World Neurosurg 2015 May 27;83(5):829-35. Epub 2014 Jun 27.
Department of Neurological Surgery, Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA. Electronic address:
Objective: To identify surgical practice patterns in the literature for nonpediatric syringomyelia by systematic review and to determine the following: 1) What is the best clinical practice of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) diversion to maximize clinical improvement or to achieve the lowest recurrence rate? 2) Does arachnolysis, rather than CSF diversion, lead to prolonged times to clinical recurrence?
Methods: A database search comprising PubMed, Cochrane Register of Controlled Trials, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), Scopus, and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews was conducted to find pertinent articles on postinfectious, posttraumatic, or idiopathic syringomyelia.
Results: An advanced PubMed search in August 2012 yielded 1350 studies, including 12 studies meeting Oxford Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine criteria for level IV evidence as a case series, with a total of 410 patients (mean age, 39 years). Data on 486 surgeries were collected. Read More