25,654 results match your criteria Pregnancy Trauma


Maternal Health Outcomes for Incarcerated Women: A Scoping Review.

J Clin Nurs 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Dalhousie University's, School of Nursing, Associate Dean Academic, , Dalhousie, University's Faculty of Health; Nurse, IWK Health Centre, Halifax, Nova Scotia.

Aims And Objectives: This scoping review uses intersectional feminism to inform a systematic synthesis of what is known about the maternal health outcomes of incarcerated women.

Background: Despite rising imprisonment of women, there is a lack of research, from a feminist perspective, on perinatal health outcomes among incarcerated women.

Design: Systematic scoping review using the Joanna Briggs Institute scoping review methodology. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jocn.14837DOI Listing
February 2019

Social work intervention for women experiencing early pregnancy loss in the emergency department.

Soc Work Health Care 2019 Feb 18:1-20. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

a School of Social Work , Lakehead University , Thunder Bay , ON , Canada.

Often referred to as miscarriage, Early Pregnancy Loss (EPL) is the spontaneous death of a fetus experienced within the first 20 weeks of gestation and is the most common complication in pregnancy. Symptoms of an impending EPL are routinely managed in the Emergency Department (ED). EPL can have a substantial impact on women, potentially leading to psychological and emotional health issues and risks to future pregnancies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00981389.2019.1580237DOI Listing
February 2019

A Novel Treatment for Massive Hemorrhage after Maternal Trauma in Pregnancy.

AJP Rep 2019 Jan 13;9(1):e27-e29. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona.

 Trauma in pregnancy can lead to life-threatening hemorrhage. Conventional treatments of hemorrhage include medical and surgical management. However, if these measures fail uterine compression is an option to control bleeding. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0039-1678735DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6374146PMC
January 2019

Potential Involvement of in Maintaining Pluripotency and Cell Differentiation of Human Stem Cells.

Oxid Med Cell Longev 2019 10;2019:8727925. Epub 2019 Jan 10.

Department of Clinical Genetics, Medical University of Lublin, Lublin, Poland.

The gene encodes a survivin protein belonging to class III of inhibitors of apoptosis, IAP. This protein serves a dual role. First, it regulates cell death, and second, it is an important regulator of mitosis progression, although its physiological regulatory function has not been fully understood. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/8727925DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6350561PMC
January 2019

Foetal radiation exposure caused by mechanical thrombectomy in large-vessel ischaemic stroke in pregnancy.

Neuroradiology 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Neuroradiology, Sheffield Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Royal Hallamshire Hospital, Glossop Road, Sheffield, S10 2JF, UK.

Purpose: There is overwhelming evidence for the clinical benefits that are derived following mechanical thrombectomy in large-vessel acute ischaemic stroke. The risk of stroke is elevated in pregnancy due to many factors. To date, there have been two reports, totalling five patients, who have undergone mechanical thrombectomy in pregnancy, thus demonstrating the feasibility of the procedure; however, there is no data on the radiation exposure to the mother or foetus related to this therapy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00234-019-02163-7DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

CdSe/ZnS Quantum Dots Impaired the First Two Generations of Placenta Growth in an Animal Model, Based on the Shh Signaling Pathway.

Nanomaterials (Basel) 2019 Feb 14;9(2). Epub 2019 Feb 14.

State Key Laboratory of Food Science and Technology, Nanchang University, Nanchang 330047, China.

The toxicity, especially the transgenerational toxicity of quantum dots (QDs) in vivo, is still scarcely understood in spite of great promising applications of QDs in biomedicine. In this study, the maternal status, pregnancy outcome, and fetus development of parental generation (P0) to offspring in three generations (F3) were investigated after Kunming mice perinatal (GD 13-PND 5) exposure to Cd containing QDs (CdSe/ZnS QDs) and CdCl₂. The results show CdSe/ZnS QDs induced placenta injuries in P0 and diminished placenta diameters in F1 and F2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nano9020257DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Prenatal cortisol modifies the association between maternal trauma history and child cognitive development in a sex-specific manner in an urban pregnancy cohort.

Stress 2019 Feb 15:1-8. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

a Department of Pediatrics , Kravis Children's Hospital, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai , New York , NY , USA.

Women's experience of trauma may cause lifelong alterations in physiological stress regulation, which can be transmitted to offspring in utero. We investigated, in a prospective pregnancy cohort, associations among maternal lifetime interpersonal trauma (IPT) history, prenatal cortisol dysregulation, and children's memory domains. Sex-specific effects were also explored. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10253890.2018.1553950DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Genitourinary Fistula: A Curse to Neglected Pregnancy.

Mymensingh Med J 2019 Jan;28(1):206-213

Dr Nasrin Akhter, Associate Professor, Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Dhaka Medical College, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Genitourinary fistula is a psychophysiosocial distress that results in prolonged labour. Gradually, it has become a public health issue globally with advancing of its incidence day by day. A handsome number of mothers are also suffering in Bangladesh from genitourinary fistula. Read More

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January 2019
1 Read

Neurologic Conditions: New-Onset Seizures in Adults.

FP Essent 2019 Feb;477:22-28

University of South Alabama College of Medicine Department of Family Medicine, 1601 Center Street, 2N Mobile, AL 36604.

Family physicians may be the first point of contact for adults with new-onset seizure. There are many etiologies of seizures in adults. Etiologies of provoked seizures include temporary metabolic disturbances, central nervous system infections, cerebrovascular disease, drug withdrawal, and traumatic brain injury. Read More

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February 2019
1 Read

The impact of variations in obstetric practice on maternal birth trauma.

Int Urogynecol J 2019 Feb 11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Sydney Medical School Nepean, The University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia.

Introduction And Hypothesis: Forceps delivery and length of second stage are risk factors of maternal birth trauma, i.e., levator ani muscle (LAM) avulsion and anal sphincter trauma. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00192-019-03887-zDOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

"It Can't Be Like Last Time" - Choices Made in Early Pregnancy by Women Who Have Previously Experienced a Traumatic Birth.

Front Psychol 2019 25;10:56. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Hull, Hull, United Kingdom.

A significant number of women experience childbirth as traumatic. These experiences are often characterized by a loss of control coupled with a perceived lack of support and inadequate communication with health care providers. Little is known about the choices women make in subsequent pregnancy(s) and birth(s), or why they make these choices. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00056DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6355667PMC
January 2019
1 Read

A brief history of oocyte cryopreservation: arguments and facts.

Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 2019 Feb 10. Epub 2019 Feb 10.

G.EN.E.R.A. Center for Reproductive Medicine, G.EN.E.R.A. Veneto, Marostica, Italy.

The term "cryopreservation" refers to the process of cooling cells and tissues and storing them at subzero temperatures in order to stop all biologic activity and preserve their viability and physiologic competences for future use. Cooling to subzero temperatures is not a physiological condition for human cells; this is probably due to the high content of water in the living matter, whose conversion to ice crystals may be associated with severe and irreversible damages. Among reproductive cells and tissues, metaphase II oocytes are notably vulnerable to cryopreservation, mainly because of their large size, low surface area to volume ratio, relatively high water content and presence of the meiotic spindle. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aogs.13569DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Mindfulness and trauma symptoms predict child abuse potential in risk-exposed, men and women during pregnancy.

Child Abuse Negl 2019 Feb 6;90:43-51. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Wayne State University, School of Social Work, Merrill Palmer Skillman Institute, 5447 Woodward Ave, Detroit, MI, 48202, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Nearly a third of adults report childhood trauma in their youth and approximately 700,000 cases of child maltreatment were reported in 2016. Both history of childhood trauma and current trauma symptoms in adults are linked to child maltreatment, although many trauma-exposed individuals are warm and nurturing parents. Identifying resiliency factors in adults with risk factors for harsh parenting may illuminate new pathways to sensitive parenting. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01452134193003
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2019.01.018DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Crossover transseptal vasovasostomy: alternative for very selected cases of iatrogenic injury to vas deferens.

Int Braz J Urol 2019 Jan 5;45. Epub 2019 Jan 5.

Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, São Paulo, SP, Brasil.

Inguinal herniorraphy is a possible cause of iatrogenic seminal tract obstruction. Diagnosing and correcting these vasal injuries can be challenging. Successful re-anastomosis is technically challenging, with relatively low success rates. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1677-5538.IBJU.2018.0445DOI Listing
January 2019

Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis due to hyperhomocysteinemia with cystathionine-β-synthase (CBS) gene mutation: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Feb;98(6):e14349

Department of Neurology.

Rationale: Risk factors of cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) are usually divided into acquired risks (e.g., trauma and pregnancy) and genetic risks (inherited thrombophilia). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000014349DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Pregnancy outcomes in women with spinal cord injuries: a population-based study.

PM R 2019 Feb 6. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Public Health Sciences Division, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA, USA.

Background: Pregnant women with congenital or acquired spinal cord injury face challenges due to compromised neurological function and mobility; factors that may also affect fetal/infant health. Few studies have examined pregnancy course and longer-term outcomes in this population.

Objective: To assess pregnancy outcomes among women with spinal cord injury, paralysis, or spina bifida using population-based data. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/pmrj.12122
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pmrj.12122DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Characteristics of women with different perinatal depression trajectories.

J Neurosci Res 2019 Feb 5. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Department of Women's and Children's Health, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.

Maternal perinatal depression (PND), a common mental disorder with a prevalence of over 10%, is associated with long-term health risks for both mothers and offspring. This study aimed at describing characteristics related to background and lifestyle, pregnancy, delivery, and postpartum of different PND trajectories defined according to the onset of depressive symptoms. Participants were drawn from a large population-based cohort study in Uppsala, Sweden (n = 2,466). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jnr.24390DOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads

Is induction of labor a reasonable option for breech presentation?

Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 2019 Feb 5. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Port Royal Maternity Unit, Cochin Hospital, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Paris, France, DHU Risks in Pregnancy, Paris, France; Sorbonne Medical Faculty Paris Descartes UniversityParis, France.

Introduction: Whilst spontaneous onset of labor and vaginal delivery for breech presentation is considered to be a safe and effective option in selected cases, the safety of induction of labor is not established yet. The objectives of this study were to describe the outcomes of pregnancy in women induced with a fetus in breech presentation and compare with those undergoing planned caesarean delivery.

Material And Methods: We performed a secondary analysis of the observational prospective multicenter PREMODA study, including all singleton breech deliveries after 37 weeks in 174 centers in France and Belgium. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/aogs.13557
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aogs.13557DOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads

Spontaneous Coronary Artery Dissection Masquerading as Coronary Artery Stenosis in a Young Patient.

Am J Case Rep 2019 Feb 6;20:159-162. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Department of Cardiology, Rapides Regional Medical Center, Alexandria, LA, USA.

BACKGROUND Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is primarily found in females. SCAD can have many precipitating factors such as exercise, trauma, pregnancy, drugs, and connective tissue disease. Prognosis is poor for left main stem, left anterior descending (LAD) artery, and multivessel involvement, especially for females. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12659/AJCR.913522DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6375282PMC
February 2019
2 Reads

Maternal experience of their infants' crying in the context of war trauma: Determinants and consequences.

Infant Ment Health J 2019 Feb 4. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Department of Psychology, University of Tampere, Tampere, Finland.

We examined, first, how prenatal maternal mental health and war trauma predicted mothers' experience of their infant crying, indicated by emotions, cognitions, and behavior; and second, how these experiences influenced the mother-infant interaction and infant development. Participants were 511 Palestinian mothers from the Gaza Strip, reporting their war trauma, symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, and perceived stress during pregnancy (Time 1). They reported experiences of infant crying at 4 months (Time 2), and the mother-infant interaction and infant sensorimotor and language development at 12 months of infants' age (Time 3). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/imhj.21768DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Synovial sarcoma in an HIV-positive pregnant woman and review of literature.

BMJ Case Rep 2019 Jan 29;12(1). Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Hertfordshire HIV Service, Chelsea and Westminster Hospital, London, UK.

We present a first case of synovial sarcoma in an HIV-positive pregnant woman. This 28-year-old woman was diagnosed with synovial sarcoma, a high-grade malignant soft tissue sarcoma, involving her left thigh during the first trimester of her pregnancy. She underwent surgical treatment in the form of hip disarticulation at 30 weeks' gestation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-227646DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Protocol for pilot cluster RCT of project respect: a school-based intervention to prevent dating and relationship violence and address health inequalities among young people.

Pilot Feasibility Stud 2019 22;5:13. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

1London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London, WC1E 7HT UK.

Background: Dating and relationship violence (DRV)-intimate partner violence during adolescence-encompasses physical, sexual and emotional abuse. DRV is associated with a range of adverse health outcomes including injuries, sexually transmitted infections, adolescent pregnancy and mental health issues. Experiencing DRV also predicts both victimisation and perpetration of partner violence in adulthood. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40814-019-0391-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6341537PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Risk Factors Associated with Neonatal Sepsis: A Case Study at a Specialist Hospital in Ghana.

ScientificWorldJournal 2019 1;2019:9369051. Epub 2019 Jan 1.

School of Nursing and Midwifery, University of Health and Allied Sciences, Ho, Ghana.

Worldwide, neonatal sepsis accounts for an estimated 26% of under-five deaths, with sub-Saharan Africa having the highest mortality rates. Though worldwide neonatal deaths have decreased by over 3.6 million per year since 2000, neonatal sepsis remains a notable hindrance to the progress in the decline of cause-specific mortality rates especially in sub-Saharan Africa. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/tswj/2019/9369051/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/9369051DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6332869PMC
February 2019
10 Reads

[Educational intervention in Primary Care to reduce and improve the adequacy of pediatric consultations].

Rev Esp Salud Publica 2019 Jan 29;93. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Centro de Salud Medina del Campo. Valladolid. España.

Objective: Many parents visit paediatric health services due to unimportant reasons (ignorance of health problems of their children and psychosocial and emotional conditionings). The objective was to determine the effectiveness of a health education program, on the number and adequacy of pediatric consultations, in the first 6 months of the child´s life.

Methods: Quasi-experimental study of an educational intervention aimed at pregnant women in the last trimester of pregnancy and their partners. Read More

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January 2019
1 Read

Medical and surgical management of acute spinal injury during pregnancy: A case series in a third-world country.

Surg Neurol Int 2018 24;9:258. Epub 2018 Dec 24.

Department of Neurosurgery, Juha Hernesniemi International Neurosurgery Center, Henan Provincial People's Hospital, 7 Weiwu Road, Zhengzhou, China.

Background: There is scant literature describing the management of acute spinal injury in pregnant patients. Here, we report our experience with five cases of pregnant patients including three females who suffered acute traumatic spinal cord injuries (SCIs).

Methods: This retrospective study evaluated five pregnant women presenting with traumatic spinal injuries over a 16-month period. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/sni.sni_380_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6322169PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Galectin-9 Alleviates LPS-Induced Preeclampsia-Like Impairment in Rats via Switching Decidual Macrophage Polarization to M2 Subtype.

Front Immunol 2018 10;9:3142. Epub 2019 Jan 10.

Family Planning Research Institute, Center for Reproductive Medicine, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China.

Dysfunction of decidual macrophages (DMs) is considered a critical event in the pathogenesis of pre-eclampsia (PE). T cell immunoglobulin mucin 3 (Tim-3) is an important negative regulatory molecule that induces immune tolerance by interacting with its ligand Galectin-9 (Gal-9) and thus modulating function of various immune cells, including macrophages. However, the regulatory effects of Tim-3/Gal-9 signaling on DMs polarization and its role in PE remain unclear. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fimmu.2018.03142DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6335255PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Family violence in Victoria, Australia: a retrospective case-control study of forensic medical casework.

Int J Legal Med 2019 Jan 25. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Department of Forensic Medicine, Monash University, 65 Kavanagh Street, Southbank, Victoria, 3006, Australia.

Objective: To identify the risk factors and assault characteristics of family violence among victims referred for forensic medical examination in Victoria, Australia.

Methods: A retrospective 1:1 case-control study was conducted, comparing adult family violence victims and non-family violence victims examined by clinical forensic practitioners from the Victorian Institute of Forensic Medicine, between July 2015 and June 2016. Data were extracted from victims' forensic medical casework. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00414-019-02000-9DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

A Randomized Trial of Endometrial Scratching before In Vitro Fertilization.

N Engl J Med 2019 01;380(4):325-334

From the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Auckland (S.L., D.O., C.F.), and Women's Health (L. Sadler) and Fertility Plus (D.G., C.F.), Auckland District Health Board, Auckland, Fertility Associates, Christchurch (S.A.W.), and Fertility Associates, Wellington (L. Searle, S.M.) - all in New Zealand; Bath Fertility Centre, Bath (S.A., E.N.), the Department of Medical Statistics, Manchester University NHS Foundation Trust, Manchester (J.W.), and the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, King's College Hospital (K.V., H.H.), University College Hospital (L.W.), Homerton Fertility Centre, Homerton University Hospital NHS Foundation Trust (P.B.), and Guy's Hospital (Y.K.), London - all in the United Kingdom; the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Institute of Clinical Sciences, University of Gothenburg, Reproductive Medicine, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden (C.S., A.S., C.B.); Leuven University Fertility Center, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University Hospitals, Leuven, Belgium (A.H., K.P.); and Reproductive Services, Royal Women's Hospital, Melbourne, VIC, Australia (W.T.T.).

Background: Endometrial scratching (with the use of a pipelle biopsy) is a technique proposed to facilitate embryo implantation and increase the probability of pregnancy in women undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF).

Methods: We conducted a pragmatic, multicenter, open-label, randomized, controlled trial. Eligible women were undergoing IVF (fresh-embryo or frozen-embryo transfer), with no recent exposure to disruptive intrauterine instrumentation (e. Read More

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http://www.nejm.org/doi/10.1056/NEJMoa1808737
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1056/NEJMoa1808737DOI Listing
January 2019
8 Reads

Pregnancy-associated osteoporosis: a UK case series and literature review.

Osteoporos Int 2019 Jan 23. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Royal National Hospital for Rheumatic Diseases, Upper Borough Walls, Bath, BA1 1RL, UK.

Mini Abstract: Pregnancy-associated osteoporosis (PAO) is a rare syndrome affecting women during late pregnancy and the early postpartum period. We set out to review the clinical features of ten cases of PAO from a single UK centre. Patients had attended the Royal National Hospital for Rheumatic Diseases, Bath (RNHRD) between January 2000 and June 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00198-019-04842-wDOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

A decade of antiretroviral therapy in Uganda: what are the emerging causes of death?

BMC Infect Dis 2019 Jan 21;19(1):77. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

Research Department, Infectious Diseases Institute, College of Health Sciences, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda.

Background: The roll out of antiretroviral therapy (ART) in Sub-Saharan Africa led to a decrease in mortality. Few studies have documented the causes of deaths among patients on long term antiretroviral therapy in Sub-Saharan Africa. Our objective was to describe the causes of death among patients on long term ART in Sub-Saharan Africa. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12879-019-3724-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6341568PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Pregnancy-Associated Plasma Protein-A Accelerates Atherosclerosis by Regulating Reverse Cholesterol Transport and Inflammation.

Circ J 2019 Jan 18. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

Institute of Cardiovascular Disease, Key Lab for Arteriosclerology of Hunan Province, Medical Research Experiment Center, Hunan Province Cooperative Innovation Center for Molecular Target New Drug Study, University of South China.

Background: Recent studies have suggested that pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A) is involved in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. This study aim is to investigate the role and mechanisms of PAPP-A in reverse cholesterol transport (RCT) and inflammation during the development of atherosclerosis. Methods and Results: PAPP-A was silenced in apolipoprotein E (apoE) mice with administration of PAPP-A shRNA. Read More

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https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/circj/advpub/0/advpub_C
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1253/circj.CJ-18-0700DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Fathers' reactions over their partner's diagnosis of peripartum cardiomyopathy: A qualitative interview study.

Midwifery 2019 Jan 2;71:42-48. Epub 2019 Jan 2.

Department of Molecular and Clinical Medicine, Institute of Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Sweden. Electronic address:

Background: Fathers' experience of childbirth has been described as both distressing and wonderful, but little has been described in the literature about fathers´ reactions when their partners get life threatening diagnoses such as peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) during the peripartum period.

Aim: To learn more about fathers' reactions over their partner's diagnosis of peripartum cardiomyopathy.

Methods: Fourteen fathers, whose partner was diagnosed with PPCM before or after giving birth, were interviewed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.midw.2019.01.001DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads
1.707 Impact Factor

Immune thrombocytopenic purpura presenting with spontaneous gingival haemorrhage in pregnancy.

BMJ Case Rep 2019 Jan 17;12(1). Epub 2019 Jan 17.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, The Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Birmingham, UK.

Gingival bleeding is a common intraoral finding, typically associated with inflamed tissues and periodontal disease. It is easily provoked by periodontal probing or toothbrushing. Spontaneous gingival bleeding rarely occurs and may be the only sign of systemic bleeding problems such as thrombocytopenia, leukaemia or coagulopathy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-228309DOI Listing
January 2019
9 Reads

Prenatal sleep quality and mental health symptoms across the perinatal period: A longitudinal study of high-risk women.

J Psychosom Res 2019 Jan 15;116:31-36. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Center for Children and Families Assistant Professor of Psychology and Peace Studies, Department of Psychology, Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies, 107 Haggar Hall, Notre Dame, IN 46556, United States. Electronic address:

Background: Trauma-exposed women may be at magnified risk for posttraumatic stress (PTSS) and depression symptoms in the perinatal period, but few studies have examined symptomatology across the perinatal period in high-risk samples. Further, the role of sleep in perinatal symptomatology has been largely neglected in the violence literature, despite its well-established associations to mental health in other samples. This study aimed to examine the trajectory of PTSS and depression symptoms across the perinatal period and the effects of childhood adversity, intimate partner violence and prenatal sleep impairment on PTSS and depression symptoms across the perinatal period. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychores.2018.11.011DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Migration of an intrauterine device causing severe hydronephrosis progressing to renal failure: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Jan;98(3):e13872

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, People's Hospital of Zhengzhou University.

Rationale: Intrauterine device (IUD) is commonly used in China. Its complications include uterine perforation, IUD ectopic migration, etc. However, a migrated IUD rarely leads to renal failure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000013872DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

[Perinatal and postnatal treatment of traumatized parents with mental disorders: impact on parents and their children].

Nervenarzt 2019 Jan 14. Epub 2019 Jan 14.

Klinik für Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie, Universitätsmedizin Greifswald, Ellernholzstraße 1-2, 17489, Greifswald, Deutschland.

Background: In traumatized parents with mental disorders, pregnancy and related medical examinations can lead to high emotional distress and flashbacks and increase the already tense emotional situation. Besides psychiatric burdens, parental insecurity concerning dealing with and reduced sensitivity for the child often exist. The children themselves have a higher risk of being neglected or abused and to also develop mental disorders. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00115-018-0660-8
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00115-018-0660-8DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

Live birth after perimortem cesarean delivery in a 36-year-old out-of-hospital cardiac arrest nulliparous woman.

Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol 2019 Jan;58(1):43-45

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, MacKay Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; MacKay Medical College, New Taipei City, Taiwan; MacKay Junior College of Medicine, Nursing, and Management, Taipei, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Objective: The aim of this study is to share a valuable experience of perimortem Cesarean delivery (PMCD) when no signs of spontaneous circulation were detected after 4 min of resuscitation. The time interval between maternal cardiac arrest and neonatal delivery was evaluated and reviewed.

Case Report: We present the case of an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) in a nulliparous woman who survived a car accident with only seatbelt injuries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tjog.2018.11.007DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

[Vaginal birth after previous cesarean section in low-resource countries: healthcare chain and materno-fetal follow-up].

Pan Afr Med J 2018 6;30:255. Epub 2018 Aug 6.

Faculté de Médecine et des Sciences Biomédicales, Université de Yaoundé I, Yaoundé, Cameroun.

The rate of uterine scars, an established risk factor for obstetric morbidity, is increasing worldwide. In developing countries, spontaneous uterine ruptures may constitute 87.4% of cases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11604/pamj.2018.30.255.15678DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6317296PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Relationship between Demographic Factors and Violence during Pregnancy in Iran: A Meta-Analysis Study.

Iran J Psychiatry 2018 Oct;13(4):296-309

Student Research Committee, School of Health, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran.

Domestic violence is the most common form of violence against women and a major health problem worldwide. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between demographic factors and domestic violence during pregnancy through meta-analysis. This meta-analysis study was conducted in Iran. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6320378PMC
October 2018
1 Read

Global Surgery - Redirecting Strategies for a Global Research Agenda Comment on "Global Surgery - Informing National Strategies for Scaling Up Surgery in Sub-Saharan Africa".

Authors:
Jaymie A Henry

Int J Health Policy Manag 2018 08 25;7(11):1064-1066. Epub 2018 Aug 25.

Department of Surgery, Charles E. Schmidt College of Medicine, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL, USA.

More than three years have passed since the publication of the Lancet Commission on Global Surgery and its recommendations on scaling up surgery in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). An important gap, the voice of the districts as well as lack of contextualized research, has been noted in its support of national surgical plans that run the risk of being at best, aspirational. Moreover, a 'one-size-fits-all approach' may not adequately address country-specific challenges on the ground. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15171/ijhpm.2018.79DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6326642PMC
August 2018
3 Reads

The Needs of Women Who Have Experienced Pregnancy Termination Due to Fetal Anomalies: A Literature Review.

Iran J Nurs Midwifery Res 2019 Jan-Feb;24(1):1-10

Department of Adult Health Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

Background: Pregnancy termination due to fetal anomalies is associated with emotional, psychological, and social injuries for women. Determining the needs of women with these experiences is the key for programming to provide high quality and desirable care. Hence, the present study was conducted to determine the needs of women who have experienced pregnancy termination due to fetal anomalies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijnmr.IJNMR_80_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6298172PMC
January 2019

The sacro-iliac joint: A potentially painful enigma. Update on the diagnosis and treatment of pain from micro-trauma.

Orthop Traumatol Surg Res 2019 Feb 4;105(1S):S31-S42. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

Orthopaedics Department, Angelholm Hospital, Sweden.

The sacro-iliac joint (SIJ) located at the transition between the spine and the lower limbs is subjected to major shear forces. Mobility at the SIJ is very limited but increases during pregnancy and the post-partum period. Familiarity with the anatomy and physiology of the SIJ is important. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.otsr.2018.05.019DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

A High Adherence to Six Food Targets of the Mediterranean Diet in the Late First Trimester is Associated with a Reduction in the Risk of Materno-Foetal Outcomes: The St. Carlos Gestational Diabetes Mellitus Prevention Study.

Nutrients 2018 Dec 31;11(1). Epub 2018 Dec 31.

Endocrinology and Nutrition Department, Hospital Clínico San Carlos and Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria del Hospital Clínico San Carlos (IdISSC), 28040 Madrid, Spain.

A prenatal diet affects materno-foetal outcomes. This is a post hoc analysis of the St. Carlos gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) Prevention Study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu11010066DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6356317PMC
December 2018
3 Reads

Butyrylcholinesterase deficiency and its clinical importance in anaesthesia: a systematic review.

Anaesthesia 2019 Jan 1. Epub 2019 Jan 1.

Anaesthesia Critical and Emergency Care Science Unit, Department of Anaesthesiology, Herlev and Gentofte Hospital, Herlev, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Butyrylcholinesterase deficiency prolongs the effects of the drugs it degrades; succinylcholine and mivacurium. Existing literature on butyrylcholinesterase deficiency is dominated by genetic and biochemical studies. We searched MEDLINE, Embase, Web of Science and Biosis to systematically review the causes and clinical consequences of butyrylcholinesterase deficiency. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/anae.14545DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Unilateral pigmentary retinopathy: a retrospective case series.

Acta Ophthalmol 2018 Dec 31. Epub 2018 Dec 31.

Moorfields Eye Hospital, London, UK.

Purpose: To review the clinical characteristics and address the aetiology in a group of patients presenting with unilateral retinal pigmentary changes, best described as unilateral pigmentary retinopathy (UPR).

Methods: The cohort of 42 patients was identified retrospectively from the Moorfields Eye Hospital electrophysiology database. All had undergone full-field [electroretinography (ERG)] and pattern electroretinography (PERG), with 13 additionally having multifocal ERG (mfERG). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aos.13981DOI Listing
December 2018
13 Reads

Relation between Epidural Analgesia and severe perineal laceration in childbearing women in Catalonia.

Midwifery 2019 Mar 13;70:76-83. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Innovation and Health Division, Catalan Health Service, Spain; Mar School of Nursing, Universitat Pompeu Fabra (UPF), Spain.

Objective: Our objectives were to study the association between epidural analgesia and risk of severe perineal laceration (SPL), and identify additional risk factors for SPL. This multicentre study consisted of an analysis of data from the MidconBirth Phase I Database, on the use of EA and perineal results during childbirth. (World Health Organization, International Clinical Trials Registry Platform, 2016: http://apps. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.midw.2018.12.007DOI Listing

Epidemiology of ambulance utilized patients in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

BMC Health Serv Res 2018 Dec 27;18(1):997. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, USA.

Background: Well organized and appropriately utilized pre-hospital emergency services play a critical role in augmenting emergency care systems. The primary objective of this study was to understand the demographic and clinical profile of patients who used ambulances in Addis Ababa. The secondary objectives were to assess ambulance response time, transport time and reasons for referral amongst inter-facility transported patients in Addis Ababa. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12913-018-3820-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6307284PMC
December 2018
1 Read

The impact of childhood trauma and psychophysiological reactivity on at-risk women's adjustment to parenthood.

Dev Psychopathol 2018 Dec 26:1-15. Epub 2018 Dec 26.

Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Section of Clinical Child and Family Studies, and Amsterdam Public Health Research Institute.

Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) have an impact on women's adaptation to parenthood, but mechanisms are poorly understood. Autonomic nervous system reactivity was tested as a potential mediating mechanism in a sample of 193 at-risk primiparous women. ACEs were measured retrospectively during pregnancy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0954579418001591DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Provision Point-Source Materials Stimulates Play in Sows but Does Not Affect Aggression at Regrouping.

Animals (Basel) 2018 Dec 22;9(1). Epub 2018 Dec 22.

SunPork Farms, Sheaoak Log 5371, South Australia, Australia.

When sows are mixed into groups, hierarchies form and resulting aggression and stress can affect production and welfare. This study determined the effect of providing point-source materials on aggressive and play behaviors in gestating sows. Large white cross Landrace sows were mixed after insemination; six pens of 12 sows were housed in 'standard' pens, and six pens of 12 sows were housed in 'enhanced' pens. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ani9010008DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6356819PMC
December 2018