27,849 results match your criteria Pregnancy Trauma


Maternal smoking-induced lung injuries in dams and offspring via inflammatory cytokines.

Environ Int 2021 May 11;156:106618. Epub 2021 May 11.

College of Environment and Resource, Research Center of Environment and Health, Shanxi University, Taiyuan, Shanxi 030006, PR China.

Maternal smoking during pregnancy can induce permanent changes in neonatal inflammation, which will result in lifelong implications. An original study of data from GSE96978, composed of 2 subseries (GSE96976 and GSE96977), investigated genome-wide changes in ELT cells, the lungs of mouse dams and their juvenile offspring and focused on finding an in vitro alternative as a human tissue-based replacement for the use of animals. Therefore, the study only analyzed the similarities of GO terms between ELT cells and dams. Read More

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Abdominal radical trachelectomy as fertility-sparing management for early stages of cervical cancer: Our experience in 18 cases.

Exp Ther Med 2021 Jul 23;22(1):674. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

First Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinic, 'George Emil Palade' University of Medicine, Pharmacy, Science and Technology, 540136 Târgu Mures, Romania.

The aim of this study was to present our experience of 18 cases of abdominal radical trachelectomy (ART), including 5 performed during pregnancy, analyzing patient selection, surgical complications, and oncological and obstetrical outcomes. This reproductive study included all early stage cervical cancer patients referred for ART at the 1st Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinic of the Emergency Clinical County Hospital Targu Mures, between 2010 and 2020. A total of 19 women were considered for ART, and only 1 case required conversion to radical hysterectomy. Read More

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Integrating reproductive health care into substance use disorder services.

Int Rev Psychiatry 2021 May 11:1-7. Epub 2021 May 11.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

People who use drugs face layered stigma and barriers to accessing reproductive health care services. At the same time, they have unique needs for compassionate, trauma-informed, low-barrier reproductive health care. We review the literature on collocated reproductive health care and substance use treatment services in this population and advocate for expansion of reproductive health care services at sites providing care for substance use disorder. Read More

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Childhood traumatic events and loss of control eating in pregnancy: Findings from a community sample of women with overweight and obesity.

Eat Behav 2021 May 1:101513. Epub 2021 May 1.

University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Department of Psychiatry, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.

Although eating disorder symptoms generally decrease in pregnancy, loss of control eating (LOC), defined by the consumption of food accompanied by a sense of being unable to control what or how much is eaten, often persists and may develop in pregnancy. Given that LOC is associated with higher weight status and psychological distress, it is important to understand factors associated with perinatal LOC. Although childhood traumatic events have been linked to LOC in non-pregnant women, the impact of such events on LOC in pregnancy is unknown. Read More

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Clinical and obstetric characteristics of pregnant women with Covid-19: A case series study on 26 patients.

Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol 2021 May 23;60(3):458-462. Epub 2021 Mar 23.

Shahid Beheshti Hospital, Kashan, Iran. Electronic address:

Objective: To evaluate the clinical characteristics and outcomes of pregnant women with Covid-19.

Materials And Methods: This case series study was performed to investigate demographic, clinical and obstetric characteristics of 26 pregnant women with COVID-19 referring to a university hospital of Kashan during the epidemic of COVID-19 (March to May 2020).

Results: The mean gestational age of the patients at admission and delivery was 31. Read More

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Ultrasonographic evaluation of pelvic floor structure at antepartum and postpartum periods using three-dimensional transperineal ultrasound.

J Med Ultrason (2001) 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Saitama Medical University, 38 Morohongo Moroyama-machi, Iruma-gun, Saitama, 3500495, Japan.

Purpose: To examine the changes in the pelvic floor structure caused by pregnancy and delivery.

Methods: A total of 141 nulliparous women were examined with three-dimensional transperineal ultrasound (3D-TPU) at the 24th and 34th weeks of gestation, 5th day postpartum, and 1 month postpartum. Puborectalis muscle trauma was diagnosed and the area of levator hiatus (ALH) was measured. Read More

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Outcomes of the First Pregnancy After Fertility-Sparing Surgery for Early-Stage Ovarian Cancer.

Obstet Gynecol 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Gynecologic Oncology and Reproductive Medicine, the Department of Health Services Research, Division of Cancer Prevention and Population Sciences, and the Department of Breast Medical Oncology, the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas; the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Massachusetts General Hospital, and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts; the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston, Galveston, Texas; and the Division of Gynecologic Oncology, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Columbia University Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons, and the Division of Reproductive Endocrinology, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Columbia University Irving Medical Center, New York, New York.

Objective: To evaluate the outcomes of the first pregnancy after fertility-sparing surgery in patients treated for early-stage ovarian cancer.

Methods: We performed a retrospective study of women aged 18-45 years with a history of stage IA or IC ovarian cancer reported to the California Cancer Registry for the years 2000-2012. These data were linked to the 2000-2012 California Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development birth and discharge data sets to ascertain oncologic characteristics and obstetric outcomes. Read More

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The maternal health study: Study design update for a prospective cohort of first-time mothers and their firstborn children from birth to age ten.

Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Intergenerational Health, Murdoch Children's Research Institute, Melbourne, Vic., Australia.

Background: Maternal health is critical to the health and well-being of children and families, but is rarely the primary focus of pregnancy and birth cohort studies. Globally, poor maternal health and the exposure of women and children to family violence contribute to the perpetuation and persistence of intergenerational health inequalities.

Objectives: The Maternal Health Study was designed to investigate the contribution of social and obstetric risk factors to common maternal physical and psychological morbidities. Read More

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Parent-child bonding and attachment during pregnancy and early childhood following congenital heart disease diagnosis.

Health Psychol Rev 2021 May 6:1-47. Epub 2021 May 6.

Heart Centre for Children, The Sydney Children's Hospitals Network, Sydney, Australia.

Diagnosis and treatment of congenital heart disease (CHD) can present challenges to the developing parent-child relationship due to periods of infant hospitalisation and intensive medical care, parent-infant separations, child neurodevelopmental delay and feeding problems, and significant parent and child distress and trauma. Yet, the ways in which CHD may affect the parent-child relationship are not well-understood. We systematically reviewed the evidence on parental bonding, parent-child interaction, and child attachment following CHD diagnosis, according to a pre-registered protocol (CRD42019135687). Read More

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Stair-Related Injuries Among Pregnant Women Treated in United States Emergency Departments.

Matern Child Health J 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

College of Nursing, Washington State University, 412 E. Spokane Falls Blvd, Spokane, WA, 99201, USA.

Objectives: Falls are one of the leading causes of trauma during pregnancy, and most falls occur on stairs. The purpose of this study was to describe stair-related falls among pregnant women who were treated in United States emergency departments during a 10-year period.

Methods: This study utilized a cross-sectional analysis of National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS) data, 2008-2017. Read More

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LETTER TO THE EDITOR on "Experience in the Management of Burn Injuries During Pregnancy in a Burn Unit".

J Burn Care Res 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

The Burn Center, MedStar Washington Hospital Center, Washington, DC.

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Obstetric Outcomes of Women Who Sustained Traumatic Spinal Injury during Pregnancy: A Systematic Review.

Asian Spine J 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

KMU Institute of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Khyber Medical University, Peshawar, Pakistan.

Literature regarding pregnant women who sustained traumatic spinal injury during pregnancy is limited. Existing papers are mainly case reports, and this indicates a need for more high-quality research evidence in this area. Therefore, this study was designed to systematically review available literature that reported demographic information, clinical characteristics, and obstetric outcomes of women who sustained spinal injury during pregnancy. Read More

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The relationship between women's perception of support and control during childbirth on fear of birth and mother's satisfaction.

J Obstet Gynaecol 2021 May 2:1-8. Epub 2021 May 2.

Department of Child Development, Vocational School of Health Care Services, Child Care and Youth Services, Sivas Cumhuriyet University, Sivas, Turkey.

The study was conducted in order to determine the relationship between women's perception of support and control during childbirth on fear of birth and mother's satisfaction. This descriptive study was carried out at the postpartum clinics of a state hospital. Seven hundred and twenty-five puerperal women were included in the sample. Read More

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Maternal vitamin D status and risk of gestational diabetes mellitus: A systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies.

Clin Nutr 2021 Apr 2;40(5):2576-2586. Epub 2021 Apr 2.

Obesity and Eating Habits Research Center, Endocrinology and Metabolism Molecular -Cellular Sciences Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; Department of Community Nutrition, School of Nutritional Sciences and Dietetics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; Food Security Research Center, Department of Community Nutrition, School of Nutrition and Food Science, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran. Electronic address:

Background: No earlier systematic review and meta-analysis have been done on the association between maternal serum vitamin D status and risk of GDM among prospective studies. The current study was done to systematically review prospective cohort studies (with several years of follow-up) on the association between maternal serum vitamin D deficiency or insufficiency and risk of GDM.

Methods: Relevant papers published up to January 2020 were searched through PubMed, MEDLINE, SCOPUS, EMBASE, and Google Scholar using suitable keywords. Read More

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Prevalence and incidence of postpartum depression and environmental factors: The IGEDEPP cohort.

J Psychiatr Res 2021 Apr 16;138:366-374. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Université de Paris, INSERM UMR1266, Institute of Psychiatry and Neurosciences, Team 1, Paris, France; Department of Psychiatry, AP-HP, Louis Mourier Hospital, F-92700, Colombes, France.

Background: IGEDEPP (Interaction of Gene and Environment of Depression during PostPartum) is a prospective multicenter cohort study of 3310 Caucasian women who gave birth between 2011 and 2016, with follow-up until one year postpartum. The aim of the current study is to describe the cohort and estimate the prevalence and cumulative incidence of early and late-onset postpartum depression (PPD).

Methods: Socio-demographic data, personal and family psychiatric history, as well as stressful life events during childhood and pregnancy were evaluated at baseline. Read More

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Treatment of Stress Urinary Incontinence with Muscle Stem Cells and Stem Cell Components: Chances, Challenges and Future Prospects.

Int J Mol Sci 2021 Apr 12;22(8). Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Department of Urology, University Hospital Zurich, University of Zurich, 8091 Zurich, Switzerland.

Urinary incontinence (UI) is a major problem in health care and more than 400 million people worldwide suffer from involuntary loss of urine. With an increase in the aging population, UI is likely to become even more prominent over the next decades and the economic burden is substantial. Among the different subtypes of UI, stress urinary incontinence (SUI) is the most prevalent and focus of this review. Read More

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Kidney Injury Caused by Preeclamptic Pregnancy Recovers Postpartum in a Transgenic Rat Model.

Int J Mol Sci 2021 Apr 5;22(7). Epub 2021 Apr 5.

Experimental and Clinical Research Center (ECRC), A Joint Cooperation of Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin and Max Delbruck Center for Molecular Medicine, 13125 Berlin, Germany.

Preeclampsia (PE) is characterized by the onset of hypertension (≥140/90 mmHg) and presence of proteinuria (>300 mg/L/24 h urine) or other maternal organ dysfunctions. During human PE, renal injuries have been observed. Some studies suggest that women with PE diagnosis have an increased risk to develop renal diseases later in life. Read More

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Paternal Jail Incarceration and Birth Outcomes: Evidence from New York City, 2010-2016.

Matern Child Health J 2021 Apr 29. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Department of Sociology, Duke University, Durham, NC, United States.

Objectives: To examine population-level associations between paternal jail incarceration during pregnancy and infant birth outcomes using objective measures of health and incarceration.

Methods: We use multivariate logistic regression models and linked records on all births and jail incarcerations in New York City between 2010 and 2016.

Results: 0. Read More

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Post-partum rectus sheath hematoma complication: case report.

AME Case Rep 2021 25;5:16. Epub 2021 Apr 25.

West Virginia University School of Medicine, Morgantown, WV, USA.

Pregnancy, surgery, and trauma are known risk factors for the development of rectus sheath hematomas (RSHs). The exact incidence of RSH during pregnancy is unknown, however this disease carries a risk of complication and even mortality. The role of infection in this condition is less known with only a few reported case studies in medical literature. Read More

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Treatment of mycobacteriosis in a patient with compatible symptoms after a cesarean delivery.

Rev Inst Med Trop Sao Paulo 2021 23;63:e37. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Departamento de Medicina Tropical, Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil.

This study aims to report the diagnostic course and treatment of a fast-growing mycobacteria infection after cesarean delivery. We report the case of a 37-year-old woman admitted to the Infectious Diseases' Clinic of the Hospital das Clinicas da Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Pernambuco State, Brazil, four months after a cesarean section, presenting with healing difficulties and located pain outside the surgical site. The first diagnosis was a probable rejection of the sutures that were not absorbed, but based on the clinical signs, reported history, complementary laboratory tests and no response to treatment with the conventional antibiotic therapy (cephalosporins/quinolones) prescribed, the ultimate diagnosis was a mycobacteriosis caused by Micobacterium fortuitum. Read More

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Chronic Stress and Preconception Health Among Latina Women in Metro Atlanta.

Matern Child Health J 2021 Apr 28. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Department of Epidemiology, Emory University Rollins School of Public Health, 1518 Clifton Road NE, Atlanta, GA, 30322, USA.

Background: Underserved subgroups are less likely to have optimal health prior to pregnancy. We describe preconception health indicators (behavior, pregnancy intention, and obesity) among pregnant Latina women with and without chronic stress in metro Atlanta.

Design: We surveyed 110 pregnant Latina women enrolled in prenatal care at three clinics in Atlanta. Read More

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Early Parenting Stress Links Obstetric Complications and Child Psychopathology in Middle Childhood in an At-Risk Sample.

J Dev Behav Pediatr 2021 Apr 27. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Centre for Psychosocial Medicine, Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, University Hospital Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany; University Hospital of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland; Department of Psychology, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA; Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Psychosomatics and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Saarland, Homburg, Germany.

Objective: Obstetric complications (OCs) are adverse events during pregnancy, birth, or immediately after birth. Evidence on cumulative OC and longitudinal associations with child psychopathology is sparse. Prospective studies testing mediating pathways such as parenting stress are needed. Read More

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Subsequent Childbirth after a Previous Birth Trauma: A Metaphor Analysis.

Issues Ment Health Nurs 2021 Apr 26:1-13. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

School of Nursing, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut, USA.

Minimizing the risk of women experiencing a subsequent birth as another traumatic event needs to be a priority for psychiatric-mental health nurses. One approach to identifying women struggling with a subsequent pregnancy is to be attentive to metaphors women use to describe what they are experiencing. The purpose of this secondary qualitative data analysis was to identity the metaphorical expressions women use to describe a subsequent birth after a prior birth trauma. Read More

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Clomiphene- induced pulmonary embolism.

J Community Hosp Intern Med Perspect 2021 Mar 23;11(2):256-257. Epub 2021 Mar 23.

Internal Medicine Residency Program, Greater Baltimore Medical Center, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Pulmonary embolism and deep vein thrombosis are a major cause of hospitalization and cause high mortality. Several risk factors, such as smoking, immobilization, cancer, trauma, OCPs, pregnancy, and surgery, have already been identified. The diagnosis of PE can sometimes rely on high clinical suspicion. Read More

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Meralgia Paresthetica: A Case Report With an Update on Anatomy, Pathology, and Therapy.

Cureus 2021 Mar 17;13(3):e13937. Epub 2021 Mar 17.

Neurology, Flowers Medical Group, Dothan, USA.

Meralgia paresthetica, a condition characterized by tingling, numbness, and burning pain in the lateral aspect of the thigh, is caused by compression of the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve. The incidence of meralgia paresthetica increases with obesity and diabetes. The unique anatomy of the nerve that tunnels through the inguinal ligament predisposes it to inflammation, trauma, and entrapment. Read More

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[Investigation and validation of magnetic resonance white matter atlas for 0 to 2 years old infants].

Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban 2020 Nov;53(2):341-347

Department of Radiology, Beijing Children's Hospital, Capital Medical University, National Center for Children's Health, Beijing 100045, China.

Objective: To construct and verify a standard template of white matter based on Chinese normal 0 to 2 years old infants by using nonlinear high registration accuracy of non-rigid diffeomorphism paradigm (large deformation diffeomorphic metric mapping, LDDMM).

Methods: Full-term spontaneous labor children without maternal pregnancy disease (hypertension, diabetes, etc.), intrauterine hypoxia and ischemia, head trauma, intracranial infection, intracranial surgery history, family history of mental disorders were selected. Read More

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November 2020

Association of Traumatic Injury With Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes in Taiwan, 2004 to 2014.

JAMA Netw Open 2021 Apr 1;4(4):e217072. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Graduate Institute of Injury Prevention and Control, College of Public Health, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan.

Importance: Literature has suggested that trauma among pregnant women is associated with an increased risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes. However, limited research has investigated the association of trauma with adverse pregnancy outcomes by using a national data set.

Objective: To investigate the association between traumatic injury and adverse pregnancy outcomes. Read More

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Pregnancy Associated Granulomatous Mastitis: Clinical Characteristics, Management, and Outcome.

Breastfeed Med 2021 Apr 19. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Department of Breast, Chengdu Women's and Children's Central Hospital, School of Medicine, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu, China.

We have already known that idiopathic granulomatous mastitis (IGM) is a rare benign chronic inflammatory disorder that can clinically mimic breast carcinoma, especially affects parous women of childbearing age, but there is little literature to report about pregnancy associated granulomatous mastitis (PAGM). The aim of our study is to report and describe the clinical signs, managements, clinical course, and clinical outcomes after treatment of PAGM in our hospital. We retrospectively analyzed 15 pregnant patients who were diagnosed as PAGM in our hospital collected from December 2018 to December 2020 by reviewing medical records and questionnaire survey, including the patients' characteristics, clinical presentations, microbiological workups, tissue pathology, treatment modalities, outcomes, and follow-up data. Read More

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