217,575 results match your criteria Practical Diabetology Diabetologia Praktyczna[Journal]


A quencher-free DNAzyme beacon for fluorescently sensing uranyl ions via embedding 2-aminopurine.

Biosens Bioelectron 2019 Apr 15;135:166-172. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Institute of Materials, China Academy of Engineering Physics, Jiangyou, Mianyang, 621907, Sichuan, PR China.

DNAzyme-based fluorescent probes have provided valuable protocols for detecting uranium, one of the most common radioactive contaminants in the environment, with ultra-high selectivity and sensitivity. Designing novel DNAzyme beacons to update the mode of fluorescence reporting and/or quenching will continuously enhance "turn-on" sensing performance as well as promote actual application of the biological probes. In this work, we developed a novel quencher-free DNAzyme beacon by embedding fluorescent 2-aminopurine for rapid detection of uranyl ion. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S09565663193030
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bios.2019.04.021DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

In-situ generated Li2S-C nanocomposite for High-Capacity and Long-Life All-Solid-State Lithium Sulfur Batteries with Ultrahigh Areal Mass Loading.

Nano Lett 2019 Apr 22. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

All-solid-state lithium-sulfur batteries (ASSLSBs) have attracted great attention due to their inherent ability to eliminate the two critical issues (polysulfide shuttle effect and safety) of traditional liquid electrolyte based Li-S batteries. However, it remains a huge challenge for ASSLSBs to achieve high areal active mass loading and high active material utilization simultaneously due to the insulating nature of sulfur and Li2S, and the large volume change during cycling. Herein, a Li2S@C nanocomposite with Li2S nanocrystals uniformly embedded in conductive carbon matrix, is in-situ generated by the combustion of lithium metal with CS2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.nanolett.9b00882DOI Listing

Synthesis of Structurally Diverse 3-, 4-, 5- and 6-Membered Heterocycles from Diisopropyl Iminomalonates and Soft C-Nucleophiles.

J Org Chem 2019 Apr 22. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Herein, we present a general synthetic strategy for the preparation of 3-, 4-, 5- and 6-membered heterocyclic unnatural amino acid derivatives by exploiting facile Mannich-type reactions between readily available N-alkyl- and N-aryl-substituted diisopropyl iminomalonates and a wide range of soft anionic C-nucleophiles without using any catalyst or additive. Fully substituted aziridines were obtained in a single step when enolates of alpha-bromo esters were employed as nucleophiles. Enantiomerically enriched azetidines, γ-lactones and tetrahydroquinolines were obtained via a two-step catalytic asymmetric reduction and cyclization sequence from ketone enolate-derived adducts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.joc.9b00681DOI Listing

High Homogenization Speeds for Preparing Unstable Myofibrillar Protein-Olive Oil Emulsions.

J Food Sci 2019 Apr 22. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

College of Food Science and Technology, National & Local Joint Engineering Research Center of Storage, Processing and Safety Control Technology for Fresh Agricultural and Aquatic Products, Bohai Univ., Jinzhou, 121013, China.

Natural protein-based oil-in-water emulsions have recently attracted a lot of attention because of their potential as a synthetic emulsifier replacer. It is, however, unclear how the emulsification process and protein concentration may affect the stability of such emulsions. Therefore, this study investigated the effects of homogenization speeds (4,000, 8,000, 12,000, and 16,000 rpm/min) and myofibrillar protein (MP) concentrations (10, 20, 30, 40, and 50 mg/mL) on the stability of MP-olive oil emulsion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1750-3841.14502DOI Listing

Predicting Loading Intensity Measuring Velocity in Barbell Hip Thrust Exercise.

J Strength Cond Res 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Center for Exercise and Sports Science, School of Medical and Health Sciences, Edith Cowan University, Joondalup, Australia.

de Hoyo, M, Núñez, FJ, Sañudo, B, Gonzalo-Skok, O, Muñoz-López, A, Romero-Boza, S, Otero-Esquina, C, Sánchez, H, and Nimphius, S. Predicting loading intensity measuring velocity in barbell hip thrust exercise. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2019-The barbell hip thrust is an increasingly used exercise to target the hip extensors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000003159DOI Listing

The Mental Health Trigger Tool: Development and Testing of a Specialized Trigger Tool for Mental Health Settings.

J Patient Saf 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

From the Institute of Mental Health, Singapore.

Objective: Tools generally used in measuring patient safety incidents in general healthcare settings are not considered suitable for mental health settings. The aim of this study was to develop and evaluate a specialized trigger tool for mental health settings that could detect both traditionally defined adverse events (AEs) and other mental health-related patient safety incidents (MHPSIs).

Methods: We first defined and categorized AEs and MHPSIs based on existing literature and then developed a trigger list, initially consisting of 50 items, which was subsequently reduced to 25 items after a pilot study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PTS.0000000000000606DOI Listing

Liver Stiffness Measurement With FibroScan: Use the Right Probe in the Right Conditions!

Clin Transl Gastroenterol 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Hepato-Gastroenterology Department, Angers University Hospital, Angers, France.

Introduction: FibroScan's M and XL probes give significantly different results, which could lead to misevaluation of liver fibrosis if the correct probe is not chosen. According to the manufacturer, the M probe should be used when the skin-liver capsule distance (SCD) is <25 mm, and the XL probe should be used when SCD is ≥25 mm. We aimed at validating this recommendation and defining the conditions of use for FibroScan probes in clinical practice. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14309/ctg.0000000000000023DOI Listing

Applied Pediatric Math: Bridging the Gap Between Theory and Practice for a Diverse Group of Learners.

Nurs Educ Perspect 2019 May/Jun;40(3):181-183

About the Authors Glenn Murphy, MSN, RN, CNE, is an assistant clinical professor, Drexel University College of Nursing, Chalfont, Pennsylvania. Jackie Murphy, MSN, RN, CPN, CNE, is an assistant clinical professor, Drexel University College of Nursing. For more information, contact Glenn Murphy at

A gap exists between didactic theory and clinical practice when nursing students learn clinical calculations. Educators can provide innovative classroom teaching methods using practical mathematics to decrease this gap. In the simulation lab, students complete weight-based calculations and then administer medications as part of medication skills stations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/01.NEP.0000000000000309DOI Listing

Guidelines for Implementing a Low-Cost Volunteer Desexing Skills Training Program for Veterinary and Veterinary Technology Students.

J Vet Med Educ 2019 Apr 22:1-13. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Although desexing surgeries are considered a core clinical skill for small animal veterinary practice, it can be challenging for veterinary schools to provide students with adequate training opportunities in the traditional curriculum. At the Massey University School of Veterinary Science, we recently established an innovative extracurricular volunteer program designed to have students teaching other students how to perform different elements of desexing procedures as they progress through their degree. This program includes administrative and assistant roles for first-year students (responsible for client communication, patient restraint, and medical record keeping), physical exam and recovery roles for second-year students (responsible for assessing patient fitness for surgery, drawing up anesthetic drugs, and monitoring patients in recovery), anesthesia and neuter surgeon roles for third-year students (responsible for inducing, preparing, and monitoring spay patients and performing cat neuter surgeries), and spay surgeon roles for fourth- and fifth-year students (responsible for performing cat spay surgeries, discharging patients, and following up with clients to monitor recovery). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.0418-047r1DOI Listing

New Strategy for Ultrasensitive Aptasensor Fabrication: D-A-D Constitution as Charge Transfer Platform and Recognition Element.

ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 2019 Apr 22. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Over the past decade, various sensing systems based on aptamers have attracted a great deal of studies directed to the design of high selective biosensors. In this paper, we described a new-style electrochemical aptamer sensor (aptasensor) via donor-acceptor link substrate, which was characterized by electrochemical methods and other helpful characterization instruments. Molecules with D-A-D configuration always undergo an intrinsic signal amplification due to the elongation of the π electron conjugation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsami.9b05689DOI Listing

Fast Learning of Fiber Orientation Distribution Function for MR Tractography Using Convolutional Neural Network.

Med Phys 2019 Apr 22. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Center for Brain Imaging Science and Technology, Key Laboratory for Biomedical Engineering of Ministry of Education, College of Biomedical Engineering and Instrumental Science, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China.

Purpose: In diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DW-MRI), the fiber orientation distribution function (fODF) is of great importance for solving complex fiber configurations to achieve reliable tractography throughout the brain, which ultimately facilitates the understanding of brain connectivity and exploration of neurological dysfunction. Recently, multi-shell multi-tissue constrained spherical deconvolution (MSMT-CSD) method has been explored for reconstructing full fODFs. To achieve a reliable fitting, similar to other model-based approaches, a large number of diffusion measurements is typically required for MSMT-CSD method. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/mp.13555
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/mp.13555DOI Listing
April 2019
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Behavioral Tracking and Neuromast Imaging of Mexican Cavefish.

J Vis Exp 2019 Apr 6(146). Epub 2019 Apr 6.

Department of Biology, University of Hawai'i at Mānoa;

Cave-dwelling animals have evolved a series of morphological and behavioral traits to adapt to their perpetually dark and food-sparse environments. Among these traits, foraging behavior is one of the useful windows into functional advantages of behavioral trait evolution. Presented herein are updated methods for analyzing vibration attraction behavior (VAB: an adaptive foraging behavior) and imaging of associated mechanosensors of cave-adapted tetra, Astyanax mexicanus. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3791/59099DOI Listing

Long-segment central venous occlusion in a hemodialysis patient treated by segmented sharp recanalization strategy: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Apr;98(16):e15208

Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine.

Introduction: Among hemodialysis population, central vein occlusion (CVO) is a common complication. Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty has become the mainstay treatment these days. But the treatment of long-segment central venous occlusion remains difficult. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000015208DOI Listing

Using Integrated Research-Practice Partnerships to Move Evidence-Based Principles into Practice.

Exerc Sport Sci Rev 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Family and Community Medicine, Carilion Clinic.

The implementation of evidence-based physical activity interventions is improved when integrated research-practice partnerships are employed. These partnerships consider both research- and practice-based evidence that moves beyond only assessing program efficacy. Our novel hypothesis is that integrated research-practice partnerships may lead to interventions that are practical, effective, reach more participants, and are more likely to be sustained in practice. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1249/JES.0000000000000194DOI Listing

Dyadic support and affect in patient-caregiver dyads following hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation: A diary study.

J Consult Clin Psychol 2019 Apr 22. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Maria Sklodowska-Curie-Oncology Center.

Objective: Cancer and its treatment are highly stressful events that may significantly affect the daily emotional well-being of patients and their informal caregivers. Patient- and caregiver-reported received and provided support may contribute to both dyad members' fluctuation in daily affect, but few studies have examined these associations from a dyadic perspective so far. The current study examined predictions derived from 3 theories on patterns of relations between subjectively assessed dyadic provided and received support and daily affect within dyad members: (a) invisible support theory, (b) the suggestion that providing support may be better than receiving it, and (c) beneficial supportive equity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/ccp0000398DOI Listing

Freezing Driven DNA Adsorption on Gold Nanoparticles: Tolerating Extremely Low Salt Concentration but Requiring High DNA Concentration.

Authors:
Biwu Liu Juewen Liu

Langmuir 2019 Apr 22. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Attaching thiolated DNA to gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) is a highly important and useful reaction for many applications. Various methods such as adding salts, acids, polymers and surfactants have been developed to facilitate the reaction. Recently, it was reported that a very high DNA density can be achieved simply by freezing with AuNPs with the DNA without any other reagents. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.langmuir.9b00746DOI Listing

Overreliance on Cost Reduction as a Featured Element of Sensor Design.

ACS Sens 2019 Apr 22. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

In this perspective, we examine the role of cost in sensor design, its meaning within the context of converting academic prototypes into commercial products, and the importance of these issues to clear scientific communication. The possible motivations to consider the cost of a technology, sensor, or assay are both numerous and apparent. However, the idea that the cost of reagents and materials at the laboratory scale will directly translate to the purchase price for a user is inaccurate. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acssensors.9b00260DOI Listing

Safety-enhanced polymer electrolytes for sodium batteries: recent progresses and perspectives.

ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 2019 Apr 22. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Sodium batteries (SBs) have aroused increasing attentions due to the abundance and low cost of elemental sodium. In recent decades, intensive efforts have been under way to exploit advanced SBs for practical applications. However, conventional liquid electrolytes used in SBs suffer from serious safety hazards (high volatility, inflammability and leakage), severe side reactions between electrodes and electrolytes, and inevitable sodium dendrite problems, which is greatly detrimental to battery performance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsami.9b01239DOI Listing

Rational Design of Robust Janus Shell on Silicon Anodes for High Performance Lithium Ion Batteries.

ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 2019 Apr 22. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

The high-capacity silicon material has been regarded as a promising anode for next-generation high-energy lithium ion batteries. However, its practical application is still hindered by the electrode fracture and unstable solid electrolyte interphase during cycling. Herein, we design a structure of encapsulating silicon in the robust "janus shell", in which the internal graphene shell with sufficient void space is used to alleviate the mechanical stress induced by the volume expansion, and the conformal carbon outer shell is introduced to strongly bond the loosely stacked graphene shell and simultaneously seal the nanopores on the surface. Read More

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http://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acsami.9b01909
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsami.9b01909DOI Listing
April 2019
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Mobility of Yield Stress Fluids on Lubricant-Impregnated Surfaces.

ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 2019 Apr 22. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Department of Mechanical Engineering , Massachusetts Institute of Technology , Cambridge , Massachusetts 02139 , United States.

A common problem which we encounter on a daily basis is dispensing of yield stress fluids such as condiments, lotions, toothpaste, etc. from containers. Beyond consumer products, assuring the flow of yield stress fluids such as crude oil, mud, blood, paint, pharmaceutical products, and others, is essential for the respective industries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsami.8b21478DOI Listing

Using information sources by breast cancer women treated with mastectomy.

J Educ Health Promot 2019 14;8:68. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

PhD in Information Sciences and Knowledge Studies, School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

Background: Awareness of sources of information of mastectomy patients has an important role in accessibility of reliable health information sources, thus, when they get information, they can be effective in the treatment and self-care. The present study aimed to identify the sources of information used by women underwent mastectomy.

Materials And Methods: The current practical research methodology was qualitative, and research method was conventional qualitative content analysis was performed on 17 patients with breast cancer undergone mastectomy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jehp.jehp_224_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6442256PMC

Comparing the effects of two different educational methods on clinical skills of emergency intermediate technician: A quasi-experimental research.

J Educ Health Promot 2019 14;8:54. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

Department of Anatomical Sciences, Afzalipour Faculty of Medicine, Kerman Medical University, Kerman, Iran.

Background: Assessing the clinical skills of prehospital Intermediate technician is considered to be one of the priorities in dealing with diseases, which may provide an appropriate reflection of the training programs. The purpose of this study was to compare the two methods of clinical skills training of emergency intermediate technician.

Methods: This quasi-experiment was carried out on Kerman's emergency medical technicians in 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jehp.jehp_323_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6442246PMC

Urban young women's preferences for intervention strategies to promote physical and mental health preconception: A Healthy Life Trajectories Initiative (HeLTI).

Prev Med Rep 2019 Jun 15;14:100846. Epub 2019 Mar 15.

South African Medical Research Council Developmental Pathways for Health Research Unit, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.

This study aimed to qualitatively investigate young women's preferences for preconception intervention strategies to promote physical and mental health in a rapidly transitioning, urban setting. Four semi-structured focus group discussions were conducted with young women (n = 29, 18-24 years old) from Soweto, South Africa. Qualitative data were thematically analysed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pmedr.2019.100846DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6458479PMC

Transcatheter retrieval of Amplatzer Septal Occluder device embolized into the abdominal aorta.

SAGE Open Med Case Rep 2019 10;7:2050313X19842462. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Unit of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Ospedale Civico, Palermo, Italy.

The use of Amplatzer Septal Occluder device has become an alternative to surgical procedure in selected group of patients affected by atrial septal defect. Percutaneous closure of atrial septal defect has emerged as a low morbidity procedure but, at the same time, showed various complications associated to the device itself. Although embolization to the abdominal aorta is only sporadic reported, it could represent a potential vascular disaster and usually is treated by surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2050313X19842462DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6458657PMC

Role of academic anesthesiology department in introducing patient safety module into medical school curriculum: 5 years-experience at King Abdulaziz University, Saudi Arabia.

Authors:
Abeer A Arab

Saudi J Anaesth 2019 Apr-Jun;13(2):112-118

Department of Anesthesia and Critical Care, Clinical Skills and Simulation Center (CSSC), Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

Background: Medical schools' curricula face increasing number of must to add-on components. Although the World Health Organization has emphasized integrating teaching patient safety and quality improvement in medical curricula, only few medical schools have responded and included these topics in their curricula.

Objective: This article aimed to describe the process of foundation and integration of patient safety module led by academic anaesthesiology department at King Abdulaziz's Faculty of Medicine. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/sja.SJA_586_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6448427PMC

Available from Available from A cluster of tuberculosis cases linked to smoking: An under-recognized challenge for tuberculosis elimination.

Authors:
E Rea T Leung

Can Commun Dis Rep 2018 Mar 1;44(3-4):86-90. Epub 2018 Mar 1.

Toronto Public Health, Toronto, ON.

Background: Smoking is known to increase the risk of tuberculosis (TB) infection, active TB disease, relapse following treatment and death from TB, but its significance is often underappreciated as a potentially reversible risk factor in public health and clinical TB practice in Canada.

Objective: To review the current evidence on smoking and the risk of TB, describe a cluster investigation of local TB transmission related to smoking in Toronto, Ontario, and discuss the practical implications of smoking for TB elimination in Canada.

Investigation And Public Health Response: Three TB cases were identified at the same workplace over a two year period. Read More

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Self-stratifying microbial fuel cell: The importance of the cathode electrode immersion height.

Int J Hydrogen Energy 2019 Feb;44(9):4524-4532

Bristol BioEnergy Centre, Bristol Robotics Laboratory, T-Block, Frenchay Campus, University of the West of England (UWE), Bristol, BS16 1QY, United Kingdom.

Power generation of bioelectrochemical systems (BESs) is a very important electrochemical parameter to consider particularly when the output has to be harvested for practical applications. This work studies the effect of cathode immersion on the performance of a self-stratified membraneless microbial fuel cell (SSM-MFC) fuelled with human urine. Four different electrolyte immersion heights, i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2018.07.033DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6472648PMC
February 2019

Ecosystem services accounts: Valuing the actual flow of nature-based recreation from ecosystems to people.

Ecol Modell 2019 Jan;392:196-211

European Commission - Joint Research Centre, Via Enrico Fermi, 2749 - TP 270, 21027 Ispra, Italy.

Natural capital accounting aims to measure changes in the stock of natural assets (i.e., soil, air, water and all living things) and to integrate the value of ecosystem services into accounting systems that will contribute to better ecosystems management. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2018.09.023DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6472554PMC
January 2019

Forward regression for Cox models with high-dimensional covariates.

J Multivar Anal 2019 Sep 5;173:268-290. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

Department of Biostatistics, University of Michigan, 1415 Washington Heights Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2029, USA.

Forward regression, a classical variable screening method, has been widely used for model building when the number of covariates is relatively low. However, forward regression is seldom used in high-dimensional settings because of the cumbersome computation and unknown theoretical properties. Some recent works have shown that forward regression, coupled with an extended Bayesian information criterion (EBIC)-based stopping rule, can consistently identify all relevant predictors in high-dimensional linear regression settings. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmva.2019.02.011DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6469712PMC
September 2019

An information theoretic phase I-II design for molecularly targeted agents that does not require an assumption of monotonicity.

J R Stat Soc Ser C Appl Stat 2019 Feb 15;68(2):347-367. Epub 2018 Jun 15.

Lancaster University UK.

For many years phase I and phase II clinical trials have been conducted separately, but there has been a recent shift to combine these phases. Although a variety of phase I-II model-based designs for cytotoxic agents have been proposed in the literature, methods for molecularly targeted agents (TAs) are just starting to develop. The main challenge of the TA setting is the unknown dose-efficacy relationship that can have either an increasing, plateau or umbrella shape. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/rssc.12293DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6472641PMC
February 2019

Water flow across the interface of contrasting materials: Pressure discontinuity and its implications.

J Hydrol (Amst) 2018 Nov;566:435-440

Department of Sustainable Agriculture Sciences, Rothamsted Research, West Common, Harpenden, Hertfordshire AL5 2JQ, United Kingdom.

Water flow along or across the interfaces of contrasting materials is ubiquitous in hydrology and how to solve them in macroscopic models derived from volumetric average of the pore-scale processes remains elusive. While the change in the average velocity and pressure at water-sediment interface has been well established for channel flow over porous beds, whether a volumetric average alerts the pressure continuity when water flows across the interface of two porous materials is poorly understood despite its imperative implications in hydrological modelling. The primary purpose of this paper is to provide evidences via pore-scale simulations that volumetrically averaging the pore-scale processes indeed yields a discontinuous pressure when water flows across a material interface. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhydrol.2018.09.029DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6473703PMC
November 2018

Labeling Avoidance in Healthcare Decision-Making: How Stakeholders Make Sense of Concussion Events through Sport Narratives.

Health Commun 2019 Apr 22:1-11. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

a The Hugh Downs School of Human Communication , Arizona State University.

This study documents how cultural sport narratives influence athletic team member sensemaking during concussion events. Analysis of macro-level sport culture narratives and interviews (N = 93) with collegiate athletes and athletic trainers from eleven large universities within the United States revealed that participants utilized five cultural sport narratives when making sense of a concussion event (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10410236.2019.1598742DOI Listing

HIVR4P 2018: From Research to Impact.

AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 2019 Apr 22. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

International AIDS Society, 503988, Geneva, Switzerland ;

The HIV Research for Prevention (HIVR4P) conference is dedicated to advancing HIV prevention research, responding to a growing consensus that effective and durable prevention will require a combination of approaches as well as unprecedented collaboration among scientists, practitioners and community workers from different fields and geographic areas. The conference theme in 2018, "From Research to Impact", acknowledged an increasing focus on translation of promising research findings into practical, accessible and affordable HIV prevention options for those who need them worldwide. HIVR4P 2018 was held in Madrid, Spain, on 21-25 October, with over 1,400 participants from 52 countries around the globe, representing all aspects of HIV prevention research and implementation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/AID.2019.0074DOI Listing

Flexible Capacitive Pressure Sensor Enhanced by Tilted Micropillar Arrays.

ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 2019 Apr 22. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

The sensitivity of the sensor is of great importance in practical applications of wearable electronics or smart robotics. In the present study, a capacitive sensor enhanced by a tilted micropillar array-structured dielectric layer is developed. Due to the fact that the tilted micropillars undergo bending deformation rather than compression deformation, the distance between the electrodes is easier to change even discarding the contribution of the air-gap at the interface of the structured dielectric layer and the electrode, thus resulting to high pressure sensitivity (0. Read More

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http://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acsami.9b03718
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsami.9b03718DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Assessing crop damage from dicamba on non-dicamba-tolerant soybean by hyperspectral imaging through machine learning.

Pest Manag Sci 2019 Apr 22. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

College of Life Information Science & Instrument Engineering, Hangzhou Dianzi University, Hangzhou, 310018, China.

Background: Dicamba effectively controls several broadleaf weeds. The off-target drift of dicamba spray or vapor drift can cause severe injury to susceptible crops including non-dicamba-tolerant crops. In a field experiment, advanced hyperspectral imaging (HSI) technique was used to study the spectral response of soybean plants to different dicamba rates, and developed appropriate spectral features and models for assessing the crop damage from dicamba. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/ps.5448
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ps.5448DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

[Histological differential diagnosis of granulomatous lung diseases (Part II)].

Arkh Patol 2019 ;81(2):59-65

Pulmonology Research Institute, Federal Biomedical Agency of Russia, Moscow, Russia; A.S. Loginov Moscow Clinical Research and Practical Center, Moscow Healthcare Department, Moscow, Russia; Research Institute of Human Morphology, Moscow, Russia; N.I. Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University, Ministry of Health of Russia, Moscow, Russia.

Granulomatous diseases are a heterogeneous group of the diseases of different etiology, which are manifested by a variety of clinical syndromes and variants of tissue changes, by non-uniform sensitivity to therapy and by the predominance of the common dominant histologic sign - the presence of granulomas that determine the clinical and morphological essence of each disease. Granuloma is a chronic inflammatory response, which involves macrophages and other inflammatory cells. After antigen exposure, the activation of T lymphocytes, macrophages, epithelioid cells, and multinucleated giant cells results in granuloma formation. Read More

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http://www.mediasphera.ru/issues/arkhiv-patologii/2019/2/dow
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/patol20198102159DOI Listing
January 2019

Immediate improvement of speech-in-noise perception through multisensory stimulation via an auditory to tactile sensory substitution.

Restor Neurol Neurosci 2019 ;37(2):155-166

Department of Medical Neurobiology, Institute for Medical Research Israel-Canada, Faculty of Medicine, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Hadassah Ein-Kerem, Jerusalem, Israel.

Background: Hearing loss is becoming a real social and health problem. Its prevalence in the elderly is an epidemic. The risk of developing hearing loss is also growing among younger people. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/RNN-190898DOI Listing
January 2019

Recruitment of Older Veterans with Diabetes Risk for Alzheimer's Disease for a Randomized Clinical Trial of Computerized Cognitive Training.

J Alzheimers Dis 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

James J. Peters Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Bronx, NY, USA.

Background: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is prevalent in the general United States population, and in the veteran population. T2DM has consistently been linked to increased risk for cognitive impairment, dementia, and Alzheimer's disease. Computerized cognitive training (CCT) is practical and inexpensive cognitive interventions that is an alternative to medication. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/JAD-180952DOI Listing

A Chemical Strategy for Protease Substrate Profiling.

Cell Chem Biol 2019 Mar 26. Epub 2019 Mar 26.

Pharmacology Program, Weill Cornell Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY 10065, USA; Tri-Institutional PhD Program in Chemical Biology, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY 10065, USA; Chemical Biology Program, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY 10065, USA. Electronic address:

The dipeptidyl peptidases (DPPs) regulate hormones, cytokines, and neuropeptides by cleaving dipeptides after proline from their amino termini. Due to technical challenges, many DPP substrates remain unknown. Here, we introduce a simple method, termed CHOPS (chemical enrichment of protease substrates), for the discovery of protease substrates. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chembiol.2019.03.007DOI Listing

Development of parental competence scale in parents of children with autism.

J Pediatr Nurs 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

School of Health Nursing and Midwifery, University of the West of Scotland, Paisley, Scotland, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to develop and psychometrically of parental competence scale in parents of children with autism.

Design & Methods: This mixed-methods design with a sequential exploratory approach was conducted in May 2017 until June 2018 in the south of Iran. In the first phase, a conventional content analysis method was performed with the participation of 16 parents of children with autism. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pedn.2019.04.006DOI Listing

Measuring Interpersonal Visual Relationships in Healthcare Facilities: The Agent Visibility Model and SAVisualPower Tool.

HERD 2019 Apr 22:1937586719842357. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

3 School of Architecture, College of Design, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA, USA.

Visibility has a significant impact on health-related outcomes and experiences of users in healthcare settings. Built environments determine interpersonal visual relationships between users and control their ability to see (or be seen by) others. Despite this importance, metrics that fully and precisely describe these interpersonal visual relationships are lacking. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1937586719842357DOI Listing

Stable Two-Photon Pumped Amplified Spontaneous Emission from Millimeter-Sized CsPbBr Single Crystals.

J Phys Chem Lett 2019 Apr 22. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Metal-halide perovskites are promising optical gain materials due to their excellent photophysical properties. Recently, large perovskite single crystals with phase purity, less defects and over millimeter dimensions have been successfully synthesized. However, the optical gain effect has not yet been realized on these large-size single crystals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpclett.9b00734DOI Listing

Multi-criteria decision analysis for health technology assessment: addressing methodological challenges to improve the state of the art.

Eur J Health Econ 2019 Apr 20. Epub 2019 Apr 20.

Department of Health Policy and Medical Technology Research Group, LSE Health London School of Economics and Political Science, Houghton Street, London, WC2A 2AE, UK.

Background: Multi-criteria decision analysis (MCDA) concepts, models and tools have been used increasingly in health technology assessment (HTA), with several studies pointing out practical and theoretical issues related to its use. This study provides a critical review of published studies on MCDA in the context of HTA by assessing their methodological quality and summarising methodological challenges.

Methods: A systematic review was conducted to identify studies discussing, developing or reviewing the use of MCDA in HTA using aggregation approaches. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10198-019-01052-3DOI Listing

Next-generation reference intervals for pediatric hematology.

Clin Chem Lab Med 2019 Apr 22. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Department of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, University Hospital Erlangen, Erlangen, Germany.

Background Interpreting hematology analytes in children is challenging due to the extensive changes in hematopoiesis that accompany physiological development and lead to pronounced sex- and age-specific dynamics. Continuous percentile charts from birth to adulthood allow accurate consideration of these dynamics. However, the ethical and practical challenges unique to pediatric reference intervals have restricted the creation of such percentile charts, and limitations in current approaches to laboratory test result displays restrict their use when guiding clinical decisions. Read More

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http://www.degruyter.com/view/j/cclm.ahead-of-print/cclm-201
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/cclm-2018-1236DOI Listing
April 2019
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National registry for sudden unexpected deaths of infants and children in England: why do we need one and do families want one?

Arch Dis Child 2019 Apr 20. Epub 2019 Apr 20.

Child and Adolescent Health, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK.

The sudden and unexpected death of an infant or child is devastating. An inability to explain why an infant or child died is difficult to accept for both families and professionals. No reliable national dataset exists to estimate precisely how many infants and children die unexpectedly each year in England. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2018-316542DOI Listing
April 2019
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Women and children first? Gender equity in paediatric medicine.

Arch Dis Child 2019 Apr 20. Epub 2019 Apr 20.

Emergency Department, Western Hospital-Footscray, Footscray, Victoria, Australia.

There has been an increased focus on diversity and inclusion in medicine in recent years-the field of medicine still has a long way to go to reach gender equity. We assess how paediatrics is performing by examining the role gender plays in our specialty; and we propose some practical solutions to reach an equitable state. Achieving gender equity is not a simple or easy option and will require an ongoing commitment from all facets of the profession. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2018-316586DOI Listing

An easily applicable method to analyse the ankle-foot power absorption and production during walking.

Gait Posture 2019 Apr 11;71:56-61. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Movement Biomechanics and Motor Control Lab, DEIB, Politecnico di Milano, Milan, Italy.

Background: Power and work at the ankle joint during gait are usually computed considering the foot as a rigid body [1-6] (Ankle Joint method, AJ). The foot is instead a deformable structure and can absorb and produce work by pronation/supination, foot arch deformation and other intrinsic movements. A different approach, named "the Distal Shank method (DS)" [7-12] considers all these aspects without increasing the complexity of the protocol, and thus it seems promising for clinical applications [12]. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gaitpost.2019.04.010DOI Listing