5,649 results match your criteria Pregnancy Postpartum Infections


Violence and sexually transmitted infections in pregnancy.

Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) 2019 Mar 11;65(3):475-484. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Department of Post-Graduation in Medical Sciences, University of the State of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil.

Objective: To synthesize the knowledge produced in studies about the association between violence and STI during pregnancy.

Methods: In this systematic review, we conducted basic activities of identification, compilation, and registration of the trials. The instruments of data collection were studies that investigated, explicitly, relationships between violence, gestation, and STI, from July 2012 to July 2017, using PubMed, Cochrane Library, SciELO, and LILACS. Read More

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http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1806-9282.65.3.475DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Hepatitis B virus infection: Prevention of mother-to-child transmission and exacerbation during pregnancy.

J Infect Chemother 2019 Apr 11. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Kobe, Japan.

The aims of this study were to assess the effect of maternal screening for hepatitis B (HB) virus and a perinatal prevention program of mother-to-child transmission, and to identify clinical characteristics and findings associated with HB exacerbation during pregnancy. This prospective cohort study enrolled 3796 pregnant women and their neonates with informed consent. Pregnant women underwent maternal universal screening for HBs antigen (Ag) in the first trimester. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jiac.2019.03.014DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Knowledge, attitudes and practices of hepatitis B prevention and immunization of pregnant women and mothers in northern Vietnam.

PLoS One 2019 10;14(4):e0208154. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Asian Liver Center, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, California, United States of America.

Background And Aim: Infection at birth due to mother-to-child (MTC) transmission is the most common cause of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in Vietnam. This study was undertaken to examine the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of pregnant women and mothers in Vietnam concerning HBV prevention and immunization.

Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in Quang Ninh and Hoa Binh provinces in 2017. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0208154PLOS
April 2019
1 Read

Effectiveness of tenofovir or telbivudine in preventing HBV vertical transmission for pregnancy.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Apr;98(14):e15092

Department of Gastroenterology, First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University, Fujian Province, China.

To evaluate the efficacy and safety of telbivudine (LdT) and tenofovir (TDF) for preventing hepatitis B virus (HBV) vertical transmission for HBV-positive pregnant women.Pregnant women (n = 145) from January 2013 to June 2017 were enrolled when they met inclusion criteria, which included HBV DNA ≥1.0 × 10 copies/mL and increased alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000015092DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Clinical outcome of high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia during pregnancy: A 10-year experience.

Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 2019 Mar 25;236:173-176. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Konkuk University School of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Objective: To investigate the clinical outcome of high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) diagnosed by colposcopy-directed biopsy during pregnancy and to evaluate the risk factors for persistent disease.

Study Design: This retrospective study included pregnant women who were diagnosed with CIN2+ by colposcopy-directed biopsy from January 2005 to December 2014. The clinical characteristics, histopathologic results, and human papillomavirus (HPV) test results were reviewed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejogrb.2019.03.023DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads
1.627 Impact Factor

Influence of the transferred syphilitic infection on the course of pregnancy, childbirth and the state of newborns.

Wiad Lek 2019 ;72(2):175-180

Donetsk National Medical University, Liman, Ukraine.

Objective: Introduction: The article presents information about the peculiarities of the course of pregnancy and childbirth in women with a syphilitic infection in the anamnesis. The peculiarities of the state of newborn babies born from mothers who have suffered syphilis are described. To date, the incidence of syphilis in Ukraine has a clear tendency to decline, but still remains quite high. Read More

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January 2019
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Obstetric medical care and training in South Africa.

Obstet Med 2019 Mar 20;12(1):27-30. Epub 2018 Jul 20.

Department of Internal Medicine, Kalafong Hospital, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa.

Obstetric medicine as a speciality is yet to be developed in South Africa. South Africa is regarded as a developing country. The burden of HIV and metabolic syndrome creates a need for advanced maternal care. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1753495X18783610DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6416687PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Reduced exposure to darunavir and cobicistat in HIV-1-infected pregnant women receiving a darunavir/cobicistat-based regimen.

HIV Med 2019 May 14;20(5):337-343. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

Janssen Research & Development, LLC, Titusville, NJ, USA.

Objectives: The aim of the study was to evaluate darunavir and cobicistat pharmacokinetics in pregnant women with HIV-1 infection.

Methods: This phase 3b, open-label study enrolled HIV-1-infected pregnant women (18-26 weeks of gestation) receiving combination antiretroviral therapy with once-daily darunavir/cobicistat 800/150 mg. The plasma pharmacokinetics of darunavir (total and unbound) and cobicistat were assessed over 24 h during the second and third trimesters (24-28 and 34-38 weeks of gestation, respectively) and 6-12 weeks postpartum. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/hiv.12721
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/hiv.12721DOI Listing
May 2019
4 Reads

Neuroimmunology of the female brain across the lifespan: Plasticity to psychopathology.

Brain Behav Immun 2019 Mar 11. Epub 2019 Mar 11.

School of Health and Biomedical Sciences, RMIT University, Melbourne, Vic. 3083, Australia. Electronic address:

The female brain is highly dynamic and can fundamentally remodel throughout the normal ovarian cycle as well as in critical life stages including perinatal development, pregnancy and old-age. As such, females are particularly vulnerable to infections, psychological disorders, certain cancers, and cognitive impairments. We will present the latest evidence on the female brain; how it develops through the neonatal period; how it changes through the ovarian cycle in normal individuals; how it adapts to pregnancy and postpartum; how it responds to illness and disease, particularly cancer; and, finally, how it is shaped by old age. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbi.2019.03.010DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

PrEP Implementation for Mothers in Antenatal Care (PrIMA): study protocol of a cluster randomised trial.

BMJ Open 2019 Mar 7;9(3):e025122. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

Department of Global Health, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA.

Introduction: Women in regions with high HIV prevalence are at high risk of HIV acquisition during pregnancy and postpartum, and acute maternal HIV contributes a substantial proportion of infant HIV infections. Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) could prevent HIV during pregnancy/postpartum; however, identifying women who would most benefit from PrEP in this period is challenging. Women may not perceive risk, may not know partner HIV status and partners may have external partners during this period. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-025122DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6430021PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

Antenatal predictors of incident and persistent postnatal depressive symptoms in rural Ethiopia: a population-based prospective study.

Reprod Health 2019 Mar 4;16(1):28. Epub 2019 Mar 4.

Department of Psychiatry, Addis Ababa University, College of Health Sciences, School of Medicine, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Background: There have been few studies to examine antenatal predictors of incident postnatal depression, particularly in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). The aim of this study was to investigate antenatal predictors of incident and persistent maternal depression in a rural Ethiopian community in order to inform development of antenatal interventions.

Method: A population-based prospective study was conducted in Sodo district, south central Ethiopia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-019-0690-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6399829PMC
March 2019
7 Reads

[Impact of cessation of antiviral therapy at delivery on postpartum liver function in mothers with chronic hepatitis B virus infection].

Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi 2019 Feb;27(2):112-117

Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou 510515, China; Department of Hospital Infection Management, Zhujiang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou 510220, China.

To investigate the impact of immediate cessation of antiviral therapy on postpartum liver function and the factors influencing postpartum abnormality in mothers with chronic hepatitis B virus infection. A retrospective cohort study was conducted. One hundred eighty-eight pregnant women with HBV DNA level > 2×106 IU/ml were enrolled from June 2014 to June 2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.1007-3418.2019.02.008DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Levels of Systemic Low-grade Inflammation in Pregnant Mothers and Their Offspring are Correlated.

Sci Rep 2019 Feb 28;9(1):3043. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

COPSAC, Copenhagen Prospective Studies on Asthma in Childhood, Herlev and Gentofte Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.

High sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) is a marker of systemic low-grade inflammation and associated with chronic inflammatory diseases. It is unknown whether maternal and infant hs-CRP levels are correlated and little is known about risk factors in early childhood. Hs-CRP were measured in mothers during pregnancy week 24 (N = 690), and one-week postpartum (N = 675) and in their children age 6 mo (N = 640) enrolled in the Copenhagen Prospective Studies on Asthma in Childhood (COPSAC) cohort. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-39620-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6395736PMC
February 2019
5 Reads

Trends in Incidence and Outcomes of Pregnancy-Related Acute Myocardial Infarction (From a Nationwide Inpatient Sample Database).

Am J Cardiol 2019 Apr 25;123(8):1220-1227. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Banner University Medical Center, Phoenix, Arizona.

Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) during pregnancy is rare but fatal complication. Recent incidence of pregnancy related AMI and trends in the related outcomes are unknown. The Nationwide Inpatient Sample database was utilized from years 2005 to 2014. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amjcard.2019.01.030DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Primary HIV prevention in pregnant and lactating Ugandan women: A randomized trial.

PLoS One 2019 25;14(2):e0212119. Epub 2019 Feb 25.

Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, United States of America.

Background: The 'Primary HIV Prevention among Pregnant and Lactating Ugandan Women' (PRIMAL) study aimed to assess the effectiveness of an enhanced HIV counseling intervention for preventing HIV acquisition among HIV-uninfected mothers during pregnancy and throughout the breastfeeding period.

Methods: We conducted an unblinded randomized control trial between 22 February 2013 and 22 April 2016 to assess the effectiveness of an extended repeat HIV testing and enhanced counseling (ERHTEC) intervention aimed at preventing primary HIV infection among HIV-uninfected pregnant and lactating women in Uganda. HIV-uninfected pregnant women aged 15-49 were enrolled 1:1 individually or in couples together with their partner. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0212119PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6388930PMC
February 2019
3 Reads

ACOG Committee Opinion No. 768: Genetic Syndromes and Gynecologic Implications in Adolescents.

Authors:

Obstet Gynecol 2019 Mar;133(3):e226-e234

As adolescents with a genetic syndrome transition to adult medical care, they may be referred to obstetrician-gynecologists for routine preventive or contraceptive services, screening, or counseling for sexually transmitted infection, or for menstrual management. Although some genetic syndromes have no physical or intellectual impairment, others have significant ones; therefore, education and gynecologic care should be based on a patient's intellectual and physical capabilities. It is important to remember that adolescents with or without a genetic syndrome are sexual beings. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/AOG.0000000000003122DOI Listing

ACOG Committee Opinion No. 768 Summary: Genetic Syndromes and Gynecologic Implications in Adolescents.

Authors:

Obstet Gynecol 2019 Mar;133(3):598-599

As adolescents with a genetic syndrome transition to adult medical care, they may be referred to obstetrician-gynecologists for routine preventive or contraceptive services, screening, or counseling for sexually transmitted infection, or for menstrual management. Although some genetic syndromes have no physical or intellectual impairment, others have significant ones; therefore, education and gynecologic care should be based on a patient's intellectual and physical capabilities. It is important to remember that adolescents with or without a genetic syndrome are sexual beings. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/AOG.0000000000003123DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Use of biologics during pregnancy and risk of serious infections in the mother and baby: a Canadian population-based cohort study.

BMJ Open 2019 Feb 20;9(2):e023714. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

Objectives: To investigate the association between exposure to biologics during pregnancy and serious infections in mothers and infants.

Design: Retrospective cohort study.

Setting: Population-based. Read More

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http://bmjopen.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-02371
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-023714DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6398640PMC
February 2019
12 Reads

Management of myasthenia gravis during pregnancy.

Indian J Pharmacol 2018 Nov-Dec;50(6):302-308

Department of Neurology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.

The management of myasthenia gravis (MG) during pregnancy requires special skills as both diseases as well as its treatment can have deleterious effects on mother and fetus. MG often affects women in second and third decades of life during the childbearing age. Exacerbations of MG are likely to occur during the first trimester and postpartum period. Read More

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http://www.ijp-online.com/text.asp?2018/50/6/302/250590
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijp.IJP_452_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6364336PMC
February 2019
7 Reads

Symposium review: Mechanisms of disruption of fertility by infectious diseases of the reproductive tract.

Authors:
Robert O Gilbert

J Dairy Sci 2019 Apr 14;102(4):3754-3765. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Ross University School of Veterinary Medicine, PO Box 334, Basseterre, St. Kitts and Nevis, West Indies. Electronic address:

Diseases of postpartum dairy cows impair reproductive processes, resulting in prolonged anestrus, reduced conception, and increased pregnancy attrition, regardless of whether the initial disease precedes insemination (even by many weeks), occurs close to insemination, or follows fertilization. Bacteria and their products activate pattern recognition receptors that respond to pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMP). These receptors include toll-like receptors (TLR), nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain (NOD)-like receptors and others, and their activation culminates in upregulation of proinflammatory cytokines such as IL-1β, IL-18, and tumor necrosis factor-α. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3168/jds.2018-15602DOI Listing

Monitoring quality of obstetric care from hospital discharge databases: A Delphi survey to propose a new set of indicators based on maternal health outcomes.

PLoS One 2019 12;14(2):e0211955. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Inserm UMR 1153, Obstetrical, Perinatal and Pediatric Epidemiology Research Team (Epopé) Center for Epidemiology and Statistics Sorbonne Paris Cité, DHU Risks in pregnancy, Paris Descartes University, Paris, France.

Objectives: Most indicators proposed for assessing quality of care in obstetrics are process indicators and do not directly measure health effects, and cannot always be identified from routinely available databases. Our objective was to propose a set of indicators to assess the quality of hospital obstetric care from maternal morbidity outcomes identifiable in permanent hospital discharge databases.

Methods: Various maternal morbidity outcomes potentially reflecting quality of obstetric care were first selected from a systematic literature review. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0211955PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6372226PMC
February 2019
14 Reads

Prenatal exposure to mercury in relation to infant infections and respiratory symptoms in the New Hampshire Birth Cohort Study.

Environ Res 2019 Apr 11;171:523-529. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

Children's Environmental Health and Disease Prevention Research Center at Dartmouth, Hanover, NH, USA; Department of Epidemiology, Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth, Lebanon, NH, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Mechanistic studies support the potential for mercury (Hg) to alter immunity, including via in utero exposure. As yet, there are few prospective studies of in utero Hg exposure and subsequent immune-related outcomes, especially in infancy.

Objectives: We investigated the association of biomarkers of prenatal Hg exposure and maternal silver-mercury dental amalgams with the occurrence of infant allergy, respiratory infection, and respiratory symptoms in the first year of life. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2019.01.026DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

Herpes Zoster in Pregnancy.

J Midwifery Womens Health 2019 Mar 10;64(2):230-235. Epub 2019 Feb 10.

Vanderbilt University School of Nursing, Nashville, Tennessee.

Herpes zoster (shingles) is the reactivation of dormant varicella zoster virus in individuals who previously experienced varicella infection or vaccination. Herpes zoster can occur in pregnancy, although it is rare. This case report describes the clinical presentation and diagnosis of herpes zoster and reviews current recommendations for treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jmwh.12953DOI Listing
March 2019
4 Reads

Cerebral pontine infarctions during pregnancy - A case report and review of the literature.

Case Rep Womens Health 2019 Jan 23;21:e00097. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

University of South Alabama, Children's and Women's Hospital, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 251 Cox Street, Mobile, AL 36604, United States.

Cerebrovascular disease is not uncommon during pregnancy as a result of either venous or arterial occlusion, or a hemorrhagic event, resulting in ischemia. Pregnancy may alter the prognosis of these neurologic disorders, with increased risks of morbidity and mortality for the mother and the developing fetus. Etiologies of stroke during pregnancy and the postpartum period include preeclampsia, eclampsia, HELLP syndrome, posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES), amniotic fluid embolism, postpartum angiopathy, postpartum cardiomyopathy, thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP), hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS), cerebral venous thrombosis, CNS infections, and maternal thrombophilia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.crwh.2019.e00097DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6358547PMC
January 2019
10 Reads

Pregnancy outcomes in women with spinal cord injuries: a population-based study.

PM R 2019 Feb 6. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Public Health Sciences Division, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA, USA.

Background: Pregnant women with congenital or acquired spinal cord injury face challenges due to compromised neurological function and mobility; factors that may also affect fetal/infant health. Few studies have examined pregnancy course and longer-term outcomes in this population.

Objective: To assess pregnancy outcomes among women with spinal cord injury, paralysis, or spina bifida using population-based data. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/pmrj.12122
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pmrj.12122DOI Listing
February 2019
12 Reads

Pattern and predictors of medical care received by hepatitis B carriers during pregnancy and after delivery.

Public Health 2019 Mar 24;168:36-42. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Queen Mary Hospital, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region.

Objective: The objective of the study is to evaluate the pattern and predictors of medical care received by hepatitis B virus (HBV) carriers during pregnancy and after delivery in Hong Kong.

Study Design: The study is a retrospective analysis.

Methods: Pregnant HBV carriers and their infants were followed up for 9-12 months after delivery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2018.12.008DOI Listing
March 2019
5 Reads

[Clinical study on blocking mother-to-child transmission of hepatitis B virus with high viral load and HBeAg positivity during pregnancy in Guizhou province].

Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi 2018 Dec;26(12):945-950

Prenatal Diagnosis Center, Affiliated Hospital of Guizhou Medical University, Guiyang 550004, China.

To observe the efficacy and safety related measures by blocking mother-to-child transmission of hepatitis B virus with high viral load and HBeAg positivity during pregnancy in Guizhou province. Outpatient and inpatient cases of the Department of Infectious Diseases and Obstetrics of Guizhou Medical University Affiliated Hospitals from May 2016 to July 2017 were retrospectively divided into intervention group, non-intervention group and non- hepatitis B pregnant women group; with 75 cases in each group. HBsAg and HBeAg were positive in the intervention group. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.1007-3418.2018.12.013DOI Listing
December 2018
4 Reads

Successful entecavir plus prednisolone treatment for hepatitis B virus-associated membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Jan;98(2):e14014

Department of Medicine Kidney Center.

Rationale: Adult-onset hepatitis B virus-associated membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis (HBV-MPGN) is generally refractory, and an effective treatment for this condition has not been established. The indications for steroids in HBV-MPGN are an important clinical concern.

Patient Concerns: A 28-year-old woman with a chronic hepatitis B virus infection developed nephrotic syndrome in her second month of pregnancy, with urinary protein levels of 3 to 10 g/d that continued into her postpartum period. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000014014DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6336600PMC
January 2019
3 Reads

Predicting common maternal postpartum complications: leveraging health administrative data and machine learning.

BJOG 2019 May 20;126(6):702-709. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

School of Public Health, Curtin University, Bentley, WA, Australia.

Objective: We aimed to predict the risk of common maternal postpartum complications requiring an inpatient episode of care.

Design And Setting: Maternal data from the beginning of gestation up to and including the delivery, and neonatal data recorded at delivery, were used to predict postpartum complications.

Sample: Administrative health data of all inpatient live births (n = 422 509) in the Australian state of Queensland between January 2009 and October 2015. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/1471-0528.15607
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1471-0528.15607DOI Listing
May 2019
10 Reads

Comprehensive treatment in severe dengue during preterm and term labor: could tocolysis be useful?

J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2019 Jan 9:1-6. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

b Clinical Research Center, Fundación Valle Del Lili , Cali , Colombia.

Objective: There is lack of data on the management of severe dengue infection during labor. The objective of this study was to describe our experience in the management of preterm and term labor of pregnant patients with severe dengue infection and thrombocytopenia.

Materials And Methods: We describe patients with dengue infection confirmed by dengue serology or NS1 antigen in Cali, Colombia. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/14767058.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14767058.2018.1554044DOI Listing
January 2019
17 Reads

Correlates of reported modern contraceptive use among postpartum HIV-positive women in rural Nigeria: an analysis from the MoMent prospective cohort study.

Reprod Health 2019 Jan 8;16(1). Epub 2019 Jan 8.

International Research Center of Excellence, Institute of Human Virology Nigeria, Abuja, Nigeria.

Background: Nigeria has an annual population of ~ 200,000 women who are both pregnant and HIV-positive. High unmet need for family planning in this population could lead to unintended pregnancies, along with the increased risk of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (MTCT). To identify modifiable barriers and facilitators in effective family planning, we examined correlates of modern contraceptive use among HIV-positive women enrolled in the MoMent prevention of MTCT (PMTCT) implementation research study in rural North-Central Nigeria. Read More

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https://reproductive-health-journal.biomedcentral.com/articl
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-018-0663-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6323844PMC
January 2019
21 Reads
2.027 Impact Factor

Effects of antibiotic therapy in women with the amniotic fluid "sludge" at 15-24 weeks of gestation on pregnancy outcomes.

Authors:
Olga Pustotina

J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2019 Jan 27:1-12. Epub 2019 Jan 27.

a Obstetrics, Gynecology and Perinatology , Peoples' Friendship University of Russia , Moscow , Russia.

Objective: The aim of this prospective study was to assess the efficacy of antibiotic therapy for the prevention of adverse pregnancy outcomes in women with the amniotic fluid "sludge" at 15-24 weeks of gestation.

Methods: 245 women underwent transvaginal ultrasound cervical length measurement at 15-24 weeks of pregnancy and 29 out of them with amniotic fluid "sludge" were included in the study. Eight women with the "sludge" had cervical length >25 mm (Group I), seven-an asymptomatic short cervix (Group IIa) and 14 women with a short cervix had symptoms like low abdominal pain, back pain, and menstrual-like cramps (Group IIb). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14767058.2019.1567706DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

[STUDY OF THE INFLUENCE OF CALCIUM AND VITAMIN D PRESCRIPTION DURING THE PREGNANCY PERIOD ON THE STATE OF NEWBORNS' HEALTH AND ON THE ELECTROLYSITE BALANCE UMBILICAL CORD BLOOD].

Authors:
O Kulia

Georgian Med News 2018 Nov(284):19-23

Maternity Hospital of Lutsk; Lvivsky National Medical University by Danilo Galitsky, Ukraine.

The main aim of our research was to explore influence of calcium and vitamin D on pregnancy, childbirth, qualities of babies' physical development and on the level of their electrolytes in umbilical cord blood: calcium, potassium, sodium, chlorine, and to justify the reasonability of prescription the medicine «Calcium - D3 Nikomed" to pregnant women with the risk of pre-eclampsia development. Sixty newborn babies were under the research, which were divided into two principal groups: to the major group entered 30 newborn babies, whose mothers were getting the medicine «Calcium - D3 Nikomed". To the second control group entered 30 another newborn babies, whose mothers were not receiving the mentioned vitamin-medicine. Read More

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November 2018
6 Reads

Evaluation of powdered 0.5% chlorhexidine acetate-based postmilking teat dip compared with a foamed 1% iodine-based postmilking teat dip under cold weather conditions in northern New York.

J Dairy Sci 2019 Mar 3;102(3):2507-2514. Epub 2019 Jan 3.

William H. Miner Agricultural Research Institute, Chazy, NY 12921.

The objective of this trial was to compare a powdered 0.5% chlorhexidine acetate-based postmilking teat dip with a foamed 1% iodine-based postmilk teat dip during winter on clinical mastitis, subclinical mastitis (somatic cell count ≥200,000 cells/mL), linear score, teat skin condition, teat end score for hyperkeratosis, and risk of developing a new intramammary infection (IMI). Holstein cows (n = 331) housed in freestall and tiestall barns on one farm were blocked by pen, parity, lactation stage, and lactation performance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3168/jds.2018-15357DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Clostridium difficile infection in pregnant and postpartum women in 2 hospitals and a review of literature.

Am J Infect Control 2019 Jan 6;47(1):e7-e14. Epub 2018 Jul 6.

Public Health England, London, UK.

Background: Healthcare-associated Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) in pregnant/postpartum women is underreported, especially outside of North America. We report a cluster of cases in 2 neighboring secondary care hospitals in South-East England. The objective of this study was to identify the epidemiology and risk factors for infection. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01966553183067
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajic.2018.06.001DOI Listing
January 2019
10 Reads

Distinct neutrophil C5a receptor inflammatory events in cows initiated by chemoattractant C5a and lipopolysaccharide around parturition and in mid lactation.

J Dairy Sci 2019 Feb 26;102(2):1457-1472. Epub 2018 Dec 26.

Animal Genetics Laboratory, Department of Nutrition, Genetics and Ethology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ghent University, Heidestraat 19, Merelbeke, Belgium. Electronic address:

In neutrophils, toll-like receptor and complement component 5a (C5a) signaling are critical pathways regulating innate immunity. In cows, not much is known about the second C5a receptor, complement component 5a receptor 2 (C5AR2). It is an interesting player in sepsis treatment because it is considered to have an anti-inflammatory effect during normal inflammation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3168/jds.2018-15356DOI Listing
February 2019

HIV incidence among pregnant and postpartum women in a high prevalence setting.

PLoS One 2018 28;13(12):e0209782. Epub 2018 Dec 28.

Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric AIDS Foundation, Washington, DC, United States of America.

In sub-Saharan Africa, most women who test HIV negative at the first antenatal care encounter are rarely tested again during pregnancy and postpartum, yet data suggests that pregnancy is associated with increased risk of HIV acquisition compared to non-pregnant women. We describe HIV incidence during pregnancy and postpartum in Lesotho, a high prevalence setting, and factors associated with HIV seroconversion. We enrolled a cohort of HIV negative women presenting at health facilities for antenatal care and followed them through delivery up to 24 months postpartum. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0209782PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6310250PMC
December 2018
16 Reads

Evaluation of 3 esterase tests for the diagnosis of subclinical mastitis at dry-off and freshening in dairy cattle.

J Dairy Sci 2019 Feb 24;102(2):1402-1416. Epub 2018 Dec 24.

Department of Veterinary Clinical Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana 61802. Electronic address:

Subclinical mastitis (SCM) and intramammary infection (IMI) increase esterase activity in the glandular secretions of dairy cattle. Our objective was to evaluate the clinical performance of 3 commercially available esterase tests for diagnosing SCM and IMI. Foremilk samples were collected from 380 quarters (96 cows) at dry-off and from 329 quarters (83 cows) within 4 to 7 d after calving. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00220302183114
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3168/jds.2017-14345DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

What concentration of tranexamic acid is needed to inhibit fibrinolysis? A systematic review of pharmacodynamics studies.

Blood Coagul Fibrinolysis 2019 Jan;30(1):1-10

Clinical Trials Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK.

: Intravenous tranexamic acid (TXA) reduces death because of bleeding in patients with trauma and postpartum haemorrhage. However, in some settings intravenous injection is not feasible. To find different routes of administration, we first need to determine the minimal concentration of TXA in the blood that is required to inhibit fibrinolysis. Read More

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http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00001721-201901000-0000
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MBC.0000000000000789DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6365258PMC
January 2019
6 Reads

Successful preterm pregnancy in a rare variation of Herlyn-Werner-Wunderlich syndrome: a case report.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2018 Dec 17;18(1):498. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Department of Woman's and Child's Health, Obstetrics and Gynecological Unit, San Camillo-Forlanini Hospital, Circonvallazione Gianicolense 87, 00152, Rome, Italy.

Background: Herlyn-Werner-Wunderlich syndrome (HWWS) is an uncommon congenital anomaly of the female urogenital tract, characterised by uterus didelphys, obstructed hemivagina, and ipsilateral renal agenesis. We reported the difficult pregnancy course complicated by an extremely rare and unique case of this syndrome associated with ectrodactyly, a clinical combination never described in literature.

Case Presentation: A 28- year-old nulliparous woman previously diagnosed for HWWS associated with ectrodactyly of the right foot and with a history of abdominal left hemi-hysterectomy, ipsilateral salpingectomy, vaginal reconstruction when she was an adolescent. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-018-2133-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6296152PMC
December 2018
7 Reads

Challenging diagnosis of congenital malaria in non-endemic areas.

Malar J 2018 Dec 14;17(1):470. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Unit of Parasitology, Bambino Gesù Children's Hospital, Piazza Sant'Onofrio 4, 00165, Rome, Italy.

Background: Congenital malaria is usually defined as the detection of asexual forms of Plasmodium spp. in a blood sample of a neonate during perinatal age if there is no possibility of postpartum infection by a mosquito bite. The incidence of congenital malaria is highly variable and seems related to several factors, such as different diagnostic methods for Plasmodium spp. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12936-018-2614-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6295090PMC
December 2018
3 Reads

A longitudinal study of the relationship between intimate partner violence and postpartum unsafe sex among newly diagnosed HIV-infected South African women.

AIDS Care 2019 Jun 6;31(6):707-713. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

a Department of Health Behavior , Gillings School of Global Public Health, UNC Chapel Hill , Chapel Hill , NC , USA.

HIV-positive women who engage in postpartum unsafe sex are at risk for sexually transmitted infection (STI), unintended pregnancy, and secondary transmission of HIV to uninfected partners. One factor that may increase risk for postpartum unsafe sex among HIV-positive women is intimate partner violence (IPV) victimization; few studies, however, have examined this association. This longitudinal study examined whether patterns of psychological, physical, and sexual IPV, assessed during pregnancy, predicted unsafe sex at 14 weeks postpartum among South African women diagnosed as HIV-positive during pregnancy (n = 561). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2018.1556380DOI Listing
June 2019
4 Reads

Delineation of the Individual Effects of Vitamin E Isoforms on Early Life Incident Wheezing.

J Pediatr 2019 Mar 5;206:156-163.e3. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Center for Asthma Research, Division of Allergy, Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN. Electronic address:

Objectives: To test the hypothesis that maternal plasma alpha-tocopherol levels are associated with protection from childhood wheeze and that this protection is modified by gamma-tocopherol.

Study Design: We conducted a prospective nested study in the Infant Susceptibility to Pulmonary Infections and Asthma Following Respiratory Syncytial Virus Exposure birth cohort of 652 children with postpartum maternal plasma vitamin E isoforms used as a surrogate for pregnancy concentrations. Our outcomes were wheezing and recurrent wheezing over a 2-year period, ascertained using validated questionnaires. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpeds.2018.10.045DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6415525PMC
March 2019
3 Reads

Uptake of antiretroviral therapy in HIV-positive women ever enrolled into 'prevention of mother to child transmission' programme, Mandalay, Myanmar-a cohort study.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2018 Dec 4;18(1):474. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

National AIDS Programme, Department of Public Health, Ministry of Health and Sports, Nay Pyi Taw, Myanmar.

Background: Early initiation and longer duration of anti-retroviral therapy either as prophylaxis (pARV) or lifelong treatment (ART) in HIV-positive pregnant women prior to delivery has a huge impact in reducing mother to child transmission (MTCT) of HIV, maternal morbidity, mortality and increasing retention in care. In this study, we aimed to determine the following in a 'prevention of mother-to-child transmission' (PMTCT) programme in Central Women Hospital, Mandalay, Myanmar: i) uptake of ART and factors associated with the uptake ii) duration of ART/ pARV received by HIV-positive pregnant women prior to delivery, iii) factors associated with ART/ pARV initiation after delivery and iv) factors associated with shorter duration of ART/ pARV (≤ 8 weeks prior to delivery).

Method: This was a retrospective cohort study using routinely collected data from PMTCT programme. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-018-2099-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6278152PMC
December 2018
2.190 Impact Factor

Intracervical Foley catheter balloon versus dinoprostone insert for induction cervical ripening: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Nov;97(48):e13251

Clinical Medicine College, Soochow University, Suzhou Jiangsu, China.

Background: Successful labor induction depends on the cervical status at the time of induction. Currently, both a Foley catheter and a dinoprostone insert are used for effective cervical ripening. This study compared the efficacy and safety of the intracervical Foley catheter and dinoprostone insert for cervical ripening to achieve successful labor induction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000013251DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6283136PMC
November 2018
5 Reads

Understanding Placentophagy.

J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs 2019 Jan 26;48(1):37-49. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Objective: To evaluate the knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs of women during pregnancy and the postpartum period related to placentophagy.

Design: Mixed methods study (cross-sectional survey and online discussions).

Setting: We used social media to advertise the study to mother/parenting groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jogn.2018.10.002DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Association of chorioamnionitis and its duration with adverse maternal outcomes by mode of delivery: a cohort study.

BJOG 2019 May 5;126(6):719-727. Epub 2019 Jan 5.

Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.

Objective: To investigate the association of chorioamnionitis and its duration with adverse maternal outcomes by mode of delivery.

Design: A retrospective cohort study.

Setting: Data from the Consortium on Safe Labor Study in the USA (2002-2008). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1471-0528.15565DOI Listing
May 2019
3 Reads

Incidence of maternal near miss in the public health sector of Harare, Zimbabwe: a prospective descriptive study.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2018 Nov 26;18(1):458. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Zimbabwe College of Health Sciences, Central Hospital, P O Box ST 14, Southerton, Harare, Zimbabwe.

Background: Maternal 'near miss' can be a proxy for maternal death and it describes women who nearly died due to obstetric complications. It measures life threatening pregnancy related complications and allows the assessment of the quality of obstetric care.

Methods: A prospective descriptive study was carried out from October 1 2016 to 31 December 2016, using the WHO criteria for maternal 'near miss' at the two tertiary public hospitals which receive referrals of all obstetric complications in Harare city, Zimbabwe. Read More

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https://bmcpregnancychildbirth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-018-2092-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6258171PMC
November 2018
16 Reads

Rates and determinants of neonatal mortality in two rural sub-districts of Sylhet, Bangladesh.

PLoS One 2018 21;13(11):e0206795. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

International Center for Maternal and Newborn Health, Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, United States of America.

Introduction: Reducing neonatal mortality rate (NMR) is a challenge in many low- and middle-income countries including Bangladesh. In 2014, the estimated NMR in this country was 28 per 1,000 live births. This rate is higher in rural regions compared to the national average. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0206795PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6248927PMC
April 2019
13 Reads
3.234 Impact Factor

Pregnancy Rates and Outcomes of HIV-Infected Women in Korea.

J Korean Med Sci 2018 Nov 25;33(47):e296. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

Department of Internal Medicine and AIDS Research Institute, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Background: Antepartum, intrapartum, and postpartum preventive measures with antiretroviral drugs, appropriate delivery methods, and discouraging breastfeeding significantly decrease the risk of mother-to-child transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Herein, we investigated the pregnancy outcomes in HIV-infected Korean women.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed medical records of childbearing-age HIV-infected women between January 2005 and June 2017 at four tertiary care hospitals in Korea. Read More

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https://synapse.koreamed.org/DOIx.php?id=10.3346/jkms.2018.3
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3346/jkms.2018.33.e296DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6236080PMC
November 2018
16 Reads