924,576 results match your criteria Pregnancy Eclampsia


Pregnancy of Unknown Location: The Value of Frozen Section Analysis and Its Relation to Beta-hCG Levels and Endometrial Thickness.

Rev Bras Ginecol Obstet 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Galilee Medical Center, Nahariya, Israel.

Objective:  Frozen section examination is a rapid method for identifying products of conception in endometrial curetting, yet its accuracy is inconclusive. The purposes of this study is to determine the accuracy of frozen section analysis of endometrial curetting in pregnancies of unknown location, and to verify the relation of β-human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) level and endometrial thickness to the assessed accuracy.

Methods:  We reviewed data from January 2009 to December 2014 of diagnostic curettages from women with suspected ectopic pregnancies sent for frozen section examination at a medical center. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Association between Dietary Glycemic Index and Excess Weight in Pregnant Women in the First Trimester of Pregnancy.

Rev Bras Ginecol Obstet 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Group of Research in Nutrition and Chronic Diseases, Universidade Estadual do Ceará, Fortaleza, CE, Brazil.

Objective:  To assess the association between dietary glycemic index (GI) and excess weight in pregnant women in the first trimester of pregnancy.

Methods:  A cross-sectional study in a sample of 217 pregnant women was conducted at the maternal-fetal outpatient clinic of the Hospital Geral de Fortaleza, Fortaleza, state of Ceará, Brazil, for routine ultrasound examinations in the period between 11 and 13 weeks + 6 days of gestation. Weight and height were measured and the gestational body mass index (BMI) was calculated. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Apgar Scoring System in Brazil's Live Births Records: Differences between Home and Hospital Births.

Rev Bras Ginecol Obstet 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Radiology and Oncology, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Objective:  To promote informed choice for women and to compare home and hospital births in relation to the Apgar score.

Methods:  Mother's profile and Apgar score of naturally born infants (without forceps assistance) in Brazil between 2011 and 2015, in both settings-hospital or home-were collected from live birth records provided by the Informatics Department of the Unified Health System (DATASUS, in the Portuguese acronym). For the analysis, were included only data from low-risk deliveries, including gestational time between 37 and 41 weeks, singleton pregnancy, at least four visits of prenatal care, infants weighing between 2,500 g, and 4,000 g, mother age between 20-40 years old, and absence of congenital anomalies. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Ruptured Renal Artery Aneurysm in a Pregnant Woman: Case Report and Literature Review.

Rev Bras Ginecol Obstet 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Universidade Positivo, Curitiba, PR, Brazil.

Renal artery aneurysms (RAAs) are rare and usually asymptomatic; ∼ 90% of them are unilateral. Once diagnosed during pregnancy, they may rupture, presenting a high maternal-fetal risk. The present study reports the case of a 32-year-old pregnant woman with a 30-week gestational age and a ruptured unilateral RAA. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Lithopedion in a Geriatric Patient.

Rev Bras Ginecol Obstet 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Medical School, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Bogota, Colombia.

Lithopedion ( = rock and  = child) is a rare condition that only occurs in 1.5 to 1.8% of extrauterine pregnancies and in 0. Read More

View Article
December 2018

DNA damage and repair in the female germline: contributions to ART.

Hum Reprod Update 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Priority Research Centre for Reproductive Science, Discipline of Biological Sciences, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW, Australia.

Background: DNA integrity and stability are critical determinants of cell viability. This is especially true in the female germline, wherein DNA integrity underpins successful conception, embryonic development, pregnancy and the production of healthy offspring. However, DNA is not inert; rather, it is subject to assault from various environment factors resulting in chemical modification and/or strand breakage. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Maternal Stress During Pregnancy Is Associated with Decreased Cortisol and Cortisone Levels in Neonatal Hair.

Horm Res Paediatr 2018 Dec 12:1-9. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Pediatric Endocrinology, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Background: Hair glucocorticoids (GCs) offer a retrospective view on chronic GC exposure. We assessed whether maternal pre- and postnatal stress was associated with neonatal and maternal hair GCs postpartum (pp).

Methods: On the first day pp 172 mother-infant pairs donated hair, of whom 67 had consulted a centre of expertise for psychiatric disorders during pregnancy. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Risk factors for ectopic pregnancy in a population of Cameroonian women: A case-control study.

PLoS One 2018 12;13(12):e0207699. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University of Yaoundé I, Yaoundé, Cameroon.

Objective: To identify the risk factors for ectopic pregnancy (EP) in a population of Cameroonian women.

Sample And Methods: We performed a matched case-control study; 88 women with diagnosed EP (cases), and 176 women with first trimester intrauterine pregnancy (IUP) (controls), who underwent questionnaires. Odds Ratio (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated and adjusted for potential confounding factors via multivariate logistic regression analysis. Read More

View Article
December 2018

The Epidemiology of Otosclerosis in a British Cohort.

Otol Neurotol 2019 Jan;40(1):22-30

University College London Ear Institute, University College London.

Objective: To analyse the epidemiology of otosclerosis in a British cohort collected between 2011 and 2017.

Design: Retrospective cohort study.

Setting: Five UK ENT Departments. Read More

View Article
January 2019

Standards of Care for Hypoparathyroidism in Adults.

Eur J Endocrinol 2018 Dec 1. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

B Clarke, Medicine, Mayo Clinic School of Medicine, Rochester, MN, USA, Rochester, United States.

Purpose: To provide practice recommendations for the diagnosis and management of hypoparathyroidism in adults Methods: Key questions pertaining to the diagnosis and management of hypoparathyroidism were addressed following a literature review. We searched PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE and Cochrane databases from January 2000 to March 2018 using keywords "hypoparathyroidism, diagnosis, treatment, calcium, PTH, calcidiol, calcitriol, hydrochlorothiazide and pregnancy". Only English language papers involving humans were included. Read More

View Article
December 2018

[Eating disorders and fertility].

Psychiatr Hung 2018 ;33(4):331-339

Semmelweis Egyetem, Magatartástudomanyi Intezet, Budapest, Hungary, E-mail:

Common gynecological complications of various eating disorders include infertility, unwanted pregnancy, miscarriage, sexual dysfunction and complications in the treatment of gynecological cancers. Women with eating disorders typically see their gynecologists because of menstrual and other endocrine disorders or unexplained gastrointestinal symptoms, and often report on psychological symptoms (anxiety, depression or decreased libido). In spite of anovulation, menstruation may occur and ovulation without menstruation may be possible, which may lead to an increased incidence of unwanted pregnancies in case of prior or current eating disorders. Read More

View Article
January 2018

Activin A in Mammalian Physiology.

Physiol Rev 2019 Jan;99(1):739-780

Department of Morphology, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais , Belo Horizonte , Brazil ; Department of Experimental and Clinical Medicine, Università Politecnica delle Marche , Ancona , Italy ; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais , Belo Horizonte , Brazil ; Department of Molecular and Developmental Medicine, Obstetrics and Gynecological Clinic, University of Siena , Siena , Italy ; and Department of Biomedical, Experimental and Clinical Sciences, Division of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Florence, Careggi University Hospital , Florence , Italy.

Activins are dimeric glycoproteins belonging to the transforming growth factor beta superfamily and resulting from the assembly of two beta subunits, which may also be combined with alpha subunits to form inhibins. Activins were discovered in 1986 following the isolation of inhibins from porcine follicular fluid, and were characterized as ovarian hormones that stimulate follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) release by the pituitary gland. In particular, activin A was shown to be the isoform of greater physiological importance in humans. Read More

View Article
January 2019

LATE IMPACT OF THE LAPAROSCOPIC TREATMENT OF DEEP INFILTRATING ENDOMETRIOSIS WITH SEGMENTAL COLORECTAL RESECTION.

Arq Bras Cir Dig 2018 Dec 6;31(4):e1406. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Medical School, University of Southern Santa Catarina, Palhoça.

Background: Deep infiltrating colorectal endometriosis may severely affect the quality of life and fertility of patients. Although segmental resection is a therapeutic option that provides positive outcomes in the management of symptoms, its functional effects are still unproven.

Aim: Assess the late impact of the laparoscopic approach in treating deep infiltrating endometriosis with segmental colorectal resection. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Diagnosis and Treatment of Rudimentary Horn Pregnancy: Analysis of Eleven Cases.

Chin Med J (Engl) 2018 Dec;131(24):3012-3014

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Beijing 100730, China.

View Article
December 2018

Anemia at the time of delivery and its association with pregnancy outcomes: A study from a secondary care hospital in Haryana, India.

Indian J Public Health 2018 Oct-Dec;62(4):315-318

Assistant Professor, Centre for Community Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

Maternal anemia has been reportedly associated with increased risk of maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. Adverse pregnancy outcomes such as preterm birth, low birth weight, and stillbirth have been reported to be associated with anemia. However, different studies have shown inconsistent results. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Effect of directly observed oral iron supplementation during pregnancy on iron status in a rural population in Haryana: A randomized controlled trial.

Indian J Public Health 2018 Oct-Dec;62(4):287-293

Professor and Former Head, Centre for Community Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

Background: In India, more than half of the pregnant women suffer from anemia. Low compliance to iron supplementation is one of the important reasons.

Objectives: The objective of the study is to estimate the reduction in the prevalence of anemia, improvement in iron status, and to compare the compliance to oral iron supplementation during pregnancy between directly observed iron-folic acid (IFA) supplementation group and control group. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Prenatal exposure to persistent organic compounds and their association with anogenital distance in infants.

Reprod Biomed Online 2018 Dec 6;37(6):732-740. Epub 2018 Oct 6.

Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública.Av. Universidad 655, Colonia Santa María, Ahuacatitlán, 62100, Cuernavaca, Morelos, México.

Research Question: What is the association between prenatal exposure to persistent organic pollutants, separately and combined, and anogenital distance (in-utero endocrine disruption marker).

Design: A cohort study conducted in Sonora, Mexico. Blood concentrations of polychlorobiphenyls (PCB) 28, 74, 118, 138/158, 153, 170, 180 and the isomers of dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) and its metabolites were determined in women in the third trimester of pregnancy; three variants of anogenital distance were measured on five occasions during the first year of life of their infants: 82 girls (402 observations) and 74 boys (356 observations). Read More

View Article
December 2018

Comparing Maternal Serum Screening Markers Among IVF and Spontaneous Conceptions in Ontario Through Registry Data.

J Obstet Gynaecol Can 2018 Dec 26;40(12):1608-1617. Epub 2018 Oct 26.

BORN (Better Outcomes Registry and Network) Ontario, Ottawa, ON; Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, Ottawa, ON; OMNI Research Group, Ottawa, ON; CHEO (Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario) Research Institute, Ottawa, ON; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON.

Objective: The objectives of this study were as follows: (1) to investigate the accuracy of IVF identification on the prenatal screening record from prenatal screening laboratories; (2) to compare the screening markers in IVF and non-IVF pregnancies in the population of Ontario; and (3) to propose more appropriate IVF adjustment factors for the Ontario population.

Methods: Two years of IVF treatment, data from all fertility clinics in Ontario were merged with the corresponding prenatal screening data from all five prenatal screening labs. New adjustment factors for IVF were developed for each maternal serum screening marker and nuchal translucency measurement. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Oxygen regulation of aquaporin-4 in human placenta.

Reprod Biomed Online 2018 Nov 6;37(5):601-612. Epub 2018 Oct 6.

Laboratorio de Biología de la Reproducción, Instituto de Fisiología y Biofísica Bernardo Houssay (IFIBIO)- CONICET- Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Buenos Aires. Paraguay 2155 (1121) Buenos Aires, Argentina; Cátedra de Biología Celular y Molecular, Departamento de Ciencias Biológicas, Facultad de Farmacia y Bioquímica, Universidad de Buenos Aires. Junín 956 (1113) Buenos Aires, Argentina. Electronic address:

Research Question: We recently reported that blocking of placental aquaporins (AQP) abrogates the apoptotic response of the trophoblast. As trophoblast apoptosis is exacerbated in pre-eclampsia, we hypothesized that changes in AQP in these placentae may trigger programmed cell death. We analysed AQP4 expression in pre-eclamptic placentae and its regulation by oxygen tension. Read More

View Article
November 2018

Testicular versus ejaculated spermatozoa for ICSI in patients without azoospermia: A systematic review.

Reprod Biomed Online 2018 Nov 6;37(5):573-580. Epub 2018 Oct 6.

Unit for Human Reproduction, 1st Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical School, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki Thessaloniki, Greece. Electronic address:

The use of testicular spermatozoa in men without azoospermia has been proposed as a means to increase the chances of pregnancy following assisted reproductive treatment. The purpose of this systematic review is to assess whether clinical outcomes are better when testicular rather than ejaculated spermatozoa are used for intracytoplasmic sperm injection in patients with abnormal semen parameters without azoospermia. A literature search identified four eligible studies out of 757 initially found. Read More

View Article
November 2018

[The “alcohol and pregnancy” link in training in nursing or social work: A topic to reconsider?]

Rech Soins Infirm 2018 09(134):16-32

Alcohol consumption by pregnant women and its related dangers have been a major concern for public authorities for almost twenty years. Students finishing their training in nursing or social work are only slightly over twenty themselves. The job they are soon going to practice, as a graduate nurse, social worker, financial and family counsellor, or a specialized teacher, can lead them to come into contact with pregnant alcohol-drinking women. Read More

View Article
September 2018

Previous Adverse Outcome of Term Pregnancy and Risk of Preterm Birth in Subsequent Pregnancy.

Matern Child Health J 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

The California Preterm Birth Initiative, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA.

Objective Evaluate risk of preterm birth (PTB, < 37 completed weeks' gestation) among a population of women in their second pregnancy with previous full term birth but other adverse pregnancy outcome. Methods The sample included singleton live born infants between 2007 and 2012 in a birth cohort file maintained by the California Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development. The sample was restricted to women with two pregnancies resulting in live born infants and first birth between 39 and 42 weeks' gestation. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Reference Intervals of Thyroid Hormones and Correlation of BMI with Thyroid Function in Healthy Zhuang Ethnic Pregnant Women.

Biomed Res Int 2018 14;2018:2032413. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics, School of Public Health, Guangxi Medical University, Nanning 530021, Guangxi, China.

Ethnic differences in the level of thyroid hormones exist among individuals. The American Thyroid Association (ATA) recommends that an institution or region should establish a specific thyroid hormone reference value for each stage of pregnancy. To date, a limited number of studies have reported the level of thyroid hormones in Chinese minorities, and the exact relationship between BMI and thyroid function in pregnant women is ill. Read More

View Article
November 2018

Burden of Infections and Associated Risk Factors among Women of Child Bearing Age in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Int J Chronic Dis 2018 12;2018:5183713. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Addis Ababa University, College of Health Sciences, Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Background: Early detection and treatment of ( infection in women of child bearing ages may reduce the risk of maternal health disorder. This study was conducted to determine the burden of infections and associated risk factors among women of child bearing ages in Kolfe Keranio Subcity Woreda 9 Health Centers, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Methods: Facility based cross sectional study design was conducted from April to October 2015. Read More

View Article
November 2018

Association of Early Life Exposure to Phthalates With Obesity and Cardiometabolic Traits in Childhood: Sex Specific Associations.

Front Public Health 2018 27;6:327. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Department of Social Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Crete, Heraklion, Greece.

Few studies have investigated longitudinal associations between early life phthalate exposure and subsequent obesity and cardiovascular risks in children with inconsistent results. We aimed to evaluate the associations between phthalate exposure during gestation and childhood with offspring obesity and cardiometabolic risk factors in 500 mother-child pairs from the Rhea pregnancy cohort in Crete, Greece. Seven phthalate metabolites [monoethyl phthalate (MEP), mono-n-butyl phthalate (MnBP), mono-isobutyl phthalate (MiBP), monobenzyl phthalate (MBzP), mono(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (MEHP), mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate (MEHHP), and mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl) phthalate (MEOHP)] were quantified in spot urine samples collected from mothers (1st trimester) and their children at 4 years of age. Read More

View Article
November 2018

A retrospective analysis of the follicle-stimulating hormone starting dose in expected normal responders undergoing their first fertilization cycle: proposed dose versus empiric dose.

Clin Exp Reprod Med 2018 Dec 30;45(4):183-188. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam, Korea.

Objective: The purpose of this retrospective study was to evaluate the appropriateness of various follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) starting doses in expected normal responders based on the nomogram developed by La Marca et al.

Methods: A total of 117 first fertilization cycles performed from 2011 to 2017 were selected. All women were expected normal responders and used a recombinant FSH and flexible gonadotropin-releasing hormone antagonist protocol. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Magnitude of Anemia and Associated Factors among Pregnant Women Attending Antenatal Care in Public Hospitals of Ilu Abba Bora Zone, South West Ethiopia: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Anemia 2018 12;2018:9201383. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Department of Midwifery, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Hawassa University, Hawassa, Ethiopia.

Background: Anemia is a global public health problem affecting all population particularly pregnant women. Hence, this study assessed the magnitude of anemia and associated factors among pregnant.

Methods: Institution based cross-sectional study was conducted among 416 pregnant women attending antenatal clinic in three public hospitals of Ilu Aba Bora zone. Read More

View Article
November 2018

Antibodies to and reproductive health issues in women with SLE: a case-control study.

Lupus Sci Med 2018 21;5(1):e000293. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Department of Immunology and Allergy, Lausanne University Hospital, Lausanne, Switzerland.

Background: SLE is an autoimmune condition affecting predominantly women. Little is known regarding infection in women with SLE, which may drive autoimmunity and contribute to obstetrical and vascular complications.

Methods: This single-centre, case-control study set primary endpoint in the comparative seropositivity rate to major outer membrane protein (MOMP) and chlamydial heat-shock protein-60 (cHSP60) in age-matched subjects. Read More

View Article
November 2018

Controversies in Screening and Diagnostic Criteria for Gestational Diabetes in Early and Late Pregnancy.

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2018 27;9:696. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Division of Obstetrics and Feto-Maternal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.

This review serves to evaluate the screening and diagnostic strategies for gestational diabetes and overt diabetes in pregnancy. We focus on the different early screening and diagnostic approaches in first trimester including fasting plasma glucose, random plasma glucose, oral glucose tolerance test, hemoglobin A1c, risk prediction models and biomarkers. Early screening for gestational diabetes is currently not recommended since the potential benefits and harms of early detection and subsequent treatment need to be further evaluated in randomized controlled trials. Read More

View Article
November 2018

Successful pregnancy after uterine artery embolization for uterine arterovenous malformation: a rare case report.

Int J Womens Health 2018 21;10:745-750. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Università degli studi di Salerno - Dipartimento di Medicina, Chirurgia e Odontoiatria "Scuola Medica Salernitana", Salerno, Italy,

Objective: This paper reports on a rare case of pregnancy after uterine artery embolization (UAE) for uterine arteriovenous malformation (AVM). Debate exists about persistence of fertility in women after UAE. Adverse effects of this technique can modify both uterine echostructure, inducing necrosis and infarction, endometrial atrophy and uterine artery rupture, and ovarian reserve, causing persistent amenorrhea. Read More

View Article
November 2018

Standardized outcome measures for pregnancy and childbirth, an ICHOM proposal.

BMC Health Serv Res 2018 Dec 11;18(1):953. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

International Consortium for Health Outcomes Measurement, Cambridge, MA, USA.

Background: Value-based health care aims to optimize the balance of patient outcomes and health care costs. To improve value in perinatal care using this strategy, standard outcomes must first be defined. The objective of this work was to define a minimum, internationally appropriate set of outcome measures for evaluating and improving perinatal care with a focus on outcomes that matter to women and their families. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Acute mesenteric venous thrombosis in a pregnant woman at 35 weeks of gestation: a case report and review of the literature.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2018 Dec 11;18(1):487. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Guangzhou First People's Hospital, School of Medicine, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou, China.

Background: Mesenteric venous thrombosis (MVT) is an infrequent thrombotic event that can cause devastating intestinal hemorrhagic ischemia. The mortality rate among patients with acute MVT ranges from 20 to 50%. Occurrence of MVT in pregnancy is quite rare. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Maternal dietary consumption of legumes, vegetables and fruit during pregnancy, does it protect against small for gestational age?

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2018 Dec 11;18(1):486. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Health Sciences, University of Jaen, Campus de Las Lagunillas s n Edificio B3, 23071, Jaén, Spain.

Background: Different diets during pregnancy might have an impact on the health, reflected in the birthweight of newborns. The consumption of fruits and vegetables during pregnancy and the relationship with newborn health status have been studied by several authors. However, these studies have shown inconsistent results. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Radiofrequency catheter ablation of incessant atrial tachycardia in pregnant women with minimal radiation exposure: Lessons from two case studies.

J Cardiol Cases 2014 Jun 28;9(6):213-216. Epub 2014 Feb 28.

Yonsei University Health System, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

During pregnancy, incessant tachyarrhythmias may result in hemodynamic compromise in both the expectant mother and the fetus. The use of antiarrhythmic drugs is typically not safe during pregnancy, and some tachycardias are refractory to pharmacologic treatment due to a significant autonomic imbalance. Catheter ablation is thought to be more effective than medical therapy, but carries the risk of radiation exposure to the fetus. Read More

View Article

Diagnosis of asymptomatic aortic dissection during pregnancy using contrast echocardiography.

J Cardiol Cases 2014 May 24;9(5):200-202. Epub 2014 Feb 24.

Cardiovascular Division, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH, USA.

Spontaneous aortic dissection in pregnancy is rare and life-threatening for both the mother and the fetus. It is commonly associated with connective tissue disorders or aortic valvular abnormalities. We describe a case of a hypertensive pregnant woman in whom a dilated ascending aorta was identified in a routine transthoracic echocardiogram. Read More

View Article

Acute myocardial infarction due to spontaneous postpartum multi-vessel coronary artery dissection.

J Cardiol Cases 2014 Feb 12;9(2):80-83. Epub 2013 Dec 12.

Department of Cardiology, Imelda Hospital, Bonheiden, Belgium.

Spontaneous coronary artery dissection is a rare cause of myocardial infarction in young, otherwise healthy people. We present a case report of a 37-year-old woman, without cardiovascular risk factors, who survived a major acute myocardial infarction due to multi-vessel spontaneous coronary artery dissection which was complicated by cardiogenic shock in the third week postpartum. She fully recovered with medical therapy in combination with angioplasty. Read More

View Article
February 2014

Myopericarditis in a pregnant woman with acute promyelocytic leukemia.

J Cardiol Cases 2014 Nov 19;10(5):200-203. Epub 2014 Aug 19.

OHSU Knight Cardiovascular Institute, Portland, OR, USA.

Acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) is a form of acute leukemia with a characteristic translocation, t(15;17), and is considered a hematologic emergency, typically treated with all-trans retinoic acid and an anthracycline. We present the case of a young, gravid woman who was diagnosed with APL in the third trimester, initiated typical treatment, and suffered uncommon cardiac complications. < Myopericarditis is not a side effect often encountered in the management of acute promyelocytic leukemia with alpha t-retinoic acid, and its mechanism is incompletely understood but possibly related to the differentiation syndrome. Read More

View Article
November 2014

Local injection of tissue-plasminogen activator using a pulse spray catheter as a treatment option for proximal deep vein thrombosis: A case report.

J Cardiol Cases 2014 Nov 27;10(5):163-166. Epub 2014 Jun 27.

Showa University Northern Yokohama Hospital, Division of Cardiology and Cardiac Catheterization Laboratories, Yokohama, Japan.

A 24-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with the diagnosis of pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE) and left common iliac vein thrombosis. She had used low-dose contraceptive pill for dysmenorrhea. Otherwise, her laboratory data did not show any other thrombotic risk factors. Read More

View Article
November 2014

The utility of intravascular ultrasound for the diagnosis and management of spontaneous coronary artery dissection in a middle-aged woman with acute inferior myocardial infarction.

J Cardiol Cases 2012 Sep 14;6(3):e78-e80. Epub 2012 Jun 14.

Cardiovascular Division, Hyogo College of Medicine, 1-1 Mukogawa-cho, Nishinomiya, Hyogo 663-8501, Japan.

Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is an infrequent cause of acute myocardial ischemia and is associated with various pathophysiologies, such as pregnancy, postpartum, and collagen diseases. It is frequently fatal and most cases are diagnosed at autopsy. Therefore, the early diagnosis of SCAD and initiation of treatment may be life saving. Read More

View Article
September 2012

Fatal postpartal dissection of all coronary arteries in an in vitro-fertilized woman.

J Cardiol Cases 2012 Apr 18;5(2):e73-e75. Epub 2012 Jan 18.

Service de Cardiologie, Hôpital Militaire de Tunis, Tunis, Tunisia.

Myocardial infarction complicates approximately 1 in 10,000 pregnancies [1]. Coronary artery dissection is the leading cause of pregnancy-related myocardial infarction during the postpartum period. Proposed etiologies include altered endocrine status, hemodynamic stress, eosinophilic inflammatory infiltrate, and disruption of vasa vasorum. Read More

View Article

Multivessel spontaneous coronary artery dissection associated with hormonal infertility therapy in a 39-year-old female.

J Cardiol Cases 2012 Apr 6;5(2):e69-e72. Epub 2012 Mar 6.

Division of Cardiovascular Diseases, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA.

Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is a rare and potentially lethal cause of chest pain and myocardial infarction in healthy young individuals. It more commonly affects females and has been correlated with hormonally-induced connective tissue changes in pregnancy and oral contraceptive use. We present the case of a previously healthy 39-year-old woman with multivessel SCAD associated with recent clomiphene and gonadotropin therapy for infertility, which is not a previously reported association, and we assert that this should be in the differential diagnosis of such patients with chest pain or myocardial infarction. Read More

View Article

Postpartum multivessel coronary artery dissection treated with coronary artery bypass grafting.

J Cardiol Cases 2012 Feb 8;5(1):e23-e27. Epub 2011 Dec 8.

Hadassah University Hospital, Jerusalem, Israel.

Spontaneous coronary artery dissection is a rare but potentially life-threatening event associated with the peripartum period. We present a case of acute anterolateral ST elevation myocardial infarction in the postpartum period in a young woman. Thrombolytic therapy was successful, but later the patient required emergent coronary artery bypass grafting due to another acute inferolateral myocardial infarction that developed 4 h after cardiac catheterization which showed multivessel spontaneous coronary artery dissection. Read More

View Article
February 2012

Acute myocardial infarction due to antiphospholipid antibody syndrome in a young pregnant woman.

J Cardiol Cases 2011 Aug 31;4(1):e8-e12. Epub 2011 May 31.

Istanbul University Cerrahpasa School of Medicine, Department of Cardiology, Istanbul, Turkey.

Myocardial infarction (MI) in pregnant patients confer additional risks and unique problems related to necessity of concomitant obstetric interventions and coexistence of disorders as hypercoagulability. Therefore, patients usually have a more complicated course which demands prompt diagnosis and appropriate treatment. Here we report a 22 year old pregnant woman with an acute anterior myocardial infarction and the complicated course of the management. Read More

View Article

Successful pregnancy by in vitro fertilization after Mustard operation for transposition of the great arteries.

J Cardiol Cases 2011 Feb 1;3(1):e50-e52. Epub 2011 Feb 1.

Department of Cardiology, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey.

We report on a 32-year-old woman who had Mustard operation for transposition of great arteries and who underwent successful pregnancy by in vitro fertilization and without peripartum complications. Read More

View Article
February 2011

The Clinical Value of Assays of Fibrin Degradation Products, and Their Use in the Netherlands.

Authors:
W Nieuwenhuizen

EJIFCC 2000 Sep 1;12(3):82. Epub 2000 Sep 1.

Information about the status of the haemostatic balance can be derived from the end products of coagulation and fibrinolysis, i.e. soluble fibrin and fibrin degradation products (FbDP), such as D-dimer, respectively. Read More

View Article
September 2000

Hemophagocytic Lymphohistiocytosis during the Postpartum Stage of Pregnancy: A Report of Eight Cases.

Acta Haematol 2018 Dec 7;141(1):55-60. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Haemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a rare and severe clinical syndrome that can be classified as either primary or secondary. Secondary HLH can be triggered by a variety of diseases. Pregnancy-related HLH has already been observed clinically. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Investigation of the diabetic effects of maternal high-glucose diet on rats.

Biomed Pharmacother 2018 Dec 8;110:609-617. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Mehmet Akif Ersoy University, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Pathology, Burdur, Turkey.

Background: Diabetes mellitus become an epidemic problem throughout the world. Relation of the diabetes with diet is known. Some evidence is reported about mother died and risk of diabetes in babies during the life related with gestational diabetes. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Kojic acid applications in cosmetic and pharmaceutical preparations.

Biomed Pharmacother 2018 Dec 8;110:582-593. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Student Research Committee, Department of Pharmaceutics, Faculty of Pharmacy, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran. Electronic address:

Skin color disorders can be caused by various factors, such as excessive exposure to sunlight, aging and hormonal imbalance during pregnancy, or taking some medications. Kojic acid (KA) is a natural metabolite produced by fungi that has the ability to inhibit tyrosinase activity in synthesis of melanin. The major applications of KA and its derivatives in medicine are based on their biocompatibility, antimicrobial and antiviral, antitumor, antidiabetic, anticancer, anti-speck, anti-parasitic, and pesticidal and insecticidal properties. Read More

View Article
December 2018
3 Reads

Trends and state variations in out-of-hospital births in the United States, 2004-2017.

Birth 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Community Health Sciences Department, Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts.

Background: Out-of-hospital births have been increasing in the United States, although past studies have found wide variations between states. Our purpose was to examine trends in out-of-hospital births, the risk profile of these births, and state differences in women's access to these births.

Methods: National birth certificate data from 2004 to 2017 were analyzed. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Anaemia in pregnancy among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women of Far North Queensland: A retrospective cohort study.

Nutr Diet 2018 Nov;75(5):457-467

Centre for Chronic Disease Prevention, Australian Institute of Tropical Health and Medicine, College of Public Health, Medical and Veterinary Sciences, James Cook University, Cairns, Queensland, Australia.

Aim: Anaemia during pregnancy is common worldwide. In Australia between 7.1% and 11% of mothers have been reported to have anaemia in pregnancy. Read More

View Article
November 2018
1 Read
  • Page 1 of 18492