25,844 results match your criteria Pregnancy Trauma


Preconception Care in the Veterans Health Administration.

Semin Reprod Med 2018 Nov 19;36(6):327-339. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

VA Central Office, Women's Health Services, Washington, District of Columbia.

Preconception care (PCC), defined as a set of interventions to help women optimize their health and well-being prior to pregnancy, can improve pregnancy outcomes and is recommended by national organizations including the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. Women Veterans who use the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) health care system may face elevated risks of adverse pregnancy and birth outcomes due to a high prevalence of chronic medical and mental health conditions as well as psychosocial stressors including sexual trauma history and intimate partner violence. Many women Veterans of childbearing age experience poverty and homelessness, which are key social determinants of poor reproductive health outcomes. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.thieme-connect.de/DOI/DOI?10.1055/s-0039-1678753
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0039-1678753DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Etiologic and Clinical Features of Cerebral Venous Sinus Thrombosis in Saudi Arabia.

J Neurosci Rural Pract 2019 Apr-Jun;10(2):278-282

Department of Medicine, Division of Neurology, 7-112L Clinical Sciences Building, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada.

Objective: Our study aims to evaluate the etiologic and clinical features of cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) in Saudi Arabia, and secondarily whether gender plays a role in CVST.

Materials And Methods: Data were collected retrospectively from the stroke registry during the period from January 2008 to April 2018, and the patients with the diagnosis of CVST were identified, and data were analyzed for any gender-specific differences in clinical presentation and etiology of cerebral venous thrombosis.

Results: There were 15 females while 11 males with a female:male ratio of 1. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.ruralneuropractice.com/text.asp?2019/10/2/278/254
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jnrp.jnrp_305_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6454937PMC
April 2019
2 Reads

[Maternal Emergencies: Methodically qualified - Conclusive Treatment].

Z Geburtshilfe Neonatol 2019 Apr 17;223(2):73-84. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Institut für Rettungs- und Notfallmedizin, Universitätsklinikum Schleswig Holstein.

Maternal emergencies can significantly affect the outcome of pregnancy and childbirth. Since obstetrical emergencies may happen at any time during pregnancy an emergency transport to a hospital nearby may not always be possible. So, obstetrical emergency-management may already become mandatory in a prehospital setting. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.thieme-connect.de/DOI/DOI?10.1055/a-0762-1024
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-0762-1024DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Communicable or noncommunicable diseases? Building strong primary health care systems to address double burden of disease in India.

J Family Med Prim Care 2019 Feb;8(2):326-329

Executive (Programs), Basic HealthCare Services, Udaipur, Rajasthan, India.

Between 1990 and 2016, India has seen an epidemiological transition in disease burden and deaths, with a steady rise in noncommunicable disease (NCD) burden. This has led to a tussle for policy attention and resources between proponents of communicable diseases such as tuberculosis, and of NCDs, such as cardiovascular diseases and diabetes. Review of evidence from global burden of diseases studies and from our own field data from rural south Rajasthan reveals that communicable-malnutrition- maternal-newborn diseases (CMNND), injuries, and NCDs are major causes of disease burden and deaths in childhood, youth and older age group, respectively. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_67_19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6436242PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Patellar Tendon Stiffness Is Not Reduced During Pregnancy.

Front Physiol 2019 29;10:334. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Department of Training and Movement Sciences, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Berlin, Germany.

It is believed that hormonal changes during pregnancy lead to an increased compliance in ligaments and tendons, increasing the risk to suffer from connective tissue injuries particularly during exercise. While the laxity of the pelvic ligaments may increase to facilitate childbirth, to our knowledge no study has ever investigated the mechanical properties of human tendons in different stages of pregnancy. Thus, the purpose of our longitudinal study was to investigate the mechanical properties of the patellar tendon in different stages of pregnancy and postpartum. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fphys.2019.00334
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2019.00334DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6449680PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

Models of care for opioid dependent pregnant women.

Semin Perinatol 2019 Jan 14. Epub 2019 Jan 14.

UNC Horizons Program, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 410 North Greensboro St, Suite 220, Carrboro, NC, 27510, USA. Electronic address:

As the opioid crisis continues to exist in the United States, opioid use in pregnancy is becoming a more common occurrence. Left untreated, it may result in an increased risk for adverse outcomes for both the mother and her unborn child. Unfortunately, women with opioid use disorders often face numerous barriers when trying to access prenatal care services including limited availability or treatment options, stigma, legal consequences, co-morbid psychiatric disorders, and trauma exposure. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01460005193000
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1053/j.semperi.2019.01.002DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

What maternal morbidities are and what they mean for women: A thematic analysis of twenty years of qualitative research in low and lower-middle income countries.

PLoS One 2019 11;14(4):e0214199. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom.

Background: With an estimated 27 million annual incidents of maternal morbidity globally, how they are manifested or experienced is diverse and shaped by societal, cultural and personal influences. Using qualitative research to examine a woman's perception of her pregnancy, its complications, and potential long-term impact on her life can inform public health approaches and complement and inform biomedical classifications of maternal morbidities, historically considered a neglected dimension of safe motherhood. As part of the WHO's Maternal Morbidity Working Group's efforts to define and measure maternal morbidity, we carried out a thematic analysis of the qualitative literature published between 1998 and 2017 on how women experience maternal morbidity in low and lower-middle income countries. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0214199PLOS
April 2019
1 Read

Development of an Anatomical Silicone Model for Simulation-based Medical Training of Obstetric Anal Sphincter Injury Repair in Bangladesh.

Cureus 2019 Jan 31;11(1):e3991. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Emergency Medicine, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, CAN.

Advancing global healthcare in developing countries has traditionally been an area of interest for many North American medical organizations, as they strive to improve patient outcomes by helping to control disease and death-related illnesses. Women's healthcare in developing countries, in particular, presents a unique set of complexities, revealing high maternal mortality statistics surrounding pregnancy, labor, and childbirth, which is often tied to home births without medically trained attendants. In September 2018, Team Broken Earth, a Canadian-based outreach initiative, hosted a three-day women's healthcare course in Dhaka, Bangladesh, which included simulation-based training stations, for the purpose of advancing clinical skills and education in regards to local labor and delivery. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.3991DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6443516PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Estimation of Mean Intelligence Quotient with Wechsler Scale in Iran: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Int J Prev Med 2019 5;10:34. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran.

The low intelligence quotient (IQ) level is one of the most common and important medical, social, and familial problems in all countries. The current study aimed to estimate mean IQ with the Wechsler scale in Iran by performing a systematic review and meta-analysis. In the current meta-analysis, all articles related to IQ conducted in Iran using the Wechsler scale were deeply searched by reviewing citation databases including Science Direct, PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, Springer, SID, Magiran, Iranmedex, Medlib, and Google Scholar motor search and using valid keywords without time limits. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijpvm.IJPVM_171_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6425765PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Management and Outcomes of Aortic Dissection in Pregnancy with Marfan syndrome: A Systematic Review.

Curr Vasc Pharmacol 2019 Apr 8. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Department of Surgery, Trauma and Vascular Surgery Section, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha. Qatar.

Background: In Marfan Syndrome (MFS), aortic dilatation is one of the main cardiovascular manifestations which deteriorate due to the physiological changes during pregnancy. We aimed to assess the up-to-date management and outcomes of aortic root dilation and dissection (AoD) in pregnancy with MFS.

Patients And Methods: A systematic review was conducted and reported according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1570161117666190408164612DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read
2.966 Impact Factor

Prevalence and correlates of intimate partner violence, before and during pregnancy among attendees of maternal and child health services, Enugu, Nigeria: mixed method approach, January 2015.

Pan Afr Med J 2019 25;32(Suppl 1):14. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Program, Abuja, Nigeria.

Introduction: Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) is an under-reported public health problem. This study determined the prevalence of IPV and types of IPV, complications and factors associated with IPV among women accessing health services.

Methods: we conducted a cross-sectional survey of 702 women accessing maternal and child health services in Enugu State, Nigeria using multi-stage sampling technique. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.11604/pamj.supp.2019.32.1.13287DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6441469PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Improving pregnancy outcomes in women with diabetes mellitus: modern management.

Nat Rev Endocrinol 2019 Apr 4. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

Center for Pregnant Women with Diabetes, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Women with pre-existing (type 1 or type 2) diabetes mellitus are at increased risk of pregnancy complications, such as congenital malformations, preeclampsia and preterm delivery, compared with women who do not have diabetes mellitus. Approximately half of pregnancies in women with pre-existing diabetes mellitus are complicated by fetal overgrowth, which results in infants who are overweight at birth and at risk of birth trauma and, later in life, the metabolic syndrome, cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Strict glycaemic control with appropriate diet, use of insulin and, if necessary, antihypertensive treatment is the cornerstone of diabetes mellitus management to prevent pregnancy complications. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.nature.com/articles/s41574-019-0197-3
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41574-019-0197-3DOI Listing
April 2019
4 Reads

Complete regression of primary melanoma associated with nevi involution under BRAF inhibitors: A case report and review of the literature.

Oncol Lett 2019 May 19;17(5):4176-4182. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Department of Dermatology, 'Iuliu Hațieganu' University of Medicine and Pharmacy, 400006 Cluj-Napoca, Romania.

Melanoma is one of the most immunogenic tumors among human neoplasms, with numerous clinical observations of partial or completely regressed tumors. It is an aggressive tumor, with the greatest reported number of somatic mutations, BRAF mutation being the most common one. BRAF mutation is also present in a higher percentage in benign nevi. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3892/ol.2018.9738DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6444337PMC

Perineal massage and training reduce perineal trauma in pregnant women older than 35 years: a randomized controlled trial.

Int Urogynecol J 2019 Apr 2. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Kasr AlAini Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, ElSaraya Street, Manial, Cairo, P.O. Box 11956, Egypt.

Introduction And Hypothesis: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of perineal massage, pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) and a pelvic floor dysfunction (PFD) prevention educational program in pregnant women above the age of 35 years to prevent perineal tear and episiotomy.

Methods: A randomized parallel assignment study involved two groups of pregnant women at the obstetrics outpatient clinic 4 weeks prior to their due date. The first group (n = 200) was educated to do digital perineal massage and pelvic floor muscle training and received an educational PFD prevention program. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00192-019-03937-6DOI Listing
April 2019
4 Reads

Trauma in Pregnancy.

Emerg Med Clin North Am 2019 May 8;37(2):317-338. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

Alameda Health Systems, 490 Grand Avenue, Oakland, CA 94610, USA. Electronic address:

Although trauma in pregnancy is rare, it is one of the most common causes of morbidity and mortality to pregnant women and fetus. Pathophysiology of trauma is generally time sensitive, and this is still true in pregnant patients, with the additional challenge of rare presentation and balancing the management of two patients concurrently. Successful resuscitation requires understanding the physiologic changes to the woman throughout the course of pregnancy. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.emc.2019.01.009DOI Listing
May 2019
3 Reads

A large proportion of poor birth outcomes among Aboriginal Western Australians are attributable to smoking, alcohol and substance misuse, and assault.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Apr 2;19(1):110. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Baker Heart and Diabetes Institute, Aboriginal Health Domain, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Background: Aboriginal infants have poorer birth outcomes than non-Aboriginal infants. Harmful use of tobacco, alcohol, and other substances is higher among Aboriginal women, as is violence, due to factors such as intergenerational trauma and poverty. We estimated the proportion of small for gestational age (SGA) births, preterm births, and perinatal deaths that could be attributed to these risks. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2252-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6444570PMC
April 2019
6 Reads

Simulation TRaining for Operative vaginal Birth Evaluation: study protocol for an observational stepped-wedge interrupted time-series study (STROBE).

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Apr 2;19(1):109. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Translational Health Sciences, University of Bristol, Canynge Hall, 39 Whatley Road, Bristol, BS8 2PS, UK.

Background: Operative vaginal birth is a common procedure used to expedite birth after full cervical dilatation where there is a clinical need to do so (15% of births in the UK in 2016). The acquisition of skills for operative vaginal birth is dependent on the exposure of junior obstetricians to situations in which they can undertake directly supervised learning from senior accouchers. The Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists has recently introduced the first structured course in operative vaginal birth. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://bmcpregnancychildbirth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2222-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6444670PMC
April 2019
9 Reads

Maternal reasons for requesting planned cesarean section in Norway: a qualitative study.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Mar 29;19(1):102. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Department of Global Public Health and Primary Care, University of Bergen, Kalfarveien 31, 5018, Bergen, Norway.

Background: Pregnant women who request a cesarean section in the absence of obstetric indication have become a highly debated issue in academic as well as popular literature. In order to find adequate, targeted treatment and preventive strategies, we need a better understanding of this phenomenon. The aim of this study is to provide a qualitative exploration of maternal requests for a planned cesarean section in Norway, in the absence of obstetric indications. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2250-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6440101PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

Management of bleeding from morbidly adherent placenta during elective repeat caesarean section: retrospective -record -based study.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Mar 29;19(1):106. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Obstetrics and Gynecology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Minia Maternity and Children University Hospital, Minia University, Elsalam, Eloboor, Maghaghaga City, Minya, Egypt.

Background: Controlling massive haemorrhage from morbidly adherent placenta (MAP) at caesarean section is a major surgical challenge to obstetricians. This study compares different intra-operative interventions to control haemorrhage from morbidly adherent placenta and its impact on maternal morbidity.

Methods: Retrospective analysis was done for baseline characteristics, intra-operative and postoperative complications of 125 patients with morbidly adherent placenta who had elective CS at 35-38 weeks gestation in the period from 01/2012 to 01/2017. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://bmcpregnancychildbirth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2244-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6439998PMC
March 2019
3 Reads

The role of trauma and partner support in perinatal depression and parenting stress: An Australian pregnancy cohort study.

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2019 Mar 27:20764019838307. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

1 School of Psychology and Exercise Science, Murdoch University, Murdoch, WA, Australia.

Background:: Improving our understanding of the relationship between maternal depression and parenting stress is likely to lie in the range of additional factors that are associated with vulnerability to depression and also to parenting stress.

Objectives:: To examine the role of trauma and partner support, in understanding the relationship between perinatal depression and parenting stress.

Methods:: This study utilises data from 246 women in a pregnancy cohort study that followed women from early pregnancy until their infant was 12 months. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764019838307DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Management of Severe Traumatic Brain Injury in Pregnancy: A Body with Two Lives.

Malays J Med Sci 2018 Sep 30;25(5):151-157. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

Department of Neurosciences, School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 16150 Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia.

Traumatic brain injury is the major contributing factor in non-obstetric mortality in developing countries. Approximately 20% of maternal mortality is directly correlated to injuries. Road traffic accidents and domestic violence are the most common nonlethal injuries that can threaten either the maternal or foetal life, and such events occur in one out of every 12 pregnancies. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.21315/mjms2018.25.5.14DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6419882PMC
September 2018
1 Read

ACOG Committee Opinion No. 777: Sexual Assault.

Authors:

Obstet Gynecol 2019 Apr;133(4):e296-e302

Sexual violence continues to be a major public health problem affecting millions of adults and children in the United States. Medical consequences of sexual assault include sexually transmitted infections; mental health conditions, including posttraumatic stress disorder; and risk of unintended pregnancy in reproductive-aged survivors of sexual assault. Obstetrician-gynecologists and other women's health care providers play a key role in the evaluation and management of sexual assault survivors and should screen routinely for a history of sexual assault. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/AOG.0000000000003178DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

ACOG Practice Bulletin No. 210: Fecal Incontinence.

Authors:

Obstet Gynecol 2019 Apr;133(4):e260-e273

Fecal incontinence, or the involuntary leakage of solid or loose stool, is estimated to affect 7-15% of community-dwelling women (1). It is associated with reduced quality of life, negative psychologic effects, and social stigma (2), yet many women do not report their symptoms or seek treatment. Less than 3% of women who do self-report fecal incontinence will have this diagnosis recorded in their medical record (3). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/AOG.0000000000003187DOI Listing
April 2019
13 Reads

ACOG Committee Opinion No. 777 Summary: Sexual Assault.

Authors:

Obstet Gynecol 2019 Apr;133(4):850-851

Sexual violence continues to be a major public health problem affecting millions of adults and children in the United States. Medical consequences of sexual assault include sexually transmitted infections; mental health conditions, including posttraumatic stress disorder; and risk of unintended pregnancy in reproductive-aged survivors of sexual assault. Obstetrician-gynecologists and other women's health care providers play a key role in the evaluation and management of sexual assault survivors and should screen routinely for a history of sexual assault. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/AOG.0000000000003179DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

ACOG Practice Bulletin No. 210 Summary: Fecal Incontinence.

Authors:

Obstet Gynecol 2019 Apr;133(4):837-839

Fecal incontinence, or the involuntary leakage of solid or loose stool, is estimated to affect 7-15% of community-dwelling women (). It is associated with reduced quality of life, negative psychologic effects, and social stigma (), yet many women do not report their symptoms or seek treatment. Less than 3% of women who do self-report fecal incontinence will have this diagnosis recorded in their medical record (). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/AOG.0000000000003188DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Occipital mass in antenatal sonography.

J Neonatal Perinatal Med 2019 Mar 20. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

Department of Pediatrics, Staten Island University Hospital Northwell Health, Staten Island, NY, USA.

Biophysical profile (BPP) with ultrasound performed for a 32-year-old G5P3013 admitted at 31 weeks gestation with preterm, premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) noted an extracalvarial mass concerning for an encephalocele. Fetal MRI demonstrated edema over the occiput with no definable lesion visualized. Preterm labor requiring Cesarean delivery resulted in a live male neonate at 33 weeks gestation. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://www.medra.org/servlet/aliasResolver?alias=iospress&a
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/NPM-1872DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

[A single-center study of the incidence of neonatal birth trauma and its risk factors].

Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi 2019 Mar;21(3):249-252

Department of Pediatrics, Peking University International Hospital, Beijing 102206, China.

Objective: To investigate the incidence of neonatal birth trauma in the department of obstetrics in a single-center medical institution and the risk factors for neonatal birth trauma.

Methods: The maternal and infant medical records of all full-term singleton neonates delivered in the Department of Obstetrics, Peking University International Hospital, from October 2015 to September 2018 were collected. The neonates with birth trauma were assigned to case group, and those without birth trauma were assigned to control group. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
March 2019
7 Reads

Transplantation of oral mucosal epithelial cells seeded on decellularized and lyophilized amniotic membrane for the regeneration of injured endometrium.

Stem Cell Res Ther 2019 Mar 21;10(1):107. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Beijing Shijitan Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, 100038, China.

Background: Intrauterine adhesion (IUA) is characterized by progressive intrauterine fibrosis as a consequence of trauma to the basal layer of the endometrium. In an attempt to relieve IUA, many approaches have been applied in the clinic but show limited effects. In this study, we investigated the effect of autologous oral mucosal epithelial cells (OMECs) seeded on decellularized and lyophilized amniotic membrane (DL-AM) on preventing the development of IUA in a rat model. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13287-019-1179-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6429789PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Behavioral Characteristics and Medicolegal Identification of Infanticide.

Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi 2018 Jun 25;34(6):659-664. Epub 2018 Dec 25.

Institute of Criminal Science and Technology, Pudong Branch of Shanghai Public Security Bureau, Shanghai 220135, China.

Due to the concealment and incidence higher than reported statistics, infanticide should attract the attention of legal medical experts. The infanticide process has common behavioral characteristics. The perpetrators are most frequently biological mothers who are unmarried, with inferior education, and lack of routine pregnancy tests. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.12116/j.issn.1004-5619.2018.06.000DOI Listing
June 2018
7 Reads

Does an increased number of cesarean sections result in greater risk for mother and baby in low-risk, late preterm and term deliveries?

Pak J Med Sci 2019 Jan-Feb;35(1):10-16

Aytekin Tokmak, M.D. Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Zekai Tahir Burak Women's Health Education and Research Hospital, University of Health Sciences, Ankara, Turkey.

Objective: To compare surgical complications and maternal and neonatal outcomes of low-risk, late preterm and term pregnant women who have had one or two previous cesarean sections (CSs) with those who have had three or more CSs.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective study of 850 patients undergoing repeat CS at a tertiary level maternity hospital in Ankara, Turkey. Of those, 380 had previously undergone one or two CSs (Group-I: second or third CS) and 470 had previously undergone three or four CSs (Group-II: fourth or fifth CS). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.12669/pjms.35.1.364DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6408670PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

Biological and psychosocial predictors of anxiety worsening in the postpartum period: A longitudinal study.

J Affect Disord 2019 May 1;250:218-225. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

Neuroscience Graduate Program, McMaster University, Ontario, Canada; Women's Health Concerns Clinic, St. Joseph's Healthcare Hamilton, Ontario, Canada; Department of Psychiatry and Behavioural Neurosciences, McMaster University, Ontario, Canada; Mood Disorders Program, St. Joseph's Healthcare Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address:

Background: As many as 20% of women will experience an anxiety disorder during the perinatal period. Women with pre-existing anxiety disorders are at increased risk of worsening during this time, yet little is known about its predictors.

Study Aim: To investigate the psychosocial and biological risk factors for anxiety worsening in the postpartum in women with pre-existing anxiety disorders. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2019.02.064DOI Listing
May 2019
2 Reads

Fear and Anxiety Disorders Related to Childbirth: Epidemiological and Therapeutic Issues.

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2019 Mar 12;21(4):27. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

Faculty of Medical Sciences, Department of Psychiatry, Lebanese University, Beirut, Lebanon.

Purpose Of Review: This paper seeks to identify the risk factors of fear of childbirth (FOC) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) related to birth and reviews the efficacy of their respective screening tools and therapeutic interventions.

Recent Findings: Biofeedback, hypnosis, internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy, and antenatal education are promising treatments for FOC. Training midwives to address traumatic birth experiences could help in preventing PTSD. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-019-1010-7DOI Listing
March 2019
7 Reads

Food-insecure pregnant women in South Africa: a cross-sectional exploration of maternal depression as a mediator of violence and trauma risk factors.

BMJ Open 2019 Mar 13;9(3):e018277. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.

Objectives: Better understanding of psychosocial risk factors for food insecurity (FI) during pregnancy and how they interact is crucial, given long-term health implications for maternal and child health. We investigated the association between maternal childhood trauma as well as intimate partner violence (IPV) and FI among pregnant women in South Africa, in the Drakenstein Child Health Study, and whether maternal depression mediates these relationships.

Setting: Two primary care clinics in Paarl, South Africa. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2017-018277DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6429723PMC
March 2019
1 Read
2.063 Impact Factor

Parenting after a history of childhood maltreatment: A scoping review and map of evidence in the perinatal period.

PLoS One 2019 13;14(3):e0213460. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

Murdoch Children's Research Institute, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Background And Aims: Child maltreatment is a global health priority affecting up to half of all children worldwide, with profound and ongoing impacts on physical, social and emotional wellbeing. The perinatal period (pregnancy to two years postpartum) is critical for parents with a history of childhood maltreatment. Parents may experience 'triggering' of trauma responses during perinatal care or caring for their distressed infant. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0213460PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6415835PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

Liver rupture in a 28-year-old primigravida with superimposed pre-eclampsia and hemolysis, elevated liver enzyme levels, and low platelet count syndrome.

J Obstet Gynaecol Res 2019 Mar 10. Epub 2019 Mar 10.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, LMU Munich, Munich, Germany.

Serious hepatic complications, although rare, are one of the leading causes of maternofetal morbidity and mortality in hypertensive pregnancy disorders. A 28-year-old primigravida was transferred to our hospital complaining of refractory epigastric pain in the 29th week of pregnancy and was subsequently admitted due to superimposed pre-eclampsia and hemolysis, elevated liver enzyme levels, and low platelet count syndrome. Following a pathological cardiotocogram, a cesarean section was performed. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jog.13941DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Spontaneous massive haemothorax in the peri-partum period of an undiagnosed neurofibromatosis type 1 patient - A surgical perspective.

Med J Malaysia 2019 Feb;74(1):99-101

Hospital Taiping, Department of Surgery, Perak, Malaysia.

Acute massive haemothorax is a life-threatening situation, which is often associated with a preceding trauma. However, spontaneous haemothorax is a rare occurrence, especially in pregnancy. Spontaneous haemothorax in the immediate post-partum period secondary to a ruptured intercostal AVM is extremely rare more so in the background of an undiagnosed neurofibromatosis. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
February 2019
1 Read

Milestones in the discovery of Budd-Chiari syndrome.

Liver Int 2019 Mar 6. Epub 2019 Mar 6.

Multivisceral Transplant Unit, Department of Surgery, Oncology and Gastroenterology, Padua University Hospital, Padua, Italy.

In 1845, George Budd published a brief report regarding three patients who developed an obstruction of the hepatic veins. The condition has never been reported before, and was related to sepsis and alcoholism. Fifty-three years later, Hans Chiari postulated that syphilis was causing the obstruction of the hepatic veins, and enriched the debate with clinical and pathological correlations. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/liv.14088DOI Listing
March 2019
6 Reads

Long-term Risk of Neuropsychiatric Disease After Exposure to Infection In Utero.

JAMA Psychiatry 2019 Mar 6. Epub 2019 Mar 6.

Centre for Perinatal Medicine & Health, Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.

Importance: The developmental origins of mental illness are incompletely understood. Although the development of autism and schizophrenia are linked to infections during fetal life, it is unknown whether more common psychiatric conditions such as depression might begin in utero.

Objective: To estimate the risk of psychopathologic conditions imparted from fetal exposure to any maternal infection while hospitalized during pregnancy. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2019.0029DOI Listing
March 2019
5 Reads

Elevated Factor VIII Level Associated with Transverse Cerebral Venous Sinus Thrombosis.

Am J Case Rep 2019 Mar 2;20:274-277. Epub 2019 Mar 2.

Department of Medicine, Charleston Area Medical Center, Charleston, WV, USA.

BACKGROUND Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) is an uncommon cause of stroke. CVST can be caused by systemic conditions as well as mechanical factors that reduce blood flow to promote thrombosis. These can include hormonal therapies, pregnancy, malignancy, genetic conditions. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.12659/AJCR.913917DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6410610PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

Fetal Surgery.

Pediatr Clin North Am 2019 04;66(2):295-308

Department of Surgery, Abramson Research Center, Room 1116B, 3615 Civic Center Boulevard, Philadelphia, PA 19104-4318, USA. Electronic address:

Fetal surgery is an established but still rapidly evolving specialty, born from the rationale that destructive embryologic processes, recognized early in gestation, can be curtailed by prenatal correction. As more and more centers begin offering fetal interventions, quality of care must be verified through transparency about clinical capabilities and resources. Level designations should be assigned based on capability, as in trauma and neonatal ICU centers for excellence, and volume requirements must be set for fetal surgery certification. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00313955183018
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcl.2018.12.001DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

Perinatal and early life risk factors for childhood brain tumors: Is instrument-assisted delivery associated with higher risk?

Cancer Epidemiol 2019 Apr 26;59:178-184. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

Department of Hygiene, Epidemiology and Medical Statistics, School of Medicine, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece; Department of Clinical Epidemiology, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden. Electronic address:

Background: The childhood peak of brain tumors suggests that early-life exposures might have a role in their etiology. Hence, we examined in the Greek National Registry for Childhood Hematological Malignancies and Solid tumors (NARECHEM-ST) whether perinatal and early-life risk factors influence the risk of childhood brain tumors.

Methods: In a nationwide case-control study, we included 203 cases (0-14 years) with a diagnosis of brain tumor in NARECHEM-ST (2010-2016) and 406 age-, sex-, and center-matched hospital controls. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.canep.2019.01.017DOI Listing
April 2019
2.558 Impact Factor

The role of rumination in adjusting to termination of pregnancy for fetal abnormality: Rumination as a predictor and mediator of posttraumatic growth.

Psychol Trauma 2019 Feb 28. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

Graduate School.

Objective: Rumination is important in adjusting to traumatic events. Evidence suggests that deliberate rumination predicts posttraumatic growth (PTG), and mediates the relationship between coping and PTG. This study examined the relationship between rumination and psychological adjustment following pregnancy termination for fetal abnormality (TFA). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/tra0000440DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Anesthetic management in a spinal cord-injured parturient woman with a left hip resection and secondary scoliosis: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Feb;98(8):e14527

Department of Anesthesiology, West China Second Hospital of Sichuan University, Key Laboratory of Birth Deficits and Related Diseases of Women and Children, Sichuan University, Ministry of Education, Chengdu, China.

Rationale: Pregnancy after spinal cord injury, hip resection, leg amputation, and scoliosis is an uncommon event. Given the specific pathophysiological changes in this patient, an aesthetic management presented a particular challenge. The effects on the physiological changes associated with pregnancy, aesthetic methods, blood loss, autotransfusion from uterine contractions and thrombotic risk had to be considered. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000014527DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6408026PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Preimplantation genetic testing for aneuploidy (PGT-A): The biology, the technology and the clinical outcomes.

Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol 2019 Apr 27;59(2):317-324. Epub 2019 Feb 27.

Christopher Chen Oocyte Biology Research Laboratory, UQ Centre for Clinical Research, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

Preimplantation genetic testing for aneuploidy (PGT-A) seeks to identify preimplantation embryos with a normal chromosome complement (euploid) during in vitro fertilisation (IVF). By sifting out embryos with abnormal chromosome numbers (aneuploid), PGT-A should theoretically improve pregnancy success. However, earlier versions of PGT-A were ineffective, and in some cases, detrimental, due to biopsy-induced trauma and because the technology at the time could analyse only a fraction of all chromosomes. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ajo.12960DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

HIF-1α-Deficiency in Myeloid Cells Leads to a Disturbed Accumulation of Myeloid Derived Suppressor Cells (MDSC) During Pregnancy and to an Increased Abortion Rate in Mice.

Front Immunol 2019 5;10:161. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Department of Neonatology, Tuebingen University Children's Hospital, Tuebingen, Germany.

Abortions are the most important reason for unintentional childlessness. During pregnancy, maternal immune cells are in close contact to cells of the semi-allogeneic fetus. Dysregulation of the maternal immune system leading to defective adaptation to pregnancy often plays a role in pathogenesis of abortions. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fimmu.2019.00161DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6370686PMC
February 2019
3 Reads

Adverse childhood experiences and prenatal mental health: Type of ACEs and age of maltreatment onset.

J Fam Psychol 2019 Apr 25;33(3):304-314. Epub 2019 Feb 25.

Department of Psychiatry/Child Trauma Research Program, University of California, San Francisco.

Childhood adversity can have long-term deleterious effects on adulthood mental health outcomes, but more research is needed examining how type and timing of childhood adversity affect mental health specifically during pregnancy. The current study examined the effects of total adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) on depression and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms during pregnancy, unpacked effects of total adversity into childhood maltreatment versus family dysfunction experiences, and assessed age of onset effects of child maltreatment-specific experiences. Participants were 101 low-income pregnant women (M = 29. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/fam0000510DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Induction of labour at 41 weeks versus expectant management until 42 weeks (INDEX): multicentre, randomised non-inferiority trial.

BMJ 2019 02 20;364:l344. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Amsterdam UMC, University of Amsterdam, Meibergdreef 9, 1105 AZ Amsterdam, Netherlands

Objective: To compare induction of labour at 41 weeks with expectant management until 42 weeks in low risk women.

Design: Open label, randomised controlled non-inferiority trial.

Setting: 123 primary care midwifery practices and 45 hospitals (secondary care) in the Netherlands, 2012-16. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/bmj.l344
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.l344DOI Listing
February 2019
10 Reads

Maternal health outcomes for incarcerated women: A scoping review.

J Clin Nurs 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

School of Nursing, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada.

Aims And Objectives: To inform a systematic synthesis of what is known about the maternal health outcomes of incarcerated women, this scoping review uses a theoretical framework of intersectional feminism.

Background: Despite rising imprisonment of women, there is a lack of research, from a feminist perspective, on perinatal health outcomes among incarcerated women.

Design: Systematic scoping review using the Joanna Briggs Institute scoping review methodology. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/jocn.14837
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jocn.14837DOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads

[A multicenter epidemiological investigation of brain injury in hospitalized preterm infants in Anhui, China].

Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi 2019 Feb;21(2):114-119

Department of Neonatology, Anhui Provincial Children's Hospital, Hefei 230051, China.

Objective: To investigate the risk factors for brain injury in preterm infants by a multicenter epidemiological investigation of brain injury in hospitalized preterm infants in Anhui, China.

Methods: Preterm infants who were hospitalized in the department of neonatology in 9 hospitals of Anhui Neonatal Collaboration Network between January 2016 and January 2017 were enrolled as subjects. The data of maternal pregnancy and clinical data of preterm infants were collected, and the logistic regression model was used to analyze the risk factors for brain injury in preterm infants. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
February 2019
7 Reads