6,351 results match your criteria Pott Disease Tuberculous Spondylitis

Clinical Features and Outcome of Multidrug-Resistant Osteoarticular Tuberculosis: A 12-Year Case Series from France.

Microorganisms 2022 Jun 14;10(6). Epub 2022 Jun 14.

Centre de Référence des Infections Ostéo-Articulaires Complexes, Groupe Hospitalier Diaconesses Croix Saint-Simon, 75020 Paris, France.

The optimal treatment for osteoarticular infection due to multidrug-resistant tuberculosis strains (MDR-OATB) remains unclear. This study aims to evaluate the diagnosis, management and outcome of MDR-OATB in France. We present a case series of MDR-OATB patients reviewed at the French National Reference Center for Mycobacteria between 2007 and 2018. Read More

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Surgical Management of Spinal Tuberculosis-The Past, Present, and Future.

Diagnostics (Basel) 2022 May 24;12(6). Epub 2022 May 24.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Jaslok Hospital and Research Centre, Mumbai 400026, India.

Tuberculosis is endemic in many parts of the world. With increasing immigration, we can state that it is prevalent throughout the globe. Tuberculosis of the spine is the most common form of bone and joint tuberculosis; the principles of treatment are different; biology, mechanics, and neurology are affected. Read More

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Tuberculous myelitis: a prospective follow-up study.

Neurol Sci 2022 Jun 23. Epub 2022 Jun 23.

Department of Microbiology, King George Medical University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Background: Prospective studies regarding tuberculous myelitis are lacking. We aimed to prospectively evaluate patients with tuberculous myelitis to identify the features that distinguish tuberculous myelitis from other myelitis.

Methods: This was a prospective study. Read More

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Loss to long-term follow-up in children with spinal tuberculosis: a retrospective cohort study at a tertiary hospital in the Western Cape, South Africa.

Pan Afr Med J 2022 23;41:241. Epub 2022 Mar 23.

Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Department of Surgical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Stellenbosch University, Francie van Zijl Drive, Tygerberg, Cape Town, 7505, South Africa.

Introduction: children with spinal tuberculosis (TB) are at risk of kyphotic deformity both during and after the active phase of the disease. Management guidelines include follow-up until skeletal maturity. Little is known about adherence to this recommendation. Read More

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Predicting Surgical Site Infection Risk after Spinal Tuberculosis Surgery: Development and Validation of a Nomogram.

Surg Infect (Larchmt) 2022 Jun 20. Epub 2022 Jun 20.

Spine and Osteopathy Ward, Guangxi Medical University First Affiliated Hospital, Nanning, Guangxi Province, China.

The purpose of this study was to predict the surgical site infection risk after spinal tuberculosis surgery based on a nomogram. We collected the clinical data of patients who underwent spinal tuberculosis surgery in our hospital and included all the data in the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) regression analysis. Next, the selected parameters were analyzed using logistic regression. Read More

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Tuberculous Thoracic Aortic Pseudoaneurysm Associated With Spinal Tuberculosis: A Case Report and Literature Review.

Front Med (Lausanne) 2022 26;9:882697. Epub 2022 May 26.

Department of Radiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China.

Background: Thoracic aortic pseudoaneurysm associated with spinal tuberculosis is a rare but fatal condition. The risk of pseudoaneurysm rupture is extremely high and this disease needs greater awareness. The present study reported a case of thoracic aortic pseudoaneurysm caused by paravertebral cold abscess with spinal tuberculosis. Read More

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Mechanism of COVID-19-Related Proteins in Spinal Tuberculosis: Immune Dysregulation.

Front Immunol 2022 2;13:882651. Epub 2022 Jun 2.

Spine and Osteopathy Ward, Guangxi Medical University First Affiliated Hospital, Nanning, China.

Purpose: The purpose of this article was to investigate the mechanism of immune dysregulation of COVID-19-related proteins in spinal tuberculosis (STB).

Methods: Clinical data were collected to construct a nomogram model. C-index, calibration curve, ROC curve, and DCA curve were used to assess the predictive ability and accuracy of the model. Read More

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Evaluation of host biomarkers for monitoring treatment response in spinal tuberculosis: A 12-month cohort study.

Cytokine 2022 Jun 17;157:155944. Epub 2022 Jun 17.

DSI-NRF Centre of Excellence for Biomedical Tuberculosis Research, Division of Molecular Biology and Human Genetics, Department of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Stellenbosch University, Cape Town, South Africa.

Background: Monitoring treatment response is an important precaution in spinal tuberculosis (TB), particularly when the condition was clinically diagnosed rather than bacteriologically confirmed and when drug susceptibility testing was not performed. Conventional monitoring measures have limitations and there is a need for favourable alternatives. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate changes in immune biomarkers over the course of treatment for spinal TB and to compare these responses to the conventional monitoring measure, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR). Read More

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A comparison of three bone graft struts for interbody fusion using a posterior approach for lower lumbar spinal tuberculosis in adults: a midterm follow-up study.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2022 Jun 18;23(1):590. Epub 2022 Jun 18.

Hunan Engineering Laboratory of Advanced Artificial Osteo-Materials, 87# Xiangya Road, Changsha, Hunan, 410008, People's Republic of China.

Background: This retrospective observational study was conducted to compare midterm outcomes of three bone graft struts for interbody fusion using a posterior approach in adults with lower lumbar spinal tuberculosis.

Methods: A total of 126 lower lumbar spinal tuberculosis patients were treated by one-stage posterior debridement, interbody fusion, and instrumentation. Forty-one patients (group A) were treated with autogenous bone graft for interbody fusion, 45 patients (group B) were treated with allogeneic bone grafting, and the remaining 40 (group C) patients were treated with titanium mesh cage. Read More

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Comparative efficacy of traditional conservative treatment and CT-guided local chemotherapy for mild spinal tuberculosis.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2022 Jun 18;23(1):589. Epub 2022 Jun 18.

Department of Orthopaedics, Zhoukou Orthopedic Hospital, Eastern Taihao Road, Zhoukou City, Henan Province, China.

Background: There are considerable differences in the treatment strategy for spinal tuberculosis, including conservative or surgical procedures. Conservative treatment is always suitable for most patients. This study aimed to compare the clinical efficacy of traditional conservative treatment with CT-guided local chemotherapy strategy of mild spinal tuberculosis. Read More

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Apical fibrobullous lung disease in ankylosing spondylitis: case report and literature review.

Eur Clin Respir J 2022 10;9(1):2086359. Epub 2022 Jun 10.

Respiratory Medicine Department, Hospital de São Bernardo, Centro Hospitalar de Setúbal EPE, Setúbal, Portugal.

Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is associated with several unique pulmonary manifestations such as apical fibrobullous disease (AFBD), which is a rare extra-spinal complication, predominantly occurring in advanced disease. Infectious complications and differential diagnosis of cavitated lung lesions may be challenging, particularly in patients already submitted to immunosuppression. In this report, we present a low body-mass-index 47-year-old male patient, ex-smoker, with AS and severe joint involvement, medicated in the past with anti-TNF-α therapy, who was diagnosed with AFBD and developed pulmonary tuberculosis and later chronic cavitary pulmonary aspergillosis. Read More

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A 27-Year-Old Woman Diagnosed with Tuberculous Spondylitis, or Pott Disease, During Pregnancy: A Case Report.

Am J Case Rep 2022 Jun 10;23:e936583. Epub 2022 Jun 10.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

BACKGROUND Tuberculous spondylitis, or Pott disease, includes vertebral body osteomyelitis and intervertebral discitis following infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis and can present with vertebral collapse and back pain. This report is of a 27-year-old woman diagnosed with tuberculous spondylitis, or Pott disease, during pregnancy. CASE REPORT A 27-year-old female, in her first pregnancy and at 29 weeks of gestation, presented to the Emergency Department with worsening severe neck and back pain for the past 5 months. Read More

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Spinal tuberculosis: A case series and a literature review.

Surg Neurol Int 2022 13;13:196. Epub 2022 May 13.

Department of Neurosurgery, Padjadjaran University, Bandung, West Java, Indonesia.

Background: Spinal tuberculosis (TB) is a common form of extrapulmonary TB. Although the first line of the treatment is anti-TB medications, patients with severe neurological deficits, spinal instability, and/or kyphotic deformity often warrant surgery. Here, we report five cases of spinal TB requiring operative intervention at Hasan Sadikin General Hospital, Bandung, Indonesia. Read More

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Functional outcomes in the management of cervicothoracic junction tuberculosis.

Surg Neurol Int 2022 13;13:198. Epub 2022 May 13.

Department of Orthopedics, Seth G. S. Medical College and KEM Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

Background: We analyzed the clinical and radiological parameters influencing functional outcomes and neurological recovery in patients with cervicothoracic junctional tuberculosis (TB).

Methods: This was a retrospective analysis of 16 cases of cervicothoracic junction (CTJ) spinal TB; 11 patients were managed operatively, while five were managed conservatively. Patients' outcomes were assessed at 1 month, 1 year, and yearly thereafter and included an analysis of multiple outcome scores, various radiographic parameters, and sensitivity or resistance to anti-tubercular therapy. Read More

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Spinal Tuberculosis within the Vertebral Arch Mimicking a Malignant Tumor: Case Report.

J Neurol Surg A Cent Eur Neurosurg 2022 Jun 3. Epub 2022 Jun 3.

Department of Neurosurgery, Ludwig Maximilians University Munich Faculty of Medicine, Munchen, Bayern, Germany.

Background:  Spinal tuberculosis is a manifestation of extrapulmonary tuberculosis. The incidence of tuberculosis is low in high-income countries; however, globally, it still remains one of the most frequent fatal infectious diseases. Because of its rarity in developed countries, spinal tuberculosis can be mistaken for malignant tumors of the spine, especially in case of an atypical radiologic manifestation and without pulmonary affection. Read More

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Multisegment Extradural Tuberculoma Masquerading as a Spinal Tumor.

Cureus 2022 May 3;14(5):e24707. Epub 2022 May 3.

Pathology, Government Medical College, Amritsar, IND.

We report a case of a man who presented with features of spinal cord compression, and imaging showed an L3-S2 space-occupying lesion that mimicked a spinal tumor. The patient underwent L3 to S2 laminectomy and a fibrous, thick sheet-like, poorly vascular lesion was observed macroscopically. The histopathological examination of the lesion showed caseous necrosis and epithelioid giant cells. Read More

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History of Bone Grafts in Spine Surgery.

Cureus 2022 May 1;14(5):e24655. Epub 2022 May 1.

Department of Neurosurgery, Tulane University School of Medicine, New Orleans, USA.

Bone grafting replaces damaged or missing bone with new bone and is used for surgical arthrodesis. Patients benefit from a huge variety of bone graft techniques and options for spinal fusions. This article reviews the rich history of bone grafts in surgery with particular emphasis on spinal fusion. Read More

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Risk Factors of Bone Nonfusion After Spinal Tuberculosis Debridement Bone Graft Fusion and Internal Fixation.

Front Surg 2022 18;9:888148. Epub 2022 May 18.

Department of Orthopedics, Xinqiao Hospital of Chongqing/Second Affiliated Hospital of Army Medical University, Chongqing, China.

Objective: To retrospectively analyze bone graft nonfusion risk factors in spinal tuberculosis patients after lesion debridement, bone graft fusion and internal fixation.

Methods: The clinical data of 131 patients who underwent spinal tuberculosis debridement, bone graft fusion and internal fixation in our hospital from March 2015 to March 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into two groups according to bone fusion after the operation; there were 37 patients in the nonfusion group and 94 in the fusion group. Read More

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Global Spinal Realignment After Osteotomized Debridement in Active Lumbar Spinal Tuberculosis: Correlation with Patient-Reported Outcomes.

World Neurosurg 2022 Jun 1. Epub 2022 Jun 1.

The Orthopedic Hospital, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, Nanchang, Jiangxi, China. Electronic address:

Objective: Osteotomized debridement (OD) has been proved to be highly effective in treating active thoracolumbar tuberculosis (TB); however, no research has investigated how OD affects spinal alignment. The goal of this study was to explore the global alignment compensatory mechanism after lumbar OD, as well as the correlation between spinopelvic parameters and patient-reported outcomes (PROs).

Methods: Sixty-two patients with active lumbar spinal TB who underwent OD surgery were included. Read More

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Intraoperative use of noninvasive ventilation during spinal anaesthesia in patients with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease undergoing orthopaedic surgery: A case report.

J Int Med Res 2022 May;50(5):3000605221103968

Department of Anaesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Soonchunhyang University Bucheon Hospital, Soonchunhyang University College of Medicine, Bucheon, Republic of Korea.

Compared with invasive mechanical ventilation, noninvasive ventilation (NIV) improves patient comfort and neurocognitive function; and reduces the likelihood of nosocomial infections and the need for sedation. NIV can also be used perioperatively to prevent postoperative pulmonary complications. This current report describes a case of a 64-year-old female patient with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and chronic respiratory failure that underwent spinal anaesthesia during surgery. Read More

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Monocyte-to-Lymphocyte Ratio Was an Independent Factor of the Severity of Spinal Tuberculosis.

Oxid Med Cell Longev 2022 20;2022:7340330. Epub 2022 May 20.

Spine and Osteopathy Ward, Guangxi Medical University First Affiliated Hospital, Nanning, Guangxi Province, China.

Purpose: The purpose was to explore the relationship between monocyte-to-lymphocyte ratio (MLR) and the severity of spinal tuberculosis.

Methods: A total of 1,000 clinical cases were collected, including 496 cases of spinal tuberculosis and 504 cases of nonspinal tuberculosis. Laboratory blood results were collected, including C-reactive protein (CRP), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), white blood cells (WBC), hemoglobin (HGB), platelets (PLT), neutrophil count, percentage of neutrophils, lymphocyte count, percentage of lymphocytes, monocyte count, percentage of monocytes, MLR, platelets -to- monocyte ratio (PMR), platelets -to- lymphocyte ratio (PLR), neutrophil -to- lymphocyte ratio (NLR), and platelets -to- neutrophil ratio (PNR). Read More

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Bioarchaeological and palaeogenomic portrait of two Pompeians that died during the eruption of Vesuvius in 79 AD.

Sci Rep 2022 05 26;12(1):6468. Epub 2022 May 26.

Laboratory of Molecular Psychiatry, Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, University of California, Irvine, CA, 92868, USA.

The archaeological site of Pompeii is one of the 54 UNESCO World Heritage sites in Italy, thanks to its uniqueness: the town was completely destroyed and buried by a Vesuvius' eruption in 79 AD. In this work, we present a multidisciplinary approach with bioarchaeological and palaeogenomic analyses of two Pompeian human remains from the Casa del Fabbro. We have been able to characterize the genetic profile of the first Pompeian' genome, which has strong affinities with the surrounding central Italian population from the Roman Imperial Age. Read More

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Non-tuberculous mycobacterial thoracic osteomyelitis in an immunocompetent host: a rare presentation of .

BMJ Case Rep 2022 May 26;15(5). Epub 2022 May 26.

Department of Infectious Diseases, The University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, Iowa City, Iowa, USA.

An immunocompetent man in his 40s presented with 3 months of mid-thoracic back pain which progressed to include progressive paraesthesias and lower extremity weakness. Investigations revealed thoracic spine osteomyelitis with signs of cord compression. He underwent neurosurgical intervention, including laminectomy, spinal cord decompression and partial resection of an epidural mass. Read More

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Ankylosing spondylitis complicated with andersson lesion in the lower cervical spine: A case report.

World J Clin Cases 2022 Apr;10(11):3533-3540

Department of Orthopedics, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou 215004, Jiangsu Province, China.

Background: Andersson lesion (AL) is an uncommon complication in ankylosing spondylitis (AS), which is characterized by nonneoplastic bone destruction and often appears as bone destruction and sclerosis in the vertebral body and/or the area involving the intervertebral disc. According to the literature, Andersson lesion commonly occur in the thoracic and lumbar spine and rarely in the cervical spine.

Case Summary: This case involved a 78-year-old man with a long history of AS who developed AL in the cervical spine (C5/6 and C6/7). Read More

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Musculoskeletal tuberculosis in Bradford : 12 years of outcomes and observations in a high-incidence region of the UK.

Bone Jt Open 2022 May;3(5):432-440

Department of Respiratory Medicine, Bradford Royal Infirmary, Bradford, UK.

Aims: Tuberculosis (TB) is one of the biggest communicable causes of mortality worldwide. While incidence in the UK has continued to fall since 2011, Bradford retains one of the highest TB rates in the UK. This study aims to examine the local disease burden of musculoskeletal (MSK) TB, by analyzing common presenting factors within the famously diverse population of Bradford. Read More

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Lymph Node Tuberculosis in Otolaryngological Practice: A Study of 68 Cases at the Sourô Sanou University Hospital of Bobo Dioulasso, Burkina Faso.

ORL J Otorhinolaryngol Relat Spec 2022 May 23:1-5. Epub 2022 May 23.

Higher Institute of Health Sciences, Nazi Boni University, Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso.

Introduction: Lymph node tuberculosis (LNTB) frequently affects peripheral cervical lymph node body sites. We aimed to study epidemiology and diagnostic and therapeutic characteristics of LNTB patients in ENT routine practice.

Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional prospective study in the ENT and cervicofacial surgery department at the Sourô Sanou University Hospital of Bobo Dioulasso, Burkina Faso, for a period of 36 months. Read More

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Application of three-dimensional printing technology for spinal tuberculosis.

Arch Med Sci 2022 20;18(3):833-837. Epub 2022 Apr 20.

Department of Orthopedics, Beijing Chest Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing Tuberculosis and Thoracic Tumor Institute, Beijing, China.

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What Level Should Preoperative Albumin of Thoracic and Lumbar Tuberculosis Patients Be Reached: A Case-Controlled Study.

Front Nutr 2022 27;9:740459. Epub 2022 Apr 27.

Department of Orthopedics, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China.

Objective: To explore the risk factors of hypoalbuminemia in patients with thoracic and lumbar tuberculosis and develop a scoring scale, according to which the patients with thoracic and lumbar tuberculosis were divided into 2 groups to, respectively calculate the perioperative albumin changes and to find out the preoperative albumin recommended value.

Methods: A total of 166 patients with thoracic and lumbar tuberculosis, who underwent spinal focus debridement between January 2012 to May 2020, were identified into 2 groups: with and without postoperative hypoalbuminemia ( = 131 and = 35, respectively), recording and analyzing clinical characteristics by multivariate analysis to establish a scoring scale. Using this scale, patients with spinal tuberculosis were divided into a high-risk group and a low-risk group, and then, calculated the average decrease of postoperative albumin in both groups. Read More

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Surgical treatment approach of cervicothoracic junction spinal tuberculosis in pediatric: A case report.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2022 Jun 10;95:107173. Epub 2022 May 10.

Department of Neurosurgery, Airlangga University - Dr. Soetomo General Academic Hospital, Surabaya, East Java, Indonesia.

Introduction And Importance: The cervicothoracic junction is prone to infection by tuberculosis bacteria, which leads to spinal instability. Meanwhile, cervicothoracic junction spinal tuberculosis is a disease that affects the C7 to T3 vertebral, and it accounts for 5% of all spinal tuberculosis cases. Surgical procedures of treating this disease vary, and the most commonly used method is the combined anterior and posterior approach. Read More

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Comparison of clinical and radiological outcomes of local morselized bone grafts and structural iliac bone grafts in the treatment of lumbar tuberculosis with posterior-only surgery.

BMC Surg 2022 May 14;22(1):184. Epub 2022 May 14.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, The Affiliated Hospital of Southwest Medical University, No. 25 of TaiPing Road, Luzhou, 646000, Sichuan Province, China.

Background: Many surgeons have reported results similar to those of anterior debridement and bone grafting in treating spinal tuberculosis in the lumbar region using only a posterior approach. However, there is still no consensus regarding bone graft methods. This study aims to compare the clinical and radiological outcomes of morselized versus structural iliac bone grafts in the treatment of lumbar tuberculosis via one-stage posterior surgery. Read More

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