epub 2018 Nov 22.
Pediatric Surgery Department, IRCCS, Istituto Giannina Gaslini, Largo Gaslini 5, 16147, Genoa, Italy; DINOGMI, University of Genoa, Genoa, Italy. Electronic address:
Introduction: Ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO) is one of the most common urological diseases in children. The etiology can be intrinsic, extrinsic (crossing vessel [CV] or adhesions), or mixed. To date, ultrasonography and scintigraphy are considered gold-standard imaging techniques for the study of UPJO. Read More
Clin Ther 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Department of Anesthesiology, Qingpu Branch of Zhongshan Hospital affiliated with Fudan University, Shanghai, China.
Purpose: A prospective, randomized, single-blind, controlled clinical study was designed to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of preoperative pregabalin on cardiovascular response to laryngoscopy and endotracheal intubation.
Methods: Patients aged 18-60 years with an American Society of Anesthesiologists scale score of I or II were recruited and randomly allocated to receive placebo (control), low-dose (150-mg) pregabalin, or high-dose (300-mg) pregabalin. The medications were orally administered 1 hour before general anesthesia. Read More
Am J Surg 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.
Department of Surgery, Brigham and Women's Hospital/ Harvard Medical School, 75 Francis Street, Boston, MA, 02115, USA; Department of Surgery, VA Boston Healthcare System, West Roxbury, MA, USA. Electronic address:
Introduction: Pancreaticoduodenectomy is a complex surgical procedure. The purpose of this study was to identify factors associated non-home discharge destination and to characterize outcomes after non-home discharge.
Methods: 10,719 pancreaticoduodenectomy cases contained in the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) Targeted Pancreatectomy dataset (years 2014-2016) were examined with univariate and multivariate logistic regression. Read More
Can J Urol 2018 Dec;25(6):9601-9605
Section of Urology, Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center, Lebanon, New Hampshire, USA.
Introduction: Though widely performed, the safety of non-intravenous contrast (NIVC) urography in patients with documented intravenous, iodinated contrast allergic like reactions (ICA) is unclear. The purpose of this study was to determine the risk of "allergic-like" reaction (ALR) events in patients with ICA undergoing NIVC urography.
Materials And Methods: Patients undergoing contrast urography at a single institution were identified between 2011-2014. Read More
Eur J Cancer 2018 Dec 12;107:86-92. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Odense University Hospital, Denmark.
Objective: The objective is to investigate the topographical distribution of sentinel nodes (SNs) and lymph node metastases in T1-2cN0 oral squamous cell carcinomas (OSCCs).
Methods: The study entailed a prospective enrolment of 220 patients with clinical T1-2N0 OSCCs who underwent preoperative lymphoscintigraphy (LSG) followed by gamma probe-guided sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB). Patients with positive SNs were treated with completion neck dissection. Read More
Int J Surg Case Rep 2018 Nov 27;54:83-86. Epub 2018 Nov 27.
Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, Higashiosaka City Medical Center, Nishiiwata 3-4-5, Higashiosaka, Osaka, 567-8588, Japan.
Introduction: Enteric duplication cysts are rare and, in addition, isolated enteric duplication cysts are lower morbidity prevalence rate. These cysts lack a connection to the gastrointestinal tract or the adjacent mesenteric vasculature and have only been reported in 10 case reports. In these reports, only two reports were cases with malignant transformation. Read More
Spine J 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
University of Utah Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, 590 Wakara Way, Salt Lake City, UT 84108. Electronic address:
Background Context: Diabetes is a highly prevalent comorbid condition among patients undergoing spine surgery. Several studies have used legacy patient-reported outcome measures to implicate diabetes as a predictor of increased disability, pain, and decreased physical function and quality of life following spine surgery. The effect of diabetes on postoperative physical function has not yet been studied using the PROMIS Physical Function Computer Adaptive Test (PF CAT). Read More
Urology 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Urology, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, FL.
Objectives: To evaluate the ability of Aorta-Lesion-Attenuation-Difference (ALAD) to differentiate malignant renal tumors from renal oncocytomas.
Methods: A retrospective review of preoperative CT scans and surgical pathology was performed on patients undergoing partial nephrectomy for small, solid renal masses. ALAD was calculated by measuring the difference in Hounsfield units (HU) between the aorta and the lesion of interest on the same image slice on preoperative CT scan. Read More
Ann Thorac Surg 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Weill Cornell Medicine, New York, United States.
Background: The radial artery (RA) has been used for coronary artery bypass surgery for more than 25 years. The recent confirmation of the clinical benefits associated with the use of the artery is likely to drive a new interest toward this conduit in the next few years METHODS: A group of surgeons with extensive experience in the systematic use of the RA summarize here the key technical aspects of the use of the conduit for coronary bypass operations.
Results: Preoperative evaluation of the ulnar collateral circulation and attention to the characteristics of the target vessel are key for the successful use of the radial artery. Read More
Med Sci Monit 2018 Dec 15;24:9102-9109. Epub 2018 Dec 15.
Department of Plastic Surgery, Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical College, Zunyi, Guizhou, China (mainland).
BACKGROUND The design and harvest of the anterolateral thigh (ALT) multi-paddled flap is a critical step in reconstructive surgeries. However, limited perforator distribution patterns of traditional design methods have gradually emerged in clinical practice. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of a new technique (the 3-5 system) on ALT multi-paddled flap design. Read More
Diagn Cytopathol 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Pathology, University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center, Cleveland, OH.
Pulmonary artery intimal sarcoma is a rare aggressive intraluminal tumor often misdiagnosed as acute or chronic pulmonary thromboembolism due to its clinical presentation and radiological findings. Thus early diagnosis is very crucial and may improve patient outcome. There is limited literature on diagnosis of pulmonary artery sarcoma by endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA). Read More
Gen Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Saitama Medical Center, Jichi Medical University, 1-847 Amanumacho, Omiya-ku, Saitama, 330-8503, Japan.
Background: Acute type A aortic dissection (ATAAD) is relatively uncommon in dialysis patients, and characteristics and repair outcomes are not fully understood.
Patients And Methods: Patients with ATAAD (n = 960) were divided into a dialysis group (n = 19) and non-dialysis group (n = 941), depending on whether they required dialysis for preoperative end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Hospital charts and imaging data were reviewed, and characteristics and outcomes were compared between the groups. Read More
Eur Spine J 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Spine Surgery, The Affiliated Drum Tower Clinical Medical College of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, China.
Purpose: The aim of this study was to compare the clinical outcomes of selective thoracic fusion in the surgical treatment of Chiari malformation type I (CMI) adolescents with different curve patterns.
Methods: Sixty-three CMI patients with left thoracic curve (LTC) and 63 age- and curve-magnitude-matched CMI patients with right thoracic curve (RTC) were recruited. Selective thoracic fusion was performed for two groups. Read More
Eur Radiol 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Radiology, Research Institute of Radiological Science, Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, 50-1 Yonsei-ro, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul, 03722, South Korea.
Objectives: To investigate the diagnostic accuracy of each LR-M feature defined in version 2017 of the Liver Imaging Reporting and Data System (LI-RADS) and determine the optimal LR-M feature for differentiating combined hepatocellular-cholangiocarcinoma (cHCC-CCA) and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) on gadoxetate-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
Methods: Ninety-nine patients with pathologically proven cHCC-CCA (n = 33) or HCC (n = 66) after surgery were identified. Two radiologists retrospectively assessed preoperative gadoxetate-enhanced MRI for features favoring non-HCC malignancies (LR-M features) according to LI-RADS version 2017. Read More
J Surg Educ 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Comprehensive Aortic Center, Cardiovascular Thoracic Institute, Keck Medical Center of University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California. Electronic address:
Purpose: System-based practice with an emphasis on quality improvement (QI) is a recent initiative for the American College of Surgeons and a core-competency for surgical trainees. Few surgical training programs have a curriculum for hospital-based QI.
Methods: Our vascular surgery service implemented several QI initiatives focused on decreasing length of stay (LOS) by targeting resident education and engagement. Read More
Am J Otolaryngol 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.
Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Qilu Hospital of Shandong University, Jinan, China; NHC Key Laboratory of Otorhinolaryngology, Shandong University, Jinan, China. Electronic address:
Purpose: The timing of CI for postmeningitic deafness is controversial and differential outcomes have been reported. To review and share our surgical and auditory outcomes.
Materials And Methods: 17 patients with ossified cochleas who received CI were enrolled. Read More
Best Pract Res Clin Gastroenterol 2018 Oct - Dec;36-37:85-90. Epub 2018 Nov 30.
Division of Esophageal and Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery, Department of Surgery, The University of Hong Kong, Queen Mary Hospital, 102 Pokfulam Road, Hong Kong. Electronic address:
Despite the rise in incidence of adenocarcinoma, squamous cell cancer of the oesophagus remains the commonest cell type worldwide and is predominant in the East. Except for very early tumours where endoscopic therapy can be performed with curative intent, in more advanced but potentially curative cancers, treatment for mid and upper third tumours is primarily surgery with extended lymphadenectomy, together with multimodal therapies such as preoperative chemotherapy or chemoradiotherapy. Definitive chemoradiotherapy is utilized in those who decline surgery or in those who are unfit for major procedures. Read More
Best Pract Res Clin Gastroenterol 2018 Oct - Dec;36-37:81-83. Epub 2018 Nov 29.
Department of Surgery, G04.228, University Medical Center Utrecht, Heidelberglaan 100, 3584 CX, Utrecht, the Netherlands.
Worldwide, the standard treatment for locally advanced esophageal cancer with curative intent is perioperative chemotherapy or preoperative chemoradiotherapy followed by open transthoracic esophagectomy (OTE) with gastric conduit reconstruction. Minimally invasive esophagectomy (MIE) was developed to improve the postoperative outcome by reducing the surgical trauma, with comparable short-term oncologic results. However, MIE is a highly complex procedure associated with a long learning curve. Read More
Best Pract Res Clin Gastroenterol 2018 Oct - Dec;36-37:53-59. Epub 2018 Nov 21.
Amsterdam University Medical Centers, Cancer Center Amsterdam, Location Academic Medical Center, Department of Radiation Oncology, Meibergdreef 9; B0-107, 1105 AZ, Amsterdam, Netherlands. Electronic address:
Definitive chemoradiation (dCRT) is a curative treatment option for patients with oesophageal cancer. It is effective in both adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma. However, locoregional control is less after dCRT compared to preoperative CRT (pCRT) followed by surgery. Read More
Z Orthop Unfall 2018 Dec 14;156(6):692-703. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Klinik für Orthopädie, Universitätsklinikum Ulm.
Due to the increasing number of primary hip arthroplasty procedures, revision surgery will be an increasing challenge. The surgeon is frequently confronted with important acetabular defects. Careful preoperative planning is essential to achieve functional and long-term success. Read More
Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown) 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Neurologic Surgery, Mayo Clinic Florida, Jacksonville, Florida.
We describe the operative approach and management for thoracic metastatic disease in a 78-yr-old man with worsening mechanical lower back and left-sided thoracic radicular pain. Imaging of the thoracic spine revealed an osteolytic T11 mass with destruction of the left T11 pedicle and transverse process. Biopsy confirmed spinal metastasis from the liver. Read More
Ann Thorac Surg 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Department of Surgical Oncology Hiroshima University, 1-2-3 Kasumi, Minami-ku, Hiroshima 734-8551, Japan. Electronic address:
Background: As segmentectomy becomes widely used for lung cancer treatment, "complex segmentectomy," which makes several, intricate intersegmental planes, remains controversial because of procedural complexity and risk of increased complications and incurability. Questions remain regarding mortality, morbidity, surgical margin, lymph nodes dissection, and postoperative pulmonary function. We evaluated operative and postoperative outcomes of complex compared to simple segmentectomy. Read More
J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2018 Nov 20. Epub 2018 Nov 20.
Department Head, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Sheba Medical Center, Tel-Hashomer, Affiliated to Sackler School of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University, Tel-Aviv, Israel.
Purpose: To evaluate 3-dimensional orofacial changes that occurred after proportional condylectomy that was not followed by orthognathic surgery in patients with condylar hyperplasia type 1B (unilateral hemimandibular elongation).
Materials And Methods: This retrospective analysis used the medical records of 14 skeletally mature patients. Transverse, vertical, and horizontal cephalometric analyses of photographs and radiographs were undertaken. Read More
Retina 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Department of Ophthalmology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota.
Purpose: To report visual and anatomical outcomes after the repair of chronic idiopathic macular holes (MHs) with no face-down positioning.
Methods: We conducted a retrospective review of chronic MH cases of greater than 1-year duration that were repaired through pars plana vitrectomy with broad internal limiting membrane peeling and no face-down positioning between March 2009 and December 2017. There were 18 eyes of 18 patients that met inclusion criteria. Read More
Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.
Eye Research Center, Rassoul Akram Hospital, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Purpose: To compare preoperative and postoperative lower eyelid scleral show in patients with unilateral myogenic (MP) and aponeurotic (AP) ptosis, analyze the factors correlated with them, and assess the rate of postoperative lower eyelid symmetry in both groups.
Methods: Patients (older than 5 years old) with unilateral MP (58) and AP (20) were included from June 2015 to April 2017. Excluded were patients with previous eyelid surgery, strabismus, levator function of ≤3, and associated procedures. Read More
Am J Phys Med Rehabil 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
Department of surgery, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
Objective: The preoperative phase is a potential window of opportunity. Although frail elderly patients are known to be more prone to postoperative complications, they are often not considered capable of accomplishing a full prehabilitation program. The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of Fit4SurgeryTV, an at-home prehabilitation program specifically designed for frail elderly with colorectal cancer (CRC). Read More
J Craniofac Surg 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
Department of Neurosurgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing.
Objective: At present, large cranial function area arteriovenous malformation (fAVM) is mainly treated by craniotomy with a high risk of operation and high disability. In recent years, with the continuous improvement of the neural intervention technology, fractionated transcatheter arterial embolization (fTAE) may be used to treat the fAVM instead of surgical treatment. However, its effectiveness for treating fAVM has never been explored. Read More
Clin Orthop Relat Res 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
T. D. Lerch, F. Schmaranzer, S. D. Steppacher, M. Tannast, K. A. Siebenrock, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Inselspital, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland E. N. Novais, Department of Pediatric Orthopedic surgery, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA, USA K. Ziebarth, Department of Pediatric Surgery, Inselspital, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland.
Background: Prophylactic pinning of the asymptomatic and normal-appearing contralateral hip in patients with unilateral slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) remains controversial. Understanding the minimal 10-year clinical, functional, and radiographic outcomes of the contralateral asymptomatic hip in unilateral SCFE may be helpful in the decision regarding whether the benefits associated with potentially preventing a SCFE are outweighed by the risk of additional surgery.
Questions/purposes: Among patients with SCFE treated with prophylactic pinning of the asymptomatic and contralateral hip, we sought (1) to determine the complications and reoperations; (2) to evaluate the development of cam deformities and the frequency and severity of osteoarthritis progression; and (3) to characterize hip pain and function as measured by the Harris hip score (HHS) and the Hip Disability and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (HOOS) at minimal 10-year followup. Read More
J Oncol Pract 2018 Dec 14:JOP1800228. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI; University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN; and University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA.
Purpose:: To improve care coordination for complex cancers, it is critical to establish a more nuanced understanding of the types of providers involved. As the number of provider types increases, strategies to support cancer care coordination must adapt to a greater variety of information needs, communication styles, and treatment strategies.
Methods:: We categorized providers into 11 types, using National Provider Identifier specialties. Read More
Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Dec;32(23):1804-1809
Department of Otorhinolaryngology, the First Affiliated Hospital, Bengbu Medical College, Bengbu, 233004, China.
To find proper the surgical approval and evaluate clinical efficacy to treat the tumor of upper parapharyngeal space involving the base of skull and intracranial skull. The data of 9 cases from June 2013 and June 2018 were analyzed retrospectively including schwannoma in 6 cases, pleomorphic adenoma in 2 cases and hemangioma in 1 case. All cases received preoperative high resolution CT and MRI, some cases also did the DSA examination. Read More